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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Examining The Perceived Impacts Of Recreational Swimming Lessons For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Erin Kraft M.A. Ed. Jan 2019

Examining The Perceived Impacts Of Recreational Swimming Lessons For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Erin Kraft M.A. Ed.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived impacts of recreational swimming lesson participation for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Although swimming lessons are a suitable form of physical activity for children with ASD, minimal research has examined the impacts of these lessons. The author conducted semi-structured interviews with an Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) certified therapist and a swim instructor, each with experience working with children with ASD in swimming lessons. The participants suggested that swimming lessons encouraged children with ASD to socialise. Both participants agreed that distractions in swimming lessons and barriers in communication created challenges ...


The Sensory Processing 3-Dimensions Scale: Initial Studies Of Reliability And Item Analyses, Shelley Mulligan, Sarah A. Schoen, Lucy Jane Miller, Andrea Valdez, Deborah Magalhaes Jan 2019

The Sensory Processing 3-Dimensions Scale: Initial Studies Of Reliability And Item Analyses, Shelley Mulligan, Sarah A. Schoen, Lucy Jane Miller, Andrea Valdez, Deborah Magalhaes

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: The Sensory Processing 3-Dimensions Scale (SP-3D) is a performance-based measure for assessing sensory processing abilities and challenges, including sensory modulation, sensory discrimination, and sensory-based motor disorders. Initial studies of reliability were conducted, and item response theory was applied to assist in refining the measure.

Methods: Descriptive and correlational methods were used to examine internal consistency of the scales and inter-rater reliability. Item response theory using Rasch analyses was applied to examine unidimensionality of scales, model fit, and item difficulty.

Results: Internal consistency for most measures was acceptable, demonstrating the subtests, domains, and behavior scales as distinct constructs. Inter-rater reliability ...


Cyberbullying: A Resource For School-Aged Children, Adolescents, And Parents In Milton, Vermont, James K. Rohwer Jan 2019

Cyberbullying: A Resource For School-Aged Children, Adolescents, And Parents In Milton, Vermont, James K. Rohwer

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Cyberbullying occurs when harmful words or actions by one or more persons are intentionally and repeatedly directed against another person in the digital world through text message, social media, e-mail, apps, online video games, forums, etc. Today, more children and adolescents are connected to the internet than ever before, which puts them at risk of becoming victims of cyberbullying. Many victims, as well as parents of victims, may not be familiar with the resources that are available to them in the areas in which they live when concerns of cyberbullying arise. Therefore, the goal of this project was to create ...


Développement Et Validation De L’Échelle D'Observation Comportementale Du Confort D'Enfants Brûlés (Occeb-Becco), Viviane Tremblay, Christelle Khadra, Ariane Ballard, Sylvie Charette, Christophe Fortin, Julie Paquette, Edith Villeneuve, Sylvie Le May Dec 2018

Développement Et Validation De L’Échelle D'Observation Comportementale Du Confort D'Enfants Brûlés (Occeb-Becco), Viviane Tremblay, Christelle Khadra, Ariane Ballard, Sylvie Charette, Christophe Fortin, Julie Paquette, Edith Villeneuve, Sylvie Le May

Science of Nursing and Health Practices - Science infirmière et pratiques en santé

Introduction. Burn care causes children a great deal of pain and apprehension. Comfort, a concept referring as much to the absence of physical pain as to well-being, is a key consideration in assessing the quality of nursing care provided to young burn victims. However, no instrument existed to measure level of comfort of child burn victims during the delivery of painful care procedures. Objective. To develop and validate a scale to measure the comfort level of young child burn victims subjected to painful care procedures. Methods. Following a review of the literature, 38 items were generated to measure comfort in ...


Using Picture-Story Books To Help Families Understand Turbulent Parental Emotions In Families With Small Children, Anne Sved Williams, Marie Jonsson-Harrison Dec 2018

Using Picture-Story Books To Help Families Understand Turbulent Parental Emotions In Families With Small Children, Anne Sved Williams, Marie Jonsson-Harrison

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

A parent’s struggle to manage their emotions may have significant impact on small children. Helping a child understand in the here and now about what is going on for the parent, without blaming that parent or the child, may be useful for the child. It may also lead the child to seek different models of managing emotions and self-concepts. Reading books with children, or bibliotherapy, could be useful for parents who experience stress-related “meltdowns” or perhaps live with mental health conditions such as borderline personality disorder, and for those working with small children in educational, child care or child ...


A Cross-Sectional Study Of Antibiotic Prescribing For Childhood Upper Respiratory Tract Infections In Irish General Practice, Fiachra Maguire, Mark E. Murphy, M Rourke, F Morgan, G Brady, E Byrne, Michael E. O’Callaghan Dec 2018

A Cross-Sectional Study Of Antibiotic Prescribing For Childhood Upper Respiratory Tract Infections In Irish General Practice, Fiachra Maguire, Mark E. Murphy, M Rourke, F Morgan, G Brady, E Byrne, Michael E. O’Callaghan

General Practice Articles

Introduction This study aimed to analyse antibiotic prescribing in cases of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) in children under 6 years attending Irish daytime and out-of-hours General Practice (GP) services. There have been large scale changes in entitlements for free GP care for this group in recent years. Methods A cross-sectional study of children under 6 years with URTI presentations was performed, over a two-week period for three years from 2015 to 2017. Factors associated with antibiotic prescription and preferred antibiotic compliance were examined using multivariate logistic regression. Results 1,007 Under-6 patients presented with an URTI in our sample ...


Animal-Assisted Interventions For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Survey Of French Facilities, Claire Philippe-Peyroutet, Marine Grandgeorge Nov 2018

Animal-Assisted Interventions For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Survey Of French Facilities, Claire Philippe-Peyroutet, Marine Grandgeorge

People and Animals: The International Journal of Research and Practice

Our survey of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) offered by French intervention facilities aimed to examine and describe the range of AAI for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) children. We invited 2,302 facilities to reply to an online questionnaire. The responses to our survey (n = 386) revealed that animals were used extensively as a complementary intervention. Most AAI sessions were in groups. Various animal species (especially horses and dogs) and facility staff members as well as external collaborators were involved. Numerous benefits (e.g., enhanced well-being, self-esteem, and socialization) were reported. Facilities face difficulties in connection with AAI including finances, staffing, and ...


Nicotine Vaccines For Smoking Prevention And Treatment From Utilitarian And Deontological Ethical Perspectives, Enam A. Alsrayheen, Khaldoun Aldiabat Nov 2018

Nicotine Vaccines For Smoking Prevention And Treatment From Utilitarian And Deontological Ethical Perspectives, Enam A. Alsrayheen, Khaldoun Aldiabat

Online Journal of Health Ethics

Nicotine vaccines are a new prevention and treatment method for smoking addiction. They are promoted as a method to cease smoking among those who smoke and possibly prevent this behaviour from taking place among those who do not smoke. However, offering these vaccines to adults, adolescents, and children will undoubtedly raise an ethical debate among policy-makers, health professionals, and the public. This paper discusses the possibility of using nicotine vaccines treat and prevent smoking among adults/children/adolescents through the lenses of two ethical theories: utilitarianism and deontology (Kantianism). From an utilitarian perspective, nicotine vaccines are good for society because ...


Technology-Based Dietary Assessment In Youth With And Without Developmental Disabilities, Michele Polfuss, Andrea Moosreiner, Carol J. Boushey, Edward J. Delp, Fengqing Zhu Oct 2018

Technology-Based Dietary Assessment In Youth With And Without Developmental Disabilities, Michele Polfuss, Andrea Moosreiner, Carol J. Boushey, Edward J. Delp, Fengqing Zhu

Nursing Faculty Articles

Obesity prevalence is higher in children with developmental disabilities as compared to their typically developing peers. Research on dietary intake assessment methods in this vulnerable population is lacking. The objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and compare the nutrient intakes of two technology-based dietary assessment methods in children with-and-without developmental disabilities. This cross-sectional feasibility study was an added aim to a larger pilot study. Children (n = 12; 8–18 years) diagnosed with spina bifida, Down syndrome, or without disability were recruited from the larger study sample, stratified by diagnosis. Participants were asked to complete six days ...


Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji Oct 2018

Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji

Endocrinology/Diabetes

IMPORTANCE: The role of tobacco-smoke exposure on serum vitamin D concentration in US pediatric population is not known. We hypothesized that tobacco smoke exposure would increase the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in US children.

METHODS: Representative national data were accessed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 databank on 2,263 subjects of ages 3 to 17 years. Subjects were categorized into two groups based on their age: children, if <10 >years; and youth if 10 to 17 years. Descriptive and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the effect of serum cotinine-verified tobacco smoke exposure ...


Metaanalysis Of The Relationship Between Violent Video Game Play And Physical Aggression Over Time, Anna T. Prescott, James Sargent, Jay G. Hull Oct 2018

Metaanalysis Of The Relationship Between Violent Video Game Play And Physical Aggression Over Time, Anna T. Prescott, James Sargent, Jay G. Hull

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

To clarify and quantify the influence of video game violence (VGV) on aggressive behavior, we conducted a metaanalysis of all prospective studies to date that assessed the relation between exposure to VGV and subsequent overt physical aggression. The search strategy identified 24 studies with over 17,000 participants and time lags ranging from 3 months to 4 years. The samples comprised various nationalities and ethnicities with mean ages from 9 to 19 years. For each study we obtained the standardized regression coefficient for the prospective effect of VGV on subsequent aggression, controlling for baseline aggression. VGV was related to aggression ...


Improving Communication Between Child Life Services And Nursing On An Inpatient Pediatric Unit, Sherryann St. Pierre, Elizabeth Shaughnessy, Bethany Kay, Barbara Bush Children's Hospital, Mark Parker, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman, Stephen Tyzik, Amy Sparks Oct 2018

Improving Communication Between Child Life Services And Nursing On An Inpatient Pediatric Unit, Sherryann St. Pierre, Elizabeth Shaughnessy, Bethany Kay, Barbara Bush Children's Hospital, Mark Parker, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman, Stephen Tyzik, Amy Sparks

Operational Excellence

IMPROVING COMMUNICATION BETWEEN CHILD LIFE SERVICES AND NURSING ON AN INPATIENT HOSPITAL UNIT

Effective communication between patient caregivers has been shown to reduce stress and trauma related to hospitalization and subsequent improved outcomes. An HCAHP score for a 30 bed acute inpatient pediatric unit illustrated the confusion faced by children as a result of nursing and care life specialists not working together as a team.

A root cause analysis identified a number of issues as to why patients were not benefitting fully from child life services. Several counter measures were instituted with the goals of improving the HCAHP score and ...


Evaluation Of Bleeding Disorders In Patients With Noonan Syndrome: A Systematic Review, Diane J. Nugent, Alicia A. Romano, Shreya Sabharwal, David L. Cooper Oct 2018

Evaluation Of Bleeding Disorders In Patients With Noonan Syndrome: A Systematic Review, Diane J. Nugent, Alicia A. Romano, Shreya Sabharwal, David L. Cooper

NYMC Faculty Publications

Background: Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant genetic condition that has a number of clinical features, including bleeding diathesis and a number of hematological abnormalities including clotting factor deficiencies, von Willebrand disease and abnormal platelet count/function. Methods: We evaluated the frequency/types of bleeding disorders, and associated hematological laboratory findings, in patients with NS, using published data from 1965 to 2014. Results: Of 45 studies identified, 31 included data for 428 patients with NS. Of these patients, 43% had reported bleeding, 26% had no reported bleeding and no bleed data was reported for 31%. Most patients (90%) had ...


Champ: Choosing Healthy Active Moving Play, Melanie Goldstein, Mica Lai, Omri Faroul, Valerie Leonard, Caroline Mccarthy, Suki Ghumman Sep 2018

Champ: Choosing Healthy Active Moving Play, Melanie Goldstein, Mica Lai, Omri Faroul, Valerie Leonard, Caroline Mccarthy, Suki Ghumman

Nexus Maximus

CHAMP is an afterschool program to get kids to become more active and healthy. The money raised will be used to fix the playground and make the area safer for children to play.

Nexus Maximus V

The 2018 Challenge: "Improving Lives Through Healthy Communities" Teams will evaluate and seek innovation that supports the health and well-being of specific local community populations. The team’s project work will be supplemented with workshops on innovation, entrepreneurship, and content relevant to the theme, delivered by experts throughout the weekend.

Teams will also explore opportunities to leverage that data in meaningful ways that benefit ...


Kinship Diversion In The District Of Columbia: A Review Of Local Practice To Inform National Policy, Marla P. Spindel, Beth A. Stekler, Stephanie Ridgway Mcclellan Sep 2018

Kinship Diversion In The District Of Columbia: A Review Of Local Practice To Inform National Policy, Marla P. Spindel, Beth A. Stekler, Stephanie Ridgway Mcclellan

GrandFamilies: The Contemporary Journal of Research, Practice and Policy

This article addresses a practice commonly known in the child welfare community as “kinship diversion,” where a child welfare agency informally places children with relatives as an alternative to foster care. While evidence predominantly shows that abused and neglected children have better outcomes when they are placed with relatives when they cannot remain safely at home, serious concerns about these children’s safety and well-being arise when the placement with relatives is informal. Indeed, it is often not understood that these same relatives can be approved as foster parents and can receive essential financial assistance and supportive services to help ...


Early Administration Of Ketamine In Refractory Status Epilepticus, Kayla Moody Aug 2018

Early Administration Of Ketamine In Refractory Status Epilepticus, Kayla Moody

School of Physician Assistant Studies

Purpose: While protocols regarding how to treat status epilepticus (SE) has been universally accepted, management of refractory status epilepticus (RSE) is far from being evidence-based. Ketamine (KET), a NMDA-antagonist, may have a role in RSE when other conventional anesthetics fail due to its unique pharmacodynamic properties and good safety profile.

Methods: Exhaustive search of available medical literature was performed using MEDLINE-Ovid, MEDLINE-PubMed, Psych INFO, Web of Science, and CINAHL for relevant articles from 2012-2017 using keywords “ketamine” and “status epilepticus.” Additional criteria for consideration: articles applicable to the topic and published in the English language. Exclusion criteria includes all opinion ...


Differential Diagnosis Of Auditory Processing Disorder In Children: A Literature Review, Jessica Glennon, Benjamin Kirby Aug 2018

Differential Diagnosis Of Auditory Processing Disorder In Children: A Literature Review, Jessica Glennon, Benjamin Kirby

AuD Capstone Projects - Communication Sciences and Disorders

Although there is no consensus on the definition of auditory processing disorder (APD), it is typically characterized by listening difficulties resulting from deficits in auditory perceptual processing of sounds in the central auditory nervous system. APD often co-occurs with other disabilities such as ADHD, dyslexia, and specific language impairment. Presenting symptoms can be very similar to these other disorder, complicating diagnosis. Due to the overlap of symptoms between APD and various other deficits, there are concerns that professionals in different fields are providing children with different labels for the same group of symptoms. Therefore, the aim of this literature review ...


What Constitutes The Patient Experience Of Children? Findings From The Photo Elicitation And The Video Diary Study, Nina Karisalmi, Hanna Stenhammar, Johanna Kaipio Jul 2018

What Constitutes The Patient Experience Of Children? Findings From The Photo Elicitation And The Video Diary Study, Nina Karisalmi, Hanna Stenhammar, Johanna Kaipio

Patient Experience Journal

Patient experience (PX) is getting attention among researchers and healthcare service providers, but little is known about the experiences of child patients and how to explore those. This paper reports findings from a study in which two participatory research methods, photo elicitation and video diary, were applied to investigate the elements of children’s PX in the context of children’s hospital. The aim was to find out what elements constitute the PX of children aged 7–16 years. The research data were gathered in 2016–2017. Twenty-two child patients participated in the study: eight children aged between 7 and ...


Partners For Excellence: Committed To Meaningful Partnerships With Patients And Families In Pediatrics, Rachel Biblow, Msw, Sara Toomey Md, Mphil, Mph, Msc Jul 2018

Partners For Excellence: Committed To Meaningful Partnerships With Patients And Families In Pediatrics, Rachel Biblow, Msw, Sara Toomey Md, Mphil, Mph, Msc

Patient Experience Journal

Although the landscape in pediatrics continues to shift and change, one of the keys to our continued success remains the same… it’s about partnership. It’s clear the element of partnership is well woven through our organizations as illustrated by many of us having patient and family advisory councils, family consultants, and family partners. While this foundation is strong and essential, we must do more to truly listen, recognize the value of patient and family involvement, act upon the information shared, openly discuss issues, and strive for better together. True partnership with patients and families requires us to shift ...


Evaluation Of A Youth Emergency Room Enhancement Program For Behavioral Health, Anne Thatcher Jul 2018

Evaluation Of A Youth Emergency Room Enhancement Program For Behavioral Health, Anne Thatcher

Dissertations

Problem. Pediatric mental health complaints and subsequent hospitalizations have been steadily increasing. The Behavioral Health Network (BHN) developed an intensive outreach case management program aimed at reducing youth mental health emergency department (ED) visits and inpatient psychiatric admissions. The Youth Emergency Room Enhancement (YERE) program was a process improvement initiative to provide immediate case management to youth and caregivers for mental health care.

Methods. A Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) method utilizing a retrospective case record review occurred over a six-month period. A convenience sample of youth aged 6-20 years presenting to one of eight healthcare facilities for either ED or inpatient hospitalization ...


Implementation Of National Pediatric Guidelines To Prevent Chemotherapy Induced Nausea And Vomiting In Children With Cancer, Taryn Sandheinrich Jul 2018

Implementation Of National Pediatric Guidelines To Prevent Chemotherapy Induced Nausea And Vomiting In Children With Cancer, Taryn Sandheinrich

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the use of supplemental, as needed (prn) pharmacologic interventions for uncontrolled acute chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in children with cancer after implementation of new pediatric CINV prophylaxis guidelines. Description of Project: A retrospective chart review was completed on forty-three children admitted to the hospital for chemotherapy during a 3 month period in 2017 to document the use of medications given for acute breakthrough CINV. The pre-implementation group received anti-emetics based on the institutional standard of care. A second retrospective chart review was completed on thirty-three children admitted to the ...


Reduce Challenging Behaviors And Enhance Functioning In Youth With An Intellectual Disability: A Meta-Analysis Of Behavioral Interventions Using Single Case Design, Brett A. Stone Jul 2018

Reduce Challenging Behaviors And Enhance Functioning In Youth With An Intellectual Disability: A Meta-Analysis Of Behavioral Interventions Using Single Case Design, Brett A. Stone

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Approximately 1.8% of students in the public school system have an intellectual disability or Autism Spectrum Disorder. These disabilities cause impairment in multiple domains of functioning. If these students also have challenging behaviors, such as noncompliance, aggression, and stereotypies, these behaviors have been found to cause impairment over and beyond those of the core symptoms associated with the disability. Challenging behaviors in youth with developmental disabilities do not typically subside on their own and need intervention. Thankfully, there are evidence-based behavioral interventions for individuals with developmental disabilities to reduce challenging behaviors and increase more functional behaviors including Applied Behavioral ...


Articulatory Patterns In Children Who Use Cochlear Implants: An Ultrasound Measure Of Velar Stop Production In Bilingual Speakers, Katherine Javier Jun 2018

Articulatory Patterns In Children Who Use Cochlear Implants: An Ultrasound Measure Of Velar Stop Production In Bilingual Speakers, Katherine Javier

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Coarticulation occurs in running speech when one speech sound or phoneme overlaps with another. It can be considered a result of the way we sequence and organize our articulators to efficiently produce consecutive consonants and vowels in fluent speech. Previous research has suggested that measures of coarticulation can provide insight into the maturity of the motor speech planning system (Barbier, Perrier, Ménard, Payan, Tiede, & Perkell, 2013; Zharkova & Hewlett, 2009; Zharkova, Hewlett, & Hardcastle, 2011). Speech stability has also been suggested as an indicator of motor speech maturity in previous research using ultrasound imaging of velar-vowel targets (Frisch, Maxfield, & Belmont, 2016). This study extends research by Frisch, Maxfield, & Belmont (2016) to investigate patterns of velar-vowel coarticulation and speech stability in bilingual children who wear cochlear implants.

Ultrasound and acoustic data were recorded from one English-Spanish bilingual participant (P1) who wears bilateral cochlear implants, one English-Spanish bilingual control child (P2) with no hearing impairment, and one English-Spanish bilingual adult speaker. Measures of velar-vowel coarticulation and speech stability across three productions of English and Spanish words were recorded and analyzed following procedures of Wodzinski and Frisch (2006). The participants were asked to produce three repetitions of fifteen English and fifteen Spanish target words starting with a /k/+ vowel sequence. Ultrasound imaging was used to record and trace tongue movement at the point of maximum velar closure. Data was compared between English and Spanish words, across participants, and between repetitions of the same word.

In comparing English and Spanish words, child participants (P1 and P2) demonstrated increased coarticulation during Spanish productions. All participants showed decreased stability in Spanish productions when compared to English. Adult participant (P3) showed greater overall stability in productions and consistent coarticulation across both languages. Measures of coarticulation and overall stability were relatively equal across P1 and P2, while P3 showed greater and more stable coarticulation across both languages. Preliminary results support findings in previous research suggesting that anticipatory coarticulation and speech stability could be used as an index for assessing speech motor planning in bilingual and clinical populations (Barbier, Perrier, Ménard, Payan, Tiede, & Perkell, 2013; Frisch, Allen, Betancourt, & Maxfield, 2016; Frisch, Maxfield, & Belmont, 2016; Frisch & Wodzinski, 2014; Zharkova & Hewlett, 2009; Zharkova, Hewlett, & Hardcastle, 2011). Results additionally indicate that a young cochlear implant user who receives early intervention and is learning two languages can develop commensurate motor ...


Data From: Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji Jun 2018

Data From: Tobacco Smoke Exposure Is An Independent Predictor Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Us Children, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Philip Kum-Nji

Pediatric Research Data

Manuscript abstract:

IMPORTANCE:

The role of tobacco-smoke exposure on serum vitamin D concentration in US pediatric population is not known. We hypothesized that tobacco smoke exposure would increase the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in US children.

METHODS:

Representative national data were accessed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 databank on 2,263 subjects of ages 3 to 17 years. Subjects were categorized into two groups based on their age: children, if <10 >years; and youth if 10 to 17 years. Descriptive and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the effect of serum cotinine-verified tobacco ...


Cognitive Orientation To (Daily) Occupational Performance (Co-Op) Approach And Children With Disabilities, E. Amidon, K. Matteo, K. O'Toole, C. Pistilli, A. Slomowitz, Marie-Christine Potvin Jun 2018

Cognitive Orientation To (Daily) Occupational Performance (Co-Op) Approach And Children With Disabilities, E. Amidon, K. Matteo, K. O'Toole, C. Pistilli, A. Slomowitz, Marie-Christine Potvin

Student Papers & Posters

There is a growing body of research evidence for the CO-OP approach since first published in 2001. Individual studies such as single case designs have found positive outcomes using this approach, however, no prior systematic reviews exist. Therefore, this review aims to compile and evaluate the efficacy of the CO-OP approach in children with disabilities.


The Effect Video Games Have In Therapy To Treat Ailments In Children And Adolescents, Spencer Hart, Danielle Larocco, Josh Spear Jun 2018

The Effect Video Games Have In Therapy To Treat Ailments In Children And Adolescents, Spencer Hart, Danielle Larocco, Josh Spear

Academic Excellence Showcase Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Focus On Fitness: Incorporating Exercise Into The Treatment Of Children And Adolescents With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Kristin Lulich May 2018

Focus On Fitness: Incorporating Exercise Into The Treatment Of Children And Adolescents With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Kristin Lulich

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Background: Psychotropic medications, particularly stimulants are frequently used as the first-line treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Many patients and their caregivers have concerns about psychotropic options for treatment. Review of current literature demonstrates the efficacy of physical activity in reducing symptoms of ADHD. Purpose: This evidence based practice (EBP) project introduced regular, scheduled aerobic activity into the treatment plan of children and adolescents with ADHD. The aim of this EBP was to reduce symptoms of ADHD measured by caregivers using the Vanderbilt Ratings Scale. The Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence Based Practice Model was used to implement this project ...


A Dance Movement Therapy Warm Up Method In Bereavement Peer Support Groups For Children, Amanda Moffitt May 2018

A Dance Movement Therapy Warm Up Method In Bereavement Peer Support Groups For Children, Amanda Moffitt

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Every year in the United States, millions of children experience the death of a parent (Owens 2008; Stikkelbroek, Prinzie, de Graaf, ten Have, and Cuijpers 2012). Parental death in childhood can lead to severe impairments in physical and mental health, as well as overall life satisfaction, because of the potential traumatic nature of the event (Li, Vestergaard, Cnattingius, Gissler, Bech, Obel, & Olsen, 2014; Marks, Jun, & Song, 2007; Perkins & Harris 1990). Children have previously been neglected in regards to grief theory and the traumatic experience such loss impacts children. Recently, research has demonstrated that self-regulation is instrumental in the specific trauma work required for this population. Dance/movement therapy supports the development of self-regulation, especially with children, due to its non-verbal, body-based nature (Betty 2013; Philpott 2013; Seoane 2016). This study explored the impact of a movement based group warm-up utilizing self-applied touch and rhythm techniques in a bereavement peer support group with children ages 5-7. The study was limited in ...


Imagination Station: Activating Creativity In Children With Disabilities, Allison Dukes May 2018

Imagination Station: Activating Creativity In Children With Disabilities, Allison Dukes

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Play is a major topic of conversation when discussing childhood development is associated with creativity and imagination. Although there has been some research involving the creative process amongst children, little has been explored in regards to expressive arts as a technique to further current studies on play. This paper presents a combined method of intermodal expressive arts therapies and play therapy techniques to aid in the fostering of creativity within children with disabilities by utilized the theoretical framework provided by the Expressive Therapies Continuum (ETC). A current review of literature on the ETC, cognitive functions, and expressive arts modalities is ...


Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton May 2018

Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton

Pediatric Publications and Presentations

IMPORTANCE: Landmark studies showed that partial clinical remission in new-onset type 1 diabetes is associated with reduced prevalence of long-term complications, but early clinical indicators of this favorable outcome are poorly characterized.

AIM: To determine if there were any differences in lipid parameters, especially LDL-cholesterol, between remitters and non-remitters 4 to 5 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes after controlling for hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, and pubertal status.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A longitudinal retrospective cohort study of 123 subjects of mean age 11.9 +/- 2.9 years, [male 11.7 +/- 2.9 years, (n = 55); female 12 ...