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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Relationships Between Internal Training Load In A Taper With Elite Weightlifting Performance Calculated Using Different Moving Average Methods, Joseph O. C. Coyne, Robert U. Newton, G. Gregory Haff Mar 2021

Relationships Between Internal Training Load In A Taper With Elite Weightlifting Performance Calculated Using Different Moving Average Methods, Joseph O. C. Coyne, Robert U. Newton, G. Gregory Haff

ECU Publications Post 2013

Purpose: A simple and 2 different exponentially weighted moving average methods were used to investigate the relationships between internal training load and elite weightlifting performance. Methods: Training impulse data (sessional ratings of perceived exertion × training duration) were collected from 21 elite weightlifters (age = 26.0 [3.2] y, height = 162.2 [11.3] cm, body mass = 72.2 [23.8] kg, previous 12-mo personal best total 96.3% [2.7%] of world record total) during the 8 weeks prior to the 2016 Olympic Games qualifying competition. The amount of training modified or cancelled due to injury/illness was also collected ...


Weight Loss For Obese Prostate Cancer Patients On Androgen Deprivation Therapy, Rebekah Wilson, Robert Newton, Dennis Taaffe, Nicolas H. Hart, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Daniel A. Galvao Mar 2021

Weight Loss For Obese Prostate Cancer Patients On Androgen Deprivation Therapy, Rebekah Wilson, Robert Newton, Dennis Taaffe, Nicolas H. Hart, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Daniel A. Galvao

ECU Publications Post 2013

PURPOSE: Excess fat mass (FM) contributes to poor prostate cancer (PCa) prognosis and comorbidity. However, FM gain is a common side effect of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). We examined the efficacy of a 12-wk weight loss intervention to reduce FM and maintain lean mass (LM) in ADT-treated obese PCa patients.

METHODS: Fourteen ADT-treated obese PCa patients (72 ± 9 yr, 39.7% ± 5.4% body fat) were recruited for a self-controlled prospective study, with 11 completing the 6-wk control period, followed by a 12-wk intervention comprising 300 min·wk-1 of exercise including supervised resistance training and home-based aerobic exercise, and dietitian ...


Workplace Bullying, Psychological Hardiness, And Accidents And Injuries In Nursing: A Moderated Mediation Model, Stephen T. T. Teo, Diep Nguyen, Fiona Trevelyan, Felicity Lamm, Mark Boocock Jan 2021

Workplace Bullying, Psychological Hardiness, And Accidents And Injuries In Nursing: A Moderated Mediation Model, Stephen T. T. Teo, Diep Nguyen, Fiona Trevelyan, Felicity Lamm, Mark Boocock

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2021 Teo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Workplace bullying are prevalent among the nursing workforce. Consequences of workplace bullying include psychological stress and workplace accidents and injuries. Psychological hardiness is proposed as a buffer for workplace bullying and psychological stress on workplace accidents and injuries. This study adopted the Affective Events Theory and Conservation of Resources Theory to develop and test a moderated mediated model in two field studies ...


Development Of A Breech-Specific Integrated Care Pathway For Pregnant Women: Protocol For A Mixed Methods Study, Sara Morris, Sadie Geraghty, Deborah Sundin Jan 2021

Development Of A Breech-Specific Integrated Care Pathway For Pregnant Women: Protocol For A Mixed Methods Study, Sara Morris, Sadie Geraghty, Deborah Sundin

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background: The development of an integrated care pathway with multidisciplinary input to standardize and streamline care for pregnant women experiencing breech presentation at 36 or more weeks of gestation poses several challenges because of the divisive and contentious nature of the phenomenon. Although many clinicians are interested in obtaining the skills required to safely support women desiring a vaginal breech birth, the primary trend in most health care facilities is to recommend a cesarean section. Objective: This paper aims to discuss the mixed methods approach used in a doctoral study conducted to generate new knowledge regarding women’s experiences of ...


Risks To Healthcare Organizations And Staff Who Manage Obese (Bariatric) Patients And Use Of Obesity Data To Mitigate Risks: A Literature Review, Kim Mcclean, Martyn Cross, Sue Reed Jan 2021

Risks To Healthcare Organizations And Staff Who Manage Obese (Bariatric) Patients And Use Of Obesity Data To Mitigate Risks: A Literature Review, Kim Mcclean, Martyn Cross, Sue Reed

ECU Publications Post 2013

This literature review explores obesity risks to healthcare staff and organizations that manage and caring for obese (bariatric) patients. These risks are anticipated to increase due to Australian population obesity rate projections increasing from 31% in 2018 to 42% by the year 2035, which will result in increased hospital admissions of patients with obesity. Literature searches were conducted through the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science. Thirty studies met the inclusion criteria and were tabulated and critiqued using appropriate appraisal techniques. High risk of injury to healthcare staff was identified relating ...


An Exploration Of The Relationship Between Aphasia Therapy, Depression And Quality Of Life In Post-Stroke Patients After Rehabilitation At 12 And 26 Weeks After Stroke: A Verse Sub-Study, Alia Rashid Khan Jan 2021

An Exploration Of The Relationship Between Aphasia Therapy, Depression And Quality Of Life In Post-Stroke Patients After Rehabilitation At 12 And 26 Weeks After Stroke: A Verse Sub-Study, Alia Rashid Khan

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Background: Depression is a common consequence of stroke, and people with aphasia (PWA) post-stroke have a higher risk of developing depression compared to stroke survivors without aphasia. However, current stroke interventions featuring aphasia therapy tend to neglect the effect of the treatment on mood. There is also a lack of evidence on the impact of stroke education and counselling on PWA in early stroke recovery. Additionally, the research on post-stroke depression often excludes or insufficiently describes PWA in study populations. The influence of direct aphasia therapy on depression in PWA is undetermined. This sub-study investigated: i) the effect of ...


Associations Between Fruit Intake And Risk Of Diabetes In The Ausdiab Cohort: Supplementary Material, Nicola P. Bondonno, Raymond J. Davey, Kevin Murray, Simone Radavelli-Bagatini, Catherine P. Bondonno, Lauren C. Blekkenhorst, Marc Sim, Dianna J. Magliano, Robin M. Daly, Jonathan E. Shaw, Joshua R. Lewis, Jonathan M. Hodgson Jan 2021

Associations Between Fruit Intake And Risk Of Diabetes In The Ausdiab Cohort: Supplementary Material, Nicola P. Bondonno, Raymond J. Davey, Kevin Murray, Simone Radavelli-Bagatini, Catherine P. Bondonno, Lauren C. Blekkenhorst, Marc Sim, Dianna J. Magliano, Robin M. Daly, Jonathan E. Shaw, Joshua R. Lewis, Jonathan M. Hodgson

Research Datasets

Supplementary Material accompanying manuscript entitled ‘Associations between fruit intake and risk of diabetes in the AusDiab cohort’.


Chronic Nitrite Treatment Activates Adenosine Monophosphate-Activated Protein Kinase-Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Pathway In Human Aortic Endothelial Cells, Yang Liu, Kevin D. Croft, Jonathan M. Hodgson, Trevor Mori, Natalie C. Ward Jan 2021

Chronic Nitrite Treatment Activates Adenosine Monophosphate-Activated Protein Kinase-Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Pathway In Human Aortic Endothelial Cells, Yang Liu, Kevin D. Croft, Jonathan M. Hodgson, Trevor Mori, Natalie C. Ward

ECU Publications Post 2013

Endothelial dysfunction, with impaired bioavailability and/or bioactivity of the vasoprotective molecule, nitric oxide, appears to be a vital step in the initiation of atherosclerosis. Several studies have shown that dietary nitrate/nitrite can have significant benefits on human cardiovascular homeostasis. Although serum nitrite concentrations can reach micromolar levels, the physiological significance of nitrate/nitrite in normal tissues has not been fully elucidated. We investigated in vitro the chronic effects of nitrate/nitrite on endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) to determine the potential vasoprotective effects of nitrate/nitrite and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Our results demonstrate the expression of phosphorylated ...


Assessment Of The Clinical Validity Of Ctdna Analysis For Melanoma Management, Anda-Gabriela Marsavela Jan 2021

Assessment Of The Clinical Validity Of Ctdna Analysis For Melanoma Management, Anda-Gabriela Marsavela

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Metastatic melanoma is responsible for almost 80% of all skin cancer-related deaths and the incidence of people affected continues to rise worldwide. The emergence of targeted therapy and immune-checkpoint inhibitors has improved the clinical management of melanoma, but durable survival benefit is only seen in a minority of patients. The use of these very expensive systemic therapies on all appropriate patients also poses a high economic burden on health systems across numerous countries. Currently, surveillance for treatment failure is not optimal. Thus, reliable and accurate biomarkers of patient disease status are urgently required.

Circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) analysis has emerged ...


The Coaches’ Eye: Exploring Coach Decision-Making During Talent Identification, Alexandra Hannah Roberts Jan 2021

The Coaches’ Eye: Exploring Coach Decision-Making During Talent Identification, Alexandra Hannah Roberts

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

For decades, researchers and practitioners interested in talent identification have discussed the coaches’ eye: the elusive ability that allows some coaches to ‘see’ qualities in an athlete that point to their talent or future potential. While there is significant anecdotal evidence of coaches who possess this ability, there is little empirical research supporting the validity or reliability of the coaches’ eye. Guided by ecological dynamics, this thesis employs mixed methodologies to explore the decision-making that underpins how high-level coaches identify talent in Olympic combat sports. These four studies captured the processes of thirty- four coaches during the talent identification process ...


Using Social Media In Health Literacy Research: A Promising Example Involving Facebook With Young Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Males From The Top End Of The Northern Territory, James A. Smith, Anthony Merlino, Ben Christie, Mick Adams, Jason Bonson, Richard H. Osborne, Murray Drummond, Barry Judd, David Aanundsen, Jesse Fleay, Himanshu Gupta Jan 2021

Using Social Media In Health Literacy Research: A Promising Example Involving Facebook With Young Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Males From The Top End Of The Northern Territory, James A. Smith, Anthony Merlino, Ben Christie, Mick Adams, Jason Bonson, Richard H. Osborne, Murray Drummond, Barry Judd, David Aanundsen, Jesse Fleay, Himanshu Gupta

ECU Publications Post 2013

This brief report describes three key lessons learned during a health literacy research project with young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males from the Top End of the Northern Territory (NT), Australia. More specifically, it is a methodologically focused paper that discusses processes associated with using a combination of yarning sessions and social media content as tools to unpack conceptualisations of health and well‐being among this marginalised population. The lessons discussed include (a) the utility of using social media in providing an authentic window into the lives of a hard‐to‐reach populations; (b) the need to carefully consider ...


Standardisation Of Clinical Assessment, Management And Follow-Up Of Acute Hospitalised Exacerbation Of Copd: A Europe-Wide Consensus, Sanjay Ramakrishnan, Wim Janssens, Pierre R. Burgel, Marco Contoli, Frits M. E. Franssen, Neil J. Greening, Timm Greulich, Iwein Gyselinck, Andreas Halner, Arturo Huerta, Rebecca L. Morgan, Jennifer K. Quint, Lowie E. G. W. Vanfleteren, Kristina Vermeersch, Henrik Watz, Mona Bafadhel Jan 2021

Standardisation Of Clinical Assessment, Management And Follow-Up Of Acute Hospitalised Exacerbation Of Copd: A Europe-Wide Consensus, Sanjay Ramakrishnan, Wim Janssens, Pierre R. Burgel, Marco Contoli, Frits M. E. Franssen, Neil J. Greening, Timm Greulich, Iwein Gyselinck, Andreas Halner, Arturo Huerta, Rebecca L. Morgan, Jennifer K. Quint, Lowie E. G. W. Vanfleteren, Kristina Vermeersch, Henrik Watz, Mona Bafadhel

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background: Despite hospitalization for exacerbation being a high-risk event for morbidity and mortality, there is little consensus globally regarding the assessment and management of hospitalised exacerbations of COPD. We aimed to establish a consensus list of symptoms, physiological measures, clinical scores, patient questionnaires and investigations to be obtained at time of hospitalised COPD exacerbation and follow-up. Methods: A modified Delphi online survey with pre-defined consensus of importance, feasibility and frequency of measures at hospitalisation and follow-up of a COPD exacerbation was undertaken. Findings: A total of 25 COPD experts from 18 countries contributed to all 3 rounds of the survey ...


Identification And Characterisation Of Putative Drug Binding Sites In Human Atp-Binding Cassette B5 (Abcb5) Transporter, Lokeswari P. Tangella, Mahreen Arooj, Evelyne Deplazes, Elin S. Gray, Ricardo L. Mancera Jan 2021

Identification And Characterisation Of Putative Drug Binding Sites In Human Atp-Binding Cassette B5 (Abcb5) Transporter, Lokeswari P. Tangella, Mahreen Arooj, Evelyne Deplazes, Elin S. Gray, Ricardo L. Mancera

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020 The Author(s) The human ATP-binding cassette B5 (ABCB5) transporter, a member of the ABC transporter superfamily, is linked to chemoresistance in tumour cells by drug effluxion. However, little is known about its structure and drug-binding sites. In this study, we generated an atomistic model of the full-length human ABCB5 transporter with the highest quality using the X-ray crystal structure of mouse ABCB1 (Pgp1), a close homologue of ABCB5 and a well-studied member of the ABC family. Molecular dynamics simulations were used to validate the atomistic model of ABCB5 and characterise its structural properties in model cell membranes. Molecular ...


Differential Effects Of Sex On Longitudinal Patterns Of Cognitive Decline In Parkinson’S Disease, Megan C. Bakeberg, Anastazja M. Gorecki, Jade E. Kenna, Alexa Jefferson, Michelle Byrnes, Soumya Ghosh, Malcolm K. Horne, Sarah Mcgregor, Rick Stell, Sue Walters, Paola Chivers, Samantha J. Winter, Frank L. Mastaglia, Ryan S. Anderton Jan 2021

Differential Effects Of Sex On Longitudinal Patterns Of Cognitive Decline In Parkinson’S Disease, Megan C. Bakeberg, Anastazja M. Gorecki, Jade E. Kenna, Alexa Jefferson, Michelle Byrnes, Soumya Ghosh, Malcolm K. Horne, Sarah Mcgregor, Rick Stell, Sue Walters, Paola Chivers, Samantha J. Winter, Frank L. Mastaglia, Ryan S. Anderton

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2021, The Author(s). Background: Cognitive impairment is an important and diverse symptom of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Sex is a purported risk variable for cognitive decline in PD, but has not been comprehensively investigated. Objectives: This cross-sectional and longitudinal study examined sex differences in global and domain-specific cognitive performance in a large PD cohort. Methods: Cognitive function was evaluated using the Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination in 392 people with PD (PwP) from the Australian Parkinson’s Disease Registry. The influence of sex on domain-specific cognitive performance was investigated using covariate-corrected generalised linear models. In a repeated measures longitudinal subset ...


Dilemmas In Anticoagulation And Use Of Inferior Vena Cava Filters In Venous Thromboembolism; A Survey Of Respiratory Physicians, Haematologists And Medical Oncologists And A Review Of The Literature, Philip Craven, Ciara Daly, Nisha Sikotra, Tim Clay, Eli Gabbay Jan 2021

Dilemmas In Anticoagulation And Use Of Inferior Vena Cava Filters In Venous Thromboembolism; A Survey Of Respiratory Physicians, Haematologists And Medical Oncologists And A Review Of The Literature, Philip Craven, Ciara Daly, Nisha Sikotra, Tim Clay, Eli Gabbay

ECU Publications Post 2013

© The Author(s) 2021. Twenty percent of patients with Cancer Associated Thrombosis receive an inferior vena cava filter annually. Insertion is guided by practice guidelines, which do not specify or discuss the use of inferior vena cava filters in malignancy. Adherence to these guidelines is known to be variable. We aimed to see if there was consistent management of venous thromboembolism among Medical Oncologists/Haematologists and Respiratory Physicians, with respect to inferior vena cava filter use in the setting of suspected and confirmed malignancy. Medical Oncologists, Haematologists and Respiratory Physicians were surveyed with four theoretical cases. Case 1 concerns a ...


Public Health Lessons From Crisis-Related Travel: The Covid-19 Pandemic, Jun Wen, Zhaohui Su Jan 2021

Public Health Lessons From Crisis-Related Travel: The Covid-19 Pandemic, Jun Wen, Zhaohui Su

ECU Publications Post 2013

No abstract provided.


High-Intensity Exercise And Cognitive Function In Cognitively Normal Older Adults: A Pilot Randomised Clinical Trial, Belinda M. Brown, Natalie Frost, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, James Doecke, Shaun Markovic, Nicole Gordon, Michael Weinborn, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Simon M. Laws, Ralph N. Martins, Kirk I. Erickson, Jeremiah J. Peiffer Jan 2021

High-Intensity Exercise And Cognitive Function In Cognitively Normal Older Adults: A Pilot Randomised Clinical Trial, Belinda M. Brown, Natalie Frost, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, James Doecke, Shaun Markovic, Nicole Gordon, Michael Weinborn, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Simon M. Laws, Ralph N. Martins, Kirk I. Erickson, Jeremiah J. Peiffer

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2021, The Author(s). Background: Physical inactivity has been consistently linked to increased risk of cognitive decline; however, studies examining the impact of exercise interventions on cognition have produced inconsistent findings. Some observational studies suggest exercise intensity may be important for inducing cognitive improvements; however, this has yet to be thoroughly examined in older adult cohorts. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effect of systematically manipulated high-intensity and moderate-intensity exercise interventions on cognition. Methods: This multi-arm pilot randomised clinical trial investigated the effects of 6 months of high-intensity exercise and moderate-intensity exercise, compared with an inactive ...


Opportunistic Premise Plumbing Pathogens. A Potential Health Risk In Water Mist Systems Used As A Cooling Intervention, Edmore Masaka, Sue Reed, Maggie Davidson, Jacques Oosthuizen Jan 2021

Opportunistic Premise Plumbing Pathogens. A Potential Health Risk In Water Mist Systems Used As A Cooling Intervention, Edmore Masaka, Sue Reed, Maggie Davidson, Jacques Oosthuizen

ECU Publications Post 2013

Water mist systems (WMS) are used for evaporative cooling in public areas. The health risks associated with their colonization by opportunistic premise plumbing pathogens (OPPPs) is not well understood. To advance the understanding of the potential health risk of OPPPs in WMS, biofilm, water and bioaerosol samples (n = 90) from ten (10) WMS in Australia were collected and analyzed by culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods to detect the occurrence of five representative OPPPs: Legionella pneumophila, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium avium, Naegleria fowleri and Acanthamoeba. P. aeruginosa (44%, n = 90) occurred more frequently in samples, followed by L. pneumophila serogroup ...


Process Development And Safety Evaluation Of Abcb5+ Limbal Stem Cells As Advanced-Therapy Medicinal Product To Treat Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency, Alexandra Norrick, Jasmina Esterlechner, Elke Niebergall-Roth, Ulf Dehio, Samar Sadeghi, Hannes M. Schröder, Seda Ballikaya, Nicole Stemler, Christoph Ganss, Kathrin Dieter, Ann-Kathrin Dachtler, Patrick Merz, Saadettin Sel, James Chodosh, Claus Cursiefen, Natasha Y. Frank, Gerd U. Auffarth, Bruce Ksander, Markus H. Frank, Mark A. Kluth Jan 2021

Process Development And Safety Evaluation Of Abcb5+ Limbal Stem Cells As Advanced-Therapy Medicinal Product To Treat Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency, Alexandra Norrick, Jasmina Esterlechner, Elke Niebergall-Roth, Ulf Dehio, Samar Sadeghi, Hannes M. Schröder, Seda Ballikaya, Nicole Stemler, Christoph Ganss, Kathrin Dieter, Ann-Kathrin Dachtler, Patrick Merz, Saadettin Sel, James Chodosh, Claus Cursiefen, Natasha Y. Frank, Gerd U. Auffarth, Bruce Ksander, Markus H. Frank, Mark A. Kluth

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background: While therapeutic success of the limbal tissue or cell transplantation to treat severe cases of limbal stem cell (LSC) deficiency (LSCD) strongly depends on the percentage of LSCs within the transplanted cells, prospective LSC enrichment has been hampered by the intranuclear localization of the previously reported LSC marker p63. The recent identification of the ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCB5 as a plasma membrane-spanning marker of LSCs that are capable of restoring the cornea and the development of an antibody directed against an extracellular loop of the ABCB5 molecule stimulated us to develop a novel treatment strategy based on the utilization ...


Children And Young People's Experiences Of Living With Developmental Coordination Disorder/Dyspraxia: A Systematic Review And Meta-Ethnography Of Qualitative Research, Aíne O'Dea, Mandy Stanley, Susan Coote, Katie Robinson Jan 2021

Children And Young People's Experiences Of Living With Developmental Coordination Disorder/Dyspraxia: A Systematic Review And Meta-Ethnography Of Qualitative Research, Aíne O'Dea, Mandy Stanley, Susan Coote, Katie Robinson

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background: To date services for children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) have not been informed by the perspective of children with DCD. This study aimed to synthesise the findings of discrete qualitative studies reporting the lived experiences views and preferences of children and young with DCD using a meta-ethnographic approach to develop new conceptual understandings. Methods: A systematic search of ten databases; Academic Search Complete, AMED, CINAHL, ERIC, MEDLINE, PsychArticles, PsychInfo, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science, was conducted between March and April 2019, and updated in early June 2020. Meta-ethnography, following the method described by Noblit and Hare was ...


Metabolomics And Lipidomics: Expanding The Molecular Landscape Of Exercise Biology, Mehdi R. Belhaj, Nathan G. Lawler, Nolan J. Hoffman Jan 2021

Metabolomics And Lipidomics: Expanding The Molecular Landscape Of Exercise Biology, Mehdi R. Belhaj, Nathan G. Lawler, Nolan J. Hoffman

ECU Publications Post 2013

Dynamic changes in circulating and tissue metabolites and lipids occur in response to exercise-induced cellular and whole-body energy demands to maintain metabolic homeostasis. The metabolome and lipidome in a given biological system provides a molecular snapshot of these rapid and complex metabolic perturbations. The application of metabolomics and lipidomics to map the metabolic responses to an acute bout of aerobic/endurance or resistance exercise has dramatically expanded over the past decade thanks to major analytical advancements, with most exercise-related studies to date focused on analyzing human biofluids and tissues. Experimental and analytical con-siderations, as well as complementary studies using animal ...


Involuntary Sustained Firing Of Plantar Flexor Motor Neurones: Effect Of Electrical Stimulation Parameters During Tendon Vibration, Ricardo N. O. Mesquita, Janet L. Taylor, Benjamin Kirk, Anthony J. Blazevich Jan 2021

Involuntary Sustained Firing Of Plantar Flexor Motor Neurones: Effect Of Electrical Stimulation Parameters During Tendon Vibration, Ricardo N. O. Mesquita, Janet L. Taylor, Benjamin Kirk, Anthony J. Blazevich

ECU Publications Post 2013

Purpose

Simultaneous application of tendon vibration and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) induces an involuntary sustained torque. We examined the effect of different NMES parameters (intensity, pattern of stimulation and pulse width) on the magnitude of the evoked involuntary torque.

Methods

Plantar flexor torque was recorded during 33-s Achilles tendon vibration with simultaneous 20-Hz NMES bouts on triceps surae (n = 20; 13 women). Intensity was set to elicit 10, 20 or 30% of maximal voluntary contraction torque (MVC), pulse width was narrow (0.2 ms) or wide (1 ms), and the stimulus pattern varied (5 × 2-s or 10 × 1-s). Up to ...


Prevalence Of Frailty And Pain In Hospitalised Adult Patients In An Acute Hospital: A Protocol For A Point Prevalence Observational Study, Rosemary Saunders, Kate Crookes, Mustafa Atee, Caroline Bulsara, Max K. Bulsara, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Beverley Ewens, Olivia Gallagher, Renee M. Graham, Karen Gullick, Sue Haydon, Kim-Huong Nguyen, Bev O'Connell, Karla Seaman, Jeff Hughes Jan 2021

Prevalence Of Frailty And Pain In Hospitalised Adult Patients In An Acute Hospital: A Protocol For A Point Prevalence Observational Study, Rosemary Saunders, Kate Crookes, Mustafa Atee, Caroline Bulsara, Max K. Bulsara, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Beverley Ewens, Olivia Gallagher, Renee M. Graham, Karen Gullick, Sue Haydon, Kim-Huong Nguyen, Bev O'Connell, Karla Seaman, Jeff Hughes

ECU Publications Post 2013

Introduction Frailty and pain are associated with adverse patient clinical outcomes and healthcare system costs. Frailty and pain can interact, such that symptoms of frailty can make pain assessment difficult and pain can exacerbate the progression of frailty. The prevalence of frailty and pain and their concurrence in hospital settings are not well understood, and patients with cognitive impairment are often excluded from pain prevalence studies due to difficulties assessing their pain. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of frailty and pain in adult inpatients, including those with cognitive impairment, in an acute care private metropolitan ...


Identifying Differences In Nutrition-Related Learning Interests Of Adolescent Students, Margaret Miller, Donna Barwood, Michael Furfaro, Julie Boston, Sandra Smith, Martin Masek Jan 2021

Identifying Differences In Nutrition-Related Learning Interests Of Adolescent Students, Margaret Miller, Donna Barwood, Michael Furfaro, Julie Boston, Sandra Smith, Martin Masek

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2021 The Authors. Journal of School Health published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. on behalf of American School Health Association. BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined nutrition-related topics among adolescent students attending schools with different Indices of Community Socio-Educational Advantage (ICSEA). METHOD: Participating students (N = 206) from 5 schools in Western Australia completed a paper-based questionnaire on nutrition-related topics. Frequencies and independent chi-square tests were used to identify differences between sexes and school ICSEA. RESULTS: Of the participating students, 75% were interested in learning about 8 of 16 topics. We found statistically significant differences by sex (p < .01) for “Eating the right foods for preventing illness and disease,” “Eating the right food for being active” among girls, and “Reducing food waste” among boys. We also noted differences by school ICSEA. CONCLUSION: Acknowledging sex and socioeducational differences in teaching and learning may help teachers to engage adolescent students in nutrition education.


Correction To: Navigate: A Study Protocol For A Randomised Controlled Trial Of An Online Treatment Decision Aid For Men With Low-Risk Prostate Cancer And Their Partners, Penelope Schofield, Karla Gough, Amelia Hyatt, Alan White, Mark Frydenberg, Suzanne Chambers, Louisa G. Gordon, Robert Gardiner, Declan G. Murphy, Lawrence Cavedon, Natalie Richards, Barbara Murphy, Stephen Quinn, Ilona Juraskova Jan 2021

Correction To: Navigate: A Study Protocol For A Randomised Controlled Trial Of An Online Treatment Decision Aid For Men With Low-Risk Prostate Cancer And Their Partners, Penelope Schofield, Karla Gough, Amelia Hyatt, Alan White, Mark Frydenberg, Suzanne Chambers, Louisa G. Gordon, Robert Gardiner, Declan G. Murphy, Lawrence Cavedon, Natalie Richards, Barbara Murphy, Stephen Quinn, Ilona Juraskova

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2021, The Author(s). Following publication of the original article [1], we were notified of a typo in the spelling of the 10th author name, originally spelt as “Cavdon” instead of “Cavedon” (i.e., missing “e”). The original article has been corrected.


Test Re-Test Reliability Of Single And Multijoint Strength Properties In Female Australian Footballers, Daniel Kadlec, Matthew J. Jordan, Leanne Snyder, Jacqueline Alderson, Sophia Nimphius Jan 2021

Test Re-Test Reliability Of Single And Multijoint Strength Properties In Female Australian Footballers, Daniel Kadlec, Matthew J. Jordan, Leanne Snyder, Jacqueline Alderson, Sophia Nimphius

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2021, The Author(s). Purpose: To examine the test re-test reliability of isometric maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) of hip adduction (ADDISO), hip abduction (ABDISO), and multijoint leg extension (SQUATISO) in sub-elite female Australian footballers. Methods: Data were collected from 24 sub-elite female Australian footballers (age 22.6 ± 4.5 years; height 169.4 ± 5.5 cm; body mass 66.6 ± 8.0 kg; 4.5 ± 4.4 years sport-specific training; 2.5 ± 2.0 years unstructured resistance training) from the same club on two non-consecutive days. Participants performed three isometric MVCs of ADDISO, ABDISO, and SQUATISO. The SQUATISO was performed ...


Injury Deaths In Australian Sport And Recreation: Identifying And Assessing Priorities For Prevention, Lauren V. Fortington, Andrew S. Mcintosh, Caroline F. Finch Jan 2021

Injury Deaths In Australian Sport And Recreation: Identifying And Assessing Priorities For Prevention, Lauren V. Fortington, Andrew S. Mcintosh, Caroline F. Finch

ECU Publications Post 2013

Introduction

Sport and recreation is beneficial for health and wellbeing but comes with a probability of loss, including occasional fatal injuries. Following high-profile injury deaths in Australia, concerns are raised regarding the safety of sport participation. To understand the scale and scope of injury deaths, and identify potential prevention opportunities, the aim of this investigation was to describe the number and nature of fatal injuries in Australian sport and recreation.

Methods

This is a retrospective cohort study of injury deaths reported between 1 July 2000 to 31 December 2019 using data from the National Coronial Information System, Australia. Unintentional deaths ...


Are National Cancer Control Indicators For Patient Experiences Being Met In Regional And Remote Australia? A Cross-Sectional Study Of Cancer Survivors Who Travelled For Treatment, Jeff Dunn, Belinda Goodwin, Joanne F. Aitken, Sonja March, Fiona Crawford-Williams, Michael Ireland, Nicholas Ralph, Leah Zajdlewicz, Arlen Rowe, Suzanne K. Chambers Jan 2021

Are National Cancer Control Indicators For Patient Experiences Being Met In Regional And Remote Australia? A Cross-Sectional Study Of Cancer Survivors Who Travelled For Treatment, Jeff Dunn, Belinda Goodwin, Joanne F. Aitken, Sonja March, Fiona Crawford-Williams, Michael Ireland, Nicholas Ralph, Leah Zajdlewicz, Arlen Rowe, Suzanne K. Chambers

ECU Publications Post 2013

Objective: To examine the health services experience of patients with cancer from regional and remote Australia using the Australian National Cancer Control Indicators (NCCI) guidelines as an assessment framework. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting Queensland non-for-profit cancer accommodation lodges. Participants: Participants were patients with cancer who travelled for treatment from rural and remote Queensland to major urban centres (n=518; age mean=64.6, SD=11.18). Outcome measures: Assessments included NCCI patient indicators, quality of life (QoL), psychological distress and unmet supportive care needs. Results: The frequency at which NCCI indicators were met ranged from 37.5% for receiving an assessment ...


Exploring The Usability Of The Com-B Model And Theoretical Domains Framework (Tdf) To Define The Helpers Of And Hindrances To Evidence-Based Practice In Midwifery, Annemarie De Leo, Sara J. Bayes, Dianne Bloxsome, Janice Butt Jan 2021

Exploring The Usability Of The Com-B Model And Theoretical Domains Framework (Tdf) To Define The Helpers Of And Hindrances To Evidence-Based Practice In Midwifery, Annemarie De Leo, Sara J. Bayes, Dianne Bloxsome, Janice Butt

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background Despite the advancement of scientific research in the field of maternity care, midwives face challenges translating latest evidence into evidence-based practice (EBP) and express reticence towards leading practice change in clinical areas. This study aimed to explore midwifery leaders’ views on what factors help or hinder midwives’ efforts to translate latest evidence into everyday practice and consider them in relation to both the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation and Behaviour (COM-B) model and Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). Methods This qualitative study formed part of a larger action research (AR) project that was designed to improve midwives’ EBP implementation capability. Data were ...


Prognostic Value Of Abdominal Aortic Calcification: A Systematic Review And Meta‐Analysis Of Observational Studies, Kevin Leow, Pawel Szulc, John T. Schousboe, Douglas P. Kiel, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Hassan Shaikh, Michael Sawang, Marc Sim, Nicola P. Bondonno, Jonathan M. Hodgson, Ankit Sharma, Peter L. Thompson, Richard L. Prince, Jonathan C. Craig, Wai H. Lim, Germaine Wong, Joshua Lewis Jan 2021

Prognostic Value Of Abdominal Aortic Calcification: A Systematic Review And Meta‐Analysis Of Observational Studies, Kevin Leow, Pawel Szulc, John T. Schousboe, Douglas P. Kiel, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Hassan Shaikh, Michael Sawang, Marc Sim, Nicola P. Bondonno, Jonathan M. Hodgson, Ankit Sharma, Peter L. Thompson, Richard L. Prince, Jonathan C. Craig, Wai H. Lim, Germaine Wong, Joshua Lewis

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background

The prognostic importance of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) viewed on noninvasive imaging modalities remains uncertain.

Methods and Results

We searched electronic databases (MEDLINE and Embase) until March 2018. Multiple reviewers identified prospective studies reporting AAC and incident cardiovascular events or all‐cause mortality. Two independent reviewers assessed eligibility and risk of bias and extracted data. Summary risk ratios (RRs) were estimated using random‐effects models comparing the higher AAC groups combined (any or more advanced AAC) to the lowest reported AAC group. We identified 52 studies (46 cohorts, 36 092 participants); only studies of patients with chronic kidney disease ...