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Using The Rat Grimace Scale To Detect Orofacial Pain In Mechanically-Induced Temporomandibular Joint Pain In Rats, Ya-Hsin Yu, Megan M. Sperry, Beth A. Winkelstein, Eric J. Granquist 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Using The Rat Grimace Scale To Detect Orofacial Pain In Mechanically-Induced Temporomandibular Joint Pain In Rats, Ya-Hsin Yu, Megan M. Sperry, Beth A. Winkelstein, Eric J. Granquist

Dental Theses

Introduction: Orofacial pain in animal models of TMJ disorders is typically evaluated by measuring evoked reflexive responses. Since the rat grimace scale (RGS) was adopted recently to assess spontaneous pain in other pathologies, this study evaluated its effectiveness for TMJ pain in the rat. RGS was evaluated using a well-defined pain model of TMJ loading.

Material and Methods: Female Holtzman rats were assigned to separate groups: loading (n=10); sham (n=4); loading with naproxen (n=4) or vehicle (n=3) on days 4 and 5 after pain developed. Jaw loading was imposed for 7 consecutive days under anesthesia by ...


Clinical Management Of Pressure Control Ventilation: An Algorithmic Method Of Patient Ventilatory Management To Address “Forgotten But Important Variables”, Lonny Ashworth, Yasuhiro Norisue, Megan Koster, Jeff Anderson, Junko Takada, Hatsuyo Ebisu 2018 Boise State University

Clinical Management Of Pressure Control Ventilation: An Algorithmic Method Of Patient Ventilatory Management To Address “Forgotten But Important Variables”, Lonny Ashworth, Yasuhiro Norisue, Megan Koster, Jeff Anderson, Junko Takada, Hatsuyo Ebisu

Respiratory Therapy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Pressure controlled ventilation is a common mode of ventilation used to manage both adult and pediatric populations. However, there is very little evidence that distinguishes the efficacy of pressure controlled ventilation over that of volume controlled ventilation in the adult population. This gap in the literature may be due to the absence of a consistent and systematic algorithm for managing pressure controlled ventilation. This article provides a brief overview of the applications of both pressure controlled ventilation and volume controlled ventilation and proposes an algorithmic approach to the management of patients receiving pressure controlled ventilation. This algorithmic approach highlights the ...


Are Underground Coal Miners Satisfied With Their Work Boots?, Jessica Dobson, Diane L. Riddiford-Harland, Alison F. Bell, Julie R. Steele 2018 University of Wollongong

Are Underground Coal Miners Satisfied With Their Work Boots?, Jessica Dobson, Diane L. Riddiford-Harland, Alison F. Bell, Julie R. Steele

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers

Dissatisfaction with work boot design is common in the mining industry. Many underground coal miners believe their work boots contribute to the high incidence of lower limb injuries they experience. Despite this, the most recent research to examine underground coal mining work boot satisfaction was conducted over a decade ago. This present study aimed to address this gap in the literature by assessing current mining work boot satisfaction in relation to the work-related requirements for underground coal mining. 358 underground coal miners (355 men; mean age = 39.1 ± 10.7 years) completed a 54-question survey regarding their job details, work ...


Introduction To Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Imaging In Food: Salt Diffusion In Meat, Yash Dixit, Patrick Cullen, Carl Sullivan 2018 Dublin Institute of Technology

Introduction To Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Imaging In Food: Salt Diffusion In Meat, Yash Dixit, Patrick Cullen, Carl Sullivan

Articles

This study illustrates the ability of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) to detect and map 22 minerals in food. A LIBS system was used to spatially collect spectra of beef samples. Samples were 23 brined in a 6% salt solution for 2h and 24h along with a control sample. Samples were measured by 24 scanning the cross-section of each sample in a 90 X 90 square grid. Sodium (Na) distribution images 25 with respect to emission peak at 589.05 nm were generated after pre-processing the spectral data which 26 directly corresponds to salt levels. As expected, the control sample ...


Intensity Inhomogeneity Correction Of Sd-Oct Data Using Macular Flatspace, Andrew Lang, Aaron Carass, Bruno M. Jedynak, Sharon D. Solomon, Peter A. Calabresi, Jerry L. Prince 2018 Johns Hopkins University

Intensity Inhomogeneity Correction Of Sd-Oct Data Using Macular Flatspace, Andrew Lang, Aaron Carass, Bruno M. Jedynak, Sharon D. Solomon, Peter A. Calabresi, Jerry L. Prince

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Images of the retina acquired using optical coherence tomography (OCT) often suffer from intensity inhomogeneity problems that degrade both the quality of the images and the performance of automated algorithms utilized to measure structural changes. This intensity variation has many causes, including off-axis acquisition, signal attenuation, multi-frame averaging, and vignetting, making it difficult to correct the data in a fundamental way. This paper presents a method for inhomogeneity correction by acting to reduce the variability of intensities within each layer. In particular, the N3 algorithm, which is popular in neuroimage analysis, is adapted to work for OCT data. N3 works ...


A Systematic Review Of Food Composition Tools Used For Determining Dietary Polyphenol Intake In Estimated Intake Studies, Yasmine Probst, Vivienne Guan, Katherine Caldwell 2018 University of Wollongong

A Systematic Review Of Food Composition Tools Used For Determining Dietary Polyphenol Intake In Estimated Intake Studies, Yasmine Probst, Vivienne Guan, Katherine Caldwell

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

Translating food intake data into phytochemical outcomes is a crucial step in investigating potential health benefits. The aim of this review was to examine the tools for determining dietary-derived polyphenol intakes for estimated intake studies. Published studies from 2004 to 2014 reporting polyphenol food composition information were sourced with 157 studies included. Six polyphenol subclasses were identified. One quarter of studies (n = 39) reported total flavonoids intake with 27% reporting individual flavonoid compounds. Assessing multiple compounds was common with approximately 10% of studies assessing seven (n = 13), six (n = 12) and five (n = 14) subclasses of polyphenol. There was no ...


Aberrant Brain Functional Connectivity In Newborns With Congenital Heart Disease Before Cardiac Surgery, Josepheen De Asis-Cruz, Mary T. Donofrio, Gilbert Vezina, Catherine Limperopoulos 2018 George Washington University

Aberrant Brain Functional Connectivity In Newborns With Congenital Heart Disease Before Cardiac Surgery, Josepheen De Asis-Cruz, Mary T. Donofrio, Gilbert Vezina, Catherine Limperopoulos

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD) requiring open heart surgery are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental disabilities. Recent quantitative MRI studies have reported disrupted growth, microstructure, and metabolism in fetuses and newborns with complex CHD. To date, no study has examined whether functional brain connectivity is altered in this high-risk population after birth, before surgery. Our objective was to compare whole-brain functional connectivity of resting state networks in healthy, term newborns (n = 82) and in term neonates with CHD before surgery (n = 30) using graph theory and network-based statistics. We report for the first time intact global network topology – efficient ...


Postpartum Hemorrhage Evidenced-Based Registered Nurse Staff Education Project, Jessica Powell 2018 Walden University

Postpartum Hemorrhage Evidenced-Based Registered Nurse Staff Education Project, Jessica Powell

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Despite medical technology and research advances postpartum hemorrhages (PPH) continue to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for pregnant women, even in developed countries. One possible explanation for PPHs continuing to be a leading cause of maternal death is inconsistent recognition and timely treatment of women experiencing a PPH. This doctor of nursing practice project attempts to improve labor and delivery nurse knowledge through an educational intervention which will contribute to rapid identification and treatment of PPH. Knowledge change was demonstrated though change in pretest and posttest scores. The educational information and process was guided by adult learning ...


Facilitating Collaboration Among School And Community Providers In Children's Mental Health, Holly J. Curran 2018 Walden University

Facilitating Collaboration Among School And Community Providers In Children's Mental Health, Holly J. Curran

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Interprofessional collaboration among school-based and community-based mental health providers in children's mental has been studied in relation to specific providers and as part of program evaluation; however, limited information exists as to how to overcome barriers to collaborative relationships. This study describes the experiences of school and community mental health service providers and those who supervise them. Using phenomenological methodology, three focus-group interview transcripts were analyzed by identifying recurrent themes relevant to the experience of collaboration from school and community providers' perspectives. Although participants viewed aspects of collaboration positively, barriers frequently interfered with collaborative relationships. Support for collaboration from ...


Developing An Impella Education Program For The Critical Care Registered Nurse, Sara Jackson 2018 Walden University

Developing An Impella Education Program For The Critical Care Registered Nurse, Sara Jackson

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Every year, hundreds of thousands of patients have coronary angiograms performed in the United States. The Impella is a percutaneous ventricular support device that provides hemodynamic support for patients if hemodynamic instability occurs during the procedure. The critical care nurse is responsible for the recovery and management of the patient with the Impella device in place. The purpose of this scholarly project is to provide registered nurses (RN) who have not previously managed the Impella device with the appropriate education in order to demonstrate competency. The program demonstrated improved RN knowledge about the Impella and increased confidence when managing the ...


Examining Health Disparities And Childhood Obesity In Florida And Georgia, Jennifer Wesley 2018 Walden University

Examining Health Disparities And Childhood Obesity In Florida And Georgia, Jennifer Wesley

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Childhood obesity is a major issue in the United States. The rates of obesity vary among racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. South. The purpose of this quantitative cross-sectional study was to investigate significant state health disparities differences in childhood obesity in the South region between Florida and Georgia. To steer this study, the social cognitive theory was used. The associations between neighborhood safety and support, physical activity, family health and activities on body mass index were examined in this study. Data was obtained from the National Survey of Children's Health 2011-2012 on 1,688 children aged ...


Perceptions Of Stress: Employee Participation In A Yoga Class, Rosemarie Lee 2018 Walden University

Perceptions Of Stress: Employee Participation In A Yoga Class, Rosemarie Lee

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Abstract

Employees experience workplace stress that can affect their health resulting in chronic diseases such as diabetes, stress, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases. Stress also contributes to staff presentism, absenteeism, and high turnover rate. The employee wellness program (EWP) yoga class at a metropolitan teaching hospital has not been evaluated for its effectiveness in employee stress reduction and improvement in employee health. The practice focus question for this project explored employees' perception of the impact of a metropolitan teaching hospital's EWP yoga class on their stress reduction and health promotion activities. The theoretical framework for this project is Lazarus' transactional ...


Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez 2018 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

In May 2012 United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against prostate cancer screening, Grade D, with no other recommendation for providers. Since prostate cancer continues to be among the most common cancer in the United States among men, patients were exposed to previous guidelines during routine visits and require updated educational materials for primary care visits.


Using Simulated Family Presence To Decrease Agitation In Older Hospitalized Delirious Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Christine M. Waszynski, Kerry A. Milner, Ilene Staff, Sheila L. Molony 2018 Department of Geriatric Medicine and Department of Nursing, Hartford Hospital

Using Simulated Family Presence To Decrease Agitation In Older Hospitalized Delirious Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Christine M. Waszynski, Kerry A. Milner, Ilene Staff, Sheila L. Molony

Nursing Faculty Publications

Background: Simulated family presence has been shown to be an effective nonpharmacological intervention to reduce agitation in persons with dementia in nursing homes. Hyperactive or mixed delirium is a common and serious complication experienced by hospitalized patients, a key feature of which is agitation. Effective nonpharmacological interventions to manage delirium are needed.

Objectives: To examine the effect of simulated family presence through pre-recorded video messages on the agitation level of hospitalized, delirious, acutely agitated patients.

Design: Single site randomized control trial, 3 groups x 4 time points mixed factorial design conducted from July 2015 to March 2016.

Setting: Acute care ...


Special Educators' Perceptions On Effective Preparation And Practice For Student Success, Anne Brackney Liese 2018 Walden University

Special Educators' Perceptions On Effective Preparation And Practice For Student Success, Anne Brackney Liese

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Alternative school settings are success prospects for students at risk of school failure. However, research on the daily experiences of the special educators in alternate school settings tasked with educating the at-risk population, is limited. The purpose of this phenomenological study was (a) to recognize the perceptions of special educators concerning their preparation to advance the success of SEN students who are at risk of school failure; (b) to determine how to improve special educator preparation programs in alternative school settings. Deci and Ryan's self-determination theory, focused on student success provided the study's framework. Twelve semistructured interviews were ...


Hand Expression With Lactation Support: Effect On Self-Efficacy And Breastfeeding Duration, Florence Omekara 2018 Walden University

Hand Expression With Lactation Support: Effect On Self-Efficacy And Breastfeeding Duration, Florence Omekara

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Breastfeeding is the best infant feeding method, and breastmilk has many immunological and anti-inflammatory properties that protect babies against illnesses and diseases. It protects the health of the mother and saves society substantial economic costs, as demonstrated in many studies. Studies show that if 90% of U.S mothers breastfed for 6 months, up to $13 billion in healthcare costs could be saved. Despite the health and economic benefits of breastfeeding, most women stop breastfeeding before 6 months postpartum, which falls short of the recommendations of the World Health Organization, U.S. Surgeon General, and American Academy of Pediatrics. This ...


Assessing Condom Use Among Navajo Men In The Southwest, Terra E. Yabeny 2018 Walden University

Assessing Condom Use Among Navajo Men In The Southwest, Terra E. Yabeny

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The Navajo tribe reports extraordinarily high number of cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and heterosexual populations. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the cultural value of adil â??idli (self-respect) and how this cultural practice might influence health behaviors in sexual activity, condoms use, and acquiring of STDs among Navajo men. The Health Belief Model (HBM) was the theoretical foundation for providing a deeper understanding of the social, environmental, and cultural factors of condom use among Navajo men. Research ...


Pilot Texas Red Cross Virtual Disaster Health Services Model Â?? Case Study, Kathryn Elaine Weseman 2018 Walden University

Pilot Texas Red Cross Virtual Disaster Health Services Model Â?? Case Study, Kathryn Elaine Weseman

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The Red Cross traditional method of Disaster Health System (DHS) response is â??boots on the ground.' Texas, the 2nd largest state by population and land mass, has only 15 DHS volunteer nurses who were not able to meet the needs of disaster victims in Texas with the traditional response method. The Texas Red Cross DHS volunteer nurses began piloting a virtual DHS model in 2014. The research question was how Texas Red Cross nurses designed, developed, implemented, and evaluated the Texas Red Cross virtual DHS Model. The purpose of this case study was to provide this information in a ...


Implementing A Smoking Cessation Educational Module For Clinical Staff Members Who Care For Mentally Ill Outpatients, Anthonia Okeani 2018 Walden University

Implementing A Smoking Cessation Educational Module For Clinical Staff Members Who Care For Mentally Ill Outpatients, Anthonia Okeani

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

In the United States, cigarette smoking is the main contributor to preventable death in all populations; and, among the mentally ill, the prevalence of smoking is a clinical practice concern. Nearly half of all smokers also have a diagnosis of mental illness compared with 23% of the general population. In an effort to reduce the problem of tobacco use within mentally ill populations, this project sought to create an educational module on smoking cessation for staff in a mental health clinic. The theory of planned behavior was used to guide the project that focused on implementation of a behavior change ...


Hand Expression With Lactation Support: Effect On Self-Efficacy And Breastfeeding Duration, Florence Omekara 2018 Walden University

Hand Expression With Lactation Support: Effect On Self-Efficacy And Breastfeeding Duration, Florence Omekara

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Breastfeeding is the best infant feeding method, and breastmilk has many immunological and anti-inflammatory properties that protect babies against illnesses and diseases. It protects the health of the mother and saves society substantial economic costs, as demonstrated in many studies. Studies show that if 90% of U.S mothers breastfed for 6 months, up to $13 billion in healthcare costs could be saved. Despite the health and economic benefits of breastfeeding, most women stop breastfeeding before 6 months postpartum, which falls short of the recommendations of the World Health Organization, U.S. Surgeon General, and American Academy of Pediatrics. This ...


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