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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Does A Vegan Diet Contribute To Prevention Or Maintenance Of Diseases?, Malia K. Burkholder, Danae A. Fields Nov 2018

Does A Vegan Diet Contribute To Prevention Or Maintenance Of Diseases?, Malia K. Burkholder, Danae A. Fields

Kinesiology and Allied Health Senior Research Projects

This literature review deals with the topic of, does a vegan diet contribute to prevention or maintenance of diseases? Our main focus was to look at what a vegan diet entailed, the history of veganism, and why people decide to adhere to this diet type. Multiple research studies were looked over on the topics of how a vegan diet effects the disease processes of cancer, diabetes, gastral intestinal issues, weight loss, and heart disease. The overall arching theme that was found in the research is that a vegan diet is beneficial in helping to lessen the risk or aid in ...


The Next Generation: A Novel Diabetes Elective Course For Pharmacy Students, Catherine Hedigan, Mirna Rezkalla, Matthew Ta, Amy M. Egras, Pharmd, Bcps, Bc-Adm Aug 2018

The Next Generation: A Novel Diabetes Elective Course For Pharmacy Students, Catherine Hedigan, Mirna Rezkalla, Matthew Ta, Amy M. Egras, Pharmd, Bcps, Bc-Adm

College of Pharmacy Posters

Background

  • 30.3 million people or nearly 10% of the United States are diagnosed with diabetes
  • Patients with uncontrolled diabetes often have many clinicians, including pharmacists, to help control their diabetes
  • Clinicians that can empathize with patients have shown to improve patient satisfaction and outcomes2
  • The Diabetes Immersion elective at Thomas Jefferson University College of Pharmacy is offered to third-year pharmacy students to provide additional knowledge about diabetes through hands-on learning and guest lecturers
  • The class emphasizes a well-rounded understanding of diabetes touching on topics that may not otherwise be covered in required courses due to time constraints


Exploring H.Pylori Seropositivity As A Risk Factor For Type 2 Diabetes, Virginia Chaidez, Yumou Qiu Aug 2018

Exploring H.Pylori Seropositivity As A Risk Factor For Type 2 Diabetes, Virginia Chaidez, Yumou Qiu

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: In the US, the percentage of adults with diagnosed diabetes are higher in members of racial and ethnic minority groups compared to non-Latino Whites. Understanding why such disparities exist has been less forthcoming.

Methods: Secondary data analysis was conducted using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000 cross-sectional data.

Results: H.pylori seropositivity was highest in Mexican Americans (43.7%), lowest in non-Hispanic Whites (18.1%). Diabetes was highest in non-Hispanic Blacks (5.9%); lowest in non-Hispanic whites (4.3%). H.pylori seropositivity was associated with greater likelihood of having type 2 diabetes (1.927, 95% CI ...


Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy In Diabetes: A Predictor Of Cardiometabolic Events, Aaron I. Vinik, Carolina Casellini, Henri K. Parson, Sheri R. Colberg, Marie-Laure Nevoret Aug 2018

Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy In Diabetes: A Predictor Of Cardiometabolic Events, Aaron I. Vinik, Carolina Casellini, Henri K. Parson, Sheri R. Colberg, Marie-Laure Nevoret

Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications

Autonomic nervous system (ANS) imbalance manifesting as cardiac autonomic neuropathy in the diabetic population is an important predictor of cardiovascular events. Symptoms and signs of ANS dysfunction, such as resting heart rate elevations, diminished blood pressure responses to standing, and altered time and frequency domain measures of heart rate variability in response to deep breathing, standing, and the Valsalva maneuver, should be elicited from all patients with diabetes and prediabetes. With the recognition of the presence of ANS imbalance or for its prevention, a rigorous regime should be implemented with lifestyle modification, physical activity, and cautious use of medications that ...


Pregnancy Outcome According To Body Mass Index In Primigravidas: A Prospective Cohort Study, Nahla W. Shady, Hany F. Sallam, Shymaa S. Ali, Ahmed M. Abbas Aug 2018

Pregnancy Outcome According To Body Mass Index In Primigravidas: A Prospective Cohort Study, Nahla W. Shady, Hany F. Sallam, Shymaa S. Ali, Ahmed M. Abbas

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Objective: The study aims to evaluate the association between Body Mass Index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and adverse obstetric outcomes among primigravidas.

Material and methods: This was a prospective cohort study conducted at a tertiary University Hospital between June 2015 and May 2017. The study included 480 primigravidas, with singleton pregnancies, who were divided into three groups: women with a healthy weight (BMI: 18.5–24.9 kg/m2) overweight (BMI: 25 – 29.9 kg/m2) and obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). The primary outcome of the study was the rate of GWG in the participants ...


Anril: A Lncrna At The Cdkn2a/B Locus With Roles In Cancer And Metabolic Disease, Yahui Kong, Chih-Heng Hsieh, Laura C. Alonso Jul 2018

Anril: A Lncrna At The Cdkn2a/B Locus With Roles In Cancer And Metabolic Disease, Yahui Kong, Chih-Heng Hsieh, Laura C. Alonso

Open Access Articles

The CDKN2A/B genomic locus is associated with risk of human cancers and metabolic disease. Although the locus contains several important protein-coding genes, studies suggest disease roles for a lesser-known antisense lncRNA encoded at this locus, called ANRIL. ANRIL is a complex gene containing at least 21 exons in simians, with many reported linear and circular isoforms. Like other genes, abundance of ANRIL is regulated by epigenetics, classic transcription regulation, splicing, and post-transcriptional influences such as RNA stability and microRNAs. Known molecular functions of ANRIL include in cis and in trans gene regulation through chromatin modification complexes, and influence over ...


An Assessment Of The Nutritional Status Of Men And Women With, Or At Risk Of, A Diabetic Foot Ulcer (Dfu)., Aoife Ward Jul 2018

An Assessment Of The Nutritional Status Of Men And Women With, Or At Risk Of, A Diabetic Foot Ulcer (Dfu)., Aoife Ward

MSc by research theses

An Assessment of the Nutritional Status of Men and Women with, or at risk of, a Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU).

Aim: The study aimed to establish the nutritional status of adults with, or at risk of, a DFU, of any grade, and to determine if there were differences in nutritional status between men and women.

Method: A quantitative, non-experimental observational study design was employed. Participants were recruited from a vascular foot protection clinic through convenience sampling; ethical approval was sought and obtained. The following assessments were completed; Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST ...


Empowering Culturally Specific Needs And Barriers In Diabetes Education As Identified By Polish Speaking Patients, Bernadeta Agnieszka Kapustka Jun 2018

Empowering Culturally Specific Needs And Barriers In Diabetes Education As Identified By Polish Speaking Patients, Bernadeta Agnieszka Kapustka

College of Science and Health Theses and Dissertations

Diabetes is a serious chronic disease that poses a major public health problem. Ethnic minorities are at increased risk for developing diabetes and diabetes complications compared to the general population. Patient education is essential for self-management and for tackling this growing epidemic, yet not enough patients are receiving effective diabetes education. The Polish patient population have unmet needs for diabetes education that is specific to their cultural beliefs and dietary habits. Culturally specific diabetes education should address differences in lifestyle and health behaviors that are unique to every ethnic, cultural, and religious group. Diabetes education classes for Polish speaking patients ...


A Novel Diabetes Elective Course For Pharmacy Students, Amy M. Egras, Pharmd, Bcps, Bc-Adm Jun 2018

A Novel Diabetes Elective Course For Pharmacy Students, Amy M. Egras, Pharmd, Bcps, Bc-Adm

College of Pharmacy Posters

Course Description & Objectives

The Diabetes Immersion elective is a 2-credit hour course offered to pharmacy students in their 3rd year of pharmacy school.

  1. Demonstrate empathy regarding the impact of diabetes on everyday life.
  2. Demonstrate the ability to monitor blood glucose, count carbohydrates, inject “insulin”, and adjust insulin dose based on daily experiences.
  3. Discuss the impact of mental health and sociobehavioral/cultural aspects on diabetes.
  4. Develop and provide diabetes education to the community.


Synergistic Effects Of Methylglyoxal And Hyperglycemia On Ros Generation And The Viability Of Cultured H9c2 Myoblast Cells, Robinderpal Sandhu, Dylan Lefkovitz, Al Ibe, Alisa Kim, Peter Wieczorek, Dean Delgado, Robert J. Barsotti, Lindon H. Young, Qian Chen May 2018

Synergistic Effects Of Methylglyoxal And Hyperglycemia On Ros Generation And The Viability Of Cultured H9c2 Myoblast Cells, Robinderpal Sandhu, Dylan Lefkovitz, Al Ibe, Alisa Kim, Peter Wieczorek, Dean Delgado, Robert J. Barsotti, Lindon H. Young, Qian Chen

Research Day

Heart damage in diabetics may be closely related to the possible synergistic cellular damage from hyperglycemia and increased methylglyoxal levels. This study investigated the effects of glucose and/or methylglyoxal and/or metformin on H9c2 reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation measured by a dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFDA) assay and cell viability measured by a cell counting kit-8 assay after various treatments for 24 hours.

Glucose treatment (5 mM-40 mM) displayed similar cell viability (n=4) and ROS generation (n=7) when compared to control cells. By contrast, methylglyoxal (5 µM-1400 µM) decreased cell viability at higher concentration (1000 µM (51 ± 8 ...


Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah May 2018

Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah

Anthropology Senior Theses

The increasing global mortality and morbidity of chronic disease signals that a major epidemiological shift is underway in more-economically developed and less-economically developed countries. This epidemiological transition is especially salient in the Western Highlands of Guatemala as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen steeply and poses great challenges for health practitioners and the public health system. This thesis is based from ten weeks of ethnographic fieldwork that I conducted in region surrounding Lake Atitlán. Collected through participant observation and semi-structured interviews, the data this thesis analyses attempts to examine the nature of and motivations for engagement in a ...


Diabetes Education, Audra Trump May 2018

Diabetes Education, Audra Trump

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) has been shown to improve diabetes management. However, a Midwest academic clinic does not offer formal diabetes education. The health department offers formal diabetes education classes twice a year. However, the classes are not flexible, long, and offered infrequently. Objective: The purpose of this project is to improve access to and standardize DSME for patients newly diagnosed with type II diabetes. Methods: The project design includes a one group pre-test/post-test convenience sample of adult patients who are newly diagnosed with type II diabetes in an academic outpatient setting. Results: At the time of diagnosis ...


The Relationship Between Employment And Diabetes Self-Management, Josie Allison Lami May 2018

The Relationship Between Employment And Diabetes Self-Management, Josie Allison Lami

Honors Theses

Diabetes Mellitus is a disease that is becoming more prevalent in the world each day, and it can be deadly if it is not properly controlled. There are multiple aspects that go into self-management of diabetes such as diet, glucose control, physical activity, and lifestyle choices. This study focused on the physical activity aspect of diabetes self-management. Fifty-four subjects completed a survey that questioned time spent sitting while at work, physical activity done outside of work each week, and the results of their most recent Hemoglobin A1C check. The study found that over 50% of the participants who spent more ...


Reviving Traditional Native American Food With The Hunt. Fish. Gather. Program, Jeremy Vu, Kellie Thompson, Steven Hayworth, Jennifer Gallagher, Miquela Ibrao, Molly Tovar Apr 2018

Reviving Traditional Native American Food With The Hunt. Fish. Gather. Program, Jeremy Vu, Kellie Thompson, Steven Hayworth, Jennifer Gallagher, Miquela Ibrao, Molly Tovar

Journal on Race, Inequality, and Social Mobility in America

In the United States, high incidences of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, depression, anxiety, and stress affect large portions of the population. One way to prevent, manage, and protect against these health-related difficulties is to maintain a healthy diet. To accomplish this, people can turn to traditional Native American foods, which are minimally processed, locally produced, nutrient-dense, and low in trans-fat. This study examined health awareness outcomes from the Hunt. Fish. Gather. (H.F.G.) program, a Native American cuisine program seeking to increase awareness of traditional Native foods with a focus on mind, body, spirit, and environment. Upon completion ...


Prevalence Of Prediabetes, Diabetes, And Its Associated Risk Factors Among Males In Saudi Arabia: A Population-Based Survey, Khaled K. Aldossari, Abdulrahman Aldiab, Jamaan M. Al-Zahrani, Sameer H. Al-Ghamdi, Mohammed Abdelrazik, Mohammed Ali Batais, Sundas Javad, Shanila Nooruddin, Hira Abdul Razzak, Ashraf El-Metwally Apr 2018

Prevalence Of Prediabetes, Diabetes, And Its Associated Risk Factors Among Males In Saudi Arabia: A Population-Based Survey, Khaled K. Aldossari, Abdulrahman Aldiab, Jamaan M. Al-Zahrani, Sameer H. Al-Ghamdi, Mohammed Abdelrazik, Mohammed Ali Batais, Sundas Javad, Shanila Nooruddin, Hira Abdul Razzak, Ashraf El-Metwally

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Objectives: The study aims at determining the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes and at ascertaining some concomitant risk factorsamong males in Saudi Arabia.
Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study including 381 Saudi adult males from different institutions was recruited. Odds ratios for diabetes risk and risk factors were calculated using log-binomial and multinomial logistic regression, using STATA version 12.
Results: The participants included 381 diabetic males with a median age of 45 years, average body mass index of 25 ± 40 kg/m2, whereas waist circumferences ranged from 66 to 180 cm in the male study population. In addition, 27.82 ...


Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes Is Caused By Islet Loss And Inflammation, Nathaniel J. Hart, Jenny Aurielle B. Babon, Megan E. Denicola, Sally C. Kent, Alvin C. Powers Apr 2018

Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes Is Caused By Islet Loss And Inflammation, Nathaniel J. Hart, Jenny Aurielle B. Babon, Megan E. Denicola, Sally C. Kent, Alvin C. Powers

Open Access Articles

Cystic fibrosis-related (CF-related) diabetes (CFRD) is an increasingly common and devastating comorbidity of CF, affecting approximately 35% of adults with CF. However, the underlying causes of CFRD are unclear. Here, we examined cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) islet expression and whether the CFTR participates in islet endocrine cell function using murine models of beta cell CFTR deletion and normal and CF human pancreas and islets. Specific deletion of CFTR from murine beta cells did not affect beta cell function. In human islets, CFTR mRNA was minimally expressed, and CFTR protein and electrical activity were not detected. Isolated CF/CFRD ...


Primary Care-Ot For Older African Americans With Diabetes And Mild Cognitive Impairment: Intervention Approaches And Case Stories, Catherine Verrier Piersol, Phd, Otr/L, Faota, Susan Santalucia, Ms, Otr/L, Michele Rifkin, Mhsed, Otr/L, Barry Rovner, Md, Robin Casten, Phd, Neva White, Np, Crnp, Cde Apr 2018

Primary Care-Ot For Older African Americans With Diabetes And Mild Cognitive Impairment: Intervention Approaches And Case Stories, Catherine Verrier Piersol, Phd, Otr/L, Faota, Susan Santalucia, Ms, Otr/L, Michele Rifkin, Mhsed, Otr/L, Barry Rovner, Md, Robin Casten, Phd, Neva White, Np, Crnp, Cde

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Purpose:

To test the efficacy of a collaborative intervention to lower hemoglobin A1c levels (HbA1c) in older African Americans with Type 2 diabetes (DM), Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), and suboptimal medication adherence and glycemic control.

Aims:

  1. To reduce HbA1c level by 0.5% at 6 and 12 months.
  2. To increase MEMS-measured adherence to an oral DM medication at 6 and 12 months.

Hypotheses:

  1. Fifty-five percent of intervention participants, compared to 25% of control participants, will have a reduction in HbA1c of 0.5% at 6 months (short term effect) and 12 months (maintenance effect).
  2. The Primary Care-Occupational Therapy intervention will ...


Identifying Motivators And Barriers For Wellness Programs To Inform Recruitment And Retention Of Diabetes Prevention Programs (Dpps), Beenish Kamran, Kate Beatty, Leighanne Hurst, Deborah L. Slawson Apr 2018

Identifying Motivators And Barriers For Wellness Programs To Inform Recruitment And Retention Of Diabetes Prevention Programs (Dpps), Beenish Kamran, Kate Beatty, Leighanne Hurst, Deborah L. Slawson

Appalachian Student Research Forum

Obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) has increased greatly in incidence in the United States over the past decade. Diagnosis of T2DM is typically preceded by insulin resistance, which is typically indicated by increases in fasting blood sugar and called pre-diabetes. The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is a group-based program focused on improving diet and maintaining consistent exercise towards a lower body weight. It has been found that minimum weight loss and 150 minutes of moderate exercise is more effective at preventing T2DM than medication-based treatment. Therefore, the DPP has potential in preventing T2DM however currently faces obstacles concerning recruitment ...


Abstracts From The 24th Annual Health Care Systems Research Network Conference, April 11–13, 2018, Minneapolis, Minnesota Apr 2018

Abstracts From The 24th Annual Health Care Systems Research Network Conference, April 11–13, 2018, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Founded in 1994, the Health Care Systems Research Network (HCSRN) is a consortium of 18 research centers that are housed in community-based health systems. The organization's annual conference serves as a venue for research teams to disseminate scientific findings, stimulate new collaborations, and share insights about conducting research in real-world care-delivery settings. Abstracts accepted for presentation at HCSRN 2018 are published within this supplement of the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews.


Prescription Boxes, Chloe Gedney Apr 2018

Prescription Boxes, Chloe Gedney

Honors Theses

Type 2 diabetes is a disease that is chronic and difficult to manage that millions of Americans must learn to live with each day. Many people with type 2 diabetes have limited knowledge of the pathophysiology of the disease and factors that affect its progression. Guidance from healthcare in choosing the right diet and amount of exercise would be beneficial to improving the quality of life of patients living with this chronic disease. Education materials and opportunities are less effective in underserved populations due to factors such as the cost of transportation and fuel to clinics, the absence of Internet ...


School Nurses’ Experience Of Barriers To Care In Children With Type 1 Diabetes, Eden Joseph Donahue Apr 2018

School Nurses’ Experience Of Barriers To Care In Children With Type 1 Diabetes, Eden Joseph Donahue

Doctoral Projects

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to gather data on the lived-experience of providing and coordinating type 1 diabetes care in the school setting from school nurses who practice in California. Methodology: A descriptive phenomenological qualitative study design was used to collect data through structured interviews with 13 school nurses. Descriptive coding was used to analyze the interview data. Findings: School nurses face multiple barriers to care when providing type 1 diabetes care in the school setting. The three major themes school nurses encountered were difficulty with care coordination, communication, and parents.


Culturally Sensitive Diabetic Group Education, Kelly Marie Flores Apr 2018

Culturally Sensitive Diabetic Group Education, Kelly Marie Flores

Doctoral Projects

This study assessed the effectiveness of a culturally sensitive type 2 diabetes group education program delivered to Hispanic women in Merced County. Design: A pre-test post-test design. Purposeful sampling was used. Fifteen Hispanic women from a Merced County outpatient clinic were invited to participate in a culturally relevant group education workshop over a 6-week period. Four (N=4) women accepted the invitation, completed the educational workshop, and participated in the assessments. Topics discussed in the education sessions included: (1) diabetic diet, (2) exercise, (3) blood sugar monitoring, (4) medication, and (5) preventative health. A knowledge check was completed by the ...


Pubh 3131 - Chronic Disease: A Modern Epidemic, Yelena N. Tarasenko Apr 2018

Pubh 3131 - Chronic Disease: A Modern Epidemic, Yelena N. Tarasenko

Public Health, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of - Syllabi

Chronic conditions (e.g. diabetes, cardiovascular disease, renal disease, obesity) are currently responsible for 60% of the global burden of disease and the World Health Organization predicts this to rise to 80% by the year 2020. This is one of the greatest challenges facing health care systems throughout the world and it places long-term health and economic demands on health care systems as the population ages. This course will provide students with the opportunity to study specific issues related to chronic disease epidemiology and management and their links to practice.


Epid 7131 - Epidemiology Of Chronic Disease, Jian Zhang Apr 2018

Epid 7131 - Epidemiology Of Chronic Disease, Jian Zhang

Public Health, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of - Syllabi

This course is designed to introduce the student to the ever-expanding area of chronic disease epidemiology. Students will be introduced to the current status of chronic disease and control programs, methods used in chronic disease surveillance, intervention methods, and modifiable risk factors. Some of the major chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic lung disease, diabetes and arthritis will be discussed in detail.


Pim-1 Kinase Phosphorylates Cardiac Troponin I And Regulates Cardiac Myofilament Function., Ni Zhu, Bing Yi, Zhifu Guo, Guanxin Zhang, Shengdong Huang, Yongwen Qin, Xianxian Zhao, Jianxin Sun Apr 2018

Pim-1 Kinase Phosphorylates Cardiac Troponin I And Regulates Cardiac Myofilament Function., Ni Zhu, Bing Yi, Zhifu Guo, Guanxin Zhang, Shengdong Huang, Yongwen Qin, Xianxian Zhao, Jianxin Sun

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pim-1 is a serine/threonine kinase that is highly expressed in the heart, and exerts potent cardiac protective effects through enhancing survival, proliferation, and regeneration of cardiomyocytes. Its myocardial specific substrates, however, remain unknown. In the present study, we aim to investigate whether Pim-1 modulates myofilament activity through phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a key component in regulating myofilament function in the heart.

METHODS: Coimmunoprecipitation and immunofluorescent assays were employed to investigate the interaction of Pim-1 with cTnI in cardiomyocytes. Biochemical, site directed mutagenesis, and mass spectrometric analyses were utilized to identify the phosphorylation sites of Pim1 ...


Pediatric Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus: Examining The Upward Trend, Allison Foering Apr 2018

Pediatric Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus: Examining The Upward Trend, Allison Foering

Senior Honors Theses

In recent years, there has been a significant increase in pediatric onset of type II diabetes. This paper will examine elements contributing to this trend. Type II diabetes will be discussed, including related pathophysiology, manifestations, diagnosis, and complications, with differentiation between adult and pediatric onset. Possible prevention and treatment methods appropriate for pediatric patients will also be discussed, along with possible outcomes in pediatric patients that could result from this disease. Overall, this paper will provide insight on the causes of this growing trend, and ways to improve the risks imposed on pediatric patients.


Spatiotemporal Distribution Of The Anti-Diabetic Drug, Metformin, In The Lower Columbia River And Its Effect On Phytoplankton Growth, Brittany Cummings Mar 2018

Spatiotemporal Distribution Of The Anti-Diabetic Drug, Metformin, In The Lower Columbia River And Its Effect On Phytoplankton Growth, Brittany Cummings

Scholar Archive

No abstract provided.


Risk Factors For Stroke And Tia's In Pakistan: A Community-Based Study, Abdul Malik, Farrukh Malik, Ismail Khatri, Sadaf Nasir Mar 2018

Risk Factors For Stroke And Tia's In Pakistan: A Community-Based Study, Abdul Malik, Farrukh Malik, Ismail Khatri, Sadaf Nasir

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the frequency of risk factors for stroke and transient ischemic attacks in Pakistan; a multi-city community-based study. METHOD: This cross-sectional community-based study was conducted in various health care facilities including government funded District Head Quarters hospitals, private hospitals and medical centers, and community-based clinics across 27 cities all over Pakistan over a period of three years between 2013 and 2015. Nearly 900 patients were screened during stroke (Falij) screening camps at these facilities and the data regarding past stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) symptoms were recorded along with relevant neurological examinations. A 25 item self-administered questionnaire ...


Exploring Health Related Lifestyle Habits And Influences In Rural India, Priyanka Aranha Feb 2018

Exploring Health Related Lifestyle Habits And Influences In Rural India, Priyanka Aranha

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Background: According to the World Health Organization (WHO) diabetes in India is projected to increase from 31.7 million in 2000 to 79.4 million in 2030. This drastic growth clearly outlines the need for an increase in both awareness and education. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to collaborate with the non-governmental organization, Mysore Resettlement and Development Agency (MYRADA), to develop an understanding of the perspective towards diabetes in the Chitradurga District. Methods: Focus groups were developed within eight villages to discuss lifestyle behaviors (i.e. level of physical activity, leisure time, occupation, nutritional habits, alcohol and tobacco ...


The Paleolithic Ketogenic Diet May Ensure Adequate Serum Magnesium Levels, Zsófia Clemens Dr., Andrea Dabóczi Dr., Csaba Tóth Dr. Feb 2018

The Paleolithic Ketogenic Diet May Ensure Adequate Serum Magnesium Levels, Zsófia Clemens Dr., Andrea Dabóczi Dr., Csaba Tóth Dr.

Journal of Evolution and Health

Introduction

Magnesium plays an essential role in several enzymatic reactions. Its deficiency is known to be widespread and has been associated with a variety of pathological conditions characterized by chronic inflammation and/or oxidative stress. The connection between the metabolism of glucose and magnesium at the cell level is well-established. We hypothesize that magnesium deficiency in chronic conditions is primarily due to Western type carbohydrate based metabolism. In previous case studies we have shown that magnesium levels are normal on the paleolithic ketogenic diet. Here we assessed magnesium levels in a larger sample (n=50) to address whether the paleolithic ...