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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Creating A Culturally Adaptable Comprehensive Sexuality Education Teacher's Manual, Stephanie Carteciano Apr 2023

Creating A Culturally Adaptable Comprehensive Sexuality Education Teacher's Manual, Stephanie Carteciano

Student Works

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to create a culturally adaptable comprehensive sexual education teacher’s manual by (a) standardizing content using The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s (UNESCO) 2018 International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education (CSE), (b) providing evidence-based CSE pedagogy in the form of classroom activities, and (c) including adaptable teaching methods to fit diverse cultural contexts.

Development: The manual lessons were derived from UNESCO’s 2018 International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education, and the pedagogy followed Anderson and Krathwohl’s revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy. Health information was obtained from various medical and ...


Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (Pots): A Frequently Missed Diagnosis, Aubrey R. George, Blaine A. Winters Jun 2022

Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (Pots): A Frequently Missed Diagnosis, Aubrey R. George, Blaine A. Winters

Student Works

Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) is a debilitating chronic illness that involves a sustained tachycardia upon standing and affects millions of patients in the United States alone. POTS is most commonly seen in adolescent females and substantially reduces overall quality of life. In 2019, less than a third of all providers had heard of POTS and patients may wait over a decade for a proper diagnosis and treatment. With the intermittent and variable nature of symptoms, 83% of patients reported being misdiagnosed with a psychological condition before receiving a diagnosis of POTS. Understanding the relationship between autonomic compensation and hemodynamic ...


Cross-Reactive Immunity Against The Sars-Cov-2 Omicron Variant Is Low In Pediatric Patients With Prior Covid-19 Or Mis-C., Juanjie Tang, Tanya Novak, Julian Hecker, Gabrielle Grubbs, Fatema Tuz Zahra, Lorenza Bellusci, Sara Pourhashemi, Janet Chou, Kristin Moffitt, Natasha B. Halasa, Stephanie P. Schwartz, Tracie C. Walker, Keiko M. Tarquinio, Matt S. Zinter, Mary A. Staat, Shira J. Gertz, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Jennifer E. Schuster, Laura L. Loftis, Bria M. Coates, Elizabeth H. Mack, Katherine Irby, Julie C. Fitzgerald, Courtney M. Rowan, Michele Kong, Heidi R. Flori, Aline B. Maddux, Steven L. Shein, Hillary Crandall, Janet R. Hume, Charlotte V. Hobbs, Adriana H. Tremoulet, Chisato Shimizu, Jane C. Burns, Sabrina R. Chen, Hye Kyung Moon, Christoph Lange, Adrienne G. Randolph, Surender Khurana May 2022

Cross-Reactive Immunity Against The Sars-Cov-2 Omicron Variant Is Low In Pediatric Patients With Prior Covid-19 Or Mis-C., Juanjie Tang, Tanya Novak, Julian Hecker, Gabrielle Grubbs, Fatema Tuz Zahra, Lorenza Bellusci, Sara Pourhashemi, Janet Chou, Kristin Moffitt, Natasha B. Halasa, Stephanie P. Schwartz, Tracie C. Walker, Keiko M. Tarquinio, Matt S. Zinter, Mary A. Staat, Shira J. Gertz, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Jennifer E. Schuster, Laura L. Loftis, Bria M. Coates, Elizabeth H. Mack, Katherine Irby, Julie C. Fitzgerald, Courtney M. Rowan, Michele Kong, Heidi R. Flori, Aline B. Maddux, Steven L. Shein, Hillary Crandall, Janet R. Hume, Charlotte V. Hobbs, Adriana H. Tremoulet, Chisato Shimizu, Jane C. Burns, Sabrina R. Chen, Hye Kyung Moon, Christoph Lange, Adrienne G. Randolph, Surender Khurana

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Neutralization capacity of antibodies against Omicron after a prior SARS-CoV-2 infection in children and adolescents is not well studied. Therefore, we evaluated virus-neutralizing capacity against SARS-CoV-2 Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta and Omicron variants by age-stratified analyses (5 years of age. As expected, convalescent pediatric COVID-19 and MIS-C cohorts demonstrate higher neutralization titers than hospitalized acute COVID-19 patients. Overall, children and adolescents show some loss of cross-neutralization against all variants, with the most pronounced loss against Omicron. In contrast to SARS-CoV-2 infection, children vaccinated twice demonstrated higher titers against Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta and Omicron. These findings can influence transmission, re-infection ...


A Systematic Review Of The Barriers Of Opioid Addiction Treatment For Young Adult Males (Ages 18-26) Living In Low Income Areas In The United States Of America, Atish Gandhi, Asim Shafique, Jillian Baker May 2022

A Systematic Review Of The Barriers Of Opioid Addiction Treatment For Young Adult Males (Ages 18-26) Living In Low Income Areas In The United States Of America, Atish Gandhi, Asim Shafique, Jillian Baker

Stratford Campus Research Day

NOTE: This is a broad literature review, not a systematic review.

This systematic review aims to analyze the reasons behind reduced access to opioid addiction treatment for individuals of low socioeconomic standing. Understanding these barriers may allow communities to build a more comprehensive plan to lower addiction rates. In addition, this review will be examining further developments of theopioid crisis due to the recent COVID-19 pandemic. The literature search used publications from the following databases: PubMed, Google Scholar, and NCBI. The keywords searched were “opioid addiction”, “substance abuse”, “low-income area”, “barriers to treatment”, “young male addiction”, “opioid treatment”, “Narcan”. There ...


Assessing The Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Adolescent Mental Health, Vanessa Pizutelli, Yanil Morales, Christina Copeland, Archana Salek May 2022

Assessing The Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Adolescent Mental Health, Vanessa Pizutelli, Yanil Morales, Christina Copeland, Archana Salek

Stratford Campus Research Day

Adolescence is a crucial period in which adverse childhood experiences, social relationships, and habits can influence mental wellbeing. According to the CDC, the onset of mental illness is 14.5 years old, which is why it is imperative that individuals with mental health conditions receive early intervention. Since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, research has shown a dramatic decline in adolescent mental health. Specifically in New Jersey, it has been reported that individuals ages 18-23 have the highest levels of stress and depressive symptoms since the start of the pandemic. In light of these findings, it is vital that ...


Factors Associated With The Lack Of Use Of Contraceptive Methods In Female Adolescent In Peru Endes 2018-2020, Yolanda B. Dulanto-Ramos, Consuelo Luna-Muñoz, Luis Roldan-Arbieto Apr 2022

Factors Associated With The Lack Of Use Of Contraceptive Methods In Female Adolescent In Peru Endes 2018-2020, Yolanda B. Dulanto-Ramos, Consuelo Luna-Muñoz, Luis Roldan-Arbieto

Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

Introduction: In Peru, adolescents tend to use contraceptive methods (CM) less frequently, constituting a subgroup at risk of unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. Methods: Quantitative, observational, analytical-cross-sectional study corresponding to a secondary analysis of data from women aged 15 to 19 from the ENDES 2018-2020. To quantify the association, Poisson regression was used for robust variances, calculating the Prevalence Ratio (PR) in its crude (PRc) and adjusted (PRa) forms, with a 95% con��dence interval. Results: 28.4% did not use MC, there was a signi��cant association for the variables without a partner (Rpa: 2.49 CI: 1 ...


Adolescent Anxiety: Implementing Mindfulness Techniques To Lessen Mental Health Crises, Britt Schultz Apr 2022

Adolescent Anxiety: Implementing Mindfulness Techniques To Lessen Mental Health Crises, Britt Schultz

Theses and Graduate Projects

Adolescence is one of the most challenging times in life as many transitions occur while a child grows into a young adult. In a school-based program, this doctoral of nursing practice project implemented mindfulness techniques to lessen mental health crises in anxious adolescents. This scholarly project educated adolescents in a small town in rural southeast Minnesota on the effective coping exercises of mindfulness and deep breathing to lessen anxiety and decrease mental health crises. Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring is the framework for the project and three of her Carative Factors guided this project. A literature review identified ...


Adolescent Hiv Pre Exposure Prophylaxis Prescribing Practices Among Family Medicine Physicians: Limited Immediate Uptake, Marshal Miller, E. Cooper, S. Elsesser, A. Cunningham Apr 2022

Adolescent Hiv Pre Exposure Prophylaxis Prescribing Practices Among Family Medicine Physicians: Limited Immediate Uptake, Marshal Miller, E. Cooper, S. Elsesser, A. Cunningham

Department of Family & Community Medicine Posters

This study aims to:

  • Examine the adolescent PrEP prescribing practices and knowledge of family medicine physicians.
  • Begin to identify areas that might be key targets for interventions which may lead to increased adolescent PrEP prescribing uptake.


A Community Educational Intervention To Improve Firearm Safety Behavior In Families, Elizabeth G. Choma Msn, Rn, Cpnp-Pc Apr 2022

A Community Educational Intervention To Improve Firearm Safety Behavior In Families, Elizabeth G. Choma Msn, Rn, Cpnp-Pc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Every day in America children, are injured or killed from the accidental shooting of firearms. Additionally, few households with children report storing all guns unloaded and locked up. Recent evidence supports education on safe firearm storage as an effective intervention in promoting firearm safety in families with children. However, Pediatric healthcare providers often do not have enough time for firearm education during well visits.

Objective: This Quality Improvement (QI) project aimed to use an educational intervention with statistics on firearms in children and implemented the Asking Saves Kids (ASK) campaign to assess and improve firearm safety behaviors in families ...


Standardizing Naturalistic Teaching Opportunities For Problem-Based Learning In Diabetes Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Austin Mccaslin Apr 2022

Standardizing Naturalistic Teaching Opportunities For Problem-Based Learning In Diabetes Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Austin Mccaslin

DNP Projects

Significance and Background:

Poor diabetes management is linked to serious long and short-term health complications. Despite this, medication adherence is a significant problem in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Management is further complicated by low socioeconomic status, even when mitigated by free healthcare, highlighting health literacy as a culprit of disparities. Evidence shows that a common barrier for adolescents is proficiency in dose determination. Carbohydrate counting is an integral skill, necessary for attaining glycemic control. At a homecare agency serving adolescents with poorly controlled diabetes by providing oversight of medication administration and education, it was noted that patients continued to ...


Pediatric Growth Patterns In Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Implications For Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Models., Chelsea M. Hosey, Kelsee Halpin, Valentina Shakhnovich, Chengpeng Bi, Brooke Sweeney, Yun Yan, J Steven Leeder Apr 2022

Pediatric Growth Patterns In Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Implications For Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Models., Chelsea M. Hosey, Kelsee Halpin, Valentina Shakhnovich, Chengpeng Bi, Brooke Sweeney, Yun Yan, J Steven Leeder

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

An accurate understanding of the changes in height and weight of children with age is critical to the development of models predicting drug concentrations in children (i.e., physiologically-based pharmacokinetic models). However, curves describing the growth of a typical population of children may not accurately characterize growth of children with various conditions, such as obesity. Therefore, to develop height and weight versus age growth curves for youth who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, we extracted data from electronic medical records. Robust nonlinear models were parameterized to the equations describing height and weight versus age as defined by the Centers ...


Association Of Abnormal Findings On Neonatal Cranial Ultrasound With Neurobehavior At Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Discharge In Infants Born Before 30 Weeks' Gestation., Jennifer Helderman, T Michael O'Shea, Lynne Dansereau, Jennifer Check, Julie A. Hofheimer, Lynne M. Smith, Elisabeth Mcgowan, Charles R. Neal, Brian S. Carter, Steven L. Pastyrnak, Bradford Betz, Joseph Junewick, Heather L. Borders, Sheri A. Dellagrotta, Barry M. Lester Apr 2022

Association Of Abnormal Findings On Neonatal Cranial Ultrasound With Neurobehavior At Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Discharge In Infants Born Before 30 Weeks' Gestation., Jennifer Helderman, T Michael O'Shea, Lynne Dansereau, Jennifer Check, Julie A. Hofheimer, Lynne M. Smith, Elisabeth Mcgowan, Charles R. Neal, Brian S. Carter, Steven L. Pastyrnak, Bradford Betz, Joseph Junewick, Heather L. Borders, Sheri A. Dellagrotta, Barry M. Lester

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Importance: Cranial ultrasound (CUS) findings are routinely used to identify preterm infants at risk for impaired neurodevelopment, and neurobehavioral examinations provide information about early brain function. The associations of abnormal findings on early and late CUS with neurobehavior at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge have not been reported.

Objective: To examine the associations between early and late CUS findings and infant neurobehavior at NICU discharge.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included infants enrolled in the Neonatal Neurobehavior and Outcomes in Very Preterm Infants Study between April 2014 and June 2016. Infants born before 30 weeks' gestational ...


Impact Of Covid-19 In Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis., Moazzam Shahzad, Sibgha Gull Chaudhary, Muhammad Usman Zafar, Maha A Hassan, Ali Hussain, Fatima Ali, Iqra Anwar, Mamoon Ahmed, Nausheen Ahmed, Sharad Khurana, Muhammad A Rauf, Faiz Anwar, Peiman Hematti, Natalie S Callander, Sunil H Abhyankar, Joseph P Mcguirk, Muhammad Umair Mushtaq Apr 2022

Impact Of Covid-19 In Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis., Moazzam Shahzad, Sibgha Gull Chaudhary, Muhammad Usman Zafar, Maha A Hassan, Ali Hussain, Fatima Ali, Iqra Anwar, Mamoon Ahmed, Nausheen Ahmed, Sharad Khurana, Muhammad A Rauf, Faiz Anwar, Peiman Hematti, Natalie S Callander, Sunil H Abhyankar, Joseph P Mcguirk, Muhammad Umair Mushtaq

Department of Emergency Medicine

BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients are at increased risk of mortality and morbidity with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to severe immune dysfunction.

METHODS: A literature search was performed on PubMed, Cochrane, and Clinical trials.gov from the date of inception to 12/08/2021. We identified 19 original studies reporting data on COVID-19 in HSCT recipients after screening 292 articles. Data were extracted following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis guidelines. Quality evaluation was done using the National Institutes of Health (NIH) quality assessment tool. Inter-study variance was calculated using Der Simonian-Laird Estimator. Pooled analysis ...


Tuberculous Meningitis Presenting With Stroke In An Immunocompetent Adolescent: A Case Report, Rukhsar S. Osman, Rahim Damji, Zainab Y. Fidaali, Nahida Walli, Mariam Noorani Mar 2022

Tuberculous Meningitis Presenting With Stroke In An Immunocompetent Adolescent: A Case Report, Rukhsar S. Osman, Rahim Damji, Zainab Y. Fidaali, Nahida Walli, Mariam Noorani

Faculty of Health Sciences, East Africa

Background:

Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a severe infection of the central nervous system that has high mortality. The disease predominantly affects young children and those who are immuncompromised. Strokes have been reported in about one-third of children with tuberculous meningitis and are associated with poor clinical outcomes.

Case report:

A previously healthy 14-year-old girl living in Dar es Salam, Tanzania presented with one month history of weight loss associated with weakness, loss of appetite, apathy; without respiratory symptoms. Anti-TB therapy was started, based on radiological findings of the chest which showed multiple patchy centrilobular nodules with linear branching pattern bilaterally ...


Physical Fitness, Physical Activity, Psychosocial Status And Quality Of Life Of Adolescent Siblings Of Neurologically Disabled Children, Elcin Mamak Celik, Arzu Daskapan, Zehra Güçhan Topcu Mar 2022

Physical Fitness, Physical Activity, Psychosocial Status And Quality Of Life Of Adolescent Siblings Of Neurologically Disabled Children, Elcin Mamak Celik, Arzu Daskapan, Zehra Güçhan Topcu

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Background: ‪This study aims to compare physical fitness, physical activity, the psychosocial state and the quality of life of adolescents who have disabled siblings with the adolescents who have healthy siblings. Material and methods: ‪100 adolescents were involved. The Body Mass Index, flexibility, muscular strength and endurance were measured to determine physical fitness. The FELS Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Depression Scale(CES-DC) and the 87-item Child Health Questionnaire(CHQ) were used to determine the level of their physical activity, depression status and the level of quality of life. Results: O‪nly Vertical Jumping level among physical fitness parameters was found ...


Parents' Reports Of Children's Physical And Sedentary Behavior Engagement Among Parents In Weight Management, Catherine Van Fossen, Haley Kiser, Callie Lambert Brown, Joseph Skelton, Keeley Jean Pratt Mar 2022

Parents' Reports Of Children's Physical And Sedentary Behavior Engagement Among Parents In Weight Management, Catherine Van Fossen, Haley Kiser, Callie Lambert Brown, Joseph Skelton, Keeley Jean Pratt

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Faculty Papers

Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the associations between demographics, family exercise participation, family discouragement of exercise, and the children's physical and sedentary behaviors to identify specific areas of physical activity intervention for children with parents engaged in medical weight management (MWM).

Methods: Parents (n = 294) of children aged 2-18 years old were recruited from two university MWM programs to complete a one-time survey. Bivariate analyses tested associations.

Results: Parents reported that sedentary activity was higher for children who identified as racial minorities (t(141) = -2.05, p < 0.05). Mobile phone and tablet use was higher for adolescents compared to school age and young children (H(2) = 10.96, p < 01) Exercise game use was higher for racial minority children compared to white children (U = 9440.5, z = 2.47, p ≤ 0.03). Male children (t(284) = 1.83, p < 0.07), children perceived to have a healthy weight status (t(120) = 4.68, p < 0.00), and younger children (t(289) = 1.79, p < 0.08) all engaged in more strenuous physical activity. Family exercise participation (t(162) = -2.93, p < 0.01) and family discouragement of exercise (U = 7813.50, z = -2.06, p ≤ 0.04) were significantly higher for children in racial minority families.

Conclusions: Future work should determine methods to engage ...


Study Protocol For The Innovative Support For Patients With Sars-Cov-2 Infections Registry (Inspire): A Longitudinal Study Of The Medium And Long-Term Sequelae Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Matthew Thompson, Bala Hota, Michael Gottlieb, Ian D Plumb, Anna Marie Chang, Lauren E Wisk, Aron J Hall, Ralph C Wang, Erica S Spatz, Kari A Stephens, Ryan M Huebinger, Samuel A Mcdonald, Arjun Venkatesh, Nikki Gentile, B. H. Slovis, Mandy Hill, Sharon Saydah, Ahamed H Idris, Robert Rodriguez, Harlan M Krumholz, Joann G Elmore, Robert A Weinstein, Graham Nichol Mar 2022

Study Protocol For The Innovative Support For Patients With Sars-Cov-2 Infections Registry (Inspire): A Longitudinal Study Of The Medium And Long-Term Sequelae Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Matthew Thompson, Bala Hota, Michael Gottlieb, Ian D Plumb, Anna Marie Chang, Lauren E Wisk, Aron J Hall, Ralph C Wang, Erica S Spatz, Kari A Stephens, Ryan M Huebinger, Samuel A Mcdonald, Arjun Venkatesh, Nikki Gentile, B. H. Slovis, Mandy Hill, Sharon Saydah, Ahamed H Idris, Robert Rodriguez, Harlan M Krumholz, Joann G Elmore, Robert A Weinstein, Graham Nichol

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Reports on medium and long-term sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infections largely lack quantification of incidence and relative risk. We describe the rationale and methods of the Innovative Support for Patients with SARS-CoV-2 Registry (INSPIRE) that combines patient-reported outcomes with data from digital health records to understand predictors and impacts of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Methods: INSPIRE is a prospective, multicenter, longitudinal study of individuals with symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection in eight regions across the US. Adults are eligible for enrollment if they are fluent in English or Spanish, reported symptoms suggestive of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, and if they are within 42 days ...


Impact Of Major Disease Outbreaks In The Third Millennium On Adolescent And Youth Sexual And Reproductive Health And Rights In Low And/Or Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Scoping Review Protocol, Hossein Akbarialiabad, Rahul Shidhaye, Pallavi Shidhaye, Pim Cuijpers, Marcia R. Weaver, Mina Bahrololoom, Sarah Kiburi, Irene N. Njuguna, Mohammad Hossein Taghrir, Manasi Kumar Mar 2022

Impact Of Major Disease Outbreaks In The Third Millennium On Adolescent And Youth Sexual And Reproductive Health And Rights In Low And/Or Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Scoping Review Protocol, Hossein Akbarialiabad, Rahul Shidhaye, Pallavi Shidhaye, Pim Cuijpers, Marcia R. Weaver, Mina Bahrololoom, Sarah Kiburi, Irene N. Njuguna, Mohammad Hossein Taghrir, Manasi Kumar

Brain and Mind Institute

Introduction Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) of young people continue to present a high burden and remain underinvested. This is more so in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), where empirical evidence reveals disruption of SRHR maintenance, need for enhancement of programmes, resources and services during pandemics. Despite the importance of the subject, there is no published review yet combining recent disease outbreaks such as (H1N1/09, Zika, Ebola and SARS-COV-2) to assess their impact on adolescents and youth SRHR in LMICs.

Methods and analysis We will adopt a four-step search to reach the maximum possible number of studies ...


Intersecting Disadvantages For Married Adolescents: Life After Marriage Pre- And Post-Covid-19 In Contexts Of Displacement., Sarah Baird, Maureen Murphy, Jennifer Seager, Nicola Jones, Anju Malhotra, Sarah Alheiwidi, Guday Emirie, Sabina Rashid, Maheen Sultan Mar 2022

Intersecting Disadvantages For Married Adolescents: Life After Marriage Pre- And Post-Covid-19 In Contexts Of Displacement., Sarah Baird, Maureen Murphy, Jennifer Seager, Nicola Jones, Anju Malhotra, Sarah Alheiwidi, Guday Emirie, Sabina Rashid, Maheen Sultan

Global Health Faculty Publications

PURPOSE: Although there is a growing evidence base on the drivers of child marriage, comparatively little is known about the experiences of married girls in refugee settings and how their development trajectories diverge from those of their nonmarried peers, particularly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Drawing on cross-national panel data from Bangladesh and Jordan, this article explores diversity in child marriage experiences in contexts affected by forced displacement, highlighting how married girls' well-being differs from that of their unmarried peers, and how COVID-19 has reinforced these differences.

METHODS: We analyzed longitudinal survey data-collected pre- and post-COVID-19-from the Gender ...


Supporting Young People With Climate Anxiety: Mitigation, Adaptation, And Resilience., Emily A. Hurley, Sarah L. Dalglish, Emma Sacks Mar 2022

Supporting Young People With Climate Anxiety: Mitigation, Adaptation, And Resilience., Emily A. Hurley, Sarah L. Dalglish, Emma Sacks

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Comment on


Comprehensive Evaluation Of Left Ventricular Deformation Using Speckle Tracking Echocardiography In Normal Children: Comparison Of Three-Dimensional And Two-Dimensional Approaches., Doaa Aly, Nitin Madan, Laura Kuzava, Alison Samrany, Anitha Parthiban Jan 2022

Comprehensive Evaluation Of Left Ventricular Deformation Using Speckle Tracking Echocardiography In Normal Children: Comparison Of Three-Dimensional And Two-Dimensional Approaches., Doaa Aly, Nitin Madan, Laura Kuzava, Alison Samrany, Anitha Parthiban

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) can overcome some of the inherent limitations of two-dimensional (2D) STE; however, clinical experience is lacking. We aimed to assess and compare the feasibility, agreement, and reproducibility of left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal (GLS), and regional strain by 3D vs 2D STE in normal children.

METHODS: Healthy pediatric subjects (n = 105, age mean = 11.2 ± 5.5 years) were prospectively enrolled. Three-dimensional and 2D LV GLS, as well as regional strain in 16 myocardial segments were quantified. Bland Altman analysis, intra- class correlation coefficients (ICC), percent error and linear regression were used for ...


Utility Of Blood As The Clinical Specimen For The Diagnosis Of Ocular Toxoplasmosis Using Uracil Dna Glycosylase-Supplemented Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification And Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Assays Based On Rep-529 Sequence And B1 Gene, Bahman Rahimi Esboei, Shirzad Fallahi, Mohammad Zarei, Bahram Kazemi, Mehdi Mohebali, Saeedeh Shojaee, Parisa Mousavi, Aref Teimouri, Raziyeh Mahmoudzadeh, Mirataollah Salabati, Hossein Keshavarz Valian Jan 2022

Utility Of Blood As The Clinical Specimen For The Diagnosis Of Ocular Toxoplasmosis Using Uracil Dna Glycosylase-Supplemented Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification And Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Assays Based On Rep-529 Sequence And B1 Gene, Bahman Rahimi Esboei, Shirzad Fallahi, Mohammad Zarei, Bahram Kazemi, Mehdi Mohebali, Saeedeh Shojaee, Parisa Mousavi, Aref Teimouri, Raziyeh Mahmoudzadeh, Mirataollah Salabati, Hossein Keshavarz Valian

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Background: Ocular infection with Toxoplasma gondii is a major preventable cause of blindness, especially in young people. The aim of the present study was to assess detection rate of T. gondii DNA in blood samples of clinically diagnosed of ocular toxoplasmosis using uracil DNA glycosylase-supplemented loop-mediated isothermal amplification (UDG-LAMP) and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) based on REP-529 and B1.

Methods: One hundred and seventeen patients with clinically diagnosed ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) were participated in the study as well as 200 control patients. Peripheral blood samples were assessed using UDG-LAMP and qPCR techniques targeting REP-529 and B1.

Results: Detection limits of ...


A Taxonomy Of Childhood Pedal Cyclist Injuries From Latent Class Analysis: Associations With Factors Pertinent To Prevention, Joseph Piatt Jan 2022

A Taxonomy Of Childhood Pedal Cyclist Injuries From Latent Class Analysis: Associations With Factors Pertinent To Prevention, Joseph Piatt

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Background: Studies of pedal cyclist injuries have largely focused on individual injury categories, but every region of the cyclist's body is exposed to potential trauma. Real-world injury patterns can be complex, and isolated injuries to one body part are uncommon among casualties requiring hospitalization. Latent class analysis (LCA) may identify important patterns in heterogeneous samples of qualitative data.

Methods: Data were taken from the Trauma Quality Improvement Program of the American College of Surgeons for 2017. Inclusion criteria were age 18 years or less and an external cause of injury code for pedal cyclist. Injuries were characterized by Abbreviated ...


When Eating Becomes Torturous: Understanding Nutrition-Related Cancer Treatment Side Effects Among Individuals With Cancer And Their Caregivers, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Lora Packel, Dan Dychtwald, Cynthia Klobodu, Laura Pontiggia, Ochi Ogbogu, Byron Barksdale, Jonathan Deutsch Jan 2022

When Eating Becomes Torturous: Understanding Nutrition-Related Cancer Treatment Side Effects Among Individuals With Cancer And Their Caregivers, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Lora Packel, Dan Dychtwald, Cynthia Klobodu, Laura Pontiggia, Ochi Ogbogu, Byron Barksdale, Jonathan Deutsch

Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers

Individuals living with cancer often experience multiple nutrition-related side effects from cancer treatment, including changes in taste and smell, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and pain during eating. These side effects can profoundly impact nutritional status and quality of life. The purpose of this study was to explore experiences with nutrition-related cancer treatment side effects among cancer patients and their family caregivers, the way they manage such side effects, and the resulting changes in food preferences and behaviors. Structured surveys and in-depth interviews were conducted. Interviews focused on the presence and management of treatment side effects, how those changes influenced ...


Effectiveness Of Family-Centred Educational Interventions In The Anxiety, Pain And Behaviours Of Children/Adolescents And Their Parents’ Anxiety In The Perioperative Period: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ines Martins Esteves, Marcia Silva Coelho, Hugo Neves, Marcia Pestana-Santos, Margarida Reis Santos Jan 2022

Effectiveness Of Family-Centred Educational Interventions In The Anxiety, Pain And Behaviours Of Children/Adolescents And Their Parents’ Anxiety In The Perioperative Period: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ines Martins Esteves, Marcia Silva Coelho, Hugo Neves, Marcia Pestana-Santos, Margarida Reis Santos

Journal of Perioperative Nursing

Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of family-centred educational interventions on the anxiety, pain and behaviours of children and adolescents (three to 19 years old) and their parents’ anxiety during the perioperative journey.

Design: Systematic review of effectiveness and meta-analysis.

Data sources: MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, SciELO and Sources of unpublished studies OpenGrey, Open Access Theses and Dissertations, and RCAAP – Portugal were systematically searched from January 2007 to April 2021 for available articles in English, Spanish and Portuguese.

Review methods: This review followed the methodology for systematic reviews of effectiveness from Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). Included ...


Values Engagement As A Predictor Of Eating Disorder Severity In Female Adolescents With Eating Disorders, Julie M. Petersen, Jennifer L. Barney, Tyson S. Barrett, Tera S. Lensegrav-Benson, Benita Quakenbush-Roberts, Michael P. Twohig Jan 2022

Values Engagement As A Predictor Of Eating Disorder Severity In Female Adolescents With Eating Disorders, Julie M. Petersen, Jennifer L. Barney, Tyson S. Barrett, Tera S. Lensegrav-Benson, Benita Quakenbush-Roberts, Michael P. Twohig

Psychology Student Research

Values are freely chosen life directions and/or qualities of being that can motivate behavior change. There is nascent support for the utility of values work as a part of the therapeutic process across treatments, particularly in third wave therapy approaches (e.g., acceptance and commitment therapy). However, therapeutic values work is underresearched in clinical samples of youth. The aim of the present study is to examine the role of the two distinct values processes (engagement and obstruction), body image inflexibility, alongside other common comorbid symptoms of eating disorders (anxiety, depression) in a sample of female adolescents with eating disorders ...


Designing A Program To Increase Enrollment And Retention Of Hispanic Children In Public Health Insurance Programs In Virginia: Lessons Learned, Cara Tonn Jan 2022

Designing A Program To Increase Enrollment And Retention Of Hispanic Children In Public Health Insurance Programs In Virginia: Lessons Learned, Cara Tonn

College of Health Sciences Posters

Children who have ongoing healthcare coverage benefit from improved health, education, and economic outcomes due to increased preventive services use and regular school attendance. These factors play a crucial part in determining a child’s level of education and future economic status. However, children eligible for publicly funded health insurance remain uninsured or experience “churning” throughout childhood and adolescence. Barriers to healthcare retention include lack of program awareness and understanding of the application process and belief that healthcare coverage only provides marginal benefits. Additionally, denial due to incorrect paperwork also contributes to low retention rates. Children who live in non-English ...


Improving The Healthcare Transition For Adolescents With Asthma: Implementing A Transition Readiness Assessment, Andrea Pauley Jan 2022

Improving The Healthcare Transition For Adolescents With Asthma: Implementing A Transition Readiness Assessment, Andrea Pauley

DNP Projects

BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common pediatric chronic disease in the United States and adolescence represents the highest prevalence among all age groups. Transition planning is recommended for all adolescents, especially those with special health care needs (SHCN). Only 17% of adolescents with SHCN receive adequate transition planning.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to implement the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ) for adolescents age 12 years and older with asthma to identify the current level of transition readiness and identify factors associated with readiness.

METHODS: This study was an exploratory, cross-sectional design to evaluate and describe participants’ level ...


Adolescent Suicide Prevention Via Parental Education, Junelle Shepard, Mary Val Palumbo Jan 2022

Adolescent Suicide Prevention Via Parental Education, Junelle Shepard, Mary Val Palumbo

College of Nursing and Health Sciences Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Project Publications

Purpose. Up to 24% of children from the ages of 12 to 17 have reported suicidal ideation, with 7-11% reporting at least one suicide attempt in the past 12 months (Hetrick, 2017). In a study by Jones et al (2019) over 50% of parents were unaware their child was exhibiting suicidal ideation. This project aims to increase community awareness of suicidal ideation and teach community members how to talk with adolescents about this sensitive topic.

Methods. Five online training sessions were offered in Fall 2021, with each session lasting 90 minutes. Using Smith et al.’s Suicide Knowledge and Skills ...


Adolescent Anticipatory Guidance, Anna M. Corbalan Jan 2022

Adolescent Anticipatory Guidance, Anna M. Corbalan

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

This project focuses on creating an educational resource specifically for adolescents and young adults regarding the anticipatory guidance for this age group. Although adolescence is generally a healthy time for most, many health or social problems will start or peak during this time. Therefore, it is a crucial time to incorporate preventive guidance and increase health literacy to avoid unhealthy chronic behaviors in adulthood.