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1990

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Bacterial Epididymitis In Two Stallions, J Held, S Adair, M Mcgavin, William Adams, R Toal, J Henton Dec 2013

Bacterial Epididymitis In Two Stallions, J Held, S Adair, M Mcgavin, William Adams, R Toal, J Henton

Henry S. Adair, III MS, DVM, DACVS

Two stallions had unilateral bacterial epididymitis attributable to S zooepidemicus infection. Diagnosis was based on bacterial isolation, WBC in the semen, higher than normal blood fibrinogen concentration, and leukocytosis with regenerative left shift. One horse had high seminal pH. Ultrasonography of the involved epididymides revealed changes consistent with the appearance of abnormal accumulation of exudate in the tail of the epididymis. Treatment included unilateral orchiectomy and antibiotic administration. In stallion 1, the infection persisted despite treatment. Treatment result was not available for stallion 2.


Ascorbic Acid As Suspected Cause Of Oxalate Nephrotoxicosis In A Goat, H Adair, William Adams Dec 2013

Ascorbic Acid As Suspected Cause Of Oxalate Nephrotoxicosis In A Goat, H Adair, William Adams

Henry S. Adair, III MS, DVM, DACVS

Oxalate nephrotoxicosis was determined, by renal biopsy, to be the cause of azotemia in a goat. The origin of the oxalate was determined to be a high concentration of ascorbic acid that had been administered parenterally to the goat. Ascorbic acid has been documented as a cause of oxalate nephrotoxicosis in human beings.


Primary Jejunal Osteosarcoma Associated With A Surgical Sponge In A Dog, A Pardo, William Adams, M Mccracken, Alfred Legendre May 2013

Primary Jejunal Osteosarcoma Associated With A Surgical Sponge In A Dog, A Pardo, William Adams, M Mccracken, Alfred Legendre

Alfred M Legendre DVM, MS, DACVIM

Primary jejunal osteosarcoma was diagnosed in association with a surgical sponge in a dog. The tumor was biologically aggressive, resulting in widespread metastasis throughout the abdomen within 2 months of surgical resection. Microscopic examination of the resected osteosarcoma revealed strands of gauze material throughout the tumor mass. It was theorized that the presence of a sponge foreign body may have resulted in malignant transformation of adjacent tissues similar to what has been reported to occur after internal fixation of some long-bone fractures.


Ascorbic Acid As Suspected Cause Of Oxalate Nephrotoxicosis In A Goat, H Adair, William Adams Dec 1990

Ascorbic Acid As Suspected Cause Of Oxalate Nephrotoxicosis In A Goat, H Adair, William Adams

William H Adams, DVM, DACVR

Oxalate nephrotoxicosis was determined, by renal biopsy, to be the cause of azotemia in a goat. The origin of the oxalate was determined to be a high concentration of ascorbic acid that had been administered parenterally to the goat. Ascorbic acid has been documented as a cause of oxalate nephrotoxicosis in human beings.


Neonatal Exposure To Thymotropic Gross Murine Leukemia Virus Induces Virus-Specific Immunologic Nonresponsiveness, Johnathan M. Korostoff, Marian T. Nakada, Susan J. Faas, Kenneth J. Blank, Glen N. Gaulton Dec 1990

Neonatal Exposure To Thymotropic Gross Murine Leukemia Virus Induces Virus-Specific Immunologic Nonresponsiveness, Johnathan M. Korostoff, Marian T. Nakada, Susan J. Faas, Kenneth J. Blank, Glen N. Gaulton

Departmental Papers (Dental)

Neonatal exposure to Gross murine leukemia virus results in a profound inhibition of the virus-specific T and B cell responses of adult animals. Animals exposed to virus as neonates exhibit a marked depression in virus-specific T cell function as measured by the virtual absence of in vivo delayed type hypersensitivity responses and in vitro proliferative responses to virally infected stimulator cells. Further, serum obtained from neonatally treated mice failed to either immunoprecipitate viral proteins or neutralize virus in an in vitro plaque assay, suggesting the concurrent induction of a state of B cell hyporesponsiveness. The specificity of this effect at ...


Texas D.O. Volume 47, Number 11, Texas Osteopathic Medical Association Dec 1990

Texas D.O. Volume 47, Number 11, Texas Osteopathic Medical Association

Texas Osteopathic Physicians Journal

No abstract provided.


Vital Signs, December 1990, Boonshoft School Of Medicine Dec 1990

Vital Signs, December 1990, Boonshoft School Of Medicine

Vital Signs

A fifteen page newsletter created by the Boonshoft School of Medicine to document the current affairs of the school. This issue includes a variety of feature articles, alumni profiles, class notes, and more.


Update - December 1990, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics Dec 1990

Update - December 1990, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics

Update

In this issue:

-- The euthanasia debate in the Netherlands: Biolegal, bioethical and biotheological considerations

[ In Vito Fertilization and Divorce ]
-- What Can We Learn?
-- A Legal Perspective
-- Some Thoughts Regarding Frozen Embryos and Devorce


"Black Knight Checks White King": The Conflict Between Avery Brundage And The African Nations Over South African Membership In The Ioc, Shayne P. Quick Dec 1990

"Black Knight Checks White King": The Conflict Between Avery Brundage And The African Nations Over South African Membership In The Ioc, Shayne P. Quick

Shayne Quick

Extract: During the 1960s, the conflict within the International Olympic Committee (IOC) over South African participation and representation in Olympic affairs reached such heightened stage that tension existed for the greater part of this decade. The intensity and significance of the debate directly related to the power struggle within the IOC during this time. The IOCs conservative hierarchy, led by the organisation's president Avery Brundage, was the leading force seeking to restrain the larger movement to expel the South African National Olympic Committee (SANOC). While the Brundage led group was initially able to ward off this challenge the newly ...


The Effect Of Locus Of Control On The Procrastination Behavior Of College Students, Eileen Debra Rudnick Dec 1990

The Effect Of Locus Of Control On The Procrastination Behavior Of College Students, Eileen Debra Rudnick

Electronic Thesis Collection

The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between locus of control and the Procrastination behavior of individuals in an academic setting. Investigated in this study was the relationship between the two aspects of procrastination, the delaying of a task and the psychological distress that results from that behavior, and locus of controls in terms of an internal or external generalized belief.

The Adult Nowicki - Duke Locus of Control scale and the Procrastination Assessment scale - Students were given to 267 undergraduate students between the ages of 17 and 48 at Pittsburg State University. The data were analyzed ...


Maine Aids Alliance Newsletter (December 1990), Maine Aids Allaince Dec 1990

Maine Aids Alliance Newsletter (December 1990), Maine Aids Allaince

Maine AIDS Alliance Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Health Conditions And Expenditures In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Martha Stewart Dec 1990

Health Conditions And Expenditures In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Martha Stewart

CARD Staff Reports

In 1986, the Institut Haitien de Statistique et d'Informatique (IHSI) with support from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) implemented a nationwide Household Expenditure and Consumption Survey (HECS) to gather socioeconomic data to analyze nutrition, health, welfare, food pricing policies, and other issues related to Title III, and to provide IHSI with data to calculate consumer price indexes and national accounts. Data were gathered from November 1986 through September 1987.


Malignant External Otitis And Mastoiditis Associated With An Igg4 Subclass Deficiency In A Child., Ricardo Castro, Md, Norman Robinson, Md, Joel Klein, Md, William Geimeier, Md Dec 1990

Malignant External Otitis And Mastoiditis Associated With An Igg4 Subclass Deficiency In A Child., Ricardo Castro, Md, Norman Robinson, Md, Joel Klein, Md, William Geimeier, Md

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

We have presented the first child in Delaware with malignant external otitis associated with IgG4 deficiency. Our patient needed three courses of intravenous antibiotics and twice required mastoidectomy, but has recovered completely following the restoration of the natural barrier between the internal and external ear, using a fascial graft from the large temporalis muscle. Some hearing deficit remains.


Differential Perception And Adolescent Drinking In The United States: Preliminary Considerations, John B. Harms, James L. Wolk Dec 1990

Differential Perception And Adolescent Drinking In The United States: Preliminary Considerations, John B. Harms, James L. Wolk

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper addresses adolescent drinking from a perspective very similar to Sutherland's differential association theory. Drinking occurs when positive perceptions of drinking outweigh or outnumber negative ones. Our research focuses on images of drinking communicated by rationalized sources organized specifically to shape perceptions of drinking. We call these organizations "agencies" and assess their impact on perceptions of drinking. It is our contention that the political economic context of the United States in which these agencies function is such that positive images of drinking outnumber and outweigh negative ones, and that this is an important factor contributing to adolescent drinking.


Sodium Pump And Leaks In Cultured Vascular Endothelial Cells, Norma C. Adragna Dec 1990

Sodium Pump And Leaks In Cultured Vascular Endothelial Cells, Norma C. Adragna

Pharmacology and Toxicology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Applying The Matching Law In A Sheltered Workshop, Kristin Elizabeth Skousgard Dec 1990

Applying The Matching Law In A Sheltered Workshop, Kristin Elizabeth Skousgard

Master's Theses

This study assessed the validity of the matching law in an applied setting. It manipulated extraneous reinforcement and measured the rate of rocking in a 24-year-old developmentally disabled man. The resulting data were compared to that predicted by the matching law.

The results were important in three ways: (1) extraneous reinforcement systematically affected rocking in an applied setting in the manner predicted by the matching law, (2) a clinically undesirable behavior decreased in frequency, and (3) this decrease occurred in the absence of direct intervention on the target behavior. Thus, to a slight degree, scientific, practical and humanitarian goals were ...


Do Tournaments Have Incentive Effects?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Michael L. Bognanno Dec 1990

Do Tournaments Have Incentive Effects?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Michael L. Bognanno

Articles and Chapters

Much attention has been devoted to studying models of tournaments or situations in which an individual's payment depends only on his or her output or rank relative to that of other competitors. Academic interest derives from the fact that under certain sets of assumptions, tournaments have desirable normative properties because of the incentive structures they provide. Our paper uses nonexperimental data to test whether tournaments actually elicit effort responses. We focus on professional golf tournaments because information on the incentive structure (prize distribution) and measures of individual output (players' scores) are both available. We find strong support for the ...


[Review Of] The National Directory Of Aids Care: The Authoritative Reference For Health Care Providers, Community Support Systems And Consumers, Robert A. Aken Dec 1990

[Review Of] The National Directory Of Aids Care: The Authoritative Reference For Health Care Providers, Community Support Systems And Consumers, Robert A. Aken

Library Faculty and Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Role Of Recurrent Hydrophobic Residues In Catalyzing Helix Formation By T Cell-Presented Peptides: A Thesis, Shan Lu Dec 1990

Role Of Recurrent Hydrophobic Residues In Catalyzing Helix Formation By T Cell-Presented Peptides: A Thesis, Shan Lu

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The overall objective of this study was to understand the mechanisms that control antigen processing and binding of peptides to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules. Towards this goal I investigated (a) the structural features of T cell-presented peptides with a focus on the role of recurrent hydrophobic residues in catalysis of helix formation by these peptides and (b) the biochemical events that determine the fates of the invariant chain molecule (Ii) in its various post-translational processing pathways.

In the structural studies, I tested the hypothesis that the recurrence of hydrophobic amino acids in a polypeptide at positions falling in an ...


A Redefinition Of The Problem Of Homelessness Among Persons With A Chronic Mental Illness, Donald M. Linhorst Dec 1990

A Redefinition Of The Problem Of Homelessness Among Persons With A Chronic Mental Illness, Donald M. Linhorst

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Two definitions of the problem of homelessness among persons with a chronic mental illness are examined, along with their implied solutions and ramifications for policy. Homelessness among this group is first viewed as the result of deinstitutionalization, and secondly, as the outcome of a critical shortage of low-income housing. Solutions stemming from the deinstitutionalization definition of homelessness, reinstitutionalization or improvement in the mental health system, are seen as inadequate to deal with the problem of homelessness among the mentally ill. Instead, state departments of mental health are called upon to provide a leadership role in the development of affordable housing.


The Effects Of Problem-Solving Skills Training With Chronic Schizophrenic Patients, Asiah Mayang Dec 1990

The Effects Of Problem-Solving Skills Training With Chronic Schizophrenic Patients, Asiah Mayang

Master's Theses

Problem-solving skills were taught to aggressive and frequently secluded chronic schizophrenic inpatients of a psychiatric hospital. A pre-intervention/post-intervention experimental-control group design was utilized. Eighteen patients were randomly assigned to three groups: six were assigned to the “treatment group” and received problem-solving skills training involving instructions, modeling, feedback, role-playing and social reinforcement; six were assigned to the “interaction” group, involving social interactions with the trainer only; and six were assigned to the “control” group, involving no treatment or interaction with the trainer. Improved problem-solving skills on both familiar and novel video-taped skits were observed for the treatment group, but not ...


Effect Of Therapist-Initiated Versus Self-Initiated Vestibular Stimulation On Vocalization In Children With Autism, Carol L. Maddox Dec 1990

Effect Of Therapist-Initiated Versus Self-Initiated Vestibular Stimulation On Vocalization In Children With Autism, Carol L. Maddox

Master's Theses

Therapist-initiated vestibular stimulation was compared to self-initiated stimulation to determine their relative effects on vocalization in children with autism. Vocalizations produced during table-top activities were also compared to those produced during vestibular stimulation. Two children with autism participated in the study. Vestibular stimulation was provided by a hammock swing. All vocalizations were recorded during a total of thirteen 15-minute test sessions.

Results indicated that in this study: (a) There was no significant difference in quantity of vocalizations produced during self-initiated versus therapist-initiated vestibular stimulation, and (b) there was a significant increase in vocalizations during vestibular stimulation as compared to during ...


Solitary Aerobic Exercise As A Treatment Of Unipolar Depressive Disorders In Women, Lisa Ann Romano-Neal Dec 1990

Solitary Aerobic Exercise As A Treatment Of Unipolar Depressive Disorders In Women, Lisa Ann Romano-Neal

Master's Theses

The effects of solitary aerobic exercise on depressive symptoms were tested on four women diagnosed with unipolar depressive disorders. A multiple baseline design was employed. The subjects individually participated in uniform one hour aerobic workouts three times a week for five to eight weeks. Heart rate measures were monitored through the utilization of the physical working capacity test with the Monark 818E Professional Ergometer. Predicted volume oxygen uptake (VO2 max) measures at post-treatment did not increase in two of the four subjects when compared to pre-treatment VO2 max measures. The mean percentage of depressed adjectives endorsed showed minimal reductions on ...


Standing Time While Engaged In An Upper Extremity Activity Versus Standing Time While Not Engaged In An Upper Extremity Activity, Wendy A. Smith Dec 1990

Standing Time While Engaged In An Upper Extremity Activity Versus Standing Time While Not Engaged In An Upper Extremity Activity, Wendy A. Smith

Master's Theses

The standing time of recent (within four weeks) cerebral vascular accident subjects while engaged in an upper extremity activity (tile trivet) was compared to the same subjects standing time while not engaged in an upper extremity activity. The subjects from a rehabilitation center ranged in age from 30 to 85 years. For each subject three sessions were randomly recorded for each condition. Lights were connected to the knee and buttock pad so that, if activated, they alerted the data collector that the subject was leaning.

The findings from this study indicated that subjects stood longer while engaged in upper extremity ...


Differences In Values And Goals Of Occupational Therapy Students, Margaret A. Danka Dec 1990

Differences In Values And Goals Of Occupational Therapy Students, Margaret A. Danka

Master's Theses

This study compared professional values and goals of three levels of occupational therapy students: (1) seniors in baccalaureate programs (n = 337), (2) students in professional master's programs (n = 95), and (3) students in post-professional master's programs (n = 62). Demographic characteristics and factors influencing career choice were also examined.

Significant differences were found among the three student groups for three professional goals: (1) contributing to theory, (2) doing research, and (3) educating occupational therapy students, and four professional values: (1) intellectual stimulation, (2) exciting life, (3) comfortable life, and (4) helpfulness. The demographic differences among the three student groups ...


Effect Of Nocodazole On Vesicular Traffic To The Apical And Basolateral Surfaces Of Polarized Mdck Cells, Philip P. Breitfeld, Wendy C. Mckinnon, Keith E. Mostov Dec 1990

Effect Of Nocodazole On Vesicular Traffic To The Apical And Basolateral Surfaces Of Polarized Mdck Cells, Philip P. Breitfeld, Wendy C. Mckinnon, Keith E. Mostov

Open Access Articles

A polarized cell, to maintain distinct basolateral and apical membrane domains, must tightly regulate vesicular traffic terminating at either membrane domain. In this study we have examined the extent to which microtubules regulate such traffic in polarized cells. Using the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor expressed in polarized MDCK cells, we have examined the effects of nocodazole, a microtubule-disrupting agent, on three pathways that deliver proteins to the apical surface and two pathways that deliver proteins to the basolateral surface. The biosynthetic and transcytotic pathways to the apical surface are dramatically altered by nocodazole in that a portion of the protein traffic ...


Improving The Documentation Of Patient Progress In A Mental Health Facility Through The Use Of Training And Feedback, Maria Sonia Acosta Dec 1990

Improving The Documentation Of Patient Progress In A Mental Health Facility Through The Use Of Training And Feedback, Maria Sonia Acosta

Dissertations

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various conditions, including staff training and feedback to improve the documentation of patient progress in a mental health facility. Forty nursing staff members participated in this study. Subjects were «posed to one of three experimental conditions. Subjects in the training-only condition received two hours of training on how to write progress notes. Subjects in the training plus feedback condition received two hours of training and weekly feedback in the form of group performance graphs and verbal explanation of their progress. Subjects in the third condition served merely as ...


The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Insulin-Dependent And Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus In The Dog And The Cat, Claudia Kirk, M Wallace Nov 1990

The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Insulin-Dependent And Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus In The Dog And The Cat, Claudia Kirk, M Wallace

Claudia A Kirk

Diabetes mellitus is often a frustrating disorder to treat. Many animals appear resistant to the effects of insulin, while others, especially cats, are very sensitive to its effects and therefore prone to bouts of hypoglycemia. Because of difficulties in glucose regulation, many veterinarians have referred to the treatment of diabetes mellitus as an art rather than a science. Fear of over-regulation with resultant hypoglycemia has led to the practice of "loose control" (wide fluctuations of glucose are allowed to occur throughout the day). Fortunately, long-term side effects of poor glycemic control seen in people (eg, retinal, glomerular, vascular, and nerve ...


3-Hydroxy-N-Methylpyrrolidone And Preparation Thereof, George A. Digenis, Walter J. Doll, Amale Hawi Nov 1990

3-Hydroxy-N-Methylpyrrolidone And Preparation Thereof, George A. Digenis, Walter J. Doll, Amale Hawi

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Patents

The novel compound, 3-hydroxy-N-methylpyrrolidone, is effective as a transdermal enhancer for the absorption of drugs through the skin of humans and animals. The 3-hydroxy-N-methylpyrrolidone is prepared from delta-butyrolactone which is converted to methyl 2,4-dibromobutyrate, this intermediate is reacted with methylamine to form N-methyl-2,4-dibromobutyramide, this intermediate is converted to 3-bromo-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone by ring closure, and the 3-bromo-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone is reacted with an alkaline earth metal carbonate or alkaline metal carbonate to form 3-hydroxy-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone.


Impact Of Nutrition Education On Knowledge And Eating Patterns In Hiv-Infected Individuals, Patricia Boulos Nov 1990

Impact Of Nutrition Education On Knowledge And Eating Patterns In Hiv-Infected Individuals, Patricia Boulos

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and impaired or threatened nutritional status seem to be closely related. It is now known that AIDS results in many nutritional disorders including anorexia, vomiting, protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), nutrient deficiencies, and gastrointestinal, renal, and hepatic dysfunction (1-7, 8).

Reversibly, nutritional status may also have an impact on the development of AIDS among HIV-infected people. Not all individuals who have tested antibody positive for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) have developed AIDS or have even shown clinical symptoms (9, 10). A poor nutritional status, especially PEM, has a depressing effect on immunity which may predispose an ...