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Assessing Udaleku 2013: The Effects Of Gender, Age, Family, And Community On Basque Youth Skills, Interest, Identity And Pride, Catherine M. Petrissans 2017 Boise State University

Assessing Udaleku 2013: The Effects Of Gender, Age, Family, And Community On Basque Youth Skills, Interest, Identity And Pride, Catherine M. Petrissans

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

One hundred Basque-American youth between the ages of nine and fifteen were interviewed at the beginning and end of a two week long Udaleku held in Bakersfield California in 2013 to determine: 1) the primary reason children attended Basque camp 2) the skills and abilities participants exhibited at the onset of Udaleku 3) the extent to which youth skills and interest in txistu, song, dance, euskara, pala, and mus changed over the course of camp, 4) the effect Udaleku had on the children’s level of Basque identity and pride 5) the children’s assessment of camp conditions, organization and ...


Vizcaínos: The Scourge Of The Empire And Uncomfortable Identities, Juan Gil-Osle 2017 Boise State University

Vizcaínos: The Scourge Of The Empire And Uncomfortable Identities, Juan Gil-Osle

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

What a Vizcaíno is in the literature of the 16th and 17th centuries has always been a puzzle due to the different uses given to the word. The connotation of the term Vizcaíno can go from an insult similar to “thief,” “traitor,” even “Portuguese,” to, in other cases, “stupid,” “gregarious,” or simply different. In other words, the Vizcaíno is a paradigmatic Other, which seems to have become an insider Other (nothing could be more enervating for some in Spain, or more nostalgic for others than the “insiderness” of this quintessential Other). And unfortunately, in this case, otherness has ...


Face To Face: Painting Basque Identity In The Diaspora, Zoe Bray 2017 Boise State University

Face To Face: Painting Basque Identity In The Diaspora, Zoe Bray

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

I draw on my experience of painting portraits to reflect on the Basque diaspora today. Whilst living in different countries, I have painted Basque individuals that I have met through Basque organizations, through common friends in the Basque Country, or through “non-Basque” people who introduce us presuming that as fellow Basques we have something in common. We are thus brought together through the networks that typically define a diaspora. At the same time, Basque identity in the diaspora, as I have come to understand - and paint - it, is a personal and contextual experience. In this article, I offer further - textual ...


Subject — Not Only Object — Of Study: Basque Studies, Aitor Anduaga 2017 Boise State University

Subject — Not Only Object — Of Study: Basque Studies, Aitor Anduaga

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

To establish a discipline implies a responsibility. Whose is it? As vascólogos (or experts in Basque studies) and vascófilos (or scholars of the Basque language), our first thought should be addressed to discern the Basque studies as an object of study or as a subject of study. This distinction is fundamental. The historical review of the condition of object and/or subject in these studies reveals a crucial feature that defines both us and the Basque studies: our renunciation of their status of subject. This paper suggests a double task to address this deficiency: instituting, not renouncing, Basque studies as ...


The Main Challenges To 21st-Century Business Administration: The Management Of People And Knowledge. The Ner Group Case, María Alvarez Sainz, Kepa Xabier Apellaniz 2017 Boise State University

The Main Challenges To 21st-Century Business Administration: The Management Of People And Knowledge. The Ner Group Case, María Alvarez Sainz, Kepa Xabier Apellaniz

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This article presents and analyses the main challenges facing business organisations today: the management of people and knowledge, derived from the great transformations caused by the Third and Fourth Industrial Revolutions. A new management model, developed in the Basque Country, and the new style of relationships (ner, using its name form in Spanish – ‘nuevo estilo de relaciones’), shared by organisations of the ner Group, are presented and the main results of a study on their cultural features are demonstrated, as perceived by the people who work with this concept. Ner is based on people (the basic pillars of an organisation ...


Iker Gonzalez-Allende. El Exilio Vasco. Estudios En Homenaje Al Profesor José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta. Bilbao: Universidad De Deusto, 2016., Iker Arranz 2017 University of California, Santa Barbara

Iker Gonzalez-Allende. El Exilio Vasco. Estudios En Homenaje Al Profesor José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta. Bilbao: Universidad De Deusto, 2016., Iker Arranz

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Iker Gonzalez-Allende. El Exilio Vasco. Estudios en homenaje al Profesor José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta. Bilbao: Universidad de Deusto, 2016.


No One Expects The Spanish Inquisition: Witchcraft Trials In Basque Spain And Southwestern Germany, Alexandra C. Steed 2017 Union College - Schenectady, NY

No One Expects The Spanish Inquisition: Witchcraft Trials In Basque Spain And Southwestern Germany, Alexandra C. Steed

Honors Theses and Student Projects

The age of witch trials lasted from 1450 to 1750 and encompassed most of Western Europe. Seventy-five percent of all witchcraft trials took place in Germany, and 480 occurred in Southwestern Germany. Germany lacked centralized leadership, and lack of control over a region’s governing body meant a prince or a bishop could burn as many people as he saw fit. The trials in Southwestern Germany lasted from 1562 to 1684 and killed between 1,000 and 1,500 people. The trials in Southwestern Germany are Central because they all shared similar elements. Many of the towns were undergoing social ...


Review: Sylvia Martin, 'Ink In Her Veins: The Troubled Life Of Aileen Palmer', (Crawley: Uwa Publishing, 2016)., Rowan Cahill 2016 University of Wollongong

Review: Sylvia Martin, 'Ink In Her Veins: The Troubled Life Of Aileen Palmer', (Crawley: Uwa Publishing, 2016)., Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of Sylvia Martin's study (2016) of Australian poet, Spanish Civil War veteran, WW11 Ambulance driver, translator, Aileen Palmer and her life and times. 


Armintxe Basque Cave Artwork: The Latest Find, 2016 Boise State University

Armintxe Basque Cave Artwork: The Latest Find

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Ancient cave paintings reaching back more than 14,000 years were recently found below the Basque town of Lekeitio (Bizkaia). The fifty images were found etched into stone at the Armintxe cave, depicting animals rarely seen in Paleolithic art, such as lions. Experts from the Provincial Council of Bizkaia made the discovery, and believe that they share many of the same characteristics as previous cave artwork in the Basque Country, suggesting close contact among these people who shared in the creation of these cave etchings.


Usac - 33+ Years Of Learning In The Basque Country, 2016 Boise State University

Usac - 33+ Years Of Learning In The Basque Country

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

For 33 years, USAC has provided university students with quality, affordable study abroad programs and contributed to the internationalization of universities in the United States and abroad. Students from any university are welcome to participate; and those from more than 800 universities around the world have done so. We salute this program which offers students a unique learning opportunity in the Basque Country, where more than 400 students study each year; 9,000 total since 1983.


Euskadi-Bulletinen: Swedish Solidarity With The Basque Independence Movement During The 1970'S, Joakim Lilljegren 2016 Boise State University

Euskadi-Bulletinen: Swedish Solidarity With The Basque Independence Movement During The 1970'S, Joakim Lilljegren

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Euskadi-bulletinen, the only Basque-Swedish entry in the Swedish national library catalogue, was one of many left-wing bulletins published in Sweden during the mid-1970's. It supported “the Basque people's struggle for freedom and socialism” and could therefore also be seen in a wider perspective as one of many European journals published in solidarity with the Basque independence movement at the time. In this article, the three numbers of the bulletin are described and put in their historical context.


The Bertsolariak Championship As Competitive Game And Deep Play, Jexux Larrañaga Arriola 2016 University of the Basque Country

The Bertsolariak Championship As Competitive Game And Deep Play, Jexux Larrañaga Arriola

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This article examines the performative and ritual aspects of bertsolariak or Basque troubadours in the context of competitive championships. I describe the linguistic and cultural references that derive from the past and continue to the present. My goal is to research the relationship between the ritualization of cultural production of words and creativity, on the one hand, and community production, on the other, with the purpose of obtaining more in-depth information about cultural identity. In order to do so, I analyze the oral context of the championship in both the past and the present. I dwell on a paradox at ...


Calculating Ethnicity Through The U.S. Census: The Basque Case, William A. Douglass 2016 Center for Basque Studies at the University of Nevada, Reno

Calculating Ethnicity Through The U.S. Census: The Basque Case, William A. Douglass

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

In preparation for the 1980 U. S. Census, the U.S. Census Bureau revamped considerably the way it defined, collected, and reported the ancestry of the American population. A long form of the census schedule was developed for application to one in six households. Prior to 1980, Basques were masked under Spanish nationals and French nationals in the final census reports and Basque-Americans were not distinguished at all. This article considers how Basque ethnicity came to be parsed and reported in three fashions—“Basque, Spanish,” “Basque, French,” and “Basque, n.e.c.” (e.g. “not elsewhere classified”). So it was ...


Estados Unidos Como Patria De Redención: El Exilio Del Nacionalismo Vasco En Yanqui Hirsutus, De Manuel De La Sota, Iker Gonzalez-Allende 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Estados Unidos Como Patria De Redención: El Exilio Del Nacionalismo Vasco En Yanqui Hirsutus, De Manuel De La Sota, Iker Gonzalez-Allende

Spanish Language and Literature

Yanqui hirsutus, de Manuel de la Sota, resulta una obra interesante para aproximarse a la posición del nacionalismo vasco durante el exilio causado por la Guerra Civil. Según la fecha que se incluye al final del libro, Sota terminó de escribirlo el 19 de mayo de 1946 en Nueva York, aunque no se publicó hasta 1949 en Buenos Aires. El epígrafe al comienzo de la obra, en el que el autor agradece a la Biblioteca Pública de Nueva York por haber puesto a su "disposición sus cinco millones de volúmenes" (7), también da a entender que Sota escribió el ...


Euskaldunak Or Amerikanuak: An Introduction To The Folklore Of The Boise Basques And Its Contribution To The Basque-American Identity, Leah Zavaleta 2016 The College of Wooster

Euskaldunak Or Amerikanuak: An Introduction To The Folklore Of The Boise Basques And Its Contribution To The Basque-American Identity, Leah Zavaleta

Senior Independent Study Theses

There is little to no research on the folklore of the Basques, and what little that has been done is outdated. The Basques are a people that have long intrigued anthropologists, linguists, geneticists, and folklorists. Previous research has attempted to find an origin of the Basque language, and has acknowledged the genetic uniqueness of the Basques and attempted to discover why. The folklore of the Basques was collected almost a century ago and there are no contemporary collections of current Basque folklore. I have attempted to solve this problem by contributing to the literature on the folklore of the Basques ...


Lekuak: The Basque Places Of Boise, Idaho, Meggan Laxalt Mackey 2015 Boise State University

Lekuak: The Basque Places Of Boise, Idaho, Meggan Laxalt Mackey

History Graduate Projects and Theses

Lekuak ("Places") traces how Basque places in Boise reflect the evolution of each generation’s expression of ethnic identity in response to American societal forces of the times. The first-generation Amerikanuak (late 1800s to 1920s) predominantly expressed their ethnicity as an internally-focused, solely-Basque ethnic group and built places such as boardinghouses and frontons that met communal needs. The Tartekoak, ("in-between" second generation, 1930s to the 1950s), mostly expressed a dual Basque and American ethnic identity. Tartekoak places often revealed the individuation of this generation with single-family residences and Americanized businesses, and the Basque Center with ancestry-based membership. The Egungoak ("today ...


Looking Back: Publication Of A Seminal Book In Basque Studies Amerikanuak: Basques In The New World, 2015 Boise State University

Looking Back: Publication Of A Seminal Book In Basque Studies Amerikanuak: Basques In The New World

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Amerikanuak was first published in 1975 and it marked a pioneering study of one of the American West's most important ethnic minorities, providing an engaging, comprehensive survey of Basque migration and settlement in the Americas. Its value endures as an essential introduction to the history of the Basque people and their five centuries of involvement in the New World. The surviving author, and dean of Basque Studies, William A. Douglass (Professor emeritus of the University of Nevada, Reno) agreed to an interview as we look back on the continuing influence of this seminal book in Basque Studies.


Looking Back: The Boise – Oñati Study Abroad Program, 1974-75, 2015 Boise State University

Looking Back: The Boise – Oñati Study Abroad Program, 1974-75

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This document is a look back at the 1974-75 inaugural study abroad program from Boise State University to the town of Oñati in the Basque Country. Featured here are excerpts and photos from Boise State Basque Studies program website (the successor of sorts from that first program), and an article written by one of the first participants. As that author notes, the program changed their lives and it had far reaching ramifications in transforming the Idaho Basque Diaspora by strengthening the bond between them and the Basque homeland.


Looking Back: Photographic Essay Of The “Joan-Etorri” Basque Studies Symposium, 2015 Boise State University

Looking Back: Photographic Essay Of The “Joan-Etorri” Basque Studies Symposium

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This document is a photographic essay that featured well over two dozen presenters at the “Joan-Etorri” (Going and Coming) Basque Studies Symposium that was hosted by Basque Studies at Boise State University. The year 2015 marks two 40th anniversary events: the inaugural Boise State Basque Studies Abroad program in Oñati of the Basque Country, and the publication of the seminal book Amerikanuak in 1975. Together, these events provided a broad spectrum of possible topics for varied sessions of an academic conference, including identity, immigration, international contacts, etc. It also illustrated the back and forth (between the homeland and Diaspora) of ...


The International Location Of Basque Studies, Mari Jose Olaziregi 2015 University of the Basque Country / Etxepare Basque Institute

The International Location Of Basque Studies, Mari Jose Olaziregi

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

The aim of this brief paper will be to comment on the goals and anxieties that have conditioned the globalization of Basque culture in recent times. Questions regarding the desire of the Basque institutions to globalize our culture and the implementation of Basque Studies lectureships and chairs in international universities will be addressed. I will conclude my reflection by alluding to the novelty and debate surrounding the field of Basque Studies, as well as some of the challenges that this discipline faces.


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