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Articles 1 - 30 of 2338

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Social Engagement Of Nursing Home Residents: A Comparison Of Two Observation Methods, Annika Gabbard Apr 2021

Social Engagement Of Nursing Home Residents: A Comparison Of Two Observation Methods, Annika Gabbard

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

In Kentucky, low levels of physical activity and social engagement negatively impact health. This problem led to the creation of Bingocize®, an exercise program that combines the game of Bingo with intermittent exercises in a group setting to increase levels of positive affect, physical health, and, the focus of this study, social engagement. Since clear benefits of social engagement have been established, measurement and documentation of this behavior can assist in determining the level of potential benefit from Bingocize®. The purpose of this study was to compare the opinions of healthcare workers who have experience with Bingocize® on two measures ...


Changes In Consumer Market Preference And Purchase Frequency In Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Sean Thomas Dial Apr 2021

Changes In Consumer Market Preference And Purchase Frequency In Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Sean Thomas Dial

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Research literature throughout 2020 indicate consumer behavioral changes in response to the systemic effects of the global COVID-19 pandemic, but these studies investigate transient adaptations in consumer behaviors during the early quarantine period of the pandemic. This study intends to investigate lasting or permanent changes in consumer market preference and purchase frequency between BAM and online retail due to the effects of the pandemic. The principal investigator designed a survey for participants to estimate purchase frequencies and market preferences for apparel, electronics, groceries, and general purchases before and after the pervasive effects of the pandemic (N = 1195; n = 61). The ...


The Effect Of Perceptually Regulated Recovery On Lift Quality Of Females During Different Resistance Training Conditions, Sarah Matthews, Andrew Wolfe, Matt Laurent, Michael Luera, Ty Hill, Aaron Rinehart, David Sneed, Tyler Frank, Heath Mcpherson, Samantha Derda Feb 2021

The Effect Of Perceptually Regulated Recovery On Lift Quality Of Females During Different Resistance Training Conditions, Sarah Matthews, Andrew Wolfe, Matt Laurent, Michael Luera, Ty Hill, Aaron Rinehart, David Sneed, Tyler Frank, Heath Mcpherson, Samantha Derda

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Previous investigation identified the utilization of perceptually regulated recovery as a comparable, and occasionally optimal, method of regulating rest-time between bouts of exercise. Additionally, substantial variances in mean self-selected recovery time between male and female has recently been reported when completing resistance exercise intended to improve muscular strength. These finding suggested females recover quicker than males, and the current standardized intrasession rest recommendations may necessitate adjustments to account for sex specific responses. PURPOSE: The goal of the current investigate was to examine female lift quality responses to perceptually regulated intrasession recovery during various resistance training protocols. METHODS: Participants (n ...


Recognizing Need For At In Middle School Setting, Leynah Flores, Andrea Green Feb 2021

Recognizing Need For At In Middle School Setting, Leynah Flores, Andrea Green

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Athletic trainers (AT) play an important role in a variety of job settings. However, one population that could greatly benefit from additional attention is the Middle School setting. A full time AT will be able to communicate and create a positive rapport with not only the athletes but the parents as well while providing competent healthcare. PURPOSE: To recognize the need of an athletic trainer in the middle school setting. METHODS: A multi-question Qualtrics survey was distributed through social media for coaches, administrators, and athletic trainers to fill out. The athletic trainers must currently work at a high school that ...


Does Mental Toughness Relate To Maximum Heart Rate During Secondary Prevention? Preliminary Evidence Of A Phase Ii Cardiac Rehabilitation Program., Josh Pian, Grant B. Morgan, Jeffrey S. Forsse, Shawn Hernandez, Christopher Rosser, Andreas Stamatis Feb 2021

Does Mental Toughness Relate To Maximum Heart Rate During Secondary Prevention? Preliminary Evidence Of A Phase Ii Cardiac Rehabilitation Program., Josh Pian, Grant B. Morgan, Jeffrey S. Forsse, Shawn Hernandez, Christopher Rosser, Andreas Stamatis

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of cardiovascular events (CVEs) and deaths in the United States. Individuals, who experience a CVE, are currently referred to Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) phase II to improve their overall health and quality of life outcomes. Maximum Heart Rate (HRmax) is one of the strongest predictors of CR outcomes. Over the past few decades, psychological health has been recognized as a crucial part of CR outcomes. Mental toughness (MT) has been found to predict well-being. Research investigating the direction and the strength of the relationship between mental toughness (MT) and CR is scarce. PURPOSE: To investigate ...


Paraspinal Muscle Fatigue Influences Trunk Kinematics During Single-Leg Drop Jump Landings, Natalie A. Delgadillo, Michael W. Olson Feb 2021

Paraspinal Muscle Fatigue Influences Trunk Kinematics During Single-Leg Drop Jump Landings, Natalie A. Delgadillo, Michael W. Olson

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Neuromuscular fatigue of the paraspinal muscles modifies kinematics responses to perturbations in controlled settings. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess trunk kinematics response during single-leg drop landings before and after induced neuromuscular fatigue of the low back muscles. METHODS: 13 male and female volunteers (22.3 ± 2.6 years, 1.66 ± 0.09m, 68.0 ± 14.0 kg) performed single-leg drop landings with their preferred leg from a 30 cm height before and after induced neuromuscular fatigue of the trunk. 3-D analysis of the trunk kinematics was performed using reflective spheres of 14 mm diameter. Maximum voluntary ...


Shooting Accuracy And Precision After Tactical Exercises Among Special Weapons And Tactic (Swat) Team Members, Kristina M. Woodford, Monica V. Kock, Jacob D. Fanno, Heather E. Webb Feb 2021

Shooting Accuracy And Precision After Tactical Exercises Among Special Weapons And Tactic (Swat) Team Members, Kristina M. Woodford, Monica V. Kock, Jacob D. Fanno, Heather E. Webb

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Law enforcement is one of the most stressful occupations and investigations have demonstrated law enforcement officers (LEOs) have greater CVD-related morbidity and mortality than the general population. LEOs are chronically exposed to events including physical dangers and psychological stress. Every day, LEOs utilize their training to save lives and keep themselves and their communities safe, however, Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) teams have duties that are beyond the scope of normal law enforcement personnel. Part of this training includes the use of firearms to prepare officers to protect themselves and others in highly dangerous situations. Engaging in these dangerous situations ...


Difference In Standardized Repetitions Completed At 1- Repetition Maximum Load Percentages For Women, Aaron Rinehart, Andrew A. Wolfe, Matt Laurent Feb 2021

Difference In Standardized Repetitions Completed At 1- Repetition Maximum Load Percentages For Women, Aaron Rinehart, Andrew A. Wolfe, Matt Laurent

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

In resistance training, a given training load is determined by two factors, volume (number of repetitions completed) and intensity (weight lifted). The current literature clearly recognizes an inverse relationship between the weight lifted and repetitions completed. The previous studies establishing intensity-to-repetition ratios predominantly utilized male participants. Research has yet to explore and determine appropriate resistance training intensity-repetition ratios for females. PURPOSE: Furthermore, the purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between achieved repetitions and load lifted (a percentage of 1RM) of college females. METHODS: Subjects included 11 females with six month of consistent resistance training experience. Each participant ...


Determining The Attitudes & Use Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine (Cam) Among Collegiate Athletes, Baylee C. Rejcek, Andrea L. Green, Megan B. Haynes Feb 2021

Determining The Attitudes & Use Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine (Cam) Among Collegiate Athletes, Baylee C. Rejcek, Andrea L. Green, Megan B. Haynes

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

There are many different approaches to medicine, so it is necessary to expand current knowledge on what patients and clinicians are using. Efforts to expand complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) research will enhance clinicians’ perspectives by not only creating an interest in becoming educated on the topic, but also by challenging negative perspectives to become more unbiased. Clinicians should educate themselves and patients in a way that is non-discriminatory. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to gain insight on what medicinal practices collegiate-level athletes are utilizing in effort to heal themselves, whether that be physically, mentally, or spiritually. METHODS ...


The Effects Of Multiple Bouts Of Tabata On Post-Exercise Metabolism: A Pilot Analysis, Blake W. Johnson, Alexander Alvara, James R. Rowe Jr Feb 2021

The Effects Of Multiple Bouts Of Tabata On Post-Exercise Metabolism: A Pilot Analysis, Blake W. Johnson, Alexander Alvara, James R. Rowe Jr

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: Compare the resting metabolic rate (RMR) following: 1) no exercise (REST), 2) completion of 1 bout of TABATA (1-BOUT), 3) completion of 2 bouts of TABATA (2-BOUT), and 4) completion of 10 bouts of TABATA (10-BOUT). METHODS: Recreationally active individuals (n = 5; 1F, 4M; age = 23.4 ± 1.9 yrs; body mass = 72. 7.2 ± 16.9 kg; body fat% = 28.7 ± 4.9) performed each of the 4 protocols on separate days with at least 7 days in between protocols. Rest consisted of not exercising on the day of the assessment. 1-BOUT consisted of performing a single bout ...


The Effects Of Mindful Meditation On Self-Esteem And Self-Compassion In Female Collegiate Dance Majors, Katherine Jankevicius, Robyn H. Whitehead, Heather Samuelson, Malcolm T. Whitehead Feb 2021

The Effects Of Mindful Meditation On Self-Esteem And Self-Compassion In Female Collegiate Dance Majors, Katherine Jankevicius, Robyn H. Whitehead, Heather Samuelson, Malcolm T. Whitehead

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Body image and self-esteem is an everchanging mindset that occurs in everyone, and in recent years the idea of positive thinking has become more prevalent. In physical activities such as dance, that focuses on the way the body moves and looks, perceptions of one’s body image can become distorted. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a mindful meditation intervention on self-esteem and self-compassion in female collegiate dance majors. METHODS: A total of ten female participants (age = 22.1 ± 1.5 years) with an average of 12.6 ± 5.9 years of dance experience ...


Psychological Impact Of An Athlete's Life, Kaylee Rose, Andi Green Feb 2021

Psychological Impact Of An Athlete's Life, Kaylee Rose, Andi Green

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Injuries are a common occurrence for athletes that are active in competitive sports. When an athlete is injured, many emotions are at play and can provide a powerful impact psychologically. PURPOSE: This research will identify any psychological impact from an injury on an athlete’s overall life. The data gained will be instrumental in providing a basis for clinician education and intervention development. METHODS: Participates completed a 21-question survey through Qualtrics for this study. All of the participants are current or recently retired in the last five years NCAA Division 1 athletes. Out of the 21 questions, 12 of them ...


Enhancing Mental Toughness In Student-Athletes During The Covid-19 Pandemic Via Educational-Based Psychological Skills Training: Preliminary Results Of A Pilot Study, Madison Giuliani, Grant Morgan, Richard G. Cowden, Jeff S. Forsse, Andreas Stamatis Dr. Feb 2021

Enhancing Mental Toughness In Student-Athletes During The Covid-19 Pandemic Via Educational-Based Psychological Skills Training: Preliminary Results Of A Pilot Study, Madison Giuliani, Grant Morgan, Richard G. Cowden, Jeff S. Forsse, Andreas Stamatis Dr.

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

One group of measures against the COVID-19 pandemic have been the non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). NPIs taken by the NCAA included suspension of athletic seasons. Suspended championships during the pandemic have decimated the world of sports and led to changes in athletic role identity and social connectedness, which negatively affected student-athletes’ mental health (MH). One psychological characteristic that has the potential to support the MH and well-being of athletes is mental toughness (MT). MT is associated with successful sport performance and positive MH outcomes. Although empirical evidence supports the effectiveness of educational-based psychological skills training (PST) in promoting MH, similar effects ...


Achilles Tendon Rupture – Young Adult Female Volleyball Player, Katie M. Botterbusch, Lisa A. Vicencio, Abigail G. Seamans, Andreas Stamatis Dr. Feb 2021

Achilles Tendon Rupture – Young Adult Female Volleyball Player, Katie M. Botterbusch, Lisa A. Vicencio, Abigail G. Seamans, Andreas Stamatis Dr.

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CASE HISTORY: A 25-year-old professional volleyball player, who was playing in a game in Iceland, was transitioning off the net back-pedaling and pivoting as she felt something pop in her right calf. Initially, the athlete denied having any pain but was unable to plantarflex her foot or weight bear. At the time of injury, she was taking Sertraline (HCL 50 mg), Trazodone (50 mg), Wellbutrin XL (Bupropion HCL) 150 mg, Adderall (5mg) and birth control. PHYSICAL EXAM: The athlete was evaluated at an emergency room, where a Thompson squeeze test was performed and determined positive for an acute Achilles tendon ...


Discovering The Accuracy Of Popular Mobile Applications In Predicting Resting Energy Expenditure In Humans, Matthias Tinnin, Hannah John, Jessica Prather, Shay Smith, Christine Harrison, Rachel Robinson, Hunter Taylor, Steven Alvarez, Stacie Urbina, Javier A. Zaragoza, Ariane Secrest, Lemuel W. Taylor Iv Feb 2021

Discovering The Accuracy Of Popular Mobile Applications In Predicting Resting Energy Expenditure In Humans, Matthias Tinnin, Hannah John, Jessica Prather, Shay Smith, Christine Harrison, Rachel Robinson, Hunter Taylor, Steven Alvarez, Stacie Urbina, Javier A. Zaragoza, Ariane Secrest, Lemuel W. Taylor Iv

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Calorie tracking applications are commonly used by athletes and the general population to monitor their nutritional intake. Users depend on the accuracy of these applications in order to achieve goals relating to performance or body composition. Resting energy expenditure (REE) is the minimum number of calories the body would need to maintain its function for a 24-hour period of non-activity and the largest component of total daily energy expenditure (TDEE). Although these applications are trusted and used on a daily basis, there is little data to support or disprove their accuracy. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare ...


A Clinical Teaching Of Plantar Fasciitis, Karlie A. Knapek, Chuck Ruot, Lindsay Spindler Feb 2021

A Clinical Teaching Of Plantar Fasciitis, Karlie A. Knapek, Chuck Ruot, Lindsay Spindler

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CLINICAL PRESENTATION & EXAM: The patient presents with pain localized in the plantar heel on the medial side of the foot. Often, there is a gradual onset of pain, but it can become very intense. The patient notices pain when walking either after first getting up in the morning or after a long period of rest. The pain can subside after walking for a short period of time but may return after a long period of any weight-bearing activities. An athlete with plantar fasciitis might have pain that subsides during the warm-up but can return after a longer duration of activity ...


The Prevalence Of Mtss Symptoms Among Men And Women Ncaa Division Iii Student Athletes, Amanda Combs, Kristen Mcalexander Feb 2021

The Prevalence Of Mtss Symptoms Among Men And Women Ncaa Division Iii Student Athletes, Amanda Combs, Kristen Mcalexander

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Symptoms of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (MTSS) are common among athletes of various sports and levels, but studies describing the prevalence of MTSS symptoms are lacking. Possible contributing factors of MTSS include an individual’s flexor digitorum longus attachment and soleus muscle, a pronated foot, large loads of mechanical forces, large calf girth, and gender. No individual factor has been statistically associated with MTSS, and prevention and treatment are difficult to study. Further, no earlier studies have described the prevalence of MTSS symptoms for men and women NCAA student athletes among various sports. PURPOSE: To measure and describe MTSS symptoms ...


Effects Of Pre-Workout Caffeine Supplementation On Post-Exercise Hypotension, Emily E. Latta, Shelby L. Gibbs, Eric J. Jones, Dustin P. Joubert Feb 2021

Effects Of Pre-Workout Caffeine Supplementation On Post-Exercise Hypotension, Emily E. Latta, Shelby L. Gibbs, Eric J. Jones, Dustin P. Joubert

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Post-exercise hypotension (PEH) plays an important role in the antihypertensive health benefits of exercise. While it has been shown that resistance exercise is effective at eliciting PEH, commonly consumed sports supplements may attenuate or completely eliminate that response. Caffeine, a popular stimulant, is often consumed prior to exercise. PURPOSE: Determine the effects of pre-workout caffeine supplementation on the PEH response following resistance exercise in adults with above normal blood pressure (BP). METHODS: Participants (n = 7) were recreationally resistance trained men and women with above normal resting BP (SBP > 120 mmHg and/or DBP > 80 mmHg). Following BP screening and maximal ...


The Effectiveness Of Hrv As A Predictor Of Renal Health And Function In The Absence Of Cardiometabolic Diseases. A Pilot Study, Catherine Lowry, Ricardo Torres, Kathleen Adair, Anurag Dhillon, Ahmed Ismaeel, Panagiotis Koutakis, Cassidy Beeson, Jeff S. Forsse Feb 2021

The Effectiveness Of Hrv As A Predictor Of Renal Health And Function In The Absence Of Cardiometabolic Diseases. A Pilot Study, Catherine Lowry, Ricardo Torres, Kathleen Adair, Anurag Dhillon, Ahmed Ismaeel, Panagiotis Koutakis, Cassidy Beeson, Jeff S. Forsse

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Heart rate variability (HRV) is a non-invasive way to assess the autonomic nervous system (ANS) influence on the myocardium. The myocardium and cardiovascular system undergo changes throughout the aging process, specifically, renal vascular function. However, in the absence of cardiometabolic diseases, the ANS does not experience the same deleterious changes observed in at-risk populations. What is unknown is if HRV can predict renal health and function (RH/F) in the absence of cardiometabolic diseases. PURPOSE: To determine if HRV is correlated to RH/F in the absence of cardiometabolic diseases. METHODS: Thirteen healthy individuals (n = 7 male; n = 6 female ...


Manual Versus Semi-Automated Detection Of Muscle Fascicle Pennation Angle Of The Vastus Lateralis, Natalie Walker, Jesus Hernandez-Sarabia, Carlos Estrada, Jocarlo Shields, Rob Maclennan, Jason Defreitas, Scott Crawford, Micheal Luera Feb 2021

Manual Versus Semi-Automated Detection Of Muscle Fascicle Pennation Angle Of The Vastus Lateralis, Natalie Walker, Jesus Hernandez-Sarabia, Carlos Estrada, Jocarlo Shields, Rob Maclennan, Jason Defreitas, Scott Crawford, Micheal Luera

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Muscle pennation angle (PA) is a key characteristic in muscle function. However, current methodologies are tedious, time consuming, and usually only include a few representative fascicles for the PA measures. Leveraging image processing methods could improve the efficiency of PA measurements while still providing valuable insight into architectural changes during specific tasks. PURPOSE: To compare manual (MAN) versus semi-automated (SA) analyses for muscle PA within the vastus lateralis (VL) utilizing ultrasound images taken during isometric knee extensions at different intensities relative to maximum volitional effort. METHODS: Sixteen lower-body resistance trained males (n =7, mean ± SD; 21±7 yrs; 77.7 ...


The Inter-Relationship Of Coaching Profiles And Levels Of Mental Toughness: Preliminary Results Of A Pilot Study., Pedro J. Flores-Moreno, Isela R. Ramos-Carranza, Lenin T. Barajas-Pineda, Andreas Stamatis Feb 2021

The Inter-Relationship Of Coaching Profiles And Levels Of Mental Toughness: Preliminary Results Of A Pilot Study., Pedro J. Flores-Moreno, Isela R. Ramos-Carranza, Lenin T. Barajas-Pineda, Andreas Stamatis

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Mental toughness (MT) is a personal, state-like capacity that facilitates the initiation and continuation of goal-directed activities in several domains, including sports. Sport coaches are key agents in positions of authority. Coaching philosophy has been identified as one of the key parts in the development of environments that promote MT. The Coach Orientation Questionnaire (COQ) groups coaches in six profiles (Traditional, Technological, Innovative, Collaborative, Communicator, and Confrontational) mostly based on their professional training, personality, and experience. Coaches’ levels of MT and coaching COQ profiles have not been investigated together. PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between the COQ coaching profiles with ...


Performance And Body Composition Changes Following An Offseason Training Period In Diii Collegiate American Football Athletes, Christine Harrison, Jake Boykin, Grant M. Tinsley, Jessica Prather, Javier A. Zaragoza, Matthias Tinnin, Shay Smith, Camden Wilson, Lemuel W. Taylor Iv Feb 2021

Performance And Body Composition Changes Following An Offseason Training Period In Diii Collegiate American Football Athletes, Christine Harrison, Jake Boykin, Grant M. Tinsley, Jessica Prather, Javier A. Zaragoza, Matthias Tinnin, Shay Smith, Camden Wilson, Lemuel W. Taylor Iv

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Current literature shows that body composition and increased muscle mass correlate with improved performance for American football players thus assessment of these variables at appropriate times throughout competitive cycle are important for tracking individual adaptions but also in assessing the effectiveness of the prescribed training program. PURPOSE: This study assessed changes in anaerobic performance, total body mass (BM), fat-free mass (FFM), and percent body fat (PBF) in football players following a seven-week offseason mesocycle. METHODS: 29 NCAA Division III football players (mean ± SD; age: 19.7 ± 1.5 y; height: 179.8 ± 6.6 cm; body mass [BM]: 96.1 ...


Influence Of Diet On Metabolic Physiology In People With And Without A Family History Of Type 2 Diabetes, Smaran Marupudi, Yu Lun Tai, Gabriel Figueroa, Saraswathy Nair, Jimmy Gonzalez, Emily Cisneros, Ryan D. Russell Feb 2021

Influence Of Diet On Metabolic Physiology In People With And Without A Family History Of Type 2 Diabetes, Smaran Marupudi, Yu Lun Tai, Gabriel Figueroa, Saraswathy Nair, Jimmy Gonzalez, Emily Cisneros, Ryan D. Russell

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevalence in the Rio Grande Valley is ~27% versus the 9% national average. Simply having a family history (FH+) of type 2 diabetes (T2D) increases T2D prevalence by ~40 over those with no family history (FH-). We have shown that FH+ display early markers of cardiometabolic impairment vs FH-, such as blunted microvascular reactivity, and impaired metabolic flexibility. What is not yet known is the degree to which environment vs genetics may contribute to these impairments. PURPOSE: This pilot study seeks to examine normal dietary patterns between FH groups to identify potential patterns in macro- and ...


College Golfers Weigh Varying Performance Due To Sleeping Habits, Sara M. Zrnikova, Marycatherine Harmon Feb 2021

College Golfers Weigh Varying Performance Due To Sleeping Habits, Sara M. Zrnikova, Marycatherine Harmon

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Poor sleep habits along with an athlete’s high academic and athletic workload can cause sleep deprivation. Past research has shown sleep deprivation leads to a higher risk of injury and poor performance. The researcher aimed to investigate the nature of sleep and sleep deprivation specifically in college golfers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine sleep habits among college golf athletes and perceived effects on their academic and athletic performance. METHODS: The participants for the current study were seven female and four male collegiate athletes from a division one golf team. Each participant was given a modified ...


Track And Field Athlete's Barriers Evolving With The Postponement Of The Olympics, Jessica Rabius, Marycatherine Harmon Feb 2021

Track And Field Athlete's Barriers Evolving With The Postponement Of The Olympics, Jessica Rabius, Marycatherine Harmon

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Due to the global Coronavirus pandemic the International Olympic Committee, IOC, rescheduled the Summer Olympics to a date beyond 2020, but not later than summer 2021, to safeguard the health of everyone involved in the Games. As the Olympics have been postponed, this could consequently affect track and field athletes. The only other time in the history of the Olympics that there has been a postponing or canceling has been in the case of a war. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to study Olympic athlete’s psychological, physiological, and physical barriers encountered due to the pandemic and subsequently ...


The Effect Of Covid-19 On The Physical Activity And Recreational Habits Of University Students, Trinidad Leal Jr., Daniel J. Burt Feb 2021

The Effect Of Covid-19 On The Physical Activity And Recreational Habits Of University Students, Trinidad Leal Jr., Daniel J. Burt

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Due to COVID-19 a majority of states across the nation were put on lockdown, limiting the recreational activities an individual could partake in, like utilizing gyms and workout studios. Pre and Post-lockdown physical activity, fitness, and recreational habits could be measured through a series of questions using a Qualtrics survey. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to review how the COVID-19 shutdowns influenced the level of physical activity engaged in prior to and during the lockdown. Additionally, this study served to investigate how college students have decided to utilize their time recreationally during the pandemic. METHODS: Enrolled students in ...


Acute Multiple Deep Vein Thrombosis, Tara Tralewski, Vered Arbel, Terry Nicola, Tal Amasay Feb 2021

Acute Multiple Deep Vein Thrombosis, Tara Tralewski, Vered Arbel, Terry Nicola, Tal Amasay

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CASE HISTORY: The patient was a 49-year-old male who presented to the clinic for further evaluation right calf swelling and pain. He reported that the pain began approximately three weeks before the visit while in physical therapy for ACL knee surgery rehab. The patient recalls performing a lateral stepping exercise when he experienced a sharp pain in his groin that radiated down his leg to his toes on the right side. The pain in his groin eventually subsided but continued experiencing aching pains and swelling in the right calf. He initially had difficulty walking on his right leg but wearing ...


Synergistic Effect Of Exercise And Phellodendron Amurense On Muscle Mass Preservation In A Prostate Cancer Mouse Model, Javier Valencia, Paul Rivas, Julidza Balderas, Addanki P. Kumar, Darpan I. Patel Feb 2021

Synergistic Effect Of Exercise And Phellodendron Amurense On Muscle Mass Preservation In A Prostate Cancer Mouse Model, Javier Valencia, Paul Rivas, Julidza Balderas, Addanki P. Kumar, Darpan I. Patel

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Muscle loss has detrimental effects on the body. It leads to a reduction in physical function, strength, endurance, and quality of life. In men with prostate cancer (PCa), a large percentage of men will suffer from muscle loss, a debilitating adverse effect caused by both the chronic illnesses or from the treatment of these illnesses. Studies have shown that the implementation of a routine exercise elicits muscle preservation in patients with PCa. Previously, our group has found that the natural product phellodendron amurense (PA) preserves muscle mass similar to exercise. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to test the ...


A Comparison Of Techniques For Decomposing Surface Electromyography Signals During High-Intensity Contractions A Preliminary Analysis, Lyric Richardson, Micheal Luera, Jocarol Shields, Rob Maclennen, Michael Trevino, Alessandro Delvecchio, Jason Defritas Feb 2021

A Comparison Of Techniques For Decomposing Surface Electromyography Signals During High-Intensity Contractions A Preliminary Analysis, Lyric Richardson, Micheal Luera, Jocarol Shields, Rob Maclennen, Michael Trevino, Alessandro Delvecchio, Jason Defritas

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Advancements in surface electromyography (sEMG) have led to discrepancies in identification of high-threshold motor units (MU) following signal decomposition PURPOSE: To examine the differences in MU firing behaviors recorded from two separate sEMG sensors following respective decomposition analysis. METHODS: Following 2 maximal voluntary contractions (MVC), ten (23 ± 3 yrs.; 178.64 ± 5.82 cm; 177.8 ± 17.37 kg) lower body resistance trained males performed a 10 sec submaximal (50%) isometric ramp contraction of the knee extension exercise. Signals were recorded from the vastus lateralis and separately decomposed into their constituent MU action potential trains, then further validated for subsequent ...


Mlb Statcast Pitch Analysis: The Association Between Active Spin And Opponent’S Batting Average, Antonio Alvarado, Randall Sharp, Ashlyn Brown, Eris White, Isabelle S. Kusters, Julianna M. Dean Feb 2021

Mlb Statcast Pitch Analysis: The Association Between Active Spin And Opponent’S Batting Average, Antonio Alvarado, Randall Sharp, Ashlyn Brown, Eris White, Isabelle S. Kusters, Julianna M. Dean

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Baseball has often been described as a game of statistics and strategy, and current technology allows detailed examination of the game. One statistic measured concerning the movement of the ball is spin rate, the rotations per minute created by the pitcher when the ball is released from the hand. However, recent research has not examined the inclusion of pitchers’ spin rate in batter strategy. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to see if there is an association between the movement of breaking balls with the batting average of Major League Baseball batters. METHODS: A sample including 76 elite Major ...