Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

44,614 Full-Text Articles 79,638 Authors 10,644,844 Downloads 259 Institutions
Active Readership Map This map shows download activity from this Commons.
Waiting for the next download...
Digital Commons Network
Real-time Readership

0
Downloads since
.

All Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Faceted Search

44,614 full-text articles. Page 1 of 1137.

Healthcare Information Systems: Opportunities And Challenges, Madison Ngafeeson 2015 Northern Michigan University

Healthcare Information Systems: Opportunities And Challenges, Madison Ngafeeson

Madison Ngafeeson

No abstract provided.


Cara Hidup Sehat, eyondd wae lee eyondd 2015 SelectedWorks

Cara Hidup Sehat, Eyondd Wae Lee Eyondd

eyondd wae lee eyondd

Sebuah Cara hidup sehat kualitas dalam hal wanita muda tanpa cacat yang telah diperiksa oleh metode spesialis adalah batas pinggang - pinggul sekitar 0 . tujuh puluh . Fisiologi telah demostrated bahwa wanita dengan jam pasir detail yang lebih matang daripada beberapa wanita muda yang berbeda berdasarkan langkah-langkah yang lebih baik dari hormon manusia perempuan tertentu , realitas yang akan pria sadar keadaan memilih kaki . Orang-orang yang dibangkitkan oleh gambar banyak individu mengungkap dalam media untuk menemukan apa yang tegas atau sama sekali tidak sempurna . Beberapa feminis dan tambahan dokter [ tidak jelas ] menggabungkan diberdayakan yang untuk gelar besar bentuk tipis diperkenalkan dalam buku harian ...


Appendix: Expand Wikipedia Stub On Supplier - Induced Demand, Robert D. Lieberthal, PhD, Juan Leon, PhD 2015 Thomas Jefferson University

Appendix: Expand Wikipedia Stub On Supplier - Induced Demand, Robert D. Lieberthal, Phd, Juan Leon, Phd

School of Population Health Faculty Papers

Appendix for article that has been accepted for Journal of Economic Education.


Automated Detection Of Puffing And Smoking With Wrist Accelerometers, Qu Tang 2015 Northeastern University

Automated Detection Of Puffing And Smoking With Wrist Accelerometers, Qu Tang

Electrical and Computer Engineering Master's Theses

Real-time, automatic detection of smoking behavior could lead to novel measurement tools for smoking research and "just-in-time" interventions that may help people quit, reducing preventable deaths. This paper discusses the use of machine learning with wrist accelerometer data for automatic puffing and smoking detection. A two-layer smoking detection model is proposed that incorporates both low-level time domain features and high-level smoking topography such as inter-puff intervals and puff frequency to detect puffing then smoking. On a pilot dataset of 6 individuals observed for 11.8 total hours in real-life settings performing complex tasks while smoking, the model obtains a cross ...


Macro Level Design Of Healthcare Networks Using Optimization And Simulation, Onur Uzunlar 2015 Northeastern University

Macro Level Design Of Healthcare Networks Using Optimization And Simulation, Onur Uzunlar

Industrial Engineering Master's Theses

Macro level design of networks is usually considered as determining the locations and capacity levels of the resources as well as the assignment of entities to these resources. Given the high costs of healthcare coupled with a focus on access and preventive health, many healthcare systems are engaged in macro-level planning of their overall network topology, care location, market expansion, and merger strategies. The use of systems engineering models to help inform these decisions can be very effective at designing both cost-efficient and qualified healthcare services, especially in cases involving complex and competing considerations.

This thesis presents several systems engineering ...


Chronic Betahistine Co-Treatment Reverses Olanzapine's Effects On Dopamine D2 But Not 5-Ht2a/2c Bindings In Rat Brains, Jiamei LIAN, Xu-Feng Huang, Nagesh B. Pai, Chao Deng 2015 University of Wollongong

Chronic Betahistine Co-Treatment Reverses Olanzapine's Effects On Dopamine D2 But Not 5-Ht2a/2c Bindings In Rat Brains, Jiamei Lian, Xu-Feng Huang, Nagesh B. Pai, Chao Deng

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

Olanzapine is widely prescribed for treating schizophrenia and other mental disorders, although it leads to severe body weight gain/obesity. Chronic co-treatment with betahistine has been found to significantly decrease olanzapine-induced weight gain; however, it is not clear whether this co-treatment affects the therapeutic effects of olanzapine. This study investigated the effects of chronic treatment of olanzapine and/or betahistine on the binding density of the serotonergic 5-HT2A (5-HT2AR) and 5-HT2C (5-HT2CR) receptors, 5-HT transporter (5-HTT), and dopaminergic D2 receptors (D2R) in the brain regions involved in antipsychotic efficacy, including the prefrontal cortex (PFC), cingulate cortex (Cg), nucleus accumbens (NAc ...


Pediatric Emergency Medical Care In Yerevan, Armenia: A Knowledge And Attitudes Survey Of Out-Of-Hospital Emergency Physicians., Aline A. Baghdassarian, Ross I. Donaldson, Andrew D Depiero, Nancy L Chernett, Harsh P. Sule MD 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Pediatric Emergency Medical Care In Yerevan, Armenia: A Knowledge And Attitudes Survey Of Out-Of-Hospital Emergency Physicians., Aline A. Baghdassarian, Ross I. Donaldson, Andrew D Depiero, Nancy L Chernett, Harsh P. Sule Md

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital emergency care is at an early stage of development in Armenia, with the current emergency medical services (EMS) system having emergency physicians (EPs) work on ambulances along with nurses. While efforts are underway by the Ministry of Health and other organizations to reform the EMS system, little data exists on the status of pediatric emergency care (PEC) in the country. We designed this study to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of out-of-hospital emergency physicians in pediatric rapid assessment and resuscitation, and identify areas for PEC improvement.

METHODS: We distributed an anonymous, self-administered Knowledge and Attitudes survey to a ...


Lkb1 Deficient Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells Are Vulnerable To Energy Stress Induced By Atp Depletion, Chao Yang 2014 Texas Medical Center Library

Lkb1 Deficient Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells Are Vulnerable To Energy Stress Induced By Atp Depletion, Chao Yang

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Lung cancer is the second most frequent cancer in United States, which represents about 13.5% of new cancer cases every year. It accounts for about 27.2% of all cancer related deaths, which is more than the sum of deaths caused by prancretic, breast and colorectal. On average, only about 16% of lung cancer patients survive beyond 5 years. LKB1 is the third most mutated gene in lung cancer. It has been shown that LKB1 is mutated in at least 15% to 30% of NSCLC. Tumor with LKB1 mutation is associated with poor differentiation, high metastasis and worse response ...


Examining Success In Health Information Technology Implementation Research, Madison Ngafeeson 2014 Northern Michigan University

Examining Success In Health Information Technology Implementation Research, Madison Ngafeeson

Conference Presentations

The implementation of health information systems (IS) is rapidly increasing. In the United States, $70 billion will be invested by the government to facilitate the adoption of the electronic health record over a ten-year period. However, IS acceptance is not success. We use content analysis to investigate the success component.


A Systematic Review Of The Epidemiology Of Nonfatal Strangulation, A Human Rights And Health Concern, Susan B. Sorenson, Manisha Joshi, Elizabeth Sivitz 2014 University of Pennsylvania

A Systematic Review Of The Epidemiology Of Nonfatal Strangulation, A Human Rights And Health Concern, Susan B. Sorenson, Manisha Joshi, Elizabeth Sivitz

Departmental Papers (SPP)

We reviewed the literature on the epidemiology of nonfatal strangulation (also, albeit incorrectly, called choking) by an intimate partner.

We searched 6 electronic databases to identify cross-sectional, primary research studies from 1960 to 2014 that reported national prevalence estimates of nonfatal strangulation by an intimate partner among community-residing adults. Of 7260 identified references, 23 articles based on 11 self-reported surveys in 9 countries met the inclusion criteria. The percentage of women who reported ever having been strangled by an intimate partner ranged from 3.0% to 9.7%; past-year prevalence ranged from 0.4% to 2.4%, with 1.0 ...


It-Enabled Community Health Interventions: Challenges, Opportunities, And Future Directions, Hadi Kharrazi MD, PhD, Jonathan Weiner DrPH 2014 EDM Forum

It-Enabled Community Health Interventions: Challenges, Opportunities, And Future Directions, Hadi Kharrazi Md, Phd, Jonathan Weiner Drph

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Rising health information technology (HIT) adoption and the increasing interoperability of health data have propelled the role of IT in community-wide health transformations. Disseminating the challenges and opportunities that the early adopters of community-wide HIT interventions have experienced is critical for empowering the growing demand for community-based health systems. This special issue of eGEMs addresses that need. This issue includes a variety of community-based HIT projects covering topics such as governance, informatics, and learning health systems. These projects represent a diverse set of stakeholders, a wide selection of data sources, and multiple information platforms to collate or exchange data. We ...


Bronchial Thermoplasty – Principles And Controversies, David Manoff, MD 2014 Thomas Jefferson University

Bronchial Thermoplasty – Principles And Controversies, David Manoff, Md

Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Presentations and Grand Rounds

Objectives:

1) Learn the indications and contraindications to bronchial thermoplasty.

2) Develop a basic understanding of the controversies about, and the barriers to, the use of thermoplasty.

3) Understand the peri-procedural care and follow-up of patients who receive bronchial thermoplasty.

No Audio. PowerPoint slides only.


The Southeastern Minnesota Beacon Project For Community-Driven Health Information Technology: Origins, Achievements, And Legacy, Christopher G. Chute, Lacey A. Hart, Alex K. Alexander, Daniel W. Jensen 2014 EDM Forum

The Southeastern Minnesota Beacon Project For Community-Driven Health Information Technology: Origins, Achievements, And Legacy, Christopher G. Chute, Lacey A. Hart, Alex K. Alexander, Daniel W. Jensen

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: The Southeastern (SE) Minnesota Beacon organized all the health care providers, county public health organizations, and school districts in the deployment and integration of health information exchange (HIE) and targeted health communication around childhood asthma and diabetes. The community cooperated to establish a clinical data repository for all residents in the 11-county region. Through this community of practice approach that involved traditional and nontraditional providers, the SE Minnesota Beacon was able to realize unique applications of this technology. This manuscript overviews the associated organization and infrastructure of this community collaboration.

Background: The Office of the National Coordinator for Health ...


Creating A Connected Community: Lessons Learned From The Western New York Beacon Community, Nancy Maloney, Arvela R. Heider, Amy Rockwood, Ranjit Singh 2014 EDM Forum

Creating A Connected Community: Lessons Learned From The Western New York Beacon Community, Nancy Maloney, Arvela R. Heider, Amy Rockwood, Ranjit Singh

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Secure exchange of clinical data among providers has the potential to improve quality, safety, efficiency, and reduce duplication. Many communities are experiencing challenges in building effective health information exchanges (HIEs). Previous studies have focused on financial and technical issues regarding HIE development. This paper describes the Western New York (WNY) HIE growth and lessons learned about accelerating progress to become a highly connected community.

Methods: HEALTHeLINK, with funding from the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) under the Beacon Community Program, expanded HIE usage in eight counties. The communitywide transformation process used three main drivers ...


39. Evans, A. D., Stolzenberg, S., Lee, K., & Lyon, T. D. (In Press). Young Children's Difficulty With Indirect Speech Acts: Implications For Questioning Child Witnesses. Behavioral Sciences & The Law., Thomas D. Lyon 2014 USC Gould School of Law

39. Evans, A. D., Stolzenberg, S., Lee, K., & Lyon, T. D. (In Press). Young Children's Difficulty With Indirect Speech Acts: Implications For Questioning Child Witnesses. Behavioral Sciences & The Law., Thomas D. Lyon

Thomas D. Lyon

Prior research suggests that infelicitous choice of questions can significantly underestimate children’s actual abilities, independently of suggestiveness. One possibly difficult question type is indirect speech acts such as “Do you know…” questions (DYK, e.g., “Do you know where it happened?”). These questions directly ask if respondents know, while indirectly asking what respondents know. If respondents answer “yes,” but fail to elaborate, they are either ignoring or failing to recognize the indirect question (known as pragmatic failure). Two studies examined the effect of indirect speech acts on maltreated and non-maltreated 2- to 7-year-olds’ post-event interview responses. Children were read ...


End Of Life Ethics: Hospice And Advance Directives, Thomas Kehr 2014 Cedarville University

End Of Life Ethics: Hospice And Advance Directives, Thomas Kehr

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

It has been said, “Everybody will die, but very few people want to be reminded of that fact” (Handler, 2000, p.28). Perhaps this is the reason so few adults have advanced directives. Even after the 2005 public debate over the Terry Schiavo case, it has been calculated that two-thirds of Americans adults have not completed advance directives (Morhaim & Pollack, 2013).

Americans are united in desiring that their wishes be honored. Sister Nancy, a senior Catholic Nun, had completed her living will. After a medical episode and hospitalization she was furious that hospital emergency physicians had not honored her advanced directives. Yes, her life was saved; but the sacred trust of patient and physician was broken. It is this sacred trust we all count on.

This paper will provide an ethical overview of advance directives, hospital care, hospice services, and physician roles and essential responsibilities. It will ...


Why Christians Are Afraid Of Removing Artificial Nutrition And Hydration, Lynley G. Turkelson 2014 Cedarville University

Why Christians Are Afraid Of Removing Artificial Nutrition And Hydration, Lynley G. Turkelson

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

On 31 March 2005, Terri Schiavo passed away, amidst the grief, consternation, and outrage of many Americans. In our desire to live forever and “be like God” (Genesis 3:5), human beings have created death-defying technologies. However, these technologies have led to many ethical dilemmas, in part because bioethics has been influenced insidiously by a cultural transhumanism that denies our fundamental human nature and mortality. Many Christians have embraced a transhumanist view of technology, leading to an unhealthy vitalism at the end of life. In this paper, I will demonstrate this flawed view, using the persistent vegetative states (PVS) as ...


Ethical Duties In Ectopic Pregnancy, Josephine Hein 2014 Cedarville University

Ethical Duties In Ectopic Pregnancy, Josephine Hein

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

Ectopic pregnancy is occurring at an increasing frequency in the United States due to a rise in sexually transmitted disease, fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization, smoking, stress, and drug use. An ectopic pregnancy (EP), from Latin roots meaning “out of place,” is a pregnancy that does not correctly implant into its normal location in the endometrium of the uterus. Instead, the developing embryo implants in the fallopian tube, the cervix, the ovaries, or the abdominal or pelvic cavity. EPs today constitute about 2% of all pregnancies, of which 97% implant in the fallopian tube. A ruptured EP can ...


Beacon Communities’ Public Health Initiatives: A Case Study Analysis, Barbara L. Massoudi MPH, PhD, Laura H. Marcial, Saira Haque, Robert Bailey, Kelley Chester, Shellery Cunningham, Amanda Riley, Paula Soper 2014 EDM Forum

Beacon Communities’ Public Health Initiatives: A Case Study Analysis, Barbara L. Massoudi Mph, Phd, Laura H. Marcial, Saira Haque, Robert Bailey, Kelley Chester, Shellery Cunningham, Amanda Riley, Paula Soper

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Abstract

Introduction: The Beacon Communities for Public Health (BCPH) project was launched in 2011 to gain a better understanding of the range of activities currently being conducted in population- and public health by the Beacon Communities. The project highlighted the successes and challenges of these efforts with the aim of sharing this information broadly among the public health community.

Background: The Beacon Community Program, designed to showcase technology-enabled, community-based initiatives to improve outcomes, focused on: building and strengthening health information technology (IT) infrastructure and exchange capabilities; translating investments in health IT to measurable improvements in cost, quality, and population health ...


Building The Research Enterprise In The Academic Environment:, Geraldine Polly Bednash, Jane Kirschling, Eileen T. Breslin, Robert Rosseter 2014 Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing

Building The Research Enterprise In The Academic Environment:, Geraldine Polly Bednash, Jane Kirschling, Eileen T. Breslin, Robert Rosseter

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

The preponderance of nursing research conducted in the United States occurs in schools of nursing. Accordingly, a major role for academic leaders in nursing education is the development of a resource base to support and expand the research mission of the nursing program. The intersection of research and practice is also an essential element for assuring the relevance of nursing research and advancing the application of the evidence generated by nursing scientists. The following paper presents an introduction to nursing research in the U.S. with an emphasis on the educational and operational resources needed to maintain a robust research ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress