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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Alcohol And Its Long-Term Effects On Hearing Loss: A Systematic Review, Talia Sowalsky Jun 2021

Alcohol And Its Long-Term Effects On Hearing Loss: A Systematic Review, Talia Sowalsky

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Objective: To review the literature on potential permanent effects of long-term alcohol consumption on hearing status in adults 40 years of age and older.

Study Design: Systematic review of prospective and retrospective studies; meta-analysis of case-controlled studies.

Methods: One researcher independently reviewed MEDLINE (January 1, 2000-May 1, 2019), CINAHL (January 1, 2000-May 1, 2019), PubMed (January 1, 2000-May 1, 2019), and Web of Science (January 1, 2000-May 1, 2019). A manual reference search was additionally conducted. Randomized controlled trials, prospective cohort studies, consecutive/non-consecutive case series, and retrospective reviews in which a clear definition of hearing loss was stated were ...


Guillain-Barré Syndrome In A Patient With Sickle Cell Anemia, Kunjan Udani, Pooja Patel, Dveet Patel, Hajra Awwab, Nino Balanchivadze Apr 2021

Guillain-Barré Syndrome In A Patient With Sickle Cell Anemia, Kunjan Udani, Pooja Patel, Dveet Patel, Hajra Awwab, Nino Balanchivadze

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

A 24-year-old African American male with a history of sickle cell anemia (Hb S/S) presented to an outside hospital with acute colitis, acute renal failure and sickle cell crisis and was treated with supportive measures. On day 3 of hospitalization, he developed bilateral ascending paralysis with sacral numbness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated epidural lipomatosis, which was attributed as the cause of his paralysis. He was transferred to our facility for neurosurgery evaluation. Based on the physical examination, Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) was suspected. This conclusion lead to a lumbar puncture with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis that confirmed the diagnosis ...


Remembering., Emmanuel Philor Apr 2021

Remembering., Emmanuel Philor

Jefferson Hospital Staff Papers and Presentations

This reflection heightens the value of the role of chaplain during the time of the pandemic.


Analysis Of An Obstetrics Point-Of-Care Ultrasound Training Program For Healthcare Practitioners In Zanzibar, Tanzania., Elizabeth A Hall, Danielle Matilsky, Rachel Zang, Naomasa Hase, Ali Habibu Ali, Patricia C Henwood, Anthony J Dean Apr 2021

Analysis Of An Obstetrics Point-Of-Care Ultrasound Training Program For Healthcare Practitioners In Zanzibar, Tanzania., Elizabeth A Hall, Danielle Matilsky, Rachel Zang, Naomasa Hase, Ali Habibu Ali, Patricia C Henwood, Anthony J Dean

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: A point-of-care ultrasound education program in obstetrics was developed to train antenatal healthcare practitioners in rural Zanzibar. The study group consisted of 13 practitioners with different training backgrounds: physicians, clinical officers, and nurse/midwives. Trainees received an intensive 2-week antenatal ultrasound course consisting of lectures and hands-on practice followed by 6 months of direct supervision of hands-on scanning and bedside education in their clinical practice environments. Trainees were given a pre-course written exam, a final exam at course completion, and practical exams at 19 and 27 weeks. Trainees were expected to complete written documentation and record ultrasound images of ...


Reduction In Unplanned Hospitalizations Associated With A Physician Focused Intervention To Reduce Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use Among Older Adults: A Population-Based Cohort Study., M Alcusky, R B Thomas, N Jafari, Scott W Keith, A Kee, S Del Canale, M Lombardi, Vittorio Maio Mar 2021

Reduction In Unplanned Hospitalizations Associated With A Physician Focused Intervention To Reduce Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use Among Older Adults: A Population-Based Cohort Study., M Alcusky, R B Thomas, N Jafari, Scott W Keith, A Kee, S Del Canale, M Lombardi, Vittorio Maio

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: A multimodal general practitioner-focused intervention in the Local Health Authority (LHA) of Parma, Italy, substantially reduced the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use among older adults. Our objective was to estimate changes in hospitalization rates associated with the Parma LHA quality improvement initiative that reduced PIM use.

METHODS: This population-based longitudinal cohort study was conducted among older residents (> 65 years) using the Parma LHA administrative healthcare database. Crude and adjusted unplanned hospitalization rates were estimated in 3 periods (pre-intervention: 2005-2008, intervention: 2009-2010, post-intervention: 2011-2014). Multivariable negative binomial models estimated trends in quarterly hospitalization rates among individuals at risk ...


Neurological Manifestations As The Predictors Of Severity And Mortality In Hospitalized Individuals With Covid-19: A Multicenter Prospective Clinical Study, Man Amanat, Nima Rezaei, Mehrdad Roozbeh, Maziar Shojaei, Abbas Tafakhori, Anahita Zoghi, Ilad Alavi Darazam, Mona Salehi, Ehsan Karimialavijeh, Behnam Safarpour Lima, Amir Garakani, Alex R. Vaccaro, Mahtab Ramezani Mar 2021

Neurological Manifestations As The Predictors Of Severity And Mortality In Hospitalized Individuals With Covid-19: A Multicenter Prospective Clinical Study, Man Amanat, Nima Rezaei, Mehrdad Roozbeh, Maziar Shojaei, Abbas Tafakhori, Anahita Zoghi, Ilad Alavi Darazam, Mona Salehi, Ehsan Karimialavijeh, Behnam Safarpour Lima, Amir Garakani, Alex R. Vaccaro, Mahtab Ramezani

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUNDS: The reports of neurological symptoms are increasing in cases with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This multi-center prospective study was conducted to determine the incidence of neurological manifestations in hospitalized cases with COVID-19 and assess these symptoms as the predictors of severity and death.

METHODS: Hospitalized males and females with COVID-19 who aged over 18 years were included in the study. They were examined by two neurologists at the time of admission. All survived cases were followed for 8 weeks after discharge and 16 weeks if their symptoms had no improvements.

RESULTS: We included 873 participants. Of eligible cases, 122 ...


Generation Of A Biobank From Two Adult Thoroughbred Stallions For The Functional Annotation Of Animal Genomes Initiative, Callum G. Donnelly, Rebecca R. Bellone, Erin N. Hales, Annee Nguyen, Scott A. Katzman, Ghislaine A. Dujovne, Kelly E. Knickelbein, Felipe Avila, Ted S. Kalbfleisch, Elena Giulotto, Nicole B. Kingsley, Jocelyn Tanaka, Elizabeth Esdaile, Sichong Peng, Anna Dahlgren, Anna Fuller, Michael J. Mienaltowski, Terje Raudsepp, Verena K. Affolter, Jessica L. Petersen, Carrie J. Finno Mar 2021

Generation Of A Biobank From Two Adult Thoroughbred Stallions For The Functional Annotation Of Animal Genomes Initiative, Callum G. Donnelly, Rebecca R. Bellone, Erin N. Hales, Annee Nguyen, Scott A. Katzman, Ghislaine A. Dujovne, Kelly E. Knickelbein, Felipe Avila, Ted S. Kalbfleisch, Elena Giulotto, Nicole B. Kingsley, Jocelyn Tanaka, Elizabeth Esdaile, Sichong Peng, Anna Dahlgren, Anna Fuller, Michael J. Mienaltowski, Terje Raudsepp, Verena K. Affolter, Jessica L. Petersen, Carrie J. Finno

Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center Faculty Publications

Following the successful creation of a biobank from two adult Thoroughbred mares, this study aimed to recapitulate sample collection in two adult Thoroughbred stallions as part of the Functional Annotation of the Animal Genome (FAANG) initiative. Both stallions underwent thorough physical, lameness, neurologic, and ophthalmic (including electroretinography) examinations prior to humane euthanasia. Epididymal sperm was recovered from both stallions immediately postmortem and cryopreserved. Aseptically collected full thickness skin biopsies were used to isolate, culture and cryopreserve dermal fibroblasts. Serum, plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, urine, and gastrointestinal content from various locations were collected and cryopreserved. Under guidance of a board-certified veterinary anatomic ...


Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2-Induced Acute Aortic Occlusion: A Case Report, Artem Minalyan, Franklin L. Thelmo, Vincent Chan, Stephanie Tzarnas, Faizan Ahmed Mar 2021

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2-Induced Acute Aortic Occlusion: A Case Report, Artem Minalyan, Franklin L. Thelmo, Vincent Chan, Stephanie Tzarnas, Faizan Ahmed

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection can lead to a constellation of viral and immune symptoms called coronavirus disease 2019. Emerging literature increasingly supports the premise that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 promotes a prothrombotic milieu. However, to date there have been no reports of acute aortic occlusion, itself a rare phenomenon. We report a case of fatal acute aortic occlusion in a patient with coronavirus disease 2019.

Case report: A 59-year-old Caucasian male with past medical history of peripheral vascular disease presented to the emergency department for evaluation of shortness of breath, fevers, and dry cough ...


Point-Of-Care Lung Ultrasound For Covid-19: Findings And Prognostic Implications From 105 Consecutive Patients, Kosuke Yasukawa, Taro Minami, David R Boulware, Ayako Shimada, Ernest A Fischer Mar 2021

Point-Of-Care Lung Ultrasound For Covid-19: Findings And Prognostic Implications From 105 Consecutive Patients, Kosuke Yasukawa, Taro Minami, David R Boulware, Ayako Shimada, Ernest A Fischer

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

Background: The prognostic value of point-of-care lung ultrasound has not been evaluated in a large cohort of patients with COVID-19 admitted to general medicine ward in the United States. The aim of this study was to describe lung ultrasound findings and their prognostic value in patients with COVID-19 admitted to internal medicine ward.

Method: This prospective observational study consecutively enrolled 105 hospitalized participants with COVID-19 at 2 tertiary care centers. Ultrasound was performed in 12 lung zones within 24 hours of admission. Findings were assessed relative to 4 outcomes: intensive care unit (ICU) need, need for intensive respiratory support, length ...


Drug Susceptibility Patterns Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis From Adults With Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis And Implications For A Household Contact Preventive Therapy Trial, Anne-Marie Demers, Soyeon Kim, Sara Mccallum, Kathleen Eisenach, Michael Hughes, Linda Naini, Alberto Mendoza-Ticona, Neeta Pradhan, Kim Narunsky, Selvamuthu Poongulali, Sharlaa Badal-Faesen, Caryn Upton, Elizabeth Smith, N Sarita Shah, Gavin Churchyard, Amita Gupta, Anneke Hesseling, Susan Swindells, Actg A5300/Impaact I2003 Phoenix Feasibility Study Team Feb 2021

Drug Susceptibility Patterns Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis From Adults With Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis And Implications For A Household Contact Preventive Therapy Trial, Anne-Marie Demers, Soyeon Kim, Sara Mccallum, Kathleen Eisenach, Michael Hughes, Linda Naini, Alberto Mendoza-Ticona, Neeta Pradhan, Kim Narunsky, Selvamuthu Poongulali, Sharlaa Badal-Faesen, Caryn Upton, Elizabeth Smith, N Sarita Shah, Gavin Churchyard, Amita Gupta, Anneke Hesseling, Susan Swindells, Actg A5300/Impaact I2003 Phoenix Feasibility Study Team

Journal Articles: Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Drug susceptibility testing (DST) patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) from patients with rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) or multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB; or resistant to rifampicin and isoniazid (INH)), are important to guide preventive therapy for their household contacts (HHCs).

METHODS: As part of a feasibility study done in preparation for an MDR-TB preventive therapy trial in HHCs, smear, Xpert MTB/RIF, Hain MTBDRplus, culture and DST results of index MDR-TB patients were obtained from routine TB programs. A sputum sample was collected at study entry and evaluated by the same tests. Not all tests were performed on all specimens due to ...


Psychological Experience And Coping Strategies Of Patients In The Northeast Us Delaying Care For Infertility During The Covid-19 Pandemic., David B Seifer, William D Petok, Alisha Agrawal, Tanya L Glenn, Arielle H Bayer, Barry R Witt, Blair D Burgin, Harry J Lieman Feb 2021

Psychological Experience And Coping Strategies Of Patients In The Northeast Us Delaying Care For Infertility During The Covid-19 Pandemic., David B Seifer, William D Petok, Alisha Agrawal, Tanya L Glenn, Arielle H Bayer, Barry R Witt, Blair D Burgin, Harry J Lieman

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: On March 17, 2020 an expert ASRM task force recommended the temporary suspension of new, non-urgent fertility treatments during an ongoing world-wide pandemic of Covid-19. We surveyed at the time of resumption of fertility care the psychological experience and coping strategies of patients pausing their care due to Covid-19 and examined which factors were associated and predictive of resilience, anxiety, stress and hopefulness.

METHODS: Cross sectional cohort patient survey using an anonymous, self-reported, single time, web-based, HIPPA compliant platform (REDCap). Survey sampled two Northeast academic fertility practices (Yale Medicine Fertility Center in CT and Montefiore's Institute for Reproductive ...


Allocation Of Anchors During Labral Repair: A Multicenter Cohort Analysis Of Labral Treatment In Hip Arthroscopy., Ryan P Mcgovern, John J Christoforetti, Benjamin R Kivlan, Shane J Nho, Andrew B Wolff, John P Salvo, Dean Matsuda, Thomas J Ellis, Allston J Stubbs, Dominic S Carreira Feb 2021

Allocation Of Anchors During Labral Repair: A Multicenter Cohort Analysis Of Labral Treatment In Hip Arthroscopy., Ryan P Mcgovern, John J Christoforetti, Benjamin R Kivlan, Shane J Nho, Andrew B Wolff, John P Salvo, Dean Matsuda, Thomas J Ellis, Allston J Stubbs, Dominic S Carreira

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: While previous studies have established several techniques for suture anchor repair of the acetabular labrum to bone during arthroscopic surgery, the current literature lacks evidence defining the appropriate number of suture anchors required to effectively restore the function of the labral tissue.

Purpose/Hypothesis: To define the location and size of labral tears identified during hip arthroscopy for acetabular labral treatment in a large multicenter cohort. The secondary purpose was to differentiate the number of anchors used during arthroscopic labral repair. The hypothesis was that the location and size of the labral tear as well as the number of ...


Impaired Eif5a Function Causes A Mendelian Disorder That Is Partially Rescued In Model Systems By Spermidine., Víctor Faundes, Martin D. Jennings, Siobhan Crilly, Sarah Legraie, Sarah E. Withers, Sara Cuvertino, Sally J. Davies, Andrew G L Douglas, Andrew E. Fry, Victoria Harrison, Jeanne Amiel, Daphné Lehalle, William G. Newman, Patricia Newkirk, Judith Ranells, Miranda Splitt, Laura A. Cross, Carol J. Saunders, Bonnie Sullivan, Jorge L. Granadillo, Christopher T. Gordon, Paul R. Kasher, Graham D. Pavitt, Siddharth Banka Feb 2021

Impaired Eif5a Function Causes A Mendelian Disorder That Is Partially Rescued In Model Systems By Spermidine., Víctor Faundes, Martin D. Jennings, Siobhan Crilly, Sarah Legraie, Sarah E. Withers, Sara Cuvertino, Sally J. Davies, Andrew G L Douglas, Andrew E. Fry, Victoria Harrison, Jeanne Amiel, Daphné Lehalle, William G. Newman, Patricia Newkirk, Judith Ranells, Miranda Splitt, Laura A. Cross, Carol J. Saunders, Bonnie Sullivan, Jorge L. Granadillo, Christopher T. Gordon, Paul R. Kasher, Graham D. Pavitt, Siddharth Banka

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The structure of proline prevents it from adopting an optimal position for rapid protein synthesis. Poly-proline-tract (PPT) associated ribosomal stalling is resolved by highly conserved eIF5A, the only protein to contain the amino acid hypusine. We show that de novo heterozygous EIF5A variants cause a disorder characterized by variable combinations of developmental delay, microcephaly, micrognathia and dysmorphism. Yeast growth assays, polysome profiling, total/hypusinated eIF5A levels and PPT-reporters studies reveal that the variants impair eIF5A function, reduce eIF5A-ribosome interactions and impair the synthesis of PPT-containing proteins. Supplementation with 1 mM spermidine partially corrects the yeast growth defects, improves the polysome ...


Male Breast Enlargement After Automated Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Placement, Anisha Valluri, Lynne J. Goebel Jan 2021

Male Breast Enlargement After Automated Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Placement, Anisha Valluri, Lynne J. Goebel

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Placement of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are increasing in frequency due to their indication for the prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients prone to life-threatening arrhythmias. Primary care physicians should be aware of the possible complications so they can treat their patients appropriately. This article describes a rare case of chronic unilateral breast enlargement after the placement of an ICD in a male patient with Tetralogy of Fallot.


The Health-Related Quality Of Life, Work Productivity, Healthcare Resource Utilization, And Economic Burden Associated With Levels Of Suicidal Ideation Among Patients Self-Reporting Moderately Severe Or Severe Major Depressive Disorder In A National Survey., Carmela Benson, David Singer, Colleen M Carpinella, May Shawi, Larry Alphs Jan 2021

The Health-Related Quality Of Life, Work Productivity, Healthcare Resource Utilization, And Economic Burden Associated With Levels Of Suicidal Ideation Among Patients Self-Reporting Moderately Severe Or Severe Major Depressive Disorder In A National Survey., Carmela Benson, David Singer, Colleen M Carpinella, May Shawi, Larry Alphs

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Background: Suicidal ideation (SI) is a cardinal aspect of major depressive disorder (MDD); however, patient-reported outcomes data from large-scale surveys are limited concerning SI in the context of MDD. This study aims to understand the association between varying levels of SI and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), work productivity, healthcare resource utilization (HRU), and associated costs in patients with moderately severe/severe MDD.

Methods: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of 2013 national survey data. Patients who self-reported moderately severe or severe MDD and completed the Short Form Survey Version 2 (SF-36v2), Work Productivity Loss and Activity Impairment questionnaire (WPAI ...


The Circadian Cryptochrome, Cry1, Is A Pro-Tumorigenic Factor That Rhythmically Modulates Dna Repair., Ayesha A Shafi, Chris M Mcnair, Jennifer J Mccann, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Anton Shostak, Tesa M Severson, Yanyun Zhu, Andre Bergman, Nicolas Gordon, Amy C Mandigo, Saswati N Chand, Peter Gallagher, Emanuela Dylgjeri, Talya S Laufer, Irina A Vasilevskaya, Matthew J Schiewer, Michael Brunner, Felix Y Feng, Wilbert Zwart, Karen E Knudsen Jan 2021

The Circadian Cryptochrome, Cry1, Is A Pro-Tumorigenic Factor That Rhythmically Modulates Dna Repair., Ayesha A Shafi, Chris M Mcnair, Jennifer J Mccann, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Anton Shostak, Tesa M Severson, Yanyun Zhu, Andre Bergman, Nicolas Gordon, Amy C Mandigo, Saswati N Chand, Peter Gallagher, Emanuela Dylgjeri, Talya S Laufer, Irina A Vasilevskaya, Matthew J Schiewer, Michael Brunner, Felix Y Feng, Wilbert Zwart, Karen E Knudsen

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Mechanisms regulating DNA repair processes remain incompletely defined. Here, the circadian factor CRY1, an evolutionally conserved transcriptional coregulator, is identified as a tumor specific regulator of DNA repair. Key findings demonstrate that CRY1 expression is androgen-responsive and associates with poor outcome in prostate cancer. Functional studies and first-in-field mapping of the CRY1 cistrome and transcriptome reveal that CRY1 regulates DNA repair and the G2/M transition. DNA damage stabilizes CRY1 in cancer (in vitro, in vivo, and human tumors ex vivo), which proves critical for efficient DNA repair. Further mechanistic investigation shows that stabilized CRY1 temporally regulates expression of genes ...


Incidence And Severity Of Drug Interactions Before And After Switching Antiretroviral Therapy To Bictegravir/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide In Treatment-Experienced Patients., Jason J. Schafer, Pharmd, Mph, Bcps, Aahivp, Neha S Pandit, Agnes Cha, Emily Huesgen, Melissa Badowski, Elizabeth M Sherman, Jennifer Cocohoba, Ayako Shimada, Scott W Keith Jan 2021

Incidence And Severity Of Drug Interactions Before And After Switching Antiretroviral Therapy To Bictegravir/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide In Treatment-Experienced Patients., Jason J. Schafer, Pharmd, Mph, Bcps, Aahivp, Neha S Pandit, Agnes Cha, Emily Huesgen, Melissa Badowski, Elizabeth M Sherman, Jennifer Cocohoba, Ayako Shimada, Scott W Keith

College of Pharmacy Faculty Papers

Background: Switching antiretroviral therapy (ART) in people with HIV (PWH) can influence their risk for drug-drug interactions (DDIs). The purpose of this study was to assess changes in the incidence and severity of DDIs among PWH who switched their ART to bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF).

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective cohort study of PWH on ART and at least 1 concomitant medication (CM) who switched to BIC/FTC/TAF between 3/2018 and 6/2019. Using the University of Liverpool's HIV Drug Interaction Database, 2 DDI analyses were performed for each patient. The first assessed ...


Molecular Analysis Of A Rare Case Of Low-Grade Primary Peritoneal Serous Carcinoma In A Male, Vladislav V. Makarenko, Dina Kandil, Ediz F. Cosar, Lloyd Hutchinson, Ashraf Khan Dec 2020

Molecular Analysis Of A Rare Case Of Low-Grade Primary Peritoneal Serous Carcinoma In A Male, Vladislav V. Makarenko, Dina Kandil, Ediz F. Cosar, Lloyd Hutchinson, Ashraf Khan

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Primary peritoneal serous carcinomas (PPSC) are exceedingly rare in male patients. Only a few cases were reported, and mostly with the limited immunophenotypical characterization. No molecular analysis of PPSC in males has been previously performed. We here describe another case of PPSC in a male patient. A comprehensive molecular analysis of the tumor revealed SF3B1 gene mutation as a possible driver.


Pomalidomide, Dexamethasone, And Daratumumab In Relapsed Refractory Multiple Myeloma After Lenalidomide Treatment., David S Siegel, Gary J Schiller, Christy Samaras, Michael Sebag, Jesus Berdeja, Siddhartha Ganguly, Jeffrey Matous, Kevin Song, Christopher S Seet, Giampaolo Talamo, Mirelis Acosta-Rivera, Michael Bar, Donald Quick, Bertrand Anz, Gustavo Fonseca, Donna Reece, William E Pierceall, Weiyuan Chung, Faiza Zafar, Amit Agarwal, Nizar J Bahlis Dec 2020

Pomalidomide, Dexamethasone, And Daratumumab In Relapsed Refractory Multiple Myeloma After Lenalidomide Treatment., David S Siegel, Gary J Schiller, Christy Samaras, Michael Sebag, Jesus Berdeja, Siddhartha Ganguly, Jeffrey Matous, Kevin Song, Christopher S Seet, Giampaolo Talamo, Mirelis Acosta-Rivera, Michael Bar, Donald Quick, Bertrand Anz, Gustavo Fonseca, Donna Reece, William E Pierceall, Weiyuan Chung, Faiza Zafar, Amit Agarwal, Nizar J Bahlis

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Patients with multiple myeloma who have relapsed after or become refractory to lenalidomide in early treatment lines represent a clinically important population in need of effective therapies. The safety and efficacy of pomalidomide, low-dose dexamethasone, and daratumumab was evaluated in lenalidomide-pretreated patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) after one to two prior treatment lines in the phase 2 MM-014 study. Patients received pomalidomide 4 mg daily from days 1-21 and dexamethasone 40 mg weekly (28-day cycles). Daratumumab 16 mg/kg was administered per label. Primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR); secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and ...


Epidemiology Of Covid-19 And Predictors Of Outcome In Nigeria: A Single-Center Study., Olayinka Rasheed Ibrahim, Bello Muhammed Suleiman, Suleiman Bello Abdullahi, Taofeek Oloyede, Abdallah Sanda, Maruf Sanusi Gbadamosi, Bashir Olajide Yusuf, Rabilu Yandoma Iliyasu, Lawal Magaji Ibrahim, Adamu Danladi Dawud, Sulaiman Saidu Bashir, Nwawueze Efam Okonta, Wasinda Francis Umar, Abiodun Gbenga Tekobo, Muhammadu Sani Abubakar, Bashir Taiye Aminu, Shuaibu Onoruoyiza Ibrahim, Rasaq Olaosebikan, Olugbenga Ayodeji Mokuolu Dec 2020

Epidemiology Of Covid-19 And Predictors Of Outcome In Nigeria: A Single-Center Study., Olayinka Rasheed Ibrahim, Bello Muhammed Suleiman, Suleiman Bello Abdullahi, Taofeek Oloyede, Abdallah Sanda, Maruf Sanusi Gbadamosi, Bashir Olajide Yusuf, Rabilu Yandoma Iliyasu, Lawal Magaji Ibrahim, Adamu Danladi Dawud, Sulaiman Saidu Bashir, Nwawueze Efam Okonta, Wasinda Francis Umar, Abiodun Gbenga Tekobo, Muhammadu Sani Abubakar, Bashir Taiye Aminu, Shuaibu Onoruoyiza Ibrahim, Rasaq Olaosebikan, Olugbenga Ayodeji Mokuolu

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

There is a paucity of information regarding the epidemiology and outcome of COVID-19 from low/middle-income countries, including from Nigeria. This single-center study described the clinical features, laboratory findings, and predictors of in-hospital mortality of COVID-19 patients. Patients admitted between April 10, 2020 and June 10, 2020 were included. Forty-five patients with a mean age of 43 (16) years, predominantly male (87%), presented with fever (38%), cough (29%), or dyspnea (24%). In-hospital mortality was 16%. The independent predictors of mortality were hypoxemia (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.3-5.1) and creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL (aOR ...


Medicine And Surgery Residents' Perspectives On The Impact Of Covid-19 On Graduate Medical Education., Tanvi Rana, Christopher Hackett, Timothy Quezada, Abhishek Chaturvedi, Veli Bakalov, Jody Leonardo, Sandeep Rana Dec 2020

Medicine And Surgery Residents' Perspectives On The Impact Of Covid-19 On Graduate Medical Education., Tanvi Rana, Christopher Hackett, Timothy Quezada, Abhishek Chaturvedi, Veli Bakalov, Jody Leonardo, Sandeep Rana

COVID-19 Papers, Posters, and Presentations

The COVID-19 crisis has had an unprecedented impact on resident education and well-being: social distancing guidelines have limited patient volumes and forced virtual learning, while personal protective equipment (PPE) shortages, school/daycare closures, and visa restrictions have served as additional stressors. Our study aimed to analyze the effects of COVID-19 crisis-related stressors on residents' professional and personal lives. In April 2020, we administered a survey to residents at a large academic hospital system in order to assess the impact of the pandemic on residency training after >6 weeks of a modified schedule. The primary outcome was to determine which factors ...


Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infections In Children: Multicenter Surveillance, United States, January-March 2020., Brian Rha, Joana Y. Lively, Janet A. Englund, Mary A. Staat, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Natasha B. Halasa, John V. Williams, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, Laura S. Stewart, Christopher J. Harrison, Peter G. Szilagyi, Monica M. Mcneal, Eileen J. Klein, Bonnie Strelitz, Kirsten Lacombe, Elizabeth Schlaudecker, Mary Moffatt, Jennifer E. Schuster, Barbara A. Pahud, Gina Weddle, Robert W. Hickey, Vasanthi Avadhanula, Mary E. Wikswo, Aron J. Hall, Aaron T. Curns, Susan I. Gerber, Gayle Langley Nov 2020

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infections In Children: Multicenter Surveillance, United States, January-March 2020., Brian Rha, Joana Y. Lively, Janet A. Englund, Mary A. Staat, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Natasha B. Halasa, John V. Williams, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, Laura S. Stewart, Christopher J. Harrison, Peter G. Szilagyi, Monica M. Mcneal, Eileen J. Klein, Bonnie Strelitz, Kirsten Lacombe, Elizabeth Schlaudecker, Mary Moffatt, Jennifer E. Schuster, Barbara A. Pahud, Gina Weddle, Robert W. Hickey, Vasanthi Avadhanula, Mary E. Wikswo, Aron J. Hall, Aaron T. Curns, Susan I. Gerber, Gayle Langley

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Previous reports of coronavirus disease 2019 among children in the United States have been based on health jurisdiction reporting. We performed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing on children enrolled in active, prospective, multicenter surveillance during January-March 2020. Among 3187 children, only 4 (0.1%) SARS-CoV-2-positive cases were identified March 20-31 despite evidence of rising community circulation.


How Parents And Their Children Used Social Media And Technology At The Beginning Of The Covid-19 Pandemic And Associations With Anxiety., Michelle Drouin, Brandon T. Mcdaniel Phd, Jessica Pater, Tammy Toscos Phd Nov 2020

How Parents And Their Children Used Social Media And Technology At The Beginning Of The Covid-19 Pandemic And Associations With Anxiety., Michelle Drouin, Brandon T. Mcdaniel Phd, Jessica Pater, Tammy Toscos Phd

Health Services and Informatics Research

In this study, we examined parents' (n = 260) perceptions of their own and their children's use of social media and other types of communication technologies in the beginning stages of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) related sanctions (e.g., social distancing) in the United States. We also examined associations between social media and technology use and anxiety. On average, parents reported that both they and their children (especially teenagers aged 13-18) had increased technology and social media use since the beginning of social distancing. Moreover, even after controlling for demographic factors, structural equation models showed that parents and children with ...


Effect Of Hyperprolactinemia On Male Fertility, Ghazi Tadmori, Najwa Fakhal, Marwan Halabi Oct 2020

Effect Of Hyperprolactinemia On Male Fertility, Ghazi Tadmori, Najwa Fakhal, Marwan Halabi

Al Jinan الجنان

This study aims at the investigation of the effect of prolactinemia on male fertility. The study group included 30 males with infertility problems and accompanied with high prolactin hormone levels in the blood. Hormone and seminal fluid analyses were performed before and after treatments with Cabergoline (DostinexTM), and results were comparable to those observed in a control group consisting of 14 healthy males. Results have shown that the increase in prolactin levels led to flaws in sexual hormone concentrations and to a decrease in sperm count and mobility compared to the control group. For this purpose, two groups were tested ...


Barriers To Psychosocial Support And Quality Of Life For Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Survey Study, Rebecca Lawrence, Md, Cuckoo Choudhary, Md Oct 2020

Barriers To Psychosocial Support And Quality Of Life For Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Survey Study, Rebecca Lawrence, Md, Cuckoo Choudhary, Md

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Psychological comorbidities are common among people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and are associated with worse disease outcomes. Evidence-based psychotherapy is an effective means to increase psychosocial support. This study aimed to identify the barriers to attending psychotherapy.

Methods: This electronic survey study included a demographic, quality of life, and barriers to psychotherapy questionnaire. Quality of life was assessed using the Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ). Barriers were assessed using the Perceived Barriers to Psychological Treatments scale (PBPT). Linear regression was used to identify participant characteristics associated with higher PBPT scores.

Results: One hundred eighty-seven participants completed the ...


Redefining Cardiac Biomarkers In Predicting Mortality Of Inpatients With Covid-19, Juan-Juan Qin, Xu Cheng, Feng Zhou, Fang Lei, Gauri Akolkar, Jingjing Cai, Xiao-Jing Zhang, Alice Blet, Jing Xie, Peng Zhang, Ye-Mao Liu, Zizhen Huang, Ling-Ping Zhao, Lijin Lin, Meng Xia, Ming-Ming Chen, Xiaohui Song, Liangjie Bai, Ze Chen, Xingyuan Zhang, Da Xiang, Jing Chen, Qingbo Xu, Xin-Liang Ma, Rhian M Touyz, Chen Gao, Haitao Wang, Liming Liu, Weiming Mao, Pengcheng Luo, Youqin Yan, Ping Ye, Manhua Chen, Guohua Chen, Lihua Zhu, Zhi-Gang She, Xiaodong Huang, Yufeng Yuan, Bing-Hong Zhang, Yibin Wang, Peter P Liu, Hongliang Li Oct 2020

Redefining Cardiac Biomarkers In Predicting Mortality Of Inpatients With Covid-19, Juan-Juan Qin, Xu Cheng, Feng Zhou, Fang Lei, Gauri Akolkar, Jingjing Cai, Xiao-Jing Zhang, Alice Blet, Jing Xie, Peng Zhang, Ye-Mao Liu, Zizhen Huang, Ling-Ping Zhao, Lijin Lin, Meng Xia, Ming-Ming Chen, Xiaohui Song, Liangjie Bai, Ze Chen, Xingyuan Zhang, Da Xiang, Jing Chen, Qingbo Xu, Xin-Liang Ma, Rhian M Touyz, Chen Gao, Haitao Wang, Liming Liu, Weiming Mao, Pengcheng Luo, Youqin Yan, Ping Ye, Manhua Chen, Guohua Chen, Lihua Zhu, Zhi-Gang She, Xiaodong Huang, Yufeng Yuan, Bing-Hong Zhang, Yibin Wang, Peter P Liu, Hongliang Li

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

The prognostic power of circulating cardiac biomarkers, their utility, and pattern of release in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients have not been clearly defined. In this multicentered retrospective study, we enrolled 3219 patients with diagnosed COVID-19 admitted to 9 hospitals from December 31, 2019 to March 4, 2020, to estimate the associations and prognostic power of circulating cardiac injury markers with the poor outcomes of COVID-19. In the mixed-effects Cox model, after adjusting for age, sex, and comorbidities, the adjusted hazard ratio of 28-day mortality for hs-cTnI (high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I) was 7.12 ([95% CI, 4.60-11.03] P<0.001), (NT-pro)BNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide or brain natriuretic peptide) was 5.11 ([95% CI, 3.50-7.47] P<0.001), CK (creatine phosphokinase)-MB was 4.86 ([95% CI, 3.33-7.09] P<0.001), MYO (myoglobin) was 4.50 ([95% CI, 3.18-6.36] P<0.001), and CK was 3.56 ([95% CI, 2.53-5.02] P<0.001). The cutoffs of those cardiac biomarkers for effective prognosis of 28-day mortality of COVID-19 were found to be much lower than for regular heart disease at about 19%-50% of the currently recommended thresholds. Patients with elevated cardiac injury markers above the newly established cutoffs were associated with significantly increased risk of COVID-19 death. In conclusion, cardiac biomarker elevations are significantly associated with 28-day death in patients with COVID-19. The prognostic cutoff values of these biomarkers might be much lower than the current reference standards. These findings can assist in better management of COVID-19 patients to improve outcomes. Importantly, the newly established cutoff levels of COVID-19-associated cardiac biomarkers may serve as useful criteria for the future prospective studies and clinical trials.


Genetic Variant Effects On Gene Expression In Human Pancreatic Islets And Their Implications For T2d., Ana Viñuela, Arushi Varshney, Martijn Van De Bunt, Rashmi B Prasad, Olof Asplund, Amanda Bennett, Michael Boehnke, Andrew A Brown, Michael R Erdos, João Fadista, Ola Hansson, Gad Hatem, Cédric Howald, Apoorva K Iyengar, Paul Johnson, Ulrika Krus, Patrick E Macdonald, Anubha Mahajan, Jocelyn E Manning Fox, Narisu Narisu, Vibe Nylander, Peter Orchard, Nikolay Oskolkov, Nikolaos I Panousis, Anthony Payne, Michael L. Stitzel, Swarooparani Vadlamudi, Ryan Welch, Francis S Collins, Karen L Mohlke, Anna L Gloyn, Laura J Scott, Emmanouil T Dermitzakis, Leif Groop, Stephen C J Parker, Mark I Mccarthy Sep 2020

Genetic Variant Effects On Gene Expression In Human Pancreatic Islets And Their Implications For T2d., Ana Viñuela, Arushi Varshney, Martijn Van De Bunt, Rashmi B Prasad, Olof Asplund, Amanda Bennett, Michael Boehnke, Andrew A Brown, Michael R Erdos, João Fadista, Ola Hansson, Gad Hatem, Cédric Howald, Apoorva K Iyengar, Paul Johnson, Ulrika Krus, Patrick E Macdonald, Anubha Mahajan, Jocelyn E Manning Fox, Narisu Narisu, Vibe Nylander, Peter Orchard, Nikolay Oskolkov, Nikolaos I Panousis, Anthony Payne, Michael L. Stitzel, Swarooparani Vadlamudi, Ryan Welch, Francis S Collins, Karen L Mohlke, Anna L Gloyn, Laura J Scott, Emmanouil T Dermitzakis, Leif Groop, Stephen C J Parker, Mark I Mccarthy

Faculty Research 2020

Most signals detected by genome-wide association studies map to non-coding sequence and their tissue-specific effects influence transcriptional regulation. However, key tissues and cell-types required for functional inference are absent from large-scale resources. Here we explore the relationship between genetic variants influencing predisposition to type 2 diabetes (T2D) and related glycemic traits, and human pancreatic islet transcription using data from 420 donors. We find: (a) 7741 cis-eQTLs in islets with a replication rate across 44 GTEx tissues between 40% and 73%; (b) marked overlap between islet cis-eQTL signals and active regulatory sequences in islets, with reduced eQTL effect size observed in ...


Consensual Sexting Among College Students: The Interplay Of Coercion And Intimate Partner Aggression In Perceived Consequences Of Sexting., Tara L Cornelius, Kathryn M Bell, Tylor Kistler, Michelle Drouin Sep 2020

Consensual Sexting Among College Students: The Interplay Of Coercion And Intimate Partner Aggression In Perceived Consequences Of Sexting., Tara L Cornelius, Kathryn M Bell, Tylor Kistler, Michelle Drouin

Health Services and Informatics Research

Recent empirical data suggests that the majority of adolescents and emerging adults utilize digital technology to engage with texting and social media on a daily basis, with many using these mediums to engage in sexting (sending sexual texts, pictures, or videos via digital mediums). While research in the last decade has disproportionately focused on the potential risk factors and negative consequences associated with sexting, the data are limited by failing to differentiate consensual from non-consensual sexting and account for potential influences of intimate partner aggression (IPA) and sexting coercion in these contexts. In the current study, we assessed the positive ...


Aluminum Reproductive Toxicity: A Summary And Interpretation Of Scientific Reports, Robert A. Yokel Sep 2020

Aluminum Reproductive Toxicity: A Summary And Interpretation Of Scientific Reports, Robert A. Yokel

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Publications addressing aluminum (Al)-induced reproductive toxicity were reviewed. Key details were compiled in summary tables. Approximate systemic Al exposure, a measure of bioavailability, was calculated for each exposure, based on the Al percentage in the dosed Al species, Al bioavailability, and absorption time course reports for the exposure route. This was limited to laboratory animal studies because no controlled-exposure human studies were found. Intended Al exposure was compared to unintended dietary Al exposure. The considerable and variable Al content of laboratory animal diets creates uncertainty about reproductive function in the absence of Al. Aluminum-induced reproductive toxicity in female mice ...


Efficacy Of Hydroxychloroquine And Tocilizumab In Patients With Covid-19: Single-Center Retrospective Chart Review., Sohaib Roomi, Waqas Ullah, Faizan Ahmed, Soban Farooq, Usama Sadiq, Asad Chohan, Munnam Jafar, Maryum Saddique, Shristi Khanal, Robert Watson, Margot Boigon Sep 2020

Efficacy Of Hydroxychloroquine And Tocilizumab In Patients With Covid-19: Single-Center Retrospective Chart Review., Sohaib Roomi, Waqas Ullah, Faizan Ahmed, Soban Farooq, Usama Sadiq, Asad Chohan, Munnam Jafar, Maryum Saddique, Shristi Khanal, Robert Watson, Margot Boigon

Abington Jefferson Health Papers

BACKGROUND: During the initial phases of the COVID-19 pandemic, there was an unfounded fervor surrounding the use of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and tocilizumab (TCZ); however, evidence on their efficacy and safety have been controversial.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the overall clinical effectiveness of HCQ and TCZ in patients with COVID-19. We hypothesize that HCQ and TCZ use in these patients will be associated with a reduction in in-hospital mortality, upgrade to intensive medical care, invasive mechanical ventilation, or acute renal failure needing dialysis.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed to determine the impact of HCQ ...