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Articles 1 - 30 of 910

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Darwinian Selection, Evolutionary Mismatches, And The Development Of Cancer, Adam Kozin Feb 2019

Darwinian Selection, Evolutionary Mismatches, And The Development Of Cancer, Adam Kozin

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Ketogenic Diets And Energy Metabolism In Cancer, Richard D. Feinman, Anna Miller, Eugene J. Fine Feb 2019

Ketogenic Diets And Energy Metabolism In Cancer, Richard D. Feinman, Anna Miller, Eugene J. Fine

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Immediate Versus Delayed Exercise In Men Initiating Androgen Deprivation: Effects On Bone Density And Soft Tissue Composition, Dennis R. Taaffe, Daniel A. Galvao, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Suzanne K. Chambers, Robert A. Gardiner, Dickon Hayne, Prue Cormie, David H.K. Shum, Robert U. Newton Feb 2019

Immediate Versus Delayed Exercise In Men Initiating Androgen Deprivation: Effects On Bone Density And Soft Tissue Composition, Dennis R. Taaffe, Daniel A. Galvao, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Suzanne K. Chambers, Robert A. Gardiner, Dickon Hayne, Prue Cormie, David H.K. Shum, Robert U. Newton

ECU Publications Post 2013

OBJECTIVES: To examine whether it is more efficacious to commence exercise medicine in men with prostate cancer at the onset of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) rather than later on during treatment to preserve bone and soft-tissue composition, as ADT results in adverse effects including: reduced bone mineral density (BMD), loss of muscle mass, and increased fat mass (FM).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 104 patients with prostate cancer, aged 48-84 years initiating ADT, were randomised to immediate exercise (IMEX, n = 54) or delayed exercise (DEL, n = 50) conditions. The former consisted of 6 months of supervised resistance/aerobic/impact exercise and ...


Cancer Of The Esophagus, Rebecca M. Kwait, Richard S. Pieters, Madhavi Toke, Lauren E. Studey, Ali Akalin, Adib R. Karam, Geoffrey Graeber, Lacey J. Mcintosh, Anupam Singh Jan 2019

Cancer Of The Esophagus, Rebecca M. Kwait, Richard S. Pieters, Madhavi Toke, Lauren E. Studey, Ali Akalin, Adib R. Karam, Geoffrey Graeber, Lacey J. Mcintosh, Anupam Singh

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist presents an overview of esophageal cancer, including etiology, epidemiology, screening, pathology, staging, and treatment.


The Cost Of Treating Human Papillomavirus-Related Oropharyngeal Cancer, Karla Smalley Houston Jan 2019

The Cost Of Treating Human Papillomavirus-Related Oropharyngeal Cancer, Karla Smalley Houston

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted infection contributing to 70% of oropharyngeal cancers in the United States. The incidence of HPV-related oropharyngeal cancers is greater in Kentucky's population than in any other state. Research has demonstrated the cost of treating oropharyngeal cancer on a national level, but little information exists as to state-specific costs. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine radiation therapy costs for treating HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer in Kentucky in relation to age, gender, race, and insurance. A theory by Aday and Andersen was applied to explain the relationship between the independent and dependent ...


Intimate Moments: Dispelling The Cancer Myth With Real Life - Summer Rain By Nanna Hauge Kristensen., Sophie Townsend Dec 2018

Intimate Moments: Dispelling The Cancer Myth With Real Life - Summer Rain By Nanna Hauge Kristensen., Sophie Townsend

RadioDoc Review

Nanna Hauge Kristensen’s Summer Rain is a small piece in length and in scope. It is intimate, almost fragmentary. It is simply a story of a woman, who is a mother, and a daughter, and who has cancer; a woman undergoing treatment, and raising her child, and dealing with the ramifications of what cancer treatment means. An anthropologist by training, Kristensen’s observational, almost distanced approach style, allows us to glimpse her life, but also to feel it. There is something very empirical about what she’s doing in this piece, and she allows us no room to pretend ...


Updated Efficacy Of First Or Second-Line Pembrolizumab Plus In Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer And Correlations With Baseline Lymphocyte And Naïve Cd4+ T-Cell Count, David Page, Joanna Pucilowska, Laura Bennetts, I Kim, Katherine Sanchez, Maritza Martel, Alison Conlin, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Anupama Acheson, K Kemmer, Z Mitri, J Vuky, J Ahn, C Abaya, T Manigault, R Basho, Walter Urba, Hl Mcarthur Dec 2018

Updated Efficacy Of First Or Second-Line Pembrolizumab Plus In Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer And Correlations With Baseline Lymphocyte And Naïve Cd4+ T-Cell Count, David Page, Joanna Pucilowska, Laura Bennetts, I Kim, Katherine Sanchez, Maritza Martel, Alison Conlin, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Anupama Acheson, K Kemmer, Z Mitri, J Vuky, J Ahn, C Abaya, T Manigault, R Basho, Walter Urba, Hl Mcarthur

Books, Presentations, Posters, Etc.

Background: In mTNBC, anti-PD-1/L1 monotherapy is most effective when administered early in the course of disease, with recent trials demonstrating overall response rates (ORR) of 23-26% in the first-line setting and 5-6% in later lines. This may reflect iatrogenic lymphopenia from preceding cytotoxic chemotherapy. Furthermore, curative-intent chemotherapy is associated with prolonged suppression of naïve CD4+ cells, a T-cell subset that may play a critical role in the generation of de novo anti-tumor immune responses. We present the final clinical results of a pilot study evaluating the safety and efficacy of combining pembrolizumab plus standard-of-care capecitabine in the first/second-line ...


Perilymphatic Irx-2 Cytokine Therapy To Enhance Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes And Pd-L1 Expression Preceding Curative-Intent Therapy In Early Stage Breast Cancer, Joanna Pucilowska, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Katherine Sanchez, Valerie Conrad, Alison Conlin, Shagheyegh Aliabadi-Wahle, Shu-Ching Chang, Gary Grunkemeier, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Maritza Martel, James Egan, Monil Shah, David B Page Dec 2018

Perilymphatic Irx-2 Cytokine Therapy To Enhance Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes And Pd-L1 Expression Preceding Curative-Intent Therapy In Early Stage Breast Cancer, Joanna Pucilowska, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Katherine Sanchez, Valerie Conrad, Alison Conlin, Shagheyegh Aliabadi-Wahle, Shu-Ching Chang, Gary Grunkemeier, Nikki Moxon, Staci Mellinger, Maritza Martel, James Egan, Monil Shah, David B Page

Books, Presentations, Posters, Etc.

Background: Cytokines are being explored as a therapeutic strategy to modulate the tumor microenvironment and facilitate immunotherapy benefit in breast cancer. Here, we investigate a locoregional therapeutic approach whereby cytokines (IRX-2) are administered into the subcutaneous peri-areolar tissue (in an anatomic distribution similar to sentinel lymph node mapping) to facilitate immune cell recruitment/activation within the draining lymph nodes and tumor in ESBC. IRX-2 is derived from ex vivo phytohemagglutinin-stimulated lymphocytes and contains multiple cytokines including IL-1β, IL-2, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-6, IL-8, and GM-CSF, with stable concentrations from lot to lot. Preclinically, IRX-2 activates T-cells and natural killer (NK) cells ...


Characterization Of Cancer Incidence In Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Single Center Study, 2008 – 2018, Jagadeesh Puvvula Dec 2018

Characterization Of Cancer Incidence In Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Single Center Study, 2008 – 2018, Jagadeesh Puvvula

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but the significance of lower Glomerular filtration rate on incidence and mortality from cancer is uncertain. There is evidence that cancer risk and cancer mortality may be increased in individuals with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) requiring dialysis or after renal transplantation but whether less severe kidney disease is associated with cancer remains poorly understood.

Some studies indicate that these associations do appear to be organ specific. It has been reported that reduced renal function is associated with an increased risk of cancers of the kidney and ...


The Impact Of Mental Health On Cancer Screening Rates, Chelsea Edirisuriya, Amy Leader, Phd Dec 2018

The Impact Of Mental Health On Cancer Screening Rates, Chelsea Edirisuriya, Amy Leader, Phd

Phase 1

Among the mental health population of the United States, overall preventative health services, such as cancer screening rates, are remarkably low. Additionally, there is a significant 30% higher mortality rate due to cancer in psychiatric patients. This project established if there are disparities in cancer screening rates between the general population and the mental health population of Southeastern Pennsylvania. The project analyzed and compared the differences in cancer screenings for colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer among those currently diagnosed with a mental condition and the general population. Through p-value and Pearson chi-square statistical analysis of the Community Health Data Base ...


Preliminary Evaluation Of A Novel Whole Slide Multispectral Assessment Of Seven Markers: Potential To Minimize Bias In The Characterization Of The Tumor Immune Environment, Carmen Ballesteros Merino, Shawn Jensen, Carla Coltharp, Kristin Roman, Chichung Wang, Nikhil Lonberg, Sebastian Marwitz, Tarsem Moudgil, William Miller, William Redmond, Yoshinobu Koguchi, Carlo Bifulco, Clifford Hoyt, Bernard A. Fox Nov 2018

Preliminary Evaluation Of A Novel Whole Slide Multispectral Assessment Of Seven Markers: Potential To Minimize Bias In The Characterization Of The Tumor Immune Environment, Carmen Ballesteros Merino, Shawn Jensen, Carla Coltharp, Kristin Roman, Chichung Wang, Nikhil Lonberg, Sebastian Marwitz, Tarsem Moudgil, William Miller, William Redmond, Yoshinobu Koguchi, Carlo Bifulco, Clifford Hoyt, Bernard A. Fox

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: PD-L1 expression and tumor-mutational burden enrich for patients that respond to checkpoint blockade, but these evaluations are only a component of the entire story. Recently, our lab reported that evaluation of specific cell-cell relationships provided a powerful biomarker for overall survival in patients with HPV- head and neck cancer (HNSCC). However, the areas selected for analysis were operator selected “hot spots”. This approach introduces the potential for unconscious bias in the selection process. To address this, we have sought to perform whole slide evaluations of sections to compare with hot spot analysis. This study is a preliminary report applying ...


Inducible T Cell Co-Stimulator (Icos) Is Upregulated On Lymphocytes Following Radiation Of Tumors And Icos Agonism In Combination With Radiation Results In Enhanced Tumor Control, Michael J. Gough, Shelly Bambina, Monica Gostissa, Christopher Harvey, David Friedman, Marka R Crittenden Nov 2018

Inducible T Cell Co-Stimulator (Icos) Is Upregulated On Lymphocytes Following Radiation Of Tumors And Icos Agonism In Combination With Radiation Results In Enhanced Tumor Control, Michael J. Gough, Shelly Bambina, Monica Gostissa, Christopher Harvey, David Friedman, Marka R Crittenden

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: Radiation and co-stimulatory ligands or checkpoint inhibitors have demonstrated improved anti-tumor immunity and overall survival in preclinical animal studies. However, the results of human trials suggest we have not yet found the optimal combination. Here we demonstrate upregulation of ICOS expression on T cells following focal tumor radiation and test the hypothesis that ICOS agonism in combination with radiation will enhance the immunologic effect of radiation resulting in increased survival.

Methods: BALB/c mice bearing CT26 tumors or C57BL/6 mice bearing Panc02 tumors were treated at d14 with 20Gy CT guided radiation therapy and anti-ICOS antibody or isotype ...


Pegzilarginase In Combination With Agonist Anti-Ox40 Therapy Enhances T Cell Priming And Effector Function Leading To Improved Tumor Regression And Survival, Melissa Kasiewicz, Annah Rolig, Elizabeth Sturgill, Mark Badeaux, Scott Rowlinson, William L. Redmond Nov 2018

Pegzilarginase In Combination With Agonist Anti-Ox40 Therapy Enhances T Cell Priming And Effector Function Leading To Improved Tumor Regression And Survival, Melissa Kasiewicz, Annah Rolig, Elizabeth Sturgill, Mark Badeaux, Scott Rowlinson, William L. Redmond

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: Tumor cells defective in enzymes required for arginine biosynthesis are dependent upon arginine uptake from the environment. Extracellular depletion of arginine directly affects tumor cells, inducing autophagy and apoptosis. Pegzilarginase (AEB1102) is a bioengineered, pegylated, human arginase 1 (Aeglea Biotherapeutics) currently in phase I clinical trials. This arginine-depleting agent has been shown to both inhibit arginine auxotrophic tumor growth and to enhance the efficacy of PD-L1 blockade in preclinical models. In the current study, we investigated the therapeutic efficacy and mechanism of action of combined pegzilarginase/anti-OX40 (aOX40) immunotherapy. We hypothesized that pegzilarginase/aOX40 treatment would synergize to enhance ...


Nktr-214 (Cd122-Biased Agonist) And Nktr-262 (Tlr7/8 Agonist) Combination Treatment Pairs Local Innate Immune Activation With Systemic Cd8+ T Cell Expansion To Enhance Anti-Tumor Immunity, Annah S. Rolig, Daniel Rose, Saul Kivimäe, Deborah Charych, Werner Rubas, Jonathan Zalevsky, William L. Redmond Nov 2018

Nktr-214 (Cd122-Biased Agonist) And Nktr-262 (Tlr7/8 Agonist) Combination Treatment Pairs Local Innate Immune Activation With Systemic Cd8+ T Cell Expansion To Enhance Anti-Tumor Immunity, Annah S. Rolig, Daniel Rose, Saul Kivimäe, Deborah Charych, Werner Rubas, Jonathan Zalevsky, William L. Redmond

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: Radiation therapy (RT) remains the standard of care for many human cancers. Combining NKTR-214, a CD122-biased cytokine agonist conjugated with releasable polyethylene-glycol (PEG) chains, with local RT significantly enhanced therapeutic efficacy in preclinical models. Mechanistically, NKTR-214 provides sustained signaling through the IL-2 receptor pathway (IL-2Rβγ) to preferentially activate and expand effector CD8+ T and NK cells and RT modulates the tumor microenvironment (TME) to induce antigen-release. Together, NKTR-214/RT treatment resulted in improved therapeutic responses compared to either treatment alone. However, abscopal responses in murine tumors were modest, leading us to explore alternative approaches with the potential to elicit ...


Single Cell Sequencing To Identify Tcrs That Recognize Autologous Tumor Cells After Vaccination With Allogeinic Dribble Vaccine, Hong-Ming Hu, Christopher C. Paustian, Zhifa Wen, Tarsem L. Moudgil, Traci L. Hilton, Sam Bookhardt, Guangjie Yu, Eric Tran, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Walter Urba, Rachel E. Sanborn, Bernard A. Fox Nov 2018

Single Cell Sequencing To Identify Tcrs That Recognize Autologous Tumor Cells After Vaccination With Allogeinic Dribble Vaccine, Hong-Ming Hu, Christopher C. Paustian, Zhifa Wen, Tarsem L. Moudgil, Traci L. Hilton, Sam Bookhardt, Guangjie Yu, Eric Tran, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Walter Urba, Rachel E. Sanborn, Bernard A. Fox

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: Adoptive immunotherapy with tumor-specific TCR gene-modified T cells has the potential to eradicate bulky disease. Traditional methods of TCR identification require lengthy in vitro culture to generate clonal T-cell populations, which adds time and complexity to this promising therapy. Here we described a simplified and reliable method to identify TCRs by single cell TCR sequencing of cells sorted with antibodies against T-cell surface markers that are up-regulated only when they are stimulated with specific tumor cell antigens.

Methods: A tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) culture with T cells reactive against autologous tumor was generated from a brain metastasis of a patients ...


Open-Source Digital Image Analysis Of Whole-Slide Multiplex Immunohistochemistry, Nikhil Lonberg, Carmen Ballesteros-Merino, Shawn Jensen, Bernard A Fox Nov 2018

Open-Source Digital Image Analysis Of Whole-Slide Multiplex Immunohistochemistry, Nikhil Lonberg, Carmen Ballesteros-Merino, Shawn Jensen, Bernard A Fox

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: Successful digital image analysis (DIA) of cancer tissue is accurate and reproducible. These points of emphasis have brought procedures like the tissue microarray (TMA) and hotspot regions of interest (ROI) under scrutiny. The nature in which a pathologist selects TMAs and ROIs is conducive to bias. Whole Slide Imaging (WSI) offers a solution in its unbiased region selection and consideration of a larger tissue sample. However, options for softwares that can handle such large throughput are scarce. Additionally, while multiplex immunohistochemistry (mIHC) is becoming popular [1], documentation of its digital analysis tools remains minimal [2]. The combination of these ...


Delayed Immune-Related Events After Discontinuation Of Immunotherapy – Dire Syndrome?, Marcus Couey, R. Bryan Bell, Ashish Patel, Marka R Crittenden, Brendan Curti, Rom Leidner Nov 2018

Delayed Immune-Related Events After Discontinuation Of Immunotherapy – Dire Syndrome?, Marcus Couey, R. Bryan Bell, Ashish Patel, Marka R Crittenden, Brendan Curti, Rom Leidner

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: Although the temporality of immune-related adverse events (irAE) is well-recognized during immunotherapy to be highly variable and often delayed,[1] post-immunotherapy irAE are rarely described and potentially under-recognized. In 2013, two cases were reported in abstract form in Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft.[2] In July 2018 a case of autoimmune hepatitis eight months post-immunotherapy was reported in The Oncologist[3] and a dermatologic series appeared online in JAMA Dermatology.[4] With expanding indications for IO and an increasing number of clinical trials in the curative-neoadjuvant setting, larger numbers of patients are being treated in earlier stages of disease and often ...


Combined Anti-Pd-1 And Anti-Lag-3 Checkpoint Blockade Enhances Cd8+ Til Effector Function While Reducing Tregs Leading To Reduced Immune Suppression And Improved Overall Survival, Elizabeth Sturgill, Courtney Mick, David Jenkins, Johanna Kaufmann, William L. Redmond Nov 2018

Combined Anti-Pd-1 And Anti-Lag-3 Checkpoint Blockade Enhances Cd8+ Til Effector Function While Reducing Tregs Leading To Reduced Immune Suppression And Improved Overall Survival, Elizabeth Sturgill, Courtney Mick, David Jenkins, Johanna Kaufmann, William L. Redmond

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: Checkpoint inhibition is a potent strategy to reinvigorate T cells. However, aCTLA-4 or aPD-1 monotherapy has not been effective for the majority of patients, resulting in the exploration of combinatorial approaches to improve treatment efficacy. One such target is LAG-3, which is upregulated on T cells that have experienced repeated antigen exposure, such as in the tumor microenvironment (TME), and is associated with reduced T cell effector function. In addition, high LAG-3 expression on regulatory T cells (Tregs) has been reported for patients with varying cancer types, providing an additional rationale for targeting LAG-3 with the aim of reducing ...


Mv-626, A Potent And Selective Inhibitor Of Enpp1 Enhances Sting Activation And Augments T-Cell Mediated Anti-Tumor Activity In Vivo, Jason Baird, Gregory Dietsch, Vincent Florio, Michael Gallatin, Clayton Knox, Joshua Odingo, Marka Crittenden, Michael J. Gough Nov 2018

Mv-626, A Potent And Selective Inhibitor Of Enpp1 Enhances Sting Activation And Augments T-Cell Mediated Anti-Tumor Activity In Vivo, Jason Baird, Gregory Dietsch, Vincent Florio, Michael Gallatin, Clayton Knox, Joshua Odingo, Marka Crittenden, Michael J. Gough

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: STING is an endogenous sensor of cGAMP, which is synthesized by cGAS following detection of cytoplasmic DNA. STING activation leads to interferon production and activation of inflammatory pathways that facilitate cytolytic T cell priming. STING agonists administered intratumorally show potent anti-tumor efficacy in a range of preclinical models; several agonists are in clinical development. Radiation therapy also increases cytoplasmic DNA levels in cancer cells, resulting in STING activation and secretion of inflammatory cytokines. Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) is the phosphodiesterase that negatively regulates STING by hydrolyzing cGAMP. MV-626, a highly potent and selective ENPP1 inhibitor with 100% oral ...


Preliminary Results From A First-In-Human Phase 1 Study Of The Cd40 Agonist Monoclonal Antibody (Mab) Cdx-1140, Rachel Sanborn, Michael S. Gordon, Mark O'Hara, Nina Bhardwaj, Yi He, Tracey Rawls, Tibor Keler, Michael Yellin Nov 2018

Preliminary Results From A First-In-Human Phase 1 Study Of The Cd40 Agonist Monoclonal Antibody (Mab) Cdx-1140, Rachel Sanborn, Michael S. Gordon, Mark O'Hara, Nina Bhardwaj, Yi He, Tracey Rawls, Tibor Keler, Michael Yellin

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: Agonist CD40 mAbs can mediate antitumor immunity through multiple mechanisms, including enhancing tumor antigen presentation, activation of tumoricidal macrophages, and direct growth inhibition/killing of CD40- expressing tumor cells. To fully exploit these mechanisms may require the mAb to be dosed at levels that provide significant tumor and tissue penetration, without dose-limiting-toxicities (DLT) from systemic CD40 activation. Our agonist CD40 mAb, CDX-1140, was selected based on its unique and linear dose-dependent in vitro and in vivo activity and is postulated will achieve maximum agonist activity at dose levels associated with good systemic exposure. CDX-1140 is a fully human IgG2 ...


Mertk Is A Therapeutic Target In Combination With Radiation To Promote Adaptive Immune Tumor Responses, Garth Tormoen, Jason R Baird, Gwen Kramer, Shelly Bambina, Marka R Crittenden, Michael J. Gough Nov 2018

Mertk Is A Therapeutic Target In Combination With Radiation To Promote Adaptive Immune Tumor Responses, Garth Tormoen, Jason R Baird, Gwen Kramer, Shelly Bambina, Marka R Crittenden, Michael J. Gough

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: Mertk is a member of the Tyro3-Axl-Mertk (TAM) family of receptors and regulates phagocytosis of dying cells by macrophages. Cancer cells killed by radiation therapy direct repolarization of macrophages into immune suppressive phenotypes. Mertk-/- mice grafted with immunogenic tumors have enhanced tumor control following ionizing radiation compared to Mertkwt mice. Gas6 is the endogenous ligand for Mertk and its ability to signal through Mertk requires a post-translational vitamin k-dependent modification that is inhibited by warfarin.

Methods: Mertk-/- and WT mice were injected subcutaneously in the flank with 5E4 CT26 cells (BALB/c) or 5E6 Panc02-SIY cells (C57BL/6) and ...


Integrative Spatially-Resolved, High-Plex Digital Profiling Enables Characterization Of Complex Immune Biology In The Tumor Microenvironment Of Mesothelioma, Carmen Ballesteros-Merino, Moritz Widmaier, Sarah Church, Thomas Herz, Alexei Budco, Das Medrikova, Ivan Kanchev, Andrew White, Douglas Hinerfeld, Shawn Jensen, John Handy, Rachel Sanborn, Carlo Bifulco, Sarah Warren, Joseph Beechem, Bernard .. Fox Nov 2018

Integrative Spatially-Resolved, High-Plex Digital Profiling Enables Characterization Of Complex Immune Biology In The Tumor Microenvironment Of Mesothelioma, Carmen Ballesteros-Merino, Moritz Widmaier, Sarah Church, Thomas Herz, Alexei Budco, Das Medrikova, Ivan Kanchev, Andrew White, Douglas Hinerfeld, Shawn Jensen, John Handy, Rachel Sanborn, Carlo Bifulco, Sarah Warren, Joseph Beechem, Bernard .. Fox

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive cancer with poor prognosis and few effective therapies. Since mesothelioma is derived from the mesothelium of the lung, we hypothesize that immune cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) may behave differently than other solid tumors. In our previous studies, utilizing multi-plexed immunofluorescence, we did not find immune phenotypes associated with improved patient survival. Here we describe a novel combination of two technologies to spatially characterize the interface between mesothelioma cells, stroma and immune cells in the TME in a high-plex capacity.

Methods: Ten FFPE mesothelioma tumors were characterized by Definiens’ Immune-Oncology Profiling (IOP) and ...


Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocyte Recruitment After Peri-Lymphatic Irx-2 Cytokine Immunotherapy In Resectable Breast Cancer And Head And Neck Carcinoma, Joanna Pucilowska, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Nikki Moxon, Monil Shah, Maritza Martel, Alison Conlin, James E. Egan, David B. Page Nov 2018

Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocyte Recruitment After Peri-Lymphatic Irx-2 Cytokine Immunotherapy In Resectable Breast Cancer And Head And Neck Carcinoma, Joanna Pucilowska, Venkatesh Rajamanickam, Nikki Moxon, Monil Shah, Maritza Martel, Alison Conlin, James E. Egan, David B. Page

Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer 2018 Annual Meeting Posters

Background: The IRX-2 biologic is a subcutaneous injectable immunotherapy composed of IL-2 and other cytokines derived from stimulated lymphocytes. Preclinically, IRX-2 activates T cells, natural killer cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells, and facilitates maturation of antigen-presenting cells.Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are associated with improved outcomes in many cancers including early stage breast cancer (ESBC) and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). We report data on TIL recruitment associated with pre-operative IRX-2 in a phase Ib ESBC trial, as well as phase Ib and IIa HNSCC trials.

Methods: The pre-operative IRX-2 regimen was evaluated in both ESBC and HNSCC trials ...


Depression And Prostate Cancer: Examining Comorbidity And Male-Specific Symptoms, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly, Prue Cormie, Suzanne K. Chambers, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy Nov 2018

Depression And Prostate Cancer: Examining Comorbidity And Male-Specific Symptoms, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly, Prue Cormie, Suzanne K. Chambers, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy

ECU Publications Post 2013

Depression in men with prostate cancer is a significant and complex issue that can challenge clinicians' diagnostic efforts. The objective of the current study was to evaluate prototypic and male-specific depression symptoms and suicidal ideation in men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer relative to those with and without comorbidity. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Male Depression Risk Scale-22 (MDRS-22) were completed online along with demographic and background variables by 100 men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer ( n = 54 prostatectomy, n = 33 receiving active treatment). Hierarchical logistic regression was used to examine recent (past 2 weeks) suicide ideation ...


Cancer As A Chronic Disease, Beth Herrick, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters Oct 2018

Cancer As A Chronic Disease, Beth Herrick, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

Cancers which were once fatal are increasingly able to be managed as chronic diseases. While most metastatic cancers in adults may not be curable, they often can be controlled for long periods of time with a succession of treatments. In this chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist, we will examine those cancers with longer natural histories and those with extended survivals due to therapeutic advances. Finally, several cases will be presented that exemplify this new paradigm of cancer as a chronic disease.


Digital Literacy In An Urban Cancer Population: Who Are We Leaving Out?, A. Petok, Msw, Mph, G. Garber, Msw, L. Waldman, Ba, A. Leader, Phd, A. Dicker, Md, Phd, L. Capparella, Mss Oct 2018

Digital Literacy In An Urban Cancer Population: Who Are We Leaving Out?, A. Petok, Msw, Mph, G. Garber, Msw, L. Waldman, Ba, A. Leader, Phd, A. Dicker, Md, Phd, L. Capparella, Mss

Department of Medical Oncology Posters

Background

  • With an increase in and rapid development of health care applications, as well as electronic medical records and patient portals, patients have more access to health information than ever.
  • Previous research has found an association between integration of electronic patient reported outcomes (ePROs) with increased survival for patients with metastatic cancer compared to usual care.
  • Although greater access to health information as well as personal health records and patient portals can be shown to have positive effects on patient outcomes, the digital divide that is pervasive in the general population extends to oncology as well.
  • This project aimed to ...


A Proposed Therapeutic Algorithm For Colorectal Cancer Prevention, Based On Endoscopic Polypectomies In Patients With Multiple Colonic Polyps, Septimiu Alexandru, Florin D. Ungureanu, Reka Incze Kutasi, Cosmin Alec Moldovan Oct 2018

A Proposed Therapeutic Algorithm For Colorectal Cancer Prevention, Based On Endoscopic Polypectomies In Patients With Multiple Colonic Polyps, Septimiu Alexandru, Florin D. Ungureanu, Reka Incze Kutasi, Cosmin Alec Moldovan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. Results from single medical centers having large numbers of patients with multiple colonic polyps that have undergone colonoscopy management are rare.

Material and method. The present study is based on 2,000 cases enrolled during 2009 and 2017, including patients that underwent colonoscopy for various reasons in the Department for Upper and Lower Endoscopy of Witting Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania.

Results. Of the 2,000 patients examined during 2009 - 2017, 594 tumor formations were detected; 148 (24.9%) patients had colorectal malignancies, and 446 (75%) polypoid formations in 313 patients who had one or more colon polyps were found ...


Integrating Art And Narrative To Enhance Quality Of Life In Palliative Care, Jennifer Fortuna Oct 2018

Integrating Art And Narrative To Enhance Quality Of Life In Palliative Care, Jennifer Fortuna

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Lacie Lee Wallace, a mixed-media artist from Wheeling, West Virginia, is featured on the cover of the Fall 2018 issue of The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy (OJOT). The photograph depicts Lacie holding a self-portrait painted by artist CeCey Rose. Lacie’s physical appearance in the photograph is strikingly different from the physical appearance of the woman featured in the painting. The portrait was created 4 years before Lacie was diagnosed with advanced stage colon cancer. In the year following the diagnosis, Lacie lost nearly 100 lbs. as a result of an aggressive treatment regimen. When the palliative care team ...


Treatment-Related Decisional Conflict, Quality Of Life, And Comorbidity In Older Adults With Cancer., Jeannette M. Kates Oct 2018

Treatment-Related Decisional Conflict, Quality Of Life, And Comorbidity In Older Adults With Cancer., Jeannette M. Kates

College of Nursing Faculty Papers & Presentations

Objective: The present study aims to examine the relationships between and among cancer treatment-related decisional conflict, quality of life, and comorbidity in older adults with cancer.

Methods: A convenience sample of 200 older adults was recruited from outpatient medical oncology and radiation oncology practices in the northeastern United States. A cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study design was used employing a survey method. Survey instruments included the Decisional Conflict scale (DCS) (with five subscales, including informed, values clarity, support, uncertainty, and effective decision); Self-administered comorbidity questionnaire (SCQ); European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (including five function ...


The Implementation Process For Pharmacogenomic Testing For Cancer-Targeted Therapies, Ann Chen Wu, Kathleen M. Mazor, Rachel Ceccarelli, Stephanie Loomer, Christine Y. Lu Oct 2018

The Implementation Process For Pharmacogenomic Testing For Cancer-Targeted Therapies, Ann Chen Wu, Kathleen M. Mazor, Rachel Ceccarelli, Stephanie Loomer, Christine Y. Lu

Open Access Articles

Recent advances in genomic medicine have led to the availability of genomic tests that have the potential to improve population health, yet the process for obtaining these tests and getting them reimbursed by insurers has not been described. The objective of this study was to describe the process of ordering pharmacogenomic tests by interviewing providers, patients, and laboratories about cancer-related pharmacogenomic tests. We interviewed patients who were prescribed, providers who prescribed medications that should be guided by pharmacogenomic testing, and individuals from diagnostic laboratories. A total of 10 providers, 16 patients, and eight diagnostic laboratories described logistical and insurance issues ...