Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Diseases

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 11967

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Mitochondrial Aspects Of Neuronal Pathology In Triple-Transgenic Alzheimer’S Disease Mice, John Zachary Cavendish Jan 2021

Mitochondrial Aspects Of Neuronal Pathology In Triple-Transgenic Alzheimer’S Disease Mice, John Zachary Cavendish

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a fatal, progressive neurodegenerative disease afflicting millions of people in the United States alone and is the only one of the top leading causes of morbidity and mortality with no effective disease-modifying therapies. It is the most common form of dementia, affecting one in three people over the age of 85. While the hallmarks of the disease include accumulation of beta-amyloid-based extracellular plaques and hyperphosphorylated tau-based intracellular neurofibrillary tangles, treatment strategies centered on removing or mitigating these components of AD have all failed in humans. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been increasingly recognized as an early and ...


The Effects Of Moderate-Severe Plaque Psoriasis On Patient Well-Being And Prevention Of Flares, Glenn Devera Dec 2020

The Effects Of Moderate-Severe Plaque Psoriasis On Patient Well-Being And Prevention Of Flares, Glenn Devera

Nursing | Senior Theses

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that is indicated by red, patchy and scaly skin that can be painful when irritated. Patients with psoriasis have an increased risk for a number of chronic diseases. Despite the expansion of treatments for moderate-to-severe psoriasis over the last decade, patients may still find that treatment strategies are not as successful, leaving them dissatisfied with their treatments. A relationship built upon trust between the nurse and the patient diagnosed with psoriasis may serve to help ensure optimal care. A comprehensive literature review was performed and found that best practices for patient management need to ...


Improving Latent Tuberculosis Infection (Ltbi) Screening And Treatment In A School-Based Setting, Andrea Bell May 2020

Improving Latent Tuberculosis Infection (Ltbi) Screening And Treatment In A School-Based Setting, Andrea Bell

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Background: San Diego County’s tuberculosis (TB) incidence rate is nearly double than the national rate. In 2019, there have been 5 cases of active TB in the county’s public high schools, which have demonstrated the need for prevention interventions in this setting.

Objectives: This evidence-based project is aimed to increase awareness, screening and treatment of latent TB infection (LTBI) in the school setting.

Methods: A TB risk assessment form and consent was sent in the registration packets. A one-time TB educational presentation was given to high school freshman students with a pretest and posttest. For students at-risk ...


Tactics Against Scheming Diseases, Brian Martin May 2020

Tactics Against Scheming Diseases, Brian Martin

The Journal of Sociotechnical Critique

Achieving good health can be thought of as a struggle against opponents—disease and unhealthy practices—that are imagined to be active agents, in a type of thought experiment. These opponents of health, to reduce outrage about their activities, draw on a standard set of tactics: cover-up of the threat, devaluation of victims, reinterpretation of what is happening, use of official processes to give an illusion of safety, and intimidation. To promote good health, each of these tactics can be countered, by exposure of the problem, validation of victims, reframing of what is happening, mobilisation of support, and resistance. Three ...


Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia With Liver Disease Or Cirrhosis., Bibodh Jung Karki, Sravan K. Ponnekanti, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Nishita Tripathi, Mahder A. Tella, Stephen P. Furmanek, Forest W. Arnold May 2020

Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia With Liver Disease Or Cirrhosis., Bibodh Jung Karki, Sravan K. Ponnekanti, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Nishita Tripathi, Mahder A. Tella, Stephen P. Furmanek, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Liver disease and cirrhosis are common causes of mortality worldwide. Community-acquired pneumonia is recognized as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. There is lack of data showing outcomes or prognosis in patients with liver dysfunction who develop CAP. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, incidence, and outcomes of hospitalized patients with CAP and liver disease.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the University of Louisville Pneumonia Study which was a prospective population-based cohort study of adults with community-acquired pneumonia. All patients were divided into three groups: 1)patients without ...


Implementing A Basal-Bolus Insulin Regimen Via A Manual Insulin Pump Device, Helen Stearns May 2020

Implementing A Basal-Bolus Insulin Regimen Via A Manual Insulin Pump Device, Helen Stearns

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Purpose:The purpose of this evidence-based practice project is to decrease glycated hemoglobin (HgbA1C) levelsby initiating use of a manual insulin pump in patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) with poor glycemic control who are on multiple daily insulin injections (MDII).

Background: Uncontrolled hyperglycemia is associated with a myriad of complications and co-morbidities that are generally associated with vascular changes that include nephropathy, neuropathy, blindness, stroke, and heart disease (Winter et al., 2015). Coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease alone accounts for approximately 65% of the deaths in diabetic patients (Molinaro & Dauscher, 2017). Achieving and maintaining therapeutic glycemic ...


Black Women Survive Breast Cancer With Community-Based Care, Shelley I. White-Means, Jill Dapremont, Barbara D. Davis, Tronlyn Thompson May 2020

Black Women Survive Breast Cancer With Community-Based Care, Shelley I. White-Means, Jill Dapremont, Barbara D. Davis, Tronlyn Thompson

Faculty Presentations

PURPOSE Community-based breast cancer support agencies who address non-medical, social determinants of health needs that serve as barriers to maximizing breast health outcomes may play a vital role in mitigating breast cancer mortality. They share a common emphasis on addressing social, economic, and psychological needs of breast cancer survivors and those at risk of breast cancer. This paper is third in a series of papers exploring why the rate of breast cancer mortality is two times higher for African American women than white women in Memphis. We sought insights from community-based breast cancer support agencies because they have a close-up ...


Pandemic 2020 In Myndsight, Shawn Denny May 2020

Pandemic 2020 In Myndsight, Shawn Denny

Reflections, Poetry, Photos, and other Writings

A poem, or rhapsodic reflection if you like, on the experience of being isolated due to the stay-at-home restrictions invoked by the pandemic. As my context is largely influenced by my involvement as a faculty and community member of Taylor University, the thoughts encapsulated also reflect that context.


Efficacy Of Convalescent Plasma And Short Course Of Corticosteroids In Patients With Covid-19, Srikanth Ramachandruni, Po-Yang Tsou, D.C. Benetez, Gayathri Evani, Smitha Gudipati, Ramakrishna Chakilam, Polly Mock, Bharat Narasimhan, Dhanunjay Lakkireddy, Shekhar Raj May 2020

Efficacy Of Convalescent Plasma And Short Course Of Corticosteroids In Patients With Covid-19, Srikanth Ramachandruni, Po-Yang Tsou, D.C. Benetez, Gayathri Evani, Smitha Gudipati, Ramakrishna Chakilam, Polly Mock, Bharat Narasimhan, Dhanunjay Lakkireddy, Shekhar Raj

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

This study reported the efficacy of short course corticosteroids and convalescent plasma (CP) transfusion in treating five patients with severe COVID-19 disease. Five adults (mean age: 70 ± 9 years) with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 and severe hypoxemia (PaO2/FiO2 [P/F]<100) requiring invasive mechanical ventilation received 5-days methylprednisolone (40 mg intravenously every 12 hours) and subsequent CP transfusion (250-400 ml). Compared with the baseline, P/F ratios increased by 46% and by 28% after short course corticosteroids and CP transfusion. Four patients survived. Short course corticosteroids and CP transfusion may improve hypoxemia in patients with severe COVID-19 disease.


Modeling The Effects Of Fentanyl And Narcan On The Opioid Epidemic In Allegheny County Using Mathematics, Lindsay Moskal, Lauren Sines, Rachael Neilan Ph.D. May 2020

Modeling The Effects Of Fentanyl And Narcan On The Opioid Epidemic In Allegheny County Using Mathematics, Lindsay Moskal, Lauren Sines, Rachael Neilan Ph.D.

Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium

Starting in the 1990s, physicians across the United States have increasingly prescribed opioid pain relievers, which has given rise to the current opioid epidemic. As a result, there has been a drastic increase in the number of overdose fatalities. In 2017, the number of opioid overdose deaths peaked and the U.S. declared the crisis as a public health emergency. One state that has contributed significantly to this epidemic is Pennsylvania, which ranks first for the greatest number of overdose deaths and third for the highest death rate. In fact, Allegheny County has witnessed an overdose death rate that is ...


Modeling The Effects Of Fentanyl And Narcan On The Opioid Epidemic In Allegheny County Using Mathematics, Lindsay Moskal, Lauren Sines, Rachael Neilan Ph.D. May 2020

Modeling The Effects Of Fentanyl And Narcan On The Opioid Epidemic In Allegheny County Using Mathematics, Lindsay Moskal, Lauren Sines, Rachael Neilan Ph.D.

Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium

Starting in the 1990s, physicians across the United States have increasingly prescribed opioid pain relievers, which has given rise to the current opioid epidemic. As a result, there has been a drastic increase in the number of overdose fatalities. In 2017, the number of opioid overdose deaths peaked and the U.S. declared the crisis as a public health emergency. One state that has contributed significantly to this epidemic is Pennsylvania, which ranks first for the greatest number of overdose deaths and third for the highest death rate. In fact, Allegheny County has witnessed an overdose death rate that is ...


Long-Term Functional Effects Of Medulloblastoma Treatments, Serena Khiantani, Pamela Ponce, Bailey Diprima, Sarika Maymoundok, Leah Murray May 2020

Long-Term Functional Effects Of Medulloblastoma Treatments, Serena Khiantani, Pamela Ponce, Bailey Diprima, Sarika Maymoundok, Leah Murray

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

All studies relate directly to components of the evidence-based practice question and were used to understand the possible long-term effects of treatment for clients diagnosed with medulloblastoma cancer. This Critically Appraised Topic (CAT) contains 6 research articles from both national and international journals. Study designs include two cohort studies with a control group, 1 cross sectional study with a control group, 1 retrospective cohort study without a control group, 1 descriptive report on a Randomized Control Trial (RCT), and 1 descriptive study. Through these studies, we found that radiation treatment is associated with impaired IQ and academic achievement and that ...


The Last Mile, Michael Hammond May 2020

The Last Mile, Michael Hammond

Reflections, Poetry, Photos, and other Writings

My desire was to encourage the community as we head into Finals Week.


Impact Of Childhood Vaccinations Suspended Due To Covid-19, Karina I. Figueroa May 2020

Impact Of Childhood Vaccinations Suspended Due To Covid-19, Karina I. Figueroa

2020 Symposium Posters

Due to the COVID-19 outbreak of 2020, a public health issue has been created that has the potential to significantly affect our view on society. Among the variety of preventative tactics to slow the spread of infection, there has been a suspension of childhood vaccination across the globe including among developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) has announced that governments suspend preventive vaccination programs briefly during the pandemic as of March 26th (Ray, 2020). As a result of this, there has been an impact on children's health and an increase in mortality rates. The purpose of this research ...


Change In Sex Of Rearing In Individuals With Disorders Of Sex Development, Michelle Knoll May 2020

Change In Sex Of Rearing In Individuals With Disorders Of Sex Development, Michelle Knoll

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Unusual Echocardiographic Findings Of Myocarditis Mimicking An Aortic Run-Off Lesion, Sarah Studyvin, Barbara A. Pahud, Christine Symes May 2020

Unusual Echocardiographic Findings Of Myocarditis Mimicking An Aortic Run-Off Lesion, Sarah Studyvin, Barbara A. Pahud, Christine Symes

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Heart Rate Recovery Following Exercise Testing In Pediatric Patients With Acyanotic Repaired Congenital Heart Disease, Natalie S. Shwaish May 2020

Heart Rate Recovery Following Exercise Testing In Pediatric Patients With Acyanotic Repaired Congenital Heart Disease, Natalie S. Shwaish

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Ethical Analysis Of Scandals In Congenital Heart Surgery Programs, Ian D. Wolfe May 2020

Ethical Analysis Of Scandals In Congenital Heart Surgery Programs, Ian D. Wolfe

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Isolated Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia: An Unusual Presentation Of Acute Myocarditis, Natalie S. Shwaish May 2020

Isolated Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia: An Unusual Presentation Of Acute Myocarditis, Natalie S. Shwaish

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Network Modeling The Impact Of Community-Based Male-Screening On The Chlamydia Trachomatis Prevalence In Women, Zhuolin Qu May 2020

Network Modeling The Impact Of Community-Based Male-Screening On The Chlamydia Trachomatis Prevalence In Women, Zhuolin Qu

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Dogs With Deltamethrin-Impregnated Collars On Prevalence Of Visceral Leishmaniasis, Mondal H. Zahid May 2020

Impact Of Dogs With Deltamethrin-Impregnated Collars On Prevalence Of Visceral Leishmaniasis, Mondal H. Zahid

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Increasing Hpv Vaccination Coverage On Preventing Oropharyngeal Cancer: A Cost-Effectiveness Study, Abhishek Choudhary Dr. May 2020

Impact Of Increasing Hpv Vaccination Coverage On Preventing Oropharyngeal Cancer: A Cost-Effectiveness Study, Abhishek Choudhary Dr.

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Parameter Estimation For Tear Film Thinning, Rayanne Luke May 2020

Parameter Estimation For Tear Film Thinning, Rayanne Luke

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Using Network Modeling To Understand The Relationship Between Sars-Cov-1 And Sars-Cov-2, Elizabeth Brooke Haywood, Nicole A. Bruce May 2020

Using Network Modeling To Understand The Relationship Between Sars-Cov-1 And Sars-Cov-2, Elizabeth Brooke Haywood, Nicole A. Bruce

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Swimming Pool Environment And Respiratory Health Issues Experienced By Masters Swimmers: Results From A Literature Review And Survey Of United States Masters Swimming Clubs, Jody C. Gan, Julia Snegg, William Harder May 2020

Swimming Pool Environment And Respiratory Health Issues Experienced By Masters Swimmers: Results From A Literature Review And Survey Of United States Masters Swimming Clubs, Jody C. Gan, Julia Snegg, William Harder

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

After three members of a Masters adult swim club died of lung cancer, both a literature review and survey were conducted with representatives from 746 United States Masters Swimming clubs to explore a possible relationship between swimming and cancers of the respiratory tract. Six other clubs reported known cancers of the respiratory tract among club members, but none of the other 740 clubs reported a similar cluster of lung cancer. More clubs reported cases of chronic respiratory infections and widespread complaints about air quality. While no studies exploring a relationship between swimming and lung cancer could be found in the ...


Same-Day Discharge And Quality Of Life For Primary Laparoscopic Rectopexy For Rectal Prolapse In Children- A 10-Year Experience, Obiyo O. Osuchukwu May 2020

Same-Day Discharge And Quality Of Life For Primary Laparoscopic Rectopexy For Rectal Prolapse In Children- A 10-Year Experience, Obiyo O. Osuchukwu

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Maternal Education And Cockroach Sensitization In Asthmatic Children, Jessica S. Van Mason, Ryan Allenbrand, David Williams, Kevin Kennedy, Salman Aljubran May 2020

Maternal Education And Cockroach Sensitization In Asthmatic Children, Jessica S. Van Mason, Ryan Allenbrand, David Williams, Kevin Kennedy, Salman Aljubran

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Similac Special Care And Elecare Cause Neonatal Gut Injury In Mice, Karishma Rao, Heather L. Menden, Wei Yu, Inamul Haque, Susana Chavez-Bueno, Alain C. Cuna, Shahid Umar, Venkatesh Sampath May 2020

Similac Special Care And Elecare Cause Neonatal Gut Injury In Mice, Karishma Rao, Heather L. Menden, Wei Yu, Inamul Haque, Susana Chavez-Bueno, Alain C. Cuna, Shahid Umar, Venkatesh Sampath

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Methotrexate Polyglutamates As Biomarkers Of Treatment Response In Ibd Vs. Jia, Ryan Morrow May 2020

Methotrexate Polyglutamates As Biomarkers Of Treatment Response In Ibd Vs. Jia, Ryan Morrow

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Clinical Validation And Diagnostic Rate/Outcomes Of A Dual Molecular Diagnostic Assay For Myotonic Dystrophy 1., Maxime Cadieux-Dion, Isabelle Thiffault, Midhat S. Farooqi, Joseph Alaimo May 2020

Clinical Validation And Diagnostic Rate/Outcomes Of A Dual Molecular Diagnostic Assay For Myotonic Dystrophy 1., Maxime Cadieux-Dion, Isabelle Thiffault, Midhat S. Farooqi, Joseph Alaimo

Research Days

No abstract provided.