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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Promoting Measles Prevention And Awareness, Elizabeth P. Lanata Jan 2021

Promoting Measles Prevention And Awareness, Elizabeth P. Lanata

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Moderate-Severe Plaque Psoriasis On Patient Well-Being And Prevention Of Flares, Glenn Devera Dec 2020

The Effects Of Moderate-Severe Plaque Psoriasis On Patient Well-Being And Prevention Of Flares, Glenn Devera

Nursing | Senior Theses

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that is indicated by red, patchy and scaly skin that can be painful when irritated. Patients with psoriasis have an increased risk for a number of chronic diseases. Despite the expansion of treatments for moderate-to-severe psoriasis over the last decade, patients may still find that treatment strategies are not as successful, leaving them dissatisfied with their treatments. A relationship built upon trust between the nurse and the patient diagnosed with psoriasis may serve to help ensure optimal care. A comprehensive literature review was performed and found that best practices for patient management need to ...


Apneic Oxygenation: An Adjunctive Therapy For Laryngoscopy During Anesthesia Induction, Yaro Hoffman Oct 2020

Apneic Oxygenation: An Adjunctive Therapy For Laryngoscopy During Anesthesia Induction, Yaro Hoffman

Doctoral Projects

Endotracheal intubation is an essential component within the skill set of anesthesia providers. Rapid arterial desaturation remains a primary risk factor during laryngoscopy and intubation. The risk for hypoxemia exists because during endotracheal intubation, patients are apneic or hypo-ventilating (Wong et al., 2017). Apneic oxygenation (AO) has been advocated to attenuate hypoxemia during endotracheal intubation (Pavlov et al., 2017).

The aim of this project was to assess for any knowledge deficits regarding AO among anesthesia providers and assess the willingness of these providers to include AO into their current practice. The project investigator conducted an education session involving the evidence-based ...


Exploration Of Physician Attitudes About Self-Care And Personal Mental Health: Possible Barriers To Physician Well Being, Candich Farrar Jun 2020

Exploration Of Physician Attitudes About Self-Care And Personal Mental Health: Possible Barriers To Physician Well Being, Candich Farrar

Dissertations

The present study was designed to examine physicians’ mental health, attitudes, and behaviors toward self-care and the utilization of mental health services. As the medical field can be very demanding and exhausting, it is believed that many physicians suffer from mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression. However, it was theorized that many physicians do not engage in adequate self-care regimes or seek support and suppress their symptoms, which may further exacerbate their illnesses. A thorough literature review was performed to explore the following: possible barriers to physicians seeking mental health services to address high rates of mental illnesses, physicians ...


Factors Predicting Sustainability: A Correlational Study Of One Multi-Site Program, Meredith L. King Jensen Jun 2020

Factors Predicting Sustainability: A Correlational Study Of One Multi-Site Program, Meredith L. King Jensen

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Healthcare organizations invest significant economic, physical, and human resources to implement changes and expect sustained benefits for their investments in the long term. The primary aim of the study was to gain a better understanding of sustainability and five factors (champions, leadership support, policy, resources, and training and education) that might predict long-term sustainability within the context of one Safe Patient Handling and Mobility (SPHM) program implemented in a large, nationwide system more than 7 years ago. The secondary aim was to examine the number of nursing staff injuries, the most notable positive outcome of the program immediately post implementation ...


Assisting Children With Velocardiofacial Syndrome Who Have Developmental Disabilities And Delays Associated With Speech, Communication, And Education, Mckenzie K. Holty May 2020

Assisting Children With Velocardiofacial Syndrome Who Have Developmental Disabilities And Delays Associated With Speech, Communication, And Education, Mckenzie K. Holty

Honors Thesis

Children with velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) have a variety of complex needs. Research shows that VCFS is characterized by a combination of medical problems, developmental delays, and learning disabilities, which vary from child to child. This syndrome also puts adolescents at a higher risk for developing psychiatric and psychotic disorders. The complexity of symptoms that can arise from VCFS can influence the ability of these children to communicate, socialize, and learn effectively. This literature review aims to discuss literature for caregivers, educators, and physicians to aid children effectively and understand their challenges relating to speech, communication, and education. This topic is ...


Unplugging: An Evidence-Based Project To Reduce Screen Time And Improve Healthy Media Use In The Adolescent Population, Erica Persichetti May 2020

Unplugging: An Evidence-Based Project To Reduce Screen Time And Improve Healthy Media Use In The Adolescent Population, Erica Persichetti

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Background:Excessive media use is an emerging health concern amongst the pediatric population. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends less than 2 hours per day of recreational screen time, yet the national average is between 7 to 9 hours per day for adolescents. A media-saturated lifestyle has consequences on a child’s mental, physical, and emotional health. Despite guidelines stating media use should be assessed at annual well-visits, only 16% of providers are following this recommendation. This gap in care leaves many families with a limited understanding of the impact of media on their child's health and ...


Effectiveness Of Splinting In Adults With Radial Nerve Palsy, Laurel Jeanette Pitman, Logan Buckner, Logan Stem, Sarah Grace Rogers, Emylee Williams May 2020

Effectiveness Of Splinting In Adults With Radial Nerve Palsy, Laurel Jeanette Pitman, Logan Buckner, Logan Stem, Sarah Grace Rogers, Emylee Williams

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The final portfolio contains 5 research articles from national and international journals. The study designs included in this portfolio are one small-scale RTC, one retrospective pretest posttest design, and three case studies. The studies included help answer our PICO question and help draw conclusions about how to care for adults with radial nerve palsy in regards to splinting. Three of the articles compared static splinting and dynamic splinting in regards to improvements in hand function. Two of the articles focused on dynamic splinting as a means of treatment for adults with radial nerve palsy.


Fall Prevention Assessment In The Intermediate Care Patient Population, Dawn Rose May 2020

Fall Prevention Assessment In The Intermediate Care Patient Population, Dawn Rose

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Fall Prevention Assessment in the Intermediate Care Patient Population

Falls cause greater than 600,000 deaths per year and are the most common injury in people over 65 years of age. Fall prevention in the acute care setting has been identified as key goal in the most recent JCAHO review process. Falls on an intermediary care unit lead to an increased rate of morbidity, delayed discharge, and excess cost expenditure.

Even with appropriate evidence-based tools in place, Hospital A’s intermediate care unit, recorded an increased rate of falls; the highest rate in its health care system. An investigation identified ...


Infant Massage And Bonding, Aly Blumenberg, Samantha Davis, Ali Graham, Rachel Medina, Emily Rayder May 2020

Infant Massage And Bonding, Aly Blumenberg, Samantha Davis, Ali Graham, Rachel Medina, Emily Rayder

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

This project aims to appraise evidence of the effectiveness of infant massage for increasing social-emotional bonding. In our research, we focused on two studies considered Level I evidence and three studies considered Level II evidence. Study designs include quasi-experimental and randomized controlled trials. Strong evidence supports that infant massage increases social-emotional bonding and attachment. Based on the evidence, implementation varied from once per day for 10 minutes to 2-3 times per day for 15 minutes. It is recommended to use infant massage in an acute care setting and in the home to increase social-emotional bonding and attachment.


The Effects Of Dual-Tasking On Fall Risks In Adults With Brain Injury, Kaley Campbell, Anayston Casey, Madison Culpepper, Elizabeth Denton, Katie Morgan May 2020

The Effects Of Dual-Tasking On Fall Risks In Adults With Brain Injury, Kaley Campbell, Anayston Casey, Madison Culpepper, Elizabeth Denton, Katie Morgan

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

Clinical Scenario: Dual-tasking combines both physical and cognitive components into one therapeutic intervention. There has been limited research on the benefits of dual tasking in relation to fall risks in adults with brain injury. Currently, it is common for various therapy interventions to spend the majority of time targeting physical or cognitive components, but not both at once. After appraisal, a total of five articles were used. These included two level I studies involving a high-quality randomized control trial and a meta-analysis, two level II studies that were both small-scale randomized control trials, and one level IV study that was ...


Effects Of Occupational Therapy Intervention In Low Vision, Zach Harrington, Juliana Crossett, Carlie Carter, Baleigh Gooch, Liberty Harris May 2020

Effects Of Occupational Therapy Intervention In Low Vision, Zach Harrington, Juliana Crossett, Carlie Carter, Baleigh Gooch, Liberty Harris

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of this CAT is to investigate therapeutic intervention and its effects for improving independence in occupational performance, overall health, quality of life, and mental health in adults over 40 with acquired low vision. This CAT contains nine peer-reviewed research articles from national journals. Study designs include one randomized controlled trial, seven systematic reviews, and one non-randomized controlled trial. All studies relate directly to the components of our evidence-based practice question and will be used to support further research on the optometry and occupational therapy collaboration. All of the articles specifically describe various interventions used in the low vision ...


Group Therapy Versus Individual Therapy For Older Adults With A Cerebrovascular Accident, Montana R. Bawcum, Jessica Sorrell, Kaleigh Stevens, Caitlyn Strietelmeier, Madeline Young May 2020

Group Therapy Versus Individual Therapy For Older Adults With A Cerebrovascular Accident, Montana R. Bawcum, Jessica Sorrell, Kaleigh Stevens, Caitlyn Strietelmeier, Madeline Young

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of our critically appraised topic is to synthesize the best current evidence regarding the feasibility of group occupational therapy and outcomes related to ADL performance. The final portfolio contains a total of five research articles. Study designs include two pre-post single group designs, two case studies, and one non randomized pilot trial with a control group. All studies related directly to the PICO question and were used to determine best evidence for the feasibility of group therapy of the older adult population in a rehabilitation setting.


Long-Term Functional Effects Of Medulloblastoma Treatments, Serena Khiantani, Pamela Ponce, Bailey Diprima, Sarika Maymoundok, Leah Murray May 2020

Long-Term Functional Effects Of Medulloblastoma Treatments, Serena Khiantani, Pamela Ponce, Bailey Diprima, Sarika Maymoundok, Leah Murray

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

All studies relate directly to components of the evidence-based practice question and were used to understand the possible long-term effects of treatment for clients diagnosed with medulloblastoma cancer. This Critically Appraised Topic (CAT) contains 6 research articles from both national and international journals. Study designs include two cohort studies with a control group, 1 cross sectional study with a control group, 1 retrospective cohort study without a control group, 1 descriptive report on a Randomized Control Trial (RCT), and 1 descriptive study. Through these studies, we found that radiation treatment is associated with impaired IQ and academic achievement and that ...


Senior Scholars Day Slide Presentation, May 2020, Judith A. Savageau May 2020

Senior Scholars Day Slide Presentation, May 2020, Judith A. Savageau

Senior Scholars Program

The fundamental goal of the Senior Scholars Program at the University of Massachusetts Medical School is to increase the medical student’s understanding of scientific methods that can be applied directly to problem-solving skills development and critical thinking. Specific goals of the program include:

1) providing a structured research experience;

2) developing students’ hypothesis-generating skills;

3) providing an opportunity for students considering academic careers; and

4) fostering student-mentor relationships.

The 23 students highlighted on the following slides represent those who completed their project in Academic Year (AY) 2019-2020. For 6 of these students, this work also completes their participation in ...


Knowledge Of Autism Spectrum Disorder In Medical Students And Residents, Laura Katherine Hansen, Tammy D. Barry May 2020

Knowledge Of Autism Spectrum Disorder In Medical Students And Residents, Laura Katherine Hansen, Tammy D. Barry

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Indomethacin Exposure Is Associated With Birthweight In Extremely Preterm Infants: Non-Standard Exposure With Standard Weight-Based Dosing, Bradley C. Stockard May 2020

Indomethacin Exposure Is Associated With Birthweight In Extremely Preterm Infants: Non-Standard Exposure With Standard Weight-Based Dosing, Bradley C. Stockard

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Iv Amiodarone Vs Iv Sotalol For The Use In Postoperative Junctional Ectopic Tachycardia (Jet): A Randomized Study, Tanner Isaacson May 2020

Iv Amiodarone Vs Iv Sotalol For The Use In Postoperative Junctional Ectopic Tachycardia (Jet): A Randomized Study, Tanner Isaacson

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Unusual Echocardiographic Findings Of Myocarditis Mimicking An Aortic Run-Off Lesion, Sarah Studyvin, Barbara A. Pahud, Christine Symes May 2020

Unusual Echocardiographic Findings Of Myocarditis Mimicking An Aortic Run-Off Lesion, Sarah Studyvin, Barbara A. Pahud, Christine Symes

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Heart Rate Recovery Following Exercise Testing In Pediatric Patients With Acyanotic Repaired Congenital Heart Disease, Natalie S. Shwaish May 2020

Heart Rate Recovery Following Exercise Testing In Pediatric Patients With Acyanotic Repaired Congenital Heart Disease, Natalie S. Shwaish

Research Days

No abstract provided.


A Verified Lucid Interval In A Young Victim Of Abusive Head Trauma, Rene Romig May 2020

A Verified Lucid Interval In A Young Victim Of Abusive Head Trauma, Rene Romig

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Risk Of Brain Abscess In The Nonfenestrated Fontan Circulation, Bethany Runkel May 2020

Risk Of Brain Abscess In The Nonfenestrated Fontan Circulation, Bethany Runkel

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Incidental Diagnosis Of Dual Arterial Supply Of The Right Lower Lobe, Christopher Mathis May 2020

Incidental Diagnosis Of Dual Arterial Supply Of The Right Lower Lobe, Christopher Mathis

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Race And Ethnicity Is Associated With Pediatric Unintentional Injuries Requiring Hospitalization, Kristyn Jeffries May 2020

Race And Ethnicity Is Associated With Pediatric Unintentional Injuries Requiring Hospitalization, Kristyn Jeffries

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Ethical Analysis Of Scandals In Congenital Heart Surgery Programs, Ian D. Wolfe May 2020

Ethical Analysis Of Scandals In Congenital Heart Surgery Programs, Ian D. Wolfe

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Isolated Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia: An Unusual Presentation Of Acute Myocarditis, Natalie S. Shwaish May 2020

Isolated Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia: An Unusual Presentation Of Acute Myocarditis, Natalie S. Shwaish

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Justice System Involvement Among Adolescents In The Emergency Department, Vivek Dubey May 2020

Justice System Involvement Among Adolescents In The Emergency Department, Vivek Dubey

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist In Neonates With Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia, Yonatan Kurland May 2020

Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist In Neonates With Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia, Yonatan Kurland

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Novel Prenatal Diagnosis Of Protein C Deficiency And Primary Prophylaxis With Protein C Concentrate: A Case Series, Alexandra Prosser May 2020

Novel Prenatal Diagnosis Of Protein C Deficiency And Primary Prophylaxis With Protein C Concentrate: A Case Series, Alexandra Prosser

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Characteristics Of Low Acuity Unscheduled Transfers To The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Ashley Daniel May 2020

Characteristics Of Low Acuity Unscheduled Transfers To The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Ashley Daniel

Research Days

No abstract provided.