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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Holding Traction During Ct: Simple Tricks To Maintain Reduction In The Lower Extremity, Garrhett G. Via, David A. Brueggeman, Alexander Chase, Jennifer L. Jerele, Kyle S. Mobley Apr 2021

Holding Traction During Ct: Simple Tricks To Maintain Reduction In The Lower Extremity, Garrhett G. Via, David A. Brueggeman, Alexander Chase, Jennifer L. Jerele, Kyle S. Mobley

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Traction is one of the pillars of orthopaedic injury management, as it can provide both temporizing and definitive treatment for anatomic malalignment associated with joint dislocations and fractures. In the realm of modern orthopaedic care, post-traction imaging provides the surgeon with information about resting fracture position and the overall effects of traction that are critical to preoperative planning. However, there are often circumstances in which an orthopaedic surgery provider is faced with the discrepancy between the proper sequence of orthopaedic care and the need for emergent, advanced imaging to evaluate other organ systems. In other words, they are often forced ...


Identifying Factors Underlying The Decision For Genetic Carrier Screening Among Women In Montgomery County, Sowon Kim, Rose A. Maxwell Apr 2021

Identifying Factors Underlying The Decision For Genetic Carrier Screening Among Women In Montgomery County, Sowon Kim, Rose A. Maxwell

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Genetic Carrier Screening (GCS) is a genetic test that allows patients to find out if they carry genes for certain genetic disorders. The results of the test enable patients to make changes to their family planning decisions and prenatal care when appropriate and allow them the opportunity to seek further medical and social support. Despite these health benefits and notable clinical utility of GCS, GCS has not been utilized in most nations due to moral and ethical controversy among the public. Previous studies have demonstrated patients’ ethnicity, socio-demographic (age, education) and economic factors were associated with the patient’s intention ...


Efficacy Of Urolift Procedure For Bph By A Single Center Of Excellence Over 5 Years, Joseph Wiedemer, Jennifer Espenschied, Trevor Mckoy, Benjamin Schmeusser, Andrew Drozd, Jeffrey Bierly, Michael Yu Apr 2021

Efficacy Of Urolift Procedure For Bph By A Single Center Of Excellence Over 5 Years, Joseph Wiedemer, Jennifer Espenschied, Trevor Mckoy, Benjamin Schmeusser, Andrew Drozd, Jeffrey Bierly, Michael Yu

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Since receiving FDA approval in 2013, the Urolift intervention for BPH has shown to be a promising alternative to the TURP characterized by nearly equal efficacy with markedly reduced recovery time. The 5-year L.I.F.T study is by far the most robust Urolift research published to-date, which reports on a prospective randomized controlled study of 206 subjects. The L.I.F.T study reported stable improvement in the vast majority of patients over 5 years including preserved uroflow improvement from initial post-op evaluation and just 13.6% requiring surgical retreatment. Despite the procedure’s ostensibly high efficacy, more ...


Tb Incidence In Us And Puerto-Rico From 1993 To 2017, Bowranigan Tharmalingam, Amber Todd Apr 2021

Tb Incidence In Us And Puerto-Rico From 1993 To 2017, Bowranigan Tharmalingam, Amber Todd

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The objective of this project is to test for possible correlation between the trend of Tuberculosis incidence rate in the US and the Tuberculosis incidence rate in PuertoRico from 1993 to 2017. Data from CDC Wonder-Online Tuberculosis InformationSystem and Pearson Correlation test were used to investigate the relationship. Analysis shows a positive association and a significant correlation between TB incidence rate between both region during the 26-year timeframe. This result has the potential for in-depth future research to identify the common variables and causes for the positive correlation.


Liposomal Bupivacaine Infiltration And Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Versus Standard Of Care For Post Caesarean Pain Control: A Retrospective Chart Review, Ellie Ganz, Darren Adams, Rose A. Maxwell, Theresa Roby, Marilyn Kindig Apr 2021

Liposomal Bupivacaine Infiltration And Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Versus Standard Of Care For Post Caesarean Pain Control: A Retrospective Chart Review, Ellie Ganz, Darren Adams, Rose A. Maxwell, Theresa Roby, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and wound infiltration with local anesthetics are shown to reduce opiate use and pain scores when compared to controls who received narcotic pain medications. With the current opiate epidemic, finding different ways to control pain without opiates is important,-to prevent unnecessary use of these drugs and reduce the potential for addiction in patients having a Cesarean delivery who often times receive opiate medications on schedule regardless of their reported pain.


First Profunda Artery Perforator Flap For Breast Reconstruction Performed At A Va Hospital, Kaitlynne Pak, Amanda Fang, Garrison Leach, Riley Dean, Sarah Crowley Apr 2021

First Profunda Artery Perforator Flap For Breast Reconstruction Performed At A Va Hospital, Kaitlynne Pak, Amanda Fang, Garrison Leach, Riley Dean, Sarah Crowley

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The profunda artery perforator (PAP) flap for breast reconstruction originated by Dr. Robert J. Allen in 2010 after multiple failed attempts at using muscle-sparing transverse rectus abdominal muscle (MS-TRAM) flap and implants. This flap method was initially approached due to the patient’s request for an autologous tissue graft that did not sacrifice muscle. The PAP flap has grown significantly in popularity and usage in breast reconstruction and makes up to about 16% of autologous breast reconstruction, coming second to DIEP flaps (76%). This well-tolerated, muscle-sparing approach is ideal for patients without sufficient abdominal fat (low BMI or previous abdominal ...


Access To Primary Care Among Emergency Department Patients, Megan Hanna, Nicholas Seitz, Steven Repas, Michael Harrington, David L. House, Tiffany Le, Derek Sorensen, Catherine Marco Apr 2021

Access To Primary Care Among Emergency Department Patients, Megan Hanna, Nicholas Seitz, Steven Repas, Michael Harrington, David L. House, Tiffany Le, Derek Sorensen, Catherine Marco

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Primary care is an essential component of a robust healthcare system by promoting preventative medicine and health education. This study assessed the percentage of Emergency Department (ED) patients with access to primary care and barriers to primary care.


The Role Of Art In Teaching Virtual Anatomy During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Shaigan Bhatti, Ashwatha Thenappan, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig Apr 2021

The Role Of Art In Teaching Virtual Anatomy During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Shaigan Bhatti, Ashwatha Thenappan, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The purpose of this study is to determine whether drawing anatomical structures and teaching it virtually to others improves student confidence in remembering anatomy and improves student perceptions of OB/GYN anatomy in the obstetrics and gynecology core clerkship. Active recall is a superior method of learning and memory retention because it practices information retrieval. If one draws an anatomic region of the human body after visualization and then teaches it, the learner would be exercising retrieval thus promotion retention of the material. The specific act of writing things down on paper promotes memory retention. This study sets a precedence ...


Reduced No-Show Rates And Sustained Patient Satisfactionof Telehealth During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Brenden Drerup, Jennifer Espenschied, Joseph Wiedemer, Lisa Hamilton Apr 2021

Reduced No-Show Rates And Sustained Patient Satisfactionof Telehealth During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Brenden Drerup, Jennifer Espenschied, Joseph Wiedemer, Lisa Hamilton

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

TheCOVID-19 pandemic thrusted the relatively novel approach of telemedicine to thecenter stage of healthcare infrastructures within the U.S. and around the globe, leadingto adramatically increasedutilization of telehealth services.Since the first reported case ofCOVID-19 in the U.S. on January 20, 2020, telemedicine has played a large role in reducingviraltransmission by preserving PPE and supporting crippled healthcare revenuestreams. The convenience of these serviceshas also reduced caregiver burden and travelcosts for patients. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, studies have consistentlydemonstrated a strong association between telehealth utilization and increased patient satisfaction. The impact of telemedicine on patient satisfaction during the currentpandemic ...


A Review Of Identified Barriers To Sunscreen Adherence For Skin Cancer Protection, Kaitlynne Pak, Ericson Torralba, Clayton Connor, Julian J. Trevino Apr 2021

A Review Of Identified Barriers To Sunscreen Adherence For Skin Cancer Protection, Kaitlynne Pak, Ericson Torralba, Clayton Connor, Julian J. Trevino

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the US and worldwide. A clear risk factor for all types of skin cancer (basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma) is UV exposure, whether artificial or natural. It is well-understood that regular sunscreen use with an SPF of 30 or greater reduces the risk of skin cancers; and especially that of melanoma, which is responsible for a majority of skin cancer deaths. However, the annual incidence of skin cancer cases, including melanoma, continues to rapidly rise in recent years. This may have a strong association with low rates of daily ...


Predictive Factors For Early Breastmilk Discontinuation In Premature Infants: A Retrospective Study, Smiti Gupta, Darah Yuhas, Janet Wasylyshen-Valesco, Adrienne Stolfi Apr 2021

Predictive Factors For Early Breastmilk Discontinuation In Premature Infants: A Retrospective Study, Smiti Gupta, Darah Yuhas, Janet Wasylyshen-Valesco, Adrienne Stolfi

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The AAP recommends exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, followed by continuation of breastfeeding with introduction of complimentary foods for at least 1 year (1). There has been considerable success initiating breastfeeding in birth hospitals. This can largely be attributed to many beneficial programs, including the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative and “10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding” (2, 3). Despite the success with increasing breastfeeding rates in birth hospitals, only 58.3% of US infants received breast milk at 6 months of age and only 25.6% of US infants were exclusively breastfed at 6 months in 2019 (4).This discrepancy ...


Adrenal Insufficiency Following Intraarticular Steroid Injections, Julia Hitchcock, Ankur Gupta Apr 2021

Adrenal Insufficiency Following Intraarticular Steroid Injections, Julia Hitchcock, Ankur Gupta

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

A 59-year-old woman presented with fatigue and 50 pounds weight gain in the last two years.She has been receiving triamcinolone steroid injections in both knees every three months for the last two years.She has also been receiving triamcinolone injections in ankles sporadically during this time period. Laboratory evaluation showed undetectable serum cortisol and inappropriately normal serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). The patient underwent cosyntropinstimulation test confirming secondary adrenal insufficiency (Table 1).Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a normal pituitary gland with no tumors.She was started on hydrocortisone 10mg twice daily with improvement in fatigue.The patient was recommended ...


Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Induces Axon Initial Segment Shortening In Cortical Neuron Culture, Jennae Shelby, Ryan B. Griggs, Josef Steinbrunner, Keiichiro Susuki Apr 2021

Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Induces Axon Initial Segment Shortening In Cortical Neuron Culture, Jennae Shelby, Ryan B. Griggs, Josef Steinbrunner, Keiichiro Susuki

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The axon initial segment (AIS) is a domain located between the neuronal soma and axon responsible for action-potential initiation. Because even small changes in its length or location alter neuronal excitability and function, the AIS is a key structure for neurodegenerative pathophysiology. AIS shortening is seen in several neurodegenerative conditions such as traumatic brain injury, Alzheimer’s disease, neuropathic pain, multiple sclerosis, and diabetic encephalopathy. Diabetic encephalopathy refers to mild cognitive impairment or dementia often experienced in patients with type 2 diabetes. Although patients with type 2 diabetes are 1.73 times more likely to develop dementia, there is currently ...


The Role Of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators For The Prevention Of Ventricular Arrhythmia In Left Ventricular Assist Device Recipients, Nikhil Reddy, Cristina Ortiz, Toshimasa Okabe, Muhammad Afzal, Mohamed H. Derbala, Asvin Ganapathi, Sakima Smith Apr 2021

The Role Of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators For The Prevention Of Ventricular Arrhythmia In Left Ventricular Assist Device Recipients, Nikhil Reddy, Cristina Ortiz, Toshimasa Okabe, Muhammad Afzal, Mohamed H. Derbala, Asvin Ganapathi, Sakima Smith

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Advanced heart failure represents a significant strain on our health care system and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. New device therapies, including left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, have transformed management as both a destination therapy and as a bridge to transplantation. Although LVADs have improved patient outcomes, arrhythmias represent a significant and costly complication of this therapy. In recent years, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have been developed to reduce the incidence of lethal arrhythmia. However, a gap in the literature exists for both guidelines in prevention of early ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in LVAD recipients and the effectiveness of ...


Human Trafficking Education For 3rd Year Medical Students, Michelle Adamczyk, Ilana Siegal, Musunga Mulenga, Jeannette Manger Apr 2021

Human Trafficking Education For 3rd Year Medical Students, Michelle Adamczyk, Ilana Siegal, Musunga Mulenga, Jeannette Manger

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Human trafficking is both a global and local human rights issue involving the exploitation of victims for labor or sex. Cases of human trafficking have been reported in every U.S. state, and victims of human trafficking include both minors and adults. Many victims of human trafficking will visit a health care setting during the time they are under the control of their trafficker. This allows health care providers the opportunity to play a key role in identifying and intervening to help victims of human trafficking, particularly while they are in the more controlled health care setting. The goal of ...


A Case Of Ruptured Cornual Pregnancy With Delivery Of A Viable Pre-Term Infant, Elana Miller, Elena Fuell-Wysong, Marilyn Kindig Apr 2021

A Case Of Ruptured Cornual Pregnancy With Delivery Of A Viable Pre-Term Infant, Elana Miller, Elena Fuell-Wysong, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Interstitial and cornual ectopic pregnancies are rare forms of ectopic with high mortality rate. As such, they pose significant challenges in diagnosis, treatment, and follow up.

This patient was a 42 y/o female G2P1001 at 25+3 weeks gestational age who presented from an outside hospital after an episode of sudden onset abdominal pain with syncope. She was noted to have hypotension, tachycardia, lactic acidosis, and peritoneal free fluid. Physical exam was significant for peritoneal signs with abdominal guarding and rebound. Her pregnancy was complicated by advanced maternal age, THC use, and late presentation for prenatal care in the ...


Magnitude Based Inference, Sharlo Bayless, Trevor J. Bihl Apr 2021

Magnitude Based Inference, Sharlo Bayless, Trevor J. Bihl

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Though its use is widespread in research, null hypothesis significance testing is not without flaws. Out of a desire to provide a more practical approach to solving statistical problems in certain fields, Magnitude Based Inference (MBI) was created. MBI is a statistical method that was developed by Will G Hopkins and Alan M Batterham, two researchers in Sports and Exercise Science, in 2009.The main issues that they wanted to address with null hypothesis significance testing (NHST),were: 1) the need for a large sample size,2) the confusing language, and 3) the arbitrary selection of a p value of ...


Prior Education And Medical School Achievement: An Analysis Of Elective Courses Impact In A Flipped Classroom, Malavika Pia Sengupta, Amber Todd Apr 2021

Prior Education And Medical School Achievement: An Analysis Of Elective Courses Impact In A Flipped Classroom, Malavika Pia Sengupta, Amber Todd

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Medical school curricula change rapidly, moving from a purely lecture-based format in the early 20th century to today’s organ system-based courses, problem-based learning, and clinical correlations earlier in the medical school experience. The American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC) describes the minimum required courses for medical school to be 1 year each of biology, physics, English, and 2 years of chemistry. Many core classes in medical school are not addressed these required courses. This study examines whether taking foundational yet non-required courses, such as (1) anatomy, (2) immunology/microbiology, and (3) biochemistry prior to matriculation to medical school increases ...


Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy And Fatal Thrombus Formation, Kaitlynne Pak, Sanuri Gunawardena, Ericson Torralba, Juan Linares, Damian Valencia, Nathaniel Dittoe Apr 2021

Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy And Fatal Thrombus Formation, Kaitlynne Pak, Sanuri Gunawardena, Ericson Torralba, Juan Linares, Damian Valencia, Nathaniel Dittoe

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Stimulant abuse is a rapidly growing epidemic both in the United States, and around the world. Reports show that nearly 4.7 million Americans have tried methamphetamines at least once. It is known that methamphetamines and related compounds significantly increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Substance-related chronic inflammation and tissue fibrosis can cause irreversible cardiac structural changes, leading to conditions like methamphetamine-associated dilated cardiomyopathy (MACM). Left ventricular dilation results in hemodynamic flow disturbances, which promote turbulent blood flow and stagnation. Furthermore, the sympathomimetic effects of methamphetamines also disrupt pathways in coagulation homeostasis, providing further incitement of thrombus formation. This unstable catecholamine ...


Is Microscopic Colitis Associated With Increased Risk For Other Gastrointestinal Diseases?, Tanner Graves, Paul Koles Apr 2021

Is Microscopic Colitis Associated With Increased Risk For Other Gastrointestinal Diseases?, Tanner Graves, Paul Koles

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Microscopic colitis is clinically suspected in patients with recurrent watery diarrhea and the absence of gross pathologic changes in the colon by endoscopic examination. The diagnosis is established only by microscopic evaluation of colonic biopsies. Microscopic colitis is currently classified into three subgroups: collagenous colitis (CC), lymphocytic colitis (LC), and combined CC and LC. The incidence rates are 4.14 per 100,000 person-years and 4.85 per 100,000 person-years for CC and LC, respectfully.

Diagnosis is typically made without measuring the exact thickness of the subepithelial collagen band or by counting the number of lymphocytes in the epithelium ...


Triamcinolone With Vitamin D Synergistic Efficacy In Psoriasis, Steven Repas, Jeffrey B. Travers Apr 2021

Triamcinolone With Vitamin D Synergistic Efficacy In Psoriasis, Steven Repas, Jeffrey B. Travers

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Psoriasis is one of the most common skin conditions in the United States affecting more than 8 million people. High amounts of vitamin D has been shown to be effective in treatment of psoriasis. It also has a well-documented safety profile at the doses and duration that will be used during this study. Triamcinolone and other topical corticosteroids are considered a first line treatment for mild to moderate psoriasis with a well-documented safety profile. Individually both of these medications have shown effectiveness in the management and treatment of mild to moderate psoriasis. This study is designed to test whether a ...


Global And Local Service Connection: Global Health Experiences And Local Community Engagement In Wright State University Boonshoft School Of Medicine Alumni, Katie Lomeo, Katharine A. Conway, Kelly Muterspaw, Kaitlyn Danner, Virginia Keim Apr 2021

Global And Local Service Connection: Global Health Experiences And Local Community Engagement In Wright State University Boonshoft School Of Medicine Alumni, Katie Lomeo, Katharine A. Conway, Kelly Muterspaw, Kaitlyn Danner, Virginia Keim

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The Global Health Scholars Program (GHSP) at Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine (BSOM) has been in place for 18 years. The GHSP gives medical students an opportunity to serve in various medical settings around the world. There are many reasons why healthcare professionals seek global health experiences. One main reason for global health participation is altruism and the desire to improve community health abroad. However, global health participants are widely criticized for neglecting their home countries’ problems to solve those around the world. The goal of this study is to assess the relationship between global health experiences and ...


Normocomplementemic Urticarial Vasculitis In A Pediatric Patient: Case Report And Literature Review, Kristin Petit, Thomas Selby, Julian J. Trevino Apr 2021

Normocomplementemic Urticarial Vasculitis In A Pediatric Patient: Case Report And Literature Review, Kristin Petit, Thomas Selby, Julian J. Trevino

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Urticarial vasculitis (UV) is a rare type of leukocytoclastic vasculitis characterized by urticarial skin lesions lasting greater than 24 hours and is often associated with angioedema, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and cutaneous dysesthesia. Initially, painful or pruritic wheals are arranged on the trunk, proximal extremities, or face and progress to purpura or ecchymosis. UV is most commonly reported in women in the fourth and fifth decades of life; cases of UV in children are rare. In children, UV is often preceded by upper respiratory tract infections however drug-induced UV has also been reported with the use of penicillins and non-steroidal anti inflammatory ...


Uvb-Induced Microvesicle Particle Release In Human Skin In Vivo Is Diminished Following Oral Vitamin C And E Antioxidant Administration, Benjamin Schmeusser, Cameron Mcglone, Jeffrey B. Travers Apr 2021

Uvb-Induced Microvesicle Particle Release In Human Skin In Vivo Is Diminished Following Oral Vitamin C And E Antioxidant Administration, Benjamin Schmeusser, Cameron Mcglone, Jeffrey B. Travers

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

An important question in photobiology asks how Ultraviolet B (UVB, 290 – 320 nm) radiation, which mostly absorbs in the outer epidermis of skin, can generate a systemic response such as immunosuppression. Previous in vitro and ex vivo studies demonstrate UVB-dependent release of bioactive molecule-containing microvesicle particles (MVPs) from keratinocytes. Furthermore, MVP release is diminished upon antioxidant administration. The purpose of this study is to examine UVB-induced MVP release and antioxidant response in vivo. In this IRB-approved study, 8 male participants with Fitzpatrick type I or II skin were treated with 1000 J/m2 UVB irradiation to a 5 by 5 ...


Fluorescence-Guided Surgical Debridement Of Chronic Osteomyelitis Utilizing Doxycycline Bone Labeling: A Technical Trick Revived, Garrhett G. Via, David A. Brueggeman, Grant M. Slack, James M. Danias, Jennifer L. Jerele Apr 2021

Fluorescence-Guided Surgical Debridement Of Chronic Osteomyelitis Utilizing Doxycycline Bone Labeling: A Technical Trick Revived, Garrhett G. Via, David A. Brueggeman, Grant M. Slack, James M. Danias, Jennifer L. Jerele

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The present manuscript discusses the concept of fluorescence-guided surgical debridement of chronic osteomyelitis in the orthopaedic patient based upon a two-fold mechanism, natural fluorescence of healthy bone combined with bone labeling by tetracyclines. The senior author prefers preoperative administration of oral doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for at least 1 month. The excitation source of choice is an ordinary blacklight, as this is both cost-effective and readily attainable. Intraoperatively, viable bone is noted to fluoresce a greenish hue which is then used to guide the debridement. Previous studies have demonstrated that bleeding bone is not a reliable indicator of a ...


Reconstructionof Congenital Arhinia With Stereolithography, Kelly Spiller, Kaitlynne Pak, Lucas M. Harrison, Spencer Anderson, Steven Schmidt, Salim Mancho Apr 2021

Reconstructionof Congenital Arhinia With Stereolithography, Kelly Spiller, Kaitlynne Pak, Lucas M. Harrison, Spencer Anderson, Steven Schmidt, Salim Mancho

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Complete congenital arhinia is a rare defect of embryogenesis leading to the absence of the external nose and nasopharyngeal airway. In this study, we report our novel multi-staged reconstructive approach of congenital arhinia in addition to literature review. Reconstruction was achieved via several spaced operations. A nasal methyl methacrylate prosthesis was first created from a stereolithographic model for use as a temporary prosthesis and tissue expander. Lefort 1 osteotomy with cannulization was then utilized for midface advancement and nasopharyngeal airway formation. External nasal framework was constructed with bilateral conchal bowl cartilage and rib osteocartilagenous grafts. The patient was overall pleased ...


Local Wound Infiltration With Liposomal Bupivacaine Decreases Post-Cesarean Pain Scores, Avni Gupta, Justin Williams, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig Apr 2021

Local Wound Infiltration With Liposomal Bupivacaine Decreases Post-Cesarean Pain Scores, Avni Gupta, Justin Williams, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Surgical patients are routinely prescribed opioid analgesics that are strongly associated with drug overdose deaths. Liposomal bupivacaine is a long-acting local anesthetic that received FDA approval in 2011 for local surgical site infiltration to promote post-operative analgesia. This anesthetic has demonstrated an improvement in post-operative pain control in various surgical realms, indicating a decreased need for opiates and subsequently decreased risks. However, few studies have investigated its use at the time of cesarean delivery.


Domestic Currency As A Foreign Body, Nikhil Reddy, Long Vu, Sangeeta Agrawal Apr 2021

Domestic Currency As A Foreign Body, Nikhil Reddy, Long Vu, Sangeeta Agrawal

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Foreign body ingestion is most commonly described in children, however this event can occur in adults as well. In Western countries, the most common cause of esophageal foreign bodies in adults is meat, while coins represent the most common object found in children. Symptoms of foreign body ingestion include sensation of a foreign body, chest pain, dysphagia, and vomiting. In 80% of cases, the foreign body is passed naturally. However, complications of retained esophageal foreign bodies can be life-threatening; therefore, emergent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) within 2-6 hours is recommended for ingestions of sharp objects, batteries, or those causing complete esophageal obstruction ...


Neonatal Health Outcomes Following Water Immersion During Labor And Delivery, Ariel L. Lanier, Samantha L. Wiegand, David Mckenna Apr 2021

Neonatal Health Outcomes Following Water Immersion During Labor And Delivery, Ariel L. Lanier, Samantha L. Wiegand, David Mckenna

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Water birth is child delivery that occurs in a tub of water. Water birth delivery has been offered by Miami Valley Hospital in the Family Beginnings Birth Center since 1994. The first water birth delivery that was documented in a medical journal occurred in France in 1805, which reported that the delivery resulted in a healthy baby. Water birth deliveries have been growing in popularity in the United States as mothers are interested in the possible alleged benefits of water birth including shorter labor, less pain, improved maternal experience of childbirth, and more. Although there are many potential benefits, The ...


Placental Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 Alpha In Early-Onset Preeclampsia As A Predictor Of Future Risk In Maternal And Fetal Health, Julie Slyby, Bryce Linkous, Sarah Scott, Chandni Chandiramani, Amy Hwang, Danielle Spanbauer, Melissa R. Kaufman, Traci Rackett, Kailey Nolan, Emily Stone, Rose A. Maxwell, David N. Dhanraj, Thomas L. Brown Apr 2021

Placental Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 Alpha In Early-Onset Preeclampsia As A Predictor Of Future Risk In Maternal And Fetal Health, Julie Slyby, Bryce Linkous, Sarah Scott, Chandni Chandiramani, Amy Hwang, Danielle Spanbauer, Melissa R. Kaufman, Traci Rackett, Kailey Nolan, Emily Stone, Rose A. Maxwell, David N. Dhanraj, Thomas L. Brown

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Preeclampsia is a life-threatening, pregnancy-associated disorder characterized by the rapid development of hypertension with renal dysfunction. While preeclampsia generally occurs later in pregnancy, early-onset preeclampsia (EOPE) can occur much earlier and is usually more devastating. Early-onset preeclampsia is also associated with an increased risk of maternal cardiovascular and metabolic disease in mothers later in life and neurocognitive dysfunction in their offspring. EOPE is strongly associated with abnormal placental development and fetal growth restriction during pregnancy.