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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Synthesis Of Novel Library Of Cyanopyrrolidinyl Beta-Amino Alcohols And Matrine Alkaloids, Xiaotian Chen Feb 2019

Synthesis Of Novel Library Of Cyanopyrrolidinyl Beta-Amino Alcohols And Matrine Alkaloids, Xiaotian Chen

Theses and Dissertations

Cyanopyrrolidines and beta-Amino alcohols are molecular scaffolds that are highly found in commercially available drugs. We developed a multi-step synthetic method to form a novel library of compounds as inhibitors that share both scaffolds toward potent and selective diabetes therapeutics. Despite the ease for the synthesis of Cyanopyrrolidines, the difficulty of forming high selective beta-Amino alcohols is challenging. We successfully find the best condition for the preference of highly selective mono-alkylation and double-alkylation products and produce them with high yield.

Matrine is an alkaloid found in plants from the genus Sophora and can produce some pharmacological effects such as anti-cancer ...


Project Palmms (Physical Activity Levels And Family Medical Histories): An Undergraduate Sample, Pierre Alexander Leon Feb 2019

Project Palmms (Physical Activity Levels And Family Medical Histories): An Undergraduate Sample, Pierre Alexander Leon

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Physical inactivity has garnered significant attention as it is considered an emerging worldwide young adult problem. There is empirical evidence on predictors of low levels of physical activity (PA), such as an individual’s sex and/or socio-economic status. There are also other possible reasons for the decline in PA, such as an individual’s motivations and/or barriers for participation in physical activity and an individual’s understanding of their predisposition to chronic illnesses. This study seeks to identify perceptions of benefits/barriers to PA and motivating factors needed to increase physical activity in college populations. Methods: A ...


Predictors Of Experimental And Control Group Attendance: Findings From An Hiv/Std Prevention Rct With Pregnant Women At Risk For Substance Use, Jaclyn S. Sadicario Jan 2019

Predictors Of Experimental And Control Group Attendance: Findings From An Hiv/Std Prevention Rct With Pregnant Women At Risk For Substance Use, Jaclyn S. Sadicario

Theses and Dissertations

Efforts to improve inclusion in research have included mandating the recruitment of ethnic minorities and women into NIH funded studies. However, little research has been completed on who attends such interventions. This is particularly worrisome in populations for which attendance to interventions can have dire consequences. HIV is a public health concern for pregnant women in substance using communities, as pregnant women are much less likely to use condoms during intercourse to prevent HIV. Group modular HIV prevention interventions have long been the standard for HIV prevention. However, little attention in research on HIV prevention interventions RCTs has been focused ...


Characterization Of The Novel Interaction Between Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Tdfj And Its Human Ligand S100a7, Stavros Maurakis Jan 2019

Characterization Of The Novel Interaction Between Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Tdfj And Its Human Ligand S100a7, Stavros Maurakis

Theses and Dissertations

Neisseria gonorrhoeae is an obligate human pathogen that causes the common STI gonorrhea, which presents a growing threat to global health. The WHO estimated 78 million new cases of gonorrhea worldwide in 2017, with estimates of 820,000 new cases in the United States alone according to the CDC. High-frequency phase and antigenic variation inherent in N. gonorrhoeae, coupled with its natural ability to rapidly acquire and stably integrate antimicrobial resistance factors into its genome, have culminated in an infection against which there is no effective vaccine, and for which the list of viable therapeutic options is quickly shrinking. Moreover ...


Standard Operating Procedures And Their Effect On Confidence Levels, Luke Bailey Dec 2018

Standard Operating Procedures And Their Effect On Confidence Levels, Luke Bailey

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Disease Duration And Pain Catastrophizing In Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain, Theodora Costin Dec 2018

The Role Of Disease Duration And Pain Catastrophizing In Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain, Theodora Costin

Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Psychological factors such as pain catastrophizing and depression may negatively impact pain perception and could put low back pain sufferers at risk for prolonged pain. PRECISION TEXAS, a low back pain research registry at the University of North Texas Health Science Center administered a survey to gain better understanding of psychosocial and other influences on chronic pain. One objective was to assess, based on the survey, the association between pain intensity, duration, and extent of depression with pain catastrophizing. Methods: A survey containing the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), PROMIS-29 Quality of Life (QoL) questionnaire, and Numerical Rating Scale (NRS ...


Quality Assurance Training: Will A New Training Lntervention Lmprove Data Collectlon Of The Texas Emergency Medicine Research Associate Program (Temrap)?, Miguel Antonio Saldana Dec 2018

Quality Assurance Training: Will A New Training Lntervention Lmprove Data Collectlon Of The Texas Emergency Medicine Research Associate Program (Temrap)?, Miguel Antonio Saldana

Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Data collection is vital for the success of a clinical research project. The purpose of this practicum was to address the inadequate data collection by the Texas Emergency Medicine Research Associate Program (TEMRAP) research associates (RAs). The primary goal was to incorporate a more efficient training method to reduce the RAs’ error rate in the documentation. The secondary aim of this experiment was to determine if RAs’ knowledge of clinical research studies and/or their self-confidence when enrolling a patient had an effect on quality of data collection and if these variables could be improved by a new training ...


Atrophied Thymus, A Tumor Reservoir For Harboring Melanoma Cells, Olga Sizova Dec 2018

Atrophied Thymus, A Tumor Reservoir For Harboring Melanoma Cells, Olga Sizova

Theses and Dissertations

Tumor metastatic relapse is the major cause of cancer-associated mortality. Metastatic relapse is believed to arise from quantities of tumor cells that are below detectable thresholds, which are able to resist radio/chemotherapy by obtaining a dormant state and hiding in certain organs, i.e., tumor reservoirs. The thymus, the central T-cell immune organ, has been suggested to be a pre-metastatic tumor reservoir for B-lymphoma cells. However, it remains unknown whether the thymus is able to harbor nonlymphoid solid tumor cells, and whether chemotherapy can thoroughly eliminate cancer cells in the thymus. If chemotherapy is not able to eliminate these ...


Microbiota Metabolic Product Deoxycholic Acid Prevents Campylobacter Jejuni Chicken Colonization Through Modulating Ceca Anaerobes, Bilal Ali Alrubaye Dec 2018

Microbiota Metabolic Product Deoxycholic Acid Prevents Campylobacter Jejuni Chicken Colonization Through Modulating Ceca Anaerobes, Bilal Ali Alrubaye

Theses and Dissertations

Campylobacter jejuni is a prevalent infectious enteritis mainly foodborne from chickens. Despite of reducing C. jejuni food contamination dramatically decreases campylobacteriosis, few effective approaches are available for the bacterial reduction in chickens. The aim of this study was to use microbial metabolic product deoxycholic acid (DCA) to reduce C. jejuni chicken colonization. Broiler chicks were fed 0 or 1.5 g/kg DCA, lithocholic acid (LCA), or urodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in diets or orally gavaged with cholic acid (CA, 1.5g/kg body weight). Birds were also transplanted with DCA modulated anaerobes (DCA-Anearo) or aerobes (DCA-Aero). Birds were infected with ...


Risky Business: Millennials’ Protection Motivation Factors For Norovirus Outbreaks On College Campuses, Dylan Conrad Martinez Dec 2018

Risky Business: Millennials’ Protection Motivation Factors For Norovirus Outbreaks On College Campuses, Dylan Conrad Martinez

Theses and Dissertations

The risk and severity of hNoV transmission is obscurely recognized to foodservice millennial customers. Most commonly associated with cruise ships, consumers are not aware of its full potential to strike at other locations, especially college campuses. For the foodservice industry and the university community, it is imperative that a proactive method for increasing millennials’ motivation to practice mitigation methods emerges to reduce future hNoV outbreaks on college campuses. Research has shown that students can play a major role in the spread of hNoV on college campuses. Therefore, the purpose of these studies is to examine motivations for health protective behaviors ...


Effect Of Macrograzers (Campostoma Spp. And Faxonius Spp.) On Periphyton In Ozark Streams With Considerations Given To Macrograzer Biomass, Phosphorus, And Season: Mensurative And Manipulative Studies, Kayla R. Sayre Dec 2018

Effect Of Macrograzers (Campostoma Spp. And Faxonius Spp.) On Periphyton In Ozark Streams With Considerations Given To Macrograzer Biomass, Phosphorus, And Season: Mensurative And Manipulative Studies, Kayla R. Sayre

Theses and Dissertations

Nutrient and benthic algal biomass relationships can guide numeric nutrient criteria development in lotic systems. However, herbivorous macrograzers may confound this relationship by reducing the slope of the positive relationship between nutrients and periphyton biomass in streams. I conducted a mensurative field study to determine if stoneroller and crayfish abundance related to algal biomass at varying nutrient concentrations and manipulated macrograzer presence with electrical exclosures in streams to examine macrograzer effects on algal biomass and understand whether these effects on periphyton varied with total phosphorus (TP) or season. Macrograzer density was quantified across a TP gradient (n=15 streams; range ...


Values Vs. Self-Interest As Determinants Of Attitudes: Through A Construal Level Theory Lens, (Sometimes) Self-Interest Wins, Austin D. Eubanks Dec 2018

Values Vs. Self-Interest As Determinants Of Attitudes: Through A Construal Level Theory Lens, (Sometimes) Self-Interest Wins, Austin D. Eubanks

Theses and Dissertations

The present study (n = 335) attempted to conceptually replicate Hunt, Kim, Borgida, and Chaiken (2010) with a high-powered design to investigate whether values and self-interest differentially impact attitudes depending on psychological distance. Participants were assigned to complete a task that made self- or other-focused values more accessible, then indicated their attitudes about a student fee increase at a university to fund scholarships the participants would not be eligible to receive (thus going against their own financial self-interest for the well being of someone else). The memo describing the fee increase was manipulated such that the increase would be occurring at ...


Investigating Affective Pathways For The Influence Of Justification On Self-Control, Morgan Hill Dec 2018

Investigating Affective Pathways For The Influence Of Justification On Self-Control, Morgan Hill

Theses and Dissertations

People struggle with temptation in their everyday lives. Research often attributes failures in self-regulation to overwhelming and uncontrollable impulses. However, research also supports the idea that cognitive factors (e.g., justification) can license tempting behavior and allow individuals to behave in ways that run counter to their long-term goals. In addition, it is likely that affect plays a role in justification-based self-control failure. The current set of three studies investigated the role of affect in justification-based self-control failure. Study 1 tested the prediction that recall of past successes would result in increased positive affect. Study 2 assessed whether justification results ...


Acculturation And Internalizing Problems Among Latino Youth: A Meta-Analytic Review, Juventino Hernandez Rodriguez Dec 2018

Acculturation And Internalizing Problems Among Latino Youth: A Meta-Analytic Review, Juventino Hernandez Rodriguez

Theses and Dissertations

Some studies have found acculturation to be a positive predictor of internalizing problems (i.e., anxiety and depression) in Latino youth (Gonzales et al., 2002), whereas other studies have revealed no relation or a negative relation between acculturation and internalizing problems (Smokowski, Buchanan, & Bacallao, 2009). Narrative reviews of this literature exist (Gonzales et al., 2002; Gonzales et al., 2009) but a quantitative synthesis of the literature has not been conducted. After a systematic literature search that identified 38 studies meeting inclusionary criteria, a meta-analysis was performed to estimate the size and direction of the relation between acculturation and internalizing problems. The measurement of acculturation, youth characteristics (age, gender, & country of origin), and environmental context (socioeconomic status, documentation status) were examined as possible moderators. Results revealed no significant relation between acculturation and internalizing problems. When measurement of acculturation was examined as a potential moderator, results revealed three patterns. There was no relation between acculturation and internalizing problems when studies used a proxy measure of acculturation. When studies used a discrepancy score to assess acculturation, a negative relation was found; when studies used a ...


The Impact Of Coaches' Character On Youth Basketball Players, Natasha Hill Dec 2018

The Impact Of Coaches' Character On Youth Basketball Players, Natasha Hill

Theses and Dissertations

If utilized effectively, recreation and sports can serve as major tools for developing youth, improving the educational environment, and increasing the number of productive adults that are healthier physically and mentally to positively impact society. Most research targeting recreation and sports developing youth has the perspective primarily of parents and youth. Evaluating the character strengths of coaches and youth athletes who actively participate in team basketball is vital.

An exploration of the value of basketball and character strengths of (n = 64) youth athletes, between the ages of 12 to 16 years, and the impact of their involvement with coaches that ...


The Impact Of Transfer Shock In A Dental Hygiene Program At A Four-Year Health-Sciences University, Claire Sallee Tucker Dec 2018

The Impact Of Transfer Shock In A Dental Hygiene Program At A Four-Year Health-Sciences University, Claire Sallee Tucker

Theses and Dissertations

In order for a student to be successful in dental hygiene education, the student must gain the required knowledge and skills necessary to perform as a hygienist and possess the ability to utilize critical thinking to apply these attributes while in the program and on the National Board of Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE) (Alzahrani, Thompson, & Bauman, 2007; Fried, Maxey, Battani, Gurenlian, Byrd, & Brunick, 2017). Dental hygiene students who attend a medical university have the option to take required pre-requisite courses at a community college or a four-year university. All dental hygiene students transfer from another institution and all have the potential to exhibit transfer shock, which may contribute to a drop in GPA following the transfer to another institution. Transfer shock typically occurs for students who transfer from a community college to a university (Hills 1965; Ivins, Copenhaver, & Koclanes, 2016). This study investigates the impact of transfer shock on students who transfer into a dental hygiene program from a two-year community college as opposed to a four-year university. This study examined whether the type of institution ...


A Support Program For College Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Functioning Of Participants Versus Non-Participants And The Role Of Program-Sponsored Mentoring, Ayla Raven Mapes Dec 2018

A Support Program For College Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Functioning Of Participants Versus Non-Participants And The Role Of Program-Sponsored Mentoring, Ayla Raven Mapes

Theses and Dissertations

Increasingly more students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are attending college. In response, many colleges are now offering these students the extra support of an Autism Support Program (ASP), many of which include a mentoring component. This study is one of only a handful of attempts to examine these programs empirically. Using a small sample of college students who identified as having ASD, I compared participants and non-participants of a university ASP. An online survey was used to assess demographic characteristics and pre-college academic performance, as well as students’ functioning across the following domains: social, adaptive, academic, emotional, and having ...


An Exploration Of The Quality Of Relationship Between Step-Children And Step-Parents Based On Address Term Usage, Sierra R. Payton Nov 2018

An Exploration Of The Quality Of Relationship Between Step-Children And Step-Parents Based On Address Term Usage, Sierra R. Payton

Theses and Dissertations

This study aimed to examine address term usage as a communicative component of blended/step-families by examining the address terms that step-children use to address their step-parent and whether address term usage can allude to the quality of relationship reported by step-children within the step-child step-parent relationship. Rowan University undergraduate students (n=67) were recruited to complete questionnaires on address term usage and quality of relationship using the Quality of Relationships Inventory (QRI). Address term usage was the independent variable and was measured using three levels: formal, familiar, and familial. Quality of relationship was the dependent variable and was measured ...


Interleukin-17a (Il-17a) Worsens Severe Murine Respiratory Mycoplasma Disease, Maximillion Mize Aug 2018

Interleukin-17a (Il-17a) Worsens Severe Murine Respiratory Mycoplasma Disease, Maximillion Mize

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of these studies was to determine the role of Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) in the immune response to respiratory mycoplasma infection. Serum levels of IL-17A increase in disease-susceptible BALB/c mice, but not disease-resistant C57BL/6 mice, infected with Mycoplasma pulmonis. Increased serum IL-17A was associated with mycoplasma pathology during infection in BALB/c mice, including: the presence of pulmonary neutrophils, progressive weight loss, and the development of inflammatory lung lesions. Neutralizing the function of IL-17A using monoclonal anti-IL-17A antibodies during mycoplasma infection reduced disease severity in disease-susceptible BALB/c mice, but not disease-resistant C57BL/6 mice. Providing daily intra-peritoneal ...


Patient Satisfaction And Oral Health-Related Quality Of Life Outcomes In Edentulous Patients Being Treated With Complete Dentures By Dental Students At The University Of Iowa College Of Dentistry And Dental Clinics, José Miguel García Loera Aug 2018

Patient Satisfaction And Oral Health-Related Quality Of Life Outcomes In Edentulous Patients Being Treated With Complete Dentures By Dental Students At The University Of Iowa College Of Dentistry And Dental Clinics, José Miguel García Loera

Theses and Dissertations

Objectives:

The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of multiple factors in the Oral Health Related Quality of Life of patients being treated with Conventional Complete Dentures, including: a) Level of expertise of the dental provider (third year dental student vs. fourth year dental student); b) Length of time edentulous; c) Number of previous prostheses; d) Race; e) Sex; f) Age; g) Systemic conditions; h) Condition of the bone ridge; i) Economic factor and insurance coverage, in patients at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry (D3 and D4 Clinics).

Materials and methods:

Eighty-one subjects who had ...


Assessment Of Regional Fungal Concentrations And Diversity And Their Possible Association With Self-Reported Health Effects Among A National Sample Of Office Building Occupants In The United States, Shawn Arden Messer Aug 2018

Assessment Of Regional Fungal Concentrations And Diversity And Their Possible Association With Self-Reported Health Effects Among A National Sample Of Office Building Occupants In The United States, Shawn Arden Messer

Theses and Dissertations

Data from the Environmental Protection Agency’s Building Assessment and Survey Evaluation (BASE) study was analyzed for culturable fungi detected in air samples collected from 100 office buildings located among ten climate regions in the United States. Fungi identified and quantified in the study were evaluated in indoor and outdoor environments. Evenness of species for both summer and winter, and the diversity and similarity indices of species were calculated between climate region groups in order to observe potential climate-based differences in the fungal microbiome. Respiratory and neurological health symptoms of study building occupants (n = 4,326) were self-reported by questionnaire ...


Comparison Of Analysis Techniques For Assessing Oro-Pharyngeal Swallow From Videofluoroscopy, Prasanna Venkataraman Aug 2018

Comparison Of Analysis Techniques For Assessing Oro-Pharyngeal Swallow From Videofluoroscopy, Prasanna Venkataraman

Theses and Dissertations

MBSImP® is an ordinal rating scale designed to evaluate 17 swallowing events from Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study. Use of an ordinal scale to judge swallowing impairment involves subjectivity and could affect the reliability of judgements. There is a need to validate the ordinal levels of ratings in MBSImP® with objective data, in order to improve confidence of clinical judgements. The hypothesis was that discrete objective data could be obtained for each level of rating in MBSImP® that are statistically different from the data of the subsequent rating level, which would objectively support the concept of the MBSImP® tool. Two hundred 5ml ...


Speech-Language Pathologists' Practices And Attitudes Toward App Use In Therapy, Tessa Alexandra Benedon Aug 2018

Speech-Language Pathologists' Practices And Attitudes Toward App Use In Therapy, Tessa Alexandra Benedon

Theses and Dissertations

Numerous national surveys have established that Americans of all ages are using mobile technologies (e.g. cell phones, smartphones, and tablets) more than ever before (Pew Research Center, 2018; American Academy of Pediatrics, 2016a; American Academy of Pediatrics, 2016b; Reid-Chassiakos et al., 2016; Tsetsi & Rains, 2016; Kabali et al., 2015). In the same vein, Morris, Jones, and Sweatman (2016) found that Americans with visual, hearing, motor, learning, and speech disabilities area also engaging with apps on smartphone and tablet technologies for vocational, educational, and social purposes. Developers of the iOS and Android operating systems have prioritized user-friendly design and accessibility features to ...


Developing Peptide Therapeutics That Inhibit Bacterial Toxins Utilizing A Cholesterol Recognition Amino Acid Consensus (Crac) Motif, Evan Koufos Aug 2018

Developing Peptide Therapeutics That Inhibit Bacterial Toxins Utilizing A Cholesterol Recognition Amino Acid Consensus (Crac) Motif, Evan Koufos

Theses and Dissertations

Treatment of bacterial illnesses has become increasingly difficult as the development of new antibiotics is being outpaced by the increasing number of antibiotic-resistant organisms. This has led us to search for alternative therapeutic approaches to help combat these illnesses. A viable approach in treating these illnesses is to focus on inhibiting protein toxins, which are one of the many virulence factors that bacteria secrete. Many toxins recognize and bind to cholesterol (Chol) on the host cell membrane as an initial step in their mechanism; however, a viable method of inhibiting this interaction has yet to be uncovered.For our model ...


Noise Exposure For Bus Drivers In An Iowa City Transit System, Austin Isamu Pierson Aug 2018

Noise Exposure For Bus Drivers In An Iowa City Transit System, Austin Isamu Pierson

Theses and Dissertations

General noise regulations and guidelines protect workers against 8-hour time-weighted average noise exposures > 85-90 dBA that can cause health outcomes and noise induced hearing loss (NIHL), but the bus transportation industry has guidelines limiting lower noise exposures > 75-80 dBA to reduce safety hazards, including distraction and poor communication. These hazards can create dangerous driving conditions, especially for urban bus drivers, potentially causing a collision. Further research was necessary to characterize U.S. urban transit bus driver noise exposures to assess whether they exceeded 75, 80, 85, and 90 dBA, time-weighted, and to identify statistically significant noise exposure risk factors for ...


A Multimodal Assessment Of Disgust In Response To Traumatic Event Reminders Among Adolescents, Teah-Marie R. Bynion Aug 2018

A Multimodal Assessment Of Disgust In Response To Traumatic Event Reminders Among Adolescents, Teah-Marie R. Bynion

Theses and Dissertations

The majority of youth will report traumatic event exposure by the time they reach adulthood. Research suggests exposure to such events is linked to myriad negative outcomes. Not all traumatic events are alike, however; evidence suggests that, compared to non-interpersonal events, interpersonal events in which another person intentionally perpetrates harm are linked to elevations in the likelihood of negative outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One reason for this discrepancy is that interpersonal traumatic events may elicit greater levels of disgust. However, this is a very under-developed research base, no study has examined this question among youth. The current study ...


Dissecting The Mechanism Of Action Of A Novel Antifungal Peptide, Cody Bullock Aug 2018

Dissecting The Mechanism Of Action Of A Novel Antifungal Peptide, Cody Bullock

Theses and Dissertations

There is an urgent need for novel treatments for Candida infections. The utility of antimicrobial peptides for antifungal therapy has garnered interest in recent years. One promising family of peptides is the Histatins, a family of naturally-occurring peptides secreted into the oral cavity that display antimicrobial activity. Histatin 5 is a twenty-four amino acid peptide with strong antifungal activity. Studies from our laboratory have identified a small histatin-derived peptide, KM29, that yields fungicidal activity 10-fold greater than Histatin 5 against multiple Candida species. Our laboratory has focused on understanding the mechanism of action of KM29 to further develop it as ...


Analysis Of Family-Health-Related Topics On Wikipedia, Yanyan Wang Aug 2018

Analysis Of Family-Health-Related Topics On Wikipedia, Yanyan Wang

Theses and Dissertations

New concepts, terms, and topics always emerge; and meanings of existing terms and topics keep changing all the time. These phenomena occur more frequently on social media than on conventional media because social media allows a huge number of users to generate information online. Retrieving relevant results in different time periods of a fast-changing topic becomes one of the most difficult challenges in the information retrieval field. Among numerous topics discussed on social media, health-related topics are a major category which attracts increasing attention from the general public.

This study investigated and explored the evolution patterns of family-health-related topics on ...


Assessment Of A Nutritional Rehabilitation Model In Two Modern Broilers And Their Jungle Fowl Ancestor: A Model For Better Understanding Childhood Undernutrition, Mikayla Baxter Aug 2018

Assessment Of A Nutritional Rehabilitation Model In Two Modern Broilers And Their Jungle Fowl Ancestor: A Model For Better Understanding Childhood Undernutrition, Mikayla Baxter

Theses and Dissertations

The World Health Organization, estimated that 22.9% of children under the age of 5 are stunted. The etiology of stunting is multifactorial and is associated with poor linear growth, villous atrophy, dysbiosis, and increased intestinal permeability. Inclusion of rye in poultry diets induces nutrient deficiencies and increases intestinal permeability, dysbiosis and decreases growth rates. The objective of this dissertation was to determine if chickens consuming a rye based diet exhibited a similar pathophysiology of stunted children to develop a relevant animal model. Therefore, early or late phase malnutrition was induced determine the effects of malnutrition on performance, bone mineralization ...


The Relationship Between Mental Health And Ultra-Running: A Case Study, Joshua Justin Cook Aug 2018

The Relationship Between Mental Health And Ultra-Running: A Case Study, Joshua Justin Cook

Theses and Dissertations

This instrumental case study sought to explore the relationship between ultra-running and mental health through the lived experiences of a single participant who self-identifies as an ultra-runner. Three research questions were used to explore this relationship; how did the individual decide to participate in ultra-running, what aspects of ultra-running impact the participant’s mental health, and how has engaging in ultra-running impacted the participant’s mental health? The case study utilized three semi-structured interviews, two participant observations, video documentary review, and journaling to answer these questions. A thematic analysis of the data revealed four essential themes; 1) Development of participation ...