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Articles 1 - 30 of 1912

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Integrating The Functional Movement Screen ® Into Strength And Conditioning Programs, Quincy Johnson, Chantel C. Coleman, Timothy Baghurst Apr 2020

Integrating The Functional Movement Screen ® Into Strength And Conditioning Programs, Quincy Johnson, Chantel C. Coleman, Timothy Baghurst

Scholarship in Kinesiology

  • The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS®) and how it can be integrated into strength and conditioning programs of all levels.
  • We utilized current literature and previous FMS ® field experience to develop and recommend approaches for implementing FMS® protocols into strength and conditioning programs.
  • Description of FMS® Movements: The FMS® is a comprehensive biomechanical efficiency screen which is comprised of seven movements that have been deemed fundamental to athletic performance (7). Those movements include the; deep squat, hurdle step, in-line lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight-leg raise, trunk stability push-up, and rotary ...


Emergency Department Testing And Disposition Of Deaf American Sign Language Users And Spanish-Speaking Patients, Jason Rotoli, Timmy Li, Suejong Kim, Tina Wu, Jennifer Hu, Julie Endrizzi, Nathan Garton, Courtney Jones Apr 2020

Emergency Department Testing And Disposition Of Deaf American Sign Language Users And Spanish-Speaking Patients, Jason Rotoli, Timmy Li, Suejong Kim, Tina Wu, Jennifer Hu, Julie Endrizzi, Nathan Garton, Courtney Jones

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Objectives: Non-English speaking patients frequently present to the emergency department (ED) for acute care and may present a challenge to efficient clinical ED management and disposition. This study aimed to assess differences in the disposition and clinical management of Spanish-speaking patients and Deaf American Sign Language (ASL) users, who worked with a certified, in-person interpreter, compared with English proficient patients who did not utilize interpreter services.

Methods: A retrospective study querying electronic medical records was performed at an academic medical center ED. Patients with a chief complaint of abdominal pain were chosen for this study, as this is a common ...


Sleep And Diet In Urban Pregnant African American Women, Erica C. Jansen, Louise M. O'Brien, Gwen L. Alexander, Gayle M. Shipp, Gwendolyn Norman, Kathryn Brogan-Hartlieb, Joseph C. Gardiner, Jean M. Kerver Apr 2020

Sleep And Diet In Urban Pregnant African American Women, Erica C. Jansen, Louise M. O'Brien, Gwen L. Alexander, Gayle M. Shipp, Gwendolyn Norman, Kathryn Brogan-Hartlieb, Joseph C. Gardiner, Jean M. Kerver

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

ABSTRACT

Objective: Sleep disturbances during pregnancy are associated with gestational diabetes and excessive weight gain. Diet could potentially play a role in these relationships, yet examinations of sleep and diet in African American pregnant populations are scarce.

Methods: The study population includes pregnant African American women from Detroit, MI (n=53). At the baseline study visit during late pregnancy, women were surveyed about typical bed and wake times, as well as usual food intake via a dietary screener. Sleep measures examined included time in bed and sleep midpoint (median of going to bed and wake time). Composite dietary measures included ...


Assets And Unmet Needs Of Diverse Older Adults: Perspectives Of Community-Based Service Providers In Minnesota, Hayley R. Mccarron, Alana Wright, Rajean P. Moone, Traci Toomey, Theresa L. Osypuk, Tetyana Shippee Apr 2020

Assets And Unmet Needs Of Diverse Older Adults: Perspectives Of Community-Based Service Providers In Minnesota, Hayley R. Mccarron, Alana Wright, Rajean P. Moone, Traci Toomey, Theresa L. Osypuk, Tetyana Shippee

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

This paper examines assets and unmet needs of diverse older adults and highlights the need for programs and policies that address the social determinants of health. The United States is undergoing an unprecedented demographic shift, becoming increasingly diverse and aging rapidly. Given these changing demographics, it is important to understand the strengths and needs of our diverse population of older adults. This study captures perspectives of diverse service providers who work with older adults in communities, to identify existing assets as well as unmet needs and challenges facing diverse older adults in Minnesota. Qualitative data were collected using key informant ...


Does Patient-Provider Race/Ethnicity Concordance Impact Outcomes For Adults With Lupus?, Pamela C. Delis Phd, Rn, Cne, Inge B. Corless Phd, Rn, Fnap, Faan, Indigo Young Ms, Ccc-Slp, Mary W. Hildebrand Otd,Otr/L, Jessica G. Bell Ms, Amanda Tarbet Mslis Apr 2020

Does Patient-Provider Race/Ethnicity Concordance Impact Outcomes For Adults With Lupus?, Pamela C. Delis Phd, Rn, Cne, Inge B. Corless Phd, Rn, Fnap, Faan, Indigo Young Ms, Ccc-Slp, Mary W. Hildebrand Otd,Otr/L, Jessica G. Bell Ms, Amanda Tarbet Mslis

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: Health disparities exist among the 1.5 million Americans with lupus, with women of color bearing higher disease rates and burden. Complex reasons include genetics, comorbidities, and socioeconomics. These factors may lead to differences in health-related outcomes in lupus.

Aim: To determine if patient-provider racial/ethnic concordance plays a role in outcomes for adults with lupus.

Method: For this scoping review, the authors searched PubMed Medline and CINAHL using keywords and subject headings for lupus, race or ethnicity, and patient-health professional concordance.

Results: Despite an intentionally broadened search of literature, the authors identified a lack of studies examining the ...


Perceptions And Determinants Of Partnership Trust In The Context Of Community-Based Participatory Research, Arelis Moore De Peralta, Julie Smithwick, Myriam E. Torres Apr 2020

Perceptions And Determinants Of Partnership Trust In The Context Of Community-Based Participatory Research, Arelis Moore De Peralta, Julie Smithwick, Myriam E. Torres

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Trust is difficult to conceptualize and define because of its diverse applications in different disciplines. Historic mistrust between vulnerable communities and researchers based on past adverse experiences can negatively affect the ability to collaborate and conduct effective research with such populations. Community Based-Participatory Research (CBPR) is a collaborative approach to research that can reduce historic mistrust and health disparities among minority populations. Although how trust development occurs in CBPR partnerships has been explored, there is a need to determine how to move from one stage to the next in fostering and maintaining that trust. The present study contributes to this ...


Knowledge, Motivations And Concerns About Participation In Breast Cancer Clinical Trials In Puerto Rico, Marinilda Rivera-Díaz, Angélica N. García-Romero, Alelí M. Ayala-Marín, Camille Vélez-Alamo, Adrianna I. Acevedo-Fontánez, Mariana Arévalo, Vivian Colón-López Apr 2020

Knowledge, Motivations And Concerns About Participation In Breast Cancer Clinical Trials In Puerto Rico, Marinilda Rivera-Díaz, Angélica N. García-Romero, Alelí M. Ayala-Marín, Camille Vélez-Alamo, Adrianna I. Acevedo-Fontánez, Mariana Arévalo, Vivian Colón-López

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Clinical trials (CT) in breast cancer have been crucial for new treatment discoveries. While participation in cancer CT is low, minorities are particularly underrepresented.This study aimed toidentify factors influencing the participation in CTs based on the experiences of Latina breast cancer survivors in Puerto Rico (PR), especially their CT knowledge, motivations, and concerns.Method:Focus groups (FG) were conducted by two social workers and the University of Puerto Rico/MD Anderson Community Health Educator. Participants were stratified into two subgroups: a) women with CT experience and b) those without CT experience. Seven FG were completed among breast cancer survivors ...


Effect Of Poverty Level On The Relationship Between Hyperlipidemia And Cardiorenal Syndrome, Sri K. Banerjee Md, Phd, Raymond Panas, James Diegel, Karen Banerjee Apr 2020

Effect Of Poverty Level On The Relationship Between Hyperlipidemia And Cardiorenal Syndrome, Sri K. Banerjee Md, Phd, Raymond Panas, James Diegel, Karen Banerjee

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Purpose. Elevated cholesterol is known to be associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) independently. Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS), a recently defined syndrome, is characterized by renal failure that is closely interrelated to cardiac dysfunction. The effect of socioeconomic status on cardiorenal syndrome has not been explored in a multi-ethnic population. In this retrospective secondary analysis, the hypothesis was tested if socioeconomic status modifies the effect of hyperlipidemia on CRS.

Methods. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is a cross sectional survey done on the non-institutionalized population of the United States. All patients from the NHANES ...


A Historical And Contemporary Literature Review Of Rejection Sensitivity In Marginalized Populations, Kellyann Garthe, Catherine E. Dingley, Michael J. Johnson Apr 2020

A Historical And Contemporary Literature Review Of Rejection Sensitivity In Marginalized Populations, Kellyann Garthe, Catherine E. Dingley, Michael J. Johnson

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

As healthcare research continues to uncover health disparities in marginalized populations, it is critical to work toward understanding the origin of these disparities. Rejection sensitivity (RS) is a phenomenon that may illuminate reasons that disparities continue to exist. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on RS in marginalized populations, explore outcomes of RS as they relate to interpersonal relationships, valued life goals, and health, and identify gaps in the literature for proposing future research. Titles and abstracts were reviewed yielding 50 articles. Those 50 articles were further reduced to include select articles that focused on marginalized ...


Factors Associated With Prep And Pep Uptake Among The Latinx Population, Santiago Gudiño-Rosales, Melva Thompson-Robinson, Johanna Andrews Apr 2020

Factors Associated With Prep And Pep Uptake Among The Latinx Population, Santiago Gudiño-Rosales, Melva Thompson-Robinson, Johanna Andrews

Calvert Undergraduate Research Awards

Advanced Undergraduate Winner

Uptake of PrEP and PEP amongst LatinX population has been low, despite being a population disproportionately affected by HIV. Systemic barriers and cultural factors affect general LatinX approaches to healthcare and may impact uptake of these medications. The purpose of this study is to assess the factors that are associated with the likelihood to take PrEP and PEP in the LatinX population. In this cross-sectional study, survey data was collected from 169 LatinXs from January - March 2020. Using the Sexual Health Model as the theoretical framework, the survey examined the following four constructs to identify factors associated ...


Nevada’S Secret Killer: Opioid Deaths, Vanessa Marie Booth Apr 2020

Nevada’S Secret Killer: Opioid Deaths, Vanessa Marie Booth

Calvert Undergraduate Research Awards

Emerging Scholars Winner

Presented in this study is an analysis of the Nevada opioid crisis and how a viable solution can impact its severity. It does so in a public policy environment while synthesizing outside sources to support the presented claims. The scope of this study is to present a problem, cause, solution scenario on how to solve this policy problem. This study also takes into consideration Nevada’s current economic state amid the coronavirus (COVID-19). In addition, this analysis also addresses the history behind the opioid epidemic across the United States and how it is impacting Nevada in present ...


Covid-19: Hospital And Intensive Care Unit (Icu) Bed Capacity In The Mountain West, Ember Smith, Kaylie Pattni, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown Apr 2020

Covid-19: Hospital And Intensive Care Unit (Icu) Bed Capacity In The Mountain West, Ember Smith, Kaylie Pattni, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown

Health

Utilizing the Harvard Global Health Institute’s (HGHI) COVID-19 projections, this fact sheet examines the potential hospital and ICU bed shortages in the Mountain West region: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah.


In Vitro And In Vivo Effects Of Flavonoids On Peripheral Neuropathic Pain, Paramita Basu, Arpita Basu Mar 2020

In Vitro And In Vivo Effects Of Flavonoids On Peripheral Neuropathic Pain, Paramita Basu, Arpita Basu

Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

Neuropathic pain is a common symptom and is associated with an impaired quality of life. It is caused by the lesion or disease of the somatosensory system. Neuropathic pain syndromes can be subdivided into two categories: central and peripheral neuropathic pain. The present review highlights the peripheral neuropathic models, including spared nerve injury, spinal nerve ligation, partial sciatic nerve injury, diabetes-induced neuropathy, chemotherapy-induced neuropathy, chronic constriction injury, and related conditions. The drugs which are currently used to attenuate peripheral neuropathy, such as antidepressants, anticonvulsants, baclofen, and clonidine, are associated with adverse side effects. These negative side effects necessitate the investigation ...


Relationship Between Oral Health And Clinical Osteoporosis Among Hospitalized Patients With And Without Diabetes, Kenneth Izoura, Gayle Allenback, Amber Champion, Civon Gewelber, Michael Neubauer Feb 2020

Relationship Between Oral Health And Clinical Osteoporosis Among Hospitalized Patients With And Without Diabetes, Kenneth Izoura, Gayle Allenback, Amber Champion, Civon Gewelber, Michael Neubauer

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Objective: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with poor oral health and osteoporosis (OP). The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between OP, periodontal disease (PD), and other dental and health outcomes in a cohort of hospitalized patients with and without DM. Method: Using a cross-sectional study design, we enrolled consecutive hospitalized patients. We administered a questionnaire to gather demographic information, oral health history, smoking history, and history of OP. We inspected their dentition and reviewed their charts. Data were analyzed using t-tests, chi-square tests, and logistic regression models. Result: Out of 301 patients enrolled, 275 had PD ...


Factors Associated With Referring Close Contacts To An App With Individually-Tailored Vaccine Information, Matthew Z. Dudley, Rupali J. Limaye, Saad B. Omer, Sean T. O'Leary, Mallory K. Ellingson, Christine I. Spina, Sarah E. Brewer, Allison T. Chamberlain, Robert A. Bednarczyk, Fauzia Malik, Paula M. Frew, Daniel A. Salmon Feb 2020

Factors Associated With Referring Close Contacts To An App With Individually-Tailored Vaccine Information, Matthew Z. Dudley, Rupali J. Limaye, Saad B. Omer, Sean T. O'Leary, Mallory K. Ellingson, Christine I. Spina, Sarah E. Brewer, Allison T. Chamberlain, Robert A. Bednarczyk, Fauzia Malik, Paula M. Frew, Daniel A. Salmon

Public Health Faculty Publications

Background: Infants too young to be fully vaccinated are vulnerable to potentially deadly influenza and pertussis infections. The cocooning strategy limits this risk by vaccinating those likely to interact with the infant and mother during this vulnerable time, such as close friends and family members. Distribution of accurate and accessible vaccine information through existing social networks could be an important tool in increasing vaccine confidence and coverage. Methods: We surveyed 1095 pregnant women from diverse prenatal care practices in Georgia and Colorado. These women were surveyed through a mobile app to assess vaccine intentions, attitudes, beliefs, norms, and levels of ...


Hemodynamic And Clinical Effects Of Selexipag In Children With Pulmonary Hypertension, Abraham Rothman, Gabriel Cruz, William N. Evans, Humberto Restrepo Feb 2020

Hemodynamic And Clinical Effects Of Selexipag In Children With Pulmonary Hypertension, Abraham Rothman, Gabriel Cruz, William N. Evans, Humberto Restrepo

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Selexipag is an oral prostacyclin receptor agonist; it was recently approved for use in adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension. The safety and efficacy of selexipag has not yet been determined in the pediatric population. We describe short-term hemodynamic and clinical data with selexipag therapy in four pediatric patients with pulmonary hypertension. We reviewed clinical, echocardiographic, and hemodynamic data. One patient was transitioned from subcutaneous treprostinil to selexipag, and in three patients, selexipag was added as a third agent. Drug dosing was attained empirically based on patient body size. A follow-up catheterization was performed 12–18 months after initiation of selexipag ...


Opioids In The Las Vegas Metro, Elia Del Carmen Solano-Patricio, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown Feb 2020

Opioids In The Las Vegas Metro, Elia Del Carmen Solano-Patricio, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown

Health

In 2014, Nevada was one of 7 states selected to participate in a national policy coalition to reduce prescription drug abuse. As a result, the Nevada Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and the Southern Nevada Health District (SNHD) created a data dashboard to track opioid prescriptions and opioid-involved overdose incidents. This Fact Sheet synthesizes state-level data from the Nevada Opioid Overdose Surveillance Dashboard and focuses on the Las Vegas Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). The data track opioid prescription rates as they correlate to opioid-involved overdose deaths, emergency room visits, and hospitalizations.


Opioids In Nevada, Peter Grema, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown Feb 2020

Opioids In Nevada, Peter Grema, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown

Health

This Fact Sheet presents data from the Washington Post’s Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) database on opioid shipments in the United States and provides information pertaining to Nevada and each of its 17 regions (16 counties and one independent city). This Fact Sheet compares the Washington Post’s opioid shipment data with opioid prescription rates relative to Nevada’s population in 2010.


Mathematical Model Of Atm Activation And Chromatin Relaxation By Ionizing Radiation, Yongfeng Li, Francis A. Cucinotta Feb 2020

Mathematical Model Of Atm Activation And Chromatin Relaxation By Ionizing Radiation, Yongfeng Li, Francis A. Cucinotta

Health Care Administration & Policy Faculty Publications

International Journal of Molecular Sciences


Evaluating The Performance Of The Who International Reference Standard For Osteoporosis Diagnosis In Postmenopausal Women Of Varied Polygenic Score And Race, Qing Wu, Xiangxue Xiao, Yingke Xu Feb 2020

Evaluating The Performance Of The Who International Reference Standard For Osteoporosis Diagnosis In Postmenopausal Women Of Varied Polygenic Score And Race, Qing Wu, Xiangxue Xiao, Yingke Xu

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background: Whether the bone mineral density (BMD) T-score performs differently in osteoporosis classification in women of different genetic profiling and race background remains unclear. Methods: The genomic data in the Women’s Health Initiative study was analyzed (n = 2417). The polygenic score (PGS) was calculated from 63 BMD-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for each participant. The World Health Organization′s (WHO) definition of osteoporosis (BMD T-score ≤ −2.5) was used to estimate the cumulative incidence of fracture. Results: T-score classification significantly underestimated the risk of major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) in the WHI study. An enormous underestimation was observed in African ...


Estimating The Costs And Cost-Effectiveness Of Promoting Mammography Screening Among Us-Based Latinas, Yamilé Molina, Catherine M. Pichardo, Donald L. Patrick, Scott D. Ramsey, Sonia Bishop, Shirley A.A. Beresford Phd, Gloria Coronado Feb 2020

Estimating The Costs And Cost-Effectiveness Of Promoting Mammography Screening Among Us-Based Latinas, Yamilé Molina, Catherine M. Pichardo, Donald L. Patrick, Scott D. Ramsey, Sonia Bishop, Shirley A.A. Beresford Phd, Gloria Coronado

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Purpose: We characterize the costs and cost-effectiveness of a community health worker (CHW)-based intervention to promote screening mammography among US-based non-adherent Latinas.

Methods: The parent study was a randomized controlled trial for 536 Latinas aged 42-74 years old who had sought care within a safety net health center in Western Washington. Participants were block-randomized within clinic to the control arm (usual care) or intervention arm (CHW-led motivational interviewing intervention). We used the perspective of the organization implementing promotional activities to characterize costs and cost-effectiveness. Cost data were categorized as program set-up and maintenance (initial training, booster/annual training) program ...


Discrimination, Coping, And Depression Among Black Men Who Have Sex With Men, Andre L. Brown, Jordan Sang, Leigh Bukowski, Steven Meanley, Byron D. Brooks, Cristian Chandler Feb 2020

Discrimination, Coping, And Depression Among Black Men Who Have Sex With Men, Andre L. Brown, Jordan Sang, Leigh Bukowski, Steven Meanley, Byron D. Brooks, Cristian Chandler

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) have elevated risk for depression compared to the general population. BMSM’s capacity to cope with these experiences is not well understood. Increased understanding of how multiple forms of discrimination contribute to depression and how BMSM cope with discrimination can better inform interventions. Data come from 3,510 BMSM who attended Black Pride events in six U.S. cities from 2015-2017. Participants completed a health survey that ascertained their psychosocial health and resiliency profiles. Using multivariable logistic regression models, we tested the associations between type-specific discrimination (race, sexuality, HIV status) and depression ...


Improving Community Advisory Board Engagement In Precision Medicine Research To Reduce Health Disparities, Erin Connors, Rebecca Selove, Juan Canedo, Maureen Sanderson, Pamela Hull, Marilyn Adams, Ila Mcdermott, Calvin Barlow, Denice Johns-Porter, Caree Mcafee, Karen Gilliam, Oscar Miller, Nora Cox, Mary Kay Fadden, Stephen King, Hilary Tindle Feb 2020

Improving Community Advisory Board Engagement In Precision Medicine Research To Reduce Health Disparities, Erin Connors, Rebecca Selove, Juan Canedo, Maureen Sanderson, Pamela Hull, Marilyn Adams, Ila Mcdermott, Calvin Barlow, Denice Johns-Porter, Caree Mcafee, Karen Gilliam, Oscar Miller, Nora Cox, Mary Kay Fadden, Stephen King, Hilary Tindle

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Community Advisory Boards (CABs) are used in efforts to reduce health disparities; however, there is little documentation in the literature regarding their use in precision medicine research. In this case study, an academic-CAB partnership developed a questionnaire and patient educational materials for two precision smoking cessation interventions that involved use of genetic information. The community-engaged research (CEnR) literature provided a framework for enhancing benefits to CAB members involved in developing research documents for use with a low-income, ethnically diverse population of smokers. The academic partners integrated three CEnR strategies: 1) in-meeting statements acknowledging their desire to learn from community partners ...


Rural Primary Care And The Diagnostic Resolution Of Abnormal Screening Mammograms: A Mixed Methods Study In Rural Missouri, Jean Hunleth, Julia Maki, Amanda Lee, Aimee James, Rebecca Lobb Feb 2020

Rural Primary Care And The Diagnostic Resolution Of Abnormal Screening Mammograms: A Mixed Methods Study In Rural Missouri, Jean Hunleth, Julia Maki, Amanda Lee, Aimee James, Rebecca Lobb

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Rural health clinics (RHCs) and federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) play a vital role in initiating cancer screening in underserved, rural settings. Yet there is limited information about their involvement in diagnostic tests when a mammogram result is abnormal. Diagnostic resolution of abnormal mammograms varies widely by geographic location and resources, and timely resolution is important for addressing rural-urban cancer disparities. This mixed methods study in a rural region of Missouri with high rates of cancer mortality examined the roles of primary care providers during follow-up after an abnormal mammogram, the processes they used, and the clinic specific variations among ...


The Right To Vote, The Right To Health: Voter Suppression As A Determinant Of Racial Health Disparities, Anna K. Hing Feb 2020

The Right To Vote, The Right To Health: Voter Suppression As A Determinant Of Racial Health Disparities, Anna K. Hing

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Civic participation is beneficial to one’s health. Conversely, being unable to participate, such as being unable to vote, may be detrimental for health. Barriers that prevent voting and civic participation, which constitute voter suppression, disproportionately impact people of color. Therefore, voter suppression may explain intractable racial health disparities. However, few studies have examined the connection between voter suppression and health. In consideration of the frequent, and increasing, reports of voter suppression in recent elections, including the rise in voter identification laws, the reduction in early voting opportunities, and the closing of polling places, the field of public health should ...


Factors Contributing To Domestic Violence Among Hindu Asian Indian Immigrant Women In Allegheny County, Pennsylvania: A Feasibility Study, Chelsea Pallatino, Todd Bear, Martha A. Terry Feb 2020

Factors Contributing To Domestic Violence Among Hindu Asian Indian Immigrant Women In Allegheny County, Pennsylvania: A Feasibility Study, Chelsea Pallatino, Todd Bear, Martha A. Terry

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

While there is research on survivors of domestic violence in India and the United States (U.S.), little is known about the sociocultural factors related to domestic violence among Hindu Asian Indian immigrant women (AIIW) in the U.S. The objectives of this study were to a) test the feasibility of conducting domestic violence research among Hindu AIIW; b) investigate domestic violence prevalence and correlations with other characteristics; and c) test the cultural appropriateness of completed measures on social support, acculturation status, and domestic violence. Over 50% of respondents had experienced abuse, often perpetrated by family. Participants had high levels ...


Accessing Young Black Stroke Survivors For Secondary Prevention, Mellanie V. Springer, James F. Burke, Devin L. Brown, Lesli E. Skolarus Feb 2020

Accessing Young Black Stroke Survivors For Secondary Prevention, Mellanie V. Springer, James F. Burke, Devin L. Brown, Lesli E. Skolarus

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

ABSTRACT

Background- Stroke rates and risk factors may be increasing in young adults aged 18-64, especially black individuals. We sought to identify whether young high risk stroke survivors could be found at community health centers.

Methods- This was a cross-sectional analysis of the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2006-2011. We used chi-square analyses, t-tests, and proportions to compare and describe stroke survivor visits at community health centers and private offices.

Results- Young stroke survivor visits comprise 48% of stroke survivor visits at community health centers compared to 31% of stroke survivor visits at the private office setting. Among young ...


The Effect Of Physician Held Stigmas And Bias On The Health Outcomes Of Patients With Obesity: A Review Of The Literature, Rachel Cohen, Catherine Jones Feb 2020

The Effect Of Physician Held Stigmas And Bias On The Health Outcomes Of Patients With Obesity: A Review Of The Literature, Rachel Cohen, Catherine Jones

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Obesity is a growing epidemic that continues to garner attention throughout healthcare. The goal of this study was to review the literature on physician bias and stigmas surrounding obesity to assess the current state of research on connections between obesity-related stigma and the health outcomes and care of patients with obesity. A specific search string was used to obtain articles via PubMed and psychINFO, yielding 14 studies found that investigate these connections. The studies were categorized into three distinct pathways leading from physician stigma and biases to differing health outcomes of patients with obesity. These three pathways- perceptions, patient interaction ...


A Health Disparity Action Plan: Achieving Equity Through Clinical Trials, Affordable Care, And Professional Development, Daniel Schafer, Shefa Moten, Ayesha Khan, Mauro Ferrari, Boris Lushniak, Edwin Burkett, Asad Moten Feb 2020

A Health Disparity Action Plan: Achieving Equity Through Clinical Trials, Affordable Care, And Professional Development, Daniel Schafer, Shefa Moten, Ayesha Khan, Mauro Ferrari, Boris Lushniak, Edwin Burkett, Asad Moten

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Given the threatened nature of affordable care in the United States, it is crucial to underscore its importance. What is more, the reason such care is so important is the presence of an oft-unacknowledged disparity in access to quality care in this country and, indeed, around the world. A world without health disparities can be achieved and will be characterized by prompt and quality care available to all and at all stages of the care continuum. Further insurance reform is needed beyond the Affordable Care Act, while local care must be more accessible in rural, urban, and other underserved areas ...


Craniofacial Analysis May Indicate Co-Occurrence Of Skeletal Malocclusions And Associated Risks In Development Of Cleft Lip And Palate, Denise K. Liberton, Payal Verma, Konstantinia Almpani, Peter W. Fung, Rashmi Mishra, Snehlata Oberoi, Figen Ç. Şenel, James K. Mah, John Huang, Bonnie L. Padwa, Janice S. Lee Jan 2020

Craniofacial Analysis May Indicate Co-Occurrence Of Skeletal Malocclusions And Associated Risks In Development Of Cleft Lip And Palate, Denise K. Liberton, Payal Verma, Konstantinia Almpani, Peter W. Fung, Rashmi Mishra, Snehlata Oberoi, Figen Ç. Şenel, James K. Mah, John Huang, Bonnie L. Padwa, Janice S. Lee

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

Non-syndromic orofacial clefts encompass a range of morphological changes affecting the oral cavity and the craniofacial skeleton, of which the genetic and epigenetic etiologic factors remain largely unknown. The objective of this study is to explore the contribution of underlying dentofacial deformities (also known as skeletal malocclusions) in the craniofacial morphology of non-syndromic cleft lip and palate patients (nsCLP). For that purpose, geometric morphometric analysis was performed using full skull cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of patients with nsCLP (n = 30), normocephalic controls (n = 60), as well as to sex- and ethnicity- matched patients with an equivalent dentofacial deformity ...