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Articles 1 - 30 of 1346

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Impact Of A Lifestyle Intervention On Risk Factors Of Cardiovascular Disease And Type Ii Diabetes Among At-Risk Hispanic Women, Kathryn A. Wagner Jun 2022

The Impact Of A Lifestyle Intervention On Risk Factors Of Cardiovascular Disease And Type Ii Diabetes Among At-Risk Hispanic Women, Kathryn A. Wagner

Doctoral Dissertations

Cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes are global epidemics affecting approximately 127 and 21 million people in the U.S., respectively. Women who are overweight, obese or who develop glucose intolerance during pregnancy represent high-risk groups for the development of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Hispanic women are both more likely to begin their pregnancies as overweight or obese and have a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes, compared to non-Hispanic whites. However, prior lifestyle interventions have largely been limited to non-Hispanic whites. Therefore, this research assessed how culturally tailored lifestyle modification may affect cardiovascular disease and type 2 ...


Identifying Predictors For Inflammation-Induced Preterm Birth: A Murine Study, Tzu Ning Liu Bs, Jose Galaz Md, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez Phd Jun 2022

Identifying Predictors For Inflammation-Induced Preterm Birth: A Murine Study, Tzu Ning Liu Bs, Jose Galaz Md, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. A large proportion of preterm deliveries is affected by intra-amniotic inflammation, which can occur in the presence (intra-amniotic infection) or absence (sterile intra-amniotic inflammation) of microbes. Studies have shown an association between intra-amniotic inflammation, cervical shortening, and changes in the cervicovaginal microbiome. However, their causal relationships are unknown. This study aims to determine the causality of intra-amniotic inflammation, cervical shortening, and cervicovaginal microbiome alterations.

Methods: Pregnant C57BL/6 dams received an ultrasound-guided intra-amniotic injection of an endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or the alarmin interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) on ...


Intimate Partner Violence Disclosure And Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending A City Hospital In South-Western Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study, Eve Katushabe, John Baptist Asiimwe, Vincent Batwala Jun 2022

Intimate Partner Violence Disclosure And Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending A City Hospital In South-Western Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study, Eve Katushabe, John Baptist Asiimwe, Vincent Batwala

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background

Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a public health problem in Uganda that negatively impacts maternal and newborn health outcomes. However, IPVdisclosure and associated factors among pregnant women have remained poorly documented in southwestern Uganda. Therefore, this study determined IPV disclosure and associated factors among pregnant women attending a large City hospital.

Methods

In a cross-sectional design, 283 women attending Mbarara City Hospital Antenatal care (ANC) clinic was consecutively recruited into the study. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. This was administered by the research team and the exercise took over a month. That is; from 7 ...


Intimate Partner Violence Disclosure And Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending A City Hospital In South-Western Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study, Eve Katushabe, John Baptist Asiimwe, Vincent Batwala Jun 2022

Intimate Partner Violence Disclosure And Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending A City Hospital In South-Western Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study, Eve Katushabe, John Baptist Asiimwe, Vincent Batwala

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a public health problem in Uganda that negatively impacts maternal and newborn health outcomes. However, IPVdisclosure and associated factors among pregnant women have remained poorly documented in southwestern Uganda. Therefore, this study determined IPV disclosure and associated factors among pregnant women attending a large City hospital.

Methods: In a cross-sectional design, 283 women attending Mbarara City Hospital Antenatal care (ANC) clinic were consecutively recruited into the study. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. This was administered by the research team and the exercise took over a month. That is; from 7th ...


Utilizing Community Health Workers To Support Latinx Women With Substance Use Disorder During Pregnancy, Alicia Claire Kletter May 2022

Utilizing Community Health Workers To Support Latinx Women With Substance Use Disorder During Pregnancy, Alicia Claire Kletter

DNP Qualifying Manuscripts

Community health workers in the Latinx community, sometimes called promotores de salud, are employed in a variety of medical settings to help increase access to health promoting services such as awareness, education, and screening. Given their deep understanding of the culture and community in which they work, community health workers in Latinx communities are increasingly included in the healthcare team for their cultural sensitivity and versatility with hard- to-reach populations, including the support of pregnant women and children. An integrative review of the literature seeks to understand if community health workers can improve outcomes for pregnant women who also suffer ...


A Review Of The Effectiveness Of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine At Alleviating Pregnancy-Related Pain, Alexandria Lomanno, Olivia Choi, Danielle Cooley May 2022

A Review Of The Effectiveness Of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine At Alleviating Pregnancy-Related Pain, Alexandria Lomanno, Olivia Choi, Danielle Cooley

Stratford Campus Research Day

Globally, more than a quarter of pregnant patients experience low back pain (LBP) during pregnancy with additional complaints of pelvic girdle pain (PGP) and other somatic dysfunctions. Though the standard of care for LBP in pregnancy is often analgesics, concerns about potential side effects that may cause lasting harm to the fetus may preclude pregnant patients from taking pain medications. Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine (OMM) is a nonpharmacologic treatment option that is routinely used for LBP in non-pregnant patients. Given the low risk of adverse effects, OMM may prove to be beneficial for pregnant patients suffering from LBP or PGP.


The Role Of Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Causing Hypertension During Pregnancy As Observed In The Rupp Model Of Preeclampsia, Michael Franks May 2022

The Role Of Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Causing Hypertension During Pregnancy As Observed In The Rupp Model Of Preeclampsia, Michael Franks

Honors Theses

Preeclampsia (PE) is a disease characterized by new-onset hypertension in the third trimester of pregnancy, endothelial dysfunction, and placental ischemia. Contributory to these characteristics are circulating factors such as agonistic autoantibodies to the angiotensin I type II receptor (AT1-AA), CD4+ T cells, natural killer cells (NK), and oxidative stress, which I will show to contribute to renal and placental mitochondrial dysfunction during pregnancy. The adoptive transfer of CD4+ T cells from the Reduced Uterine Perfusion Pressure (RUPP) rat model of PE to a healthy normal pregnant rat has been shown to result in many of these characteristics, including AT1-AA production ...


Benefits Of Exercise In Pregnant Women, Jenna Renee Barretto May 2022

Benefits Of Exercise In Pregnant Women, Jenna Renee Barretto

Nursing | Senior Theses

Exercise is an important lifestyle habit to include in one's daily routine. Remaining physical activity during pregnancy is important. According to the CDC, pregnant women should, “Get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity during pregnancy and the postpartum period.” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). This paper will encompass a range of topics that highlight the benefits of exercise from a physiological as well as a mental health standpoint. Although more research needs to be conducted to solidify the benefits of exercise, the articles that were collected demonstrate how it can help mothers have a healthy ...


Moms And Vaccines: A Cross-Sectional Survey Assessing Covid-19 Vaccine Acceptance Among Pregnant People In East Tennessee, Sara Burnette May 2022

Moms And Vaccines: A Cross-Sectional Survey Assessing Covid-19 Vaccine Acceptance Among Pregnant People In East Tennessee, Sara Burnette

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Physiological Mechanisms Of The Impact Of Heat During Pregnancy And The Clinical Implications: Review Of The Evidence From An Expert Group Meeting, Louisa Samuels, Britt Nakstad, Nathalie Roos, Ana Bonell, Matthew Chersich, George Havenith, Stanley Luchters, Louise-Tina Day, Jane E. Hirst, Tanya Singh May 2022

Physiological Mechanisms Of The Impact Of Heat During Pregnancy And The Clinical Implications: Review Of The Evidence From An Expert Group Meeting, Louisa Samuels, Britt Nakstad, Nathalie Roos, Ana Bonell, Matthew Chersich, George Havenith, Stanley Luchters, Louise-Tina Day, Jane E. Hirst, Tanya Singh

Population Health, East Africa

Many populations experience high seasonal temperatures. Pregnant women are considered vulnerable to extreme heat because ambient heat exposure has been linked to pregnancy complications including preterm birth and low birthweight. The physiological mechanisms that underpin these associations are poorly understood. We reviewed the existing research evidence to clarify the mechanisms that lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes in order to inform public health actions. A multi-disciplinary expert group met to review the existing evidence base and formulate a consensus regarding the physiological mechanisms that mediate the efect of high ambient temperature on pregnancy. A literature search was conducted in advance of ...


Perinatal Care In Western Uganda: Prevalence And Factors Associated With Appropriate Care Among Women Attending Three District Hospitals, Mercy Muwema, Dan K. Kaye, Grace Edwards, Gorrette Nalwadda, Joanita Nangendo, Jaffer Okiring, Wilson Mwanja, Elizabeth N. Ekong, Joan N. Kalyango, Joaniter I. Nankabirwa May 2022

Perinatal Care In Western Uganda: Prevalence And Factors Associated With Appropriate Care Among Women Attending Three District Hospitals, Mercy Muwema, Dan K. Kaye, Grace Edwards, Gorrette Nalwadda, Joanita Nangendo, Jaffer Okiring, Wilson Mwanja, Elizabeth N. Ekong, Joan N. Kalyango, Joaniter I. Nankabirwa

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: Perinatal mortality remains high globally and remains an important indicator of the quality of a health care system. To reduce this mortality, it is important to provide the recommended care during the perinatal period. We assessed the prevalence and factors associated with appropriate perinatal care (antenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum) in Bunyoro region, Uganda. Results from this study provide valuable information on the perinatal care services and highlight areas of improvement for better perinatal outcomes.

Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among postpartum mothers attending care at three district hospitals in Bunyoro. Following consent, a questionnaire was administered to ...


Opioid Use Disorder And Infant Health Outcomes: A Literature Review, Shayln Russell-Fritch Apr 2022

Opioid Use Disorder And Infant Health Outcomes: A Literature Review, Shayln Russell-Fritch

Epsilon Sigma at-Large Research Conference

Introduction and background

Opioid use disorder (OUD) is an epidemic in the U.S. OUD affects both the mother’s and infant’s health. Substance-exposed infants suffer from decreased health outcomes relative to non-exposed infants.

Purpose

The aim is to identify infant health outcomes when pregnant women are prescribed medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for OUD. Among pregnant women with OUD in the U.S., is medication-assisted therapy as compared to no therapy associated with decreased negative infant health outcomes?

Literature review

Five studies on OUD and infant outcomes in the U.S. were reviewed. CINAHL and PubMed were searched using terms ...


Exploring The Occupational Impact Of Pregnancy And The Role Of Occupational Therapy During The Prenatal Period, Monica Wutzke, Karen Park, Susan Macdermott Apr 2022

Exploring The Occupational Impact Of Pregnancy And The Role Of Occupational Therapy During The Prenatal Period, Monica Wutzke, Karen Park, Susan Macdermott

Spring 2022 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

Background: Pregnancy is a major transitional period accompanied by different physiological changes that can impact performance and engagement in meaningful and needed daily occupations. There is currently limited research that examines the transition to parenthood during the prenatal period through an occupational therapy (OT) perspective.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the impact pregnancy has on an individual’s roles, routines, and daily occupations. This study aimed to investigate this through an OT lens in order to better identify how the needs of pregnant individuals fall within the scope of OT.

Methods: Pregnant individuals participated in an ...


Comparing An Evidence-Based Screening Tool To Standard Substance Abuse Screening Questions In Identifying Pregnant Women At Risk For Substance Abuse, Nicole Y. Romero Apr 2022

Comparing An Evidence-Based Screening Tool To Standard Substance Abuse Screening Questions In Identifying Pregnant Women At Risk For Substance Abuse, Nicole Y. Romero

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

The purpose of the study project was to compare a nonspecific substance screening questionnaire with a well validated, evidence-based substance screening tool designed specifically for the pregnant population Evidence has shown use of an evidence-based screening tool improves maternal and fetal outcomes and reduces the risk of missed cases, stereotyping, and stigma. This study project utilized the social learning theory model, which defines human behavior as a reciprocal, continuous interaction among cognitive, behavioral, and environmental determinants. A pilot observational study project was conducted within a focal organization in a specified women’s health clinic over a 12-week period comparing their ...


The Efficacy Of Low-Dose Aspirin In Pregnancy Among Women In Malaria-Endemic Countries, Melissa Bauserman, Sequoia I Leuba, Jennifer Hemingway-Foday, Tracy L Nolen, Janet Moore, Elizabeth M Mcclure, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tsehfu, Jackie Patterson, Edward A Liechty, Fabian Esamai, Waldemar A Carlo, Elwyn Chomba, Robert L Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Saleem Jessani, Marion Koso-Thomas, Matthew Hoffman, Richard Derman, Steven R Meshnick, Carl L Bose Apr 2022

The Efficacy Of Low-Dose Aspirin In Pregnancy Among Women In Malaria-Endemic Countries, Melissa Bauserman, Sequoia I Leuba, Jennifer Hemingway-Foday, Tracy L Nolen, Janet Moore, Elizabeth M Mcclure, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tsehfu, Jackie Patterson, Edward A Liechty, Fabian Esamai, Waldemar A Carlo, Elwyn Chomba, Robert L Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Saleem Jessani, Marion Koso-Thomas, Matthew Hoffman, Richard Derman, Steven R Meshnick, Carl L Bose

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Low dose aspirin (LDA) is an effective strategy to reduce preterm birth. However, LDA might have differential effects globally, based on the etiology of preterm birth. In some regions, malaria in pregnancy could be an important modifier of LDA on birth outcomes and anemia.

Methods: This is a sub-study of the ASPIRIN trial, a multi-national, randomized, placebo controlled trial evaluating LDA effect on preterm birth. We enrolled a convenience sample of women in the ASPIRIN trial from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kenya and Zambia. We used quantitative polymerase chain reaction to detect malaria. We calculated crude prevalence ...


The Efficacy Of Low-Dose Aspirin In Pregnancy Among Women In Malaria-Endemic Countries, Melissa Bauserman, Sequoia I. Leuba, Jennifer Hemingway-Foday, Tracy L. Nolen, Janet Moore, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tsehfu, Sarah Saleem, Saleem Jessani Apr 2022

The Efficacy Of Low-Dose Aspirin In Pregnancy Among Women In Malaria-Endemic Countries, Melissa Bauserman, Sequoia I. Leuba, Jennifer Hemingway-Foday, Tracy L. Nolen, Janet Moore, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tsehfu, Sarah Saleem, Saleem Jessani

Community Health Sciences

Background: Low dose aspirin (LDA) is an effective strategy to reduce preterm birth. However, LDA might have differential effects globally, based on the etiology of preterm birth. In some regions, malaria in pregnancy could be an important modifier of LDA on birth outcomes and anemia.
Methods: This is a sub-study of the ASPIRIN trial, a multi-national, randomized, placebo controlled trial evaluating LDA effect on preterm birth. We enrolled a convenience sample of women in the ASPIRIN trial from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kenya and Zambia. We used quantitative polymerase chain reaction to detect malaria. We calculated crude prevalence ...


The Obstetrical Management Of Hiv-Positive Pregnancy, Mihai George Loghin, Petre Gabriel Gorescki, Romina Marina Sima, Liana Pleș, Daniela Gabriela Balan, Ioana Paunica, Oana Denisa Bălălău Apr 2022

The Obstetrical Management Of Hiv-Positive Pregnancy, Mihai George Loghin, Petre Gabriel Gorescki, Romina Marina Sima, Liana Pleș, Daniela Gabriela Balan, Ioana Paunica, Oana Denisa Bălălău

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a real public health problem in both developing and developed countries. HIV infection has not been treated efficiently for a long time, with HIV-positive women at increased risk of transmitting the infection to their newborns. Without the appropriate treatment, the evolution of the infection is relatively fast. Due to the antiretroviral treatment, the progression of the disease is blocked during the period of asymptomatic infection, and the risk of neonatal transmission is very low. HIV-positive patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy develop undetectable viremia and, in such situations, patients no longer have a risk of ...


Prenatal Drug Exposure And Its Effects On Fetal Development: Clinical And Health Education Implications, Johanna Marie Olo Tapangan Apr 2022

Prenatal Drug Exposure And Its Effects On Fetal Development: Clinical And Health Education Implications, Johanna Marie Olo Tapangan

Senior Honors Theses

Prenatal drug exposure is a common clinical phenomenon in pregnancy cases. Pregnancy is a fragile period of time for both the mother and the fetus. Therefore, strict drug regulation is important to ensure the safety and wellbeing of the developing fetus. Certain drugs, once thought to be safe, have been found to have detrimental effects on the normal development of functioning organ systems in the fetus. Current research has identified drugs that when taken during pregnancy can result in the onset of fetal physical abnormalities, impaired brain development, and disrupted organogenesis and organ function. Thalidomide, losartan, opioids, alcohol, and caffeine ...


Prevalence And Determinants Of Intimate-Partner Violence Among Pregnant Women Attending A City Health Centre Iv, South Western Uganda, During The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study, Eve Katushabe, Anthonia Chinweuba, Altraide Omieibi, John Baptist Asiimwe Mar 2022

Prevalence And Determinants Of Intimate-Partner Violence Among Pregnant Women Attending A City Health Centre Iv, South Western Uganda, During The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study, Eve Katushabe, Anthonia Chinweuba, Altraide Omieibi, John Baptist Asiimwe

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background:

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a significant public health problem worldwide and its impact on newborn outcomes is largely documented. Although conditions resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic have provided a perfect environment for IPV to thrive, the magnitude of IPV among pregnant women remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and determinants of IPV during the COVID-19 pandemic among pregnant women in south-western Uganda.

Methodology:

This cross-sectional study of 345 pregnant women attending a large City Health Care facility consecutively enrolled. The validated WHO semi-structured women’s health and domestic violence questionnaire was used to ...


Ovarian Reserve Parameters And Ivf Outcomes In 510 Women With Poor Ovarian Response (Por) Treated With Intraovarian Injection Of Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma (Prp), Yigit Cakiroglu, Aysen Yuceturk, Ozge Karaosmanoglu, Sule Yildirim Kopuk, Zeynep Ece Utkan Korun, Nola Herlihy, Richard T. Scott, Bulent Tiras, Emre Seli Mar 2022

Ovarian Reserve Parameters And Ivf Outcomes In 510 Women With Poor Ovarian Response (Por) Treated With Intraovarian Injection Of Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma (Prp), Yigit Cakiroglu, Aysen Yuceturk, Ozge Karaosmanoglu, Sule Yildirim Kopuk, Zeynep Ece Utkan Korun, Nola Herlihy, Richard T. Scott, Bulent Tiras, Emre Seli

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

The aim of the current study was to characterize ovarian reserve parameters and IVF outcomes in women with a history of poor ovarian response (POR) treated with intraovarian injection of autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP). Reproductive age women (N=510; age range 30-45yo) diagnosed with POR based on Poseidon criteria were included in the study. PRP treatment resulted in higher AFC, higher serum AMH, lower serum FSH, and a higher number of mature oocytes and cleavage and blastocyst stage embryos. After PRP injection, 22 women (4.3%) conceived spontaneously, 14 (2.7%) were lost to follow up, and 474 (92 ...


The Characteristics Of Biofeedback Techniques Used In Pelvic Floor Muscle Training For Healthy Pregnant Women – A Narrative Review, Monika Bludnicka, Magdalena Piernicka, Anna Szumilewicz Mar 2022

The Characteristics Of Biofeedback Techniques Used In Pelvic Floor Muscle Training For Healthy Pregnant Women – A Narrative Review, Monika Bludnicka, Magdalena Piernicka, Anna Szumilewicz

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Background: Due to the location of pelvic floor muscles, training with biofeedback for this muscle group is encouraged. The aim of this study was to characterize the use patterns of various biofeedback techniques in pelvic floor muscle training in healthy pregnant women. Material and Methods: It was a narrative review study using MEDLINE database and the following keywords: ‘pelvic floor’, ‘pregnancy’ and ‘biofeedback’. For the analysis we included 8 studies meeting the criteria of being experimental trials in healthy pregnant women and including the characteristics of biofeedback techniques used in pelvic floor muscle training. Results: The most commonly used technique ...


Placental Lesions And Differential Expression Of Pro-And Anti-Angiogenic Growth Mediators And Oxidative Dna Damage Marker In Placentae Of Ghanaian Suboptimal And Optimal Health Status Pregnant Women Who Later Developed Preeclampsia, Enoch Odame Anto, David Antony Coall, Emmanuel Akomanin Asiamah, Osei Owusu Afriyie, Otchere Addai-Mensah, Yaw Amo Wiafe, W. K. B. A. Owiredu, Christian Obirikorang, Max Efui Annani-Akollor, Nicholas Akinwale Titiloye, Eric Adua, Emmanuel Acheampong, Evans Asamoah Adu, Stephen Opoku, Agartha Odame Anto, Augustine Tawiah, Youxin Wang, Wei Wang Mar 2022

Placental Lesions And Differential Expression Of Pro-And Anti-Angiogenic Growth Mediators And Oxidative Dna Damage Marker In Placentae Of Ghanaian Suboptimal And Optimal Health Status Pregnant Women Who Later Developed Preeclampsia, Enoch Odame Anto, David Antony Coall, Emmanuel Akomanin Asiamah, Osei Owusu Afriyie, Otchere Addai-Mensah, Yaw Amo Wiafe, W. K. B. A. Owiredu, Christian Obirikorang, Max Efui Annani-Akollor, Nicholas Akinwale Titiloye, Eric Adua, Emmanuel Acheampong, Evans Asamoah Adu, Stephen Opoku, Agartha Odame Anto, Augustine Tawiah, Youxin Wang, Wei Wang

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background Angiogenic growth mediators (AGMs) and oxidative stress (OS) both play essential roles in normal placental vascular development and as such, placental alterations in these factors contribute to pre-eclampsia (PE). Suboptimal health status (SHS), an intermediate between health and disease, has been associated with imbalanced AGMs and OS biomarkers. Thus, SHS pregnant women may be at increased risk of developing PE and may present abnormal placental alteration and expression of AGMs and OS compared to optimal health status (OHS) pregnant women. We examined the histopathological morphology, immunohistochemical expression of AGMs antibodies and oxidative DNA damage marker in the placentae of ...


Development And Management Of Depression During And After Pregnancy, Alexa Bouts, Maria Patnella, Jourdan Ujlaki, Emily Wells, Hannah Lamb, Michelle Musser Mar 2022

Development And Management Of Depression During And After Pregnancy, Alexa Bouts, Maria Patnella, Jourdan Ujlaki, Emily Wells, Hannah Lamb, Michelle Musser

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Depression during pregnancy is common, whether it is a new onset of the disease or emerging symptoms of the already existent disease. Due to patient and prescriber concerns with antidepressant use during pregnancy, approximately three-quarters of those diagnosed with depression remain untreated. Furthermore, up to half of pregnant women with depression remain undiagnosed due to lack of recognition. As a result, both mother and fetus are at risk for negative health outcomes including substance abuse, functional impairment, increased risk of postnatal depression and poor pregnancy outcomes. Benefits must be balanced against the risks when considering pharmacologic treatment options to manage ...


Characteristics And Birth Outcomes Of Pregnant Adolescents Compared To Older Women: An Analysis Of Individual Level Data From 140,000 Mothers From 20 Rcts, Nadia Akseer, Emily Catherine Keats, Pravheen Thurairajah, Simon Cousens, Ana Pilar Bétran, Brietta M. Oaks, David Osrin, Ellen Piwoz, Exnevia Gomo, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta Feb 2022

Characteristics And Birth Outcomes Of Pregnant Adolescents Compared To Older Women: An Analysis Of Individual Level Data From 140,000 Mothers From 20 Rcts, Nadia Akseer, Emily Catherine Keats, Pravheen Thurairajah, Simon Cousens, Ana Pilar Bétran, Brietta M. Oaks, David Osrin, Ellen Piwoz, Exnevia Gomo, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Adolescence is a critical period of maturation when nutrient needs are high, especially among adolescents entering pregnancy. Using individual-level data from 140,000 participants, we examined socioeconomic, nutrition, and pregnancy and birth outcomes for adolescent mothers (10-19 years) compared to older mothers in low and middle-income countries.
Methods: This study was conducted between March 16, 2018 and May 25, 2021. Data were obtained from 20 randomised controlled trials of micronutrient supplementation in pregnancy. Stratified analyses were conducted by age (10-14 years, 15-17 years, 18-19 years, 20-29 years, 30-39 years, 40+ years) and geographical region (Africa, Asia). Crude and confounder-adjusted ...


Management Of Infective Endocarditis In Pregnancy By A Multidisciplinary Team: A Case Series, Kayle S. Shapero, Varidhi Nauriyal, Christina Megli, Kathryn Berlacher, Sami El-Dalati Feb 2022

Management Of Infective Endocarditis In Pregnancy By A Multidisciplinary Team: A Case Series, Kayle S. Shapero, Varidhi Nauriyal, Christina Megli, Kathryn Berlacher, Sami El-Dalati

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: The incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) in pregnancy is rare and has been increasing during the opioid epidemic. IE in pregnancy is associated with high rates of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Multidisciplinary endocarditis teams for management of IE have been shown to reduce in-hospital and 1-year mortality. We present a single-center experience managing IE in pregnancy utilizing a multidisciplinary endocarditis team.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with IE while pregnant or within 30 days post-partum were identified. All patients discussed at the institution's weekly multidisciplinary endocarditis meeting were included. Demographic and clinical data and outcome-related variables were retrospectively ...


Understanding The Needs Of A Mobile Phone-Based Telemonitoring Program For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Pre-Eclampsia: Interpretive Qualitative Description Study, Anam Shahil Feroz, Kristina De Vera, Nadia D. Bragagnolo, Sarah Saleem, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Emily Seto Feb 2022

Understanding The Needs Of A Mobile Phone-Based Telemonitoring Program For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Pre-Eclampsia: Interpretive Qualitative Description Study, Anam Shahil Feroz, Kristina De Vera, Nadia D. Bragagnolo, Sarah Saleem, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Emily Seto

Community Health Sciences

Background: Lack of early risk detection, diagnosis, and treatment of pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia can result in high maternal mortality and morbidity not only in Pakistan but also in other low- to middle-income countries (LMICs). A potential tool for supporting pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia for early detection is telemonitoring (TM). However, there is a limited body of evidence on end-user needs and preferences to inform the design of the TM programs for pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia, specifically in LMICs such as Pakistan.
Objective: This study aims to explore the needs of ...


Dissecting Fc Signatures Of Protection In Neonates Following Maternal Influenza Vaccination In A Placebo-Controlled Trial., Carolyn M Boudreau, John S Burke, Kiel D Shuey, Caitlin Wolf, Joanne Katz, James Tielsch, Subarna Khatry, Steven C Leclerq, Janet A Englund, Helen Y Chu, Galit Alter Feb 2022

Dissecting Fc Signatures Of Protection In Neonates Following Maternal Influenza Vaccination In A Placebo-Controlled Trial., Carolyn M Boudreau, John S Burke, Kiel D Shuey, Caitlin Wolf, Joanne Katz, James Tielsch, Subarna Khatry, Steven C Leclerq, Janet A Englund, Helen Y Chu, Galit Alter

Global Health Faculty Publications

Influenza is an important cause of illness and morbidity for infants. Seasonal influenza vaccination during pregnancy aims to provide protection to mothers, but it can also provide immunity to infants. The precise influence of maternal vaccination on immunity in infants and how vaccine-elicited antibodies provide protection in some but not all infants is incompletely understood. We comprehensively profiled the transfer of functional antibodies and defined humoral factors contributing to immunity against influenza in a clinical trial of maternal influenza vaccination. Influenza-specific antibody subclass levels, Fc ɣ receptor (FCGR) binding levels, and antibody-dependent innate immune functions were all profiled in the ...


The Design And Impact Of A Rural Community Supported Doula Program, Kalin Jean Gregory-Davis, Sandra Zapien, Erin Abigail Gregory-Davis, Maria Rossi, Victoria Hart Jan 2022

The Design And Impact Of A Rural Community Supported Doula Program, Kalin Jean Gregory-Davis, Sandra Zapien, Erin Abigail Gregory-Davis, Maria Rossi, Victoria Hart

Larner College of Medicine Fourth Year Advanced Integration Teaching/Scholarly Projects

Objective: to evaluate the design and impact of a doula program in rural Vermont by exploring client demographics and perspectives on the doula care received. This research aims to better understand the population the program serves, the specific challenges they face, and how to mitigate these challenges in the perinatal and post-partum period with a social work model of doula care.

Design: a qualitative, descriptive study giving voice to the client experience of a doula program steeped in a social work model of care.

Methods: semi-structured interviews carried out in July and August of 2021. Interviews were coded and analyzed ...


Evaluating Providers’ Knowledge, Attitudes And Intentions Toward Assessing Pregnancy Desires In Women Of Childbearing Age, Sydney Hahn Jan 2022

Evaluating Providers’ Knowledge, Attitudes And Intentions Toward Assessing Pregnancy Desires In Women Of Childbearing Age, Sydney Hahn

DNP Projects

Abstract

Background: Unintended pregnancies account for over half of all pregnancies in the United States. Unintended pregnancies can lead to abortion, socioeconomic difficulties, medical complications, psychological issues, and political issues. Unintended pregnancies are potentially harmful to both the mother and the baby. Healthy People 2030 listed reducing the number of unintended pregnancies as one of their family planning objectives.

Purpose: The purpose of this DNP project was to evaluate providers’ knowledge, attitudes, and intentions toward assessing pregnancy desires in women of childbearing age. Methods: The study was a one-group pre/post intervention design. The data was gathered via a convivence ...


Online Support For Families Affected By Opioid Use Disorder, Sharonda Hill Jan 2022

Online Support For Families Affected By Opioid Use Disorder, Sharonda Hill

Doctor of Nursing Practice Capstone Projects

Abstract

Families who care for children with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) face many challenges and may be lacking support. The purpose of this project was to provide evidence-based information to families caring for NAS children through an established online support group, To the Moon and Back. Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model was the theoretical model used to guide this project. An intervention to deliver support and information was implemented through three sessions. During these sessions participants were educated on evidenced-based tools to help their children with behavioral self- regulation and communication with providers. Data was collected through pre and ...