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Articles 1 - 30 of 20292

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Benefits Of Art Therapy On Stress And Anxiety Of Oncology Patients During Treatment, Helen Shiepe May 2023

The Benefits Of Art Therapy On Stress And Anxiety Of Oncology Patients During Treatment, Helen Shiepe

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Within the last ten years research on art therapy and its positive impact on oncology patients’ stress and anxiety during treatment has been minimal. Oncology patients whether they are children or adults when diagnosed experience similar reactions due to their diagnosis, treatment, and in some cases end of life care. The current question is whether or not art therapy does have a positive impact on decreasing the stress and anxiety with oncology patients while undergoing treatment. Deane, Fitch & Carmen (2000), discussed art therapy as a healing art that is “intended to integrate physical, emotional, and spiritual care by facilitating creative ...


Small Extracellular Vesicle-Mediated Itgb6 Sirna Delivery Downregulates The Αvβ6 Integrin And Inhibits Adhesion And Migration Of Recipient Prostate Cancer Cells, Shiv Ram Krishn, Vaughn Garcia, Nicole M Naranjo, Fabio Quaglia, Christopher D Shields, Maisha A Harris, Andrew V Kossenkov, Qin Liu, Eva Corey, Dario C Altieri, Lucia R Languino Dec 2022

Small Extracellular Vesicle-Mediated Itgb6 Sirna Delivery Downregulates The Αvβ6 Integrin And Inhibits Adhesion And Migration Of Recipient Prostate Cancer Cells, Shiv Ram Krishn, Vaughn Garcia, Nicole M Naranjo, Fabio Quaglia, Christopher D Shields, Maisha A Harris, Andrew V Kossenkov, Qin Liu, Eva Corey, Dario C Altieri, Lucia R Languino

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

The αVβ6 integrin, an epithelial-specific cell surface receptor absent in normal prostate and expressed during prostate cancer (PrCa) progression, is a therapeutic target in many cancers. Here, we report that transcript levels of ITGB6 (encoding the β6 integrin subunit) are significantly increased in metastatic castrate-resistant androgen receptor-negative prostate tumors compared to androgen receptor-positive prostate tumors. In addition, the αVβ6 integrin protein levels are significantly elevated in androgen receptor-negative PrCa patient derived xenografts (PDXs) compared to androgen receptor-positive PDXs. In vitro, the androgen receptor-negative PrCa cells express high levels of the αVβ6 integrin compared to androgen receptor-positive PrCa cells. Additionally, expression ...


Podium Presentation: Spontaneous Intraventricular Empyema In A Patient With Bacterial Sinusitis, Rachel Freedberg, Brian J. Carlson, Cynthia Murphy, Teresa Bigand Jun 2022

Podium Presentation: Spontaneous Intraventricular Empyema In A Patient With Bacterial Sinusitis, Rachel Freedberg, Brian J. Carlson, Cynthia Murphy, Teresa Bigand

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

No abstract provided.


Podium Presentation: Registered Nurses' Diet Quality And Overall Health During The Sars-Cov-2 Pandemic, Teresa Bigand, Ross Bindler, Lois James, Rachel Faulkner, Rebecca Penders, Trisha Saul, Marietta Sperry, Marian Wilson Jun 2022

Podium Presentation: Registered Nurses' Diet Quality And Overall Health During The Sars-Cov-2 Pandemic, Teresa Bigand, Ross Bindler, Lois James, Rachel Faulkner, Rebecca Penders, Trisha Saul, Marietta Sperry, Marian Wilson

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

No abstract provided.


Differences In Nutritional Profile Of 12-Hour Registered Nurses Who Do And Do Not Take At Least 60 Minutes Of Scheduled Breaks, Rachel Faulkner, Teresa Bigand, Marian Wilson, Lois James, Ross Bindler, Charis Williams Jun 2022

Differences In Nutritional Profile Of 12-Hour Registered Nurses Who Do And Do Not Take At Least 60 Minutes Of Scheduled Breaks, Rachel Faulkner, Teresa Bigand, Marian Wilson, Lois James, Ross Bindler, Charis Williams

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

No abstract provided.


Palmitoylation As A Regulator Of Maguk Proteins Postsynaptic Localization, Santiago Balderas, Rozena Shirvani-Arani, Xiaoqian Fang, Yonghong Zhang Jun 2022

Palmitoylation As A Regulator Of Maguk Proteins Postsynaptic Localization, Santiago Balderas, Rozena Shirvani-Arani, Xiaoqian Fang, Yonghong Zhang

MEDI 8127 Scholarly Activities Pre-Clerkship

Synaptic plasticity is the ability of the brain to make changes and the changes occur at synapses. To achieve the complicated functions, a good number of proteins are present at synapse and are called synaptic proteins. To stabilize these proteins at synapses, proteins are modified through posttranslational modifications (PTMs). The most studied PTMs include phosphorylation, acetylation, ubiquitination, glycosylation, palmitoylation, etc. Palmitoylation is a type of lipid modification and has received more attention recently for its contribution to protein trafficking, localization, and interaction in various synaptic plasticity. The membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) family includes PSD-95, PSD-93 (also known as chapsyn-110), SAP102 ...


Intouch June 20, 2022, New York Medical College Jun 2022

Effect Of Sub-Inhibitory Concentrations Of Nitrofurantoin, Ciprofloxacin And Trimethoprim On In-Vitro Biofilm Formation In Uropathogenic Escherichia Coli, Shane Whelan Jun 2022

Effect Of Sub-Inhibitory Concentrations Of Nitrofurantoin, Ciprofloxacin And Trimethoprim On In-Vitro Biofilm Formation In Uropathogenic Escherichia Coli, Shane Whelan

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

The purpose of the current study was to determine the effect of sublethal concentrations of nitrofurantoin, ciprofloxacin and trimethoprim on biofilm formation in 57 uropathogenic Escherichia coli strains (UPEC).

The MIC of nitrofurantoin, ciprofloxacin and trimethoprim was determined for 57 UPEC isolates. Biofilm formation for each isolate with and without sub-lethal concentrations of each antibiotic was then quantified, and the statistical significance of changes in biofilm formation was ascertained by way of a Dunnett's test.

The effects of sub-MIC antibiotics on biofilm formation of UPEC were variable. A total of 22.8% of strains were induced to form biofilm ...


How Irish Medical Scientists Can Assist In The Improved Diagnosis Of The Disease Infectious Mononucleosis, Patrick Naughton Jun 2022

How Irish Medical Scientists Can Assist In The Improved Diagnosis Of The Disease Infectious Mononucleosis, Patrick Naughton

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

Background:

The eponymously named Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) or human herpesvirus 4 (HHV-4) is the sole causative agent of the acute illness in humans described either as infectious mononucleosis (IM), or glandular fever. IM, when not clinically silent, can present in patients with at least two of the classic triad of symptoms of fever, pharyngitis, and lymphadenopathy. Challenges for the clinician arise when atypical cases present. Early, accurate and informed laboratory test results are vital for diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and patient management. A key challenge for the practitioner, particularly in cases where the illness can present atypically, is distinguishing bacterial tonsillitis ...


Descriptive Analysis Of Acute Ischemic Stroke In Covid-19 Patients Through The Course Of The Covid-19 Pandemic, Amman Bhasin, Jay Liuhong Liu, Keval Shah, Amin Marji, Ricky Sareini, Shishir Rao, Wazim Mohamed, Kumar Rajamani, Parthasarathi Chamiraju, Ayaz Khawaja Jun 2022

Descriptive Analysis Of Acute Ischemic Stroke In Covid-19 Patients Through The Course Of The Covid-19 Pandemic, Amman Bhasin, Jay Liuhong Liu, Keval Shah, Amin Marji, Ricky Sareini, Shishir Rao, Wazim Mohamed, Kumar Rajamani, Parthasarathi Chamiraju, Ayaz Khawaja

Medical Student Research Symposium

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been associated with Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS). Here, we characterize our institutional experience with management of COVID-19 and AIS. Baseline demographics, clinical, imaging, and outcomes data were determined in patients with COVID-19 and AIS presenting within March 2020 thru October 2020, and November 2020 thru August 2021, based on institutional COVID-19 hospitalization volume. Of 2512 COVID-19 patients, 35 (1.39%, mean age 63.3 years, 54% women) had AIS. AIS recognition was frequently delayed after COVID-19 symptoms (median 19.5 days). Four patients (31%) were on therapeutic anticoagulation at AIS recognition. AIS mechanism was undetermined ...


Meta-Analysis Of 175 Patients With Covid-19 And Seizures, Status Epilepticus, Or Cortical Myoclonus: An Individual Patient Data Analysis, Aditi Kappagantu Bs, Helena A. Brantz Ms, Amman Bhasin Ba, Cristina Jageka Bs, Rooqash Ali Md, Izzy Saef Md, Brittany M. Stopa Mph, Ayaz Khawaja Md Jun 2022

Meta-Analysis Of 175 Patients With Covid-19 And Seizures, Status Epilepticus, Or Cortical Myoclonus: An Individual Patient Data Analysis, Aditi Kappagantu Bs, Helena A. Brantz Ms, Amman Bhasin Ba, Cristina Jageka Bs, Rooqash Ali Md, Izzy Saef Md, Brittany M. Stopa Mph, Ayaz Khawaja Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Objective

To characterize management and outcomes of seizures, status epilepticus, and cortical myoclonus in COVID-19, with individual patient data analysis of published literature.

Methods

Systematic literature review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Criteria included new-onset seizures, status epilepticus, and/or cortical myoclonus with concomitant COVID-19. COVID-19 severity was dichotomized into mild and severe cases. Good outcome was defined as discharge without severe deficits, and/or return to baseline.

Results

A total of 105 studies reporting 176 patients (male 56.3%;mean age 47.8,SD 25.6) were included. Status epilepticus occurred in 47 patients (26.7%) and ...


Impact Of Delayed Dermatology Consultation On Inpatient Care, Andrew S. Kao, Andrew D. King, Redina Bardhi, Meghan Mansour, Steven Daveluy Jun 2022

Impact Of Delayed Dermatology Consultation On Inpatient Care, Andrew S. Kao, Andrew D. King, Redina Bardhi, Meghan Mansour, Steven Daveluy

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Dermatology consultation for inpatient skin disorders enhances care by changing diagnoses, management plans, and reducing length of stay. Our goal is to quantify the time delay from primary team to dermatology consult, and its impact on hospital course as well as overall patient care.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of all inpatient dermatology consults from October 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016 at five hospitals within the Detroit Medical Center. Data included demographics, diagnosis, management plans from primary and consulting teams, and timing of initial recognition of skin problem to dermatology and other specialties consultations.

Results: 873 consultations met criteria ...


Lysosomal Zn 2+ Release Triggers Rapid, Mitochondria-Mediated, Non-Apoptotic Cell Death In Metastatic Melanoma, Wanlu Du, Mingxue Gu, Meiqin Hu, Timothy Nold, Prateeksunder Pinchi, Wei Chen, Michael Ryan, Ahmed Bannaga, Haoxing Xu Jun 2022

Lysosomal Zn 2+ Release Triggers Rapid, Mitochondria-Mediated, Non-Apoptotic Cell Death In Metastatic Melanoma, Wanlu Du, Mingxue Gu, Meiqin Hu, Timothy Nold, Prateeksunder Pinchi, Wei Chen, Michael Ryan, Ahmed Bannaga, Haoxing Xu

Medical Student Research Symposium

During tumor progression, lysosome function is often maladaptively upregulated to match the high energy demand required for cancer cell hyper-proliferation and invasion. Here, we report that mucolipin TRP channel 1 (TRPML1), a lysosomal Ca2+ and Zn2+ release channel that regulates multiple aspects of lysosome function, is dramatically upregulated in metastatic melanoma cells compared with normal cells. TRPML-specific synthetic agonists (ML-SAs) are sufficient to induce rapid (within hours) lysosomal Zn2+-dependent necrotic cell death in metastatic melanoma cells while completely sparing normal cells. ML-SA-caused mitochondria swelling and dysfunction lead to cellular ATP depletion. While pharmacological inhibition or genetic silencing of TRPML1 ...


Identifying Predictors For Inflammation-Induced Preterm Birth: A Murine Study, Tzu Ning Liu Bs, Jose Galaz Md, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez Phd Jun 2022

Identifying Predictors For Inflammation-Induced Preterm Birth: A Murine Study, Tzu Ning Liu Bs, Jose Galaz Md, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. A large proportion of preterm deliveries is affected by intra-amniotic inflammation, which can occur in the presence (intra-amniotic infection) or absence (sterile intra-amniotic inflammation) of microbes. Studies have shown an association between intra-amniotic inflammation, cervical shortening, and changes in the cervicovaginal microbiome. However, their causal relationships are unknown. This study aims to determine the causality of intra-amniotic inflammation, cervical shortening, and cervicovaginal microbiome alterations.

Methods: Pregnant C57BL/6 dams received an ultrasound-guided intra-amniotic injection of an endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or the alarmin interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) on ...


Norepinephrine Regulation Of Spatial Memory Using The Barnes Maze In Male And Female Rats, Serena Simpson, Ali Gheidi Phd, Nareen Sadik, Cameron J. Davidson Phd, Shane A. Perrine Phd Jun 2022

Norepinephrine Regulation Of Spatial Memory Using The Barnes Maze In Male And Female Rats, Serena Simpson, Ali Gheidi Phd, Nareen Sadik, Cameron J. Davidson Phd, Shane A. Perrine Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

The role of norepinephrine (NE) in learning and memory has been extensively studied, yet its contribution remains to be clarified. This study aimed to investigate the role of NE on spatial learning and memory in female and male rats using a Barnes maze assay. We used N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine (DSP-4), a specific noradrenergic neurotoxin that can cross the blood brain barrier, to deplete NE stores. We hypothesized that brain NE ablation would attenuate spatial learning and memory in rats. Loss of NE by DSP-4 was determined by measuring NE (and dopamine and serotonin) levels in several brain regions using HPLC ...


Intrabody-Mediated Postsynaptic Recruitment Of Camkiiα Improves Memory, Anthony Chifor, Jeongyoon Choi Dr., Joongkyu Park Dr. Jun 2022

Intrabody-Mediated Postsynaptic Recruitment Of Camkiiα Improves Memory, Anthony Chifor, Jeongyoon Choi Dr., Joongkyu Park Dr.

Medical Student Research Symposium

Long-term potentiation (LTP), the selective strengthening of specific synapses based on recent activity, has widely been accepted as the biological mechanism responsible for learning and memory. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) play a critical role in LTP, which when activated, result in a surge of postsynaptic intracellular calcium levels. The calcium rise during LTP results in the activation of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II alpha (CaMKIIa), which consequently enacts multiple cellular effects that ultimately result in the strengthening of synaptic connections. Previous work has examined the effects of CaMKIIa overexpression in rat hippocampi on spatial memory, however, significant but limited improvement in ...


The Short-Term Effects Of Fine Airborne Particulate Matter And Climate On Covid-19 Disease Dynamics, El Hussain Shamsa, Kezhong Zhang Jun 2022

The Short-Term Effects Of Fine Airborne Particulate Matter And Climate On Covid-19 Disease Dynamics, El Hussain Shamsa, Kezhong Zhang

Medical Student Research Symposium

Background: Despite more than 60% of the United States population being fully vaccinated, COVID-19 cases continue to spike in a temporal pattern. These patterns in COVID-19 incidence and mortality may be linked to short-term changes in environmental factors.

Methods: Nationwide, county-wise measurements for COVID-19 cases and deaths, fine-airborne particulate matter (PM2.5), and maximum temperature were obtained from March 20, 2020 to March 20, 2021. Multivariate Linear Regression was used to analyze the association between environmental factors and COVID-19 incidence and mortality rates in each season. Negative Binomial Regression was used to analyze daily fluctuations of COVID-19 cases and ...


Ets-Related Gene (Erg) Is Differentially Expressed In Dermatofibroma (Fibrous Histiocytoma) As Compared With Dermatofibromasarcoma Protuberans And Hypertrophic Scars: A Pilot Immunohistochemical Study, Meredith Hengy, Jesse Veenstra, Kyle Perry, David M. Ozog, Ben Friedman Jun 2022

Ets-Related Gene (Erg) Is Differentially Expressed In Dermatofibroma (Fibrous Histiocytoma) As Compared With Dermatofibromasarcoma Protuberans And Hypertrophic Scars: A Pilot Immunohistochemical Study, Meredith Hengy, Jesse Veenstra, Kyle Perry, David M. Ozog, Ben Friedman

Medical Student Research Symposium

Immunohistochemical staining can be of great utility in differentiating various cutaneous spindle cell neoplasms, particularly when the histomorphological appearance of the lesions is inconclusive. Nuclear staining for ETS-related gene (ERG), a highly sensitive endothelial cell marker, has seldom been studied in the context of cutaneous spindle cell neoplasms. Little is known about its specificity for vascular differentiation. In this pilot study, immunohistochemical analysis for ERG was performed on fifteen dermatofibromas (DF), ten keloids, and nine dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans tumors (DFSP). Consistent nuclear expression of ERG was found in DF [100% (15/15) of the lesions demonstrated >50% labeling of tumor cells ...


Gibbon Surgical Review, Volume 5, Issue 1, 2022 Jun 2022

Gibbon Surgical Review, Volume 5, Issue 1, 2022

Gibbon Surgical Review

In this Issue:

A History of ECMO and its Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic, 6

The First Pig-to-Human Heart Xenotransplantation, 8

Residency Interviewing in the Zoom Era, 9

An Interview with Dr. Andrew Newman, 10

Lung Transplantation for Patients with Severe COVID-19 Pulmonary Disease, 12

Risk Factors for Five-year Mortality after Carotid Endarterectomy, 14

An Interview with Dr. Scott Cowan,16

General Surgery 101: The J-Pouch, 18

The Business of Surgery: Recognizing Barriers to Gender Equity, 20


Gibbon Surgical Review, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2021 Jun 2022

Gibbon Surgical Review, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2021

Gibbon Surgical Review

Contents:

The Evolution of Surgical Practice During the Ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic, 4

Socially responsible surgical care: a movement committed to surgical equity, 6

The MS4 Perspective on the Path to Surgery, 8

The Role of Empathy in Surgery: A Commentary and Conversation with Dr. Harish Lavu, 10

Interview with Dr. Olugbenga Okusanya, 12

The Ultimate Test in Medicine: Adapting Patient Care, Procedures, and Training During a Pandemic, 14

Robotic Surgery: Development, Applications, and Future Directions,16

Editorial Board and Reviewers, 19

Gibbon Surgical Society, 20

John H. Gibbon Jr., MD, 21

Also in this Issue:

The Jefferson Legacy: Where are ...


Intouch June 7, 2022, New York Medical College Jun 2022

Genomic Answers For Children: Dynamic Analyses Of >1000 Pediatric Rare Disease Genomes., Ana S A Cohen, Emily G. Farrow, Ahmed Abdelmoity, Joseph Alaimo, Shivarajan Manickavasagam Amudhavalli, John Anderson, Lalit R. Bansal, Lauren E. Bartik, Primo Baybayan, Bradley Belden, Courtney D. Berrios, Rebecca L. Biswell, Pawel Buczkowicz, Orion Buske, Shreyasee Chakraborty, Warren A. Cheung, Keith A. Coffman, Ashley M. Cooper, Laura A. Cross, Tom Curran, Thuy Tien T. Dang, Mary M. Elfrink, Kendra Engleman, Erin Day Fecske, Cynthia Fieser, Keely M. Fitzgerald, Emily Fleming, Randi N. Gadea, Jennifer L. Gannon, Rose N. Gelineau-Morel, Margaret Gibson, Jeffrey Goldstein, Elin Grundberg, Kelsee Halpin, Brian S. Harvey, Bryce Heese, Wendy Hein, Suzanne M. Herd, Susan Starling Hughes, Mohammed Ilyas, Jill Jacobson, Janda L. Jenkins, Shao Jiang, Jeffrey J. Johnston, Kathryn Keeler, Jonas Korlach, Jennifer Kussman, Christine Lambert, Caitlin E. Lawson, Jean-Baptist Lepichon, J Steven Leeder, Vicki C. Little, Daniel A. Louiselle, Michael Lypka, Brittany D. Mcdonald, Neil Miller, Ann Modrcin, Annapoorna Nair, Shelby H. Neal, Christopher M. Oermann, Donna M. Pacicca, Kailash Pawar, Nyshele L. Posey, Nigel Price, Laura M B Puckett, Julio Quezada, Nikita Raje, William J. Rowell, Eric T. Rush, Venkatesh Sampath, Carol J. Saunders, Caitlin Schwager, Richard M. Schwend, Elizabeth Shaffer, Craig Smail, Sarah E. Soden, Meghan Strenk, Bonnie Sullivan, Brooke Sweeney, Jade B. Tam-Williams, Adam Walter, Holly Welsh, Aaron M. Wenger, Laurel K. Willig, Yun Yan, Scott T. Younger, Dihong Zhou, Tricia N. Zion, Isabelle Thiffault, Tomi Pastinen Jun 2022

Genomic Answers For Children: Dynamic Analyses Of >1000 Pediatric Rare Disease Genomes., Ana S A Cohen, Emily G. Farrow, Ahmed Abdelmoity, Joseph Alaimo, Shivarajan Manickavasagam Amudhavalli, John Anderson, Lalit R. Bansal, Lauren E. Bartik, Primo Baybayan, Bradley Belden, Courtney D. Berrios, Rebecca L. Biswell, Pawel Buczkowicz, Orion Buske, Shreyasee Chakraborty, Warren A. Cheung, Keith A. Coffman, Ashley M. Cooper, Laura A. Cross, Tom Curran, Thuy Tien T. Dang, Mary M. Elfrink, Kendra Engleman, Erin Day Fecske, Cynthia Fieser, Keely M. Fitzgerald, Emily Fleming, Randi N. Gadea, Jennifer L. Gannon, Rose N. Gelineau-Morel, Margaret Gibson, Jeffrey Goldstein, Elin Grundberg, Kelsee Halpin, Brian S. Harvey, Bryce Heese, Wendy Hein, Suzanne M. Herd, Susan Starling Hughes, Mohammed Ilyas, Jill Jacobson, Janda L. Jenkins, Shao Jiang, Jeffrey J. Johnston, Kathryn Keeler, Jonas Korlach, Jennifer Kussman, Christine Lambert, Caitlin E. Lawson, Jean-Baptist Lepichon, J Steven Leeder, Vicki C. Little, Daniel A. Louiselle, Michael Lypka, Brittany D. Mcdonald, Neil Miller, Ann Modrcin, Annapoorna Nair, Shelby H. Neal, Christopher M. Oermann, Donna M. Pacicca, Kailash Pawar, Nyshele L. Posey, Nigel Price, Laura M B Puckett, Julio Quezada, Nikita Raje, William J. Rowell, Eric T. Rush, Venkatesh Sampath, Carol J. Saunders, Caitlin Schwager, Richard M. Schwend, Elizabeth Shaffer, Craig Smail, Sarah E. Soden, Meghan Strenk, Bonnie Sullivan, Brooke Sweeney, Jade B. Tam-Williams, Adam Walter, Holly Welsh, Aaron M. Wenger, Laurel K. Willig, Yun Yan, Scott T. Younger, Dihong Zhou, Tricia N. Zion, Isabelle Thiffault, Tomi Pastinen

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

PURPOSE: This study aimed to provide comprehensive diagnostic and candidate analyses in a pediatric rare disease cohort through the Genomic Answers for Kids program.

METHODS: Extensive analyses of 960 families with suspected genetic disorders included short-read exome sequencing and short-read genome sequencing (srGS); PacBio HiFi long-read genome sequencing (HiFi-GS); variant calling for single nucleotide variants (SNV), structural variant (SV), and repeat variants; and machine-learning variant prioritization. Structured phenotypes, prioritized variants, and pedigrees were stored in PhenoTips database, with data sharing through controlled access the database of Genotypes and Phenotypes.

RESULTS: Diagnostic rates ranged from 11% in patients with prior negative ...


Real-Time Fmri Neurofeedback And Ptsd: Efficacy In Symptom Relief And Neural Circuit Restoration, Sophia F. Ryker Jun 2022

Real-Time Fmri Neurofeedback And Ptsd: Efficacy In Symptom Relief And Neural Circuit Restoration, Sophia F. Ryker

University Honors Theses

Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is recognized by the DSM-V as resulting from exposure to a traumatic event and the subsequent, prolonged experience of intrusive symptoms, avoidance behavior, altered cognitive functioning and hyperarousal. Current treatments often do not provide relief from symptoms and there is a need for neuro-scientifically informed interventions.

Methods: Through the review of all available studies using real-time fMRI neurofeedback (rt-fMRI-NF) as a treatment for PTSD, the efficacy of this therapeutic intervention was analyzed in order to make specific recommendations for the neurofeedback protocols of future studies.

Results: Evidence demonstrated successful reduction in symptom severity and normalizing ...


Micro-Rna Analysis Of Extracellular Vesicles Secreted By Alveolar Macrophages And Epithelial Cells In Response To Cadmium, Anisha Bhakta Jun 2022

Micro-Rna Analysis Of Extracellular Vesicles Secreted By Alveolar Macrophages And Epithelial Cells In Response To Cadmium, Anisha Bhakta

Biotechnology Theses

Inhalation of cadmium (Cd) has been an environmental health concern with the increase in industrial activities and smoking. Cd exposure is known to affect several organs such as lungs, kidneys, and liver. In this study, we wanted to understand if Cd inhalation exposure can affect the lungs and other organs in the body. Exosomes are extracellular vesicles secreted by all living cells and are known to carry toxicants between organs. We investigated whether Cd exposure could affect exosome biogenesis and their composition. Cd exposure did not affect the viability of A549, a lung epithelial cell line and macrophages derived from ...


Utility Of The Motivation To Change Lifestyle And Health Behaviors For Dementia Risk Reduction Scale (Mclhb-Drr) Based On A North American Sample, Angelina E. Witbeck Jun 2022

Utility Of The Motivation To Change Lifestyle And Health Behaviors For Dementia Risk Reduction Scale (Mclhb-Drr) Based On A North American Sample, Angelina E. Witbeck

Dissertations

As the population ages, the prevalence rates of dementia continue to increase. Without a cure or promising treatment for dementia, the best course of lowering the prevalence rates of dementia is through preventative measures. Through an electronic survey, the study utilized the MCLHB-DRR scale to determine whether (1) gender, age, educational background, and socioeconomic status will impact the motivational factors to change lifestyle and health behaviors to reduce the risk of developing dementia and (2) direct experiences with individuals that have a dementia diagnosis are likely to impact one's motivational factors to change lifestyle and health behaviors to reduce ...


A Rare Presentation Of Pericardial Tumor Presenting As Chronic Cough, Swarup Sharma Rijal, William H. Risher, Aakankshya Kharel, Upendra Kaphle May 2022

A Rare Presentation Of Pericardial Tumor Presenting As Chronic Cough, Swarup Sharma Rijal, William H. Risher, Aakankshya Kharel, Upendra Kaphle

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Chronic cough can pose various diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas to physicians. Airway narrowing secondary to endoluminal disease or extrinsic compression are known etiologies of chronic cough. We report an extremely rare case of chronic cough due to extrinsic airway compression by a large pericardial lipoma with subsequent resolution of symptoms after the resection of the mass. This case provides insight into the rare etiology of chronic cough that is addressable with surgical intervention.


A Case Report Of Pulmonary Actinomycosis: A Diagnostic Quagmire, Sarah Akbani, Aderinsola O. Ademiluyi, Jonathan Dean, Vinita Mathur May 2022

A Case Report Of Pulmonary Actinomycosis: A Diagnostic Quagmire, Sarah Akbani, Aderinsola O. Ademiluyi, Jonathan Dean, Vinita Mathur

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

The implications of misdiagnosis can be drastic, especially when the correct diagnosis is treatable. Pulmonary actinomycosis is one of the complications of infection with actinomyces, an anaerobic gram-positive organism that is usually found as a part of the normal flora in the human body infection. It is a very rare disease and is frequently mistaken with other diagnoses owing to its nonspecific presentation. In this report, we present a 67-year-old male with a mass like lesion on a CT scan of his chest that was done due to progressively worsening productive cough, weight loss and fatigue. These symptoms could have ...


Oral Administration Of Injectable Vitamin K1 In Brodifacoum Intoxication, Yen-Jung Chu, Jing-Hua Lin, Dong-Zong Hung May 2022

Oral Administration Of Injectable Vitamin K1 In Brodifacoum Intoxication, Yen-Jung Chu, Jing-Hua Lin, Dong-Zong Hung

BioMedicine

Brodifacoum is a highly potent and long-acting anticoagulant rodenticide (LAAR). LAAR poisoning possibly leads to long term bleeding problems and needs vitamin K1 treatment for several months. Due to economic concern, tablet preparation of vitamin K1 was not available in most of the countries, including Taiwan. In literature, few reports had pointed out that injectable form of vitamin K could be used orally in patients on anticoagulant therapy with supratherapeutic state. Here, we reported a family with 3 members suffering from brodifacoum poisoning with severe coagulopathy needed to prolong hospitalization for intravenous vitamin K1 therapy, and successfully managed with injectable ...


Comparison Between The Analytical Sensitivity And Clinical Performance Of Two Cobas Sars-Cov-2 Tests Based On High-Throughput And Point-Of-Care Systems, Tsai-Hsiu Lin, Ngoc-Niem Bui, Yu-Chang Chang, Li-Yun Hsu, Yang-Di Su, Chieh-Min Chang, Wei-An Hong, Uyen Nguyen Phuong Le, Su-Hua Huang, Cheng-Wen Lin May 2022

Comparison Between The Analytical Sensitivity And Clinical Performance Of Two Cobas Sars-Cov-2 Tests Based On High-Throughput And Point-Of-Care Systems, Tsai-Hsiu Lin, Ngoc-Niem Bui, Yu-Chang Chang, Li-Yun Hsu, Yang-Di Su, Chieh-Min Chang, Wei-An Hong, Uyen Nguyen Phuong Le, Su-Hua Huang, Cheng-Wen Lin

BioMedicine

Objectives: This study examined analytical sensitivity, specificity, and the clinical performance in detecting SARS-CoV-2 of the Cobas SARS-CoV-2 Test based on the high-throughput Cobas 6800 system and the Cobas SARS-CoV-2 & Flu A/B Test based on the point-of-care cobas Liat system.

Methods: The commercial reagents containing SARS-CoV-2 RNA subgenomes were diluted for assessing the sensitivity of the RT-qPCR assay. 385 nasopharyngeal swab specimens taken from contacts of COVID-19 cases were tested for the SARS-CoV-2 detection with both Cobas SARS-CoV-2 Tests.

Results: In analytical sensitivity assays, the Cobas SARS-CoV-2 & Flu A/B Test on the Liat system had a lower limit ...


Crude Extract Of Desmodium Gangeticum Process Anticancer Activity Via Arresting Cell Cycle In G1 And Modulating Cell Cycle-Related Protein Expression In A549 Human Lung Carcinoma Cells, Yuh-Fung Chen, Yi-Hsien Lu, Huei-Yann Tsai May 2022

Crude Extract Of Desmodium Gangeticum Process Anticancer Activity Via Arresting Cell Cycle In G1 And Modulating Cell Cycle-Related Protein Expression In A549 Human Lung Carcinoma Cells, Yuh-Fung Chen, Yi-Hsien Lu, Huei-Yann Tsai

BioMedicine

Background: Desmodium gangeticum (L.)DC., which belongs to the Leguminosae family, has been used in Taiwan and other subtropical countries as an external medicine to remove blood stasis, activate blood circulation, and reduce inflammation. It has been reported to have antioxidant effects and improve inflammatory responses in rats stimulated by pro-inflammatory agents and induced gastric ulcers in experimental animals over the past few decades. This plant has also been used to treat parasitic infections, but there are no reports regarding its effects on lung cancer. Therefore, this study attempted to investigate its water crude extract (in abbreviation DG) on lung ...