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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Synthesis Of Novel Library Of Cyanopyrrolidinyl Beta-Amino Alcohols And Matrine Alkaloids, Xiaotian Chen Feb 2019

Synthesis Of Novel Library Of Cyanopyrrolidinyl Beta-Amino Alcohols And Matrine Alkaloids, Xiaotian Chen

Theses and Dissertations

Cyanopyrrolidines and beta-Amino alcohols are molecular scaffolds that are highly found in commercially available drugs. We developed a multi-step synthetic method to form a novel library of compounds as inhibitors that share both scaffolds toward potent and selective diabetes therapeutics. Despite the ease for the synthesis of Cyanopyrrolidines, the difficulty of forming high selective beta-Amino alcohols is challenging. We successfully find the best condition for the preference of highly selective mono-alkylation and double-alkylation products and produce them with high yield.

Matrine is an alkaloid found in plants from the genus Sophora and can produce some pharmacological effects such as anti-cancer ...


The Opioid Crisis In America As It Effects Health Care Professionals, Patients, And The Economy, Dale Russell Feb 2019

The Opioid Crisis In America As It Effects Health Care Professionals, Patients, And The Economy, Dale Russell

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Abstract

There is a growing concern in America over the increasing morbidity and mortality associated

with the use and abuse of opioid pain relievers. This alarming increase has led to the term

“crisis” when referring to these facts. Addressing this crisis is multi-focused. The need to prevent

and treat opioid addiction is on the forefront. These needs are seen in both the prescription of

opioids as well as the illicit use of non-prescription opioids. Overprescribing opioids has led to

an increase of abuse and addiction to these substances. This in turn has led to a rise in street use

of ...


Icatibant Is Not Helpful For The Treatment Of Ace Inhibitor-Induced Angioedema, Samantha R. Schwartz Feb 2019

Icatibant Is Not Helpful For The Treatment Of Ace Inhibitor-Induced Angioedema, Samantha R. Schwartz

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Sinert R, Levy P, Bernstein JA, et al. Randomized trial of icatibant for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced upper airway angioedema. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2017; 5(5): 1402-1409. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2017.03.003.


Cytochrome P450s And Uses Thereof, Joseph Chappell, Lyle F. Ralston Jan 2019

Cytochrome P450s And Uses Thereof, Joseph Chappell, Lyle F. Ralston

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Patents

The invention relates to isolated cytochrome P450 polypeptides and nucleic acid molecules, as well as expression vectors and transgenic plants containing these molecules. In addition, the invention relates to uses of such molecules in methods of increasing the level of resistance against a disease caused by a plant pathogen in a transgenic plant, in methods for producing altered compounds, for example, hydroxylated compounds, and in methods of producing isoprenoid compounds.


Cytochrome P450s And Uses Thereof, Joseph Chappell, Lyle F. Ralston Jan 2019

Cytochrome P450s And Uses Thereof, Joseph Chappell, Lyle F. Ralston

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Patents

The invention relates to isolated cytochrome P450 polypeptides and nucleic acid molecules, as well as expression vectors and transgenic plants containing these molecules. In addition, the invention relates to uses of such molecules in methods of increasing the level of resistance against a disease caused by a plant pathogen in a transgenic plant, in methods for producing altered compounds, for example, hydroxylated compounds, and in methods of producing isoprenoid compounds.


Choline Is An Intracellular Messenger Linking Extracellular Stimuli To Ip3-Evoked Ca2+ Signals Through Sigma-1 Receptors, Eugen Brailoiu, Sumita Chakraborty, G. Cristina Brailoiu, Pingwei Zhao, Jeffrey L. Barr, Marc A. Ilies, Ellen M. Unterwald, Mary E. Abood, Colin W. Taylor Jan 2019

Choline Is An Intracellular Messenger Linking Extracellular Stimuli To Ip3-Evoked Ca2+ Signals Through Sigma-1 Receptors, Eugen Brailoiu, Sumita Chakraborty, G. Cristina Brailoiu, Pingwei Zhao, Jeffrey L. Barr, Marc A. Ilies, Ellen M. Unterwald, Mary E. Abood, Colin W. Taylor

College of Pharmacy Faculty Papers

Sigma-1 receptors (Sig-1Rs) are integral ER membrane proteins. They bind diverse ligands, including psychoactive drugs, and regulate many signaling proteins, including the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs) that release Ca2+ from the ER. The endogenous ligands of Sig-1Rs are unknown. Phospholipase D (PLD) cleaves phosphatidylcholine to choline and phosphatidic acid (PA), with PA assumed to mediate all downstream signaling. We show that choline is also an intracellular messenger. Choline binds to Sig-1Rs, it mimics other Sig-1R agonists by potentiating Ca2+ signals evoked by IP3Rs, and it is deactivated by metabolism. Receptors, by stimulating ...


Bishydrazone-Based Antifungal Agents, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova, David S. Watt Jan 2019

Bishydrazone-Based Antifungal Agents, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova, David S. Watt

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Patents

Hydrazone compounds and pharmaceutical compositions including same are disclosed as having antifungal activity. Such compounds are useful for treating or preventing fungal conditions in a subject in need thereof by administering same.


College Of Pharmacy 2019, Nova Southeastern University Jan 2019

College Of Pharmacy 2019, Nova Southeastern University

Health Professions Divisions Course Catalogs

No abstract provided.


Providers’ Perception Of Alert Fatigue After Implementation Of User-Filtered Warnings, Hina Afaq, Sahaana Mukundan, Sadaf Zia, Alisa K. Escano Dr., Rebecca Lear Dr., Casey Washington Dr. Jan 2019

Providers’ Perception Of Alert Fatigue After Implementation Of User-Filtered Warnings, Hina Afaq, Sahaana Mukundan, Sadaf Zia, Alisa K. Escano Dr., Rebecca Lear Dr., Casey Washington Dr.

Pharmacotherapy and Outcomes Science Publications

Alert fatigue is a complex problem that many health institutions face when using an electronic health record (EHR). The addition of user-filtered warnings (UFW) is a physicians’ proposed intervention at Inova Health System (IHS), a large 5-hospital health system in Northern Virginia, that allows prescribers to filter out specific drug-drug interactions and pregnancy and lactation medication alerts for a 30-day period. This study aims to determine the impact of UFW on physicians’ perception of alert fatigue and to calculate the reduction of medication alerts. It was hypothesized that the reduction in alerts will significantly impact physicians’ perception of alert fatigue ...


Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae: Epidemiology, Genetics, In Vitro Activity, And Pharmacodynamic Modeling, Brandon Kulengowski Jan 2019

Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae: Epidemiology, Genetics, In Vitro Activity, And Pharmacodynamic Modeling, Brandon Kulengowski

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

Background: Infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae are among the most urgent threats of the infectious disease realm. The incidence of these infections has been increasing over the years and due to very limited treatment options, mortality is estimated at about 50%. By 2050, mortality from antimicrobial resistant infections is expected to surpass cancer at 10 million deaths annually.

Methods: We evaluated 18 contemporary antimicrobials against 122 carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae using a variety of antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods according to Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. Time-kill studies were performed on clinical isolates with variable ...


Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Nociceptive And Antipyretic Activity Of Young And Old Leaves Of Vernonia Amygdalina, Du-Bois Asante, Isaac Tabiri Henneh, Desmond Omane Acheampong, Foster Kyei, Christian Kweku Adokoh, Eric Gyamerah Ofori, Nelson Kwabla Domey, Emmanuel Adakudugu, Lokeswari Prathyusha Tangella, Elvis Ofori Ameyaw Jan 2019

Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Nociceptive And Antipyretic Activity Of Young And Old Leaves Of Vernonia Amygdalina, Du-Bois Asante, Isaac Tabiri Henneh, Desmond Omane Acheampong, Foster Kyei, Christian Kweku Adokoh, Eric Gyamerah Ofori, Nelson Kwabla Domey, Emmanuel Adakudugu, Lokeswari Prathyusha Tangella, Elvis Ofori Ameyaw

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background

Both young and old leaves of Vernonia amygdalina (VA) are traditionally used to treat inflammation, pain and fever. However, the efficacy of young and old leaves for treating these ailments have not been compared till date.

Aim

To ascertain the effect of young and old leaves of VA in managing inflammation, pain and fever.

Methods

Both quantitative and qualitative phytochemical screening of ethanol extracts of young (EthYL) and old (EthOL) leaves of VA were performed. The anti-inflammatory activity of orally administered EthYL and EthOL (50–200 mg/kg) and Diclofenac (10 mg/kg) were evaluated in carrageenan-induced inflammation model ...


Mutants Of Cocaine Esterase, Donald Landry, Chang-Guo Zhan Dec 2018

Mutants Of Cocaine Esterase, Donald Landry, Chang-Guo Zhan

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Patents

Provided are mutant cocaine esterase polypeptides and PEGylated formulations thereof.


Community Pharmacists And Substance Use Disorders: Attitudes, Knowledge And Practices, Deepika Rao Dec 2018

Community Pharmacists And Substance Use Disorders: Attitudes, Knowledge And Practices, Deepika Rao

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: Substance use disorder (SUD) is a serious health concern affecting a large proportion of the US population. Community pharmacists are well-positioned to prevent, screen, and provide appropriate treatment for SUD. Stigma towards these patients and SUD results in reduced quality of care as well as poor treatment outcomes. It is imperative that pharmacists have the appropriate knowledge of and attitude towards prevention, harm reduction and treatment to develop therapeutic relationships and improve their delivery of pharmacy services

Objective: To assess knowledge, practices (with an emphasis upon screening), stigma and general attitudes of community pharmacists towards SUD and evaluate the ...


Characterization Of G-Protein Coupled Receptors In Pain, Depression And Anxiety, Neil Lax Dec 2018

Characterization Of G-Protein Coupled Receptors In Pain, Depression And Anxiety, Neil Lax

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Chronic pain and major depressive disorder are widespread conditions in the world. Interestingly, these conditions often occur comorbidly, with each individual disease amplifying the symptoms of the other. A significant amount of preclinical research in pain and depression focuses on G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), implying that GPCRs may be useful in treating this comorbidity. Our efforts have sought to characterize several poorly understood GPCRs, including the serotonin receptor subtypes 2C and 7 (5-HT2CR and 5-HT7R) and metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5), along with more well-known GPCRs such as the mu opioid receptor (MOR), and the role that they play in ...


Actinomycin Heterocyle Thesis 122018 For Submission.Pdf, Matt Mcerlean Dec 2018

Actinomycin Heterocyle Thesis 122018 For Submission.Pdf, Matt Mcerlean

Matt McErlean

Actinomycins are a class of compounds consisting of phenoxazinone-like core attached to two peptidolactone rings, denoted as α and β. A unique component of a few families—actinomycins G, Y, and Z—is a chlorinated β-ring threonine residue. Families G and Y also contained an actinomycin that possess a β-ring heterocycle (actinomycins G5 and Y5, respectively); prior to this work, no β-ring heterocycle-containing actinomycins were reported for the Z family. Unlike other actinomycin derivatives, Y5’s cytotoxicity was abolished while still maintaining some antibacterial potency.
We constructed a model compound to probe the physical properties of the actinomycin core to ...


A Comparison Of Student Pharmacist Clinical Interventions During An Internal Medicine Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (Appe) In A High-Income Versus Low-Income Setting, Ellen Schellhase, Monica Miller, Shelby Wilkinson, Rakhi Karwa Dec 2018

A Comparison Of Student Pharmacist Clinical Interventions During An Internal Medicine Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (Appe) In A High-Income Versus Low-Income Setting, Ellen Schellhase, Monica Miller, Shelby Wilkinson, Rakhi Karwa

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening & Scholarship

Objectives: Compare and contrast the number and type of interventions made by student pharmacists who participated in an adult internal medicine APPE in the US to an internal medicine APPE in Kenya.

Methods: A US-based faculty-led, four-week internal medicine APPE with interprofessional team rounding that provides care for underserved patients in an urban setting and hosts 16 students annually was compared to a faculty-led, eight-week internal medicine APPE in Kenya that hosts on average 24 students annually. Starting May 2017 – January 2018 a standard clinical intervention collection form was used by all students on these two APPEs starting the first ...


Save The Pharmacy Piggy Bank: Managing Mega High-Cost Drugs, Richard K. Ogden Jr., Jerame Hill, Sam Abdelghany Dec 2018

Save The Pharmacy Piggy Bank: Managing Mega High-Cost Drugs, Richard K. Ogden Jr., Jerame Hill, Sam Abdelghany

Pharmacy Presentations

No abstract provided.


Executive Summary: A Comprehensive Report On Marijuana: Focus On The Paso Del Norte Region, Gabriel Frietze, Nora Hernandez, José O. Rivera Dec 2018

Executive Summary: A Comprehensive Report On Marijuana: Focus On The Paso Del Norte Region, Gabriel Frietze, Nora Hernandez, José O. Rivera

Departmental Papers (Pharmacy)

No abstract provided.


A Comprehensive Report On Marijuana: Focus On The Paso Del Norte Region, Gabriel Frietze, Nora Hernandez, José O. Rivera Dec 2018

A Comprehensive Report On Marijuana: Focus On The Paso Del Norte Region, Gabriel Frietze, Nora Hernandez, José O. Rivera

Departmental Papers (Pharmacy)

The present executive summary highlights topics discussed within a comprehensive and extensive report on marijuana. This condensed summary discusses the chemical compounds within marijuana, the various methods of consuming marijuana, the therapeutic effects and health consequences associated with marijuana use, and repercussions that have emerged as a result of the legalization of marijuana in many states within the United States. Additionally, the impact of marijuana in communities within the Paso del Norte Region are discussed.

Read more: Executive Summary


The Incidence And Severity Of Drug Interactions Before And After Antiretroviral Therapy Simplification In Treatment Experienced Patients With Hiv Infection, Aleena Santana, Pharmd Candidate, Nick Hastain, Pharmd Candidate, Jason J. Schafer, Pharmd, Mph, Bcps, Aahivp Dec 2018

The Incidence And Severity Of Drug Interactions Before And After Antiretroviral Therapy Simplification In Treatment Experienced Patients With Hiv Infection, Aleena Santana, Pharmd Candidate, Nick Hastain, Pharmd Candidate, Jason J. Schafer, Pharmd, Mph, Bcps, Aahivp

College of Pharmacy Posters

Purpose

  • The primary objective of this study was to assess changes in the incidence and severity of drug interactions before and after ART simplification in treatment experienced patients.
  • Describe ART medication class changes and analyze predictors for achieving drug interaction score reductions.


Are Patients Living With Hiv Infection At Risk For Not Receiving Statin Medications For Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction?, Nick Hastain, Pharmd Candidate, Roshni S. Patel, Pharmd, Bcps, Jason J. Schafer, Pharmd, Mph, Bcps, Aahivp Dec 2018

Are Patients Living With Hiv Infection At Risk For Not Receiving Statin Medications For Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction?, Nick Hastain, Pharmd Candidate, Roshni S. Patel, Pharmd, Bcps, Jason J. Schafer, Pharmd, Mph, Bcps, Aahivp

College of Pharmacy Posters

Objective

To determine the prevalence of appropriate statin prescribing for ASCVD risk reduction in PLWH


Burrus, Swan Brasfield, 1855-1936 (Sc 3304), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2018

Burrus, Swan Brasfield, 1855-1936 (Sc 3304), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3304. Letter to a Mr. Parker from Swan Burrus, State Line, Kentucky, referring to his children’s interest in an estate. He reminds Parker of his delivery of a bond as guardian for the three youngest children, and asks for further instructions. The letter is written on letterhead from the Office of Burrus Brothers, Drugs and General Merchandise, and bears an illustrated advertisement for Dr. Brown’s Family Remedies promising relief from a variety of complaints.


Pharmacist Interventions Involving Patient Outreach: Early Findings Of Patient Outcomes In Older Adults, Matthew Fair Bs, Pharmd, Bcps, Bcgp,, Michelle Omari-Okyere Bs, Pharmd, Bcps, Bcgp, Elie Jabbour Pharmd, Mba,, Brenda Frutos Mph, Ches, Nyann Biery Ms Dec 2018

Pharmacist Interventions Involving Patient Outreach: Early Findings Of Patient Outcomes In Older Adults, Matthew Fair Bs, Pharmd, Bcps, Bcgp,, Michelle Omari-Okyere Bs, Pharmd, Bcps, Bcgp, Elie Jabbour Pharmd, Mba,, Brenda Frutos Mph, Ches, Nyann Biery Ms

Department of Pharmacy

No abstract provided.


Characterization Of Antibiotic Use For Acute Otitis Media In Pediatric Physician Practices, Jasica N. Truong Pharmd, Kristin M. Held Pharmd, Bcop, Jennifer E. Macfarlan Mph, Tibisay Villalobos Md, Faap Dec 2018

Characterization Of Antibiotic Use For Acute Otitis Media In Pediatric Physician Practices, Jasica N. Truong Pharmd, Kristin M. Held Pharmd, Bcop, Jennifer E. Macfarlan Mph, Tibisay Villalobos Md, Faap

Department of Pharmacy

No abstract provided.


Retrospective Analysis Of Guideline Recommended Antiretroviral Regimens And Vaccination Schedules For Adult Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv) In An Infectious Diseases Clinic, Jose A. Roman Pharmd, Jarrod W. Kile Rph, Bcps, Amy Slenker Md, Hope Kincaid Mph, Cph Dec 2018

Retrospective Analysis Of Guideline Recommended Antiretroviral Regimens And Vaccination Schedules For Adult Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv) In An Infectious Diseases Clinic, Jose A. Roman Pharmd, Jarrod W. Kile Rph, Bcps, Amy Slenker Md, Hope Kincaid Mph, Cph

Department of Pharmacy

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Naltrexone On Alcohol And Nicotine Use In Female P Rats, Usman Z. Hamid, Michael T. Bardo Ph.D. Nov 2018

Effects Of Naltrexone On Alcohol And Nicotine Use In Female P Rats, Usman Z. Hamid, Michael T. Bardo Ph.D.

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Title: Effects of Naltrexone on Alcohol and Nicotine Use in Female P Rats

Author: Usman Z. Hamid, Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky

Faculty Mentor: Michael T. Bardo, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky

Alcohol is the most commonly abused substance worldwide. It is often co-abused with nicotine, which increases the difficulty of cessation of both alcohol and nicotine. Despite having similar mechanisms of action, there is no single medication to treat the co-abuse. The objective of the current study is to analyze the effects of the opiate antagonist naltrexone on alcohol consumption and the co-use of alcohol ...


Pharmacy Staff Perspectives On Alcohol And Medication Interaction Prevention Among Older Rural Adults, Faika Zanjani, Hannah Allen, Rachel Vickers Smith, Demetra Antimisiaris, Nancy E. Schoenberg, Catherine A. Martin, Richard Clayton Nov 2018

Pharmacy Staff Perspectives On Alcohol And Medication Interaction Prevention Among Older Rural Adults, Faika Zanjani, Hannah Allen, Rachel Vickers Smith, Demetra Antimisiaris, Nancy E. Schoenberg, Catherine A. Martin, Richard Clayton

Behavioral Science Faculty Publications

Older adults are at high risk for alcohol and medication interactions (AMI). Pharmacies have the potential to act as ideal locations for AMI education, as pharmacy staff play an important role in the community. This study examined the perspectives of pharmacy staff on AMI prevention programming messaging, potential barriers to and facilitators of older adult participation in such programming, and dissemination methods for AMI prevention information. Flyers, telephone calls, and site visits were used to recruit 31 pharmacy staff members who participated in semistructured interviews. A content analysis of interview transcriptions was conducted to identify major themes, categories, and subcategories ...


The Roles Of Primary Cilia In Cardiovascular Diseases, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Maha Jamal, Qamar Alshammari, Surya M. Nauli Nov 2018

The Roles Of Primary Cilia In Cardiovascular Diseases, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Maha Jamal, Qamar Alshammari, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Primary cilia are microtubule-based organelles found in most mammalian cell types. Cilia act as sensory organelles that transmit extracellular clues into intracellular signals for molecular and cellular responses. Biochemical and molecular defects in primary cilia are associated with a wide range of diseases, termed ciliopathies, with phenotypes ranging from polycystic kidney disease, liver disorders, mental retardation, and obesity to cardiovascular diseases. Primary cilia in vascular endothelia protrude into the lumen of blood vessels and function as molecular switches for calcium (Ca2+) and nitric oxide (NO) signaling. As mechanosensory organelles, endothelial cilia are involved in blood flow sensing. Dysfunction in endothelial ...


Targeted Delivery Of Bioactive Molecules For Vascular Intervention And Tissue Engineering, Hannah A. Strobel, Elisabet I. Qendro, Eben Alsberg, Marsha W. Rolle Nov 2018

Targeted Delivery Of Bioactive Molecules For Vascular Intervention And Tissue Engineering, Hannah A. Strobel, Elisabet I. Qendro, Eben Alsberg, Marsha W. Rolle

Open Access Articles

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the United States. Treatment often requires surgical interventions to re-open occluded vessels, bypass severe occlusions, or stabilize aneurysms. Despite the short-term success of such interventions, many ultimately fail due to thrombosis or restenosis (following stent placement), or incomplete healing (such as after aneurysm coil placement). Bioactive molecules capable of modulating host tissue responses and preventing these complications have been identified, but systemic delivery is often harmful or ineffective. This review discusses the use of localized bioactive molecule delivery methods to enhance the long-term success of vascular interventions, such as drug-eluting stents ...


From Prison To The Community: Opportunities For Pharmacists To Support Inmate Medication Adherence, Elliott Bosco, Deborah Shelton Nov 2018

From Prison To The Community: Opportunities For Pharmacists To Support Inmate Medication Adherence, Elliott Bosco, Deborah Shelton

Journal for Evidence-based Practice in Correctional Health

The United States correctional system is a vital treatment source for chronic illnesses. Whether treating a chronic mental or physical illness, correctional healthcare requires effective resource utilization. Limited research exists on pharmacists' ability to directly address inmate medication adherence. Thus, this study explores inmate perception of medication adherence and management as part of their treatment plan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with inmates throughout Connecticut. Diseases of interest were divided into a physical illness group (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, HIV/AIDS) and a mental illness group (depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, substance abuse). A content analysis was conducted on four questions: 1) Do ...