Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Wright State University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1987

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Pharmacists’ Knowledge Of Social Determinants Of Health In Post-Graduate Pharmacy Residency Programs, Rachel N. Chandra Oct 2018

Pharmacists’ Knowledge Of Social Determinants Of Health In Post-Graduate Pharmacy Residency Programs, Rachel N. Chandra

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Background: Clinical pharmacists and their training programs can play a key role in helping to address social determinants of health (SDoH) by transforming healthcare beyond the traditional clinical approaches. Pharmacists’ knowledge of SDoH in post-graduate residency programs are key skills necessary for creating an impact in healthcare outcomes.

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to assess U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) post-graduate residency program directors’ and residents’ knowledge about SDoH. Methods: An IRB exempt questionnaire was created via Survey Monkey (™) and administered to postgraduate pharmacy residents (N = 618) and residency program directors (RPDs) (N = 235) employed by ...


Boonshoft School Of Medicine Central Research Forum Program - 2018, Boonshoft School Of Medicine Oct 2018

Boonshoft School Of Medicine Central Research Forum Program - 2018, Boonshoft School Of Medicine

Central Research Forum

The 63-page program includes a schedule, speaker biographies, and presentation titles from the 2018 Central Research Forum held by the Boonshoft School of Medicine's Office of Research Affairs.


The Bello Chavez Family: A Reflection Of Health In The Mexican American Community Through A Family Nursing Assessment, Vanessa Bello Chavez Aug 2018

The Bello Chavez Family: A Reflection Of Health In The Mexican American Community Through A Family Nursing Assessment, Vanessa Bello Chavez

Best Integrated Writing

Vanessa Bello Chavez provides an in-depth, personal look into the health problems that affect Hispanic families across the United States. The writing takes a personal view and makes it relatable to all.


Best Integrated Writing 2018 - Complete Edition Aug 2018

Best Integrated Writing 2018 - Complete Edition

Best Integrated Writing

Best Integrated Writing includes excellent student writing from Integrated Writing courses taught at Wright State University. The journal is published annually by the Wright State University Department of English Language and Literatures.


Department Of Surgery Update, August 2018, Wright State University Department Of Surgery Aug 2018

Department Of Surgery Update, August 2018, Wright State University Department Of Surgery

Department of Surgery Updates

A four page newsletter created by the Department of Surgery documenting changes to the department. This issue contains a message from the chair, a list of important dates, committee meetings, and more.


Health Care Provider Personal Religious Preferences And Their Perspective On Advance Care Planning With Patients, Marjorie A. Bowman, Sarah St. Cyr, Adrienne Stolfi Jul 2018

Health Care Provider Personal Religious Preferences And Their Perspective On Advance Care Planning With Patients, Marjorie A. Bowman, Sarah St. Cyr, Adrienne Stolfi

Population and Public Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Objective:

To understand how health-care providers’ (HCPs) religious preferences influence their willingness to undertake advance care planning (ACP) with patients and their acceptance of other HCP’s involvement.

Methods:

Online anonymous survey distributed to HCPs in hospital, ambulatory offices, and hospice settings in Dayton, Ohio. We evaluated the associations of HCP religion with their personal ACP, willingness to facilitate ACP, and acceptance of other HCPs’ ACP participation.

Results:

704 respondents: nurses (66.2%), physicians (18.8%), other HCPs (15.0%), white (88.9%), and primarily Catholic (23.3%) or Protestant (32.0%). “No religion” was marked by 13.9%. Respondents ...


Department Of Surgery Update, March 2018, Wright State University Department Of Surgery May 2018

Department Of Surgery Update, March 2018, Wright State University Department Of Surgery

Department of Surgery Updates

A four page newsletter created by the Department of Surgery documenting changes to the department. This issue contains a message from the chair, a list of important dates, committee meetings, and more.


Wright State University's Symposium Of Student Research, Scholarship & Creative Activities From Friday April 13, 2017, Wright State University Apr 2018

Wright State University's Symposium Of Student Research, Scholarship & Creative Activities From Friday April 13, 2017, Wright State University

Browse All Celebration of Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities Materials

The student abstract booklet is a compilation of abstracts from students' oral and poster presentations at Wright State University's Symposium of Student Research, Scholarship & Creative Activities on April 13, 2018.


Department Of Surgery Update, March 2018, Wright State University Department Of Surgery Mar 2018

Department Of Surgery Update, March 2018, Wright State University Department Of Surgery

Department of Surgery Updates

A three page newsletter created by the Department of Surgery documenting changes to the department. This issue contains a message from the chair, a list of important dates, committee meetings, and more.


Department Of Surgery Update, February 2018, Wright State University Department Of Surgery Feb 2018

Department Of Surgery Update, February 2018, Wright State University Department Of Surgery

Department of Surgery Updates

A three page newsletter created by the Department of Surgery documenting changes to the department. This issue contains a message from the chair, a list of important dates, committee meetings, and more.


Hope Center For Families: Addressing Health Needs Through A Two Generation Model, Brianna Burlock Jan 2018

Hope Center For Families: Addressing Health Needs Through A Two Generation Model, Brianna Burlock

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

This project’s objective is to explore how the Two Generation Model of the Hope Center for Families can address the health needs of the zip code 45406 community in order to combat negative health outcomes for impoverished families. The investigator researched studies regarding the Two Generation Model and previous organizational applications of the model. Interviews were held with the partners of Hope Center for Families and with an organization that uses the Two Generation Model. The interviews were analyzed for recurring themes after listening to each of them several times and then transcribed. A logic model for the Hope ...


Increasing Physical Activity In Dayton, Ohio, Justin Chu, Corey J. Ellis, Yamini V. Teegala Jan 2018

Increasing Physical Activity In Dayton, Ohio, Justin Chu, Corey J. Ellis, Yamini V. Teegala

Family Medicine Student Publications

The purpose of this project was to address the importance of physical activity to the residents in the Dayton, Ohio community and bring awareness to the benefits exercise has towards overall health. Physical Activity is one of the main topics of Healthy People 2020 with a goal to have a national average of less than 32.6% of adults engage in no leisure-time physical activity (Baseline in 2008 was 36.2%). This objective is a major concern because regular physical activity can improve overall quality of life and lower the risk of chronic diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure ...


The Role Of Antibiotic Therapy In The Treatment Of Small Bowel Bacterial Overgrowth In Pediatric Patients With Short Bowel Syndrome, Christina Heinzman Jan 2018

The Role Of Antibiotic Therapy In The Treatment Of Small Bowel Bacterial Overgrowth In Pediatric Patients With Short Bowel Syndrome, Christina Heinzman

Doctor of Nursing Practice Program Projects

Short bowel syndrome is the congenital or surgical alteration of the small bowel resulting in a shorter than normal length of small bowel. This condition affects approximately 20,000 people in the Unites States and is diagnosed in 3-5 times per 100,000 live births annually. Patients with short bowel syndrome are at risk for the development of small bowel bacterial overgrowth, a serious consequence caused by overgrowth of bacteria in the small bowel resulting in symptoms of abdominal pain, abdominal distention, feeding intolerance, malabsorption, weight loss and increased risk of metabolic acidosis. Clinical studies assessing the role of antibiotic ...


Oral Health 2020: Recommendations To Help Ohio Meet Healthy People 2020 Goals Based On States’ Oral Health Plans, Mackenzie Hunter Jan 2018

Oral Health 2020: Recommendations To Help Ohio Meet Healthy People 2020 Goals Based On States’ Oral Health Plans, Mackenzie Hunter

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Dental caries remains one of the largest untreated diseases in children and is one of the leading causes of poor oral health in the United States. Many states have joined forces with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Medicaid to formulate a state oral health action plan that targets the Healthy People 2020 Goals for Oral Health to improve the overall oral health of children in the state. Through this plan, in connection with state oral health plans many states are comprehensively addressing these Healthy People 2020 goals. Ohio, on the other hand, has not met a number ...


Conduct Disorder In Times Of Crisis In The Eastern Mediterranean Region, Ruaa A. Al-Juboori Jan 2018

Conduct Disorder In Times Of Crisis In The Eastern Mediterranean Region, Ruaa A. Al-Juboori

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Background: The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), comprising of 22 countries, has a high burden of conduct disorder (CD) and has the largest burden of displaced populations. Violence and displacement increase the need for mental health services.

Methods: Using descriptive study design, 2015 global CD burden (disability-adjusted life years DALYs per 100,000 populations) was compared to the EMR burden. Across 25 years (1990-2015) trend of CD in 22 EMR countries was graphed and compared with the global CD burden. Association of CD with a) Corruption Perception Index; b) Global Peace Index; c) Human Development Index was assessed using correlation analysis ...


The Effect Of Social Vulnerability During The 2014 Ebola Outbreak In Monrovia, Liberia, Mussa Y. Zatreh Jan 2018

The Effect Of Social Vulnerability During The 2014 Ebola Outbreak In Monrovia, Liberia, Mussa Y. Zatreh

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Background: Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a dangerous, often fatal disease that spreads through infected bodily fluids. In 2014, an Ebola outbreak swept through West Africa, including Liberia.


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine how social vulnerability affected different aspects of life during the 2014 Ebola outbreak in Monrovia, Liberia. The association between vulnerability and hardship that people experience during the outbreak was examined. This was measured by indicator variables for hardship such as availability of food, cash, or medical care. Vulnerability was also compared with EVD knowledge and vigilance.
Method: An additive index for social vulnerability ...


Wellbeing Begins With Employees: Exploring Associations Of Physical Health In A Head Start Organization, Kristin Snyder, Madelyn Hill Jan 2018

Wellbeing Begins With Employees: Exploring Associations Of Physical Health In A Head Start Organization, Kristin Snyder, Madelyn Hill

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

The purpose of this research was to describe self-reported physical health status, behaviors, and wellbeing interests of teachers and other staff within a Head Start agency. Information on overall health, behaviors, demographics, and interests in wellbeing programs was collected through a 58-item questionnaire (N = 312). A majority of participants were white (66.8%), female (93.7%), and half were teachers (49.4%). Bivariate analyses and an ordinal logistic regression were performed to test the association of physical health with independent variables, health behaviors, and demographics. Associations with “very good/excellent” physical health displayed by the regression model include mental health ...


Poor Sleep Health In American Adults: Implications For Screening In Civil Aviation, Melissa E. Gear Jan 2018

Poor Sleep Health In American Adults: Implications For Screening In Civil Aviation, Melissa E. Gear

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Background: Poor sleep health is increasingly prevalent in the United States (US) adult population and contributes to fatigue. Fatigue is a significant safety hazard within civilian aviation, yet data regarding the prevalence of inadequate sleep in this population is sparse. Are there demographic characteristics which put individual at risk of not obtaining adequate sleep which should trigger screening during the medical certification process?

Methods: This cross-sectional study used National Health Interview Survey 2014-2016 data from US adults aged 18 to 65 to observe the relationship of demographic, socioeconomic, health, and behavioral characteristics with reported inadequate sleep duration and quality (trouble ...


Vital Signs, Winter 2018, Boonshoft School Of Medicine Jan 2018

Vital Signs, Winter 2018, Boonshoft School Of Medicine

Vital Signs

A thirty-six page newsletter created by the Boonshoft School of Medicine to document the current affairs of the school. This issue includes a variety of feature articles, alumni profiles, class notes, and more.


Impact Of Perioperative Surgical Home On First Cases Delayed On Day Of Surgery In Colorectal Patients, Maria Sparaco Jan 2018

Impact Of Perioperative Surgical Home On First Cases Delayed On Day Of Surgery In Colorectal Patients, Maria Sparaco

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Perioperative Surgical Homes (PSH) are evolving patient-centered medical home models that coordinate stream-lined care among all providers in the care process. The PSH model can serve as a solution to improve quality assurance, patient satisfaction, and reduce errors that lead to poor outcomes, many of which are preventable and can lead to higher costs. This model has many benefits, but it can be a challenge to execute in a hospital system. TriHealth chose to adopt a PSH model, the TriHealth Surgical Optimization Center (TSOC) in March 2017. It implemented a pilot program for its colorectal patients. Metrics of primary interest ...


Distribution And Community Reception Of Medication Disposal Pouches Compared With Distribution Of Unintentional Overdose-Related Deaths In Montgomery County, Ohio, Parvaneh K. Nouri Jan 2018

Distribution And Community Reception Of Medication Disposal Pouches Compared With Distribution Of Unintentional Overdose-Related Deaths In Montgomery County, Ohio, Parvaneh K. Nouri

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Introduction: Substance misuse is a significant problem nationally, where Ohio ranks within the top five states contributing to this burden. Montgomery County experiences the most deaths in the state. While illicit fentanyl and analogs are increasingly responsible for overdose-related deaths, prescription misuse is a significant risk factor for progression to illicit substance use. Methods: Survey data from a pilot medication safety campaign utilizing medication disposal pouches were evaluated by descriptive analysis and qualitative analysis. Survey findings were compared to data of all unintentional overdose-related deaths in Montgomery County from January to October, 2017. Secondary analysis of death data was performed ...


A Tale Of Three Systems: Improving Three Emergency Communication Systems, Elizabeth M. Williams Jan 2018

A Tale Of Three Systems: Improving Three Emergency Communication Systems, Elizabeth M. Williams

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

This paper examines the current state of communications between the public, first responder organizations, and hospitals during mass traumatic casualty events. While the current system that exists nationwide, the National Incident Management System (NIMS), is an effective system, there are several improvements that could be made on a community level. This paper looks at national-level plans, such as the national emergency communications plan, NIMS, Hospital Incident Command System (HICS), and national Incident Command System (ICS). This paper sets forward several cost-sensitive recommendations to add to local emergency communication plans and structures in order to make better use technology that already ...


Does Self-Efficacy Mediate The Relationship Between Parenting Style And Adolescent Fruit And Vegetable Consumption?, Sumayyah S. Shermadou Jan 2018

Does Self-Efficacy Mediate The Relationship Between Parenting Style And Adolescent Fruit And Vegetable Consumption?, Sumayyah S. Shermadou

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Background: Inadequate fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption is a serious public health issue in children and adolescents that is influenced by the type of parenting style and one’s self-efficacy.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the association between parenting style and adolescent FV consumption and whether adolescent self-efficacy mediates this relationship.

Methods: Data retrieved from the Family, Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) study were used to perform statistical analyses on 1,382 parent – adolescent dyads. A mediation analysis using the causal steps approach was used to determine whether adolescent self-efficacy mediated the effect of ...


Demographic Trends In Prescription Pain Reliever Misuse And Treatment-Seeking For Addiction, Megan C. Smith Jan 2018

Demographic Trends In Prescription Pain Reliever Misuse And Treatment-Seeking For Addiction, Megan C. Smith

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Opioid addiction in the United Sates has reached epidemic proportions in recent years, demanding targeted efforts in both clinical medicine and public health. This analysis outlined a demographic profile of recent prescription pain reliever (PPR) misusers and compared those characteristics to the population of individuals currently enrolled in addiction treatment. To explain the difference in numbers between these two populations, reported reasons for non-treatment seeking are analyzed by demographic characteristic. This discussion reviews existing literature profiling PPR misusers and treatment-seekers, as well as research exploring barriers to addiction treatment. A secondary analysis was performed using data from the National Survey ...


Marijuana Use Among Pregnant Women In A High-Risk Population, Shanice A. Akoto Jan 2018

Marijuana Use Among Pregnant Women In A High-Risk Population, Shanice A. Akoto

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Background: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit substance in pregnancy, often used concurrently with tobacco, increasing the risk for prematurity and low birth weight. Programs such as Healthy Start and CenteringPregnancy® provide resources and prenatal care to women in underserved communities in hopes of improving birth outcomes.

Objective: Evaluate marijuana use in pregnant women living in Montgomery County, Ohio in the highest risk zip codes (45402, 45403, 45405, 45414, 45416, 45417, 45426) and determine if use at delivery is lower in women enrolled in CenteringPregnancy® compared to women who were not. Methods: A secondary analysis of previously collected de-identified ...


The Effect Of Urinary Triclosan On Serumthyroxine In Us Population: 2011-2012 Nhanes Data, Katie M. Clark Jan 2018

The Effect Of Urinary Triclosan On Serumthyroxine In Us Population: 2011-2012 Nhanes Data, Katie M. Clark

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Background: Triclosan is an antibacterial agent that is added to personal care products to prevent bacterial growth. The FDA banned the use of triclosan in soap in 2016 due to safety concerns. Triclosan is considered an endocrine disruptor and had reported effects on the body, including changes in thyroid function.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between urinary triclosan and serum thyroxine in U.S adults. Methods: Data from the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analyzed (N =1,476). Linear regression analyses were performed to assess the relationship between log transformed ...


The Association Of Perfluoroalkyl Substances Exposure And Metabolic Syndrome In U.S. Adults, David B. Leary Jan 2018

The Association Of Perfluoroalkyl Substances Exposure And Metabolic Syndrome In U.S. Adults, David B. Leary

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Background: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are persistent synthetic compounds that have been environmental contaminants since the 1950s. Exposure in the general population can be through food and water ingestion, use of non-stick cookware, and dust from stain-resistant carpet. Studies have suggested PFASs act as endocrine disrupters and to affect liver and immune function, as well as cause increases in serum lipid levels.

Objective: To explore the association between six common detectable PFASs and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in United States (U.S.) adults. Methods: Data from 739 participants aged 20 years and older from the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination ...


The Effect Of Soleus Fatigue During Sidestep Cutting Maneuvers: Implications For The Acl, Michael William Ciesa Jan 2018

The Effect Of Soleus Fatigue During Sidestep Cutting Maneuvers: Implications For The Acl, Michael William Ciesa

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The soleus muscle is a monoarticular plantarflexor composed slow-twitch fatigue-resistant muscle fibers. Through its attachment to the proximal tibia, contraction of the soleus muscle in a closed kinetic chain (when the foot is planted) produces a posterior pulling force on the posterior proximal tibia. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is responsible for preventing anterior displacement of the tibia relative to the femur. Through the production of a posterior pulling force on the tibia, soleus muscle contraction in a closed kinetic chain could help reduce strain on the ACL. Fatigue is a neuromuscular phenomenon that can alter biomechanical strategies during athletics ...


The Influence Of Static Stretching Of Knee Flexors On Knee Biomechanics, Joshua David Perrin Jan 2018

The Influence Of Static Stretching Of Knee Flexors On Knee Biomechanics, Joshua David Perrin

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

There is a greater incidence of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in female athletes compared to males. The higher rate of ACL injury in female athletes is most likely multifactorial and is influenced by intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors. This study examines the effects of an extrinsic factor — static stretching of the hamstrings on knee biomechanics. Twelve female athletes performed drop vertical jump (DVJ) tasks before and after a hamstrings static stretching protocol. Knee kinematics and kinetics were recorded during the contact phase of the DVJ. The results of this study revealed stretching had no significant effect on knee ...


Consequences Of Fatigue And Sleep Deficiency In The Workplace: Implications For The Construction Industry, Karen Phegley Dec 2017

Consequences Of Fatigue And Sleep Deficiency In The Workplace: Implications For The Construction Industry, Karen Phegley

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Background: This study was a review of the (1) consequences that fatigue and sleep deficiency have on the human body, personal safety and safety in the workplace with implications for the construction industry; and (2) factors in the workplace that contribute to worker fatigue.

Methods: A systematic search and review of peer-reviewed articles and gray literature was conducted for sources describing common industry policies, standards and/or recommendations addressing sleep related problems in the workplace.

Results: The contributing factors of fatigue include work-related mental exertion, sleep deficiency and work-related physical exertion. Major work-related effects stem from circadian rhythm disruptions due ...