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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Relationship Of Age, Ethnicity, Parity, And Awareness Of The Midwife’S Role In Selection Of Pregnancy Care Provider In Childbearing Age Women, Marquida Morgan Mar 2019

The Relationship Of Age, Ethnicity, Parity, And Awareness Of The Midwife’S Role In Selection Of Pregnancy Care Provider In Childbearing Age Women, Marquida Morgan

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Birthing centers inside hospitals may offer women the choice of a pregnancy care provider. Mothers can choose either a physician or a midwife. The rise of birthing centers is parallel to the rise in the demand for midwives. It is essential for the continuous growth of midwives to examine the maternal selection process of pregnancy care providers.

Objectives: The object of the descriptive survey study was examining age, ethnicity, parity, and the awareness of the midwife’s role influence on a woman’s selection of pregnancy care provider. This information would provide midwives with a framework to understand ...


A Comparison Of Student Pharmacist Clinical Interventions During An Internal Medicine Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (Appe) In A High-Income Versus Low-Income Setting, Ellen Schellhase, Monica Miller, Shelby Wilkinson, Rakhi Karwa Dec 2018

A Comparison Of Student Pharmacist Clinical Interventions During An Internal Medicine Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (Appe) In A High-Income Versus Low-Income Setting, Ellen Schellhase, Monica Miller, Shelby Wilkinson, Rakhi Karwa

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening & Scholarship

Objectives: Compare and contrast the number and type of interventions made by student pharmacists who participated in an adult internal medicine APPE in the US to an internal medicine APPE in Kenya.

Methods: A US-based faculty-led, four-week internal medicine APPE with interprofessional team rounding that provides care for underserved patients in an urban setting and hosts 16 students annually was compared to a faculty-led, eight-week internal medicine APPE in Kenya that hosts on average 24 students annually. Starting May 2017 – January 2018 a standard clinical intervention collection form was used by all students on these two APPEs starting the first ...


Assessment Of Intercultural Learning Within An Interdisciplinary Empathy Course Within An Honors College, Ellen Schellhase, Monica Miller Dec 2018

Assessment Of Intercultural Learning Within An Interdisciplinary Empathy Course Within An Honors College, Ellen Schellhase, Monica Miller

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening & Scholarship

Objective: The objective was to assess the intercultural learning of students enrolled in an interdisciplinary, active learning course with a focus on empathy and healthcare within an Honors College.

Methods:

This 2-credit course met twice weekly for active-learning session for 16 weeks. Topics covered included cultural dimensions, mindfulness, learning styles and four intercultural core competencies. Assignments included an intercultural development plan, on-line discussion board reflections for three required service-learning activities and completion of a Cultural Competence Badge. Students assessed their empathy using several different scales and completed the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) assessment at the beginning and end of the ...


Construction And Nursing Students, Building A Playground For Bauer Family Services, Daphene Koch, Mary Erin Hoying, Deborah A. Spoerner, Rebecca C. Johnson, Abby Berg Dec 2018

Construction And Nursing Students, Building A Playground For Bauer Family Services, Daphene Koch, Mary Erin Hoying, Deborah A. Spoerner, Rebecca C. Johnson, Abby Berg

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening & Scholarship

Poster Session


Effects Of Naltrexone On Alcohol And Nicotine Use In Female P Rats, Usman Z. Hamid, Michael T. Bardo Ph.D. Nov 2018

Effects Of Naltrexone On Alcohol And Nicotine Use In Female P Rats, Usman Z. Hamid, Michael T. Bardo Ph.D.

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Title: Effects of Naltrexone on Alcohol and Nicotine Use in Female P Rats

Author: Usman Z. Hamid, Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky

Faculty Mentor: Michael T. Bardo, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky

Alcohol is the most commonly abused substance worldwide. It is often co-abused with nicotine, which increases the difficulty of cessation of both alcohol and nicotine. Despite having similar mechanisms of action, there is no single medication to treat the co-abuse. The objective of the current study is to analyze the effects of the opiate antagonist naltrexone on alcohol consumption and the co-use of alcohol ...


A Comparison Of Prescriber-Based Opioid Addiction Prevention Strategies: An Integrative Literature Review, Lida Ann Schenkier Nov 2018

A Comparison Of Prescriber-Based Opioid Addiction Prevention Strategies: An Integrative Literature Review, Lida Ann Schenkier

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Opioid addiction causes many preventable deaths across the United States. Many recommendations to prevent opioid addiction have been made, however, many recommendations have not been fully evaluated for efficacy. This has led to a gap in knowledge for providers and healthcare systems to make informed decisions on how to reduce opioid addiction.

Objectives: This study explores different prescriber-based opioid prevention strategies, providing an analysis and ranking for the strategies that most effectively reduce opioid abuse and exposure. Additionally, the analysis provides recommendations for future research.

Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted to investigate three opioid abuse prevention strategies ...


Complementary And Alternative Therapies For Military Veterans In The Management Of Chronic Pain And Ptsd: An Integrative Literature Review, Gintare Cepukaite, Amanda Munday Nov 2018

Complementary And Alternative Therapies For Military Veterans In The Management Of Chronic Pain And Ptsd: An Integrative Literature Review, Gintare Cepukaite, Amanda Munday

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: A large percentage of veterans and military personal are living with the reality of chronic pain from war-related injuries both mental (PTSD) and physical (neuropathic pain or amputations). Research is being performed to evaluate integrative and alternative medicine to be a part of the interdisciplinary care in the management of chronic pain and PTSD.

Objectives: The objective of this integrative literature will be to analyze research regarding whether complementary and alternative therapies is an effective management for chronic pain and PTSD.

Methods: This integrative literature review will use a matrix method to evaluate the data and compare the ...


Community Doula Services For Low-Income Population And Its Correlation To Hospital Re-Admissions Of Newborns, Eva Perez Nov 2018

Community Doula Services For Low-Income Population And Its Correlation To Hospital Re-Admissions Of Newborns, Eva Perez

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

This integrative literature review seeks to identify a correlation between an expectant mothers’ lack of familial support and lower socioeconomic status and their newborn baby’s hospital admission(s). Various journals and research studies demonstrate that when mothers have added support from community doulas, both mother and baby tend to have a more positive experience. Participants in the different studies included minority women under the age of 21 and women of lower socioeconomic status. A study conducted in rural Nepal showed that the mortality for newborn babies, specifically those with low birth weight (LBW) had sharply declined when they ...


Multisensor Non-Invasive Telemonitoring System For Prediction Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbation: Trial Design, Louis Kananowicz, Karen Larimer Phd, Acnp-Bc, Faha Nov 2018

Multisensor Non-Invasive Telemonitoring System For Prediction Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbation: Trial Design, Louis Kananowicz, Karen Larimer Phd, Acnp-Bc, Faha

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a debilitating lung disease. COPD is typically managed through pharmacological therapies however nonpharmacological therapies such as pulmonary rehabilitation can be added for treatment. Measuring a patient’s progress in a pulmonary rehabilitation program relies on pulmonary function tests, exercise testing, and patient reported outcomes. There is no gold standard for monitoring progress with the patient in pulmonary rehabilitation and no biomarkers are established to indicate responsiveness to treatment.

Objective: Primary objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical utility of the accelerateIQ system in the management of patients in a pulmonary ...


Populations At Risk For Cervical Cancer, Danielle Dodd, Chantal Boyd Nov 2018

Populations At Risk For Cervical Cancer, Danielle Dodd, Chantal Boyd

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

This integrative literature review discusses the possible negative effects of the current cervical cancer screening guidelines enforced by the U.S. Preventative Task Force. Potential negative effects of guidelines are examined to determine the need for a more personalized approach in future cervical cancer screening guidelines. The purpose of this integrated literature review is to identify women at greater risk for developing breast cancer and their need to have more frequent screenings. The U.S. Preventative Task Force currently only requires frequent cervical cancer screenings in women who are immunocompromised, due to diseases such as HIV, or women who ...


The Effect Of Workplace Violence On Inpatient Psychiatric Nursing: An Integrative Literature Review, Elizabeth Lubinski, Jessica Kolber Nov 2018

The Effect Of Workplace Violence On Inpatient Psychiatric Nursing: An Integrative Literature Review, Elizabeth Lubinski, Jessica Kolber

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Psychiatric nurses are at an increased risk for experiencing violence while working in an inpatient psychiatric unit, which may result in emotional distress and mental trauma for the nurse, potentially leading to impaired functioning and compromised patient care.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to explore the effect of violence on inpatient psychiatric nursing and the psychiatric nurse’s response to experiencing violence. The impact of violence on the nurse’s ability to take care of the psychiatric patient will also be addressed.

Method: An integrated literature review using the updated Whittemore and Knafl (2005 ...


Needs Assessment For Palliative Care In Pediatric Oncology: An Integrative Literature Review, Tabitha Negrete Nov 2018

Needs Assessment For Palliative Care In Pediatric Oncology: An Integrative Literature Review, Tabitha Negrete

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Cancer is the leading cause of non-accidental death in childhood. Cancer is the primary disease for which pediatric palliative care services are utilized worldwide. Improvement in pediatric palliative care has been identified as an ongoing research priority. There are still significant gaps in current knowledge of pediatric palliative care because education has not been integrated into curriculum and clinical experiences.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review aims to provide a comprehensive review of current research about the need of nursing education on palliative care for long-term care in pediatric oncology.

Methods: This integrative literature review focused ...


Arts-Inclusive Education In Nursing Schools, Michelle Murtaugh Nov 2018

Arts-Inclusive Education In Nursing Schools, Michelle Murtaugh

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Arts-Inclusive Education in Nursing Schools: An Integrative Literature Review

Michelle Murtaugh, DePaul University

Category: Research Abstract

Background: Nursing educators have long recognized and championed the value of art within a professional nursing science curriculum, yet many nursing programs exclude the study of the arts. Research suggests that an arts-inclusive nursing curriculum not only enhances student learning, communication, self-efficacy, and clinical confidence, but also positively impacts patient outcomes. To address this gap between what is needed and what is currently offered, some schools are collaborating with art museums to offer arts-based courses in nursing sciences, designed to enhance students’ competency and ...


Scarring And The Psychosocial Impact On Surgical Patients: A Review Of Questionnaires, Shandra Melick Nov 2018

Scarring And The Psychosocial Impact On Surgical Patients: A Review Of Questionnaires, Shandra Melick

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Scarring and the Psychosocial Impact on Surgical Patients:

Integrative Literature Review

Abstract

Background: Skin scars have the potential to impact patients in a variety of ways which can include impaired psychological, physical, social, and emotional well-being. Beginning in the 1990s, guidelines were created for patient-reported outcomes (PRO) to measure these patient specific concepts of scarring. but guidelines require refinement.

Objectives: The primary objective was to examine validated instruments to measure the psychosocial impact of surgical patients in relation to their acquired scar.

Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted to analyze results and findings of different validated instruments to measure ...


The Efficacy Of Cold Therapy As An Alternative Pain Relief Method For Postpartum Discomfort: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Laleh Afshar Nov 2018

The Efficacy Of Cold Therapy As An Alternative Pain Relief Method For Postpartum Discomfort: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Laleh Afshar

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

The Efficacy of Cold Therapy as an Alternative Pain Relief Method for Postpartum Discomfort:

An Integrative Review of the Literature

Laleh Afshar, MS

Alison DiValerio, MS, RN

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of perineal trauma has been well documented worldwide and is associated with acute and chronic perineal pain in postpartum women. Consequently, perineal pain has been shown to contribute to maternal morbidity. Review of literature suggests that addressing postpartum perineal pain utilizing holistical and various modalities as such may decrease the associated morbidity.

Objectives: Determine the efficacy of cold therapy as an alternative pain relief method for mothers in the ...


Women’S Barriers To Use Of Midwives During Birth: An Integrative Literature Review, Chelsea Petersen Nov 2018

Women’S Barriers To Use Of Midwives During Birth: An Integrative Literature Review, Chelsea Petersen

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Wic Professionals’ Adaptations In Clinical Practice To Better Assess And Address Household Food Insecurity In Participating Families, Kristal Kim Nov 2018

Wic Professionals’ Adaptations In Clinical Practice To Better Assess And Address Household Food Insecurity In Participating Families, Kristal Kim

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: While research on Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) participation and proximal health indicators has been considerable, literature on best practices for assessing and addressing household food insecurity in public health clinics remains limited. The purpose of this study was to examine WIC professionals’ knowledge and perspectives of household food insecurity among WIC program participants.

Method: During January 2018, we conducted four focus groups utilizing a semi-structured interview guide with public health staff (N = 24) across four public health districts in Midwestern counties. WIC staff included social workers, nurses, nutritionists and ancillary staff. All ...


Plant Based Diets Ability To Prevent Or Reverse Cardio-Metabolic Diseases, Alyssa Pollina Nov 2018

Plant Based Diets Ability To Prevent Or Reverse Cardio-Metabolic Diseases, Alyssa Pollina

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Predictors Of Success In Transition To Practice On New Graduate Registered Nurses In Critical Care Settings: An Integrative Literature Review, Shekinah Akut Nov 2018

Predictors Of Success In Transition To Practice On New Graduate Registered Nurses In Critical Care Settings: An Integrative Literature Review, Shekinah Akut

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: The ongoing nursing shortage forced hospitals to employ new graduate nurses in specialty care areas including critical care. Transition to practice programs were implemented to effectively aid new graduate nurses as they enter the practice, as well as improve their competency and retention. While these programs have been successful in accomplishing its purpose, there is a lack of knowledge of the different factors that influence their effectiveness.

Objectives: To identify the predictors of success of transition to practice programs on new graduates nurses in critical care, and to examine the relationship between those factors and new graduate nurses’ competency ...


The Role Of Antenatal Physical Activity In Preventing Postpartum Depression, Elayna Muncy Nov 2018

The Role Of Antenatal Physical Activity In Preventing Postpartum Depression, Elayna Muncy

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a debilitating and potentially dangerous illness that women face. Though there are several methods of treatment of PPD, there are currently no clinical recommendations for preventative measures that can be taken. Physical activity has been shown to prevent depression, however there is a lack of consistent evidence regarding the efficacy of physical activity in preventing postpartum depression.

Objectives: The goal of this literature review is to determine the effects of antenatal physical activity interventions in preventing postpartum depression.

Methods: This integrative literature review will search for interventional studies in CINAHL, PubMed, PsychInfo, and ProQuest. Data ...


Meditation At The Bedside: An Integrative Literature Review, Aaron Newfield Nov 2018

Meditation At The Bedside: An Integrative Literature Review, Aaron Newfield

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: In the hospital setting, several forms of meditation have been shown to elicit the relaxation response and improve patient outcomes.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review is to identify which forms of meditation both elicit the relaxation response and will function smoothly in a hospital environment. This information will provide nurses and other healthcare workers with a set of tools that can be used in day-to-day scenarios to decrease stress and improve health outcomes.

Method: An integrative literature review was used. The search engines PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were used to find articles. 9 articles that met criteria ...


The Effects Of Family Support Within The Long-Term Care Facility: An Integrative Literature Review, Mia Delesdernier Nov 2018

The Effects Of Family Support Within The Long-Term Care Facility: An Integrative Literature Review, Mia Delesdernier

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: As people age they might require more care, and this care can become more difficult; the family can only take on this burden for so long. It is common for a family to move their loved one into a long-term care facility. Many of these facilities are moving towards a family-centered model for patient care.

Objective: The purpose of this literature review was to determine the effects of a family-centered model within long-term care facilities, to determine if these effects were positive or negative, and to discover changes that can be made to this model in order to generate ...


Reducing The Incidence Of Cervical Cancer In Somali Immigrant Women Through Culturally Competent Education And Health Screenings, Salma Bile Nov 2018

Reducing The Incidence Of Cervical Cancer In Somali Immigrant Women Through Culturally Competent Education And Health Screenings, Salma Bile

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: The rate of participation in cervical cancer screenings in Somali women is disproportionately lower than for other ethnicities, leaving this population at risk for an increased incidence of cervical cancer. Previous literature has addressed the barriers to cervical cancer screenings however; research on the promotion of culturally based screenings and how such impacts health care outcomes in Somali women does not exist.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of culturally based education and screenings on the prevention and early detection of cervical cancer in Somali immigrant women and to determine the contribution of ...


Outcomes Of Bariatric Surgery Prior To Knee Replacement Arthroplasty In Obese Patients: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Karissa Imperl Nov 2018

Outcomes Of Bariatric Surgery Prior To Knee Replacement Arthroplasty In Obese Patients: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Karissa Imperl

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Review of literature reveals that many obese patients who are requiring total knee replacement do not lose appropriate weight prior to the procedure, which impairs the healing process. Even though bariatric surgery is often a last-resort option for some patients; those that undergo the procedure could experience better outcomes post-knee replacement.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review was to identify contributing risk factors of obese patients that elect bariatric surgery prior to total knee replacement. Lastly, to evaluate the effectiveness of this route of weight loss prior to the arthroplasty procedure.

Method: A computerized search of ...


Addressing Standards Of Practice For Screening Youth For Onset Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Nancy Garrett Nov 2018

Addressing Standards Of Practice For Screening Youth For Onset Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Nancy Garrett

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Addressing Standards of Practice for Screening Youth for Onset of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Review of the Literature

Nancy Garrett, MS

Faculty Sponsor: Alison DiValerio, MS, RN

Abstract

Background:Accompanying the epidemic of childhood obesity over the past few decades is the rapidly growing incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and prediabetes among the pediatric population. While expansive knowledge exists on diagnosing type 2 diabetes among adults, less is known regarding effective diagnosis of the disease in youth.

Objectives:To explore what standards of practice exist in screening pediatric patients for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods:An ...


Use Of Dietary Interventions To Manage Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain In The Adult Population, Andrea Ohmer Nov 2018

Use Of Dietary Interventions To Manage Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain In The Adult Population, Andrea Ohmer

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Use of Dietary Interventions to Manage Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain in the Adult Population

An Integrative Review of Literature

Andrea Ohmer, MS

Advisor: Dr. Elizabeth Hartman, RN

Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease affecting the joints, often leading to pain, permanent tissue damage, and joint deformity. Current conventional medicine can only slow the disease process, which has caused some people to seek alternative therapies, including dietary modification, in the treatment and management of RA symptoms.

Objective: The purpose of this integrative literature review was to identify if dietary interventions can be used as adjunct therapy in ...


Utilizing Phototherapy For Wound Healing In Nursing Practice: An Integrative Literature Review, Desiree Donovan Nov 2018

Utilizing Phototherapy For Wound Healing In Nursing Practice: An Integrative Literature Review, Desiree Donovan

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Foot ulcers are a major concern in diabetic patients with an estimated 25% of this population developing diabetic neuropathy. The current treatments do not directly address reestablishing the integrity of the microvascular circulation which would decrease wound healing time and the expense of wound care.

Objectives: To examine the possible benefits of utilizing phototherapy as an adjunct treatment to improve diabetic wound outcomes in nursing practice.

Methods: Three data bases were searched: CINAHL Complete, PubMed, and Health Source Nursing and Academic Edition. The search terms were as follows: light therapy, wound healing, low level light therapy, and diabetic patients ...


First Trimester Screening For Preeclampsia And Prevention With Aspirin Prophylaxis, Kathryn Starzyk Nov 2018

First Trimester Screening For Preeclampsia And Prevention With Aspirin Prophylaxis, Kathryn Starzyk

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy affecting multiple organ systems complicating 2-8% of pregnancies. It is defined as new-onset hypertension and proteinuria, or hypertension and significant end-organ dysfunction, typically presenting after 20 weeks of gestation. It is caused by placental and maternal vascular dysfunction and resolves with delivery of the fetus. Maternal and fetal/placental factors have been studied for their ability to aid in the early detection of preeclampsia.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review was to determine if early screening and detection of preeclampsia would allow for appropriate clinical management and pharmacological prophylaxis interventions ...


Impact Of Trauma Center Quality And Geographical Location On Patient Mortality Rates, Bobbie Woods Nov 2018

Impact Of Trauma Center Quality And Geographical Location On Patient Mortality Rates, Bobbie Woods

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Impact of Trauma Center Quality and Geographical Location on Patient Mortality Rates

An Integrative Literature Review

Bobbie Woods, MS

Advisor: Dr. Elizabeth Hartman, PhD, RN

Background: The geographic distribution affecting availability of care, in addition to the quality of trauma care centers significantly impacts patient stabilization and mortality resulting in higher rates of negative patient outcomes.

Objective: The purpose of this literature review is to analyze the impact of trauma systems on morbidity and mortality among populations who are geographically isolated or lack adequate resources to receive quality care, and to also make apparent a need for a more practical ...


Examining Delayed Onset Of Dementia In The Bilingual Geriatric Population, Erica Brown, Elizabeth Hartman Nov 2018

Examining Delayed Onset Of Dementia In The Bilingual Geriatric Population, Erica Brown, Elizabeth Hartman

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Dementia is the largest cause of dependency and disability in older adults, affecting nearly 50 million people worldwide with about 10 million new cases every year. Presently, there are no cures for dementia. Consequently, a growing body of evidence suggests that bilingualism may delay the onset of clinical dementia symptoms by several years.

Objectives: The purpose of this review is to summarize and analyze current evidence from studies that examined how bilingualism delays the onset of dementia. Evidence is reviewed suggesting that bilingualism may delay the dementia symptoms due to an increase in cognitive reserve, which refers to an ...