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Review: Sylvia Martin, 'Ink In Her Veins: The Troubled Life Of Aileen Palmer', (Crawley: Uwa Publishing, 2016)., Rowan Cahill 2016 University of Wollongong

Review: Sylvia Martin, 'Ink In Her Veins: The Troubled Life Of Aileen Palmer', (Crawley: Uwa Publishing, 2016)., Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of Sylvia Martin's study (2016) of Australian poet, Spanish Civil War veteran, WW11 Ambulance driver, translator, Aileen Palmer and her life and times. 


Armintxe Basque Cave Artwork: The Latest Find, 2016 Boise State University

Armintxe Basque Cave Artwork: The Latest Find

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Ancient cave paintings reaching back more than 14,000 years were recently found below the Basque town of Lekeitio (Bizkaia). The fifty images were found etched into stone at the Armintxe cave, depicting animals rarely seen in Paleolithic art, such as lions. Experts from the Provincial Council of Bizkaia made the discovery, and believe that they share many of the same characteristics as previous cave artwork in the Basque Country, suggesting close contact among these people who shared in the creation of these cave etchings.


Usac - 33+ Years Of Learning In The Basque Country, 2016 Boise State University

Usac - 33+ Years Of Learning In The Basque Country

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

For 33 years, USAC has provided university students with quality, affordable study abroad programs and contributed to the internationalization of universities in the United States and abroad. Students from any university are welcome to participate; and those from more than 800 universities around the world have done so. We salute this program which offers students a unique learning opportunity in the Basque Country, where more than 400 students study each year; 9,000 total since 1983.


Euskadi-Bulletinen: Swedish Solidarity With The Basque Independence Movement During The 1970'S, Joakim Lilljegren 2016 Boise State University

Euskadi-Bulletinen: Swedish Solidarity With The Basque Independence Movement During The 1970'S, Joakim Lilljegren

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Euskadi-bulletinen, the only Basque-Swedish entry in the Swedish national library catalogue, was one of many left-wing bulletins published in Sweden during the mid-1970's. It supported “the Basque people's struggle for freedom and socialism” and could therefore also be seen in a wider perspective as one of many European journals published in solidarity with the Basque independence movement at the time. In this article, the three numbers of the bulletin are described and put in their historical context.


The Bertsolariak Championship As Competitive Game And Deep Play, Jexux Larrañaga Arriola 2016 University of the Basque Country

The Bertsolariak Championship As Competitive Game And Deep Play, Jexux Larrañaga Arriola

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This article examines the performative and ritual aspects of bertsolariak or Basque troubadours in the context of competitive championships. I describe the linguistic and cultural references that derive from the past and continue to the present. My goal is to research the relationship between the ritualization of cultural production of words and creativity, on the one hand, and community production, on the other, with the purpose of obtaining more in-depth information about cultural identity. In order to do so, I analyze the oral context of the championship in both the past and the present. I dwell on a paradox at ...


Calculating Ethnicity Through The U.S. Census: The Basque Case, William A. Douglass 2016 Center for Basque Studies at the University of Nevada, Reno

Calculating Ethnicity Through The U.S. Census: The Basque Case, William A. Douglass

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

In preparation for the 1980 U. S. Census, the U.S. Census Bureau revamped considerably the way it defined, collected, and reported the ancestry of the American population. A long form of the census schedule was developed for application to one in six households. Prior to 1980, Basques were masked under Spanish nationals and French nationals in the final census reports and Basque-Americans were not distinguished at all. This article considers how Basque ethnicity came to be parsed and reported in three fashions—“Basque, Spanish,” “Basque, French,” and “Basque, n.e.c.” (e.g. “not elsewhere classified”). So it was ...


Estados Unidos Como Patria De Redención: El Exilio Del Nacionalismo Vasco En Yanqui Hirsutus, De Manuel De La Sota, Iker Gonzalez-Allende 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Estados Unidos Como Patria De Redención: El Exilio Del Nacionalismo Vasco En Yanqui Hirsutus, De Manuel De La Sota, Iker Gonzalez-Allende

Spanish Language and Literature

Yanqui hirsutus, de Manuel de la Sota, resulta una obra interesante para aproximarse a la posición del nacionalismo vasco durante el exilio causado por la Guerra Civil. Según la fecha que se incluye al final del libro, Sota terminó de escribirlo el 19 de mayo de 1946 en Nueva York, aunque no se publicó hasta 1949 en Buenos Aires. El epígrafe al comienzo de la obra, en el que el autor agradece a la Biblioteca Pública de Nueva York por haber puesto a su "disposición sus cinco millones de volúmenes" (7), también da a entender que Sota escribió el ...


Introducción: José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta Y La Pluralidad Del Exilio Vasco, Iker Gonzalez-Allende 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Introducción: José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta Y La Pluralidad Del Exilio Vasco, Iker Gonzalez-Allende

Spanish Language and Literature

Cuando se habla del exilio vasco, resulta indispensable mencionar el nombre de José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta. Además de sus estudios sobre Cervantes y el Siglo de Oro, el otro principal campo de su larga y prolífica trayectoria como investigador han sido las culturas española y vasca del siglo xx, especialmente las que se desarrollan a partir de la Guerra Civil Española (1936-1939), tanto en territorio español como en el exilio. Sus estudios se han enfocado mayormente en autores vascos que escriben en castellano. Sus más de treinta libros entre monografías, obras completas, antologías, ediciones de obras y volúmenes coordinados, junto ...


Euskaldunak Or Amerikanuak: An Introduction To The Folklore Of The Boise Basques And Its Contribution To The Basque-American Identity, Leah Zavaleta 2016 The College of Wooster

Euskaldunak Or Amerikanuak: An Introduction To The Folklore Of The Boise Basques And Its Contribution To The Basque-American Identity, Leah Zavaleta

Senior Independent Study Theses

There is little to no research on the folklore of the Basques, and what little that has been done is outdated. The Basques are a people that have long intrigued anthropologists, linguists, geneticists, and folklorists. Previous research has attempted to find an origin of the Basque language, and has acknowledged the genetic uniqueness of the Basques and attempted to discover why. The folklore of the Basques was collected almost a century ago and there are no contemporary collections of current Basque folklore. I have attempted to solve this problem by contributing to the literature on the folklore of the Basques ...


Lekuak: The Basque Places Of Boise, Idaho, Meggan Laxalt Mackey 2015 Boise State University

Lekuak: The Basque Places Of Boise, Idaho, Meggan Laxalt Mackey

History Graduate Projects and Theses

Lekuak ("Places") traces how Basque places in Boise reflect the evolution of each generation’s expression of ethnic identity in response to American societal forces of the times. The first-generation Amerikanuak (late 1800s to 1920s) predominantly expressed their ethnicity as an internally-focused, solely-Basque ethnic group and built places such as boardinghouses and frontons that met communal needs. The Tartekoak, ("in-between" second generation, 1930s to the 1950s), mostly expressed a dual Basque and American ethnic identity. Tartekoak places often revealed the individuation of this generation with single-family residences and Americanized businesses, and the Basque Center with ancestry-based membership. The Egungoak ("today ...


Looking Back: Publication Of A Seminal Book In Basque Studies Amerikanuak: Basques In The New World, 2015 Boise State University

Looking Back: Publication Of A Seminal Book In Basque Studies Amerikanuak: Basques In The New World

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Amerikanuak was first published in 1975 and it marked a pioneering study of one of the American West's most important ethnic minorities, providing an engaging, comprehensive survey of Basque migration and settlement in the Americas. Its value endures as an essential introduction to the history of the Basque people and their five centuries of involvement in the New World. The surviving author, and dean of Basque Studies, William A. Douglass (Professor emeritus of the University of Nevada, Reno) agreed to an interview as we look back on the continuing influence of this seminal book in Basque Studies.


Looking Back: The Boise – Oñati Study Abroad Program, 1974-75, 2015 Boise State University

Looking Back: The Boise – Oñati Study Abroad Program, 1974-75

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This document is a look back at the 1974-75 inaugural study abroad program from Boise State University to the town of Oñati in the Basque Country. Featured here are excerpts and photos from Boise State Basque Studies program website (the successor of sorts from that first program), and an article written by one of the first participants. As that author notes, the program changed their lives and it had far reaching ramifications in transforming the Idaho Basque Diaspora by strengthening the bond between them and the Basque homeland.


Looking Back: Photographic Essay Of The “Joan-Etorri” Basque Studies Symposium, 2015 Boise State University

Looking Back: Photographic Essay Of The “Joan-Etorri” Basque Studies Symposium

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This document is a photographic essay that featured well over two dozen presenters at the “Joan-Etorri” (Going and Coming) Basque Studies Symposium that was hosted by Basque Studies at Boise State University. The year 2015 marks two 40th anniversary events: the inaugural Boise State Basque Studies Abroad program in Oñati of the Basque Country, and the publication of the seminal book Amerikanuak in 1975. Together, these events provided a broad spectrum of possible topics for varied sessions of an academic conference, including identity, immigration, international contacts, etc. It also illustrated the back and forth (between the homeland and Diaspora) of ...


The International Location Of Basque Studies, Mari Jose Olaziregi 2015 University of the Basque Country / Etxepare Basque Institute

The International Location Of Basque Studies, Mari Jose Olaziregi

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

The aim of this brief paper will be to comment on the goals and anxieties that have conditioned the globalization of Basque culture in recent times. Questions regarding the desire of the Basque institutions to globalize our culture and the implementation of Basque Studies lectureships and chairs in international universities will be addressed. I will conclude my reflection by alluding to the novelty and debate surrounding the field of Basque Studies, as well as some of the challenges that this discipline faces.


Basque Studies And The Basque Academic Diaspora, Iñaki Goirizelaia 2015 University of the Basque Country

Basque Studies And The Basque Academic Diaspora, Iñaki Goirizelaia

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This paper presents a reflection about the work done by the University of the Basque Country on the Basque Diaspora. A proposal for the development of different strategies to improve the relationship between the University of the Basque Country and the Basque Diaspora is also presented. Two are the main objectives: to create a new space to promote and develop the academic community of the Basque Diaspora and to create the program Basque Yourself Summer School to improve Basque Studies programs among young people.


The Sun Also Sets, William A. Douglass 2015 Center for Basque Studies, University of Nevada, Reno

The Sun Also Sets, William A. Douglass

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Ernest Hemingway launched his career as novelist with The Sun Also Rises, set in large measure in the Basque Country. It was the beginning of a life-long involvement with things Basque. The present article examines the nature of this fascination and its shortcomings. Ernest became a regular attendee of Pamplona's San Fermín festival (and a key architect of its international fame). During his two-decade residence in Cuba, he surrounded himself with Basque jai alai players and political refugees from the Spanish Civil War. Yet Hemingway remained insensitive, if not downright indifferent, to their fervent Basque nationalism. When he subsequently ...


The Basque Big Boy? Basque Masculinities In Vaya Semanita, Iker González-Allende 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Basque Big Boy? Basque Masculinities In Vaya Semanita, Iker González-Allende

Spanish Language and Literature

This article argues that the television show Vaya semanita portrays a specific Basque masculinity, different from the Spanish or Mediterranean ones. The traditional Basque masculinity shares some values with the most accepted forms of Spanish masculinities –including manhood as a challenge to be overcome, physical strength, intemperate drinking, and gluttonous eating – but differs from them in the way men behave in relation to women and sex, and the way they maintain close friendships with each other. Basque men appear as dependent on their mothers and wives, making them look emasculated and infantile. Their male bonding is also interpreted as homoeroticism ...


El Fantasma Del Deseo: Delirios Nacionalistas En Huesos, De Ramiro Pinilla, Iker González-Allende 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

El Fantasma Del Deseo: Delirios Nacionalistas En Huesos, De Ramiro Pinilla, Iker González-Allende

Spanish Language and Literature

Ramiro Pinilla desarrolla en Huesos (1997) el descubrimiento por parte del joven protagonista, Asier, de que un gudari llamado Ismael Jáuregui se halla escondido desde la Guerra Civil en su caserío, habiendo propagado sus familiares la noticia de su muerte. Ismael vive encerrado en esa casa durante veinte años, hasta su fallecimiento en 1957, cuando su madre Josefa y su hermana Nerea le entierran junto a la que fue su novia, haciendo creer al pueblo que, gracias a un mensaje de la Virgen, han descubierto sus huesos en un monte y los están dando sepultura. Partiendo del argumento de la ...


Basque Archive Feature: Joe Eiguren, English-Basque / Basque-English Dictionary, 2014 Boise State University

Basque Archive Feature: Joe Eiguren, English-Basque / Basque-English Dictionary

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Joe was born in Nampa, Idaho in 1915 to Domingo and Maria Eiguren, but when barely a year old, his family moved back to the Basque Country where he stayed until 1934, when he decided to emigrate back to the United States. After a brief stay in Boise, he went to Jordan Valley to work for a sheep company. A powerful thirst for knowledge made the isolation of working with the sheep difficult for Joe. Later he served in the US Army during World War II, and when he returned he worked for the Department of Employment helping migrant workers ...


The Emotional Making Of The Basque Working Class, Sara Hidalgo 2014 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela

The Emotional Making Of The Basque Working Class, Sara Hidalgo

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

The aim of this paper is to present a reflection on the class consciousness making process, according to the so-called “affective turn” perspective. The immediate área of study is the Basque Country, more specifically the Nervion River área of Bilbao, at the end of 19th century, when Socialist movements arose, developed, and became the working class movement main party. The explanatory purpose is to illustrate why Basque workers accepted socialist proposals, thus becoming class-conscious, and thus joining a working class movement. The main hypothesis is that class consciousness is an emotional construction.


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