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Articles 1 - 30 of 1523

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Knee Extensor Fatigability During Different Resistance Exercise Protocols In Young And Old Adults, Jose Delgadillo Oct 2018

Knee Extensor Fatigability During Different Resistance Exercise Protocols In Young And Old Adults, Jose Delgadillo

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Aging is associated with decreased muscle strength, power, and contraction velocity, and increased fatigability of the lower limb muscles during dynamic contractions. The aims of this thesis were to compare young in and old men and women in: (1) fatigability of the knee extensors for two types of dynamic fatiguing protocols that are the basis of resistance training protocols, and (2) the central and peripheral mechanisms of fatigue during the two types of dynamic fatiguing protocols. Twenty young (19-24, 22.2 ± 1.3 years, men = 10) and twenty old adults (64-85, 73.8 ± 5.4, men = 10) performed: two different ...


Nurses’ Experiences Empowering Hospitalized Patients, Teresa Arline Jerofke, Margaret J. Bull Jul 2018

Nurses’ Experiences Empowering Hospitalized Patients, Teresa Arline Jerofke, Margaret J. Bull

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Four focus groups were conducted to explore acute care nurses’ experiences empowering patients and the facilitators and barriers they encountered during the process. Thirty-four nurses employed at four hospitals in the Midwestern United States participated in the study between February and April 2015. Facilitators of empowerment included establishing a therapeutic relationship, fostering communication, providing education, respecting patient autonomy, engaging support systems, and lifting spirit/giving hope. Barriers included conflicting information about plans of care, lack of time, fear and anxiety over unfamiliar environments and routines, ineffective or inadequate support systems, lack of/low accountability, and killing the soul. Nurses also ...


A Biomechanical Simulation Of Musculoskeletal Kinematics During Ambulation, Alex Thomas Jul 2018

A Biomechanical Simulation Of Musculoskeletal Kinematics During Ambulation, Alex Thomas

Master's Theses (2009 -)

The purpose of this study was to validate a 3D musculoskeletal model in OpenSim and assess OpenSim’s ability to determine muscle-length variation during ambulation. An 18 camera motion capture system was used to analyze 20 healthy individuals between the ages of 18 and 35. Following data collection, the data was processed through OpenSim and Visual3D. The kinematic output processed through the OpenSim model was then compared to the kinematic output of the validated Visual3D model to validate the OpenSim model. Muscle fiber length data obtained from the same experimental data was compared to control data to assess OpenSim’s ...


Orthodontic Open-Coil Spring Deactivation Forces Differ With Varying Activation Levels, Ryan Lubinsky Jul 2018

Orthodontic Open-Coil Spring Deactivation Forces Differ With Varying Activation Levels, Ryan Lubinsky

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Coil springs are used in orthodontics to deliver forces to move teeth. However, the optimal amount of activation to produce predictable, continuous deactivation forces, for the purpose of orthodontic tooth movement, is unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the deactivation force characteristics of nickel-titanium open-coil springs after varying levels of activation. Methods: Four open-coil spring products were evaluated: Dentsply GAC 100 gram and 150 gram, Orthoclassic Orthodontics Medium 150 gram, and American Orthodontics nickel-titanium springs. Open-coil springs were compressed (activation) with a universal testing machine to 20, 40, 60, or 80% of original length (15 mm; n ...


Orthodontic Treatment Planning Using Direct Visual Approximation Of Arch Length Discrepancy And Cephalometric Analyses, Kathleen Rouse Vaught Jul 2018

Orthodontic Treatment Planning Using Direct Visual Approximation Of Arch Length Discrepancy And Cephalometric Analyses, Kathleen Rouse Vaught

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: Space analysis and radiographic analyses are crucial elements in developing an orthodontic treatment plan. It is imperative that the orthodontist makes accurate measurements in order to come up with the most effective treatment options for each patient. Some practitioners refrain from direct measurements to determine arch length discrepancies and instead determine the amount of crowding by using direct visual approximation. In addition, more orthodontists do not routinely trace all cephalograms taken. If more and more orthodontists are using direct visual approximation to determine angular cephalometric measurements, it is important to assess the accuracy and reliability of these measurements. This ...


Impending Total Airway Collapse Involving A Maxillary Removable Partial Denture: A Clinical Report, Georgios Maroulakos, Stylianos Voulgarelis May 2018

Impending Total Airway Collapse Involving A Maxillary Removable Partial Denture: A Clinical Report, Georgios Maroulakos, Stylianos Voulgarelis

School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications

This article presents a rare incident of a bilateral maxillary removable partial denture as an airway foreign body. The removable partial denture and the surrounding soft tissue irritation caused partial obstruction of the airway. Impending airway collapse was avoided after successful removal of the foreign body. Removing a removable dental prostheses at night, not only to prevent soft tissue pathology but also to avoid ingestion or aspiration of the prosthesis, must be emphasized.


Analysis Of Flexural Strength And Contact Pressure After Simulated Chairside Adjustment Of Pressed Lithium Disilicate Glass-Ceramic, Ali Ramadhan, Geoffrey A. Thompson, Georgios Maroulakos, David W. Berzins Apr 2018

Analysis Of Flexural Strength And Contact Pressure After Simulated Chairside Adjustment Of Pressed Lithium Disilicate Glass-Ceramic, Ali Ramadhan, Geoffrey A. Thompson, Georgios Maroulakos, David W. Berzins

School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications

Statement of problem

Research evaluating load-to-failure of pressed lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (LDGC) with a clinically validated test after adjustment and repair procedures is scarce.

Purpose

The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of the simulated chairside adjustment of the intaglio surface of monolithic pressed LDGC and procedures intended to repair damage.

Material and methods

A total of 423 IPS e.max Press (Ivoclar Vivadent AG) disks (15 mm diameter, 1 mm height) were used in the study. The material was tested by using an equibiaxial loading arrangement (n≥30/group) and a contact pressure test ...


Role Of Dentists In Prescribing Opioid Analgesics And Antibiotics: An Overview, Ralph Dana, Amir Azarpazhooh, Nima Laghapour, Katie J. Suda, Christopher Okunseri Apr 2018

Role Of Dentists In Prescribing Opioid Analgesics And Antibiotics: An Overview, Ralph Dana, Amir Azarpazhooh, Nima Laghapour, Katie J. Suda, Christopher Okunseri

School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Factors Effecting Survival Of Teeth With Nonsurgical Root Canal Therapy Including A Multi-State Outcome Analysis, Alex Moore Apr 2018

Factors Effecting Survival Of Teeth With Nonsurgical Root Canal Therapy Including A Multi-State Outcome Analysis, Alex Moore

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Objective: To study the factors effecting the survival of teeth with non-surgical root canal therapy (NS-RCT) and to compare the transitions between failure states for teeth treated with NS-RCT based on initial provider type. Methods: Insurance claims were analyzed for 438,487 initial NS-RCT procedures to determine the effect of provider type, patient age, tooth position, presence of post/core, and crown at 90 days on tooth survival. Kaplan Meier survival estimates were evaluated for 1, 3, 5, and 10 years and adjusted hazard ratios (aHR’s) were calculated. A multi-state model with six transitions was created using the ‘mstate ...


The Effect Of Partially Exposed Connective Tissue Graft On Root‐Coverage Outcomes: A Systematic Review And Meta‐Analysis, Austin Dodge, Jeffrey Garcia, Paul Luepke, Yu-Lin Lai, Moawia M. Kassab, Guo-Hao Lin Apr 2018

The Effect Of Partially Exposed Connective Tissue Graft On Root‐Coverage Outcomes: A Systematic Review And Meta‐Analysis, Austin Dodge, Jeffrey Garcia, Paul Luepke, Yu-Lin Lai, Moawia M. Kassab, Guo-Hao Lin

School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications

The aim of this systematic review was to compare the root‐coverage outcomes of using a partially exposed connective tissue graft (CTG) technique with a fully covered CTG technique for root coverage. An electronic search up to February 28th, 2017, was performed to identify human clinical studies with data comparing outcomes of root coverage using CTG, with and without a partially exposed graft. Five clinical studies were selected for inclusion in this review. For each study, the gain of keratinized gingiva, reduction of recession depth, number of surgical sites achieving complete root coverage, percentage of root coverage, gain of ...


Investigation Of Reactive Oxygen Species Production In The Rat Lung Using Optical Imaging, Nina Friedly Apr 2018

Investigation Of Reactive Oxygen Species Production In The Rat Lung Using Optical Imaging, Nina Friedly

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Oxidative stress, the imbalance between production of oxidants or reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant activity, plays a key role in the pathogenesis of acute and chronic lung diseases. The objective of this thesis was to develop a robust protocol for measuring the rate of H2O2 production in isolated perfused rat lungs and to determine the cellular sources of that rate using Amplex Red (AR). For a given lung, AR (25 mM) along with horseradish peroxidase (5 U/ml) and ascorbate oxidase (1U/ml) were added to a perfusate reservoir that was recirculated through the lungs and sampled at 5 ...


Chronic Stress And Reproductive Function In Female Childhood Cancer Survivors, Theresa Marie Hardy Apr 2018

Chronic Stress And Reproductive Function In Female Childhood Cancer Survivors, Theresa Marie Hardy

Dissertations (2009 -)

Reproductive dysfunction is reported as a major concern for childhood cancer survivors (CCS) and is highly correlated with quality of life in this population. Few predictors of post-treatment reproductive function in CCS have been identified. CCS report high levels of psychological stress. Psychological stress activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which can disrupt reproductive function. The purpose of this exploratory study was to explore the relationship between perceived stress, biomarkers of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity, gonadotropin levels, and anti-Müllerian hormone levels in female CCS. This exploratory cross-sectional study included female cancer survivors (ages 16-35) treated for pediatric cancer at the Royal Hospital for Sick ...


Compressed Sensing For Few-View Multi-Pinhole Spect With Applications To Preclinical Imaging, Benjamin Michael Rizzo Apr 2018

Compressed Sensing For Few-View Multi-Pinhole Spect With Applications To Preclinical Imaging, Benjamin Michael Rizzo

Dissertations (2009 -)

Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) can be used to identify and quantify changes in molecular and cellular targets involved in disease. A radiopharmaceutical that targets a specific metabolic function is administered to a subject and planar projections are formed by imaging emissions at different view angles around the subject. The reconstruction task is to determine the distribution of radioactivity within the subject from the projections. We present a reconstruction approach that utilizes only a few view angles, resulting in a highly underdetermined system, which could be used for dynamic imaging applications designed to quantify physiologic processes altered with disease ...


Mediating Effects Of Positive Thinking And Social Support On Suicide Resilience, Denise M. Matel-Anderson, Abir K. Bekhet, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal Feb 2018

Mediating Effects Of Positive Thinking And Social Support On Suicide Resilience, Denise M. Matel-Anderson, Abir K. Bekhet, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Suicide has been the second leading cause of death for 18- to 24-year-olds in the United States since 2011. The stress experienced by undergraduate college students has the potential to increase one’s risk for suicide. Resilience theory was used as a theoretical framework to examine the interplay between risk and protective factors. A cross-sectional and correlational design was used to assess the mediating effects of positive thinking and/or social support on suicide resilience in 131 college students 18 to 24 years old who completed an online survey. The study found an indirect effect of self-esteem on suicide resilience ...


Resilience From The Perspectives Of Caregivers Of Persons With Dementia, Abir K. Bekhet, Jennifer Sjostedt Avery Feb 2018

Resilience From The Perspectives Of Caregivers Of Persons With Dementia, Abir K. Bekhet, Jennifer Sjostedt Avery

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Achieving Pregnancy Using Primary Care Interventions To Identify The Fertile Window, Thomas Bouchard, Richard Fehring, Mary Schneider Jan 2018

Achieving Pregnancy Using Primary Care Interventions To Identify The Fertile Window, Thomas Bouchard, Richard Fehring, Mary Schneider

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of achieving pregnancy with focused intercourse in the fertile window identified using natural fertility indicators. Methods: 24-cycle prospective effectiveness study. Setting: A North American web-based fertility monitoring service. Participants: 256 North American women aged 20–43 (mean age 29.2 years) seeking to achieve pregnancy. Intervention: Participants identified their fertile window with either electronic hormonal fertility monitoring or cervical mucus monitoring, or both, and recorded their observations on an online fertility tracking system. Main outcome measures: Pregnancies were validated by nurses with an online self-assessed pregnancy evaluation form. Survival analysis was used to determine pregnancy ...


What Does The Fos Say? Using Fos-Based Approaches To Understand The Contribution Of Stress To Substance Use Disorders, Jayme R. Mcreynolds, John P. Christianson, Jordan M. Blacktop, John Mantsch Jan 2018

What Does The Fos Say? Using Fos-Based Approaches To Understand The Contribution Of Stress To Substance Use Disorders, Jayme R. Mcreynolds, John P. Christianson, Jordan M. Blacktop, John Mantsch

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

Despite extensive research efforts, drug addiction persists as a largely unmet medical need. Perhaps the biggest challenge for treating addiction is the high rate of recidivism. While many factors can promote relapse in abstinent drug users, the contribution of stress is particularly problematic, as stress is uncontrollable and pervasive in the lives of those struggling with addiction. Thus, understanding the neurocircuitry that underlies the influence of stress on drug seeking is critical for guiding treatment. Preclinical research aimed at defining this neurocircuitry has, in part, relied upon the use of experimental approaches that allow visualization of cellular and circuit activity ...


Role Of Membrane Gm1 On Early Neuronal Membrane Actions Of Aβ During Onset Of Alzheimer's Disease, E. J. Fernandez-Perez, Fernando Sepulveda, Robert W. Peoples, Luis G. Aguayo Dec 2017

Role Of Membrane Gm1 On Early Neuronal Membrane Actions Of Aβ During Onset Of Alzheimer's Disease, E. J. Fernandez-Perez, Fernando Sepulveda, Robert W. Peoples, Luis G. Aguayo

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

The ability of beta-amyloid peptide (Aβ) to disrupt the plasma membrane through formation of pores and membrane breakage has been previously described. However, the molecular determinants for these effects are largely unknown. In this study, we examined if the association and subsequent membrane perforation induced by Aβ was dependent on GM1levels. Pretreatment of hippocampal neurons with D-PDMP decreased GM1 and Aβ clustering at the membrane (Aβ fluorescent-punctas/20 μm, control = 16.2 ± 1.1 vs. D-PDMP = 6.4 ± 0.4, p < 0.001). Interestingly, membrane perforation with Aβ occurred with a slower time course when the GM1 content was diminished (time to establish perforated configuration (TEPC) (min): control = 7.8 ± 2 vs. low GM1 = 12.1 ± 0.5, p < 0.01), suggesting that the presence of GM1 in the membrane can modulate the distribution and the membrane perforation by Aβ. On the other hand, increasing GM1 facilitated the membrane perforation (TEPC: control = 7.8 ± 2 vs. GM1 = 6.2 ± 1 min, p < 0.05). Additionally, using Cholera Toxin Subunit-B (CTB) to block the interaction of Aβ with GM1 attenuated membrane perforation significantly ...


Factors That Influence Self-Reported Health Changes With Caregiving, Margaret Danilovich, Xiaoling Xiang, Daniel Pinto Dec 2017

Factors That Influence Self-Reported Health Changes With Caregiving, Margaret Danilovich, Xiaoling Xiang, Daniel Pinto

Physical Therapy Faculty Research and Publications

Objective: This study examined factors associated with the self-reported change in health status as a result of caregiving. Method: Multinomial logistic regression were performed to examine the sociodemographic characteristics, care recipients’ characteristics, and caregiving experiences that affect caregivers’ perceptions of health affected by caregiving using data from 1,087 caregiver respondents in the Caregiving in the U.S. 2015 data set. Data were collected through an online or telephone survey of randomly selected adults in 50 states. Results: Worsened self-reported health with caregiving occurred for caregivers aged 50 to 64, racial/ethnic minorities, those who lived within 20 min of ...


Association Between Sedentary Time And Quality Of Life From The Osteoarthritis Initiative: Who Might Benefit Most From Treatment?, Daniel Pinto, Jing Song, Jungwha Lee, Rowland W. Chang, Pamela A. Semanik, Linda S. Ehrlich-Jones, Christine A. Pellegrini, Dorothy D. Dunlop Dec 2017

Association Between Sedentary Time And Quality Of Life From The Osteoarthritis Initiative: Who Might Benefit Most From Treatment?, Daniel Pinto, Jing Song, Jungwha Lee, Rowland W. Chang, Pamela A. Semanik, Linda S. Ehrlich-Jones, Christine A. Pellegrini, Dorothy D. Dunlop

Physical Therapy Faculty Research and Publications

Objective

To investigate the relationship between sedentary behavior and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) among participants in the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

Design

Longitudinal, observational design.

Setting

Osteoarthritis Initiative cohort.

Participants

Individuals (N=1794) from a prospective, multicenter longitudinal cohort were classified into quantile groups based on average daily sedentary time (most sedentary, quartile 1 [Q1] ≥11.6h; 10.7h≤ Q2

Interventions

Not applicable.

Main Outcome Measures

Individual QALYs were estimated over 2 years from the area under the curve of health-related utility scores derived from the Medical Outcomes Study 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey versus time. The relationship between baseline sedentary behavior and ...


Pediatric Psychologists’ Career Satisfaction: 2015 Society Of Pediatric Psychology Workforce Survey Results., Marisa E. Hilliard, Andre A.A. Williams, Astrida S. Kaugars, Peggy Christidis, Karen E. Stamm, Cheryl Brosig, Jessica Valenzuela, Paul M. Robins, Tim Wysocki Dec 2017

Pediatric Psychologists’ Career Satisfaction: 2015 Society Of Pediatric Psychology Workforce Survey Results., Marisa E. Hilliard, Andre A.A. Williams, Astrida S. Kaugars, Peggy Christidis, Karen E. Stamm, Cheryl Brosig, Jessica Valenzuela, Paul M. Robins, Tim Wysocki

Physical Therapy Faculty Research and Publications

Little is known about the career satisfaction of pediatric psychologists, who specialize in psychological research, teaching, and clinical service in the context of pediatric health care. As part of the larger Society of Pediatric Psychology Workforce Survey and in collaboration with the American Psychological Association Center for Workforce Studies, this study aimed to (1) describe the career domains which pediatric psychologists perceive to be important and their satisfaction in each domain, and (2) compare satisfaction of pediatric psychologists across work settings, number of positions, appointment duration, professional roles, career stage, academic rank, and gender. Responses from 336 pediatric psychologists demonstrated ...


Examination Of The Role Of Religious And Psychosocial Factors In Hiv Medication Adherence Rates, Safiya George Dalmida, Katryna Mccoy, Harold C. Koenig, Aretha Miller, Marcia Mcdonnell Holstad, Tami Thomas, Dora L. Clayton-Jones, Mary Margaret Grant, Terri Fleming, Menka Munira Wirani, George Mugoya Dec 2017

Examination Of The Role Of Religious And Psychosocial Factors In Hiv Medication Adherence Rates, Safiya George Dalmida, Katryna Mccoy, Harold C. Koenig, Aretha Miller, Marcia Mcdonnell Holstad, Tami Thomas, Dora L. Clayton-Jones, Mary Margaret Grant, Terri Fleming, Menka Munira Wirani, George Mugoya

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Optimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with favorable HIV outcomes, including higher CD4 cell counts, HIV virus suppression and a lower risk of HIV transmission. However, only 25% of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) in the USA are virally suppressed. Sub-optimal adherence (p< 0.05). Social support satisfaction was also significantly associated with ART adherence (OR = 1.52, 95% CI [1.11–2.08], p < 0.05) and energy/fatigue/vitality (OR = 1.03, 95% CI [1.00–1.05], p < 0.05).


The Positive Thinking Skills Scale: A Screening Measure For Early Identification Of Depressive Thoughts, Abir K. Bekhet, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal Dec 2017

The Positive Thinking Skills Scale: A Screening Measure For Early Identification Of Depressive Thoughts, Abir K. Bekhet, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Background

Depression is currently considered the second leading cause of disability worldwide. Positive thinking is a cognitive process that helps individuals to deal with problems more effectively, and has been suggested as a useful strategy for coping with adversity, including depression. The Positive Thinking Skills Scale (PTSS) is a reliable and valid measure that captures the frequency of use of positive thinking skills that can help in the early identification of the possibility of developing depressive thoughts. However, no meaningful cutoff score has been established for the PTSS.

Aim

To establish a cutoff score for the PTSS for early identification ...


Prosthetic Rehabilitation Following Lateral Resection Of The Mandible With A Long Cantilever Implant-Supported Fixed Prosthesis: A 3-Year Clinical Report, Georgios Maroulakos, William W. Nagy, Ayman Ahmed, Ioli I. Artopoulou Nov 2017

Prosthetic Rehabilitation Following Lateral Resection Of The Mandible With A Long Cantilever Implant-Supported Fixed Prosthesis: A 3-Year Clinical Report, Georgios Maroulakos, William W. Nagy, Ayman Ahmed, Ioli I. Artopoulou

School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications

This clinical report describes the prosthetic management of the surgical reconstruction of a patient after mandibular resection. Complete oral rehabilitation was achieved with a maxillary complete denture and a mandibular implant-supported fixed prosthesis with a custom titanium framework and a long unilateral cantilever.


3d Printed Tcp-Based Scaffold Incorporating Vegf-Loaded Plga Microspheres For Craniofacial Tissue Engineering, Farahnaz Fahimipour, Morteza Rasoulianboroujeni, Erfan Dashtimoghadam, Kimia Khoshroo, Mohammadreza Tahriri, Doug Lobner, Lobat Tayebi Nov 2017

3d Printed Tcp-Based Scaffold Incorporating Vegf-Loaded Plga Microspheres For Craniofacial Tissue Engineering, Farahnaz Fahimipour, Morteza Rasoulianboroujeni, Erfan Dashtimoghadam, Kimia Khoshroo, Mohammadreza Tahriri, Doug Lobner, Lobat Tayebi

School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications

Objective

Vascularization is a critical process during bone regeneration/repair and the lack of tissue vascularization is recognized as a major challenge in applying bone tissue engineeringmethods for cranial and maxillofacial surgeries. The aim of our study is to fabricate a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-loaded gelatin/alginate/β-TCP composite scaffold by 3D printing method using a computer-assisted design (CAD) model.

Methods

The paste, composed of (VEGF-loaded PLGA)-containing gelatin/alginate/β-TCP in water, was loaded into standard Nordson cartridges and promptly employed for printing the scaffolds. Rheological characterization of various gelatin/alginate/β-TCP formulations led to an ...


Parental Co‐Construction Of 5‐ To 13‐Year‐Olds' Global Self‐Esteem Through Reminiscing About Past Events, Michelle A. Harris, M. B. Donnellan, Jen Guo, Dan P. Mcadams, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Kali H. Trzesniewski Nov 2017

Parental Co‐Construction Of 5‐ To 13‐Year‐Olds' Global Self‐Esteem Through Reminiscing About Past Events, Michelle A. Harris, M. B. Donnellan, Jen Guo, Dan P. Mcadams, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Kali H. Trzesniewski

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

The current study explored parental processes associated with children's global self‐esteem development. Eighty 5‐ to 13‐year‐olds and one of their parents provided qualitative and quantitative data through questionnaires, open‐ended questions, and a laboratory‐based reminiscing task. Parents who included more explanations of emotions when writing about the lowest points in their lives were more likely to discuss explanations of emotions experienced in negative past events with their child, which was associated with child attachment security. Attachment was associated with concurrent self‐esteem, which predicted relative increases in self‐esteem 16 months later, on average. Finally ...


The Effects Of A Reduced Force Aerial Bucket Control On Upper Extremity Muscular Demands As Assessed With Surface Electromyography, Casey D. Garces Oct 2017

The Effects Of A Reduced Force Aerial Bucket Control On Upper Extremity Muscular Demands As Assessed With Surface Electromyography, Casey D. Garces

Master's Theses (2009 -)

A common control for operating aerial bucket trucks for utility companies in North America is called a pistol grip control. Based upon many anecdotal reports of forearm muscle fatigue from workers using this control, Prof. Richard Marklin began an EPRI-sponsored study in 2016 using EMG to determine muscle fatigue of workers while they used the pistol grip. Muscle activity recorded by EMG is a measure of the magnitude of muscle force under controlled conditions. This study confirmed the reports of muscle fatigue in extensor digitorum communis (EDC) muscle in the right forearm. The next phase of the study was to ...


Effects Of Random Oscillations On Balance Control In Healthy Young Adults, Jacob Van Dehy Oct 2017

Effects Of Random Oscillations On Balance Control In Healthy Young Adults, Jacob Van Dehy

Master's Theses (2009 -)

In human walking, balance control is managed through proactive changes in spatio-temporal parameters of stepping [1]. It has been suggested that continuous disruptions to healthy young adult balance cause greater changes to overall variability of these parameters than a shift in the mean stepping parameters [2]. This suggests that walking may be occurring in a more reactive manner, modulating to maintain balance without increasing the mean significantly. Work using continuous oscillations to treadmill walking suggest there is an interplay between the predictability of a signal used to disrupt subject balance and the degree to which compensation occurs [3]. To determine ...


Motivational And Intervention Systems And Monitoring With Mhealth Tools, Golam Mushih Tanimul Ahsan Oct 2017

Motivational And Intervention Systems And Monitoring With Mhealth Tools, Golam Mushih Tanimul Ahsan

Dissertations (2009 -)

Use of mobile and telecommunication technologies has become widespread in the last decade. With this development, use of mobile devices in healthcare (mHealth) is also increasing. Mobile phones, smartphones, and other mobile devices are affordable tools for different health-related services. In my research, with my research team, I have helped to develop several mHealth tools to address the quality of life of cancer survivors, cancer patients, and individuals at increased risk for cancer. Tobacco smoking is the major cause of several types of often-fatal cancers and cardio-respiratory diseases. Optimally, we hypothesize that the most effective mHealth tools should be customized ...


Nursing Students’ Perception Of The Stigma Of Mental Illness, Abir K. Bekhet, Carolyn J. Murrock, Qiyan Mu, Harpreet Singh-Gill Sep 2017

Nursing Students’ Perception Of The Stigma Of Mental Illness, Abir K. Bekhet, Carolyn J. Murrock, Qiyan Mu, Harpreet Singh-Gill

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Background: Mental health disorders are highly prevalent in the U.S. Nursing students’ perceptions regarding the stigma of mental illness will impact the quality of care delivered and the patients’ outcomes.

Method: Data was collected from 64 sophomore students. Five open ended questions were distributed to the students during the first class. All the surveys were collected by a volunteer student and were placed in the instructor’s mailbox in a sealed envelope.

Results: The results revealed three categories: students ‘perceptions of the causes of mental illness stigmatization, their own perception of mental illness, and their perception on how to ...