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1995

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Articles 1 - 30 of 773

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Treatment Of Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma In 7 Dogs Utilizing 131i, William Adams, M Walker, G Daniel, M Petersen, A Legendre May 2013

Treatment Of Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma In 7 Dogs Utilizing 131i, William Adams, M Walker, G Daniel, M Petersen, A Legendre

Alfred M Legendre DVM, MS, DACVIM

Seven dogs with thyroid gland carcinoma were treated with 131I and hormone suppressive therapy either alone (3 dogs) or in combination with surgery (3 dogs) or 137Cs teletherapy and chemotherapy (1 dog). Empirically chosen doses of 75 to 137 mCi 131I were given orally (2 dogs) and i.v. (5 dogs). Adverse effects were limited to acute, transient bone marrow hypoplasia and pancytopenia. Nominal objective reduction in tumour volume or size and number of pulmonary metastases was observed in 4 dogs treated with 131I and thyroxine. Of these 4 dogs, 2 had stable disease for periods of 4 and 12 ...


Comparative Analyses Of Peritoneal Fluid From Calves And Adult Cattle, David Anderson, D Cornwell, Lane Anderson, G St-Jean, A Desrochers Feb 2013

Comparative Analyses Of Peritoneal Fluid From Calves And Adult Cattle, David Anderson, D Cornwell, Lane Anderson, G St-Jean, A Desrochers

Lane S Anderson, DVM

Reference values for hematologic variables change with increasing age in cattle. Therefore, the purpose of the study reported here was to describe the peritoneal fluid constituents of clinically normal young calves, and to compare cellular concentration and distribution in blood and peritoneal fluid of young calves with those of adult cattle. Eight healthy 8-week-old male Holstein calves and 8 healthy 3- to 8-year-old Holstein cows were studied. Peritoneal fluid was collected from calves along the ventral midline, 4-cm cranial to the umbilicus. Abdominocentesis was performed in the region of the lower right flank in adult cattle. Correlation analysis, using the ...


Blood Ionized Calcium Concentrations In Horses Before And After The Cross-Country Phase Of Three-Day Event Competition, Dennis Geiser, Frank Andrews, Barton Rohrbach, S White, P Maykuth, E Green, M Provenza Oct 2010

Blood Ionized Calcium Concentrations In Horses Before And After The Cross-Country Phase Of Three-Day Event Competition, Dennis Geiser, Frank Andrews, Barton Rohrbach, S White, P Maykuth, E Green, M Provenza

Dennis R. Geiser DVM, DAVBP

Blood ionized calcium (Ca2+) and pH; plasma lactate concentrations; and total protein, total calcium (CaT), albumin, and phosphorus concentrations in serum were determined in 40 healthy horses before (T1), at the finish line (T2), and 10 minutes after the finish (T3) of the cross-country phase of a 3-day-event competition. Mean ( SEM) Ca2+ concentrations decreased from 6.22 0.04 mg/dl at T1 to 5.04 0.07 mg/dl at T2. This decrease was accompanied by a nonsignificant increase in CaT between T1 and T2. The mean ( SEM) percent ionization of calcium decreased significantly, from 50.9 2.75 ...


Characterization Of Hybridization Between Synthetic Oligodeoxynucleotides And Rna In Living Cells, Joan C. Ritland Politz, Krishan L. Taneja, Robert H. Singer Dec 1995

Characterization Of Hybridization Between Synthetic Oligodeoxynucleotides And Rna In Living Cells, Joan C. Ritland Politz, Krishan L. Taneja, Robert H. Singer

Open Access Articles

Cells internalized synthetic oligonucleotides (oligos) in culture. The hybridization of these molecules to target RNA in the living cell was subsequently detected and characterized after fixation of the cells, with or without previous detergent extraction. Hybridized oligo was distinguished from free oligo in the cell using an in situ reverse transcription technique. This assay exploited the ability of the hybridized oligo to prime synthesis of a specific cDNA strand; unhybridized oligo present in the cell could not act as a primer for reverse transcription. Phosphorothioate and fluorochrome-labeled phosphodiester oligo dT were found to enter cells rapidly and hybridize to poly ...


One-Trial Context Fear Conditioning As A Function Of The Interstimulus Interval, Rick A. Bevins, John J. B. Ayres Dec 1995

One-Trial Context Fear Conditioning As A Function Of The Interstimulus Interval, Rick A. Bevins, John J. B. Ayres

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

In two experiments, we examined the effects of a wide range of interstimulus intervals (2.5, 15, 45, 120, 135, and 405 sec) on one-trial context fear conditioning with rats. Here, the interstimulus interval (ISI) denotes the time between placement in a conditioning chamber and the onset of a single footshock. On the conditioning day, we observed that the rats’ behavior at the time of shock onset varied systematically across ISI values. On the subsequent test day, we used context-evoked freezing as a measure of context conditioning and found the well-known inverted U-shaped ISI function. We also found that conditioned ...


3 Pertanyaan Umum Tentang Kutil Kelamin.Doc, Denature Indonesia Dec 1995

3 Pertanyaan Umum Tentang Kutil Kelamin.Doc, Denature Indonesia

denature indonesia

Salah satu virus yang paling umum dan menyebabkan penyakit pada kulit dan selaput lendir adalah virus papiloma manusia atau HPV. Ada lebih dari 100 jenis virus papiloma manusia, dan ada pula yang ditularkan melalui hubungan seksual atau menginfeksi daerah genital. Virus yang menginfeksi dari genital yang kemudian dikenal sebagai HPV penyebab kutil kelamin ini


Type-Specific Immunity In Hiv-1 Vertically Infected Infants, Cheryl A. Pikora Dec 1995

Type-Specific Immunity In Hiv-1 Vertically Infected Infants, Cheryl A. Pikora

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

High frequencies of CTL recognizing laboratory strains of HIV-1 are present in HIV-1 infected adults as early as preseroconversion. The presence of HIV-1 specific CTL during primary infection has been correlated with better control of early viremia and a more delayed onset of CD4 lymphocyte loss. Previous experiments in our laboratory have demonstrated that, unlike HIV-1 infected adults, the majority of vertically infected infants lack CTL which recognize laboratory strains of HIV-1 within the first year of life. ADCC antibody responses against laboratory strains of HIV-1 env gene products are also delayed until at least two years of age. As ...


The Impact Of Humor On Energy, Tension, Task Choices, And Attributions: Exploring Hypotheses From Toughness Theory, Richard A. Dienstbier Dec 1995

The Impact Of Humor On Energy, Tension, Task Choices, And Attributions: Exploring Hypotheses From Toughness Theory, Richard A. Dienstbier

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Hypotheses derived from toughness theory suggest that nonaggressive humor should lead to increased feelings of energy without influencing tension, to preferences for studying materials that require more effort and energy, and to ratings of mundane laboratory activities as more challenging but not more threatening. Eighty-one college-age men and women were randomly assigned to watch a 12-minute video of Bill Cosby's humor or to watch a nonhumorous control video that analyzed the Cosby comedy routine. The humor condition resulted in significant increases in feelings of energy but not in feelings of tension. The other hypotheses were also confirmed except that ...


2,4-Disulfonyl Phenyl Butyl Nitrone, Its Salt And Their Use As Pharmaceuticals, John M. Carney Dec 1995

2,4-Disulfonyl Phenyl Butyl Nitrone, Its Salt And Their Use As Pharmaceuticals, John M. Carney

Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Patents

2,4-disulfonyl α-phenyl-tert-butyl nitrone and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts are disclosed. These materials are useful as pharmaceutical agents for oral or parenteral, e.g. intravenous administration to patients suffering from acute central nervous system oxidation as occurs in a stroke or from gradual central nervous system oxidation which can exhibit itself as progressive central nervous system function loss. The materials are also used to ameliorate the side effects of oxidative-damage causing antineoplastic disease treatments.


Wrong Medicine: Doctors, Patients, And Futile Treatment, Charles Weijer Dec 1995

Wrong Medicine: Doctors, Patients, And Futile Treatment, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


Phenyl Butyl Nitrone Compositions And Methods For Treatment Of Oxidative Tissue Damage, John M. Carney, Robert A. Floyd Dec 1995

Phenyl Butyl Nitrone Compositions And Methods For Treatment Of Oxidative Tissue Damage, John M. Carney, Robert A. Floyd

Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Patents

Compositions for treating tissue damage from ischemia contain PBN, or active derivatives thereof, which are active during ischemia in preventing ATP depletion of the cells which predisposes them to subsequent injury during reperfusion, and which are active during reperfusion as oxygen radical scavengers, in a suitable pharmaceutical carrier for systemic or local administration, especially to the CNS, spinal column and eyes. Based on animal studies, the dosage for treating damage due to stroke is in the range of 10 to 300 mg/kg. Similar dosages are useful in treating damage resulting from free radical generation during inflammation, either as a ...


The Effectiveness Of A Preoperative Patient Education Handbook In Decreasing Anxiety Of Veterans Undergoing Elective Surgery, Garletta White Steen Dec 1995

The Effectiveness Of A Preoperative Patient Education Handbook In Decreasing Anxiety Of Veterans Undergoing Elective Surgery, Garletta White Steen

Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this experimental, pretest/posttest study was to examine the effectiveness of a preoperative patient education handbook developed by postanesthesia care unit (PACU) nurses in decreasing state anxiety of veterans undergoing minor elective surgery. State anxiety was measured by the State Anxiety Scale of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, developed by Spielberger, Gorsuch, Luschene, Vagg, and Jacobs (1983). The population for the study was composed of veterans undergoing elective surgery in a hospital which is part of the South Texas Veterans Healthcare System. The sample consisted of 38 patients admitted to the hospital for a variety of minor elective ...


Teacher Certification Among Athletic Training Students, Neil Curtis Dec 1995

Teacher Certification Among Athletic Training Students, Neil Curtis

Sports Medicine

No abstract provided.


Texas D.O. Volume 52, Number 11, Texas Osteopathic Medical Association Dec 1995

Texas D.O. Volume 52, Number 11, Texas Osteopathic Medical Association

Texas Osteopathic Physicians Journal

No abstract provided.


Update - December 1995, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics Dec 1995

Update - December 1995, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics

Update

In this issue:

-- Making Human Life Captive to Biomedical Technology: Christianity and the Demise of Human Values


Optimal Survey Design For Community Intervention Evaluations: Cohort Or Cross-Sectional?, Paula Diehr Dec 1995

Optimal Survey Design For Community Intervention Evaluations: Cohort Or Cross-Sectional?, Paula Diehr

Paula Diehr

Community intervention evaluations that measure changes over time may conduct repeated cross-sectional surveys, follow a cohort of residents over time, or (often) use both designs. Each survey design has implications for precision and cost. To explore these issues, we assume that two waves of surveys are conducted, and that the goal is to estimate change in behavior for people who reside in the community at both times. Cohort designs are shown to provide more accurate estimates (in the sense of lower mean squared error) than cross-sectional estimates if (1) there is strong correlation over time in an individual's behavior ...


Physical Therapist Assistants’ Perceptions Of The Documented Roles Of The Physical Therapist Assistant, Andrew J. Robinson, Mary Turner Depalma, Michael Mccall Dec 1995

Physical Therapist Assistants’ Perceptions Of The Documented Roles Of The Physical Therapist Assistant, Andrew J. Robinson, Mary Turner Depalma, Michael Mccall

Articles and Chapters

Background and Purpose. This study investigated physical therapist assistants' (PTAs) perceptions of the documented roles of PT As and compared those perceptions with those of physical therapists from a previous study. Subjects and Methods. A questionnaire that described 79 physical therapy activities was distributed to a sample (n=400) of PTAs derived from the American Physical Therapy Association membership. The response rate was 56% (n=225). Respondents indicated whether each activity was included in the documentation describing PTA roles. Discriminant analyses were used to determine whether demographic factors predicted the pattern of responses. In addition, meta-analytic techniques were used to ...


Multicultural Clients: A Professional Handbook For Health Care Providers And Social Workers. Sybil M. Lassiter. Dec 1995

Multicultural Clients: A Professional Handbook For Health Care Providers And Social Workers. Sybil M. Lassiter.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Sybil M. Lassiter, Multicultural Clients: A Professional Handbook for Health Care Providers and Social Workers. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995. $65.00 hardcover.


Physical Therapist Assistants’ Perceptions Of The Documented Roles Of The Physical Therapist Assistant: A Response To Lippert’S Reply, Andrew J. Robinson, Mary Turner Depalma, Michael Mccall Dec 1995

Physical Therapist Assistants’ Perceptions Of The Documented Roles Of The Physical Therapist Assistant: A Response To Lippert’S Reply, Andrew J. Robinson, Mary Turner Depalma, Michael Mccall

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] We would like to thank Lynn Lippert for her thoughtful and supportive commentary on our article dealing with physical therapist assistants’ (PTAs’) perceptions of documented PTA roles. We agree with her position that the lack of operational definitions for terms associated with physical therapy activities is a problem, both in conducting research in the area of occupational roles and in the documentation that differentiates physical therapist, PTA, and physical therapy aide practice. We would strongly encourage individuals or groups involved in revising guidelines on the roles of providers of physical therapy services to begin that process by generating operational ...


Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume Xlv, Number 1, December 1995 Dec 1995

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume Xlv, Number 1, December 1995

Jefferson Medical College Alumni Bulletin

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume XLV, Number 1, December 1995

We will fight cancer with molecular therapeutics and prediagnostics, page 4

Behavior and economics will challenge prevention, page 6

From genetic understanding to cure, page 9

Computer-based teaching reshapes how students learn, page 12

Will tomorrow’s journals be electronic? Page 14

Jefferson health system upgrades its information technology, page 17

Molecule essential for cell growth and division is discovered at Jeff, page 19


Ponticulin Plays A Role In The Positional Stabilization Of Pseudopods, D. C. Shutt, D. Wessels, K. Wagenknecht, A. Chandrasekhar, Anne L. Hitt, Elizabeth J. Luna, D. R. Soll Dec 1995

Ponticulin Plays A Role In The Positional Stabilization Of Pseudopods, D. C. Shutt, D. Wessels, K. Wagenknecht, A. Chandrasekhar, Anne L. Hitt, Elizabeth J. Luna, D. R. Soll

Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications

Ponticulin is a 17-kD glycoprotein that represents a major high affinity link between the plasma membrane and the cortical actin network of Dictyostelium. To assess the role of ponticulin in pseudopod extension and retraction, the motile behavior of two independently generated mutants lacking ponticulin was analyzed using computer-assisted two- and three-dimensional motion analysis systems. More than half of the lateral pseudopods formed off the substratum by ponticulin-minus cells slipped relative to the substratum during extension and retraction. In contrast, all pseudopods formed off the substratum by wild-type cells were positionally fixed in relation to the substratum. Ponticulin-minus cells also formed ...


Expression And Characterization Of Two Alternatively Spliced Isoforms Of Rat Type I Receptor For Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate, Doris Da May Lin Dec 1995

Expression And Characterization Of Two Alternatively Spliced Isoforms Of Rat Type I Receptor For Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate, Doris Da May Lin

Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library

The transmembrane receptor for IP3 is a tetrameric calcium channel located in the endoplasmic reticulum. In many cell types the receptor mediates such complex signals as calcium waves and oscillations. There are multiple receptor isoforms, derived by alternative splicing as well as different genes. The functional significance of these many receptor isoforms has not been determined. To this end, I have generated cell lines that express homotetrameric receptors.Stable lines of the human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells were established by transfection with cDNAs encoding for two splice variants of the rat type I receptor. The two variants differ in the ...


The Spleen Focus-Forming Virus Envelope Glycoprotein, Gp55, And The Block In The Erythropoietin-Induced Differentiation Of Friend Murine Erythroleukemia Cells, Thomas Samuel Lin Dec 1995

The Spleen Focus-Forming Virus Envelope Glycoprotein, Gp55, And The Block In The Erythropoietin-Induced Differentiation Of Friend Murine Erythroleukemia Cells, Thomas Samuel Lin

Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library

Unlike normal committed erythroid progenitor cells, which require erythropoietin (EPO) for both proliferation and terminal differentiation, Friend murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells are EPO-independent and do not differentiate in response to the cytokine. Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) induces differentiation and restores responsiveness to EPO. DMSO-treated Friend cells responded to EPO with both increased proliferation and further hemoglobin synthesis. The effects of DMSO upon the expression of EPO receptor (EPOR) mRNA and cell surface receptor were examined. Clone DMSO/R1, an MEL subline resistant to the differentiation-inducing and EPO-sensitizing effects of DMSO, expressed a higher level of EPOR mRNA than parental Friend cells, and ...


A Computer Aided Investigation Of The Craniofacial Changes Resulting From Kloehn Cervical Headgear, William T. Mulgrew Dec 1995

A Computer Aided Investigation Of The Craniofacial Changes Resulting From Kloehn Cervical Headgear, William T. Mulgrew

Scholar Archive

No abstract provided.


Look Who's Driving Now—Visual Standards For Driver Licensing In The United States, Jill Fishbaugh Dec 1995

Look Who's Driving Now—Visual Standards For Driver Licensing In The United States, Jill Fishbaugh

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Publications

The current visual standards for driver licensing of the general population in all 50 states and the District of Columbia are described. Minimum visual acuity standards range from 20/40 (73%) to vision less than 20/2/00 (Washington). The majority of states (92%) offer some type of restricted license which provide an opportunity for low vision drivers to keep their independence while at the same time affording society a high level of safety in the driving system. Tips for the ophthalmic nurse are provided.


Nursing Care Of The Patient With Cornea Graft Rejection, Jill Fishbaugh Dec 1995

Nursing Care Of The Patient With Cornea Graft Rejection, Jill Fishbaugh

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Publications

No abstract provided.


Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis: An Unusual Complication Of Bronchial Asthma, S F. Hussain, J A. Khan, M A. Khan Dec 1995

Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis: An Unusual Complication Of Bronchial Asthma, S F. Hussain, J A. Khan, M A. Khan

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

Asthma is a common medical problem in Pakistan. Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA), an immune mediated disease, is an unusual complication of bronchial asthma which can result in bronchiectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, respiratory failure and death. Early diagnosis is important so that with proper therapy permanent lung damage can be prevented. First described in 19521 , ABPA was thought to be a rare disorder, but with increased awareness amongst the physicians and better diagnostic techniques, äases are being recognized more frequently. The clinical features of ABPA (cough, fever, hemoptysis and lung infiltrates) are usually mistaken for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). We present three cases ...


Influence Of Chondroitinase On Indirect Hemagglutination Titers And Phagocytosis Of Pasteurella Multocida Serogroups A, D And F, Richard B. Rimler, Karen B. Register, Tibor Magyar, Mark R. Ackermann Dec 1995

Influence Of Chondroitinase On Indirect Hemagglutination Titers And Phagocytosis Of Pasteurella Multocida Serogroups A, D And F, Richard B. Rimler, Karen B. Register, Tibor Magyar, Mark R. Ackermann

Mark R. Ackermann

Capsules of Pasteurella multocida serogroups A, D and F contain mucopolysaccharides which block antigenic determinants and prevent phagocytosis. In this study, capsules of serogroup A, D and F strains of P. multocida were depolymerized by enzyme treatment. Capsule depolymerization of serogroup D and F strains with chondroitinase increased indirect hemagglutination (IHA) test titers and enhanced phagocytosis by swine neutrophils. Capsule depolymerization of serogroup A strains with hyaluronidase increased IHA titers, but depolymerization with chondroitinase did not. When serogroup A strains were treated with a combination of chondroitinase and hyaluronidase, IHA test titers were lower than titers of the same strains ...


Invasion Of Caco-2 Cells By Salmonella Typhimurium (Copenhagen) Isolates From Healthy And Sick Chickens, Theodore J. Kottom, Lisa K. Nolan, John Brown Dec 1995

Invasion Of Caco-2 Cells By Salmonella Typhimurium (Copenhagen) Isolates From Healthy And Sick Chickens, Theodore J. Kottom, Lisa K. Nolan, John Brown

Lisa K. Nolan

In a previous study, Salmonella isolates of sick birds were distinguished from those of apparently healthy birds by their high degree of invasion of tissue culture cells. In this study, a single pair of Salmonella isolates was examined to determine the source of this observed difference in invasion. When isolates were allowed to invade Caco-2 cells for 8 hours, the isolate from the sick bird (S) appeared to invade in greater numbers than did the isolate from the healthy bird (H). However, when invasion was distinguished from intracellular growth/survival, it was found that H invaded in greater numbers than ...


Gas1-Induced Growth Suppression Requires A Transactivation-Independent P53 Function., Giannino Del Sal, Elisabetta M. Ruaro, Rene Utrera, Charles N. Cole Dec 1995

Gas1-Induced Growth Suppression Requires A Transactivation-Independent P53 Function., Giannino Del Sal, Elisabetta M. Ruaro, Rene Utrera, Charles N. Cole

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

In normal cells, induction of quiescence is accompanied by the increased expression of growth arrest-specific genes (gas). One of them, gas1, is regulated at the transcriptional level and codes for a membrane-associated protein (Gas1) which is down regulated during the G0-to-S phase transition in serum-stimulated cells. Gas1 is not expressed in growing or transformed cells, and when overexpressed in normal fibroblasts, it blocks the G0-to-S phase transition. Moreover, Gas1 blocks cell proliferation in several transformed cells with the exception of simian virus 40- or adenovirus-transformed cell lines. In this paper, we demonstrate that overexpression of Gas1 blocks cell proliferation in ...