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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson Dec 2018

Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Problem: Heart failure (HF), also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), is the number one diagnosis-related group (DRG) for people 65 years of age and older in the United States. This disease group is complicated and debilitating, requiring frequent hospitalizations with high mortality rates. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) has identified CHF as an area for improvement in hospitals.

Context: This was a quality improvement project for an integrated medical center in the Central Valley, California with over 19,000 HF patients. In 2018, for patients 65 years and older, HF is the third-most admitted ...


Real-World Comparative Effectiveness Of Tocilizumab Monotherapy Vs. Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors With Methotrexate In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Leslie R. Harrold, George W. Reed, Jennie Best, Steve Zlotnick, Joel M. Kremer Dec 2018

Real-World Comparative Effectiveness Of Tocilizumab Monotherapy Vs. Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors With Methotrexate In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Leslie R. Harrold, George W. Reed, Jennie Best, Steve Zlotnick, Joel M. Kremer

Open Access Articles

INTRODUCTION: Controlled clinical studies have shown that the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) monotherapy is superior to that of tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) monotherapy and comparable to that of TCZ plus methotrexate (MTX) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study compared the real-world effectiveness of TCZ monotherapy vs. TNFis plus MTX in US patients with RA.

METHODS: TCZ-naive patients from the Corrona RA registry with prior exposure to > /= 1 TNFi who initiated TCZ monotherapy or TNFi + MTX were included. Outcomes included mean change in Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), achievement of low disease activity (LDA; CDAI < /= 10), achievement of modified American College of Rheumatology (mACR) 20/50 responses, and mean change in modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (mHAQ) at 6 months. Patients initiating TNFi + MTX were grouped by MTX dose ( < /= 10 mg; > 10 to ...


Magnitude And Impact Of Multiple Chronic Conditions With Advancing Age In Older Adults Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. Mcmanus, Joel M. Gore, Sonal Singh, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg Dec 2018

Magnitude And Impact Of Multiple Chronic Conditions With Advancing Age In Older Adults Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. Mcmanus, Joel M. Gore, Sonal Singh, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: To examine age-specific differences in the frequency and impact of cardiac and non-cardiac conditions among patients aged 65years and older hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS: Study population consisted of 3863 adults hospitalized with AMI at 11 medical centers in central Massachusetts on a biennial basis between 2001 and 2011. The presence of 11 chronic conditions (five cardiac and six non-cardiac) was based on the review of hospital medical records.

RESULTS: Participants' median age was 79years, 49% were men, and had an average of three chronic conditions (average of cardiac conditions: 2.6 and average of non-cardiac conditions ...


Bacterial Abundance And Resistance In Ground Beef Varieties, Savannah Kumar, Sarah M. Boomer Nov 2018

Bacterial Abundance And Resistance In Ground Beef Varieties, Savannah Kumar, Sarah M. Boomer

PURE Insights

Raw ground beef purchased at supermarkets across America have one thing in common: they harbor bacteria, some of which are drug resistant and can be detrimental to public health. To understand the impact of farming and processing practices on the quantity of bacteria and drug resistance, organic and regular beef were assessed using MacConkey media. Bacterial colonies were sorted according to lactose utilization, with positive colonies representing fecal E. coli. Lactose negative colonies were further characterized into one of two groups (fecal Hafnia-like or soil Pseudomonas) using a variety of metabolic tests (oxidase, sulfur, indole). Advanced metabolic testing showed that ...


Clinical Cues Of Suboptimal Glucose Homeostasis In Individuals Diagnosed With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Literature Review, Joel Hutson Nov 2018

Clinical Cues Of Suboptimal Glucose Homeostasis In Individuals Diagnosed With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Literature Review, Joel Hutson

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: General practice healthcare providers may not fully utilize all available subtle clinical cues (physical/behavioral signs and symptoms) when screening for diabetes, or when assessing for suboptimal control of glucose homeostasis.

Objectives: To assess the prevalence and utility of incorporating diabetic clinical cues into routine physical assessments and questionnaires of individuals with type 2 diabetes, and to compile a comprehensive list and questionnaire using clinical cues.

Methods: Utilizing the databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed, and Academic Search Complete, an integrative literature review of 78 studies was conducted using the key terms type 2 diabetes and clinical manifestations of diabetes.

Results ...


Shanghai, China: “Nontraditional” Traditional Chinese Medicine, Joshua Martin Nov 2018

Shanghai, China: “Nontraditional” Traditional Chinese Medicine, Joshua Martin

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Joshua Martin is a second-year PharmD student in the Purdue University College of Pharmacy. Within the College of Pharmacy, he is the president-elect of the Industry Pharmacist Organization (IPhO), is on the Orientation Steering Committee for newly admitted PharmD students, and preforms nanoparticle research within the Industrial and Physical Pharmacy sector of the College. He hopes to pursue a career in the pharmaceutical industry where he can positively impact patients on a global scale. Josh comes from a family of Boilermakers and avidly supports the Black and Gold. In this article, he describes his experience studying at Shanghai University of ...


Modeling In The Physiology Classroom, Sowmya Anjur Nov 2018

Modeling In The Physiology Classroom, Sowmya Anjur

Faculty Publications & Research

Physiology and Disease is a Biology elective at IMSA that has been developed to be mostly student-centered. Some examples of student projects include modeling heart structure to reflect function and creating LED arduino monitors to measure heart rate. Students also measure their lung capacity and blood pressure to demonstrate correlation of these values with heart rate, and trace the correlation back to neuronal controls. Projects such as these integrate other disciplines such as engineering and conform to NGSS Science and Engineering standards and NGSS Cross cutting Concepts standards. Students take responsibility for their own learning and articulate better on tests.


L-Serine Reduces Reactive Oxygen Species Yield In Cisplatin Treated Zebrafish Utricles, Satya A. Moolani, Elvin Irihamye, Jerry D. Monroe, Michael E. Smith Nov 2018

L-Serine Reduces Reactive Oxygen Species Yield In Cisplatin Treated Zebrafish Utricles, Satya A. Moolani, Elvin Irihamye, Jerry D. Monroe, Michael E. Smith

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Cisplatin is a chemotherapy compound effective against a variety of cancers. However, it can act as an ototoxin and cause hearing loss by promoting reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in auditory tissues. The antioxidant amino acid, L-serine has been hypothesized to lower levels of cisplatin-mediated ROS. In this project, we investigated whether L-serine can reduce cisplatin-mediated ROS production in auditory tissue and potentially act as an otoprotectant during cisplatin chemotherapy. We used a zebrafish utricular tissue culture system and fluorescent ROS indicator dye to spectrophotometrically measure if L-serine could decrease reactive oxygen species levels in cisplatin-treated tissues. We found that ...


Orotic Aciduria, Aliah L. Fonteh Nov 2018

Orotic Aciduria, Aliah L. Fonteh

Fidei et Veritatis: The Liberty University Journal of Graduate Research

Orotic acid is an intermediate found in the pathway for pyrimidine synthesis. The mitochondrial enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) catalyzes the production of orotic acid by the conversion of the compound dihydroorotate to orotic acid. Orotic acid is commonly produced by this reaction in erythrocytes, hepatocytes, and kidney cells. Chemical modification of orotic acid in the pyrimidine pathway will generate nucleotides involved in DNA and RNA synthesis. Orotic aciduria can occur as a secondary manifestation due to a defect in an enzyme or transporter within the urea cycle, due to competitive inhibition by anti-cancer drugs such as allopurinol and 6-azauridine, or ...


Human-Like Hyperplastic Prostate With Low Zip1 Induced Solely By Zn Deficiency In Rats., Louise Y. Fong, Ruiyan Jing, Karl J. Smalley, Zi-Xuan Wang, Cristian Taccioli, Sili Fan, Hongping Chen, Hansjuerg Alder, Kay Huebner, John L. Farber, Oliver Fiehn, Carlo M. Croce Nov 2018

Human-Like Hyperplastic Prostate With Low Zip1 Induced Solely By Zn Deficiency In Rats., Louise Y. Fong, Ruiyan Jing, Karl J. Smalley, Zi-Xuan Wang, Cristian Taccioli, Sili Fan, Hongping Chen, Hansjuerg Alder, Kay Huebner, John L. Farber, Oliver Fiehn, Carlo M. Croce

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in men over 50 years of age, and there is a characteristic marked decrease in Zn content in the malignant prostate cells. The cause and consequences of this loss have thus far been unknown. We found that in middle-aged rats a Zn-deficient diet reduces prostatic Zn levels (P = 0.025), increases cellular proliferation, and induces an inflammatory phenotype with COX-2 overexpression. This hyperplastic/inflammatory prostate has a human prostate cancer-like microRNA profile, with up-regulation of the Zn-homeostasis-regulating miR-183-96-182 cluster (fold change = 1.41-2.38; P = 0.029-0.0003) and down-regulation of ...


31 - The Critical Role Of Atad3a In The Estrogen Signaling Pathway In Breast Cancer Cells, Parth Thakkar Nov 2018

31 - The Critical Role Of Atad3a In The Estrogen Signaling Pathway In Breast Cancer Cells, Parth Thakkar

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Abstract

Breast cancer is the leading malignancy and leading cause of cancer-related death in women globally. The greatest barrier to a treatment is the incomplete understanding of mechanisms underlying molecular regulators whose function is cellular adaptation to estrogen. One such enzyme, ATAD3A, a nuclear-encoded mitochondrial enzyme, has been brought under this lab’s scrutiny. The role of ATAD3A in breast cancer progression is largely unknown but it has been shown to be a crucial mediator in promoting cell cycle progression. The two objectives of this project were: to determine whether the ATAd3A is an Estrogen Receptor-α target (ERα) and to ...


Mechanisms Mediating The Pro-Fibrotic Effects Of Estradiol, Haley Fulton Nov 2018

Mechanisms Mediating The Pro-Fibrotic Effects Of Estradiol, Haley Fulton

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Scleroderma is a connective tissue disease which promotes fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. Scleroderma patients have upregulated production of fibrotic extracellular matrix proteins and upregulated serum estradiol levels compared to control subjects. Estradiol effects eukaryotic transcription and gene expression when it enters the nucleus via one of its nuclear hormone receptors. Estrogen receptor one/ estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) is present on the nuclear membrane and binds the ligand estrogen. These experiments were designed to study the various isoforms of ESR1 and determine if gene expression of ESR1 was greater in fibroblasts and human skin stimulated with estradiol than ...


The Effect Of Natural Products Like Ginger, Garlic, Blueberries, Turmeric, Grapefruit And Ashwagandha (Herb) On The Growth Of Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells, Sidhika Sharma Nov 2018

The Effect Of Natural Products Like Ginger, Garlic, Blueberries, Turmeric, Grapefruit And Ashwagandha (Herb) On The Growth Of Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells, Sidhika Sharma

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Breast cancer is the leading cause of death in women worldwide. 1 in 8 women are diagnosed with breast cancer,15 to 20 % of which are diagnosed with TNBC, triple negative breast cancer (cancer cells that lack three proteins estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and Her-2 which are known to fuel the breast cancer cells). TNBC is a very aggressive form of breast cancer with high chances of relapse. It is difficult to treat TNBC as targeted therapy is unavailable. Chemotherapy is often not the best option because it cannot distinguish between healthy fast dividing cells and cancer cells. Patients receiving ...


8 - The Mechanism Of Protein Kinase C In Relation To Atpase Family Aaa-Domain Containing Protein 3a In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Ron Chemmalakuzhy Nov 2018

8 - The Mechanism Of Protein Kinase C In Relation To Atpase Family Aaa-Domain Containing Protein 3a In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Ron Chemmalakuzhy

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

The Mechanism of Protein Kinase C in relation to ATPase family AAA-domain Containing Protein 3A in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Ron Chemmalakuzhy1, Liwei Lang2, Yong Teng2,3

1. Department of Biology, College of Science and Mathematics. Augusta University, Augusta, GA,

USA

2. Department of Oral Biology and Diagnostic Sciences, Dental College of Georgia, Augusta

University, Augusta, GA, USA

3. Georgia Cancer Center, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, USA

Abstract

One of the most important challenges of cancer treatment is inhibition of the metastasis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). HNSCC ...


Association Of Religiosity And Spirituality With Quality Of Life In Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review, Hawa Abu, Christine M. Ulbricht, Eric Y. Ding, Jeroan J. Allison, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Robert J. Goldberg, Catarina I. Kiefe Nov 2018

Association Of Religiosity And Spirituality With Quality Of Life In Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review, Hawa Abu, Christine M. Ulbricht, Eric Y. Ding, Jeroan J. Allison, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Robert J. Goldberg, Catarina I. Kiefe

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

Purpose: This review systematically identified and critically appraised the available literature that has examined the association between religiosity and/or spirituality (R/S) and quality of life (QOL) in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Methods: We searched several electronic online databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, and CINAHL) from database inception until October 2017. Included articles were peer-reviewed, published in English, and quantitatively examined the association between R/S and QOL. We assessed the methodological quality of each included study.

Results: The 15 articles included were published between 2002 and 2017. Most studies were conducted in the US and enrolled patients with ...


Stem Cell Generated Β-Cells: A Possible Solution To The Growing Problem Of Type 1 Diabetes, Danielle Rae Steffen Nov 2018

Stem Cell Generated Β-Cells: A Possible Solution To The Growing Problem Of Type 1 Diabetes, Danielle Rae Steffen

Biology: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

Type 1 diabetes is a growing problem throughout the world. At this time, there is no functional cure, only various treatment options. However, in recent years there has been a significant increase in both the quantity and quality of research into potential cures for type 1 diabetes. This has led to a variety of new possibilities, the most promising of which are β-cells generated from the patient’s own stem cells.


Cell Specific Control Of The Pallidostriatal Pathway, Shubha Verma '19 Nov 2018

Cell Specific Control Of The Pallidostriatal Pathway, Shubha Verma '19

Student Publications & Research

Parkinson’s Disease is a neurodegenerative disorder of the basal ganglia. The main cause for Parkinson’s Disease is the depletion of dopamine, a neurotransmitter. The basal ganglia contains four major nuclei: the substantia nigra, the subthalamic nucleus, the external globus pallidus, and the striatum. These nuclei communicate with each other by the use of neurons.


Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Learners In Emergency Medicine, Lisa M. Meeks, Alina Engelman, Alicia Booth, Michael Argenyi Nov 2018

Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Learners In Emergency Medicine, Lisa M. Meeks, Alina Engelman, Alicia Booth, Michael Argenyi

Open Access Articles

Approximately 23% of Americans over age 12 have some level of hearing loss.1 Emergency departments can reduce healthcare barriers for deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHoH) patients through improved patient-physician communication. DHoH students, once they become physicians, may provide one mechanism for reducing existing healthcare disparities and communication barriers for DHoH patients, and may be more adept with patients facing other communication barriers. A renewed interest in disability access and a commitment to social justice has increased efforts toward the inclusion of individuals with disabilities in medical education and training. Despite this increased interest and a growing number of DHoH students ...


Diagnosis Of A Centronuclear Myopathy Case In Appalachia 20 Years From Symptom Onset., Christopher Burrell, Zachary Wilson, Dominika Lozowska Oct 2018

Diagnosis Of A Centronuclear Myopathy Case In Appalachia 20 Years From Symptom Onset., Christopher Burrell, Zachary Wilson, Dominika Lozowska

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Dynamin 2 (DMN2) mutations cause centronuclear myopathy (CNM) and Charcot Marie Tooth (CMT). Herein we discuss the details of a patient's case of adult onset CNM. We also highlight the unique features of this case with regards to the importance of electromyography (EMG), muscle biopsy and genetic testing in identifying CNM, as well as potential for improving outcomes by having a high index or suspicion and emphasizing better access to healthcare in underserved areas.


Cancer As A Chronic Disease, Beth Herrick, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters Oct 2018

Cancer As A Chronic Disease, Beth Herrick, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

Cancers which were once fatal are increasingly able to be managed as chronic diseases. While most metastatic cancers in adults may not be curable, they often can be controlled for long periods of time with a succession of treatments. In this chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist, we will examine those cancers with longer natural histories and those with extended survivals due to therapeutic advances. Finally, several cases will be presented that exemplify this new paradigm of cancer as a chronic disease.


Adapting Boot Camp Translation Methods To Engage Clinician/Patient Research Teams Within Practice-Based Research Networks, Lyle J. Fagnan, Matthew J. Simpson, Jeanette M. Daly, Leann C. Michaels, David L. Hahn, Barcey T. Levy, Douglas H. Fernald, John M. Westfall, Donald E. Nease Jr. Oct 2018

Adapting Boot Camp Translation Methods To Engage Clinician/Patient Research Teams Within Practice-Based Research Networks, Lyle J. Fagnan, Matthew J. Simpson, Jeanette M. Daly, Leann C. Michaels, David L. Hahn, Barcey T. Levy, Douglas H. Fernald, John M. Westfall, Donald E. Nease Jr.

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Boot camp translation is a proven process to engage community members and health professionals in translating and disseminating evidence-based “best practices” models for health prevention and chronic illness care. Primary care practice improvement studies, particularly involving patient-driven change, as seen with self-management support (SMS), require engaged practice teams that include patients. Models of engagement such as boot camp translation may be effective.

Methods: Four geographically dispersed practice-based research networks (PBRNs) from the Meta-LARC consortium engaged 16 practices to form SMS implementation teams involving a clinician, care manager, and 2 patients in each team. Our study adapted the boot camp ...


Patient Self-Management: Tools And Barriers, Dennis J. Baumgardner Oct 2018

Patient Self-Management: Tools And Barriers, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In his issue introduction, the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews comments on the theme of patient self-management of chronic diseases and the related articles published therein. Illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, epilepsy, arthritis, asthma, and obesity often require patients to administer their own medication daily or adhere to strict dietary restrictions. Progress is being made on the process of implementation and evaluation of patient self-management tools in primary care practices. Barriers to self-management tool implementations in clinics, as well as their use by individual patients, must be understood and addressed.


Impact Of A Boot Camp Translation Intervention On Self-Management Support In Primary Care, Donald E. Nease Jr., Jeanette M. Daly, L. Miriam Dickinson, Douglas H. Fernald, David L. Hahn, Barcey T. Levy, Leann C. Michaels, Matthew J. Simpson, John M. Westfall, Lyle J. Fagnan Oct 2018

Impact Of A Boot Camp Translation Intervention On Self-Management Support In Primary Care, Donald E. Nease Jr., Jeanette M. Daly, L. Miriam Dickinson, Douglas H. Fernald, David L. Hahn, Barcey T. Levy, Leann C. Michaels, Matthew J. Simpson, John M. Westfall, Lyle J. Fagnan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Self-management support (SMS) is a pillar of the well-established chronic care model and a key component of improving outcomes for patients with chronic illnesses. The Implementing Networks’ Self-management Tools Through Engaging Patients and Practices (INSTTEPP) trial sought to determine whether a boot camp translation process could assist small to medium-sized primary care practices with care managers implement SMS tools.

Methods: INSTTEPP used a stepped-wedge design across 16 practices from 4 practice-based research networks over 12 months. Each network completed a 2-month boot camp translation for creating SMS tools with 16 participants (2 patients, a clinician, and a care manager ...


Implementing Community-Created Self-Management Support Tools In Primary Care Practices: Multimethod Analysis From The Insttepp Study, Douglas H. Fernald, Matthew J. Simpson, Donald E. Nease Jr., David L. Hahn, Amanda E. Hoffmann, Leann C. Michaels, Lyle J. Fagnan, Jeanette M. Daly, Barcey T. Levy Oct 2018

Implementing Community-Created Self-Management Support Tools In Primary Care Practices: Multimethod Analysis From The Insttepp Study, Douglas H. Fernald, Matthew J. Simpson, Donald E. Nease Jr., David L. Hahn, Amanda E. Hoffmann, Leann C. Michaels, Lyle J. Fagnan, Jeanette M. Daly, Barcey T. Levy

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: With one-half of Americans projected to be living with at least one chronic condition before 2020, enhancing patient self-management support (SMS) may improve health-related behaviors and clinical outcomes. Routine SMS implementation in primary care settings is difficult. Little is known about the practice conditions required for successful implementation of SMS tools.

Methods: Four primary care practice-based research networks (PBRNs) recruited 16 practices to participate in a boot camp translation process to adapt patient-centered SMS tools. Boot camp translation sessions were held over a 2-month period with 2 patients, a clinician, and a care manager from each practice. Qualitative case ...


Problems Experienced In The Second And Third Months After Discharge From A Heart Failure-Related Hospitalization, Joan S. Grant, Lucinda J. Graven Oct 2018

Problems Experienced In The Second And Third Months After Discharge From A Heart Failure-Related Hospitalization, Joan S. Grant, Lucinda J. Graven

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The purpose of this study was to identify high-priority problems experienced by individuals during the second and third month after discharge from an acute care facility for heart failure. This descriptive, exploratory study, an extension of a previous analysis that examined high-priority problems in the first month, comprised 19 participants who were assigned to an intervention group that received a randomized, 12-week-pilot coping partnership (COPE-HF) intervention. A trained research nurse provided the intervention, and participants used a standard list to identify high-priority heart failure-related problems. Quantitative and content data analysis was conducted. While the highest-priority problem continued to be managing ...


Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2018 Oct 2018

Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2018

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This journal supplement includes selected abstracts from among the more than 50 presented at the 44th annual Aurora Scientific Day research symposium. Held May 25, 2018, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Aurora Scientific Day provides a forum for original research conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and other allied health professionals affiliated with Aurora Health Care, an integrated health system with hospitals and clinics in Wisconsin and Illinois.


How To Translate Self-Management Support Tools Into Clinical Practice, Matthew J. Simpson, Jeanette M. Daly, Douglas H. Fernald, John M. Westfall, Leann C. Michaels, Barcey T. Levy, David L. Hahn, Lyle J. Fagnan, Donald E. Nease Jr. Oct 2018

How To Translate Self-Management Support Tools Into Clinical Practice, Matthew J. Simpson, Jeanette M. Daly, Douglas H. Fernald, John M. Westfall, Leann C. Michaels, Barcey T. Levy, David L. Hahn, Lyle J. Fagnan, Donald E. Nease Jr.

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Patient self-management is an inevitable part of the work of being a patient, and self-management support (SMS) has become increasingly important in chronic disease management. However, the majority of SMS resources available in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality SMS Resource Library were developed without explicit collaboration between clinicians and patients.

Methods: Translation of SMS tools derived from the library into primary care practices occurred utilizing boot camp translation in four different practice-based research networks (PBRNs). The typical model of boot camp translation was adapted for the purpose of the Implementing Networks’ Self-management Tools Through Engaging Patients and ...


Hidden Cost Of Disease In A Free-Ranging Ungulate: Brucellosis Reduces Mid-Winter Pregnancy In Elk, Gavin C. Cotterill, Paul C. Cross, Arthur D. Middleton, Jared D. Rogerson, Brandon M. Scurlock, Johan T. Du Toit Oct 2018

Hidden Cost Of Disease In A Free-Ranging Ungulate: Brucellosis Reduces Mid-Winter Pregnancy In Elk, Gavin C. Cotterill, Paul C. Cross, Arthur D. Middleton, Jared D. Rogerson, Brandon M. Scurlock, Johan T. Du Toit

Wildland Resources Faculty Publications

Demonstrating disease impacts on the vital rates of free‐ranging mammalian hosts typically requires intensive, long‐term study. Evidence for chronic pathogens affecting reproduction but not survival is rare, but has the potential for wide‐ranging effects. Accurately quantifying disease‐associated reductions in fecundity is important for advancing theory, generating accurate predictive models, and achieving effective management. We investigated the impacts of brucellosis (Brucella abortus) on elk (Cervus canadensis) productivity using serological data from over 6,000 captures since 1990 in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, USA. Over 1,000 of these records included known age and pregnancy status. Using Bayesian ...


In The Office, Theo Heilman '19, Nathan Lee '19, Prachi Patil '19, Katie Si '19 Oct 2018

In The Office, Theo Heilman '19, Nathan Lee '19, Prachi Patil '19, Katie Si '19

Human Diseases Graphic Novels

No abstract provided.


Diseases At Work, Alice Liu '19, Nicholas Opiola '19, Gunnar Bergmann '19, Femi Durodola '20, Suraj Sunkara '19 Oct 2018

Diseases At Work, Alice Liu '19, Nicholas Opiola '19, Gunnar Bergmann '19, Femi Durodola '20, Suraj Sunkara '19

Human Diseases Graphic Novels

No abstract provided.