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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Resting-State Functional Connectivity In Youth With Gender Dysphoria, Felix L. Garcia Sep 2018

Resting-State Functional Connectivity In Youth With Gender Dysphoria, Felix L. Garcia

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Current developmental models of gender identity and gender dysphoria (GD) lack sex-specific profiles of brain function that differentiate between typically-developing and cross-gender identified youth, as postulated by models like the unified theory of the origins of sex differences (Arnold, 2009) and the neurobiological theory of the origins of transsexuality (Swaab & Garcia-Falgueras, 2009). Previously, investigators have used brain imaging modalities such as Resting-State functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (R-fMRI) to demonstrate differences in resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) between typically-developing male and female youth, and between typically-developing and GID-diagnosed youth. In the present pilot study, I used R-fMRI to investigate differences in RSFC between typically-developing and cross-gender identified male and female youth subgroups, with the hypothesis that GID-diagnosed subgroups would demonstrate connectivity patterns in between those of typically-developing males and females. Eleven youth diagnosed with gender identity disorder (four males, ages 9 to 20 years; seven females, ages 12 to 20 years) were matched on age and assigned gender with 11 typically-developing youth. All participants completed written informed consent to undergo the IRB-approved research procedures. R-fMRI were collected while the participants were lying down and resting, with their eyes closed. Primary analyses focused on 14 ...


Adapted Dance Class And Autism Spectrum Disorder, Lindsay Gutting, Carly O'Brien, Kelsey Moggie Jul 2018

Adapted Dance Class And Autism Spectrum Disorder, Lindsay Gutting, Carly O'Brien, Kelsey Moggie

Pediatrics

Background: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that can cause significant social, communication, and behavioral symptoms. Although a variety of interventions for those with ASD are available, Adapted Dance Class (ADC), also called Dance Movement Therapy (DMT), is a relatively understudied intervention that has the potential support social skill development for this population.

Method: This is a descriptive, exploratory case study in which researchers aimed to discover whether DMT is effective in promoting social and communication skills in adolescents with ASD. We viewed 16 videos of four students who participated in two DMT classes and procedurally documented social ...


A Dance/Movement Therapy Method For Improving Mood States Of Adolescent Girls In A Residential Treatment Center, Selena Coburn May 2018

A Dance/Movement Therapy Method For Improving Mood States Of Adolescent Girls In A Residential Treatment Center, Selena Coburn

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

The purpose of this study is to examine dance/ movement therapy (DMT) sessions as a method of intervention, through observing with Laban Movement Analysis (LMA) and Kestenberg Movement Profile (KMP) and recording shifting mood states in participants living in a residential treatment center. The participants are adolescent female clients age 13-17 years old. They have co-morbid diagnoses including depression, eating disorders, ADHD, histories of abuse and neglect, and oppositional defiant disorder. Laban Movement Analysis (LMA) and verbal check-ins are used to determine mood states before, during, and after a DMT session. Data is collected via observations made using a designated ...


Evaluating The Effects Of The Teen Outreach Program On Positive Youth Development Constructs, Rita Debate, Helen Mahony, Ellen Daley, Wei Wang, Stephanie Marhefka, Sarah B. Maness, Markku Malmi, Robert Ziemba, Charlotte Noble, Eric R. Walsh-Buhi May 2018

Evaluating The Effects Of The Teen Outreach Program On Positive Youth Development Constructs, Rita Debate, Helen Mahony, Ellen Daley, Wei Wang, Stephanie Marhefka, Sarah B. Maness, Markku Malmi, Robert Ziemba, Charlotte Noble, Eric R. Walsh-Buhi

Health Behavior Research

Introduction: The Teen Outreach Program (TOP) is a positive youth development (PYD) program that seeks to reduce the risk of adolescent pregnancy, school dropout, and course failure. As TOP has not been evaluated for its impact on PYD constructs, our purpose was to assess this potential.

Methods: A pair-matched, cluster randomized controlled trial to evaluate TOP among youth in 26 high schools was conducted in 2013-2014. Youth (N=3740) were surveyed at baseline and immediately following program completion. A linear mixed effects model compared scores of the Lerner’s Five Cs measure of PYD between treatment and control youth and ...


Factors That Affect Early Sexual Initiation In A Sample Of College Students In North-East Tennessee: The Role Of Adverse Childhood Experiences, Economic Hardship, Family Structure And Religiosity., Oluyemi R. Rotimi, Hima Bindu Dubasi, Ruby Yadav, Mildred Maisonet Apr 2018

Factors That Affect Early Sexual Initiation In A Sample Of College Students In North-East Tennessee: The Role Of Adverse Childhood Experiences, Economic Hardship, Family Structure And Religiosity., Oluyemi R. Rotimi, Hima Bindu Dubasi, Ruby Yadav, Mildred Maisonet

Appalachian Student Research Forum

Background

Normal adolescent development often involves sexual activity. Early sexual initiation poses a challenge to health and well-being. In 2015, Tennessee had the 9th highest teen birth rate in the country. The structural, social and economic environments of growth define sexual risk taking, with poverty, Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) religiosity and family structure known to affect adolescent and adult health. This study seeks to explore the effect of these factors on early sexual initiation.

Methods

A sample of college students taking the introductory psychology course participated in the study through the ETSU SONA system. They completed a self-reported web-based ...


The Contributing Factors To Adolescent Depression, Josie H. Lee Apr 2018

The Contributing Factors To Adolescent Depression, Josie H. Lee

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Objective: This paper reviews individual, familial, peer, and societal factors influencing adolescent depression in developed countries. Background: Depression usually onsets at adolescence and contributes to high DALYs. Since depression is treatable, efforts should be made to reduce its prevalence and effect. Methods: The research consisted of looking at literature relevant to the topic and age group and conducting interviews with experts who know about and have worked with adolescent depression. Discussion: Adolescents begins at the onset of puberty, allowing different biological factors such as genetics, stress of puberty, and cognitive changes to increase vulnerability to depression. Adolescents who had substance ...


Fasoracetam In Adolescents With Adhd And Glutamatergic Gene Network Variants Disrupting Mglur Neurotransmitter Signaling., Josephine Elia, Grace Ungal, Charlly Kao, Alexander Ambrosini, Nilsa De Jesus-Rosario, Lene Larsen, Rosetta Chiavacci, Tiancheng Wang, Christine Kurian, Kanani Titchen, Brian Sykes, Sharon Hwang, Bhumi Kumar, Jacqueline Potts, Joshua Davis, Jeffrey Malatack, Emma Slattery, Ganesh Moorthy, Athena Zuppa, Andrew Weller, Enda Byrne, Yun R. Li, Walter K. Kraft, Hakon Hakonarson Jan 2018

Fasoracetam In Adolescents With Adhd And Glutamatergic Gene Network Variants Disrupting Mglur Neurotransmitter Signaling., Josephine Elia, Grace Ungal, Charlly Kao, Alexander Ambrosini, Nilsa De Jesus-Rosario, Lene Larsen, Rosetta Chiavacci, Tiancheng Wang, Christine Kurian, Kanani Titchen, Brian Sykes, Sharon Hwang, Bhumi Kumar, Jacqueline Potts, Joshua Davis, Jeffrey Malatack, Emma Slattery, Ganesh Moorthy, Athena Zuppa, Andrew Weller, Enda Byrne, Yun R. Li, Walter K. Kraft, Hakon Hakonarson

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

The glutamatergic neurotransmitter system may play an important role in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This 5-week, open-label, single-blind, placebo-controlled study reports the safety, pharmacokinetics and responsiveness of the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) activator fasoracetam (NFC-1), in 30 adolescents, age 12-17 years with ADHD, harboring mutations in mGluR network genes. Mutation status was double-blinded. A single-dose pharmacokinetic profiling from 50-800 mg was followed by a single-blind placebo at week 1 and subsequent symptom-driven dose advancement up to 400 mg BID for 4 weeks. NFC-1 treatment resulted in significant improvement. Mean Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement (CGI-I) and Severity (CGI-S) scores were, respectively, 3 ...


Practice Survey: Adherence Monitoring And Intervention In Pediatric Gastroenterology And Hepatology., Michele H. Maddux, Shawna Ricks, Julie A. Bass, James F. Daniel, Ellen Carpenter, Kimberely Radford Jan 2018

Practice Survey: Adherence Monitoring And Intervention In Pediatric Gastroenterology And Hepatology., Michele H. Maddux, Shawna Ricks, Julie A. Bass, James F. Daniel, Ellen Carpenter, Kimberely Radford

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Purpose: Despite significant medication nonadherence rates among youth with pediatric gastroenterology and hepatology disorders, little is known about current adherence practices in pediatric gastroenterology care. This study summarizes current practices surrounding adherence monitoring and intervention in pediatric gastrointestinal (GI) and hepatologic care in the USA.

Participants and methods: One hundred and fifty-four pediatric GI providers completed an online survey designed to examine current practices surrounding adherence monitoring and intervention, specific strategies used to monitor and treat poor adherence, and the barriers currently experienced in relation to adherence monitoring and intervention.

Results: Practices varied greatly in terms of when and how ...


Development Of A Staff Education Module On Adolescent Obesity, Deborah Ann Stallworth Jan 2018

Development Of A Staff Education Module On Adolescent Obesity, Deborah Ann Stallworth

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Adolescent obesity is a growing health concern in the United States due to its increasing prevalence and comorbidities that can reduce longevity and increase morbidity. Advanced practice nurses (APNs) providing care in school-based health centers (SBHC) located in marginalized communities are uniquely positioned to work with adolescent students challenged with obesity. The management of adolescent obesity requires advanced skills and knowledge to promote healthy lifestyles, prevent obesity, and to directly address the many factors that contribute to the condition. The purpose of this project was to develop an education program for APNs to prepare them to work with students in ...


Cultural Perspectives On African American Adolescent Sexual Risk Behavior In Central Mississippi, Debra Suzette Smith Jan 2018

Cultural Perspectives On African American Adolescent Sexual Risk Behavior In Central Mississippi, Debra Suzette Smith

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

In 2015, Mississippi had the 3rd highest adolescent birth rate in the United States, high rates of sexually transmitted diseases, and enduring racial disparities between African American and White teenagers. Few researchers have described the immediate cultural environment to determine how it may influence the sexual behaviors and attitudes of African American teens. The purpose of this qualitative ethnographic study was to describe the sociocultural environment of African American adolescents in Mississippi that influences their sexual behavior by exploring the knowledge, feelings, experiences and beliefs of African American adults. The social cognitive theory was used as a theoretical framework to ...


Predictors Of Binge Drinking In High School Youths In Montgomery County, Maryland, Lum M. Fube Jan 2018

Predictors Of Binge Drinking In High School Youths In Montgomery County, Maryland, Lum M. Fube

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Underage drinking is a major problem in the United States, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. About 43,000 deaths a year result from binge drinking in youths at a cost of $24 billion in 2010 to the U.S. economy. The purpose of this quantitative dissertation was to examine the predictors of binge drinking in high school youths in a highly racial diverse community of Montgomery County, Maryland. The social ecological model was the theoretical framework used for this study due to the presence of both personal and contextual factors that influence behavior. Using binary logistic regression to analyze ...


Evaluation Of The N-O-T Program For Smoking Cessation Among High School Students, Whitney Jaye Erickson Jan 2018

Evaluation Of The N-O-T Program For Smoking Cessation Among High School Students, Whitney Jaye Erickson

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Adolescents and young adults use more tobacco than all other adults, yet the percentage of this younger population eventually quitting the use of tobacco is lower. There is little evidence-based research to support adolescent smoking cessation programs. Using social learning theory (SLT) and the stages of change model, the purpose of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Not-On-Tobacco (N-O-T) program, an evidence-based adolescent smoking cessation program, in reducing or preventing the number of cigarettes smoked by high school boarding students and to evaluate how best to individualize the program for this high school going forward. The DNP ...


Adolescent And Young Adult Medicine: Supporting An Often Forgotten Population, Isabelle Mason Jan 2018

Adolescent And Young Adult Medicine: Supporting An Often Forgotten Population, Isabelle Mason

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

The actions and lifestyle choices adolescents and young adults make have profound effects on their future health and well-being. Unfortunately, these patients are often scarce among family practice lineups, making it difficult for physicians to provide impactful preventative care. This project looks at how to help reach these oft-forgotten patients.


Depression, Thanu Abraham Jan 2018

Depression, Thanu Abraham

Senior Honors Theses

Depression is one of the most prevalent mental health disorders in the United States. Anyone can be diagnosed with depression at any point in life. The objective of this paper is to explore depression within special populations. This paper will be sectioned into five different chapters. Chapter I will discuss what depression is. Chapter II will examine depression in adolescents. Chapter III will explore postpartum depression. Chapter IV will discuss geriatric depression. Chapter V will explore the relationship between depression and cardiovascular disease. Each section will contain extensive research within its topic. Although depression drastically impacts one's life, only ...


Pilot Study: Knowledge And Attitudes Regarding Sport-Related Concussion In A Rural Interscholastic Sport Sample, Austin Westland Jan 2018

Pilot Study: Knowledge And Attitudes Regarding Sport-Related Concussion In A Rural Interscholastic Sport Sample, Austin Westland

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Context: Evidence supports education initiatives to improve knowledge of sport-related concussion (SRC) in active children and adolescents, as well as improve attitudes towards reporting concussion events to a supervising adult with the ultimate goal of early diagnosis and management. Most evidence focuses on urban and suburban children’s SRC knowledge and attitudes; however, little is known regarding knowledge and attitudes of children participating in sport in rural environments. Understanding current knowledge and attitudes of rural children can inform future education and health behavior strategies that encourage early reporting. Objective: Two objectives guided this study. First, obtain and analyze pilot data ...


The Ingredients Of Healthy Brain And Child Development, Pat Levitt, Kathie L. Eagleson Jan 2018

The Ingredients Of Healthy Brain And Child Development, Pat Levitt, Kathie L. Eagleson

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

This article by Pat Levitt and Kathie L. Eagleson explains critical developmental stages in early childhood and adolescent brain development. Levitt and Eagleson start by dispelling certain misconceptions about early brain development and then examining the interaction between biological events, social and emotional development, and the role played by early childhood experiences in healthy brain development. Finally, the article discusses the importance of intervention programs on healthy brain development and positive child, adolescent, and adult outcomes.


The S.P.I.R.I.T. Program: Spirituality Promotion Interdependence Resiliency Inclusive Therapy, Alycia Heisler, Brianna Safranski Jan 2018

The S.P.I.R.I.T. Program: Spirituality Promotion Interdependence Resiliency Inclusive Therapy, Alycia Heisler, Brianna Safranski

Occupational Therapy Capstones

Purpose: Native American children and adolescents are some of the most underserved people in the United States (Warzak, Dogan, & Godfrey, 2011). Common mental health problems this population typically experiences are depression, suicidal thoughts or ideation, traumatic experiences, substance use, and results of historical trauma (Brockie, Dana-Sarco, Wallen, Wilcox, & Campbell, 2015). They have the highest rates of these mental health problems, more than any other ethnic group (Evans-Campbell, Walters, Pearson, & Campbell, 2012). There is a need for preventative programs to be implemented with elementary school-aged Native American children and adolescents (Ohl, Mitchell, Cassidy, & Fox, 2008; Stigler, Neusel, & Perry, 2011; Urbaeva, Booth, & Wei, 2017). Many programs with Native Americans have been previously unsuccessful due to the lack of culturally relevant interventions and the spiritual aspect (Brockie et al., 2015; DeMars, 1992; Urbaeva et al., 2017).

Methodology: Data bases searched include: Academic Search Premiere, EBSCOHost, ERIC, CINAHL, PsychInfo, PubMed, Google Scholar, and reliable government websites. The key terms and phrases used for searching include: Native American(s), mental health, education, school programs, prevention, prevention programs, occupational therapy, cultural programs, protective factors and others. The information gathered helped inform the literature review for the background, history, and needs of Native Americans. From this literature search, a gap in ...


Concept Analysis Of Impressionability Among Adolescents And Young Adults, Seok Hyun Gwon Jan 2018

Concept Analysis Of Impressionability Among Adolescents And Young Adults, Seok Hyun Gwon

Nursing Faculty Articles

Aim: To report a concept analysis of impressionability among adolescents and young adults.

Background: Adolescence and young adulthood are critical periods to establish health behaviour. Environmental determinants are associated with youth health risk behaviours. These populations are impressionable to a range of social and physical environmental factors.

Design: Concept analysis.

Methods: We selected 17 studies to review from Psych INFO, ERIC, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar as well as the University of Virginia library. We did not apply date limits. We included search terms: “adolescent”; “youth”; “young adult”; “impressionability”; and “impressionable.”

Results: The defining attributes of impressionability among youths were a ...


Promoting Successful Community Re-Integration For Incarcerated Juveniles: The Role Of Occupational Therapy To Enhance Quality Of Life, Madison Gerszewski, Bailey Odegaard Jan 2018

Promoting Successful Community Re-Integration For Incarcerated Juveniles: The Role Of Occupational Therapy To Enhance Quality Of Life, Madison Gerszewski, Bailey Odegaard

Occupational Therapy Capstones

The purpose of this scholarly project is to present a manual for occupational therapists working with juvenile delinquents in their transition into the community following incarceration. The intended outcome of the project is for juvenile delinquents to be independent, successful members of the community.

A literature review pertaining to juvenile delinquents was conducted and addressed recidivism, risk factors, and unmet needs. At this time, there are no practice guidelines in the United States that capture occupational therapy’s scope of practice when working with adolescents who have been involved in the criminal justice system.

A manual was developed in order ...


A Vocational Training Program For High School Students With Disabilities On An Alternative Track To Graduation, Natalie Jennings, Michael Lehnerz Jan 2018

A Vocational Training Program For High School Students With Disabilities On An Alternative Track To Graduation, Natalie Jennings, Michael Lehnerz

Occupational Therapy Capstones

Problem: According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (2017), in 2016 the employment rate for persons with a disability was 17.9 percent compared to 65.3 percent for persons without a disability. The discrepancy between the employment rates can partially be contributed to a lack of high school readiness preparation as evidenced by Evert Cimera, Gonda, and Vaschak (2015) who found that the referral rates of transition-aged youth decreased from 62.3 percent in 2004 to 50.0 percent to 2013.

Purpose: The purpose of this scholarly project is to minimize the gap during the transition from high school ...


Occupational Therapy Practice Trends For Occupations Impacted By Puberty In Children With Asd, Sydney Larson, Kelsey Hemberger Jan 2018

Occupational Therapy Practice Trends For Occupations Impacted By Puberty In Children With Asd, Sydney Larson, Kelsey Hemberger

Occupational Therapy Capstones

Introduction: Adolescents face physical, social, cognitive, and emotional changes during the developmental stage of puberty. Pubertal changes can be difficult for neurotypical adolescents to cope with, but especially for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Specifically, adolescents with ASD experience challenges with adapting to physical and emotional changes, managing new hygiene routines, abiding to social norms, and inappropriate sexual behaviors (Beddows & Brooks, 2016; Cridland, Caputi, Jones, & Magee, 2015; Cridland, Jones, Caputi, & Magee, 2014). While occupational therapy plays a role in helping adolescents with ASD, a lack of occupational therapy literature on this topic leads to unknown practice trends for practitioners to address puberty-related challenges ...


An Occupational Therapy Perspective Of A School-Based Suicide Prevention Program With A Peer-Mentorship Emphasis, Maddie Bjornstad, Karyssa Kimery Jan 2018

An Occupational Therapy Perspective Of A School-Based Suicide Prevention Program With A Peer-Mentorship Emphasis, Maddie Bjornstad, Karyssa Kimery

Occupational Therapy Capstones

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in adolescents today (Pisani et al., 2012; Katz et al., 2013). Zalsman et al. (2016), reported the recognition of suicide prevention as a public health priority has helped to encourage research, detection, treatment, and management of individuals at risk for suicide, however the implementation of proven, evidence-based, and cost-effective strategies are the duty of public health policy makers and healthcare providers. Occupational therapists are trained to help individuals determine what occupations are meaningful and completed in order to feel a sense of self-efficacy, therefore occupational therapy can play a critical role ...


Occupational Deprivation In Adolescents From Low-Income And Food Insecure Homes: A Screening Tool And After School Program, Claire Eidenschink Jan 2018

Occupational Deprivation In Adolescents From Low-Income And Food Insecure Homes: A Screening Tool And After School Program, Claire Eidenschink

Occupational Therapy Capstones

Adolescents who experience food insecurity are exposed to an increased risk of health disparities related to cognitive, psychosocial, and physical functioning (Cook & Frank, 2007). Each of these domains of functioning impacts occupational performance in all roles that an adolescent assumes. Of note, the role of a student is drastically impacted. Therefore, a program to address strategies for meeting basic needs within a familiar setting, such as a school, is relevant and necessary for this population. Such a program would offer an opportunity to close the gap in disparities and increase health outcomes of adolescents who experience food insecurity as well as the effect of low-income financial restrictions (Defosset, Gase, Ijadi-Maghsoodi, & Kuo, 2017). Adolescents are an underserved population in the United States healthcare system, particularly those who come from low-income households; henceforth, it is evident that there is a need for intervention among this population (Defosset et al., 2017).

The ecology of human performance (EHP) model was selected to analyze and guide product development (Dunn, Brown, & McGuigan, 1994). EHP is centered around transactions between the person, context, and task. There is a focus on increasing performance range through participation in various roles within meaningful occupations, while utilizing contextual supports that address the specific needs of the person (Dunn et al., 1994). Additionally, principles of pedagogy were applied to guide activity development to increase participation and retention of information (Knowles, 1990).

The product is two-fold: first, a screening tool and second, an after school program. The occupational therapy practitioner will distribute the screening tool to high schools in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota school districts. The screening tool is used to identify adolescents who would benefit from intervention. The screening tool is briefly and privately completed during the school day by the adolescent. The adolescent fills out the screen to identify their own needs. The privacy of the survey is important due to the feelings of shame that are commonly associated with revealing the need for assistance, as related to limitations from food insecurity (Burke, Cayir, Hartline-Grafton, Martini, & Meade, 2016). The occupational therapy practitioner leading the activities contacts the students who are interested in participating in the program. The after school program is divided into three activities that promote occupational performance, while providing the opportunity to access resources that help to alleviate food insecurity. The activities are focused around the identified areas of growth of the population based on findings from the literature review. Each activity in the program is divided into person, context, and task sections. All the activities are tailored to the areas of need for skill development related to budgeting, meal planning and preparation, and developing a healthy routine with emotional regulation.

Multiple authors reported that there were limited resources and programs available to adolescents who experience food insecurity and restrictions of a low-income budget (Burke et al., 2016; Shtasel-Gottlieb, Palakshappa, Yang, & Goodman, 2015; To, Frongillo, Gallegos, & Moore, 2014). The following program addresses the needs of the underserved adolescent population because it provides an opportunity for growth within the cognitive, psychosocial, and physical domains.


Evaluation Of Individual And Combined Markers Of Urine Dipstick Parameters And Total Lymphocyte Count As A Substitute For Cd4 Count In Low-Resource Communities In Ghana, Enoch Odame Anto, Christian Obirikorang, Emmanuel Acheampong, Bright Amankwaa, Bright Oppong Afranie, Sampson Donkor, Isaac Hope, Juliana Jommo, Esther Osaah Jan 2018

Evaluation Of Individual And Combined Markers Of Urine Dipstick Parameters And Total Lymphocyte Count As A Substitute For Cd4 Count In Low-Resource Communities In Ghana, Enoch Odame Anto, Christian Obirikorang, Emmanuel Acheampong, Bright Amankwaa, Bright Oppong Afranie, Sampson Donkor, Isaac Hope, Juliana Jommo, Esther Osaah

ECU Publications Post 2013

We evaluated the individual and combined levels of urine dipstick and total lymphocyte count (TLC) as surrogate markers for CD4 count in a low-resource community in Ghana. This cross-sectional study recruited 200 HIV-infected patients from the Saint Francis Xavier Hospital, Assin Fosu, Ghana. Complete blood count, CD4 count, and urine dipstick analysis were measured for participants. The threshold values were determined as/


Mental Health Interventions For Adolescent Cancer Patients, Kelsey A. Faherty Jan 2018

Mental Health Interventions For Adolescent Cancer Patients, Kelsey A. Faherty

Honors in the Major Theses

Background: According to the National Cancer Institute (2017) approximately 15,270 individuals’ ages 0 to 19 years would be diagnosed with cancer in 2017. Although pediatric cancer survival rates continue to rise, there are high rates of anxiety, fear, and depression amongst this population. The purpose of this literature review was to explore mental health interventions for adolescent cancer patients.

Methodology: A total of 165 articles were found in a literature search. Databases used include: CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Cochrane Center Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Clinical Answers, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO. As results were further narrowed based on relevance ...


The Classification Of Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptoms In Male And Female Adolescents [Accepted Manuscript], Sophie C. Schneider, Andrew J. Baillie, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia Michelle Turner, Jennifer L. Hudson Jan 2018

The Classification Of Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptoms In Male And Female Adolescents [Accepted Manuscript], Sophie C. Schneider, Andrew J. Baillie, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia Michelle Turner, Jennifer L. Hudson

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) was categorised in DSM-5 within the newly created ‘obsessive-compulsive and related disorders’ chapter, however this classification remains subject to debate. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test competing models of the co-occurrence of symptoms of BDD, obsessive-compulsive disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety, and eating disorders in a community sample of adolescents, and to explore potential sex differences in these models. Methods: Self-report questionnaires assessing disorder symptoms were completed by 3149 Australian adolescents. The fit of correlated factor models was calculated separately in males and females, and measurement invariance testing compared parameters of the best-fitting model between ...


An Epidemiological Study Of Pediatric Sports And Recreational Injuries Reporting To The Emergency Room In Grand Forks, Nd, Carly Bertsch, Lucas Dolan Jan 2018

An Epidemiological Study Of Pediatric Sports And Recreational Injuries Reporting To The Emergency Room In Grand Forks, Nd, Carly Bertsch, Lucas Dolan

Physical Therapy Scholarly Projects

PROBLEM: The purpose of this research study is to evaluate the emergency room records from Altru Health System in Grand Forks, ND from 2011-2015 to find trends in pediatric injuries from the ages of 0-19. The justification for the study is to provide Grand Forks with information about the frequency and distribution of pediatric sports and recreational injuries. No injury surveillance system has been implemented to monitor youth injuries, but his study is a continuation of a previous 10-year study and the combining of the two time frames would result in a 15-year compilation of data. By using descriptive data ...


Wayne County Board Of Education Adaptation Of Love Notes Curriculum For Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention, Allison Shea Merritt Jan 2018

Wayne County Board Of Education Adaptation Of Love Notes Curriculum For Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention, Allison Shea Merritt

Theses and Dissertations--Public Health (M.P.H. & Dr.P.H.)

West Virginia has the 8th highest rate of adolescent pregnancy in the United States and the rate in Wayne County is significantly higher. Adolescent pregnancies cause negative health outcomes for both the baby and the mother. Adolescent mothers are at an increased risk of anemia, preeclampsia, and preterm labor and babies born to adolescent mothers are more likely to have a low birth weight and to have cognitive impairment. To address this burden, the school board has decided to use the ADAPT-ITT framework on the evidence-based Love Notes adolescent pregnancy prevention curriculum to adapt it to be more culturally ...


Provider Adherence To Recommendations For Hpv Vaccination In A Family Practice And Pediatric Clinic, Kara Saling Jan 2018

Provider Adherence To Recommendations For Hpv Vaccination In A Family Practice And Pediatric Clinic, Kara Saling

DNP Projects

Background: The HPV vaccination has consistently had lower adherence rates than the goal set by Healthy People 2020. The Advisory Committee on Immunizations Practices (ACIP) now recommends that children (both male and female) 11 to 12 years of age should start to receive the HPV vaccine before exposure to the virus. However, even with the change in the new guidelines, the HPV vaccine administration rates still trail other adolescent vaccinations.

Purpose: The purpose of this project is to identify pediatric and family practice provider adherence to ACIP/CDC recommendations on HPV vaccinations in a Southeastern United States health system in ...


To Asq Or Not To Asq: A Suicide Risk Screening Improvement Project, Gina Mumper Dec 2017

To Asq Or Not To Asq: A Suicide Risk Screening Improvement Project, Gina Mumper

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Suicide is the second leading cause of death in children between the ages of 10-19 years. Most people who die by suicide have visited a healthcare provider within the prior year. Inpatient healthcare providers, particularly clinical nurse leaders (CNLs), are in a strategic position to assess adolescents for suicide risk regardless of their admitting diagnosis. “To ASQ or Not to ASQ” is an evidence-based project aimed at improving compliance with the Ask Suicide Screening Questions (ASQ) in an eight-bed medical-surgical adult and pediatric overflow intensive care unit (MSICU) in a large tertiary 629-bed academic medical center. Methods included convenience ...