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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Characterizing The Diversity Of Mhc Conserved Extended Haplotypes Using Families From The United Arab Emirates, Halima Alnaqbi, Guan K. Tay, Sarah El Hajj Chehadeh, Habiba Alsafar Dec 2022

Characterizing The Diversity Of Mhc Conserved Extended Haplotypes Using Families From The United Arab Emirates, Halima Alnaqbi, Guan K. Tay, Sarah El Hajj Chehadeh, Habiba Alsafar

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Aside from its anthropological relevance, the characterization of the allele frequencies of genes in the human Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) and the combination of these alleles that make up MHC conserved extended haplotypes (CEHs) is necessary for histocompatibility matching in transplantation as well as mapping disease association loci. The structure and content of the MHC region in Middle Eastern populations remain poorly characterized, posing challenges when establishing disease association studies in ethnic groups that inhabit the region and reducing the capacity to translate genetic research into clinical practice. This study was conceived to address a gap of knowledge, aiming to ...


An Exploration Of Health Coaching Models And Their Efficacy In Chronic Disease Management: A Literature Review, Sofia Gallamore Jun 2022

An Exploration Of Health Coaching Models And Their Efficacy In Chronic Disease Management: A Literature Review, Sofia Gallamore

University Honors Theses

Amidst the rise of chronic condition prevalence in recent decades, the field of health coaching has presented itself as a feasible complementary treatment method in chronic condition prevention and management. This literature review analyzes various clinical health coaching practices and their effectiveness in improving health behaviors and clinical outcomes in patients with chronic conditions. Eight studies were compared, with particular attention directed towards the evaluation of coaching techniques and modes of delivery. It was discovered that successful health coaching practices use a combination of Motivational Interviewing (MI), self-efficacy, and goal setting. Furthermore, programs that incorporated in-person intake sessions, followed by ...


The Role Of Age Ligand And Rap1a In Myofibroblast Signaling Cascade In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-Induced Cardiomyopathic Conditions, Camilla Puglia May 2022

The Role Of Age Ligand And Rap1a In Myofibroblast Signaling Cascade In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-Induced Cardiomyopathic Conditions, Camilla Puglia

Honors Theses

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, taking more than 90,000 lives annually. Type 2 diabetes mellitus-induced cardiac fibrosis is a common condition seen in diabetic patients. The AGE/RAGE signaling cascade has been strongly associated with this supposed cardiac fibrosis along with hyperactive myofibroblasts which excessively remodel extracellular matrix tissue, leading to damaged and enlarged heart muscle tissue. In diabetic patients, Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) are produced in abundance and accumulate in the extracellular matrix of heart tissue. To investigate the role of of the AGE ligand on fibroblast behavior, increasing ...


The Effect Of Age Concentration And Glucose Levels In Rage-Mediated Cardiac Fibroblast Migration In Type 2 Diabetes, Lorral Kanauss May 2022

The Effect Of Age Concentration And Glucose Levels In Rage-Mediated Cardiac Fibroblast Migration In Type 2 Diabetes, Lorral Kanauss

Honors Theses

Diabetes is one of the largest health concerns in the United States. Its continuous increase in prevalence has led to it being one of the largest healthcare costs and consistently listed as one of the leading causes of death. That being said, diabetes also increases the risk of other health conditions, one of which is cardiovascular disease. Left ventricle hypertrophy resulting in the stiffening of the left ventricle and diastolic dysfunction is one form of cardiovascular disease associated with diabetes. Thought to be impacted by decreased fibroblast migration in the extracellular matrix, the experiments performed in this study seek to ...


Assessing Nutritional Health Knowledge In Sharing Clinic Patients With Diabetes, Minden Huntrods May 2022

Assessing Nutritional Health Knowledge In Sharing Clinic Patients With Diabetes, Minden Huntrods

Capstone Experience

Effective diabetes prevention and management relies on nutritional behaviors, thus a basic level of health knowledge is important for patients with diabetes and their caregivers in their quest to acquire acute glycemic control and minimize negative health outcomes (Ley et al., 2014). The purpose of this study was to assess the nutrition-related health knowledge of patients living with diabetes who are seen at the UNMC Sharing Clinic by use of a verbal questionnaire. This nutritional health knowledge assessment was a quantitative, prospective, survey-based study utilizing descriptive statistics. Approximately 86% of patients were proficient in food group and nutritious foods knowledge ...


The Effects Of Time Restricted Feeding On Markers Of Type 2 Diabetes, Brooke Martin May 2022

The Effects Of Time Restricted Feeding On Markers Of Type 2 Diabetes, Brooke Martin

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Type 2 diabetes is one of the fastest growing chronic diseases in the country, comprising 10% of the American population. Obesity rates are at an all-time high and greatly increase risk factors for developing diabetes. Insulin resistance is the main feature of type 2 diabetes and causes management of the disease to be extremely difficult. Currently there are different possible treatments for type 2 diabetes including medication and dieting. However, diets involving fasting, though high in popularity, do not have a lot of evidence regarding their ability to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.

Time restricted feeding (TRF) is ...


Assessing Preventative Lifestyle Interventions In The Filipino-American Population To Decrease Risk Of Type Ii Diabetes, Brandon Christopher Flores May 2022

Assessing Preventative Lifestyle Interventions In The Filipino-American Population To Decrease Risk Of Type Ii Diabetes, Brandon Christopher Flores

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

Type II Diabetes is a concerning global health issue and must be addressed. Given the unfortunate risks of T2D in the Filipino populations, prevention efforts must begin in this select population. There is strong empirical support for utilizing lifestyle interventions such as nutrition and physical exercise to prevent these diseases in adults; but it is not clear whether the same holds true for Filipino populations.

Objective

This thesis examines lifestyle management efforts such as weight reduction, family support, nutrition changes, and physical activity to prevent type 2 diabetes in Filipino-Americans.

Methods

The methods of the thesis will present a ...


Benefits Of Fasting In Adults Long Term, Talea Jones May 2022

Benefits Of Fasting In Adults Long Term, Talea Jones

Nursing | Senior Theses

In nursing education, we are often taught that through diet, exercise and medications one is able to live a healthy life. Fasting is not a subject that readily comes to mind as a way to prevent chronic illnesses from occurring. However, for years, cultures have used fasting as a way to replenish themselves and to clean themselves as if they were new beings. Nursing education does not highlight the process of fasting in any way close to the extent that medications are prescribed to control illnesses.

There are many types of fasting that are used in the United States. Fasting ...


Prevention Of Diabetes-Related Hospital Readmission Following Initial Diagnosis Of Diabetes In Patients Over The Age Of Fifty: A Scoping Review, Nathan Miller Dnp, Agacnp, Fnp, Jasmine Harris Dnp, Fnp, Michael Clardy Dnp, Agacnp, Diana Dedmon Dnp, Acnp, Fnp-Bc Apr 2022

Prevention Of Diabetes-Related Hospital Readmission Following Initial Diagnosis Of Diabetes In Patients Over The Age Of Fifty: A Scoping Review, Nathan Miller Dnp, Agacnp, Fnp, Jasmine Harris Dnp, Fnp, Michael Clardy Dnp, Agacnp, Diana Dedmon Dnp, Acnp, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background: By reviewing multiple studies related to the treatment of patients with new diagnoses of diabetes, this scoping review will endeavor to determine which interventions, when implemented for patients over 50 years old which are newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, can decrease the likelihood of hospital readmission related to diabetes within 90 days when compared with those patients who did not receive or participate in follow-up.

Methods: For resources to be eligible to review they had to be from 2015 or after. Studies selected included patients over the age of 50 newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes subject ...


Review Of Diabetes Among Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People, Katherine Ride, Samantha Burrow Apr 2022

Review Of Diabetes Among Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People, Katherine Ride, Samantha Burrow

Journal of the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Diabetes is the fastest growing chronic disease condition globally. Type 2 diabetes in particular, has reached epidemic proportions, with the greatest burden falling on socially disadvantaged groups and Indigenous peoples.

This review focuses primarily on type 2 diabetes among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, which is responsible for the majority of cases of diabetes in this population. It provides general information on the social and cultural context of diabetes, and the behavioural and biomedical factors that contribute to diabetes among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

This review provides detailed information on:

  • the extent of diabetes among Aboriginal and ...


Strategic Recommendations To Bridge The Gaps In Awareness, Diagnosis And Prevention Of Heart Failure In The Middle East Region And Africa, Ahmed Bennis, Elijah N Ogola, Eric Klug, Hadi N. Skouri, Hilal Bahjet Al Saffar, Hany Ragy, Kamal Waheeb Alghalayini, Khaldoon A Alhumood, Magdy Abdelhamid, Mehmet Birhan Yilmaz, Ramzi Tabbalat, Yüksel Çavuşoğlu Apr 2022

Strategic Recommendations To Bridge The Gaps In Awareness, Diagnosis And Prevention Of Heart Failure In The Middle East Region And Africa, Ahmed Bennis, Elijah N Ogola, Eric Klug, Hadi N. Skouri, Hilal Bahjet Al Saffar, Hany Ragy, Kamal Waheeb Alghalayini, Khaldoon A Alhumood, Magdy Abdelhamid, Mehmet Birhan Yilmaz, Ramzi Tabbalat, Yüksel Çavuşoğlu

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Abstract Objective: With the increasing burden of heart failure (HF) in the Middle East Region and Africa (MEA), it is imperative to shift the focus to prevention and early detection of cardiovascular diseases. We present a broad consensus of the real-world challenges and strategic recommendations for optimising HF care in the MEA region. Method: To bridge the gaps in awareness, prevention, and diagnosis of HF, an assembly of experts from MEA shared their collective opinions on the urgent unmet needs. Results: Lack of awareness in the community, high prevalence of risk factors, poor accessibility and affordability of care and diagnostics ...


Evaluating Fidelity To The National Extension Dining With Diabetes Program: Challenges And Opportunities, Laura E. Balis, Bailey Houghtaling, Julie Harker Buck Apr 2022

Evaluating Fidelity To The National Extension Dining With Diabetes Program: Challenges And Opportunities, Laura E. Balis, Bailey Houghtaling, Julie Harker Buck

Journal of Human Sciences and Extension

The objective of this study was to evaluate fidelity to the Dining with Diabetes (DWD) program. Data were gathered cross-sectionally in 2019 using class profile forms (i.e., checklists) containing items reflecting the core components of DWD: delivery personnel, curriculum, hands-on cooking, and goal setting. Fidelity was calculated as the proportion of core components completed as intended. Educators (N = 9) completed class profile forms for 10 complete DWD programs (i.e., all four classes). Fidelity to components of completed DWD programs and individual DWD classes was high (over 70% in each category). Overall, fidelity was high, and adaptations reported likely ...


Using Digital Storytelling To Assess Patient Experience With Management Of Diabetes In Everyday Life (Model) Study Intervention, Arati Joshi Apr 2022

Using Digital Storytelling To Assess Patient Experience With Management Of Diabetes In Everyday Life (Model) Study Intervention, Arati Joshi

Longitudinal Scholar's Project

African Americans are disproportionately affected by obesity-associated diabetes compared to their White counterparts. While social determinants of health may contribute to their poor health outcomes, studies have shown that pragmatic primary care-based interventions can be effective in improving the management of obesity-associated diabetes. The Management of Diabetes in Everyday Life (MODEL) is a pragmatic randomized comparative effectiveness trial of three approaches (health coaching, text-messaging, and enhanced usual care) to supporting medically underserved African American patients with uncontrolled diabetes in improving their self-care decisions. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of the MODEL program participation on the ...


Standardizing Naturalistic Teaching Opportunities For Problem-Based Learning In Diabetes Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Austin Mccaslin Apr 2022

Standardizing Naturalistic Teaching Opportunities For Problem-Based Learning In Diabetes Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Austin Mccaslin

DNP Projects

Significance and Background:

Poor diabetes management is linked to serious long and short-term health complications. Despite this, medication adherence is a significant problem in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Management is further complicated by low socioeconomic status, even when mitigated by free healthcare, highlighting health literacy as a culprit of disparities. Evidence shows that a common barrier for adolescents is proficiency in dose determination. Carbohydrate counting is an integral skill, necessary for attaining glycemic control. At a homecare agency serving adolescents with poorly controlled diabetes by providing oversight of medication administration and education, it was noted that patients continued to ...


The Pathogenesis Of Diabetes And Its Negative Impact On The Retina: Diabetic Retinopathy, Jonathan Nelson Apr 2022

The Pathogenesis Of Diabetes And Its Negative Impact On The Retina: Diabetic Retinopathy, Jonathan Nelson

Senior Honors Theses

Diabetic retinopathy causes the plurality of blindness among the working class of America. This review focuses on the biochemistry and pathophysiology of the pancreatic cells during the development of diabetes as well as the effects that diabetes has on the Müller cells and pericytes of the retina at the cellular and molecular levels. In addition, the current research on some of the treatment options for diabetic retinopathy will be presented. This review is valuable to the scientific community because it presents a side-by-side summary of the pathogenesis of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy based on the current body of research.


Does The Use Of Home-Based Continuous Glucose Monitoring Devices In Adults With Diabetes Mellitus Improve Hemoglobin A1c Levels? An Integrative Review, Ophelia Dionne Gelispie Ansari Apr 2022

Does The Use Of Home-Based Continuous Glucose Monitoring Devices In Adults With Diabetes Mellitus Improve Hemoglobin A1c Levels? An Integrative Review, Ophelia Dionne Gelispie Ansari

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The prevalence of diabetes continues to rise, but patients’ ability to obtain and maintain glycemic control remains a challenge. In 2017, complications from diabetes resulted in over $300 billion expenditures in lost productivity and medical costs. The nation’s approach to addressing this problem starts with acknowledging the benefits that continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) as an adjunct intervention could change the trajectory of both diabetic care outcomes and the national expenditures associated with poor glycemic control, which leads to the destruction of other cells such as those found in the heart, eyes, and kidneys. Moreover, CGM use has been associated ...


The Effects Of Physical Activity On Glycaemic Control In Children And Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Participating In Diabetes Camps, Marcin Sikora, Anna Zwierzchowska, Marzena Jaworska, Magdalena Solich Talanda, Rafal Mikolajczyk, Aleksandra Zebrowska Mar 2022

The Effects Of Physical Activity On Glycaemic Control In Children And Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Participating In Diabetes Camps, Marcin Sikora, Anna Zwierzchowska, Marzena Jaworska, Magdalena Solich Talanda, Rafal Mikolajczyk, Aleksandra Zebrowska

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Background:‪Children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are at high risk of having insufficient physical activity during school days and, thus, the importance of special program in promoting regular physical exercise has been largely emphasized. Therefore, this study examined the levels of physical activity and glycemia control in children with T1D, with particular focus on the relative contributions of regular physical education and physical activity program during the diabetes camp.Material and methods:‪Ninety-eight children suffering from T1D for 3.0 ±1.4 years free of diabetic complications participated in the study. Glycemia, insulin doses and diet were monitored, and ...


The Impact Of Circuit Resistance Training On Serum Glucose, Insulin Resistance And Health Related Physical Fitness In Elderly Men With Type 2 Diabetes, Hamid Arazi, Roghayeh Gholizadeh, Amin Sohbatzadeh, Ehsan Eghbali Mar 2022

The Impact Of Circuit Resistance Training On Serum Glucose, Insulin Resistance And Health Related Physical Fitness In Elderly Men With Type 2 Diabetes, Hamid Arazi, Roghayeh Gholizadeh, Amin Sohbatzadeh, Ehsan Eghbali

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Background: Obesity and decreased physical activity are the most important factors in the development of type 2 diabetes, which in recent decades has led to an increase in the number of people with this disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of circuit resistance training (CRT) on serum glucose, insulin resistance and health related physical fitness in elderly men with type 2 diabetes. Material and methods: Twenty-two patients with type 2 diabetes (60.99 ±2.93 years) volunteered to participate in this study. They were divided randomly into two groups: training (n = 11) and control (n ...


Evaluation Of A Hands-On Cooking Class And Its Effects On Self-Efficacy In Relation To Healthy Eating In Type 2 Diabetics, Codi A. Jenshak-Gorzinski Mar 2022

Evaluation Of A Hands-On Cooking Class And Its Effects On Self-Efficacy In Relation To Healthy Eating In Type 2 Diabetics, Codi A. Jenshak-Gorzinski

DNP Scholarly Projects

The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes is alarming and poses a great threat to U.S. national health. Chronic diabetes can lead to serious conditions such as heart attack and stroke, and can result in premature mortality (World Health Organization, 2018). Diabetes can be prevented or treated by eating a healthy diet. Cooking classes are a potential way to improve American’s knowledge of nutritional principles and help them become confident that they have the capacity to eat a healthy diet. The purpose of this DNP project was to determine if participation in cooking classes enhanced self-efficacy as it pertains ...


Determining Vitamin D Status: A Comparison Between Diabetic And Non-Diabetic Women With Breast Cancer By Rp-Hplc, Santosh Gunasekaran, Suma M. Natraj, Prashanth Kumar M V Feb 2022

Determining Vitamin D Status: A Comparison Between Diabetic And Non-Diabetic Women With Breast Cancer By Rp-Hplc, Santosh Gunasekaran, Suma M. Natraj, Prashanth Kumar M V

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Background:

Suboptimal levels of Vitamin D, remains a common problem worldwide and its prevalence is high in India, ranging from 70-100%. Several molecular mechanisms have been found about the effects of Vitamin D in modulating glycemic levels and its protective nature in the development of breast cancer. Breast cancer in India is a common problem and studies regarding its association with Vitamin D levels among diabetics remain inconclusive. This study aims to find the association between Vitamin D status and breast cancer in diabetic and non-diabetic women.

Materials and methods:

25 hydroxy vitamin D levels were estimated by RP-HPLC. A ...


Metabolic Flexibility In Healthy Hispanics In The Rio Grande Valley With And Without A Family History Of Type 2 Diabetes, Jaime Rodriguez, Ryan D. Russell, Gabriel A. Figueroa, Alexandro Rodriguez, Smaran Marupudi, Yu Lun Tai, Sara Swathy, Jimmy Gonzales Feb 2022

Metabolic Flexibility In Healthy Hispanics In The Rio Grande Valley With And Without A Family History Of Type 2 Diabetes, Jaime Rodriguez, Ryan D. Russell, Gabriel A. Figueroa, Alexandro Rodriguez, Smaran Marupudi, Yu Lun Tai, Sara Swathy, Jimmy Gonzales

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

ABSTRACT Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) has several comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, elevated lipid profile, microvascular complications, and impaired metabolic flexibility (MF: the ability to switch substrate use upon stimulation). Further, healthy Caucasians with a family history of T2D (FH+) have impaired MF similar to T2D, suggesting impaired MF could be an early-detection tool to identify at-risk populations. Hispanics of the Rio Grande Valley have ~3x the T2D rates as the US average, and have ~79% of the people in this region are either overweight or obese. However, patterns of MF in this population have not been addressed. Purpose: The ...


Exercise/Physical Activity In Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A Consensus Statement From The American College Of Sports Medicine, Jill A. Kanaley, Sheri R. Colberg, Matthew H. Corcoran, Steven K. Malin, Nancy R. Rodriguez, Carlos J. Crespo, John P. Kirwan, Juleen R. Zierath Feb 2022

Exercise/Physical Activity In Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A Consensus Statement From The American College Of Sports Medicine, Jill A. Kanaley, Sheri R. Colberg, Matthew H. Corcoran, Steven K. Malin, Nancy R. Rodriguez, Carlos J. Crespo, John P. Kirwan, Juleen R. Zierath

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

This consensus statement is an update of the 2010 American College of Sports Medicine position stand on exercise and type 2 diabetes. Since then, a substantial amount of research on select topics in exercise in individuals of various ages with type 2 diabetes has been published while diabetes prevalence has continued to expand worldwide. This consensus statement provides a brief summary of the current evidence and extends and updates the prior recommendations. The document has been expanded to include physical activity, a broader, more comprehensive definition of human movement than planned exercise, and reducing sedentary time. Various types of physical ...


Clinical Characteristics Of Peripheral Neuropathy In Kenyan Patients With Hiv Infection Compared With Patients With Concurrent Hiv Infection And Diabetes Mellitus, Pascal Kuka, Jasmit Shah, Uazman Alam, Reena Shah, Dilraj Sokhi Feb 2022

Clinical Characteristics Of Peripheral Neuropathy In Kenyan Patients With Hiv Infection Compared With Patients With Concurrent Hiv Infection And Diabetes Mellitus, Pascal Kuka, Jasmit Shah, Uazman Alam, Reena Shah, Dilraj Sokhi

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Introduction: Persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are living longer and at risk of non-communicable diseases, including diabetes mellitus (DM). Both HIV and DM place patients at risk of peripheral neuropathy (PN). Our aim was to demonstrate the prevalence and characteristics of PN in our population of patients with HIV infection compared with concomitant HIV and DM.

Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was performed at the Aga Khan Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya. Data were collected on demographics and characteristics of DM and HIV. Symptoms and signs of PN were evaluated by Neuropathy Symptom Score, Neuropathy Disability Score, and 10 ...


A Narrative Review Of The Evidence For Variations In Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentration Thresholds For Optimal Health, William B. Grant, Fatme Al Anouti, Barbara J. Boucher, Erdinç Dursun, Duygu Gezen-Ak, Edward B. Jude, Tatiana Karonova, Pawel Pludowski Feb 2022

A Narrative Review Of The Evidence For Variations In Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentration Thresholds For Optimal Health, William B. Grant, Fatme Al Anouti, Barbara J. Boucher, Erdinç Dursun, Duygu Gezen-Ak, Edward B. Jude, Tatiana Karonova, Pawel Pludowski

All Works

Vitamin D3 has many important health benefits. Unfortunately, these benefits are not widely known among health care personnel and the general public. As a result, most of the world’s population has serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations far below optimal values. This narrative review examines the evidence for the major causes of death including cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and COVID-19 with regard to sub-optimal 25(OH)D concentrations. Evidence for the beneficial effects comes from a variety of approaches including ecological and observational studies, studies of mechanisms, and Mendelian randomization studies. Although randomized controlled ...


“If I Were To Suffer A Stroke Right Now, The First Place That I Should Be Taken To Is The Traditional Healer”: Community Beliefs And Health-Seeking Practices For Noncommunicable Diseases In Rural Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa, Herbert Chikafu, Innocent Tinashe Mutero Dr., Moses John Chimbari Prof. Jan 2022

“If I Were To Suffer A Stroke Right Now, The First Place That I Should Be Taken To Is The Traditional Healer”: Community Beliefs And Health-Seeking Practices For Noncommunicable Diseases In Rural Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa, Herbert Chikafu, Innocent Tinashe Mutero Dr., Moses John Chimbari Prof.

The Qualitative Report

T

The burden of chronic noncommunicable diseases in rural South Africa is exacerbated by delayed health-seeking. This study explored awareness, beliefs and health-seeking behaviour relating to diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases in Ingwavuma, a poor rural community in the uMkhanyakude district of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Eight gender and age-stratified Focus Group Discussions (FGD) were conducted in isiZulu using a pre-tested FGD guide with seventy-six participants. Thematic analysis was done to discern views on access to care for noncommunicable diseases. Findings revealed limited awareness of hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular-related disease burden. The community practices medical plurality, and consultation with traditional healers ...


Dia.Ries, Katherine A. Doyle Jan 2022

Dia.Ries, Katherine A. Doyle

Theses and Dissertations

dia.ries is a pilot episode of an episodic series that offers insight into the lives of a few of the 500 million people around the world with diabetes—otherwise normal, everyday people who happen to be living each day with an “invisible illness.” Produced through video diaries and other user-generated content, the series tells stories from first-person points of view along thematic lines, using a collaborative approach rooted in Third Cinema.


Case Report: Bilateral Emphysematous Pyelonephritis With Pneumatosis Intestinalis, Maria D'Amico, Joseph Izes, Akhil Das Jan 2022

Case Report: Bilateral Emphysematous Pyelonephritis With Pneumatosis Intestinalis, Maria D'Amico, Joseph Izes, Akhil Das

Department of Urology Faculty Papers

Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a severe and rare gas producing infection in the renal parenchyma or collecting system. Diabetes mellitus is an established risk factor. Treatment options include antibiotics, minimally invasive management such as percutaneous drainage, or nephrectomy. This case report describes a 40-year-old female with newly diagnosed diabetes and cirrhosis who presented with left sided emphysematous pyelonephritis. After initial management with intravenous antibiotics and drainage of the collecting system, this patient's clinical condition worsened, and subsequent repeat imaging revealed bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis as well as pneumatosis intestinalis.


Impact Of Public Health Nurse Training On Their Perception To Provide Hypertension And Diabetes Care To Patients In Their Communities., Stephen Goggans, Jean O'Connor, Elena A. Wood, Elizabeth Sacksteder Laclair, Kathryn Martin, Paul Wallach Jan 2022

Impact Of Public Health Nurse Training On Their Perception To Provide Hypertension And Diabetes Care To Patients In Their Communities., Stephen Goggans, Jean O'Connor, Elena A. Wood, Elizabeth Sacksteder Laclair, Kathryn Martin, Paul Wallach

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

To evaluate the impact of protocol training by a medical school and public health department on nurses’ perceptions to deliver care to patients with hypertension and diabetes.

Training was delivered using the Georgia Diabetes and Hypertension Nurse protocols for public health nurses. A survey was developed and distributed post training to participants. The training included lectures, workshops, case discussions, simulation, and physical examination practice on standardized patients. Participants were asked about perceptions, both before and after training completion regarding frequency in changing practice and confidence in treating hypertension and diabetes for six items.

Perceived levels of confidence for all questionnaire ...


A Preoperative Intervention To Improve Glycemic Control In Surgical Patients With Diabetes, Kelsey L. Boyd Jan 2022

A Preoperative Intervention To Improve Glycemic Control In Surgical Patients With Diabetes, Kelsey L. Boyd

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Perioperative hyperglycemia is reported in 20-40% of patients undergoing general surgery and is an independent risk factor for negative surgical outcomes. Patients with diabetes presenting to a local community hospital are at risk for negative surgical outcomes due to the lack of strategies to prevent perioperative hyperglycemia. This project aimed to implement and evaluate the usefulness of succinct diabetes education for preoperative total joint surgical patients with diabetes. The intervention was a nurse-led, face-to-face diabetes education session provided to total joint surgical patients with diabetes during a preoperative evaluation appointment, compared to usual care (no preoperative diabetes education). This project ...


Increasing Healthcare Delivery To The Abenaki People Through Health Screenings, Warrick Sahene Jan 2022

Increasing Healthcare Delivery To The Abenaki People Through Health Screenings, Warrick Sahene

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Utilizing health screenings can increase the number of Abenaki individuals identified with comorbidities related to diabetes and hypertension. Education and resources for health maintenance are also provided to this patient population through physician counseling.