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2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 13893

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Aapt Diagnostic Criteria For Chronic Sickle Cell Disease Pain, Carlton Dampier, Tonya M. Palermo, Deepika S. Darbari, Kathryn Hassell, Wally Smith, William Zempsky Dec 2016

Aapt Diagnostic Criteria For Chronic Sickle Cell Disease Pain, Carlton Dampier, Tonya M. Palermo, Deepika S. Darbari, Kathryn Hassell, Wally Smith, William Zempsky

Neurology Publications

Pain in sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and high health care costs. Although episodic acute pain is the hallmark of this disorder, there is an increasing awareness that chronic pain is part of the pain experience of many older adolescents and adults. A common set of criteria for classifying chronic pain associated with SCD would enhance SCD pain research efforts in epidemiology, pain mechanisms, and clinical trials of pain management interventions, and ultimately improve clinical assessment and management. As part of the collaborative effort between the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations Innovations Opportunities ...


Dichotic Listening Test Performance In Children, Kairn Stetler Kelley Dec 2016

Dichotic Listening Test Performance In Children, Kairn Stetler Kelley

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Dichotic tests evaluate binaural integration through simultaneous presentation of different stimuli to each ear of a listener who has normal hearing sensitivity in both ears. Dichotic listening deficits may lead to problems with language, communication, reading, or academic performance. If accurately identified, dichotic deficits may be treatable with listening training or managed with accommodation. However, it is not clear which of several commercially-available dichotic test recordings are best for audiologists to use when assessing binaural integration in children. Literature review revealed limited evidence of reliability, accuracy, usefulness, or value for dichotic tests applied to children. Of 11 dichotic tests identified ...


Exploring The Lived Experiences Of Daughters/ Daughters-In-Law Providing Primary Informal Care To Their Mothers/ Mothers-In-Law With Dementia, Sarah Macfarlane Dec 2016

Exploring The Lived Experiences Of Daughters/ Daughters-In-Law Providing Primary Informal Care To Their Mothers/ Mothers-In-Law With Dementia, Sarah Macfarlane

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Abstract

Objective

As the senior population in Canada rises, more middle aged residents of Canada will find themselves taking on a caregiving role, often times for a parent with dementia. This research examines the lived experiences of daughters/daughters-in-law providing primary informal care to their mothers/mothers-in-law with dementia in order to understand the motivations, effects, and transitions within caregiving relationships.

Methods

Phenomenology was the theoretical orientation used to guide this research and captured individuals’ lived experiences. Background questionnaires were administered initially, followed by one-on-one semi-structured interviews which were transcribed verbatim upon completion for data analysis. Field notes, member checks ...


Quintavalle: The Quandary In Bioethics, Lisa Cherkassky Dec 2016

Quintavalle: The Quandary In Bioethics, Lisa Cherkassky

Journal of Law and Health

The case of R. (Quintavalle) v. Human Fertilisation Embryology Authority (and Secretary of State for Health) presents a handful of legal problems. The biggest legal query to arise from the case is the inevitable harvest of babies, toddlers and very young children for their bone marrow. This article unpacks the judicial story behind Quintavalle to reveal how the strict provisions of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 - namely ‘suitable condition’ under schedule 2 paragraph 1(1)(a) and ‘treatment services’ and ‘assisting’ under section 2(1) - were widely misinterpreted to introduce the social selection of embryos into law. The ...


Healer, Witness, Or Double Agent? Reexamining The Ethics Of Forensic Psychiatry, Matthew U. Scherer Dec 2016

Healer, Witness, Or Double Agent? Reexamining The Ethics Of Forensic Psychiatry, Matthew U. Scherer

Journal of Law and Health

In recent years, psychiatrists have become ever more prevalent in American courtrooms. Consequently, the issue of when the usual rules of medical ethics should apply to forensic psychiatric encounters has taken on increased importance and is a continuing topic of discussion among both legal and medical scholars. A number of approaches to the problem of forensic psychiatric ethics have been proposed, but none adequately addresses the issues that arise when a forensic encounter develops therapeutic characteristics. This article looks to the rules governing the lawyer-client relationship as a model for a new approach to forensic psychiatric ethics. This new model ...


Mending Invisible Wounds: The Efficacy And Legality Of Mdma-Assisted Psychotherapy In United States' Veterans Suffering With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Jonathan Perry Dec 2016

Mending Invisible Wounds: The Efficacy And Legality Of Mdma-Assisted Psychotherapy In United States' Veterans Suffering With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Jonathan Perry

Journal of Law and Health

Though Veteran Affairs has provided crucial life sustaining—and often lifesaving—treatments to returning soldiers, the substantial and ever-increasing rates of veteran suicides, drug addictions, and criminal behavior indicate a need for broader options in treatment. One of the most profound discoveries uncovered through MDMA-assisted psychotherapy research is MDMA’s facilitation of the alleviation of addictive behavior in subjects, and, as a result, an alleviation of addictions in general. Addiction is one of the key symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and drug abuse plays a large role in the other afflictions suffered by veterans, namely criminal activity and a ...


Integrative Genomic And Transcriptomic Analysis For Pinpointing Recurrent Alterations Of Plant Homeodomain Genes And Their Clinical Significance In Breast Cancer, Huimei Yu, Yuanyuan Jiang, Lanxin Liu, Wenqi Shan, Xiaofang Chu, Zhe Yang, Zeng-Quan Yang Dec 2016

Integrative Genomic And Transcriptomic Analysis For Pinpointing Recurrent Alterations Of Plant Homeodomain Genes And Their Clinical Significance In Breast Cancer, Huimei Yu, Yuanyuan Jiang, Lanxin Liu, Wenqi Shan, Xiaofang Chu, Zhe Yang, Zeng-Quan Yang

Oncology Faculty Publications

A wide range of the epigenetic effectors that regulate chromatin modification, gene expression, genomic stability, and DNA repair contain structurally conserved domains called plant homeodomain (PHD) fingers. Alternations of several PHD finger-containing proteins (PHFs) due to genomic amplification, mutations, deletions, and translocations have been linked directly to various types of cancer. However, little is known about the genomic landscape and the clinical significance of PHFs in breast cancer. Hence, we performed a large-scale genomic and transcriptomic analysis of 98 PHF genes in breast cancer using TCGA and METABRIC datasets and correlated the recurrent alterations with clinicopathological features and survival of ...


Remembering Time, Jonathan Carey Dec 2016

Remembering Time, Jonathan Carey

Capstones

My parents were dressed in their Sunday best, heading to a church revival. I was 12 and still the baby of the family, so staying home alone was out of the question. My grandmother Lillian, who preferred to be called Nana, came to babysit me. She relished a little time away from the doldrums and senior citizen gossip that engulfed the high-rise building where she lived,five minutes from my house in Petersburg, Virginia. That evening, as the sounds of “The Young and the Restless” echoed through the house, I tiptoed downstairs to give Nana a playful scare.


Novel Experimental Method For The Determination Of The Minimum Agitation Speed For Solids Suspension In Flat-Bottomed Stirred Tank Reactors, Shriarjun Shastry Dec 2016

Novel Experimental Method For The Determination Of The Minimum Agitation Speed For Solids Suspension In Flat-Bottomed Stirred Tank Reactors, Shriarjun Shastry

Theses

Knowledge of the minimum agitation speed, Njs, required to suspend finely divided solids in vessels stirred by an impeller is a critical parameter to properly operate industrial tanks in a large number of industrial operations. The most common


Get A Grip: Analysis Of Muscle Activity And Perceived Comfort In Using Stylus Grips, Evanda Vanease Henry Dec 2016

Get A Grip: Analysis Of Muscle Activity And Perceived Comfort In Using Stylus Grips, Evanda Vanease Henry

Theses

The design of handwriting instruments has been based primarily on touch, feel, aesthetics, and muscle exertion. Previous studies make it clear that different pen characteristics have to be considered along with hand-instrument interaction in the design


Characterization Of Hiv Diversity, Phylodynamics And Drug Resistance In Washington, Dc., Marcos Pérez-Losada, Amanda D Castel, Brittany Lewis, Michael Kharfen, Charles P Cartwright, Bruce Huang, Taylor Maxwell, Alan E Greenberg, Keith A Crandall Dec 2016

Characterization Of Hiv Diversity, Phylodynamics And Drug Resistance In Washington, Dc., Marcos Pérez-Losada, Amanda D Castel, Brittany Lewis, Michael Kharfen, Charles P Cartwright, Bruce Huang, Taylor Maxwell, Alan E Greenberg, Keith A Crandall

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Streptococcus Pneumoniae Intracranial Abscess And Post-Infectious Vasculitis, Alexandra Lucas, Ko Ko Maung, Ryan Ratts Dec 2016

Streptococcus Pneumoniae Intracranial Abscess And Post-Infectious Vasculitis, Alexandra Lucas, Ko Ko Maung, Ryan Ratts

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Intracranial abscesses are rare complications of Streptococcus pneumoniae infections, and to our knowledge, there have been no case reports of post-infectious vasculitis developing in such patients. Here we describe the case of a 48-year-old post-splenectomy male who developed post-infectious vasculitis following S. pneumoniae otitis media complicated by mastoiditis, osteomyelitis, meningitis, and intracranial abscess. Clinicians ought to be aware of the possible adverse outcomes of invasive S. pneumoniae and the limitations of current treatment options.


How Burroughs Plays With The Brain, Or Ritornellos As A Means To Produce Déjà-Vu, Antonio José Bonome Dec 2016

How Burroughs Plays With The Brain, Or Ritornellos As A Means To Produce Déjà-Vu, Antonio José Bonome

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "How Burroughs Plays with the Brain, or Ritornellos as a Means to Produce Déjà-Vu" Antonio José Bonome discusses how the recurrence and significance of one of William S. Burroughs's most potent refrains, "dim jerky faraway," was inspired by its source text, Paul Bowles's second novel Let It Come Down (1952), where Tangiers-Interzone fuels the unwholesome descent of a US-American expatriate not unlike Bowles or Burroughs himself. "Dim jerky faraway" was used by Burroughs during more than two decades in different contexts, and its textual variations have sparked a mélange of colors, sounds, smells, and feelings ...


Anticonvulsive Effects Of Licofelone On Status Epilepticus Induced By Lithium-Pilocarpine In Wistar Rats: A Role For Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase, Seyyed Majid Eslami, Mohammad Mobin Moradi, Mehdi Ghasemi, Ahmad Reza Dehpour Dec 2016

Anticonvulsive Effects Of Licofelone On Status Epilepticus Induced By Lithium-Pilocarpine In Wistar Rats: A Role For Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase, Seyyed Majid Eslami, Mohammad Mobin Moradi, Mehdi Ghasemi, Ahmad Reza Dehpour

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Status epilepticus (SE) is a neurological disorder with high prevalence and mortality rates, requiring immediate intervention. Licofelone is a cyclooxygenase (COX) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) inhibitor, which its effectiveness to treat osteoarthritis has been approved. Increasing evidence suggests an involvement of COX and LOX enzymes in epileptic disorders. Thus, in the present study we investigate possible effects of licofelone on prevention and termination of SE. We also evaluated whether the nitrergic system could participate in this effect of licofelone.

METHODS: We have utilized lithium-pilocarpine model of SE in adult Wistar rats to assess the potential effect of licofelone ...


Editorial Current Treatments For Skin Cancer, Edward Yu, Patricia Tai Dec 2016

Editorial Current Treatments For Skin Cancer, Edward Yu, Patricia Tai

Edward Yu

Skin cancer is a common cancer affecting a large population of Caucasians around the world. The best treatment
result can only be achieved by a multidisciplinary team to evaluate all host, tumor and treatment factors carefully in
a particular case scenario.
The thematic issue includes overviews of non-melanoma skin cancers, melanoma and Merkel cell carcinoma.
The pattern of care review reflects how skin cancer is cared for in North America, such as Canada and in Europe,
such as France. The paper on treatment decisions illustrates how to approach a case and make decision for treatment.
The review on the role ...


Interprofessional Collaboration With Aphasic Patients: A Survey Based Study On Implementation And Benefits, Emily Foster, Alexa Wagner Dec 2016

Interprofessional Collaboration With Aphasic Patients: A Survey Based Study On Implementation And Benefits, Emily Foster, Alexa Wagner

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

Interprofessional practice (IPP), collaboration of professionals from different backgrounds working together to provide services, is of growing importance in speech-language pathology and across other disciplines in the vast health field (WHO, 2010). The American Speech and Hearing Association (ASHA) stresses the importance of communicating roles and responsibilities of health professionals to provide the best quality care for patients (Dixon & Oandasan, 2015). In order to understand the roles and responsibilities across disciplines, health care professionals and students need to be provided with the necessary education. Currently, an initiative for interprofessional competency is being constructed to provide more involved education for the ...


Variants In Wfs1 And Other Mendelian Deafness Genes Are Associated With Cisplatin-Associated Ototoxicity, Heather E. Wheeler, Eric R. Gamazon, Robert Frisina, Carlos Perez-Cervantes, Omar El Charif, Brandon Mapes, Sophie D. Fossa, Darren Feldman, Robert Hamilton, David J. Vaughn, Clair Beard, Chunkit Fung, Chiristian Kollmannsberger, Jeri Kim, Taisei Mushiroda, Michiaki Kubo, Shirin Ardeshir-Rouhani-Fard, Lawrence H. Einhorn, Nancy Cox, M. Eileen Dolan, Lois Travis Dec 2016

Variants In Wfs1 And Other Mendelian Deafness Genes Are Associated With Cisplatin-Associated Ototoxicity, Heather E. Wheeler, Eric R. Gamazon, Robert Frisina, Carlos Perez-Cervantes, Omar El Charif, Brandon Mapes, Sophie D. Fossa, Darren Feldman, Robert Hamilton, David J. Vaughn, Clair Beard, Chunkit Fung, Chiristian Kollmannsberger, Jeri Kim, Taisei Mushiroda, Michiaki Kubo, Shirin Ardeshir-Rouhani-Fard, Lawrence H. Einhorn, Nancy Cox, M. Eileen Dolan, Lois Travis

Bioinformatics Faculty Publications

Cisplatin is one of the most commonly used chemotherapy drugs worldwide and one of the most ototoxic. We sought to identify genetic variants that modulate cisplatin-associated ototoxicity (CAO). Experimental Design: We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of CAO using quantitative audiometry (4-12 kHz) in 511 testicular cancer survivors of European genetic ancestry. We performed polygenic modeling and functional analyses using a variety of publicly available databases. We used an electronic health record cohort to replicate our top mechanistic finding. Results: One SNP, rs62283056, in the first intron of Mendelian deafness gene WFS1 (wolframin ER transmembrane glycoprotein) and an expression ...


Influence Of Maternal Breast Milk Ingestion On Acquisition Of The Intestinal Microbiome In Preterm Infants., Katherine E Gregory, Buck S Samuel, Pearl Houghteling, Guru Shan, Frederick M Ausubel, Ruslan I Sadreyev, W Allan Walker Dec 2016

Influence Of Maternal Breast Milk Ingestion On Acquisition Of The Intestinal Microbiome In Preterm Infants., Katherine E Gregory, Buck S Samuel, Pearl Houghteling, Guru Shan, Frederick M Ausubel, Ruslan I Sadreyev, W Allan Walker

Baylor Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: The initial acquisition and early development of the intestinal microbiome during infancy are important to human health across the lifespan. Mode of birth, antibiotic administration, environment of care, and nutrition have all been shown to play a role in the assembly of the intestinal microbiome during early life. For preterm infants, who are disproportionately at risk of inflammatory intestinal disease (i.e., necrotizing enterocolitis), a unique set of clinical factors influence the establishment of the microbiome. The purpose of this study was to establish the influence of nutritional exposures on the intestinal microbiome in a cohort of preterm infants ...


A Brief Report: Lessons Learned And Preliminary Findings Of Progreso En Salud, An Hiv Risk Reduction Intervention For Latina Seasonal Farmworkers, Mariano Kanamori, Mario De La Rosa, Stephanie Diez, Jessica Weissman, Mary Jo Trepka, Alicia Sneij, Peter Schmidt, Patria Rojas Dec 2016

A Brief Report: Lessons Learned And Preliminary Findings Of Progreso En Salud, An Hiv Risk Reduction Intervention For Latina Seasonal Farmworkers, Mariano Kanamori, Mario De La Rosa, Stephanie Diez, Jessica Weissman, Mary Jo Trepka, Alicia Sneij, Peter Schmidt, Patria Rojas

All Faculty

Throughout the past decade, HIV rates in Florida?particularly South Florida, where many Latina seasonal farmworkers reside and work?have ranked among the highest in the nation. In this brief report, we delineate important lessons learned and preliminary findings from the implementation of the HIV prevention intervention Progreso en Salud (Progress in Health). Among the 114 Latina seasonal farmworker participants, there were significant increases from baseline to 6-month follow-up in the percentages of overall condom use, HIV testing, HIV/AIDS-related communications with friends, HIV knowledge, condom use self-efficacy, and correct use of condoms. Lessons learned from this study can be ...


Assessment Of Achieved Systolic Blood Pressure In Newly Treated Hypertensive Patients Aged 60-79 Years Before And After Eighth Joint National Committee Recommendations, Michael S. Kelly, Joseph J. Saseen, Joel C. Marrs Dec 2016

Assessment Of Achieved Systolic Blood Pressure In Newly Treated Hypertensive Patients Aged 60-79 Years Before And After Eighth Joint National Committee Recommendations, Michael S. Kelly, Joseph J. Saseen, Joel C. Marrs

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Objective:

To determine whether patients who were newly prescribed antihypertensive therapy after the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) update were treated to a relaxed systolic blood pressure (SBP) goal compared with patients treated before the update.

Methods:

A retrospective cohort study approved by the Colorado Multiple Institutional Review Board. Patients aged 60–79 years, without diabetes or chronic kidney disease (CKD), newly treated for hypertension at a University of Colorado primary care clinics were included. The mean first-achieved and last-stable SBPs of patients newly prescribed antihypertensive medications from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 31 2013 (before cohort) were ...


The Determinants Of Health: Neighborhood Characteristics, Obesity And The Mental Health Of African-American Adolescent Girls, Roseanne L. Flores Dec 2016

The Determinants Of Health: Neighborhood Characteristics, Obesity And The Mental Health Of African-American Adolescent Girls, Roseanne L. Flores

Publications and Research

The present study examined the relationship among neighborhood characteristics, obesity, and the mental health outcomes of a nationally representative sample of African-American adolescent girls between the ages of 12 - 17. Using data from the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children’s Health, four questions were extracted to measure neighborhood amenities, neighborhood detractors, body mass index, and experience of depression. Ordinal regressions were calculated to estimate the relationships between all variables. The results indicated that over 25% of African- American girls, ages 12 - 14 were overweight and obese with fewer 15 - 17-year-old girls falling within these categories. African-American girls had access ...


Stroke Outreach In The Lao Community, Noor A. Dythavon Dec 2016

Stroke Outreach In The Lao Community, Noor A. Dythavon

Master's Projects and Capstones

CNL Abstract

A community health needs assessment for the service area prompted concern regarding access to quality healthcare for non-English speaking Southeast Asians (SEA) in the area. Goals of an initial investigation and subsequent implementation of sustainable stroke health fairs for non-English speaking communities were evaluated to assess primary healthcare concerns that the SEA community face and to suggest long-term solutions to these issues. Initial investigation required researching population-specific minority health statistics to quantify the prevalence of chronic diseases and conditions which were prioritized in terms of needs versus disparities. Research came from evidence base practice guidelines and personal concern ...


A Sema3c Mutant Resistant To Cleavage By Furin (Fr-Sema3c) Inhibits Choroidal Neovascularization, Shira Toledano, Huayi Lu, Agustina Palacio, Keren Ziv, Ofra Kessler, Shlomit Schaal, Gera Neufeld, Yoreh Barak Dec 2016

A Sema3c Mutant Resistant To Cleavage By Furin (Fr-Sema3c) Inhibits Choroidal Neovascularization, Shira Toledano, Huayi Lu, Agustina Palacio, Keren Ziv, Ofra Kessler, Shlomit Schaal, Gera Neufeld, Yoreh Barak

Open Access Articles

In age-related macular degeneration (AMD), abnormal sub retinal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a major cause of blindness. FR-sema3C is a point mutated form of semaphorin-3C that is resistant to cleavage by furin like pro-protein convertases (FPPC). We have found in previous work that FR-sema3C functions as an anti-angiogenic factor. In this study we investigated the possible use of FR-sema3C as an inhibitor of CNV. FR-sema3C inhibits VEGF as well as PDGF-BB signal transduction in endothelial cells and to less extent bFGF induced signal transduction using a mechanism that does not depend upon the binding of VEGF like the drugs that ...


Wise-Family Medicine: A Statewide Faculty Development Collaborative, Deborah Simpson, Kjersti Knox, Anne Getzin, John R. Brill, Melissa M. Stiles, Jeffrey A. Morzinski Dec 2016

Wise-Family Medicine: A Statewide Faculty Development Collaborative, Deborah Simpson, Kjersti Knox, Anne Getzin, John R. Brill, Melissa M. Stiles, Jeffrey A. Morzinski

Deborah Simpson, PhD

Background: In many states, family medicine residencies and medical schools compete clinically for patients, educationally for trainees and, more recently, for community preceptors (CPs). As Wisconsin’s medical schools and health care systems have expanded their geographic footprints, our CPs now teach trainees from competing institutions. Yet residency and medical student accrediting bodies require faculty and preceptor development.

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of a statewide collaborative of family medicine educators on meeting faculty development needs of our CPs and collaborative members.

Methods: Faculty development leaders representing the three largest family medicine residency training sponsors in the state created the ...


The Clinical Utility Of Concominant Pten And Fas Deletion As An Early Indicator For Prostate Adenocarcinoma Subtypes That Lead To Extracapsular Metastasis, Brendan J. Coulter, Brendan J. Coulter, Phillip Harries Dec 2016

The Clinical Utility Of Concominant Pten And Fas Deletion As An Early Indicator For Prostate Adenocarcinoma Subtypes That Lead To Extracapsular Metastasis, Brendan J. Coulter, Brendan J. Coulter, Phillip Harries

Electronic Thesis Collection

The utility of genes PTEN and FAS as prognostic markers for the identification of early and/or aggressive prostatic adenocarcinomas is seemingly validated in the study results we obtained using fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) of archived paraffin embedded surgical prostate core biopsy samples obtained from two CLIA and CAP licensed anatomical pathology labs (Bostwick Laboratories, Uniondale, NV and GoPath Laboratories, Buffalo Grove, IL). From early benign subsets of sample cases to aggressive extracapsular invasive tumors, the presence of random deletions evolves into clonal populations of co-deletion of both genes at question. We identify independent research that demonstrates the ability of ...


Language Assessment In A Snap: Monitoring Progress Up To 36 Months, Jill Gilkerson, Jeffrey A. Richards, Charles R. Greenwood, Judy K. Montgomery Dec 2016

Language Assessment In A Snap: Monitoring Progress Up To 36 Months, Jill Gilkerson, Jeffrey A. Richards, Charles R. Greenwood, Judy K. Montgomery

Communication Sciences and Disorders Faculty Articles and Research

This article describes the development and validation of the Developmental Snapshot, a 52-item parent questionnaire on child language and vocal communication development that can be administered monthly and scored automatically. The Snapshot was created to provide an easily administered monthly progress monitoring tool that enables parents to better recognize language milestones and offers professionals prompt information to fine-tune intervention strategies. Initial items were piloted by 15 families; refinement and further development of the instrument was conducted with parents of 308 typically developing children. Reliability and criterion validity metrics were examined on subsets of approximately 60 children who completed the Snapshot ...


Partner Influence In Diet And Exercise Behaviors: Testing Behavior Modeling, Social Control, And Normative Body Size, Brea Perry, Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Christy Freadreacea Brady, Justin Garcia Dec 2016

Partner Influence In Diet And Exercise Behaviors: Testing Behavior Modeling, Social Control, And Normative Body Size, Brea Perry, Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Christy Freadreacea Brady, Justin Garcia

Sociology Faculty Publications

Previous research has documented social contagion in obesity and related health behaviors, but less is known about the social processes underlying these patterns. Focusing on married or cohabitating couples, we simultaneously explore three potential social mechanisms influencing obesity: normative body size, social control, and behavior modeling. We analyze the association between partner characteristics and the obesity-related health behaviors of focal respondents, comparing the effects of partners’ body type, partners’ attempts to manage respondents’ eating behaviors, and partners’ own health behaviors on respondents’ health behaviors (physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and fast food consumption). Data on 215 partners are extracted ...


Exploring Knowledge, Beliefs And Practices Of Radon Gas Exposure Among Public Health Workers, Paschal Nwako Dec 2016

Exploring Knowledge, Beliefs And Practices Of Radon Gas Exposure Among Public Health Workers, Paschal Nwako

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Radon gas exposure is the highest cause of lung cancer among people that never smoked in the United States. People exposed to elevated levels of radon had a higher risk of developing lung cancer. Achieving the long term goal of the Indoor Radon Abatement Act (IRAA) of 1988 require a combined efforts of government agencies. Public health workers are change agents and their role in protecting and improving the health of their communities are well documented. This study created and utilized a multi question survey, the Public Health Workers Radon Assessment Instrument (PHWRAI) to explore knowledge, beliefs, personal and professional ...


Regulatory T Cells In Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma Patients Are Associated With Poor Outcomes: A Prospective, Longitudinal Study, Emily Parsons, Juliana A. Otieno, John Michael Ong'echa, Christina E. Nixon, John Vulule, Christian Munz, V. Ann Stewart, Ann M. Moormann Dec 2016

Regulatory T Cells In Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma Patients Are Associated With Poor Outcomes: A Prospective, Longitudinal Study, Emily Parsons, Juliana A. Otieno, John Michael Ong'echa, Christina E. Nixon, John Vulule, Christian Munz, V. Ann Stewart, Ann M. Moormann

Open Access Articles

Deficiencies in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific T cell immunosurveillance appear to precede the development of endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL), a malaria-associated pediatric cancer common in sub-Saharan Africa. However, T cell contributions to eBL disease progression and survival have not been characterized. Our objective was to investigate regulatory and inflammatory T cell responses in eBL patients associated with clinical outcomes. By multi-parameter flow cytometry, we examined peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 38 eBL patients enrolled in a prospective cohort study in Kisumu, Kenya from 2008-2010, and 14 healthy age-matched Kenyan controls. Children diagnosed with eBL were prospectively followed and outcomes categorized ...


The Effect Of A Culturally Tailored Web-Based Physical Activity Promotion Program On Asian American Midlife Women’S Depressive Symptoms, Wonshik Chee, Sangmi Kim, Xiaopeng Ji, Sooyoung Park, Eunice Chee, Hsiu-Min Tsai, Eun-Ok Im Dec 2016

The Effect Of A Culturally Tailored Web-Based Physical Activity Promotion Program On Asian American Midlife Women’S Depressive Symptoms, Wonshik Chee, Sangmi Kim, Xiaopeng Ji, Sooyoung Park, Eunice Chee, Hsiu-Min Tsai, Eun-Ok Im

Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal

The benefits of physical activities on depressive symptoms have increasingly been reported in the literature, but the effect through which a Web-based physical activity promotion program alleviates depressive symptoms is not clearly known, especially among ethnic minority midlife women. The purpose of this pilot randomized control study is to examine the preliminary efficacy of the Web-based physical activity promotion program in enhancing the depressive symptoms of Asian American midlife women through increasing physical activity. This study adopted a randomized repeated measures pretest/posttest control group design. This study consisted of two groups of research participants: 18 in an intervention group ...