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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Occupational Therapy: A Partner For Justice In Jesuit Higher Education, Rebecca M. Aldrich Dec 2018

Occupational Therapy: A Partner For Justice In Jesuit Higher Education, Rebecca M. Aldrich

Jesuit Higher Education: A Journal

The commitment to justice spans disciplines across Jesuit higher education, including the health sciences. At least 12 Jesuit colleges and universities offer occupational therapy programs, but the profession has been somewhat overlooked as a partner for justice on those campuses. Through a case example focusing on Saint Louis University’s Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy (SLU-DOSOT), this article aims to illustrate the ways in which occupational therapy can be a partner in the promotion and pursuit of justice. A brief overview of the profession’s perspective on occupational justice precedes the description of SLU-DOSOT, and selected examples illustrate ...


A 6 Week Balance And Gait Training Program Using The Alterg For A Patient With Cervical Myelopathy After Spinal Decompression Surgery: A Case Report, Palak Patel Dec 2018

A 6 Week Balance And Gait Training Program Using The Alterg For A Patient With Cervical Myelopathy After Spinal Decompression Surgery: A Case Report, Palak Patel

Case Report Posters

Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal which can cause radiculopathy or myelopathy symptoms due to compression of the spinal cord. About 80% of patients of 70 years old have some level of stenosis. There is limited research on prognosis for patients with cervical myelopathy and subsequent spinal decompression surgery. AlterG treadmill (AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmill M320/F320, Fremont, CA) is an antigravity treadmill that is considered a body weight support system used in progressive gait retraining. The purpose of this case report is to assess the effectiveness of balance and gait training on the AlterG in a geriatric ...


Gait Training A Patient Who Was Deaf With Multiple Total Hip Revisions: A Case Report, Natalie Slattery, Kirsten Buchanan Dec 2018

Gait Training A Patient Who Was Deaf With Multiple Total Hip Revisions: A Case Report, Natalie Slattery, Kirsten Buchanan

Case Report Posters

93% of patients who have a total hip arthroplasty (THA) are due to end-stage osteoarthritis. 15-30% of patients who survive a stroke continue to live with a long-term disability. The most common abnormal gait pattern after surviving a stroke is due to hemiparesis. Patients who are deaf require greater visual and tactile cueing during gait training. Gait training has been shown to normalize gait patterns and increase functional mobility in patients after a total hip replacement (THR), THA revision and/or stroke. There is a lack of research investigating the optimal gait training plan of care (POC) for a patient ...


Comprehensive Physical Therapy Management Of A Patient With Decreased Shoulder Function And A History Of Breast, Lung, And Oral Cancer: A Case Report, Andrew Chongaway, Amy J. Litterini Dec 2018

Comprehensive Physical Therapy Management Of A Patient With Decreased Shoulder Function And A History Of Breast, Lung, And Oral Cancer: A Case Report, Andrew Chongaway, Amy J. Litterini

Case Report Posters

Multiple primary cancers are uncommon in the same individual with an incidence rate of 2-17%. Surgery, chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, and Surgery, chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, and radiation may result in immediate and/or long radiation may result in immediate and/or long-term effects on the musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, nervous, and integumentary systems potentially resulting in decreased functional mobility and quality of life (QOL) for the individual. The purpose of this case report was to describe a comprehensive physical therapy (PT) plan using manual therapy and therapeutic exercises in the management of decreased shoulder function for a patient with a history of breast ...


Restoring Functional Mobility In An Adult Patient Secondary To Subtrochanteric Femur Fracture Surgical Repair: A Case Report, Brittany Gray Dec 2018

Restoring Functional Mobility In An Adult Patient Secondary To Subtrochanteric Femur Fracture Surgical Repair: A Case Report, Brittany Gray

Case Report Posters

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration noted 7,277,000 police reported motor vehicle accidents (MVA) in the United States in 2016.1 As a result, 2,177,000 people were injured. In 2008, approximately 340,000 emergency department visits were because of hip fractures. Femur fractures average $40,000 in medical bills in the first year following injury and another $5,000 in succeeding years. A review of 12 trials resulted in mixed evidence on the necessity of skilled physical therapy (PT) interventions to maximize functional mobility in individuals with femur fractures. The purpose of this case report was ...


Balance And Strength Interventions For An Older Individual With Peripheral Polyneuropathy: A Case Report, Hanna Geib Dec 2018

Balance And Strength Interventions For An Older Individual With Peripheral Polyneuropathy: A Case Report, Hanna Geib

Case Report Posters

Peripheral polyneuropathy (PPN) is a condition resulting from damage to the peripheral nervous system. PPN occurs in a distal and symmetrical pattern, often affecting the toes and the soles of the feet. Numbness, tingling, paresthesias, or burning are common symptoms of PPN. 20-25% of cases are idiopathic. Can affect functional mobility due to proprioceptive sensory losses and general weakness of extensor muscles, which then results in unsteadiness of gait and impaired balance. Treatment can consist of pharmacological and physical therapy interventions in order to manage symptoms. Recent literature demonstrated that following participation in a strength and balance training program, individuals ...


Inpatient Physical Therapy Management For A Patient With Chronic Pulmonary Complications Secondary To Multiple Lobectomies: A Case Report, Bayley Archinal Dec 2018

Inpatient Physical Therapy Management For A Patient With Chronic Pulmonary Complications Secondary To Multiple Lobectomies: A Case Report, Bayley Archinal

Case Report Posters

Bronchiectasis is a disease defined by abnormal dilation of the bronchi, which is a result of recurrent infections and/or chronic inflammation. A lobectomy is the surgical removal of one lobe of a lung and reduces the symptoms of bronchiectasis. Patients who undergo this surgery are more likely to have long-term pulmonary limitations. There is little to no literature regarding the long term treatment of patients who underwent multiple lobectomies. The purpose of this case report was to describe an appropriate intervention program for an 82-year-old female who suffered from multiple pulmonary complications secondary to multiple lobectomies.


An Engineer’S Take On The Bone-Ligament Interface: Utilizing Novel Technology To Improve Clinical Outcomes, Emma Garcia Nov 2018

An Engineer’S Take On The Bone-Ligament Interface: Utilizing Novel Technology To Improve Clinical Outcomes, Emma Garcia

Shared Knowledge Conference

Ligament repair is a common surgical practice with a significant lack of viable replacements. The current gold standard for repair is the use of tendon grafts from cadavers or from another place in the patient’s body; however, these often cause more problems than they solve including immune responses or a lack of mobility in another place in the body. Synthetic replacements are of growing interest, though the ability to mimic the complex structure of the ligament and how it connects to the bone remains an obstacle. Our lab built a 3D bioprinter combined with an electrospinner to address this ...


Effectiveness Of Therapy Interventions For Heterotopic Ossification About The Elbow: A Systematic Review, Cole Burns Nov 2018

Effectiveness Of Therapy Interventions For Heterotopic Ossification About The Elbow: A Systematic Review, Cole Burns

Shared Knowledge Conference

Heterotopic ossification (HO) is the presence of bone where bone normally does not exist. HO forms frequently at the elbow from various conditions including: Fracture, orthopedic surgery, certain genetic disorders, neurological injuries, amputation, and brain injury. A diagnosis of HO at the elbow can lead to decreases in range of motion which effects the person’s functional independence. Surgical excision to remove the bone can be done to improve functional outcomes, but is typically not performed until a year has passed from the time of injury. Even then, there have been instances where people have experienced recurrent HO post-surgery. Because ...


3d Bioprinting And Near-Field Electrospinning Composite Scaffolds For The Bone-Ligament Interface, Emma Garcia, Christina Salas, Matthew N. Rush, Christopher Buksa, Marissa Perez, Ava Mauser, Steven Nery, Fermin Prieto, Darielys Morales Nov 2018

3d Bioprinting And Near-Field Electrospinning Composite Scaffolds For The Bone-Ligament Interface, Emma Garcia, Christina Salas, Matthew N. Rush, Christopher Buksa, Marissa Perez, Ava Mauser, Steven Nery, Fermin Prieto, Darielys Morales

Shared Knowledge Conference

3D bioprinting is an additive manufacturing technique that can utilize a range of bioactive materials to construct specific architectures that mimic native tissue. Near-field electrospinning (NFE) offers precise alignment control to create non-woven mats with high tensile strengths. We built a custom E-spin printer that enables layer-by-layer alternating deposition between 3D bioprinting and NFE to create composite scaffolds for the bone-ligament interface. This complex region is difficult to simulate due to its functionally graded mechanical and biochemical properties. We created NFE poly(caprolactone) highly aligned micro-fibers which formed collagen fibril-like bundles. Poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate with decellularized bone was encased ...


Early Interventions Providers’ Knowledge Of Evidence-Based Practices For Working With Children With Autism, Mariah Groll Nov 2018

Early Interventions Providers’ Knowledge Of Evidence-Based Practices For Working With Children With Autism, Mariah Groll

Shared Knowledge Conference

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is developmental disability that is associated with social communication deficits and repetitive or restrictive behaviors. Research has systematically identified evidence-based strategies for working with individuals with ASD. It has demonstrated the importance of early intervention. There is, however, limited research on early intervention providers’ (e.g., speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and developmental specialists (DS)) knowledge of evidence-based strategies for working with individuals with ASD. To further explore this issue, we conducted an online survey that examined the ASD knowledge of early intervention DSs and SLPs in the state of NM. The survey included a demographics section, a ...


International Service Project Supporting Children's Sensory/Emotional Needs, Susan Jeantete, Suzanne Trotter, Andrea Cline, Kiersten Svatos Nov 2018

International Service Project Supporting Children's Sensory/Emotional Needs, Susan Jeantete, Suzanne Trotter, Andrea Cline, Kiersten Svatos

Occupational Therapy

Background:

Health care providers in the United States must be prepared to collaborate inter-professionally for optimal care with culturally diverse populations. As of 2016, more than a quarter of the overall U.S. population was made up of immigrants and their U.S. born children (Zong, Batalova, & Hallock, 2017). International service-learning experiences have been used across a variety of health care educational programs, some providing inter-professional rehabilitation services, to help prepare students to work with individuals from varying cultures (Buff et al., 2015; Mu et al., 2016). Field immersion experiences can support the development of cultural competency in health care students, allowing them to better understand how culture is related to future professional practice (Ekelman, Dal Bello-Haas, Bazyk, & Bazyk, 2003). Cultural competency can be defined as “the ongoing process in which the health care provider continually strives to achieve the ability to effectively work within the cultural context of the client (including) individual, family, community” (Campinha-Bacote, 2002, p. 181). Recent studies support that interprofessional teams of health care students participating in service-learning experiences develop improved transcultural self-efficacy, including their knowledge on how cultural factors can influence the provision of health care (Cerny, Svien, Johnson, & Hansmeier, 2018). Potter’s House Association International (PHAI) serves some of the nearly 13,000 individuals living in extreme poverty at Guatemala City’s garbage dump. PHAI is a non-profit organization that uses a holistic approach to address not only economic poverty but also poverty of knowledge, support networks, social-emotional health, civic involvement, spirituality, and physical health (Potter’s House, n.d.)

Faculty and students from the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences (USAHS) in Austin have supported PHAI with annual, week-long service-learning trips over the past five years. In April 2018, occupational therapy (OT) students on the service trip were tasked with using grant-awarded funds to build a sensory room and provide education for PHAI staff on sensory and emotional regulation strategies to support the more than 200 children served at the community center

Methods:

Pre-trip planning included collaboration with PHAI staff to identify specific needs of the children and center; Four sessions of pre-departure training with USAHS faculty to address concepts related to global health service, including improving ...


Effect Of Interferential Current In The Management Of Musculoskeletal Pain: A Systematic Review, Ginny Skipper Spt, Sarah Maissy Spt, Roger Allen Phd, Pt Nov 2018

Effect Of Interferential Current In The Management Of Musculoskeletal Pain: A Systematic Review, Ginny Skipper Spt, Sarah Maissy Spt, Roger Allen Phd, Pt

Physical Therapy Research Symposium

Purpose: Interferential current (IFC) is widely used in conjunction with other therapies to manage musculoskeletal pain. While previous systematic reviews have found a lack of studies examining the independent treatment effects of IFC, this study reviews the isolated effects of IFC compared to a control group. The purpose of this study is to determine if IFC is an effective modality for treating musculoskeletal pain.

Number of Subjects: Ten peer-reviewed journal articles, representing a total of 898 participants

Materials/Methods: CINAHL, PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro , SportDISCUS and CENTRAL were searched between November 2016 and February 2017 with the following terms: interferential ...


Mckenzie Approach To Treating Lumbar Radiculopathy With A Lateral Shift: A Case Report, Carly Theriault Nov 2018

Mckenzie Approach To Treating Lumbar Radiculopathy With A Lateral Shift: A Case Report, Carly Theriault

Case Report Posters

Lumbar radiculopathy is compression of a spinal nerve root, typically due to a herniated nucleus pulposus. It can present as low back pain (LBP) that radiates to one lower extremity (LE) and may be associated with diminished sensation, strength and reflexes on the affected side. The McKenzie approach is an evaluation and treatment technique that focuses on the movement of the nucleus pulposus within the intervertebral disc during trunk movement. This approach involves having a patient perform repeated motions, while monitoring their symptoms for centralization. Centralization refers to the concept that radiating symptoms into the lower extremities can move proximally ...


The Effect Of Medical Therapeutic Yoga On Adhesive Capsulitis: A Case Report, Cameron Vallie, Matthew Somma Nov 2018

The Effect Of Medical Therapeutic Yoga On Adhesive Capsulitis: A Case Report, Cameron Vallie, Matthew Somma

Case Report Posters

The number of Americans who practice yoga jumped to 16.5 million between 2004 and 2008 (87% increase), making it a top 10 modality in alternative medicine according to the National Institutes of Health. Medical Therapeutic Yoga is the practice of yoga in medicine, rehabilitation, and wellness settings by a licensed health care professional credentialed by the Professional Yoga Therapy Institute. Shoulder pain has been found to be the third most common site of musculoskeletal pain in the community. Adhesive capsulitis (AC) is a particularly disabling condition whose incidence is estimated to be between 2% and 5% of the general ...


Relieving Low Back Pain And Improving Mobility For An Adult Patient With Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy: A Case Report, Derek Schwaiger, Matthew Somma Nov 2018

Relieving Low Back Pain And Improving Mobility For An Adult Patient With Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy: A Case Report, Derek Schwaiger, Matthew Somma

Case Report Posters

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a progressive demyelinating disease caused by the John Cunningham Virus (JCV). There is no FDA approved JCV- specific treatment. This case report examines interventions administered to address low back pain (LBP) and functional mobility deficits.


The Wilbarger Protocol, Brittany Hatlestad Oct 2018

The Wilbarger Protocol, Brittany Hatlestad

Biology: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

Sensory processing disorder (SPD) is ever-increasing in children with and without disabilities. The prevalence of such a diagnosis has given rise to many different therapeutic practices. The most prescriptive, the Wilbarger protocol, will be the topic of this technique and literature review with discussions of what sensory problems are, the Wilbarger protocol, the deep pressure and proprioceptive portion of the protocol, oral tactile techniques, mechanisms of the protocol, the limitations, other options for treatment, and will conclude by looking to future research.


Global Health Perspectives In Physical Therapy Education: A Qualitative Report On A Service Learning Experience In Guatemala, Adriana Sandoval, Winter F. Wildt-Bailey, Dr. Holly Roberts Pt, Dpt, Gcs, Ncs Oct 2018

Global Health Perspectives In Physical Therapy Education: A Qualitative Report On A Service Learning Experience In Guatemala, Adriana Sandoval, Winter F. Wildt-Bailey, Dr. Holly Roberts Pt, Dpt, Gcs, Ncs

Physical Therapy Research Symposium

Authors: Winter F Wildt-Bailey, SPT; Adriana Sandoval, SPT; Holly J Roberts, PT, DPT, GCS, NCS

Global Health Perspectives in Physical Therapy Education: A Qualitative Report on a Service Learning Experience in Guatemala

Purpose: Doctor of physical therapy (DPT) students at the University of Puget Sound traveled to Zacapa, Guatemala to deliver physical therapy services for 5 days as part of an elective course introducing students to physical therapy and health care delivery from a global health perspective. Participants journaled about their experiences, responding to prompts provided by the course professor/clinical instructor. The purpose of this research was to explore ...


2018 Lifesaving Foundation Projects, Lifesaving Foundation Oct 2018

2018 Lifesaving Foundation Projects, Lifesaving Foundation

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


The Ireland Medal Recipients 2003-2017, Lifesaving Foundation Oct 2018

The Ireland Medal Recipients 2003-2017, Lifesaving Foundation

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Back Cover, Lifesaving Foundation Oct 2018

Back Cover, Lifesaving Foundation

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Role Of The Personal Floatation Device: Workshop, Patrick Buck Ph.D., Remt Oct 2018

Understanding The Role Of The Personal Floatation Device: Workshop, Patrick Buck Ph.D., Remt

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Wearing Life Jackets While Swimming In Open Water, Elizabeth "Tizzy" Bennett, Linda Quan Md Oct 2018

Wearing Life Jackets While Swimming In Open Water, Elizabeth "Tizzy" Bennett, Linda Quan Md

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Narratives Of Drowning - Exploring Family And Community Resilience, John S.G. Wells Ph.D., M. Bergin, John Connolly, S. Denieffe Oct 2018

Narratives Of Drowning - Exploring Family And Community Resilience, John S.G. Wells Ph.D., M. Bergin, John Connolly, S. Denieffe

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Are My Children As Safe In Open Water As I Think They Are?, Shayne Baker D. Prof. Oct 2018

Are My Children As Safe In Open Water As I Think They Are?, Shayne Baker D. Prof.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


The Lifesaving Foundation Library Collection, Kieran Cronin Ba, Mals Oct 2018

The Lifesaving Foundation Library Collection, Kieran Cronin Ba, Mals

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Is There A Crisis In The Aquatic Profession?, Robert Keig Stallman Ph.D. Oct 2018

Is There A Crisis In The Aquatic Profession?, Robert Keig Stallman Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


The Assessment Of Swimming And Survival Skills: Is Your Programme Fit For These Purposes?, Paolo Di Paola Ba Oct 2018

The Assessment Of Swimming And Survival Skills: Is Your Programme Fit For These Purposes?, Paolo Di Paola Ba

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Investigating Drowning Deaths In The United Kingdom, Paul Anderson Chief Superintendent Oct 2018

Investigating Drowning Deaths In The United Kingdom, Paul Anderson Chief Superintendent

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


In Extreme Open Water Swims: Why Understanding The Challenge Is As Important As Training For The Distance, Nuala Moore Oct 2018

In Extreme Open Water Swims: Why Understanding The Challenge Is As Important As Training For The Distance, Nuala Moore

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.