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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Eating For Two Without Eating Too Much: Optimizing Gestational Weight Gain, Sandra Pope May 2020

Eating For Two Without Eating Too Much: Optimizing Gestational Weight Gain, Sandra Pope

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

This evidence-based pilot project was implemented to optimize gestational weight gain (GWG) among women enrolled for prenatal care at a private practice. Evidence from meta-analyses and large studies show: 1) an association between excess GWG and increased risk of fetal macrosomia and increased cesarean delivery; 2) 66% of women do not know their healthy GWG target; 3) a 20% reduction in excess GWG in women receiving diet or exercise interventions or both. In addition, visual plotting of weight gain has helped overweight adults reduce and maintain weight loss over a one-year period. Nutrition assessment using a validated nutritional screening questionnaire ...


Primary Radiation As Initial Management In Endometrial Cancer: Investigating Ebrt, Imrt And Hdr Brachytherapy, Vincent M. Wagner, Erin A. Salinas, Sarah L. Mott, Wenqing Sun, Michael J. Goodheart May 2020

Primary Radiation As Initial Management In Endometrial Cancer: Investigating Ebrt, Imrt And Hdr Brachytherapy, Vincent M. Wagner, Erin A. Salinas, Sarah L. Mott, Wenqing Sun, Michael J. Goodheart

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

For patients with endometrial cancer at increased risk of perioperative morbidity, primary radiation therapy is an effective alternative treatment option. However, there has been no consensus on radiation technique and little data on outcomes. Our aim was to identify factors which determine patient selection for primary radiation, investigate treatment efficacy of radiation compared to surgical management of endometrial cancer and to evaluate different radiation modalities including external beam radiation therapy alone or with a boost of either high dose rate brachytherapy or intensity-modulated radiation therapy for differences in toxicities, recurrence-free interval, cancer-specific survival and overall survival.


A Multifactorial Intervention To Reduce Weight Bias In Healthcare Providers, Rose M. Flinchum May 2020

A Multifactorial Intervention To Reduce Weight Bias In Healthcare Providers, Rose M. Flinchum

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

No abstract provided.


A Multicomponent Tailored Intervention Program Protocol For Weight Loss In An Underserved Adult Patient Population With Obesity, Rita R. Arnold May 2020

A Multicomponent Tailored Intervention Program Protocol For Weight Loss In An Underserved Adult Patient Population With Obesity, Rita R. Arnold

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Obesity is a multifactorial, individualized, chronic disease that increases known risk factors for significant comorbidities and mortality. The primary purpose of this Evidence-Based practice project was to improve indicators of obesity (weight, BMI) among patients served by a free medical clinic, using a tailored multicomponent intervention. The secondary purpose was to determine if the weight loss intervention was associated with a decrease in blood pressure and depression symptoms. The intervention was guided by the Health Promotion Model by Nola Pender. The Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence Based Practice Model (JHNEBP) guided implementation of the project. A comprehensive literature review was completed ...


The Effects Of A Nutritional Intervention On Healthy Eating Habits And Body Mass Index, Kelley Eshenaur May 2020

The Effects Of A Nutritional Intervention On Healthy Eating Habits And Body Mass Index, Kelley Eshenaur

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

In the US, overweight and obesity are growing concerns, as both can have life altering consequences if not prevented or treated. Since 2000, there has been nearly a 10% increase of adults who are obese, from 30.5% (85.8 million) to 39.8% (93.9 million) in 2016 (CDC, 2017). These conditions are preventable with early intervention and motivation. Obesity statistics are especially of interest during the transition to young adulthood. The purpose of this project was to improve student outcomes by identifying barriers, effective strategies, and healthy choices that would ultimately impact weight, increasing healthy food choices, and ...


Examination Of Perceptions Of Weight Loss And Weight Loss Methods, Andrew Seiber May 2020

Examination Of Perceptions Of Weight Loss And Weight Loss Methods, Andrew Seiber

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine individuals’ perceptions of weight loss and weight loss methods. Respondents were employees and customers attending health/wellness events at local supermarkets in June, July, and August 2019. Participants completed a survey to assess their understanding and perceptions of weight loss and methods used to achieve weight loss. The majority of participants were white females, 60 years or older with a college degree and a Body Mass Index (BMI) classified as overweight or obese. Data revealed most participants had a variety of misconceptions relating to weight loss and weight loss methods that were ...


Health And Academic Achievement In College And University Students, Amber Beane May 2020

Health And Academic Achievement In College And University Students, Amber Beane

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this non-experimental quantitative correlational study was to investigate the relationship between academic achievement and health in a national sample of college students using quantitative data analysis. Specifically, the researcher analyzed the relationship between three health-promoting behaviors (physical activity, strength training, and fruit and vegetable consumption), three negative health behaviors (cigarette, e-cigarette, and opioid use) and obesity with GPA.

Cross-sectional data on student health collected from the American College Health Association’s National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA-II) and completed by 426,650 college students from 650 U.S. colleges during the semesters between 2015 and 2019 formed ...


Increasing Accessibility To Key Social Determinants Of Health In Monterey County, Tabitha Vargas May 2020

Increasing Accessibility To Key Social Determinants Of Health In Monterey County, Tabitha Vargas

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Monterey County Health Department’s Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Unit provides agency-wide support in promoting health equity. Obesity and diabetes rates in Monterey County are too high and there needs to be an increase of accessible data, which may help increase targeted prevention services. A health brief was developed for the purpose of increasing access to county-wide obesity and diabetes data and increasing knowledge of the role of how social determinants of health may affect health outcomes. A survey was conducted to measure the effectiveness of the health brief with results demonstrating that 100% of respondents agreed that the brief ...


Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 May Promote Bone Loss After Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Pilot Study And Preliminary Data, A N. Pletch, B Harris, P T. Le, Clifford Rosen Apr 2020

Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 May Promote Bone Loss After Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Pilot Study And Preliminary Data, A N. Pletch, B Harris, P T. Le, Clifford Rosen

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy (VSG) is a successful treatment for obesity; however, one of the unintended consequences is bone loss. The mechanism behind this side effect is unclear. Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 (IGFBP-2) is necessary for osteoclast proliferation and differentiation. It is one of the most highly expressed proteins in human serum after VSG, and its deletion results in resistance to bone loss in mice. We are interested in determining whether IGFBP2 plays a role in the bone loss observed after VSG. • Pilot study: The main objective of the pilot study is to determine which VSG technique is preferred ...


Notch Signaling Regulates Perivascular Adipose Tissue (Pvat) Function During Diet-Induced Obesity, Chenhao Yang, Joshua M. Boucher, Larisa M. Ryzhova, Lucy Liaw Apr 2020

Notch Signaling Regulates Perivascular Adipose Tissue (Pvat) Function During Diet-Induced Obesity, Chenhao Yang, Joshua M. Boucher, Larisa M. Ryzhova, Lucy Liaw

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Background: Obesity is an established risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and possibly shares molecular and cellular disease mechanisms as CVD due to their comorbidity. As a component of vasculature, perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) has been recognized as a critical regulator of vascular function due to its anatomical proximity to the vascular wall. Study in PVAT thus help us understand cross talks between adipose tissue and cardiovascular system to re-evaluate clinical strategies for prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes and CVD. Recent studies have shown that in addition to development, Notch/Rbp-jk signaling plays a crucial role in regulating ...


A Retrospective Review Of The Safety And Efficacy Of Direct Oral Anticoagulants (Doacs) In Obese Patients Who Underwent Electrical Cardioversion, Matt Cox, Brian Carlone, Jaclynne Gowen, Amber Rollins, Wes Zemrak Apr 2020

A Retrospective Review Of The Safety And Efficacy Of Direct Oral Anticoagulants (Doacs) In Obese Patients Who Underwent Electrical Cardioversion, Matt Cox, Brian Carlone, Jaclynne Gowen, Amber Rollins, Wes Zemrak

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Purpose: Abnormal atrial rhythms, including atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter, are the most common cardiac arrhythmias. Patients often undergo direct current cardioversion (DCCV) to restore normal sinus rhythm (NSR). Previous studies demonstrate that anticoagulation during DCCV decreases the risk of stroke from 6.8% to 1%. Additionally, obese patients are at a heightened risk of developing atrial arrhythmias, and previous pharmacokinetic studies suggest that recommended doses of DOACs may not provide therapeutic anticoagulation in these patients. Landmark trials investigating the use of DOACs during DCCV included a small percentage of patients with a body mass index (BMI) > 40 kg ...


Does Your Patient Know If They Have Prediabetes?, Sophia Adams, Christina Holt, Amy Haskins Apr 2020

Does Your Patient Know If They Have Prediabetes?, Sophia Adams, Christina Holt, Amy Haskins

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is common; 1 in 3 people have prediabetes, but 9 out of 10 people with prediabetes do not know that they have it. Among those with prediabetes, 25% will progress to diabetes in 3-5 years. MaineHealth has now implemented Diabetes Prevention Program classes, based on a major multicenter clinical research study that showed structured lifestyle interventions can cut the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in half for pre-diabetic participants. This program is available to all patients, free of charge, but in order for patients to participate, they first need to know if they have prediabetes and be ...


Screen Time Reduction, Karmen L. Serda Mrs. Apr 2020

Screen Time Reduction, Karmen L. Serda Mrs.

MSN Capstone Projects

Children and adolescents are spending an alarming amount of time engaging in screen time (ST) activities on mobile devices, computers, televisions (TV), and video games; activities include, but are not limited to, watching shows or movies, playing video games, searching the internet, texting, or using social media. This excessive ST is contributing to a vast array of serious childhood complications and health concerns, of which are rarely discussed, acknowledged, or remedied.

The proposed implementation of a structured 3-day elementary school based screen time reduction program (STRP) that would target not only the children and adolescents, but their parents and/or ...


Data Analysis Of A National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes) To Identify The Relationship Between Obesity And Cancer, Reyhaneh A. Yazdi, Ramona Stone Apr 2020

Data Analysis Of A National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes) To Identify The Relationship Between Obesity And Cancer, Reyhaneh A. Yazdi, Ramona Stone

Health Student Work

Introduction: Obesity and cancer independently are two important causes of death in the USA. A growing number of studies shows that these two chronic illnesses are related.

Objective: To examine the relationship of cancer and obesity using BMI and Waist Circumference (WC) as indicators using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) dataset.

Method: NHANES (2013-2014) dataset was used to obtain information on BMI, Waist Circumference (WC), and cancer (presence or absence) among the participants. The prevalence of obesity and cancer was tested with Pearson λ^2 test and the relationship of these two with education (5 levels) was ...


Community Cooking Course To Combat Nutritional Knowledge Deficit, Heather R. Bohman Apr 2020

Community Cooking Course To Combat Nutritional Knowledge Deficit, Heather R. Bohman

MSN Capstone Projects

More than two-thirds of American adults and almost one-third of American children are overweight or obese. Not only are the statistics alarming, the cost of obesity is staggering. Obesity robs an individual of their quality of life and costs the U.S. healthcare system an estimated $147 billion a year in obesity-related illness (Finkelstein, Trogdon, Cohen, & Dietz, 2009). The need to find solutions to improve the health of Americans is clear and communities are called to respond. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2018) recommends partnership with local agencies to promote obesity prevention initiatives and create a healthier food environment for all. Evidence suggests that interventions, such as cooking classes, can be made to improve the overall health of a community and reduce the obesity epidemic (Ickes, Mcmullen, Haider, & Sharma, 2014). The PICOT question asks, in low-income families (P), how does participating in a community cooking course (I) compared to not participating in a cooking course (C) affect nutritional knowledge (O) after completion of the cooking course (T)? In partnership with Hill Country Family Services (HCFS) of Kendall County, Texas, this capstone project set out to provide family centered cooking classes featuring accessible, low cost, and nutritious foods with the aim to improve nutritional knowledge and boost self-efficacy to a vulnerable population. Cooking classes were designed around the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Choose My Plate guidelines and the national Share Our Strength’s Cooking Matters for Families campaign (USDA, n.d.; Share Our Strength, 2019). Classes geared toward children accompanied by an adult were planned to feature fun activities and hands on cooking experiences. Unfortunately, the project was frozen mid-implementation due to a global pandemic. This paper will discuss the project thus far and outline ...


Society Of Behavioral Medicine Call To Action: Include Obesity/Overweight Management Education In Health Professional Curricula And Provide Coverage For Behavior-Based Treatments Of Obesity/Overweight Most Commonly Provided By Psychologists, Dieticians, Counselors, And Other Health Care Professionals And Include Such Providers On All Multidisciplinary Teams Treating Patients Who Have Overweight Or Obesity, Judith K. Ockene, Karen M. Ashe, Kenneth S. Peterson, Marian Fitzgibbon, Joanna Buscemi, Akilah Dulin Apr 2020

Society Of Behavioral Medicine Call To Action: Include Obesity/Overweight Management Education In Health Professional Curricula And Provide Coverage For Behavior-Based Treatments Of Obesity/Overweight Most Commonly Provided By Psychologists, Dieticians, Counselors, And Other Health Care Professionals And Include Such Providers On All Multidisciplinary Teams Treating Patients Who Have Overweight Or Obesity, Judith K. Ockene, Karen M. Ashe, Kenneth S. Peterson, Marian Fitzgibbon, Joanna Buscemi, Akilah Dulin

UMass Worcester PRC Publications

Obesity is a serious chronic disease whose prevalence has grown to epidemic proportions over the past five decades and is a major contributor to the global burden of most common cancers, heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, liver disease, and sleep apnea. Primary care clinicians, including physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants, are often the first health care professionals to identify obesity or overweight during routine long-term care and have the opportunity to intervene to prevent and treat disease. However, they often lack the training and skills needed to deliver scientifically validated, behavior-based treatments. These gaps must be addressed in order ...


Decreasing Rates Of Obesity In Onondaga County Among Older Adults, Julianna Duca Apr 2020

Decreasing Rates Of Obesity In Onondaga County Among Older Adults, Julianna Duca

Transformations: Research Papers

After an investigation of the health priorities in Onondaga County, research concludes that the mortality rates are generally higher when compared to New York State (New York State Department of Health, 2018). Currently, obesity and being overweight are the second leading causes of preventable deaths in the United States (New York State Department of Health, 2019e). Obesity is one chronic disease that shows higher rates in Onondaga County than New York State and the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019; New York State Department of Health, 2016b). The rate of obesity in Onondaga County is 32%, the ...


Effectiveness Of An Aquatic Exercise Program For Reducing Weight, Body Fat And Chronic Low Back And Joint Pain, Terilyn Darley Apr 2020

Effectiveness Of An Aquatic Exercise Program For Reducing Weight, Body Fat And Chronic Low Back And Joint Pain, Terilyn Darley

DNP Scholarly Projects

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), obesity has risen at an alarming rate and has reached epidemic proportions throughout the world (WHO, 2017). In the U. S., approximately 93.3 million U.S. adults are obese with an overall prevalence of 39.8 %. Chronic pain is another public health issue in the U.S, affecting almost 100 million people and is associated with significant annual healthcare costs and lost productivity (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health [NCCIH], 2017). Exercise is considered one of the most effective prevention strategies for reducing obesity and has been documented to decrease chronic ...


Obesity Is Associated With Depression In Malaysian Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study, Mohd Said Nurumal, Rohulizzat Zainal Abidin, Wisam Nabeel Ibrahim, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan Apr 2020

Obesity Is Associated With Depression In Malaysian Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study, Mohd Said Nurumal, Rohulizzat Zainal Abidin, Wisam Nabeel Ibrahim, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Overweight and obesity, which may lead to depression, have become prevalent among children worldwide. Hence, this study aimed to measure obesity and depression among schoolchildren in Kuantan.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in three different primary schools in Kuantan by purposive sampling. With consent from their parents/guardians, participants were given a self-administered questionnaire. Demographics and anthropometric measurement data were self-reported on the basis of the school records. Furthermore, body mass index was calculated. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0, and chi-square and correlation tests were conducted for the variables.

Results: Among the 300 schoolchildren who ...


The Role Of A Community-Driven, Structured Exercise Program On Children's And Adolescent's Quality Of Life, Padgett Singley Powe Apr 2020

The Role Of A Community-Driven, Structured Exercise Program On Children's And Adolescent's Quality Of Life, Padgett Singley Powe

Senior Theses

Childhood obesity is a long-standing epidemic in the United States as of 2020, and the problem is continuing to worsen. Childhood obesity has been shown to have many unhealthy effects, such as increasing prevalence of cardiovascular disease, depression, and social anxiety, which all can contribute to a worsened quality of life. Research suggests that summer is the most critical time period to combat childhood obesity is because children’s lives are less structured over the summer, which can lead to increased unhealthy behaviors, obesity, and a decrease in quality of life. The current study, the Skybrook Swim Team Study, aimed ...


A Comparison Of Obesity And Nutrition In Chile And Peru Between The Years Of 2000-2016, Alaina Whitmore Apr 2020

A Comparison Of Obesity And Nutrition In Chile And Peru Between The Years Of 2000-2016, Alaina Whitmore

Honors Theses

Obesity is a disease characterized by the accumulation of excess energy storage within the body, and it is a risk factor for a number of non-communicable diseases that are increasing in prevalence worldwide. With the use of data collected between 2000 and 2016 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), it has been determined that adulthood obesity rates have been increasing for all of the South American countries that list Spanish as an official language (Argentina, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Venezuela, Uruguay, Ecuador, Bolivia, and Paraguay). Specifically, Peru and Chile were identified as the countries with the ...


Season Of Birth And Sugary Beverages Are Predictors Of Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices Scores In Adolescents, Reem Al-Sabah, Abdullah Al-Taiar, Abdur Rahman, Lemia Shaban, Anwar Al-Harbi, Olusegun Mojiminiyi Apr 2020

Season Of Birth And Sugary Beverages Are Predictors Of Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices Scores In Adolescents, Reem Al-Sabah, Abdullah Al-Taiar, Abdur Rahman, Lemia Shaban, Anwar Al-Harbi, Olusegun Mojiminiyi

Community & Environmental Health Faculty Publications

To investigate factors associated with cognitive functioning in healthy adolescents, a school-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 1370 adolescents aged 11-16 years that were randomly selected from all governorates of Kuwait. Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM), a non-verbal test of intelligence, was used to measure cognitive functioning of the study participants. Data on predictors of cognitive functioning were collected from parents and adolescents. Weight and height of the participants were measured in a standardized manner and blood samples were tested in an accredited laboratory under strict measures of quality control. In multivariable linear regression analysis, factors that showed significant ...


Exogenous Gdf11, But Not Gdf8, Reduces Body Weight And Improves Glucose Homeostasis In Mice, Ryan G. Walker, Hye Lim Noh, Taekyoon Kim, Jason K. Kim, Richard T. Lee Mar 2020

Exogenous Gdf11, But Not Gdf8, Reduces Body Weight And Improves Glucose Homeostasis In Mice, Ryan G. Walker, Hye Lim Noh, Taekyoon Kim, Jason K. Kim, Richard T. Lee

Open Access Articles

Insulin resistance is associated with aging in mice and humans. We have previously shown that administration of recombinant GDF11 (rGDF11) to aged mice alters aging phenotypes in the brain, skeletal muscle, and heart. While the closely related protein GDF8 has a role in metabolism, limited data are available on the potential metabolic effects of GDF11 or GDF8 in aging. To determine the metabolic effects of these two ligands, we administered rGDF11 or rGDF8 protein to young or aged mice fed a standard chow diet, short-term high-fat diet (HFD), or long-term HFD. Under nearly all of these diet conditions, administration of ...


Increasing Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors In Cargo Drivers, Ronda L. Bell Mar 2020

Increasing Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors In Cargo Drivers, Ronda L. Bell

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this project was to examine the extent to which lifestyle behaviors of transportation drivers in North Texas can be improved with health education. This research study was conducted to examine the health behaviors of transportation drivers as a result of an educational partnership between nursing and the transportation industry. The goal was to improve healthy lifestyles through education to decrease chronic illness and comorbid conditions of a significantly at-risk occupational population. The impact of this education was immediate and verified with quantitative measurement and statistical analysis. Results demonstrated that after nurse-led health education, transportation drivers reported significant ...


A Coaching And/Or Education Intervention Targeting Physical Activity And Nutrition Behaviours In Parents With Overweight/Obesity And Their Children, Shazya Karmali Feb 2020

A Coaching And/Or Education Intervention Targeting Physical Activity And Nutrition Behaviours In Parents With Overweight/Obesity And Their Children, Shazya Karmali

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this dissertation is to provide a detailed overview of, findings from, and experiences participating in a 3-month randomized controlled trial (RCT) targeting obesity-related behaviours in parents with overweight/obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 25 kg/m2) and their children (2.5-10 years old, any weight; N = 50 dyads). A concurrent mixed methods study comprised of an RCT and descriptive qualitative design was utilized. Parent-participants received Co-Active Life Coaching (CALC) and webinar-based health education (intervention) or education only (control). To address the dissertation’s purpose, Chapter II provides a detailed methodological account of the program, including rationale ...


A Chromosomal Connectome For Psychiatric And Metabolic Risk Variants In Adult Dopaminergic Neurons, Sergio Espeso-Gil, Tyler M. Borrman, Zhiping Weng, Schahram Akbarian Feb 2020

A Chromosomal Connectome For Psychiatric And Metabolic Risk Variants In Adult Dopaminergic Neurons, Sergio Espeso-Gil, Tyler M. Borrman, Zhiping Weng, Schahram Akbarian

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Midbrain dopaminergic neurons (MDN) represent 0.0005% of the brain's neuronal population and mediate cognition, food intake, and metabolism. MDN are also posited to underlay the neurobiological dysfunction of schizophrenia (SCZ), a severe neuropsychiatric disorder that is characterized by psychosis as well as multifactorial medical co-morbidities, including metabolic disease, contributing to markedly increased morbidity and mortality. Paradoxically, however, the genetic risk sequences of psychosis and traits associated with metabolic disease, such as body mass, show very limited overlap.

METHODS: We investigated the genomic interaction of SCZ with medical conditions and traits, including body mass index (BMI), by exploring ...


The Effects Of Language Barriers On Physical Activity Of “Promotora” Community Health Care Workers In The South Texas-Mexico Border Region, Aliyah Medina, Sonio David Garcia, Alexis Ortiz, Dana Day, Andrea Guerrero, Corina Zamora, Deborah Parra-Medina, Daniel Hughes Feb 2020

The Effects Of Language Barriers On Physical Activity Of “Promotora” Community Health Care Workers In The South Texas-Mexico Border Region, Aliyah Medina, Sonio David Garcia, Alexis Ortiz, Dana Day, Andrea Guerrero, Corina Zamora, Deborah Parra-Medina, Daniel Hughes

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: The Rio Grande Valley (RGV) is not only characterized by elevated school drop-out rates, poverty and unemployment, but also physical inactivity, obesity as well as language barriers. The purpose of this study was to assess the agreement between commonly used self-reported methods compared with objectively measured physical activity amongst community health worker; promotoras. METHODS: Our cross-sectional study, 17 promotoras (adult Latinas) capable of engaging in moderate-vigorous PA. We conducted anthropometric assessments (body mass index (BMI), body fatness (%)), assessed PA (accelerometry, and Jurca non-exercise test), and measured self-reported PA behaviors. RESULTS: Promotoras BMI were similar to other Latina women in ...


Plasma Lipid, Glucose, And Immune Responses To Consumption Of Nutritive And Nonnutritive Sweeteners And Exercise, Jarrett Walbolt, Yunsuk Koh Feb 2020

Plasma Lipid, Glucose, And Immune Responses To Consumption Of Nutritive And Nonnutritive Sweeteners And Exercise, Jarrett Walbolt, Yunsuk Koh

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Although nonnutritive sweeteners are widely used as substitutes for nutritive sweeteners, it is currently uncertain how these commonly available sweeteners affect plasma glucose and lipid metabolism. PURPOSE: To examine how nutritive and nonnutritive sweeteners influence plasma lipid profiles, complete blood counts, and plasma glucose content at rest and during exercise. METHODS: This randomized, double-blinded, cross-over design study included 9 healthy, college aged, individuals (4 females and 5 males). In four separate visits, participants consumed 8 oz of sweetened drink in random order with either 445mg of stevia, 507mg of aspartame, 169mg of sucralose, or 110,000mg of sucrose mixed into ...


The Effect Of Physician Held Stigmas And Bias On The Health Outcomes Of Patients With Obesity: A Review Of The Literature, Rachel Cohen, Catherine Jones Feb 2020

The Effect Of Physician Held Stigmas And Bias On The Health Outcomes Of Patients With Obesity: A Review Of The Literature, Rachel Cohen, Catherine Jones

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Obesity is a growing epidemic that continues to garner attention throughout healthcare. The goal of this study was to review the literature on physician bias and stigmas surrounding obesity to assess the current state of research on connections between obesity-related stigma and the health outcomes and care of patients with obesity. A specific search string was used to obtain articles via PubMed and psychINFO, yielding 14 studies found that investigate these connections. The studies were categorized into three distinct pathways leading from physician stigma and biases to differing health outcomes of patients with obesity. These three pathways- perceptions, patient interaction ...


Factors Associated With Hypertension Among Men In Darkhan-Uul Province, Mongolia: A Cross-Sectional Study, Naoko Hikita, Megumi Haruna, Masayo Matsuzaki, Emi Sasagawa, Minoru Murata, Ariunaa Yura, Otgontogoo Oidovsuren Jan 2020

Factors Associated With Hypertension Among Men In Darkhan-Uul Province, Mongolia: A Cross-Sectional Study, Naoko Hikita, Megumi Haruna, Masayo Matsuzaki, Emi Sasagawa, Minoru Murata, Ariunaa Yura, Otgontogoo Oidovsuren

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

In Mongolia, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death, and prevalence of hypertension is very high. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between hypertension and sociodemographic factors and health-related behaviors among men in Darkhan-Uul Province, Mongolia. This cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2015 and January 2016. Men whose wives were pregnant with ≤20 weeks gestation and had attended antenatal health checkups at public health facilities were recruited in this study. The data were collected as part of a survey of pregnant women and their partners. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires, anthropometry, and spot ...