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妻(Tsuma) Is Not 奥さん (Okusan) Hidden Figures In Japan: Japanese Housewives, Xingyuan Zhang 2024 Trinity College

妻(Tsuma) Is Not 奥さん (Okusan) Hidden Figures In Japan: Japanese Housewives, Xingyuan Zhang

Senior Theses and Projects

In spoken Japanese, a husband will use妻 (tsuma) to refer to his own wife and use奥さん (okusan) to refer to the wife of another. The kanji for奥 (oku) means “deep inside” with 奥さん (okusan) carrying the literal meaning of “someone who is deeply hiding inside of the house”. Thus, this term illustrates the expectations for the wife to remain hidden deeply inside of the house, revealing how Japanese housewives are hidden figures in Japan.

The thesis shows the social situations of Japanese women and analyzes the pressures that lead Japanese women to become to housewives. The popular Japanese TV show …


Visibility In The Redacted Space: What Censored Poetry Reveals About Guantanamo Bay Prison And The Individuals Trapped Inside, Chase Portaro 2024 Ursinus College

Visibility In The Redacted Space: What Censored Poetry Reveals About Guantanamo Bay Prison And The Individuals Trapped Inside, Chase Portaro

English Capstone Projects

This paper discusses what readers can understand about Guantanamo Bay and the larger setting of America's Islamophobic "War on Terror" through the poetry of individuals detained inside of Guantanamo Bay Military Prison. In 2002, Mark Falkoff, with the help of a team of lawyers, translators, and human rights advocates published a collection of twenty-two detainee-authored poems, titled Poems from Guantanamo: The Detainees Speak. This paper discusses the emerging neo-colonial subjectivity of America's War on Terror, as it analyzes the available writings of Guantanamo poets. The new language of subjectivity of victims of contemporary American empire is defined by suppression, as …


Al-Madina In Ghada Al-Samman's Novel "Beirut 75": Crossing Over To Death, لينداء عبيد 2024 أستاذ مساعد /قسم اللغة العربية / جامعة اليرموك

Al-Madina In Ghada Al-Samman's Novel "Beirut 75": Crossing Over To Death, لينداء عبيد

Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات

The city was formed in the fictional achievements of various approaches that affect the drawing of characters, moving events, suggesting space and time spaces, methods of description and narration, and the various rules of narrative construction. The novel was a mirror of the city in its level of formation of reality, and in its level of displacement from it. The research deals with the spatial space of Beirut in Ghada Al-Samman's novel "Beirut 75" as a description

A fictional space loaded with expressive connotations, and its narrative details are interwoven with the psychological insides of the characters. As the spatial …


The Dramatic Scene In The Poetry Of Nizar Qabbani, أماني ربيع, أروى ربيع 2024 أستاذ مساعد / جامعة جرش

The Dramatic Scene In The Poetry Of Nizar Qabbani, أماني ربيع, أروى ربيع

Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات

The present study deals with discussing those dramatic aspects that can be monitored in Nizar Qabbani's poetry, and shows the modern critical impact on those scenes that appear in Nizar Qabbani's poems. It also deals with the narrative mechanisms that Nizar Qabbani benefited from in the formation of the dramatic scene.Based on this idea, the study consists of a set of axes: the first axis deals with a presentation of the basic concepts: scene, drama, poetry, and Nizar Qabbani's ingenuity in drafting the scene. The second axis: drama and poetry, and it shows the elements of linking between drama as …


Critical Comments Of Mahmoud Shakir On The First Class Of Islamists, محمود الزهيري 2024 أستاذ مشارك/ قسم اللغة العربية وآدابها جامعة العلوم الإسلامية العالمية

Critical Comments Of Mahmoud Shakir On The First Class Of Islamists, محمود الزهيري

Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات

The footnotes of Mahmoud Shakir formed a large part of the book At-Tabaqaat (Classes), which contains visible critical and scientific signs. However, these signs have not been studied in spite of their significance and position among scholars for creating the method of appreciation and reading. The study aims at exploring them and highlighting Shakir's role as a critic, who has his own approach. The study also discusses what is more than the text and what errors or response can be corrected, including the increase, language correction, control of names and events, as well as language dictionaries. In addition, the study …


The Manifestations Of Alienation In Ali Taha Al-Nubani’S Poetry, يوسف حمدان, سهيل الفتياني 2024 قسم اللغة العربيّة وآدابها/الجامعة الأردنيّة

The Manifestations Of Alienation In Ali Taha Al-Nubani’S Poetry, يوسف حمدان, سهيل الفتياني

Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات

This study aims at exploring the manifestations of alienation in the poetry of the Jordanian poet Ali Taha Al-Nubani. His poetic experience seems to be entrenched in the sense of alienation, from which he can be released. This alienation appears in his poetry in various forms, most prominent include social, political, and spiritual alienations. Additionally, alienation in his poetry appears through lack of human affiliation, the sense of dependency and thingness, on both the individual and collective levels. Accordingly, the human being becomes unable to act electively and to make his options freely. In his poetry, many factors impact his …


Insights Into The Relationship Between International And National Literature: Ahmed Shawky's Poetry As A Model, علي المومني 2024 أستاذ مشارك في اللغة العربية جامعة جرش/ / كلية الآداب/ قسم اللغة العربية

Insights Into The Relationship Between International And National Literature: Ahmed Shawky's Poetry As A Model, علي المومني

Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات

This research consists of an introduction, two chapters, and a conclusion. The introduction dealt with the importance of national literature and its role in illuminating the paths of generations to achieve freedom, and inspires hope in the hearts of those seeking to achieve it. The research also aimed to establish new concepts associated with the awakening of national consciousness, and there was no fundamental difference between awareness National and nationalist, especially in the shrines of the last century, and therefore the rooting of the concept of national literature in Egypt, from which our poet Ahmed Shawky Qareen descends, was the …


Franz Kaka’S Novel "Metamorphosis" And Tawfiqal Hakim’S Play "The Fate Of A Cockroach" (Parallelism And Similarity Study), Ahmed Al-Aroud 2024 Jerash University, Jordan

Franz Kaka’S Novel "Metamorphosis" And Tawfiqal Hakim’S Play "The Fate Of A Cockroach" (Parallelism And Similarity Study), Ahmed Al-Aroud

Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات

The emphasis of the study is to draw a comparison between franzKafka,s metamorphosis, and Tawfiq al-Hakim's Arabic drama.masirSursar- fate of a Cockrach,to find out how similar the two works are as to the relation with the other episode character and psychological analysis of the major character The study has found after a deep investigation, that a greet similarity in the examined aspect is found between the two works


Political And Social Discourse In The Poetry Of Mahdi Ikwanthaleth, Aref El Zaghoul 2024 Yarmouk University, Jordan

Political And Social Discourse In The Poetry Of Mahdi Ikwanthaleth, Aref El Zaghoul

Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات

The present paper studies and analyses the personality of the distinguished Iranian poet Mehdi AkhawanThalith (1928-1990) one of the modern prominent poets in the modern Persian literature, The paper also analyses samples of his poetic collections. The poems of alnagsh, and winter represent the approach of this poet and his poetic characteristics in the modern Persian poetry his symbolism in covering social and political affairs, and they reflect the Iranian political space in the 1950s and 1960s of the last century. These two decades witnessed very serious events which influenced the literatures of this era. As the subject of this …


Codeswitching In The Egyptian Arabic Movies: How Do Social Variables Trigger Codeswitching?, Randa Hassan 2024 American University in Cairo

Codeswitching In The Egyptian Arabic Movies: How Do Social Variables Trigger Codeswitching?, Randa Hassan

Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

This is a qualitative study designed to examine the growing linguistic practice of codeswitching in a sociolinguistic context. For this purpose, 7 Egyptian Arabic films were purposefully selected to investigate what social variables and contexts can be associated with codeswitching. Data was sampled in 43 experts from the 7 films. The data was analyzed in terms of the social variables of education, social class, identity, stance, and age, within the theoretical framework of the critical discourse analysis, the accommodation theory, and the social arena theory. Although the study started with these social variables in mind, data analysis revealed two …


Segmental Error Gravity In L2 Arabic Speech Comprehensibility And Accentedness: L1 Consonant Age Of Acquisition As A Predictor, Mark Papai 2024 American University in Cairo

Segmental Error Gravity In L2 Arabic Speech Comprehensibility And Accentedness: L1 Consonant Age Of Acquisition As A Predictor, Mark Papai

Theses and Dissertations

Second language (L2) pronunciation studies have found that the intelligibility (i.e., listeners’ actual understanding) of L2 speech is most closely related to its comprehensibility (i.e., listeners' ease of understanding) rather than to its overall nativelike pronunciation. The segmental errors that are most detrimental to communication are predicted by phoneme Functional Load (FL): mispronouncing high FL segments affects speech comprehensibility more negatively than mispronouncing low FL ones. However, no data are available on the FL hierarchy of Arabic segments. On the other hand, FL correlates highly with consonant age of acquisition (CAoA) in languages that rely heavily on consonants to contrast …


Students' Perceptions Of Non-Native Arabic And Native Arabic Teachers, Mohamed Firgany 2024 American University in Cairo

Students' Perceptions Of Non-Native Arabic And Native Arabic Teachers, Mohamed Firgany

Theses and Dissertations

Educators teach Millions of Arabic language learners worldwide, most of whom are not native speakers. Despite their efforts in teaching, developing educational materials, and significant contributions to scientific research, there is a lack of research on them within the context of the Arabic language.

In this project, I explore students' perceptions of teaching practices for native-speaker teachers (NSTs) and non-native-speaker teachers (NNSTs), along with the advantages and disadvantages associated with each. Additionally, I aim to understand the impact of certain variables such as gender, age, nationality, language proficiency, and the purpose of studying on these perceptions.

Through 173 survey responses …


Lost & Found (Game Series) [Book Chapter], Owen Gottlieb 2024 Rochester Institute of Technology

Lost & Found (Game Series) [Book Chapter], Owen Gottlieb

Articles

Description of game series for use in the classroom with best practices.


Unfolding Remembrance: Folding Islamic Principles Into Pondering Machines, Hind Al Saad Al-Kuwari 2024 VCUArts Qatar

Unfolding Remembrance: Folding Islamic Principles Into Pondering Machines, Hind Al Saad Al-Kuwari

Theses and Dissertations

Principles of early Islamic art can be surveyed as a precursor to Western computational art. Though produced in different historical and cultural contexts, Islamic art and computational art are connected by underlying structures—arithmetic, harmony, and the concept of the Infinite.

Islamic developments in knowledge, like algebra, contributed to mathematics and mechanics—the building blocks of contemporary technology. Returning to Islam’s traditional harmony between religion and science, my creative practice constructs machines as an act of worship (ʿibadah), folding Islamic principles into the medium of computation.

Selected verses from the Quran are used as the core of each automaton (self-operating machine). Their …


The Effect Of Interpretation Context In Community Communication, abid fathurrahman arief, Abdul Muta’ali 2023 school of strategic and global science, university of indonesia

The Effect Of Interpretation Context In Community Communication, Abid Fathurrahman Arief, Abdul Muta’Ali

Journal Of Middle East and Islamic Studies

Today’s, general of Muslim community only recognizes one type of recitation method of the Qur'an, specifically riwayat Hafsh 'an Ashim min Tariq Syathibiyah. This recitation became an international standard among qiraat scholars, students, and the general of Muslims. Qiraat sciences collect the principles of different recitation of the Qur'an which are attributed to qiraat scholars (a'immah al-qira'at). Based from Abul Fadhl Ar-Razi's theory about the meaning of Sab'atu Ahruf, the different recitations of the Qur'an (Ikhtilaf al-Qira'ah) have several criteria, including: Differences in nouns (Isim), verbs (Fi'il), cases ( I'rab), adding and subtracting words (Ziyadah wa Naqishah), prioritizing and ending …


The Methods Of Demand Construction In The Poetry Of Ibn Mujbar Al Andalusi's: Semantic Rhetoric Study, Omar Al-Kafawain 2023 Department of Arabic Language and Literature, College of Arts, Philadelphia University, Jordan

The Methods Of Demand Construction In The Poetry Of Ibn Mujbar Al Andalusi's: Semantic Rhetoric Study, Omar Al-Kafawain

An-Najah University Journal for Research - B (Humanities)

The study discusses the methods of demand construction in Ibn Mujber AL-Andalusi's poetry, and aimed to monitor what he used from it, to highlight its rhetorical connotations, to link it to the semantics and meanings of the texts, and to show the extent of its consistency with them, and to show their role in the building of texts objectively and artistically,Through an applied procedural study, it is based on analyzing and linking each method and its context, and not just monitoring it, using descriptive method integrated with the artistic curriculum; For their role in highlighting the functions of …


From Periphery To Center: Re-Presenting Black And Afro-Arab Characters In Contemporary Arabic Literature, Samer Ahmad Mayyas 2023 University of Arkansas-Fayetteville

From Periphery To Center: Re-Presenting Black And Afro-Arab Characters In Contemporary Arabic Literature, Samer Ahmad Mayyas

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Black Arabs and Afro-Arabs tend not to be centered in Arabic discourse, especially modern Arabic literature, and Black people of other ethnicities are marginalized, as if Black peoples and Afro-Arabs were not part of the history and present-day of the Arabic-speaking world. I explore in this dissertation project the representations and experiences of Black and Afro-Arabs in contemporary Arabic fictional narratives. I argue that the contemporary literary era sees a shift in re-presenting Black peoples and Afro-Arabs in the Arabic fictional discourse. By moving Black and Afro-Arab characters from periphery to center, contemporary Arab writers challenge and disrupt, in an …


The Impact Of The First Language Transfer On English Language Syntax For Arab Esl Students At Private Language Center In Mid-Size University Town, Mohammed A. S. Abdalhadi 2023 University of Arkansas-Fayetteville

The Impact Of The First Language Transfer On English Language Syntax For Arab Esl Students At Private Language Center In Mid-Size University Town, Mohammed A. S. Abdalhadi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the Impact of the First Language Transfer on English Language Syntax for Arab ESL Students at Private Language Center in Mid-Size University Town. The research population was 12 participants from Spring International Language Center through Intensive English Program and 7 participants from Adult Education center. The writing samples and interview were the main two instruments to analyze the data. I used constructive Analysis (CA), Error Analysis (EA), and coding to analyze the writing samples and the interview. The study focused on the syntax transfer between Arabic L1 and English L2, so Adjective/noun order, Subject/verb order, Number/numbered order, …


Acquisition Of Main-Clause Wh-Questions In Egyptian Arabic-English And Spanish-English Bilingual Children, Riham H. Mohamed 2023 Western University

Acquisition Of Main-Clause Wh-Questions In Egyptian Arabic-English And Spanish-English Bilingual Children, Riham H. Mohamed

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation examines the production and judgment of Egyptian Arabic (henceforth EA) main-clause wh-questions in EA-English bilingual children living in Ontario, Canada, or in the United Kingdom. The three comparison groups are EA monolingual children and EA monolingual adults living in Egypt, and first-generation Egyptian immigrants. The results are compared to previous research on the acquisition of obligatory subject-verb (S-V) inversion in Spanish wh-questions.

The focus of this study is to investigate the potential role of cross-linguistic influence in narrow syntactic structures. Until fairly recently, it was believed that only structures that exhibit syntax-pragmatics interfaces are vulnerable to cross-linguistic influence …


Exploring My Father's Rare Books, Magazines, And Newspapers Collection, Amal Nagah Elbeshbishi 2023 American University in Cairo

Exploring My Father's Rare Books, Magazines, And Newspapers Collection, Amal Nagah Elbeshbishi

Performances, Events, and Presentations

This presentation was delivered at the a workshop under the title "Here be dragons: Navigating newspaper archives in Egypt and the Middle East". It provides background information about the Nagah Elbeshbishi collection which is held at AUC and Bibliotheca Alexandrina.


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