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Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

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2010

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Articles 1 - 30 of 6924

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Health-Related Quality Of Life And Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In North Carolina, David Brown, Roy Pleasants, Jill Ohar, Monica Kraft, James Donohue, David Mannino, Winston Liao, Harry Herric Dec 2015

Health-Related Quality Of Life And Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In North Carolina, David Brown, Roy Pleasants, Jill Ohar, Monica Kraft, James Donohue, David Mannino, Winston Liao, Harry Herric

David C. Brown

Background:

Comparisons of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and adults in the general population are not well described.

Aims:

To examine associations between COPD and four measures of HRQOL in a population-based sample.

Patients & Methods:

These relationships were examined using data from 13,887 adults aged >18 years who participated in the 2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) conducted in North Carolina (NC). Logistic regression was used to obtain adjusted relative odds (aOR).

Results:

The age-adjusted prevalence of COPD among NC adults was 5.4% (standard error 0.27). Nearly half of adults with COPD reported fair/poor health compared with 15% of those without the condition (age-aOR, 5.5; 95% confidence interval [ CI] , 4.4 to 6.8). On average, adults with COPD reported twice as many unhealthy days (physical/mental) as those without the condition. The age-adjusted prevalence of >14 unhealthy days during the prior 30 days was 45% for adults with COPD and 17% for those without. The aOR of >14 unhealthy days was 1 ...


Chapter 5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd), David Mannino, Janet Croft, David Brown Dec 2015

Chapter 5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd), David Mannino, Janet Croft, David Brown

David C. Brown

No abstract provided.


In Vitro Haematopoiesis Of A Novel Dendritic-Like Cell Present In Murine Spleen, Jonathan Tan, Helen O'Neill Oct 2015

In Vitro Haematopoiesis Of A Novel Dendritic-Like Cell Present In Murine Spleen, Jonathan Tan, Helen O'Neill

Jonathan Tan

Abstract: Dendritic cells (DC) are important antigen presenting cells (APC) which induce and control the adaptive immune response. In spleen alone, multiple DC subsets can be distinguished by cell surface marker phenotype. Most of these have been shown to develop from progenitors in bone marrow and to seed lymphoid and tissue sites during development. This study advances in vitro methodology for haematopoiesis of dendritic-like cells from progenitors in spleen. Since spleen progenitors undergo differentiation in vitro to produce these cells, the possibility exists that spleen represents a specific niche for differentiation of this subset. The fact that an equivalent cell ...


Haematopoietic Stem Cells In Spleen Have Distinct Differentiative Potential For Antigen Presenting Cells., Jonathan Tan, Helen O'Neill Sep 2015

Haematopoietic Stem Cells In Spleen Have Distinct Differentiative Potential For Antigen Presenting Cells., Jonathan Tan, Helen O'Neill

Jonathan Tan

Dendritic cells (DC) are known to develop from macrophage dendritic progenitors (MDP) in bone marrow (BM), which give rise to conventional (c)DC and monocytes, both dominant antigen presenting cell (APC) subsets in spleen. This laboratory has however defined a distinct dendritic-like cell subset in spleen (L-DC), which can also be derived in long-term cultures of spleen. In line with the restricted in vitro development of only L-DC in these stromal cultures, we questioned whether self-renewing HSC or progenitors exist in spleen with restricted differentiative capacity for only L-DC. Neonatal spleen and BM were compared for their ability to reconstitute ...


For Faculty, By Faculty: A Case Study Of Learning To Teach Online, Trena Paulus, Carole Myers, Sandra Mixer, Tami Wyatt, Debra Lee, Jan Lee Jul 2015

For Faculty, By Faculty: A Case Study Of Learning To Teach Online, Trena Paulus, Carole Myers, Sandra Mixer, Tami Wyatt, Debra Lee, Jan Lee

Tami H Wyatt

The shortage of nursing faculty and the need for MSN-prepared faculty to have access to doctoral education and remain in their teaching roles has resulted in a growing number of nurse education programs moving online. A better understanding of how best to support faculty during this transition is needed. This case study describes the experiences of faculty at one institution as they participated in a grassroots effort to learn about online teaching. Six themes related to the faculty development experience were identified: 1) plugging in; 2) peer sharing, modeling and community building; 3) multidimensional learning; 4) role-shifting and meta-learning; 5 ...


For Faculty, By Faculty: A Case Study Of Learning To Teach Online, Trena Paulus, Carole Myers, Sandra Mixer, Tami Wyatt, Debra Lee, Jan Lee Jul 2015

For Faculty, By Faculty: A Case Study Of Learning To Teach Online, Trena Paulus, Carole Myers, Sandra Mixer, Tami Wyatt, Debra Lee, Jan Lee

Tami H Wyatt

The shortage of nursing faculty and the need for MSN-prepared faculty to have access to doctoral education and remain in their teaching roles has resulted in a growing number of nurse education programs moving online. A better understanding of how best to support faculty during this transition is needed. This case study describes the experiences of faculty at one institution as they participated in a grassroots effort to learn about online teaching. Six themes related to the faculty development experience were identified: 1) plugging in; 2) peer sharing, modeling and community building; 3) multidimensional learning; 4) role-shifting and meta-learning; 5 ...


Tear Volume, Turnover Rate, And Flow Rate In Ophthalmologically Normal Horses, Thomas Chen, Daniel Ward Apr 2015

Tear Volume, Turnover Rate, And Flow Rate In Ophthalmologically Normal Horses, Thomas Chen, Daniel Ward

Thomas Chen DVM, DACVO

No abstract provided.


Occupational Science: A Data-Based American Perspective, Doris Pierce, Karen Atler, Julie Baltisberger, Elaine Fehringer, Elizabeth Hunter, Somaya Malkawi, Twilia Parr Feb 2015

Occupational Science: A Data-Based American Perspective, Doris Pierce, Karen Atler, Julie Baltisberger, Elaine Fehringer, Elizabeth Hunter, Somaya Malkawi, Twilia Parr

Julie A. Baltisberger

The purpose of this research was to provide a data-based picture of the discipline of occupational science by identifying patterns of research in the first 5 years of presentations at the Society for the Study of Occupation: USA (SSO:USA). A grounded theory approach was used to examine 184 peer-reviewed presentation abstracts, from 2002 to 2006. Among the 108 data-based presentations, adults were the most studied group, with 46% of the data-based abstracts focused on participants with a disability or clear disadvantage. Presenters’ research foci related to 4 themes: the personal experience of occupation, the context surrounding or impacting occupation ...


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder In Refugee Communities: The Importance Of Culturally Sensitive Screening, Diagnosis, And Treatment, Theodore Mcdonald, Jaime Sand Dec 2014

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder In Refugee Communities: The Importance Of Culturally Sensitive Screening, Diagnosis, And Treatment, Theodore Mcdonald, Jaime Sand

Tedd McDonald

In the past several decades, millions of refugees fleeing conflicts across the globe have been resettled in other countries, including industrialized Western nations such as the United States, Canada, Australia, and Sweden. Many of these refugees have been exposed to severe— and often repeated—trauma in conflict zones, including combat, torture, sexual violence, and destruction of property. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), perhaps not surprisingly, seems to be a particularly prevalent condition among these refugees. This book discusses how PTSD manifests itself, sometimes differentially, in refugees, and the best practices on how to screen for and diagnose it, as well as ...


(Invited) Instructor For Ce Class, “Nlm Pubmed/Medline Basics: Locating Hidden Treasures In Radiology”, Marilia Antunez Dec 2014

(Invited) Instructor For Ce Class, “Nlm Pubmed/Medline Basics: Locating Hidden Treasures In Radiology”, Marilia Antunez

Marilia Y. Antunez, MLS, MA

Also provided research assistance to radiologists attending the 2007, 2009, and 2010 RSNA Annual Conferences in English and Spanish.


Uterine Lesions In 32 Female Miniature Pet Pigs, Marcia Ilha, Shelley Newman, Sarel Van Amstel, Kellie Fecteau, Barton Rohrbach Jun 2014

Uterine Lesions In 32 Female Miniature Pet Pigs, Marcia Ilha, Shelley Newman, Sarel Van Amstel, Kellie Fecteau, Barton Rohrbach

Kellie Fecteau

Thirty-two 4-month-old to 19-year-old female miniature pet pigs were spayed. Uterine lesions were present in all except 8 pigs. The 24 remaining pigs had diffuse cystic endometrial hyperplasia, of which 14 had smooth muscle tumors, including leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas, in the uterus or broad ligament. Nodular endometrial lesions—including adenocarcinomas, adenomas, and/or adenomyosis—were present in 10 pigs, 3 of which had concurrent smooth muscle tumors. Pyometra was present in 3 pigs. In uterine sections with cystic endometrial hyperplasia, adenomyosis, or adenomas, approximately 70% of epithelial nuclei expressed estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor immunohistochemically; in adenocarcinomas, expression was 20 ...


Tips To Conducting A Systematic Review, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Apr 2014

Tips To Conducting A Systematic Review, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

Systematic reviews are rigorous reviews of the literature, providing a critical appraisal of individual studies to identify valid and applicable evidence. Although most systematic reviews are based on an explicit quantitative meta-analysis of available data, there are qualitative systematic reviews as well. As you move through the clinical research literature for methods and protocols, you should consider looking for systematic reviews.


Citation Searching In Web Of Science, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Apr 2014

Citation Searching In Web Of Science, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

Let’s say that you have found one article that really addresses your topic. Maybe the author examined a different population than the one you examined and has drawn similar conclusions. Perhaps the author has drawn completely opposite conclusions from yours, using similarly sound data. The logical thing to do is to look at the sources the author used – that is a backward citation, and then to look at those articles that cite the author’s work – that is the forward citation.


A Transdisciplinary Approach To Searching, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Apr 2014

A Transdisciplinary Approach To Searching, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

This video addresses research techniques to follow when a topic crosses traditional borders of disciplines, also known as transdisciplinary research. Transdisciplinary research is a team-based approach greatly increases the chances of the translation of research into practice as knowledge is generated into action. Transdisciplinarity provides an integration of perspectives in the identification, formulation, and resolution of what needs to become a shared problem.


Finding Assessment, Tests, & Measures, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Apr 2014

Finding Assessment, Tests, & Measures, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

Finding tests and measures can be difficult, especially in today's hybrid environments. This tutorial will provide a look at excellent resources to locate a specific test or measure, as well as provide a brief overview or how to evaluatea test or measure.


Comparison Of Chemistry Analytes Between Two Portable, Commercially-Available Analyzers And A Conventional Laboratory Analyzer In Reptiles, Sl Mccain, Bente Flatland, Juergen Schumacher, E Clarke, Michael Fry Mar 2014

Comparison Of Chemistry Analytes Between Two Portable, Commercially-Available Analyzers And A Conventional Laboratory Analyzer In Reptiles, Sl Mccain, Bente Flatland, Juergen Schumacher, E Clarke, Michael Fry

Bente Flatland

No abstract provided.


Performing Legal Research, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Mar 2014

Performing Legal Research, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

Over the past 50 years there have been substantial changes in mental health legislation. Mental health legislation is no longer a simple matter. It requires reading and understanding, not only the basic legal statutes, but also their interpretation by legal professionals and researchers. It is critical to understand how law and legal information is organized. Just as you have to learn more specialized vocabulary as you advance through a graduate program, so must you learn a new vocabulary to work effectively with legal resources.


Finding Empirical & Clinical Research, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Mar 2014

Finding Empirical & Clinical Research, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

Into the life of every researcher falls the search for empirical studies. In this video, we provide a framework for understanding how empirical (clinical) research is defined and describe search strategies for searching for empirical studies in PsycINFO and PubMed.


Keeping Current: Using Automated Search And Retrieve Functions, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Mar 2014

Keeping Current: Using Automated Search And Retrieve Functions, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

Let’s say you have been working along on your literature review, finding articles that pertain to your research interests. Wouldn’t it be wonderful to be able to save your search and run it periodically, just to catch the latest articles as they come off the press? You can! You can also set up an alert to your email that shows you the table of contents when a new issue of a favorite journal is issued.


Understanding Epidemiology Of Disorders, Ardis Hansonuniversity Of South Florida, Claudia Dold Mar 2014

Understanding Epidemiology Of Disorders, Ardis Hansonuniversity Of South Florida, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

The underlying premise of epidemiology is that disease does not occur at random, but rather in patterns that reflect the operation of underlying factors. Epidemiologic methods determine the extent of disease in the community, help to examine the natural history and prognosis of disease, assist in identifying associations and potential etiology, that is, causes, of a disease and risk factors for disease, aid in the evaluation of new preventive and therapeutic measures and new modes of health care delivery, and help provide a foundation for developing public health policy and regulatory decisions relating to environmental problems. This video reviews terms ...


The Irb As A Dynamic Process, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Mar 2014

The Irb As A Dynamic Process, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

The IRB is a dynamic process in that information is shared throughout the IRB to ensure that everyone in the organization is focused on the highest standards for the ethical conduct of research for which you, as PI, are responsible. Not only is the IRB is there to help you, it is a good team to have on your side!


Steps To Completing Your Thesis, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Mar 2014

Steps To Completing Your Thesis, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

This is a no-nonsense review of the steps required to complete a thesis.


Using Citation Management Software, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Mar 2014

Using Citation Management Software, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

Citation management software (CMS) is software that allows you to create bibliographic records of the materials you have collected to write a thesis or manuscript. There are several reasons to use a CMS. First, you have a record of the materials you have already read. Second, you have a correct and full citation of the item, which will benefit you when you need to create your references list. Third, since most CMSs are integrated with word processing software, you can automatically produce a reference list in the appropriate citation style as you write your article. This reduces the risk that ...


Quick Guide To Apa Style 6th Edition, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Mar 2014

Quick Guide To Apa Style 6th Edition, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

Citations in academic papers are a critical source of information for researchers. Each type of information, ranging from journal articles to book chapters to websites to legal materials, has specific information that is necessary for the reader of the article to find the author’s supporting documentation, i.e., the item being referenced. If you write research papers, understanding the elements of a particular citation style can make your life much easier. The citation style most commonly used is that of American Psychological Association (APA). In this video, we provide a quick overview of the elements of a citation, focusing ...


Creating An Annotated Bibliography, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Mar 2014

Creating An Annotated Bibliography, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

In this video, we explain what an annotated bibliography is, how one is constructed, and why you might find one useful. We also talk about how to select appropriate materials and provide writing tips.


Creating A Research Agenda, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold Mar 2014

Creating A Research Agenda, Ardis Hanson, Claudia Dold

Claudia J. Dold

This video is an overview on beginning a research agenda. Using a toolbox approach, it addresses in step-by-step fashion, basic questions to guide decision making when selecting an area for research. After choosing an area, we discuss setting timelines and activities to benchmark your progress and to prepare a portfolio of your work to document your accomplishments.


Instructional Design Portfolio: A Faculty Development Program For Nurse Educators Learning To Teach Online, Debra Lee, Trena Paulus, Iryna Loboda, Gina Phipps, Tami Wyatt, Carole Myers, Sandra Mixer Jul 2013

Instructional Design Portfolio: A Faculty Development Program For Nurse Educators Learning To Teach Online, Debra Lee, Trena Paulus, Iryna Loboda, Gina Phipps, Tami Wyatt, Carole Myers, Sandra Mixer

Tami H Wyatt

As the College of Nursing at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville prepared to move their graduate programs online, a nursing faculty grass-roots movement led to the implementation of a faculty development program. This instructional design portfolio describes the design, development, implementation, and evaluation of this program, with the goal of identifying best practices in the design of programs for learning to teach online. These include understanding the importance of just-in-time learning, developing the ability to meet diverse needs, defining workshop expectations and workload requirements, increased integration of technology and pedagogy training, and the importance of modeling.


Uterine Lesions In 32 Female Miniature Pet Pigs, Marcia Ilha, Shelley Newman, Sarel Van Amstel, Kellie Fecteau, Barton Rohrbach Jun 2013

Uterine Lesions In 32 Female Miniature Pet Pigs, Marcia Ilha, Shelley Newman, Sarel Van Amstel, Kellie Fecteau, Barton Rohrbach

Shelley Newman

Thirty-two 4-month-old to 19-year-old female miniature pet pigs were spayed. Uterine lesions were present in all except 8 pigs. The 24 remaining pigs had diffuse cystic endometrial hyperplasia, of which 14 had smooth muscle tumors, including leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas, in the uterus or broad ligament. Nodular endometrial lesions—including adenocarcinomas, adenomas, and/or adenomyosis—were present in 10 pigs, 3 of which had concurrent smooth muscle tumors. Pyometra was present in 3 pigs. In uterine sections with cystic endometrial hyperplasia, adenomyosis, or adenomas, approximately 70% of epithelial nuclei expressed estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor immunohistochemically; in adenocarcinomas, expression was 20 ...


Effect Of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy On Elbow Osteoarthritis In Dogs, Darryl Millis, Marti Drum, D Whitlock May 2013

Effect Of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy On Elbow Osteoarthritis In Dogs, Darryl Millis, Marti Drum, D Whitlock

Darryl L. Millis

No abstract provided.


Mri Of Brain Disease In Veterinary Patients Part 2: Acquired Brain Disorders, Silke Hecht, William Adams Feb 2013

Mri Of Brain Disease In Veterinary Patients Part 2: Acquired Brain Disorders, Silke Hecht, William Adams

William H Adams, DVM, DACVR

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has revolutionized brain imaging in veterinary medicine, making possible improved characterization of intracranial pathologic processes. This article focuses on MRI features of acquired brain disorders, including infectious inflammatory, noninfectious inflammatory, cerebrovascular, metabolic, nutritional, toxic, degenerative, traumatic, and neoplastic causes. Congenital intracranial disorders are covered in a companion article.