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Articles 1 - 30 of 978

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

A Cross-Sectional Study On Bullying And Psychological Disturbances Among Malaysian School Children, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Nurfatin Aina Mocktar, Wisam Nabeel Ibrahim, Mohd Said Nurumal, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan Apr 2021

A Cross-Sectional Study On Bullying And Psychological Disturbances Among Malaysian School Children, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Nurfatin Aina Mocktar, Wisam Nabeel Ibrahim, Mohd Said Nurumal, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Bullying is a common violence in school and has become a major public health and global concern. Bullying influences mental health and is identified as a leading factor of depression. Therefore, this study aimed to identify bullying prevalence and its association toward psychological disturbances (stress, anxiety, and depression).

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in three secondary schools in Kuantan. After obtaining consent from parents/guardians, participants were asked to answer a self-administered questionnaire, including School Climate Bullying Survey, Depression Anxiety Stress Questionnaire-21, Patient Depression Questionnaire, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Demographic data were self-reported. Data were analyzed using SPSS ...


A Diagnostic Dilemma Of Antiglutamic Acid Decarboxylase 65 (Anti-Gad 65) And Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Antibodies In A Girl Presenting With Acute-Onset Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder., Cecilia Freeman, Antanoid J Langeveldt, Robyn R Miller Mar 2021

A Diagnostic Dilemma Of Antiglutamic Acid Decarboxylase 65 (Anti-Gad 65) And Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Antibodies In A Girl Presenting With Acute-Onset Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder., Cecilia Freeman, Antanoid J Langeveldt, Robyn R Miller

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Acute-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder can be challenging, especially when triggered by an underlying disease process. Clinicians often turn to Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS), but it is important to consider a broad differential in these patients. We present a case of a 9-year-old girl with acute-onset obsessive-compulsive behavior likely triggered by a post-infectious phenomenon that ultimately resolved following treatment with plasmapheresis.


Impaired Eif5a Function Causes A Mendelian Disorder That Is Partially Rescued In Model Systems By Spermidine., Víctor Faundes, Martin D. Jennings, Siobhan Crilly, Sarah Legraie, Sarah E. Withers, Sara Cuvertino, Sally J. Davies, Andrew G L Douglas, Andrew E. Fry, Victoria Harrison, Jeanne Amiel, Daphné Lehalle, William G. Newman, Patricia Newkirk, Judith Ranells, Miranda Splitt, Laura A. Cross, Carol J. Saunders, Bonnie Sullivan, Jorge L. Granadillo, Christopher T. Gordon, Paul R. Kasher, Graham D. Pavitt, Siddharth Banka Feb 2021

Impaired Eif5a Function Causes A Mendelian Disorder That Is Partially Rescued In Model Systems By Spermidine., Víctor Faundes, Martin D. Jennings, Siobhan Crilly, Sarah Legraie, Sarah E. Withers, Sara Cuvertino, Sally J. Davies, Andrew G L Douglas, Andrew E. Fry, Victoria Harrison, Jeanne Amiel, Daphné Lehalle, William G. Newman, Patricia Newkirk, Judith Ranells, Miranda Splitt, Laura A. Cross, Carol J. Saunders, Bonnie Sullivan, Jorge L. Granadillo, Christopher T. Gordon, Paul R. Kasher, Graham D. Pavitt, Siddharth Banka

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The structure of proline prevents it from adopting an optimal position for rapid protein synthesis. Poly-proline-tract (PPT) associated ribosomal stalling is resolved by highly conserved eIF5A, the only protein to contain the amino acid hypusine. We show that de novo heterozygous EIF5A variants cause a disorder characterized by variable combinations of developmental delay, microcephaly, micrognathia and dysmorphism. Yeast growth assays, polysome profiling, total/hypusinated eIF5A levels and PPT-reporters studies reveal that the variants impair eIF5A function, reduce eIF5A-ribosome interactions and impair the synthesis of PPT-containing proteins. Supplementation with 1 mM spermidine partially corrects the yeast growth defects, improves the polysome ...


Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings In Childhood Epilepsy At A Tertiary Hospital In Kenya, Pauline Samia, Nicholas Odero, Maureen Njoroge, Shem Ochieng, Jacqueline Mavuti, Sheila Waa, Samson Gwer Feb 2021

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings In Childhood Epilepsy At A Tertiary Hospital In Kenya, Pauline Samia, Nicholas Odero, Maureen Njoroge, Shem Ochieng, Jacqueline Mavuti, Sheila Waa, Samson Gwer

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Background: Neuroimaging is important for determining etiology and guiding care in early childhood epilepsy. However, access to appropriate imaging in sub-Saharan Africa is modest, and as a consequence, etiological descriptions of childhood epilepsy in the region have been limited. We sought to describe MRI findings in children with epilepsy presenting to a tertiary hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, over a 6-year period of routine care.

Materials and Methods: We undertook a retrospective review of MRI findings of children aged between 0 and 18 years with a diagnosis of epilepsy presenting to the pediatric neurology department of Aga Khan University Hospital in ...


Young Adults With High Autistic-Like Traits Displayed Lower Food Variety And Diet Quality In Childhood, Catherine Panossian, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Andrew Whitehouse, Wendy H. Oddy, Johnny Lo, Jane Scott, Therese O'Sullivan Jan 2021

Young Adults With High Autistic-Like Traits Displayed Lower Food Variety And Diet Quality In Childhood, Catherine Panossian, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Andrew Whitehouse, Wendy H. Oddy, Johnny Lo, Jane Scott, Therese O'Sullivan

ECU Publications Post 2013

This study explored the association between autistic-like traits in young adults and dietary intake in early childhood in the Gen2 Raine Study cohort. Data were available from 811 participants at years 1, 2 and 3 for the assessment of dietary intake, and at year 20 for measurement of autistic-like traits. Results showed as autistic-like traits increased, total food variety, core food variety and dairy variety decreased (p < 0.05), with a lower consumption of citrus fruits and yoghurt (both p = 0.04). As autistic-like traits increased, diet quality decreased, this trend was significant at 2 years (p = 0.024). Our results suggest that young adults with higher autistic-like traits were more likely to have had lower food variety and diet quality in early childhood.


Mitigating Toxic Stress In Children Affected By Conflict And Displacement, Anushka Ataullahjan, Muthanna Samara, Theresa S. Betancourt, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta Nov 2020

Mitigating Toxic Stress In Children Affected By Conflict And Displacement, Anushka Ataullahjan, Muthanna Samara, Theresa S. Betancourt, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

Anushka Ataullahjan and colleagues describe the myriad stressors related to conflict and displacement experienced by children and how best to reduce their negative effect


Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infections In Children: Multicenter Surveillance, United States, January-March 2020., Brian Rha, Joana Y. Lively, Janet A. Englund, Mary A. Staat, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Natasha B. Halasa, John V. Williams, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, Laura S. Stewart, Christopher J. Harrison, Peter G. Szilagyi, Monica M. Mcneal, Eileen J. Klein, Bonnie Strelitz, Kirsten Lacombe, Elizabeth Schlaudecker, Mary Moffatt, Jennifer E. Schuster, Barbara A. Pahud, Gina Weddle, Robert W. Hickey, Vasanthi Avadhanula, Mary E. Wikswo, Aron J. Hall, Aaron T. Curns, Susan I. Gerber, Gayle Langley Nov 2020

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infections In Children: Multicenter Surveillance, United States, January-March 2020., Brian Rha, Joana Y. Lively, Janet A. Englund, Mary A. Staat, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Natasha B. Halasa, John V. Williams, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, Laura S. Stewart, Christopher J. Harrison, Peter G. Szilagyi, Monica M. Mcneal, Eileen J. Klein, Bonnie Strelitz, Kirsten Lacombe, Elizabeth Schlaudecker, Mary Moffatt, Jennifer E. Schuster, Barbara A. Pahud, Gina Weddle, Robert W. Hickey, Vasanthi Avadhanula, Mary E. Wikswo, Aron J. Hall, Aaron T. Curns, Susan I. Gerber, Gayle Langley

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Previous reports of coronavirus disease 2019 among children in the United States have been based on health jurisdiction reporting. We performed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing on children enrolled in active, prospective, multicenter surveillance during January-March 2020. Among 3187 children, only 4 (0.1%) SARS-CoV-2-positive cases were identified March 20-31 despite evidence of rising community circulation.


Revisiting Child And Adolescent Health In The Context Of The Sustainable Development Goals, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Kathryn M. Yount, Quique Bassat, Artur A. Arikainen Oct 2020

Revisiting Child And Adolescent Health In The Context Of The Sustainable Development Goals, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Kathryn M. Yount, Quique Bassat, Artur A. Arikainen

Woman and Child Health

No abstract provided.


Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline: Comprehensive Pediatric Eye And Vision Examination, American Optometric Association Oct 2020

Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline: Comprehensive Pediatric Eye And Vision Examination, American Optometric Association

Optometric Clinical Practice

Republished with the written permission granted from the American Optometric Association, October 2, 2020.

Developed by the AOA Evidence-Based Optometry Guideline Development Group

Approved by the AOA Board of Trustees February 12, 2017

Diane T. Adamczyk, O.D., Chair – State University of New York, College of Optometry, New York, New York

John F. Amos, O.D., M.S. – University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Optometry, Birmingham, Alabama, Dean and Professor Emeritus

Felix M. Barker, II, O.D., M.S. – W. G. (Bill) Hefner VAMC, Salisbury, North Carolina

Benjamin P. Casella, OD – Private Practice – Casella Eye Center, Augusta, Georgia

Linda ...


Covid-19 Pandemic-Related Practices And Policies Affecting The Continuity Of Behavioral Health Care Among Children With Diabetes., Lauren Clary, Christine Wang, Meghan E Byrne, Maureen Monaghan Oct 2020

Covid-19 Pandemic-Related Practices And Policies Affecting The Continuity Of Behavioral Health Care Among Children With Diabetes., Lauren Clary, Christine Wang, Meghan E Byrne, Maureen Monaghan

COVID-19 Publications by GW Authors

COVID-19 has led to substantial challenges in continuing to deliver behavioral health care to all patients, including children with chronic diseases. In the case of diabetes, maintaining strong connections among children, their families, and their care team is essential to promote and sustain daily adherence to a complex medical regimen. The purpose of this paper is to describe COVID-19 pandemic-related practices and policies affecting the continuity of behavioral health care among children with diabetes. Challenges and opportunities were encountered at the provider, patient, and family levels throughout the rapid transition period from in-person to online care to ensure continuity of ...


Loss, Suzanne Riskin Oct 2020

Loss, Suzanne Riskin

be Still

No abstract provided.


Turning Everyday Activities Into Play: Building Relationships And Fostering Connections For Adopted Children And Children In Foster Care, Marissa E. Siu Sep 2020

Turning Everyday Activities Into Play: Building Relationships And Fostering Connections For Adopted Children And Children In Foster Care, Marissa E. Siu

Student Capstone Projects

The purpose of this capstone project was to create a program for community members, foster families, and adoptive families. In this project, community members was defined as any professional that works with foster and adoptive families in the community or in their profession. This included school staff, school administrators, therapists, and day care or respite providers.

The goal of this program was to use play to build stronger family bonds and relationships while also supporting the development of children in foster care and adopted children. By providing this program as a tool that can be used by families and community ...


Evaluation Of Dental Luxation Traumas In Turkish Western Mediterranean Population Between 1999 And 2017: A Retrospective Study, Esra Oz, Zuhal Kırzıoglu Aug 2020

Evaluation Of Dental Luxation Traumas In Turkish Western Mediterranean Population Between 1999 And 2017: A Retrospective Study, Esra Oz, Zuhal Kırzıoglu

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Luxation cases reportedly occur more frequently in men than in women, and the frequency decreases with increasing age. It is important to know the characteristics of luxation injuries to take preventive measures and early treatments. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate luxation trauma cases in the Turkish population in the West Mediterranean region between 1999 and 2017. Methods: An 18-year retrospective analysis of records of patients with luxation traumas was performed. Data regarding age groups, gender, trauma types, etiologic factors, trauma locations, number of affected teeth, trauma types with/without crown fracture, and time elapsed from trauma onset until clinic ...


Stunting In Childhood: An Overview Of Global Burden, Trends, Determinants, And Drivers Of Decline, Tyler Vaivada, Nadia Akseer, Selai Akseer, Ahalya Somaskandan, Marianne Stefopulos, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta Aug 2020

Stunting In Childhood: An Overview Of Global Burden, Trends, Determinants, And Drivers Of Decline, Tyler Vaivada, Nadia Akseer, Selai Akseer, Ahalya Somaskandan, Marianne Stefopulos, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

Background: Progress has been made worldwide in reducing chronic undernutrition and rates of linear growth stunting in children under 5 y of age, although rates still remain high in many regions. Policies, programs, and interventions supporting maternal and child health and nutrition have the potential to improve child growth and development.
Objective: This article synthesizes the available global evidence on the drivers of national declines in stunting prevalence and compares the relative effect of major drivers of stunting decline between countries.
Methods: We conducted a systematic review of published peer-reviewed and gray literature analyzing the relation between changes in key ...


Effect Of The Sims Program On Oral Hygiene Levels Of 5–6-Year-Old Children In The Kampar District, Malaysia: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, Nurul Hayati Anwar, Nor Azlida Mohd Nor, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd Yusof Aug 2020

Effect Of The Sims Program On Oral Hygiene Levels Of 5–6-Year-Old Children In The Kampar District, Malaysia: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, Nurul Hayati Anwar, Nor Azlida Mohd Nor, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd Yusof

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: This study evaluated the effect of the “Senyuman Indah Milik Semua” program (SIMSP) versus the existing preschool oral healthcare program (POHP) on children’s oral health and parents’ oral health literacy (OHL) in Kampar district, Malaysia.

Methods: This was a cluster-randomized, matched pair, examiner-blind, controlled trial. Using computer-generated random tables, 14 preschools were allocated to the SIMSP intervention over 6 months and another 14 were allocated to the POHP, which was concealed at the cluster level. Healthy 5–6-year-old children and parents who understood the Malay language were recruited. The SIMSP was comprised of preschool visits by dental therapists ...


Characterization Of Initial North American Pediatric Surgical Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Martha-Conley E Ingram, Mehul V Raval, Christopher Newton, Monica E Lopez, Loren Berman, Md Aug 2020

Characterization Of Initial North American Pediatric Surgical Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Martha-Conley E Ingram, Mehul V Raval, Christopher Newton, Monica E Lopez, Loren Berman, Md

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

INTRODUCTION: The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric surgical care systems is unknown. We present an initial evaluation of self-reported pediatric surgical policy changes from hospitals across North America.

METHODS: On March 30, 2020, an online open access, data gathering spreadsheet was made available to pediatric surgeons through the American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) website, which captured information surrounding COVID-19 related policy changes. Responses from the first month of the pandemic were collected. Open-ended responses were evaluated and categorized into themes and descriptive statistics were performed to identify areas of consensus.

RESULTS: Responses from 38 hospitals were evaluated. Policy changes ...


Inter-Strain Epigenomic Profiling Reveals A Candidate Iap Master Copy In C3h Mice., Rita Rebollo, Mariana Galvão-Ferrarini, Liane Gagnier, Ying Zhang, Ardian Ferraj, Christine R Beck, Matthew C Lorincz, Dixie L Mager Jul 2020

Inter-Strain Epigenomic Profiling Reveals A Candidate Iap Master Copy In C3h Mice., Rita Rebollo, Mariana Galvão-Ferrarini, Liane Gagnier, Ying Zhang, Ardian Ferraj, Christine R Beck, Matthew C Lorincz, Dixie L Mager

Faculty Research 2020

Insertions of endogenous retroviruses cause a significant fraction of mutations in inbred mice but not all strains are equally susceptible. Notably, most new Intracisternal A particle (IAP) ERV mutagenic insertions have occurred in C3H mice. We show here that strain-specific insertional polymorphic IAPs accumulate faster in C3H/HeJ mice, relative to other sequenced strains, and that IAP transcript levels are higher in C3H/HeJ embryonic stem (ES) cells compared to other ES cells. To investigate the mechanism for high IAP activity in C3H mice, we identified 61 IAP copies in C3H/HeJ ES cells enriched with H3K4me3 (a mark of ...


Communicative Participation Outcomes Of Preschool Speech-Language Services: Opportunities, Challenges, And Solutions, Elaine Yuen Ling Kwok Jun 2020

Communicative Participation Outcomes Of Preschool Speech-Language Services: Opportunities, Challenges, And Solutions, Elaine Yuen Ling Kwok

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

It has been estimated that speech and language disorders impact as many as 15-22% of preschoolers. In Ontario, Canada, families who are concerned about their children’s speech, language, or communication skills can access publicly funded services through Ontario’s Preschool Speech and Language Program. In this program, speech-language pathologists provide assessments and early interventions to improve children’s communication skills and lessen the negative effect of communication delays on development. Since 2012, the Program mandated the use of an outcome measure, the Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six® (FOCUS), but there has been inconsistent uptake among speech-language ...


Prevalence And Clinical Features Of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Associated With Monogenic Variants, Identified By Whole-Exome Sequencing In 1000 Children At A Single Center, Eileen Crowley, Neil Warner, Jie Pan, Sam Khalouei, Abdul Elkadri, Karoline Fiedler, Justin Foong, Andrei L Turinsky, Dana Bronte-Tinkew, Shiqi Zhang Jun 2020

Prevalence And Clinical Features Of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Associated With Monogenic Variants, Identified By Whole-Exome Sequencing In 1000 Children At A Single Center, Eileen Crowley, Neil Warner, Jie Pan, Sam Khalouei, Abdul Elkadri, Karoline Fiedler, Justin Foong, Andrei L Turinsky, Dana Bronte-Tinkew, Shiqi Zhang

Paediatrics Publications

BACKGROUND & AIMS: A proportion of infants and young children with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) have subtypes associated with a single gene variant (monogenic IBD). We aimed to determine the prevalence of monogenic disease in a cohort of pediatric patients with IBD.

METHODS: We performed whole-exome sequencing analyses of blood samples from an unselected cohort of 1005 children with IBD, aged 0-18 years (median age at diagnosis, 11.96 years) at a single center in Canada and their family members (2305 samples total). Variants believed to cause IBD were validated using Sanger sequencing. Biopsies from patients were analyzed by immunofluorescence and histochemical analyses.

RESULTS: We identified 40 rare variants associated with 21 monogenic genes among 31 of the 1005 children with IBD (including 5 variants in XIAP, 3 in DOCK8, and 2 each in FOXP3, GUCY2C, and LRBA). These variants occurred in 7.8% of children younger than 6 years and 2.3% of children aged 6-18 years. Of the 17 patients with monogenic Crohn's disease, 35% had abdominal pain, 24% had nonbloody loose stool, 18% had vomiting, 18% had weight loss, and 5% had intermittent bloody loose stool. The 14 patients with monogenic ulcerative colitis or IBD-unclassified received their diagnosis at a younger age, and their most predominant feature was bloody loose stool (78%). Features associated with monogenic IBD, compared to cases of IBD not associated with a single variant, were age of onset younger than 2 years (odds ratio [OR], 6.30; P = .020), family history of autoimmune disease (OR, 5.12; P = .002), extra-intestinal manifestations (OR, 15.36; P < .0001), and surgery (OR, 3.42; P = .042). Seventeen patients had variants in genes that could be corrected with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

CONCLUSIONS: In whole-exome sequencing analyses of more than 1000 children with IBD at a single center, we found that 3% had rare variants in genes previously associated with pediatric IBD. These were associated with different IBD phenotypes, and 1% of the patients had variants that could be potentially corrected with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Monogenic IBD is rare, but should be considered in analysis of all patients with pediatric onset of IBD.


Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Parental Education For An Active Child, Elizabeth W. Roth May 2020

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Parental Education For An Active Child, Elizabeth W. Roth

Theses and Graduate Projects

Mild traumatic brain injuries in the pediatric population are prevalent and pervasive. Identification and recognition of concussion symptoms is complicated by variable symptom manifestation and duration. The purpose of this evidence-based DNP project was to implement a concussion education intervention to increase parental recognition and knowledge regarding pediatric concussions. Individualized, in-person education, evidence-based injury prevention, symptom recognition, and collaboration encouraged lifestyle modification to reduce childhood injuries. Evaluation of parental concerns concluded a desire for future health promotion education resulting in bimonthly meetings to further improve personal, familial, and professional health.


Investigating The Delivery Of Health And Nutrition Interventions For Women And Children In Conflict Settings: A Collection Of Case Studies From The Branch Consortium, Anushka Ataullahjan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Samira Sami, Neha S. Singh, Hannah Tappis, Robert E. Black, Karl Blanchet, Ties Boerma, Ana Langer, Paul B. Spiegel, Ronald J. Waldman, Paul H. Wise, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta May 2020

Investigating The Delivery Of Health And Nutrition Interventions For Women And Children In Conflict Settings: A Collection Of Case Studies From The Branch Consortium, Anushka Ataullahjan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Samira Sami, Neha S. Singh, Hannah Tappis, Robert E. Black, Karl Blanchet, Ties Boerma, Ana Langer, Paul B. Spiegel, Ronald J. Waldman, Paul H. Wise, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

Globally, the number of people affected by conflict is the highest in history, and continues to steadily increase. There is currently a pressing need to better understand how to deliver critical health interventions to women and children affected by conflict. The compendium of articles presented in this Conflict and Health Collection brings together a range of case studies recently undertaken by the BRANCH Consortium (Bridging Research & Action in Conflict Settings for the Health of Women and Children). These case studies describe how humanitarian actors navigate and negotiate the multiple obstacles and forces that challenge the delivery of health and nutrition ...


Characteristics Of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections At A Midwestern Tertiary Hospital: A Retrospective Study Of 365 Patients., Claire E Hannah, Bradley A Ford, Jina Chung, Dilek Ince, Karolyn A Wanat May 2020

Characteristics Of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections At A Midwestern Tertiary Hospital: A Retrospective Study Of 365 Patients., Claire E Hannah, Bradley A Ford, Jina Chung, Dilek Ince, Karolyn A Wanat

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Background: The prevalence of infections due to nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is increasing worldwide, yet little is known about the epidemiology and pathophysiology of these ubiquitous environmental organisms. Pulmonary disease due to Mycobacterium avium complex is most prevalent, but many other NTM species can cause disease in virtually any organ system. As NTM becomes an increasingly common cause of morbidity and mortality, more information is needed about the epidemiology of NTM disease.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients with cultures that grew NTM at a Midwestern tertiary hospital from 1996 to 2017. Information on demographics, medical history ...


Evaluation Of An Interdisciplinary Ketogenic Diet Clinic For The Treatment Of Pediatric Refractory Epilepsy, Britt Schloemer May 2020

Evaluation Of An Interdisciplinary Ketogenic Diet Clinic For The Treatment Of Pediatric Refractory Epilepsy, Britt Schloemer

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Capstones

Pediatric refractory epilepsy affects approximately 30% of all children diagnosed with epilepsy. Childhood refractory epilepsy patients pose a challenge for traditional approaches to epilepsy management due to their complex and unique needs. Refractory epilepsy negatively impacts a patient’s ability to attend school or hold a job, and patients have a generally poor health status related to seizures as well as pharmaceutical side effects (Conway et al., 2016). The ketogenic diet (KD) is an alternative option for the treatment of pediatric refractory epilepsy due to established efficacy, manageable side effects, and reduced health care-associated costs due to reduced emergency department ...


What's All The Buzzy About? Using Cryotherapy And Vibration For Pain During Vaccinations In Children, Marta L. Byma May 2020

What's All The Buzzy About? Using Cryotherapy And Vibration For Pain During Vaccinations In Children, Marta L. Byma

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Vaccinations are the most common painful needle procedure, with an estimated 12 billion injections given per year (CDC, 2019). The usual method for administration of vaccinations is through needle puncture, which is often painful. Children often report receiving a shot as one of the most feared and painful experiences (McMurtry et al., 2015). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to improve patient experiences by decreasing the pain that is associated with vaccinations through the use of a nonpharmacological method for comfort via the Buzzy® device. After thorough analysis and synthesis of the literature, the Buzzy® device that ...


Effectiveness Of A Multi-Component Intervention Program For Treating Childhood Obesity, Suzy Free May 2020

Effectiveness Of A Multi-Component Intervention Program For Treating Childhood Obesity, Suzy Free

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Childhood obesity is one of the most chronic childhood illness worldwide (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2019; World Health Organization [WHO], 2019). The prevalence of childhood obesity has been described as one of the most common chronic childhood conditions (CDC). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to reduce the BMI scores of obese children using a multi-component intervention program that incorporates healthy eating, physical activity, and family involvement. The Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice (JHNEBP) model was used to facilitate the implementation of this EBP project. The synthesis of the appraised literature established that utilizing ...


Implementation Of Tiny Tusks: A Breastfeeding And Infant Support Space At The University Of Arkansas Athletic Events, Brittany Lyons May 2020

Implementation Of Tiny Tusks: A Breastfeeding And Infant Support Space At The University Of Arkansas Athletic Events, Brittany Lyons

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

This honors thesis focuses on my internship of assisting in the design and management of a breastfeeding and infant support space at home athletic events at The University of Arkansas with emphasis on the importance and the promotion of breastfeeding. Breastfeeding provides a wide variety of benefits for mother and infant and I have been honored to work and assist in building Tiny Tusks Breastfeeding and Infant Support Tent and the implementation of these ideas. This honors internship has allowed me to increase my knowledge on the positive aspects of breastfeeding, as well as promote community involvement by collaborating with ...


Obesity Is Associated With Depression In Malaysian Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study, Mohd Said Nurumal, Rohulizzat Zainal Abidin, Wisam Nabeel Ibrahim, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan Apr 2020

Obesity Is Associated With Depression In Malaysian Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study, Mohd Said Nurumal, Rohulizzat Zainal Abidin, Wisam Nabeel Ibrahim, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Overweight and obesity, which may lead to depression, have become prevalent among children worldwide. Hence, this study aimed to measure obesity and depression among schoolchildren in Kuantan.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in three different primary schools in Kuantan by purposive sampling. With consent from their parents/guardians, participants were given a self-administered questionnaire. Demographics and anthropometric measurement data were self-reported on the basis of the school records. Furthermore, body mass index was calculated. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0, and chi-square and correlation tests were conducted for the variables.

Results: Among the 300 schoolchildren who ...


Pathologic Features Of Down Syndrome Myelodysplastic Syndrome And Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Report From The Children's Oncology Group Protocol Aaml0431., Kelley J. Mast, Jeffrey W. Taub, Todd A. Alonzo, A S. Gamis, Claudio A. Mosse, Prasad Mathew, Jason N. Berman, Yi-Cheng Wang, Heath M. Jones, Dario Campana, Elaine Coustan-Smith, Susana C. Raimondi, Betsy Hirsch, Johann K. Hitzler, David R. Head Apr 2020

Pathologic Features Of Down Syndrome Myelodysplastic Syndrome And Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Report From The Children's Oncology Group Protocol Aaml0431., Kelley J. Mast, Jeffrey W. Taub, Todd A. Alonzo, A S. Gamis, Claudio A. Mosse, Prasad Mathew, Jason N. Berman, Yi-Cheng Wang, Heath M. Jones, Dario Campana, Elaine Coustan-Smith, Susana C. Raimondi, Betsy Hirsch, Johann K. Hitzler, David R. Head

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

CONTEXT.—: Detailed diagnostic features of acute myeloid leukemia in Down syndrome are lacking, leading to potential misdiagnoses as standard acute myeloid leukemia occurring in patients with Down syndrome.

OBJECTIVE.—: To evaluate diagnostic features of acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome in patients with Down syndrome.

DESIGN.—: Diagnostic bone marrow samples from 163 patients enrolled in the Children's Oncology Group study AAML0431 were evaluated by using central morphologic review and institutional immunophenotyping. Results were compared to overall survival, event-free survival,

RESULTS.—: Sixty myelodysplastic syndrome and 103 acute myeloid leukemia samples were reviewed. Both had distinctive features compared to those of ...


Pediatric Resident Knowledge, Experience, Comfort, And Perceived Competency In Providing Sibling Psychosocial Support., David Buchbinder, Sonam Sidhu, Melissa A. Alderfer, Anne Lown, Russ C. Kolarik, Tommy Wang Mar 2020

Pediatric Resident Knowledge, Experience, Comfort, And Perceived Competency In Providing Sibling Psychosocial Support., David Buchbinder, Sonam Sidhu, Melissa A. Alderfer, Anne Lown, Russ C. Kolarik, Tommy Wang

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

This article is the author’s final published version in International Journal of Medical Education, Volume 11, March 2020, Pages 73-75.

The published version is available at https://doi.org/10.5116/ijme.5e63.6a46. Copyright © Buchbinder et al.


Development Of An International Data Repository And Research Resource: The Prospective Studies Of Acute Child Trauma And Recovery (Pact/R) Data Archive, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Justin A. Kenardy, Douglas L. Delahanty, Meghan L. Marsac, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Reginald D. V. Nixon, Markus A. Landolt, Patrick A. Palmieri Mar 2020

Development Of An International Data Repository And Research Resource: The Prospective Studies Of Acute Child Trauma And Recovery (Pact/R) Data Archive, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Justin A. Kenardy, Douglas L. Delahanty, Meghan L. Marsac, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Reginald D. V. Nixon, Markus A. Landolt, Patrick A. Palmieri

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Background: Studies that identify children after acute trauma and prospectively track risk/protective factors and trauma responses over time are resource-intensive; small sample sizes often limit power and generalizability. The Prospective studies of Acute Child Trauma and Recovery (PACT/R) Data Archive was created to facilitate more robust integrative cross-study data analyses.

Objectives: To (a) describe creation of this research resource, including harmonization of key variables; (b) describe key study- and participant-level variables; and (c) examine retention to follow-up across studies.

Methods: For the first 30 studies in the Archive, we described study-level (design factors, retention rates) and participant-level (demographic ...