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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Burnout, Depression And Suicide Prevention In Healthcare Staff, April Ritchie Dec 2019

Burnout, Depression And Suicide Prevention In Healthcare Staff, April Ritchie

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Burnout can lead to depression and suicidal ideation in healthcare providers. Healthcare leaders must proactively identify staff experiencing burnout and offer interventions for staff wellbeing, which will also, reduce errors, improve patient satisfaction, and patient outcomes. This manuscript provides a review of evidence-based interventions that can help accomplish these goals.


Risk For Maternal Infant Bonding Reduction In High Risk Deliveries And The Recovery Phases, Amanda M. Karimi May 2019

Risk For Maternal Infant Bonding Reduction In High Risk Deliveries And The Recovery Phases, Amanda M. Karimi

Nursing Undergraduate Work

Bonding is one of the first developmental tasks for infants and is imperative for successful growth. The bonding phase begins in the periods immediately following birth. Complications that inhibit bonding postpartum may delay this process. Breastfeeding barriers, maternal substance abuse, and poor maternal mental health are among the contributing factors to delayed bonding. The purpose of this research study was to answer the question, “What best practiced nursing interventions assist mothers to promote bonding with the newborn after high risk deliveries?” This research review included a sample size of 10 articles which provided a variety of interventions to promote bonding ...


Nursing Interventions That Address Barriers In The United States That Impact Neonatal Mortality, Victoria D. Sullivan, Ashton J. White May 2019

Nursing Interventions That Address Barriers In The United States That Impact Neonatal Mortality, Victoria D. Sullivan, Ashton J. White

Nursing Undergraduate Work

In 2016, four out of every 1000 babies born in the US died within one month of age. This systematic research review explored nursing interventions that addressed barriers that impact neonatal mortality. The most significant barriers nurses faced in reducing and preventing NM were maternal access to healthcare and education during pregnancy, which can be influenced by maternal age, low socioeconomic status, lack of familial support, poor health literacy, and geographic location. The articles examined included nursing interventions that were evidence-based and addressed barriers relating to NM. Interventions promoting the reduction of NM included education of women’s health and ...


Postpartum Depression Interventions, Maggie Brown, Corrie Vanarsdale May 2019

Postpartum Depression Interventions, Maggie Brown, Corrie Vanarsdale

Nursing Undergraduate Work

PPD affects up to 19% of women worldwide. Possible behavioral changes include poor child outcomes, altered mother-infant bond, and even abuse of the child by the mother. The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize current research to answer the question, what nursing interventions best treat postpartum depression affecting mothers of low SES in developed countries. The methodology included 10 articles in research of interventions related to sleep, exercise, and social support. Of these interventions in the discussion, exercise is the most effective. Peer support increases maternal mood and likelihood of seeking professional help. Volunteer support is effective if ...


Lightning Talk: Can This Be Redacted? Developing An Institutional Repository And Addressing Privacy Issues, Pamela Pierce Apr 2019

Lightning Talk: Can This Be Redacted? Developing An Institutional Repository And Addressing Privacy Issues, Pamela Pierce

Digital Initiatives Symposium

“Can This Be Redacted? Developing an Institutional Repository and Addressing Privacy Issues” will explore privacy issues in terms of patient health information that have emerged as Oregon Health & Science University expands their institutional repository beyond theses and dissertations. The lighting talk presentation will focus specifically on student projects from the physician assistant program, School of Nursing, and the Northwest Native American Center, a center specifically focused on the health care needs of Native Americans in the U.S. The impact of a migration out of Bepress and into Samvera will also be discussed.


The Relationship Of Age, Ethnicity, Parity, And Awareness Of The Midwife’S Role In Selection Of Pregnancy Care Provider In Childbearing Age Women, Marquida Morgan Mar 2019

The Relationship Of Age, Ethnicity, Parity, And Awareness Of The Midwife’S Role In Selection Of Pregnancy Care Provider In Childbearing Age Women, Marquida Morgan

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Birthing centers inside hospitals may offer women the choice of a pregnancy care provider. Mothers can choose either a physician or a midwife. The rise of birthing centers is parallel to the rise in the demand for midwives. It is essential for the continuous growth of midwives to examine the maternal selection process of pregnancy care providers.

Objectives: The object of the descriptive survey study was examining age, ethnicity, parity, and the awareness of the midwife’s role influence on a woman’s selection of pregnancy care provider. This information would provide midwives with a framework to understand ...


Photo-Voice As A Reflexive Method, Nan Stevens Feb 2019

Photo-Voice As A Reflexive Method, Nan Stevens

Teaching Practices Colloquium

Photo-voice is rapidly becoming a popular and accepted research method in the social sciences (Holm, 2008). Developed by Wang and Burris (1994), Photo-voice is a participatory method through which research participants identify and represent their lived experiences and contexts through the use of photo imagery. Reavey and Johnson (2013) claim that visual methods “hand over agency to the participants (p. 302). Participants are provided cameras or electronic devices to document images that resonate for them (consciously or unconsciously). Participants then share verbal associations about the photos in order to communicate feelings, ideas, and information about personal and community relationships, issues ...


Comprehensive Trauma-Informed Care For The Whole Community: The Whole Child Initiative Model, Gregory J. Benner Ph.D. Feb 2019

Comprehensive Trauma-Informed Care For The Whole Community: The Whole Child Initiative Model, Gregory J. Benner Ph.D.

Educational Considerations

The Whole Child Initiative (WCI) is a decade-long blueprint for sustainable and comprehensive community-wide change. To be successful, community-wide sustainable change must embrace a common vision, language, and common experiences to bridge the contrasting community structures, environments, and scopes of work. The Whole Child Initiative uses data, shared goals, and aligned supports ensure that every youth is safe, supported, engaged, healthy, and challenged in the community-at-large. We make the case that a population health or public health approach is needed to sustainable change in communities and the WCI model is described. Among other important outcomes, researchers have found social and ...


How Can Nurses Drive Technologies Of Healthcare In The Asia-Pacific, Joseph Andrew T. Pepito, Rozzano C. Locsin Feb 2019

How Can Nurses Drive Technologies Of Healthcare In The Asia-Pacific, Joseph Andrew T. Pepito, Rozzano C. Locsin

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

The Asia-Pacific healthcare industry is expected to grow at 11.1% in 2018. This has been considered one of the fastest growing regions in the world. The positive growth occurring in the Asia-Pacific region is due to the increasing adoption of technology. While it is understood that technology drives advances in nursing and the health sciences, would it be possible that nursing can or will also drive technological advancements in human caring? All too often, nurses are employed in health care as simply the end-users of technologies. It is the purpose of this paper to engage a discourse towards advancing ...


The Use Of Social Media And Mema Technology In Comparing Compliance Rate Among Users, Reimund Serafica, Nada Lukkahatai, Brendan Tran Morris, Kelly Webber Feb 2019

The Use Of Social Media And Mema Technology In Comparing Compliance Rate Among Users, Reimund Serafica, Nada Lukkahatai, Brendan Tran Morris, Kelly Webber

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Compliance can be defined as the extent to which a person's behavior corresponds with agreed recommendations. Within the context of lifestyle intervention, this may refer to physical activity, diet modifications, or lifestyle intervention program attendance or attrition For lifestyle intervention programs to be successful (as measured against a variety of health and lifestyle markers), it is crucial for individuals to comply as best they can to the recommendations or instructions provided by the researchers. Those who disengage prematurely are likely to have poorer treatment outcomes. Hence, a better understanding and an added component, such as engagement, is vital to ...


Facilitators And Barriers To Being Physically Active In A Rural Hawai’I Community: A Photovoice Perspective, Siosaia F. Hafoka, Sara J. Carr Feb 2019

Facilitators And Barriers To Being Physically Active In A Rural Hawai’I Community: A Photovoice Perspective, Siosaia F. Hafoka, Sara J. Carr

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

A large body of existing literature suggests associations between perceptions of the environment and physical activity status, but very few studies have examined perceptions among Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHPI) communities. The purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of the active living environment in Hawaiʻi in rural communities with a high proportion of NHPI. A total of thirteen adults were purposefully selected to participate in the study, and the Photovoice method was used to capture their perceptions. Three sessions were used to describe the purpose of the study, select and describe photographs, and identify emerging themes. A ...


Health-Assistive Smart Homes For Aging In Place: Leading The Way For Integration Of The Asian Immigrant Minority Voice, Connie Kim Yen Nguyen-Truong, Roschelle L. Fritz Feb 2019

Health-Assistive Smart Homes For Aging In Place: Leading The Way For Integration Of The Asian Immigrant Minority Voice, Connie Kim Yen Nguyen-Truong, Roschelle L. Fritz

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Caring for America’s aging population is a complex humanitarian issue. The number of older adults is expected to increase to 98.5 million by 2060 with a 295% growth in foreign-born older adults, including Asian immigrants. Most older adults will have one or more chronic conditions and 95% of healthcare costs will be attributed to caring for these conditions. Among Asian Americans, common chronic conditions include respiratory disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and pain. The National Institutes of Health, Institute on Aging, and National Science Foundation call for innovative technologies to be developed by multidisciplinary teams to address these concerns ...


Exploring Challenges In Conducting E-Mental Health Research Among Asian American Women, Andrew Thomas Reyes, Rose E. Constantino, Rogelio A. Arenas, Judzia N. Bombard, Alvin Ryan Acupan Feb 2019

Exploring Challenges In Conducting E-Mental Health Research Among Asian American Women, Andrew Thomas Reyes, Rose E. Constantino, Rogelio A. Arenas, Judzia N. Bombard, Alvin Ryan Acupan

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

In this discussion paper, we explore the challenges of conducting e-mental health intervention research among Asian American women and propose a model for addressing these barriers. Based on an extensive literature review, we identify two main types of barriers to conducting e-mental health intervention research among Asian American women: recruitment barriers and adherence barriers. Recruitment barriers are further subcategorized into those related to (1) stigmatized cultural beliefs about mental illness and mental health services; (2) lack of awareness about mental health services; and (3) language barrier. As to adherence barriers, the two identified subtypes concern (1) acuity and severity of ...


Introduction To Special Issue: Asian / Pacific Island Technology And Health, Reimund Serafica Feb 2019

Introduction To Special Issue: Asian / Pacific Island Technology And Health, Reimund Serafica

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Nurses are masters at multitasking—that is performing several nursing interventions simultaneously during a patient encounter. While the new technologies such as smart pumps, bar-code medication, administration systems, electronic health records (EHRs), wearables, and smartphones being introduced into our practice environments are designed to increases efficiency, promote safety, and streamline the work of nursing, we also need to see what is current and emerging in the research arena. We need to continue to seek new evidence-based practice to care effectively for the Asian/Pacific Islander populations and promote a healing environment while incorporating the advantages and efficiencies that technologies provide


Patterns And Outcomes Of Paediatric Trauma At A Tertiary Teaching Hospital In Kenya, Anthony Ndung'u, Jared Sun, Joan Musau, Eunice Ndirangu Feb 2019

Patterns And Outcomes Of Paediatric Trauma At A Tertiary Teaching Hospital In Kenya, Anthony Ndung'u, Jared Sun, Joan Musau, Eunice Ndirangu

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Introduction: Trauma continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality especially in the paediatric population of low- and middle-income countries such as Kenya. The aim of this study was to establish the profile and outcomes of admitted paediatric trauma cases at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi.

Methods: This retrospective, descriptive study involved a 12-month chart review (January 2016–December 2016). A total of 218 records were identified of which 144 were reviewed.

Results: Most injuries were amongst boys (65.3%) and the very young (mean age 6), occurred in private residences (42.4% homes, 25.7% residential ...


A Narrative Inquiry Of Associate Degree Nursing Students' Stories About Their Experience Of Academic Misconduct, Bridget Anne Maley Feb 2019

A Narrative Inquiry Of Associate Degree Nursing Students' Stories About Their Experience Of Academic Misconduct, Bridget Anne Maley

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Academic misconduct is a growing national and global concern. There is a paucity of literature on academic misconduct in nursing. Among the research studies that have been conducted, all but one were quantitative. The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of Associate Degree (AD) nursing students’ experiences with academic misconduct during their nursing education. This study utilized the qualitative method of narrative inquiry to address the research question: What are the stories of Associate Degree nursing students with academic misconduct experiences during their nursing education? This sample included five volunteer research participants who were current associate ...


Nurse-Identified Patient Care And Health Services Research Priorities In The United Arab Emirates: A Delphi Study, Nabeel Al-Yateem, Muna Al-Tamimi, Maria Brenner, Hanan Al Tawil, Alaa Ahmad, Sharon Brownie, Shameran Slewa-Younan Jan 2019

Nurse-Identified Patient Care And Health Services Research Priorities In The United Arab Emirates: A Delphi Study, Nabeel Al-Yateem, Muna Al-Tamimi, Maria Brenner, Hanan Al Tawil, Alaa Ahmad, Sharon Brownie, Shameran Slewa-Younan

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: The need for improved research on ill health has been recognized internationally and locally in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The UAE Nursing and Midwifery Council recently committed to enhancing the status and contributions of nursing in healthcare research across the UAE by establishing a National Committee for Research Development. This study using a Delphi method to identify research priorities from the perspective of nurses delivering frontline healthcare.

Methods: A two-phase Delphi design was implemented with 1032 nurses participating in phase one of the study and 1339 in phase two.

Results: The most important priority was patient safety and ...


Limitations Of Sensory Systems (Loss) Assessment, Clarissa E. Steffen Ed.D. Jan 2019

Limitations Of Sensory Systems (Loss) Assessment, Clarissa E. Steffen Ed.D.

Faculty Scholarship

This checklist is designed to assess the degree of loss in families with children who experience sensory system impairments and in specific issues with limitations to insight and awareness of self and others. There are 100 items in the checklist and the lower the score the higher degree of loss experienced. This is a pilot paper for this assessment of losses experienced within families who have children with sensory limitations, and it is designed to gather input on the following factors.

Construct, Trait, Skills or Competency

Primary Factor

  • Integrative Reason

Insight, awareness, clarity of thought

  • Eco-System Development

Individuation, environmental ...


Collaborative Care Best Practices Model (Ccbpm) Development For Nursing And Occupational Therapy Assistant Interprofessional Simulation, Carrie M. O'Reilly, Lisa P. Simmons, Mary L. Romanello Jan 2019

Collaborative Care Best Practices Model (Ccbpm) Development For Nursing And Occupational Therapy Assistant Interprofessional Simulation, Carrie M. O'Reilly, Lisa P. Simmons, Mary L. Romanello

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

The use of simulation as a teaching and learning stratagem is well supported in the professional literature. The development of a collaborative care best practices model (CCBPM) was undertaken to help the creation and implementation of an interprofessional education (IPE) learning strategy between occupational therapy assistant (OTA) and pre-licensure nursing students at a private liberal arts college. The project goals and outcomes involved faculty development, CCBPM development, and OTA and nursing novice student competency acquisition in their respective professions. Twenty-three students (10 OTA and 13 nursing) completed the IPE learning simulation exercise. A mixed-method approach to data analysis was used ...


School Of Nursing News, Georgia Southern University Jan 2019

School Of Nursing News, Georgia Southern University

Nursing, School of - News

  • Bouthillet Named 2019 American Association of Nurse Practitioners State Award for Excellence


Comparison Of Emla And Diclofenac On Reduction Of Pain And Phlebitis Caused By Peripheral Iv Catheter: A Randomized-Controlled Trial Study, Faezeh Babaieasl, Hossein Y. Yarandi, Seyedehtanaz Saeidzadeh, Motahareh Kheradmand Jan 2019

Comparison Of Emla And Diclofenac On Reduction Of Pain And Phlebitis Caused By Peripheral Iv Catheter: A Randomized-Controlled Trial Study, Faezeh Babaieasl, Hossein Y. Yarandi, Seyedehtanaz Saeidzadeh, Motahareh Kheradmand

Nursing Faculty Research Publications

Peripheral venous catheters (PVC) are often used to provide hydration, medications, and blood products when the length of therapy is expected to be less that one week. Pain and phlebitis are frequent complications of PVC. Diclofenac and EMLA have been used to minimize these adverse effects, however, conflicting results have been reported regarding which has better outcomes. This double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the efficacy of EMLA and Diclofenac (TDP) in attenuating PVC pain and phlebitis. The inpatient setting was chosen because of the higher frequency of PVC insertions, allowing for a sufficient sample size. One hundred ...


Improving Nurses' Knowledge Of Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection, Misty Cooper Jan 2019

Improving Nurses' Knowledge Of Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection, Misty Cooper

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are usually attributable to suboptimal line insertion, care, or maintenance and are associated with poor patient outcomes. Nursing plays a pivotal role in preventing CLABSI, because nurses are generally responsible for the routine care and maintenance of central lines. The purpose of this project was to determine if CLABSI nursing education and demonstration-based competency could improve nurses' knowledge on a neurology unit as compared to current practice of an annual e-learning module as the sole source of nurse education. This project was informed by Lewin's planned change theory and involved changing behaviors, attitudes, and ...


Development Of Nursing Education For An Observation Unit, Donna Mckinney Jan 2019

Development Of Nursing Education For An Observation Unit, Donna Mckinney

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

As healthcare continues to face scrutiny related to the cost and quality of patient care, organizations are challenged with providing the right care to patients in the right setting. Some healthcare organizations are implementing observation units to provide appropriate care to a specific subset of patients. The purpose of this project was to develop education for nursing staff who will work on the dedicated observation unit and are unfamiliar with the care requirements. Benner's novice-to-expert theory was used as the framework for the project. This theorist posits that nurses transitioning to a new area require new knowledge and skills ...


Nursing Staff Education For Heart Failure Disease Management, Kerri Murphy Jan 2019

Nursing Staff Education For Heart Failure Disease Management, Kerri Murphy

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Heart failure (HF) has a global significance for the older population and is the most common reason for hospitalization. Patients with HF can reduce their risk for hospital readmissions and adverse outcomes through self-management of their disease. Nurses are responsible for educating patients about HF self-management; however, nurses at the project site lacked sufficient understanding and confidence to perform adequate HF patient education, creating a gap in practice. This project was guided by Pender's health promotion model and adult learning theory with the goal to increase nurses' knowledge and confidence with the self-management principles of HF. The purpose of ...


Ua1c11/65 Helen Turner Photo Collection, Wku Archives Jan 2019

Ua1c11/65 Helen Turner Photo Collection, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Photographs of Helen Turner, Kentucky nurse.


Patient Outcomes Associated With Delayed Rapid Response System Activation: A Retrospective Comparative Study, Ricardo Padilla Jan 2019

Patient Outcomes Associated With Delayed Rapid Response System Activation: A Retrospective Comparative Study, Ricardo Padilla

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of the dissertation study was to determine the difference in survival and length of stay (LOS) between patients who experienced a delay in Rapid Response System (RRS) activation and those patients who had no delay.

Rationale: There is evidence to support that the RRS is often not activated in a timely manner potentially leading to negative patient outcomes.

Background: Delaying treatment for in-hospital clinical deterioration has been associated with Serious Adverse Events (SAEs), including increased mortality, protracted LOS during hospitalization, and significant increased financial costs. The RRS was created as a hospital-wide approach to prevent SAEs; however ...


Community Education Through A Stroke Champion Program, Michele Gribko Jan 2019

Community Education Through A Stroke Champion Program, Michele Gribko

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death and primary cause of long-term disability in the United States. Public awareness of stroke symptoms and ability to activate the emergency medical system (EMS) quickly are essential for early treatment. At a large Joint Commission-certified Comprehensive Stroke Center with over 6,000 employees, a stroke champion program that included both clinical and nonclinical volunteers was initiated to determine whether stroke champion volunteers could learn and disseminate information about stroke symptoms and the importance of activating EMS within their community. Roger's diffusion-of- innovation framework was used to design and evaluate the outcome ...


Work Engagement, Job Satisfaction, And Nurse Turnover Intention, Yolanda Marie Edwards-Dandridge Jan 2019

Work Engagement, Job Satisfaction, And Nurse Turnover Intention, Yolanda Marie Edwards-Dandridge

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

In the United States, the high turnover rate of registered nurses and indications of a future shortage of registered nurses is detrimental to healthcare organizations. The purpose of this correlational study was to examine whether, in hospitals, work engagement and job satisfaction predicted registered nurse turnover intention. The theoretical framework was Fishbein and Ajzen's theory of reasoned action. Probability sampling was used to identify 155 participants, all full-time registered nurses with 2 or more years of employment in New York hospitals. Data, obtained from surveys, were analyzed via multiple linear regression. The results revealed that only job satisfaction predicted ...


Validation Of Communication Simulation Scenarios For Nurse Preceptors, Karie Thurston Jan 2019

Validation Of Communication Simulation Scenarios For Nurse Preceptors, Karie Thurston

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

An expectation of the nurse preceptor role includes the ability to evaluate, deliver feedback, and coach new graduate nurses. A gap in nurse preceptors' communication skills can affect the safety-related behaviors and quality of care provided by new graduate nurses, thus affecting patient outcomes. To bridge this gap, robust training on delivering feedback and coaching is needed for preceptors. The purpose of this staff education project was to develop and validate 5 communication simulation scenarios for preceptor training. Mezirow's transformative learning theory and the National League for Nurses-Jeffries simulation theory were used to guide the project. A panel of ...


Exploring Education Needs For Heart Failure Patients' Transition Of Care To Home, Michelle D. Williams Jan 2019

Exploring Education Needs For Heart Failure Patients' Transition Of Care To Home, Michelle D. Williams

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Transitions of care is a model designed to ensure that patients have resources needed to assist them to care for themselves at home after hospital discharge, which helps to decrease preventable adverse events. For people with heart failure (HF) to transition home from the hospital successfully, specific education is needed that is individualized to the disease process, but most patients' educational needs after discharge are unmet. The purpose of this qualitative study, guided by the Meleis middle range theory of transition, was to explore the perspectives of people with HF about their educational needs in order to gather data that ...