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Articles 1 - 30 of 1021

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

An Examination Of The Association Between State Medicaid Perinatal Services And Birth Outcomes, Joy Morgan Myers May 2020

An Examination Of The Association Between State Medicaid Perinatal Services And Birth Outcomes, Joy Morgan Myers

Honors Theses

This thesis investigated the connection between socioeconomic status, healthcare coverage, and birth outcomes. The research question that was posed specifically looked at twenty perinatal services that states covered under Medicaid to varying degrees to see their association, if any, with premature birth rates and low birthweight rates. State-level and Mississippi county-level data were compiled regarding preterm birth rates, low birthweight rates, presumptive eligibility adoption, and coverage of twenty different perinatal services. Using these data, the correlation between state Medicaid expansion status and birth outcomes was first calculated in order to determine if variation in birth outcomes was associated with expanded ...


Socioeconomic Status And Symptoms Of Anxiety And Depression In Pregnant Women, Meagan Mandabach May 2020

Socioeconomic Status And Symptoms Of Anxiety And Depression In Pregnant Women, Meagan Mandabach

Honors Theses

Pregnancy is a period of great change in a woman’s body as her baby develops. During this period, women commonly experience symptoms of anxiety (Dennis et al., 2017) and depression (Shidhaye & Giri, 2014). Literature has suggested that socioeconomic status (SES) can contribute to the severity at which pregnant women experience anxiety and depression (Arora & Aeri, 2019; Field et al., 2008; Shagufta & Shams, 2019), and women of low socioeconomic status may be more likely to experience symptoms of anxiety and depression during pregnancy (Field et al., 2008). The present study aimed to assess the relationships between household income and experience of anxiety and depression symptoms, in pregnant women in Mississippi. Specifically, it was hypothesized that lower SES would be associated with increased experience of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Participants included 557 pregnant women (77.4% white; Mage = 28.42) recruited at an OBGYN clinic in north Mississippi. Demographics questionnaire and several self-report measures including the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS; Cox, Holden, Sagovsky, 1987) were completed. Results demonstrated that symptoms of anxiety measured by the DASS-21 were significantly higher in pregnant women earning less than $10,000 per year than all other income brackets (with the exception ...


Successful Non-Surgical Management Of Acute, Uncomplicated Appendicitis In Pregnancy: A Case Report, Avanthi Ajjarapu, Nina N. Moreira May 2020

Successful Non-Surgical Management Of Acute, Uncomplicated Appendicitis In Pregnancy: A Case Report, Avanthi Ajjarapu, Nina N. Moreira

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Acute appendicitis during pregnancy is one of the most common non-obstetric indications for surgery during pregnancy. Prompt surgical intervention for appendicitis is considered the standard of care. However, data on the utility of surgical management of uncomplicated cases of appendicitis is inconclusive and effectiveness of non-surgical management is currently understudied. We present a case that provides evidence for successful, antibiotic management of uncomplicated appendicitis as a means to reduce the burden of surgical complications on the pregnant population. This article also offers a critical analysis of current standard of care and assesses feasibility of nonsurgical management of acute, uncomplicated appendicitis ...


A Case Of Rheumatic Heart Disease Diagnosed In The Third Trimester, Amanda Manorot, Nina N. Moreira May 2020

A Case Of Rheumatic Heart Disease Diagnosed In The Third Trimester, Amanda Manorot, Nina N. Moreira

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Migration from areas with a high incidence of rheumatic heart disease has led to an increase in pregnancy complicated by rheumatic heart disease in high-income countries. We present a case of rheumatic heart disease diagnosed in a 33-year-old G2P0010 French-speaking Congolese woman at 32 weeks gestation. She was initially hospitalized with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis at 24 weeks gestation and established care in our clinic. Mitral valve stenosis was identified at 32 weeks gestation after she presented with severe edema and was hospitalized for acute on chronic heart failure complicated by urosepsis and cellulitis. She was managed in the ...


Investigation Of The Relationship Between Gestational Week And Sexuality, Yusuf Seyhan, Özer Birge, Aliye Nigar Serin, İlkan Kayar May 2020

Investigation Of The Relationship Between Gestational Week And Sexuality, Yusuf Seyhan, Özer Birge, Aliye Nigar Serin, İlkan Kayar

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Background: The aim of the study was to twofold: to provide sociological data comparing sexuality both before and during pregnancy for women in developing countries as well as to look for differences in correlation between elements of sexuality and gestational age. Its intention is to help improve communication between physicians and patients in and from countries where social mores and traditions make such conversations difficult and uncommon.

Methods: Participants in the study included 1026 pregnant women at different gestational ages that presented to an Antenatal Outpatient Clinic in Istanbul, Turkey between April 2017 and November 2017. The participants were given ...


Herpes Zoster In Pregnancy, Kimberly Svidal Rn May 2020

Herpes Zoster In Pregnancy, Kimberly Svidal Rn

Nursing Capstones

No abstract provided.


Reflection And Literature Review On Loving Choices Pregnancy Center Internship, Madison Stave May 2020

Reflection And Literature Review On Loving Choices Pregnancy Center Internship, Madison Stave

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

This honors thesis involves a personal reflection and literature review of a nurse internship at Loving Choices Pregnancy Center in Fayetteville, AR. The purpose of this internship was to provide a learning experience in women’s and obstetrical health. Responsibilities included completing community resource projects and assisting staff and nurses in the Care Center and Pregnancy Clinic. To satisfy honors requirements, five learning objectives were created during the internship. These objectives were all met and reflected upon in the first part of this thesis. The second portion of this thesis involves a literature review of the socioeconomic and health-related risks ...


A Retrospective Study Of Acute Post-Operative Pain Following Cesarean Section In Patients On Opioid Agonist Pharmacotherapy, Johanna Cobb, Elizabeth Snow, Heather Turcotte, Aurora Quaye, Wendy Craig, Robert Warters Apr 2020

A Retrospective Study Of Acute Post-Operative Pain Following Cesarean Section In Patients On Opioid Agonist Pharmacotherapy, Johanna Cobb, Elizabeth Snow, Heather Turcotte, Aurora Quaye, Wendy Craig, Robert Warters

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Background: Opioid agonist pharmacotherapy, most commonly methadone or buprenorphine, is strongly recommended for patients with opioid use disorder during pregnancy and peripartum to reduce the risk of relapse and obstetric complications. Patients on opioid agonist pharmacotherapy can have difficulty achieving adequate pain relief following cesarean section and often require higher doses of opioids; however small retrospective studies have been conflicting.

Methods: We generated a comprehensive dataset of all patients who underwent cesarean section at our institution between January 2016 and December 2018. We compared 24 hour postoperative opioid consumption for patients receiving methadone or buprenorphine at the time of surgery ...


First Trimester Prenatal Screening: Parent Education, Madison Vandiver Apr 2020

First Trimester Prenatal Screening: Parent Education, Madison Vandiver

Honors College Theses

The healthcare field is constantly evolving, and consequently the ways that medical procedures are done is always changing. Advancements in medicine have made it possible to screen for chromosomal abnormalities earlier and for the screening to be done more accurately than ever before. This is accomplished through a first trimester screening performed between 11- 13 weeks gestation of the pregnancy. With this screening becoming more integrated into routine prenatal care and being offered to various women with a range of risk factors, it is important to offer many educational opportunities about the screening procedure. Provision of education to patients interested ...


Dancing During Labor: Social Media Trend Or Future Practice?, Caroline P. Toberna, Drew Horter, Kayla Heslin, Marie M. Forgie, Emily Malloy, Jessica J. F. Kram Apr 2020

Dancing During Labor: Social Media Trend Or Future Practice?, Caroline P. Toberna, Drew Horter, Kayla Heslin, Marie M. Forgie, Emily Malloy, Jessica J. F. Kram

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Over the past 30 years, medical interventions in pregnancy and childbirth have increased. Some pregnant women seek less invasive and nonpharmacological options to manage discomforts during labor. While exercise during pregnancy is recommended, less is known about exercise, specifically dancing, during labor. While anecdotal evidence is supportive, little is known about the implications of exercise and dance during the first stage of labor for pain reduction and labor progression. Some movements common in dance, such as expanding hip circles that loosen and relax muscles of the pelvic floor, may be beneficial to women during labor. Available evidence suggests that dancing ...


“Save My Baby”: The Lived Experience Of Hospitalized Pregnant Women With A Threat Of Preterm Birth, Dua' Yousef Al-Maharma, Inaam A. Khalaf, Fathieh Abu-Moghli, Sajeda Alhamory Apr 2020

“Save My Baby”: The Lived Experience Of Hospitalized Pregnant Women With A Threat Of Preterm Birth, Dua' Yousef Al-Maharma, Inaam A. Khalaf, Fathieh Abu-Moghli, Sajeda Alhamory

The Qualitative Report

Activity restriction in hospital to prevent preterm birth (PTB) is widely used as the first step of treatment. It is associated with adverse physiological and psychological effects on maternal and fetal health that might persist years after birth. A sample of 10 pregnant women who were hospitalized for being at risk for PTB were purposively recruited to describe their lived experience via semi-structured in-depth interview. Five themes were identified, the maternal role establishment and suspending responsibilities, the women's perception of fear of uncertainty and finding support, dissatisfaction of care, the change of routine life and family relationships, and the ...


High-Risk Pregnant Patients In The Third Trimester: Comparing Mental And Physical Health, Megan Maxwell Apr 2020

High-Risk Pregnant Patients In The Third Trimester: Comparing Mental And Physical Health, Megan Maxwell

MSN Capstone Projects

The purpose of the paper is to compare physical and mental health in high-risk pregnant patients in their third trimester who are managed in an inpatient setting compared to an outpatient setting. This paper looks at specific high-risk pregnancy diagnoses.


The Availability Of Social Support Or Services For Mothers Following Birth, Kayenat Jehanzeb Apr 2020

The Availability Of Social Support Or Services For Mothers Following Birth, Kayenat Jehanzeb

Honours Bachelor of Early Childhood Leadership (HBECL) Capstone Research Posters

The purpose of this study was to inquire about a mother's perspective on their experiences regarding the availability of social support or services received shortly after delivering their child. Instant changes in mood swings, loss of sleep, burdensome feelings and foremost the occurrence of depressive symptoms are some of the challenges a mother faces in the postpartum period. Using a qualitative research method, the principal investigator interviewed five mothers in the Region of Peel that had given birth in the past year to gain an understanding of their recent experiences. One-on-one interviews were carried out so that mothers could ...


Consciousness Level Determination Of Red Meat Consumption Of Pregnant Women, Giresun/Turkey Province, Duygu Balpetek Külcü, Özge Cağcağ Yolcu Apr 2020

Consciousness Level Determination Of Red Meat Consumption Of Pregnant Women, Giresun/Turkey Province, Duygu Balpetek Külcü, Özge Cağcağ Yolcu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

In this study, meat consumption and the nutritional status of pregnant women living in Giresun province of Turkey were investigated. The study was carried out at Giresun University, the Maternity and Pediatrics Training and Research Hospital between February-March 2019. The study group consisted of 218 pregnant women aged 18 to 49 years, who benefited from polyclinic services and agreed to participate in the survey. A questionnaire consisting of 12 questions was used, and the findings were evaluated using SPSS to generate descriptive statistics and t-tests or ANOVAs. The majority of participants stated that red meat is beneficial during pregnancy (71 ...


Relation Of Flt-1 And Endothelial Function In Women Soon After Delivery: Effect Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Chloe W. Caudell Apr 2020

Relation Of Flt-1 And Endothelial Function In Women Soon After Delivery: Effect Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Chloe W. Caudell

Senior Theses

Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) are believed to be caused by poor placental formation. APOs can be characterized by elevated levels of a circulating Fms-like tyrosine kinase biomarker called Flt-1, produced by the placenta when its blood vessels are shallow or inadequately formed. Flt-1 acts directly on the maternal endothelium to impair vascular function during pregnancy and contributes to maternal features of APOs. This study aimed to evaluate the relation of Flt-1 and endothelial function in women soon after delivery. This study also aimed to evaluate the relation of Flt-1 and physical activity and sedentary behavior in women during and soon ...


Medicaid Home Visitation And Maternal And Infant Care And Health: A Reassessment Of Program Effectiveness, Cristian Meghea, Zhiying You, Jennifer E. Raffo, Lee Anne Roman Feb 2020

Medicaid Home Visitation And Maternal And Infant Care And Health: A Reassessment Of Program Effectiveness, Cristian Meghea, Zhiying You, Jennifer E. Raffo, Lee Anne Roman

Michigan Journal of Public Health

Introduction: The Maternal Infant Health Program, MIHP, is Michigan's largest home visiting program for Medicaid-eligible pregnant women and infants. Prior quasi-experimental propensity score matched MIHP evaluations were limited by the possibility of selection bias due to the limited available baseline characteristics. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of MIHP including previously unobserved baseline characteristics to mitigate the possibility of selection bias.

Methods: We analyzed health care and outcomes of mothers and their infants using linked administrative and screening data. All Medicaid pregnant women with a singleton birth in Michigan between 2009 and 2012 who were ...


Robotic Adrenalectomy For Functional Adenoma In Second Trimester Treats Worsening Hypertension, Courtney Capella, Bs, Joseph Godovchik, Bs, May Jean Counsilman, Md, Thenappan Chandrasekar, Md, Costas D. Lallas, Md, Huda B. Al-Kouatly, Md Feb 2020

Robotic Adrenalectomy For Functional Adenoma In Second Trimester Treats Worsening Hypertension, Courtney Capella, Bs, Joseph Godovchik, Bs, May Jean Counsilman, Md, Thenappan Chandrasekar, Md, Costas D. Lallas, Md, Huda B. Al-Kouatly, Md

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Posters

Robotic adrenalectomy is a feasible surgical alternative in the second trimester and can reverse the hypertensive disease and its associated maternal-fetal complications


Treatment And Management Of Depression Symptoms In Pregnant Veterans: Varying Experiences Of Mental Health Care In The Prenatal Period, Aimee Kroll-Desrosiers, Sybil L. Crawford, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Melissa A. Clark, Kristin M. Mattocks Feb 2020

Treatment And Management Of Depression Symptoms In Pregnant Veterans: Varying Experiences Of Mental Health Care In The Prenatal Period, Aimee Kroll-Desrosiers, Sybil L. Crawford, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Melissa A. Clark, Kristin M. Mattocks

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications

Depression screening is recommended for all pregnant veterans; however, little is known on how often symptomatic women receive care, how depression treatment presents in practice, and whether women veterans are utilizing treatment during the appreciable perinatal period. Our sample included 142 pregnant veterans from 15 Veterans Health Administration (VA) medical facilities with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores >/=10. Sociodemographic characteristics, military service, health utilization, and pregnancy related factors were collected as part of a telephone survey. A majority of our sample (70%) had 1 or more mental health visits or antidepressant prescriptions during pregnancy. Women with a history of ...


Preconception Nutrition Intervention Improved Birth Length And Reduced Stunting And Wasting In Newborns In South Asia: The Women First Randomized Controlled Trial., Sangappa M Dhaded, K. Michael Hambidge, Sumera Aziz Ali, Manjunath Somannavar, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Umber Khan, Veena Herekar, Sunil Vernekar, S. Yogesh Kumar, Jamie E. Westcott, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Amaanti Sridhar, Abhik Das, Elizabeth Mcclure, Richard J. Derman, Robert L. Goldenberg, Marion Koso-Thomas, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Nancy F. Krebs Jan 2020

Preconception Nutrition Intervention Improved Birth Length And Reduced Stunting And Wasting In Newborns In South Asia: The Women First Randomized Controlled Trial., Sangappa M Dhaded, K. Michael Hambidge, Sumera Aziz Ali, Manjunath Somannavar, Sarah Saleem, Omrana Pasha, Umber Khan, Veena Herekar, Sunil Vernekar, S. Yogesh Kumar, Jamie E. Westcott, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Amaanti Sridhar, Abhik Das, Elizabeth Mcclure, Richard J. Derman, Robert L. Goldenberg, Marion Koso-Thomas, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Nancy F. Krebs

Global Health Articles

South Asia has >50% of the global burden of low birth weight (LBW). The objective was to determine the extent to which maternal nutrition interventions commenced before conception or in the 1st trimester improved fetal growth in this region. This was a secondary analysis of combined newborn anthropometric data for the South Asian sites (India and Pakistan) in the Women First Preconception Maternal Nutrition Trial. Participants were 972 newborn of mothers who were poor, rural, unselected on basis of nutritional status, and had been randomized to receive a daily lipid-based micronutrient supplement commencing ≥3 months prior to conception (Arm 1 ...


Is Intimate Partner Violence More Common In Pregnant Women With Severe Mental Illness? A Retrospective Study, Liana Suparare, Stuart J. Watson, Ray Binns, Jacqueline Frayne, Megan Galbally Jan 2020

Is Intimate Partner Violence More Common In Pregnant Women With Severe Mental Illness? A Retrospective Study, Liana Suparare, Stuart J. Watson, Ray Binns, Jacqueline Frayne, Megan Galbally

Medical Papers and Journal Articles

Objective: To examine the risk of past and current experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV) in women with severe mental illness (SMI) in pregnancy.

Methods: We examined past and current experiences of IPV in women with SMI in pregnancy. The data of 304 women with SMI including schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders and Bipolar Disorder meeting International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM) criteria were extracted from hospital records at King Edward Memorial Hospital, Western Australia. Comparisons were made between our study data and the Australian population data reported by the Australian Bureau ...


What Contributes To High Adolescent Pregnancy Rates In Ecuador? A Secondary Analysis Of A Qualitative Study, Isabel D. Gollmar, Hartley C. Feld Jan 2020

What Contributes To High Adolescent Pregnancy Rates In Ecuador? A Secondary Analysis Of A Qualitative Study, Isabel D. Gollmar, Hartley C. Feld

Posters-at-the-Capitol Presentations

Introduction: Ecuador has the second highest rates of adolescent pregnancy in South America. Adolescent pregnancy is associated with negative health implications, including miscarriage, neonatal and maternal demise, cephalopelvic disproportion, and illness throughout infancy. Additionally, adolescent pregnancy perpetuates the cycle of poverty and is associated with lower educational attainment and increased reliance on social services.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe experiences that contributed to unintended adolescent pregnancy of Ecuadorian women living in a low-resource community. Specifically, this work aimed to identify barriers to seeking or utilizing birth control in sexually active adolescents. The long-term goal of this ...


Down Regulation With Luteal Gnrh Agonist Therapy In Euploid Embryo Transfers Does Not Impact Pregnancy Rates, Isabelle Levin, Keri Bergin, Md, Dmitry Gounko, Joseph Lee, Alan Copperman, Md Jan 2020

Down Regulation With Luteal Gnrh Agonist Therapy In Euploid Embryo Transfers Does Not Impact Pregnancy Rates, Isabelle Levin, Keri Bergin, Md, Dmitry Gounko, Joseph Lee, Alan Copperman, Md

Phase 1

Introduction : Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists have been used during assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment for pituitary suppression and stimulation. Currently, clinical opinion is divided about whether GnRH agonist therapy improves pregnancy rates when used for luteal down-regulation in a frozen euploid embryo transfer (FET). This study evaluated the clinical utility of GnRH agonist down-regulation in single, euploid FET cycles.

Methods : A retrospective analysis was performed, using data from patients who underwent a single, euploid FET cycle from 2012 to 2019. Patients were segregated into two cohorts: Group A: single, euploid FET with down-regulation using GnRH agonist; Group B: single, euploid ...


A Needs Assessment Of Screening Of Non-Communicable Diseases In Prenatal Care At Chuk And Muhima District Hospital, Vaishali Mehta, Ilana Porges, Kaitlin Demarest, Alex Rugamba, Kelly Kaneza, Magnifique Irakoze, Md Jan 2020

A Needs Assessment Of Screening Of Non-Communicable Diseases In Prenatal Care At Chuk And Muhima District Hospital, Vaishali Mehta, Ilana Porges, Kaitlin Demarest, Alex Rugamba, Kelly Kaneza, Magnifique Irakoze, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: There has been a recent trend of women experiencing delays in management for high-risk pregnancies in Kigali, Rwanda. Physicians at the University Teaching Hospital of Kigali (CHUK) have observed a high incidence of women receiving obstetric care that were not screened appropriately. This points to an inconsistent screening method for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) prior to delivery and lack of streamlined care. The objective of this study is to assess the need for more robust screening of maternal NCDs.

Methods: This study, between June 2018-19, is a needs-assessment for the screening of NCDs among pregnant women (n=255) at CHUK ...


Examining The Associations Between Addiction Severity And Prior Adverse Childhood Experiences In Pregnant Women Receiving Treatment For Opioid Addiction, Julia Gong, Diane Abatemarco, Phd, Msw Jan 2020

Examining The Associations Between Addiction Severity And Prior Adverse Childhood Experiences In Pregnant Women Receiving Treatment For Opioid Addiction, Julia Gong, Diane Abatemarco, Phd, Msw

Phase 1

Introduction: Opioid use during pregnancy poses risk to both the mother and fetus, including fetal loss and pre-term birth. Prior research suggests that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are a plausible antecedent to opioid abuse. However, there is insufficient understanding of the association between prior ACEs, familial history of substance use, and treatment outcomes in pregnant women receiving treatment for opioid addiction.

Methods: A retrospective chart review will be used to review data from 167 MATER patients who entered treatment between 1997 and 2017. Descriptive statistics will be utilized to characterize the study population. Regression and chi-square analyses will be conducted ...


The Utility Of Performing Cervical Length Follow-Up In Lower Risk Singleton, Varsha Kripalu, Rupsa Boelig, Md Jan 2020

The Utility Of Performing Cervical Length Follow-Up In Lower Risk Singleton, Varsha Kripalu, Rupsa Boelig, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Short cervical length (<25 mm) during pregnancy is known to be an increased risk factor for preterm birth (<37 weeks). While interventions exist for women who have had prior preterm births, it is important to investigate the cost effectiveness of screening low risk women with an intermediate cervical length (26-29 mm).

Objective: To quantify the association between change in cervical length on follow up and the incidence of preterm birth in otherwise low risk women with an initial intermediate cervical length.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted, reviewing 108 charts of women who had an initial screening between 26 and 29 mm. Charts were reviewed for whether or not a follow-up ultrasound was recommended, whether or not the follow-up was performed, and the outcome of their deliveries.

Results: 93.5% (N=101) of women were recommended to get a follow-up ultrasound and 84% (N=85) completed ...


Identifying Protective Factors In Response To Discriminatory Experiences Among Pregnant African American Woman, Effie Mathew, Krys Foster, Md Jan 2020

Identifying Protective Factors In Response To Discriminatory Experiences Among Pregnant African American Woman, Effie Mathew, Krys Foster, Md

Phase 1

Adverse maternal-fetal health outcomes, such as low birth weight and preterm delivery, are disproportionately more likely among African-Americans than Non-Hispanic Whites. Experiences of discrimination have been hypothesized as a contributing factor to the large discrepancies in maternal-fetal health outcomes. It is well understood that with increased levels of self-reported discrimination, there are lower ratings of physical and mental health, and higher reporting rates of depressive symptoms; this relationship is stronger in women. In addition to this, skin tone has long been a marker for social class and opportunity, but research on skin tone as a risk factor for African Americans ...


A Needs Assessment Of Screening Of Non-Communicable Diseases In Prenatal Care At Chuk And Muhima District Hospital, Ilana Porges, Vaishali Mehta, Kaitlin Demarest, Alex Rugamba, Kelly Kaneza, Magnifique Irakoze, Md Jan 2020

A Needs Assessment Of Screening Of Non-Communicable Diseases In Prenatal Care At Chuk And Muhima District Hospital, Ilana Porges, Vaishali Mehta, Kaitlin Demarest, Alex Rugamba, Kelly Kaneza, Magnifique Irakoze, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Delays in management of high risk pregnancies can result in significant morbidity for women seeking obstetric care. A trend of high incidence of pregnancy complications has been observed among women with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) receiving care at the University Teaching Hospital of Kigali (CHUK), which may suggest the need for more consistent screening of NCDs among pregnant women, and more streamlined care for those identified to be at highest risk for complications.

Methods: This study utilized a mixed method design to assess the need for screening of NCDs among pregnant women (n=255) who received obstetric care at CHUK ...


The Experience Of Intimate Partner Violence Among Pregnant Women Seeking Treatment For Opioid Use Disorder, Julia Dewey, Diane Abatemarco, Phd, Msw Jan 2020

The Experience Of Intimate Partner Violence Among Pregnant Women Seeking Treatment For Opioid Use Disorder, Julia Dewey, Diane Abatemarco, Phd, Msw

Phase 1

Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major health issue among those with substance use disorder. A history of partner violence is associated with increased health problems and less improvement in treatment. The perinatal period is a time of increased risk of IPV for women, as well as a key opportunity for opioid use disorder treatment intervention. The purpose of this study is to characterize the experience of partner violence and evaluate the typology of sequelae associated with it in a population of pregnant women seeking medication assisted treatment for opioid use disorder.

Methods: The population of interest in this ...


Non-Pharmacological Interventions For Alcohol, Marijuana, And Opioid Use During Pregnancy: A Systematic Review, Hannah Safranek, Madeline Frausto, Amy King, Stoneking Madison Jan 2020

Non-Pharmacological Interventions For Alcohol, Marijuana, And Opioid Use During Pregnancy: A Systematic Review, Hannah Safranek, Madeline Frausto, Amy King, Stoneking Madison

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The purpose of this review is to analyze evidence on prevalence of opioid, alcohol and marijuana use during pregnancy and answer the PICOT question: In pregnant women addicted to or using marijuana, opioids, and alcohol, how do non-pharmacological interventions, compared to standard care of pharmacological interventions alone, affect health outcomes in mothers and neonates between birth to hospital discharge? Diagnosis of substance use disorder is increasing and with it comes increased risk of complications to mother and neonate including neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and other negative neonatal and maternal outcomes. Evidence was identified on the online ...


The Effectiveness Of Exercise In The Prevention Of Gestational Diabetes: A Systematic Review, Gabrielle Freed Spt, Amanda Sheehan Spt, Amy Sokol Spt, Haley Stack Spt Jan 2020

The Effectiveness Of Exercise In The Prevention Of Gestational Diabetes: A Systematic Review, Gabrielle Freed Spt, Amanda Sheehan Spt, Amy Sokol Spt, Haley Stack Spt

Student Research Poster Presentations 2020

Background: Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy and can cause complications for the mother and baby. Poor management of gestational diabetes can lead to a large sized baby, Cesarean section at delivery, preeclampsia, or hypoglycemia in the baby at birth. Physicians advise women, pre-conception and post-conception, to follow a diet and exercise plan in order to decrease the chances of developing gestational diabetes. Studies have been done to determine the effectiveness of proper diet and exercise prior to conception and during pregnancy in the prevention of gestational diabetes.

Purpose: The purpose of the review was to evaluate the role of exercise ...