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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Remembering., Emmanuel Philor Apr 2021

Remembering., Emmanuel Philor

Jefferson Hospital Staff Papers and Presentations

This reflection heightens the value of the role of chaplain during the time of the pandemic.


Reducing Patient Risk For Suicidal Behaviors With A Safety Bundle Of Best Practices With Non-Psychiatric Patients, Olayemi Akindele Apr 2021

Reducing Patient Risk For Suicidal Behaviors With A Safety Bundle Of Best Practices With Non-Psychiatric Patients, Olayemi Akindele

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Suicide is a public health condition that affects people globally. The increased suicidal behaviors of patients in a medical-surgical unit demanded an effective screening protocol to identify high-risk patients.

PICOT: In patients 18 years and older on a medical-surgical unit, does the implementation of the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) tool and application of a Safety Bundle of Best Practices (SBBP) increase early identification of suicide risk with decreased patient self-harm behaviors, compared to the current standard practice of no assessment tool or safety bundle of best practices within 12 weeks?

Evidence: Ten studies served as evidence ...


Patient Satisfaction With Noise, Robert W. Kentner Ii Apr 2021

Patient Satisfaction With Noise, Robert W. Kentner Ii

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Noise on hospital units can interfere with patient rest, timely recovery, and statisfacton with care. Improvements in the reduction of hospital noise levels lead to improved patient satisfaction and improved rest. Patients were surveyed on their satisfaction with noise during the day and at night.

PICOT: In Acute Care Patients (P), does the implementation of a noise reduction program (I) compared to no noise reduction program (C), affect patient satisfaction with noise (O) over a six-week period (T)?

Evidence: Studies show that many hospitals have noise levels that exceed the World Health Organization’s recommended standards for noise ...


An Inactivated Bacterium (Paraprobiotic) Expressing Bacillus Thuringiensis Cry5b As A Therapeutic For Ascaris And Parascaris Spp. Infections In Large Animals, Joseph F. Urban, Martin K. Nielsen, David Gazzola, Yue Xie, Ethiopia Beshah, Yan Hu, Hanchen Li, Florentina Rus, Kelly Flanagan, Austin Draper, Sridhar Vakalapudi, Robert W. Li, Gary R. Ostroff, Raffi V. Aroian Mar 2021

An Inactivated Bacterium (Paraprobiotic) Expressing Bacillus Thuringiensis Cry5b As A Therapeutic For Ascaris And Parascaris Spp. Infections In Large Animals, Joseph F. Urban, Martin K. Nielsen, David Gazzola, Yue Xie, Ethiopia Beshah, Yan Hu, Hanchen Li, Florentina Rus, Kelly Flanagan, Austin Draper, Sridhar Vakalapudi, Robert W. Li, Gary R. Ostroff, Raffi V. Aroian

Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center Faculty Publications

Ascaris and Parascaris are important parasites in the family Ascarididae, large, ubiquitous intestinal-dwelling nematodes infecting all classes of vertebrates. Parasitic nematode drug resistance in veterinary medicine and drug recalcitrance in human medicine are increasing worldwide, with few if any new therapeutic classes on the horizon. Some of these parasites are zoonotic, e.g., Ascaris is passed from humans to pigs and vice versa. The development of new therapies against this family of parasites would have major implications for both human and livestock health. Here we tested the therapeutic ability of a paraprobiotic or dead probiotic that expresses the Bacillus thuringiensis ...


Inactivated Rabies Virus Vectored Sars-Cov-2 Vaccine Prevents Disease In A Syrian Hamster Model., Drishya Kurup, Delphine C Malherbe, Christoph Wirblich, Rachael Lambert, Adam J Ronk, Leila Zabihi Diba, Alexander Bukreyev, Matthias J. Schnell Mar 2021

Inactivated Rabies Virus Vectored Sars-Cov-2 Vaccine Prevents Disease In A Syrian Hamster Model., Drishya Kurup, Delphine C Malherbe, Christoph Wirblich, Rachael Lambert, Adam J Ronk, Leila Zabihi Diba, Alexander Bukreyev, Matthias J. Schnell

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an emergent coronavirus that has caused a worldwide pandemic. Although human disease is often asymptomatic, some develop severe illnesses such as pneumonia, respiratory failure, and death. There is an urgent need for a vaccine to prevent its rapid spread as asymptomatic infections accounting for up to 40% of transmission events. Here we further evaluated an inactivated rabies vectored SARS-CoV-2 S1 vaccine CORAVAX in a Syrian hamster model. CORAVAX adjuvanted with MPLA-AddaVax, a TRL4 agonist, induced high levels of neutralizing antibodies and generated a strong Th1-biased immune response. Vaccinated hamsters were protected from ...


Neurological Manifestations As The Predictors Of Severity And Mortality In Hospitalized Individuals With Covid-19: A Multicenter Prospective Clinical Study, Man Amanat, Nima Rezaei, Mehrdad Roozbeh, Maziar Shojaei, Abbas Tafakhori, Anahita Zoghi, Ilad Alavi Darazam, Mona Salehi, Ehsan Karimialavijeh, Behnam Safarpour Lima, Amir Garakani, Alex R. Vaccaro, Mahtab Ramezani Mar 2021

Neurological Manifestations As The Predictors Of Severity And Mortality In Hospitalized Individuals With Covid-19: A Multicenter Prospective Clinical Study, Man Amanat, Nima Rezaei, Mehrdad Roozbeh, Maziar Shojaei, Abbas Tafakhori, Anahita Zoghi, Ilad Alavi Darazam, Mona Salehi, Ehsan Karimialavijeh, Behnam Safarpour Lima, Amir Garakani, Alex R. Vaccaro, Mahtab Ramezani

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUNDS: The reports of neurological symptoms are increasing in cases with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This multi-center prospective study was conducted to determine the incidence of neurological manifestations in hospitalized cases with COVID-19 and assess these symptoms as the predictors of severity and death.

METHODS: Hospitalized males and females with COVID-19 who aged over 18 years were included in the study. They were examined by two neurologists at the time of admission. All survived cases were followed for 8 weeks after discharge and 16 weeks if their symptoms had no improvements.

RESULTS: We included 873 participants. Of eligible cases, 122 ...


Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2-Induced Acute Aortic Occlusion: A Case Report, Artem Minalyan, Franklin L. Thelmo, Vincent Chan, Stephanie Tzarnas, Faizan Ahmed Mar 2021

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2-Induced Acute Aortic Occlusion: A Case Report, Artem Minalyan, Franklin L. Thelmo, Vincent Chan, Stephanie Tzarnas, Faizan Ahmed

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection can lead to a constellation of viral and immune symptoms called coronavirus disease 2019. Emerging literature increasingly supports the premise that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 promotes a prothrombotic milieu. However, to date there have been no reports of acute aortic occlusion, itself a rare phenomenon. We report a case of fatal acute aortic occlusion in a patient with coronavirus disease 2019.

Case report: A 59-year-old Caucasian male with past medical history of peripheral vascular disease presented to the emergency department for evaluation of shortness of breath, fevers, and dry cough ...


Point-Of-Care Lung Ultrasound For Covid-19: Findings And Prognostic Implications From 105 Consecutive Patients, Kosuke Yasukawa, Taro Minami, David R Boulware, Ayako Shimada, Ernest A Fischer Mar 2021

Point-Of-Care Lung Ultrasound For Covid-19: Findings And Prognostic Implications From 105 Consecutive Patients, Kosuke Yasukawa, Taro Minami, David R Boulware, Ayako Shimada, Ernest A Fischer

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

Background: The prognostic value of point-of-care lung ultrasound has not been evaluated in a large cohort of patients with COVID-19 admitted to general medicine ward in the United States. The aim of this study was to describe lung ultrasound findings and their prognostic value in patients with COVID-19 admitted to internal medicine ward.

Method: This prospective observational study consecutively enrolled 105 hospitalized participants with COVID-19 at 2 tertiary care centers. Ultrasound was performed in 12 lung zones within 24 hours of admission. Findings were assessed relative to 4 outcomes: intensive care unit (ICU) need, need for intensive respiratory support, length ...


Drug Susceptibility Patterns Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis From Adults With Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis And Implications For A Household Contact Preventive Therapy Trial, Anne-Marie Demers, Soyeon Kim, Sara Mccallum, Kathleen Eisenach, Michael Hughes, Linda Naini, Alberto Mendoza-Ticona, Neeta Pradhan, Kim Narunsky, Selvamuthu Poongulali, Sharlaa Badal-Faesen, Caryn Upton, Elizabeth Smith, N Sarita Shah, Gavin Churchyard, Amita Gupta, Anneke Hesseling, Susan Swindells, Actg A5300/Impaact I2003 Phoenix Feasibility Study Team Feb 2021

Drug Susceptibility Patterns Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis From Adults With Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis And Implications For A Household Contact Preventive Therapy Trial, Anne-Marie Demers, Soyeon Kim, Sara Mccallum, Kathleen Eisenach, Michael Hughes, Linda Naini, Alberto Mendoza-Ticona, Neeta Pradhan, Kim Narunsky, Selvamuthu Poongulali, Sharlaa Badal-Faesen, Caryn Upton, Elizabeth Smith, N Sarita Shah, Gavin Churchyard, Amita Gupta, Anneke Hesseling, Susan Swindells, Actg A5300/Impaact I2003 Phoenix Feasibility Study Team

Journal Articles: Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Drug susceptibility testing (DST) patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) from patients with rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) or multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB; or resistant to rifampicin and isoniazid (INH)), are important to guide preventive therapy for their household contacts (HHCs).

METHODS: As part of a feasibility study done in preparation for an MDR-TB preventive therapy trial in HHCs, smear, Xpert MTB/RIF, Hain MTBDRplus, culture and DST results of index MDR-TB patients were obtained from routine TB programs. A sputum sample was collected at study entry and evaluated by the same tests. Not all tests were performed on all specimens due to ...


Psychological Experience And Coping Strategies Of Patients In The Northeast Us Delaying Care For Infertility During The Covid-19 Pandemic., David B Seifer, William D Petok, Alisha Agrawal, Tanya L Glenn, Arielle H Bayer, Barry R Witt, Blair D Burgin, Harry J Lieman Feb 2021

Psychological Experience And Coping Strategies Of Patients In The Northeast Us Delaying Care For Infertility During The Covid-19 Pandemic., David B Seifer, William D Petok, Alisha Agrawal, Tanya L Glenn, Arielle H Bayer, Barry R Witt, Blair D Burgin, Harry J Lieman

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: On March 17, 2020 an expert ASRM task force recommended the temporary suspension of new, non-urgent fertility treatments during an ongoing world-wide pandemic of Covid-19. We surveyed at the time of resumption of fertility care the psychological experience and coping strategies of patients pausing their care due to Covid-19 and examined which factors were associated and predictive of resilience, anxiety, stress and hopefulness.

METHODS: Cross sectional cohort patient survey using an anonymous, self-reported, single time, web-based, HIPPA compliant platform (REDCap). Survey sampled two Northeast academic fertility practices (Yale Medicine Fertility Center in CT and Montefiore's Institute for Reproductive ...


Neoadjuvant Anti-Ox40 (Medi6469) Therapy In Patients With Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Activates And Expands Antigen-Specific Tumor-Infiltrating T Cells., Rebekka Duhen, Carmen Ballesteros-Merino, Alexandra K Frye, Eric Tran, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Shu-Ching Chang, Yoshinobu Koguchi, Carlo Bifulco, Brady Bernard, Rom Leidner, Brendan Curti, Bernard A Fox, Walter Urba, Richard Bryan Bell, Andrew D Weinberg Feb 2021

Neoadjuvant Anti-Ox40 (Medi6469) Therapy In Patients With Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Activates And Expands Antigen-Specific Tumor-Infiltrating T Cells., Rebekka Duhen, Carmen Ballesteros-Merino, Alexandra K Frye, Eric Tran, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Shu-Ching Chang, Yoshinobu Koguchi, Carlo Bifulco, Brady Bernard, Rom Leidner, Brendan Curti, Bernard A Fox, Walter Urba, Richard Bryan Bell, Andrew D Weinberg

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Despite the success of checkpoint blockade in some cancer patients, there is an unmet need to improve outcomes. Targeting alternative pathways, such as costimulatory molecules (e.g. OX40, GITR, and 4-1BB), can enhance T cell immunity in tumor-bearing hosts. Here we describe the results from a phase Ib clinical trial (NCT02274155) in which 17 patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) received a murine anti-human OX40 agonist antibody (MEDI6469) prior to definitive surgical resection. The primary endpoint was to determine safety and feasibility of the anti-OX40 neoadjuvant treatment. The secondary objective was to assess the effect ...


Safety And Efficacy Of Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiosurgery For High-Grade Gliomas At First Recurrence: A Single-Center Experience., Yun Guan, Ji Xiong, Mingyuan Pan, Wenyin Shi, Jing Li, Huaguang Zhu, Xiu Gong, Chao Li, Guanghai Mei, Xiaoxia Liu, Li Pan, Jiazhong Dai, Yang Wang, Enmin Wang, Xin Wang Feb 2021

Safety And Efficacy Of Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiosurgery For High-Grade Gliomas At First Recurrence: A Single-Center Experience., Yun Guan, Ji Xiong, Mingyuan Pan, Wenyin Shi, Jing Li, Huaguang Zhu, Xiu Gong, Chao Li, Guanghai Mei, Xiaoxia Liu, Li Pan, Jiazhong Dai, Yang Wang, Enmin Wang, Xin Wang

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for recurrent high-grade gliomas (rHGGs) remains uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of hypofractionated stereotactic radiosurgery (HSRS) as a first-line salvage treatment for in-field recurrence of high-grade gliomas.

METHODS: Between January 2016 and October 2019, 70 patients with rHGG who underwent HSRS were retrospectively analysed. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), and secondary endpoints included both progression-free survival (PFS) and adverse events, which were assessed according to Common Toxicity Criteria Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5. The prognostic value of key clinical features (age, performance status, planning target volume, dose, use of ...


Impaired Eif5a Function Causes A Mendelian Disorder That Is Partially Rescued In Model Systems By Spermidine., Víctor Faundes, Martin D. Jennings, Siobhan Crilly, Sarah Legraie, Sarah E. Withers, Sara Cuvertino, Sally J. Davies, Andrew G L Douglas, Andrew E. Fry, Victoria Harrison, Jeanne Amiel, Daphné Lehalle, William G. Newman, Patricia Newkirk, Judith Ranells, Miranda Splitt, Laura A. Cross, Carol J. Saunders, Bonnie Sullivan, Jorge L. Granadillo, Christopher T. Gordon, Paul R. Kasher, Graham D. Pavitt, Siddharth Banka Feb 2021

Impaired Eif5a Function Causes A Mendelian Disorder That Is Partially Rescued In Model Systems By Spermidine., Víctor Faundes, Martin D. Jennings, Siobhan Crilly, Sarah Legraie, Sarah E. Withers, Sara Cuvertino, Sally J. Davies, Andrew G L Douglas, Andrew E. Fry, Victoria Harrison, Jeanne Amiel, Daphné Lehalle, William G. Newman, Patricia Newkirk, Judith Ranells, Miranda Splitt, Laura A. Cross, Carol J. Saunders, Bonnie Sullivan, Jorge L. Granadillo, Christopher T. Gordon, Paul R. Kasher, Graham D. Pavitt, Siddharth Banka

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The structure of proline prevents it from adopting an optimal position for rapid protein synthesis. Poly-proline-tract (PPT) associated ribosomal stalling is resolved by highly conserved eIF5A, the only protein to contain the amino acid hypusine. We show that de novo heterozygous EIF5A variants cause a disorder characterized by variable combinations of developmental delay, microcephaly, micrognathia and dysmorphism. Yeast growth assays, polysome profiling, total/hypusinated eIF5A levels and PPT-reporters studies reveal that the variants impair eIF5A function, reduce eIF5A-ribosome interactions and impair the synthesis of PPT-containing proteins. Supplementation with 1 mM spermidine partially corrects the yeast growth defects, improves the polysome ...


Disparities In Sars-Cov-2 Positivity Rates: Associations With Race And Ethnicity, Harvey W Kaufman, Justin K Niles, David B. Nash Feb 2021

Disparities In Sars-Cov-2 Positivity Rates: Associations With Race And Ethnicity, Harvey W Kaufman, Justin K Niles, David B. Nash

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Numerous reports indicate that African Americans and Latinos are being affected disproportionately by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Positivity rates have not been analyzed on scale because only 4 states report race/ethnicity as part of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing. Previous studies also have had little ability to control for many known risk factors to better identify the effects of COVID-19 on racial and ethnic communities. Using test results from a large national reference laboratory database that included patients from all 50 states and the District of Columbia, this study compared positivity rates for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid ...


The Quest For Conquering Covid-19: Updates From The Laboratory, David B. Nash Feb 2021

The Quest For Conquering Covid-19: Updates From The Laboratory, David B. Nash

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Unique Structural Solution From A Vh3-30 Antibody Targeting The Hemagglutinin Stem Of Influenza A Viruses, Wayne D. Harshbarger, Derrick Deming, Gordon J. Lockbaum, Nattapol Attatippaholkun, Maliwan Kamkaew, Shurong Hou, Mohan Somasundaran, Jennifer P. Wang, Robert W. Finberg, Quan Karen Zhu, Celia A. Schiffer, Wayne A Marasco Jan 2021

Unique Structural Solution From A Vh3-30 Antibody Targeting The Hemagglutinin Stem Of Influenza A Viruses, Wayne D. Harshbarger, Derrick Deming, Gordon J. Lockbaum, Nattapol Attatippaholkun, Maliwan Kamkaew, Shurong Hou, Mohan Somasundaran, Jennifer P. Wang, Robert W. Finberg, Quan Karen Zhu, Celia A. Schiffer, Wayne A Marasco

Schiffer Lab Publications

Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) targeting conserved influenza A virus (IAV) hemagglutinin (HA) epitopes can provide valuable information for accelerating universal vaccine designs. Here, we report structural details for heterosubtypic recognition of HA from circulating and emerging IAVs by the human antibody 3I14. Somatic hypermutations play a critical role in shaping the HCDR3, which alone and uniquely among VH3-30 derived antibodies, forms contacts with five sub-pockets within the HA-stem hydrophobic groove. 3I14 light-chain interactions are also key for binding HA and contribute a large buried surface area spanning two HA protomers. Comparison of 3I14 to bnAbs from several defined ...


Clinical Performance Of The Point-Of-Care Cobas Liat For Detection Of Sars-Cov-2 In 20 Minutes: A Multicenter Study., Glen Hansen, Jamie Marino, Zi-Xuan Wang, Kathleen G Beavis, John Rodrigo, Kylie Labog, Lars F Westblade, Run Jin, Nedra Love, Karen Ding, Sachin Garg, Alan Huang, Joanna Sickler, Nam K Tran Jan 2021

Clinical Performance Of The Point-Of-Care Cobas Liat For Detection Of Sars-Cov-2 In 20 Minutes: A Multicenter Study., Glen Hansen, Jamie Marino, Zi-Xuan Wang, Kathleen G Beavis, John Rodrigo, Kylie Labog, Lars F Westblade, Run Jin, Nedra Love, Karen Ding, Sachin Garg, Alan Huang, Joanna Sickler, Nam K Tran

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Highly accurate testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) at the point of care (POC) is an unmet diagnostic need in emergency care and time-sensitive outpatient care settings. Reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) technology is the gold standard for SARS-CoV-2 diagnostics. We performed a multisite U.S. study comparing the clinical performance of the first U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-authorized POC RT-PCR for detection of SARS-CoV-2 in 20 min, the cobas Liat SARS-CoV-2 and influenza A/B nucleic acid test, to the most widely used RT-PCR laboratory test, the cobas 68/8800 SARS-CoV-2 test. Clinical nasopharyngeal swab ...


Identification Of 3-Chymotrypsin Like Protease (3clpro) Inhibitors As Potential Anti-Sars-Cov-2 Agents., Vicky Mody, Joanna Ho, Savannah Wills, Ahmed Mawri, Latasha Lawson, Maximilian C C J C Ebert, Guillaume M Fortin, Srujana Rayalam, Shashidharamurthy Taval Jan 2021

Identification Of 3-Chymotrypsin Like Protease (3clpro) Inhibitors As Potential Anti-Sars-Cov-2 Agents., Vicky Mody, Joanna Ho, Savannah Wills, Ahmed Mawri, Latasha Lawson, Maximilian C C J C Ebert, Guillaume M Fortin, Srujana Rayalam, Shashidharamurthy Taval

PCOM Scholarly Papers

Emerging outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is a major threat to public health. The morbidity is increasing due to lack of SARS-CoV-2 specific drugs. Herein, we have identified potential drugs that target the 3-chymotrypsin like protease (3CLpro), the main protease that is pivotal for the replication of SARS-CoV-2. Computational molecular modeling was used to screen 3987 FDA approved drugs, and 47 drugs were selected to study their inhibitory effects on SARS-CoV-2 specific 3CLpro enzyme in vitro. Our results indicate that boceprevir, ombitasvir, paritaprevir, tipranavir, ivermectin, and micafungin exhibited inhibitory effect towards 3CLpro enzymatic activity. The 100 ...


Distinct Mechanisms Control Genome Recognition By P53 At Its Target Genes Linked To Different Cell Fates., Marina Farkas, Hideharu Hashimoto, Yingtao Bi, Ramana V Davuluri, Lois Resnick-Silverman, James J. Manfredi, Erik W. Debler, Steven B. Mcmahon Jan 2021

Distinct Mechanisms Control Genome Recognition By P53 At Its Target Genes Linked To Different Cell Fates., Marina Farkas, Hideharu Hashimoto, Yingtao Bi, Ramana V Davuluri, Lois Resnick-Silverman, James J. Manfredi, Erik W. Debler, Steven B. Mcmahon

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

The tumor suppressor p53 integrates stress response pathways by selectively engaging one of several potential transcriptomes, thereby triggering cell fate decisions (e.g., cell cycle arrest, apoptosis). Foundational to this process is the binding of tetrameric p53 to 20-bp response elements (REs) in the genome (RRRCWWGYYYN0-13RRRCWWGYYY). In general, REs at cell cycle arrest targets (e.g. p21) are of higher affinity than those at apoptosis targets (e.g., BAX). However, the RE sequence code underlying selectivity remains undeciphered. Here, we identify molecular mechanisms mediating p53 binding to high- and low-affinity REs by showing that key determinants of the ...


The Circadian Cryptochrome, Cry1, Is A Pro-Tumorigenic Factor That Rhythmically Modulates Dna Repair., Ayesha A Shafi, Chris M Mcnair, Jennifer J Mccann, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Anton Shostak, Tesa M Severson, Yanyun Zhu, Andre Bergman, Nicolas Gordon, Amy C Mandigo, Saswati N Chand, Peter Gallagher, Emanuela Dylgjeri, Talya S Laufer, Irina A Vasilevskaya, Matthew J Schiewer, Michael Brunner, Felix Y Feng, Wilbert Zwart, Karen E Knudsen Jan 2021

The Circadian Cryptochrome, Cry1, Is A Pro-Tumorigenic Factor That Rhythmically Modulates Dna Repair., Ayesha A Shafi, Chris M Mcnair, Jennifer J Mccann, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Anton Shostak, Tesa M Severson, Yanyun Zhu, Andre Bergman, Nicolas Gordon, Amy C Mandigo, Saswati N Chand, Peter Gallagher, Emanuela Dylgjeri, Talya S Laufer, Irina A Vasilevskaya, Matthew J Schiewer, Michael Brunner, Felix Y Feng, Wilbert Zwart, Karen E Knudsen

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Mechanisms regulating DNA repair processes remain incompletely defined. Here, the circadian factor CRY1, an evolutionally conserved transcriptional coregulator, is identified as a tumor specific regulator of DNA repair. Key findings demonstrate that CRY1 expression is androgen-responsive and associates with poor outcome in prostate cancer. Functional studies and first-in-field mapping of the CRY1 cistrome and transcriptome reveal that CRY1 regulates DNA repair and the G2/M transition. DNA damage stabilizes CRY1 in cancer (in vitro, in vivo, and human tumors ex vivo), which proves critical for efficient DNA repair. Further mechanistic investigation shows that stabilized CRY1 temporally regulates expression of genes ...


Frontiers In Human Factors: Embedding Specialists In Multi-Disciplinary Efforts To Improve Healthcare., Ken Catchpole, Paul Bowie, Sarah Fouquet, Joy Rivera, Sue Hignett Jan 2021

Frontiers In Human Factors: Embedding Specialists In Multi-Disciplinary Efforts To Improve Healthcare., Ken Catchpole, Paul Bowie, Sarah Fouquet, Joy Rivera, Sue Hignett

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Despite the application of a huge range of human factors (HF) principles in a growing range of care contexts, there is much more that could be done to realize this expertise for patient benefit, staff well-being and organizational performance. Healthcare has struggled to embrace system safety approaches, misapplied or misinterpreted others, and has stuck to a range of outdated and potentially counter-productive myths even has safety science has developed. One consequence of these persistent misunderstandings is that few opportunities exist in clinical settings for qualified HF professionals. Instead, HF has been applied by clinicians and others, to highly variable degrees-sometimes ...


The Gene Ontology Resource: Enriching A Gold Mine., Gene Ontology Consortium, Judith A. Blake, Mary E. Dolan, Harold J. Drabkin, David P. Hill Jan 2021

The Gene Ontology Resource: Enriching A Gold Mine., Gene Ontology Consortium, Judith A. Blake, Mary E. Dolan, Harold J. Drabkin, David P. Hill

Faculty Research 2021

The Gene Ontology Consortium (GOC) provides the most comprehensive resource currently available for computable knowledge regarding the functions of genes and gene products. Here, we report the advances of the consortium over the past two years. The new GO-CAM annotation framework was notably improved, and we formalized the model with a computational schema to check and validate the rapidly increasing repository of 2838 GO-CAMs. In addition, we describe the impacts of several collaborations to refine GO and report a 10% increase in the number of GO annotations, a 25% increase in annotated gene products, and over 9,400 new scientific ...


Mouse Genome Database (Mgd): Knowledgebase For Mouse-Human Comparative Biology., Judith A. Blake, Richard M. Baldarelli, James A. Kadin, Joel E Richardson, Cynthia Smith, Carol J Bult, Mouse Genome Database Group Jan 2021

Mouse Genome Database (Mgd): Knowledgebase For Mouse-Human Comparative Biology., Judith A. Blake, Richard M. Baldarelli, James A. Kadin, Joel E Richardson, Cynthia Smith, Carol J Bult, Mouse Genome Database Group

Faculty Research 2021

The Mouse Genome Database (MGD; http://www.informatics.jax.org) is the community model organism knowledgebase for the laboratory mouse, a widely used animal model for comparative studies of the genetic and genomic basis for human health and disease. MGD is the authoritative source for biological reference data related to mouse genes, gene functions, phenotypes and mouse models of human disease. MGD is the primary source for official gene, allele, and mouse strain nomenclature based on the guidelines set by the International Committee on Standardized Nomenclature for Mice. MGD's biocuration scientists curate information from the biomedical literature and from ...


The Impact Of Perinatal Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infection During The Peripartum Period., O. Janssen, M. Thompson, S. Milburn, R. Green, B. Wagner, A. Bianco, A. Stroustrup Jan 2021

The Impact Of Perinatal Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infection During The Peripartum Period., O. Janssen, M. Thompson, S. Milburn, R. Green, B. Wagner, A. Bianco, A. Stroustrup

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Association Between Vitamin D Supplementation And Mortality In Critically Ill Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Clinical Trials., Liyuan Peng, Linjie Li, Peng Wang, Weelic Chong, Yin Li, Xi Zha, Haidong Deng, Huaqian Fan, Yu Zhang Dec 2020

Association Between Vitamin D Supplementation And Mortality In Critically Ill Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Clinical Trials., Liyuan Peng, Linjie Li, Peng Wang, Weelic Chong, Yin Li, Xi Zha, Haidong Deng, Huaqian Fan, Yu Zhang

Student Papers & Posters

BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest that low 25-hydroxyvitamin D status is common and has been associated with higher mortality in critically ill patients. This study aim to investigate whether vitamin D supplementation is associated with lower mortality in critically ill patients.

METHOD: We searched Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases from inception to January 12, 2020, without language restrictions, for randomized controlled trials comparing the effect of vitamin D supplementation with placebo in critically ill patients. Two authors independently performed data extraction and assessed study quality. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality at the longest follow-up.

RESULT: We identified nine trials with ...


Possible Transmission Flow Of Sars-Cov-2 Based On Ace2 Features., Sk Sarif Hassan, Shinjini Ghosh, Diksha Attrish, Pabitra Pal Choudhury, Alaa A A Aljabali, Bruce D Uhal, Kenneth Lundstrom, Nima Rezaei, Vladimir N Uversky, Murat Seyran, Damiano Pizzol, Parise Adadi, Antonio Soares, Tarek Mohamed Abd El-Aziz, Ramesh Kandimalla, Murtaza M Tambuwala, Gajendra Kumar Azad, Samendra P Sherchan, Wagner Baetas-Da-Cruz, Kazuo Takayama, Ángel Serrano-Aroca, Gaurav Chauhan, Giorgio Palu, Adam M Brufsky Dec 2020

Possible Transmission Flow Of Sars-Cov-2 Based On Ace2 Features., Sk Sarif Hassan, Shinjini Ghosh, Diksha Attrish, Pabitra Pal Choudhury, Alaa A A Aljabali, Bruce D Uhal, Kenneth Lundstrom, Nima Rezaei, Vladimir N Uversky, Murat Seyran, Damiano Pizzol, Parise Adadi, Antonio Soares, Tarek Mohamed Abd El-Aziz, Ramesh Kandimalla, Murtaza M Tambuwala, Gajendra Kumar Azad, Samendra P Sherchan, Wagner Baetas-Da-Cruz, Kazuo Takayama, Ángel Serrano-Aroca, Gaurav Chauhan, Giorgio Palu, Adam M Brufsky

USF Libraries Florida COVID Research Collection publications

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is the cellular receptor for the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that is engendering the severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The spike (S) protein receptor-binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 binds to the three sub-domains viz. amino acids (aa) 22-42, aa 79-84, and aa 330-393 of ACE2 on human cells to initiate entry. It was reported earlier that the receptor utilization capacity of ACE2 proteins from different species, such as cats, chimpanzees, dogs, and cattle, are different. A comprehensive analysis of ACE2 receptors of nineteen species was carried out in this study, and the ...


Development And Implementation Of A Healthcare Volunteer Retention Program, Sandra Gomez Dec 2020

Development And Implementation Of A Healthcare Volunteer Retention Program, Sandra Gomez

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Healthcare volunteer responders are an asset during disasters, and their retention is necessary to meet rising demands. This project aimed to develop and implement an evidence-based practice change using a healthcare volunteer retention program and evaluate its influence on retention.

PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this evidence-based practice project was: In healthcare volunteers, how does the participation in a formal healthcare volunteer retention program influence healthcare volunteer retention rate, intent to stay, and volunteer satisfaction 12 weeks after Healthcare Volunteer Retention Program introduction?

Evidence: The evidence from the literature supported mentoring, education and training, and social support ...


Pomalidomide, Dexamethasone, And Daratumumab In Relapsed Refractory Multiple Myeloma After Lenalidomide Treatment., David S Siegel, Gary J Schiller, Christy Samaras, Michael Sebag, Jesus Berdeja, Siddhartha Ganguly, Jeffrey Matous, Kevin Song, Christopher S Seet, Giampaolo Talamo, Mirelis Acosta-Rivera, Michael Bar, Donald Quick, Bertrand Anz, Gustavo Fonseca, Donna Reece, William E Pierceall, Weiyuan Chung, Faiza Zafar, Amit Agarwal, Nizar J Bahlis Dec 2020

Pomalidomide, Dexamethasone, And Daratumumab In Relapsed Refractory Multiple Myeloma After Lenalidomide Treatment., David S Siegel, Gary J Schiller, Christy Samaras, Michael Sebag, Jesus Berdeja, Siddhartha Ganguly, Jeffrey Matous, Kevin Song, Christopher S Seet, Giampaolo Talamo, Mirelis Acosta-Rivera, Michael Bar, Donald Quick, Bertrand Anz, Gustavo Fonseca, Donna Reece, William E Pierceall, Weiyuan Chung, Faiza Zafar, Amit Agarwal, Nizar J Bahlis

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Patients with multiple myeloma who have relapsed after or become refractory to lenalidomide in early treatment lines represent a clinically important population in need of effective therapies. The safety and efficacy of pomalidomide, low-dose dexamethasone, and daratumumab was evaluated in lenalidomide-pretreated patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) after one to two prior treatment lines in the phase 2 MM-014 study. Patients received pomalidomide 4 mg daily from days 1-21 and dexamethasone 40 mg weekly (28-day cycles). Daratumumab 16 mg/kg was administered per label. Primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR); secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and ...


Epidemiology Of Covid-19 And Predictors Of Outcome In Nigeria: A Single-Center Study., Olayinka Rasheed Ibrahim, Bello Muhammed Suleiman, Suleiman Bello Abdullahi, Taofeek Oloyede, Abdallah Sanda, Maruf Sanusi Gbadamosi, Bashir Olajide Yusuf, Rabilu Yandoma Iliyasu, Lawal Magaji Ibrahim, Adamu Danladi Dawud, Sulaiman Saidu Bashir, Nwawueze Efam Okonta, Wasinda Francis Umar, Abiodun Gbenga Tekobo, Muhammadu Sani Abubakar, Bashir Taiye Aminu, Shuaibu Onoruoyiza Ibrahim, Rasaq Olaosebikan, Olugbenga Ayodeji Mokuolu Dec 2020

Epidemiology Of Covid-19 And Predictors Of Outcome In Nigeria: A Single-Center Study., Olayinka Rasheed Ibrahim, Bello Muhammed Suleiman, Suleiman Bello Abdullahi, Taofeek Oloyede, Abdallah Sanda, Maruf Sanusi Gbadamosi, Bashir Olajide Yusuf, Rabilu Yandoma Iliyasu, Lawal Magaji Ibrahim, Adamu Danladi Dawud, Sulaiman Saidu Bashir, Nwawueze Efam Okonta, Wasinda Francis Umar, Abiodun Gbenga Tekobo, Muhammadu Sani Abubakar, Bashir Taiye Aminu, Shuaibu Onoruoyiza Ibrahim, Rasaq Olaosebikan, Olugbenga Ayodeji Mokuolu

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

There is a paucity of information regarding the epidemiology and outcome of COVID-19 from low/middle-income countries, including from Nigeria. This single-center study described the clinical features, laboratory findings, and predictors of in-hospital mortality of COVID-19 patients. Patients admitted between April 10, 2020 and June 10, 2020 were included. Forty-five patients with a mean age of 43 (16) years, predominantly male (87%), presented with fever (38%), cough (29%), or dyspnea (24%). In-hospital mortality was 16%. The independent predictors of mortality were hypoxemia (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.3-5.1) and creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL (aOR ...


Clinical Presentation Of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) In Pregnant And Recently Pregnant People., Yalda Afshar, Stephanie L Gaw, Valerie J Flaherman, Brittany D Chambers, Deborah Krakow, Vincenzo Berghella, Alireza A Shamshirsaz, Adeline A Boatin, Grace Aldrovandi, Andrea Greiner, Laura Riley, W John Boscardin, Denise J Jamieson, Vanessa L Jacoby Dec 2020

Clinical Presentation Of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) In Pregnant And Recently Pregnant People., Yalda Afshar, Stephanie L Gaw, Valerie J Flaherman, Brittany D Chambers, Deborah Krakow, Vincenzo Berghella, Alireza A Shamshirsaz, Adeline A Boatin, Grace Aldrovandi, Andrea Greiner, Laura Riley, W John Boscardin, Denise J Jamieson, Vanessa L Jacoby

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation, symptomology, and disease course of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in pregnancy.

METHODS: The PRIORITY (Pregnancy CoRonavIrus Outcomes RegIsTrY) study is an ongoing nationwide prospective cohort study of people in the United States who are pregnant or up to 6 weeks postpregnancy with known or suspected severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. We analyzed the clinical presentation and disease course of COVID-19 in participants who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection and reported symptoms at the time of testing.

RESULTS: Of 991 participants enrolled from March 22, 2020, until July 10, 2020, 736 had ...