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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Pretty Peachy., Li-Anne Lim, Basil K. Williams, Carol L. Shields Sep 2018

Pretty Peachy., Li-Anne Lim, Basil K. Williams, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

No abstract provided.


Identification Of Susceptibility Pathways For The Role Of Chromosome 15q25.1 In Modifying Lung Cancer Risk., Xuemei Ji, Yohan Bossé, Maria Teresa Landi, Jiang Gui, Xiangjun Xiao, David Qian, Philippe Joubert, Maxime Lamontagne, Yafang Li, Ivan Gorlov, Mariella De Biasi, Younghun Han, Olga Gorlova, Rayjean J Hung, Xifeng Wu, James Mckay, Xuchen Zong, Robert Carreras-Torres, David C Christiani, Neil Caporaso, Mattias Johansson, Geoffrey Liu, Stig E Bojesen, Loic Le Marchand, Demetrios Albanes, Heike Bickeböller, Melinda C Aldrich, William S Bush, Adonina Tardon, Gad Rennert, Chu Chen, M Dawn Teare, John K Field, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Philip Lazarus, Aage Haugen, Stephen Lam, Matthew B Schabath, Angeline S Andrew, Hongbing Shen, Yun-Chul Hong, Jian-Min Yuan, Pier A Bertazzi, Angela C Pesatori, Yuanqing Ye, Nancy Diao, Li Su, Ruyang Zhang, Yonathan Brhane, Natasha Leighl, Jakob S Johansen, Anders Mellemgaard, Walid Saliba, Christopher Haiman, Lynne Wilkens, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardon, Erik H F M Van Der Heijden, Jin Hee Kim, Juncheng Dai, Zhibin Hu, Michael P A Davies, Michael W Marcus, Hans Brunnström, Jonas Manjer, Olle Melander, David C Muller, Kim Overvad, Antonia Trichopoulou, Rosario Tumino, Jennifer Doherty, Gary E Goodman, Angela Cox, Fiona Taylor, Penella Woll, Irene Brüske, Judith Manz, Thomas Muley, Angela Risch, Albert Rosenberger, Kjell Grankvist, Mikael Johansson, Frances Shepherd, Ming-Sound Tsao, Susanne M Arnold, Eric B Haura, Ciprian Bolca, Ivana Holcatova, Vladimir Janout, Milica Kontic, Jolanta Lissowska, Anush Mukeria, Simona Ognjanovic, Tadeusz M Orlowski, Ghislaine Scelo, Beata Swiatkowska, David Zaridze, Per Bakke, Vidar Skaug, Shanbeh Zienolddiny, Eric J Duell, Lesley M Butler, Woon-Puay Koh, Yu-Tang Gao, Richard Houlston, John Mclaughlin, Victoria Stevens, David C Nickle, Ma'en Obeidat, Wim Timens, Bin Zhu, Lei Song, María Soler Artigas, Martin D Tobin, Louise V Wain, Fangyi Gu, Jinyoung Byun, Ahsan Kamal, Dakai Zhu, Rachel F Tyndale, Wei-Qi Wei, Stephen Chanock, Paul Brennan, Christopher I Amos Aug 2018

Identification Of Susceptibility Pathways For The Role Of Chromosome 15q25.1 In Modifying Lung Cancer Risk., Xuemei Ji, Yohan Bossé, Maria Teresa Landi, Jiang Gui, Xiangjun Xiao, David Qian, Philippe Joubert, Maxime Lamontagne, Yafang Li, Ivan Gorlov, Mariella De Biasi, Younghun Han, Olga Gorlova, Rayjean J Hung, Xifeng Wu, James Mckay, Xuchen Zong, Robert Carreras-Torres, David C Christiani, Neil Caporaso, Mattias Johansson, Geoffrey Liu, Stig E Bojesen, Loic Le Marchand, Demetrios Albanes, Heike Bickeböller, Melinda C Aldrich, William S Bush, Adonina Tardon, Gad Rennert, Chu Chen, M Dawn Teare, John K Field, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Philip Lazarus, Aage Haugen, Stephen Lam, Matthew B Schabath, Angeline S Andrew, Hongbing Shen, Yun-Chul Hong, Jian-Min Yuan, Pier A Bertazzi, Angela C Pesatori, Yuanqing Ye, Nancy Diao, Li Su, Ruyang Zhang, Yonathan Brhane, Natasha Leighl, Jakob S Johansen, Anders Mellemgaard, Walid Saliba, Christopher Haiman, Lynne Wilkens, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardon, Erik H F M Van Der Heijden, Jin Hee Kim, Juncheng Dai, Zhibin Hu, Michael P A Davies, Michael W Marcus, Hans Brunnström, Jonas Manjer, Olle Melander, David C Muller, Kim Overvad, Antonia Trichopoulou, Rosario Tumino, Jennifer Doherty, Gary E Goodman, Angela Cox, Fiona Taylor, Penella Woll, Irene Brüske, Judith Manz, Thomas Muley, Angela Risch, Albert Rosenberger, Kjell Grankvist, Mikael Johansson, Frances Shepherd, Ming-Sound Tsao, Susanne M Arnold, Eric B Haura, Ciprian Bolca, Ivana Holcatova, Vladimir Janout, Milica Kontic, Jolanta Lissowska, Anush Mukeria, Simona Ognjanovic, Tadeusz M Orlowski, Ghislaine Scelo, Beata Swiatkowska, David Zaridze, Per Bakke, Vidar Skaug, Shanbeh Zienolddiny, Eric J Duell, Lesley M Butler, Woon-Puay Koh, Yu-Tang Gao, Richard Houlston, John Mclaughlin, Victoria Stevens, David C Nickle, Ma'en Obeidat, Wim Timens, Bin Zhu, Lei Song, María Soler Artigas, Martin D Tobin, Louise V Wain, Fangyi Gu, Jinyoung Byun, Ahsan Kamal, Dakai Zhu, Rachel F Tyndale, Wei-Qi Wei, Stephen Chanock, Paul Brennan, Christopher I Amos

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified the chromosome 15q25.1 locus as a leading susceptibility region for lung cancer. However, the pathogenic pathways, through which susceptibility SNPs within chromosome 15q25.1 affects lung cancer risk, have not been explored. We analyzed three cohorts with GWAS data consisting 42,901 individuals and lung expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) data on 409 individuals to identify and validate the underlying pathways and to investigate the combined effect of genes from the identified susceptibility pathways. The KEGG neuroactive ligand receptor interaction pathway, two Reactome pathways, and 22 Gene Ontology terms were identified and replicated to ...


Application Of Forced Use In A Traditional Acute Hospital Setting With A 77-Year-Old Female Post Left Cva, Jimmie Parten, Anne H. Boddy Jul 2018

Application Of Forced Use In A Traditional Acute Hospital Setting With A 77-Year-Old Female Post Left Cva, Jimmie Parten, Anne H. Boddy

Summer 2018

The purpose of this case report is to look at the positive outcomes following the application of forced use physical therapy techniques in the traditional acute hospital setting with a 77-year-old female post left CVA.


Incidence Of Acute Kidney Injury Among Patients Treated With Piperacillin-Tazobactam Or Meropenem In Combination With Vancomycin, Wilbur Cliff Rutter, David S. Burgess Jul 2018

Incidence Of Acute Kidney Injury Among Patients Treated With Piperacillin-Tazobactam Or Meropenem In Combination With Vancomycin, Wilbur Cliff Rutter, David S. Burgess

Pharmacy Practice and Science Faculty Publications

Acute kidney injury (AKI) increases during empirical antimicrobial therapy with the combination of piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) and vancomycin (VAN) compared to the number of incidences with monotherapy or the combination of cefepime and VAN. Limited data regarding the impact of meropenem (MEM) combined with VAN exist. This study examined the AKI incidence among patients treated with MEM plus VAN (MEM+VAN) or TZP+VAN. Data were collected from the University of Kentucky Center for Clinical and Translational Science Enterprise Data Trust from September 2007 through October 2015. Adults without previous renal disease who received MEM+VAN or TZP+VAN for at ...


Altered Expression Of Genes Involved In Ganglioside Biosynthesis In Substantia Nigra Neurons In Parkinson's Disease., Jay S. Schneider Jun 2018

Altered Expression Of Genes Involved In Ganglioside Biosynthesis In Substantia Nigra Neurons In Parkinson's Disease., Jay S. Schneider

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Reduced expression of GM1 and other major brain gangliosides GD1a, GD1b and GT1b have been reported in Parkinson's disease (PD) brain. Mechanisms underlying these changes are unclear but may be due to a deficit in the ganglioside biosynthetic process. The present study examined the extent to which deficits in gene expression of key biosynthetic enzymes involved in synthesis of GM1 and GD1b (B3galt4) and GD1a and GT1b (St3gal2) exist in neuromelanin-containing neurons in the PD substantia nigra (SN). In situ hybridization histochemistry was used to examine gene expression of B3GALT4 and ST3GAL2 in neuromelanin-containing neurons in the SN in ...


Can Capture Be Used To Identify Undiagnosed Patients With Mild-To-Moderate Copd Likely To Benefit From Treatment?, Nancy K. Leidy, Fernando J. Martinez, Karen G. Malley, David M. Mannino, Meilan K. Han, Elizabeth D. Bacci, Randall W. Brown, Julia F. Houfek, Wassim W. Labaki, Barry J. Make, Catherine A. Meldrum, Wilson Quezada, Stephen Rennard, Byron Thomashow, Barbara P. Yawn Jun 2018

Can Capture Be Used To Identify Undiagnosed Patients With Mild-To-Moderate Copd Likely To Benefit From Treatment?, Nancy K. Leidy, Fernando J. Martinez, Karen G. Malley, David M. Mannino, Meilan K. Han, Elizabeth D. Bacci, Randall W. Brown, Julia F. Houfek, Wassim W. Labaki, Barry J. Make, Catherine A. Meldrum, Wilson Quezada, Stephen Rennard, Byron Thomashow, Barbara P. Yawn

Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health Faculty Publications

Background: COPD Assessment in Primary Care To Identify Undiagnosed Respiratory Disease and Exacerbation Risk (CAPTURE™) uses five questions and peak expiratory flow (PEF) thresholds (males ≤350 L/min; females ≤250 L/min) to identify patients with a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC)11 60%–80% predicted) who may also benefit from diagnosis and treatment.

Methods: Data from the CAPTURE development study were used to test its sensitivity (SN) and specificity (SP) differentiating mild-to-moderate COPD (n=73) from no COPD (n=87). SN and SP for differentiating all COPD cases (mild to severe; n ...


Age Adjusted Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Comorbidity Index Predicts Survival In A T-Cell Depleted Cohort, Hayder Saeed, Swati Yalamanchi, Meng Liu, Emily Van Meter, Zartash Gul, Gregory Monohan, Dianna Howard, Gerhard C. Hildebrandt, Roger Herzig Jun 2018

Age Adjusted Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Comorbidity Index Predicts Survival In A T-Cell Depleted Cohort, Hayder Saeed, Swati Yalamanchi, Meng Liu, Emily Van Meter, Zartash Gul, Gregory Monohan, Dianna Howard, Gerhard C. Hildebrandt, Roger Herzig

Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications

Objectives: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HCT) continues to evolve with the treatment in higher risk patient population. This practice mandates stringent update and validation of risk stratification prior to undergoing such a complex and potentially fatal procedure. We examined the adoption of the new comorbidity index (HCT-CI/Age) proposed by the Seattle group after the addition of age variable and compared it to the pre-transplant assessment of mortality (PAM) that already incorporates age as part of its evaluation criteria.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of adult patients who underwent HCT at our institution from January 2010 through August 2014 was ...


Trevo Stent-Retriever Mechanical Thrombectomy For Acute Ischemic Stroke Secondary To Large Vessel Occlusion Registry., Osama O Zaidat, Alicia C Castonguay, Raul G Nogueira, Diogo C Haussen, Joey D English, Sudhakar R Satti, Jennifer Chen, Hamed Farid, Candace Borders, Erol Veznedaroglu, Mandy J Binning, Ajit Puri, Nirav A Vora, Ron F Budzik, Guilherme Dabus, Italo Linfante, Vallabh Janardhan, Amer Alshekhlee, Michael G Abraham, Randall Edgell, Muhammad Asif Taqi, Ramy El Khoury, Maxim Mokin, Aniel Q Majjhoo, Mouhammed R Kabbani, Michael T Froehler, Ira Finch, Sameer A Ansari, Roberta Novakovic, Thanh N Nguyen Jun 2018

Trevo Stent-Retriever Mechanical Thrombectomy For Acute Ischemic Stroke Secondary To Large Vessel Occlusion Registry., Osama O Zaidat, Alicia C Castonguay, Raul G Nogueira, Diogo C Haussen, Joey D English, Sudhakar R Satti, Jennifer Chen, Hamed Farid, Candace Borders, Erol Veznedaroglu, Mandy J Binning, Ajit Puri, Nirav A Vora, Ron F Budzik, Guilherme Dabus, Italo Linfante, Vallabh Janardhan, Amer Alshekhlee, Michael G Abraham, Randall Edgell, Muhammad Asif Taqi, Ramy El Khoury, Maxim Mokin, Aniel Q Majjhoo, Mouhammed R Kabbani, Michael T Froehler, Ira Finch, Sameer A Ansari, Roberta Novakovic, Thanh N Nguyen

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

BACKGROUND: Recent randomized clinical trials (RCTs) demonstrated the efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy using stent-retrievers in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusions; however, it remains unclear if these results translate to a real-world setting. The TREVO Stent-Retriever Acute Stroke (TRACK) multicenter Registry aimed to evaluate the use of the Trevo device in everyday clinical practice.

METHODS: Twenty-three centers enrolled consecutive AIS patients treated from March 2013 through August 2015 with the Trevo device. The primary outcome was defined as achieving a Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (TICI) score of ≥2b. Secondary outcomes included 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS ...


Exacerbation Recovery Patterns In Newly Diagnosed Or Maintenance Treatment-Naïve Patients With Copd: Secondary Analyses Of Ticari 1 Trial Data, David M. Mannino, Emmanuelle M. Clerisme-Beaty, Joanne Franceschina, Naitee Ting, Nancy K. Leidy May 2018

Exacerbation Recovery Patterns In Newly Diagnosed Or Maintenance Treatment-Naïve Patients With Copd: Secondary Analyses Of Ticari 1 Trial Data, David M. Mannino, Emmanuelle M. Clerisme-Beaty, Joanne Franceschina, Naitee Ting, Nancy K. Leidy

Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health Faculty Publications

Background: Little is known about the recovery patterns from acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) in newly diagnosed or maintenance treatment-naïve patients with COPD. This study describes the course of AECOPD in these patients at the time of treatment for the symptoms of acute respiratory tract infection (RTI).

Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of data from a 12-week, randomized clinical trial (TICARI 1) testing the efficacy and safety of once-daily tiotropium 18 µg maintenance therapy versus placebo in newly diagnosed or maintenance treatment-naïve COPD patients with acute RTI symptoms for ≤7 days. Patients received standard care ...


Comorbidities In Aging Patients With Sickle Cell Disease., Samir K. Ballas Mar 2018

Comorbidities In Aging Patients With Sickle Cell Disease., Samir K. Ballas

Cardeza Foundation for Hematologic Research

Sickle cell disease (SCD) in general and sickle cell anemia in particular is a highly complex disorder both at the molecular and clinical levels. Although the molecular lesion is a single-point mutation, the sickle gene is pleiotropic in nature causing multiple phenotypic expressions that constitute the various complications of the disease. Moreover, despite the fact that SCD is a chronic malady, its manifestations are both acute and chronic. The former include, among other things, the recurrent vaso-occlusive crises (its hallmark) and acute chest syndrome. The chronic complications include most commonly avascular necrosis and leg ulcers. Currently, survival of patients with ...


Patient And Hospital Characteristics Predictive Of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Usage In Venous Thromboembolism Patients: A Study From The 2013 To 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database, Amie Goodin, Ming Chen, Driss Raissi, Qiong Han, Hong Xiao, Joshua Brown Mar 2018

Patient And Hospital Characteristics Predictive Of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Usage In Venous Thromboembolism Patients: A Study From The 2013 To 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database, Amie Goodin, Ming Chen, Driss Raissi, Qiong Han, Hong Xiao, Joshua Brown

Radiology Faculty Publications

To examine the association between patient and hospital characteristics and inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) utilization in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE).

The 2013 to 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database was used to define a cohort of patients with VTE aged ≥ 18 after a primary VTE diagnosis. Comorbidities of interest were classified via diagnosis codes and IVCF placement was identified via procedure code. Chi square analysis tested differences between patient and hospital-level characteristics and whether or not IVCFs were placed. A hierarchical logistic regression model estimated the relationship between patient-level factors (demographics, socioeconomic status, comorbidities), hospital-level factors (bed size, teaching status ...


Residential Settings And Healthcare Use Of The Rural "Oldest-Old" Medicare Population, Nathan Paluso Mph, Zach T. Croll, Deborah Thayer Mba, Jean A. Talbot Phd, Mph, Andrew F. Coburn Phd Mar 2018

Residential Settings And Healthcare Use Of The Rural "Oldest-Old" Medicare Population, Nathan Paluso Mph, Zach T. Croll, Deborah Thayer Mba, Jean A. Talbot Phd, Mph, Andrew F. Coburn Phd

Long Term Services and Supports

The aging of the baby boom generation is projected to dramatically increase the population aged 65 and older in the coming decades. In particular, those aged 85 and older (the ‘oldest old’) are expanding at a faster rate than any other age group and by 2050 are expected to make up 4.5 percent of the population, compared to 1.9 percent in 2012. Faster growth in the percentage of older people (65+) in rural than in urban areas is likely to challenge the healthcare and long term services and supports (LTSS) capacity in many rural communities.

This study used ...


Design And Development Of A Theory-Informed Peer-Led Falls Prevention Education Programme To Translate Evidence Into Practice: A Systematic Approach, Linda Khong, Richard G. Berlach, Keith D. Hill, Anne-Marie Hill Jan 2018

Design And Development Of A Theory-Informed Peer-Led Falls Prevention Education Programme To Translate Evidence Into Practice: A Systematic Approach, Linda Khong, Richard G. Berlach, Keith D. Hill, Anne-Marie Hill

Health Sciences Papers and Journal Articles

Peer-led education has been shown to be an effective approach for raising community-dwelling older adults’ beliefs, knowledge and intention to engage in falls prevention strategies in a recent intervention trial. This article outlines the design and development of the intervention, which was a peer-led falls prevention education programme designed to promote older adult’s motivation to change their behaviour in the area of falls prevention. The elements of the programme that contributed to its efficacy are also described. The programme was designed using a four-step approach and was based on the constructs of a theoretical framework (the COM-B model). Feedback ...


Determination Of An Optimal Response Cut-Off Able To Predict Progression-Free Survival In Patients With Well-Differentiated Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours Treated With Sunitinib: An Alternative To The Current Recist-Defined Response., Angela Lamarca, Jorge Barriuso, Matthew Kulke, Ivan Borbath, Heinz-Josef Lenz, Jean Luc Raoul, Neal J. Meropol, Catherine Lombard-Bohas, James Posey, Sandrine Faivre, Eric Raymond, Juan W. Valle Jan 2018

Determination Of An Optimal Response Cut-Off Able To Predict Progression-Free Survival In Patients With Well-Differentiated Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours Treated With Sunitinib: An Alternative To The Current Recist-Defined Response., Angela Lamarca, Jorge Barriuso, Matthew Kulke, Ivan Borbath, Heinz-Josef Lenz, Jean Luc Raoul, Neal J. Meropol, Catherine Lombard-Bohas, James Posey, Sandrine Faivre, Eric Raymond, Juan W. Valle

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Sunitinib prolongs progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (pNET). Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)-defined partial responses (PR; classically defined as ⩾30% size decrease from baseline) are infrequent.

METHODS: Individual data of pNET patients from the phase II [NCT00056693] and pivotal phase III [NCT00428597] trials of sunitinib were analysed in this investigator-initiated, post hoc study. The primary objective was to determine the optimal RECIST (v.1.0) response cut-off value to identify patients who were progression-free at 11 months (median PFS in phase III trial); and the most informative time-point (highest area under ...


Vacationing Older Adults, Breanna Taralson, Brittany Winter Jan 2018

Vacationing Older Adults, Breanna Taralson, Brittany Winter

Occupational Therapy Capstones

Introduction: This scholarly project was conducted to explore the aspects of vacationing in older adults and how age-related changes seen within this population can impact decisions while traveling. The purpose of this project was to create a resource guide for older adults to help navigate the vacationing process.

Methodology: A literature review was conducted using various sources including: online databases, books on travel and vacationing, personal communication via informal interview, and through major travel corporation websites. Information from these sources was then compiled to create a resource guide for older adults.

Results: Information found within the literature review indicated that ...


Generationactive: Creating Healthier Communities Two Generations At A Time, Jerrica Thiel, Mallory Manecke Jan 2018

Generationactive: Creating Healthier Communities Two Generations At A Time, Jerrica Thiel, Mallory Manecke

Occupational Therapy Capstones

Obesity has become an epidemic across all ages, as the prevalence of obesity has nearly tripled over the last 40 years (World Health Organization, 2017-a). Obesity can have a detrimental impact on the health and future of Americans, as many diseases are correlated with obesity. Diabetes, which often occurs secondary to obesity and is the 7th leading cause of death in America, is similarly on the rise (CDC, 2012). To combat these issues, there is a great need for a health promotion initiative that provides individuals of all ages an opportunity to learn about health and wellness, to take steps ...


Conservative Treatment Of A 58 Year-Old Male Referred To Physical Therapy With A Knee Sprain And Knee Osteoarthritis, Chase Pruitt Jan 2018

Conservative Treatment Of A 58 Year-Old Male Referred To Physical Therapy With A Knee Sprain And Knee Osteoarthritis, Chase Pruitt

Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects

Background and Purpose: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition in people over 50. Although there may be an association between acute knee injuries and knee OA later in life, the occurrence of acute knee injuries in patients with existing OA is less clear. The purpose of this case study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an impairment based therapy program in an individual with an acute knee injury and knee OA.

Case Description: This case follows a 57 year old male referred to physical therapy with an acute knee sprain and tri-compartmental knee OA. Treatment lasted 7 sessions spanned ...


Mild Cognitive Impairment Impacts Health Outcomes Of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing A Disease Management Intervention, Jocasta Ball, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Melinda Carrington, Joshua Wiley, S. Stewart Jan 2018

Mild Cognitive Impairment Impacts Health Outcomes Of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing A Disease Management Intervention, Jocasta Ball, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Melinda Carrington, Joshua Wiley, S. Stewart

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is prevalent in atrial fibrillation (AF) and has the potential to contribute to poor outcomes. We investigated the influence of MCI on survival and rehospitalisation in patients with chronic forms of AF undergoing a home-based, AF-specific disease management intervention (home-based intervention (HBI)) or standard management(SM). Methods The Montreal Cognitive Assessment tool was administered at baseline (a score of < 26/30 indicated MCI) in patients with AF randomised to HBI versus SM. Post hoc analyses of mortality and rehospitalisations during a minimum 24-month follow-up were conducted in the overall cohort and in each study group separately. Results Of 260 patients (mean age 72±11, 47% female), 65% demonstrated MCI on screening (34% in SM; 31% in HBI). Overall, the number of days spent alive and outof- hospital during follow-up (P=0.012) and all-cause rehospitalisation were influenced by MCI during follow-up (OR 3.16 (95% CI 1.46 to 6.84)) but MCI did not influence any outcomes in the SM group. However, survival was negatively influenced by MCI in the HBI group (P=0.036); those with MCI in this group were 5.6 times more likely to die during follow-up (OR 5.57 (95% CI 1.10 to 28.1)). Those with MCI in the HBI group also spent less days alive and out-of-hospital than those with no MCI (P=0.022). MCI was also identified as a significant independent correlate of shortest duration of event-free survival (OR 3.48 (95% CI 1.06 to 11.4)), allcause rehospitalisation (OR 3.30 (95% CI 1.25 to 8.69)) and cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related rehospitalisation (OR 2.35 (95% CI 1.12 to 4.91)) in this group. Conclusions The effectiveness of home-based, disease management for patients with chronic forms of AF is negatively affected by comorbid MCI. The benefit of adjunctive support for patients with MCI on CVD-related health outcomes requires further investigation.


Microrna Expression Patterns In Human Anterior Cingulate And Motor Cortex: A Study Of Dementia With Lewy Bodies Cases And Controls, Peter T. Nelson, Wang-Xia Wang, Sarah A. Janse, Katherine L. Thompson Jan 2018

Microrna Expression Patterns In Human Anterior Cingulate And Motor Cortex: A Study Of Dementia With Lewy Bodies Cases And Controls, Peter T. Nelson, Wang-Xia Wang, Sarah A. Janse, Katherine L. Thompson

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

Overview

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Here, we evaluated the expression of miRNAs in anterior cingulate (AC; Brodmann area [BA] 24) and primary motor (MO; BA 4) cortical tissue from aged human brains in the University of Kentucky AD Center autopsy cohort, with a focus on dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).

Methods

RNA was isolated from gray matter of brain samples with pathology-defined DLB, AD, AD+DLB, and low-pathology controls, with n=52 cases initially included (n=23 with DLB), all with low (<4hrs) postmortem intervals. RNA was profiled using Exiqon miRNA microarrays. Quantitative PCR for post-hoc replication was performed on separate cases (n=6 controls) and included RNA isolated from gray matter of MO, AC, primary somatosensory (BA 3), and dorsolateral prefrontal (BA 9) cortical regions.

Results

The miRNA expression patterns ...


Effects Of Long-Term Participation In Tennis On Cognitive Function In Elderly Individuals, Scott Culpin Jan 2018

Effects Of Long-Term Participation In Tennis On Cognitive Function In Elderly Individuals, Scott Culpin

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Many studies have reported the relationship between exercise and cognition with conflicting results. This may be due to differences in intervention durations, session lengths, intensities, and type of exercise. It has been suggested that exercises requiring greater cognitive demand such as football, basketball and racquet sports, are protective against cognitive decline, compared to less cognitively demanding exercises such as swimming, cycling and running, however, research concerning exercise types are currently limited. The present study tested the hypothesis that elderly individuals who had been regularly playing tennis more than 10 years, would have greater cognitive function than those who had been ...


Differential Presentation And Survival Of De Novo And Recurrent Metastatic Breast Cancer Over Time: 1990-2010., Judith A Malmgren, Musa Mayer, Mary K Atwood, Henry G Kaplan Jan 2018

Differential Presentation And Survival Of De Novo And Recurrent Metastatic Breast Cancer Over Time: 1990-2010., Judith A Malmgren, Musa Mayer, Mary K Atwood, Henry G Kaplan

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

BACKGROUND: Differences in de novo (dnMBC) and recurrent metastatic breast cancer (rMBC) presentation and survival over time have not been adequately described.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort study, 1990-2010, with follow up through 2015 of dnMBC patients (stage IV at diagnosis) and rMBC patients with subsequent distant metastatic recurrence (stage I-III initial diagnosis) [dnMBC = 247, rMBC = 911)]. Analysis included Chi squared tests of categorical variables, Kaplan-Meier survival estimates, and Cox proportional adjusted hazard ratios (HzR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Disease specific survival (DSS) was time from diagnosis or distant recurrence to BC death.

RESULTS: Over time, 1990-1998, 1999-2004, and 2005-2010 ...


Lower Serum Iga Is Associated With Copd Exacerbation Risk In Spiromics., Nirupama Putcha, Gabriel G Paul, Antoine Azar, Robert A Wise, Wanda K O'Neal, Mark T Dransfield, Prescott G Woodruff, Jeffrey L Curtis, Alejandro P Comellas, M Bradley Drummond, Allison A. Lambert, Laura M Paulin, Ashraf Fawzy, Richard E Kanner, Robert Paine, Meilan K Han, Fernando J Martinez, Russell P Bowler, R Graham Barr, Nadia N Hansel Jan 2018

Lower Serum Iga Is Associated With Copd Exacerbation Risk In Spiromics., Nirupama Putcha, Gabriel G Paul, Antoine Azar, Robert A Wise, Wanda K O'Neal, Mark T Dransfield, Prescott G Woodruff, Jeffrey L Curtis, Alejandro P Comellas, M Bradley Drummond, Allison A. Lambert, Laura M Paulin, Ashraf Fawzy, Richard E Kanner, Robert Paine, Meilan K Han, Fernando J Martinez, Russell P Bowler, R Graham Barr, Nadia N Hansel

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

BACKGROUND: Decreased but measurable serum IgA levels (≤70 mg/dL) have been associated with risk for infections in some populations, but are unstudied in COPD. This study tested the hypothesis that subnormal serum IgA levels would be associated with exacerbation risk in COPD.

METHODS: Data were analyzed from 1,049 COPD participants from the observational cohort study SPIROMICS (535 (51%) women; mean age 66.1 (SD 7.8), 338 (32%) current smokers) who had baseline serum IgA measured using the Myriad RBM biomarker discovery platform. Exacerbation data was collected prospectively (mean 944.3 (SD 281.3) days), and adjusted linear ...


Decoding Critical Long Non-Coding Rna In Ovarian Cancer Epithelial-To-Mesenchymal Transition., Ramkrishna Mitra, Xi Chen, Evan J. Greenawalt, Ujjwal Maulik, Wei Jiang, Zhongming Zhao, Christine M. Eischen Dec 2017

Decoding Critical Long Non-Coding Rna In Ovarian Cancer Epithelial-To-Mesenchymal Transition., Ramkrishna Mitra, Xi Chen, Evan J. Greenawalt, Ujjwal Maulik, Wei Jiang, Zhongming Zhao, Christine M. Eischen

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) are emerging as contributors to malignancies. Little is understood about the contribution of lncRNA to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which correlates with metastasis. Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed after metastasis. Here we report an integrated analysis of >700 ovarian cancer molecular profiles, including genomic data sets, from four patient cohorts identifying lncRNA DNM3OS, MEG3, and MIAT overexpression and their reproducible gene regulation in ovarian cancer EMT. Genome-wide mapping shows 73% of MEG3-regulated EMT-linked pathway genes contain MEG3 binding sites. DNM3OS overexpression, but not MEG3 or MIAT, significantly correlates to worse overall patient survival. DNM3OS knockdown results in ...


Cardiovascular Health Is Associated With Physical Function Among Older Community Dwelling Men And Women., Yichen Jin, Toshiko Tanaka, Yan Ma, Stefania Bandinelli, Luigi Ferrucci, Sameera A Talegawkar Nov 2017

Cardiovascular Health Is Associated With Physical Function Among Older Community Dwelling Men And Women., Yichen Jin, Toshiko Tanaka, Yan Ma, Stefania Bandinelli, Luigi Ferrucci, Sameera A Talegawkar

Exercise and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

Background

Age related decline in physical function is a significant concern affecting the quality of life of older individuals.

Methods

We examined the associations between baseline overall cardiovascular health (CVH), its components, and physical function in 906 men and women from the InCHIANTI cohort. Physical function was assessed using the Short Performance Physical Battery and poor physical function was defined as an Short Performance Physical Battery score less than 10. Overall CVH score, ranging from 0 to 12 in the cohort, was operationalized using adherence to ideal levels for health behaviors including smoking status, physical activity, body mass index, and ...


Hospice Utilization Of Medicare Beneficiaries In Hawai‘I Compared To Other States, Deborah Taira, Merle Kataoka-Yahiro, Angela Sy Nov 2017

Hospice Utilization Of Medicare Beneficiaries In Hawai‘I Compared To Other States, Deborah Taira, Merle Kataoka-Yahiro, Angela Sy

Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal

The objective is to examine hospice utilization among Medicare beneficiaries in Hawai‘i compared to other states. Data were from the 2014 Medicare Hospice Utilization and Payment Public Use File, which included information on 4,025 hospice providers, more than 1.3 million hospice beneficiaries, and over $15 billion in Medicare payments. Multivariable linear regression models were estimated to compare hospice utilization in Hawai‘i to that of other states. Control variables included age, gender, and type of Medicare coverage. Medicare beneficiaries using hospice in Hawai‘i differed significantly from beneficiaries in other states in several ways. Hawai‘i beneficiaries ...


Oral Apolipoprotein A-I Mimetic D-4f Lowers Hdl-Inflammatory Index In High-Risk Patients: A First-In-Human Multiple-Dose, Randomized Controlled Trial., Richard L. Dunbar, Rajesh Movva, Leanne T. Bloedon, Danielle Duffy, Robert B. Norris, Mohamad Navab, Alan M. Fogelman, Daniel J. Rader Nov 2017

Oral Apolipoprotein A-I Mimetic D-4f Lowers Hdl-Inflammatory Index In High-Risk Patients: A First-In-Human Multiple-Dose, Randomized Controlled Trial., Richard L. Dunbar, Rajesh Movva, Leanne T. Bloedon, Danielle Duffy, Robert B. Norris, Mohamad Navab, Alan M. Fogelman, Daniel J. Rader

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

A single dose of the apolipoprotein (apo)A-I mimetic peptide D-4F rendered high-density lipoprotein (HDL) less inflammatory, motivating the first multiple-dose study. We aimed to assess safety/tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of daily, orally administered D-4F. High-risk coronary heart disease (CHD) subjects added double-blinded placebo or D-4F to statin for 13 days, randomly assigned 1:3 to ascending cohorts of 100, 300, then 500 mg (n = 62; 46 men/16 women). D-4F was safe and well-tolerated. Mean ± SD plasma D-4F area under the curve (AUC, 0-8h) was 6.9 ± 5.7 ng/mL*h (100 mg), 22.7 ± 19.6 ...


Efficacy And Safety Of Pembrolizumab In Patients Enrolled In Keynote-030 In The United States: An Expanded Access Program., Tara C Gangadhar, Wen-Jen Hwu, Michael A Postow, Omid Hamid, Adil Daud, Roxana Dronca, Richard Joseph, Steven J O'Day, F S Hodi, Anna C Pavlick, Harriet Kluger, Romina P Oxborough, Aiming Yang, Mihaela Gazdoiu, Debra A Kush, Scot Ebbinghaus, April K S Salama Nov 2017

Efficacy And Safety Of Pembrolizumab In Patients Enrolled In Keynote-030 In The United States: An Expanded Access Program., Tara C Gangadhar, Wen-Jen Hwu, Michael A Postow, Omid Hamid, Adil Daud, Roxana Dronca, Richard Joseph, Steven J O'Day, F S Hodi, Anna C Pavlick, Harriet Kluger, Romina P Oxborough, Aiming Yang, Mihaela Gazdoiu, Debra A Kush, Scot Ebbinghaus, April K S Salama

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

KEYNOTE-030 (ClinicalTrials.gov ID, NCT02083484) was a global expanded access program that allowed access to pembrolizumab, an antiprogrammed death 1 antibody, for patients with advanced melanoma before its regulatory approval. Patients with unresectable stage III/IV melanoma that progressed after standard-of-care therapy, including ipilimumab and, if BRAF mutant, a BRAF inhibitor, were eligible to receive pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg every 3 weeks. Response was assessed by immune-related response criteria by investigator review. Adverse events (AEs) were graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0. In the United States, 979 patients enrolled between ...


Association Of Metabolic Syndrome And Change In Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Scores., Maureen Leehey, Sheng Luo, Saloni Sharma, Anne-Marie A. Wills, Jacquelyn L. Bainbridge, Pei Shieen Wong, David K. Simon, Jay S Schneider, Yunxi Zhang, Adriana Pérez, Rohit Dhall, Chadwick W. Christine, Carlos Singer, Franca Cambi, James T Boyd Oct 2017

Association Of Metabolic Syndrome And Change In Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Scores., Maureen Leehey, Sheng Luo, Saloni Sharma, Anne-Marie A. Wills, Jacquelyn L. Bainbridge, Pei Shieen Wong, David K. Simon, Jay S Schneider, Yunxi Zhang, Adriana Pérez, Rohit Dhall, Chadwick W. Christine, Carlos Singer, Franca Cambi, James T Boyd

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between metabolic syndrome and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores and, secondarily, the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT).

METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from 1,022 of 1,741 participants of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Exploratory Clinical Trials in Parkinson Disease Long-Term Study 1, a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of creatine. Participants were categorized as having or not having metabolic syndrome on the basis of modified criteria from the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. Those who had the same metabolic syndrome status at ...


Intravesical Rad-Ifnα/Syn3 For Patients With High-Grade, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin-Refractory Or Relapsed Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: A Phase Ii Randomized Study., Neal D Shore, Stephen A Boorjian, Daniel J Canter, Kenneth Ogan, Lawrence I Karsh, Tracy M Downs, Leonard G Gomella, Ashish M Kamat, Yair Lotan, Robert S Svatek, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Robert L Grubb, Tracey L Krupski, Seth P Lerner, Michael E Woods, Brant A Inman, Matthew I Milowsky, Alan Boyd, F Peter Treasure, Gillian Gregory, David G Sawutz, Seppo Yla-Herttuala, Nigel R Parker, Colin P N Dinney Oct 2017

Intravesical Rad-Ifnα/Syn3 For Patients With High-Grade, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin-Refractory Or Relapsed Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: A Phase Ii Randomized Study., Neal D Shore, Stephen A Boorjian, Daniel J Canter, Kenneth Ogan, Lawrence I Karsh, Tracy M Downs, Leonard G Gomella, Ashish M Kamat, Yair Lotan, Robert S Svatek, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Robert L Grubb, Tracey L Krupski, Seth P Lerner, Michael E Woods, Brant A Inman, Matthew I Milowsky, Alan Boyd, F Peter Treasure, Gillian Gregory, David G Sawutz, Seppo Yla-Herttuala, Nigel R Parker, Colin P N Dinney

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Purpose Many patients with high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) are either refractory to bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) treatment or may experience disease relapse. We assessed the efficacy and safety of recombinant adenovirus interferon alfa with Syn3 (rAd-IFNα/Syn3), a replication-deficient recombinant adenovirus gene transfer vector, for patients with high-grade (HG) BCG-refractory or relapsed NMIBC. Methods In this open-label, multicenter (n = 13), parallel-arm, phase II study ( ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01687244), 43 patients with HG BCG-refractory or relapsed NMIBC received intravesical rAd-IFNα/Syn3 (randomly assigned 1:1 to 1 × 10(11) viral particles (vp)/mL or 3 × 10(11) vp/mL). Patients who ...


Tnf-Α Promotes Nuclear Enrichment Of The Transcription Factor Tonebp/Nfat5 To Selectively Control Inflammatory But Not Osmoregulatory Responses In Nucleus Pulposus Cells., Zariel I. Johnson, Alexandra C. Doolittle, Joseph W. Snuggs, Irving M. Shapiro, Christine L. Le Maitre, Makarand V. Risbud Oct 2017

Tnf-Α Promotes Nuclear Enrichment Of The Transcription Factor Tonebp/Nfat5 To Selectively Control Inflammatory But Not Osmoregulatory Responses In Nucleus Pulposus Cells., Zariel I. Johnson, Alexandra C. Doolittle, Joseph W. Snuggs, Irving M. Shapiro, Christine L. Le Maitre, Makarand V. Risbud

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) causes chronic back pain and is linked to production of proinflammatory molecules by nucleus pulposus (NP) and other disc cells. Activation of tonicity-responsive enhancer-binding protein (TonEBP)/NFAT5 by non-osmotic stimuli, including proinflammatory molecules, occurs in cells involved in immune response. However, whether inflammatory stimuli activate TonEBP in NP cells and whether TonEBP controls inflammation during IDD is unknown. We show that TNF-α, but not IL-1β or LPS, promoted nuclear enrichment of TonEBP protein. However, TNF-α-mediated activation of TonEBP did not cause induction of osmoregulatory genes. RNA sequencing showed that 8.5% of TNF-α transcriptional responses were ...