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Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1947

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Adherence To Antiretroviral Medicines Among Adolescents And Young Adults In Benue State, Nigeria, Amom Tor-Anyiin Jan 2018

Adherence To Antiretroviral Medicines Among Adolescents And Young Adults In Benue State, Nigeria, Amom Tor-Anyiin

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Adherence to ARV medicines is essential to halt HIV progression, increase CD4 counts, decrease virologic impact, and improve quality of life for the infected people. However, sustaining good adherence among adolescents and young adults (AYA) has been a challenge caused by various problems such as distance to clinic, improved CD4 count which lead to complacency in adherence, and the nature of the environment. This was a quantitative, retrospective, correlational, cross-sectional study anchored by the transtheoretical model, which was used to understand how adherence rate among the study population was impacted by the predictive factors. Secondary data was collected from patient ...


Technology Acceptance And Compliance In Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients, Asif Kidwai Jan 2018

Technology Acceptance And Compliance In Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients, Asif Kidwai

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The focus of this study is the problem of declining trend in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patient compliance. Studies reported improved compliance in patients with chronic diseases due to technology-based interventions. However, researchers have not investigated the advantages of technology to improve the compliance of OSA patients in detail. The specific problem was the lack of engagement between patients and healthcare managers, resulting in low compliance within OSA patients. The purpose of this qualitative study was to evaluate how technology-based interventions can improve OSA patient engagement with the healthcare managers resulting in improved compliance with treatment procedures. In this study ...


Cultural And Environmental Determinants Of Dental Discoloration Among School-Aged Children In Nigeria, Ogbudu Gabriel Ada Jan 2018

Cultural And Environmental Determinants Of Dental Discoloration Among School-Aged Children In Nigeria, Ogbudu Gabriel Ada

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Dental discoloration from fluorosis is a global public health problem. In Nigeria, 11.4% of the population is impacted by this disorder. Dental discoloration is caused by successive exposures to high fluoride concentrations during tooth development in utero and it is linked to the development of a variety of psychological and physiological problems, from dental aesthetics to a reduction in intelligence and skeletal changes. The purpose of this quantitative, cross-sectional study was to examine the cultural and environmental determinants of dental fluorosis in children in a rural community in Nigeria. A multilevel theoretical model was used to develop possible fluoride ...


Improving Nursing Knowledge, Satisfaction, And Retention In Long Term Care, Ghislaine Barry Jan 2018

Improving Nursing Knowledge, Satisfaction, And Retention In Long Term Care, Ghislaine Barry

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Through advancements in modern medicine, human beings worldwide are living longer. The increase in life expectancy creates a need for a more qualified and knowledgeable nursing workforce for the delivery of quality geriatric health care. Although nurses are the primary care providers for vulnerable older adults, they are generally not well trained or prepared in geriatric care. Therefore, the purpose of the project was to develop an education program aimed at improving nursing knowledge of geriatric care in the long-term care (LTC) setting. The goal of the project was to answer the research question: What impact would attendance in the ...


Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Preimplantation Genetic Screening, William Andrew Moye Jan 2018

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Preimplantation Genetic Screening, William Andrew Moye

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is used to help infertile couples achieve a live birth. Clinical studies have suggested that multiple, consecutive cycles of IVF can increase live birth rate significantly. Others have documented improved live birth rates from the use of new laboratory techniques for preimplantation genetic screening (PGS). This genetic screening technique seeks to determine the ploidy of the embryo prior to implantation into the woman. To date, no study has examined the cost-effectiveness of using IVF in conjunction with PGS compared to that of IVF alone for 3 consecutive cycles in achieving a live birth. This study compared ...


Assessment Of Evidence-Based Practice Readiness And Plan For Implementation Of Clinical Practice Guidelines In A Tertiary Hospital, Linda Keller Jan 2018

Assessment Of Evidence-Based Practice Readiness And Plan For Implementation Of Clinical Practice Guidelines In A Tertiary Hospital, Linda Keller

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Using evidence-based practice (EBP) to deliver patient care in a hospital setting improves patients' care and their outcomes. The use of clinical practice guidelines (CPG) enables nurses and other healthcare professionals to translate current evidence into bedside care. However, there continue to be barriers for hospitals in adopting and implementing evidence-based care using CPGs, including a lack of understanding about EBP by nursing staff. The purpose of this project was to explore readiness of registered nurses in a tertiary hospital to use EBP and provide recommendations for a plan to implement CPGs successfully. Melnyk's research identified EBP as an ...


Relationships Among Vitamin D Deficiency, Metabolic Syndrome, Smoking Behavior, And Physical Activity, Ethan Pham Jan 2018

Relationships Among Vitamin D Deficiency, Metabolic Syndrome, Smoking Behavior, And Physical Activity, Ethan Pham

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Aging increases the risk of both vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome. Vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome may be related, although there are mixed findings. Furthermore, literature suggests other factors such as physical fitness activity and smoking behavior are associated with Vitamin D deficiency and the development of metabolic syndrome. A number of studies have documented associations between Vitamin D levels and physical fitness activities, while other studies found correlations between Vitamin D levels, metabolic syndrome, and smoking behavior. However, no previous study has examined the links between physical fitness activity, smoking behavior, Vitamin D levels, and the risks ...


A Practice Change In Adult Obesity Primary Care, Jasmine Tinsley Jan 2018

A Practice Change In Adult Obesity Primary Care, Jasmine Tinsley

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The rate of obesity in American adults has increased dramatically over the last decade. Obesity has reached epidemic proportions and demands attention to reverse the current trend. This project was developed to evaluate a quality improvement initiative implemented in 2016 to address the problem of obesity in a rural southeastern primary care clinic setting where underserved populations are treated. The quality improvement (QI) initiative was developed using the plan-do-act-check model and the evaluation of the initiative was the focus of the current project. The project question asked if a quality improvement initiative for weight loss monitoring and counseling could improve ...


Perceptions Of Stress: Employee Participation In A Yoga Class, Rosemarie Lee Jan 2018

Perceptions Of Stress: Employee Participation In A Yoga Class, Rosemarie Lee

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Abstract

Employees experience workplace stress that can affect their health resulting in chronic diseases such as diabetes, stress, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases. Stress also contributes to staff presentism, absenteeism, and high turnover rate. The employee wellness program (EWP) yoga class at a metropolitan teaching hospital has not been evaluated for its effectiveness in employee stress reduction and improvement in employee health. The practice focus question for this project explored employees' perception of the impact of a metropolitan teaching hospital's EWP yoga class on their stress reduction and health promotion activities. The theoretical framework for this project is Lazarus' transactional ...


A Nutrition Education Program For Advanced Practice Registered Nurses Caring For Obese Patients, Kathy Lynn Wilson Jan 2018

A Nutrition Education Program For Advanced Practice Registered Nurses Caring For Obese Patients, Kathy Lynn Wilson

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Obesity is a major U.S. public health epidemic. A review of the current literature identified a lack of obesity counseling with individuals. The gap in practice was a lack of understanding of nutrition, nutrition labeling, and how foods affect health. The objective of this project was to identify the community assessment need related to obesity and then educate APRNs on ways to better communicate with obese patients. This project focused on an education program for advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) on using the 5 A's framework for obesity counseling to improve their knowledge and skill in counseling their ...


Education Models For Teaching Adults About Modifying Dietary Carbohydrate And Controlling Weight, Vincient Cleamons Jan 2018

Education Models For Teaching Adults About Modifying Dietary Carbohydrate And Controlling Weight, Vincient Cleamons

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The prevalence of diabetes and other pathophysiological conditions has been correlated with the incidence of obesity. A large portion of an adult community in the northwestern United States suffers from excessive weight that has been linked to premature mortality rates and certain forms of diabetes. Excess calories from carbohydrate have been shown to increase weight. Therefore, diets that are modified in carbohydrate and calories may help mitigate weight and obesity comorbidities. This qualitative, single case study's purpose was to explore the methods health care professionals use for teaching adults about controlling weight. Altheide and Johnson's analytic realism theory ...


Understanding Quality Of Care In A Hospice Setting, Sarah Fese Taylor Jan 2018

Understanding Quality Of Care In A Hospice Setting, Sarah Fese Taylor

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Assuring quality of care for patients who face the end of life has been a major concern for those in hospice settings. Limited research is available that has a focus on understanding what quality of care in a hospice setting looks like. This research is important to provide insight into hospice health care providers' perceptions of the quality of care in the hospice setting and on the indicators that influence care quality. A qualitative phenomenological approach was used to answer the research questions on the perspectives of the health care providers in the hospice care setting regarding the quality of ...


Patient Navigation Program In Oncolgy Clinical Practice, Mercy George Jan 2018

Patient Navigation Program In Oncolgy Clinical Practice, Mercy George

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Cancer diagnoses affect millions of people in the United States each year. Today, cancer patients face many challenges when trying to navigate the complex healthcare system. Patient navigation programs were developed to address and overcome barriers patients may face as they make their way through the healthcare system. The purpose of this project was to provide an analysis and discussion of the current published literature to provide evidence for improving care coordination and patient satisfaction in the oncology clinical setting with a patient navigator program. The practice-focused question for this project asked if a patient navigator program for adult cancer ...


Barriers To Medication Acceptance In Patients Diagnosed With Bipolar Disorder, Cesar Pina Jan 2018

Barriers To Medication Acceptance In Patients Diagnosed With Bipolar Disorder, Cesar Pina

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The problem addressed in this project was poor medication acceptance among patients with bipolar disorder in an outpatient psychiatric clinic. The practice-focused question asked about the factors that contribute to medication nonacceptance in patients with bipolar disorders and further sought to determine strategies that promote medication acceptance. The project took place in an outpatient psychiatric clinic in the southern United States. The Iowa model and the Orem self-care deficit nursing theory were used to guide the project. Deidentified data from 55 patients in an outpatient mental health clinic formed the basis of the project. The data included a survey made ...


Implementation Of The Crafft Cannabis Screening Tool, Barbara Loeprich Jan 2018

Implementation Of The Crafft Cannabis Screening Tool, Barbara Loeprich

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Cannabis use among teenagers in Canada is a concern because of the long-term and irreversible effects cannabis has on the developing body and mind. Nurses can be instrumental in screening for cannabis abuse by implementing a tool to assess for substance use disorder (SUD) and triage drug users to appropriate treatment. This project focused on how to implement the CRAFFT screening tool while gaining insight of the practitioner's knowledge base about the tool and how SUD is being screened for, currently. The CRAFFT screening tool aligns with the DSM-IV's SUD diagnosis criteria, allowing for efficient identification of those ...


Relationship Between Remission Of Symptoms And Screening For Depression, Juliann Molecavage Jan 2018

Relationship Between Remission Of Symptoms And Screening For Depression, Juliann Molecavage

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Depression is the leading cause of disability in the United States. Insufficient evidence is available about the types of follow-up care that may be most effective. The purpose of this quantitative, retrospective cohort study was to determine whether remission of depression symptoms was associated with recommended follow-up care when controlling for age, gender, and number of previous episodes of depression, and whether symptom reduction was more likely for those who completed a course of treatment from a mental health specialist in comparison to those who were treated by their primary care providers (PCPs) when controlling for the same variables. The ...


A Story To Tell Among Minority Alzheimer's Patient Caregivers: A Phenomenological Study, Albertina Lashonda Walker Jan 2018

A Story To Tell Among Minority Alzheimer's Patient Caregivers: A Phenomenological Study, Albertina Lashonda Walker

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The level of burden experienced by caregivers of patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease is high. Studies that examine this burden by taking into account cultural and spiritual differences are limited, particularly with regard to minority populations. The purpose of this study was to investigate the burden and challenges faced by minority caregivers providing in-home care to Alzheimer's patients. Guided by social support theory, a phenomenological study design was used with semi-structured interviews of 12 caregivers to examine their perspectives on the burden and challenges they face, including their lived experiences, cultural and spiritual values, and interaction with health ...


Preoperative Nurses' Teaching For Open Heart Surgery Patients, Sofya Alshvang Jan 2018

Preoperative Nurses' Teaching For Open Heart Surgery Patients, Sofya Alshvang

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Every year thousands of patients in the United States undergo cardiothoracic surgery. These patients have high levels of anxiety because they do not know what to expect. At the same time, many nurses on the cardiac telemetry/surgical floor are not aware that effective preoperative teaching can make a significant difference in patients' outcomes; thus, nurses had focused on postoperative teaching. The purpose of this project was to develop a preoperative teaching program through which nurses could help patients undergoing open heart surgery. The mentioned above practice initiative used Neuman's systems model as a framework. The project used a ...


Evaluation Of An Opioid Risk-Assessment Screening Tool, Jacquelyne Guerra Jan 2018

Evaluation Of An Opioid Risk-Assessment Screening Tool, Jacquelyne Guerra

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, prescribers should evaluate risk factors related to opioid use prior to initiation of opioid medication. The practice problem in this DNP project was that providers failed to consistently assess patients with complaints of pain for risk of opioid misuse and/or abuse prior to initiating opioid medication. An opioid risk-assessment screening tool (ORAST) has the potential to identify patients at high risk for opioid misuse and/or abuse. The purpose of this Doctor of Nursing Practice project was to identify and introduce an ORAST and then develop a policy to guide ...


Effects Of Cancer Staging On Maternal Coping And Mother-Child Communication Patterns Among Breast Cancer Survivors, Kevin Michael Lycke Jan 2018

Effects Of Cancer Staging On Maternal Coping And Mother-Child Communication Patterns Among Breast Cancer Survivors, Kevin Michael Lycke

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Few researchers have examined the relationship between earlier stages of breast cancer and its effect on staging of the disease process and the co-occurring coping and communication patterns between mothers and their children. The purposes of this qualitative study with a multiple case study design were to examine (a) coping mechanisms that mothers used to manage the uncertainty of their breast cancer status and (b) the impact of early-stage breast cancer on communication patterns between mothers and their children. The Lazarus and Folkman theory of psychological coping and the McMaster family systems communication theory informed the conceptual framework for the ...


An Evidence-Based Approach To Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Access, Kemi Funlayo Sanni Jan 2018

An Evidence-Based Approach To Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Access, Kemi Funlayo Sanni

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Coronary heart disease is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in the United States; Healthy People 2020 set an objective to reduce the rate of the disease by 20% to the baseline rate of 126 deaths per 100,000 population per year. In the local healthcare setting, heart disease was responsible for a high percentage of mortality and morbidity. To address this, the local site developed a plan to improve outcomes for patients seeking care at the facility. Because the femoral approach to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was used to treat coronary heart conditions at the site and complications ...


Perceived Cardiovascular Risk Among West Africa Immigrants In Dekalb County, Georgia, Oluwayomi Fabayo Jan 2018

Perceived Cardiovascular Risk Among West Africa Immigrants In Dekalb County, Georgia, Oluwayomi Fabayo

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

West African immigrants appear to carry a heavier burden of hypertensive heart disease than the native-born African Americans in the United States. In this study, I used the socioecological model theory as a guide to examine the association between perceived stress, length of stay in United States, smoking status, housing conditions, and the risk of hypertensive heart disease among West African immigrants, ages 18 รข?? 54 years in DeKalb County, Georgia. In this quantitative, cross-sectional design, self-reported data were collected from a sample of West African immigrant (N=107) in the DeKalb County of Georgia, using a demographic data/screening ...


Nurse's Role Within The Informed Consent Process: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Maria Faison Jan 2018

Nurse's Role Within The Informed Consent Process: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Maria Faison

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Each year, over 50 million surgical and nonsurgical inpatient procedures are performed and yet, shared decision making between patients and health care providers is not achieved. Obtaining patients' informed consent is part of a nurse's daily routine during admissions and before a procedure. The purpose of this project was to evaluate evidence to answer the practice-focused question regarding support for a policy change to implement a nurse-driven informed consent protocol. The systematic literature review was conducted using the adapted literature review by Souz, Silva, and Carvalho, which consisted of 6 levels for evaluating evidence. A total of 15 articles ...


Changes In Beliefs About Aggression In Baton Rouge Youth Peace Olympics Participants, Shonta Manuel Jan 2018

Changes In Beliefs About Aggression In Baton Rouge Youth Peace Olympics Participants, Shonta Manuel

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Youth violence in the Baton Rouge inner-city area continues to create heightened concerns for the communities as well as the financial and healthcare systems. Even though violence prevention programs are in place in the area, no decline has been recorded in those who are being affected by violence. Due to lack of research in this field, a need for a sound research study exists to understand how Youth Peace Olympics (YPO) community-based program may be related to changes in attitudes about aggression and violence. A correlational cross-sectional research design was used to evaluate participants' beliefs about aggression, measured using the ...


Improving Care Transitions In Patients With Heart Failure: An Integrative Literature Review, Heather Mae Mclain Jan 2018

Improving Care Transitions In Patients With Heart Failure: An Integrative Literature Review, Heather Mae Mclain

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Heart failure (HF) hospital readmission reductions are linked to nursing interventions that include scheduling a hospital follow-up appointment with the patient's health care provider within a week of discharge. Yet, patients often leave the hospital without an appointment scheduled. The focus of this integrative literature review was on analyzing data that associated follow-up within 7 days with reduced 30-day readmissions. A search of articles using CINAHL, MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and ProQuest databases resulted in 4,813 articles retrieved using the following search terms: heart failure, readmissions, follow-up appointments, and heart failure guidelines. Scholarly articles selected for ...


Hiv Testing Service Utilization Among Men And Women In Dominica, Carol Rosetta Jno.Baptiste-Smith Jan 2018

Hiv Testing Service Utilization Among Men And Women In Dominica, Carol Rosetta Jno.Baptiste-Smith

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Voluntary HIV/AIDS testing and counselling (VHTC) is one of the preventive measures used in many countries to decrease the spread of HIV/AIDS. Archived data from National HIV/AIDS Response Program's (NHARP) raw 2016 dataset were used to identify relationships and to assess significant differences between sociodemographic factors and selected sexual risk behaviours versus VHTC practices among adults 18 years and older who resided in Dominica. The health belief model was used as the framework for this cross-sectional study. The sample comprised 982 participants (40% [394] men and 60% [588] women). Logistic regression analysis was used to assess ...


Long-Term Health Impacts Of Cell Phone-Driven Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure In Humans, Ndukaku Omelu Jan 2018

Long-Term Health Impacts Of Cell Phone-Driven Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure In Humans, Ndukaku Omelu

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Uncertainties still exist about the safety of cell phone use and the level of cell phone-driven radiation. The purpose of the current inquiry was to determine the long-term health impacts of cell phone-driven radiation via the use of cell phones. In this cross-sectional study, which was based on socio-ecological theory, secondary data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed to assess the difference in the prevalence of thyroid cancer, mouth/tongue/lip cancer, and heart disease between exposed and non-exposed/less exposed cell phone-driven radiation groups in the United States. Logistic regression was used to address three research ...


Assessing Nurses' Safety Attitudes In Preventing Clabsi, Seraphine Ikwueme Jan 2018

Assessing Nurses' Safety Attitudes In Preventing Clabsi, Seraphine Ikwueme

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) has been widely studied because of its impact on patient morbidity, mortality, and overall health care costs. Research has shown that nurses' attitudes and perceptions regarding safety are critical to developing and maintaining clinical environments that are safe, prevent CLABSI, and assure better health outcomes. The practice-focused question for this project sought to determine the safety attitudes exhibited by registered nurses on a medical-surgical unit at the practice site. The Stetler model was used as a framework to guide the study. The Safety Attitude Questionnaire (SAQ) measured attitudes and perceptions regarding teamwork, safety, job satisfaction ...


Use Of Hpv Vaccination For Cervical Cancer Prevention In African American Women, Diamond Diane Hanson Jan 2018

Use Of Hpv Vaccination For Cervical Cancer Prevention In African American Women, Diamond Diane Hanson

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Despite the availability of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, African American women are still at risk for contracting HPV. This is significant because HPV is one of the main risk factors for cervical cancer. The purpose of this quantitative study was to explore the relationship between the use of HPV vaccination for cervical cancer prevention and personal history of HPV, reduced access to healthcare, and risky sexual behaviors in African American women. The theoretical framework used for this study was the health belief model (HBM). Two hundred twenty-nine (n=229) African American women living in the United States, ages 18-49 ...


Nonprofessional Healthcare Staff Perceptions Regarding Inmate Self-Injury In Georgia, Alisa Adele Harmer Jan 2018

Nonprofessional Healthcare Staff Perceptions Regarding Inmate Self-Injury In Georgia, Alisa Adele Harmer

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Self-injury in correctional facilities is an increasing problem. Healthcare staff are tasked with responding to and treating self-injurious inmates. Research concerning the perceptions of prison self-injury depended on the experiences of professional healthcare staff and showed that specialized training reduced anxiety and altered perceptions. The perceptions of nonprofessional healthcare staff regarding inmate self-injury have not been studied. The purpose of this research was to understand the perceptions of inmate self-injury maintained by untrained healthcare staff through evaluation of their expressed experiences with self-injuring inmates. The research was based on the humanistic nursing theory. A phenomenological approach guided interviews of 8 ...