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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Peripheral Neuropathy Evaluations Of Patients With Prolonged Long Covid., Anne Louise Oaklander, Alexander J Mills, Mary Kelley, Lisa S Toran, Bryan Smith, Marinos Dalakas, Avindra Nath May 2022

Peripheral Neuropathy Evaluations Of Patients With Prolonged Long Covid., Anne Louise Oaklander, Alexander J Mills, Mary Kelley, Lisa S Toran, Bryan Smith, Marinos Dalakas, Avindra Nath

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Background and objectives: Recovery from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection appears exponential, leaving a tail of patients reporting various long COVID symptoms including unexplained fatigue/exertional intolerance and dysautonomic and sensory concerns. Indirect evidence links long COVID to incident polyneuropathy affecting the small-fiber (sensory/autonomic) axons.

Methods: We analyzed cross-sectional and longitudinal data from patients with World Health Organization (WHO)-defined long COVID without prior neuropathy history or risks who were referred for peripheral neuropathy evaluations. We captured standardized symptoms, examinations, objective neurodiagnostic test results, and outcomes, tracking participants for 1.4 years on average.

Results: Among ...


Bilateral, Full-Thickness Macular Holes While Undergoing Chemotherapy, Sarah Dieter Od, Brett Garee Od Ms, Susan Zacatelco Od, Julie Henry Od Apr 2022

Bilateral, Full-Thickness Macular Holes While Undergoing Chemotherapy, Sarah Dieter Od, Brett Garee Od Ms, Susan Zacatelco Od, Julie Henry Od

Optometric Clinical Practice

Background: Bilateral, full-thickness macular holes are a rare condition that can substantially affect quality of life. Macular hole diagnosis and treatment is key for these patients.

Case Report: A 71 year old Caucasian male presented with a chief complaint of distance blur in both eyes, worsening over the past 1-2 weeks. He had no diagnosis of diabetes. He added that his prostate cancer had spread and that his last treatment ended 9 days ago. He was ultimately diagnosed with bilateral, full-thickness macular holes. Referral to a retinal specialist for surgical management yielded good results.

Conclusion: This is the first case ...


Isolated Optic Neuropathy As The Presenting Sign Of Neurosyphilis, Kasey Zann Od, Molly Johnson Od, James Fabian Od Apr 2022

Isolated Optic Neuropathy As The Presenting Sign Of Neurosyphilis, Kasey Zann Od, Molly Johnson Od, James Fabian Od

Optometric Clinical Practice

Background: Detection and treatment of syphilitic ocular disease without a known history of syphilis is often difficult due to its varied presentations. Early diagnosis and treatment are the key to reducing risk of permanent vision loss, particularly with optic nerve and retinal manifestations.

Case Report: This case report describes a 44 year-old male who was diagnosed with neurosyphilis through his work-up for unilateral optic neuropathy.

Conclusion: This report illustrates the importance of including syphilis lab testing in the setting of optic nerve edema. Syphilis should be considered in any inflammatory ocular disease, especially in patients with atypical presentations and high-risk ...


Genetic Evaluation For Hereditary Cancer Syndromes Among African Americans: A Critical Review, Ambreen Khan, Charles R Rogers, Carson D Kennedy, Ana Maria Lopez, Joanne Jeter Apr 2022

Genetic Evaluation For Hereditary Cancer Syndromes Among African Americans: A Critical Review, Ambreen Khan, Charles R Rogers, Carson D Kennedy, Ana Maria Lopez, Joanne Jeter

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

While hereditary cancer syndromes have been described and studied for centuries, the completion of the human genome project fueled accelerated progress in precision medicine due to the introduction of genetic testing in the 1990s, creating avenues for tailored treatments and medical management options. However, genetic testing has not benefited everyone equitably, with nearly all of the published work based on individuals of non-Hispanic White/European ancestry. There remains a gap in knowledge regarding the prevalence, penetrance, and manifestations of common hereditary cancer syndromes in the African-American population due to significant disparities in access and uptake of genetic testing. This review ...


A Mouse Model With Widespread Expression Of The C9orf72-Linked Glycine-Arginine Dipeptide Displays Non-Lethal Als/Ftd-Like Phenotypes, Brandie Morris Verdone, Maria Elena Cicardi, Xinmei Wen, Sindhu Sriramoji, Katelyn Russell, Shashirekha S Markandaiah, Brigid K Jensen, Karthik Krishnamurthy, Aaron R. Haeusler, Piera Pasinelli, Davide Trotti Apr 2022

A Mouse Model With Widespread Expression Of The C9orf72-Linked Glycine-Arginine Dipeptide Displays Non-Lethal Als/Ftd-Like Phenotypes, Brandie Morris Verdone, Maria Elena Cicardi, Xinmei Wen, Sindhu Sriramoji, Katelyn Russell, Shashirekha S Markandaiah, Brigid K Jensen, Karthik Krishnamurthy, Aaron R. Haeusler, Piera Pasinelli, Davide Trotti

Department of Neuroscience Faculty Papers

Translation of the hexanucleotide G4C2 expansion associated with C9orf72 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia (ALS/FTD) produces five different dipeptide repeat protein (DPR) species that can confer toxicity. There is yet much to learn about the contribution of a single DPR to disease pathogenesis. We show here that a short repeat length is sufficient for the DPR poly-GR to confer neurotoxicity in vitro, a phenomenon previously unobserved. This toxicity is also reported in vivo in our novel knock-in mouse model characterized by widespread central nervous system (CNS) expression of the short-length poly-GR. We observe sex-specific chronic ALS/FTD-like phenotypes ...


The Effect Of Scan And Patient Parameters On The Diagnostic Performance Of Ai For Detecting Coronary Stenosis On Coronary Ct Angiography, Rebecca Jonas, Emil Barkovich, Andrew D Choi, William F Griffin, Joanna Riess, Hugo Marques, Hyuk-Jae Chang, Jung Hyun Choi, Joon-Hyung Doh, Ae-Young Her, Bon-Kwon Koo, Chang-Wook Nam, Hyung-Bok Park, Sang-Hoon Shin, Jason Cole, Alessia Gimelli, Muhammad Akram Khan, Bin Lu, Yang Gao, Faisal Nabi, Ryo Nakazato, U Joseph Schoepf, Roel S Driessen, Michiel J Bom, Randall C Thompson, James J Jang, Michael Ridner, Chris Rowan, Erick Avelar, Philippe Généreux, Paul Knaapen, Guus A De Waard, Gianluca Pontone, Daniele Andreini, Marco Guglielmo, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Robert S Jennings, Tami R Crabtree, James P Earls Apr 2022

The Effect Of Scan And Patient Parameters On The Diagnostic Performance Of Ai For Detecting Coronary Stenosis On Coronary Ct Angiography, Rebecca Jonas, Emil Barkovich, Andrew D Choi, William F Griffin, Joanna Riess, Hugo Marques, Hyuk-Jae Chang, Jung Hyun Choi, Joon-Hyung Doh, Ae-Young Her, Bon-Kwon Koo, Chang-Wook Nam, Hyung-Bok Park, Sang-Hoon Shin, Jason Cole, Alessia Gimelli, Muhammad Akram Khan, Bin Lu, Yang Gao, Faisal Nabi, Ryo Nakazato, U Joseph Schoepf, Roel S Driessen, Michiel J Bom, Randall C Thompson, James J Jang, Michael Ridner, Chris Rowan, Erick Avelar, Philippe Généreux, Paul Knaapen, Guus A De Waard, Gianluca Pontone, Daniele Andreini, Marco Guglielmo, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Robert S Jennings, Tami R Crabtree, James P Earls

Division of Internal Medicine Faculty Papers & Presentations

Objectives: To determine whether coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) scanning, scan preparation, contrast, and patient based parameters influence the diagnostic performance of an artificial intelligence (AI) based analysis software for identifying coronary lesions with ≥50% stenosis.

Background: CCTA is a noninvasive imaging modality that provides diagnostic and prognostic benefit to patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The use of AI enabled quantitative CCTA (AI-QCT) analysis software enhances our diagnostic and prognostic ability, however, it is currently unclear whether software performance is influenced by CCTA scanning parameters.

Methods: CCTA and quantitative coronary CT (QCT) data from 303 stable patients (64 ± 10 ...


Association Of Abnormal Findings On Neonatal Cranial Ultrasound With Neurobehavior At Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Discharge In Infants Born Before 30 Weeks' Gestation., Jennifer Helderman, T Michael O'Shea, Lynne Dansereau, Jennifer Check, Julie A. Hofheimer, Lynne M. Smith, Elisabeth Mcgowan, Charles R. Neal, Brian S. Carter, Steven L. Pastyrnak, Bradford Betz, Joseph Junewick, Heather L. Borders, Sheri A. Dellagrotta, Barry M. Lester Apr 2022

Association Of Abnormal Findings On Neonatal Cranial Ultrasound With Neurobehavior At Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Discharge In Infants Born Before 30 Weeks' Gestation., Jennifer Helderman, T Michael O'Shea, Lynne Dansereau, Jennifer Check, Julie A. Hofheimer, Lynne M. Smith, Elisabeth Mcgowan, Charles R. Neal, Brian S. Carter, Steven L. Pastyrnak, Bradford Betz, Joseph Junewick, Heather L. Borders, Sheri A. Dellagrotta, Barry M. Lester

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Importance: Cranial ultrasound (CUS) findings are routinely used to identify preterm infants at risk for impaired neurodevelopment, and neurobehavioral examinations provide information about early brain function. The associations of abnormal findings on early and late CUS with neurobehavior at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge have not been reported.

Objective: To examine the associations between early and late CUS findings and infant neurobehavior at NICU discharge.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included infants enrolled in the Neonatal Neurobehavior and Outcomes in Very Preterm Infants Study between April 2014 and June 2016. Infants born before 30 weeks' gestational ...


Impact Of Covid-19 In Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis., Moazzam Shahzad, Sibgha Gull Chaudhary, Muhammad Usman Zafar, Maha A Hassan, Ali Hussain, Fatima Ali, Iqra Anwar, Mamoon Ahmed, Nausheen Ahmed, Sharad Khurana, Muhammad A Rauf, Faiz Anwar, Peiman Hematti, Natalie S Callander, Sunil H Abhyankar, Joseph P Mcguirk, Muhammad Umair Mushtaq Apr 2022

Impact Of Covid-19 In Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis., Moazzam Shahzad, Sibgha Gull Chaudhary, Muhammad Usman Zafar, Maha A Hassan, Ali Hussain, Fatima Ali, Iqra Anwar, Mamoon Ahmed, Nausheen Ahmed, Sharad Khurana, Muhammad A Rauf, Faiz Anwar, Peiman Hematti, Natalie S Callander, Sunil H Abhyankar, Joseph P Mcguirk, Muhammad Umair Mushtaq

Department of Emergency Medicine

BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients are at increased risk of mortality and morbidity with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to severe immune dysfunction.

METHODS: A literature search was performed on PubMed, Cochrane, and Clinical trials.gov from the date of inception to 12/08/2021. We identified 19 original studies reporting data on COVID-19 in HSCT recipients after screening 292 articles. Data were extracted following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis guidelines. Quality evaluation was done using the National Institutes of Health (NIH) quality assessment tool. Inter-study variance was calculated using Der Simonian-Laird Estimator. Pooled analysis ...


Parents' Reports Of Children's Physical And Sedentary Behavior Engagement Among Parents In Weight Management, Catherine Van Fossen, Haley Kiser, Callie Lambert Brown, Joseph Skelton, Keeley Jean Pratt Mar 2022

Parents' Reports Of Children's Physical And Sedentary Behavior Engagement Among Parents In Weight Management, Catherine Van Fossen, Haley Kiser, Callie Lambert Brown, Joseph Skelton, Keeley Jean Pratt

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Faculty Papers

Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the associations between demographics, family exercise participation, family discouragement of exercise, and the children's physical and sedentary behaviors to identify specific areas of physical activity intervention for children with parents engaged in medical weight management (MWM).

Methods: Parents (n = 294) of children aged 2-18 years old were recruited from two university MWM programs to complete a one-time survey. Bivariate analyses tested associations.

Results: Parents reported that sedentary activity was higher for children who identified as racial minorities (t(141) = -2.05, p < 0.05). Mobile phone and tablet use was higher for adolescents compared to school age and young children (H(2) = 10.96, p < 01) Exercise game use was higher for racial minority children compared to white children (U = 9440.5, z = 2.47, p ≤ 0.03). Male children (t(284) = 1.83, p < 0.07), children perceived to have a healthy weight status (t(120) = 4.68, p < 0.00), and younger children (t(289) = 1.79, p < 0.08) all engaged in more strenuous physical activity. Family exercise participation (t(162) = -2.93, p < 0.01) and family discouragement of exercise (U = 7813.50, z = -2.06, p ≤ 0.04) were significantly higher for children in racial minority families.

Conclusions: Future work should determine methods to engage ...


68-Year Old Man With Progressive Weakness And Ventilator Dependent Respiratory Failure: A Case Report Of Sporadic Late Onset Nemaline Myopathy, P. Kirupaharan, Daniel Kramer, Alan Gandler, Lawrence C. Kenyon, Ross Summer Mar 2022

68-Year Old Man With Progressive Weakness And Ventilator Dependent Respiratory Failure: A Case Report Of Sporadic Late Onset Nemaline Myopathy, P. Kirupaharan, Daniel Kramer, Alan Gandler, Lawrence C. Kenyon, Ross Summer

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background: Neuromuscular pathologies must be considered when caring for patients with persistent or progressive respiratory failure. Pertinent disease states may involve skeletal muscles of respiration or associated neurologic structures including motor neurons, peripheral neurons and the neuromuscular junction. Diagnosis may require pulmonary function testing, neurophysiologic studies, imaging, and/or muscle biopsy.

Case presentation: A 68-year-old male was transferred to our intensive care unit (ICU) for management of ventilator dependent respiratory failure. Upon further historical review, he described gradually worsening gait instability and muscle weakness, which was previously attributed to vascular Parkinsonism in the setting of known cerebrovascular disease. Upon arrival ...


Study Protocol For The Innovative Support For Patients With Sars-Cov-2 Infections Registry (Inspire): A Longitudinal Study Of The Medium And Long-Term Sequelae Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Matthew Thompson, Bala Hota, Michael Gottlieb, Ian D Plumb, Anna Marie Chang, Lauren E Wisk, Aron J Hall, Ralph C Wang, Erica S Spatz, Kari A Stephens, Ryan M Huebinger, Samuel A Mcdonald, Arjun Venkatesh, Nikki Gentile, B. H. Slovis, Mandy Hill, Sharon Saydah, Ahamed H Idris, Robert Rodriguez, Harlan M Krumholz, Joann G Elmore, Robert A Weinstein, Graham Nichol Mar 2022

Study Protocol For The Innovative Support For Patients With Sars-Cov-2 Infections Registry (Inspire): A Longitudinal Study Of The Medium And Long-Term Sequelae Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Matthew Thompson, Bala Hota, Michael Gottlieb, Ian D Plumb, Anna Marie Chang, Lauren E Wisk, Aron J Hall, Ralph C Wang, Erica S Spatz, Kari A Stephens, Ryan M Huebinger, Samuel A Mcdonald, Arjun Venkatesh, Nikki Gentile, B. H. Slovis, Mandy Hill, Sharon Saydah, Ahamed H Idris, Robert Rodriguez, Harlan M Krumholz, Joann G Elmore, Robert A Weinstein, Graham Nichol

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Reports on medium and long-term sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infections largely lack quantification of incidence and relative risk. We describe the rationale and methods of the Innovative Support for Patients with SARS-CoV-2 Registry (INSPIRE) that combines patient-reported outcomes with data from digital health records to understand predictors and impacts of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Methods: INSPIRE is a prospective, multicenter, longitudinal study of individuals with symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection in eight regions across the US. Adults are eligible for enrollment if they are fluent in English or Spanish, reported symptoms suggestive of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, and if they are within 42 days ...


Comprehensive Analysis Of Alternative Splicing In Gastric Cancer Identifies Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Subtypes Associated With Survival., Yukyung Jun, Yun-Suhk Suh, Sunghee Park, Jieun Lee, Jong-Il Kim, Sanghyuk Lee, Wan-Ping Lee, Olga Anczuków, Han-Kwang Yang, Charles Lee Feb 2022

Comprehensive Analysis Of Alternative Splicing In Gastric Cancer Identifies Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Subtypes Associated With Survival., Yukyung Jun, Yun-Suhk Suh, Sunghee Park, Jieun Lee, Jong-Il Kim, Sanghyuk Lee, Wan-Ping Lee, Olga Anczuków, Han-Kwang Yang, Charles Lee

Faculty Research 2022

Alternatively spliced RNA isoforms are a hallmark of tumors, but their nature, prevalence, and clinical implications in gastric cancer have not been comprehensively characterized. We systematically profiled the splicing landscape of 83 gastric tumors and matched normal mucosa, identifying and experimentally validating eight splicing events that can classify all gastric cancers into three subtypes: epithelial-splicing (EpiS), mesenchymal-splicing (MesS), and hybrid-splicing. These subtypes were associated with distinct molecular signatures and epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers. Subtype-specific splicing events were enriched in motifs for splicing factors RBM24 and ESRP1, which were upregulated in MesS and EpiS tumors, respectively. A simple classifier based only on ...


Treatment Preferences For Pharmacological Versus Psychological Interventions Among Primary Care Providers In Nepal: Mixed Methods Analysis Of A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial., Anvita Bhardwaj, Dristy Gurung, Sauharda Rai, Bonnie N Kaiser, Cori L Cafaro, Kathleen J Sikkema, Crick Lund, Nagendra P Luitel, Brandon A. Kohrt Feb 2022

Treatment Preferences For Pharmacological Versus Psychological Interventions Among Primary Care Providers In Nepal: Mixed Methods Analysis Of A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial., Anvita Bhardwaj, Dristy Gurung, Sauharda Rai, Bonnie N Kaiser, Cori L Cafaro, Kathleen J Sikkema, Crick Lund, Nagendra P Luitel, Brandon A. Kohrt

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

There is increasing evidence supporting the effectiveness of psychological interventions in low- and middle-income countries. However, primary care providers (PCPs) may prefer treating patients with medication. A secondary exploratory analysis of a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate psychological vs. pharmacological treatment preferences among PCPs. Thirty-four health facilities, including 205 PCPs, participated in the study, with PCPs in 17 facilities assigned to a standard version of the mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) training delivered by mental health specialists. PCPs in the other 17 facilities received mhGAP instruction delivered by specialists and people with lived experience of ...


Noncoding-Rna-Based Therapeutics With An Emphasis On Prostatic Carcinoma-Progress And Challenges., Victor E. Nava, Pin-Yu Perera, Nirbhay Kumar, Maneesh Jain Feb 2022

Noncoding-Rna-Based Therapeutics With An Emphasis On Prostatic Carcinoma-Progress And Challenges., Victor E. Nava, Pin-Yu Perera, Nirbhay Kumar, Maneesh Jain

Pathology Faculty Publications

Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) defy the central dogma by representing a family of RNA molecules that are not translated into protein but can convey information encoded in their DNA. Elucidating the exact function of ncRNA has been a focus of discovery in the last decade and remains challenging. Nevertheless, the importance of understanding ncRNA is apparent since these molecules regulate gene expression at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional level exerting pleiotropic effects critical in development, oncogenesis, and immunity. NcRNAs have been referred to as "the dark matter of the nucleus", and unraveling their role in physiologic and pathologic processes will provide vast ...


Parasite Dynamics In Untreated Horses Through One Calendar Year, Ashley E. Steuer, Haley P. Anderson, Taylor Shepherd, Morgan Clark, Jessica A. Scare, Holli S. Gravatte, Martin K. Nielsen Feb 2022

Parasite Dynamics In Untreated Horses Through One Calendar Year, Ashley E. Steuer, Haley P. Anderson, Taylor Shepherd, Morgan Clark, Jessica A. Scare, Holli S. Gravatte, Martin K. Nielsen

Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Horses are host to a plethora of parasites. Knowledge of the seasonality of parasite egg shedding and transmission is important for constructing parasite control programs. However, studies describing these patterns are sparse, and have largely been conducted only in the United Kingdom. This study evaluated strongylid egg shedding patterns and transmission dynamics of Strongylus vulgaris in naturally infected and untreated mares and foals through one calendar year in Kentucky, USA. The study also investigated the existence of a peri-parturient rise (PPR) in strongylid egg counts in foaling mares and collected information about Strongyloides westeri and Parascaris spp. in the ...


Attitudes Among Healthcare Professionals Towards Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation During Covid-19., Safinaz Al-Shiakh, Quincy K Tran, Amy Caggiula, Ivan Berezowski, Basma Barnawi, Ali Pourmand Feb 2022

Attitudes Among Healthcare Professionals Towards Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation During Covid-19., Safinaz Al-Shiakh, Quincy K Tran, Amy Caggiula, Ivan Berezowski, Basma Barnawi, Ali Pourmand

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Earth Biogenome Project 2020: Starting The Clock., Harris A Lewin, Stephen Richards, Erez Lieberman Aiden, Miguel L Allende, John M Archibald, Miklós Bálint, Katharine B Barker, Bridget Baumgartner, Katherine Belov, Giorgio Bertorelle, Mark L Blaxter, Jing Cai, Nicolette D Caperello, Keith Carlson, Juan Carlos Castilla-Rubio, Shu-Miaw Chaw, Lei Chen, Anna K Childers, Jonathan A Coddington, Dalia A Conde, Montserrat Corominas, Keith A. Crandall, Andrew J Crawford, Federica Dipalma, Richard Durbin, Thankgod E Ebenezer, Scott V Edwards, Olivier Fedrigo, Paul Flicek, Giulio Formenti, Richard A Gibbs, M Thomas P Gilbert, Melissa M. Goldstein, Jennifer Marshall Graves, Henry T Greely, Igor V Grigoriev, Kevin J Hackett, Neil Hall, David Haussler, Kristofer M Helgen, Carolyn J Hogg, Sachiko Isobe, Kjetill Sigurd Jakobsen, Axel Janke, Erich D Jarvis, Warren E Johnson, Steven J M Jones, Elinor K Karlsson, Paul J Kersey, Jin-Hyoung Kim, W John Kress, Shigehiro Kuraku, Mara K N Lawniczak, James H Leebens-Mack, Xueyan Li, Kerstin Lindblad-Toh, Xin Liu, Jose V Lopez, Tomas Marques-Bonet, Sophie Mazard, Jonna A K Mazet, Camila J Mazzoni, Eugene W Myers, Rachel J O'Neill, Sadye Paez, Hyun Park, Gene E Robinson, Cristina Roquet, Oliver A Ryder, Jamal S M Sabir, H Bradley Shaffer, Timothy M Shank, Jacob S Sherkow, Pamela S Soltis, Boping Tang, Leho Tedersoo, Marcela Uliano-Silva, Kun Wang, Xiaofeng Wei, Regina Wetzer, Julia L Wilson, Xun Xu, Huanming Yang, Anne D Yoder, Guojie Zhang Jan 2022

The Earth Biogenome Project 2020: Starting The Clock., Harris A Lewin, Stephen Richards, Erez Lieberman Aiden, Miguel L Allende, John M Archibald, Miklós Bálint, Katharine B Barker, Bridget Baumgartner, Katherine Belov, Giorgio Bertorelle, Mark L Blaxter, Jing Cai, Nicolette D Caperello, Keith Carlson, Juan Carlos Castilla-Rubio, Shu-Miaw Chaw, Lei Chen, Anna K Childers, Jonathan A Coddington, Dalia A Conde, Montserrat Corominas, Keith A. Crandall, Andrew J Crawford, Federica Dipalma, Richard Durbin, Thankgod E Ebenezer, Scott V Edwards, Olivier Fedrigo, Paul Flicek, Giulio Formenti, Richard A Gibbs, M Thomas P Gilbert, Melissa M. Goldstein, Jennifer Marshall Graves, Henry T Greely, Igor V Grigoriev, Kevin J Hackett, Neil Hall, David Haussler, Kristofer M Helgen, Carolyn J Hogg, Sachiko Isobe, Kjetill Sigurd Jakobsen, Axel Janke, Erich D Jarvis, Warren E Johnson, Steven J M Jones, Elinor K Karlsson, Paul J Kersey, Jin-Hyoung Kim, W John Kress, Shigehiro Kuraku, Mara K N Lawniczak, James H Leebens-Mack, Xueyan Li, Kerstin Lindblad-Toh, Xin Liu, Jose V Lopez, Tomas Marques-Bonet, Sophie Mazard, Jonna A K Mazet, Camila J Mazzoni, Eugene W Myers, Rachel J O'Neill, Sadye Paez, Hyun Park, Gene E Robinson, Cristina Roquet, Oliver A Ryder, Jamal S M Sabir, H Bradley Shaffer, Timothy M Shank, Jacob S Sherkow, Pamela S Soltis, Boping Tang, Leho Tedersoo, Marcela Uliano-Silva, Kun Wang, Xiaofeng Wei, Regina Wetzer, Julia L Wilson, Xun Xu, Huanming Yang, Anne D Yoder, Guojie Zhang

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Taxonomy Of Childhood Pedal Cyclist Injuries From Latent Class Analysis: Associations With Factors Pertinent To Prevention, Joseph Piatt Jan 2022

A Taxonomy Of Childhood Pedal Cyclist Injuries From Latent Class Analysis: Associations With Factors Pertinent To Prevention, Joseph Piatt

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Background: Studies of pedal cyclist injuries have largely focused on individual injury categories, but every region of the cyclist's body is exposed to potential trauma. Real-world injury patterns can be complex, and isolated injuries to one body part are uncommon among casualties requiring hospitalization. Latent class analysis (LCA) may identify important patterns in heterogeneous samples of qualitative data.

Methods: Data were taken from the Trauma Quality Improvement Program of the American College of Surgeons for 2017. Inclusion criteria were age 18 years or less and an external cause of injury code for pedal cyclist. Injuries were characterized by Abbreviated ...


Single-Cell Multi-Omics Reveals Dyssynchrony Of The Innate And Adaptive Immune System In Progressive Covid-19., Avraham Unterman, Tomokazu S Sumida, Nima Nouri, Xiting Yan, Amy Y Zhao, Victor Gasque, Jonas C Schupp, Hiromitsu Asashima, Yunqing Liu, Carlos Cosme, Wenxuan Deng, Ming Chen, Micha Sam Brickman Raredon, Kenneth B Hoehn, Guilin Wang, Zuoheng Wang, Giuseppe Deiuliis, Neal G Ravindra, Ningshan Li, Christopher Castaldi, Patrick Wong, John Fournier, Santos Bermejo, Lokesh Sharma, Arnau Casanovas-Massana, Chantal B F Vogels, Anne L Wyllie, Nathan D Grubaugh, Anthony Melillo, Hailong Meng, Yan Stein, Maksym Minasyan, Subhasis Mohanty, William E Ruff, Inessa Cohen, Khadir Raddassi, Laura E Niklason, Albert I Ko, Ruth R Montgomery, Shelli F Farhadian, Akiko Iwasaki, Albert C Shaw, David Van Dijk, Hongyu Zhao, Steven H Kleinstein, David A Hafler, Naftali Kaminski, Charles S Dela Cruz Jan 2022

Single-Cell Multi-Omics Reveals Dyssynchrony Of The Innate And Adaptive Immune System In Progressive Covid-19., Avraham Unterman, Tomokazu S Sumida, Nima Nouri, Xiting Yan, Amy Y Zhao, Victor Gasque, Jonas C Schupp, Hiromitsu Asashima, Yunqing Liu, Carlos Cosme, Wenxuan Deng, Ming Chen, Micha Sam Brickman Raredon, Kenneth B Hoehn, Guilin Wang, Zuoheng Wang, Giuseppe Deiuliis, Neal G Ravindra, Ningshan Li, Christopher Castaldi, Patrick Wong, John Fournier, Santos Bermejo, Lokesh Sharma, Arnau Casanovas-Massana, Chantal B F Vogels, Anne L Wyllie, Nathan D Grubaugh, Anthony Melillo, Hailong Meng, Yan Stein, Maksym Minasyan, Subhasis Mohanty, William E Ruff, Inessa Cohen, Khadir Raddassi, Laura E Niklason, Albert I Ko, Ruth R Montgomery, Shelli F Farhadian, Akiko Iwasaki, Albert C Shaw, David Van Dijk, Hongyu Zhao, Steven H Kleinstein, David A Hafler, Naftali Kaminski, Charles S Dela Cruz

Faculty Research 2022

Dysregulated immune responses against the SARS-CoV-2 virus are instrumental in severe COVID-19. However, the immune signatures associated with immunopathology are poorly understood. Here we use multi-omics single-cell analysis to probe the dynamic immune responses in hospitalized patients with stable or progressive course of COVID-19, explore V(D)J repertoires, and assess the cellular effects of tocilizumab. Coordinated profiling of gene expression and cell lineage protein markers shows that S100A


Clinical Utility Of Anti-Mullerian Hormone In Pediatrics, Roopa Kanakatti Shankar, Tazim Dowlut-Mcelroy, Andrew Dauber, Veronica Gomez-Lobo Jan 2022

Clinical Utility Of Anti-Mullerian Hormone In Pediatrics, Roopa Kanakatti Shankar, Tazim Dowlut-Mcelroy, Andrew Dauber, Veronica Gomez-Lobo

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

CONTEXT: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) was originally described in the context of sexual differentiation in the male fetus but has gained prominence now as a marker of ovarian reserve and fertility in females. In this mini-review, we offer an updated synopsis on AMH and its clinical utility in pediatric patients.

DESIGN AND RESULTS: A systematic search was undertaken for studies related to the physiology of AMH, normative data, and clinical role in pediatrics. In males, AMH, secreted by Sertoli cells, is found at high levels prenatally and throughout childhood and declines with progression through puberty to overlap with levels in females ...


When Eating Becomes Torturous: Understanding Nutrition-Related Cancer Treatment Side Effects Among Individuals With Cancer And Their Caregivers, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Lora Packel, Dan Dychtwald, Cynthia Klobodu, Laura Pontiggia, Ochi Ogbogu, Byron Barksdale, Jonathan Deutsch Jan 2022

When Eating Becomes Torturous: Understanding Nutrition-Related Cancer Treatment Side Effects Among Individuals With Cancer And Their Caregivers, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Lora Packel, Dan Dychtwald, Cynthia Klobodu, Laura Pontiggia, Ochi Ogbogu, Byron Barksdale, Jonathan Deutsch

Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers

Individuals living with cancer often experience multiple nutrition-related side effects from cancer treatment, including changes in taste and smell, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and pain during eating. These side effects can profoundly impact nutritional status and quality of life. The purpose of this study was to explore experiences with nutrition-related cancer treatment side effects among cancer patients and their family caregivers, the way they manage such side effects, and the resulting changes in food preferences and behaviors. Structured surveys and in-depth interviews were conducted. Interviews focused on the presence and management of treatment side effects, how those changes influenced ...


Assessment Of Regional Variability In Covid-19 Outcomes Among Patients With Cancer In The United States., Jessica E Hawley, Tianyi Sun, David D Chism, Narjust Duma, Julie C Fu, Na Tosha N Gatson, Sanjay Mishra, Ryan H Nguyen, Sonya A Reid, Oscar K Serrano, Sunny R K Singh, Neeta K Venepalli, Ziad Bakouny, Babar Bashir, Mehmet A Bilen, Paolo F Caimi, Toni K Choueiri, Scott J Dawsey, Leslie A Fecher, Daniel B Flora, Christopher R Friese, Michael J Glover, Cyndi J Gonzalez, Sharad Goyal, Thorvardur R Halfdanarson, Dawn L Hershman, Hina Khan, Chris Labaki, Mark A Lewis, Rana R Mckay, Ian Messing, Nathan A Pennell, Matthew Puc, Deepak Ravindranathan, Terence D Rhodes, Andrea V Rivera, John Roller, Gary K Schwartz, Sumit A Shah, Justin A Shaya, Mitrianna Streckfuss, Michael A Thompson, Elizabeth M Wulff-Burchfield, Zhuoer Xie, Peter Paul Yu, Jeremy L Warner, Dimpy P Shah, Benjamin French, Clara Hwang Jan 2022

Assessment Of Regional Variability In Covid-19 Outcomes Among Patients With Cancer In The United States., Jessica E Hawley, Tianyi Sun, David D Chism, Narjust Duma, Julie C Fu, Na Tosha N Gatson, Sanjay Mishra, Ryan H Nguyen, Sonya A Reid, Oscar K Serrano, Sunny R K Singh, Neeta K Venepalli, Ziad Bakouny, Babar Bashir, Mehmet A Bilen, Paolo F Caimi, Toni K Choueiri, Scott J Dawsey, Leslie A Fecher, Daniel B Flora, Christopher R Friese, Michael J Glover, Cyndi J Gonzalez, Sharad Goyal, Thorvardur R Halfdanarson, Dawn L Hershman, Hina Khan, Chris Labaki, Mark A Lewis, Rana R Mckay, Ian Messing, Nathan A Pennell, Matthew Puc, Deepak Ravindranathan, Terence D Rhodes, Andrea V Rivera, John Roller, Gary K Schwartz, Sumit A Shah, Justin A Shaya, Mitrianna Streckfuss, Michael A Thompson, Elizabeth M Wulff-Burchfield, Zhuoer Xie, Peter Paul Yu, Jeremy L Warner, Dimpy P Shah, Benjamin French, Clara Hwang

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

Importance: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a distinct spatiotemporal pattern in the United States. Patients with cancer are at higher risk of severe complications from COVID-19, but it is not well known whether COVID-19 outcomes in this patient population were associated with geography.

Objective: To quantify spatiotemporal variation in COVID-19 outcomes among patients with cancer.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This registry-based retrospective cohort study included patients with a historical diagnosis of invasive malignant neoplasm and laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection between March and November 2020. Data were collected from cancer care delivery centers in the United States.

Exposures: Patient residence was categorized ...


Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Staging May Influence Management In Users: A Survey Study., Vishal A. Patel, Catherine Mccullum, Andrew D. Sparks, Chrysalyne D Schmults, Sarah T Arron, Anokhi Jambusaria-Pahlajani Jan 2022

Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Staging May Influence Management In Users: A Survey Study., Vishal A. Patel, Catherine Mccullum, Andrew D. Sparks, Chrysalyne D Schmults, Sarah T Arron, Anokhi Jambusaria-Pahlajani

Dermatology Faculty Publications

PURPOSE: This study aims to determine whether there is consensus regarding staging and management of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) across the various specialties that manage this disease.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey regarding CSCC high-risk features, staging, and management was created and emailed to cutaneous oncology experts including dermatology, head and neck surgery/surgical oncology, radiation oncology, and medical oncology.

RESULTS: One hundred fifty-six (46%) of 357 invited physicians completed the survey. Depth of invasion (92%), perineural invasion (99%), histologic differentiation (85%), and patient immunosuppression (90%) achieved consensus (>80%) as high-risk features of CSCC. Dermatologists were more likely to ...


Trends And Determinants Of Family Planning Utilization Among Men In Indonesia, Haerawati Idris, Willyana Syafriyanti Dec 2021

Trends And Determinants Of Family Planning Utilization Among Men In Indonesia, Haerawati Idris, Willyana Syafriyanti

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Population growth rate in the world is still increasing. To control population growth, governments issue family planning programs for married women and men. However, contraception use is still dominated by women. This study aims to analyze the trends and determinants of family planning utilization among men in Indonesia.

Methods: This study is quantitative in nature with a cross-sectional design, using secondary data from the Indonesian Health Demographic Survey (2007–2017). The sample comprised married men with a total of 27,859 respondents. For the final analysis, we conducted logistic regression statistical tests to determine family planning utilization among men ...


A Cross-Sectional Survey Of Potential Factors, Motivations, And Barriers Influencing Research Participation And Retention Among People Who Use Drugs In The Rural Usa, Angela T. Hetrick, April M. Young, Miriam R. Elman, Sarann Bielavitz, Rhonda L. Alexander, Morgan Brown, Elizabeth Needham Waddell, P. Todd Korthuis, Kathryn E. Lancaster Dec 2021

A Cross-Sectional Survey Of Potential Factors, Motivations, And Barriers Influencing Research Participation And Retention Among People Who Use Drugs In The Rural Usa, Angela T. Hetrick, April M. Young, Miriam R. Elman, Sarann Bielavitz, Rhonda L. Alexander, Morgan Brown, Elizabeth Needham Waddell, P. Todd Korthuis, Kathryn E. Lancaster

Epidemiology and Environmental Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Despite high morbidity and mortality among people who use drugs (PWUD) in rural America, most research is conducted within urban areas. Our objective was to describe influencing factors, motivations, and barriers to research participation and retention among rural PWUD.

METHODS: We recruited 255 eligible participants from community outreach and community-based, epidemiologic research cohorts from April to July 2019 to participate in a cross-sectional survey. Eligible participants reported opioid or injection drug use to get high within 30 days and resided in high-needs rural counties in Oregon, Kentucky, and Ohio. We aggregated response rankings to identify salient influences, motivations, and ...


Acculturation Strategies And Pap Screening Uptake Among Sub-Saharan African Immigrants (Sais), Adebola Adegboyega, Jia-Rong Wu, Gia Mudd-Martin Dec 2021

Acculturation Strategies And Pap Screening Uptake Among Sub-Saharan African Immigrants (Sais), Adebola Adegboyega, Jia-Rong Wu, Gia Mudd-Martin

Nursing Faculty Publications

Although regular cervical cancer screening can prevent cervical cancer, screening utilization remains low among immigrant population including sub-Saharan African immigrants (SAIs). Acculturation is a complex process, which can lead to adoption of positive or negative health behaviors from the dominant culture. Acculturation strategies are the varying ways in which individuals seek to go about their acculturation by either maintaining or rejecting their own cultural values ip or accepting or rejecting the host culture's cultural values. Cervical cancer screening behaviors among SAI women may be influenced by their acculturation strategies. We conducted a secondary analysis of data to examine the ...


Evaluation Of Pediatric Rheumatology Telehealth Satisfaction During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Lindsay N Waqar-Cowles, John Chuo, Pamela F Weiss, Sabrina Gmuca, Marianna Lanoue, Jon M Burnham Dec 2021

Evaluation Of Pediatric Rheumatology Telehealth Satisfaction During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Lindsay N Waqar-Cowles, John Chuo, Pamela F Weiss, Sabrina Gmuca, Marianna Lanoue, Jon M Burnham

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Background: During the Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, ambulatory pediatric rheumatology healthcare rapidly transformed to a mainly telehealth model. However, pediatric patient and caregiver satisfaction with broadly deployed telehealth programs remains largely unknown. This study aimed to evaluate patient/caregiver satisfaction with telehealth and identify the factors associated with satisfaction in a generalizable sample of pediatric rheumatology patients.

Methods: Patients with an initial telehealth video visit with a rheumatology provider between April and June 2020 were eligible. All patients/caregivers were sent a post-visit survey to assess a modified version of the Telehealth Usability Questionnaire (TUQ) and demographic and clinical characteristics ...


Metabolic Syndrome And Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Hospitalized Patients With Covid-19, Joshua L Denson, Aaron S Gillet, Yuanhao Zu, Margo Brown, Thaidan Pham, Yilin Yoshida, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis, Ivor S Douglas, Mathew Moore, Kevin Tea, Andrew Wetherbie, Rachael Stevens, John Lefante, Jeffrey G Shaffer, Donna Lee Armaignac, Katherine Belden, Margit Kaufman, Smith F Heavner, Valerie C Danesh, Sreekanth R Cheruku, Catherine A St Hill, Karen Boman, Neha Deo, Vikas Bansal, Vishakha K Kumar, Allan J Walkey, Rahul Kashyap, Society Of Critical Care Medicine Discovery Viral Infection And Respiratory Illness Universal Study (Virus): Covid-19 Registry Investigator Group Dec 2021

Metabolic Syndrome And Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Hospitalized Patients With Covid-19, Joshua L Denson, Aaron S Gillet, Yuanhao Zu, Margo Brown, Thaidan Pham, Yilin Yoshida, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis, Ivor S Douglas, Mathew Moore, Kevin Tea, Andrew Wetherbie, Rachael Stevens, John Lefante, Jeffrey G Shaffer, Donna Lee Armaignac, Katherine Belden, Margit Kaufman, Smith F Heavner, Valerie C Danesh, Sreekanth R Cheruku, Catherine A St Hill, Karen Boman, Neha Deo, Vikas Bansal, Vishakha K Kumar, Allan J Walkey, Rahul Kashyap, Society Of Critical Care Medicine Discovery Viral Infection And Respiratory Illness Universal Study (Virus): Covid-19 Registry Investigator Group

Division of Infectious Diseases and Environmental Medicine Faculty Papers

Importance: Obesity, diabetes, and hypertension are common comorbidities in patients with severe COVID-19, yet little is known about the risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or death in patients with COVID-19 and metabolic syndrome.

Objective: To determine whether metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased risk of ARDS and death from COVID-19.

Design, setting, and participants: This multicenter cohort study used data from the Society of Critical Care Medicine Discovery Viral Respiratory Illness Universal Study collected from 181 hospitals across 26 countries from February 15, 2020, to February 18, 2021. Outcomes were compared between patients with metabolic syndrome (defined ...


An Implantable Human Stem Cell-Derived Tissue-Engineered Rostral Migratory Stream For Directed Neuronal Replacement, John C. O'Donnell, Erin M. Purvis, Kaila Vt Helm, Dayo O. Adewole, Qunzhou Zhang, Anh D. Le, Kacy D. Cullen Dec 2021

An Implantable Human Stem Cell-Derived Tissue-Engineered Rostral Migratory Stream For Directed Neuronal Replacement, John C. O'Donnell, Erin M. Purvis, Kaila Vt Helm, Dayo O. Adewole, Qunzhou Zhang, Anh D. Le, Kacy D. Cullen

Departmental Papers (Dental)

The rostral migratory stream (RMS) facilitates neuroblast migration from the subventricular zone to the olfactory bulb throughout adulthood. Brain lesions attract neuroblast migration out of the RMS, but resultant regeneration is insufficient. Increasing neuroblast migration into lesions has improved recovery in rodent studies. We previously developed techniques for fabricating an astrocyte-based Tissue-Engineered RMS (TE-RMS) intended to redirect endogenous neuroblasts into distal brain lesions for sustained neuronal replacement. Here, we demonstrate that astrocyte-like-cells can be derived from adult human gingiva mesenchymal stem cells and used for TE-RMS fabrication. We report that key proteins enriched in the RMS are enriched in TE-RMSs ...


Utility Of Blood Cellular Indices In The Risk Stratification Of Patients Presenting With Acute Pulmonary Embolism., Brett Slajus, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Iman Darwish, Jawed Fareed, Amir Darki Nov 2021

Utility Of Blood Cellular Indices In The Risk Stratification Of Patients Presenting With Acute Pulmonary Embolism., Brett Slajus, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Iman Darwish, Jawed Fareed, Amir Darki

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

Pulmonary embolism (PE) clinical manifestations vary widely, and that scope is not fully captured by current all-cause mortality risk models. PE is associated with inflammatory, coagulation, and hemostatic imbalances so blood cellular indices may be prognostically useful. Complete blood count (CBC) data may improve current risk models like the simplified pulmonary embolism severity index (sPESI) for all-cause mortality, offering greater accuracy and analytic ability. Acute PE patients (n = 228) with confirmatory diagnostic imaging were followed for all-cause mortality. Blood cellular indices were assessed for association to all-cause mortality and were supplemented into sPESI using multivariate logistic regression. Multiple blood cellular ...