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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Effects And Outcomes Of Different Laboring Positions And The Influence From Societal Norms, Amberlyn Heskett Dec 2022

Effects And Outcomes Of Different Laboring Positions And The Influence From Societal Norms, Amberlyn Heskett

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

Within labor and delivery, every birth is different. Alarmingly, the U.S. has the highest maternal mortality rate, including death during labor, among developed countries (World Health Organization, 2022). Many maternal deaths may be preventable.

In the U.S., the use of forceps, vacuum-assisted birth, episiotomies, and emergency C-sections are common for women during childbirth. Even though some laboring positions may assist birthing more than others, there often is resistance to allowing various positions due to outside influences, including societal norms, hospital management, and healthcare professional training. Women in labor are vulnerable and look to their nurses for support ...


Identifying Cultural Biases And Understanding Health Care Disparities For Lgtbq+ Patients, Jevon Nelson Dec 2022

Identifying Cultural Biases And Understanding Health Care Disparities For Lgtbq+ Patients, Jevon Nelson

Nursing | Senior Theses

Understanding the health disparities within the LGBTQ+ population, will consist of educating Nurses and other healthcare providers cultural competence for this population, along with proposing certain educational training programs for all the medical professionals. There’s not only an implicit bias but also lack in quality of healthcare due to the personal reasons that healthcare providers may have, along with certain stigmas that creates an infringement on healthcare for this specific population. Members of the LGBTQ+ community will continue to have one of the highest amounts of health care disparities due to the lack of cultural incompetence if nothing is ...


The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities In Research (Meteor) Program., Lisa Schwartz, Naomi Luban, Alison Hall, Diane Mcquail, Yolanda Haywood Dec 2022

The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities In Research (Meteor) Program., Lisa Schwartz, Naomi Luban, Alison Hall, Diane Mcquail, Yolanda Haywood

Health Sciences Education Research

PROBLEM: Medical students from groups that are underrepresented in medicine are less likely to pursue careers that incorporate research as compared to their white peers. Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA)-funded institutions encouraged centers to establish short-term, mentored summer research opportunities to motivate students underrepresented in medicine to enroll in medical school and ideally choose a career that incorporates research into their clinical practice.

APPROACH: The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities in Research (METEOR) Program was established in 2012 in partnership with the Clinical and Translational Science Institute at Children's National (CTSI-CN) and The George Washington University (GW ...


Podium Presentation: The Positive Impact Of Attending A Regional Nursing Conference On Master Of Science Students Employed At A Magnet Designated Hospital, Elena M. Ybarra, Crystal Kahlich, Joann Long Jun 2022

Podium Presentation: The Positive Impact Of Attending A Regional Nursing Conference On Master Of Science Students Employed At A Magnet Designated Hospital, Elena M. Ybarra, Crystal Kahlich, Joann Long

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

No abstract provided.


Podium Presentation: Exploring The Lived Experiences Of New Graduate Nurses During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Julie Youn Jun 2022

Podium Presentation: Exploring The Lived Experiences Of New Graduate Nurses During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Julie Youn

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

No abstract provided.


Safe And Effective Prescribing With Dyslexia: A Collaborative Autoethnography, Sebastian C. K. Shaw, Michael Okorie, John L. Anderson Jun 2022

Safe And Effective Prescribing With Dyslexia: A Collaborative Autoethnography, Sebastian C. K. Shaw, Michael Okorie, John L. Anderson

The Qualitative Report

Prescribing medicines is the most common patient-level intervention made by doctors in the United Kingdom. However, this is associated with a potential for harm. Whilst dyslexia can bring many strengths, it also impacts reading and writing abilities and therefore has the potential to contribute to errors in the prescribing process if dyslexic doctors are unsupported. This paper explores the experiences of Seb – regarding prescribing and prescribing education – as a dyslexic medical student and doctor. We hope that this might spark more research on this overlooked issue. This is a collaborative, analytic, autoethnographic study within an interpretivist paradigm. Firstly, Seb wrote ...


Intouch June 20, 2022, New York Medical College Jun 2022

Public Libraries As Community Health Partners, Melinda Hodges Jun 2022

Public Libraries As Community Health Partners, Melinda Hodges

Certified Public Manager® Applied Research

Public libraries are a combination meeting space, educational resource, information repository, and community building organization. As such, they are already positioned to act as a valuable partner in the public health arena. This article researches the basic tenets of public health and identifies areas that public libraries could participate in productively. This article also reviews literature about the potential of public libraries as health partners, as well as what is already being accomplished from the perspective of both library/information sciences and public health studies. This will include the benefits that libraries can bring to public health work and the ...


Patient Versus Employee Perspective On The Climate Of Diversity, Equity, And Inclusion In The Henry Ford Emergency Department, David Asebiode Jun 2022

Patient Versus Employee Perspective On The Climate Of Diversity, Equity, And Inclusion In The Henry Ford Emergency Department, David Asebiode

Medical Student Research Symposium

MSRF Report

Title- Patient Versus Employee Perspective on the Climate of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in the Henry Ford Emergency Department

Abstract

Background- The Emergency department is a unique environment unlike any other within the healthcare system since it is one of the, if not the only department in our current system where patients regardless of their insurance status, socioeconomic status, ability to pay for services rendered are provided high-quality care. As a result, the ED often reflects many of societies' disenfranchised and marginalized populations. This study takes a deep dive into the perspectives of both patients and Employees regarding ...


Perspectives On Telemedicine From A National Study Of Youth In The United States, Margaret Wasvary Jun 2022

Perspectives On Telemedicine From A National Study Of Youth In The United States, Margaret Wasvary

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Telemedicine is increasingly popular with the recent surge in use due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite youth status as "tech natives," limited data are available on their perspectives on telemedicine. Our study seeks to understand youth telemedicine knowledge, prior experiences, preferences for use, and the impact of COVID-19 on these perspectives. Methods: Participants in MyVoice, a national text message cohort of U.S. youth age 14-24, were sent five open-ended questions in October 2019 and October 2020. A codebook was iteratively developed by using inductive analysis. Responses were independently coded by two investigators, with discrepancies resolved by discussion or ...


Learning Communities: Do They Improve Imposter Syndrome And Loneliness Among Medical Students?, Nicole C. White, Sahar Elmenini Jun 2022

Learning Communities: Do They Improve Imposter Syndrome And Loneliness Among Medical Students?, Nicole C. White, Sahar Elmenini

Medical Student Research Symposium

Current literature links imposter syndrome (IS), isolation, and locus of control (LOC). Learning communities (LCs) serve to directly and effectively combat loneliness, feelings of isolation, and better promote students’ wellbeing and success. We hypothesized that those who attend more LC events will score lower on the IS scale and lower on the social loneliness scale. Furthermore, those who scored higher on IS and social loneliness are more likely to have an external LOC. To test this, a survey was sent to the Classes of 2021, 2022, 2023, and 2024 at Wayne State University School of Medicine, resulting in 144 participants ...


Medical Student Mock Interview And Diabetes Education During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Ajith Thomas, Kendahl Oberdorfer, Suma Alzouhayli Jun 2022

Medical Student Mock Interview And Diabetes Education During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Ajith Thomas, Kendahl Oberdorfer, Suma Alzouhayli

Medical Student Research Symposium

Background: The Diabetes Education and Wellness (DEW) clinic is an interprofessional, student-run free clinic that promotes education and autonomy in diabetes management for underserved communities. When pandemic restrictions prevented in-person clinic visits, DEW opted instead to meet their patients virtually. DEW coordinators from the school of medicine designed a primer course to teach skills and medical knowledge that directly impacts diabetes management to ensure continued care of our patients.

Methods: The two components of the intervention were mock interviews and diabetes education. Medical students who previously volunteered at DEW were recruited to provide mock interviews. First year medical students were ...


Gibbon Surgical Review, Volume 5, Issue 1, 2022 Jun 2022

Gibbon Surgical Review, Volume 5, Issue 1, 2022

Gibbon Surgical Review

In this Issue:

A History of ECMO and its Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic, 6

The First Pig-to-Human Heart Xenotransplantation, 8

Residency Interviewing in the Zoom Era, 9

An Interview with Dr. Andrew Newman, 10

Lung Transplantation for Patients with Severe COVID-19 Pulmonary Disease, 12

Risk Factors for Five-year Mortality after Carotid Endarterectomy, 14

An Interview with Dr. Scott Cowan,16

General Surgery 101: The J-Pouch, 18

The Business of Surgery: Recognizing Barriers to Gender Equity, 20


Gibbon Surgical Review, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2021 Jun 2022

Gibbon Surgical Review, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2021

Gibbon Surgical Review

Contents:

The Evolution of Surgical Practice During the Ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic, 4

Socially responsible surgical care: a movement committed to surgical equity, 6

The MS4 Perspective on the Path to Surgery, 8

The Role of Empathy in Surgery: A Commentary and Conversation with Dr. Harish Lavu, 10

Interview with Dr. Olugbenga Okusanya, 12

The Ultimate Test in Medicine: Adapting Patient Care, Procedures, and Training During a Pandemic, 14

Robotic Surgery: Development, Applications, and Future Directions,16

Editorial Board and Reviewers, 19

Gibbon Surgical Society, 20

John H. Gibbon Jr., MD, 21

Also in this Issue:

The Jefferson Legacy: Where are ...


Pediatric Palliative Care Training To Advance Nurses’ Knowledge And Increase Patient Referrals, Whitney Lynn Stone, Lisa Merritt, Tammy Childers Jun 2022

Pediatric Palliative Care Training To Advance Nurses’ Knowledge And Increase Patient Referrals, Whitney Lynn Stone, Lisa Merritt, Tammy Childers

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Objective: The purpose of this evidence-based practice quality improvement project was to implement an educational intervention to improve pediatric palliative care services in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). The goal was to improve nurses’ knowledge of palliative care and increase the number of palliative care consults.

Methods: Educational sessions were created using the End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC) Pediatric Curriculum. Participants included 46 PICU nurses. Knowledge of palliative care was measured at three timepoints; pre-, immediately post- and four weeks post-intervention. The number of palliative care referrals were measured at two timepoints; three months pre- and three months post-intervention ...


Intouch June 7, 2022, New York Medical College Jun 2022

Monkey Pox: Ignored Or Emerging Pathogen, Karoll J. Cortez Jun 2022

Monkey Pox: Ignored Or Emerging Pathogen, Karoll J. Cortez

CHED Talks

No abstract provided.


Intercampus Health Care Simulation Model For Development Of Students’ Interprofessional Socialization And Competency, Cody Marie Busch, Lynn Gilbertson, Colleen Gullickson, Elizabeth Laessig Jun 2022

Intercampus Health Care Simulation Model For Development Of Students’ Interprofessional Socialization And Competency, Cody Marie Busch, Lynn Gilbertson, Colleen Gullickson, Elizabeth Laessig

Teaching and Learning in Communication Sciences & Disorders

Clinical education standards for speech-language pathology and nursing programs indicate the need for students to gain experience with interprofessional collaborative practice (ICP). However, colleges not affiliated with hospitals struggle to offer experiences between healthcare disciplines. The purpose of this paper is to present a case study as a model for interprofessional healthcare simulation that can be applied to schools that have limited access to a variety of professional programs and few complimentary medical specialties at their home institution. The partnership of a masters in speech-language pathology (MS-SLP) program at a public state sponsored institution and a bachelors of science in ...


Shared Language Builds A Foundation For Health Equity, Deborah Stamps, Ebony Caldwell, Ajda Ince May 2022

Shared Language Builds A Foundation For Health Equity, Deborah Stamps, Ebony Caldwell, Ajda Ince

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Achieving Health Equity requires developing a shared language that allows people to understand diversity in various contexts. For instance, shared language allows us to discuss diversity issues concerning gender identity, just as much as it allows us to discuss diversity issues concerning citizenship, race, or sexual attraction. This article sets out five key terms that form the foundation of a shared language: Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, Cultural Humility, and Cultural Responsiveness. The five key terms provide a solid foundation for efforts to further expand our shared language around diversity, such as a glossary defining terms like gender identity, race.


Global Health Electives In The Covid-19 Era: Resuming Travel And Strengthening Global Health Academic Partnerships., Heather Haq, Amos Msekandiana, Mogomotsi Matshaba, Linoeo Thahane, Jennifer Watts, Reena Tam, Nicole St Clair, Charles Schubert, Amy Rule, Pia Pannaraj, Michael Pitt, David Oleson, Brittany Murray, Lee Morris, Joanne Mendoza, Megan Mchenry, Elizabeth Keating, Kathy Ferrer, Heather Crouse, Tania Condurache, Maneesh Batra, Adelaide Barnes, James Conway May 2022

Global Health Electives In The Covid-19 Era: Resuming Travel And Strengthening Global Health Academic Partnerships., Heather Haq, Amos Msekandiana, Mogomotsi Matshaba, Linoeo Thahane, Jennifer Watts, Reena Tam, Nicole St Clair, Charles Schubert, Amy Rule, Pia Pannaraj, Michael Pitt, David Oleson, Brittany Murray, Lee Morris, Joanne Mendoza, Megan Mchenry, Elizabeth Keating, Kathy Ferrer, Heather Crouse, Tania Condurache, Maneesh Batra, Adelaide Barnes, James Conway

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

No abstract provided.


Feasibility And Effectiveness Of A Prehabilitation Program Prior To Breast Cancer Surgery: A Critically Appraised Topic, Emma Choi, Alissa Lee, Kayla Woods, Morgan Mills, Carol Houston May 2022

Feasibility And Effectiveness Of A Prehabilitation Program Prior To Breast Cancer Surgery: A Critically Appraised Topic, Emma Choi, Alissa Lee, Kayla Woods, Morgan Mills, Carol Houston

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of our project is to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a prehabilitation (prehab) program for patients undergoing breast cancer surgery as compared to only receiving post-surgical rehabilitation. Our clinical mentor has recently obtained certification as a lymphedema specialist and is assisting with the opening of an outpatient mastectomy clinic through the Methodist University systems. Through our research process, we critically appraised two Level II articles, two Level III articles, and one Level IV article. Positive outcomes related to the feasibility were identified, however there is limited significant evidence supporting the effectiveness of the intervention. We recommend using ...


Effects Of Sensory Intervention On Neurological Development In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Critically Appraised Topic, Paulina Bullard Mot/S, Emma Gadberry Mot/S, Siham Sherif Mot/S, Virginia Strawn Mot/S, Courtney Travis Mot/S, Delaney Weller Mot/S May 2022

Effects Of Sensory Intervention On Neurological Development In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Critically Appraised Topic, Paulina Bullard Mot/S, Emma Gadberry Mot/S, Siham Sherif Mot/S, Virginia Strawn Mot/S, Courtney Travis Mot/S, Delaney Weller Mot/S

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The final portfolio contains four research articles from both national and international journals. Study designs include a randomized clinical trial, a randomized control trial, a systematic review and meta-analysis, and an integrative review. All studies relate directly to components of the evidence-based practice question and will be used to recommend sensory intervention for neurological development of premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). One of the articles describes statistically significant effects. One of the articles describes both statistically significant and non-statistically significant effects of sensory intervention on neurological development of premature infants in the NICU. The other two ...


Effect Of Botox And Therapy On Spasticity In Cerebral Palsy: A Critically Appraised Topic, Rachel Bray Mot/S, Tatum Cabot Mot/S, Peyton Clark Mot/S, Cameron Goodman Mot/S, Tarason Moore Mot/S, Claire Napier Mot/S May 2022

Effect Of Botox And Therapy On Spasticity In Cerebral Palsy: A Critically Appraised Topic, Rachel Bray Mot/S, Tatum Cabot Mot/S, Peyton Clark Mot/S, Cameron Goodman Mot/S, Tarason Moore Mot/S, Claire Napier Mot/S

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

Children diagnosed with Cerebral Palsy often experience upper limb spasticity. Research has shown Botox injections in combination with occupational therapy can reduce the effects of spasticity in the upper limb. This literature review aims to determine how long is the appropriate duration of occupational therapy to administer after Botox injections to see decreased spasticity in the upper limbs.


The Effects Of Air-Cell Based Cushions On Pressure Relief For Adults With Spinal Cord Injury: A Critically Appraised Topic, Audrey Carr Mot/S, Olivia Hamby Mot/S, Hailey Hanson Mot/S, Olivia Kincaid Mot/S, Molly Mcwilliams Mot/S, Anna Pollan Mot/S May 2022

The Effects Of Air-Cell Based Cushions On Pressure Relief For Adults With Spinal Cord Injury: A Critically Appraised Topic, Audrey Carr Mot/S, Olivia Hamby Mot/S, Hailey Hanson Mot/S, Olivia Kincaid Mot/S, Molly Mcwilliams Mot/S, Anna Pollan Mot/S

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

Most acute care level patients with a SCI are dependent in performing pressure relief. Research was appraised and synthesized to answer the question: Are air-filled cushions effective for reducing pressure and development of pressure ulcers among adults with a spinal cord injury who are unable to independently perform pressure relief?


Group Therapy For Adults With Hip Replacements, Riley Burford Mot/S, Hillary Talley Mot/S, Elizabeth Seals Mot/S, Alishah Pirwani Mot/S, Tylan Wakefield Mot/S May 2022

Group Therapy For Adults With Hip Replacements, Riley Burford Mot/S, Hillary Talley Mot/S, Elizabeth Seals Mot/S, Alishah Pirwani Mot/S, Tylan Wakefield Mot/S

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of our critically appraised topic is to synthesize the best current evidence regarding the feasibility of group occupational therapy and outcomes related to ADL performance. The final portfolio contains a total of four research articles. Study designs include two randomized control trials, one cohort design, and one systematic review. All studies related directly to the PICO question and were used to determine best evidence for the feasibility of group therapy of the older adult population who have hip replacements in a rehabilitation setting.


Effect Of Early Mobilization On Length Of Hospital Stay In Covid-19 Patients: A Critically Appraised Topic, Ashlee Hodges, Anna Claire Briscoe, Anna Beth Willoughby, Carlton Hubbard, Nathan Smith May 2022

Effect Of Early Mobilization On Length Of Hospital Stay In Covid-19 Patients: A Critically Appraised Topic, Ashlee Hodges, Anna Claire Briscoe, Anna Beth Willoughby, Carlton Hubbard, Nathan Smith

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

For this project, we created a critically appraised topic to study the effects of early mobilization on length of hospital stay in COVID-19 patients in the ICU.


Intouch May 23, 2022, New York Medical College May 2022

Using Animal As Metaphor In Drama Therapy With Psychiatric Patients In An Intensive Outpatient Program Group Therapy Session: An Intervention, Juliana Fort May 2022

Using Animal As Metaphor In Drama Therapy With Psychiatric Patients In An Intensive Outpatient Program Group Therapy Session: An Intervention, Juliana Fort

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Abstract

Drama therapy may be uniquely suited to help people with mental illness who have negative beliefs about what it means to be mentally ill. It focuses on helping the individual expand their sense of what a person with mental illness can be, as well as their awareness of the other roles they may play in their lives. In the current study, the author developed a drama therapy intervention for psychiatric patients in an intensive outpatient program (IOP). The intervention uses pre-made cards that depict images of various animals. During the intervention, the participants were asked to discuss how they ...


A Novel Approach Toward Concussion Testing, Jorge K. Mercado, Ari Schacter, Danielle Euzent May 2022

A Novel Approach Toward Concussion Testing, Jorge K. Mercado, Ari Schacter, Danielle Euzent

Student Theses

A concussion is a violent jarring or shaking of the head caused by whiplash or direct impact that results in a disturbance of brain function. Concussions can be mild and brief, as a person may be dazed momentarily or can be more serious, resulting in a loss of consciousness. Underreporting of concussions is prevalent because they are a symptom-based diagnosis, lacking a clinical test. In this study, we investigated the use of VNG testing as a clinical diagnosis of concussions. Looking at the VNG test battery, the previous research cohort found that saccades, gaze, and positional testing are the most ...


Stop The Bleed And Seize Control: The Use Of Simulation And Video Modules In Educating Emergency Department Staff Regarding Maternal Hypertension And Hemorrhage, Jared Maxwell Talsky May 2022

Stop The Bleed And Seize Control: The Use Of Simulation And Video Modules In Educating Emergency Department Staff Regarding Maternal Hypertension And Hemorrhage, Jared Maxwell Talsky

Master's Projects and Capstones

In order to address shortcomings of the health care system within the United States surrounding the early recognition and response to preeclampsia (PreE) and postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) emergencies The Joint Commission (TJC) revised the accreditation requirements regarding implementing yearly maternal hypertension and hemorrhage simulation scenarios in emergency departments. A Quality improvement team of Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL) students at University of San Francisco, working alongside the emergency department and labor and delivery department nurse educators assisted a dual hospital system in the Bay Area of California to develop and implement training materials and simulations for the hospital system’s Emergency ...