Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Middle Aged

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1385

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Impact Of Homologous Recombination Status And Responses With Veliparib Combined With First-Line Chemotherapy In Ovarian Cancer In The Phase 3 Velia/Gog-3005 Study, Elizabeth M Swisher, Carol Aghajanian, David M O'Malley, Gini F Fleming, Scott H Kaufmann, Douglas A Levine, Michael J Birrer, Kathleen N Moore, Nick M Spirtos, Mark S Shahin, Thomas J Reid, Michael Friedlander, Karina Dahl Steffensen, Aikou Okamoto, Vasudha Sehgal, Peter J Ansell, Minh H Dinh, Michael A Bookman, Robert L Coleman May 2022

Impact Of Homologous Recombination Status And Responses With Veliparib Combined With First-Line Chemotherapy In Ovarian Cancer In The Phase 3 Velia/Gog-3005 Study, Elizabeth M Swisher, Carol Aghajanian, David M O'Malley, Gini F Fleming, Scott H Kaufmann, Douglas A Levine, Michael J Birrer, Kathleen N Moore, Nick M Spirtos, Mark S Shahin, Thomas J Reid, Michael Friedlander, Karina Dahl Steffensen, Aikou Okamoto, Vasudha Sehgal, Peter J Ansell, Minh H Dinh, Michael A Bookman, Robert L Coleman

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

Objective: In the Phase 3 VELIA trial (NCT02470585), PARP inhibitor (PARPi) veliparib was combined with first-line chemotherapy and continued as maintenance for patients with ovarian carcinoma enrolled regardless of chemotherapy response or biomarker status. Here, we report exploratory analyses of the impact of homologous recombination deficient (HRD) or proficient (HRP) status on progression-free survival (PFS) and objective response rates during chemotherapy.

Methods: Women with Stage III-IV ovarian carcinoma were randomized to veliparib-throughout, veliparib-combination-only, or placebo. Stratification factors included timing of surgery and germline BRCA mutation status. HRD status was dichotomized at genomic instability score 33. During combination therapy, CA-125 levels ...


Peripheral Neuropathy Evaluations Of Patients With Prolonged Long Covid., Anne Louise Oaklander, Alexander J Mills, Mary Kelley, Lisa S Toran, Bryan Smith, Marinos Dalakas, Avindra Nath May 2022

Peripheral Neuropathy Evaluations Of Patients With Prolonged Long Covid., Anne Louise Oaklander, Alexander J Mills, Mary Kelley, Lisa S Toran, Bryan Smith, Marinos Dalakas, Avindra Nath

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Background and objectives: Recovery from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection appears exponential, leaving a tail of patients reporting various long COVID symptoms including unexplained fatigue/exertional intolerance and dysautonomic and sensory concerns. Indirect evidence links long COVID to incident polyneuropathy affecting the small-fiber (sensory/autonomic) axons.

Methods: We analyzed cross-sectional and longitudinal data from patients with World Health Organization (WHO)-defined long COVID without prior neuropathy history or risks who were referred for peripheral neuropathy evaluations. We captured standardized symptoms, examinations, objective neurodiagnostic test results, and outcomes, tracking participants for 1.4 years on average.

Results: Among ...


Safety And Efficacy Of Colchicine In Covid-19 Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Control Trials, Farah Yasmin, Hala Najeeb, Abdul Moeed, Wardah Hassan, Mahima Khatri, Muhammad Sohaib Asghar, Ahmed Kunwer Naveed, Waqas Ullah, Salim Surani Apr 2022

Safety And Efficacy Of Colchicine In Covid-19 Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Control Trials, Farah Yasmin, Hala Najeeb, Abdul Moeed, Wardah Hassan, Mahima Khatri, Muhammad Sohaib Asghar, Ahmed Kunwer Naveed, Waqas Ullah, Salim Surani

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Colchicine has been used an effective anti-inflammatory drug to treat gout diseases. Owing to its pharmacodynamic of inhibiting interleukins, it has been repurposed to target the cytokine storm post-SARS-CoV-2 invasion. The goal of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the safety profile of colchicine in COVID-19 patients using the gold-standard randomised-control trials.

Methods: Electronic databases (Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane) were systematically searched until June 2021 and RCTs were extracted. Outcomes of interest included all-cause mortality, COVID-19 severity, mechanical ventilation, C-reactive protein and D-dimer levels. Using a random-effects model, dichotomous outcomes were pooled using odds ratios (OR) through the generic ...


Overcrowded Housing Increases Risk For Covid-19 Mortality: An Ecological Study, Karan Varshney, Talia Glodjo, Jenna R Adalbert Apr 2022

Overcrowded Housing Increases Risk For Covid-19 Mortality: An Ecological Study, Karan Varshney, Talia Glodjo, Jenna R Adalbert

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Objectives: Overcrowded housing is a sociodemographic variable associated with increased infection and mortality rates from communicable diseases. It is not well understood if this association exists for COVID-19. Our objective was hence to determine the association between household overcrowding and risk of mortality from COVID-19, and this was done by performing bivariable and multivariable analyses using COVID-19 data from cities in Los Angeles County.

Results: Bivariate regression revealed that overcrowded households were positively associated with COVID-19 deaths (standardized β = 0.863, p < 0.001). COVID-19 case totals, people aged 60+, and the number of overcrowded households met conditions for inclusion in the backwards stepwise linear regression model. Analysis revealed all independent variables were positively associated with mortality rates, primarily for individuals 60 + (standardized β1 = 0.375, p = 0.001), followed by overcrowded households (standardized β2 = 0.346, p = 0.014), and total COVID-19 cases (standardized β3 = 0.311, p < 0.001). Our findings highlight that residing in overcrowded households may be an important risk factor for COVID-19 mortality. Public health entities should consider this population when allocating resources for prevention and control of COVID-19 mortality and future disease outbreaks.


Overcrowded Housing Increases Risk For Covid-19 Mortality: An Ecological Study., Karan Varshney, Talia Glodjo, Jenna Adalbert Apr 2022

Overcrowded Housing Increases Risk For Covid-19 Mortality: An Ecological Study., Karan Varshney, Talia Glodjo, Jenna Adalbert

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVES: Overcrowded housing is a sociodemographic variable associated with increased infection and mortality rates from communicable diseases. It is not well understood if this association exists for COVID-19. Our objective was hence to determine the association between household overcrowding and risk of mortality from COVID-19, and this was done by performing bivariable and multivariable analyses using COVID-19 data from cities in Los Angeles County.

RESULTS: Bivariate regression revealed that overcrowded households were positively associated with COVID-19 deaths (standardized β = 0.863, p < 0.001). COVID-19 case totals, people aged 60+, and the number of overcrowded households met conditions for inclusion in the backwards stepwise linear regression model. Analysis revealed all independent variables were positively associated with mortality rates, primarily for individuals 60 + (standardized β


Baroreflex Sensitivity In Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy, Miguel Anselmo, Shandon Coffman, Mia Larson, Kathryn Vera, Emma Lee, Mary Mcconville, Michael Kyba, Manda L Keller-Ross Apr 2022

Baroreflex Sensitivity In Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy, Miguel Anselmo, Shandon Coffman, Mia Larson, Kathryn Vera, Emma Lee, Mary Mcconville, Michael Kyba, Manda L Keller-Ross

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), a common form of muscular dystrophy, is caused by a genetic mutation that alters DUX4 gene expression. This mutation contributes to significant skeletal muscle loss. Although it is suggested that cardiac muscle may be spared, people with FSHD have demonstrated autonomic dysregulation. It is unknown if baroreflex function, an important regulator of blood pressure (BP), is impaired in people with FSHD. We examined if baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) is blunted in patients with FSHD. Thirty minutes of resting BP, heart rate, and cardiovagal BRS were measured in 13 patients with FSHD (age: 50 ± 13 years, avg ± SD ...


Impact Of Covid-19 In Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis., Moazzam Shahzad, Sibgha Gull Chaudhary, Muhammad Usman Zafar, Maha A Hassan, Ali Hussain, Fatima Ali, Iqra Anwar, Mamoon Ahmed, Nausheen Ahmed, Sharad Khurana, Muhammad A Rauf, Faiz Anwar, Peiman Hematti, Natalie S Callander, Sunil H Abhyankar, Joseph P Mcguirk, Muhammad Umair Mushtaq Apr 2022

Impact Of Covid-19 In Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis., Moazzam Shahzad, Sibgha Gull Chaudhary, Muhammad Usman Zafar, Maha A Hassan, Ali Hussain, Fatima Ali, Iqra Anwar, Mamoon Ahmed, Nausheen Ahmed, Sharad Khurana, Muhammad A Rauf, Faiz Anwar, Peiman Hematti, Natalie S Callander, Sunil H Abhyankar, Joseph P Mcguirk, Muhammad Umair Mushtaq

Department of Emergency Medicine

BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients are at increased risk of mortality and morbidity with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to severe immune dysfunction.

METHODS: A literature search was performed on PubMed, Cochrane, and Clinical trials.gov from the date of inception to 12/08/2021. We identified 19 original studies reporting data on COVID-19 in HSCT recipients after screening 292 articles. Data were extracted following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis guidelines. Quality evaluation was done using the National Institutes of Health (NIH) quality assessment tool. Inter-study variance was calculated using Der Simonian-Laird Estimator. Pooled analysis ...


Study Protocol For The Innovative Support For Patients With Sars-Cov-2 Infections Registry (Inspire): A Longitudinal Study Of The Medium And Long-Term Sequelae Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Matthew Thompson, Bala Hota, Michael Gottlieb, Ian D Plumb, Anna Marie Chang, Lauren E Wisk, Aron J Hall, Ralph C Wang, Erica S Spatz, Kari A Stephens, Ryan M Huebinger, Samuel A Mcdonald, Arjun Venkatesh, Nikki Gentile, B. H. Slovis, Mandy Hill, Sharon Saydah, Ahamed H Idris, Robert Rodriguez, Harlan M Krumholz, Joann G Elmore, Robert A Weinstein, Graham Nichol Mar 2022

Study Protocol For The Innovative Support For Patients With Sars-Cov-2 Infections Registry (Inspire): A Longitudinal Study Of The Medium And Long-Term Sequelae Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Matthew Thompson, Bala Hota, Michael Gottlieb, Ian D Plumb, Anna Marie Chang, Lauren E Wisk, Aron J Hall, Ralph C Wang, Erica S Spatz, Kari A Stephens, Ryan M Huebinger, Samuel A Mcdonald, Arjun Venkatesh, Nikki Gentile, B. H. Slovis, Mandy Hill, Sharon Saydah, Ahamed H Idris, Robert Rodriguez, Harlan M Krumholz, Joann G Elmore, Robert A Weinstein, Graham Nichol

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Reports on medium and long-term sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infections largely lack quantification of incidence and relative risk. We describe the rationale and methods of the Innovative Support for Patients with SARS-CoV-2 Registry (INSPIRE) that combines patient-reported outcomes with data from digital health records to understand predictors and impacts of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Methods: INSPIRE is a prospective, multicenter, longitudinal study of individuals with symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection in eight regions across the US. Adults are eligible for enrollment if they are fluent in English or Spanish, reported symptoms suggestive of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, and if they are within 42 days ...


Spatiotemporal Dynamics Of Clonal Selection And Diversification In Normal Endometrial Epithelium., Manako Yamaguchi, Hirofumi Nakaoka, Kazuaki Suda, Kosuke Yoshihara, Tatsuya Ishiguro, Nozomi Yachida, Kyota Saito, Haruka Ueda, Kentaro Sugino, Yutaro Mori, Kaoru Yamawaki, Ryo Tamura, Sundaramoorthy Revathidevi, Teiichi Motoyama, Kazuki Tainaka, Roel G W Verhaak, Ituro Inoue, Takayuki Enomoto Feb 2022

Spatiotemporal Dynamics Of Clonal Selection And Diversification In Normal Endometrial Epithelium., Manako Yamaguchi, Hirofumi Nakaoka, Kazuaki Suda, Kosuke Yoshihara, Tatsuya Ishiguro, Nozomi Yachida, Kyota Saito, Haruka Ueda, Kentaro Sugino, Yutaro Mori, Kaoru Yamawaki, Ryo Tamura, Sundaramoorthy Revathidevi, Teiichi Motoyama, Kazuki Tainaka, Roel G W Verhaak, Ituro Inoue, Takayuki Enomoto

Faculty Research 2022

It has become evident that somatic mutations in cancer-associated genes accumulate in the normal endometrium, but spatiotemporal understanding of the evolution and expansion of mutant clones is limited. To elucidate the timing and mechanism of the clonal expansion of somatic mutations in cancer-associated genes in the normal endometrium, we sequence 1311 endometrial glands from 37 women. By collecting endometrial glands from different parts of the endometrium, we show that multiple glands with the same somatic mutations occupy substantial areas of the endometrium. We demonstrate that "rhizome structures", in which the basal glands run horizontally along the muscular layer and multiple ...


Comprehensive Analysis Of Alternative Splicing In Gastric Cancer Identifies Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Subtypes Associated With Survival., Yukyung Jun, Yun-Suhk Suh, Sunghee Park, Jieun Lee, Jong-Il Kim, Sanghyuk Lee, Wan-Ping Lee, Olga Anczuków, Han-Kwang Yang, Charles Lee Feb 2022

Comprehensive Analysis Of Alternative Splicing In Gastric Cancer Identifies Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Subtypes Associated With Survival., Yukyung Jun, Yun-Suhk Suh, Sunghee Park, Jieun Lee, Jong-Il Kim, Sanghyuk Lee, Wan-Ping Lee, Olga Anczuków, Han-Kwang Yang, Charles Lee

Faculty Research 2022

Alternatively spliced RNA isoforms are a hallmark of tumors, but their nature, prevalence, and clinical implications in gastric cancer have not been comprehensively characterized. We systematically profiled the splicing landscape of 83 gastric tumors and matched normal mucosa, identifying and experimentally validating eight splicing events that can classify all gastric cancers into three subtypes: epithelial-splicing (EpiS), mesenchymal-splicing (MesS), and hybrid-splicing. These subtypes were associated with distinct molecular signatures and epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers. Subtype-specific splicing events were enriched in motifs for splicing factors RBM24 and ESRP1, which were upregulated in MesS and EpiS tumors, respectively. A simple classifier based only on ...


Attitudes Among Healthcare Professionals Towards Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation During Covid-19., Safinaz Al-Shiakh, Quincy K Tran, Amy Caggiula, Ivan Berezowski, Basma Barnawi, Ali Pourmand Feb 2022

Attitudes Among Healthcare Professionals Towards Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation During Covid-19., Safinaz Al-Shiakh, Quincy K Tran, Amy Caggiula, Ivan Berezowski, Basma Barnawi, Ali Pourmand

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


When Eating Becomes Torturous: Understanding Nutrition-Related Cancer Treatment Side Effects Among Individuals With Cancer And Their Caregivers, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Lora Packel, Dan Dychtwald, Cynthia Klobodu, Laura Pontiggia, Ochi Ogbogu, Byron Barksdale, Jonathan Deutsch Jan 2022

When Eating Becomes Torturous: Understanding Nutrition-Related Cancer Treatment Side Effects Among Individuals With Cancer And Their Caregivers, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Lora Packel, Dan Dychtwald, Cynthia Klobodu, Laura Pontiggia, Ochi Ogbogu, Byron Barksdale, Jonathan Deutsch

Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers

Individuals living with cancer often experience multiple nutrition-related side effects from cancer treatment, including changes in taste and smell, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and pain during eating. These side effects can profoundly impact nutritional status and quality of life. The purpose of this study was to explore experiences with nutrition-related cancer treatment side effects among cancer patients and their family caregivers, the way they manage such side effects, and the resulting changes in food preferences and behaviors. Structured surveys and in-depth interviews were conducted. Interviews focused on the presence and management of treatment side effects, how those changes influenced ...


Assessment Of Regional Variability In Covid-19 Outcomes Among Patients With Cancer In The United States., Jessica E Hawley, Tianyi Sun, David D Chism, Narjust Duma, Julie C Fu, Na Tosha N Gatson, Sanjay Mishra, Ryan H Nguyen, Sonya A Reid, Oscar K Serrano, Sunny R K Singh, Neeta K Venepalli, Ziad Bakouny, Babar Bashir, Mehmet A Bilen, Paolo F Caimi, Toni K Choueiri, Scott J Dawsey, Leslie A Fecher, Daniel B Flora, Christopher R Friese, Michael J Glover, Cyndi J Gonzalez, Sharad Goyal, Thorvardur R Halfdanarson, Dawn L Hershman, Hina Khan, Chris Labaki, Mark A Lewis, Rana R Mckay, Ian Messing, Nathan A Pennell, Matthew Puc, Deepak Ravindranathan, Terence D Rhodes, Andrea V Rivera, John Roller, Gary K Schwartz, Sumit A Shah, Justin A Shaya, Mitrianna Streckfuss, Michael A Thompson, Elizabeth M Wulff-Burchfield, Zhuoer Xie, Peter Paul Yu, Jeremy L Warner, Dimpy P Shah, Benjamin French, Clara Hwang Jan 2022

Assessment Of Regional Variability In Covid-19 Outcomes Among Patients With Cancer In The United States., Jessica E Hawley, Tianyi Sun, David D Chism, Narjust Duma, Julie C Fu, Na Tosha N Gatson, Sanjay Mishra, Ryan H Nguyen, Sonya A Reid, Oscar K Serrano, Sunny R K Singh, Neeta K Venepalli, Ziad Bakouny, Babar Bashir, Mehmet A Bilen, Paolo F Caimi, Toni K Choueiri, Scott J Dawsey, Leslie A Fecher, Daniel B Flora, Christopher R Friese, Michael J Glover, Cyndi J Gonzalez, Sharad Goyal, Thorvardur R Halfdanarson, Dawn L Hershman, Hina Khan, Chris Labaki, Mark A Lewis, Rana R Mckay, Ian Messing, Nathan A Pennell, Matthew Puc, Deepak Ravindranathan, Terence D Rhodes, Andrea V Rivera, John Roller, Gary K Schwartz, Sumit A Shah, Justin A Shaya, Mitrianna Streckfuss, Michael A Thompson, Elizabeth M Wulff-Burchfield, Zhuoer Xie, Peter Paul Yu, Jeremy L Warner, Dimpy P Shah, Benjamin French, Clara Hwang

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

Importance: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a distinct spatiotemporal pattern in the United States. Patients with cancer are at higher risk of severe complications from COVID-19, but it is not well known whether COVID-19 outcomes in this patient population were associated with geography.

Objective: To quantify spatiotemporal variation in COVID-19 outcomes among patients with cancer.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This registry-based retrospective cohort study included patients with a historical diagnosis of invasive malignant neoplasm and laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection between March and November 2020. Data were collected from cancer care delivery centers in the United States.

Exposures: Patient residence was categorized ...


Metabolic Syndrome And Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Hospitalized Patients With Covid-19, Joshua L Denson, Aaron S Gillet, Yuanhao Zu, Margo Brown, Thaidan Pham, Yilin Yoshida, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis, Ivor S Douglas, Mathew Moore, Kevin Tea, Andrew Wetherbie, Rachael Stevens, John Lefante, Jeffrey G Shaffer, Donna Lee Armaignac, Katherine Belden, Margit Kaufman, Smith F Heavner, Valerie C Danesh, Sreekanth R Cheruku, Catherine A St Hill, Karen Boman, Neha Deo, Vikas Bansal, Vishakha K Kumar, Allan J Walkey, Rahul Kashyap, Society Of Critical Care Medicine Discovery Viral Infection And Respiratory Illness Universal Study (Virus): Covid-19 Registry Investigator Group Dec 2021

Metabolic Syndrome And Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Hospitalized Patients With Covid-19, Joshua L Denson, Aaron S Gillet, Yuanhao Zu, Margo Brown, Thaidan Pham, Yilin Yoshida, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis, Ivor S Douglas, Mathew Moore, Kevin Tea, Andrew Wetherbie, Rachael Stevens, John Lefante, Jeffrey G Shaffer, Donna Lee Armaignac, Katherine Belden, Margit Kaufman, Smith F Heavner, Valerie C Danesh, Sreekanth R Cheruku, Catherine A St Hill, Karen Boman, Neha Deo, Vikas Bansal, Vishakha K Kumar, Allan J Walkey, Rahul Kashyap, Society Of Critical Care Medicine Discovery Viral Infection And Respiratory Illness Universal Study (Virus): Covid-19 Registry Investigator Group

Division of Infectious Diseases and Environmental Medicine Faculty Papers

Importance: Obesity, diabetes, and hypertension are common comorbidities in patients with severe COVID-19, yet little is known about the risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or death in patients with COVID-19 and metabolic syndrome.

Objective: To determine whether metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased risk of ARDS and death from COVID-19.

Design, setting, and participants: This multicenter cohort study used data from the Society of Critical Care Medicine Discovery Viral Respiratory Illness Universal Study collected from 181 hospitals across 26 countries from February 15, 2020, to February 18, 2021. Outcomes were compared between patients with metabolic syndrome (defined ...


Utility Of Blood Cellular Indices In The Risk Stratification Of Patients Presenting With Acute Pulmonary Embolism., Brett Slajus, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Iman Darwish, Jawed Fareed, Amir Darki Nov 2021

Utility Of Blood Cellular Indices In The Risk Stratification Of Patients Presenting With Acute Pulmonary Embolism., Brett Slajus, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Iman Darwish, Jawed Fareed, Amir Darki

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

Pulmonary embolism (PE) clinical manifestations vary widely, and that scope is not fully captured by current all-cause mortality risk models. PE is associated with inflammatory, coagulation, and hemostatic imbalances so blood cellular indices may be prognostically useful. Complete blood count (CBC) data may improve current risk models like the simplified pulmonary embolism severity index (sPESI) for all-cause mortality, offering greater accuracy and analytic ability. Acute PE patients (n = 228) with confirmatory diagnostic imaging were followed for all-cause mortality. Blood cellular indices were assessed for association to all-cause mortality and were supplemented into sPESI using multivariate logistic regression. Multiple blood cellular ...


Relationship Between Food Insecurity And Smoking Status Among Women Living With And At Risk For Hiv In The Usa: A Cohort Study, Lila A. Sheira, Edward A. Frongillo Jr., Judith Hahn, Kartika Palar, Elise D. Riley, Tracey E. Wilson, Adebola Adedimeji, Daniel Merenstein, Mardge Cohen, Eryka L. Wentz, Adaora A. Adimora, Ighovwerha Ofotokun, Lisa Metsch, Janet M. Turan, Phyllis C. Tien, Sheri D. Weiser Sep 2021

Relationship Between Food Insecurity And Smoking Status Among Women Living With And At Risk For Hiv In The Usa: A Cohort Study, Lila A. Sheira, Edward A. Frongillo Jr., Judith Hahn, Kartika Palar, Elise D. Riley, Tracey E. Wilson, Adebola Adedimeji, Daniel Merenstein, Mardge Cohen, Eryka L. Wentz, Adaora A. Adimora, Ighovwerha Ofotokun, Lisa Metsch, Janet M. Turan, Phyllis C. Tien, Sheri D. Weiser

Faculty Publications

Objectives People living with HIV (PLHIV) in the USA, particularly women, have a higher prevalence of food insecurity than the general population. Cigarette smoking among PLHIV is common (42%), and PLHIV are 6–13 times more likely to die from lung cancer than AIDS related causes. This study sought to investigate the associations between food security status and smoking status and severity among a cohort of predominantly low-income women of colour living with and without HIV in the USA.

Design Women enrolled in an ongoing longitudinal cohort study from 2013 to 2015.

Setting Nine participating sites across the USA.

Participants ...


Telemedicine Visits In An Established Multidisciplinary Central Nervous System Clinic For Radiation Oncology And Neurosurgery (Radians) In A Community Hospital Setting., S C Bowen R, R Gheewala, Wa Paez, B Lucke-Wold, T Mitin, Jn Ciporen Aug 2021

Telemedicine Visits In An Established Multidisciplinary Central Nervous System Clinic For Radiation Oncology And Neurosurgery (Radians) In A Community Hospital Setting., S C Bowen R, R Gheewala, Wa Paez, B Lucke-Wold, T Mitin, Jn Ciporen

Clinical Research and Leadership Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of telemedicine visits, compared to in-person visits, on patient satisfaction in an established community hospital-based multidisciplinary central nervous system (CNS) clinic.

METHODS: Telemedicine options - virtual visits and teleconferencing - were introduced in July 2020. Both radiation oncologist and neurosurgeon were simultaneously present for the telemedicine visit. Descriptive patient demographics, survey responses, and travel time and distance calculations were analyzed. Satisfaction score was compared to previously published data.

RESULTS: A total of twenty-five telemedicine visits (n=22 video; n=3 phone) were completed since July 2020. Patient demographics are as follows: mean age was 59 years (range ...


Nurses' Pandemic Lives: A Mixed-Methods Study Of Experiences During Covid-19., Kathleen Gray, Paulette Dorney, Lori Hoffman, Albert Crawford Aug 2021

Nurses' Pandemic Lives: A Mixed-Methods Study Of Experiences During Covid-19., Kathleen Gray, Paulette Dorney, Lori Hoffman, Albert Crawford

College of Nursing Faculty Papers & Presentations

BACKGROUND: The US healthcare settings and staff have been stretched to capacity by the COVID-19 pandemic. While COVID-19 continues to threaten global healthcare delivery systems and populations, its impact on nursing has been profound.

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to document nurses' immediate reactions, major stressors, effective measures to reduce stress, coping strategies, and motivators as they provided care during COVID-19.

DESIGN: Mixed-methods, cross sectional design. Participants responded to objective and open-ended questions on the COVID-19 Nurses' Survey.

PARTICIPANTS: The survey, was sent to nurses employed in health care settings during the pandemic; 110 nurses participated.

RESULTS: Immediate reactions of respondents ...


Survey Of The Health Of Urban Residents: A Community-Driven Assessment Of Conditions Salient To The Health Of Historically Excluded Populations In The Usa., Sirry Alang, Cynthia Pando, Malcolm Mcclain, Hasshan Batts, Abby Letcher, Janelle Hager, Taylor Person, Adama Shaw, Kwamaine Blake, Kevelis Matthews-Alvarado Aug 2021

Survey Of The Health Of Urban Residents: A Community-Driven Assessment Of Conditions Salient To The Health Of Historically Excluded Populations In The Usa., Sirry Alang, Cynthia Pando, Malcolm Mcclain, Hasshan Batts, Abby Letcher, Janelle Hager, Taylor Person, Adama Shaw, Kwamaine Blake, Kevelis Matthews-Alvarado

Department of Family Medicine

BACKGROUND: Data from the Survey of the Health of Urban Residents (SHUR) identified connections between police brutality and medical mistrust, generating significant media, policy, and research attention. Amidst intersecting crises of COVID-19, racism, and police brutality, this report describes survey development and data collection procedures for the SHUR.

BASIC PROCEDURES: We conducted focus groups with Black men, Latinxs, and immigrants in Allentown, Pennsylvania. Findings were used to develop and refine measures of conditions salient to the health of urban residents across the country. Quota sampling was employed; oversampling people of color and persons whose usual source of care was not ...


Covid-19 And The Impact On Rural And Black Church Congregants: Results Of The C-M-C Project, Lovoria B. Williams, Anita F. Fernander, Tofial Azam, Maria L. Gomez, Junghee Kang, Cassidy L. Moody, Hannah Bowman, Nancy E. Schoenberg Jul 2021

Covid-19 And The Impact On Rural And Black Church Congregants: Results Of The C-M-C Project, Lovoria B. Williams, Anita F. Fernander, Tofial Azam, Maria L. Gomez, Junghee Kang, Cassidy L. Moody, Hannah Bowman, Nancy E. Schoenberg

Nursing Faculty Publications

The COVID-19 pandemic has had devastating effects on Black and rural populations with a mortality rate among Blacks three times that of Whites and both rural and Black populations experiencing limited access to COVID-19 resources. The primary purpose of this study was to explore the health, financial, and psychological impact of COVID-19 among rural White Appalachian and Black nonrural central Kentucky church congregants. Secondarily we sought to examine the association between sociodemographics and behaviors, attitudes, and beliefs regarding COVID-19 and intent to vaccinate. We used a cross sectional survey design developed with the constructs of the Health Belief and Theory ...


Covid-19 Treatment Combinations And Associations With Mortality In A Large Multi-Site Healthcare System., Dagan Coppock, Michael Baram, Anna Marie Chang, Patricia Henwood, Alan Kubey, Ross Summer, John Zurlo, Michael Li, Bryan Hess Jun 2021

Covid-19 Treatment Combinations And Associations With Mortality In A Large Multi-Site Healthcare System., Dagan Coppock, Michael Baram, Anna Marie Chang, Patricia Henwood, Alan Kubey, Ross Summer, John Zurlo, Michael Li, Bryan Hess

Division of Infectious Diseases and Environmental Medicine Faculty Papers

INTRODUCTION: During the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, mortality associated with the disease declined in the United States. The standard of care for pharmacological interventions evolved during this period as new and repurposed treatments were used alone and in combination. Though these medications have been studied individually, data are limited regarding the relative impact of different medication combinations. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the association of COVID-19-related mortality and observed medication combinations and to determine whether changes in medication-related practice patterns and measured patient characteristics, alone, explain the decline in mortality seen early in the COVID-19 ...


Association Of Cumulative Social Risk And Social Support With Receipt Of Chemotherapy Among Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer, Rachel E. Davis, Amber W. Trickey, Paul Abrahamse, Ikuko Kato, Kevin Ward, Arden M. Morris Jun 2021

Association Of Cumulative Social Risk And Social Support With Receipt Of Chemotherapy Among Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer, Rachel E. Davis, Amber W. Trickey, Paul Abrahamse, Ikuko Kato, Kevin Ward, Arden M. Morris

Faculty Publications

Importance: Approximately 38% of patients with advanced colorectal cancer do not receive chemotherapy. Objective: To determine whether cumulative social risk (ie, multiple co-occurring sociodemographic risk factors) is associated with lower receipt of chemotherapy among patients with advanced colorectal cancer and whether social support would moderate this association. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional, population-based, mailed survey study was conducted from 2012 to 2014. Participants were recruited between 2011 and 2014 from all adults within 1 year after diagnosis of stage III colorectal cancer in the Detroit, Michigan, and State of Georgia Surveillance, Epidemiology, End-Results cancer registries. Patients were eligible if ...


Evaluation Of Diazepam Nasal Spray In Patients With Epilepsy Concomitantly Using Maintenance Benzodiazepines: An Interim Subgroup Analysis From A Phase 3, Long-Term, Open-Label Safety Study., Eric B Segal, Daniel Tarquinio, Ian Miller, James W Wheless, Dennis Dlugos, Victor Biton, Gregory D Cascino, Jay Desai, R Edward Hogan, Kore Liow, Michael R Sperling, Blanca Vazquez, David F Cook, Adrian L Rabinowicz, Enrique Carrazana Jun 2021

Evaluation Of Diazepam Nasal Spray In Patients With Epilepsy Concomitantly Using Maintenance Benzodiazepines: An Interim Subgroup Analysis From A Phase 3, Long-Term, Open-Label Safety Study., Eric B Segal, Daniel Tarquinio, Ian Miller, James W Wheless, Dennis Dlugos, Victor Biton, Gregory D Cascino, Jay Desai, R Edward Hogan, Kore Liow, Michael R Sperling, Blanca Vazquez, David F Cook, Adrian L Rabinowicz, Enrique Carrazana

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: Diazepam nasal spray (Valtoco), indicated for acute treatment of frequent seizure activity (seizure clusters) in patients with epilepsy ≥6 years of age, is designed to be a rapid, noninvasive, socially acceptable route of administration. This interim analysis evaluated the safety profile of diazepam nasal spray in patients with and without concomitant use of benzodiazepines, with use of a second dose for a seizure cluster as a proxy for effectiveness.

METHODS: A long-term, phase 3, open-label safety study enrolled patients with epilepsy who had seizures despite a stable antiseizure medication regimen.

RESULTS: Among 175 patients enrolled by October 31, 2019 ...


Barriers To Lung Cancer Screening Among African American Males Aged 50-70 In The United States, Edward Marines May 2021

Barriers To Lung Cancer Screening Among African American Males Aged 50-70 In The United States, Edward Marines

Stratford Campus Research Day

Objectives:

  • Identify the different barriers to lung cancer screening among African American males
  • Examine potential methods of increasing access and participation within this population


Therapeutic Implications Of Detecting Mapk-Activating Alterations In Cutaneous And Unknown Primary Melanomas., Alexander N Shoushtari, Walid K Chatila, Arshi Arora, Francisco Sanchez-Vega, Havish S Kantheti, Jorge A Rojas Zamalloa, Penina Krieger, Margaret K Callahan, Allison Betof Warner, Michael A Postow, Parisa Momtaz, Suresh G. Nair Md, Charlotte E Ariyan, Christopher A Barker, Mary Susan Brady, Daniel G Coit, Neal Rosen, Paul B Chapman, Klaus J Busam, David B Solit, Katherine S Panageas, Jedd D Wolchok, Nikolaus Schultz Apr 2021

Therapeutic Implications Of Detecting Mapk-Activating Alterations In Cutaneous And Unknown Primary Melanomas., Alexander N Shoushtari, Walid K Chatila, Arshi Arora, Francisco Sanchez-Vega, Havish S Kantheti, Jorge A Rojas Zamalloa, Penina Krieger, Margaret K Callahan, Allison Betof Warner, Michael A Postow, Parisa Momtaz, Suresh G. Nair Md, Charlotte E Ariyan, Christopher A Barker, Mary Susan Brady, Daniel G Coit, Neal Rosen, Paul B Chapman, Klaus J Busam, David B Solit, Katherine S Panageas, Jedd D Wolchok, Nikolaus Schultz

Hematology-Medical Oncology Division

PURPOSE: Cutaneous and unknown primary melanomas frequently harbor alterations that activate the MAPK pathway. Whether MAPK driver detection beyond BRAF V600 is clinically relevant in the checkpoint inhibitor era is unknown.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients with melanoma were prospectively offered tumor sequencing of 341-468 genes. Oncogenic alterations in 28 RTK-RAS-MAPK pathway genes were used to construct MAPK driver groups. Time to treatment failure (TTF) was determined for patients who received first-line programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) monotherapy, nivolumab plus ipilimumab, or subsequent genomically matched targeted therapies. A Cox proportional hazards model was constructed for TTF using driver group and clinical ...


Myocardial T1 And T2 Mapping By Magnetic Resonance In Patients With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor-Associated Myocarditis., Paaladinesh Thavendiranathan, Lili Zhang, Amna Zafar, Zsofia D Drobni, Syed S Mahmood, Marcella Cabral, Magid Awadalla, Anju Nohria, Daniel A Zlotoff, Franck Thuny, Lucie M Heinzerling, Ana Barac, Ryan J Sullivan, Carol L Chen, Dipti Gupta, Michael C Kirchberger, Sarah E Hartmann, Jonathan W Weinsaft, Hannah K Gilman, Muhammad A. Rizvi Md, Bojan Kovacina, Caroline Michel, Gagan Sahni, Ana González-Mansilla, Antonio Calles, Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Michael Mahmoudi, Kerry L Reynolds, Sarju Ganatra, Juan José Gavira, Nahikari Salterain González, Manuel García De Yébenes Castro, Raymond Y Kwong, Michael Jerosch-Herold, Otavio R Coelho-Filho, Jonathan Afilalo, Eduardo Zataraín-Nicolás, A John Baksi, Bernd J Wintersperger, Oscar Calvillo-Arguelles, Stephane Ederhy, Eric H Yang, Alexander R Lyon, Michael G Fradley, Tomas G Neilan Mar 2021

Myocardial T1 And T2 Mapping By Magnetic Resonance In Patients With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor-Associated Myocarditis., Paaladinesh Thavendiranathan, Lili Zhang, Amna Zafar, Zsofia D Drobni, Syed S Mahmood, Marcella Cabral, Magid Awadalla, Anju Nohria, Daniel A Zlotoff, Franck Thuny, Lucie M Heinzerling, Ana Barac, Ryan J Sullivan, Carol L Chen, Dipti Gupta, Michael C Kirchberger, Sarah E Hartmann, Jonathan W Weinsaft, Hannah K Gilman, Muhammad A. Rizvi Md, Bojan Kovacina, Caroline Michel, Gagan Sahni, Ana González-Mansilla, Antonio Calles, Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Michael Mahmoudi, Kerry L Reynolds, Sarju Ganatra, Juan José Gavira, Nahikari Salterain González, Manuel García De Yébenes Castro, Raymond Y Kwong, Michael Jerosch-Herold, Otavio R Coelho-Filho, Jonathan Afilalo, Eduardo Zataraín-Nicolás, A John Baksi, Bernd J Wintersperger, Oscar Calvillo-Arguelles, Stephane Ederhy, Eric H Yang, Alexander R Lyon, Michael G Fradley, Tomas G Neilan

Hematology-Medical Oncology Division

BACKGROUND: Myocarditis is a potentially fatal complication of immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy. Data on the utility of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) T1 and T2 mapping in ICI myocarditis are limited.

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the value of CMR T1 and T2 mapping in patients with ICI myocarditis.

METHODS: In this retrospective study from an international registry of patients with ICI myocarditis, clinical and CMR findings (including T1 and T2 maps) were collected. Abnormal T1 and T2 were defined as 2 SD above site (vendor/field strength specific) reference values and a z-score was calculated for each patient ...


Opioids Are Not A Major Cause Of Death Of Patients With Sickle Cell Disease., Samir K. Ballas Mar 2021

Opioids Are Not A Major Cause Of Death Of Patients With Sickle Cell Disease., Samir K. Ballas

Cardeza Foundation for Hematologic Research

According to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) database, the total number of deaths due to opioid overdose from 1999 through 2018 was 840,629. Given the alarming nature of these statistics, patients who requested prescription for opioids became targets of suspicion and possible accusation of maladaptive behavior. Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) were often not exempt from such accusations and became guilty by association. In order to clarify the effect of opioids on the mortality of patients with SCD, the mortality rates for children and adults with SCD were investigated using the CDC Wide-ranging Online Data ...


Intradural Extramedullary Capillary Hemangioma Of The Cauda Equina: Case Report Of A Rare Spinal Tumor., Liam P Hughes, Garrett Largoza, Thiago S Montenegro, Caio M Matias, Anthony Stefanelli, Mark T Curtis, James S Harrop Mar 2021

Intradural Extramedullary Capillary Hemangioma Of The Cauda Equina: Case Report Of A Rare Spinal Tumor., Liam P Hughes, Garrett Largoza, Thiago S Montenegro, Caio M Matias, Anthony Stefanelli, Mark T Curtis, James S Harrop

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

INTRODUCTION: Intradural extramedullary capillary hemangiomas of the cauda equina are exceedingly rare, with only 20 previous cases reported. In the adult population, these tumors are rare and can arise in the central and peripheral nervous systems from the dura or spinal nerve roots. Intradural capillary hemangiomas of the cauda equina can yield symptoms such as lower extremity weakness, pain, and bladder and bowel dysfunction. The clinical symptomology and surgical management of this rare spinal lesion are reviewed in this case report.

CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old male presented with progressive bilateral lower extremity weakness for 2 years, with recent bladder and ...


Neurological Manifestations As The Predictors Of Severity And Mortality In Hospitalized Individuals With Covid-19: A Multicenter Prospective Clinical Study, Man Amanat, Nima Rezaei, Mehrdad Roozbeh, Maziar Shojaei, Abbas Tafakhori, Anahita Zoghi, Ilad Alavi Darazam, Mona Salehi, Ehsan Karimialavijeh, Behnam Safarpour Lima, Amir Garakani, Alex R. Vaccaro, Mahtab Ramezani Mar 2021

Neurological Manifestations As The Predictors Of Severity And Mortality In Hospitalized Individuals With Covid-19: A Multicenter Prospective Clinical Study, Man Amanat, Nima Rezaei, Mehrdad Roozbeh, Maziar Shojaei, Abbas Tafakhori, Anahita Zoghi, Ilad Alavi Darazam, Mona Salehi, Ehsan Karimialavijeh, Behnam Safarpour Lima, Amir Garakani, Alex R. Vaccaro, Mahtab Ramezani

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUNDS: The reports of neurological symptoms are increasing in cases with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This multi-center prospective study was conducted to determine the incidence of neurological manifestations in hospitalized cases with COVID-19 and assess these symptoms as the predictors of severity and death.

METHODS: Hospitalized males and females with COVID-19 who aged over 18 years were included in the study. They were examined by two neurologists at the time of admission. All survived cases were followed for 8 weeks after discharge and 16 weeks if their symptoms had no improvements.

RESULTS: We included 873 participants. Of eligible cases, 122 ...


Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2-Induced Acute Aortic Occlusion: A Case Report, Artem Minalyan, Franklin L. Thelmo, Vincent Chan, Stephanie Tzarnas, Faizan Ahmed Mar 2021

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2-Induced Acute Aortic Occlusion: A Case Report, Artem Minalyan, Franklin L. Thelmo, Vincent Chan, Stephanie Tzarnas, Faizan Ahmed

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection can lead to a constellation of viral and immune symptoms called coronavirus disease 2019. Emerging literature increasingly supports the premise that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 promotes a prothrombotic milieu. However, to date there have been no reports of acute aortic occlusion, itself a rare phenomenon. We report a case of fatal acute aortic occlusion in a patient with coronavirus disease 2019.

Case report: A 59-year-old Caucasian male with past medical history of peripheral vascular disease presented to the emergency department for evaluation of shortness of breath, fevers, and dry cough ...