Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Aged

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1300

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Pretty Peachy., Li-Anne Lim, Basil K. Williams, Carol L. Shields Sep 2018

Pretty Peachy., Li-Anne Lim, Basil K. Williams, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

No abstract provided.


Application Of Forced Use In A Traditional Acute Hospital Setting With A 77-Year-Old Female Post Left Cva, Jimmie Parten, Anne H. Boddy Jul 2018

Application Of Forced Use In A Traditional Acute Hospital Setting With A 77-Year-Old Female Post Left Cva, Jimmie Parten, Anne H. Boddy

Summer 2018

The purpose of this case report is to look at the positive outcomes following the application of forced use physical therapy techniques in the traditional acute hospital setting with a 77-year-old female post left CVA.


Trevo Stent-Retriever Mechanical Thrombectomy For Acute Ischemic Stroke Secondary To Large Vessel Occlusion Registry., Osama O Zaidat, Alicia C Castonguay, Raul G Nogueira, Diogo C Haussen, Joey D English, Sudhakar R Satti, Jennifer Chen, Hamed Farid, Candace Borders, Erol Veznedaroglu, Mandy J Binning, Ajit Puri, Nirav A Vora, Ron F Budzik, Guilherme Dabus, Italo Linfante, Vallabh Janardhan, Amer Alshekhlee, Michael G Abraham, Randall Edgell, Muhammad Asif Taqi, Ramy El Khoury, Maxim Mokin, Aniel Q Majjhoo, Mouhammed R Kabbani, Michael T Froehler, Ira Finch, Sameer A Ansari, Roberta Novakovic, Thanh N Nguyen Jun 2018

Trevo Stent-Retriever Mechanical Thrombectomy For Acute Ischemic Stroke Secondary To Large Vessel Occlusion Registry., Osama O Zaidat, Alicia C Castonguay, Raul G Nogueira, Diogo C Haussen, Joey D English, Sudhakar R Satti, Jennifer Chen, Hamed Farid, Candace Borders, Erol Veznedaroglu, Mandy J Binning, Ajit Puri, Nirav A Vora, Ron F Budzik, Guilherme Dabus, Italo Linfante, Vallabh Janardhan, Amer Alshekhlee, Michael G Abraham, Randall Edgell, Muhammad Asif Taqi, Ramy El Khoury, Maxim Mokin, Aniel Q Majjhoo, Mouhammed R Kabbani, Michael T Froehler, Ira Finch, Sameer A Ansari, Roberta Novakovic, Thanh N Nguyen

Journal Articles and Abstracts

BACKGROUND: Recent randomized clinical trials (RCTs) demonstrated the efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy using stent-retrievers in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusions; however, it remains unclear if these results translate to a real-world setting. The TREVO Stent-Retriever Acute Stroke (TRACK) multicenter Registry aimed to evaluate the use of the Trevo device in everyday clinical practice.

METHODS: Twenty-three centers enrolled consecutive AIS patients treated from March 2013 through August 2015 with the Trevo device. The primary outcome was defined as achieving a Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (TICI) score of ≥2b. Secondary outcomes included 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS ...


Comorbidities In Aging Patients With Sickle Cell Disease., Samir K. Ballas Mar 2018

Comorbidities In Aging Patients With Sickle Cell Disease., Samir K. Ballas

Cardeza Foundation for Hematologic Research

Sickle cell disease (SCD) in general and sickle cell anemia in particular is a highly complex disorder both at the molecular and clinical levels. Although the molecular lesion is a single-point mutation, the sickle gene is pleiotropic in nature causing multiple phenotypic expressions that constitute the various complications of the disease. Moreover, despite the fact that SCD is a chronic malady, its manifestations are both acute and chronic. The former include, among other things, the recurrent vaso-occlusive crises (its hallmark) and acute chest syndrome. The chronic complications include most commonly avascular necrosis and leg ulcers. Currently, survival of patients with ...


Residential Settings And Healthcare Use Of The Rural "Oldest-Old" Medicare Population, Nathan Paluso Mph, Zach T. Croll, Deborah Thayer Mba, Jean A. Talbot Phd, Mph, Andrew F. Coburn Phd Mar 2018

Residential Settings And Healthcare Use Of The Rural "Oldest-Old" Medicare Population, Nathan Paluso Mph, Zach T. Croll, Deborah Thayer Mba, Jean A. Talbot Phd, Mph, Andrew F. Coburn Phd

Long-term Care

The aging of the baby boom generation is projected to dramatically increase the population aged 65 and older in the coming decades. In particular, those aged 85 and older (the ‘oldest old’) are expanding at a faster rate than any other age group and by 2050 are expected to make up 4.5 percent of the population, compared to 1.9 percent in 2012. Faster growth in the percentage of older people (65+) in rural than in urban areas is likely to challenge the healthcare and long term services and supports (LTSS) capacity in many rural communities.

This study used ...


What Does It Cost To Feed Aged Care Residents In Australia?, Cherie Hugo, Elizabeth Isenring, David Sinclair, Ekta Agarwal Feb 2018

What Does It Cost To Feed Aged Care Residents In Australia?, Cherie Hugo, Elizabeth Isenring, David Sinclair, Ekta Agarwal

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Aim

Funding cuts to the aged care industry impact catering budgets and aged care staffing levels, which may in turn affect the nutritional status of aged care residents. This paper reports average food expenditure and trends in Australian residential aged care facilities (RACFs).

Methods

This is a retrospective study collecting RACFs’ economic outlay data through a quarterly online survey conducted over the 2015 and 2016 financial years.

Results

Data were compiled from 817 RACFs, representing 64 256 residential beds and 23 million bed-days Australia-wide. The average total spend in Australian Dollars (AUD) on catering consumables (including cutlery/crockery, supplements, paper ...


Design And Development Of A Theory-Informed Peer-Led Falls Prevention Education Programme To Translate Evidence Into Practice: A Systematic Approach, Linda Khong, Richard G. Berlach, Keith D. Hill, Anne-Marie Hill Jan 2018

Design And Development Of A Theory-Informed Peer-Led Falls Prevention Education Programme To Translate Evidence Into Practice: A Systematic Approach, Linda Khong, Richard G. Berlach, Keith D. Hill, Anne-Marie Hill

Health Sciences Papers and Journal Articles

Peer-led education has been shown to be an effective approach for raising community-dwelling older adults’ beliefs, knowledge and intention to engage in falls prevention strategies in a recent intervention trial. This article outlines the design and development of the intervention, which was a peer-led falls prevention education programme designed to promote older adult’s motivation to change their behaviour in the area of falls prevention. The elements of the programme that contributed to its efficacy are also described. The programme was designed using a four-step approach and was based on the constructs of a theoretical framework (the COM-B model). Feedback ...


Effects Of Long-Term Participation In Tennis On Cognitive Function In Elderly Individuals, Scott Culpin Jan 2018

Effects Of Long-Term Participation In Tennis On Cognitive Function In Elderly Individuals, Scott Culpin

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Many studies have reported the relationship between exercise and cognition with conflicting results. This may be due to differences in intervention durations, session lengths, intensities, and type of exercise. It has been suggested that exercises requiring greater cognitive demand such as football, basketball and racquet sports, are protective against cognitive decline, compared to less cognitively demanding exercises such as swimming, cycling and running, however, research concerning exercise types are currently limited. The present study tested the hypothesis that elderly individuals who had been regularly playing tennis more than 10 years, would have greater cognitive function than those who had been ...


Generationactive: Creating Healthier Communities Two Generations At A Time, Jerrica Thiel, Mallory Manecke Jan 2018

Generationactive: Creating Healthier Communities Two Generations At A Time, Jerrica Thiel, Mallory Manecke

Occupational Therapy Capstones

Obesity has become an epidemic across all ages, as the prevalence of obesity has nearly tripled over the last 40 years (World Health Organization, 2017-a). Obesity can have a detrimental impact on the health and future of Americans, as many diseases are correlated with obesity. Diabetes, which often occurs secondary to obesity and is the 7th leading cause of death in America, is similarly on the rise (CDC, 2012). To combat these issues, there is a great need for a health promotion initiative that provides individuals of all ages an opportunity to learn about health and wellness, to take steps ...


Vacationing Older Adults, Breanna Taralson, Brittany Winter Jan 2018

Vacationing Older Adults, Breanna Taralson, Brittany Winter

Occupational Therapy Capstones

Introduction: This scholarly project was conducted to explore the aspects of vacationing in older adults and how age-related changes seen within this population can impact decisions while traveling. The purpose of this project was to create a resource guide for older adults to help navigate the vacationing process.

Methodology: A literature review was conducted using various sources including: online databases, books on travel and vacationing, personal communication via informal interview, and through major travel corporation websites. Information from these sources was then compiled to create a resource guide for older adults.

Results: Information found within the literature review indicated that ...


Differential Presentation And Survival Of De Novo And Recurrent Metastatic Breast Cancer Over Time: 1990-2010., Judith A Malmgren, Musa Mayer, Mary K Atwood, Henry G Kaplan Jan 2018

Differential Presentation And Survival Of De Novo And Recurrent Metastatic Breast Cancer Over Time: 1990-2010., Judith A Malmgren, Musa Mayer, Mary K Atwood, Henry G Kaplan

Journal Articles and Abstracts

BACKGROUND: Differences in de novo (dnMBC) and recurrent metastatic breast cancer (rMBC) presentation and survival over time have not been adequately described.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort study, 1990-2010, with follow up through 2015 of dnMBC patients (stage IV at diagnosis) and rMBC patients with subsequent distant metastatic recurrence (stage I-III initial diagnosis) [dnMBC = 247, rMBC = 911)]. Analysis included Chi squared tests of categorical variables, Kaplan-Meier survival estimates, and Cox proportional adjusted hazard ratios (HzR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Disease specific survival (DSS) was time from diagnosis or distant recurrence to BC death.

RESULTS: Over time, 1990-1998, 1999-2004, and 2005-2010 ...


Conservative Treatment Of A 58 Year-Old Male Referred To Physical Therapy With A Knee Sprain And Knee Osteoarthritis, Chase Pruitt Jan 2018

Conservative Treatment Of A 58 Year-Old Male Referred To Physical Therapy With A Knee Sprain And Knee Osteoarthritis, Chase Pruitt

Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects

Background and Purpose: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition in people over 50. Although there may be an association between acute knee injuries and knee OA later in life, the occurrence of acute knee injuries in patients with existing OA is less clear. The purpose of this case study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an impairment based therapy program in an individual with an acute knee injury and knee OA.

Case Description: This case follows a 57 year old male referred to physical therapy with an acute knee sprain and tri-compartmental knee OA. Treatment lasted 7 sessions spanned ...


Mild Cognitive Impairment Impacts Health Outcomes Of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing A Disease Management Intervention, Jocasta Ball, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Melinda Carrington, Joshua Wiley, S. Stewart Jan 2018

Mild Cognitive Impairment Impacts Health Outcomes Of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing A Disease Management Intervention, Jocasta Ball, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Melinda Carrington, Joshua Wiley, S. Stewart

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is prevalent in atrial fibrillation (AF) and has the potential to contribute to poor outcomes. We investigated the influence of MCI on survival and rehospitalisation in patients with chronic forms of AF undergoing a home-based, AF-specific disease management intervention (home-based intervention (HBI)) or standard management(SM). Methods The Montreal Cognitive Assessment tool was administered at baseline (a score of < 26/30 indicated MCI) in patients with AF randomised to HBI versus SM. Post hoc analyses of mortality and rehospitalisations during a minimum 24-month follow-up were conducted in the overall cohort and in each study group separately. Results Of 260 patients (mean age 72±11, 47% female), 65% demonstrated MCI on screening (34% in SM; 31% in HBI). Overall, the number of days spent alive and outof- hospital during follow-up (P=0.012) and all-cause rehospitalisation were influenced by MCI during follow-up (OR 3.16 (95% CI 1.46 to 6.84)) but MCI did not influence any outcomes in the SM group. However, survival was negatively influenced by MCI in the HBI group (P=0.036); those with MCI in this group were 5.6 times more likely to die during follow-up (OR 5.57 (95% CI 1.10 to 28.1)). Those with MCI in the HBI group also spent less days alive and out-of-hospital than those with no MCI (P=0.022). MCI was also identified as a significant independent correlate of shortest duration of event-free survival (OR 3.48 (95% CI 1.06 to 11.4)), allcause rehospitalisation (OR 3.30 (95% CI 1.25 to 8.69)) and cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related rehospitalisation (OR 2.35 (95% CI 1.12 to 4.91)) in this group. Conclusions The effectiveness of home-based, disease management for patients with chronic forms of AF is negatively affected by comorbid MCI. The benefit of adjunctive support for patients with MCI on CVD-related health outcomes requires further investigation.


Decoding Critical Long Non-Coding Rna In Ovarian Cancer Epithelial-To-Mesenchymal Transition., Ramkrishna Mitra, Xi Chen, Evan J. Greenawalt, Ujjwal Maulik, Wei Jiang, Zhongming Zhao, Christine M. Eischen Dec 2017

Decoding Critical Long Non-Coding Rna In Ovarian Cancer Epithelial-To-Mesenchymal Transition., Ramkrishna Mitra, Xi Chen, Evan J. Greenawalt, Ujjwal Maulik, Wei Jiang, Zhongming Zhao, Christine M. Eischen

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) are emerging as contributors to malignancies. Little is understood about the contribution of lncRNA to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which correlates with metastasis. Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed after metastasis. Here we report an integrated analysis of >700 ovarian cancer molecular profiles, including genomic data sets, from four patient cohorts identifying lncRNA DNM3OS, MEG3, and MIAT overexpression and their reproducible gene regulation in ovarian cancer EMT. Genome-wide mapping shows 73% of MEG3-regulated EMT-linked pathway genes contain MEG3 binding sites. DNM3OS overexpression, but not MEG3 or MIAT, significantly correlates to worse overall patient survival. DNM3OS knockdown results in ...


Cardiovascular Health Is Associated With Physical Function Among Older Community Dwelling Men And Women., Yichen Jin, Toshiko Tanaka, Yan Ma, Stefania Bandinelli, Luigi Ferrucci, Sameera A Talegawkar Nov 2017

Cardiovascular Health Is Associated With Physical Function Among Older Community Dwelling Men And Women., Yichen Jin, Toshiko Tanaka, Yan Ma, Stefania Bandinelli, Luigi Ferrucci, Sameera A Talegawkar

Exercise and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

Background

Age related decline in physical function is a significant concern affecting the quality of life of older individuals.

Methods

We examined the associations between baseline overall cardiovascular health (CVH), its components, and physical function in 906 men and women from the InCHIANTI cohort. Physical function was assessed using the Short Performance Physical Battery and poor physical function was defined as an Short Performance Physical Battery score less than 10. Overall CVH score, ranging from 0 to 12 in the cohort, was operationalized using adherence to ideal levels for health behaviors including smoking status, physical activity, body mass index, and ...


Hospice Utilization Of Medicare Beneficiaries In Hawai‘I Compared To Other States, Deborah Taira, Merle Kataoka-Yahiro, Angela Sy Nov 2017

Hospice Utilization Of Medicare Beneficiaries In Hawai‘I Compared To Other States, Deborah Taira, Merle Kataoka-Yahiro, Angela Sy

Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal

The objective is to examine hospice utilization among Medicare beneficiaries in Hawai‘i compared to other states. Data were from the 2014 Medicare Hospice Utilization and Payment Public Use File, which included information on 4,025 hospice providers, more than 1.3 million hospice beneficiaries, and over $15 billion in Medicare payments. Multivariable linear regression models were estimated to compare hospice utilization in Hawai‘i to that of other states. Control variables included age, gender, and type of Medicare coverage. Medicare beneficiaries using hospice in Hawai‘i differed significantly from beneficiaries in other states in several ways. Hawai‘i beneficiaries ...


Oral Apolipoprotein A-I Mimetic D-4f Lowers Hdl-Inflammatory Index In High-Risk Patients: A First-In-Human Multiple-Dose, Randomized Controlled Trial., Richard L. Dunbar, Rajesh Movva, Leanne T. Bloedon, Danielle Duffy, Robert B. Norris, Mohamad Navab, Alan M. Fogelman, Daniel J. Rader Nov 2017

Oral Apolipoprotein A-I Mimetic D-4f Lowers Hdl-Inflammatory Index In High-Risk Patients: A First-In-Human Multiple-Dose, Randomized Controlled Trial., Richard L. Dunbar, Rajesh Movva, Leanne T. Bloedon, Danielle Duffy, Robert B. Norris, Mohamad Navab, Alan M. Fogelman, Daniel J. Rader

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

A single dose of the apolipoprotein (apo)A-I mimetic peptide D-4F rendered high-density lipoprotein (HDL) less inflammatory, motivating the first multiple-dose study. We aimed to assess safety/tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of daily, orally administered D-4F. High-risk coronary heart disease (CHD) subjects added double-blinded placebo or D-4F to statin for 13 days, randomly assigned 1:3 to ascending cohorts of 100, 300, then 500 mg (n = 62; 46 men/16 women). D-4F was safe and well-tolerated. Mean ± SD plasma D-4F area under the curve (AUC, 0-8h) was 6.9 ± 5.7 ng/mL*h (100 mg), 22.7 ± 19.6 ...


Efficacy And Safety Of Pembrolizumab In Patients Enrolled In Keynote-030 In The United States: An Expanded Access Program., Tara C Gangadhar, Wen-Jen Hwu, Michael A Postow, Omid Hamid, Adil Daud, Roxana Dronca, Richard Joseph, Steven J O'Day, F S Hodi, Anna C Pavlick, Harriet Kluger, Romina P Oxborough, Aiming Yang, Mihaela Gazdoiu, Debra A Kush, Scot Ebbinghaus, April K S Salama Nov 2017

Efficacy And Safety Of Pembrolizumab In Patients Enrolled In Keynote-030 In The United States: An Expanded Access Program., Tara C Gangadhar, Wen-Jen Hwu, Michael A Postow, Omid Hamid, Adil Daud, Roxana Dronca, Richard Joseph, Steven J O'Day, F S Hodi, Anna C Pavlick, Harriet Kluger, Romina P Oxborough, Aiming Yang, Mihaela Gazdoiu, Debra A Kush, Scot Ebbinghaus, April K S Salama

Journal Articles and Abstracts

KEYNOTE-030 (ClinicalTrials.gov ID, NCT02083484) was a global expanded access program that allowed access to pembrolizumab, an antiprogrammed death 1 antibody, for patients with advanced melanoma before its regulatory approval. Patients with unresectable stage III/IV melanoma that progressed after standard-of-care therapy, including ipilimumab and, if BRAF mutant, a BRAF inhibitor, were eligible to receive pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg every 3 weeks. Response was assessed by immune-related response criteria by investigator review. Adverse events (AEs) were graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0. In the United States, 979 patients enrolled between ...


Association Of Metabolic Syndrome And Change In Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Scores., Maureen Leehey, Sheng Luo, Saloni Sharma, Anne-Marie A. Wills, Jacquelyn L. Bainbridge, Pei Shieen Wong, David K. Simon, Jay S Schneider, Yunxi Zhang, Adriana Pérez, Rohit Dhall, Chadwick W. Christine, Carlos Singer, Franca Cambi, James T Boyd Oct 2017

Association Of Metabolic Syndrome And Change In Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Scores., Maureen Leehey, Sheng Luo, Saloni Sharma, Anne-Marie A. Wills, Jacquelyn L. Bainbridge, Pei Shieen Wong, David K. Simon, Jay S Schneider, Yunxi Zhang, Adriana Pérez, Rohit Dhall, Chadwick W. Christine, Carlos Singer, Franca Cambi, James T Boyd

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between metabolic syndrome and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores and, secondarily, the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT).

METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from 1,022 of 1,741 participants of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Exploratory Clinical Trials in Parkinson Disease Long-Term Study 1, a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of creatine. Participants were categorized as having or not having metabolic syndrome on the basis of modified criteria from the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. Those who had the same metabolic syndrome status at ...


Intravesical Rad-Ifnα/Syn3 For Patients With High-Grade, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin-Refractory Or Relapsed Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: A Phase Ii Randomized Study., Neal D Shore, Stephen A Boorjian, Daniel J Canter, Kenneth Ogan, Lawrence I Karsh, Tracy M Downs, Leonard G Gomella, Ashish M Kamat, Yair Lotan, Robert S Svatek, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Robert L Grubb, Tracey L Krupski, Seth P Lerner, Michael E Woods, Brant A Inman, Matthew I Milowsky, Alan Boyd, F Peter Treasure, Gillian Gregory, David G Sawutz, Seppo Yla-Herttuala, Nigel R Parker, Colin P N Dinney Oct 2017

Intravesical Rad-Ifnα/Syn3 For Patients With High-Grade, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin-Refractory Or Relapsed Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: A Phase Ii Randomized Study., Neal D Shore, Stephen A Boorjian, Daniel J Canter, Kenneth Ogan, Lawrence I Karsh, Tracy M Downs, Leonard G Gomella, Ashish M Kamat, Yair Lotan, Robert S Svatek, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Robert L Grubb, Tracey L Krupski, Seth P Lerner, Michael E Woods, Brant A Inman, Matthew I Milowsky, Alan Boyd, F Peter Treasure, Gillian Gregory, David G Sawutz, Seppo Yla-Herttuala, Nigel R Parker, Colin P N Dinney

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Purpose Many patients with high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) are either refractory to bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) treatment or may experience disease relapse. We assessed the efficacy and safety of recombinant adenovirus interferon alfa with Syn3 (rAd-IFNα/Syn3), a replication-deficient recombinant adenovirus gene transfer vector, for patients with high-grade (HG) BCG-refractory or relapsed NMIBC. Methods In this open-label, multicenter (n = 13), parallel-arm, phase II study ( ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01687244), 43 patients with HG BCG-refractory or relapsed NMIBC received intravesical rAd-IFNα/Syn3 (randomly assigned 1:1 to 1 × 10(11) viral particles (vp)/mL or 3 × 10(11) vp/mL). Patients who ...


Tnf-Α Promotes Nuclear Enrichment Of The Transcription Factor Tonebp/Nfat5 To Selectively Control Inflammatory But Not Osmoregulatory Responses In Nucleus Pulposus Cells., Zariel I. Johnson, Alexandra C. Doolittle, Joseph W. Snuggs, Irving M. Shapiro, Christine L. Le Maitre, Makarand V. Risbud Oct 2017

Tnf-Α Promotes Nuclear Enrichment Of The Transcription Factor Tonebp/Nfat5 To Selectively Control Inflammatory But Not Osmoregulatory Responses In Nucleus Pulposus Cells., Zariel I. Johnson, Alexandra C. Doolittle, Joseph W. Snuggs, Irving M. Shapiro, Christine L. Le Maitre, Makarand V. Risbud

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) causes chronic back pain and is linked to production of proinflammatory molecules by nucleus pulposus (NP) and other disc cells. Activation of tonicity-responsive enhancer-binding protein (TonEBP)/NFAT5 by non-osmotic stimuli, including proinflammatory molecules, occurs in cells involved in immune response. However, whether inflammatory stimuli activate TonEBP in NP cells and whether TonEBP controls inflammation during IDD is unknown. We show that TNF-α, but not IL-1β or LPS, promoted nuclear enrichment of TonEBP protein. However, TNF-α-mediated activation of TonEBP did not cause induction of osmoregulatory genes. RNA sequencing showed that 8.5% of TNF-α transcriptional responses were ...


Nurse Perception Of Care Of Hospitalized Older Adults – A Comparative Study Between Northern And Central Regions Of Portugal, João Paulo De Almeida Tavares, Alcione Leite Da Silva, Pedro Sá-Couto, Marie Boltz, Elizabeth Capezuti Oct 2017

Nurse Perception Of Care Of Hospitalized Older Adults – A Comparative Study Between Northern And Central Regions Of Portugal, João Paulo De Almeida Tavares, Alcione Leite Da Silva, Pedro Sá-Couto, Marie Boltz, Elizabeth Capezuti

Publications and Research

Objective: to analyze the relationship between the perceptions of nurses about geriatric care (GC) environment and geriatric nurses’ knowledge and attitudes according to unit type considering the northern and central regions of Portugal.

Method: a cross-sectional study was developed among 1068 Portuguese’s nurses in five hospitals. The instrument was Geriatric Institutional Assessment Profile – Portuguese version. The independent samples t-test was when the assumption of normality was verified, otherwise, the Mann-Whitney U test was used. The level of significance was 5%.

Results: the profile of perceptions of GC showed a relatively homogeneous pattern (no statistically significant results were found). For ...


Detection Of Activating Estrogen Receptor Gene (Esr1) Mutations In Single Circulating Tumor Cells, Carmela Paolillo, Zhaomei Mu, Giovanna Rossi, Matthew J. Schiewer, Thomas Nguyen, Laura Austin, Ettore Capoluongo, Karen E. Knudsen, Massimo Cristofanilli, Paolo Fortina Oct 2017

Detection Of Activating Estrogen Receptor Gene (Esr1) Mutations In Single Circulating Tumor Cells, Carmela Paolillo, Zhaomei Mu, Giovanna Rossi, Matthew J. Schiewer, Thomas Nguyen, Laura Austin, Ettore Capoluongo, Karen E. Knudsen, Massimo Cristofanilli, Paolo Fortina

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Purpose: Early detection is essential for treatment plans before onset of metastatic disease. Our purpose was to demonstrate feasibility to detect and monitor estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) gene mutations at the single circulating tumor cell (CTC) level in metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Experimental Design: We used a CTC molecular characterization approach to investigate heterogeneity of 14 hotspot mutations in ESR1 and their correlation with endocrine resistance. Combining the CellSearch and DEPArray technologies allowed recovery of 71 single CTCs and 12 WBC from 3 ER-positive MBC patients. Forty CTCs and 12 WBC were subjected to whole genome amplification by MALBAC and ...


Interrelationships In The Variability Of Root Canal Anatomy Among The Permanent Teeth: A Full-Mouth Approach By Cone-Beam Ct., Paul Monsarrat, Bertrand Arcaute, Ove A. Peters, Elisabeth Maury, Norbert Telmon, Marie Georgelin-Gurgel, Delphine Maret Oct 2017

Interrelationships In The Variability Of Root Canal Anatomy Among The Permanent Teeth: A Full-Mouth Approach By Cone-Beam Ct., Paul Monsarrat, Bertrand Arcaute, Ove A. Peters, Elisabeth Maury, Norbert Telmon, Marie Georgelin-Gurgel, Delphine Maret

Ove Peters

OBJECTIVES: In endodontic practice, clinicians should be aware of possible root canal anatomic variations. The aim of this study was to assess using CBCT acquisitions regarding whether one root canal anatomy of a tooth is associated with a specific anatomy of another tooth. METHODS: A total of 106 CBCT acquisitions were obtained using a CBCT scanner with 200μm voxel size. Numbers of roots and canals of the entire dentition were described. Bivariate analyses and logistic regressions were conducted to explore root canal anatomy on one tooth according to age, gender, jaw, side and the others teeth. Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA ...


Influence Of Β-Lactam Infusion Strategy On Acute Kidney Injury, Sarah E. Cotner, Wilbur Cliff Rutter, Donna R. Burgess, Katie L. Wallace, Craig A. Martin, David S. Burgess Oct 2017

Influence Of Β-Lactam Infusion Strategy On Acute Kidney Injury, Sarah E. Cotner, Wilbur Cliff Rutter, Donna R. Burgess, Katie L. Wallace, Craig A. Martin, David S. Burgess

Pharmacy Practice and Science Faculty Publications

Limited literature is available assessing nephrotoxicity with prolonged β-lactam infusions. This study compared the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with a prolonged β-lactam infusion or an intermittent infusion. This was a retrospective, matched-cohort study at an academic medical center from July 2006 to September 2015. Adult patients who received piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP), cefepime (FEP), or meropenem (MEM) for at least 48 h were evaluated. Patients were excluded for preexisting renal dysfunction or pregnancy. The primary outcome was difference in incidence of AKI evaluated using the RIFLE (risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage) criteria. Patients in the intermittent group ...


Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Features Of Iris Racemose Hemangioma In 4 Cases., Jason L. Chien, Kareem Sioufi, Sandor Ferenczy, Emil Anthony T. Say, Carol L. Shields Oct 2017

Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Features Of Iris Racemose Hemangioma In 4 Cases., Jason L. Chien, Kareem Sioufi, Sandor Ferenczy, Emil Anthony T. Say, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Importance: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) allows visualization of iris racemose hemangioma course and its relation to the normal iris microvasculature.

Objective: To describe OCTA features of iris racemose hemangioma.

Design, Setting, and Participants: Descriptive, noncomparative case series at a tertiary referral center (Ocular Oncology Service of Wills Eye Hospital). Patients diagnosed with unilateral iris racemose hemangioma were included in the study.

Main Outcomes and Measures: Features of iris racemose hemangioma on OCTA.

Results: Four eyes of 4 patients with unilateral iris racemose hemangioma were included in the study. Mean patient age was 50 years, all patients were white, and ...


Association Of Disease Location And Treatment With Survival In Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Of The Eye And Ocular Adnexal Region., Aseef H H. Ahmed, C. Stephen Foster, Carol L. Shields Oct 2017

Association Of Disease Location And Treatment With Survival In Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Of The Eye And Ocular Adnexal Region., Aseef H H. Ahmed, C. Stephen Foster, Carol L. Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Importance: Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the ocular region is rare, and the utility of surgery and radiation therapy remains unresolved.

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and determine factors associated with overall survival in primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL) and ocular adnexal (OA)-uveal DLBCL.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective analysis included 396 patients with ophthalmic DLBCL from January 1, 1973, through December 31, 2014, using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. The median follow-up was 39.0 months (interquartile range, 5.1-72.9 months). All patients diagnosed with primary DLBCL of the eye or retina ...


Pleiotropy Of Genetic Variants On Obesity And Smoking Phenotypes: Results From The Oncoarray Project Of The International Lung Cancer Consortium, Tao Wang, Jee-Young Moon, Yiqun Wu, Christopher I. Amos, Rayjean J. Hung, Adonina Tardon, Angeline Andrew, Chu Chen, David C. Christiani, Demetrios Albanes, Erik H. F. M. Van Der Heijden, Eric Duell, Gadi Rennert, Gary Goodman, Geoffrey Liu, James D. Mckay, Jian-Min Yuan, John K. Field, Jonas Manjer, Kjell Grankvist, Lambertus A. Kiemeney, Loic Le Marchand, M. Dawn Teare, Matthew B. Schabath, Mattias Johansson, Melinda C. Aldrich, Michael Davies, Mikael Johansson, Ming-Sound Tsao, Neil Caporaso, Susanne Arnold Sep 2017

Pleiotropy Of Genetic Variants On Obesity And Smoking Phenotypes: Results From The Oncoarray Project Of The International Lung Cancer Consortium, Tao Wang, Jee-Young Moon, Yiqun Wu, Christopher I. Amos, Rayjean J. Hung, Adonina Tardon, Angeline Andrew, Chu Chen, David C. Christiani, Demetrios Albanes, Erik H. F. M. Van Der Heijden, Eric Duell, Gadi Rennert, Gary Goodman, Geoffrey Liu, James D. Mckay, Jian-Min Yuan, John K. Field, Jonas Manjer, Kjell Grankvist, Lambertus A. Kiemeney, Loic Le Marchand, M. Dawn Teare, Matthew B. Schabath, Mattias Johansson, Melinda C. Aldrich, Michael Davies, Mikael Johansson, Ming-Sound Tsao, Neil Caporaso, Susanne Arnold

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Obesity and cigarette smoking are correlated through complex relationships. Common genetic causes may contribute to these correlations. In this study, we selected 241 loci potentially associated with body mass index (BMI) based on the Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits (GIANT) consortium data and calculated a BMI genetic risk score (BMI-GRS) for 17,037 individuals of European descent from the Oncoarray Project of the International Lung Cancer Consortium (ILCCO). Smokers had a significantly higher BMI-GRS than never-smokers (p = 0.016 and 0.010 before and after adjustment for BMI, respectively). The BMI-GRS was also positively correlated with pack-years of smoking (p ...


Mobilized Peripheral Blood Stem Cells Versus Unstimulated Bone Marrow As A Graft Source For T-Cell-Replete Haploidentical Donor Transplantation Using Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide., Asad Bashey, Mei-Jie Zhang, Shannon R Mccurdy, Andrew St Martin, Trevor Argall, Claudio Anasetti, Stefan O Ciurea, Omotayo Fasan, Sameh Gaballa, Md, Mehdi Hamadani, Pashna Munshi, Monzr M Al Malki, Ryotaro Nakamura, Paul V O'Donnell, Miguel-Angel Perales, Kavita Raj, Rizwan Romee, Scott Rowley, Vanderson Rocha, Rachel B Salit, Melhem Solh, Robert J Soiffer, Ephraim Joseph Fuchs, Mary Eapen Sep 2017

Mobilized Peripheral Blood Stem Cells Versus Unstimulated Bone Marrow As A Graft Source For T-Cell-Replete Haploidentical Donor Transplantation Using Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide., Asad Bashey, Mei-Jie Zhang, Shannon R Mccurdy, Andrew St Martin, Trevor Argall, Claudio Anasetti, Stefan O Ciurea, Omotayo Fasan, Sameh Gaballa, Md, Mehdi Hamadani, Pashna Munshi, Monzr M Al Malki, Ryotaro Nakamura, Paul V O'Donnell, Miguel-Angel Perales, Kavita Raj, Rizwan Romee, Scott Rowley, Vanderson Rocha, Rachel B Salit, Melhem Solh, Robert J Soiffer, Ephraim Joseph Fuchs, Mary Eapen

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Purpose T-cell-replete HLA-haploidentical donor hematopoietic transplantation using post-transplant cyclophosphamide was originally described using bone marrow (BM). With increasing use of mobilized peripheral blood (PB), we compared transplant outcomes after PB and BM transplants. Patients and Methods A total of 681 patients with hematologic malignancy who underwent transplantation in the United States between 2009 and 2014 received BM (n = 481) or PB (n = 190) grafts. Cox regression models were built to examine differences in transplant outcomes by graft type, adjusting for patient, disease, and transplant characteristics. Results Hematopoietic recovery was similar after transplantation of BM and PB (28-day neutrophil recovery, 88 ...


Serum D-Dimer Test Is Promising For The Diagnosis Of Periprosthetic Joint Infection And Timing Of Reimplantation., Alisina Shahi, Michael M. Kheir, Majd Tarabichi, Hamid R.S. Hosseinzadeh, Timothy L. Tan, Javad Parvizi Sep 2017

Serum D-Dimer Test Is Promising For The Diagnosis Of Periprosthetic Joint Infection And Timing Of Reimplantation., Alisina Shahi, Michael M. Kheir, Majd Tarabichi, Hamid R.S. Hosseinzadeh, Timothy L. Tan, Javad Parvizi

Rothman Institute

BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of a battery of tests, the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) continues to be challenging. Serum D-dimer assessment is a widely available test that detects fibrinolytic activities that occur during infection. We hypothesized that patients with PJI may have a high level of circulating D-dimer and that the presence of a high level of serum D-dimer may be a sign of persistent infection in patients awaiting reimplantation.

METHODS: This prospective study was initiated to enroll patients undergoing primary and revision arthroplasty. Our cohort consisted of 245 patients undergoing primary arthroplasty (n = 23), revision for aseptic ...