Making Patriots Of Pupils: Colonial Education In Micronesia From 1944-1980, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Making Patriots Of Pupils: Colonial Education In Micronesia From 1944-1980, Julia Taylor
The Forum: Journal of History
This article explores American colonial education in Micronesia from the final months of World War Two to the late 1970s. The primary research question concerns American usage of education to pursue political and military goals, and how this affected multiple dimensions of Indigenous life. Although the dominant narrative at the time blamed Indigenous people for difficulties in implementing American education, the Western values permeating the American consciousness significantly inhibited the possibility of success as Americans defined it. This article details American motivations and efforts to implement an educational system as part of a larger goal of “economic development” and analyzes ...
Full Issue, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
The Forum: Journal of History
No abstract provided.
Puhi In The Tree And Other Stories: Unlocking The Metaphor In Native And Indigenous Hawaiian Storytelling, 2021 University of North Dakota
Puhi In The Tree And Other Stories: Unlocking The Metaphor In Native And Indigenous Hawaiian Storytelling, Renuka M. De Silva, Joshua E. Hunter
The Qualitative Report
Human beings live and tell stories for many reasons, and it is a way to not only understand one another but to give a time and place to events and experiences. Therefore, a narrational approach within the context of this research offers a frame of reference and a way to reflect during the entire process of gathering data and writing. This study examines the importance of storytelling among Native (Kānaka ‘Ōiwi) and Indigenous (Kānaka Maoli) women of Hawai ̒ i and their interconnectedness to land and spirituality through accessing [k]new knowledge. The main focus of this article is to illustrate ...
Refugee Policy In Australia And New Zealand: An Approach For Resettling Environmentally Displaced Persons?, 2021 The University of San Francisco
Refugee Policy In Australia And New Zealand: An Approach For Resettling Environmentally Displaced Persons?, Sedina Sinanovic
An increase in human mobility as a consequence of climate change induced slow-onset environmental degradation and sudden-onset natural disasters is expected to be a defining feature of the 21st century. Inexorably shifting the global migratory landscape, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) approximates that roughly 250 million people will be forcefully displaced due to adverse climate impacts by 2050. While there is no international consensus on appropriately categorizing such people, this thesis refers to them as "environmentally-displaced persons" (EDPs). Since EDPs do not qualify for "refugee" status, they are not afforded access to assistance under the 1951 Convention ...
002 Transcription Notes, 2021 Kutztown
002 Transcription Notes, Bill Donner Dr
Sikaiana Oral Stories
Notes about transcription and translation for the Sikaiana oral and recorded material.
Ñe Juon Enaaj Jeḷā Kōkḷaḷ Eban Peḷọk: Teaching Marshallese Immigrants, 2021 Bowling Green State University
Ñe Juon Enaaj Jeḷā Kōkḷaḷ Eban Peḷọk: Teaching Marshallese Immigrants, Riley Post
Under the Compact of the Free Association (1983) treaties, Marshallese immigrants are free to live and work indefinitely without visas; however, American schools and educators have not been equipped with data and resources that can be used to address the cultural and linguistic diversity of their new neighbors. Therefore, the research question considers which resources and practices can help Marshallese immigrants succeed academically within the American education system. The findings, supplemented by the perspectives of local Marshall Islanders, suggest that educators need increased awareness of important cultural differences and further develop their cultural competency. Language teachers in particular may also ...
Mauna Kea: Where The Cosmos Meet Settler Colonialism, 2021 University of North Florida
Mauna Kea: Where The Cosmos Meet Settler Colonialism, Maria Encinosa
Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)
International Research Symposium Exhibitor and Honorable Mention Abstract:
The proposed construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) on Mauna Kea has sparked protests given the sacredness of the mountain to the Kanaka Maoli (Native Hawaiians). The narratives that have arisen reignite familiar tropes, framing the conflict as one between indigenous religion and scientific progress. I deconstruct these narratives through an analysis of TMT International Observatory (TIO) affiliated websites paired with insights from secondary sources. Ultimately, I argue the TIO’s response and presentation of Ho’Omana Hawai’i religious views and ‘modern’ astronomy as antagonists extend settler-colonialist interests.
3rd Place Contest Entry: Sovereignty, Statehood, And Subjugation: Native Hawaiian And Japanese American Discourse Over Hawaiian Statehood, Nicole Saito
Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize
This is Nicole Saito's submission for the 2021 Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize, which won first place. It contains her essay on using library resources, a three-page sample of her research project on the consequences that Japanese American advocacy for Hawaiian statehood had on Native Hawaiians, and her works cited list.
Nicole is a junior at Chapman University, majoring in Political Science, History, and Economics. Her faculty mentor is Dr. Robert Slayton.
Asian American And Pacific Islander Presidential Fellows Report, 2021 Portland State University
Asian American And Pacific Islander Presidential Fellows Report, Betty T. Izumi, Bree Kalima
OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations
Since the 2010 Census, Oregon’s Asian American population has grown by 42.3% and its Pacific Islander population has grown by 57.3%, making these groups the fastest growing in the state (US Census Bureau, 2019; US Census Bureau, 2020a). In the Portland metropolitan area, these populations experienced a growth of 42.1% and 64.7%, respectively (US Census Bureau, 2019; US Census Bureau, 2020a). Although Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) are often lumped together as a monolith, they differ from each other in ethnicity and also culture, politics, socioeconomic status, language, religion, immigration status, and migration and ...
This Is The Way We Rise, 2021 University of Nebraska at Omaha
This Is The Way We Rise, Michele M. Desmarais
Journal of Religion & Film
This is a review of the short film, This Is the Way We Rise (2019), directed by Ciara Lacy.
01 Traditional Songs Introduction, 2021 Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
01 Traditional Songs Introduction, William Donner
Sikaiana Traditional Songs
This is an introduction to Sikaiana songs. It includes a discussion of the social cultural context of song composition and singing. There is a discussion of the different features of song production and a list of different song genres. Most of the discussion is concerned with traditional song expression that are part of derived form changes associated with colonialism and modernization.
The Past As "Ahead": A Circular History Of Modern Chamorro Activism, 2021 Claremont Colleges
The Past As "Ahead": A Circular History Of Modern Chamorro Activism, Gabby Lupola
Pomona Senior Theses
This is not a traditional thesis of the Pomona College History Department. Spanning over a century from start to finish, this work tracks the history of Guam’s political status from 1898 to 2021. To support such a lengthy timeline, snapshots of key events and trends are recounted each chapter. Chapter 1 focuses on the Spanish-American War and the local struggle for acting governorship. Chapter 2 documents the impact of World War II, the Organic Act of Guam, modernization and early Chamorro activism on island. Chapter 3 depicts the evolution of late 20th century Chamorro activism through a model ...
An Awakening Of The Hawaiian Way Of Life: Framing Kapu Aloha And The Mauna Kea Controversy, 2020 Western Oregon University
An Awakening Of The Hawaiian Way Of Life: Framing Kapu Aloha And The Mauna Kea Controversy, Kyleigh Manuel-Sagon
This essay undertakes a framing and melodramatic analysis of the media coverage of Mauna Kea and the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT). The kiaʻi, known as protestors in the media, have prevailed through the attempts to resume the construction of this large telescope. More specifically, framing of the news media contextualizes the TMT controversy. The framing features selectivity and partiality in the news articles, mainly excluding the Native Hawaiian voice. Then, the melodramatic rhetoric elucidates a frame unique to the Hawaiian people also known as their philosophy of kapu aloha demonstrated in their social media accounts. Melodrama functions as the oppositional ...
Embracing Identity And Culture: Hawaiian Rhetoric In Kumu Hina’S “He Inoa Mana (A Powerful Name)”, 2020 Western Oregon University
Embracing Identity And Culture: Hawaiian Rhetoric In Kumu Hina’S “He Inoa Mana (A Powerful Name)”, Kyleigh Manuel-Sagon
The 1960’s marked the Hawaiian Renaissance as kanaka maoli (native Hawaiian people) experienced a growing interest in Hawaiian language, music, traditional navigation, and hula. Today, kanaka continue to resist colonial oppression and work together to establish their identity as a people through staying connected to their traditions. There are many community leaders that kanaka maoli look up to, one of them being Hinaleimoana Wong-Kalu. She is affectionately known as Kumu Hina who is an educator and community activist. The first section recalls her life story including her life growing up and achievements. Then, the essay delves into a TEDtalk ...
Gaining Entrée Into A Micronesian Islander-Based Community Organization Through Culturally Responsive Team Building And Reflection, 2020 Washington State University College of Nursing
Gaining Entrée Into A Micronesian Islander-Based Community Organization Through Culturally Responsive Team Building And Reflection, S. Robert Spence Jr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Shelley Geil, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr.
Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal
Previous researchers reported ethical issues regarding collaborative activities, including needing additional time and financial burden, uncomfortable feelings related with power-sharing, and disempowerment among ethnic minoritized groups. The purpose of this brief article is to describe a critical foundational engagement project approach when gaining entrée into a Micronesian Islander community-based organization to co-develop a culturally relevant main project to improve rates of MI enrollment in early childhood learning (ECL) programs. ECL is an important factor in preventing adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and developing resilience from ACEs. We built a sustainable community-academic partnership through culturally responsive team building and leveraged the collective ...
“We Were Queens.” Listening To K¯Anaka Maoli Perspectives On Historical And On-Going Losses In Hawai’I, 2020 Portland State University
“We Were Queens.” Listening To K¯Anaka Maoli Perspectives On Historical And On-Going Losses In Hawai’I, Antonia R.G. Alvarez, Val. Kanuha, Maxine K.L. Anderson, Cathy Kapua, Kris Bifulco
School of Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations
This study examines a historical trauma theory-informed framework to remember Kānaka Maoli (Native Hawaiian) and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and/or māhū (LGBTQM) experiences of colonization in Hawai`i. Kānaka Maoli people and LGBTQM Kānaka Maoli face health issues disproportionately when compared with racial and ethnic minorities in Hawai’i, and to the United States as a whole. Applying learnings from historical trauma theorists, health risks are examined as social and community-level responses to colonial oppressions. Through the crossover implementation of the Historical Loss Scale (HLS), this study makes connections between historical losses survived by Kānaka Maoli and mental ...
Malay Minorities In The Tenasserim Coast, 2020 Department of South East Asian Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Malay Minorities In The Tenasserim Coast, Ma Tin Cho Mar, Pham Huong Trang
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement
This paper discusses the Malay Minorities of the Malay Minorities in the Tenasserim Coast. And Tanintharyi Division is an administrative region of Myanmar at present. When we look closely at some of the interesting historical facts, we see that this region is “Tanao Si” in Thai, or Tanah Sari in Malay. This region belonged to Tanah Melayu, or Malay Peninsula, which was part of the Sultanate of Kedah. It was occupied first by the Ayutthaya Kingdom and later by Burma. Moken people of the Austronesian-speaking tribes who live on the coast and on the islands of the Andaman Sea up ...
Building Safe Didactic Dialogues For Action Model: Mobilizing Community With Micronesian Islanders, 2020 Washington State University College of Nursing in Vancouver
Building Safe Didactic Dialogues For Action Model: Mobilizing Community With Micronesian Islanders, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Kapiolani Micky, Jennifer I. Nevers
Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal
Background: Despite mandates by the United States (U.S.) government to ensure the inclusion of women and minorities in federally funded research, communities of color continue to participate less frequently than non-Latinx Whites. There is limited research that examines maternal health outcomes and early childhood resources. PI have grown substantially in a county in the Pacific Northwest region of the U.S. (from 4,419 to 9,248, of which 52% are female). About 62.7% of PI women are not accessing prenatal care in the first trimester, and this is substantially higher than the national target of 22.1 ...
The Efficacy Of Political Apology Within A Settler-Colonial Framework, 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia
The Efficacy Of Political Apology Within A Settler-Colonial Framework, Hannah M. Bauer
Government apologies issued for American settler-colonialism, instances of mis-racialization, and instances of misrepresentation of Native American peoples – such as the joint resolutions passed by President Clinton and the 103rd Congress and President Obama and the 111th Congress – reflect the strategies used to justify the United States’ removal and assimilation policies. These same strategies are evident in the ways which historic and modern media representations transform Native Americans into a monolithic racial ‘other.’ Trump’s evocation of “Pocahontas” as a racial slur and Warren’s participation in a DNA test during Donald Trump and Elizabeth Warren’s debate over ...
Desegregation Through Entertainment: Rodgers And Hammerstein’S South Pacific As An Instrument Of Military Policy, Leana Sottile
In the aftermath of the Second World War, the 1949 Rodgers and Hammerstein musical South Pacific became a staple of mainstream popular culture. However, the musical also served a specific function within the American military where its usage by the United Service Organizations and Department of Defense was widespread. This case study examines how South Pacific arguably served a way to ease the blow of desegregation on the military by other means, in this case, entertainment. This was achieved by combining the show’s progressive views on racial tolerance with the prevalent wartime nostalgia and romanticism in the piece. All ...