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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Burnout, Depression And Suicide Prevention In Healthcare Staff, April Ritchie Dec 2019

Burnout, Depression And Suicide Prevention In Healthcare Staff, April Ritchie

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Burnout can lead to depression and suicidal ideation in healthcare providers. Healthcare leaders must proactively identify staff experiencing burnout and offer interventions for staff wellbeing, which will also, reduce errors, improve patient satisfaction, and patient outcomes. This manuscript provides a review of evidence-based interventions that can help accomplish these goals.


Patient Education On The Association Of Hormonal Contraception With Depression, Julia E. Hannigan Jan 2019

Patient Education On The Association Of Hormonal Contraception With Depression, Julia E. Hannigan

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Hormonal contraceptive agents are widely used by women during their reproductive years. In recent years, research has been released linking hormonal contraception with the initiation of antidepressant medication and a first diagnosis of depression. More research is still warranted in order to further elucidate the relationship between hormonal contraception and depression, but current evidence prompts the necessity for shared decision making between clinicians and women considering treatment with hormonal contraceptive agents. The goal of this project is to give providers easily accessible patient educational materials in the form of epic smart phrases to aid in informed decision making.


Help-Seeking Experiences Of African American Men With Depression, Tiffany Coleman Jan 2019

Help-Seeking Experiences Of African American Men With Depression, Tiffany Coleman

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Research indicated that depression is now the leading cause of disability globally. Depression and help-seeking experiences among African American men have not been adequately studied. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the help-seeking experiences of African American men with depression. The theoretical framework was Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services. Purposive sampling was used to recruit participants. Inclusion criteria were (a) African American men, (b) aged 18 through 65, (c) having a medical diagnosis of depression or symptoms of depression, (d) not currently in treatment, and English speaking. Six African American men with depression or depressive ...


Evaluating The Frequencies Of Self-Reported Mental Health Conditions In Affluent Youth, Philip Bondurant Jan 2019

Evaluating The Frequencies Of Self-Reported Mental Health Conditions In Affluent Youth, Philip Bondurant

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

American youth are facing a mental health crisis. Rates of depression and suicide continue to rise among all children ages 12â??17. While there is considerable research on the mental health of underserved children, much less is known about the mental health status of youth from affluent communities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of community health assessment (CHA)-driven mental health interventions on the youth of affluent communities. Using a pre and post evaluation model, this study compared the frequencies of self-reported depression and suicide ideation for students in Grades 8, 10, and 12, and ...


Burnout: Moving Beyond The Status Quo, Renzo Bianchi, Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Éric Laurent Jan 2019

Burnout: Moving Beyond The Status Quo, Renzo Bianchi, Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Éric Laurent

Publications and Research

Burnout has been defined as a job-induced syndrome combining emotional exhaustion, depersonalization/cynicism, and a sense of reduced personal accomplishment. In this article, we expand on past analyses of burnout by reviewing key, yet overlooked, problems affecting the construct. We concomitantly examine the implications of these problems for the overall validity of burnout research. Our work shows that burnout research is undermined by 4 main problems. First, what constitutes a case of burnout is unclear. Second, the basic conceptualization and operationalization of burnout are ill aligned. Third, burnout is unlikely to be the specifically job-induced syndrome it has been posited ...


Risk Of Depression And Anxiety In Adults With Cerebral Palsy., Kimberley J. Smith, Mark D. Peterson, Neil E. O'Connell, Christina Victor, Silvia Liverani, Nana Anokye, Jennifer M. Ryan Dec 2018

Risk Of Depression And Anxiety In Adults With Cerebral Palsy., Kimberley J. Smith, Mark D. Peterson, Neil E. O'Connell, Christina Victor, Silvia Liverani, Nana Anokye, Jennifer M. Ryan

Epidemiology and Public Health Medicine Articles

Importance: Cerebral palsy (CP) is considered a pediatric condition despite most individuals with CP living into adulthood. Thus, there is a lack of evidence in adults with CP, which includes a paucity of research examining mental health in this population.

Objectives: To determine the risk of depression and anxiety in adults with CP compared with an age-, sex-, and practice-matched reference group of adults without CP, using primary care data.

Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective longitudinal cohort study set in UK primary care. Data were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards regression analyses adjusted for chronic conditions and visits to their ...


Characterization Of G-Protein Coupled Receptors In Pain, Depression And Anxiety, Neil Lax Dec 2018

Characterization Of G-Protein Coupled Receptors In Pain, Depression And Anxiety, Neil Lax

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Chronic pain and major depressive disorder are widespread conditions in the world. Interestingly, these conditions often occur comorbidly, with each individual disease amplifying the symptoms of the other. A significant amount of preclinical research in pain and depression focuses on G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), implying that GPCRs may be useful in treating this comorbidity. Our efforts have sought to characterize several poorly understood GPCRs, including the serotonin receptor subtypes 2C and 7 (5-HT2CR and 5-HT7R) and metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5), along with more well-known GPCRs such as the mu opioid receptor (MOR), and the role that they play in ...


The Role Of Disease Duration And Pain Catastrophizing In Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain, Theodora Costin Dec 2018

The Role Of Disease Duration And Pain Catastrophizing In Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain, Theodora Costin

Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Psychological factors such as pain catastrophizing and depression may negatively impact pain perception and could put low back pain sufferers at risk for prolonged pain. PRECISION TEXAS, a low back pain research registry at the University of North Texas Health Science Center administered a survey to gain better understanding of psychosocial and other influences on chronic pain. One objective was to assess, based on the survey, the association between pain intensity, duration, and extent of depression with pain catastrophizing. Methods: A survey containing the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), PROMIS-29 Quality of Life (QoL) questionnaire, and Numerical Rating Scale (NRS ...


Healthy Habits To Reduce Sleep Deprivation In College Students, Jenna L. Bair Nov 2018

Healthy Habits To Reduce Sleep Deprivation In College Students, Jenna L. Bair

Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal in Psychology

Abstract

Sleep can affect many regular functions in the body. Consequently, the physiological and psychological effects of sleep deprivation have many ramifications, including long-term health issues, depression, and eating disorders (Alhola & Polo-Kantola, 2007; Beiter et al., 2015; Jarcho, Slavich, Tylova-Stein, Wolkowitz, & Burke, 2013; Ozsoy, Besirli, Unal, Abdulrezzak, & Orhan, 2015). Despite the importance of sleep for regulative processes, studies indicate that the general population does not receive adequate sleep quality or length (Watson et al., 2017). College students represent a large demographic and often do not obtain enough sleep (Gaultney, 2010). Thus, it is proposed that collegiate institutions and students work together to combat the increasing issue of sleep deprivation. Universities should provide assistance by utilizing their resources to implement informative presentations and applicable course curriculum on the dangers of sleep deprivation. When taught, students are enabled to implement healthy habits. Healthy habits may include consistent sleep schedules and proper sleep length. Research suggests that as students implement these habits, both academic performance and overall quality of life will improve (Alhola & Polo-Kantola, 2007; Thomas, 2015).

Keywords: sleep deprivation, college students, depression, eating disorder


Vasopressin, Depression, Pain & Preeclampsia, Julie A. Vignato, Sabrina Scroggins, Wendy Hamilton, Debra Brandt, Kellie Thomas, Donna A. Santillan, Mark K. Santillan Nov 2018

Vasopressin, Depression, Pain & Preeclampsia, Julie A. Vignato, Sabrina Scroggins, Wendy Hamilton, Debra Brandt, Kellie Thomas, Donna A. Santillan, Mark K. Santillan

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Preeclampsia (PreE) is a prevalent hypertensive disorder of pregnancy leading to a death every minute worldwide. Predictive and preventative challenges in PreE stems from its unclear early-pregnancy etiology. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion, as measured by copeptin, activates the stress response system and is a novel, early pregnancy predictor of PreE. In addition, elevated AVP is associated with stress, depression and pain. Our Precision Healthcare goal is to understand how AVP-associated changes in depression and pain affect the phenotype of PreE to develop preventative and therapeutic modalities against it. We hypothesize that in humans, antecedent depression and pain affects early pregnancy ...


Mindfulness’S Effects On Undergraduate Nursing Students' Negative Mental Health Symptoms: A Systematic Review, Erin Sartorius Nov 2018

Mindfulness’S Effects On Undergraduate Nursing Students' Negative Mental Health Symptoms: A Systematic Review, Erin Sartorius

Honors Projects

Undergraduate nursing students endure unique stressors that potentiate negative consequences to their mental health. Mindfulness-based interventions may improve these negative mental health symptoms in nursing students. The objective of this review is to assess available research regarding the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on the negative mental health symptoms of undergraduate nursing students. The databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed, and PsycINFO were searched for relevant research. Search terms were brainstormed and individually assessed to determine relevancy to the research question. In order to be incorporated into this systematic review, all assessed studies needed to include (1) an intervention rooted in mindfulness, (2 ...


Depression And Prostate Cancer: Examining Comorbidity And Male-Specific Symptoms, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly, Prue Cormie, Suzanne K. Chambers, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy Nov 2018

Depression And Prostate Cancer: Examining Comorbidity And Male-Specific Symptoms, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly, Prue Cormie, Suzanne K. Chambers, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy

ECU Publications Post 2013

Depression in men with prostate cancer is a significant and complex issue that can challenge clinicians' diagnostic efforts. The objective of the current study was to evaluate prototypic and male-specific depression symptoms and suicidal ideation in men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer relative to those with and without comorbidity. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Male Depression Risk Scale-22 (MDRS-22) were completed online along with demographic and background variables by 100 men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer ( n = 54 prostatectomy, n = 33 receiving active treatment). Hierarchical logistic regression was used to examine recent (past 2 weeks) suicide ideation ...


Examining Symptom Trajectories That Predict Worse Outcomes In Post-Cabg Patients, Ming-Fen Tsai, Shiow-Luan Tsay, Debra K. Moser, Tsuey-Yuan Huang, Feng-Chun Tsai Oct 2018

Examining Symptom Trajectories That Predict Worse Outcomes In Post-Cabg Patients, Ming-Fen Tsai, Shiow-Luan Tsay, Debra K. Moser, Tsuey-Yuan Huang, Feng-Chun Tsai

Nursing Faculty Publications

Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting is one of the most common interventional revascularisation procedures used to treat coronary artery disease worldwide. With a wide variability in postoperative cardiac symptoms, identification of symptom trajectories during the 3-month postoperative recovery period may improve clinicians’ abilities to support symptom recovery.

Aims: To identify distinct trajectories of cardiac symptoms seen over time in a cohort of patients during the 3-month post-coronary artery bypass grafting period, and determine clinical characteristics associated with different symptom trajectories postoperatively.

Methods: A prospective trial used the cardiac symptom survey to determine patient symptoms at baseline prior to surgery, and ...


Ssri Maintenance Therapy Reduces Rate Of Recurrence For Elderly Patients With First Episode Of Major Depression, Blake J. Arthurs Sep 2018

Ssri Maintenance Therapy Reduces Rate Of Recurrence For Elderly Patients With First Episode Of Major Depression, Blake J. Arthurs

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Reynolds CF 3rd, Dew MA, Pollock BG, et al. Maintenance treatment of major depression in old age. N Engl J Med. 2006 Mar 16;354(11):1130-8. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa052619. Based on the appraisal, long term SSRI maintenance therapy is recommended for elderly patients suffering from first episode of major depression.


Susceptibility Of Mental Disorders: Examining The Comorbidity Of Seasonal Affective Disorder, Nathaniel Wasden Sep 2018

Susceptibility Of Mental Disorders: Examining The Comorbidity Of Seasonal Affective Disorder, Nathaniel Wasden

All Student Publications

This literature review examines the symptoms, theorized causes, and comorbidity of seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Although causes of SAD remain unknown, researchers have observed a common pattern of vitamin D deficiency among patients with SAD. The importance of vitamin D in regulating serotonergic activity has been well documented, including the positive correlation between decreased serotonin levels and increased depressive symptoms. For more than 30 years, researchers have hypothesized that decreased serotonin activity is linked to symptoms of SAD. Furthermore, patients with other mental disorders, including depression, bipolarity, obsessive-compulsive disorder, etc. are likely to experience aggravation of symptoms during peak SAD ...


Allostatic Load Biomarker Associations With Depressive Symptoms Vary Among Us Black And White Women And Men, Ganga Bey, William M. Jesdale, Christine M. Ulbricht, Eric O. Mick, Sharina D. Person Aug 2018

Allostatic Load Biomarker Associations With Depressive Symptoms Vary Among Us Black And White Women And Men, Ganga Bey, William M. Jesdale, Christine M. Ulbricht, Eric O. Mick, Sharina D. Person

Open Access Articles

The prevalence and severity of depression differ in women and men and across racial groups. Psychosocial factors such as chronic stress have been proposed as contributors, but causes of this variation are not fully understood. Allostatic load, a measure of the physiological burden of chronic stress, is known to be associated with depression. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005(-)2010, we examined the associations of nine allostatic load biomarkers with depression among US black and white adults aged 18(-)64 years (n = 6431). Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Patient Health Questionaire-9; logistic models estimated ...


Prevalence Rates Of Arthritis Among Us Older Adults With Varying Degrees Of Depression: Findings From The 2011 To 2014 National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, Jessica L. Brooks, Alexander J. Titus, Courtney A. Polenick, Nicole M. Orzechowski, Manney Carrington Reid, Todd A. Mackenzie, Stephen J. Bartels, John A. Batsis Aug 2018

Prevalence Rates Of Arthritis Among Us Older Adults With Varying Degrees Of Depression: Findings From The 2011 To 2014 National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, Jessica L. Brooks, Alexander J. Titus, Courtney A. Polenick, Nicole M. Orzechowski, Manney Carrington Reid, Todd A. Mackenzie, Stephen J. Bartels, John A. Batsis

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Arthritis and depressive symptoms often interact and negatively influence one another to worsen mental and physical health outcomes. Better characterization of arthritis rates among older adults with different levels of depressive symptoms is an important step toward informing mental health professionals of the need to detect and respond to arthritis and related mental health complications. The primary objective is to determine arthritis rates among US older adults with varying degrees of depression. Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 to 2014 data (N = 4792), we first identified participants aged ≥50 years. Measures screened for depressive symptoms and self‐reported ...


Psychotropic Pharmacogenomic Testing: Effects On Provider Prescribing Patterns And Phq-9 Depression Screening Scores In A Rural Michigan Family Practice, Nicole Madalinski Aug 2018

Psychotropic Pharmacogenomic Testing: Effects On Provider Prescribing Patterns And Phq-9 Depression Screening Scores In A Rural Michigan Family Practice, Nicole Madalinski

DNP Scholarly Projects

The rate of depression across the United States is on the rise with over 16.2 million people experiencing a depressive episode per year (Siu & and the US Preventive Services Task Force [USPSTF], 2016). Medications to treat depression typically take weeks or months to see clinical improvement (Uphold & Graham, 2013). If the medication is not effective, a dose or medication change may occur, lengthening the time spent in a depressive state. This scholarly project retrospectively analyzed charts at a rural primary care practice that implemented GeneSight® psychotropic pharmacogenomic testing for treatment resistant depression. This project sought to understand if PHQ-9 ...


Implementation Of A Screening Protocol To Improve Provider Assessment Of Depression In Patients With Psoriasis, Marlee Bryant Aug 2018

Implementation Of A Screening Protocol To Improve Provider Assessment Of Depression In Patients With Psoriasis, Marlee Bryant

Graduate Student Projects and Scholarship

Patients with psoriasis are at an increased risk for depression. Despite this risk, many dermatology care providers do not screen for depression in practice, including providers at the target practice for this project. This evidence-based practice pilot project was purposed to increase dermatology providers’ assessment of depression in patients with psoriasis. This project involved implementing a depression screening protocol at one private dermatology practice and educating providers on the use of the protocol including the embedded depression screening tool, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. The project leader used a quasi-experimental design and collected data utilizing retrospective chart reviews completed pre- and ...


Aging, Depression, Non-Communicable Diseases And Disabilities In South Africa, Manoj K. Pandey, Vani S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha Jul 2018

Aging, Depression, Non-Communicable Diseases And Disabilities In South Africa, Manoj K. Pandey, Vani S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This is the first study that offers a comprehensive analysis of depression among the old (60+ years) in South Africa. This study uses four waves of a panel survey of the South Africa National Income Dynamics Study (SA-NIDS) during 2008-2014. A state-of-art econometric methodology has been used to unravel the factors underlying depression among the old over the period 2008-2014. Depending on whether the dependent variable is binary (self-reported depression for ≥ 3 days in a week) or continuous (as in measures of overall depression and severe depression), we use random effects probit with Mundlak adjustment or simply random effects with ...


Aligning With Patient-Centered Medical Home Standards: Depression Screening In Women's Health, Charity Galgani Jul 2018

Aligning With Patient-Centered Medical Home Standards: Depression Screening In Women's Health, Charity Galgani

Dissertations

Problem: The Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model of care improves health care quality and patient experience of care, and decreases costs. Depression screening is a requirement for becoming a PCMH. The purpose of this quality initiative was to obtain baseline data to describe depression screening rates among female adult patients receiving women’s health care within a Midwestern public health department seeking PCMH recognition.

Methods: The study utilized a descriptive, observational design and was guided by the Plan-Do-Study-Act framework. A retrospective medical record review was used to assess the rate of depression screening utilizing the PHQ-2 and PHQ-9 tools ...


Depression, Anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And A History Of Pervasive Gender-Based Violence Among Women Asylum Seekers Who Have Undergone Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Retrospective Case Review, Hazel Lever, Deborah Ottenheimer, Jimmitti Teysir, Elizabeth Singer, Holly G. Atkinson Jul 2018

Depression, Anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And A History Of Pervasive Gender-Based Violence Among Women Asylum Seekers Who Have Undergone Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Retrospective Case Review, Hazel Lever, Deborah Ottenheimer, Jimmitti Teysir, Elizabeth Singer, Holly G. Atkinson

Publications and Research

We sought to evaluate the frequency of anxiety, depression, PTSD, and any experiences of violence in women who had undergone Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) and were seeking asylum in the United States. We undertook a retrospective qualitative descriptive study of FGM/C cases seen in an asylum clinic over a 2-year period. Standardized questionnaires provided quantitative scores for anxiety, depression and PTSD. Clients’ personal and physician medical affidavits were analyzed for experiences of violence. Of the 13 cases, anxiety and depression were exhibited by 92 and 100% of women, while all seven women screened for PTSD had symptoms ...


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And Cardiovascular Diseases: A Cohort Study Of Men And Women Involved In Cleaning The Debris Of The World Trade Center Complex, Molly Remsch, Zoey Laskaris, Janine D. Flory, Consuelo Mora-Mclaughlin, Alfredo Morabia Jul 2018

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And Cardiovascular Diseases: A Cohort Study Of Men And Women Involved In Cleaning The Debris Of The World Trade Center Complex, Molly Remsch, Zoey Laskaris, Janine D. Flory, Consuelo Mora-Mclaughlin, Alfredo Morabia

Publications and Research

BACKGROUND: To determine whether post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, beyond the expected effects from recognized cardiovascular risk factors and depression.

METHODS AND RESULTS: World Trade Center-Heart is an observational prospective cohort study of 6481 blue-collar first responders nested within the World Trade Center Health Program in New York City. Baseline measures in 2012 and 2013 included blood pressure, weight and height, and blood lipids. PTSD, depression, smoking, and dust exposure during the 2001 cleanup were self-reported. During the 4-year follow-up, outcomes were assessed through (1) interview-based incident, nonfatal MI, and stroke ...


Association Of Catechol-Omethyltransferase (Comt Val158met) With Future Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease In Depressed Individuals - A Swedish Population-Based Cohort Study, Aysha Almas, Yvonne Forsell, Vincent Millischer, Jette Möller, Catharina Lavebrat Jul 2018

Association Of Catechol-Omethyltransferase (Comt Val158met) With Future Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease In Depressed Individuals - A Swedish Population-Based Cohort Study, Aysha Almas, Yvonne Forsell, Vincent Millischer, Jette Möller, Catharina Lavebrat

Section of Internal Medicine

Background: Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT Val158Met) has been implicated in both depression and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to assess if COMT Val158Met, which influences the COMT enzyme activity, has an effect on the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in individuals with a history of depression and also to determine if the risk differs depending on gender.

Methods: Data from a longitudinal cohort study of mental health among Swedish adults was used. Depression was assessed twice 3 years apart for each participant, in 1998-2001 and 2001-2003. Saliva DNA was contributed by 4349 (41.7%) of ...


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder With Comorbid Anxiety/Depression In Adults: Impacts On Neuropsychological Functioning, Cristina Valdivieso Bain Jul 2018

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder With Comorbid Anxiety/Depression In Adults: Impacts On Neuropsychological Functioning, Cristina Valdivieso Bain

Psychology Theses & Dissertations

ADHD comorbidity with other disorders is high in the adult population (over 44% of individuals carry a second diagnosis, 25% anxiety, 18.6% in depression). Separately, these disorders can impact scores on neuropsychological assessments. Little research has investigated how comorbidity among ADHD and other disorders impacts test scores collectively. Given high rates of comorbidity between ADHD and anxiety/depressive disorders and the potential impact on neuropsychological functioning, the current study examined how these comorbid disorders collectively impact cognition. Specifically, the present study investigated differences in full scale intelligence, general ability, and cognitive proficiency on the WAIS-IV between those diagnosed with ...


Testing The Efficacy Of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Tms) In Treating Depression In Patients With Cognitive Impairment, Daniel Robert Schaffer Jul 2018

Testing The Efficacy Of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Tms) In Treating Depression In Patients With Cognitive Impairment, Daniel Robert Schaffer

Psychology Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to (1) examine the efficacy of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) in treating depression among individuals with cognitive impairment and (2) to examine if TMS is capable of facilitating cognitive improvements independent of mood improvements. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is often seen as a pre-clinical stage to dementia, and depressive disorders are highly prevalent among both MCI and dementia. There is a large body of research that has linked depressive disorders as a prodromal symptom of MCI and the later development of dementia. While some researchers debate whether or not this link between depression and ...


Clinical Effectiveness Of Family Therapeutic Interventions In The Prevention And Treatment Of Perinatal Depression: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Martha L. Bruce Jun 2018

Clinical Effectiveness Of Family Therapeutic Interventions In The Prevention And Treatment Of Perinatal Depression: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Martha L. Bruce

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Background:

Family therapy is a potential strategy to increase family support for those suffering from perinatal depression. Family therapeutic interventions for this population typically target depressed women and their adult family members to improve family functioning and reduce depressive symptoms.

Objective:

This systematic review and meta-analysis is a synthesis of the current evidence on the usefulness of family therapy interventions in the prevention and treatment of perinatal depression and impacts on maternal depressive symptoms and family functioning.

Methods:

This study used the Cochrane Collaboration guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Six electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials and ...


Why Pregnant Women With Depression Often Slip Through The Cracks, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt Jun 2018

Why Pregnant Women With Depression Often Slip Through The Cracks, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

One in seven women experience depression during pregnancy and after they give birth. This article explains how a model the authors created in Massachusetts to ensure that women with depression get the help they need is being implemented in other states.


Just Talk About It: Using Mental Health Education To Prevent And Treat Substance Use Disorder, Susan Halpin, Carl Antisell Jun 2018

Just Talk About It: Using Mental Health Education To Prevent And Treat Substance Use Disorder, Susan Halpin, Carl Antisell

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Just Talk About It: Using Mental Health Education

to Prevent & Treat Substance Use Disorder

June 12, 2018 3PM-4PM

Carl Antisell, Speaker/Director of Strategic Communications and Information Services for Minding Your Mind

Carl Antisell from the Minding Your Mind (http://mindingyourmind.org) organization will share the story of his journey through addiction to recovery. Carl will discuss what to look for as warning signs of potential mental health issues such as stress, anxiety, depression and crisis. Learn to look beyond the stigma associated with mental health, and use strategies with students, friends and family to address signs of difficulty using ...


Impact Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms On Hpa Axis Functionality In Depression, Claire Kelly Jun 2018

Impact Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms On Hpa Axis Functionality In Depression, Claire Kelly

Honors Theses

The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis plays a primary role in stress response through the regulated secretion of the glucocorticoid hormone cortisol. Diseases of cortisol dysregulation such as Cushing’s syndrome (hypercortisolemia) and Addison’s Disease (hypocortisolemia) are both associated with depression. Based on this we, and others, have hypothesized that mutations in the genes for the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), the closely related mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), and regulatory proteins associated with cortisol or GR function may contribute to depression in the absence of hyper- or hypo-cortisolemia. Our study investigated the genotypic frequency in the clinical population of several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs ...