Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Diabetes

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 717

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Susceptibility To Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Hepatitis C Patients: A Systematic Review, Jiani Yu Feb 2019

Susceptibility To Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Hepatitis C Patients: A Systematic Review, Jiani Yu

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Importance: Hepatitis C is a disease that leads to many chronic extrahepatic conditions. The establishment of the connection between hepatitis C infection and diabetes mellitus may help to change the current practice protocol and better manage both conditions.

Objective: To investigate the relationship between hepatitis C and diabetes mellitus to establish a correlation to change clinical practice.

Evidence Review: a systematic review of English-language literature on Pub-Med published in the last five years to identify articles related to hepatitis C and diabetes mellitus in adults.

Conclusion and Relevance: Multiple pieces of researches support the linkage between hepatitis C infection and ...


Human Islets Expressing Hnf1a Variant Have Defective Beta Cell Transcriptional Regulatory Networks, Rachana Haliyur, Sambra D. Redick, David M. Harlan, Alvin C. Powers Jan 2019

Human Islets Expressing Hnf1a Variant Have Defective Beta Cell Transcriptional Regulatory Networks, Rachana Haliyur, Sambra D. Redick, David M. Harlan, Alvin C. Powers

Open Access Articles

Using an integrated approach to characterize the pancreatic tissue and isolated islets from a 33-year-old with 17 years of type 1 diabetes (T1D), we found that donor islets contained beta cells without insulitis and lacked glucose-stimulated insulin secretion despite a normal insulin response to cAMP-evoked stimulation. With these unexpected findings for T1D, we sequenced the donor DNA and found a pathogenic heterozygous variant in the gene encoding hepatocyte nuclear factor-1alpha (HNF1A). In one of the first studies of human pancreatic islets with a disease-causing HNF1A variant associated with the most common form of monogenic diabetes, we found that HNF1A dysfunction ...


Hazardous Waste Site Proximity And Type 2 Diabetes: From Youths To Adults, Theresa Ann Johnson Jan 2019

Hazardous Waste Site Proximity And Type 2 Diabetes: From Youths To Adults, Theresa Ann Johnson

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in adults and youths. Persistent organic pollutants and endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), such as pesticides, dioxins, and organochlorines, are omnipresent and persist in the environment with potential for human exposure via contaminated air, waterways, soil, and human food supply. EDCs have been correlated with diabetes incidence and risks. Residential proximity to hazardous waste sites (HWS) has been correlated with increased hospital admission rates for diabetes. The study used a sample population (N = 1,724), ages â?¥ 12 years from the 2005-2012 Continuous NHANES and HWS data from the National Priorities List of Superfund Sites ...


Racial Disparities In The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Type 1 Diabetes In Black American Youth, Kierra Mitchell Jan 2019

Racial Disparities In The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Type 1 Diabetes In Black American Youth, Kierra Mitchell

Scripps Senior Theses

Introduction: Rates of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) are steadily increasing among American youth, yet Black Americans are more likely to suffer from serious T1D-related complications caused by poor glycemic control. The aim of this thesis is to determine the external factors that are causing discrepancies in the development, diagnosis, treatment, and long-term management of T1D in Black youth.

Methods: Epidemiological studies were compiled from the American Diabetes Association, Center for Disease Control (CDC), International Diabetes Foundation (IDF), Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF), and the Claremont Colleges Library network to identify the sociocultural aspects that negatively affect long-term glycemic control in ...


Video-Based Diabetes Education For A Culturally Diverse Population, Heather Harris Dec 2018

Video-Based Diabetes Education For A Culturally Diverse Population, Heather Harris

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Translational and Clinical Research Projects

Immigrants and refugees represent an underserved population in need of quality, accessible, and culturally appropriate healthcare and education. Diabetes is a chronic condition frequently seen in this population. The author utilized the Wagner Chronic Care Model (CCM) as a theoretical framework for planning diabetes education delivery in this diverse population. Studies report significant health disparities in diabetes care and subsequent poor diabetes quality indicators in refugees and immigrants. Research has found that culturally sensitive diabetes education can improve diabetes outcomes in ethnically diverse populations. The author implemented a translational project to develop and evaluate a video-based diabetes health education intervention ...


Factors Associated With Medical And Dental Compliance For Adults With Diabetes Mellitus, Mahua Saha Dec 2018

Factors Associated With Medical And Dental Compliance For Adults With Diabetes Mellitus, Mahua Saha

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

Background: Over the few decades, diabetes has become one of the most common chronic conditions in the U.S and worldwide. With the increasing number of incidences of diabetes and the cost associated with the treatment, adherence to treatment regimens is one key factor, which immensely affects the success of the diabetes treatment. The American Diabetes Association recommends annual preventive care for diabetes in terms of self-care practices such as daily blood glucose check and daily foot check. An eye examination with pupil dilation and a dental checkup are also recommended as part of annual care for diabetic patients. Considering ...


Implementing The Hyperlipidemia Statin Use Guideline In Patients With Diabetes Mellitus, Ifeyinwa Eribenne Dec 2018

Implementing The Hyperlipidemia Statin Use Guideline In Patients With Diabetes Mellitus, Ifeyinwa Eribenne

Doctor of Nursing Practice

Purpose. To implement an evidence-based hyperlipidemia guideline for statin therapy use with diabetic patients. Background. In the United States, cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be the leading cause of mortality and morbidity for women and men with diabetes. Dyslipidemia is a modifiable risk factor for CVD and one of the leading drivers behind the development of coronary artery disease. In 2014, the American Diabetes Association issued a new recommendation guideline for using statins as a primary intervention for CVD in patients aged 40–75 with diabetes. Despite advances in prevention and treatment guidelines, the American College of Cardiology and ADA ...


Does A Vegan Diet Contribute To Prevention Or Maintenance Of Diseases?, Malia K. Burkholder, Danae A. Fields Nov 2018

Does A Vegan Diet Contribute To Prevention Or Maintenance Of Diseases?, Malia K. Burkholder, Danae A. Fields

Kinesiology and Allied Health Senior Research Projects

This literature review deals with the topic of, does a vegan diet contribute to prevention or maintenance of diseases? Our main focus was to look at what a vegan diet entailed, the history of veganism, and why people decide to adhere to this diet type. Multiple research studies were looked over on the topics of how a vegan diet effects the disease processes of cancer, diabetes, gastral intestinal issues, weight loss, and heart disease. The overall arching theme that was found in the research is that a vegan diet is beneficial in helping to lessen the risk or aid in ...


Evaluation Of A Health System’S Community Targeted Program For Individual’S With Increased Risk For Cardiovascular Disease And Diabetes, Phallon Lovelady Nov 2018

Evaluation Of A Health System’S Community Targeted Program For Individual’S With Increased Risk For Cardiovascular Disease And Diabetes, Phallon Lovelady

Doctoral Projects

Introduction: Lack of a program evaluation plan for a community targeted primary prevention program poses a risk for undefined program effectiveness. Conducting a systemic program evaluation helps determine program effectiveness and value. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the process of implementing a program evaluation during a Doctorate of Nursing Practice (DNP) scholarly project.

Objectives: The objectives of this project were to apply a scholarly approach to program evaluation utilizing evidence-based practice tools, demonstrate DNP Essentials and health systems leader competencies, and describe the steps taken during the process.

Methods: The CDC Framework for Program Evaluation (2011) was ...


The Next Generation: A Novel Diabetes Elective Course For Pharmacy Students, Catherine Hedigan, Mirna Rezkalla, Matthew Ta, Amy M. Egras, Pharmd, Bcps, Bc-Adm Aug 2018

The Next Generation: A Novel Diabetes Elective Course For Pharmacy Students, Catherine Hedigan, Mirna Rezkalla, Matthew Ta, Amy M. Egras, Pharmd, Bcps, Bc-Adm

College of Pharmacy Posters

Background

  • 30.3 million people or nearly 10% of the United States are diagnosed with diabetes
  • Patients with uncontrolled diabetes often have many clinicians, including pharmacists, to help control their diabetes
  • Clinicians that can empathize with patients have shown to improve patient satisfaction and outcomes2
  • The Diabetes Immersion elective at Thomas Jefferson University College of Pharmacy is offered to third-year pharmacy students to provide additional knowledge about diabetes through hands-on learning and guest lecturers
  • The class emphasizes a well-rounded understanding of diabetes touching on topics that may not otherwise be covered in required courses due to time constraints


Exploring H.Pylori Seropositivity As A Risk Factor For Type 2 Diabetes, Virginia Chaidez, Yumou Qiu Aug 2018

Exploring H.Pylori Seropositivity As A Risk Factor For Type 2 Diabetes, Virginia Chaidez, Yumou Qiu

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: In the US, the percentage of adults with diagnosed diabetes are higher in members of racial and ethnic minority groups compared to non-Latino Whites. Understanding why such disparities exist has been less forthcoming.

Methods: Secondary data analysis was conducted using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000 cross-sectional data.

Results: H.pylori seropositivity was highest in Mexican Americans (43.7%), lowest in non-Hispanic Whites (18.1%). Diabetes was highest in non-Hispanic Blacks (5.9%); lowest in non-Hispanic whites (4.3%). H.pylori seropositivity was associated with greater likelihood of having type 2 diabetes (1.927, 95% CI ...


Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy In Diabetes: A Predictor Of Cardiometabolic Events, Aaron I. Vinik, Carolina Casellini, Henri K. Parson, Sheri R. Colberg, Marie-Laure Nevoret Aug 2018

Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy In Diabetes: A Predictor Of Cardiometabolic Events, Aaron I. Vinik, Carolina Casellini, Henri K. Parson, Sheri R. Colberg, Marie-Laure Nevoret

Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications

Autonomic nervous system (ANS) imbalance manifesting as cardiac autonomic neuropathy in the diabetic population is an important predictor of cardiovascular events. Symptoms and signs of ANS dysfunction, such as resting heart rate elevations, diminished blood pressure responses to standing, and altered time and frequency domain measures of heart rate variability in response to deep breathing, standing, and the Valsalva maneuver, should be elicited from all patients with diabetes and prediabetes. With the recognition of the presence of ANS imbalance or for its prevention, a rigorous regime should be implemented with lifestyle modification, physical activity, and cautious use of medications that ...


Pregnancy Outcome According To Body Mass Index In Primigravidas: A Prospective Cohort Study, Nahla W. Shady, Hany F. Sallam, Shymaa S. Ali, Ahmed M. Abbas Aug 2018

Pregnancy Outcome According To Body Mass Index In Primigravidas: A Prospective Cohort Study, Nahla W. Shady, Hany F. Sallam, Shymaa S. Ali, Ahmed M. Abbas

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Objective: The study aims to evaluate the association between Body Mass Index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and adverse obstetric outcomes among primigravidas.

Material and methods: This was a prospective cohort study conducted at a tertiary University Hospital between June 2015 and May 2017. The study included 480 primigravidas, with singleton pregnancies, who were divided into three groups: women with a healthy weight (BMI: 18.5–24.9 kg/m2) overweight (BMI: 25 – 29.9 kg/m2) and obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). The primary outcome of the study was the rate of GWG in the participants ...


Anril: A Lncrna At The Cdkn2a/B Locus With Roles In Cancer And Metabolic Disease, Yahui Kong, Chih-Heng Hsieh, Laura C. Alonso Jul 2018

Anril: A Lncrna At The Cdkn2a/B Locus With Roles In Cancer And Metabolic Disease, Yahui Kong, Chih-Heng Hsieh, Laura C. Alonso

Open Access Articles

The CDKN2A/B genomic locus is associated with risk of human cancers and metabolic disease. Although the locus contains several important protein-coding genes, studies suggest disease roles for a lesser-known antisense lncRNA encoded at this locus, called ANRIL. ANRIL is a complex gene containing at least 21 exons in simians, with many reported linear and circular isoforms. Like other genes, abundance of ANRIL is regulated by epigenetics, classic transcription regulation, splicing, and post-transcriptional influences such as RNA stability and microRNAs. Known molecular functions of ANRIL include in cis and in trans gene regulation through chromatin modification complexes, and influence over ...


An Assessment Of The Nutritional Status Of Men And Women With, Or At Risk Of, A Diabetic Foot Ulcer (Dfu)., Aoife Ward Jul 2018

An Assessment Of The Nutritional Status Of Men And Women With, Or At Risk Of, A Diabetic Foot Ulcer (Dfu)., Aoife Ward

MSc by research theses

An Assessment of the Nutritional Status of Men and Women with, or at risk of, a Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU).

Aim: The study aimed to establish the nutritional status of adults with, or at risk of, a DFU, of any grade, and to determine if there were differences in nutritional status between men and women.

Method: A quantitative, non-experimental observational study design was employed. Participants were recruited from a vascular foot protection clinic through convenience sampling; ethical approval was sought and obtained. The following assessments were completed; Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST ...


The Indigenous Determinants Of Health As Predictors For Diabetes And Unmet Health Needs Among Urban Indigenous People: A Respondent-Driven Sampling Study In Toronto, Ontario, Stephanie Rachael Mcconkey Jun 2018

The Indigenous Determinants Of Health As Predictors For Diabetes And Unmet Health Needs Among Urban Indigenous People: A Respondent-Driven Sampling Study In Toronto, Ontario, Stephanie Rachael Mcconkey

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

National statistics commonly present Indigenous peoples as a falsely homogenous group of people experiencing disproportionate ill health when compared to non-Indigenous peoples. There are significant gaps in statistical information regarding the health services access barriers experienced by Indigenous people that disrupts the quality of care they receive or prevents them from accessing care altogether. Our Health Counts Toronto is a community-based study that employed respondent-driven sampling (RDS) methodologies to sample 917 urban Indigenous adults. Prevalence estimates and prevalence ratios were calculated using RDS-II weights and adjusting for clustering by shared recruiter in SAS 9.4 and SAS-callable SUDAAN 11.0 ...


Empowering Culturally Specific Needs And Barriers In Diabetes Education As Identified By Polish Speaking Patients, Bernadeta Agnieszka Kapustka Jun 2018

Empowering Culturally Specific Needs And Barriers In Diabetes Education As Identified By Polish Speaking Patients, Bernadeta Agnieszka Kapustka

College of Science and Health Theses and Dissertations

Diabetes is a serious chronic disease that poses a major public health problem. Ethnic minorities are at increased risk for developing diabetes and diabetes complications compared to the general population. Patient education is essential for self-management and for tackling this growing epidemic, yet not enough patients are receiving effective diabetes education. The Polish patient population have unmet needs for diabetes education that is specific to their cultural beliefs and dietary habits. Culturally specific diabetes education should address differences in lifestyle and health behaviors that are unique to every ethnic, cultural, and religious group. Diabetes education classes for Polish speaking patients ...


A Novel Diabetes Elective Course For Pharmacy Students, Amy M. Egras, Pharmd, Bcps, Bc-Adm Jun 2018

A Novel Diabetes Elective Course For Pharmacy Students, Amy M. Egras, Pharmd, Bcps, Bc-Adm

College of Pharmacy Posters

Course Description & Objectives

The Diabetes Immersion elective is a 2-credit hour course offered to pharmacy students in their 3rd year of pharmacy school.

  1. Demonstrate empathy regarding the impact of diabetes on everyday life.
  2. Demonstrate the ability to monitor blood glucose, count carbohydrates, inject “insulin”, and adjust insulin dose based on daily experiences.
  3. Discuss the impact of mental health and sociobehavioral/cultural aspects on diabetes.
  4. Develop and provide diabetes education to the community.


Synergistic Effects Of Methylglyoxal And Hyperglycemia On Ros Generation And The Viability Of Cultured H9c2 Myoblast Cells, Robinderpal Sandhu, Dylan Lefkovitz, Al Ibe, Alisa Kim, Peter Wieczorek, Dean Delgado, Robert J. Barsotti, Lindon H. Young, Qian Chen May 2018

Synergistic Effects Of Methylglyoxal And Hyperglycemia On Ros Generation And The Viability Of Cultured H9c2 Myoblast Cells, Robinderpal Sandhu, Dylan Lefkovitz, Al Ibe, Alisa Kim, Peter Wieczorek, Dean Delgado, Robert J. Barsotti, Lindon H. Young, Qian Chen

Research Day

Heart damage in diabetics may be closely related to the possible synergistic cellular damage from hyperglycemia and increased methylglyoxal levels. This study investigated the effects of glucose and/or methylglyoxal and/or metformin on H9c2 reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation measured by a dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFDA) assay and cell viability measured by a cell counting kit-8 assay after various treatments for 24 hours.

Glucose treatment (5 mM-40 mM) displayed similar cell viability (n=4) and ROS generation (n=7) when compared to control cells. By contrast, methylglyoxal (5 µM-1400 µM) decreased cell viability at higher concentration (1000 µM (51 ± 8 ...


Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah May 2018

Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah

Anthropology Senior Theses

The increasing global mortality and morbidity of chronic disease signals that a major epidemiological shift is underway in more-economically developed and less-economically developed countries. This epidemiological transition is especially salient in the Western Highlands of Guatemala as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen steeply and poses great challenges for health practitioners and the public health system. This thesis is based from ten weeks of ethnographic fieldwork that I conducted in region surrounding Lake Atitlán. Collected through participant observation and semi-structured interviews, the data this thesis analyses attempts to examine the nature of and motivations for engagement in a ...


Diabetes Education, Audra Trump May 2018

Diabetes Education, Audra Trump

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) has been shown to improve diabetes management. However, a Midwest academic clinic does not offer formal diabetes education. The health department offers formal diabetes education classes twice a year. However, the classes are not flexible, long, and offered infrequently. Objective: The purpose of this project is to improve access to and standardize DSME for patients newly diagnosed with type II diabetes. Methods: The project design includes a one group pre-test/post-test convenience sample of adult patients who are newly diagnosed with type II diabetes in an academic outpatient setting. Results: At the time of diagnosis ...


The Relationship Between Employment And Diabetes Self-Management, Josie Allison Lami May 2018

The Relationship Between Employment And Diabetes Self-Management, Josie Allison Lami

Honors Theses

Diabetes Mellitus is a disease that is becoming more prevalent in the world each day, and it can be deadly if it is not properly controlled. There are multiple aspects that go into self-management of diabetes such as diet, glucose control, physical activity, and lifestyle choices. This study focused on the physical activity aspect of diabetes self-management. Fifty-four subjects completed a survey that questioned time spent sitting while at work, physical activity done outside of work each week, and the results of their most recent Hemoglobin A1C check. The study found that over 50% of the participants who spent more ...


Reviving Traditional Native American Food With The Hunt. Fish. Gather. Program, Jeremy Vu, Kellie Thompson, Steven Hayworth, Jennifer Gallagher, Miquela Ibrao, Molly Tovar Apr 2018

Reviving Traditional Native American Food With The Hunt. Fish. Gather. Program, Jeremy Vu, Kellie Thompson, Steven Hayworth, Jennifer Gallagher, Miquela Ibrao, Molly Tovar

Journal on Race, Inequality, and Social Mobility in America

In the United States, high incidences of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, depression, anxiety, and stress affect large portions of the population. One way to prevent, manage, and protect against these health-related difficulties is to maintain a healthy diet. To accomplish this, people can turn to traditional Native American foods, which are minimally processed, locally produced, nutrient-dense, and low in trans-fat. This study examined health awareness outcomes from the Hunt. Fish. Gather. (H.F.G.) program, a Native American cuisine program seeking to increase awareness of traditional Native foods with a focus on mind, body, spirit, and environment. Upon completion ...


Prevalence Of Prediabetes, Diabetes, And Its Associated Risk Factors Among Males In Saudi Arabia: A Population-Based Survey, Khaled K. Aldossari, Abdulrahman Aldiab, Jamaan M. Al-Zahrani, Sameer H. Al-Ghamdi, Mohammed Abdelrazik, Mohammed Ali Batais, Sundas Javad, Shanila Nooruddin, Hira Abdul Razzak, Ashraf El-Metwally Apr 2018

Prevalence Of Prediabetes, Diabetes, And Its Associated Risk Factors Among Males In Saudi Arabia: A Population-Based Survey, Khaled K. Aldossari, Abdulrahman Aldiab, Jamaan M. Al-Zahrani, Sameer H. Al-Ghamdi, Mohammed Abdelrazik, Mohammed Ali Batais, Sundas Javad, Shanila Nooruddin, Hira Abdul Razzak, Ashraf El-Metwally

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Objectives: The study aims at determining the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes and at ascertaining some concomitant risk factorsamong males in Saudi Arabia.
Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study including 381 Saudi adult males from different institutions was recruited. Odds ratios for diabetes risk and risk factors were calculated using log-binomial and multinomial logistic regression, using STATA version 12.
Results: The participants included 381 diabetic males with a median age of 45 years, average body mass index of 25 ± 40 kg/m2, whereas waist circumferences ranged from 66 to 180 cm in the male study population. In addition, 27.82 ...


Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes Is Caused By Islet Loss And Inflammation, Nathaniel J. Hart, Jenny Aurielle B. Babon, Megan E. Denicola, Sally C. Kent, Alvin C. Powers Apr 2018

Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes Is Caused By Islet Loss And Inflammation, Nathaniel J. Hart, Jenny Aurielle B. Babon, Megan E. Denicola, Sally C. Kent, Alvin C. Powers

Open Access Articles

Cystic fibrosis-related (CF-related) diabetes (CFRD) is an increasingly common and devastating comorbidity of CF, affecting approximately 35% of adults with CF. However, the underlying causes of CFRD are unclear. Here, we examined cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) islet expression and whether the CFTR participates in islet endocrine cell function using murine models of beta cell CFTR deletion and normal and CF human pancreas and islets. Specific deletion of CFTR from murine beta cells did not affect beta cell function. In human islets, CFTR mRNA was minimally expressed, and CFTR protein and electrical activity were not detected. Isolated CF/CFRD ...


Primary Care-Ot For Older African Americans With Diabetes And Mild Cognitive Impairment: Intervention Approaches And Case Stories, Catherine Verrier Piersol, Phd, Otr/L, Faota, Susan Santalucia, Ms, Otr/L, Michele Rifkin, Mhsed, Otr/L, Barry Rovner, Md, Robin Casten, Phd, Neva White, Np, Crnp, Cde Apr 2018

Primary Care-Ot For Older African Americans With Diabetes And Mild Cognitive Impairment: Intervention Approaches And Case Stories, Catherine Verrier Piersol, Phd, Otr/L, Faota, Susan Santalucia, Ms, Otr/L, Michele Rifkin, Mhsed, Otr/L, Barry Rovner, Md, Robin Casten, Phd, Neva White, Np, Crnp, Cde

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Purpose:

To test the efficacy of a collaborative intervention to lower hemoglobin A1c levels (HbA1c) in older African Americans with Type 2 diabetes (DM), Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), and suboptimal medication adherence and glycemic control.

Aims:

  1. To reduce HbA1c level by 0.5% at 6 and 12 months.
  2. To increase MEMS-measured adherence to an oral DM medication at 6 and 12 months.

Hypotheses:

  1. Fifty-five percent of intervention participants, compared to 25% of control participants, will have a reduction in HbA1c of 0.5% at 6 months (short term effect) and 12 months (maintenance effect).
  2. The Primary Care-Occupational Therapy intervention will ...


Identifying Motivators And Barriers For Wellness Programs To Inform Recruitment And Retention Of Diabetes Prevention Programs (Dpps), Beenish Kamran, Kate Beatty, Leighanne Hurst, Deborah L. Slawson Apr 2018

Identifying Motivators And Barriers For Wellness Programs To Inform Recruitment And Retention Of Diabetes Prevention Programs (Dpps), Beenish Kamran, Kate Beatty, Leighanne Hurst, Deborah L. Slawson

Appalachian Student Research Forum

Obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) has increased greatly in incidence in the United States over the past decade. Diagnosis of T2DM is typically preceded by insulin resistance, which is typically indicated by increases in fasting blood sugar and called pre-diabetes. The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is a group-based program focused on improving diet and maintaining consistent exercise towards a lower body weight. It has been found that minimum weight loss and 150 minutes of moderate exercise is more effective at preventing T2DM than medication-based treatment. Therefore, the DPP has potential in preventing T2DM however currently faces obstacles concerning recruitment ...


Abstracts From The 24th Annual Health Care Systems Research Network Conference, April 11–13, 2018, Minneapolis, Minnesota Apr 2018

Abstracts From The 24th Annual Health Care Systems Research Network Conference, April 11–13, 2018, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Founded in 1994, the Health Care Systems Research Network (HCSRN) is a consortium of 18 research centers that are housed in community-based health systems. The organization's annual conference serves as a venue for research teams to disseminate scientific findings, stimulate new collaborations, and share insights about conducting research in real-world care-delivery settings. Abstracts accepted for presentation at HCSRN 2018 are published within this supplement of the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews.


School Nurses’ Experience Of Barriers To Care In Children With Type 1 Diabetes, Eden Joseph Donahue Apr 2018

School Nurses’ Experience Of Barriers To Care In Children With Type 1 Diabetes, Eden Joseph Donahue

Doctoral Projects

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to gather data on the lived-experience of providing and coordinating type 1 diabetes care in the school setting from school nurses who practice in California. Methodology: A descriptive phenomenological qualitative study design was used to collect data through structured interviews with 13 school nurses. Descriptive coding was used to analyze the interview data. Findings: School nurses face multiple barriers to care when providing type 1 diabetes care in the school setting. The three major themes school nurses encountered were difficulty with care coordination, communication, and parents.


Culturally Sensitive Diabetic Group Education, Kelly Marie Flores Apr 2018

Culturally Sensitive Diabetic Group Education, Kelly Marie Flores

Doctoral Projects

This study assessed the effectiveness of a culturally sensitive type 2 diabetes group education program delivered to Hispanic women in Merced County. Design: A pre-test post-test design. Purposeful sampling was used. Fifteen Hispanic women from a Merced County outpatient clinic were invited to participate in a culturally relevant group education workshop over a 6-week period. Four (N=4) women accepted the invitation, completed the educational workshop, and participated in the assessments. Topics discussed in the education sessions included: (1) diabetic diet, (2) exercise, (3) blood sugar monitoring, (4) medication, and (5) preventative health. A knowledge check was completed by the ...