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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Validation Of Activity Trackers In A Daily Living Setting In Young Adults, Jodi B. Wimmer Aug 2020

Validation Of Activity Trackers In A Daily Living Setting In Young Adults, Jodi B. Wimmer

Theses and Dissertations

Sedentary behavior (SB) contributes to many negative health-related outcomes. Motivation to reduce SB and increase physical activity (PA) are necessary to reduce co-morbidities. Tracking SB and PA provides objective data to help promote wellness. The purposes of this quasi-experimental study were to 1) determine the accuracy of three commercially available activity trackers compared to research-grade accelerometers, and 2) explore whether using these activity trackers led to a change in activity level one week after gathering baseline data. Activity trackers used in this study were Apple Watch, Fitbit Surge, and Microsoft Band 2. A convenience sample of college-age students and community ...


The Impact Of A Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Lifestyle Intervention On Postpartum Physical Activity Among At-Risk Hispanic Women: Estudio Parto, Sarah Burkart, Bess H. Marcus, Penelope Pekow, Milagros C. Rosal, Joann E. Manson, Barry Braun, Lisa Chasan-Taber Jul 2020

The Impact Of A Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Lifestyle Intervention On Postpartum Physical Activity Among At-Risk Hispanic Women: Estudio Parto, Sarah Burkart, Bess H. Marcus, Penelope Pekow, Milagros C. Rosal, Joann E. Manson, Barry Braun, Lisa Chasan-Taber

Open Access Articles

AIMS: To assess the impact of a culturally modified, motivationally targeted, individually-tailored intervention on postpartum physical activity (PA) and PA self-efficacy among Hispanic women.

METHODS: Estudio PARTO was a randomized controlled trial conducted in Western Massachusetts from 2013-17. Hispanic women who screened positive for gestational diabetes mellitus were randomized to a Lifestyle Intervention (LI, n = 100) or to a comparison Health and Wellness (HW, n = 104) group during late pregnancy. Exercise goals in LI were to meet American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists guidelines for postpartum PA. The Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) and the Self-Efficacy for Physical Activity Questionnaire ...


Physical Activity Interventions For Older Adults: Efficacy, Adherence And Sustainability For Stroke Prevention Outcomes, Agnieszka Suminski Jul 2020

Physical Activity Interventions For Older Adults: Efficacy, Adherence And Sustainability For Stroke Prevention Outcomes, Agnieszka Suminski

DePaul Discoveries

Objective: To examine outcomes of older adults who participate in physical activity intervention programs, whether there is a significant difference in group and individual based physical activity interventions, and assess promise of older adult behavior change post-intervention. Methods: Literature review using seventeen previously published data on physical activity intervention programs for older adults. Results: Studies suggest that physical activity program intervention for older adults show improved physical and mental outcomes. Group-based interventions are more successful for program adherence. Discussion: Family and social support play a significant role in participant adherence to program physical adherence interventions, as well as sustained positive ...


Review Of The Scientific Literature On Young Adults Related To Cardiovascular Disease Intervention, Dieu-My T. Tran, Angela Sojobi Jul 2020

Review Of The Scientific Literature On Young Adults Related To Cardiovascular Disease Intervention, Dieu-My T. Tran, Angela Sojobi

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Many young adults are at risk for cardiovascular disease related to their behavioral choices. Irresponsible alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking, sedentary lifestyle, poor dietary habits, and excessive weight gain are some of the behaviors that put young adults at risk. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention identified that 15% of young adults are diagnosed with chronic illnesses related to their behavioral choices. The purpose of this review is to identify, in the literature, interventions that are currently available to young adults and evaluate the adequacy and effectiveness of those interventions. An extensive electronic search was conducted using CINAHL, EBSCOhost, Cochrane ...


Physical Activity & The Sustainable Development Goals: A Public Health Approach Towards Advancing The Power Of Movement, Melissa Otterbein Jul 2020

Physical Activity & The Sustainable Development Goals: A Public Health Approach Towards Advancing The Power Of Movement, Melissa Otterbein

Journal of Emerging Sport Studies

With the worldwide rise in noncommunicable disease, physical inactivity, obesity, and the global presence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), health and sport science practitioners must be able to address each of these health domains while considering frameworks for the most urgent health and human development priorities in a sustainable manner. The sector of sport for development, which uses physical activity, sport, and game-based programming to address specific development and peace initiatives to empower individuals and communities, is one such approach that practitioners can employ to address such challenges. During the 2000-2015 era of the United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals ...


Parental Impact On Child Physical Activity And Sedentary Time In Appalachian North Carolina, Allison V. Farrell, Richard W. Christiana, Rebecca A. Battista, J. Joy James Jul 2020

Parental Impact On Child Physical Activity And Sedentary Time In Appalachian North Carolina, Allison V. Farrell, Richard W. Christiana, Rebecca A. Battista, J. Joy James

Journal of Appalachian Health

Introduction: Physical activity has positive health benefits across the lifespan including reduced rates of chronic disease. Despite having ample availability of outdoor space for physical activity in the Appalachian Mountain region, there are low rates of physical activity along with high rates of sedentary time and increased prevalence of overweight individuals across all age groups. Therefore, there is a need to understand the factors that influence family’s physical activity and sedentary time.

Purpose: To assess whether parental attitudes and behaviors influence children’s physical activity and sedentary time.

Methods: The current study was a secondary analysis of the baseline ...


A Longitudinal Implementation Evaluation Of A Physical Activity Program For Cancer Survivors: Livestrong(R) At The Ymca, Jamie Faro, Hannah Arem, Ann-Hilary Heston, Katherine H. Hohman, Heather Hodge, Bo Wang, Stephenie C. Lemon, Thomas K. Houston, Rajani S. Sadasivam Jul 2020

A Longitudinal Implementation Evaluation Of A Physical Activity Program For Cancer Survivors: Livestrong(R) At The Ymca, Jamie Faro, Hannah Arem, Ann-Hilary Heston, Katherine H. Hohman, Heather Hodge, Bo Wang, Stephenie C. Lemon, Thomas K. Houston, Rajani S. Sadasivam

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Purpose: Increased physical activity (PA) levels in cancer survivors are associated with decreased risk of recurrence and mortality as well as additional positive health outcomes. PA interventions have shown to be efficacious, though many lack translation to and sustainability in community settings. We used dimensions of the RE-AIM framework to evaluate LIVESTRONG(R) at the YMCA, a nation-wide community-based PA program for cancer survivors delivered at Ys.

Methods: This was a longitudinal study design using national LIVESTRONG at the YMCA data compiled between 2010 and 2018. Data is from all YMCAs who deliver LIVESTRONG at the YMCA, submitted by Program ...


Impact Of Social Networks, Mental Health, And Sobriety On Exercise Within A Collegiate Recovery Community, Megan S. Patterson, Alex Russell, Mandy Nicole Spadine, Tyler Prochnow, Katie M. Heinrich Jun 2020

Impact Of Social Networks, Mental Health, And Sobriety On Exercise Within A Collegiate Recovery Community, Megan S. Patterson, Alex Russell, Mandy Nicole Spadine, Tyler Prochnow, Katie M. Heinrich

Health Behavior Research

Exercise is especially beneficial for individuals recovering from addiction. In addition to improved physical, emotional, and mental health, exercise is linked to long-term recovery for those overcoming addiction. With nearly 10% of college students in recovery, and many utilizing campus resources such as collegiate recovery communities (CRCs) to support their recovery, it is important to understand the relationship between exercise and the recovery process among college students. The purpose of this study was to use social network analysis and theory to understand exercise behaviors among a group of college students in recovery. The relationship between exercise and sobriety, mental health ...


The Promotion Of Physical Activity For The Prevention Of Alzheimer's Disease In Adults With Down Syndrome: Rationale And Design For A 12 Month Randomized Trial., Lauren T. Ptomey, Amanda N. Szabo-Reed, Laura E. Martin, Matthew S. Mayo, Richard A. Washburn, Anna M. Gorczyca, Rebecca J. Lepping, Phill Lee, Daniel Forsha, Joseph R. Sherman, Jessica C. Danon, Joseph E. Donnelly Jun 2020

The Promotion Of Physical Activity For The Prevention Of Alzheimer's Disease In Adults With Down Syndrome: Rationale And Design For A 12 Month Randomized Trial., Lauren T. Ptomey, Amanda N. Szabo-Reed, Laura E. Martin, Matthew S. Mayo, Richard A. Washburn, Anna M. Gorczyca, Rebecca J. Lepping, Phill Lee, Daniel Forsha, Joseph R. Sherman, Jessica C. Danon, Joseph E. Donnelly

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Nearly all individuals with Down Syndrome (DS) display pathology associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) beginning as early as age 30. Previous research in typically developed adults suggests that increased moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) may improve cognitive function and protect against age-related structural and functional changes in the brain; however, the potential impact of increased MVPA on the development of AD in adults with DS has not been evaluated. Despite the potential positive impact of MVPA on cognition and AD risk, participation in MVPA among young adults with DS is low. The limited research evaluating strategies for increasing MVPA in ...


Process Evaluation Of An Email-Based Walking Program With Extension Educators, Elizabeth Richards Jun 2020

Process Evaluation Of An Email-Based Walking Program With Extension Educators, Elizabeth Richards

School of Nursing Faculty Publications

This study evaluated the implementation process of an email-based walking program from the perspectives of program deliverers. Twenty-four Extension Educators participated in the process evaluation. We used an online survey to examine the perceptions of the implementation process of Get WalkIN’, a twelve-week email-based walking program. Educators agreed that the provided program training and recruitment materials were sufficient for successful program delivery. Program implementation involved sending emails to program participants at least weekly. Educators also agreed that the program was easy to deliver and took twenty minutes or less to implement each week. Strengths and areas for program improvement are ...


Physical Activity Motivational Factors Of Activity Trackers For Young Adults, Amy L. Dalton Jun 2020

Physical Activity Motivational Factors Of Activity Trackers For Young Adults, Amy L. Dalton

Theses and Dissertations

BACKGROUND: Physical activity for the majority of individuals is below recommended levels despite strong evidence of its significant health benefits. Activity tracker devices present as a promising and affordable tool to help promote physical activity and active choices. Additionally, young adults present as an ideal age group to implement behavior change interventions. OBJECTIVE: To determine what features of activity tracker hardware and software are helpful in motivating active choices. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 149 participants ranging in age from 18-29 years old who wore an ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer for one week. They then continued to wear the accelerometer in ...


Sedentary Behavior And The Use Of Wearable Technology: An Editorial, Nathan O'Keeffe, Jennifer Scheid, Sarah West Jun 2020

Sedentary Behavior And The Use Of Wearable Technology: An Editorial, Nathan O'Keeffe, Jennifer Scheid, Sarah West

Faculty Articles

Globally, we continue to face a mounting issue of obesity combined with inactivity; sedentary behaviour is independently associated with poor health outcomes including disease and mortality. As such, exploring ways to try to reduce sedentary behaviour and decrease the risk of diseases is an important area of consideration. The role of wearable technology, such as fitness trackers, to encourage and subsequently increase physical activity is relatively well documented. These devices have been successful at encouraging populations to increase daily activity levels. While time being sedentary is often correlated with physical activity participation, this is not always the case. Therefore, it ...


School Health Education Program In Pakistan (Shepp)-A Threefold Health Education Feasibility Trial In Schoolchildren From A Lower-Middle-Income Country, Aysha Almas, Romaina Iqbal, Sania Sabir, Abdul Ghani, Khawar Kazmi Jun 2020

School Health Education Program In Pakistan (Shepp)-A Threefold Health Education Feasibility Trial In Schoolchildren From A Lower-Middle-Income Country, Aysha Almas, Romaina Iqbal, Sania Sabir, Abdul Ghani, Khawar Kazmi

Department of Medicine

Background: The school environment plays an essential role in promoting health education and physical activity for children and adolescence, and they are more likely to adapt it into their adulthood. School health education program has been endorsed and emphasized by the World Health Organization has not been implemented in true spirit in Pakistan yet. We aim to test feasibility of threefold health education program in children and its potential efficacy on physical activity and diet and cardiometabolic risk factors by including BP, BMI, and waist circumference.
Methods: It is a parallel-group feasibility intervention trial. It is being conducted in two ...


Environmental Changes Following The Implementation Of The Childcare Physical Activity (Play) Policy, Victoria Tran Jun 2020

Environmental Changes Following The Implementation Of The Childcare Physical Activity (Play) Policy, Victoria Tran

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Environmental factors such as the infrastructure and equipment in childcare centres can influence the physical activity levels of young children. This study explored if implementing the Childcare PhysicaL ActivitY (PLAY) policy resulted in unintended environmental changes that were conducive to physical activity in childcare. Childcare centres were randomized to an experimental (n = 5) or control (n = 4) condition. Three Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation Self-Report (EPAO-SR) tools were used to measure 12 best practice items in relation to the childcare environment and early childhood educators’ (ECEs) practices. Descriptive statistics and mixed-effects logistics regression models were used to explore the ...


Implementation Adherence And Perspectives Of The Physical Activity (Play) Policy Study: A Process Evaluation, Monika B. Szpunar May 2020

Implementation Adherence And Perspectives Of The Physical Activity (Play) Policy Study: A Process Evaluation, Monika B. Szpunar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study entailed a process evaluation of the Childcare PhysicaL ActivitY (PLAY) Policy. Early childhood educators (ECEs) in childcare centres (n = 5) delivered the policy (which included 8 recommendations) and documented adherence (i.e., dose) in daily implementation logs. Program evaluation surveys (n = 21) and interviews (n = 10) were completed post-intervention to assess barriers/facilitators, feasibility, enjoyment, and likelihood of future implementation. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were conducted. Adherence was highest for delivery of child-directed play (85.9%) and lowest for delivery of frequent outdoor periods (16.5%). Participants reported they were likely to continue policy implementation, excluding frequent ...


Association Of Subclinical Atherosclerosis With Echocardiographic Indices Of Cardiac Remodeling: The Framingham Study, Cecilia Castro-Diehl, Rebecca J. Song, Gary F. Mitchell, David D. Mcmanus, Susan Cheng, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Vanessa Xanthakis May 2020

Association Of Subclinical Atherosclerosis With Echocardiographic Indices Of Cardiac Remodeling: The Framingham Study, Cecilia Castro-Diehl, Rebecca J. Song, Gary F. Mitchell, David D. Mcmanus, Susan Cheng, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Vanessa Xanthakis

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: It is well established that coronary artery disease progresses along with myocardial disease. However, data on the association between coronary artery calcium (CAC) and echocardiographic variables are lacking.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 2,650 Framingham Study participants (mean age 51 yrs, 48% women; 40% with CAC > 0), we related CT-based CAC score to left ventricular (LV) mass index (LVMi), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), E/e', global longitudinal strain (GLS), left atrial emptying fraction (LAEF), and aortic root diameter (AoR), using multivariable-adjusted generalized linear models. CAC score (independent variable) was used as log-transformed continuous [ln(CAC+1)] and as a ...


The Effects Of Acute Exercise And Psychological Stress On Episodic Memory, Lauren Koehler May 2020

The Effects Of Acute Exercise And Psychological Stress On Episodic Memory, Lauren Koehler

Honors Theses

Research has suggested that exercise has an effect on memory function. Studies have also shown that exercise mitigates the effects of stress. The relationship between exercise and stress in regard to memory function is noteworthy. There has been little research on this relationship in young adults. This thesis discusses the effects of acute exercise on the episodic memory of young adults when they are exposed to a psychosocial stressor. The results of the research study show that acute aerobic exercise before memory encoding or consolidation was not associated with memory function after exposure to a stressor. Future research in this ...


Lipoprotein Associated Phospholipase A2 In Individuals With Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Kendall G. Clark May 2020

Lipoprotein Associated Phospholipase A2 In Individuals With Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Kendall G. Clark

Masters Theses, 2020-current

Abstract

Introduction: Lipoprotein-associated Phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is a protein produced by inflammatory cells in circulation and is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Prior research demonstrates that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) leads to increased inflammation and is also related to CVD. Physical activity is known to reduce inflammation and risk for both CVD and OSA. However, Lp-PLA2 has yet to be examined in individuals with OSA who do not have any other pre-existing conditions nor has it been associated with chronic physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine if there is a relationship between ...


Health And Academic Achievement In College And University Students, Amber Beane May 2020

Health And Academic Achievement In College And University Students, Amber Beane

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this non-experimental quantitative correlational study was to investigate the relationship between academic achievement and health in a national sample of college students using quantitative data analysis. Specifically, the researcher analyzed the relationship between three health-promoting behaviors (physical activity, strength training, and fruit and vegetable consumption), three negative health behaviors (cigarette, e-cigarette, and opioid use) and obesity with GPA.

Cross-sectional data on student health collected from the American College Health Association’s National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA-II) and completed by 426,650 college students from 650 U.S. colleges during the semesters between 2015 and 2019 formed ...


The Relationship Between Glucose Levels And Physical Activity, Rebecca Eberle May 2020

The Relationship Between Glucose Levels And Physical Activity, Rebecca Eberle

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract: Background/Introduction: Elevated glucose levels can increase the risk of diseases, such as metabolic syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes. Thus, knowing glucose levels is important to indicate the likelihood of future health complications. Unfortunately, many young adults do not know their glucose levels. Purpose: The purpose of this research study was to complete a cross- sectional study and determine associations between fasting glucose with physical activity, and fitness. I hypothesized more physical activity, and higher fitness, will result in a lower, fasting glucose level. Methodology: This study examined 26 participants aged 18-25. The participants completed an 8-hour fasted glucose ...


Promoting Physical Activity & Social Participation In Young Adults With Idd With Best Buddies, Belmont Chapter, Courtney Janusz Apr 2020

Promoting Physical Activity & Social Participation In Young Adults With Idd With Best Buddies, Belmont Chapter, Courtney Janusz

OTD Capstone Projects

Best Buddies is the largest international organization dedicated to end social, physical, and economic isolation among individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Alongside of the Belmont Best Buddies president, we assessed the club’s specific needs and developed a sustainable field-day like event to promote engagement in physical activity and social participation. Much of the research found revolved around a lack of ability to engage and participate in these kinds of activities, which resulted in poor overall physical health. Also, research stated that participation in activities (similar to the one we want to create) is the context in which we ...


Aquatic Therapy Interventions And Disability: A Recreational Therapy Perspective, Jason Scott, Angela Wozencroft, Vincenzo Nocera, Kelsey Webb, Jodi Anderson, Avery Blankenburg, Darrien Watson, Sophie Lowe Apr 2020

Aquatic Therapy Interventions And Disability: A Recreational Therapy Perspective, Jason Scott, Angela Wozencroft, Vincenzo Nocera, Kelsey Webb, Jodi Anderson, Avery Blankenburg, Darrien Watson, Sophie Lowe

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Aquatic therapy interventions are critical for individuals with disabilities and the role of the therapist is just as critical for successful and effective interventions. The field of therapeutic recreation trains students to develop and implement evidence-based facilitation techniques including the use of aquatic therapy to assist in helping clients achieve a change in functional status. This review of the literature examined the impact of aquatic therapy interventions on a variety of disabilities including osteoarthritis, multiple sclerosis, Cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorder, and mental health from a recreational therapy (RT) perspective. This review provides a variety of information on the positive ...


Effectiveness Of An Aquatic Exercise Program For Reducing Weight, Body Fat And Chronic Low Back And Joint Pain, Terilyn Darley Apr 2020

Effectiveness Of An Aquatic Exercise Program For Reducing Weight, Body Fat And Chronic Low Back And Joint Pain, Terilyn Darley

DNP Scholarly Projects

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), obesity has risen at an alarming rate and has reached epidemic proportions throughout the world (WHO, 2017). In the U. S., approximately 93.3 million U.S. adults are obese with an overall prevalence of 39.8 %. Chronic pain is another public health issue in the U.S, affecting almost 100 million people and is associated with significant annual healthcare costs and lost productivity (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health [NCCIH], 2017). Exercise is considered one of the most effective prevention strategies for reducing obesity and has been documented to decrease chronic ...


Movement In High School: Proportion Of Chinese Adolescents Meeting 24-Hour Movement Guidelines, Li Ying, Xihe Zhu, Justin A. Haegele, Yang Wen Apr 2020

Movement In High School: Proportion Of Chinese Adolescents Meeting 24-Hour Movement Guidelines, Li Ying, Xihe Zhu, Justin A. Haegele, Yang Wen

Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications

The purposes of this study were (a) to examine the proportions of adolescents in China who partially or fully meet three 24-h movement guidelines on physical activity, screen-time, and sleep duration and (b) to examine whether there were gender differences in the proportion of boys and girls meeting these guidelines. The sample was made up of high school adolescents from an eastern province of China (N = 1338). The participants completed a self-reported survey on demographic variables and weekly health behaviors including physical activity, screen-time, and sleep duration. A frequency analysis was conducted to summarize the number of 24-h movement guidelines ...


Season Of Birth And Sugary Beverages Are Predictors Of Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices Scores In Adolescents, Reem Al-Sabah, Abdullah Al-Taiar, Abdur Rahman, Lemia Shaban, Anwar Al-Harbi, Olusegun Mojiminiyi Apr 2020

Season Of Birth And Sugary Beverages Are Predictors Of Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices Scores In Adolescents, Reem Al-Sabah, Abdullah Al-Taiar, Abdur Rahman, Lemia Shaban, Anwar Al-Harbi, Olusegun Mojiminiyi

Community & Environmental Health Faculty Publications

To investigate factors associated with cognitive functioning in healthy adolescents, a school-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 1370 adolescents aged 11-16 years that were randomly selected from all governorates of Kuwait. Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM), a non-verbal test of intelligence, was used to measure cognitive functioning of the study participants. Data on predictors of cognitive functioning were collected from parents and adolescents. Weight and height of the participants were measured in a standardized manner and blood samples were tested in an accredited laboratory under strict measures of quality control. In multivariable linear regression analysis, factors that showed significant ...


Statewide Dissemination Of An Evidenced-Based Email Walking Program Delivered Through Cooperative Extension, Elizabeth A. Richards, Stephanie Woodcox, Anna Forster Mar 2020

Statewide Dissemination Of An Evidenced-Based Email Walking Program Delivered Through Cooperative Extension, Elizabeth A. Richards, Stephanie Woodcox, Anna Forster

Purdue University Libraries Open Access Publishing Support Fund

Using the RE-AIM framework, this study evaluates the statewide dissemination of an evidenced-based, email-delivered physical activity intervention implemented through Cooperative Extension. The Get WalkIN' program is comprised of 16 email messages sent over 12 weeks. Email messages target social cognitive theory constructs of self-efficacy, goal-setting, self-monitoring, and social support. Program reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance were assessed with quantitative measures in a pre-post design. Findings indicate that within the Extension system, program adoption was high and program maintenance was moderate. Program effectiveness was demonstrated with an increase of 77.1 ± 49.9 min in weekly walking post-program. This increase ...


No Relationship Between Time Spent In Physical Activity And Leg Strength For Older Adults Who Do Or Do Not Meet Acsm Physical Activity Recommendations, Isha Qureshi, Victoria Warren, Rachel M. Graff, Melissa Markofski Feb 2020

No Relationship Between Time Spent In Physical Activity And Leg Strength For Older Adults Who Do Or Do Not Meet Acsm Physical Activity Recommendations, Isha Qureshi, Victoria Warren, Rachel M. Graff, Melissa Markofski

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

In older adults, skeletal muscle fitness and low quantities of exercise are negatively associated with mortality and functional limitations. The PURPOSE of this study was to determine the relationship between time spent in light or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and leg strength in older adults who do or do not meet ACSM physical activity recommendations. METHODS: Twelve physically active (PA; 62.1±5.0 yrs) and 12 physically inactive (PI; 63.9±5.1 yrs) older adults participated in this study. Accelerometry was used to measure average daily minutes spent in light and moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA) activity. 8-repetition maximum (8RM) on leg ...


Ethical Considerations When Conducting Research With Older Adults, Karen Arrant Feb 2020

Ethical Considerations When Conducting Research With Older Adults, Karen Arrant

Online Journal of Interprofessional Health Promotion

The ethical issue exists between the researcher’s passion for the study focus and the human rights of the participant. This manuscript provides a case study, an actual illustration, but names were changed to protect anonymity. Objectives include examining the researcher’s perspective and personal beliefs, identifying the process to recruit participants, the ethical manner to disseminate information, and identifying ethical principles during the study process.It is mandatory that minute attention is given to the details of caring for the safety and welfare of study participants.


Ethics In Research, Karen Arrant Feb 2020

Ethics In Research, Karen Arrant

Online Journal of Interprofessional Health Promotion

Due to a history of unethical research studies, ethical codes were developed to address the treatment of humans during research. After World War II, the Nuremberg Code was developed to prevent research misconduct by establishing specific protective criteria for human subjects. The Belmont Report, developed in 1978 in the United States, regulates studies today. The Belmont Report contains three basic ethical principles: (1) respect for persons, (2) beneficence, and (3) justice. The Belmont Report provides research-based protective implementation for informed consent, risk/benefit assessment, and participant selection. This case study demonstrates how to implement ethical standards successfully during research with ...


Health-Related Quality Of Life Among Adolescents Attending Private Schools In North Lebanon, Rosy Mitri, Fouad Ziade Jan 2020

Health-Related Quality Of Life Among Adolescents Attending Private Schools In North Lebanon, Rosy Mitri, Fouad Ziade

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) describes a person’s subjective evaluation of his health and well-being. The HRQoL and its associated factors have not been investigated among Lebanese adolescents. The aim of this study is to examine the association between socio-demographic characteristics, eating habits, physical activity, adherence to Mediterranean diet, and HRQoL among Lebanese adolescents. A total of 283 students (158 males, 125 females), between ages 11 to 18, were randomly chosen from private schools in the city of Tripoli, North Lebanon. Standard anthropometric measurements were taken. The participants completed questionnaires on Mediterranean diet (KIDMED), physical activity (physical activity questionnaires ...