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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Implementation Of A Nurse-Led Family Centered Engagement Intervention For Caregivers Of Extremely Premature Infants In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Emily Keenan, Michaela L. Ranallo, Kathleen A. Walsh, Haley Chapko, Tiffany A. Moore May 2021

Implementation Of A Nurse-Led Family Centered Engagement Intervention For Caregivers Of Extremely Premature Infants In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Emily Keenan, Michaela L. Ranallo, Kathleen A. Walsh, Haley Chapko, Tiffany A. Moore

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects: College of Nursing

Objective: The objective of this feasibility study was to examine the implementation and usefulness of an intervention for extremely premature infant (EPI) caregivers.

Results: One caregiver and five nurses provided feedback with a mean score of 4.4 out of 5 pertaining to helpfulness.

Conclusions: Implementation of the Caregiver’s Guide was feasible and was positively received by NICU nurses and caregivers. We recommend implementing a revised version of this tool based on nurse and caregiver feedback. The delivery of education should be divided between dayshift and nightshift nurses so that one nurse is not responsible for providing all the ...


The Effect Of Polyunsaturated And Saturated Fatty Acids On Seizure Presence And Severity In A Cohort Of Subjects In An Epilepsy Monitoring Unit, Jana K. Wells May 2021

The Effect Of Polyunsaturated And Saturated Fatty Acids On Seizure Presence And Severity In A Cohort Of Subjects In An Epilepsy Monitoring Unit, Jana K. Wells

Theses & Dissertations

Ketogenic diet therapies (KDTs) have been used to treat epilepsy for nearly 100 years. Although effective, restrictive diet patterns and unknown impacts on long-term health outcomes often prevent their use as first-line therapy. To date, a distinct mechanism of action for KDTs has not been determined and evidence suggests fatty acids (FAs) may play a role in eliciting anti-seizure effects. This dissertation aimed to provide insights into the effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and saturated fatty acids (SFAs) on seizure presence and severity through the analysis of dietary intake in a cohort of patients admitted to an epilepsy monitoring ...


Evaluation Of A Renewal Room For Nurses, Danica Lee, Courtney Batra, Megan Knutson May 2021

Evaluation Of A Renewal Room For Nurses, Danica Lee, Courtney Batra, Megan Knutson

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects: College of Nursing

Wellness is an emerging and prominent issue in recent years, and specifically has a heavy influence on healthcare institutions and their employees. Having an outlet for self-care is important in developing resilience to life’s challenges. A Renewal Room is one approach to encouraging resilience and mental health restoration. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usability of a wellness room for nurses. Data were collected in the form of an electronic survey that examined the utility (does it do what users need) and usability of the Renewal Room by determining who uses the room, when it is ...


The Effect Of Fiber And Omega-6:Omega-3 Fatty Acid Ratio On Asthma And Asthma-Related Symptoms In An Adult U.S. Population, Korie As Nelson May 2021

The Effect Of Fiber And Omega-6:Omega-3 Fatty Acid Ratio On Asthma And Asthma-Related Symptoms In An Adult U.S. Population, Korie As Nelson

Capstone Experience

Asthma is one of the most common diseases in the world affecting more than 10% of adults in many westernized countries and 339 million globally. Studies have shown a positive association between increased dietary fiber and improvement in asthma-related inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acids have also been shown to help mitigate inflammation in general. No identified studies have looked at the synergistic effect of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids alone and as a ratio with fiber on asthma, lung function, and respiratory morbidities. A positive association could mean that dietary interventions of fiber and fatty acids could significantly improve asthma and ...


Influenza Surveillance: Comparative Analysis Of Influenza Cases Data In Nebraska, Anna Carpenter May 2021

Influenza Surveillance: Comparative Analysis Of Influenza Cases Data In Nebraska, Anna Carpenter

Capstone Experience

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Efficacy Of Vaccine Candidates Against Zika Infection And Congenital Zika Syndrome: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Hannah Lund May 2021

Efficacy Of Vaccine Candidates Against Zika Infection And Congenital Zika Syndrome: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Hannah Lund

Capstone Experience

There have been previous reviews looking into the efficacy of vaccine candidates against Zika infection in non-humans primates, but there hasn’t been a review looking into the efficacy against Congenital Zika Syndrome (CZS).The aim of this project was to systematically review literature on efficacy of vaccine candidates against Zika infection and CZS. A protocol was developed following PRISMA guidelines. English articles published since 2015 were included. Clinical trials (CCTs) that compared the efficacy of four Zika virus vaccine candidates' (PIV, DNA, mRNA, and Adenovirus) against zika infection and CZS in human and non-human primate models were included. Grey ...


Impact Of Dietary Fiber And Omega6/3 Intake On Copd Outcomes In U.S. Adults, Jacey Hain May 2021

Impact Of Dietary Fiber And Omega6/3 Intake On Copd Outcomes In U.S. Adults, Jacey Hain

Capstone Experience

COPD is the 4th leading cause of death in the United States and is the leading cause of hospitalizations in adults.1Although there is no cure for COPD, symptoms can be managed to increase the quality of life of those affected by the disease. Dietary omega-3 and -6 as well as fiber intakes have been noted as mitigating the burden of disease through their anti-inflammatory properties. We set out to look at the synergistic effect of both omega-3,-6, -6:-3 ratio and fiber on COPD, lung function and respiratory morbidities. We used data from the National Heath ...


Case Study Of Nursing Home Residents: The Association Between Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae (Cpe) And Covid-19, Jordan Ranta May 2021

Case Study Of Nursing Home Residents: The Association Between Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae (Cpe) And Covid-19, Jordan Ranta

Capstone Experience

None


Workforce Assessment: Measuring The Impacts Of Covid-19 On The Maternal And Child Health Workforce, Ashleigh M. Sutphen May 2021

Workforce Assessment: Measuring The Impacts Of Covid-19 On The Maternal And Child Health Workforce, Ashleigh M. Sutphen

Capstone Experience

Workforce assessments provide an opportunity to assess, evaluate, and identify the needs of a particular workforce. The use of workforce assessments in the field of maternal and child health (MCH) has been an ongoing and a strongly supported effort by the Health Resources & Services Administration: Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB). The maternal and child health workforce is responsible for providing essential public health services to some of the most vulnerable populations such as mothers, children, and people living with disabilities. Thus, the continuation of providing these essential public health services is critical – even in the midst of a pandemic ...


The Migration Of Carbapenem-Resistant Acinetobacter Baumannii From The Battlefields Of Iraq And Afghanistan To The Healthcare Facilities Of The Veterans Health Administration, Jeffery Rogers May 2021

The Migration Of Carbapenem-Resistant Acinetobacter Baumannii From The Battlefields Of Iraq And Afghanistan To The Healthcare Facilities Of The Veterans Health Administration, Jeffery Rogers

Capstone Experience

Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) pose a great threat to health across the globe. That threat is also felt in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Wounded warriors returning home from the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan may have brought with them MDROs, such as the bacterium Acinetobacter baumannii, as they have transitioned from military service into the VHA facilities. This study investigates the interconnectedness of military service in the Department of Defense (DoD) and a lifetime of care at VHA through a longitudinal tracking of a linked cohort of combat veterans with battlefield injuries and subsequent MDR infections of A. baumannii. This ...


Conducting A Swot Analysis And Assessing Clinic Roles To Improve Integrated Healthcare, Jessica S. Hicks May 2021

Conducting A Swot Analysis And Assessing Clinic Roles To Improve Integrated Healthcare, Jessica S. Hicks

Capstone Experience

Currently, those with a mental illness are less likely to receive primary care services and are more likely to die sooner than those without a mental illness. Combating this health disparity, integrated healthcare is a holistic approach that treats both mental and physical health. The cooperation and partnership of multiple health disciplines is a whole-person method that improves a patient’s overall wellbeing. Community Alliance is an organization in Omaha, Nebraska that offers integrated health care services through its clinic to community members. With multiple areas of care, roles and responsibilities can become easily obscured creating confusion and mistakes in ...


The Epidemiology Of Clostridioides Difficile In Nebraska - A Descriptive Study Between 2018-2020, Storm Keffer May 2021

The Epidemiology Of Clostridioides Difficile In Nebraska - A Descriptive Study Between 2018-2020, Storm Keffer

Capstone Experience

Objectives: Clostridioides difficile (C. diff) is a common but challenging infection both financially and medically. Due to these difficulties, Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) caused by C. diff is a mandatory reportable disease in Nebraska and as such has been a priority disease targeted by various disease control practices across many hospitals. All CDI laboratory results are reported electronically through the Nebraska Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS). However, capturing and conceptualizing the true burden of CDIs in Nebraska has not been adequately accomplished since monitoring of CDIs began. The objective of this study is to examine the trends of C. diff ...


Mental Health Of Individuals Within Incarceration: A Systematic Literature Review, Steven I. Valladares May 2021

Mental Health Of Individuals Within Incarceration: A Systematic Literature Review, Steven I. Valladares

Capstone Experience

Mental Health Illness is on the rise in the United States. About 90% of incarcerated individuals have at least one mental health condition. The current federal and state incarceration systems do not seem to be well-equipped to transition an incarcerated individual to the civilian life. This is so because the incarceration system focuses too much on the punishment rather than rehabilitation. This framework could be deemed unsafe and dangerous to the civilian world once a prisoner gets released, due to incarcerated individuals not receiving adequate mental health treatment. This literature review highlights the flaws of the current incarceration system mental ...


Alteration Of Perceptions Of Safety Before And After Fit Testing Among College Of Dentistry Students, Tanner H. Clark May 2021

Alteration Of Perceptions Of Safety Before And After Fit Testing Among College Of Dentistry Students, Tanner H. Clark

Capstone Experience

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed how hospitals and healthcare academic programs operate. This change has restricted services provided as well as educational opportunities for those training to be in healthcare. Further, personal protective equipment (PPE) has been required to help protect workers potentially having contact with patients who may have COVID-19. Dentistry workers are at particularly high risk due to repeated and continuous aerosol generating procedures. Healthcare students have traditionally been restricted to areas with minimal risk during clinical experiences; however, with the exposure occurring ubiquitously, avoiding the risk is nearly impossible. There is no uniform inclusion of students in ...


The Spatial-Temporal Model Of Covid-19 Tests, Cases, And Deaths In The State Of Nebraska, Makayla Schissel May 2021

The Spatial-Temporal Model Of Covid-19 Tests, Cases, And Deaths In The State Of Nebraska, Makayla Schissel

Capstone Experience

The goal of this project was to illustrate the spread of COVID-19 tests, cases, and deaths within the state of Nebraska and identify non-random clusters using a spatial-temporal model. This project is pertinent and innovative, as few spatial-temporal models in the United States revolving around COVID-19 offer information at the county, let alone, the state level. De-identified data was extracted from the State of Nebraska’s Department of Health and Human Services COVID-19 dashboard, transformed and prepared for analysis using SAS coding language. Clusters were identified though SaTScan software using a space-time permutation model. The model identified 5 different clusters ...


Nebraska Public Guardianship Of Unbefriended Patients: A Preliminary Review Of Health Outcomes And Cost Savings, Emily N. Berzonsky May 2021

Nebraska Public Guardianship Of Unbefriended Patients: A Preliminary Review Of Health Outcomes And Cost Savings, Emily N. Berzonsky

Capstone Experience

Unbefriended patients often experience an extended length of stay in the hospital while their medical providers await legal appointment of a public guardian to make their medical decisions. The medically unnecessary days the unbefriended patient spends in the hospital equates to high costs for the hospital, but more importantly, negative health outcomes for the patient. The purpose of this study is to provide literature and data to support recommendations for possible changes in Nebraska’s public guardianship appointment process. A literature review seeks to answer: (1) What is the median hospital length of stay for an unbefriended patient without a ...


Is Biventricular Vascular Coupling A Better Indicator Of Ventriculo-Ventricular Interaction In Congenital Heart Disease?, Emily L. Yang, Shelby Kutty, Brian D. Soriano, Sathish Mallenahalli, Mark R. Ferguson, Mark B. Lewin, Sujatha Buddhe Apr 2021

Is Biventricular Vascular Coupling A Better Indicator Of Ventriculo-Ventricular Interaction In Congenital Heart Disease?, Emily L. Yang, Shelby Kutty, Brian D. Soriano, Sathish Mallenahalli, Mark R. Ferguson, Mark B. Lewin, Sujatha Buddhe

Journal Articles: Pediatrics

BACKGROUND: Ventriculo-ventricular interactions are known to exist, though not well quantified. We hypothesised that the ventricular-vascular coupling ratio assessed by cardiovascular MRI would provide insight into this relationship. We also sought to compare MRI-derived ventricular-vascular coupling ratio to echocardiography and patient outcomes.

METHODS: Children with cardiac disease and biventricular physiology were included. Sanz's and Bullet methods were used to calculate ventricular-vascular coupling ratio by MRI and echocardiography, respectively. Subgroup analysis was performed for right and left heart diseases. Univariate and multivariate regressions were performed to determine associations with outcomes.

RESULTS: A total of 55 patients (age 14.3 ± 2 ...


Response To Correspondence On "Reproducibility Of Crispr-Cas9 Methods For Generation Of Conditional Mouse Alleles: A Multi-Center Evaluation", Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy, Aidan R. O'Brien, Rolen M. Quadros, John Adams, Pilar Alcaide, Shinya Ayabe, Johnathan Ballard, Surinder K. Batra, Marie-Claude Beauchamp, Kathleen A. Becker, Guillaume Bernas, David Brough, Francisco Carrillo-Salinas, Wesley Chan, Hanying Chen, Ruby Dawson, Victoria Demambro, Jinke D'Hont, Katharine Dibb, James D. Eudy, Lin Gan, Jing Gao, Amy Gonzales, Anyonya Guntur, Huiping Guo, Donald W. Harms, Anne Harrington, Kathryn E. Hentges, Neil Humphreys, Shiho Imai, Hideshi Ishii, Mizuho Iwama, Eric Jonasch, Michelle Karolak, Bernard Keavney, Nay-Chi Khin, Masamitsu Konno, Yuko Kotani, Yayoi Kunihiro, Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Catherine Larochelle, Catherine B. Lawrence, Lin Li, Volkhard Lindner, Xian-De Liu, Gloria Lopez-Castejon, Andrew Loudon, Jenna Lowe, Loydie Jerome-Majeweska, Taiji Matsusaka, Hiromi Miura, Yoshiki Miyasaka, Benjamin Morpurgo, Katherine Motyl, Yo-Ichi Nabeshima, Koji Nakade, Toshiaki Nakashiba, Kenichi Nakashima, Yuichi Obata, Sanae Ogiwara, Mariette Ouellet, Leif Oxburgh, Sandra Piltz, Ilka Pinz, Moorthy P. Ponnusamy, David Ray, Ronald J. Redder, Clifford J. Rosen, Nikki Ross, Mark T. Ruhe, Larisa Ryzhova, Ane M. Salvador, Sabrina Shameen Alam, Radislav Sedlacek, Karan Sharma, Chad Smith, Katrien Staes, Lora Starrs, Fumihiro Sugiyama, Satoru Takahashi, Tomohiro Tanaka, Andrew Trafford, Yoshihiro Uno, Leen Vanhoutte, Frederique Vanrockeghem, Brandon J. Willis, Christian S. Wright, Yuko Yamauchi, Xin Yi, Kazuto Yoshimi, Xuesong Zhang, Yu Zhang, Masato Ohtsuka, Satyabrata Das, Daniel J. Garry, Tino Hochepied, Paul Thomas, Jan Parker-Thornburg, Antony D. Adamson, Atsushi Yoshiki, Jean-Francois Schmouth, Andrei Golovko, William R. Thompson, K C Kent Lloyd, Joshua A. Wood, Mitra Cowan, Tomoji Mashimo, Seiya Mizuno, Hao Zhu, Petr Kasparek, Lucy Liaw, Joseph M. Miano, Gaetan Burgio Apr 2021

Response To Correspondence On "Reproducibility Of Crispr-Cas9 Methods For Generation Of Conditional Mouse Alleles: A Multi-Center Evaluation", Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy, Aidan R. O'Brien, Rolen M. Quadros, John Adams, Pilar Alcaide, Shinya Ayabe, Johnathan Ballard, Surinder K. Batra, Marie-Claude Beauchamp, Kathleen A. Becker, Guillaume Bernas, David Brough, Francisco Carrillo-Salinas, Wesley Chan, Hanying Chen, Ruby Dawson, Victoria Demambro, Jinke D'Hont, Katharine Dibb, James D. Eudy, Lin Gan, Jing Gao, Amy Gonzales, Anyonya Guntur, Huiping Guo, Donald W. Harms, Anne Harrington, Kathryn E. Hentges, Neil Humphreys, Shiho Imai, Hideshi Ishii, Mizuho Iwama, Eric Jonasch, Michelle Karolak, Bernard Keavney, Nay-Chi Khin, Masamitsu Konno, Yuko Kotani, Yayoi Kunihiro, Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Catherine Larochelle, Catherine B. Lawrence, Lin Li, Volkhard Lindner, Xian-De Liu, Gloria Lopez-Castejon, Andrew Loudon, Jenna Lowe, Loydie Jerome-Majeweska, Taiji Matsusaka, Hiromi Miura, Yoshiki Miyasaka, Benjamin Morpurgo, Katherine Motyl, Yo-Ichi Nabeshima, Koji Nakade, Toshiaki Nakashiba, Kenichi Nakashima, Yuichi Obata, Sanae Ogiwara, Mariette Ouellet, Leif Oxburgh, Sandra Piltz, Ilka Pinz, Moorthy P. Ponnusamy, David Ray, Ronald J. Redder, Clifford J. Rosen, Nikki Ross, Mark T. Ruhe, Larisa Ryzhova, Ane M. Salvador, Sabrina Shameen Alam, Radislav Sedlacek, Karan Sharma, Chad Smith, Katrien Staes, Lora Starrs, Fumihiro Sugiyama, Satoru Takahashi, Tomohiro Tanaka, Andrew Trafford, Yoshihiro Uno, Leen Vanhoutte, Frederique Vanrockeghem, Brandon J. Willis, Christian S. Wright, Yuko Yamauchi, Xin Yi, Kazuto Yoshimi, Xuesong Zhang, Yu Zhang, Masato Ohtsuka, Satyabrata Das, Daniel J. Garry, Tino Hochepied, Paul Thomas, Jan Parker-Thornburg, Antony D. Adamson, Atsushi Yoshiki, Jean-Francois Schmouth, Andrei Golovko, William R. Thompson, K C Kent Lloyd, Joshua A. Wood, Mitra Cowan, Tomoji Mashimo, Seiya Mizuno, Hao Zhu, Petr Kasparek, Lucy Liaw, Joseph M. Miano, Gaetan Burgio

Journal Articles: Pharmacology & Experimental Neuroscience

No abstract provided.


St6galnac-I Promotes Lung Cancer Metastasis By Altering Muc5ac Sialylation, Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Sanjib Chaudhary, Raghupathy Vengoji, Parthasarathy Seshacharyulu, Satyanarayana Rachagani, Joseph Carmicheal, Rahat Jahan, Pranita Atri, Ramakanth C. Venkata, Rohitesh Gupta, Saravanakumar Marimuthu, Naveenkumar Perumal, Sanchita Rauth, Sukhwinder Kaur, Kavita Mallya, Lynette M. Smith, Subodh M. Lele, Moorthy P. Ponnusamy, Mohd W. Nasser, Ravi Salgia, Surinder K. Batra, Apar Kishor Ganti Mar 2021

St6galnac-I Promotes Lung Cancer Metastasis By Altering Muc5ac Sialylation, Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Sanjib Chaudhary, Raghupathy Vengoji, Parthasarathy Seshacharyulu, Satyanarayana Rachagani, Joseph Carmicheal, Rahat Jahan, Pranita Atri, Ramakanth C. Venkata, Rohitesh Gupta, Saravanakumar Marimuthu, Naveenkumar Perumal, Sanchita Rauth, Sukhwinder Kaur, Kavita Mallya, Lynette M. Smith, Subodh M. Lele, Moorthy P. Ponnusamy, Mohd W. Nasser, Ravi Salgia, Surinder K. Batra, Apar Kishor Ganti

Journal Articles: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality. However, the molecular mechanisms associated with the development of metastasis is poorly understood. Understanding the biology of LC metastasis is critical to unveil the molecular mechanisms for designing targeted therapies. We developed two genetically engineered LC mouse models- KrasG12D ;Trp53R172H/+ ;Ad-Cre (KPA) and KrasG12D ; Ad-Cre (KA). Survival analysis showed significantly (P=0.0049) shorter survival in KPA tumor-bearing mice as compared to KA, suggesting the aggressiveness of the model. Our transcriptomic data showed high expression of St6galnac-I in KPA compared to KA tumors. ST6GalNAc-I is an O-glycosyltransferase ...


Properties Of Multivesicular Release From Mouse Rod Photoreceptors Support Transmission Of Single-Photon Responses, Cassandra L. Hays, Asia L. Sladek, Greg D. Field, Wallace B. Thoreson Mar 2021

Properties Of Multivesicular Release From Mouse Rod Photoreceptors Support Transmission Of Single-Photon Responses, Cassandra L. Hays, Asia L. Sladek, Greg D. Field, Wallace B. Thoreson

Journal Articles: Ophthalmology

Vision under starlight requires rod photoreceptors to transduce and transmit single-photon responses to the visual system. Small single-photon voltage changes must therefore cause detectable reductions in glutamate release. We found that rods achieve this by employing mechanisms that enhance release regularity and its sensitivity to small voltage changes. At the resting membrane potential in darkness, mouse rods exhibit coordinated and regularly timed multivesicular release events, each consisting of ~17 vesicles and occurring two to three times more regularly than predicted by Poisson statistics. Hyperpolarizing rods to mimic the voltage change produced by a single photon abruptly reduced the probability of ...


Amyloid Precursor-Like Protein 2 Expression Increases During Pancreatic Cancer Development And Shortens The Survival Of A Spontaneous Mouse Model Of Pancreatic Cancer., Brittany J. Poelaert, Shelby M. Knoche, Alaina C. Larson, Poomy Pandey, Parthasarathy Seshacharyulu, Nuzhat Khan, H. Carlo Maurer, Kenneth P. Olive, Yuri Sheinin, Rizwan Ahmad, Amar B. Singh, Surinder K. Batra, Satyanarayana Rachagani, Joyce C. Solheim Mar 2021

Amyloid Precursor-Like Protein 2 Expression Increases During Pancreatic Cancer Development And Shortens The Survival Of A Spontaneous Mouse Model Of Pancreatic Cancer., Brittany J. Poelaert, Shelby M. Knoche, Alaina C. Larson, Poomy Pandey, Parthasarathy Seshacharyulu, Nuzhat Khan, H. Carlo Maurer, Kenneth P. Olive, Yuri Sheinin, Rizwan Ahmad, Amar B. Singh, Surinder K. Batra, Satyanarayana Rachagani, Joyce C. Solheim

Journal Articles: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

In the United States, pancreatic cancer is a major cause of cancer-related deaths. Although substantial efforts have been made to understand pancreatic cancer biology and improve therapeutic efficacy, patients still face a bleak chance of survival. A greater understanding of pancreatic cancer development and the identification of novel treatment targets are desperately needed. Our analysis of gene expression data from patient samples showed an increase in amyloid precursor-like protein 2 (APLP2) expression within primary tumor epithelium relative to pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) epithelial cells. Augmented expression of APLP2 in primary tumors compared to adjacent stroma was also observed. Genetically engineered ...


Multi-Level Considerations For Optimal Implementation Of Long-Acting Injectable Antiretroviral Therapy To Treat People Living With Hiv: Perspectives Of Health Care Providers Participating In Phase 3 Trials, Andrea Mantsios, Miranda Murray, Tahilin S. Karver, Wendy Davis, Noya Galai, Princy Kumar, Susan Swindells, U. Fritz Bredeek, Rafael Rubio García, Antonio Antela, Santiago Cenoz Gomis, Miguel Pascual Bernáldez, Maggie Czarnogorski, Krischan Hudson, Nicki Walters, Deanna Kerrigan Mar 2021

Multi-Level Considerations For Optimal Implementation Of Long-Acting Injectable Antiretroviral Therapy To Treat People Living With Hiv: Perspectives Of Health Care Providers Participating In Phase 3 Trials, Andrea Mantsios, Miranda Murray, Tahilin S. Karver, Wendy Davis, Noya Galai, Princy Kumar, Susan Swindells, U. Fritz Bredeek, Rafael Rubio García, Antonio Antela, Santiago Cenoz Gomis, Miguel Pascual Bernáldez, Maggie Czarnogorski, Krischan Hudson, Nicki Walters, Deanna Kerrigan

Journal Articles: Infectious Diseases

BACKGROUND: Long-acting injectable antiretroviral therapy (LA ART) has been shown to be non-inferior to daily oral ART, with high patient satisfaction and preference to oral standard of care in research to date, and has recently been approved for use in the United States and Europe. This study examined the perspectives of health care providers participating in LA ART clinical trials on potential barriers and solutions to LA ART roll-out into real world settings.

METHODS: This analysis draws on two data sources: (1) open-ended questions embedded in a structured online survey of 329 health care providers participating in the ATLAS-2 M ...


Rna-Based Therapies: A Cog In The Wheel Of Lung Cancer Defense, Parvez Khan, Jawed A. Siddiqui, Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Apar Kishor Ganti, Ravi Salgia, Maneesh Jain, Surinder K. Batra, Mohd W. Nasser Mar 2021

Rna-Based Therapies: A Cog In The Wheel Of Lung Cancer Defense, Parvez Khan, Jawed A. Siddiqui, Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Apar Kishor Ganti, Ravi Salgia, Maneesh Jain, Surinder K. Batra, Mohd W. Nasser

Journal Articles: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

Lung cancer (LC) is a heterogeneous disease consisting mainly of two subtypes, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Despite recent advances in therapies, the overall 5-year survival rate of LC remains less than 20%. The efficacy of current therapeutic approaches is compromised by inherent or acquired drug-resistance and severe off-target effects. Therefore, the identification and development of innovative and effective therapeutic approaches are critically desired for LC. The development of RNA-mediated gene inhibition technologies was a turning point in the field of RNA biology. The critical regulatory ...


Integrative Network Analyses Of Transcriptomics Data Reveal Potential Drug Targets For Acute Radiation Syndrome, Robert Moore, Bhanwar Lal Puniya, Robert Powers, Chittibabu Guda, Kenneth W. Bayles, David B. Berkowitz, Tomáš Helikar Mar 2021

Integrative Network Analyses Of Transcriptomics Data Reveal Potential Drug Targets For Acute Radiation Syndrome, Robert Moore, Bhanwar Lal Puniya, Robert Powers, Chittibabu Guda, Kenneth W. Bayles, David B. Berkowitz, Tomáš Helikar

Journal Articles: Pathology and Microbiology

Recent political unrest has highlighted the importance of understanding the short- and long-term effects of gamma-radiation exposure on human health and survivability. In this regard, effective treatment for acute radiation syndrome (ARS) is a necessity in cases of nuclear disasters. Here, we propose 20 therapeutic targets for ARS identified using a systematic approach that integrates gene coexpression networks obtained under radiation treatment in humans and mice, drug databases, disease-gene association, radiation-induced differential gene expression, and literature mining. By selecting gene targets with existing drugs, we identified potential candidates for drug repurposing. Eight of these genes (BRD4, NFKBIA, CDKN1A, TFPI, MMP9 ...


Drug Susceptibility Patterns Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis From Adults With Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis And Implications For A Household Contact Preventive Therapy Trial, Anne-Marie Demers, Soyeon Kim, Sara Mccallum, Kathleen Eisenach, Michael Hughes, Linda Naini, Alberto Mendoza-Ticona, Neeta Pradhan, Kim Narunsky, Selvamuthu Poongulali, Sharlaa Badal-Faesen, Caryn Upton, Elizabeth Smith, N Sarita Shah, Gavin Churchyard, Amita Gupta, Anneke Hesseling, Susan Swindells, Actg A5300/Impaact I2003 Phoenix Feasibility Study Team Feb 2021

Drug Susceptibility Patterns Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis From Adults With Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis And Implications For A Household Contact Preventive Therapy Trial, Anne-Marie Demers, Soyeon Kim, Sara Mccallum, Kathleen Eisenach, Michael Hughes, Linda Naini, Alberto Mendoza-Ticona, Neeta Pradhan, Kim Narunsky, Selvamuthu Poongulali, Sharlaa Badal-Faesen, Caryn Upton, Elizabeth Smith, N Sarita Shah, Gavin Churchyard, Amita Gupta, Anneke Hesseling, Susan Swindells, Actg A5300/Impaact I2003 Phoenix Feasibility Study Team

Journal Articles: Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Drug susceptibility testing (DST) patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) from patients with rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) or multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB; or resistant to rifampicin and isoniazid (INH)), are important to guide preventive therapy for their household contacts (HHCs).

METHODS: As part of a feasibility study done in preparation for an MDR-TB preventive therapy trial in HHCs, smear, Xpert MTB/RIF, Hain MTBDRplus, culture and DST results of index MDR-TB patients were obtained from routine TB programs. A sputum sample was collected at study entry and evaluated by the same tests. Not all tests were performed on all specimens due to ...


Echocardiographic Screening Of Anomalous Origin Of Coronary Arteries In Athletes With A Focus On High Take-Off, Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Nadia Assanta, Martin Koestenberger, Eliana Franchi, Pietro Marchese, Alberto Clemente, Shelby Kutty, Flavio D'Ascenzi Feb 2021

Echocardiographic Screening Of Anomalous Origin Of Coronary Arteries In Athletes With A Focus On High Take-Off, Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Nadia Assanta, Martin Koestenberger, Eliana Franchi, Pietro Marchese, Alberto Clemente, Shelby Kutty, Flavio D'Ascenzi

Journal Articles: Pediatrics

Anomalous aortic origin of coronary arteries (AAOCA) represents a rare congenital heart disease. However, this disease is the second most common cause of sudden cardiac death in apparently healthy athletes. The aim of this systematic review is to analyze the feasibility and the detection rate of AAOCA by echocardiography in children and adults. A literature search was performed within the National Library of Medicine using the following keywords: coronary artery origin anomalies and echocardiography; then, the search was redefined by adding the keywords: athletes, children, and high take-off. Nine echocardiographic studies investigating AAOCA and a total of 33,592 children ...


Phenotypes Of Adults With Congenital Heart Disease Around The Globe: A Cluster Analysis, Edward Callus, Silvana Pagliuca, Sara Boveri, Federico Ambrogi, Koen Luyckx, Adrienne H. Kovacs, Silke Apers, Werner Budts, Junko Enomoto, Maayke A. Sluman, Jou-Kou Wang, Jamie L. Jackson, Paul Khairy, Stephen C. Cook, Shanthi Chidambarathanu, Luis Alday, Katrine Eriksen, Mikael Dellborg, Malin Berghammer, Bengt Johansson, Andrew S. Mackie, Samuel Menahem, Maryanne Caruana, Gruschen Veldtman, Alexandra Soufi, Susan M. Fernandes, Kamila White, Shelby Kutty, Philip Moons, Approach-Is Consortium And The International Society For Adult Congenital Heart Disease (Isachd) Feb 2021

Phenotypes Of Adults With Congenital Heart Disease Around The Globe: A Cluster Analysis, Edward Callus, Silvana Pagliuca, Sara Boveri, Federico Ambrogi, Koen Luyckx, Adrienne H. Kovacs, Silke Apers, Werner Budts, Junko Enomoto, Maayke A. Sluman, Jou-Kou Wang, Jamie L. Jackson, Paul Khairy, Stephen C. Cook, Shanthi Chidambarathanu, Luis Alday, Katrine Eriksen, Mikael Dellborg, Malin Berghammer, Bengt Johansson, Andrew S. Mackie, Samuel Menahem, Maryanne Caruana, Gruschen Veldtman, Alexandra Soufi, Susan M. Fernandes, Kamila White, Shelby Kutty, Philip Moons, Approach-Is Consortium And The International Society For Adult Congenital Heart Disease (Isachd)

Journal Articles: Pediatrics

OBJECTIVE: To derive cluster analysis-based groupings for adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) when it comes to perceived health, psychological functioning, health behaviours and quality of life (QoL).

METHODS: This study was part of a larger worldwide multicentre study called APPROACH-IS; a cross sectional study which recruited 4028 patients (2013-2015) from 15 participating countries. A hierarchical cluster analysis was performed using Ward's method in order to group patients with similar psychological characteristics, which were defined by taking into consideration the scores of the following tests: Sense Of Coherence, Health Behavior Scale (physical exercise score), Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale, Illness ...


Tumor Microenvironment: An Evil Nexus Promoting Aggressive Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma And Avenue For Targeted Therapy, Ajaz A. Bhat, Parvaiz Yousuf, Nissar A. Wani, Arshi Rizwan, Shyam S. Chauhan, Mushtaq A. Siddiqi, Davide Bedognetti, Wael El-Rifai, Michael P. Frenneaux, Surinder K. Batra, Mohammad Haris, Muzafar A. Macha Jan 2021

Tumor Microenvironment: An Evil Nexus Promoting Aggressive Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma And Avenue For Targeted Therapy, Ajaz A. Bhat, Parvaiz Yousuf, Nissar A. Wani, Arshi Rizwan, Shyam S. Chauhan, Mushtaq A. Siddiqi, Davide Bedognetti, Wael El-Rifai, Michael P. Frenneaux, Surinder K. Batra, Mohammad Haris, Muzafar A. Macha

Journal Articles: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a very aggressive disease with a poor prognosis for advanced-stage tumors. Recent clinical, genomic, and cellular studies have revealed the highly heterogeneous and immunosuppressive nature of HNSCC. Despite significant advances in multimodal therapeutic interventions, failure to cure and recurrence are common and account for most deaths. It is becoming increasingly apparent that tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a critical role in HNSCC tumorigenesis, promotes the evolution of aggressive tumors and resistance to therapy, and thereby adversely affects the prognosis. A complete understanding of the TME factors, together with the highly complex tumor-stromal interactions ...


A Holistic Systems Approach To Characterize The Impact Of Pre- And Post-Natal Oxycodone Exposure On Neurodevelopment And Behavior, Katherine E. Odegaard, Victoria L. Schaal, Alexander R. Clark, Sneh Koul, Jagadesan Sankarasubramanian, Zhiqiu Xia, Melissa Mellon, Mariano Uberti, Yutong Liu, Andrew Stothert, Matthew J. Van Hook, Han-Jun Wang, Chittibabu Guda, Steven J. Lisco, Gurudutt Pendyala, Sowmya V. Yelamanchili Jan 2021

A Holistic Systems Approach To Characterize The Impact Of Pre- And Post-Natal Oxycodone Exposure On Neurodevelopment And Behavior, Katherine E. Odegaard, Victoria L. Schaal, Alexander R. Clark, Sneh Koul, Jagadesan Sankarasubramanian, Zhiqiu Xia, Melissa Mellon, Mariano Uberti, Yutong Liu, Andrew Stothert, Matthew J. Van Hook, Han-Jun Wang, Chittibabu Guda, Steven J. Lisco, Gurudutt Pendyala, Sowmya V. Yelamanchili

Journal Articles: Anesthesiology

Background: Increased risk of oxycodone (oxy) dependency during pregnancy has been associated with altered behaviors and cognitive deficits in exposed offspring. However, a significant knowledge gap remains regarding the effect of in utero and postnatal exposure on neurodevelopment and subsequent behavioral outcomes. Methods: Using a preclinical rodent model that mimics oxy exposure in utero (IUO) and postnatally (PNO), we employed an integrative holistic systems biology approach encompassing proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), electrophysiology, RNA-sequencing, and Von Frey pain testing to elucidate molecular and behavioral changes in the exposed offspring during early neurodevelopment as well as adulthood. Results: 1H-MRS ...


High-Throughput Analysis Of Lung Immune Cells In A Combined Murine Model Of Agriculture Dust-Triggered Airway Inflammation With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Rohit Gaurav, Ted R. Mikuls, Geoffrey M. Thiele, Amy J. Nelson, Meng Niu, Chittibabu Guda, James D. Eudy, Austin E. Barry, Todd A. Wyatt, Debra J. Romberger, Michael J. Duryee, Bryant R. England, Jill A. Poole Jan 2021

High-Throughput Analysis Of Lung Immune Cells In A Combined Murine Model Of Agriculture Dust-Triggered Airway Inflammation With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Rohit Gaurav, Ted R. Mikuls, Geoffrey M. Thiele, Amy J. Nelson, Meng Niu, Chittibabu Guda, James D. Eudy, Austin E. Barry, Todd A. Wyatt, Debra J. Romberger, Michael J. Duryee, Bryant R. England, Jill A. Poole

Journal Articles: Internal Medicine

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-associated lung disease is a leading cause of mortality in RA, yet the mechanisms linking lung disease and RA remain unknown. Using an established murine model of RA-associated lung disease combining collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) with organic dust extract (ODE)-induced airway inflammation, differences among lung immune cell populations were analyzed by single cell RNA-sequencing. Additionally, four lung myeloid-derived immune cell populations including macrophages, monocytes/macrophages, monocytes, and neutrophils were isolated by fluorescence cell sorting and gene expression was determined by NanoString analysis. Unsupervised clustering revealed 14 discrete clusters among Sham, CIA, ODE, and CIA+ODE treatment groups ...