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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

A Review On Psychosocial Distress Among General Population Of Pakistan During Covid-19 Pandemic, Anosh Arshad Chaudhary, Iqra Arooj, Amina Elahi Jun 2022

A Review On Psychosocial Distress Among General Population Of Pakistan During Covid-19 Pandemic, Anosh Arshad Chaudhary, Iqra Arooj, Amina Elahi

Journal of Bioresource Management

The COVID-19 crisis in 2019 significantly impacted human life all over the globe. Psychological health of general population has been affected by the unpredictable circumstances and impulsion of living in isolation, if suspected positive for coronavirus. During COVID-19 outbreak, escalation of various types of psychosocial distresses such as anxiety, sleep disorders and depression has been observed in the general population globally. Thus, there is an urgent need to combat these issues through well planned strategies. The focus of this review is to conduct a thorough evaluation of the available research on the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on the mental status ...


First Annual Research Symposium Program With Abstracts, Wright State University Boonshoft School Of Medicine Office Of Research Affairs Apr 2022

First Annual Research Symposium Program With Abstracts, Wright State University Boonshoft School Of Medicine Office Of Research Affairs

Boonshoft School of Medicine Research Symposium

The program booklet is a compilation of abstracts from oral and poster presentations at Wright State University's First Annual Boonshoft School of Medicine Medical Research Symposium held on April 6, 2022.


Current Epidemiological Status And Antibiotic Resistance Profile Of Urinary Tract Infection, Muddasir Khan, Syed Hussain Shah, M. Abdullah, Muhammad Salman, Fawad Hayat, Raheela Sarwar, Neelma Hassan, Sohail Ahmad Jan, M. Saddam, Ziaur Rahman, Imran Qazi Mar 2022

Current Epidemiological Status And Antibiotic Resistance Profile Of Urinary Tract Infection, Muddasir Khan, Syed Hussain Shah, M. Abdullah, Muhammad Salman, Fawad Hayat, Raheela Sarwar, Neelma Hassan, Sohail Ahmad Jan, M. Saddam, Ziaur Rahman, Imran Qazi

Journal of Bioresource Management

With a longitudinal (2020–2021) completion, a set of 300 urine samples of individuals suspected of UTI was characterized based on the biochemical analysis and Kirby Bauer's disc diffusion method. Throughout, a total of 167 samples revealed UTI positivity by obtaining bacterial growth. Reporting that E. coli (69.4 %) was the most dominant when compared with Klebsiella (14.3 %), Proteus (5.9 %), S. aureus (4.7 %), P. aeruginosa (3.5 %), and Enterobacter (1.7 %), respectively. Gender-wise discrimination showed that E. coli was highly distributed among female (50.2 %) patients. A prominent percentage of E. coli (41.9 %) was found ...


Microbiological Contamination Associated With The Proximity Of A Refuse Dumpsite To A River Situated In Okada, Edo State, Nigeria, Ebere J. Okafor-Elenwo, Odaro S. Imade, Osazee E. Izevbuwa Mar 2022

Microbiological Contamination Associated With The Proximity Of A Refuse Dumpsite To A River Situated In Okada, Edo State, Nigeria, Ebere J. Okafor-Elenwo, Odaro S. Imade, Osazee E. Izevbuwa

Journal of Bioresource Management

This study was performed to evaluate the potential contamination of the Okponha river situated near a dumpsite in Okada, Edo State, Nigeria. Water samples were collected and analyzed for bacteriological and parasitological quality using standard procedures. Isolation and enumeration of bacterial colonies were performed by pour plate technique and the isolated bacteria were identified by standard phenotypic tests. Helminths and protozoa were screened by the direct smear technique. The values of HPC (3.79 ± 0.12 log10 CFU/ml) and TCC (2.20 ± 0.14 log10 CFU/ml) obtained from the river water samples exceeded WHO and NAFDAC ...


In-Silico Determination Of Phytochemicals Against Spike Protein Of Covid-19, Muhammad Irfan, Muhammad Adil, Areej Fatima, Arooj Fatima, Ammara Khalid, Muhammad Bilal Mar 2022

In-Silico Determination Of Phytochemicals Against Spike Protein Of Covid-19, Muhammad Irfan, Muhammad Adil, Areej Fatima, Arooj Fatima, Ammara Khalid, Muhammad Bilal

Journal of Bioresource Management

Spike protein is present on the exterior of SARS-CoV-2 that mediates the binding of virus with human ACE2 receptor. S-protein has the ability to mutate in a short span of time. Using S-protein as a therapeutic target, Covid-19 infection can be prevented. Many plant-derived phytochemicals are found effective to treat viral infections. In this study, we selected top 10 phytochemicals following the Lipinski’s rule of five from total 82 candidate phytochemicals. The binding energies were determined through molecular docking of the phytochemical ligands. Top three compounds having maximal interactions and lowest binding energies were visualized. We suggested Dictamnine, Deoxypodophyllotoxin ...


Correlating Measles Cases And Vaccination Rates In The United States And Abroad, Charu L. Gupta Jan 2022

Correlating Measles Cases And Vaccination Rates In The United States And Abroad, Charu L. Gupta

Scholarship in Medicine - All Papers

Introduction: Measles is a highly contagious and vaccine-preventable viral respiratory infection that continues to affect children and adults in the United States (U.S.) and abroad. Objective: This study aims to correlate vaccination rates and measles cases in the U.S. to countries worldwide during 1995 to 2000 and 2013 to 2018. Methods: Two datasets, measles reported cases and percent single dose measles-containing-vaccine coverage in 1-year old infants, were obtained from World Health Observatory Data portal for 165 countries. Third dataset, population dynamics, was utilized from World Bank portal to convert reported measles cases to measles case rates for selected ...


The Interaction Of Children Living In Single-Parent Households With Healthcare In Tennessee, Molly Balcer Jan 2022

The Interaction Of Children Living In Single-Parent Households With Healthcare In Tennessee, Molly Balcer

Scholarship in Medicine - All Papers

The objective of this paper is to examine how a child living in a single-parent home is able to interact with healthcare in the state of Tennessee in 2020. Family structure in the United States trends away from the nuclear family, with 32% of households containing children headed by single-parents in 2018 as recorded by the United States Census Bureau. Given the knowledge that children in single-parent families are at higher risk for unmet healthcare needs, it is prudent to determine whether these trends are mirrored in Tennessee. Tests of statistical analysis were conducted on publicly available data collected from ...


Relationship Between Poverty And Ed Visit Rate (Per 10,000) With Primary Diagnosis Of Asthma Amongst Ohio Counties, Emily Schneider Jan 2022

Relationship Between Poverty And Ed Visit Rate (Per 10,000) With Primary Diagnosis Of Asthma Amongst Ohio Counties, Emily Schneider

Scholarship in Medicine - All Papers

Objective: Previous literature have found mixed results regarding poverty as a risk factor for asthma prevalence. More recently, national data obtained from Medicaid has shown that there is no association between poverty and asthma prevalence but has shown an association with asthma-related Emergency Department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. The objective of this study is to determine if this relationship is evident amongst the 88 counties in Ohio. Methods: Pearson correlations were conducted with the following variables: percent in poverty under age 18 and the ED visit rate with a primary diagnosis of asthma amongst children in each Ohio county. This ...


A Review Of Globally Important Plant Origin Antioxidants And Their Folk Utility For Various Diseases, Nosheen Akhtar, Ali Nasir, Hanachi Paricheher Dec 2021

A Review Of Globally Important Plant Origin Antioxidants And Their Folk Utility For Various Diseases, Nosheen Akhtar, Ali Nasir, Hanachi Paricheher

Journal of Bioresource Management

This review article has attempted to analyze the folk utility of important medicinal plants having valuable secondary metabolites used for the treatment of a variety of diseases. It is estimated that two-thirds of the total medicinal plants are used for the treatment of various diseases. Some medicinal plants are known for great antioxidant properties. Antioxidants reduce oxidative stress in cells. Antioxidants are useful for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory diseases, and cancers. This review article discloses the naturally occurring antioxidants and their sources. Medicinal plants with such a high potential of antioxidants have been part of folk medicine over ...


Ameliorating Role Of Ulva Lactuca Extract On Neurobehavioral And Neurochemical Abnormalities Caused By Lithium In Rats, Samira Bouhalit, Noura Brahmi Dec 2021

Ameliorating Role Of Ulva Lactuca Extract On Neurobehavioral And Neurochemical Abnormalities Caused By Lithium In Rats, Samira Bouhalit, Noura Brahmi

Journal of Bioresource Management

Lithium is a relevant mood-stabilizing agent that is used in the management of depressive and manic episodes in bipolar, disorder; however, its application may cause diverse side effects including oxidative stress. This work investigated the neuroprotective and anti-stress activity of Ulva lactuca extract (MEUL) against lithium induced neuronal toxicity in rats. Lithium (2 g/kg) was administered in diets with or without MEUL (250 mg/kg BW by gavage) for 90 days. Lithium induced oxidative stress lead to an elevation in lipid peroxidation and oxidation protein product levels, a reduced superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase activities, glutathione, and ascorbic acid concentrations ...


Prevalence And Multidrug Resistance Pattern Of E. Coli Among Urinary Tract Infection Patients In Tertiary Care Hospital Of Multan, Hubza Ruatt Khan, Mehvish Javeed, Asghar Javed, Nisma Farooq Oct 2021

Prevalence And Multidrug Resistance Pattern Of E. Coli Among Urinary Tract Infection Patients In Tertiary Care Hospital Of Multan, Hubza Ruatt Khan, Mehvish Javeed, Asghar Javed, Nisma Farooq

Journal of Bioresource Management

Urinary Tract Infection is alarming problem worldwide due to the intensity of antimicrobial resistance. Escherichia coli is the most predominant organism in UTI. This study was planned to evaluate demographic parameters, the prevalence of E. coli, and antimicrobial resistance patterns among E. coli isolates from UTI patients in Nishtar Hospital of Multan from January to June 2018. A total of 350 mid-stream urine samples were collected from different patients having age group from 25 to 60 years and processed by standard laboratory procedures. Out of 350 samples, 100 samples were observed as critical bacteremia. Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia were ...


Music Therapy For Pain Management In Children, Rebecca C. Pinchot Oct 2021

Music Therapy For Pain Management In Children, Rebecca C. Pinchot

The University Honors Program

An evidence-based practice literature search was done to determine if music therapy during painful procedures could decrease distress in children. Literature was obtained from two electronic databases. Twenty-five articles were initially found through the search engines. Five of these articles were further evaluated based upon relevance to the research question. The studies were evaluated through consistent methods including setting, sample, purpose, design, findings, and limitations. Each study strength on the evidence hierarchy was identified. Four studies had moderately strong evidence while one study had moderately weak evidence. Each had significance for the use of music as a pain management technique ...


Minimizing The Negative Impacts Of Airport Construction, Sarah Hubbard, Bryan Hubbard, Joseph Sobieralski May 2021

Minimizing The Negative Impacts Of Airport Construction, Sarah Hubbard, Bryan Hubbard, Joseph Sobieralski

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Airfield infrastructure projects are critical to ensure facilities are safe, in good condition and meet current standards. However, these airfield construction and reconstruction activities are usually conducted on an active airfield, which impose operational and human factors challenges for all users, including pilots, air traffic controllers, airport operations personnel, construction workers, and emergency responders. FAA recognizes the potential safety challenges, and provides supporting guidance and regulation as described in AC 150/5370-2G, Operational Safety on Airports During Construction. While this guidance is valuable and enhances safety, there remain human factors issues that are worthy of investigation and discussion.


Factors Influencing Pilot Trust In Electronic Flight Bag Information, Warren Pittorie, Summer Rebensky, Leonia Hunt, Andrew Narkushian, Maria Chaparro, Meredith Carroll May 2021

Factors Influencing Pilot Trust In Electronic Flight Bag Information, Warren Pittorie, Summer Rebensky, Leonia Hunt, Andrew Narkushian, Maria Chaparro, Meredith Carroll

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Electronic Flight Bags (EFBs) are widely used by pilots in the commercial aviation industry. EFBs serve as replacements for some traditional sources of information, such as paper charts, manuals, and checklists, augmentation for flight-related information previously unavailable through older cockpit systems such as temporary flight restriction locations, and supplemental information such as a secondary display of traffic). By having access to this information, pilots are able to make more effective decisions in various situations. Related literature has shown that decision makers in situations of uncertainty are influenced by a range of factors such as experience, the level of risk in ...


Flight Allocation In Shared Human-Automation En-Route Air Traffic Control, G De Rooji, C Borst, M M. Van Paassen, M Mulder May 2021

Flight Allocation In Shared Human-Automation En-Route Air Traffic Control, G De Rooji, C Borst, M M. Van Paassen, M Mulder

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Allocation is a challenge for higher levels of automation in air traffic control, where fights can be dynamically assigned to either a human or an automated agent. Through an exploratory experiment with six professional air traffic controllers, insight was gained into the possibilities and challenges of human-automation teamwork in an en-route environment. Participants showed high levels of automation trust, but mostly ignored automation-suggested allocations, preferring a highly automated sector instead. Most fights were delegated to automation, after they were given a direct and conflict-free path. Flights handled manually were those requiring level changes or non-standard routing. Future research should focus ...


Measuring The Range Of Attention To Preview And Its Momentary Persistence In Simulated Driving, Tyler N. Morrison, Richard J. Jagacinski, Jordan Petrov May 2021

Measuring The Range Of Attention To Preview And Its Momentary Persistence In Simulated Driving, Tyler N. Morrison, Richard J. Jagacinski, Jordan Petrov

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Participants used a position control system to track the center of a simulated winding roadway with preview that ranged from 0.3 to 1.0 s. Participants’ spatial distributions of attention were measured by perturbing the roadway with different frequency sinusoids at different roadway positions and then measuring the degree to which those frequencies were present in their tracking movements. Participants exhibited a continuous range of attention, and it lengthened with the amount of displayed preview. When preview disappeared for 5 s, longer time to regress to feedback control was strongly correlated with the amount of preview that was withdrawn ...


Assessing The Relationships Between Organizational Management Factors (4ps) And A Resilient Safety Culture In A Collegiate Aviation Program With A Safety Management Systems (Sms), Daniel Kwasi Adjekum May 2021

Assessing The Relationships Between Organizational Management Factors (4ps) And A Resilient Safety Culture In A Collegiate Aviation Program With A Safety Management Systems (Sms), Daniel Kwasi Adjekum

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Resilient safety culture is a key factor in sustaining safety management systems (SMS) in a U.S. collegiate aviation program. The relationships between four organizational management factors (Principles, Policy, Procedures, Practices) and a resilient safety culture model based on Reason’s concept was assessed using an online survey instrument. Structural Equation Model (SEM) technique were used to assess measurement models of factors underlying a resilient safety culture. All four management factors had significant predictive relationship with resilient safety culture. Practices had the weakest predictive relationship with resilient safety culture and Policy had the highest. Procedures strongly mediated path between Policies ...


Examining The Changing Roles And Responsibilities Of Humans In Envisioned Future In-Time Aviation Safety Management Systems, Lawrence Prinzel, Kyle Ellis, John Koelling, Paul Krois, Misty Davies, Robert Mah May 2021

Examining The Changing Roles And Responsibilities Of Humans In Envisioned Future In-Time Aviation Safety Management Systems, Lawrence Prinzel, Kyle Ellis, John Koelling, Paul Krois, Misty Davies, Robert Mah

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Advances in technology are enabling new concepts of operations that will trans-form aviation including increasingly autonomous capabilities to handle evolving complex dynamic ecosystems like those associated with Advanced Aerial Mobility. A major challenge is how to ensure today’s safety levels are maintained as the system scales for rapid detection and timely mitigation of safety issues. NASA has developed a concept of operation for In-Time Aviation Safety Management Systems (IASMS) that represents a system-of-system perspective on interconnected capabilities needed to proactively reduce risk in complex operational environments where unknown hazards may exist. As a result, NASA research priorities include understanding ...


Metacognitive Situation Awareness In Aviation, Haydee M. Cuevas, Marisa D. Aguiar May 2021

Metacognitive Situation Awareness In Aviation, Haydee M. Cuevas, Marisa D. Aguiar

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

This exploratory study was aimed at gaining a better understanding of metacognitive situation awareness. Seven subject matter experts, two each for commercial aviation and aviation maintenance and three for air traffic control, were asked to define ‘situation awareness’ as it relates to their job and identify the knowledge, skills, and strategies enabling them to effectively monitor, evaluate, and regulate their situation awareness as they perform their job. Findings from this line of research can guide the design, development, and evaluation of approaches for enhancing and assessing metacognitive situation awareness.


What We Know About Teamwork And Multiteam Coordination In Aviation: Contextual Factors Affecting Teamwork In Aviation, Andrea M. Georgiou, Glenn E. Littlepage, Micheal B. Hein May 2021

What We Know About Teamwork And Multiteam Coordination In Aviation: Contextual Factors Affecting Teamwork In Aviation, Andrea M. Georgiou, Glenn E. Littlepage, Micheal B. Hein

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Technology and culture are two major influences that play a role in team processes and performance. Technology can lessen the cognitive workload; however, the use of technology has the potential to undermine shared cognition and teamwork. Aviation technology has been developed to support individual performance, without sufficient analysis of the impact on team performance. Due to the international nature of aviation, cultural differences can play a role in teamwork. Dimensions of national culture, such as power distance and gender roles, along with inadequate English proficiency may impact the effectiveness of communication and teamwork. Status barriers and physical barriers such as ...


A Passive Electroencephalography Brain-Computer Interface Predicts Mental Workload During Flight Simulation, Adam Fraser, Kathleen Van Benthem, Chris M. Herdman May 2021

A Passive Electroencephalography Brain-Computer Interface Predicts Mental Workload During Flight Simulation, Adam Fraser, Kathleen Van Benthem, Chris M. Herdman

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

The objective of the present research was to investigate an electroencephalography (EEG) brain-computer interface (BCI) for monitoring realistic variations in mental workload during virtual reality (VR) flight simulation. Many aviation accidents are related to pilot cognition and a mismatch between task demands and cognitive resources. Real-time neurophysiological monitoring offers an approach to identifying high-workload mental states by obtaining continuous, objective measurements without adding to the workload of the pilot. Workload was manipulated by varying navigational difficulty and communication tasks during VR flight simulation. EEG data collected during simulated flight was analyzed to evaluate performance of passive BCI for classification of ...


Recommended Training Practices To Prepare Pilots To Cope With Information Conflicts, Meredith Carroll, Paige Sanchez, Donna Wilt May 2021

Recommended Training Practices To Prepare Pilots To Cope With Information Conflicts, Meredith Carroll, Paige Sanchez, Donna Wilt

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

As the next generation of flight deck information systems are being utilized on the flight deck, pilots now have greater amounts of information at their fingertips. Although redundant sources of information allow pilots to crosscheck, they also introduce the potential for information conflicts. There is a need to ensure pilots are trained to effectively evaluate, integrate and make decisions based on information from redundant, and potentially conflicting information. Based on findings from a literature, we present several best practice guidelines for preparing pilots to effectively respond to conflicting information. Based on data collected during a questionnaire study administered to a ...


Pilot Situation Awareness And Risk Of Critical Incidents Using A Novel Online Flight Simulation Tool, Kirsten Brightman, Kathleen Van Benthem, Chris M. Herdman May 2021

Pilot Situation Awareness And Risk Of Critical Incidents Using A Novel Online Flight Simulation Tool, Kirsten Brightman, Kathleen Van Benthem, Chris M. Herdman

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Pilot situation awareness (SA) is a critical influence on decision making and an important element in maintaining the safe control of an aircraft. The present research investigated whether measures of pilot SA, gathered via an online computer-based cognitive screening tool for pilots, could be used to predict pilot’s likelihood of real-world critical incidents. A risk score for each pilot was developed based on their self-reported critical incidents from their actual flight history. It was hypothesized that individuals with lower SA scores would have higher risk scores. The impact of age and pilot experience were also considered, as these factors ...


An Analysis Of Information Requirements For Passengers Of (Autonomous) Urban Air Mobility Vehicles, Dennis B. Beringer May 2021

An Analysis Of Information Requirements For Passengers Of (Autonomous) Urban Air Mobility Vehicles, Dennis B. Beringer

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Much effort has been put into examining control/monitoring strategies for semiautonomous/autonomous urban air mobility vehicles (UAMVs). Less has been done to define information requirements for passengers to facilitate their cognitive comfort. Similarities and differences between driverless automobiles (and transport-category aircraft) and UAMVs will both affect what information is needed and what operational factors influence that need, including; perceived locus of control, shared fate, ambient visibility, familiarity with the area to be traversed, and operational status of the vehicle. Information impacted includes route/progress (location, estimated time of arrival), phase of flight, and system status as well as communications ...


Human Factors Considerations For Urban Air Mobility, Bhoomin B. Chauhan, Meredith Carroll May 2021

Human Factors Considerations For Urban Air Mobility, Bhoomin B. Chauhan, Meredith Carroll

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Before urban air mobility (UAM) flights are safely integrated into the current airspace system, it is necessary to identify and address human factors issues associated with UAM. Various industry and academic institutions are currently exploring a range of different aspects of UAM, such as vehicle concepts, airspace integration, and ground infrastructure, all of which have human factors implications. These human factors issues, which will heavily influence how UAM operations will evolve with growth in demand and autonomous technology, are in need of research. Potential human factors issues include UAM pilot’s trust in automation, situational awareness, visual scanning, decision-making capabilities ...


Validating Stress Tolerance Exercise With Game-Based Assessment And Stress Checklists, Johann Wium May 2021

Validating Stress Tolerance Exercise With Game-Based Assessment And Stress Checklists, Johann Wium

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Stress tolerance is an important attribute for air traffic controllers. Assessing an individual’s stress tolerance should therefore be considered when selecting student air traffic controllers. Unfortunately, measures of stress tolerance are often self-reports and as such are subject to “faking good”. This paper details the validation of an observation-based stress tolerance exercise and its convergent validity with behavioral signs of stress (from stress checklists) and results of game-based assessments of Emotional Stability and Performance Under Pressure. The resulting data suggests that ratings from the exercise are valid and that game-based assessments can be used to predict ratings made from ...


The Role Of A Group Assessment Centre In The Selection Of Ab Initio Air Traffic Controllers, Jennifer Eaglestone, Alexander W J Arnold May 2021

The Role Of A Group Assessment Centre In The Selection Of Ab Initio Air Traffic Controllers, Jennifer Eaglestone, Alexander W J Arnold

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

The selection of Air Traffic Controllers (ATCOs) is known to be extensive and highly selective. Air Traffic Control the Netherlands (LVNL) has a six-stage procedure for ab initio applicants. It includes two rounds of cognitive ability testing, personality testing, two job sample tests, an interview, and an assessment centre (AC). This study examines the construct-and predictive validity of the AC using 15 dimension-scores as predictor variables, with the final score on a high-fidelity job sample test as the dependent variable (criterion). A Principal Component Analysis (PCA) of the 15 dimension-scores resulted in two components, one (inter)personal behaviour component and ...


Measuring Motivation In Pilot Training Applicants, John D. Trent, Mark R. Rose May 2021

Measuring Motivation In Pilot Training Applicants, John D. Trent, Mark R. Rose

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

This study evaluated applicant motivation in pilot selection. Traditional measures of motivation have moderate to low predictive validity in flight training and often show large subgroup differences. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a self-report measure of motivation by examining 1) dimensionality, 2) reliability, 3) predictive validity, 4) construct validity, 5) validity based on known groups, and


Using A Perceptual Speed Test To Predict Flight Training Performance: New Findings, Diane L. Damos, Alvah C. Bittner, Mary Niemczyk May 2021

Using A Perceptual Speed Test To Predict Flight Training Performance: New Findings, Diane L. Damos, Alvah C. Bittner, Mary Niemczyk

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

Using a Perceptual Speed Test to Predict Flight Training Performance: New Findings


Decision Support Tools For The Collaborative Trajectory Options Program, Philip J. Smith, Amy Spencer, Mark Evans, Bob Hoffman, Bert Hackney, Rafal Kicinger May 2021

Decision Support Tools For The Collaborative Trajectory Options Program, Philip J. Smith, Amy Spencer, Mark Evans, Bob Hoffman, Bert Hackney, Rafal Kicinger

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2021

The FAA currently makes frequent use of Flow Constrained Areas (FCAs) to thin traffic through some region of airspace by assigning departure delay to flights filed to fly through that airspace. An important potential future use of such FCAs is their integrated application within a Collaborative Trajectory Options Program (CTOP) Traffic Management Initiative (TMI). This paper reports the results of cognitive walkthroughs completed with ten recently retired traffic managers. These walkthroughs were designed to evaluate information and information display requirements, as well as other decision support requirements, for software to enable the creation of FCAs for a CTOP TMI