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Articles 1 - 30 of 2043

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Experiences Of Exclusively Expressing Breast Milk For Term Infants: A Qualitative Analysis, Lisa Anders Apr 2021

Experiences Of Exclusively Expressing Breast Milk For Term Infants: A Qualitative Analysis, Lisa Anders

Dissertations (1934 -)

Breast milk feeding has numerous benefits for women and infants. Although positive maternal experiences with breast milk feeding impacts exclusivity, duration, and maternal mental health, most research focuses on women feeding directly at the breast. Breast milk can also be expressed and bottle-fed to the infant. This practice is encouraged in instances of maternal-infant separation or in cases of prematurity. However, there is an increasing number of women electing to feed exclusively expressed breast milk to term infants rather than feed directly at the breast. Little is known about what constitutes a positive, or salutary breastfeeding, experience in this population ...


Outcomes Of Nonsurgical Root Canal Therapy Completed In Children Aged 6-13 Years, Lauren M. Loney Apr 2021

Outcomes Of Nonsurgical Root Canal Therapy Completed In Children Aged 6-13 Years, Lauren M. Loney

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: Tooth survival following non-surgical root canal treatment (NSRCT) in adult populations has been documented as high as 97%. However, to our knowledge, no studies have examined tooth survival following NSRCT in children. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term outcomes of non-surgical root canal treatment in children aged 6-13 years provided by both endodontists and other providers.Methods & Materials: Insurance claims from the Delta Dental of Wisconsin Insurance database of 4927 anterior and molar NSRCT completed in children aged 6-13 years from the years 2002-2014 were analyzed. The teeth were followed during continuous insurance eligibility from ...


Root-End Surgery Or Nonsurgical Retreatment: Are There Differences In Long Term Outcome?, Enida Haxhia Apr 2021

Root-End Surgery Or Nonsurgical Retreatment: Are There Differences In Long Term Outcome?, Enida Haxhia

Master's Theses (2009 -)

INTRODUCTION: The decision of which modality of secondary endodontic treatment to perform is multifactorial and clinician dependent. Literature surrounding the long-term survival of nonsurgical retreatment compared to root-end surgery remain equivocal and warrant further investigation. This 7-year retrospective study seeks to compare the outcome of nonsurgical retreatments with that of root-end surgeries performed on teeth without prior nonsurgical retreatments. METHODS: Insurance claims from 1021 teeth of 987 patients in the Delta Dental of Wisconsin database were analyzed from the years 2008–2017. Tooth survival was evaluated using Cox regression models and p-value was set at 0.05. Survival time was ...


The Incidence Of Root Canal Therapy Or Extraction After Orthodontic Treatment: A Ten-Year Retrospective Study, Thomas Korte Apr 2021

The Incidence Of Root Canal Therapy Or Extraction After Orthodontic Treatment: A Ten-Year Retrospective Study, Thomas Korte

Master's Theses (2009 -)

INTRODUCTION: The impact of orthodontic treatment on anterior teeth specifically in relation to root canal therapy and extraction has not been previously described. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of root canal therapy and extraction after orthodontic treatment in the anterior permanent dentition.Methods: We analyzed insurance claims and enrollment data for individuals enrolled with Delta Dental of Wisconsin from 2008 to 2017. A total of 63,720 teeth from 5310 patients who had Delta Dental insurance at age 10 were included in the study. The Cox Regression model was used to analyze the effect of ...


Shear Bond Strength Characteristics On Surface Treatment Modalities Of Cad-Cam Resin Based Core Materials, Nikita Sinha Apr 2021

Shear Bond Strength Characteristics On Surface Treatment Modalities Of Cad-Cam Resin Based Core Materials, Nikita Sinha

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: Innovations in computer aided design and computer aided manufacture (CAD-CAM) have made the manufacture of new restorative and prosthetic materials possible. They have enabled fabrication of complete arch implant supported fixed dental prosthesis (CAISFDP) in metals and polymers a reality. There are several materials which are available to fabricate a CAISFDP and it is important to find biologically, economically and aesthetically viable options for milled, cast and printed metal and non-metal structures. Objectives: The purpose of this in-vitro test was to analyze the shear bond strength of composite to Trilor material for CAISFDP restorations. Material and Methods: A total ...


Examining Social Factors In Self-Management For Older Adults Living Alone, Margaret Salinas Apr 2021

Examining Social Factors In Self-Management For Older Adults Living Alone, Margaret Salinas

Dissertations (1934 -)

Older adults living alone are a rapidly growing and often vulnerable segment of the population. Patient activation is an established predictor of self-management engagement, ability, and behaviors, and may be impacted by many factors, including social factors such as loneliness, social isolation, and neighborhood conditions. However, relationships among these social factors and environmental factors and patient activation are unclear. Using the Individual and Family Self-Management Theory, the purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the factor structure and bivariate correlations of loneliness, social isolation, neighborhood conditions and to test the effect of these factors on patient activation using self-efficacy ...


Effectiveness Of A Postpartum Breastfeeding Protocol For Avoiding Pregnancy And Descriptive Analysis Of The Physiology Of The Postpartum Transition, Mary Schneider Apr 2021

Effectiveness Of A Postpartum Breastfeeding Protocol For Avoiding Pregnancy And Descriptive Analysis Of The Physiology Of The Postpartum Transition, Mary Schneider

Dissertations (1934 -)

Traditionally, postpartum breastfeeding women used Natural Family Planning (NFP) methods that required observation of cervical mucus and basal body temperature as indicators of return to fertility. These indicators resulted in high unintended pregnancy rates (i.e., 14-32 over 12 months of use). High pregnancy rates were due to the inaccuracy and subjectivity of those fertility indicators which required extended periods of abstinence. Ineffectiveness of NFP methods is also related to changing patterns of fertility during lactation amenorrhea (LA) and the first six menstrual cycles postpartum.Studies of a NFP protocol where women used objective urine hormone biomarkers were 92-98% effective ...


Swim Program Pilot For Children With Autism: Impact On Behaviors And Health, Norah L. Johnson, Abir K. Bekhet, Tana Karenke, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal Apr 2021

Swim Program Pilot For Children With Autism: Impact On Behaviors And Health, Norah L. Johnson, Abir K. Bekhet, Tana Karenke, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

The purpose of this mixed methods pre-/post-pilot intervention study was to assess parental psychological health and child challenging behaviors before and after a swimming program for children with autism. Participants were 10 parent–child dyads. Child’s challenging behaviors were lower in the post testing (Cohen’s d = 0.07–0.45). Mean scores were improved for parent perception of general health (Cohen’s d = 0.22). Three themes emerged from the post swim program focus group: (a) Parent satisfaction with instructors with sub themes (i) firmness (ii) creativity, and (iii) promotion of social interaction and sharing, (b) improved ...


When Pandemics Collide: The Impact Of Covid-19 On Childhood Obesity, Nancy T. Browne, Julia A. Snethen, Cindy Smith Greenberg, Marilyn Frenn, Jill F. Kilanowsky, Bonnie Gance-Cleveland, Pamela J. Burke, Linda Lewandowski Jan 2021

When Pandemics Collide: The Impact Of Covid-19 On Childhood Obesity, Nancy T. Browne, Julia A. Snethen, Cindy Smith Greenberg, Marilyn Frenn, Jill F. Kilanowsky, Bonnie Gance-Cleveland, Pamela J. Burke, Linda Lewandowski

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

• Children with obesity face increased biopsychosocial risks during COVID-19.

• Stress exacerbates inflammation and immune response in obesity and COVID-19.

• The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly interrupted children's daily routines.

• The health effects of the obesogenic environment are exacerbated by COVID-19.

• Access to timely, comprehensive healthcare is critical during COVID-19.


Adaptation Of The Parent Readiness For Hospital Discharge Scale With Mothers Of Preterm Infants Discharged From The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Naiire Salmani, Marzieh Zare Marvast, Somayeh Kahdouei, Marianne E. Weiss Dec 2020

Adaptation Of The Parent Readiness For Hospital Discharge Scale With Mothers Of Preterm Infants Discharged From The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Naiire Salmani, Marzieh Zare Marvast, Somayeh Kahdouei, Marianne E. Weiss

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Aims and objectives

To evaluate the psychometric properties of a new Persian translation of the Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale.

Background

Globally, one in 10 newborns are born preterm and many require care in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A primary role of NICU nurses is to assure parents are well prepared to take their newborns home from the hospital. Assessment of parent perception of discharge readiness provides important input into discharge decisions. The availability of reliable and valid instruments tested within the geographical and cultural context is needed for a comprehensive assessment of predischarge readiness, so that parent ...


Nursing Discharge Teaching For Hospitalized Older People: A Rapid Realist Review, Joanie Pellet, Marianne E. Weiss, Joachim Rapin, Cecile Jaques, Cédric Mabire Nov 2020

Nursing Discharge Teaching For Hospitalized Older People: A Rapid Realist Review, Joanie Pellet, Marianne E. Weiss, Joachim Rapin, Cecile Jaques, Cédric Mabire

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Aim

To develop, refine and put forward a programme theory that describes configurations between context, hidden mechanisms and outcomes of nursing discharge teaching.

Design

Rapid realist review guided by Pawson's recommendations and using the Realist and Meta‐narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards.

Data Sources

We performed searches in MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL Full text, Google Scholarand supplementary searches in Google. We included all study designs and grey literature published between 1998‐2019.

Review Methods

We followed Pawson's recommended steps: initial programme theory development; literature search; document selection and appraisal; data extraction; analysis and synthesis process; presentation and dissemination of ...


Using The Consolidated Framework For Implementation Research To Evaluate Clinical Trials: An Example From Multisite Nursing Research, Linda L. Costa, Kathleen L. Bobay, Ronda G. Hughes, Sarah J. Bahr, Danielle M. Siclovan, Susan A. Nuccio, Marianne E. Weiss Nov 2020

Using The Consolidated Framework For Implementation Research To Evaluate Clinical Trials: An Example From Multisite Nursing Research, Linda L. Costa, Kathleen L. Bobay, Ronda G. Hughes, Sarah J. Bahr, Danielle M. Siclovan, Susan A. Nuccio, Marianne E. Weiss

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Background

The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) is a comprehensive guide for determining the factors that affect successful implementation of complex interventions embedded in real-time clinical practice.

Purpose

The study aim was to understand implementation constructs in a multi-site translational research study on readiness for hospital discharge that distinguished study sites with low versus high implementation fidelity.

Methods

In this descriptive study, site Principal Investigator interviews (from 8 highest and 8 lowest fidelity sites) were framed with questions from 20 relevant CFIR constructs. Analysis used CFIR rules and rating scale (+2 to −2 per site) and memos created in ...


Marking Time: Colorful New Insights Into Master Clock Circuits, Deborah A.M. Joye, Jennifer A. Evans Oct 2020

Marking Time: Colorful New Insights Into Master Clock Circuits, Deborah A.M. Joye, Jennifer A. Evans

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Experimental & Simulation Approaches To Study Neuromuscular Control In People With Chronic Ankle Instability, Hoon Kim Oct 2020

Experimental & Simulation Approaches To Study Neuromuscular Control In People With Chronic Ankle Instability, Hoon Kim

Dissertations (1934 -)

Ankle sprains are among the most common musculoskeletal injuries, and up to 70% of people who sprain their ankles develop chronic ankle instability (CAI). Moreover, people who develop CAI have a significantly higher risk of developing ankle osteoarthritis. Recent research has identified neuromuscular deficits that may be responsible for the high recurrence rates of ankle sprains and for the progression towards ankle osteoarthritis in people with CAI. Unfortunately, current rehabilitation strategies are not completely successful because the mechanisms responsible for these deficits are not fully elucidated. Therefore, the purpose of this dissertation was to investigate individual muscle forces and force ...


Engaging Parents In Education For Discharge (EPed): Evaluating The Reach, Adoption & Implementation Of An Innovative Discharge Teaching Method, Norah L. Johnson, Stacee M. Lerret, Carol Klingbeil, Michele Polfuss, Cori A. Gibson, Karen Gralton, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed, Riddhiman Adib, Rachel Unteutsch, Louis Pawela, Rosemary White-Traut, Kathleen J. Sawin, Marianne E. Weiss Sep 2020

Engaging Parents In Education For Discharge (EPed): Evaluating The Reach, Adoption & Implementation Of An Innovative Discharge Teaching Method, Norah L. Johnson, Stacee M. Lerret, Carol Klingbeil, Michele Polfuss, Cori A. Gibson, Karen Gralton, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed, Riddhiman Adib, Rachel Unteutsch, Louis Pawela, Rosemary White-Traut, Kathleen J. Sawin, Marianne E. Weiss

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Purpose

This paper describes the evaluation of the implementation of an innovative teaching method, the “Engaging Parents in Education for Discharge” (ePED) iPad application (app), at a pediatric hospital.

Design and methods

The Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework was used to guide the evaluation. Three of the five RE-AIM elements are addressed in this study: Reach, Adoption, and Implementation.

Results

The Reach of the ePED was 245 of 1015 (24.2%) patient discharges. The Adoption rate was 211 of 245 (86%) patients discharged in the five months' study period. High levels of fidelity (89.3 ...


“No One Could Calm Him Down”: Mothers’ Experience Of Autism Diagnosis And Obtainment Of Resources In An Urban Public School District, Norah L. Johnson, Phonethip Sangasy, Karen Marie Robinson Sep 2020

“No One Could Calm Him Down”: Mothers’ Experience Of Autism Diagnosis And Obtainment Of Resources In An Urban Public School District, Norah L. Johnson, Phonethip Sangasy, Karen Marie Robinson

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of accessing autism diagnosis and resources in a Midwest urban public school district for diverse mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder. Method: We employed thematic analysis using narrative inquiry methodology to analyze the data from 9 mothers (n = 5 African American, n = 2 Hispanic, and n = 2 White) who participated in a focus group. Results: Three themes were identified by the researchers: (a) late medical diagnosis (subthemes: problems that parents didn’t perceive as signs of autism spectrum disorder, making comparisons to other siblings or children), (b) negative communication ...


Reduced Vip Expression Affects Circadian Clock Function In Vip-Ires-Cre Mice (Jax 010908), Deborah A.M. Joye, Kayla Rohr, Danielle Keller, Thomas Inda, Adam Telega, Harshida Pancholi, Vania Carmonia-Alcocer, Jennifer A. Evans Aug 2020

Reduced Vip Expression Affects Circadian Clock Function In Vip-Ires-Cre Mice (Jax 010908), Deborah A.M. Joye, Kayla Rohr, Danielle Keller, Thomas Inda, Adam Telega, Harshida Pancholi, Vania Carmonia-Alcocer, Jennifer A. Evans

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

Circadian rhythms are programmed by the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), which relies on neuropeptide signaling to maintain daily timekeeping. Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) is critical for SCN function, but the precise role of VIP neurons in SCN circuits is not fully established. To interrogate their contribution to SCN circuits, VIP neurons can be manipulated specifically using the DNA-editing enzyme Cre recombinase. Although the Cre transgene is assumed to be inert by itself, we find that VIP expression is reduced in both heterozygous and homozygous adult VIP-IRES-Cre mice (JAX 010908). Compared with wild-type mice, homozygous VIP-Cre mice display faster reentrainment and shorter ...


Child Body Fat And Body Mass Index: Which Determinants Are Most Important?, Marilyn Frenn, Astrida S. Kaugars, Juanita Terrie Garcia, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal Aug 2020

Child Body Fat And Body Mass Index: Which Determinants Are Most Important?, Marilyn Frenn, Astrida S. Kaugars, Juanita Terrie Garcia, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

The purpose of this study was to examine child and parent determinants of children’s body fat percentage (BF%) along with their body mass index percentile (BMIp). Children’s BF% and BMIp auger lifelong health risks when elevated, and one in five children are affected. Participants (N = 135) included 62% female children; 50.7% Caucasian, 31.7% Hispanic, and 8.5% African American. Children were aged 9–15 years (2% underweight, 47.9% normal weight, 19.7% overweight, and 24.6% obese). Parent BMI average was 30.67 (1.4% underweight, 20.4% normal weight, 23.9% overweight, 40% obese ...


Efficacy Of Invisalign: A Retrospective Case Series Of Intrusion, Extrusion, And Rotation With Trend Analysis, Kirsten Karkow Jul 2020

Efficacy Of Invisalign: A Retrospective Case Series Of Intrusion, Extrusion, And Rotation With Trend Analysis, Kirsten Karkow

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Objective: To quantify efficacies and discrepancies of Invisalign® treatment of anterior intrusions, anterior extrusions, and incisor, canine and premolar rotations with correlations to age, gender, tooth, attachment, interproximal reduction, number of aligners, treatment time, and start date. Methods: Initial, progress, and final iTero® scans of patients treated with Invisalign® in the graduate Marquette University Orthodontics Clinic (Milwaukee, WI) were retrieved along with corresponding ClinChecks® as .stl files. These three-dimensional files were superimposed for best-fit using SlicerCMF4-0 software. A total of 67 anterior intrusions ≥ 0.5 mm, 39 anterior extrusions ≥ 0.5 mm, and 98 incisor, canine and premolar rotations ≥ 5 ...


Anatomical Considerations For Miniplate-Anchored Maxillary Protraction In Children With Unilateral Cleft Lip And Palate, Jared Holloway Jul 2020

Anatomical Considerations For Miniplate-Anchored Maxillary Protraction In Children With Unilateral Cleft Lip And Palate, Jared Holloway

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the anatomical considerations of children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) for the purpose of placing orthodontic miniplates for maxillary protraction. Materials and Methods: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of 41 patients with UCLP (18 females and 23 males with a mean age of 9.8) and 36 (19 females and 17 males with a mean age of 9.9) age-matched controls were assessed in this retrospective study. Multiple linear measurements were taken to evaluate the bone thickness of the infrazygomatic crest region (IZCR), buccal alveolar bone, and inferior ...


Corrosion Properties Of Various Orthodontic Fixed Retention Wires, Tara Lynn Groen Jul 2020

Corrosion Properties Of Various Orthodontic Fixed Retention Wires, Tara Lynn Groen

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Objective: It is known that stainless steel and other alloys readily corrode in the oral environment. Many different wire compositions and configurations are available on the market for fixed orthodontic retainers, yet few studies have focused on the corrosion of wires used for fixed retention. The aim of this study was to determine the general and crevice corrosion properties of 7 distinct fixed retainer wires. Methods: Seven types of fixed retainer wires were chosen for testing – solid, braided and twisted stainless steel wires; solid and twisted gold plated wires; a solid cobalt chromium wire; and a solid beta-titanium ribbon. Ten ...


Tensile Strength Of Elastomeric Ligature Ties Stretched Over Large And Small Orthodontic Brackets, Golden Shiloh Jul 2020

Tensile Strength Of Elastomeric Ligature Ties Stretched Over Large And Small Orthodontic Brackets, Golden Shiloh

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Objective: The purpose of this research was to investigate whether or not the larger required stretch of elastomeric ligature ties to secure an orthodontic wire into a larger sized bracket would lead to a more significant loss in tensile strength than if a smaller bracket size was used that required less of a stretch for placement of the elastomeric ligature. Methods: Maximum tensile strengths of elastomeric ligature ties from American Orthodontics and Dentsply Sirona were measured and compared after incubation for 4 weeks at 37±1oC under the following conditions: Unstretched dry, unstretched in artificial saliva, stretched and tied over ...


Predictors Of In-Hospital Mortality Among Under-Five Children With Severe Acute Malnutrition In South-Western Uganda, Timothy Nduhukire, Daniel Atwine, Luwaga Rachel, Joseph Byonanebye Jun 2020

Predictors Of In-Hospital Mortality Among Under-Five Children With Severe Acute Malnutrition In South-Western Uganda, Timothy Nduhukire, Daniel Atwine, Luwaga Rachel, Joseph Byonanebye

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

Background

Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects about 13 million under-five children (U5), with an estimated one million dying every year. In this study we aimed at determining the in hospital mortality and its associated factors among U5s admitted with SAM.

Methods

This was a prospective cohort study of children 6 months to 5 years with SAM admitted at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital (MRRH) between June and August 2015. Care-takers were interviewed to collect socio-demographic and clinical information. Children under-went physical examination and had blood drawn for HIV, serum glucose, malaria, full blood count, culture and serum electrolytes investigation. Children were ...


Nurse Continuity At Discharge And Return To Hospital, Sarah J. Bahr, James Bang, Olga Yakusheva, Kathleen L. Bobay, Janet W. Krejci, Linda L. Costa, Ronda G. Hughes, Morris Hamilton, Danielle M. Siclovan, Marianne Weiss May 2020

Nurse Continuity At Discharge And Return To Hospital, Sarah J. Bahr, James Bang, Olga Yakusheva, Kathleen L. Bobay, Janet W. Krejci, Linda L. Costa, Ronda G. Hughes, Morris Hamilton, Danielle M. Siclovan, Marianne Weiss

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Background Promoting continuity of nurse assignment during discharge care has the potential to increase patient readiness for discharge—which has been associated with fewer readmissions and emergency department visits. The few studies that examined nurse continuity during acute care hospitalizations did not focus on discharge or postdischarge outcomes. Objectives The aim of this research was to examine the association of continuity in nurse assignment to patients prior to hospital discharge with return to hospital (readmission and emergency department or observation visits), including exploration of the mediating pathway through patient readiness for discharge and moderating effects of unit environment and unit ...


Using The Engaging Parents In Education For Discharge (EPed) Ipad Application To Improve Parent Discharge Experience, Stacee M. Lerret, Norah L. Johnson, Michele Polfuss, Marianne E. Weiss, Karen Gralton, Carol Klingbeil, Cori A. Gibson, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed, Riddhiman Adib, Rachel Unteutsch, Louis Pawela, Rosemary White-Traut, Kathleen J. Sawin May 2020

Using The Engaging Parents In Education For Discharge (EPed) Ipad Application To Improve Parent Discharge Experience, Stacee M. Lerret, Norah L. Johnson, Michele Polfuss, Marianne E. Weiss, Karen Gralton, Carol Klingbeil, Cori A. Gibson, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed, Riddhiman Adib, Rachel Unteutsch, Louis Pawela, Rosemary White-Traut, Kathleen J. Sawin

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of the Engaging Parents in Education for Discharge (ePED) iPad application on parent experiences of hospital discharge teaching and care coordination. Hypotheses were: parents exposed to discharge teaching using ePED will have 1) higher quality of discharge teaching and 2) better care coordination than parents exposed to usual discharge teaching. The secondary purpose examined group differences in the discharge teaching, care coordination, and 30-day readmissions for parents of children with and without a chronic condition.

Design/Methods

Using a quasi-experimental design, ePED was implemented on one ...


The Incidence Of Root Canal Therapy After Full-Coverage Restorations: A 10-Year Retrospective Study, Abby Yavorek, Pradeep Bhagavatula, Kadam Patel, Aniko Szabo, Mohammed Ibrahim May 2020

The Incidence Of Root Canal Therapy After Full-Coverage Restorations: A 10-Year Retrospective Study, Abby Yavorek, Pradeep Bhagavatula, Kadam Patel, Aniko Szabo, Mohammed Ibrahim

School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications

Introduction

The process of restoring a tooth with a crown leaves many opportunities for pulpal irritation. The objective of this study was to identify and analyze the factors that contribute to the incidence of nonsurgical root canal therapy (NS-RCT) after the delivery of single-unit full-coverage restorations.

Methods

Insurance claims from 88,409 crown placements in the Delta Dental of Wisconsin insurance database were analyzed from the years 2008–2017. The Cox regression model was used to analyze the effect of the predictor variables on the survival of the tooth. Untoward events were defined as NS-RCT, tooth extraction, retreatment of root ...


Submaximal Isometric Force Steadiness In People With Multiple Sclerosis Under Single And Dual Task Conditions, Sheri Bunyan Apr 2020

Submaximal Isometric Force Steadiness In People With Multiple Sclerosis Under Single And Dual Task Conditions, Sheri Bunyan

Dissertations (1934 -)

Activities of daily living require steady, non-fatiguing, isometric muscular contractions to maintain postural control and stabilize body segments to facilitate interaction with the environment. Furthermore, typical activities often require simultaneous performance of cognitive and motor tasks. This may challenge people with multiple sclerosis, a chronic neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system associated with motor and cognitive impairments. Despite functional relevance, isometric force steadiness in both the upper and lower extremities has not been explored in this population. Additionally, dual task experiments in multiple sclerosis have primarily used gait, a dynamic activity, as the motor task. Thus, the purpose of ...


Accuracy Of Merging Scans Of Definitive Fixed Prosthodontic Impressions To Obtain Single, Accurate Digitized Master Casts, Ossama Raffa Apr 2020

Accuracy Of Merging Scans Of Definitive Fixed Prosthodontic Impressions To Obtain Single, Accurate Digitized Master Casts, Ossama Raffa

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Introduction: Many impressions sent to commercial laboratory dental technicians may include marginal defects. In order to fabricate accurate restorations, digital technology may be used to merge digital files of defective impressions into a single Standard Tesselation Language (STL) file, free of errors. Material and Methods: Ivorine teeth on a dentoform were prepared to receive a posterior fixed dental prosthesis (FDP). A flawless impression was made in a sectional tray using polyvinyl siloxane (PVS) impression material. An extraoral scanner was used to digitize the impression; this was the reference cast. Wax was used to create defects on the buccal and lingual ...


Influence Of Progressive Vs. Minimal Canal Preparations On The Fracture Resistance Of Mandibular Molars: A Finite Element Analysis, Michael Smoljan Apr 2020

Influence Of Progressive Vs. Minimal Canal Preparations On The Fracture Resistance Of Mandibular Molars: A Finite Element Analysis, Michael Smoljan

Master's Theses (2009 -)

INTRODUCTION: Several file systems have been recently introduced with the objective of preserving coronal dentin. There is limited research comparing the role of canal shaping on preservation of pericervical dentin and its role in fracture resistance. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of minimal canal taper on residual tooth strength and stress distribution after root canal treatment. Methods: Two pre-accessed mandibular molar TruTeeth (Acadental Endo 3DP, Lenexa, KS) were subject to simulated endodontic treatment in this study. One tooth was instrumented with ProTaper Gold (Dentsply, Tulsa, OK) to F2 (25/0.08v progressive taper) in the ...


Oral Health And Quality Of Life: A Clinic-Based Sample, Kinan M. Al-Bitar Apr 2020

Oral Health And Quality Of Life: A Clinic-Based Sample, Kinan M. Al-Bitar

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Attachment loss due to periodontal diseases is associated with functional limitations as well as physical pain and psychological discomfort, which may lead to a reduced quality of life. This manuscript is intended to answer the question, if periodontal status has an effect on oral health related quality of life. Survey data were collected in an U.S. dental school clinical setting from n=97 adults (54% females, average age 51 years) in a cross- sectional study. Quality of life related to oral health was assessed with the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-49). Additional measures using the DMFT index, periodontal status ...