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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Multi-Scale Peripheral Vasculopathy With Metabolic Syndrome, Kent Lemaster Nov 2018

Multi-Scale Peripheral Vasculopathy With Metabolic Syndrome, Kent Lemaster

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The combination of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors including obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and insulin resistance, in combination with a prothrombotic and proinflammatory state, is a condition termed Metabolic Syndrome (METS). Twenty percent of the adult population is afflicted with METS which increases the risk of type-2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Further, the presence of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is tightly coupled with METS which is a perfusion-demand mismatch of blood supply to active skeletal muscle resulting in painful claudication and a late-stage potential for amputation. The underlying contributors of METS associated micro-vasculopathies in the skeletal muscle, their impact on ...


Quantitative Analysis Of Three-Dimensional Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Using Image Quality Phantoms, Rudy Baronette Oct 2018

Quantitative Analysis Of Three-Dimensional Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Using Image Quality Phantoms, Rudy Baronette

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In the clinical setting, weight-bearing static 2D radiographic imaging and supine 3D radiographic imaging modalities are used to evaluate radiographic changes such as, joint space narrowing, subchondral sclerosis, and osteophyte formation. These respective imaging modalities cannot distinguish between tissues with similar densities (2D imaging), and do not accurately represent functional joint loading (supine 3D imaging). Recent advances in cone-beam CT (CBCT) have allowed for scanner designs that can obtain weight-bearing 3D volumetric scans. The purpose of this thesis was to analyze, design, and implement advanced imaging techniques to quantify image quality parameters of reconstructed image volumes generated by a commercially-available ...


Validation Of A Hyperspectral Nirs Method For Measuring Tissue Oxygen Saturation, Matthew Kewin Oct 2018

Validation Of A Hyperspectral Nirs Method For Measuring Tissue Oxygen Saturation, Matthew Kewin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Brain injury during preterm infancy can cause serious intellectual and behavioral disabilities, as such, measurements of cerebral health are needed to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of these injuries. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is considered ideal for this purpose because it is non-invasive and provides a continuous measure of tissue oxygen saturation (StO2), a key marker of cerebral health. Current commercial NIRS systems have considerable variability between devices and between infants restricting them to monitoring trends. Time-resolved (TR) NIRS is considered the gold standard in biomedical optics for quantifying tissue optical properties, but the technology is more complex ...


Effects Of Maternal Protein Restriction On The Pulmonary Surfactant System During The Early Life And Adulthood, Reza Khazaee Oct 2018

Effects Of Maternal Protein Restriction On The Pulmonary Surfactant System During The Early Life And Adulthood, Reza Khazaee

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is defined by low birth weight and contributes to a variety of adult-onset diseases with different severities between males and females. However, the effects of FGR on the pulmonary surfactant are not fully elucidated. In this thesis, first, we investigated the FGR effects on the lung function and the surfactant system at the early postnatal life. It was hypothesized that FGR contributes to alterations of lung mechanics and the surfactant system during the neonatal period. Second, we assessed the FGR effects on the surfactant system in response to sepsis in adulthood. It was hypothesized that FGR ...


Explaining Collaboration In Nursing Education Programs, Jason Powell Oct 2018

Explaining Collaboration In Nursing Education Programs, Jason Powell

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract

As a result of 2000 legislation changes regarding entry-to-practice for nurses, collaborative nursing education programs were formed in Ontario. These legislative changes required Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology (CAATs) to find university partners to enter into collaborative arrangements in order to continue delivering nursing education, due to their inability to confer university baccalaureate degrees independently. Subsequently, 21 CAATs in Ontario merged with 13 university nursing programs and entered into an education partnership in order for their graduates to meet an entry-to-practice requirement of a university baccalaureate degree. These newly formed collaborative nursing education programs varied in delivery formats ...


The Impact Of Free Radical Stabilization Techniques On In Vivo Property Changes In Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene Acetabular Liners, Michael M. Decker . Oct 2018

The Impact Of Free Radical Stabilization Techniques On In Vivo Property Changes In Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene Acetabular Liners, Michael M. Decker .

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) was introduced into total hip arthroplasty (THA) to reduce long-term wear-related complications. However, HXLPE production and in vivo oxidation can alter mechanical behavior. Mechanical failure of HXLPE liners at the implant rim have been reported. The purpose of this thesis is to determine if thermal free radical stabilization techniques used in HXLPE production alter the mechanical properties, physical properties and oxidative stability of liner rims after extended in vivo time.

Retrieved remelted, single annealed and sequentially annealed HXLPE liner rims were mechanically tested using a validated microindentation technique. Oxidation and crystalline phase composition were measured. Results ...


Cannabinoid Transmission In The Basolateral Amygdala Modulates Prefrontal Cortex And Ventral Hippocampal Activity, Brian J. Pereira Oct 2018

Cannabinoid Transmission In The Basolateral Amygdala Modulates Prefrontal Cortex And Ventral Hippocampal Activity, Brian J. Pereira

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The cannabinoid system is important for maintaining neuron-to-neuron communication within the mammalian brain. One of the most commonly used substances to alter the cannabinoid system is cannabis. Individuals who are exposed to cannabis report having dissociable effects; both positive and negative. High amounts of THC have been commonly associated with the negative effects of cannabis, whereas CBD can be used to counter these. Pre-clinical evidence suggests that the combination of the two compounds can produce a therapeutic benefit for individuals who are susceptible to the effects of THC. The present study investigates whether the combination of THC+CBD can prevent ...


7t Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Of Non-Lesional Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, John Robert Adams Oct 2018

7t Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Of Non-Lesional Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, John Robert Adams

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common form of focal epilepsy, and one that is generally amenable to surgical treatment when surgery is necessary. Unfortunately, roughly 25-30% of the patient population have no visible lesions on clinical MRI scans. Without anatomical abnormalities to help guide surgical resection, the success of surgical treatment decreases substantially. However, metabolic abnormalities may exist that could allow for accurate localization of epileptic tissue in this cohort. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a technique that can detect and measure the concentration of metabolically important molecules within tissue, giving insight into the underlying cellular metabolism.

In ...


Examining The Relationship Between Body Mass Index And Health-Related Quality Of Life Perception Among People With Mental Illness, Fatima Bukair Oct 2018

Examining The Relationship Between Body Mass Index And Health-Related Quality Of Life Perception Among People With Mental Illness, Fatima Bukair

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

People suffering from mental illness are three times more likely to die prematurely from ‘natural’ causes than those without mental disorders as a result of their physical condition. Their life expectancy is reduced by 12-19 years. Obesity is commonly associated with mental illness and accounts for increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, stroke, heart disease, some cancers and osteoarthritis. This paper examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life perception using the Short-Form Health Survey 36 among people living with mental illness. A Multivariate Multiple Regression model was employed to estimate the variables that ...


Perturbing Gangliosides In-Vitro Using Ambroxol As A Treatment For Neurodegeneration, Asmahan Elsariti Oct 2018

Perturbing Gangliosides In-Vitro Using Ambroxol As A Treatment For Neurodegeneration, Asmahan Elsariti

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Gangliosides are membrane glycosphingolipids which are widely distributed within cells of the central nervous system and play a pivotal role in cell repair and injury. Gangliosides exist in equilibrium within the cell; however, this equilibrium shifts in response to stress such that the complex ganglioside GM1 is degraded to simpler species GM2 and GM3. Complex gangliosides are linked to an upregulation of neuroprotective signaling while simple species have been associated with neurodegeneration and cell death. In this study, we therefore sought to perturb the gangliosides homeostasis using Ambroxol; a ganglioside modifying agent that has been shown to perturb enzymes in ...


An Integrated Approach To Analyzing Arteriolar Network Hemodynamics., Zahra Farid Oct 2018

An Integrated Approach To Analyzing Arteriolar Network Hemodynamics., Zahra Farid

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The objective of this thesis was to optimize our technique for studying blood flow in arteriolar networks by including capillary resistance and venular network geometry. We aimed to validate our technique using experimental flow measurements and Murray’s law. First, arteriolar and venular networks were reconstructed from intravital videomicroscopy (IVVM) images of the gluteus maximus muscle, and capillary resistance was estimated and distributed to each terminal arteriole (TA) segment according to its diameter. Resistance for small arterioles and venules that were likely missed in our IVVM experiments were also added to each TA segment in our reconstructed networks based on ...


Women's Quality Of Life After Leaving An Abusive Relationship: The Effects Of Past And Ongoing Intimate Partner Violence, Mastery And Social Support, Diana Jaradat Oct 2018

Women's Quality Of Life After Leaving An Abusive Relationship: The Effects Of Past And Ongoing Intimate Partner Violence, Mastery And Social Support, Diana Jaradat

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is considered a major stressor that threatens the lives of women globally. Although qualitative research suggests that IPV has substantial negative effects on women’s quality of life, few quantitative studies have examined the quality of life of women who have experienced IPV due, in part, to the lack of an appropriate, brief measure of QOL. Consequently, little is known about the contextual process by which IPV experiences affect women’s quality of life (QOL) after leaving an abusive relationship. Mastery and social support are two important resources that women may use to deal with IPV ...


Transitions In Medical Education, Britta Laslo Sep 2018

Transitions In Medical Education, Britta Laslo

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Transitions in medical education have been shown to increase unprofessional behaviours in learners but little is known about the experiences of first year Canadian Family Medicine residents or their preceptors. This qualitative descriptive study explored the experiences and feelings of Family Medicine preceptors and first year Family Medicine residents (FMRs) surrounding the transition to residency. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 preceptors and 9 FMRs. The findings highlighted the complex but predominantly positive experiences during this transition in addition to competing and often evolving feelings experienced by both groups. Both studies noted the lack of support for preceptors and FMRs ...


Development And Validation Of A Stand-Alone Dcs System For Monitoring Absolute Cerebral Blood Flow., Mahro Khalid Sep 2018

Development And Validation Of A Stand-Alone Dcs System For Monitoring Absolute Cerebral Blood Flow., Mahro Khalid

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Premature infants are at high risk of neonatal brain injury due to poor cerebrovascular regulation, leading to periods of dangerously low cerebral blood flow (CBF) and possible injury. However, there are currently no established bedside methods of monitoring CBF to alert the intensive care staff to cerebrovascular dysfunction. Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) is an emerging noninvasive optical technique for monitoring relative CBF. I developed a stand-alone DCS method of monitoring absolute CBF by incorporating a quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) technique. This required modifying a DCS system to capture multi-distance data to measure the tissue optical properties and to perform DCE ...


The Influence Of Authentic Leadership On Fourth-Year Nursing Students' Experience Of Workplace Bullying And Withdrawal Intentions, Lindsay Anderson Sep 2018

The Influence Of Authentic Leadership On Fourth-Year Nursing Students' Experience Of Workplace Bullying And Withdrawal Intentions, Lindsay Anderson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: Nursing students are experiencing workplace bullying during clinical placements. Such experiences contribute to a loss of trust and decrease in communication, ultimately affecting patient care. This has resulted in nursing students contemplating leaving the profession. If projections are accurate, Canada will be short 60,000 nurses by the year 2022. With the current nursing shortage crisis and an aging workforce, it is cause for concern when future nurses report intentions to leave the profession.

Purpose:The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of preceptors’ authentic leadership on fourth-year nursing students’ experience of workplace bullying and withdrawal ...


Operant Conditioning Of Human Upper-Limb Stretch Reflexes, Ehsan Abolhasani Sep 2018

Operant Conditioning Of Human Upper-Limb Stretch Reflexes, Ehsan Abolhasani

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Operant conditioning of short-latency reflex (SLR) and H-reflex have been investigated in animals and humans. We modified previously established protocols for conditioning lower limb H-reflexes to up-condition the SLR in brachioradialis muscle and to investigate the effect of such conditioning on the long-latency response (LLR) of synergistic muscles. Our study included 12 healthy participants. Each participant took part in 3 baseline and 27 conditioning sessions in 6 weeks, followed by two additional sessions one month and two months after the last conditioning session. We found an increase in SLR magnitude in 50% of participants (by 15%±2.50). However, there ...


Diffusion And Functional Mri Of The Brain Following Sports-Related Impacts And Concussion, Kathryn Y. Manning Sep 2018

Diffusion And Functional Mri Of The Brain Following Sports-Related Impacts And Concussion, Kathryn Y. Manning

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Concussion is a prevalent injury associated with contact sports, however the underlying brain changes associated with concussion remain poorly understood. Therefore it is critical to (a) understand the complex sequelae that underlie concussion, (b) when or if the brain recovers, and (c) if there are brain changes associated with contact sports in general. Advanced imaging techniques may be sensitive to changes that persist beyond relatively prompt symptom recovery and clearance to return to play.

Resting state functional MRI (RS-fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data was acquired on the 3T at Robarts Research Institute from healthy and concussed athletes from ...


The Effects Of Tracheal Occlusion On Wnt Signaling In A Rabbit Model Of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia, Martina M. Mudri Sep 2018

The Effects Of Tracheal Occlusion On Wnt Signaling In A Rabbit Model Of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia, Martina M. Mudri

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Purpose: Tracheal occlusion (TO) reverses pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), but its effect on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in lung development remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to a) confirm the CDH rabbit model produced PH which was reversed by TO and b) determine the effects of CDH +/- TO on EMT pathways.

Methods: CDH was created at 23 days, TO at 28 days and lung collection at 31 days gestation in fetal rabbits. Lung body weight ratio (LBWR), mean terminal bronchiole density (MTBD), and expression of mRNA and micro-RNA was determined.

Results: Fifteen CDH, 15 ...


The Epidemiology Of Infective Endocarditis Among People Who Inject Drugs In London, Ontario., Brian Hallam Aug 2018

The Epidemiology Of Infective Endocarditis Among People Who Inject Drugs In London, Ontario., Brian Hallam

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Infective endocarditis is an infectious disease that affects the valves of the heart. Injection drug use is currently a leading risk factor among patients with endocarditis. We conducted a prospective study using data from hospital chart records among patients with endocarditis in London, Ontario, which has a relatively high prevalence of people who inject drugs to assess the severity of the issue and the major risk factors of mortality pertaining to this population. This study had a sample size of 353 and included a review of the incidence of admissions of endocarditis, as well as a survival analysis, using both ...


Performance Impact Of Different Lower-Limb Setup Positions In The Backstroke Swimming Start, Gordon E. Barkwell Aug 2018

Performance Impact Of Different Lower-Limb Setup Positions In The Backstroke Swimming Start, Gordon E. Barkwell

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The performance impact of different knee extension angles in the setup position for a backstroke start was evaluated using an instrumented starting surface. Ten backstroke swimmers completed maximum-effort starts in each of two setup positions: one with the knees flexed, and one with the knees extended. The start handles and touchpad were instrumented with tri-axial force plates. Activity of major hip and knee extensors was measured using surface electromyography. Body position was recorded throughout the start using two high-speed cameras. There was no difference in time to 10 m between the two conditions, indicating there is likely no advantage in ...


"We Were Meant To Go Down One Road, But Now We Have Rerouted": A Phenomenological Inquiry Into The Experience Of Aging Out-Of-Place, Sachindri Wijekoon Aug 2018

"We Were Meant To Go Down One Road, But Now We Have Rerouted": A Phenomenological Inquiry Into The Experience Of Aging Out-Of-Place, Sachindri Wijekoon

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In an age of globalization, the experience of aging in a foreign land is part of the late-life experience of many older adults. However, studies of aging and migration have largely failed to conceptualize the unique resettlement experiences of immigrants entering North America as older adults. This dissertation asked, “What is the experience of aging out-of-place?” Specifically, this research question aimed to understand how late-life immigrants relate to, and connect and engage with places through aging processes, and the essentiality of daily occupations within such engagement. An interpretive paradigm and a hermeneutic phenomenological methodology guided this inquiry. The hermeneutic phenomenological ...


Electrical Stimulation For Treating Pressure Injuries: Evaluation Of A Knowledge Mobilization Project, Lyndsay Orr Aug 2018

Electrical Stimulation For Treating Pressure Injuries: Evaluation Of A Knowledge Mobilization Project, Lyndsay Orr

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Pressure ulcers (PrU) are a secondary health complication that cause increased morbidity, mortality and decreased quality of life. PrUs have also been shown to have a significant financial burden on the healthcare system. Current best practice guidelines strongly recommend the use of Electrical Stimulation (E-Stim) to increase healing rates of PrUs. Unfortunately, there has been lack of uptake for the use of E-Stim in clinical practice. To address this gap in practice, a knowledge mobilization project called the E-Stim Collaboration Project was developed. The aim of this dissertation was to 1) determine if an education program can change knowledge, attitudes ...


How Do Health Care Providers Identify And Address Lifestyle Factors With Community Dwelling Adults Who Have Chronic Wounds?, Linda Norton Aug 2018

How Do Health Care Providers Identify And Address Lifestyle Factors With Community Dwelling Adults Who Have Chronic Wounds?, Linda Norton

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Wound prevention and management best practice guidelines and literature contain recommendations that treatment plans need to consider the client’s lifestyle but offer little guidance about the specific lifestyle factors to be considered, nor how to address these. A post positivist constructivist grounded theory study was used to explore this gap Participants were health care providers with at least 5 years of experience working with community dwelling adults with chronic wounds. Data were transcripts of two semi structured individual interviews, a reflective journal, relevant documents identified by participants and transcripts of focus groups.

A common understanding of lifestyle factors was ...


Health Professional Students' Understanding Of Oral Health In Traumatic Brain Injury, Samira Omar Aug 2018

Health Professional Students' Understanding Of Oral Health In Traumatic Brain Injury, Samira Omar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Oral health is a significant consideration in recovery following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) as it is associated with overall health. Health-care providers play an essential role in rehabilitation following TBI. Thus, using qualitative descriptive research and focus groups, this thesis examined the experiences and perceptions of eight final-year health-professional students in nursing, occupational therapy, and speech-language pathology with respect to oral health in TBI. Results suggest that health-professional students lack a deep understanding of i) what constitutes oral health, ii) common oral health challenges that may be faced by persons with TBI, and iii) optimal oral care in persons ...


The Transitioning Nutrition Status Of Countries In Sub-Saharan Africa, Jason Mulimba Were Aug 2018

The Transitioning Nutrition Status Of Countries In Sub-Saharan Africa, Jason Mulimba Were

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are experiencing the double burden of malnutrition (under- and over-nutrition) due to an on-going nutrition transition. Little research exists that explores the underlying causes of this double burden phenomenon within and across countries in SSA. This study examined potential causes among women in 34 countries, with an objective of identifying malnutrition groups and determining the key drivers of women nutritional status. Cross country analyses showed that fertility rate and gross domestic product were key drivers of nutrition transition. Within country analyses showed that age, wealth and parity were key drivers of women’s nutritional status ...


Measurement And Protection Of Lung Health In Poultry Farmers Of Southwestern Ontario, Rose-Marie Doyon Dolinar Aug 2018

Measurement And Protection Of Lung Health In Poultry Farmers Of Southwestern Ontario, Rose-Marie Doyon Dolinar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), develops gradually, and tends to be noticed by farmers only after there has been a significant loss of lung function. People with symptoms of COPD often present for health care in later stages of disease, because they accept cough or breathlessness as “normal”.

Measurement of lung health for those at risk of developing COPD provides an opportunity for early detection of lung disease, and deter the progression toward irreversible damage to the lungs. COPD is, however, under-diagnosed.

The importance of bringing primary care providers and farmers together, and acknowledging the high-risk nature of occupational exposures ...


The Effectiveness Of Neurofeedback And Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback For Individuals With Long-Term Post-Concussive Symptoms, Marquise Bonn Aug 2018

The Effectiveness Of Neurofeedback And Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback For Individuals With Long-Term Post-Concussive Symptoms, Marquise Bonn

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Case studies have shown that low resolution electromagnetic tomography (LoRETA) neurofeedback is effective for many psychological disorders, but it’s effectiveness for individuals experiencing persistent post-concussive symptoms (PPCS) is uncertain. Individuals with PPCS (n = 7) received an eight-week LoRETA neurofeedback and heart rate variability biofeedback intervention. Change in symptoms, driving simulation performance, electroencephalographic z-score deviations, and heart rate variability were compared to PPCS (n = 9) and healthy (n = 8) control groups. Statistical analyses revealed that the intervention significantly reduced electroencephalographic z-score deviations (p < 0.005) compared to PPCS controls. Additionally, headache, nausea, and dizziness symptoms were reduced in the intervention group (p = 0.003) and the PPCS controls (p = 0.001) compared to healthy controls. Participants responded variably ...


The Listening Shift: Evaluation A Communication-Strategies Training Program For Telepractice Nurses Experiencing Hearing Challenges, Raphaelle Koerber Aug 2018

The Listening Shift: Evaluation A Communication-Strategies Training Program For Telepractice Nurses Experiencing Hearing Challenges, Raphaelle Koerber

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Workers who wish to remain employed should be supported in doing so, even if they are experiencing age-related disabilities, such as hearing loss. I aimed to better understand the strategies from which workers with hearing loss might benefit, and how they can be supported in adopting these strategies. To collect rich data, I recruited telepractice nurses who rely on listening to make critical decisions about triaging and health care recommendations. My first research question was: What strategies exist for making telephone speech more intelligible for health care providers and patients with hearing challenges? I performed a scoping review following the ...


Active And Safe Routes To School: Evaluating School Travel Planning To Support Children's Active Travel, Adrian Nicholas Buttazzoni Aug 2018

Active And Safe Routes To School: Evaluating School Travel Planning To Support Children's Active Travel, Adrian Nicholas Buttazzoni

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Most Canadian children are not achieving their daily recommended physical activity (PA) levels despite the many emotional, psychological, and physical benefits of PA. Walking or wheeling to/from school, or active school travel (AST), is a viable method for improving children’s daily participation in PA. In Canada, the Active and Safe Routes to School initiative promotes AST through its comprehensive School Travel Planning (STP) program. Utilizing a mixed-methods approach, broadly, this thesis investigates the i) implementation and ii) effectiveness of a regional, two-year STP program supporting AST. This thesis includes a systematic review of AST intervention models implemented in ...


Ipad Use To Enhance Conversations Between Persons With Dementia And Their Family Caregivers, Kelsey Dynes Aug 2018

Ipad Use To Enhance Conversations Between Persons With Dementia And Their Family Caregivers, Kelsey Dynes

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Electronic conversational memory notebooks, a more current application of previous hardcopy versions, consist of personally relevant photographs and accompanying sentences. The notebooks help persons with dementia access memories during conversations. Person-centred communication (PCC) recognizes the individual, accommodating for personal beliefs and intentions. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether persons with dementia and their family caregivers could be educated and trained to use PCC while using an iPad-based electronic conversational memory notebook. Seven persons with mild to moderate dementia and their family caregiver completed the six-week study. Participants were educated and trained to use PCC while conversing ...