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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Patterns And Outcomes Of Paediatric Trauma At A Tertiary Teaching Hospital In Kenya, Anthony Ndung'u, Jared Sun, Joan Musau, Eunice Ndirangu Feb 2019

Patterns And Outcomes Of Paediatric Trauma At A Tertiary Teaching Hospital In Kenya, Anthony Ndung'u, Jared Sun, Joan Musau, Eunice Ndirangu

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Introduction: Trauma continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality especially in the paediatric population of low- and middle-income countries such as Kenya. The aim of this study was to establish the profile and outcomes of admitted paediatric trauma cases at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi.

Methods: This retrospective, descriptive study involved a 12-month chart review (January 2016–December 2016). A total of 218 records were identified of which 144 were reviewed.

Results: Most injuries were amongst boys (65.3%) and the very young (mean age 6), occurred in private residences (42.4% homes, 25.7% residential ...


Nurse-Identified Patient Care And Health Services Research Priorities In The United Arab Emirates: A Delphi Study, Nabeel Al-Yateem, Muna Al-Tamimi, Maria Brenner, Hanan Al Tawil, Alaa Ahmad, Sharon Brownie, Shameran Slewa-Younan Jan 2019

Nurse-Identified Patient Care And Health Services Research Priorities In The United Arab Emirates: A Delphi Study, Nabeel Al-Yateem, Muna Al-Tamimi, Maria Brenner, Hanan Al Tawil, Alaa Ahmad, Sharon Brownie, Shameran Slewa-Younan

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: The need for improved research on ill health has been recognized internationally and locally in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The UAE Nursing and Midwifery Council recently committed to enhancing the status and contributions of nursing in healthcare research across the UAE by establishing a National Committee for Research Development. This study using a Delphi method to identify research priorities from the perspective of nurses delivering frontline healthcare.

Methods: A two-phase Delphi design was implemented with 1032 nurses participating in phase one of the study and 1339 in phase two.

Results: The most important priority was patient safety and ...


Multidisciplinary Care In Motor Neuron Disease, Sara Khan Jan 2019

Multidisciplinary Care In Motor Neuron Disease, Sara Khan

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

Motor neuron disease (MND) is a progressive degenerative disorder of the motor neurons, resulting in progressive limb, bulbar and respiratory muscle weakness. No definitive disease modifying treatment is available at this time. The mainstay of management remains multidisciplinary care, which has shown to improve quality of life, prevents complications and may also increase life span. In this review, different medical specialties necessary to offer complete multidisciplinary care are discussed. Symptomatic management of individual symptoms commonly experienced by patients with MND is elaborated on.


The Epidemiology Of Stroke In A Developing Country (Pakistan), M Ishaq Khan, Junaid I. Khan, Sheikh I. Ahmed, Sajjad Ali Jan 2019

The Epidemiology Of Stroke In A Developing Country (Pakistan), M Ishaq Khan, Junaid I. Khan, Sheikh I. Ahmed, Sajjad Ali

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

Ischemic stroke is a major cause of neurological morbidity and mortality. The objective of this review article is to summarize facts pertaining to acute ischemic stroke and its various aspects in a developing country like Pakistan, where resources are limited and the healthcare system is underdeveloped. No large-scale epidemiological studies are available to determine the true incidence of stroke in Pakistan. We conducted a study to determine the prevalence of several important stroke risk factors among Pakistani stroke patients, and to determine whether these risk factors differ among urban versus rural populations. We also used existing data from literature to ...


Cime Newsletter : January 2019, Cime Jan 2019

Cime Newsletter : January 2019, Cime

CIME Newsletter

-As good as it gets ?
-Highlights of The Year 2018
-Trainee Healthcare Assistants get a refresher
-Enhancing skills to save lives
-Simulation Workshop on Management of Postpartum Haemorrhage
-Beyond The Boundary
-Simwars


Using Cirupa To Help Foster Communication With Families About Brain Death In Sub‑Saharan Africa, Sayed Karar, Anthony Ochola, Fatima Juma, Feroza Daroowalla Jan 2019

Using Cirupa To Help Foster Communication With Families About Brain Death In Sub‑Saharan Africa, Sayed Karar, Anthony Ochola, Fatima Juma, Feroza Daroowalla

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Brain death, with a functioning cardiovascular system, remains a difficult issue to grasp for most families. Furthermore, conversations about brain death remain challenging even for the most experienced physicians. We developed an acronym, CIRUPA, to further improve the goals of care conversations in patients diagnosed with brain death. To our knowledge, this is the first acronym within Sub‑Saharan Africa, which helps provide a structured method on how to foster conversations centered around brain death.


Comparison Of Quantitative Analysis To Qualitative Analysis For Interpretation Of Lower‑Limb Lymphoscintigraphy, Edward Nganga, Khalid Makhdomi Jan 2019

Comparison Of Quantitative Analysis To Qualitative Analysis For Interpretation Of Lower‑Limb Lymphoscintigraphy, Edward Nganga, Khalid Makhdomi

Imaging & Diagnostic Radiology, East Africa

Qualitative analysis of lymphoscintigrams is subject to wide variability and may miss subtle differences in ilioinguinal uptake between normal and abnormal limbs. This study compared quantitative analysis to qualitative analysis of lower‑limb lymphoscintigraphy in diagnosing lymphedema. Fifty‑two lymphoscintigrams performed using standardized protocol, 99‑metastable technetium nanocolloid intradermal injection at the first interdigital space, were analyzed quantitatively. Fifty‑three normal and 51 abnormal limbs were analyzed. For each limb, a region of interest (ROI) was drawn around the injection site, and ilioinguinal nodes on the 1.5 h static images and the counts in these ROIs were recorded. Percentage ...


Assessment Of Inequalities In Coverage Of Essential Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child, And Adolescent Health Interventions In Kenya, Emily Catherine Keats, Nadia Akseer, Zaid Bhatt, William Macharia, Anthony Ngugi, Arjumand Rizvi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta Dec 2018

Assessment Of Inequalities In Coverage Of Essential Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child, And Adolescent Health Interventions In Kenya, Emily Catherine Keats, Nadia Akseer, Zaid Bhatt, William Macharia, Anthony Ngugi, Arjumand Rizvi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Importance: Previous work has underscored subnational inequalities that could impede additional health gains in Kenya.

Objective: To provide a comprehensive assessment of the burden, distribution, and change in inequalities in reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health (RMNCAH) interventions in Kenya from 2003 to 2014.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cross-sectional study used data from the 2003, 2008, and 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys. The study included women of reproductive age (ages 15-49 years) and children younger than years, with national, regional, county, and subcounty level representation. Data analysis was conducted from April 2018 to November 2018.

Exposures ...


Effectiveness Of A Youth-Led Early Childhood Care And Education Programme In Rural Pakistan: A Cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai, Muneera Rasheed, Arjumand Rizvi, Fariha Shaheen, Liliana A. Ponguta, Chin R. Reyes Dec 2018

Effectiveness Of A Youth-Led Early Childhood Care And Education Programme In Rural Pakistan: A Cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai, Muneera Rasheed, Arjumand Rizvi, Fariha Shaheen, Liliana A. Ponguta, Chin R. Reyes

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: The United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals encompass lifelong learning from birth to youth to adulthood (Goal 4) and economic opportunities for young people (Goal 8). The targets include improving access to quality early childhood care and education (ECCE) as well as learning and training opportunities for adolescents and youth. Cross-generational models for young children and youth may offer opportunities to address the interconnections between goals and targets for the next generation. We investigated whether an ECCE programme for young children (3.5-6.5 years) delivered by female youth (18-24 years) in rural Pakistan would be effective on children ...


Cime Newsletter : December 2018, Cime Dec 2018

Cime Newsletter : December 2018, Cime

CIME Newsletter

-Training the Future Healthcare Leaders for the best!
-A collaborative approach to train the residents of the Department of Surgery, Section of Urology
-Training of Trainers
-Provost Talk on “Policymaking in Health”
-Certificate Course in Simulation-Based Cataract Surgery
-Identifying and managing patients at high risk in orthopaedics
-Management of Oncology Patients with Neutropenia
-Death and Dying Simulation Scenario


Task Sharing And Shifting To Provide Pathology Diagnostic Services: The Kenya Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy Cytology And Bone Marrow Aspiration And Trephine Biopsy Training Program, Shahin Sayed, Andrew Field, Jamilla Rajab, Anderson Mutuiri, Jessie Githanga, Mary Mungania, Nancy Okinda, Zahir Moloo, Abubakar Abdillah, Brian Ayara, Erick Chesori, Julia Muthua, Leah Obosy, Thaddeus Massawa, Okoth Obiero, Elizabeth Kagotho, Peter K. Shikuku, Andrew K. Gachii, Eunidah Migide, Donstefano Muninzwa, Sanford M. Dawsey, Lucy Muchiri Dec 2018

Task Sharing And Shifting To Provide Pathology Diagnostic Services: The Kenya Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy Cytology And Bone Marrow Aspiration And Trephine Biopsy Training Program, Shahin Sayed, Andrew Field, Jamilla Rajab, Anderson Mutuiri, Jessie Githanga, Mary Mungania, Nancy Okinda, Zahir Moloo, Abubakar Abdillah, Brian Ayara, Erick Chesori, Julia Muthua, Leah Obosy, Thaddeus Massawa, Okoth Obiero, Elizabeth Kagotho, Peter K. Shikuku, Andrew K. Gachii, Eunidah Migide, Donstefano Muninzwa, Sanford M. Dawsey, Lucy Muchiri

Pathology, East Africa

Purpose: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) cytology is a simple, inexpensive, and accurate diagnostic test for benign, infectious, and malignant lesions of the breast, thyroid, lymph nodes, and other organs. Similarly, bone marrow aspiration and trephine (BMAT) biopsy procedures are relatively simple and inexpensive techniques that are important for diagnosing and monitoring many hematologic diseases including leukemias and lymphomas. However, the scarcity of pathologists in Kenya limits patient access to these simple diagnostic tests. We describe a task sharing and shifting program that sought to improve the provision of FNABs and BMAT biopsies in tertiary public hospitals in Kenya.

Methods: Between ...


Labrad : Vol 44, Issue 3 - December 2018, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi Dec 2018

Labrad : Vol 44, Issue 3 - December 2018, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi

LABRAD

  • CD20 Negative B-Cell Lymphomas
  • Quantification of Monoclonal Protein
  • A Quick Guide to Immunofixation Electrophoresis
  • Autologous Bone Marrow Transplantation at AKU
  • Judicious Use of Immunohistochemistry & Ancillary Techniques in Precise Categorization of Lymphoproliferative Disorders


Assessment Of Dental Maturation On Orthopantomograms Among Children With Various Dental Malocclusions At A Tertiary Care Hospital, Hafiz Taha Mahmood, Mubassar Fida Dec 2018

Assessment Of Dental Maturation On Orthopantomograms Among Children With Various Dental Malocclusions At A Tertiary Care Hospital, Hafiz Taha Mahmood, Mubassar Fida

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Objectives: To determine and compare the median dental age among males and females and in subjects with dental Class I, II and III malocclusions.
Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital and comprised dental records of patients from July to December 2016 who were aged 9-16 years and had complete dentition excluding third molars. The sample was divided according to dental malocclusion which was further categorised according to chronological age groups. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis.
Results: Of the 270 sbjects whose radiographs were studied, 135(50%) each were males and females. Children aged ...


Advancing Universal Health Coverage In South Asian Cities: A Framework, Alayne M. Adams, Devaki Nambiar, Sameen Siddiqi, Bushra Binte Alam, Srinath Reddy Nov 2018

Advancing Universal Health Coverage In South Asian Cities: A Framework, Alayne M. Adams, Devaki Nambiar, Sameen Siddiqi, Bushra Binte Alam, Srinath Reddy

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

No abstract provided.


Measuring And Understanding Social-Emotional Behaviors In Preschoolers From Rural Pakistan, Jenna E. Finch, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai, Muneera Rasheed, Jelena Obradović Nov 2018

Measuring And Understanding Social-Emotional Behaviors In Preschoolers From Rural Pakistan, Jenna E. Finch, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai, Muneera Rasheed, Jelena Obradović

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is widely-used to measure symptoms of common childhood behavioral problems that may lead to mental health difficulties. In a sample of 1,302 highly-disadvantaged mothers and their preschoolers, we evaluated the factor structure and reliability of the parent-report version of the SDQ in rural Pakistan. Confirmatory factor analyses suggested that the original structure of the SDQ was not appropriate for our data. We created conceptually- and empirically-coherent measures of children’s externalizing behavior problems and prosocial skills. Child and family correlates of social-emotional behaviors were similar to those found in other countries, supporting the ...


“His Mind Will Work Better With Both Of Us”: A Qualitative Study On Fathers’ Roles And Coparenting Of Young Children In Rural Pakistan, Joshua Jeong, Saima Siyal, Günther Fink, Dana Charles Mccoy, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai Nov 2018

“His Mind Will Work Better With Both Of Us”: A Qualitative Study On Fathers’ Roles And Coparenting Of Young Children In Rural Pakistan, Joshua Jeong, Saima Siyal, Günther Fink, Dana Charles Mccoy, Aisha Khizar Yousafzai

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Parents are the primary providers of nurturing care for young children’s healthy early development. However, the literature on parenting in early childhood, especially in low- and middle-income countries, has primarily focused on mothers. In this study, we investigate how parents make meaning of fathers’ parenting roles with regards to their young children’s early health and development in rural Pakistan.
Methods: Data were collected between January and March 2017 through in-depth interviews with fathers (N = 33) and their partners (N = 32); as well as separate focus group discussions with fathers (N = 7) and mothers (N = 7). Data were ...


Cime Newsletter : November 2018, Cime Nov 2018

Cime Newsletter : November 2018, Cime

CIME Newsletter

-A Knowledge Enhancement and Skills Updating Workshop For 75 Infection Control Nurses and Staff
-Acquiring Skills, Knowledge and Confidence in Transurethral Resection of the Prostate and Transurethral Resection of Bladder – A Simulation Workshop
-A Pioneering Simulation Session for Nursing Year III Students
-A First Interdisciplinary Tracheostomy Workshop for AKU
-SimWars 2019
-The Department of Surgery holds a Mini Breast Surgery Symposium
-Staff in Action!


Spectrum, Management And Outcomes Of Structural And Functional Uropathies In Children Attending A Tertiary Care Center In Karachi; Pakistan, Arshalooz Rahman, Saima Hanif, Noor Ul-Ain Baloch, Abdul Rehman, Tauqeer Sheikh, Mohammad Irfan Ladhani Nov 2018

Spectrum, Management And Outcomes Of Structural And Functional Uropathies In Children Attending A Tertiary Care Center In Karachi; Pakistan, Arshalooz Rahman, Saima Hanif, Noor Ul-Ain Baloch, Abdul Rehman, Tauqeer Sheikh, Mohammad Irfan Ladhani

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Causes and outcomes of children diagnosed with hydronephrosis in resource-limited countries with a low utilization of antenatal ultrasonography remain unexplored. We performed a retrospective, crosssectional study of all paediatric patients diagnosed with hydronephrosis and managed at a tertiary care center in Karachi, Pakistan between 2005 and 2010. Data relating to demographics, clinical features, etiologies and treatment modalities were systematically collected. Of a total of 234 cases (74.4% male), 83 (35.5%) and 42 (17.9%) were neonates and infants respectively. Congenital urinary tract pathologies were noted in 192(72.2%) patients, of which only 96(50%) had undergone foetal ...


Genetics Of The Thrombomodulin-Endothelial Cell Protein C Receptor System And The Risk Of Early-Onset Ischemic Stroke, John W. Cole, Huichun Xu, Kathleen Ryan,, Thomas Jaworek, Nicole Dueke, Patrick Mcardle, Brady Gaynor,, Yu-Ching Cheng, Jeffrey O'Connell, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal Nov 2018

Genetics Of The Thrombomodulin-Endothelial Cell Protein C Receptor System And The Risk Of Early-Onset Ischemic Stroke, John W. Cole, Huichun Xu, Kathleen Ryan,, Thomas Jaworek, Nicole Dueke, Patrick Mcardle, Brady Gaynor,, Yu-Ching Cheng, Jeffrey O'Connell, Ayeesha Kamran Kamal

Section of Neurology

Background and Purpose: Polymorphisms in coagulation genes have been associated with early-onset ischemic stroke. Here we pursue an a priori hypothesis that genetic variation in the endothelial-based receptors of the thrombomodulin-protein C system (THBD and PROCR) may similarly be associated with early-onset ischemic stroke. We explored this hypothesis utilizing a multi-stage design of discovery and replication.

Methods: Discovery was performed in the Genetics-of-Early-Onset Stroke (GEOS) Study, a biracial population-based case-control study of ischemic stroke among men and women aged 15-49 including 829 cases of first ischemic stroke (42.2% African-American) and 850 age-comparable stroke-free controls (38.1% African-American). Twenty-four single-nucleotide-polymorphisms ...


Development And Internal Validation Of The Multivariable Cipher (Collaborative Integrated Pregnancy High-Dependency Estimate Of Risk) Clinical Risk Prediction Model, Beth A. Payne, Helen Ryan, Jeffrey Bone, Laura A. Magee, Alice B. Aarvold, J. Mark Ansermino, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Mary Bowen, J. Guilherme Cecatti, Cynthia Chazotte Oct 2018

Development And Internal Validation Of The Multivariable Cipher (Collaborative Integrated Pregnancy High-Dependency Estimate Of Risk) Clinical Risk Prediction Model, Beth A. Payne, Helen Ryan, Jeffrey Bone, Laura A. Magee, Alice B. Aarvold, J. Mark Ansermino, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Mary Bowen, J. Guilherme Cecatti, Cynthia Chazotte

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Intensive care unit (ICU) outcome prediction models, such as Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE), were designed in general critical care populations and their use in obstetric populations is contentious. The aim of the CIPHER (Collaborative Integrated Pregnancy High-dependency Estimate of Risk) study was to develop and internally validate a multivariable prognostic model calibrated specifically for pregnant or recently delivered women admitted for critical care.
Methods: A retrospective observational cohort was created for this study from 13 tertiary facilities across five high-income and six low- or middle-income countries. Women admitted to an ICU for more than 24 h ...


Alma Ata And Primary Healthcare: Back To The Future, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Rifat Atun, Navjoyt Ladher, Kamran Abbasi Oct 2018

Alma Ata And Primary Healthcare: Back To The Future, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Rifat Atun, Navjoyt Ladher, Kamran Abbasi

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

No abstract provided.


Expression Analysis Of Cyclooxygenase-2 In Patients Suffering From Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Shahida Tasneem, , Muhammad Tahir Sarwa, Muhammad Rizwan Bashi, Hamid Hussain, Jawad Ahmed, Shahid Pervez Oct 2018

Expression Analysis Of Cyclooxygenase-2 In Patients Suffering From Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Shahida Tasneem, , Muhammad Tahir Sarwa, Muhammad Rizwan Bashi, Hamid Hussain, Jawad Ahmed, Shahid Pervez

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the aggressive malignancies and mechanisms underlying its pathogenesis remain unclear. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzyme system plays a crucial role in many gastrointestinal malignancies and is an important regulator of cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation and transformation. More precise outcome of COX-2 in ESCC is less investigated. In this study we investigated the risk factors of ESCC and expression of COX-2 in Carcinoma in situ (CIS) and ESCC compared to normal esophageal mucosa. ESCC relationship to clinico-pathological parameters using immunohistochemistry was also part of this investigation. Current study was conducted in the Institute of ...


Integration Of Postpartum Care Into Child Health And Immunization Services In Burkina Faso: Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study, Danielle Yugbaré Belemsaga, Anne Goujon, Aristide Bado, Seni Kouanda, Els Duysburgh, Marleen Temmerman, Olivier Degomme Oct 2018

Integration Of Postpartum Care Into Child Health And Immunization Services In Burkina Faso: Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study, Danielle Yugbaré Belemsaga, Anne Goujon, Aristide Bado, Seni Kouanda, Els Duysburgh, Marleen Temmerman, Olivier Degomme

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Background: The Missed Opportunities for Maternal and Infant Health (MOMI) project, which aimed at upgrading maternal and infant postpartum care (PPC), implemented a package of interventions including the integration of maternal PPC in infant immunization services in 12 health facilities in Kaya Health district in Burkina Faso from 2013 to 2015. This paper assesses the coverage and the quality of combined mother-infant PPC in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health services (RMNCH).
Methods: We conducted a mixed methods study with cross-sectional surveys before and after the intervention in the Kaya health and demographic surveillance system. On the quantitative side, two ...


The Sleep Quality Using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index., Khushbakht Khan Awan, Muhammad Talha Farooq, Pashma Farooq, Muhammad Yasir Tarar Oct 2018

The Sleep Quality Using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index., Khushbakht Khan Awan, Muhammad Talha Farooq, Pashma Farooq, Muhammad Yasir Tarar

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

Good quality and enough sleep are necessary for the proper cognitive performance of medical students. There is a wide prevalence of sleep disturbances among Pakistani medical students and there is a need to spread awareness regarding the problems concerning sleep patterns. OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of sleep among first and final year medical students. METHODOLOGY: It’s a cross sectional study conducted at Services Institute of Medical College Lahore from the 10th May to 15th June 2016.A total of 300 Male and female medical students of first and final year were administered PSQI and their socio-demographic profile along ...


Cime Newsletter : October 2018, Cime Oct 2018

Cime Newsletter : October 2018, Cime

CIME Newsletter

-Healthcare Simulation Week 2018
-1st Clinical Simulation Educator Programme
-Train the Trainers Workshop by CIME
-Knee Arthroscopy Workshop
-1st Paediatric Airway Surgery Conference


Integration Of Therapies In Autistic Children; A Survey Based In Karachi, Pakistan, Masnoon Akhter, Mussarat Ashraf, Adnan Ali, Irum Rizwan, Rehana Rehman Oct 2018

Integration Of Therapies In Autistic Children; A Survey Based In Karachi, Pakistan, Masnoon Akhter, Mussarat Ashraf, Adnan Ali, Irum Rizwan, Rehana Rehman

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to June 2016 on autistic children at the Autism Unit of Dow University of Health Sciences to compare speech therapy, occupational therapy and combination of both for rehabilitation of autistic children in the selected population. A total of 55 children with autism age range from 1-12 years of both gender and all ethnic groups were recruited. All data was analysed in IBM-SPSS version 23.0. Pearson chi-square test was used to determine association of type of therapy with the diagnosed age of child, gender, mode of delivery, history of vaccination and parent's ...


Young Man With Severe Metabolic Acidosis After Transformer Oil Ingestion: A Case Report, Farah Gul Khan, Syed Muhammad Zubair Oct 2018

Young Man With Severe Metabolic Acidosis After Transformer Oil Ingestion: A Case Report, Farah Gul Khan, Syed Muhammad Zubair

Section of Nephrology

Background: Transformer oil is used in oil-filled transformers for its insulating as well as coolant properties. Transformer oil ingestion for attempted suicide is seldom heard of. Our patient’s case presented us with a major diagnostic as well as treatment challenge because we encountered such a case for the first time and were totally unaware of the fact that methanol might make up the main component of an aged transformer oil.

Case presentation: A 19-year-old Pakistani/Asian man was brought to our hospital with altered sensorium. He was found to have elevated anion gap acidosis, increased osmolal gap, and acute ...


Outcome Of Radioactive Iodine Therapy In Toxic Nodular Goiter In Pakistan, Tauseef Ahmad, Adeel Khoja, Naveed Rashid, Muhammad Areeb Ashfaq Oct 2018

Outcome Of Radioactive Iodine Therapy In Toxic Nodular Goiter In Pakistan, Tauseef Ahmad, Adeel Khoja, Naveed Rashid, Muhammad Areeb Ashfaq

Section of Cardiology

Objective: To determine the outcome of patients receiving radioactive iodine therapy for toxic nodular goiter coming to Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi.

Methods: A total of 89 patients who visited the outpatient department of Aga Khan University Hospital from January 2010 to August 2017 were recruited for the study. Toxic nodular goiter was diagnosed on the basis of having hot nodule on thyroid scan with low TSH and high FT4/T4. Other demographic and laboratory data were also recorded.

Results: Eighty nine patients with toxic nodular goiter received a dose range from 10 to 30mCi RAI. Six months after RAI ...


Use Of Quantitative Molecular Diagnostic Methods To Assess The Aetiology, Burden, And Clinical Characteristics Of Diarrhoea In Children In Low-Resource Settings: A Reanalysis Of The Mal-Ed Cohort Study, James A. Platts-Mills Md, Jie Liu, Elizabeth T. Rogawski, Furqan Kabir, Paphavee Lertsethtakarn, Adil Kalam, Fatima Aziz, Shahida Qureshi, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta Oct 2018

Use Of Quantitative Molecular Diagnostic Methods To Assess The Aetiology, Burden, And Clinical Characteristics Of Diarrhoea In Children In Low-Resource Settings: A Reanalysis Of The Mal-Ed Cohort Study, James A. Platts-Mills Md, Jie Liu, Elizabeth T. Rogawski, Furqan Kabir, Paphavee Lertsethtakarn, Adil Kalam, Fatima Aziz, Shahida Qureshi, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Optimum management of childhood diarrhoea in low-resource settings has been hampered by insufficient data on aetiology, burden, and associated clinical characteristics. We used quantitative diagnostic methods to reassess and refine estimates of diarrhoea aetiology from the Etiology, Risk Factors, and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) cohort study.
Methods: We re-analysed stool specimens from the multisite MAL-ED cohort study of children aged 0–2 years done at eight locations (Dhaka, Bangladesh; Vellore, India; Bhaktapur, Nepal; Naushero Feroze, Pakistan; Venda, South Africa; Haydom, Tanzania; Fortaleza, Brazil; and Loreto, Peru), which included ...


Use Of Quantitative Molecular Diagnostic Methods To Investigate The Effect Of Enteropathogen Infections On Linear Growth In Children In Low-Resource Settings: Longitudinal Analysis Of Results From The Mal-Ed Cohort Study, Elizabeth T. Rogawsk, Jie Liu, James A. Platts-Mill, Furqan Kabir, Paphavee Lertsethtakarn, Adil Kalam, Fatima Aziz, Shahida Qureshi, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta Oct 2018

Use Of Quantitative Molecular Diagnostic Methods To Investigate The Effect Of Enteropathogen Infections On Linear Growth In Children In Low-Resource Settings: Longitudinal Analysis Of Results From The Mal-Ed Cohort Study, Elizabeth T. Rogawsk, Jie Liu, James A. Platts-Mill, Furqan Kabir, Paphavee Lertsethtakarn, Adil Kalam, Fatima Aziz, Shahida Qureshi, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Enteropathogen infections in early childhood not only cause diarrhoea but contribute to poor growth. We used molecular diagnostics to assess whether particular enteropathogens were associated with linear growth across seven low-resource settings.
Methods: We used quantitative PCR to detect 29 enteropathogens in diarrhoeal and non-diarrhoeal stools collected from children in the first 2 years of life obtained during the Etiology, Risk Factors, and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) multisite cohort study. Length was measured monthly. We estimated associations between aetiology-specific diarrhoea and subclinical enteropathogen infection and quantity and attained ...