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Articles 1 - 30 of 931

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Prevent Persistent Hypersensitivity In An Orofacial Neuropathic Pain Model, Robert J. Danaher, Liping Zhang, Connor J. Donley, Nashwin A. Laungani, S. Elise Hui, Craig S. Miller, Karin N. Westlund Sep 2018

Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Prevent Persistent Hypersensitivity In An Orofacial Neuropathic Pain Model, Robert J. Danaher, Liping Zhang, Connor J. Donley, Nashwin A. Laungani, S. Elise Hui, Craig S. Miller, Karin N. Westlund

Oral Health Practice Faculty Publications

Chronic orofacial pain is a significant health problem requiring identification of regulating processes. Involvement of epigenetic modifications that is reported for hindlimb neuropathic pain experimental models, however, is less well studied in cranial nerve pain models. Three independent observations reported here are the (1) epigenetic profile in mouse trigeminal ganglia (TG) after trigeminal inflammatory compression (TIC) nerve injury mouse model determined by gene expression microarray, (2) H3K9 acetylation pattern in TG by immunohistochemistry, and (3) efficacy of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors to attenuate development of hypersensitivity. After TIC injury, ipsilateral whisker pad mechanical sensitization develops by day 3 and persists ...


Loss Of Sarm1 Does Not Suppress Motor Neuron Degeneration In The Sod1g93a Mouse Model Of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Owen M. Peters, Elizabeth A. Lewis, Jeannette M. Osterloh, Alexandra Weiss, Johnny Salameh, Jake P. Metterville, Robert H. Brown Jr., Marc R. Freeman Jul 2018

Loss Of Sarm1 Does Not Suppress Motor Neuron Degeneration In The Sod1g93a Mouse Model Of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Owen M. Peters, Elizabeth A. Lewis, Jeannette M. Osterloh, Alexandra Weiss, Johnny Salameh, Jake P. Metterville, Robert H. Brown Jr., Marc R. Freeman

Neurobiology Publications and Presentations

Axon degeneration occurs in all neurodegenerative diseases, but the molecular pathways regulating axon destruction during neurodegeneration are poorly understood. Sterile Alpha and TIR Motif Containing 1 (Sarm1) is an essential component of the prodegenerative pathway driving axon degeneration after axotomy and represents an appealing target for therapeutic intervention in neurological conditions involving axon loss. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized by rapid, progressive motor neuron degeneration and muscle atrophy, causing paralysis and death. Patient tissue and animal models of ALS show destruction of upper and lower motor neuron cell bodies and loss of their associated axons. Here, we investigate whether ...


Neuronal Modulation Of Brown Adipose Activity Through Perturbation Of White Adipocyte Lipogenesis, Adilson L. Guilherme, David J. Pedersen, Felipe Henriques, Alexander H. Bedard, Elizabeth Henchey, Mark Kelly, Kamal Rahmouni, Donald A. Morgan, Michael P. Czech May 2018

Neuronal Modulation Of Brown Adipose Activity Through Perturbation Of White Adipocyte Lipogenesis, Adilson L. Guilherme, David J. Pedersen, Felipe Henriques, Alexander H. Bedard, Elizabeth Henchey, Mark Kelly, Kamal Rahmouni, Donald A. Morgan, Michael P. Czech

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

White adipose tissue (WAT) secretes factors to communicate with other metabolic organs to maintain energy homeostasis. We previously reported that perturbation of adipocyte de novo lipogenesis (DNL) by deletion of fatty acid synthase (FASN) causes expansion of sympathetic neurons within white adipose tissue (WAT) and the appearance of beige adipocytes. Here we report evidence that white adipocyte DNL activity is also coupled to neuronal regulation and thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT). Induced deletion of FASN in all adipocytes in mature mice (iAdFASNKO) enhanced sympathetic innervation and neuronal activity as well as UCP1 expression in both WAT and BAT. In ...


All-In-One Adeno-Associated Virus Delivery And Genome Editing By Neisseria Meningitidis Cas9 In Vivo, Raed Ibraheim, Chun-Qing Song, Aamir Mir, Nadia Amrani, Wen Xue, Erik J. Sontheimer May 2018

All-In-One Adeno-Associated Virus Delivery And Genome Editing By Neisseria Meningitidis Cas9 In Vivo, Raed Ibraheim, Chun-Qing Song, Aamir Mir, Nadia Amrani, Wen Xue, Erik J. Sontheimer

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Clustered, regularly interspaced, short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas) have recently opened a new avenue for gene therapy. Cas9 nuclease guided by a single-guide RNA (sgRNA) has been extensively used for genome editing. Currently, three Cas9 orthologs have been adapted forin vivo genome engineering applications: SpyCas9, SauCas9 and CjeCas9. However, additional in vivo editing platforms are needed, in part to enable a greater range of sequences to be accessed via viral vectors, especially those in which Cas9 and sgRNA are combined into a single vector genome. Here, we present an additional in vivo editing platform using Neisseria ...


Conservation And Divergence In Modules Of The Transcriptional Programs Of The Human And Mouse Immune Systems, Tal Shay, Vladimir Jojic, Broad Institute Of Mit And Harvard, Harvard Medical School, Stanford University, Immgen Consortium, Kavitha Narayan, Katelyn E. Sylvia, Joonso Kang May 2018

Conservation And Divergence In Modules Of The Transcriptional Programs Of The Human And Mouse Immune Systems, Tal Shay, Vladimir Jojic, Broad Institute Of Mit And Harvard, Harvard Medical School, Stanford University, Immgen Consortium, Kavitha Narayan, Katelyn E. Sylvia, Joonso Kang

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Studies in mouse have shed important light on human hematopoietic differentiation and disease. However, substantial differences between the two species often limit the translation of findings from mouse to human. Here, we compare modules of co-expressed genes in human and mouse immune cells based on compendia of genome-wide profiles. We show that the overall modular organization of the transcriptional program is conserved. We highlight modules of co-expressed genes in one species that dissolve or split in the other species. Many of the associated regulatory mechanisms - as reflected by computationally inferred trans regulators, or enriched cis-regulatory elements - are conserved between the ...


The Effects Of The Type And Timing Of Dietary Folate On Memory, Learning, And Gene Expression In Mice, Caleb Schreiner May 2018

The Effects Of The Type And Timing Of Dietary Folate On Memory, Learning, And Gene Expression In Mice, Caleb Schreiner

Senior Honors Theses

Folate has been known as an important vitamin for several decades. It is vital in development and epigenetics and is especially known for its involvement in the prevention of neural tube defects in newborns. Due to this ability, a synthetic form of folate, folic acid, was mandated by the government to be reinforced into cereals and grains. This study used a mouse model to determine the effects folic acid and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate have on gene expression and behavior. Since folate is known to be important for epigenetics and neuronal development, this study examined the effects of folate by applying behavioral tests ...


Effects Of Norharmane And Nicotine On The Conditioned Place Preference Of Mice, Lindsey Galbo May 2018

Effects Of Norharmane And Nicotine On The Conditioned Place Preference Of Mice, Lindsey Galbo

All NMU Master's Theses

Tobacco smoking in the United States is used by approximately 25% of adults. Many studies using animal models have suggested that nicotine has rewarding properties. Contrastingly, several studies have also found it to be a weakly reinforcing substance at low and high dose levels. Due to this, other tobacco constituents, such as the monoamine oxidase inhibitor norharmane which is found in tobacco leaf and smoke, may be responsible for tobacco addiction by potentiating the rewarding properties of nicotine. Several studies have attempted to observe this phenomenon, however, monoamine oxidase inhibitors that are not found in tobacco leaf or smoke have ...


Knockout Of Pannexin-1 Induces Hearing Loss, Jin Chen, Chun Liang, Liang Zong, Yan Zhu, Hong-Bo Zhao Apr 2018

Knockout Of Pannexin-1 Induces Hearing Loss, Jin Chen, Chun Liang, Liang Zong, Yan Zhu, Hong-Bo Zhao

Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery Faculty Publications

Mutations of gap junction connexin genes induce a high incidence of nonsyndromic hearing loss. Pannexin genes also encode gap junctional proteins in vertebrates. Recent studies demonstrated that Pannexin-1 (Panx1) deficiency in mice and mutation in humans are also associated with hearing loss. So far, several Panx1 knockout (KO) mouse lines were established. In general, these Panx1 KO mouse lines demonstrate consistent phenotypes in most aspects, including hearing loss. However, a recent study reported that a Panx1 KO mouse line, which was created by Genentech Inc., had no hearing loss as measured by the auditory brainstem response (ABR) threshold at low-frequency ...


Differential Effects Of Linkers On The Activity Of Amphiphilic Tobramycin Antifungals, Marina Y. Fosso, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Nishad Thamban Chandrika, Emily K. Dennis, Keith D. Green, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova Apr 2018

Differential Effects Of Linkers On The Activity Of Amphiphilic Tobramycin Antifungals, Marina Y. Fosso, Sanjib K. Shrestha, Nishad Thamban Chandrika, Emily K. Dennis, Keith D. Green, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

As the threat associated with fungal infections continues to rise and the availability of antifungal drugs remains a concern, it becomes obvious that the need to bolster the antifungal armamentarium is urgent. Building from our previous findings of tobramycin (TOB) derivatives with antifungal activity, we further investigate the effects of various linkers on the biological activity of these aminoglycosides. Herein, we analyze how thioether, sulfone, triazole, amide, and ether functionalities affect the antifungal activity of alkylated TOB derivatives against 22 Candida, Cryptococcus, and Aspergillus species. We also evaluate their impact on the hemolysis of murine erythrocytes and the cytotoxicity against ...


Bilateral Carotid Artery Stenosis Causes Unexpected Early Changes In Brain Extracellular Matrix And Blood-Brain Barrier Integrity In Mice, Jill M. Roberts, Michael E. Maniskas, Gregory J. Bix Apr 2018

Bilateral Carotid Artery Stenosis Causes Unexpected Early Changes In Brain Extracellular Matrix And Blood-Brain Barrier Integrity In Mice, Jill M. Roberts, Michael E. Maniskas, Gregory J. Bix

Neuroscience Faculty Publications

Bilateral carotid artery stenosis (BCAS) is one experimental model of vascular dementia thought to preferentially impact brain white matter. Indeed, few studies report hippocampal and cortical pathology prior to 30 days post-stenosis; though it is unclear whether those studies examined regions outside the white matter. Since changes in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability precede more overt brain pathology in various diseases, we hypothesized that changes within the BBB and/or BBB-associated extracellular matrix (ECM) could occur earlier after BCAS in the hippocampus, cortex and striatum and be a precursor of longer term pathology. Here, C57Bl/6 mice underwent BCAS or ...


Macrophage-Derived Il-1Β/Nf-Κb Signaling Mediates Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Cholestasis., Karim C El Kasmi, Padade M Vue, Aimee L Anderson, Michael W Devereaux, Swati Ghosh, Natarajan Balasubramaniyan, Sophie A Fillon, Carola Dahrenmoeller, Ayed Allawzi, Crystal Woods, Sarah Mckenna, Clyde J Wright, Linda Johnson, Angelo D'Alessandro, Julie A Reisz, Eva Nozik-Grayck, Frederick J Suchy, Ronald J Sokol Apr 2018

Macrophage-Derived Il-1Β/Nf-Κb Signaling Mediates Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Cholestasis., Karim C El Kasmi, Padade M Vue, Aimee L Anderson, Michael W Devereaux, Swati Ghosh, Natarajan Balasubramaniyan, Sophie A Fillon, Carola Dahrenmoeller, Ayed Allawzi, Crystal Woods, Sarah Mckenna, Clyde J Wright, Linda Johnson, Angelo D'Alessandro, Julie A Reisz, Eva Nozik-Grayck, Frederick J Suchy, Ronald J Sokol

Journal Articles and Abstracts

In infants intolerant of enteral feeding because of intestinal disease, parenteral nutrition may be associated with cholestasis, which can progress to end-stage liver disease. Here we show the function of hepatic macrophages and phytosterols in parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) pathogenesis using a mouse model that recapitulates the human pathophysiology and combines intestinal injury with parenteral nutrition. We combine genetic, molecular, and pharmacological approaches to identify an essential function of hepatic macrophages and IL-1β in PNAC. Pharmacological antagonism of IL-1 signaling or genetic deficiency in CCR2, caspase-1 and caspase-11, or IL-1 receptor (which binds both IL-1α and IL-1β) prevents PNAC in ...


Transcriptional Regulatory Networks Underlying Gene Expression Changes In Huntington's Disease., Seth A Ament, Jocelynn R Pearl, Jeffrey P Cantle, Robert M Bragg, Peter J Skene, Sydney R Coffey, Dani E Bergey, Vanessa C Wheeler, Marcy E Macdonald, Nitin S Baliga, Jim Rosinski, Leroy E Hood, Jeffrey B Carroll, Nathan D Price Mar 2018

Transcriptional Regulatory Networks Underlying Gene Expression Changes In Huntington's Disease., Seth A Ament, Jocelynn R Pearl, Jeffrey P Cantle, Robert M Bragg, Peter J Skene, Sydney R Coffey, Dani E Bergey, Vanessa C Wheeler, Marcy E Macdonald, Nitin S Baliga, Jim Rosinski, Leroy E Hood, Jeffrey B Carroll, Nathan D Price

Journal Articles and Abstracts

Transcriptional changes occur presymptomatically and throughout Huntington's disease (HD), motivating the study of transcriptional regulatory networks (TRNs) in HD We reconstructed a genome-scale model for the target genes of 718 transcription factors (TFs) in the mouse striatum by integrating a model of genomic binding sites with transcriptome profiling of striatal tissue from HD mouse models. We identified 48 differentially expressed TF-target gene modules associated with age- and CAG repeat length-dependent gene expression changes in


Nephron Segment-Specific Gene Expression Using Aav Vectors., Laureano D Asico, Santiago Cuevas, Xiaobo Ma, Pedro A Jose, Ines Armando, Prasad R Konkalmatt Feb 2018

Nephron Segment-Specific Gene Expression Using Aav Vectors., Laureano D Asico, Santiago Cuevas, Xiaobo Ma, Pedro A Jose, Ines Armando, Prasad R Konkalmatt

Medicine Faculty Publications

AAV9 vector provides efficient gene transfer in all segments of the renal nephron, with minimum expression in non-renal cells, when administered retrogradely via the ureter. It is important to restrict the transgene expression to the desired cell type within the kidney, so that the physiological endpoints represent the function of the transgene expressed in that specific cell type within kidney. We hypothesized that segment-specific gene expression within the kidney can be accomplished using the highly efficient AAV9 vectors carrying the promoters of genes that are expressed exclusively in the desired segment of the nephron in combination with administration by retrograde ...


Preparation Of Acute Brain Slices Using An Optimized N-Methyl-D-Glucamine Protective Recovery Method., Jonathan T Ting, Brian R Lee, Peter Chong, Gilberto Soler-Llavina, Charles Cobbs, Christof Koch, Hongkui Zeng, Ed Lein Feb 2018

Preparation Of Acute Brain Slices Using An Optimized N-Methyl-D-Glucamine Protective Recovery Method., Jonathan T Ting, Brian R Lee, Peter Chong, Gilberto Soler-Llavina, Charles Cobbs, Christof Koch, Hongkui Zeng, Ed Lein

Journal Articles and Abstracts

This protocol is a practical guide to the N-methyl-D-glucamine (NMDG) protective recovery method of brain slice preparation. Numerous recent studies have validated the utility of this method for enhancing neuronal preservation and overall brain slice viability. The implementation of this technique by early adopters has facilitated detailed investigations into brain function using diverse experimental applications and spanning a wide range of animal ages, brain regions, and cell types. Steps are outlined for carrying out the protective recovery brain slice technique using an optimized NMDG artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF) media formulation and enhanced procedure to reliably obtain healthy brain slices for ...


Silencing Of The Pink1 Gene Expression By Conditional Rnai Does Not Induce Dopaminergic Neuron Death In Mice., Hongxia Zhou, Björn H Falkenburger, Jörg B Schulz, Kim Tieu, Zuoshang Xu, Xu Gang Xia Feb 2018

Silencing Of The Pink1 Gene Expression By Conditional Rnai Does Not Induce Dopaminergic Neuron Death In Mice., Hongxia Zhou, Björn H Falkenburger, Jörg B Schulz, Kim Tieu, Zuoshang Xu, Xu Gang Xia

Kim Tieu

Transgenic RNAi, an alternative to the gene knockout approach, can induce hypomorphic phenotypes that resemble those of the gene knockout in mice. Conditional transgenic RNAi is an attractive choice of method for reverse genetics in vivo because it can achieve temporal and spatial silencing of targeted genes. Pol III promoters such as U6 are widely used to drive the expression of RNAi transgenes in animals. Tested in transgenic mice, a Cre-loxP inducible U6 promoter drove the broad expression of an shRNA against the Pink1 gene whose loss-of-functional mutations cause one form of familial Parkinson's disease. The expression of the ...


Effects Of Six Common Dietary Nutrients On Murine Intestinal Organoid Growth, Tenson Cai, Yijun Qi, Albert Jergens, Michael Wannemuehler, Terrence A. Barrett, Qun Wang Feb 2018

Effects Of Six Common Dietary Nutrients On Murine Intestinal Organoid Growth, Tenson Cai, Yijun Qi, Albert Jergens, Michael Wannemuehler, Terrence A. Barrett, Qun Wang

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

The intestinal epithelium of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract constantly renews itself to absorb nutrients and provide protection for the body from the outside world. Since the intestinal epithelium is constantly exposed to various chemicals and dietary components, it is critical to determine which constituents promote or inhibit intestinal epithelium health and growth rate. Intestinal organoids, three-dimensional miniature models of the intestines, represent an ex vivo tool to investigate intestinal physiology and growth patterns. In this study, we measured the growth rates of murine intestinal organoids exposed to various concentrations of different dietary constituents. Results indicate that caffeic acid inhibited organoid ...


Beta-Catenin Cleavage Enhances Transcriptional Activation, Tatiana Goretsky, Emily M. Bradford, Qing Ye, Olivia F. Lamping, Tomas Vanagunas, Mary Pat Moyer, Patrick C. Keller, Preetika Sinh, Josep M. Llovet, Tianyan Gao, Qing-Bai She, Linheng Li, Terrence A. Barrett Jan 2018

Beta-Catenin Cleavage Enhances Transcriptional Activation, Tatiana Goretsky, Emily M. Bradford, Qing Ye, Olivia F. Lamping, Tomas Vanagunas, Mary Pat Moyer, Patrick C. Keller, Preetika Sinh, Josep M. Llovet, Tianyan Gao, Qing-Bai She, Linheng Li, Terrence A. Barrett

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Nuclear activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling is required for cell proliferation in inflammation and cancer. Studies from our group indicate that β-catenin activation in colitis and colorectal cancer (CRC) correlates with increased nuclear levels of β-catenin phosphorylated at serine 552 (pβ-Cat552). Biochemical analysis of nuclear extracts from cancer biopsies revealed the existence of low molecular weight (LMW) pβ-Cat552, increased to the exclusion of full size (FS) forms of β-catenin. LMW β-catenin lacks both termini, leaving residues in the armadillo repeat intact. Further experiments showed that TCF4 predominantly binds LMW pβ-Cat552 in the nucleus of inflamed and cancerous ...


Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis: A Novel Surgical Model For Moyamoya Syndrome, Jill M. Roberts, Michael E. Maniskas, Justin F. Fraser, Gregory J. Bix Jan 2018

Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis: A Novel Surgical Model For Moyamoya Syndrome, Jill M. Roberts, Michael E. Maniskas, Justin F. Fraser, Gregory J. Bix

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

Moyamoya is a cerebrovascular disorder characterized by progressive stenosis of the intracranial internal carotid arteries. There are two forms: Disease and Syndrome, with each characterized by the sub-population it affects. Moyamoya syndrome (MMS) is more prominent in adults in their 20’s-40’s, and is often associated with autoimmune diseases. Currently, there are no surgical models for inducing moyamoya syndrome, so our aim was to develop a new animal model to study this relatively unknown cerebrovascular disease. Here, we demonstrate a new surgical technique termed internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS), to mimic MMS using micro-coils on the proximal ICA. We ...


P5l Mutation In Ank Results In An Increase In Extracellular Inorganic Pyrophosphate During Proliferation And Nonmineralizing Hypertrophy In Stably Transduced Atdc5 Cells, Raihana Zaka, David Stokes, Arnold S. Dion, Anna Kusnierz, Fei Han, Charlene J. Williams Dec 2017

P5l Mutation In Ank Results In An Increase In Extracellular Inorganic Pyrophosphate During Proliferation And Nonmineralizing Hypertrophy In Stably Transduced Atdc5 Cells, Raihana Zaka, David Stokes, Arnold S. Dion, Anna Kusnierz, Fei Han, Charlene J. Williams

Charlene Williams

Ank is a multipass transmembrane protein that regulates the cellular transport of inorganic pyrophosphate. In the progressive ankylosis (ank) mouse, a premature termination mutation at glutamic acid 440 results in a phenotype characterized by inappropriate deposition of basic calcium phosphate crystals in skeletal tissues. Mutations in the amino terminus of ANKH, the human homolog of Ank, result in familial calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition disease. It has been hypothesized that these mutations result in a gain-of-function with respect to the elaboration of extracellular inorganic pyrophosphate. To explore this issue in a mineralization-competent system, we stably transduced ATDC5 cells with wild-type Ank ...


The Phagocyte Oxidase Controls Tolerance To Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection., Andrew J. Olive, Clare M. Smith, Michael C. Kiritsy, Christopher M. Sassetti Dec 2017

The Phagocyte Oxidase Controls Tolerance To Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection., Andrew J. Olive, Clare M. Smith, Michael C. Kiritsy, Christopher M. Sassetti

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Protection from infectious disease relies on two distinct mechanisms. 'Antimicrobial resistance' directly inhibits pathogen growth, whereas 'infection tolerance' controls tissue damage. A single immune-mediator can differentially contribute to these mechanisms in distinct contexts, confounding our understanding of protection to different pathogens. For example, the NADPH-dependent phagocyte oxidase complex (Phox) produces anti-microbial superoxides and protects from tuberculosis in humans. However, Phox-deficient mice do not display the expected defect in resistance to M. tuberculosis leaving the role of this complex unclear. We re-examined the mechanisms by which Phox contributes to protection from TB and found that mice lacking the Cybb subunit of ...


Linkage, Whole Genome Sequence, And Biological Data Implicate Variants In Rab10 In Alzheimer's Disease Resilience., Perry G Ridge, Celeste M Karch, Simon Hsu, Ivan Arano, Craig C Teerlink, Mark T W Ebbert, Josue D Gonzalez Murcia, James M Farnham, Anna R Damato, Mariet Allen, Xue Wang, Oscar Harari, Victoria M Fernandez, Rita Guerreiro, Jose Bras, John Hardy, Ronald Munger, Maria Norton, Celeste Sassi, Andrew Singleton, Steven G Younkin, Dennis W Dickson, Todd E Golde, Nathan D Price, Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner, Carlos Cruchaga, Alison M Goate, Christopher Corcoran, Joann Tschanz, Lisa A Cannon-Albright, John S K Kauwe Nov 2017

Linkage, Whole Genome Sequence, And Biological Data Implicate Variants In Rab10 In Alzheimer's Disease Resilience., Perry G Ridge, Celeste M Karch, Simon Hsu, Ivan Arano, Craig C Teerlink, Mark T W Ebbert, Josue D Gonzalez Murcia, James M Farnham, Anna R Damato, Mariet Allen, Xue Wang, Oscar Harari, Victoria M Fernandez, Rita Guerreiro, Jose Bras, John Hardy, Ronald Munger, Maria Norton, Celeste Sassi, Andrew Singleton, Steven G Younkin, Dennis W Dickson, Todd E Golde, Nathan D Price, Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner, Carlos Cruchaga, Alison M Goate, Christopher Corcoran, Joann Tschanz, Lisa A Cannon-Albright, John S K Kauwe

Journal Articles and Abstracts

BACKGROUND: While age and the APOE ε4 allele are major risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD), a small percentage of individuals with these risk factors exhibit AD resilience by living well beyond 75 years of age without any clinical symptoms of cognitive decline.

METHODS: We used over 200 "AD resilient" individuals and an innovative, pedigree-based approach to identify genetic variants that segregate with AD resilience. First, we performed linkage analyses in pedigrees with resilient individuals and a statistical excess of AD deaths. Second, we used whole genome sequences to identify candidate SNPs in significant linkage regions. Third, we replicated ...


Noninvasive Liquid Diet Delivery Of Stable Isotopes Into Mouse Models For Deep Metabolic Network Tracing, Ramon C. Sun, Teresa W.-M. Fan, Pan Deng, Richard M. Higashi, Andrew N. Lane, Anh-Thu Le, Timothy L. Scott, Qiushi Sun, Marc O. Warmoes, Ye Yang Nov 2017

Noninvasive Liquid Diet Delivery Of Stable Isotopes Into Mouse Models For Deep Metabolic Network Tracing, Ramon C. Sun, Teresa W.-M. Fan, Pan Deng, Richard M. Higashi, Andrew N. Lane, Anh-Thu Le, Timothy L. Scott, Qiushi Sun, Marc O. Warmoes, Ye Yang

Center for Environmental and Systems Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Delivering isotopic tracers for metabolic studies in rodents without overt stress is challenging. Current methods achieve low label enrichment in proteins and lipids. Here, we report noninvasive introduction of 13C6-glucose via a stress-free, ad libitum liquid diet. Using NMR and ion chromatography-mass spectrometry, we quantify extensive 13C enrichment in products of glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, the pentose phosphate pathway, nucleobases, UDP-sugars, glycogen, lipids, and proteins in mouse tissues during 12 to 48 h of 13C6-glucose feeding. Applying this approach to patient-derived lung tumor xenografts (PDTX), we show that the liver supplies glucose-derived Gln ...


Top2a And Ezh2 Provide Early Detection Of An Aggressive Prostate Cancer Subgroup., David P. Labbé, Christopher J. Sweeney, Myles Brown, Phillip Galbo, Spencer Rosario, Kristine M. Wadosky, Sheng-Yu Ku, Martin Sjöström, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Nicholas Erho, Elai Davicioni, R. Jeffrey Karnes, Edward M. Schaeffer, Robert B. Jenkins, Robert B. Den, Ashley E. Ross, Michaela Bowden, Ying Huang, Kathryn P. Gray, Felix Y. Feng, Daniel E. Spratt, David W. Goodrich, Kevin H. Eng, Leigh Ellis Nov 2017

Top2a And Ezh2 Provide Early Detection Of An Aggressive Prostate Cancer Subgroup., David P. Labbé, Christopher J. Sweeney, Myles Brown, Phillip Galbo, Spencer Rosario, Kristine M. Wadosky, Sheng-Yu Ku, Martin Sjöström, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Nicholas Erho, Elai Davicioni, R. Jeffrey Karnes, Edward M. Schaeffer, Robert B. Jenkins, Robert B. Den, Ashley E. Ross, Michaela Bowden, Ying Huang, Kathryn P. Gray, Felix Y. Feng, Daniel E. Spratt, David W. Goodrich, Kevin H. Eng, Leigh Ellis

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Purpose: Current clinical parameters do not stratify indolent from aggressive prostate cancer. Aggressive prostate cancer, defined by the progression from localized disease to metastasis, is responsible for the majority of prostate cancer–associated mortality. Recent gene expression profiling has proven successful in predicting the outcome of prostate cancer patients; however, they have yet to provide targeted therapy approaches that could inhibit a patient's progression to metastatic disease. Experimental Design: We have interrogated a total of seven primary prostate cancer cohorts (n = 1,900), two metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer datasets (n = 293), and one prospective cohort (n = 1,385) to ...


Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts Neutralize The Anti-Tumor Effect Of Csf1 Receptor Blockade By Inducing Pmn-Mdsc Infiltration Of Tumors., Vinit Kumar, Laxminarasimha Donthireddy, Douglas Marvel, Thomas Condamine, Fang Wang, Sergio Lavilla-Alonso, Ayumi Hashimoto, Prashanthi Vonteddu, Reeti Behera, Marlee A. Goins, Charles Mulligan, Brian Nam, Neil Hockstein, Fred Denstman, Shanti Shakamuri, David W. Speicher, Ashani T. Weeraratna, Timothy Chao, Robert H. Vonderheide, Lucia R. Languino, Peter Ordentlich, Qin Liu, Xiaowei Xu, Albert Lo, Ellen Puré, Chunsheng Zhang, Andrey Loboda, Manuel A. Sepulveda, Linda A. Snyder, Dmitry I. Gabrilovich Nov 2017

Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts Neutralize The Anti-Tumor Effect Of Csf1 Receptor Blockade By Inducing Pmn-Mdsc Infiltration Of Tumors., Vinit Kumar, Laxminarasimha Donthireddy, Douglas Marvel, Thomas Condamine, Fang Wang, Sergio Lavilla-Alonso, Ayumi Hashimoto, Prashanthi Vonteddu, Reeti Behera, Marlee A. Goins, Charles Mulligan, Brian Nam, Neil Hockstein, Fred Denstman, Shanti Shakamuri, David W. Speicher, Ashani T. Weeraratna, Timothy Chao, Robert H. Vonderheide, Lucia R. Languino, Peter Ordentlich, Qin Liu, Xiaowei Xu, Albert Lo, Ellen Puré, Chunsheng Zhang, Andrey Loboda, Manuel A. Sepulveda, Linda A. Snyder, Dmitry I. Gabrilovich

Kimmel Cancer Center Papers, Presentations, and Grand Rounds

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) contribute to all aspects of tumor progression. Use of CSF1R inhibitors to target TAM is therapeutically appealing, but has had very limited anti-tumor effects. Here, we have identified the mechanism that limited the effect of CSF1R targeted therapy. We demonstrated that carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAF) are major sources of chemokines that recruit granulocytes to tumors. CSF1 produced by tumor cells caused HDAC2-mediated downregulation of granulocyte-specific chemokine expression in CAF, which limited migration of these cells to tumors. Treatment with CSF1R inhibitors disrupted this crosstalk and triggered a profound increase in granulocyte recruitment to tumors. Combining CSF1R inhibitor with ...


Epigenetic Suppression Of Hippocampal Calbindin-D28k By Δfosb Drives Seizure-Related Cognitive Deficits., Jason C. You, Kavitha Muralidharan, Jin W. Park, Iraklis Petrof, Mark S. Pyfer, Brian F. Corbett, John J. Lafrancois, Yi Zheng, Xiaohong Zhang, Carrie A. Mohila, Daniel Yoshor, Robert A. Rissman, Eric J. Nestler, Helen E. Scharfman, Jeannie Chin Nov 2017

Epigenetic Suppression Of Hippocampal Calbindin-D28k By Δfosb Drives Seizure-Related Cognitive Deficits., Jason C. You, Kavitha Muralidharan, Jin W. Park, Iraklis Petrof, Mark S. Pyfer, Brian F. Corbett, John J. Lafrancois, Yi Zheng, Xiaohong Zhang, Carrie A. Mohila, Daniel Yoshor, Robert A. Rissman, Eric J. Nestler, Helen E. Scharfman, Jeannie Chin

Department of Neuroscience

The calcium-binding protein calbindin-D28k is critical for hippocampal function and cognition, but its expression is markedly decreased in various neurological disorders associated with epileptiform activity and seizures. In Alzheimer's disease (AD) and epilepsy, both of which are accompanied by recurrent seizures, the severity of cognitive deficits reflects the degree of calbindin reduction in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). However, despite the importance of calbindin in both neuronal physiology and pathology, the regulatory mechanisms that control its expression in the hippocampus are poorly understood. Here we report an epigenetic mechanism through which seizures chronically suppress hippocampal calbindin expression and impair ...


Differentiation And Protective Capacity Of Virus-Specific Cd8, Vesselin T. Tomov, Olesya Palko, Chi Wai Lau, Ajinkya Pattekar, Yuhang Sun, Ralitza Tacheva, Bertram Bengsch, Sasikanth Manne, Gabriela L. Cosma, Laurence C. Eisenlohr, Timothy J. Nice, Herbert W. Virgin, E. John Wherry Oct 2017

Differentiation And Protective Capacity Of Virus-Specific Cd8, Vesselin T. Tomov, Olesya Palko, Chi Wai Lau, Ajinkya Pattekar, Yuhang Sun, Ralitza Tacheva, Bertram Bengsch, Sasikanth Manne, Gabriela L. Cosma, Laurence C. Eisenlohr, Timothy J. Nice, Herbert W. Virgin, E. John Wherry

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

Noroviruses can establish chronic infections with active viral shedding in healthy humans but whether persistence is associated with adaptive immune dysfunction is unknown. We used genetically engineered strains of mouse norovirus (MNV) to investigate CD8+ T cell differentiation during chronic infection. We found that chronic infection drove MNV-specific tissue-resident memory (Trm) CD8+ T cells to a differentiation state resembling inflationary effector responses against latent cytomegalovirus with only limited evidence of exhaustion. These MNV-specific Trm cells remained highly functional yet appeared ignorant of ongoing viral replication. Pre-existing MNV-specific Trm cells provided partial protection against chronic infection but largely ceased to detect ...


Nanoparticle Delivery Of Mir-34a Eradicates Long-Term-Cultured Breast Cancer Stem Cells Via Targeting C22orf28 Directly, Xiaoti Lin, Weiyu Chen, Fengqin Wei, Binhua P. Zhou, Mien-Chie Hung, Xiaoming Xie Oct 2017

Nanoparticle Delivery Of Mir-34a Eradicates Long-Term-Cultured Breast Cancer Stem Cells Via Targeting C22orf28 Directly, Xiaoti Lin, Weiyu Chen, Fengqin Wei, Binhua P. Zhou, Mien-Chie Hung, Xiaoming Xie

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Rationale: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been implicated as the seeds of therapeutic resistance and metastasis, due to their unique abilities of self-renew, wide differentiation potentials and resistance to most conventional therapies. It is a proactive strategy for cancer therapy to eradicate CSCs. Methods: Tumor tissue-derived breast CSCs (BCSC), including XM322 and XM607, were isolated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS); while cell line-derived BCSC, including MDA-MB-231.SC and MCF-7.SC, were purified by magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS). Analyses of microRNA and mRNA expression array profiles were performed in multiple breast cell lines. The mentioned nanoparticles were constructed following the standard ...


Development And Validation Of Triticum Phytobiological Method As An Alternative Procedure For Investigating In Vivo Acute Toxicity On Mice, Emil Ştefănescu, Aurelia N. Cristea, Cornel Chiriță, Octavian Olaru, Adriana Anghel, Mihaela Dinu Oct 2017

Development And Validation Of Triticum Phytobiological Method As An Alternative Procedure For Investigating In Vivo Acute Toxicity On Mice, Emil Ştefănescu, Aurelia N. Cristea, Cornel Chiriță, Octavian Olaru, Adriana Anghel, Mihaela Dinu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The goal of this study was to validate an alternative method for determining in vivo acute toxicity using vegetal material instead of laboratory animals, starting from the phytobiological method known also as the Triticum technique. We set out to demonstrate that vegetal cells have similar sensitivity to some toxic agents as animal cells, in which case a statistical correlation could be established. A series of new compounds synthesized by the Romanian National Institute for Chemical Pharmaceutical Research and Development as potential β3 adrenergic receptors agonists were tested for their acute toxicity using classic animal exposure models, before investigating possible anti-diabetic ...


Mutations In Keops-Complex Genes Cause Nephrotic Syndrome With Primary Microcephaly, Daniela A Braun, Jia Rao, Geraldine Mollet, David Schapiro, Marie-Claire Daugeron, Weizhen Tan, Olivier Gribouval, Olivia Boyer, Patrick Revy, Tilman Jobst-Schwan, Johanna Magdalena Schmidt, Jennifer A Lawson, Denny Schanze, Shazia Ashraf, Jeremy F P Ullmann, Charlotte A Hoogstraten, Nathalie Boddaert, Bruno Collinet, Gaëlle Martin, Dominique Liger, Svjetlana Lovric, Monica Furlano, I Chiara Guerrera, Oraly Sanchez-Ferras, Jennifer F Hu, Anne-Claire Boschat, Sylvia Sanquer, Björn Menten, Sarah Vergult, Nina De Rocker, Merlin Airik, Tobias Hermle, Shirlee Shril, Eugen Widmeier, Heon Yung Gee, Won-Il Choi, Carolin E Sadowski, Werner L Pabst, Jillian K Warejko, Ankana Daga, Tamara Basta, Verena Matejas, Karin Scharmann, Sandra D Kienast, Babak Behnam, Brendan Beeson, Amber Begtrup, Malcolm Bruce, Gaik-Siew Ch'ng, Shuan-Pei Lin, Jui-Hsing Chang, Chao-Huei Chen, Megan T Cho, Patrick M Gaffney, Patrick E Gipson, Chyong-Hsin Hsu, Jameela A Kari, Yu-Yuan Ke, Cathy Kiraly-Borri, Wai-Ming Lai, Emmanuelle Lemyre, Rebecca Okashah Littlejohn, Amira Masri, Mastaneh Moghtaderi, Kazuyuki Nakamura, Fatih Ozaltin, Marleen Praet, Chitra Prasad, Agnieszka Prytula, Elizabeth R Roeder, Patrick Rump, Rhonda E Schnur, Takashi Shiihara, Manish D Sinha, Neveen A Soliman, Kenza Soulami, David A Sweetser, Wen-Hui Tsai, Jeng-Daw Tsai, Rezan Topaloglu, Udo Vester, David H Viskochil, Nithiwat Vatanavicharn, Jessica L Waxler, Klaas J Wierenga, Matthias T F Wolf, Sik-Nin Wong, Sebastian A Leidel, Gessica Truglio, Peter C Dedon, Annapurna Poduri, Shrikant Mane, Richard P Lifton, Maxime Bouchard, Peter Kannu, David Chitayat, Daniella Magen, Bert Callewaert, Herman Van Tilbeurgh, Martin Zenker, Corinne Antignac, Friedhelm Hildebrandt Oct 2017

Mutations In Keops-Complex Genes Cause Nephrotic Syndrome With Primary Microcephaly, Daniela A Braun, Jia Rao, Geraldine Mollet, David Schapiro, Marie-Claire Daugeron, Weizhen Tan, Olivier Gribouval, Olivia Boyer, Patrick Revy, Tilman Jobst-Schwan, Johanna Magdalena Schmidt, Jennifer A Lawson, Denny Schanze, Shazia Ashraf, Jeremy F P Ullmann, Charlotte A Hoogstraten, Nathalie Boddaert, Bruno Collinet, Gaëlle Martin, Dominique Liger, Svjetlana Lovric, Monica Furlano, I Chiara Guerrera, Oraly Sanchez-Ferras, Jennifer F Hu, Anne-Claire Boschat, Sylvia Sanquer, Björn Menten, Sarah Vergult, Nina De Rocker, Merlin Airik, Tobias Hermle, Shirlee Shril, Eugen Widmeier, Heon Yung Gee, Won-Il Choi, Carolin E Sadowski, Werner L Pabst, Jillian K Warejko, Ankana Daga, Tamara Basta, Verena Matejas, Karin Scharmann, Sandra D Kienast, Babak Behnam, Brendan Beeson, Amber Begtrup, Malcolm Bruce, Gaik-Siew Ch'ng, Shuan-Pei Lin, Jui-Hsing Chang, Chao-Huei Chen, Megan T Cho, Patrick M Gaffney, Patrick E Gipson, Chyong-Hsin Hsu, Jameela A Kari, Yu-Yuan Ke, Cathy Kiraly-Borri, Wai-Ming Lai, Emmanuelle Lemyre, Rebecca Okashah Littlejohn, Amira Masri, Mastaneh Moghtaderi, Kazuyuki Nakamura, Fatih Ozaltin, Marleen Praet, Chitra Prasad, Agnieszka Prytula, Elizabeth R Roeder, Patrick Rump, Rhonda E Schnur, Takashi Shiihara, Manish D Sinha, Neveen A Soliman, Kenza Soulami, David A Sweetser, Wen-Hui Tsai, Jeng-Daw Tsai, Rezan Topaloglu, Udo Vester, David H Viskochil, Nithiwat Vatanavicharn, Jessica L Waxler, Klaas J Wierenga, Matthias T F Wolf, Sik-Nin Wong, Sebastian A Leidel, Gessica Truglio, Peter C Dedon, Annapurna Poduri, Shrikant Mane, Richard P Lifton, Maxime Bouchard, Peter Kannu, David Chitayat, Daniella Magen, Bert Callewaert, Herman Van Tilbeurgh, Martin Zenker, Corinne Antignac, Friedhelm Hildebrandt

Paediatrics Publications

Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GAMOS) is an autosomal-recessive disease characterized by the combination of early-onset nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) and microcephaly with brain anomalies. Here we identified recessive mutations in OSGEP, TP53RK, TPRKB, and LAGE3, genes encoding the four subunits of the KEOPS complex, in 37 individuals from 32 families with GAMOS. CRISPR-Cas9 knockout in zebrafish and mice recapitulated the human phenotype of primary microcephaly and resulted in early lethality. Knockdown of OSGEP, TP53RK, or TPRKB inhibited cell proliferation, which human mutations did not rescue. Furthermore, knockdown of these genes impaired protein translation, caused endoplasmic reticulum stress, activated DNA-damage-response signaling, and ultimately induced ...


Inhibition Of Apoptosis Signal-Regulating Kinase 1 Alters The Wound Epidermis And Enhances Auricular Cartilage Regeneration., Qian-Shi Zhang, Deepa S. Kurpad, My G. Mahoney, Marla J. Steinbeck, Theresa A. Freeman Oct 2017

Inhibition Of Apoptosis Signal-Regulating Kinase 1 Alters The Wound Epidermis And Enhances Auricular Cartilage Regeneration., Qian-Shi Zhang, Deepa S. Kurpad, My G. Mahoney, Marla J. Steinbeck, Theresa A. Freeman

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Why regeneration does not occur in mammals remains elusive. In lower vertebrates, epimorphic regeneration of the limb is directed by the wound epidermis, which controls blastema formation to promote regrowth of the appendage. Herein, we report that knockout (KO) or inhibition of Apoptosis Signal-regulated Kinase-1 (ASK1), also known as mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 5 (MAP3K5), after full thickness ear punch in mice prolongs keratinocyte activation within the wound epidermis and promotes regeneration of auricular cartilage. Histological analysis showed the ASK1 KO ears displayed enhanced protein markers associated with blastema formation, hole closure and regeneration of auricular cartilage. At seven ...