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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Addressing Covid 19 Among Vulnerable Populations, Tim Crawford, Sydney Silverstein, Craig Woolley, Laura M. Luehrmann May 2020

Addressing Covid 19 Among Vulnerable Populations, Tim Crawford, Sydney Silverstein, Craig Woolley, Laura M. Luehrmann

Population and Public Health Sciences Faculty Publications

This is the fifth installment in the Shelter in Place (SiP) Lecture series. This installment deals with the impact and implications of the Shelter in Place order on differing populations. It discusses how a variety of populations have differing experiences with social distancing, the virus, and other implications of the current pandemic.


Comment: Probably A Good News: Covid-19 Is Not Spreading Fast In Tropical Region Like In Temperate Region, Madeeha Manzoor Apr 2020

Comment: Probably A Good News: Covid-19 Is Not Spreading Fast In Tropical Region Like In Temperate Region, Madeeha Manzoor

Journal of Bioresource Management

My understanding of Covid-19 is that, there are some climatic factors involved in seed spread of this virus. As it started from the area of China which falls under temperate zone, its second victim was Iran’s city Qom which also falls under temperate zone and third is Italy which is completely in temperate zone.

Data from two countries from Temperate zone and three countries from Tropical zone was compared. The days counted from the 100 cases each country reached as day one and further days studied on equal basis.


Covid 19 What You Need To Know, Dawn P. Wooley, Giancarlo Mariani, Craig Woolley, Laura M. Luehrmann Apr 2020

Covid 19 What You Need To Know, Dawn P. Wooley, Giancarlo Mariani, Craig Woolley, Laura M. Luehrmann

Neuroscience, Cell Biology & Physiology Faculty Publications

This is the first presentation in the new Shelter-in-Place lecture series. This first lecture is two-fold. First, it covers the basics of the COVID-19 virus including: how it spreads, possible origin, and other pertinent information. This portion of the presentation was followed by an overview of the international recruitment efforts in response to the virus, including: student perspectives, recruitment methods, and other important information.


Measuring Nomophobia And Exploration Of Consequences And Comorbidities, Sarah Marie Fryman, William L. Romine Apr 2020

Measuring Nomophobia And Exploration Of Consequences And Comorbidities, Sarah Marie Fryman, William L. Romine

Symposium of Student Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities Materials

Excessive use of smartphones has coined the term “Nomophobia”, or fear of not being able to use your smartphone. For many, these devices have become an extension of ourselves, which raises hesitation on whether or not society has become addicted to smartphones. Specific diagnostic criteria for smartphone addiction have yet to be settled, and even appropriate to use the word “addiction” when describing excessive usage of smartphones is controversial.

We therefore explore utilize current measures to explore the symptoms of nomophobia and their hierarchy, as well as comorbidities including social anxiety, self-esteem, distracted driving and sleep quality. A total of ...


Relief Of Procedural Pain In Infants And Neonates, Allye Camden Apr 2020

Relief Of Procedural Pain In Infants And Neonates, Allye Camden

Symposium of Student Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities Materials

Procedural pain occurs in the hospital setting due to a variety of procedures and treatments conducted throughout a patient’s stay. Pain is often assessed in infants and neonates but is not always treated consistently due to the multiple number of pain relief methods. The objective of this literature review is to identify the most effective interventions to relieve procedural pain in infants and neonates. Forty articles were analyzed and synthesized to determine the best pain relief methods to use when providing nursing care to infants and neonates. Based on the results of the literature review, nutritive sucking, positioning techniques ...


How Do Surgeon Preferences And Technique Variances Affect Outcome?, Anastasia Axiopoulou, Caroline G. L. Cao, Katherine Lin Md, Keith Watson Md Apr 2020

How Do Surgeon Preferences And Technique Variances Affect Outcome?, Anastasia Axiopoulou, Caroline G. L. Cao, Katherine Lin Md, Keith Watson Md

Symposium of Student Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities Materials

The goal of the research project is to create a blue-print of a robot-assisted hysterectomy procedure to support design and evaluation of technology to enhance system performance. To create this blue-print, we will conduct a task analysis, model the cognitive task flow and decision making, and develop a simulation of the hysterectomy procedure. The surgical simulation will be used as a platform to train surgeons on robotic-assisted hysterectomies, as well as to assess learning and performance. Additionally, it will be used to design and develop techniques and novel technology to support surgeons in their performance of the surgery. Current research ...


Identifying Easy Indicators Of Dementia, Swati Padhee, Tanvi Banerjee, Valerie L. Shalin, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan Apr 2020

Identifying Easy Indicators Of Dementia, Swati Padhee, Tanvi Banerjee, Valerie L. Shalin, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan

Symposium of Student Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities Materials

Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a degenerative chronic neurodegenerative disease that affects millions of people and whose care costs billions of dollars. There is growing evidence that variations in speech and language may be early indicators of dementia. One of the most initial symptoms of dementia is speech impairment, including difficulty in finding words and changes to the grammatical structure. These early indicators can be detected by having the patients perform a picture description task, such as the Cookie Theft task from the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination. However, much of the state-of-the-art NLP for dementia has been limited due to ...


Predicting Alcohol Withdrawal In Intensive Care Units, Reza Sadeghi, Tanvi Banerjee, William L. Romine Apr 2020

Predicting Alcohol Withdrawal In Intensive Care Units, Reza Sadeghi, Tanvi Banerjee, William L. Romine

Symposium of Student Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities Materials

Alcohol use disorder is a common health issue in older adults who are facing depression caused by retirement, loss of a spouse, pain, and sleep problems. The prolonged, heavy alcohol ingestion will lead to high alcohol dependency such that cessation or reduction of using alcohol causes alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) in roughly 4 to 72 hours after the last drink. During the initial 8 hours, patients face anxiety, insomnia, nausea, and abdominal pain. This condition is followed by high blood pressure, increased body temperature, unusual heart rate, and confusion. If this syndrome does not receive any treatment, the patients will ...


Relief Of Procedural Pain In Infants And Neonates, Allye Camden Apr 2020

Relief Of Procedural Pain In Infants And Neonates, Allye Camden

The University Honors Program

Procedural pain occurs in the hospital setting due to a variety of procedures and treatments conducted throughout a patient’s stay. Pain is often assessed in infants and neonates but is not always treated consistently due to the multiple number of pain relief methods. The objective of this literature review is to identify the most effective interventions to relieve procedural pain in infants and neonates. Forty articles were analyzed and synthesized to determine the best pain relief methods to use when providing nursing care to infants and neonates. Based on the results of the literature review, nutritive sucking, positioning techniques ...


The Wright State – Lake Campus 2019 – 2020 Scholarly Review, Wright State University - Lake Campus Apr 2020

The Wright State – Lake Campus 2019 – 2020 Scholarly Review, Wright State University - Lake Campus

Lake Campus Research Symposium Reports

This report provides a listing of the scholarly endeavors from Lake Campus during the 2018 calendar year spanning across disciplines.

This document contains the Annual Research Report from 2019 and the Research Symposium Program from 2020.


In Utero Drug Exposure Impact On Infant Health, Katie Edwards, Lisa M. Borges, Carlie J. Schoenherr Apr 2020

In Utero Drug Exposure Impact On Infant Health, Katie Edwards, Lisa M. Borges, Carlie J. Schoenherr

Lake Campus Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Drug use during pregnancy has many impacts on the baby’s and mother’s health. Prenatal drug use affects a child’s development during his or her life. When exposed to in utero drug use the baby tends to have a lower birth weight, preterm birth, and intrauterine growth restrictions compared to a baby not exposed to drugs. The number of infants being born with withdrawal to drugs is increasing. This is an important problem because the number of fetuses exposed in utero to drugs is increasing. Research shows that exposure does pose a risk to the fetus and birth ...


Pcos And Obesity’S Effects On Pregnancy, Mya Hager, Kylee Kiel, Jordan Sailor Apr 2020

Pcos And Obesity’S Effects On Pregnancy, Mya Hager, Kylee Kiel, Jordan Sailor

Lake Campus Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

PCOS is one of the most prominent female reproductive disorders and with that comes fears for women about their health and ability to safely bear children. Women diagnosed with a reproductive disorder commonly fear they won’t be able to reproduce. This is not the case for the majority of obese women, PCOS does increase the risk of developing gestational diabetes, hypertension, and preterm labor. All of these complications can negatively affect the outcome of her pregnancy, therefore the mom needs to be closely monitored and healthcare workers intervene when appropriate. Pregnancy for an obese woman with PCOS can be ...


The Effects Of Music On Anxious Autistic Patients, C. Homan, Emily M. Buening Apr 2020

The Effects Of Music On Anxious Autistic Patients, C. Homan, Emily M. Buening

Lake Campus Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

High levels of stress and low self-esteem are common in autistic individuals, especially with young adults. Various techniques have been done to help these levels even including musical interventions. Not many people know the effects music therapy has on a patient with autism. However, music can decrease the effects of anxiety and heighten self-esteem. Music therapy gives autistic patients the ability to learn how to control outbursts through music. Music therapy can allow a patient with severe autism the ability to share their emotions, and allow them to gain self-worth.


Alcohol Consumption And Its Effect On Liver Transplant Failure, E. Short, R. Pinchot Apr 2020

Alcohol Consumption And Its Effect On Liver Transplant Failure, E. Short, R. Pinchot

Lake Campus Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

There is a stringent process to determine who can receive liver transplants. Alcohol is an important part of this process, with US transplant centers requiring a period of abstinence prior to transplant, lack of access to livers for alcoholics due to beliefs about their ability to stay sober, and monitoring of people considered "high risk" for recidivism after the transplant. While there is clear data on post-transplant alcohol use in transplant recipients with alcoholic hepatitis, more recent data has shown comparable alcohol use rates in non-alcoholic hepatitis patients, which makes the impact of alcohol use on transplant failure rates regardless ...


Breast Feeding Vs Bottle Feeding Effecting The Amount Of Hospitalizations In The First Year, Haley Maurer, Becca Young, Shelby Bohman Apr 2020

Breast Feeding Vs Bottle Feeding Effecting The Amount Of Hospitalizations In The First Year, Haley Maurer, Becca Young, Shelby Bohman

Lake Campus Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Breastfeeding and formula feeding are two ways to feed an infant after it is born. The importance of this is significant because of infections that children are suspectable to at such a young age. Children who breastfeed exclusively are shown to have lower infection/hospitalization rates than children who are formula-fed. Breastmilk has several qualities that help prevent infections in infants that formula does not. Formula is a good source of nutrients but it does not have the ability to stop infections from occurring. Infections can be very serious for infants especially if they are born preterm so having a ...


The Effects Of Kangaroo Care On Parental-Infant Bonding, Megan Stroud, Cortney Voisard, Quinn High Apr 2020

The Effects Of Kangaroo Care On Parental-Infant Bonding, Megan Stroud, Cortney Voisard, Quinn High

Lake Campus Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Welcoming home a new baby is a challenging and sometimes stressful situation for even the most seasoned of parents. There are several decisions parents must make about the care their new baby will receive. One of those choices is kangaroo care. Although this intervention may not always be performed due to immediate medical concerns, immediate bathing, hospital policies, and cultural norms, it has been proven to have several benefits. Kangaroo care is defined as skin to skin contact in which the baby is placed on a parent’s bare chest and is swaddled in warm blankets similar to how a ...


Knowledge And Attitude Of Nurses About Palliative Care, Asia Parveen, Khawer Sultana, Ali Waqas, Sidra Tasneem, Robina Jabeen, Ayesha Faiz Dr., Abu Ul Hassan Faiz Dr Mar 2020

Knowledge And Attitude Of Nurses About Palliative Care, Asia Parveen, Khawer Sultana, Ali Waqas, Sidra Tasneem, Robina Jabeen, Ayesha Faiz Dr., Abu Ul Hassan Faiz Dr

Journal of Bioresource Management

Palliative care enhances the quality of life. To improve the quality of life, it is necessary for nurses to have good knowledge and attitude towards palliative care. It is imperative that nurses provide quality care to terminally ill and chronically sick patients. The present study was designed to assess the knowledge and attitude of medical staff nurses about palliative care in cancer. This cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted in Mayo Hospital, Lahore and Jinnah Hospital, Lahore with sample size of 300 registered nurses by using the simple random sampling technique. Inclusion and exclusion criteria was used. Data was collected from ...


Larval Performance Of A Major Forest Pest On Novel Hosts And The Effect Of Stressors, Donnie Lee Peterson, Don Cipollini Jan 2020

Larval Performance Of A Major Forest Pest On Novel Hosts And The Effect Of Stressors, Donnie Lee Peterson, Don Cipollini

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Novel hosts lacking a coevolutionary history with herbivores can often support improved larval performance over historic hosts; e.g., emerald ash borer [Agrilus planipennis (Fairmaire) Coleoptera: Buprestidae] on North American ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees. Whether trees are novel or ancestral, stress on plants increases emerald ash borer preference and performance. White fringetree [Chionanthus virginicus (L.) Lamiales: Oleaceae] and olive [Olea europaea (L.) Lamiales: Oleaceae] are closely related non-ash hosts that support development of emerald ash borer to adulthood, but their relative suitability as hosts and the impact of plant stress on larval success has not been well studied. In a ...


Biogeographic Variation In Resistance Of The Invasive Plant, Alliaria Petiolata, To A Powdery Mildew Fungus And Effect Of Resistance On Competitive Dynamics, Don Cipollini, Sam Davisd, Deah Lieurance, Kendra Cipollini, Volker Bahn Jan 2020

Biogeographic Variation In Resistance Of The Invasive Plant, Alliaria Petiolata, To A Powdery Mildew Fungus And Effect Of Resistance On Competitive Dynamics, Don Cipollini, Sam Davisd, Deah Lieurance, Kendra Cipollini, Volker Bahn

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Garlic mustard is an invasive Eurasian biennial that has spread throughout the eastern United States and southern Canada. Populations of this plant vary in their susceptibility to Erysiphe cruciferarum, a causal agent of powdery mildew disease in Brassicaceous plants. We examined whether there were biogeographic patterns in the distribution of resistance in invasive North American and native European populations of this plant. We grew plants from 78 invasive and 20 native populations and screened them for powdery mildew resistance in the greenhouse. We found that populations were mostly monomorphic for either resistance or susceptibility but that some polymorphic populations were ...


Totally Robotic Vs Hybrid Abdominoperineal Resection: A Retrospective Multicenter Analysis, Jonathan Douissard, Vincent Obias, Craig S. Johnson, Monika E. Hagen, Deborah Keller, James R. Ouellette, Minia Hellan Dec 2019

Totally Robotic Vs Hybrid Abdominoperineal Resection: A Retrospective Multicenter Analysis, Jonathan Douissard, Vincent Obias, Craig S. Johnson, Monika E. Hagen, Deborah Keller, James R. Ouellette, Minia Hellan

Department of Surgery Faculty Publications

Introduction

Laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection (APR) for low rectal cancers is technically demanding. Robotic assistance may be of help and can be hybrid (HAPR) or totally robotic (RAPR). The present study describes outcomes of robotic APR and compares both approaches.

Material and methods

A multicentric retrospective analysis of rectal cancer patients undergoing either HAPR or RAPR was conducted. Patients' demographics, surgeons' experience, oncologic results, and intraoperative and postoperative outcomes were collected.

Results

One hundred twenty‐five patients were included, 48 in HAPR group and 77 in RAPR group. Demographics and comorbidities were comparable. Operative time was reduced in RAPR group (266 ...


Statistical Multiscale Mapping Of Idh1, Mgmt, And Microvascular Proliferation Inhuman Braintumors From Multiparametric Mr And Spatially-Registered Core Biopsy, Jason G. Parker, Emily E. Diller, Sha Cao, Jeremy T. Nelson, Kristen W. Yeom, Chang Ho, Robert M. Lober Nov 2019

Statistical Multiscale Mapping Of Idh1, Mgmt, And Microvascular Proliferation Inhuman Braintumors From Multiparametric Mr And Spatially-Registered Core Biopsy, Jason G. Parker, Emily E. Diller, Sha Cao, Jeremy T. Nelson, Kristen W. Yeom, Chang Ho, Robert M. Lober

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

We propose a statistical multiscale mapping approach to identify microscopic and molecular heterogeneity across a tumor microenvironment using multiparametric MR (mp-MR). Twenty-nine patients underwent pre-surgical mp-MR followed by MR-guided stereotactic core biopsy. The locations of the biopsy cores were identified in the pre-surgical images using stereotactic bitmaps acquired during surgery. Feature matrices mapped the multiparametric voxel values in the vicinity of the biopsy cores to the pathologic outcome variables for each patient and logistic regression tested the individual and collective predictive power of the MR contrasts. A non-parametric weighted k-nearest neighbor classifier evaluated the feature matrices in a leave-one-out cross ...


Boonshoft School Of Medicine Central Research Forum Program - 2019, Boonshoft School Of Medicine Oct 2019

Boonshoft School Of Medicine Central Research Forum Program - 2019, Boonshoft School Of Medicine

Central Research Forum

An 88 page program which includes a schedule and abstracts from the 2019 Central Research Forum held by the Boonshoft School of Medicine's Office of Research Affairs.


Vital Signs, Fall 2019, Boonshoft School Of Medicine Oct 2019

Vital Signs, Fall 2019, Boonshoft School Of Medicine

Vital Signs

A thirty-two page newsletter created by the Boonshoft School of Medicine to document the current affairs of the school. This issue includes a variety of feature articles, alumni profiles, class notes, and more.


Implementing A Novel Quality Improvement-Based Approach To Data Quality Monitoring And Enhancement In A Multipurpose Clinical Registry, Jesse Pratt, Daniel Jeffers, Eileen C. King, Michael D. Kappelman, Jennifer Collins, Peter Margolis, Howard Baron, Julie A. Bass, Mikelle D. Bassett, Genie L. Beasley, Keith J. Benkov, Jeffrey A. Bornstein, Jose M. Cabrera, Wallace Crandall, Liz D. Dancel, Monica P. Garin-Laflam, John E. Grunow, Barry Z. Hirssch, Edward Hoffenberg, Esther Israel, Traci W. Jester, Fevronia Kiparissi, Arathi Lakhole, Sameer P. Lapsia, Phillip Minar, Fernando A. Navarro, Haley Neef, Kt Park, Dinesh S. Pashankar, Ashish S. Patel, Victor M. Pineiro, Chrles M. Samson, Kelly C. Sandberg, Steven J. Steiner, Jennifer A. Strople, Boris Sudel, Jillian S. Sullivan, David L. Suskind, Vikas Uppal, Prateek D. Wali Sep 2019

Implementing A Novel Quality Improvement-Based Approach To Data Quality Monitoring And Enhancement In A Multipurpose Clinical Registry, Jesse Pratt, Daniel Jeffers, Eileen C. King, Michael D. Kappelman, Jennifer Collins, Peter Margolis, Howard Baron, Julie A. Bass, Mikelle D. Bassett, Genie L. Beasley, Keith J. Benkov, Jeffrey A. Bornstein, Jose M. Cabrera, Wallace Crandall, Liz D. Dancel, Monica P. Garin-Laflam, John E. Grunow, Barry Z. Hirssch, Edward Hoffenberg, Esther Israel, Traci W. Jester, Fevronia Kiparissi, Arathi Lakhole, Sameer P. Lapsia, Phillip Minar, Fernando A. Navarro, Haley Neef, Kt Park, Dinesh S. Pashankar, Ashish S. Patel, Victor M. Pineiro, Chrles M. Samson, Kelly C. Sandberg, Steven J. Steiner, Jennifer A. Strople, Boris Sudel, Jillian S. Sullivan, David L. Suskind, Vikas Uppal, Prateek D. Wali

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Objective: To implement a quality improvement based system to measure and improve data quality in an observational clinical registry to support a Learning Healthcare System.

Data Source: ImproveCareNow Network registry, which as of September 2019 contained data from 314,250 visits of 43,305 pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients at 109 participating care centers.

Study Design: The impact of data quality improvement support to care centers was evaluated using statistical process control methodology. Data quality measures were defined, performance feedback of those measures using statistical process control charts was implemented, and reports that identified data items not following data ...


Learning From Experience: Avoiding Common Pitfalls In Multicenter Quality Improvement Collaboratives, Jonathan D. Thackeray, Carrie A. Baker, Rachel P. Berger Sep 2019

Learning From Experience: Avoiding Common Pitfalls In Multicenter Quality Improvement Collaboratives, Jonathan D. Thackeray, Carrie A. Baker, Rachel P. Berger

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Clinicians and researchers often tout the newest breakthrough or latest successful intervention. Sharing wins, however, is often done at the expense of sharing obstacles, failures, and subsequent adjustments, which are the cornerstone of quality improvement (QI).13 Here, we share 3 key lessons from 2 hospital-based QI initiatives—the Ohio Timely Recognition of Abuse Injuries (TRAIN) Collaborative and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Child Abuse Initiative (UPMC-CAI). Both focus on early identification, proper evaluation, and accurate reporting of child maltreatment. These are important clinical issues because many children who die or nearly die from maltreatment had been ...


Predicted Disease Compositions Of Human Gliomas Estimated From Multiparametric Mri Can Predict Endothelial Proliferation, Tumor Grade, And Overall Survival, Emily E. Diller, Sha Cao, Beth Ey, Robert M. Lober, Jason G. Parker Aug 2019

Predicted Disease Compositions Of Human Gliomas Estimated From Multiparametric Mri Can Predict Endothelial Proliferation, Tumor Grade, And Overall Survival, Emily E. Diller, Sha Cao, Beth Ey, Robert M. Lober, Jason G. Parker

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Background and Purpose: Biopsy is the main determinants of glioma clinical management, but require invasive sampling that fail to detect relevant features because of tumor heterogeneity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a voxel-wise, multiparametric MRI radiomic method to predict features and develop a minimally invasive method to objectively assess neoplasms. Methods: Multiparametric MRI were registered to T1-weighted gadolinium contrast-enhanced data using a 12 degree-of-freedom affine model. The retrospectively collected MRI data included T1-weighted, T1-weighted gadolinium contrast-enhanced, T2-weighted, fluid attenuated inversion recovery, and multi-b-value diffusion-weighted acquired at 1.5T or 3.0T. Clinical experts provided ...


Human-Autonomy Teaming - An Evolving Interaction Paradigm: A Cognitive Engineering Approach To Hat, Axel Schulte, Diana Donath May 2019

Human-Autonomy Teaming - An Evolving Interaction Paradigm: A Cognitive Engineering Approach To Hat, Axel Schulte, Diana Donath

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2019

This contribution outlines a cognitive engineering approach to structure, describe and depict configurations for highly automated human-machine systems using a common language. These systems involve cognitive agents, for autonomous vehicle guidance and mission management. The method focusses on the systematic top-down deduction of requirements for human-autonomy work share and interaction in the work process. Therefore, this contribution outlines a procedure to follow to design and describe such human-autonomy teaming systems, related user and system requirements, and top-level system designs. This contribution primarily aims at the application field of military, highly automated manned/unmanned vehicle systems.


If We’D Only Listen! What Research Can Tell Us About Aircrew Fatigue., Christina Ruudin-Brown, Ari Rosberg, Danielle Krukowski May 2019

If We’D Only Listen! What Research Can Tell Us About Aircrew Fatigue., Christina Ruudin-Brown, Ari Rosberg, Danielle Krukowski

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2019

Performance decrements associated with fatigue are significant risk factors of occupational, motor vehicle, and aviation accidents. The substantial number of recent aviation occurrences involving aircrew fatigue and the slow progress of related rulemaking prompted the TSB to include fatigue management on its 2018 Watchlist of key safety issues. At the same time, a finding of aircrew fatigue in a 2017 NTSB investigation into a near-taxiway landing prompted some journalists to argue that there are few, if any, research studies showing how fatigue affects flying ability, and that current efforts in fatigue management may not be effective. This paper explores research ...


Envisioning User Requirements For First-Of-A-Kind Future Rotorcraft, Christen Sushereba, Laura Militello, Katie Ernst, Julie Diiulio, Emilie Roth, Scott Scheff, William Huff Iv May 2019

Envisioning User Requirements For First-Of-A-Kind Future Rotorcraft, Christen Sushereba, Laura Militello, Katie Ernst, Julie Diiulio, Emilie Roth, Scott Scheff, William Huff Iv

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2019

In this paper, we describe an ongoing effort to envision and articulate requirements for the United States Army’s Future Vertical Lift (FVL) program, specifically related to crewing. The goal of FVL is to develop a new family of rotorcraft that will incorporate advanced technologies to support new capabilities. We will discuss the challenges associated with envisioning a future system, along with approaches to design for the envisioned world with examples. We emphasize the importance of focusing on the envisioned work domain, rather than advances in new technologies. We recommend that by articulating the future work domain, requirements for new ...


How Personality, Intelligence, And Working Memory Predict Situation Awareness And Flight Performance, Andrew R. Dattel, Andrey K. Babin, Simona Teodorovic, John Brooks, Saralee Pruksaritanon, Priyanka Shetty May 2019

How Personality, Intelligence, And Working Memory Predict Situation Awareness And Flight Performance, Andrew R. Dattel, Andrey K. Babin, Simona Teodorovic, John Brooks, Saralee Pruksaritanon, Priyanka Shetty

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2019

Situation awareness (SA) and flight performance may be intrinsically connected. Good SA can lead to good aeronautical decision making, and consequently better flight performance. Forty-three pilots participated in the study. Participants completed personality tests, a test of fluid intelligence, and a test for working memory. Participants flew a 15-minute flight scenario in an Elite PI-135 BATD, where participants received six SA questions. Airspeed, altitude, and heading were the flight performance variables. Participants also completed a version of Letter Factory (LF), a generic test used as part of the air traffic controller selection test. Good SA for LF, openness, agreeableness, and ...