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Articles 1 - 30 of 29460

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Mechanical Properties Of Canine Patella-Ligament-Tibia Segment., Jeffery Biskup, Andy Freeman, W Camisa, J Innes, Michael Conzemius Jan 2104

Mechanical Properties Of Canine Patella-Ligament-Tibia Segment., Jeffery Biskup, Andy Freeman, W Camisa, J Innes, Michael Conzemius

Jeffery Biskup, DVM, DACVS

OBJECTIVE: To test the ex vivo mechanical properties of canine patella-ligament-tibia (PLT) segment and establish the relationship between donor size and PLT dimensions to the mechanical properties of PLT grafts.STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo mechanical testing study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine PLT segments (n = 21 dogs; 42 PLT). METHODS:Morphometric measurements of PLT segments were taken from computed tomography (CT) images and compared with results obtained using calipers. PLT were tested to failure at a rate of 100% length/s. Mechanical properties and failure mode were recorded. RESULTS: PLT width and thickness (P < .001 for both) measured by calipers were significantly lower than those taken from CT images. Thirty-five (83%) specimens failed by avulsion fracture from the patella, 1 failed mid-ligament, and 6 failed by tibial fracture. Dog weight and PLT length had the strongest Pearson's r value when correlated with load at failure (r = 0.73, 0.81, respectively). CONCLUSION:Dog weight and PLT length were the best predictors of load at failure. PLT failure load of dogs weighing >25 kg were similar to those reported for ...


Reducing Benzodiazepine Use For The Treatment Of Insomnia And Supporting Nonpharmacological Therapies, Unchan Pyon Jan 2019

Reducing Benzodiazepine Use For The Treatment Of Insomnia And Supporting Nonpharmacological Therapies, Unchan Pyon

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Most medical organizations recommend against the use of benzodiazepine use for the treatment of insomnia, especially in the elderly. However, the percentage of the adult population on benzos increase with age: 7.5% in adults ages 51-64; 9% in adults over 65. Alternative therapies for insomnia, including online CBT, require more commitment than taking a medication so many patients opt for medication. This project aims to increase awareness of benzodiazepine use for insomnia and provide support for nonpharmacological therapies.


Master Of Science In Anesthesia Fort Lauderdale, Nova Southeastern University Jan 2019

Master Of Science In Anesthesia Fort Lauderdale, Nova Southeastern University

Health Professions Divisions Course Catalogs

No abstract provided.


Dr. Kiran C. Patel College Of Osteopathic Medicine Graduate Programs, Nova Southeastern University Jan 2019

Dr. Kiran C. Patel College Of Osteopathic Medicine Graduate Programs, Nova Southeastern University

Health Professions Divisions Course Catalogs

No abstract provided.


Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson Dec 2018

Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Problem: Heart failure (HF), also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), is the number one diagnosis-related group (DRG) for people 65 years of age and older in the United States. This disease group is complicated and debilitating, requiring frequent hospitalizations with high mortality rates. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) has identified CHF as an area for improvement in hospitals.

Context: This was a quality improvement project for an integrated medical center in the Central Valley, California with over 19,000 HF patients. In 2018, for patients 65 years and older, HF is the third-most admitted ...


Surveillance, Prevention And Surgical Treatments For Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Kerui Xu Dec 2018

Surveillance, Prevention And Surgical Treatments For Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Kerui Xu

Theses & Dissertations

Liver cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer death, representing roughly 9.1% of all cancer mortality. Of all primary cancers of the liver, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for roughly 85%. HCC has been increasing in the U.S. and other countries. In particular, HCC places a huge burden on the Chinese population, as China alone consists of approximately 50% of the total HCC cases and deaths. In China, chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the leading cause for developing HCC. The two challenges in prevention and control of HCC experienced in China are low rates of HCC screening ...


Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists’ Perception Of Simulation As A Positive Reinforcement To Classroom Lecture In Handling A Difficult Airway, Kayla Forbis Dec 2018

Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists’ Perception Of Simulation As A Positive Reinforcement To Classroom Lecture In Handling A Difficult Airway, Kayla Forbis

Doctoral Projects

The management of a difficult airway by anesthesia providers is a core component of providing safe care. Simulation provides an opportunity for the student to manage uncommon clinical scenarios without harm to an actual patient. This project aimed to determine if the use of simulation may be useful in training Student Registered Nurse Anesthetist in the management skills of a difficult airway. The proposed intervention of this project was the addition of simulation experience to didactic lecture covering difficult airway management techniques. As supported in the Adult Learning Principles of Medical Learners, by allowing the SRNA to actively participate in ...


Ultrasound Use In Resource-Limited Settings: A Systematic Review, Ravindra Gopaul, Gonzalo Bearman, Michael P. Stevens Dec 2018

Ultrasound Use In Resource-Limited Settings: A Systematic Review, Ravindra Gopaul, Gonzalo Bearman, Michael P. Stevens

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Over the past decade, ultrasound (US) machines have become smaller, less expensive, more reliable, durable and user-friendly, making ultrasonography an ideal imaging modality in resource-poor settings. We conducted a literature review to examine the use of ultrasound in resource-limited settings, with emphasis on common applications, barriers to implementation, and impact on clinical decision-making and patient disposition.

Methods and Materials: Literature review. We conducted a PubMed and Cochrane Central search on the clinical use of ultrasound in the developing world. Search terms included ultrasonography, developing countries, resource limited, remote setting, poverty, and low income. Articles from 2000 to 2015 that ...


Updated Efficacy Of First Or Second-Line Pembrolizumab Plus In Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer And Correlations With Baseline Lymphocyte And Naïve Cd4+ T-Cell Count, David Page, Joanna Pucilowska, Laura Bennetts, I Kim, Katherine Sanchez, Maritza Martel, Alison Conlin, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Anupama Acheson, K Kemmer, Z Mitri, J Vuky, J Ahn, C Abaya, T Manigault, R Basho, Walter Urba, Hl Mcarthur Dec 2018

Updated Efficacy Of First Or Second-Line Pembrolizumab Plus In Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer And Correlations With Baseline Lymphocyte And Naïve Cd4+ T-Cell Count, David Page, Joanna Pucilowska, Laura Bennetts, I Kim, Katherine Sanchez, Maritza Martel, Alison Conlin, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Anupama Acheson, K Kemmer, Z Mitri, J Vuky, J Ahn, C Abaya, T Manigault, R Basho, Walter Urba, Hl Mcarthur

Other Publications

Background: In mTNBC, anti-PD-1/L1 monotherapy is most effective when administered early in the course of disease, with recent trials demonstrating overall response rates (ORR) of 23-26% in the first-line setting and 5-6% in later lines. This may reflect iatrogenic lymphopenia from preceding cytotoxic chemotherapy. Furthermore, curative-intent chemotherapy is associated with prolonged suppression of naïve CD4+ cells, a T-cell subset that may play a critical role in the generation of de novo anti-tumor immune responses. We present the final clinical results of a pilot study evaluating the safety and efficacy of combining pembrolizumab plus standard-of-care capecitabine in the first/second-line ...


Perilymphatic Irx-2 Cytokine Therapy To Enhance Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes And Pd-L1 Expression Preceding Curative-Intent Therapy In Early Stage Breast Cancer, Joanna Pucilowska, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Katherine Sanchez, Valerie Conrad, Alison Conlin, Shagheyegh Aliabadi-Wahle, Shu-Ching Chang, Gary Grunkemeier, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Maritza Martel, James Egan, Monil Shah, David B Page Dec 2018

Perilymphatic Irx-2 Cytokine Therapy To Enhance Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes And Pd-L1 Expression Preceding Curative-Intent Therapy In Early Stage Breast Cancer, Joanna Pucilowska, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Katherine Sanchez, Valerie Conrad, Alison Conlin, Shagheyegh Aliabadi-Wahle, Shu-Ching Chang, Gary Grunkemeier, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Maritza Martel, James Egan, Monil Shah, David B Page

Other Publications

Background: Cytokines are being explored as a therapeutic strategy to modulate the tumor microenvironment and facilitate immunotherapy benefit in breast cancer. Here, we investigate a locoregional therapeutic approach whereby cytokines (IRX-2) are administered into the subcutaneous peri-areolar tissue (in an anatomic distribution similar to sentinel lymph node mapping) to facilitate immune cell recruitment/activation within the draining lymph nodes and tumor in ESBC. IRX-2 is derived from ex vivo phytohemagglutinin-stimulated lymphocytes and contains multiple cytokines including IL-1β, IL-2, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-6, IL-8, and GM-CSF, with stable concentrations from lot to lot. Preclinically, IRX-2 activates T-cells and natural killer (NK) cells ...


The Utilization Of Venous-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Membrane For The Management Of Status Asthmaticus, Kenneth Miller Msrt, Med, Rrt-Accs, Faarc,, Jennifer Strow Do, Alison N. Bedekovich Msn, Rn Dec 2018

The Utilization Of Venous-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Membrane For The Management Of Status Asthmaticus, Kenneth Miller Msrt, Med, Rrt-Accs, Faarc,, Jennifer Strow Do, Alison N. Bedekovich Msn, Rn

Patient Care Services / Nursing

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Milrinone In Neonates With Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension Of The Newborn - A Randomised Controlled Trial Pilot Study (Mint 1): Study Protocol And Review Of Literature., Afif F. El-Khuffash, Patrick J. Mcnamara, Colm Breatnach, Neidin Bussmann, Aisling Smith, Oliver Feeney, Elizabeth Tully, Joanna Griffin, Willem P. De Boode, Brian Cleary, Orla Franklin, Eugene Dempsey Dec 2018

The Use Of Milrinone In Neonates With Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension Of The Newborn - A Randomised Controlled Trial Pilot Study (Mint 1): Study Protocol And Review Of Literature., Afif F. El-Khuffash, Patrick J. Mcnamara, Colm Breatnach, Neidin Bussmann, Aisling Smith, Oliver Feeney, Elizabeth Tully, Joanna Griffin, Willem P. De Boode, Brian Cleary, Orla Franklin, Eugene Dempsey

Department of Paediatrics Articles

Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a relatively common condition which results in a mortality of up to 33%. Up to 40% of infants treated with nitric oxide (iNO) either have a transient response or fail to demonstrate an improvement in oxygenation. Milrinone, a selective phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3) inhibitor with inotropic and lusitropic properties may have potential benefit in PPHN. This pilot study was developed to assess the impact of milrinone administration on time spent on iNO in infants with PPHN. This is a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, two arm pilot study, with a balanced (1:1) allocation of ...


Pharmacist Interventions Involving Patient Outreach: Early Findings Of Patient Outcomes In Older Adults, Matthew Fair Bs, Pharmd, Bcps, Bcgp,, Michelle Omari-Okyere Bs, Pharmd, Bcps, Bcgp, Elie Jabbour Pharmd, Mba,, Brenda Frutos Mph, Ches, Nyann Biery Ms Dec 2018

Pharmacist Interventions Involving Patient Outreach: Early Findings Of Patient Outcomes In Older Adults, Matthew Fair Bs, Pharmd, Bcps, Bcgp,, Michelle Omari-Okyere Bs, Pharmd, Bcps, Bcgp, Elie Jabbour Pharmd, Mba,, Brenda Frutos Mph, Ches, Nyann Biery Ms

Department of Pharmacy

No abstract provided.


Resilience Training For Va Primary Care Providers, Elizabeth A. Recupero Dec 2018

Resilience Training For Va Primary Care Providers, Elizabeth A. Recupero

Instructional Design Capstones Collection

Physician burnout syndrome is epidemic within the U.S. healthcare system. Burnout is defined by three main criteria: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a low sense of personal accomplishment, and its prevalence is highest among primary care providers. The VA’s All Employee Survey (AES) demonstrates that more than 50% of physicians working for the VA Healthcare System exhibit at least one of these symptoms. The literature discusses that this syndrome can be improved by increasing physician resilience. This capstone project first analyzed the need for resiliency training among VA primary care providers. After the needs analysis, an online training that ...


Effect Of Differences In Metabolic Activity Of Melanoma Models On Response To Lonidamine Plus Doxorubicin., Kavindra Nath, Jeffrey Roman, David S. Nelson, Lili Guo, Seung-Cheol Lee, Stepan Orlovskiy, Kevin Muriuki, Daniel F. Heitjan, Stephen Pickup, Dennis B. Leeper, Ian A. Blair, Mary E. Putt, Jerry D. Glickson Dec 2018

Effect Of Differences In Metabolic Activity Of Melanoma Models On Response To Lonidamine Plus Doxorubicin., Kavindra Nath, Jeffrey Roman, David S. Nelson, Lili Guo, Seung-Cheol Lee, Stepan Orlovskiy, Kevin Muriuki, Daniel F. Heitjan, Stephen Pickup, Dennis B. Leeper, Ian A. Blair, Mary E. Putt, Jerry D. Glickson

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Lonidamine (LND), a metabolic modulator, sensitizes DB-1 human melanoma to doxorubicin (DOX) chemotherapy by acidifying and de-energizing the tumor. This report compares the effects of LND on two human melanoma lines, DB-1 and WM983B, which exhibit different metabolic properties. Using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry and Seahorse analysis, we show that DB-1 was more glycolytic than WM983B in vitro. 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) indicates that LND (100 mg/kg, i.p.) induces similar selective acidification and de-energization of WM983B xenografts in immunosuppressed mice. Over three hours, intracellular pH (pHi) of WM983B decreased from 6.91 ± 0.03 to 6 ...


Levels Of Par-1 Kinase Determine The Localization Of Bruchpilot At The Drosophila Neuromuscular Junction Synapses., Kara R. Barber, Martin Hruska, Keegan M. Bush, Jade A. Martinez, Hong Fei, Irwin B. Levitan, Matthew B. Dalva, Yogesh P. Wairkar Dec 2018

Levels Of Par-1 Kinase Determine The Localization Of Bruchpilot At The Drosophila Neuromuscular Junction Synapses., Kara R. Barber, Martin Hruska, Keegan M. Bush, Jade A. Martinez, Hong Fei, Irwin B. Levitan, Matthew B. Dalva, Yogesh P. Wairkar

Farber Institute for Neurosciences Faculty Papers

Functional synaptic networks are compromised in many neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases. While the mechanisms of axonal transport and localization of synaptic vesicles and mitochondria are relatively well studied, little is known about the mechanisms that regulate the localization of proteins that localize to active zones. Recent finding suggests that mechanisms involved in transporting proteins destined to active zones are distinct from those that transport synaptic vesicles or mitochondria. Here we report that localization of BRP-an essential active zone scaffolding protein in Drosophila, depends on the precise balance of neuronal Par-1 kinase. Disruption of Par-1 levels leads to excess accumulation of ...


Is Radiofrequency Energy A Safe And Effective Treatment For Reducing Symptoms Of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease In Patients 18 Years Or Older?, Kristen L. Schaffer Dec 2018

Is Radiofrequency Energy A Safe And Effective Treatment For Reducing Symptoms Of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease In Patients 18 Years Or Older?, Kristen L. Schaffer

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective evidence based medicine review is to determine whether or not “Is radiofrequency energy a safe and effective treatment for reducing symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease in patients 18 years or older?”

STUDY DESIGN: Review of two double-blind, randomized control trials and one double-blind, randomized cross-over study published between 2003 and 2012. All studies were published in the English language in peer reviewed journals.

DATA SOURCES: Two randomized control trials and one randomized cross-over study were found using PubMed.

OUTCOMES MEASURED: The outcomes measured include changes in GERD symptom scores for fourteen symptoms, improvement of ...


Characterization Of Antibiotic Use For Acute Otitis Media In Pediatric Physician Practices, Jasica N. Truong Pharmd, Kristin M. Held Pharmd, Bcop, Jennifer E. Macfarlan Mph, Tibisay Villalobos Md, Faap Dec 2018

Characterization Of Antibiotic Use For Acute Otitis Media In Pediatric Physician Practices, Jasica N. Truong Pharmd, Kristin M. Held Pharmd, Bcop, Jennifer E. Macfarlan Mph, Tibisay Villalobos Md, Faap

Department of Pharmacy

No abstract provided.


Retrospective Analysis Of Guideline Recommended Antiretroviral Regimens And Vaccination Schedules For Adult Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv) In An Infectious Diseases Clinic, Jose A. Roman Pharmd, Jarrod W. Kile Rph, Bcps, Amy Slenker Md, Hope Kincaid Mph, Cph Dec 2018

Retrospective Analysis Of Guideline Recommended Antiretroviral Regimens And Vaccination Schedules For Adult Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv) In An Infectious Diseases Clinic, Jose A. Roman Pharmd, Jarrod W. Kile Rph, Bcps, Amy Slenker Md, Hope Kincaid Mph, Cph

Department of Pharmacy

No abstract provided.


Loss-Of-Function Mutations In Atp6ap1 And Atp6ap2 In Granular Cell Tumors., Fresia Pareja, Alissa H. Brandes, Thais Basili, Pier Selenica, Felipe C. Geyer, Dan Fan, Arnaud Da Cruz Paula, Rahul Kumar, David N. Brown, Rodrigo Gularte-Mérida, Barbara Alemar, Rui Bi, Raymond S. Lim, Ino De Bruijn, Sho Fujisawa, Rui Gardner, Elvin Feng, Anqi Li, Edaise M. Da Silva, John R. Lozada, Pedro Blecua, Leona Cohen-Gould, Achim A. Jungbluth, Emad A. Rakha, Ian O. Ellis, Maria I.A. Edelweiss, Juan P. Palazzo, Larry Norton, Travis Hollmann, Marcia Edelweiss, Brian P. Rubin, Britta Weigelt, Jorge S. Reis-Filho Dec 2018

Loss-Of-Function Mutations In Atp6ap1 And Atp6ap2 In Granular Cell Tumors., Fresia Pareja, Alissa H. Brandes, Thais Basili, Pier Selenica, Felipe C. Geyer, Dan Fan, Arnaud Da Cruz Paula, Rahul Kumar, David N. Brown, Rodrigo Gularte-Mérida, Barbara Alemar, Rui Bi, Raymond S. Lim, Ino De Bruijn, Sho Fujisawa, Rui Gardner, Elvin Feng, Anqi Li, Edaise M. Da Silva, John R. Lozada, Pedro Blecua, Leona Cohen-Gould, Achim A. Jungbluth, Emad A. Rakha, Ian O. Ellis, Maria I.A. Edelweiss, Juan P. Palazzo, Larry Norton, Travis Hollmann, Marcia Edelweiss, Brian P. Rubin, Britta Weigelt, Jorge S. Reis-Filho

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are rare tumors that can arise in multiple anatomical locations, and are characterized by abundant intracytoplasmic granules. The genetic drivers of GCTs are currently unknown. Here, we apply whole-exome sequencing and targeted sequencing analysis to reveal mutually exclusive, clonal, inactivating somatic mutations in the endosomal pH regulators ATP6AP1 or ATP6AP2 in 72% of GCTs. Silencing of these genes in vitro results in impaired vesicle acidification, redistribution of endosomal compartments, and accumulation of intracytoplasmic granules, recapitulating the cardinal phenotypic characteristics of GCTs and providing a novel genotypic-phenotypic correlation. In addition, depletion of ATP6AP1 or ATP6AP2 results in ...


A Learning Community Approach To Identifying Interventions In Health Systems To Reduce Colorectal Cancer Screening Disparities., Lillian C. Man, Melissa Dicarlo, Emily Lambert, Randa Sifri, Martha Romney, Linda Fleisher, Ronald Myers Dec 2018

A Learning Community Approach To Identifying Interventions In Health Systems To Reduce Colorectal Cancer Screening Disparities., Lillian C. Man, Melissa Dicarlo, Emily Lambert, Randa Sifri, Martha Romney, Linda Fleisher, Ronald Myers

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Although colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in the United States has been increasing, screening rates are not optimal, and there are persistent disparities in CRC screening and mortality, particularly among minority patients. As most CRC screening takes place in primary care, health systems are well-positioned to address this important population health problem. However, most health systems have not actively engaged in identifying and implementing effective evidence-based intervention strategies that can raise CRC screening rates and reduce disparities. Drawing on the Collective Impact Model and the Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation, our project team applied a learning community strategy to ...


Non-Neutralizing Antibodies Elicited By Recombinant Lassa-Rabies Vaccine Are Critical For Protection Against Lassa Fever., Tiago Abreu-Mota, Katie R. Hagen, Kurt Cooper, Peter B. Jahrling, Gene Tan, Christoph Wirblich, Reed F. Johnson, Matthias J. Schnell Dec 2018

Non-Neutralizing Antibodies Elicited By Recombinant Lassa-Rabies Vaccine Are Critical For Protection Against Lassa Fever., Tiago Abreu-Mota, Katie R. Hagen, Kurt Cooper, Peter B. Jahrling, Gene Tan, Christoph Wirblich, Reed F. Johnson, Matthias J. Schnell

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

Lassa fever (LF), caused by Lassa virus (LASV), is a viral hemorrhagic fever for which no approved vaccine or potent antiviral treatment is available. LF is a WHO priority disease and, together with rabies, a major health burden in West Africa. Here we present the development and characterization of an inactivated recombinant LASV and rabies vaccine candidate (LASSARAB) that expresses a codon-optimized LASV glycoprotein (coGPC) and is adjuvanted by a TLR-4 agonist (GLA-SE). LASSARAB elicits lasting humoral response against LASV and RABV in both mouse and guinea pig models, and it protects both guinea pigs and mice against LF. We ...


Medial Temporal Lobe Functional Connectivity Predicts Stimulation-Induced Theta Power., E. A. Solomon, J. E. Kragel, R. Gross, B. Lega, M. R. Sperling, G. Worrell, S. A. Sheth, K. A. Zaghloul, B. C. Jobst, J. M. Stein, S. Das, R. Gorniak, C. S. Inman, S. Seger, D. S. Rizzuto, M. J. Kahana Dec 2018

Medial Temporal Lobe Functional Connectivity Predicts Stimulation-Induced Theta Power., E. A. Solomon, J. E. Kragel, R. Gross, B. Lega, M. R. Sperling, G. Worrell, S. A. Sheth, K. A. Zaghloul, B. C. Jobst, J. M. Stein, S. Das, R. Gorniak, C. S. Inman, S. Seger, D. S. Rizzuto, M. J. Kahana

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Focal electrical stimulation of the brain incites a cascade of neural activity that propagates from the stimulated region to both nearby and remote areas, offering the potential to control the activity of brain networks. Understanding how exogenous electrical signals perturb such networks in humans is key to its clinical translation. To investigate this, we applied electrical stimulation to subregions of the medial temporal lobe in 26 neurosurgical patients fitted with indwelling electrodes. Networks of low-frequency (5-13 Hz) spectral coherence predicted stimulation-evoked increases in theta (5-8 Hz) power, particularly when stimulation was applied in or adjacent to white matter. Stimulation tended ...


Emt- And Stroma-Related Gene Expression And Resistance To Pd-1 Blockade In Urothelial Cancer., Li Wang, Abdel Saci, Peter M. Szabo, Scott D. Chasalow, Mireia Castillo-Martin, Josep Domingo-Domenech, Arlene Siefker-Radtke, Padmanee Sharma, John P. Sfakianos, Yixuan Gong, Ana Dominguez-Andres, William K. Oh, David Mulholland, Alex Azrilevich, Liangyuan Hu, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, Hélène Salmon, Nina Bhardwaj, Jun Zhu, Matthew D. Galsky Dec 2018

Emt- And Stroma-Related Gene Expression And Resistance To Pd-1 Blockade In Urothelial Cancer., Li Wang, Abdel Saci, Peter M. Szabo, Scott D. Chasalow, Mireia Castillo-Martin, Josep Domingo-Domenech, Arlene Siefker-Radtke, Padmanee Sharma, John P. Sfakianos, Yixuan Gong, Ana Dominguez-Andres, William K. Oh, David Mulholland, Alex Azrilevich, Liangyuan Hu, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, Hélène Salmon, Nina Bhardwaj, Jun Zhu, Matthew D. Galsky

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Cancers infiltrated with T-cells are associated with a higher likelihood of response to PD-1/PD-L1 blockade. Counterintuitively, a correlation between epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related gene expression and T-cell infiltration has been observed across tumor types. Here we demonstrate, using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) urothelial cancer dataset, that although a gene expression-based measure of infiltrating T-cell abundance and EMT-related gene expression are positively correlated, these signatures convey disparate prognostic information. We further demonstrate that non-hematopoietic stromal cells are a major source of EMT-related gene expression in bulk urothelial cancer transcriptomes. Finally, using a cohort of patients with metastatic urothelial cancer ...


The Genomic Landscape Of Cutaneous Scc Reveals Drivers And A Novel Azathioprine Associated Mutational Signature., Gareth J. Inman, Jun Wang, Ai Nagano, Ludmil B. Alexandrov, Karin J. Purdie, Richard G. Taylor, Victoria Sherwood, Jason Thomson, Sarah Hogan, Lindsay C. Spender, Andrew P. South, Michael Stratton, Claude Chelala, Catherine A. Harwood, Charlotte M. Proby, Irene M. Leigh Dec 2018

The Genomic Landscape Of Cutaneous Scc Reveals Drivers And A Novel Azathioprine Associated Mutational Signature., Gareth J. Inman, Jun Wang, Ai Nagano, Ludmil B. Alexandrov, Karin J. Purdie, Richard G. Taylor, Victoria Sherwood, Jason Thomson, Sarah Hogan, Lindsay C. Spender, Andrew P. South, Michael Stratton, Claude Chelala, Catherine A. Harwood, Charlotte M. Proby, Irene M. Leigh

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) has a high tumour mutational burden (50 mutations per megabase DNA pair). Here, we combine whole-exome analyses from 40 primary cSCC tumours, comprising 20 well-differentiated and 20 moderately/poorly differentiated tumours, with accompanying clinical data from a longitudinal study of immunosuppressed and immunocompetent patients and integrate this analysis with independent gene expression studies. We identify commonly mutated genes, copy number changes and altered pathways and processes. Comparisons with tumour differentiation status suggest events which may drive disease progression. Mutational signature analysis reveals the presence of a novel signature (signature 32), whose incidence correlates with chronic ...


Perioperative Aspirin And Long-Term Survival In Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft., Qian Ding, Hong Liu, Zugui Zhang, Jordan E. Goldhammer, Eric Yuen, Zhongmin Li, Linong Yao, Nilas Young, Douglas Boyd, William Weintraub, Rohinton Morris, Jianzhong Sun Dec 2018

Perioperative Aspirin And Long-Term Survival In Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft., Qian Ding, Hong Liu, Zugui Zhang, Jordan E. Goldhammer, Eric Yuen, Zhongmin Li, Linong Yao, Nilas Young, Douglas Boyd, William Weintraub, Rohinton Morris, Jianzhong Sun

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

This study aimed to examine association between perioperative uses of aspirin and long-term survival in patients undergoing CABG. A retrospective cohort study was performed in 9,584 consecutive patients receiving cardiac surgery from three tertiary hospitals. Of all the patients, 4,132 patients undergoing CABG met inclusion criteria and were divided into four groups: with or without preoperative or postoperative aspirin respectively. 30-day postoperative and long-term mortality were compared with the use of propensity scores and inverse probability weighting adjustment to reduce the treatment-selection bias. The patients taking preoperative aspirin presented significantly more with comorbidities. However, the results of this ...


Bilateral Mastectomy, Choroidal Mass: A Curve Ball., Phillip Gordon, Carol L. Shields Dec 2018

Bilateral Mastectomy, Choroidal Mass: A Curve Ball., Phillip Gordon, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

No abstract provided.


Introducing E-Consents In A Clinical Setting, Jesse Weiss, Donna A. Santillan, Kellie Thomas, Heather Davis, Mark K. Santillan, Debra Sue Brandt Dec 2018

Introducing E-Consents In A Clinical Setting, Jesse Weiss, Donna A. Santillan, Kellie Thomas, Heather Davis, Mark K. Santillan, Debra Sue Brandt

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Preeclampsia (PE) is a multiorgan hypertensive-disorder in pregnancy that causes significant maternal-fetal mortality and morbidity. The diagnostics and therapeutics for PE are limited due to its unclear etiology. Using the UI Maternal Fetal Tissue Bank, our lab has demonstrated that copeptin is robustly predictive of PE. To investigate copeptin further, we developed the Rule Out Pre-Eclampsia Study (ROPE). The ROPE study recruits women admitted to Labor and Delivery for evaluation of PE. Women are admitted for PE evaluation at all hours. Research team members are not available at all times to obtain consent which limits recruitment. Our project aimed to ...


Real-World Comparative Effectiveness Of Tocilizumab Monotherapy Vs. Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors With Methotrexate In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Leslie R. Harrold, George W. Reed, Jennie Best, Steve Zlotnick, Joel M. Kremer Dec 2018

Real-World Comparative Effectiveness Of Tocilizumab Monotherapy Vs. Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors With Methotrexate In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Leslie R. Harrold, George W. Reed, Jennie Best, Steve Zlotnick, Joel M. Kremer

Open Access Articles

INTRODUCTION: Controlled clinical studies have shown that the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) monotherapy is superior to that of tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) monotherapy and comparable to that of TCZ plus methotrexate (MTX) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study compared the real-world effectiveness of TCZ monotherapy vs. TNFis plus MTX in US patients with RA.

METHODS: TCZ-naive patients from the Corrona RA registry with prior exposure to > /= 1 TNFi who initiated TCZ monotherapy or TNFi + MTX were included. Outcomes included mean change in Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), achievement of low disease activity (LDA; CDAI < /= 10), achievement of modified American College of Rheumatology (mACR) 20/50 responses, and mean change in modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (mHAQ) at 6 months. Patients initiating TNFi + MTX were grouped by MTX dose ( < /= 10 mg; > 10 to ...


Magnitude And Impact Of Multiple Chronic Conditions With Advancing Age In Older Adults Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. Mcmanus, Joel M. Gore, Sonal Singh, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg Dec 2018

Magnitude And Impact Of Multiple Chronic Conditions With Advancing Age In Older Adults Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. Mcmanus, Joel M. Gore, Sonal Singh, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: To examine age-specific differences in the frequency and impact of cardiac and non-cardiac conditions among patients aged 65years and older hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS: Study population consisted of 3863 adults hospitalized with AMI at 11 medical centers in central Massachusetts on a biennial basis between 2001 and 2011. The presence of 11 chronic conditions (five cardiac and six non-cardiac) was based on the review of hospital medical records.

RESULTS: Participants' median age was 79years, 49% were men, and had an average of three chronic conditions (average of cardiac conditions: 2.6 and average of non-cardiac conditions ...