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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Proceedings From The Second Annual Society For Neurosports Conference, William R. Kochen May 2021

Proceedings From The Second Annual Society For Neurosports Conference, William R. Kochen

NeuroSports

Proceedings from the Second Annual Society for NeuroSports Conference


The Ability To Assess The Degree Of Development Of Coordination Abilities In Students Of Grades 7-9 With The Help Of Special Tests, Dilfuza Abidovna Solieva May 2021

The Ability To Assess The Degree Of Development Of Coordination Abilities In Students Of Grades 7-9 With The Help Of Special Tests, Dilfuza Abidovna Solieva

Eurasian Journal of Sport Science

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to modify some tests conducted to assess the coordination of movements, and to determine their objectivity on the example of students in grades 7-9. In this article, using modified assessment tests of growth dynamics in traditional classes, the explosive force and variable speed of movement (running) as part of the coordination abilities of students in grades 7-9 studying in a comprehensive school are analyzed.

Methods: When developing, forming and evaluating coordination abilities, We developed and implemented modified tests and improved innovative game exercises in the study, and in the article, as an example ...


More Than “Just” Walking: An Observational Study Of Dog-Related Physical Activities, Benedikt Hielscher, Udo Ganslosser, Ingo Froboese May 2021

More Than “Just” Walking: An Observational Study Of Dog-Related Physical Activities, Benedikt Hielscher, Udo Ganslosser, Ingo Froboese

People and Animals: The International Journal of Research and Practice

Dog ownership has been shown to correlate with physical activity (PA). However, knowledge about the intensities of dog-related PA (drPA) is still lacking. To investigate the duration and intensity of drPA in consideration of PA guidelines, an observational study of dog owners (DO) was conducted.

For this purpose, DO were recruited in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan regions of Cologne, Germany. A total of 44 male and female DO (18–64 years) without cardiovascular or cardiopulmonary diseases participated in the study. Validated questionnaires were used to determine the PA profile and relationship of DO to their dog. Participants reported their drPA in ...


The Impact Affective Teaching Has On High School Physical Education Student's Life Skills, Shane Derose May 2021

The Impact Affective Teaching Has On High School Physical Education Student's Life Skills, Shane Derose

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

As high school students graduate and move on towards their careers and lives that lay ahead of them, they most likely will implement what they have learned from school into their regular every day scenarios. What impacts these students can positively affect their life style choices, especially when it comes to physical education. Specifically, the affective domain provides students with many relevant learning points that they can use for the remainder of their lives. As physical education instructors, while it is crucial to focus on psychomotor and cognitive aspects of the content that is delivered, utilizing the affective domain ...


Exploring Occupational Therapy With Athletes Using Principles Of Lifestyle Redesign® To Support Academic Success And Life Balance., Michaela M. Dendinger May 2021

Exploring Occupational Therapy With Athletes Using Principles Of Lifestyle Redesign® To Support Academic Success And Life Balance., Michaela M. Dendinger

Occupational Therapy Capstone Presentations

Occupational therapists have a range of skills that can benefit a variety of populations. Despite these skills, occupational therapy has limited exploration within the field of athletics. The capstone project gave insight to the services occupational therapy can provide to the student-athlete population. Through the lens of Lifestyle Redesign®, the Student-Athlete Wellness Program was created to support student-athlete academic success and life balance. Following a needs assessment an online program was developed. The program was provided to students and athletes a University in the Midwest U.S. The program attracted 21 student-athletes and five students. Limited participation in surveys provided ...


Muscular Performance And Neuromuscular Fatigue Are Not Sex-Dependent During Low-Load Fatiguing Bilateral Leg Extension Exercise, Taylor K. Dinyer, Evangeline P. Soucie, Pasquale J. Succi, Caleb C. Voskuil, M. Travis Byrd, Haley C. Bergstrom May 2021

Muscular Performance And Neuromuscular Fatigue Are Not Sex-Dependent During Low-Load Fatiguing Bilateral Leg Extension Exercise, Taylor K. Dinyer, Evangeline P. Soucie, Pasquale J. Succi, Caleb C. Voskuil, M. Travis Byrd, Haley C. Bergstrom

NeuroSports

Purpose. This study examined the sex-related differences in muscular performance and neuromuscular (electromyographic [EMG] and mechanomyographic [MMG] amplitude [AMP] and mean power frequency [MPF]) responses during fatiguing leg extension repetitions performed at the critical load (CL). Methods. Eleven men and nine women completed one-repetition maximum (1RM) testing, repetitions to failure at 50, 60, 70, and 80% 1RM to determine CL, and repetitions to failure at CL, on separate days. The EMG and MMG, AMP and MPF signals and number of repetitions completed were recorded. Results. There were no sex-dependent responses in the %1RM that corresponded to, the number of repetitions ...


Menstrual Dysfunction As The Leading Clinical Marker For The Future Development Of The Female Athlete Triad: A Meta-Analysis, Sydney Hotz May 2021

Menstrual Dysfunction As The Leading Clinical Marker For The Future Development Of The Female Athlete Triad: A Meta-Analysis, Sydney Hotz

Health and Kinesiology Theses

The Female Athlete Triad is a diagnosable medical condition that is under researched and very prevalent in female sports today. The development of the Female Athlete Triad, or any of its components, can negatively impact many aspects of a female athlete’s life. If clinical markers could be identified that indicate future development of the Triad, it could potentially help prevent occurrence of the condition and greatly reduce the number of female’s that have to suffer from it. Menstrual dysfunction could be the leading clinical marker for the future development of the Triad. This meta-analysis seeks to explore the ...


Agreement Level Of Running Temporal Measurements, Kinetics, And Force-Time Curves Calculated From Inertial Measurement Units, Austin Smith May 2021

Agreement Level Of Running Temporal Measurements, Kinetics, And Force-Time Curves Calculated From Inertial Measurement Units, Austin Smith

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Inertial measurement units (IMUs) and wearable sensors have enabled athlete monitoring and research to become more ecologically valid due to their small size and low cost. IMUs and accelerometers that are placed on the body close to the point of impact and that record at sufficiently high frequencies have demonstrated the highest validity when measuring temporal gait event moments such as ground contact time (GCT) and flight time (FT) as well as peak forces (PF) during upright running. While the use of IMUs has increased in the sport performance and athlete monitoring realm, the potential of the technology’s ability ...


The Physiological Effects Of Therapy Dogs During Exercise For Sedentary Adults, Josie Lynne Mazzone May 2021

The Physiological Effects Of Therapy Dogs During Exercise For Sedentary Adults, Josie Lynne Mazzone

All NMU Master's Theses

Previous research has shown therapy dogs may be utilized to attenuate heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) responses during various types of stressors due to an increase in oxytocin (OT) and decrease in cortisol (CL) production. These hormonal changes have also been shown to enhance exercise performance. Purpose: This study aimed to determine if physiological responses to exercise changed in the presence of a therapy dog for sedentary adults. Methods: Seven adult subjects (mean age of 30.86 ± 14.07 years) who self-reported less than 150 min of physical activity per week participated in a graded walking test with ...


Regression Analysis Of Pacing When Running A Marathon, Hawkin Starke May 2021

Regression Analysis Of Pacing When Running A Marathon, Hawkin Starke

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Regression analysis can be an effective way of examining performance in the marathon event. By splitting up the race into segments or in runner terminology “splits” the significance of each segment as it relates to the total finish time can be explored. Because the idea of splits is already ingrained into the minds of runners, it makes intuitive sense to use these as the metrics to define a race. Additionally, marathons generally make participant age and gender date publicly available which can then be used to find trends within specific demographics. This tailors trends to smaller groups of people, making ...


Improving The Specificity Of Vertical Stiffness Measurement In Depth Jump Landings, Miles Mercer May 2021

Improving The Specificity Of Vertical Stiffness Measurement In Depth Jump Landings, Miles Mercer

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Greater lower extremity stiffness has been shown to increase bilateral jump height through stretch-shortening cycle optimization. Currently, there are two established methods for estimating vertical stiffness (Kvert) of the human body, which is a variant of lower extremity stiffness. The validity of these methods for estimating Kvert in non-cyclical human movements has been questioned recently due to the complex physiological and neuromotor factors that support stiffness regulation in the muscle-tendon complex. The purpose of the present study was to improve the specificity of Kvert measurement using direct derivation of vertical ground reaction force (GRF) and center of ...


Effects Of Different Recovery Methods On Hangboard Performance In Rock Climbers: A Pilot Study, Daniel Tyler Ehrich May 2021

Effects Of Different Recovery Methods On Hangboard Performance In Rock Climbers: A Pilot Study, Daniel Tyler Ehrich

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether static stretching, dynamic shakes, or repeated contractions would promote the greatest retention in performance in hangboard training within a given period of time. Five volunteer intermediate climbers from the Liberty University rock climbing team were instructed to suspend themselves from a 20mm ledge on a hangboard until voluntary failure while time was recorded. After failure, subjects performed one of three different recovery methods and a control in randomized order for two minutes in alternating fifteen-second intervals. Upon finishing recovery, subjects would hang from the same ledge and have their time recorded ...


Athletic Training In The Classroom, Megan Imwalle May 2021

Athletic Training In The Classroom, Megan Imwalle

Masters Theses/Capstone Projects

The purpose of this practicum experience was for a practicing athletic trainer to immerse themselves into a CAATE accredited athletic training education program classroom setting. The athlete trainer was responsible for creating and delivering lecture presentations and lab activities, utilizing research for class discussion and assignments, and acting as a mentor for athletic training students.

The athletic training worked in collaboration with a professor to gain an understanding for how to deliver classroom materials and how to manage a classroom in-person and virtually. The main goal for this practicum experience was to gain confidence in a classroom setting and provide ...


The Impact Of Female Sport Coaches: Role Models For The Next Generatio, Molly Wilkie Apr 2021

The Impact Of Female Sport Coaches: Role Models For The Next Generatio, Molly Wilkie

Thinking Matters Symposium

Gender equity in higher education settings, such as academic faculty and admission to graduate schools in medical and STEM fields has been well researched (Ceci & Williams, 2011; Cheryan, 2011; Moss & Racusin, 2012). Based on this previous research, there is a pattern of implicit bias towards female applicants for professorships, as well as admissions to graduate and research positions that results in an imbalance of men and women in these positions. However, less research has been conducted on the gender inequities that exist in another area of higher education, collegiate athletics. The purpose of this project is to identify if the gender of ...


The Effect Of Chronic Alcohol Consumption On Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage In Young Men, Emma Hamilton, Grant Hilliard Apr 2021

The Effect Of Chronic Alcohol Consumption On Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage In Young Men, Emma Hamilton, Grant Hilliard

Honors Theses

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of chronic alcohol consumption on exercise-induced muscle damage of the knee extensors in young men. METHODS: Twenty-one males (age 21.9 ± 1.1 yr; weight 183.4 ± 27.6 lbs; height 174.0 ± 13.1 cm) performed 100 maximal eccentric contractions at 30°/sec of the knee extensors using their non-dominant leg. The isometric and isokinetic muscle strengths (60°/sec and 180°/sec) were measured pre-exercise and immediately, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h, 96 h, and 120 h post-exercise. Muscle soreness and plasma creatine kinase (CK) activity were measured pre-exercise and 24 h, 48 ...


Mechanisms Of Improving The Motor Activity Of Children Aged 6-7 Years Through Initial Gymnastics Classes, Gulhayo Kholboevna Kholboeva Apr 2021

Mechanisms Of Improving The Motor Activity Of Children Aged 6-7 Years Through Initial Gymnastics Classes, Gulhayo Kholboevna Kholboeva

Eurasian Journal of Sport Science

Purpose: Development of motor activity, physical fitness of children by means of rhythmic exercises based on initial gymnastics.

Methods: in the study we used the following methods: pedagogical testing, pedagogical experiment, heart rate monitoring, somatoscopy, mathematical statistics.

Results: As a result of the study, it was found that in children 6-7 years old, on the basis of rhythmic exercises based on initial gymnastics, motor activity increases by 11.4%, and physical fitness-by 11.32%. After the experiment, changes in the statistical reliability of the test results were revealed (p<0.05 and higher, 847 ±0.9, tct =1.55).

Conclusion: In The experimental program in comparison with the traditional program ...


Influences On Female Athletic Training Graduates During Their Transition To Professional Practice, Heather Wood Apr 2021

Influences On Female Athletic Training Graduates During Their Transition To Professional Practice, Heather Wood

Sports Medicine Student Work

Context: Career socialization includes the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and shared attitudes of a profession. The career socialization process of graduates from athletic training (AT) bachelor’s programs have been studied; however, these results are not necessarily applicable to graduates of an entry-level master’s (ELM) program. This change may result in different experiences and socialization processes of the students. Objective: Describe the experiences ELM students have as they transition from the professional to organizational socialization phases. To understand how their experiences, socialization agents, and the global pandemic have impacted their first professional employment opportunities. Design: Qualitative Study (In-depth Interviews ...


The Effect Of Cryotherapy And Inflammation And Myofiber Regeneration Following Skeletal Muscle Injury, Noah Macniven Apr 2021

The Effect Of Cryotherapy And Inflammation And Myofiber Regeneration Following Skeletal Muscle Injury, Noah Macniven

Sports Medicine Student Work

Cryotherapy is a widely used modality to treat acute skeletal muscle injury. Traditionally, cryotherapy is used immediately following an injury to accelerate the healing process by decreasing pain, inflammation and secondary hypoxic injury. Recent studies conflict with this long-standing practice and have suggested that cryotherapy may actually impair the myofiber regeneration process after muscle injury due to suppression of the inflammatory process. Therefore, delaying the healing process. A critical appraisal was conducted on three studies that have examined the inflammatory markers and markers of muscle regeneration. These studies were conducted over the past five years and have examined the effects ...


He Effects Of Vestibular Rehabilitation On Reaction Time: A Critically Appraised Topic, Christian Miles Apr 2021

He Effects Of Vestibular Rehabilitation On Reaction Time: A Critically Appraised Topic, Christian Miles

Sports Medicine Student Work

In the U.S, mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) account for 5-10% of all athletic injuries at the high school and collegiate levels. Following mTBI, reaction time is often delayed, which can increase risk for additional injury. Research shows that vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) for mTBI/concussion can reduce symptoms and reduce recovery time; however, research is limited on the effects of VRT on reaction time. Therefore, the purpose of this research project was to critically appraise current evidence on the effects of VRT on reaction time in patients with an mTBI or concussion. To achieve this objective, I conducted ...


Alter-G® Treadmill Chamber Pressure At Three Unweighted Conditions In College Age Volunteers, Lauren Roberts, Jacqueline Santaniello Apr 2021

Alter-G® Treadmill Chamber Pressure At Three Unweighted Conditions In College Age Volunteers, Lauren Roberts, Jacqueline Santaniello

Transformations: Presentation Slides

Lower body positive pressure (LBPP) treadmills utilize an inflatable chamber to provide a range of unweighted conditions for specific rehabilitation or training purposes. This is achieved by pumping air into the chamber, which results in a lower body lift or unweighted condition. Creating an unweighted condition for the user lessens the impact on the lower body during treadmill exercise. Yet, little is known about internal chamber air pressure changes during unweighted conditions and its effect on arterial blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this investigation was to study changes in chamber air pressure (CAP), arterial BP, and heart rate (HR ...


The Role Of Coaches, Institutions, And Clinicians In Addressing Athlete Mental Health, Melissa Otterbein, Cindy Miller Aron, Paul Gorczynski Apr 2021

The Role Of Coaches, Institutions, And Clinicians In Addressing Athlete Mental Health, Melissa Otterbein, Cindy Miller Aron, Paul Gorczynski

Emerging Discourses

Mental health, defined by the World Health Organization as “a state of wellbeing in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community,” is an important concern for athletes. In 2018, research findings showed that the prevalence of mental health symptoms and disorders among current elite athletes ranged from 19% for alcohol misuse to 34% for anxiety/depression, and from 16% for distress to 26% for anxiety/depression for former elite athletes.2 Research suggests that ...


The Influence Of Carbohydrate Ingestion On Peripheral And Central Fatigue During Exercise In Hypoxia: A Narrative Review, Erin Sinai Apr 2021

The Influence Of Carbohydrate Ingestion On Peripheral And Central Fatigue During Exercise In Hypoxia: A Narrative Review, Erin Sinai

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Abstract

Hypoxia impairs aerobic performance by accelerating fatiguing processes. These processes may originate from sites either distal (peripheral) or proximal (central) to the neuromuscular junction, though these are not mutually exclusive. Peripheral mechanisms include decrements in muscle glycogen or fluctuations in intramuscular metabolites, whereas central responses commonly refer to reductions in central motor drive elicited by alterations in blood glucose and neurotransmitter concentrations as well as arterial hypoxemia. Hypoxia may accelerate both peripheral and central pathways of fatigue, with the level of hypoxia strongly dictating the degree and primary locus of impairment. As more people journey to hypoxic settings for ...


An Annual Training Plan For Collegiate Dance, Ashley R. German Apr 2021

An Annual Training Plan For Collegiate Dance, Ashley R. German

Honors Thesis

The focus of this thesis is on developing an annual resistance training plan for collegiate dance with no test subjects. This project provides biomechanical, physiological, and injury analysis of collegiate dance. Based on the analysis, a research-based, linear resistance training program for the University of South Dakota Dance Team was created. The resistance training program follows basic strength and conditioning principles including specificity, overload, and periodization. Additionally, exercise selection, order, volume, and intensity were prescribed based on standards set forth by the National Strength and Conditioning Association. Generally, from off-season to in-season, exercises moved from general to specific, along with ...


Effects Of Continuous And Intermittent Blood Flow Restriction On Physiological Responses During Aerobic Exercise, James Brown Apr 2021

Effects Of Continuous And Intermittent Blood Flow Restriction On Physiological Responses During Aerobic Exercise, James Brown

Undergraduate Research Competition

Blood flow restriction (BFR) during exercise improves cardiovascular fitness with lower work-rates compared to traditional exercise, but differences in continuous (CONT-BFR) or intermittent BFR (INT-BFR) are unknown. This study examines physiological responses to light intensity with no BFR (LIIE), INT-BFR, CONT-BFR, and high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE). Subjects will participate in four trials; BFR-INT, CONT-BFR, LIIE and HIIE. Trials consist of five two-minute intervals with a one-minute recovery interval. During CONT-BFR, cuffs will continuously be inflated at 60% of limb occlusion pressure; INT-BFR is similar except cuffs deflate during recovery intervals. Each trial blood pressure, cardiac output, oxygen uptake, and muscle ...


Acl Injury Prevention Participation Amongst Collegiate Female Athletes, Natalie Bardwell Apr 2021

Acl Injury Prevention Participation Amongst Collegiate Female Athletes, Natalie Bardwell

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Presentation Location: Weber Center, Room 101

Abstract

Background: A common injury for athletes is a tear in the anterior cruciate ligament. There is a higher rate of injuries among female athletes rather than male athletes due to many anatomical and physiological problems. One of the proposed causes of these injuries is the difference in hormone levels in during the phases of the menstrual cycle. ACL injury prevention programs have been used to help reduce the number of injuries among athletes, yet many athletic teams to not actively participate in these programs. Many studies have used the Lower Extremity Scoring System ...


The Hidden Illness: You Never Know When They Will Strike, Tehta Reeves, Stuart Bennett Apr 2021

The Hidden Illness: You Never Know When They Will Strike, Tehta Reeves, Stuart Bennett

Liberty University Research Week

Undergraduate

Theoretical Proposal


8-Week Post-Operative Rehabilitation For A Collegiate Baseball Pitcher With Ucl, Cortney Kinder, John Coots Apr 2021

8-Week Post-Operative Rehabilitation For A Collegiate Baseball Pitcher With Ucl, Cortney Kinder, John Coots

Liberty University Research Week

Undergraduate

Applied


Pre-Tendonitis & Bursitis Of The Psoas In A Division 1 Field Hockey Player, James Kegley, John Coots Apr 2021

Pre-Tendonitis & Bursitis Of The Psoas In A Division 1 Field Hockey Player, James Kegley, John Coots

Liberty University Research Week

Undergraduate

Applied


Using Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy And Joint Mobilizations To Treat Shoulder Adhesive Capsulitis, Courtney Herm, Matthew Gage, David A. Dewitt Apr 2021

Using Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy And Joint Mobilizations To Treat Shoulder Adhesive Capsulitis, Courtney Herm, Matthew Gage, David A. Dewitt

Liberty University Research Week

Undergraduate

Applied


Acute Traumatic Navicular Fracture - A Rare Case Study, Jacob Gachowski, John Coots Apr 2021

Acute Traumatic Navicular Fracture - A Rare Case Study, Jacob Gachowski, John Coots

Liberty University Research Week

Undergraduate

Applied