Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2000

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1390

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

New Dimensions Of Economic Well-Being Among People With Mental Illness: Evidence From Healthcare For Communities, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm Jan 2013

New Dimensions Of Economic Well-Being Among People With Mental Illness: Evidence From Healthcare For Communities, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm

Roland Sturm

No abstract provided.


Studies Of Brain Activity Correlates Of Behavior In Individuals With And Without Developmental Disabilities, Amanda Difiore, William V. Dube, Stephen Oross Iii, Krista M. Wilkinson, Curtis K. Deutsch, William J. Mcilvane Dec 2000

Studies Of Brain Activity Correlates Of Behavior In Individuals With And Without Developmental Disabilities, Amanda Difiore, William V. Dube, Stephen Oross Iii, Krista M. Wilkinson, Curtis K. Deutsch, William J. Mcilvane

Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center Publications

There is a rich assortment of brain imaging methodologies that permits evaluation of the covert events that are necessary to complete a comprehensive account of behavior. Among the latter methodologies, our laboratories have begun to explore event-related potential (ERP) research to complement traditional behavior analysis.


What's Happening: December 28, 2000, Maine Medical Center Dec 2000

What's Happening: December 28, 2000, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Measuring Brain Activity Correlates Of Behavior: A Methodological Overview, Curtis K. Deutsch, Stephen Oross Iii, Amanda Difiore, William J. Mcilvane Dec 2000

Measuring Brain Activity Correlates Of Behavior: A Methodological Overview, Curtis K. Deutsch, Stephen Oross Iii, Amanda Difiore, William J. Mcilvane

Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center Publications

The present article was prepared as an introduction to current approaches to studying brain activity correlates of behavior. Our goals are to (1) acquaint readers with current methods for detecting brain activity correlates of behavior and (2) suggest examples of scientific opportunities for collaborative research with brain scientists.


Mechanisms Of Bone Loss In Inflammatory Arthritis: Diagnosis And Therapeutic Implications, Steven R. Goldring, Ellen M. Gravallese Dec 2000

Mechanisms Of Bone Loss In Inflammatory Arthritis: Diagnosis And Therapeutic Implications, Steven R. Goldring, Ellen M. Gravallese

Rheumatology Publications

Rheumatoid arthritis represents an excellent model in which to gain insights into the local and systemic effects of joint inflammation on skeletal tissues. Three forms of bone disease have been described in rheumatoid arthritis. These include: focal bone loss affecting the immediate subchondral bone and bone at the joint margins; periarticular osteopenia adjacent to inflamed joints; and generalized osteoporosis involving the axial and appendicular skeleton. Although these three forms of bone loss have several features in common, careful histomorphometric and histopathological analysis of bone tissues from different skeletal sites, as well as the use of urinary and serum biochemical markers ...


Quarantine And Health Screening Protocols For Wildlife Prior To Translocation And Release Into The Wild, Michael H. Woodford Dec 2000

Quarantine And Health Screening Protocols For Wildlife Prior To Translocation And Release Into The Wild, Michael H. Woodford

Other Publications in Zoonotics and Wildlife Disease

In recent years the translocation and release into the wild of wild-caught and captive-bred wild animals (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish) has become a common practice, ostensibly for rehabilitation or conservation purposes. These wild animals comprise many varied taxa and the objectives of translocation and release may include:
(1) reintroducing a species that has become extinct in its natural range;
(2) restocking or reinforcing a population which has become depleted; and
(3) rehabilitating wild animals and birds which have been illegally captured and subsequently confiscated by Customs or national wildlife authorities. Welfare organizations also receive sick and injured wild ...


What's Happening: December 20, 2000, Maine Medical Center Dec 2000

What's Happening: December 20, 2000, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Teams Of One Playing A Losing Game, Rick Burton Dec 2000

Teams Of One Playing A Losing Game, Rick Burton

Sport Management

No abstract provided.


The Regulation Of Nnos During Neuronal Differentiation And The Effect Of Nitric Oxide On Hdm2-P53 Binding: A Dissertation, Christopher M. Schonhoff Dec 2000

The Regulation Of Nnos During Neuronal Differentiation And The Effect Of Nitric Oxide On Hdm2-P53 Binding: A Dissertation, Christopher M. Schonhoff

Morningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses

Nitric oxide is a ubiquitous signaling molecule with both physiological and pathological functions in biological systems. Formed by the enzymatic conversion of arginine to citrulline, NO, has known roles in circulatory, immune and nervous tissues. In the nervous system nitric oxide has been implicated in long-term potentiation, neurotransmitter release, channel function, neuronal protection and neuronal degeneration. Much of our work has focused on yet another role for nitric oxide in cells, namely, neuronal differentiation.

During development, neuronal differentiation is closely coupled with cessation of proliferation. We use nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced differentiation of PC12 pheochromocytoma cells as a model ...


Medical Education Digest, Vol. 2 No. 6 (December 15, 2000), Nova Southeastern University Dec 2000

Medical Education Digest, Vol. 2 No. 6 (December 15, 2000), Nova Southeastern University

Medical Education Digest

No abstract provided.


Trends. Terrorism, Terror Management, And Faking Mental Disorder, Ibpp Editor Dec 2000

Trends. Terrorism, Terror Management, And Faking Mental Disorder, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article highlights the difficulty of determining if defendants on trial are faking mental disorder. The case in question involves the bombing of United States embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.


Impaired Fast-Spiking, Suppressed Cortical Inhibition, And Increased Susceptibility To Seizures In Mice Lacking Kv3.2 K+ Channel Proteins, David Lau, Eleazar Vega-Saenz De Miera, Diego Contreras, Alan Chow, Richard Paylor, Christopher S. Leonard, Bernardo Rudy Dec 2000

Impaired Fast-Spiking, Suppressed Cortical Inhibition, And Increased Susceptibility To Seizures In Mice Lacking Kv3.2 K+ Channel Proteins, David Lau, Eleazar Vega-Saenz De Miera, Diego Contreras, Alan Chow, Richard Paylor, Christopher S. Leonard, Bernardo Rudy

NYMC Faculty Publications

Voltage-gated K(+) channels of the Kv3 subfamily have unusual electrophysiological properties, including activation at very depolarized voltages (positive to -10 mV) and very fast deactivation rates, suggesting special roles in neuronal excitability. In the brain, Kv3 channels are prominently expressed in select neuronal populations, which include fast-spiking (FS) GABAergic interneurons of the neocortex, hippocampus, and caudate, as well as other high-frequency firing neurons. Although evidence points to a key role in high-frequency firing, a definitive understanding of the function of these channels has been hampered by a lack of selective pharmacological tools. We therefore generated mouse lines in which one ...


The Federal-State Medicaid Match: An Ongoing Tug-Of-War Over Practice And Policy, Karen Matherlee Dec 2000

The Federal-State Medicaid Match: An Ongoing Tug-Of-War Over Practice And Policy, Karen Matherlee

National Health Policy Forum

Reviewing Medicaid match issues since the latter 1980s, this issue brief traces ways in which some states have used creative financing to get more Medicaid matching dollars than they otherwise would qualify for from the federal government. It explores the latest mechanism, states' use of so-called intergovernmental transfers of funds (to avoid established upper payment limits) to increase their matches, triggering efforts by the Senate Finance Committee and the federal Medicaid agency to ban such transfers.


A Study On The Cellular Localization Of Factors Involved In Yeast Nonsense-Mediated Mrna Decay And Their Mechanisms Of Control On Nonsense Mrna Translation: A Dissertation, Alan Baer Maderazo Dec 2000

A Study On The Cellular Localization Of Factors Involved In Yeast Nonsense-Mediated Mrna Decay And Their Mechanisms Of Control On Nonsense Mrna Translation: A Dissertation, Alan Baer Maderazo

Morningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses

Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is an important mRNA surveillance mechanism conserved in eukaryotes. This thesis explores several interesting aspects of the NMD pathway. One important aspect of NMD which is presently the subject of intense controversy is the subcellular localization of NMD. In one set of experiments, the decay kinetics of the ade2-1 and pgk1 nonsense mRNAs (substrates for NMD) were investigated in response to activating the NMD pathway to determine if cytoplasmic nonsense mRNAs are immune to NMD in the yeast system. The results of these studies demonstrated that activation of NMD caused rapid and immediate degradation of both ...


Phosphonated Agents And Their Antiangiogenic And Antitumorigenic Use, Delwood C. Collins, Antonio Gagliardi, Peter Nickel Dec 2000

Phosphonated Agents And Their Antiangiogenic And Antitumorigenic Use, Delwood C. Collins, Antonio Gagliardi, Peter Nickel

Obstetrics and Genecology Faculty Patents

Phosphonic acid agents are synthesized and characterized which are potent inhibitors of angiogenesis, tumorigenesis and metalloproteinase activity. Their method of use for the inhibition of angiogenesis and metalloproteinase and the treatment of tumors is also shown.


Family Duty Is More Important Than Rights, Charles Weijer Dec 2000

Family Duty Is More Important Than Rights, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


European Madness And Mad Cow Disease, Ibpp Editor Dec 2000

European Madness And Mad Cow Disease, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes some of the psychological factors that might attenuate unadaptive anxieties about the threat of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, mad cow disease.


Development Of A State Wide Tobacco Treatment Specialist Training And Certification Programme For Massachusetts, Lori Pbert, Judith K. Ockene, Beth M. Ewy, Ellen Sachs Leicher, Donna D. Warner Dec 2000

Development Of A State Wide Tobacco Treatment Specialist Training And Certification Programme For Massachusetts, Lori Pbert, Judith K. Ockene, Beth M. Ewy, Ellen Sachs Leicher, Donna D. Warner

Women’s Health Research Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVE: To describe the research conducted to structure and develop a statewide tobacco training and certification programme for tobacco treatment specialists (TTSs) in Massachusetts.

DESIGN: Qualitative research strategies were used to obtain information on certification development and opinions regarding TTS training and certification from key informants. A role definition and validation study was then conducted to determine the core competencies for TTSs. A comprehensive training programme was developed, piloted, and finalised, and a certification programme was initiated.

PARTICIPANTS: Key informants included: individuals involved in the development of their professional certification programmes; tobacco treatment providers from across Massachusetts; and national tobacco ...


What's Happening: December 6, 2000, Maine Medical Center Dec 2000

What's Happening: December 6, 2000, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Linking Childhood Sexual Abuse And Abusive Parenting: The Mediating Role Of Maternal Anger, David Dilillo, George C. Tremblay, Lizette Peterson Dec 2000

Linking Childhood Sexual Abuse And Abusive Parenting: The Mediating Role Of Maternal Anger, David Dilillo, George C. Tremblay, Lizette Peterson

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Objective: This study had two primary objectives: First, to examine the association between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and later parenting characteristics, particularly physical abuse potential, and second, to explore maternal anger as a mediator of the relationship between CSA and adult physical abuse potential.

Method: Utilized a community sample of low SES participants that included 138 mothers classified as having experienced CSA, and a comparison group of 152 non-sexually abused mothers. Parenting variables examined included the mothers' physical abuse potential, nurturance toward their children, unrealistic developmental expectations of children, as well as frequencies of spanking and general punishment. Data was ...


Mrnas Encoding Aquaporins Are Present During Murine Preimplantation Development., H Offenberg, L C Barcroft, A Caveney, D Viuff, P D Thomsen, A J Watson Dec 2000

Mrnas Encoding Aquaporins Are Present During Murine Preimplantation Development., H Offenberg, L C Barcroft, A Caveney, D Viuff, P D Thomsen, A J Watson

Obstetrics & Gynaecology Publications

The present study was conducted to investigate the mechanisms underlying fluid movement across the trophectoderm during blastocyst formation by determining whether aquaporins (AQPs) are expressed during early mammalian development. AQPs belong to a family of major intrinsic membrane proteins and function as molecular water channels that allow water to flow rapidly across plasma membranes in the direction of osmotic gradients. Ten different AQPs have been identified to date. Murine preimplantation stage embryos were flushed from the oviducts and uteri of superovulated CD1 mice. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) methods employing primer sets designed to amplify conserved sequences of AQPs (1-9 ...


The Impact Of Gender On Nursing Knowledge Development In The Perioperative Setting, Kerry-Ann K. Adlam Dec 2000

The Impact Of Gender On Nursing Knowledge Development In The Perioperative Setting, Kerry-Ann K. Adlam

Theses Masters Coursework

This treatise explored the history of nursing within a radical feminist framework, encompassing the facets of women's history, the sex/gender system, men's and women's nature, women's language and the system of patriarchy. Through this framework the literature suggested that there was an impact on knowledge development in nursing settings, especially in the perioperative setting, because nursing was a female dominated profession in a patriarchal society. The literature shows that women as healers in history, were marginalised by the modern medical profession. Modern nursing, because of its female domination and the values of culture at the ...


Toward Improved Support For Research On Delivery Of Home- And Community-Based Long-Term Care, Francis G. Caro Dec 2000

Toward Improved Support For Research On Delivery Of Home- And Community-Based Long-Term Care, Francis G. Caro

Gerontology Institute Publications

Stronger and more consistent support is needed for research on long-term care. A greater investment in research will strengthen the ability of public and private organizations to provide effective and efficient assistance to people with disabilities and their informal caregivers. This paper provides a rationale for stronger research funding for the field and outlines several options to strengthen research.


The Needs And Experiences Of New Parents With A Well, Full-Term Baby In The First Eight Weeks Post Partum, Joann Mannion Dec 2000

The Needs And Experiences Of New Parents With A Well, Full-Term Baby In The First Eight Weeks Post Partum, Joann Mannion

Theses Masters Coursework

The birth of a first child is a momentous occasion in the lives of the couple who are the parents. The event of birth heralds a period of enjoyment, wonder, emotional highs and lows, turmoil and change for the developing family. This treatise presents an exploration of the experience of parenting for the first time. An extensive literature review of qualitative research revealed that parents adjust to their role experiencing a variety of losses and gains during this process. Support, both formal and informal, were identified to be crucial to parents adjusting to their new role in a satisfying way ...


Foreign Body Granuloma After Craniotomy For Tumor: A Diagnostic Dilemma, Ashfaq A. Razzaq, M. K. N. Chishti Dec 2000

Foreign Body Granuloma After Craniotomy For Tumor: A Diagnostic Dilemma, Ashfaq A. Razzaq, M. K. N. Chishti

Section of Neurosurgery

No abstract provided.


Ryanodine Receptor Adaptation, Michael Fill, A. Zahradníková, Carlos A. Villalba-Galea, I. Zahradník, A. L. Escobar, S. Györke Dec 2000

Ryanodine Receptor Adaptation, Michael Fill, A. Zahradníková, Carlos A. Villalba-Galea, I. Zahradník, A. L. Escobar, S. Györke

School of Pharmacy Faculty Articles

In the heart, depolarization during the action potential activates voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels that mediate a small, localized Ca2+ influx (ICa). This small Ca2+ signal activates specialized Ca2+ release channels, the ryanodine receptors (RyRs), in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). This process is called Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR). Intuitively, the CICR process should be self-regenerating because the Ca2+ released from the SR should feedback and activate further SR Ca2+ release. However, the CICR process is precisely controlled in the heart and, consequently, some sort of negative control mechanism(s) must exist to ...


The Effects Of Psychotropic Medication Therapy On The Behaviors Of The Institutionalized Alzheimer's Disease Patient, Mary Beth Mckinneu Dec 2000

The Effects Of Psychotropic Medication Therapy On The Behaviors Of The Institutionalized Alzheimer's Disease Patient, Mary Beth Mckinneu

MSN Research Projects

Alzheimer's disease is a devastating illness that is common among the nursing home population. Treatment for Alzheimer's disease is usually palliative and consists of using psychotropic medications to control aggressive and agitated behaviors exhibited by its victims. The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify behaviors exhibited by Alzheimer's disease patients before and after receiving psychotropic medications. Johnson's Behavioral System Model was used as the theoretical framework for this study. The sample (N = 33) consisted of nursing home residents with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease who were treated with one psychotropic medication. The researcher ...


Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 50, Number 1, December 2000 Dec 2000

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 50, Number 1, December 2000

The Bulletin (formerly the Jefferson Medical College Alumni Bulletin)

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 50, Number 1, December 2000 Helping troubled teens to heal, page 4 Where does Jefferson go next? Asks Dr. Gonnella, page 8 Grave Robbers and Jefferson’s anatomist-Surgeons in the 19th century, page 10 New professorship in health policy, a rare field, page 16 Alumni Deans and department chairs: Jeffersonians at the helm at other Schools, page 23 A surgeon puts his heart into service abroad, page 26


Update - December 2000, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics Dec 2000

Update - December 2000, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics

Update

In this issue:

-- The Rule of Double Effect: A Valuable Contemporary Resource
-- Vision of Justice and the Healing of Nations
-- Learn to minister in the clinical setting


Self-Efficacy In Type 2 Diabetics, Joan M. Hyett Dec 2000

Self-Efficacy In Type 2 Diabetics, Joan M. Hyett

Theses & Dissertations

There are 1.2 million diagnosed diabetics in Texas, 10 % of whom live in Bexar County, Texas. Diabetes is rated as the fifth leading cause of death in the same county. In addition to the diagnosed cases, it is estimated that 125,000 adults in Bexar County have undiagnosed diabetes (Foy, 1999). Diabetic education may prevent complications in some individuals, but sometimes knowledge alone is not enough. Patients often lack motivation or self-confidence in their capacity for self- management of their diabetes. Diabetic educators are often faced with the challenge of not only educating but also motivating patients to be ...