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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Factors Associated With Utilization Of Quality Antenatal Care: Asecondary Data Analysis Of Rwandan Demographic Health Survey 2020, Quraish Sserwanja, Lilian Nuwabaine, Ghislaine Gatasi, Julius N. Wandabwa, Milton W. Musaba Jun 2022

Factors Associated With Utilization Of Quality Antenatal Care: Asecondary Data Analysis Of Rwandan Demographic Health Survey 2020, Quraish Sserwanja, Lilian Nuwabaine, Ghislaine Gatasi, Julius N. Wandabwa, Milton W. Musaba

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background

Over the last decade, progress in reducing maternal mortality in Rwanda has been slow, from 210 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2015 to 203 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2020. Access to quality antenatal care (ANC) can substantially reduce maternal and newborn mortality. Several studies have investigated factors that influence the use of ANC, but information on its quality is limited. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the determinants of quality antenatal care among pregnant women in Rwanda using a nationally representative sample.

Methods

We analyzed secondary data of 6,302 women aged 15–49 ...


Intimate Partner Violence Disclosure And Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending A City Hospital In South-Western Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study, Eve Katushabe, John Baptist Asiimwe, Vincent Batwala Jun 2022

Intimate Partner Violence Disclosure And Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending A City Hospital In South-Western Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study, Eve Katushabe, John Baptist Asiimwe, Vincent Batwala

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background

Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a public health problem in Uganda that negatively impacts maternal and newborn health outcomes. However, IPVdisclosure and associated factors among pregnant women have remained poorly documented in southwestern Uganda. Therefore, this study determined IPV disclosure and associated factors among pregnant women attending a large City hospital.

Methods

In a cross-sectional design, 283 women attending Mbarara City Hospital Antenatal care (ANC) clinic was consecutively recruited into the study. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. This was administered by the research team and the exercise took over a month. That is; from 7 ...


Frequency Of Use And Preferences For Information And Communication Technologies In Patients With Sleep Apnea: A Multicenter, Multinational, Observational Cross-Sectional Survey Study, Veronica R. Jaritos, Emanuel Vanegas, Juan Facundo Nogueira, Sebastian Leiva Agüero, Vanina Giovini, Jorge Rey De Castro, Yadira Rodríguez Reyes, José Luis Carrillo Alduenda, Pammela Torres Gittaim, Zaira Romero, Azza Sarfraz Jun 2022

Frequency Of Use And Preferences For Information And Communication Technologies In Patients With Sleep Apnea: A Multicenter, Multinational, Observational Cross-Sectional Survey Study, Veronica R. Jaritos, Emanuel Vanegas, Juan Facundo Nogueira, Sebastian Leiva Agüero, Vanina Giovini, Jorge Rey De Castro, Yadira Rodríguez Reyes, José Luis Carrillo Alduenda, Pammela Torres Gittaim, Zaira Romero, Azza Sarfraz

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a condition characterized by repeated episodes of partial or complete obstruction of the upper airway during sleep. An accessible method to facilitate self-management education is through information and communication technologies (ICTs).
Purpose: To assess the frequency of and preferences for ICT use in patients with sleep apnea.
Methods: A multicenter, multinational, observational cross-sectional survey study was conducted between 2018 and 2019 in sleep units in different countries of Latin America, including patients of both genders older than 18 years with a diagnosis of sleep apnea. Participants were asked to complete 20 questions in a ...


Intimate Partner Violence Disclosure And Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending A City Hospital In South-Western Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study, Eve Katushabe, John Baptist Asiimwe, Vincent Batwala Jun 2022

Intimate Partner Violence Disclosure And Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending A City Hospital In South-Western Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study, Eve Katushabe, John Baptist Asiimwe, Vincent Batwala

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a public health problem in Uganda that negatively impacts maternal and newborn health outcomes. However, IPVdisclosure and associated factors among pregnant women have remained poorly documented in southwestern Uganda. Therefore, this study determined IPV disclosure and associated factors among pregnant women attending a large City hospital.

Methods: In a cross-sectional design, 283 women attending Mbarara City Hospital Antenatal care (ANC) clinic were consecutively recruited into the study. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. This was administered by the research team and the exercise took over a month. That is; from 7th ...


Interventions For Prevention Of Non-Communicable Diseases Among Adolescents Living With Hiv: A Systematic Review, Eunice Ndirangu, Constance Shumba, Peter Gatiti, Bernard Mutwiri, Amina Abubakar Jun 2022

Interventions For Prevention Of Non-Communicable Diseases Among Adolescents Living With Hiv: A Systematic Review, Eunice Ndirangu, Constance Shumba, Peter Gatiti, Bernard Mutwiri, Amina Abubakar

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

While the uptake of antiretroviral drugs has rapidly expanded among adolescents and adults living with HIV, research evidence suggests that people living with HIV have a higher risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). With more than 35% of the global burden of NCDs stemming from adolescence, there is a need to comprehend the existing evidence on early prevention, detection, and disease management, especially among the at-risk population. In line with the WHO Global Action Plan, 2013–2020 and “Best Buys”, recommendations on practical interventions for NCDs prevention, this systematic review seeks to synthesise evidence on the current interventions for preventing NCDs ...


Midwife-Led Community Transformation (Milcot) Nursing Now Challenge In Uganda, Harriet Nayika, Cliff Aliga, Lisa Bayliss-Pratt, Robert Kagwire, Grace Edwards Jun 2022

Midwife-Led Community Transformation (Milcot) Nursing Now Challenge In Uganda, Harriet Nayika, Cliff Aliga, Lisa Bayliss-Pratt, Robert Kagwire, Grace Edwards

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Summary

This paper describes the journey of a young African midwife utilising the Nursing Now Nightingale Challenge framework to undertake a gap analysis and a mapping exercise to provide high-quality continuous professional development education for midwives working in isolation in a deprived suburb in Uganda. The project was completed in three stages:

  • Stage one mapped out the services available within Nansana, Uganda
  • Stage two identified the gaps in education for midwives and nurses within the area
  • Stage three developed and offered educational study days for nurses, midwives and adolescents based on the gap analysis.


Group B Streptococcus Infection During Pregnancy And Infancy: Estimates Of Regional And Global Burden, Bronner P. Gonçalves, Simon R. Procte, Proma Paul, Jaya Chandna, Alexandra Lewin, Farah Seedat, Artemis Koukounari, Ziyaad Dangor, Shannon Leahy, Amina Abubakar Jun 2022

Group B Streptococcus Infection During Pregnancy And Infancy: Estimates Of Regional And Global Burden, Bronner P. Gonçalves, Simon R. Procte, Proma Paul, Jaya Chandna, Alexandra Lewin, Farah Seedat, Artemis Koukounari, Ziyaad Dangor, Shannon Leahy, Amina Abubakar

Institute for Human Development

Background: Group B streptococcus (GBS) colonisation during pregnancy can lead to invasive GBS disease (iGBS) in infants, including meningitis or sepsis, with a high mortality risk. Other outcomes include stillbirths, maternal infections, and prematurity. There are data gaps, notably regarding neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI), especially after iGBS sepsis, which have limited previous global estimates. In this study, we aimed to address this gap using newly available multicountry datasets.

Methods: We collated and meta-analysed summary data, primarily identified in a series of systematic reviews published in 2017 but also from recent studies on NDI and stillbirths, using Bayesian hierarchical models, and estimated ...


Mental Health And Climate Change In Africa, Lukoye Atwoli, Joy Muhia, Zul Merali Jun 2022

Mental Health And Climate Change In Africa, Lukoye Atwoli, Joy Muhia, Zul Merali

Brain and Mind Institute

It is now widely acknowledged that low- and middle-income countries in Africa are among global hotspots for high vulnerability to climate change, despite making comparatively low contributions to this phenomenon. Climate change has been shown to affect mental health as a result of disruption of social and economic structures that populations depend on for good health, including mental health. After decades of neglect, recent efforts by governments such as in Kenya to address the twin issues of climate change and mental health demonstrate the growing importance of these issues. Here we briefly review the evidence of climate change impacts on ...


Epilepsy Research In Africa: A Scoping Review By The Ilae Pediatric Commission Research Advocacy Task Force, Pauline Samia, Jane Hassell, Jessica Hudson, Azim Ahmed, Jasmit Shah, Charles Hammond, Edward Kija, Stéphane Auvin, Jo Wilmshurst Jun 2022

Epilepsy Research In Africa: A Scoping Review By The Ilae Pediatric Commission Research Advocacy Task Force, Pauline Samia, Jane Hassell, Jessica Hudson, Azim Ahmed, Jasmit Shah, Charles Hammond, Edward Kija, Stéphane Auvin, Jo Wilmshurst

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Objective: Despite the high prevalence of epilepsy in Africa, evaluation of epi- lepsy research trends on the continent is lacking. Without establishing effective research, improvement in care for people with epilepsy cannot be effectively strategized or targeted.

Methods: A scoping review of the peer-reviewed literature on epilepsy from Africa (1989–2019) was conducted. The aim was to understand from this what areas are well researched versus underresearched based on published epilepsy topics.

Results: A total of 1227 publications were identified and assessed. A significant increase in publications occurred over the 30 years assessed. African author lead- ership was evident in ...


Shortness Of Breath In A Young Lady, Rare Case Report Of Thoracic Endometriosis, Willbroad Kyejo, Ally Zain Ismail, Davis Rubagumya, Rahma Bakari, Munawar Kaguta, Nancy Matillya Jun 2022

Shortness Of Breath In A Young Lady, Rare Case Report Of Thoracic Endometriosis, Willbroad Kyejo, Ally Zain Ismail, Davis Rubagumya, Rahma Bakari, Munawar Kaguta, Nancy Matillya

Family Medicine, East Africa

Introduction and importance: Endometrial glandular tissue can implant in the thorax of women suffering from endometriosis. The clinical presentation is depends on site of implantation. Complications include pneumothorax, pneumohemothorax or hemothorax.

Case presentation: A 31 year old woman with history of infertility presented with shortness of breath and was found to have a significant right sided pneumohemothorax. Drainage was done followed by chemical pleurodesis using bleomycin with resolution of symptoms on her follow up.

Clinical discussion: Thoracic endometriosis tend to present with chronic or sub-acute symptoms which are nonspecific symptoms leading to late diagnosis. Video Assisted Thoracoscopic surgery offer both ...


The Impact Of Training On Self-Reported Performance In Reproductive, Maternal, And Newborn Health Service Delivery Among Healthcare Workers In Tanzania: A Baseline- And Endline-Survey, Tumbwene Mwansisya, Columba Mbekenga, Kahabi Isangula, Loveluck Mwasha, Stewart Mbelwa, Mary Lyimo, Lucy Kisaka, Victor Mathias, Eunice Pallangyo, Grace Edwards, Michaela Mantel, Sisawo Konteh, Thomas Rutachunzibwa, Marleen Temmerman Jun 2022

The Impact Of Training On Self-Reported Performance In Reproductive, Maternal, And Newborn Health Service Delivery Among Healthcare Workers In Tanzania: A Baseline- And Endline-Survey, Tumbwene Mwansisya, Columba Mbekenga, Kahabi Isangula, Loveluck Mwasha, Stewart Mbelwa, Mary Lyimo, Lucy Kisaka, Victor Mathias, Eunice Pallangyo, Grace Edwards, Michaela Mantel, Sisawo Konteh, Thomas Rutachunzibwa, Marleen Temmerman

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: Delivery of quality reproductive health services has been documented to depend on the availability of healthcare workers who are adequately supported with appropriate training. However, unmet training needs among healthcare workers in reproductive, maternal, and newborn health (RMNH) in low-income countries remain disproportionately high. This study investigated the effectiveness of training with onsite clinical mentorship towards self-reported performance in RMNH among healthcare workers in Mwanza Region, Tanzania.

Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental design with pre-and post-intervention evaluation strategy. The baseline was compared with two endline groups: those with intervention (training and onsite mentorship) and those without. The differences ...


Women's Health: Optimal Nutrition Throughout The Lifecycle, Edith J M Feskens, Regan Bailey, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Hans-Konrad Biesalski, Heather Eicher-Miller, Klaus Krämer, Wen-Harn Pan, James C. Griffiths May 2022

Women's Health: Optimal Nutrition Throughout The Lifecycle, Edith J M Feskens, Regan Bailey, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Hans-Konrad Biesalski, Heather Eicher-Miller, Klaus Krämer, Wen-Harn Pan, James C. Griffiths

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Sex differences are an important consideration when researching and establishing policies for nutrition and optimal health. For women's health, there are important physiologic, neurologic, and hormonal distinctions throughout the lifecycle that impact nutritional needs. Distinct from those for men, these nutritional needs must be translated into appropriate nutrition policy that aims to not only avoid overt nutritional deficiency, but also to promote health and minimize risk for chronic disease. Through a series of webinars, scientific experts discussed the advances in the understanding of the unique nutritional needs, challenges and opportunities of the various life stages for women across the ...


Effect Of Bovine Lactoferrin On Seroconversion Following Polio Vaccine Administration In Children: Protocol For A Double-Blinded Randomised Controlled Trial, Atif Habib, Sidrah Nausheen, Shanila Nooruddin, Tooba Javed, Tariq Samejo, Amjad Hussain, Suneeta Namdave, Sehrish Amirali, Muhammad Umer, Lumaan Sheikh May 2022

Effect Of Bovine Lactoferrin On Seroconversion Following Polio Vaccine Administration In Children: Protocol For A Double-Blinded Randomised Controlled Trial, Atif Habib, Sidrah Nausheen, Shanila Nooruddin, Tooba Javed, Tariq Samejo, Amjad Hussain, Suneeta Namdave, Sehrish Amirali, Muhammad Umer, Lumaan Sheikh

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Introduction: The oral polio vaccine (OPV) has substantial results in eliminating wild poliovirus and the vaccine of choice in polio eradication. However, the mucosal immunity induced by the OPV is still uncertain. Literature has shown that bovine lactoferrin (BLF) is a safe and useful protein found in cow's milk with extraordinary antimicrobial, antiviral, antiinflammatory and immune-modulatory functions that help children's gut to fight against micro-organisms like poliovirus. However, limited data exist regarding the effect of BLF on polio vaccine immune response. The primary objective is to evaluate the effect of BLF in enhancing mucosal and humoral immunity in ...


Financial Toxicity Tumor Board: A Multi-Disciplinary Team Activity Required In Low And Middle-Income Countries (Lmic), Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Sohail Rasool, Laraib Khan May 2022

Financial Toxicity Tumor Board: A Multi-Disciplinary Team Activity Required In Low And Middle-Income Countries (Lmic), Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Sohail Rasool, Laraib Khan

Department of Radiation Oncology

No abstract provided.


Determinants Of Domestic Violence Among Women Of Reproductive Age (15-49 Years) In Quetta, Balochistan-A Mixed-Method Protocol, Salman Muhammad Soomar, Sarmad Muhammad Soomar May 2022

Determinants Of Domestic Violence Among Women Of Reproductive Age (15-49 Years) In Quetta, Balochistan-A Mixed-Method Protocol, Salman Muhammad Soomar, Sarmad Muhammad Soomar

Department of Emergency Medicine

Background: Worldwide, domestic violence (DV) is a cause of death and disability among women aged 15-49 years. In Pakistan, DV appears in different forms, and only 3.2% of women report any DV. There are various factors associated with DV against women. The data are sparse for the Balochistan province due to the under-reporting and scattered population. This research study aims to determine the factors associated with DV and the types of violence among women of reproductive age. Also, to understand the perspective of community leaders and healthcare workers (HCWs) for developing interventions for DV prevention against women of reproductive ...


Medical Students In Karachi And Covid-19: Myths And Facts, Omer Bin Khalid Jamil, Muhammad Muhib, Muhammad Anas Abbal, Amna Muhammed Ahmed, Hafsa Hayat Khan, Nabeela Yar Khan May 2022

Medical Students In Karachi And Covid-19: Myths And Facts, Omer Bin Khalid Jamil, Muhammad Muhib, Muhammad Anas Abbal, Amna Muhammed Ahmed, Hafsa Hayat Khan, Nabeela Yar Khan

Department of Surgery

Objectives: COVID-19 pandemic brought mortalities, morbidities, fear, and financial despair among people around the world. As it advanced, misinformation and myths about it caught wildfire, contributing to misbelief among the already shocked population. Medical students are the building blocks of the medical community and can provide a pivotal role in combating COVID-19 misinformation by delivering correct knowledge and awareness to the non-medical population of the country. Hence, it is important to assess their knowledge and perception of COVID-19 myths. Therefore, this study evaluates medical student's knowledge regarding myths and misinformation related to COVID-19 infection and its vaccine. The study ...


Hiv Virological Non-Suppression Is Highly Prevalent Among 18- To 24-Year-Old Youths On Antiretroviral Therapy At The Kenyan Coast, Moses K. Nyongesa, Mwaganyuma H. Mwatasa, Vincent A. Kagonya, Gabriel Mwambingu, Caroline Ngetsa, Charles R. J. C. Newton, Amina Abubakar May 2022

Hiv Virological Non-Suppression Is Highly Prevalent Among 18- To 24-Year-Old Youths On Antiretroviral Therapy At The Kenyan Coast, Moses K. Nyongesa, Mwaganyuma H. Mwatasa, Vincent A. Kagonya, Gabriel Mwambingu, Caroline Ngetsa, Charles R. J. C. Newton, Amina Abubakar

Institute for Human Development

Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, data on virologic outcomes of young people living with HIV (YLWH) enrolled on antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains scarce. In this study, we describe the prevalence of HIV virological non-suppression (VNS) and its associated factors among YLWH aged 18–24 years from the Kenyan coast.

Methods: Data were analyzed for 384 YLWH who participated in a larger cross-sectional study conducted between November 2018 and September 2019 in two counties at the Kenyan coast (Kilif and Mombasa). Descriptive statistics were used to summarize sample characteristics and logistic regression was used for statistical modeling of factors associated with VNS ...


Intestinal Tuberculosis Presenting With Gastrointestinal Bleeding In Patient On Warfarin Therapy, Pascal Kuka, Joe Rakiro, Joseph Gatheru, Felix Riunga May 2022

Intestinal Tuberculosis Presenting With Gastrointestinal Bleeding In Patient On Warfarin Therapy, Pascal Kuka, Joe Rakiro, Joseph Gatheru, Felix Riunga

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Background: Intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) constitutes less than 5% of overall cases of extrapulmonary disease and mostly affects the ileocecal region. The presentation and radiologic findings in enteric tuberculosis can mimic Crohn’s disease (CD).

Case Pre- sentation: We present a case report of an African woman who presented to a Kenyan hospital with lower gastrointestinal bleeding while on anticoagulation for valvular atrial fibrillation, and was diagnosed with intestinal tuberculosis after colonoscopy, biopsy, and positive staining for tuberculous bacilli.

Conclusion: Intestinal tuberculosis causing gastrointestinal bleeding is rare but should be suspected in patients living in TB endemic regions.


Epidemiological And Clinical Characteristics Of Patients Hospitalised With Covid-19 In Kenya: A Multicentre Cohort Study, Loice Achieng Ombajo, Nyamai Mutono, Paul Sudi, Mbuvi Mutua, Mohammed Sood, Alliyy Muhammad Loo, Phoebe Juma, Jackline Odhiambo, Reena Shah, Frederick Wangai May 2022

Epidemiological And Clinical Characteristics Of Patients Hospitalised With Covid-19 In Kenya: A Multicentre Cohort Study, Loice Achieng Ombajo, Nyamai Mutono, Paul Sudi, Mbuvi Mutua, Mohammed Sood, Alliyy Muhammad Loo, Phoebe Juma, Jackline Odhiambo, Reena Shah, Frederick Wangai

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Objectives: To assess outcomes of patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19 and to determine the predictors of mortality.

Setting: This study was conducted in six facilities, which included both government and privately run secondary and tertiary level facilities in the central and coastal regions of Kenya.

Participants: We enrolled 787 reverse transcriptase-PCRconfirmed SARS-CoV2-infected persons. Patients whose records could not be accessed were excluded.

Primary and secondary outcome measures: The primary outcome was COVID-19-related death. We used Cox proportional hazards regressions to determine factors related to in-hospital mortality.

Results: Data from patients with 787 COVID-19 were available. The median age was ...


The Kenya Uk Breast Cancer Awareness Week: Curriculum Codesign And Codelivery With Direct And Lived Experience Of Breast Cancer Diagnosis And Management, Bahaty Riogi, Carlo Ross, Miriam Mutebi, Rajiv V. Dave May 2022

The Kenya Uk Breast Cancer Awareness Week: Curriculum Codesign And Codelivery With Direct And Lived Experience Of Breast Cancer Diagnosis And Management, Bahaty Riogi, Carlo Ross, Miriam Mutebi, Rajiv V. Dave

General Surgery, East Africa

Global health education holds a paradox: the provision of global health degrees focusing on challenges in low-income and middle-income countries has increased in high-income countries, while those in these low-income and middle-income countries lack access to contribute their expertise, creating an ‘information problem’. Breast cancer is a pressing global health priority, which requires curriculum design, implementation, ownership and leadership by those with direct and lived experience of breast cancer.

The Kenya-UK Breast Cancer Awareness Week was conceptualised following the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between the Kenyan and UK governments launching the Kenya UK Health Alliance. This alliance aims ...


Early Neonatal Mortality Is Modulated By Gestational Age, Birthweight And Fetal Heart Rate Abnormalities In The Low Resource Setting In Tanzania – A Five Year Review 2015–2019, Aisa Shayo, Pendo Mlay, Emily Ahn, Hussein Kidanto, Michael Espiritu, Jeffrey Perlman May 2022

Early Neonatal Mortality Is Modulated By Gestational Age, Birthweight And Fetal Heart Rate Abnormalities In The Low Resource Setting In Tanzania – A Five Year Review 2015–2019, Aisa Shayo, Pendo Mlay, Emily Ahn, Hussein Kidanto, Michael Espiritu, Jeffrey Perlman

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: Early Neonatal mortality (ENM) (<7days) remains a signifcant problem in low resource settings. Birth asphyxia (BA), prematurity and presumed infection contribute signifcantly to ENM. The study objectives were to determine: frst, the overall ENM rate as well as yearly ENM rate (ENMR) from 2015 to 2019; second, the infuence of decreasing GA (<37weeks) and BW (<2500g) on ENM; third, the contribution of intrapartum and delivery room factors and in particular fetal heart rate abnormalities (FHRT) to ENM; and fourth, the Fresh Still Birth Rates (FSB) rates over the same time period.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study undertaken in a zonal referral teaching hospital located in Northern Tanzania. Labor and delivery room data were obtained from 2015 to 2019 and included BW, GA, fetal heart rate (FHRT) abnormalities, bag mask ventilation (BMV) during resuscitation, initial temperature, and antenatal steroids use. Abnormal outcome was ENM<7days. Analysis included t tests, odds ratios (OR), and multivariate regression analysis.

Results: The overall early neonatal mortality rate (ENMR) was 18/1000 livebirths over the 5 years and did not change signifcantly comparing 2015 to 2019. Comparing year 2018 to 2019, the overall ENMR decreased signifcantly (OR 0.62; 95% confdence interval (CI) 0.45 ...


Ilae Classification And Definition Of Epilepsy Syndromes With Onset In Neonates And Infants: Position Statement By The Ilae Task Force On Nosology And Definitions, Sameer M. Zuberi, Elaine Wirrell, Elissa Yozawitz, Jo M. Wilmshurst, Nicola Specchio, Kate Riney, Ronit Pressler, Stephane Auvin, Pauline Samia, Edouard Hirsch May 2022

Ilae Classification And Definition Of Epilepsy Syndromes With Onset In Neonates And Infants: Position Statement By The Ilae Task Force On Nosology And Definitions, Sameer M. Zuberi, Elaine Wirrell, Elissa Yozawitz, Jo M. Wilmshurst, Nicola Specchio, Kate Riney, Ronit Pressler, Stephane Auvin, Pauline Samia, Edouard Hirsch

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Task Force on Nosology andDefinitions proposes a classification and definition of epilepsy syndromes in theneonate and infant with seizure onset up to 2 years of age. The incidence of epi-lepsy is high in this age group and epilepsy is frequently associated with significantcomorbidities and mortality. The licensing of syndrome specific antiseizure medi-cations following randomized controlled trials and the development of precision,gene- related therapies are two of the drivers defining the electroclinical pheno-types of syndromes with onset in infancy. The principal aim of this proposal, con-sistent with the 2017 ILAE Classification of the Epilepsies ...


Child Mortality In Africa And South Asia: A Multidimensional Research And Policy Framework, Rachel Kimani, Samwel Gatimu May 2022

Child Mortality In Africa And South Asia: A Multidimensional Research And Policy Framework, Rachel Kimani, Samwel Gatimu

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Globally, progress has been made to address the diagnosis and management of common and avoidable acute illnesses that contribute to child mortality. Nevertheless, regions across sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia continue to have the highest rates of mortality in children younger than 5 years, with most deaths occurring after discharge from health facilities, indicating a gap in care following hospitalisation.


Nurses’ Attitudes Towards Hospitalized Older Adults In A Tertiary Care Setting In Ghana, Yakubu H. Yakubu, Abdul-Ganiyu Fuseini, Eleanor Holroyd May 2022

Nurses’ Attitudes Towards Hospitalized Older Adults In A Tertiary Care Setting In Ghana, Yakubu H. Yakubu, Abdul-Ganiyu Fuseini, Eleanor Holroyd

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Introduction: The increasing population of older adults and rapid increases in co- morbidities globally has necessitated the need for a healthcare delivery system that meets the multifaceted needs of the growing population of older adults. Concurrent with these rising complex health needs is the importance of positive, non-judgmental attitudes of health services providers towards older adults. Moreover, this is particu-larly important in the nursing profession, given nurses' significant and crucial roles in healthcare settings.

Aim: The study aimed to evaluate nurses’ attitudes towards older adults in a tertiary hospital in Ghana.

Design: It employed a descriptive cross-sectional quantitative design.

Method ...


Healthcare Providers' Experiences With A Clinical Mentorship Intervention To Improve Reproductive, Maternal And Newborn Care In Mwanza, Tanzania, Kahabi Isangula, Columba Mbekenga, Tumbwene Mwansisya, Loveluck Mwasha, Lucy Kisaka, Edna Selestine, David Siso, Thomas Rutachunzibwa, Secilia Mrema, Eunice Pallangyo May 2022

Healthcare Providers' Experiences With A Clinical Mentorship Intervention To Improve Reproductive, Maternal And Newborn Care In Mwanza, Tanzania, Kahabi Isangula, Columba Mbekenga, Tumbwene Mwansisya, Loveluck Mwasha, Lucy Kisaka, Edna Selestine, David Siso, Thomas Rutachunzibwa, Secilia Mrema, Eunice Pallangyo

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Introduction: There is increasing evidence suggesting that clinical mentorship (CM) involving on-the-job training is one of the critical resources—friendly entry points for strengthening the knowledge and skills of healthcare providers (HCPs), which in turn facilitate the delivery of effective reproductive, maternal, and newborn health (RMNH) care. The article explores the experiences of HCPs following participation in the CM program for RMNH in eight districts of Mwanza Region in Tanzania.

Materials and Methods: A qualitative descriptive design employing data from midterm project review meetings and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) with purposefully selected HCPs (mentors and mentees) and District Medical Officers ...


The Quality Of Primary Care Performance In Private Sector Facilities In Nairobi, Kenya: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Survey, Gulnaz Mohamoud, Robert Mash May 2022

The Quality Of Primary Care Performance In Private Sector Facilities In Nairobi, Kenya: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Survey, Gulnaz Mohamoud, Robert Mash

Family Medicine, East Africa

Background: Integrated health services with an emphasis on primary care are needed for effective primary health care and achievement of universal health coverage. The key elements of high quality primary care are first-contact access, continuity, comprehensiveness, coordination, and person-centredness. In Kenya, there is paucity of informa- tion on the performance of these key elements and such information is needed to improve service delivery. Therefore, the study aimed to evaluate the quality of primary care performance in private sector facilities in Nairobi, Kenya.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study using an adapted Primary Care Assessment Tool for the Kenyan context and surveyed ...


Facilitators And Barriers Of Reflective Learning In Postgraduate Medical Education: A Narrative Review, Catherine Gathu May 2022

Facilitators And Barriers Of Reflective Learning In Postgraduate Medical Education: A Narrative Review, Catherine Gathu

Family Medicine, East Africa

Background: Reflection in postgraduate medical education has been found to aid in the development of professional skills, improve clinical expertise, and problem solving with the aim of advancing lifelong learning skills and self-awareness, leading to good medical practice among postgraduate residents. Despite the evidenced benefits, reflection remains underused as a tool for teaching and learning, and few trainee physicians regularly engage in the process. Factors that affect the uptake of reflective learning in residency training have not yet been adequately explored.

Objective: The purpose of this review is to demonstrate the factors that influence the adoption of reflective learning for ...


Physiological Mechanisms Of The Impact Of Heat During Pregnancy And The Clinical Implications: Review Of The Evidence From An Expert Group Meeting, Louisa Samuels, Britt Nakstad, Nathalie Roos, Ana Bonell, Matthew Chersich, George Havenith, Stanley Luchters, Louise-Tina Day, Jane E. Hirst, Tanya Singh May 2022

Physiological Mechanisms Of The Impact Of Heat During Pregnancy And The Clinical Implications: Review Of The Evidence From An Expert Group Meeting, Louisa Samuels, Britt Nakstad, Nathalie Roos, Ana Bonell, Matthew Chersich, George Havenith, Stanley Luchters, Louise-Tina Day, Jane E. Hirst, Tanya Singh

Population Health, East Africa

Many populations experience high seasonal temperatures. Pregnant women are considered vulnerable to extreme heat because ambient heat exposure has been linked to pregnancy complications including preterm birth and low birthweight. The physiological mechanisms that underpin these associations are poorly understood. We reviewed the existing research evidence to clarify the mechanisms that lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes in order to inform public health actions. A multi-disciplinary expert group met to review the existing evidence base and formulate a consensus regarding the physiological mechanisms that mediate the efect of high ambient temperature on pregnancy. A literature search was conducted in advance of ...


Methodology For Classification And Definition Of Epilepsy Syndromes With List Of Syndromes: Report Of The Ilae Task Force On Nosology And Definitions, Elaine C. Wirrell, Rima Nabbout, Ingrid E. Scheffer, Taoufik Alsaadi, Alicia Bogacz, Jacqueline A. French, Edouard Hirsch, Satish Jain, Sunao Kaneko, Pauline Samia May 2022

Methodology For Classification And Definition Of Epilepsy Syndromes With List Of Syndromes: Report Of The Ilae Task Force On Nosology And Definitions, Elaine C. Wirrell, Rima Nabbout, Ingrid E. Scheffer, Taoufik Alsaadi, Alicia Bogacz, Jacqueline A. French, Edouard Hirsch, Satish Jain, Sunao Kaneko, Pauline Samia

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Epilepsy syndromes have been recognized for >50 years, as distinct electroclini-cal phenotypes with therapeutic and prognostic implications. Nonetheless, noformally accepted International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) classification ofepilepsy syndromes has existed. The ILAE Task Force on Nosology and Definitionswas established to reach consensus regarding which entities fulfilled criteria for anepilepsy syndrome and to provide definitions for each syndrome. We defined an ep-ilepsy syndrome as “a characteristic cluster of clinical and electroencephalographicfeatures, often supported by specific etiological findings (structural, genetic, met-abolic, immune, and infectious).” The diagnosis of a syndrome in an individualwith epilepsy frequently carries prognostic and treatment implications. Syndromesoften have age- ...


Perinatal Care In Western Uganda: Prevalence And Factors Associated With Appropriate Care Among Women Attending Three District Hospitals, Mercy Muwema, Dan K. Kaye, Grace Edwards, Gorrette Nalwadda, Joanita Nangendo, Jaffer Okiring, Wilson Mwanja, Elizabeth N. Ekong, Joan N. Kalyango, Joaniter I. Nankabirwa May 2022

Perinatal Care In Western Uganda: Prevalence And Factors Associated With Appropriate Care Among Women Attending Three District Hospitals, Mercy Muwema, Dan K. Kaye, Grace Edwards, Gorrette Nalwadda, Joanita Nangendo, Jaffer Okiring, Wilson Mwanja, Elizabeth N. Ekong, Joan N. Kalyango, Joaniter I. Nankabirwa

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: Perinatal mortality remains high globally and remains an important indicator of the quality of a health care system. To reduce this mortality, it is important to provide the recommended care during the perinatal period. We assessed the prevalence and factors associated with appropriate perinatal care (antenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum) in Bunyoro region, Uganda. Results from this study provide valuable information on the perinatal care services and highlight areas of improvement for better perinatal outcomes.

Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among postpartum mothers attending care at three district hospitals in Bunyoro. Following consent, a questionnaire was administered to ...