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Articles 1 - 30 of 1723

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Association Between The Triglyceride To High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Ratio And The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Among Chinese Elderly: The Beijing Longitudinal Study Of Aging, Dequiang Zheng, Haibin Li, Feiling Ai, Fei Sun, Manjot Singh, Xue Cao, Jiajia Jiang, Yan He, Zhe Tang, Xiuhua Guo Jan 2020

Association Between The Triglyceride To High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Ratio And The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Among Chinese Elderly: The Beijing Longitudinal Study Of Aging, Dequiang Zheng, Haibin Li, Feiling Ai, Fei Sun, Manjot Singh, Xue Cao, Jiajia Jiang, Yan He, Zhe Tang, Xiuhua Guo

ECU Publications Post 2013

Objective: Time-dependent covariates are generally available as longitudinal data were collected periodically in the cohort study. To examine whether time-dependent triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio could predict the future risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and assess its potential impact on the risk of T2DM incidence. Research design and methods: This study enrolled 1460 participants without T2DM aged 55 or above in 1992 in the Beijing Longitudinal Study of Aging during 25 years. The questionnaire data were collected in nine surveys from 1992 to 2017. Physical examination and blood laboratory tests including TG and HDL-C concentrations ...


Overview Of Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Health Status 2019, Australian Indigenous Healthinfonet, Anomie, Burns Jane, Neil Drew, Michelle Elwell, Vilma Fitzgerald, Joanne Hoareau, Christine Potter, Miranda Poynton, Tamara Swann, Avinna Trzesinski Jan 2020

Overview Of Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Health Status 2019, Australian Indigenous Healthinfonet, Anomie, Burns Jane, Neil Drew, Michelle Elwell, Vilma Fitzgerald, Joanne Hoareau, Christine Potter, Miranda Poynton, Tamara Swann, Avinna Trzesinski

ECU Publications Post 2013

The main purpose of the Overview of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status (Overview) is to provide a comprehensive summary of the most recent indicators of the health and current health status of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The Overview has been prepared by Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet staff as part of our contribution to supporting those who work in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health sector. The Overview is a key element of the HealthInfoNet’s commitment to authentic and engaged knowledge development and exchange...


Ador2a C Allele Carriers Exhibit Ergogenic Responses To Caffeine Supplementation, Jozo Grgic, Craig Pickering, David J. Bishop, Juan Del Coso, Brad Schoenfeld, Grant M. Tinsley, Zeljko Pedisic Jan 2020

Ador2a C Allele Carriers Exhibit Ergogenic Responses To Caffeine Supplementation, Jozo Grgic, Craig Pickering, David J. Bishop, Juan Del Coso, Brad Schoenfeld, Grant M. Tinsley, Zeljko Pedisic

ECU Publications Post 2013

Caffeine’s ergogenic effects on exercise performance are generally explained by its ability to bind to adenosine receptors. ADORA2A is the gene that encodes A2A subtypes of adenosine receptors. It has been suggested that ADORA2A gene polymorphisms may be responsible for the inter-individual variations in the effects of caffeine on exercise performance. In the only study that explored the influence of variation in ADORA2A—in this case, a common polymorphism (rs5751876)—on the ergogenic effects of caffeine on exercise performance, C allele carriers were identified as “non-responders” to caffeine. To explore if C allele carriers are true “non-responders” to the ...


Summary Of Cancer Among Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People, Australian Indigenous Healthinfonet Jan 2020

Summary Of Cancer Among Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People, Australian Indigenous Healthinfonet

ECU Publications Post 2013

No abstract provided.


Investigation Of The Association Between Dietary Fibre, Protein And Fat With Manganese Content In Food, Madhura Jayasinghe, Binosha Fernando, Subhashinie Senadheera, Pubudu Gunawardene, Somathilaka Ranaweera Jan 2020

Investigation Of The Association Between Dietary Fibre, Protein And Fat With Manganese Content In Food, Madhura Jayasinghe, Binosha Fernando, Subhashinie Senadheera, Pubudu Gunawardene, Somathilaka Ranaweera

ECU Publications Post 2013

Manganese deficiency may cause severe health disorders and is becoming prevalent in societies that are rapidly urbanising. Determining the Manganese contents and its relationship with the intake of protein, fibre and fats is important; which may allow people to select Manganese rich foods based on their major macronutrients. A cross-sectional study including detailed dietary assessment for two weeks, followed by proximate analysis of regularly consumed diets was conducted using 1200 adults from three different social segments as; lecturers/teachers (400), managerial employees in the private sector (400), and houses wives (400). Each social segment was assumed to elicit different lifestyles ...


Compression Garments Reduce Muscle Movement And Activation During Submaximal Running, James R. Broatch, Ned Brophy-Williams, Elissa J. Phillips, Steven J. O'Bryan, Shona Halson, Shannon Barnes, David J. Bishop Jan 2020

Compression Garments Reduce Muscle Movement And Activation During Submaximal Running, James R. Broatch, Ned Brophy-Williams, Elissa J. Phillips, Steven J. O'Bryan, Shona Halson, Shannon Barnes, David J. Bishop

ECU Publications Post 2013

Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of sports compression tights in reducing muscle movement and activation during running. Methods A total of 27 recreationally active males were recruited across two separate studies. For study 1, 13 participants (mean ± SD = 84.1 ± 9.4 kg, 22 ± 3 yr) completed two 4-min treadmill running bouts (2 min at 12 and 15 km·h-1) under two conditions: a no-compression control (CON1) and compression (COMP). For study 2, 14 participants (77.8 ± 8.4 kg, 27 ± 5 yr) completed four 9-min treadmill running bouts (3 min at 8, 10 ...


Does Providing Pill Testing At Festivals Increase Intention To Use Ecstasy?, Sherri Lee Murphy Jan 2020

Does Providing Pill Testing At Festivals Increase Intention To Use Ecstasy?, Sherri Lee Murphy

Theses : Honours

Calls to provide sanctioned pill testing (drug checking) at music festivals has met with resistance from most Australian governments due to a concern that such services would increase use of ecstasy and other drugs. To address an important gap in current knowledge, I investigated how a pill testing service might influence intention to use ecstasy. I also drew from the Theory of Planned Behaviour to examine what determinants of behaviour predict intention to use a pill testing service. Music festival attendees (N = 247) were presented with three hypothetical pill testing scenarios: The current legal circumstance where consumers only have access ...


Association Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms With Dyslipidemia In Antiretroviral Exposed Hiv Patients In A Ghanaian Population: A Case-Control Study, Christian Obirikorang, Emmanuel Acheampong, Lawrence Quaye, Joseph Yorke, Ernestine Kubi Amos-Abanyie, Priscilla Abena Akyaw, Enoch Odame Anto, Simon Bannison Bani, Evans Adu Asamoah, Emmanuella Nsenbah Batu Jan 2020

Association Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms With Dyslipidemia In Antiretroviral Exposed Hiv Patients In A Ghanaian Population: A Case-Control Study, Christian Obirikorang, Emmanuel Acheampong, Lawrence Quaye, Joseph Yorke, Ernestine Kubi Amos-Abanyie, Priscilla Abena Akyaw, Enoch Odame Anto, Simon Bannison Bani, Evans Adu Asamoah, Emmanuella Nsenbah Batu

ECU Publications Post 2013

Dyslipidemia is a potential complication of long-term usage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and also known to be associated with genetic factors. The host genetic variants associated with dyslipidemia in HIV patients on ART in Ghana have not been fully explored. The study constituted a total of 289 HIV-infected patients on stable ART for at least a year. Fasting blood was collected into EDTA tube for lipids measurement. Lipid profiles were used to define dyslipidemia based on the NCEP-ATP III criteria. HIV-infected subjects were categorized into two groups; those with dyslipidemia (cases) (n = 90; 31.1%) and without dyslipidemia (controls)(n ...


Tnf-Block Genotypes Influence Susceptibility To Hiv-Associated Sensory Neuropathy In Indonesians And South Africans, Jessica Gaff, Fitri Octaviana, Prinisha Pillay, Huguette Gaelle Ngassa Mbenda, Ibnu A. Ariyanto, June Ann Gan, Catherine L. Cherry, Peter Kamerman, Simon M. Laws, Patricia Price Jan 2020

Tnf-Block Genotypes Influence Susceptibility To Hiv-Associated Sensory Neuropathy In Indonesians And South Africans, Jessica Gaff, Fitri Octaviana, Prinisha Pillay, Huguette Gaelle Ngassa Mbenda, Ibnu A. Ariyanto, June Ann Gan, Catherine L. Cherry, Peter Kamerman, Simon M. Laws, Patricia Price

ECU Publications Post 2013

HIV-associated sensory neuropathy (HIV-SN) is a disabling complication of HIV disease and antiretroviral therapies (ART). Since stavudine was removed from recommended treatment schedules, the prevalence of HIV-SN has declined and associated risk factors have changed. With stavudine, rs1799964*C (TNF-1031) associated with HIV-SN in Caucasians and Indonesians but not in South Africans. Here, we investigate associations between HIV-SN and rs1799964*C and 12 other polymorphisms spanning TNF and seven neighboring genes (the TNF-block) in Indonesians (n = 202; 34/168 cases) and South Africans (n = 75; 29/75 cases) treated without stavudine. Haplotypes were derived using fastPHASE and haplotype networks built ...


A Broad Autism Phenotype Expressed In Facial Morphology, Diana Weiting Tan, Murray T. Maybery, Syed Zulqarnain Gilani, Gail A. Alvares, Ajmal Mian, David Suter, Andrew J. O. Whitehouse Jan 2020

A Broad Autism Phenotype Expressed In Facial Morphology, Diana Weiting Tan, Murray T. Maybery, Syed Zulqarnain Gilani, Gail A. Alvares, Ajmal Mian, David Suter, Andrew J. O. Whitehouse

ECU Publications Post 2013

Autism spectrum disorder is a heritable neurodevelopmental condition diagnosed based on social and communication differences. There is strong evidence that cognitive and behavioural changes associated with clinical autism aggregate with biological relatives but in milder form, commonly referred to as the ‘broad autism phenotype’. The present study builds on our previous findings of increased facial masculinity in autistic children (Sci. Rep., 7:9348, 2017) by examining whether facial masculinity represents as a broad autism phenotype in 55 non-autistic siblings (25 girls) of autistic children. Using 3D facial photogrammetry and age-matched control groups of children without a family history of ASD ...


The Potential Of Ultraviolet Radiation Meters In Secondary Schools As A Sun Protection Intervention Mechanism For Adolescents, Simone Pettigrew, Ashleigh Parnell, Mark Strickland, Rachel Neale, Robyn Lucas Jan 2020

The Potential Of Ultraviolet Radiation Meters In Secondary Schools As A Sun Protection Intervention Mechanism For Adolescents, Simone Pettigrew, Ashleigh Parnell, Mark Strickland, Rachel Neale, Robyn Lucas

ECU Publications Post 2013

The aim of this pilot study was to assess whether the installation of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) meters in secondary schools has the potential to improve adolescents’ sun protection‐related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours and reduce their exposure to UVR during school hours. Data were collected from students at two schools via online pre‐ and post‐intervention surveys, measurement of sunscreen usage, polysulfone UVR exposure badges, and photographs of the schoolyards to assess hat and shade use. Several operational issues limited the quantity and quality of data that could be collected, and findings were mixed. While there were no significant changes ...


The Effect Of Nordic Hamstring Exercise Intervention Volume On Eccentric Strength And Muscle Architecture Adaptations: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analyses, Matthew Cuthbert, Nicholas Ripley, John J. Mcmahon, Martin Evans, G. Gregory Haff, Paul Comfort Jan 2020

The Effect Of Nordic Hamstring Exercise Intervention Volume On Eccentric Strength And Muscle Architecture Adaptations: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analyses, Matthew Cuthbert, Nicholas Ripley, John J. Mcmahon, Martin Evans, G. Gregory Haff, Paul Comfort

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background: Although performance of the Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) has been shown to elicit adaptations that may reduce hamstring strain injury (HSI) risk and occurrence, compliance in NHE interventions in professional soccer teams is low despite a high occurrence of HSI in soccer. A possible reason for low compliance is the high dosages prescribed within the recommended interventions. The aim of this review was to investigate the effect of NHE-training volume on eccentric hamstring strength and biceps femoris fascicle length adaptations.

Methods: A literature search was conducted using the SPORTDiscus, Ovid, and PubMed databases. A total of 293 studies were ...


Effect Of Long-Duration Adventure Races On Cardiac Damage Biomarker Release And Muscular Function In Young Athletes, Anthony Birat, Pierre Bourdier, Alexandre Dodu, Claire Grossoeuvre, Anthony J. Blazevich, Virjile Amiot, Anne-Charlotte Dupont, Stephane Nottin, Sebastien Ratel Jan 2020

Effect Of Long-Duration Adventure Races On Cardiac Damage Biomarker Release And Muscular Function In Young Athletes, Anthony Birat, Pierre Bourdier, Alexandre Dodu, Claire Grossoeuvre, Anthony J. Blazevich, Virjile Amiot, Anne-Charlotte Dupont, Stephane Nottin, Sebastien Ratel

ECU Publications Post 2013

The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of 1- and 2-day adventure races on cardiac muscle damage and skeletal muscle soreness and function in young athletes. Twelve male trained adolescents (14–15 years) completed both 1-day (48.2 km) and 2-day (66.0 km) races that included trail running, mountain biking, kayaking, and in-line skating separated by 10 weeks. Myocardial damage biomarker concentrations (cTnI and CK-MB), maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque, perceived knee extensor (KE) muscle soreness (PMS), and drop and squat jump heights were measured before and after each race. Heart rate was also ...


A Sensorimotor Control Framework For Understanding Emotional Communication And Regulation, Justin H.G. Williams, Charlotte F. Huggins, Barbra Zupan, Megan Willis, Tamsyn E. Van Rheenen, Wataru Sato, Romina Palermo, Catherine Ortner, Martin Krippl, Mariska Kret, Joanne M. Dickson, Chiang-Shan R. Li, Leroy Lowe Jan 2020

A Sensorimotor Control Framework For Understanding Emotional Communication And Regulation, Justin H.G. Williams, Charlotte F. Huggins, Barbra Zupan, Megan Willis, Tamsyn E. Van Rheenen, Wataru Sato, Romina Palermo, Catherine Ortner, Martin Krippl, Mariska Kret, Joanne M. Dickson, Chiang-Shan R. Li, Leroy Lowe

ECU Publications Post 2013

Our research team was asked to consider the relationship of the neuroscience of sensorimotor control to the language of emotions and feelings. Actions are the principal means for the communication of emotions and feelings in both humans and other animals, and the allostatic mechanisms controlling action also apply to the regulation of emotional states by the self and others. We consider how motor control of hierarchically organised, feedback-based, goal-directed action has evolved in humans, within a context of consciousness, appraisal and cultural learning, to serve emotions and feelings. In our linguistic analysis, we found that many emotion and feelings words ...


Bilingualism Is Associated With A Delayed Onset Of Dementia But Not With A Lower Risk Of Developing It: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analyses, Stefano Brini, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Jeffrey J. Hebert, Mitchell R.L. Forrest, Matti Laine, Heikki Hämäläinen, Mira Karrasch, Jeremiah Peiffer, Ralph Martins, Timothy J. Fairchild Jan 2020

Bilingualism Is Associated With A Delayed Onset Of Dementia But Not With A Lower Risk Of Developing It: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analyses, Stefano Brini, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Jeffrey J. Hebert, Mitchell R.L. Forrest, Matti Laine, Heikki Hämäläinen, Mira Karrasch, Jeremiah Peiffer, Ralph Martins, Timothy J. Fairchild

ECU Publications Post 2013

Some studies have linked bilingualism with a later onset of dementia, Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Not all studies have observed such relationships, however. Differences in study outcomes may be due to methodological limitations and the presence of confounding factors within studies such as immigration status and level of education. We conducted the first systematic review with meta-analysis combining cross-sectional studies to explore if bilingualism might delay symptom onset and diagnosis of dementia, AD, and MCI. Primary outcomes included the age of symptom onset, the age at diagnosis of MCI or dementia, and the risk of ...


Medical-Attention Injuries In Community Cricket: A Systematic Review, Geordie Mcleod, Siobhan O'Connor, Damian Morgan, Alex Kountouris, Caroline F. Finch, Lauren V. Fortington Jan 2020

Medical-Attention Injuries In Community Cricket: A Systematic Review, Geordie Mcleod, Siobhan O'Connor, Damian Morgan, Alex Kountouris, Caroline F. Finch, Lauren V. Fortington

ECU Publications Post 2013

Objectives: The aim was to identify and describe outcomes from original published studies that present the number, nature, mechanism and severity of medically treated injuries sustained in community-level cricket. Design: Systematic review. Methods: Nine databases were systematically searched to December 2019 using terms "cricket∗" and "injur∗". Original, peer-reviewed studies reporting injury for at least one injury descriptor (body region, nature of injury and/or mechanism of injury) in community-level cricketers of all ages were included. Qualitative synthesis, critical appraisal and descriptive summary results are reported within the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Results: Six studies ...


Corrections To: The Effect Of Nordic Hamstring Exercise Intervention Volume On Eccentric Strength And Muscle Architecture Adaptations: A Systematic Journal Article And Meta-Analyses, Matthew Cuthbert, Nicholas Ripley, John J. Mcmahon, Martin Evans, G. Gregory Haff, Paul Comfort Jan 2020

Corrections To: The Effect Of Nordic Hamstring Exercise Intervention Volume On Eccentric Strength And Muscle Architecture Adaptations: A Systematic Journal Article And Meta-Analyses, Matthew Cuthbert, Nicholas Ripley, John J. Mcmahon, Martin Evans, G. Gregory Haff, Paul Comfort

ECU Publications Post 2013

No abstract provided.


Exercise Twice-A-Day Potentiates Markers Of Mitochondrial Biogenesis In Men, Victor Amorim Andrade-Souza, Thaysa Ghiarone, Andre Sansonio, Kleiton Augusto Santos Silva, Fabiano Tomazini, Lucyana Arcoverde, Jackson Fyfe, Enrico Perri, Nicholas Saner, Jujiao Kuang, Romulo Bertuzzi, Carol Gois Leandro, David John Bishop, Adriano Eduardo Lima‐Silva Jan 2020

Exercise Twice-A-Day Potentiates Markers Of Mitochondrial Biogenesis In Men, Victor Amorim Andrade-Souza, Thaysa Ghiarone, Andre Sansonio, Kleiton Augusto Santos Silva, Fabiano Tomazini, Lucyana Arcoverde, Jackson Fyfe, Enrico Perri, Nicholas Saner, Jujiao Kuang, Romulo Bertuzzi, Carol Gois Leandro, David John Bishop, Adriano Eduardo Lima‐Silva

ECU Publications Post 2013

Endurance exercise begun with reduced muscle glycogen stores seems to potentiate skeletal muscle protein abundance and gene expression. However, it is unknown whether this greater signaling responses is due to performing two exercise sessions in close proximity-as a first exercise session is necessary to reduce the muscle glycogen stores. In the present study, we manipulated the recovery duration between a first muscle glycogen-depleting exercise and a second exercise session, such that the second exercise session started with reduced muscle glycogen in both approaches but was performed either 2 or 15 hours after the first exercise session (so-called "twice-a-day" and "once-daily ...


Contralateral Effects By Unilateral Eccentric Versus Concentric Resistance Training, Wei-Chin Tseng, Kazunori Nosaka, Kuo-Wei Tseng, Tai-Ying Chou, Trevor C. Chen Jan 2020

Contralateral Effects By Unilateral Eccentric Versus Concentric Resistance Training, Wei-Chin Tseng, Kazunori Nosaka, Kuo-Wei Tseng, Tai-Ying Chou, Trevor C. Chen

ECU Publications Post 2013

Purpose: Unilateral resistance training increases muscle strength of the contralateral homologous muscle by the cross-education effect. Muscle damage induced by second eccentric exercise bout is attenuated, even when it is performed by the contralateral limb. The present study compared the effects of unilateral eccentric training (ET) and concentric training (CT) of the elbow flexors (EF) on maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) strength and muscle damage of the contralateral untrained EF.

Methods: Young men were placed into ET, CT, ipsilateral repeated bout (IL-RB), and contralateral repeated bout (CL-RB) groups (n = 12 per group). The ET and CT groups performed unilateral EF ...


Geographical Disparities In Screening And Cancer- Related Health Behaviour, Belinda Goodwin, Arlen K. Rowe, Fiona Crawford-Williams, Peter Baade, Suzanne K. Chambers, Nicholas Ralph, Joanne F. Aitken Jan 2020

Geographical Disparities In Screening And Cancer- Related Health Behaviour, Belinda Goodwin, Arlen K. Rowe, Fiona Crawford-Williams, Peter Baade, Suzanne K. Chambers, Nicholas Ralph, Joanne F. Aitken

ECU Publications Post 2013

This study aimed to identify whether cancer-related health behaviours including participation in cancer screening vary by geographic location in Australia. Data were obtained from the 2014–2015 Australian National Health Survey, a computer-assisted telephone interview that measured a range of health-related issues in a sample of randomly selected households. Chi-square tests and adjusted odds ratios from logistic regression models were computed to assess the association between residential location and cancer-related health behaviours including cancer screening participation, alcohol consumption, smoking, exercise, and fruit and vegetable intake, controlling for age, socio-economic status (SES), education, and place of birth. The findings show insufficient ...


Whole-Fat Or Reduced-Fat Dairy Product Intake, Adiposity, And Cardiometabolic Health In Children: A Systematic Review, Therese O'Sullivan, Kelsey A. Schmidt, Mario Kratz Jan 2020

Whole-Fat Or Reduced-Fat Dairy Product Intake, Adiposity, And Cardiometabolic Health In Children: A Systematic Review, Therese O'Sullivan, Kelsey A. Schmidt, Mario Kratz

ECU Publications Post 2013

Dietary guidelines commonly recommend that children aged >2 y consume reduced-fat dairy products rather than regular- or whole-fat dairy. In adults, most studies have not found the consumption of whole-fat dairy products to be associated with increased cardiometabolic or adiposity risk. Associations in children could differ due to growth and development. We systematically reviewed the literature in indexed, peer-reviewed journals to summarize pediatric studies (children aged from 2 to 18 y) assessing associations between whole- and reduced-fat dairy intake and measures of adiposity as well as biomarkers of cardiometabolic disease risk, including the serum lipid profile, blood pressure, low-grade chronic ...


Sustaining Dancer Wellbeing Through Independent Professional Dance Careers, Luke S. Hopper, Peta Blevins, Shona Erskine, Danica Hendry, Raewyn Hill, Richard Longbottom Jan 2020

Sustaining Dancer Wellbeing Through Independent Professional Dance Careers, Luke S. Hopper, Peta Blevins, Shona Erskine, Danica Hendry, Raewyn Hill, Richard Longbottom

ECU Publications Post 2013

Dancers dedicate their lives to their art. The lucky few dancers who reach professional careers, must navigate a casualised industry, balance financial pressures and maintain performance fitness. This research aimed to provide practical considerations for dancers to support their health and wellbeing through independent, professional dance careers. Dancers from Australian contemporary dance company Co3 participated in a training program involving psychological and physiotherapy assessments and fitness training in conjunction with a major performance season. Focus groups with company dancers and staff investigated the perceived efficacy of the training program within the company schedule and in supporting dancer wellbeing. Dancers were ...


Increasing Food Expenditure In Long Daycare By An Extra $0.50 Per Child/Day Would Improve Core Food Group Provision, Ros Sambell, Ruth Wallace, Johnny Lo, Leesa Costello, Amanda Devine Jan 2020

Increasing Food Expenditure In Long Daycare By An Extra $0.50 Per Child/Day Would Improve Core Food Group Provision, Ros Sambell, Ruth Wallace, Johnny Lo, Leesa Costello, Amanda Devine

ECU Publications Post 2013

Early childhood education and care services are a significant feature of Australian family life, where nearly 1.4 million children attended a service in 2019. This paper reports on the cost of food provided to children in long day-care (LDC) services and extrapolates expenditure recommendations to support food provision compliance. A cross-sectional audit of LDC services in metropolitan Perth was conducted to determine food group provision by weighing raw ingredients of meal preparation—morning tea, lunch, and afternoon tea (MT, L, AT). Ingredients were costed at 2017 online metropolitan pricing from a large supermarket chain. Across participating services, 2 days ...


Static Stretch And Dynamic Muscle Activity Induce Acute Similar Increase In Corticospinal Excitability, Jules Opplertid, Christos Paizis, Athina Papitsa, Anthony J. Blazevich, Carole Cometti, Nicolas Babault Jan 2020

Static Stretch And Dynamic Muscle Activity Induce Acute Similar Increase In Corticospinal Excitability, Jules Opplertid, Christos Paizis, Athina Papitsa, Anthony J. Blazevich, Carole Cometti, Nicolas Babault

ECU Publications Post 2013

Even though the acute effects of pre-exercise static stretching and dynamic muscle activity on muscular and functional performance have been largely investigated, their effects on the corticospinal pathway are still unclear. For that reason, this study examined the acute effects of 5×20 s of static stretching, dynamic muscle activity and a control condition on spinal excitability, corticospinal excitability and plantar flexor neuromuscular properties. Fifteen volunteers were randomly tested on separate days. Transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied to investigate corticospinal excitability by recording the amplitude of the motorevoked potential (MEP) and the duration of the cortical silent period (cSP). Peripheral ...


Correction To: Bilingualism Is Associated With A Delayed Onset Of Dementia But Not With A Lower Risk Of Developing It: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analyses, Stefano Brini, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Jeffrey J. Hebert, Mitchell R. L. Forrest, Matti Laine, Heikki Hämäläinen, Mira Karrasch, Jeremiah J. Peiffer, Ralph N. Martins, Timothy J. Fairchild Jan 2020

Correction To: Bilingualism Is Associated With A Delayed Onset Of Dementia But Not With A Lower Risk Of Developing It: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analyses, Stefano Brini, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Jeffrey J. Hebert, Mitchell R. L. Forrest, Matti Laine, Heikki Hämäläinen, Mira Karrasch, Jeremiah J. Peiffer, Ralph N. Martins, Timothy J. Fairchild

ECU Publications Post 2013

The original version of this article unfortunately contained the following mistakes. 1. In the Results section under the paragraph Disease Severity, the sentence “The PIs ranged between -0.47 and 0.57 MMSE points” should read -0.49 and 0.59 MMSE points. 2. In Figs. 3, 5, and 7, the labels “favour bilinguals” and “favours monolinguals” should be inverted. Therefore, it should be “favours monolinguals” and “favours bilinguals”. Please see below for the correct figures. © 2020, The Author(s).


The Impact Of A Residential Camp On Grandchildren Raised By Grandparents: Grandparents’ Perspectives, J. Dare, R. Marquis, E. Wenden, S. Gopi, D. A. Coall Jan 2020

The Impact Of A Residential Camp On Grandchildren Raised By Grandparents: Grandparents’ Perspectives, J. Dare, R. Marquis, E. Wenden, S. Gopi, D. A. Coall

ECU Publications Post 2013

This research aimed to investigate grandparents’ perspectives on the impact of Leadership and Respite Camps, designed for children being raised by their grandparents, on their grandchildren. In-depth interviews were conducted with 34 grandparents whose grandchildren had participated in 1 of 3 camps held between September 2018 and January 2019, in Perth and the south-west of Western Australia. Findings highlighted how grandcarers’ perceived the camps created unique opportunities for grandchildren to share their experiences in a safe and supportive environment. Grandparents reported significant psychosocial benefits to their grandchild, including feeling they fitted in with their peers and were not alone in ...


The External Validity Of A Novel Contract-Relax Stretching Technique On Knee Flexor Range Of Motion, Anthony D. Kay, Joshua Dixon, Liam D. Bligh, Anthony J. Blazevich Jan 2020

The External Validity Of A Novel Contract-Relax Stretching Technique On Knee Flexor Range Of Motion, Anthony D. Kay, Joshua Dixon, Liam D. Bligh, Anthony J. Blazevich

ECU Publications Post 2013

Introduction: Compromised joint range of motion (ROM) can negatively affect the capacity to perform activities of daily living in clinical populations. Recently, similar improvements in dorsiflexion ROM were reported following dynamometry‐based contract‐relax (CR) stretching and modified CR stretching technique (stretch‐return‐contract [SRC]) where the contraction phase was performed “off stretch.” As neither the impact of SRC on other muscle groups nor the ecological validity of SRC performed in an applied environment has been tested, the acute effects of both techniques in dynamometry‐ (CRdyna and SRCdyna) and field‐based (CRfield and SRCfield) environments were ...


Characterizing The Composition Of The Pediatric Gut Microbiome: A Systematic Review, Kane E. Deering, Amanda Devine, Therese A. O’Sullivan, Johnny Lo, Mary C. Boyce, Claus T. Christophersen Jan 2020

Characterizing The Composition Of The Pediatric Gut Microbiome: A Systematic Review, Kane E. Deering, Amanda Devine, Therese A. O’Sullivan, Johnny Lo, Mary C. Boyce, Claus T. Christophersen

ECU Publications Post 2013

The consortium of trillions of microorganisms that live inside the human gut are integral to health. Little has been done to collate and characterize the microbiome of children. A systematic review was undertaken to address this gap (PROSPERO ID: CRD42018109599). MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched using the keywords: “healthy preadolescent children” and “gut microbiome” to 31 August 2018. Of the 815 journal articles, 42 met the inclusion criteria. The primary outcome was the relative abundance of bacteria at the phylum, family, and genus taxonomic ranks. α-diversity, short chain fatty acid concentrations, diet, 16S rRNA sequencing region, and geographical location were ...


Liquid Biopsy In Ovarian Cancer Using Circulating Tumor Dna And Cells: Ready For Prime Time?, Du-Bois Asante, Leslie Calapre, Melanie Ziman, Tarek M. Meniawy, Elin S. Gray Jan 2020

Liquid Biopsy In Ovarian Cancer Using Circulating Tumor Dna And Cells: Ready For Prime Time?, Du-Bois Asante, Leslie Calapre, Melanie Ziman, Tarek M. Meniawy, Elin S. Gray

ECU Publications Post 2013

Liquid biopsies hold the potential to inform cancer patient prognosis and to guide treatment decisions at the time when direct tumor biopsy may be impractical due to its invasive nature, inaccessibility and associated complications. Specifically, circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have shown promising results as companion diagnostic biomarkers for screening, prognostication and/or patient surveillance in many cancer types. In ovarian cancer (OC), CTC and ctDNA analysis allow comprehensive molecular profiling of the primary, metastatic and recurrent tumors. These biomarkers also correlate with overall tumor burden and thus, they provide minimally-invasive means for patient monitoring during ...


Association Of Suboptimal Health Status With Intestinal Microbiota In Chinese Youths., Qi Sun, Xizhu Xu, Jie Zhang, Ming Sun, Qiuyue Tian, Qihuan Li, Weijie Cao, Xiaoyu Zhang, Hao Wang, Jiaonan Liu, Jinxia Zhang, Xiaoni Meng, Lijuan Wu, Manshu Song, Hongqi Liu, Wei Wang, Youxin Wang Jan 2020

Association Of Suboptimal Health Status With Intestinal Microbiota In Chinese Youths., Qi Sun, Xizhu Xu, Jie Zhang, Ming Sun, Qiuyue Tian, Qihuan Li, Weijie Cao, Xiaoyu Zhang, Hao Wang, Jiaonan Liu, Jinxia Zhang, Xiaoni Meng, Lijuan Wu, Manshu Song, Hongqi Liu, Wei Wang, Youxin Wang

ECU Publications Post 2013

Suboptimal health status (SHS), a physical state between health and disease, is a subclinical and reversible stage of chronic disease. Previous studies have shown alterations in the intestinal microbiota in patients with some chronic diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association between SHS and intestinal microbiota in a case-control study with 50 SHS individuals and 50 matched healthy controls. Intestinal microbiota was analysed by MiSeq 250PE. Alpha diversity of intestinal microbiota in SHS individuals was higher compared with that of healthy controls (Simpson index, W = 2238, P = .048). Beta diversity was different between SHS and healthy controls (P = .018 ...