Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

African Languages and Societies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,014 Full-Text Articles 820 Authors 421,565 Downloads 138 Institutions

All Articles in African Languages and Societies

Faceted Search

1,014 full-text articles. Page 1 of 36.

The Impact Of Foreign Aid On Extreme Poverty: A Case Study Of Liberia’S Development Complexities (1980-2018), Roosevelt Seedee 2018 East Tennessee State University

The Impact Of Foreign Aid On Extreme Poverty: A Case Study Of Liberia’S Development Complexities (1980-2018), Roosevelt Seedee

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Many countries in West Africa, including Liberia, remain trapped in extreme poverty and dysfunctional social services amid continued increase in foreign aid. This study examines complexities influencing decisions of government donors in determining the kind of development assistance needed in Liberia and nation states in West Africa. This research explains the ways in which aid perpetuates poverty instead of alleviating it using interdisciplinary research approaches. Although aid is critical to Liberia’s development agenda, aid implementation faces numerous challenges because of extant poverty and rampant corruption.

Part of the problem in Liberia is not solely the failure of aid to ...


Jual Obat Aborsi Cytotec Di Bandung 085851541559 Obat Cytotec Area Bandung, Lathifa shop 2018 University of South Carolina - Beaufort

Jual Obat Aborsi Cytotec Di Bandung 085851541559 Obat Cytotec Area Bandung, Lathifa Shop

Lathifa shop

Jual Obat Aborsi Bandung Lokasi Jual obat aborsi bandung Kab. bandung dengan Cytotec Misoprostol yang sangat aman dan efektif, dan anda dapat membeli obat cytotec misoprostol yang di rekomendasikan oleh FDAsebagai obat yang aman bagi kaum wanita yang ingin mengakhiri kehamilanya. 


Review Of Making Refuge: Somali Bantu Refugees And Lewiston, Maine By Catherine Besteman, Ellen Block 2018 College of St. Benedict/St. John’s University

Review Of Making Refuge: Somali Bantu Refugees And Lewiston, Maine By Catherine Besteman, Ellen Block

The Journal of Social Encounters

Catherine Besteman conduced fieldwork in the late 1980’s in the small village of Banta in southern Somalia. Implausibly, she was reunited with many of her former friends and interlocutors in Lewiston, Maine two decades later, laying the ground for this impressive ethnographic study. In Making Refuge, Besteman traces the experiences of Somali Bantu refugees from Somalia, through the Kenyan refugee camps, and to their resettlement in the United States. She shows how the prevailing view of refugees as “apolitical, docile, and dependent recipients” (Pg. 29), and as passive and grateful objects of humanitarian aid is both misconstrued and morally ...


The Role Of The Traditional Somali Model In Peacemaking, Hudda Ibrahim 2018 St. Cloud Technical and Community College

The Role Of The Traditional Somali Model In Peacemaking, Hudda Ibrahim

The Journal of Social Encounters

In this paper I explore the mediation and reconciliation efforts of traditional Somali elders. I also discuss why traditional elders have been effective peacemakers in Northern Somali (Somaliland) but not in Somalia. I argue that four factors comprising an "insider-partial mediation" approach in Somaliand helps to explain why it was effective there. In conclusion, this paper shows that the traditional Somali approach of peacemaking is a viable and effective approach to mitigating conflicts in Somalia.


Parting The Waters Of Bondage: African Americans’ Aquatic Heritage, Kevin Dawson 2018 University of California, Merced

Parting The Waters Of Bondage: African Americans’ Aquatic Heritage, Kevin Dawson

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Since the 1960s, when the United States Center for Disease Control began compiling racial statistics on drowning death rates, it has been painfully obvious that African Americans are far more likely to drown than their white counterparts. While segregation denied black people access to most public swimming pools and racial violence transformed natural waterways into undesirable places for swimming a leisure, perceptions that swimming as an “un-black” or “white” pursuit have marginalized its acceptability within African American communities. “Parting the Waters of Bondage” is an original article based on decades of the author’s historical scholarship. It seeks to reduce ...


America’S Inconsistent Foreign Policy To Africa; A Case Study Of Apartheid South Africa, Olugbenga Samson Ojewale Mr 2018 East Tennessee State University

America’S Inconsistent Foreign Policy To Africa; A Case Study Of Apartheid South Africa, Olugbenga Samson Ojewale Mr

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study lays bare the inconsistencies in the United States of America’s Foreign Policy, and how it contributed to the longevity of apartheid in South Africa. Michael Mandelbaum opined that America’s foreign policy post-Cold War era drifted from containment to transformation.1 America became involved with transferring their democracy and constitutional order to the countries they entangled with in running those countries’ internal governance. Instead of war, America preached and practiced proper, organized governance. Thus, America’s foreign policy to Europe and Asia post-Cold War was all about democracy and protection of fundamental human rights. However, the role ...


Djembe Drum Carving In Accra Cultural Market, Kevin Booker, Aaron Carter-Enyi 2018 Morehouse College

Djembe Drum Carving In Accra Cultural Market, Kevin Booker, Aaron Carter-Enyi

Africana Digital Ethnography Project

Dean Kevin Booker of Morehouse College recorded this video of his last name being carved into his new djembe purchased in the Accra Cultural Market, next to Kwame Nkrumah Memorial.


Jane Hiddleston. Writing After Postcolonialism: Francophone North African Literature In Transition. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017., Beatrice Guenther 2018 Bowling Green State University

Jane Hiddleston. Writing After Postcolonialism: Francophone North African Literature In Transition. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017., Beatrice Guenther

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Jane Hiddleston. Writing After Postcolonialism: Francophone North African Literature in Transition. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017. vii + 291 pp.


Jual Obat Aborsi Kabanjahe 081901222272 Cytotec Obat Penggugur Kandungan Di Kabanjahe, Apotik Cytotec 2018 Golden Gate University School of Law

Jual Obat Aborsi Kabanjahe 081901222272 Cytotec Obat Penggugur Kandungan Di Kabanjahe, Apotik Cytotec

Apotik Cytotec

SELAMAT DATANG DI SITUS ABORSI REAL & TERPERCAYA DI INDONESIA - JUAL OBAT ABORSI REKOMENDASI DOKTER | OBAT ABORSI PENGGUGUR KANDUNGAN 100% AMPUH - OBAT CYTOTEC ASLI CARA PALING AMAN UNTUK MENUNDA ATAU MENGGUGURKAN KANDUNGAN MULAI DARI USIA 1 2 3 4 5 6 BULAN

HUBUNGI SEGERA PEN JUAL OBAT CYTOTEC PFIZER FDA USA ORIGINAL

PHONE : 081-901-2222-72 ( WhatsApp )

BBM : 5D5E783E


Selamat Datang Di Situs Website Resmi Kami Penjualan Obat Aborsi Asli di Indonesia. Kami Adalah Penjual Obat Cytotec Yang Sangat Terpercaya Untuk Membantu Masalah Menggugurkan Kandungan Dengan Produk Unggulan Kami Yaitu ( OBAT ABORSI CYTOTEC PENGGUGUR KANDUNGAN )

JUAL OBAT CYTOTEC – Obat Aborsi ...


The Space Gap, Access To Technology, And The Perpetuation Of Poverty, Tyler A. Way 2018 Bowling Green State University

The Space Gap, Access To Technology, And The Perpetuation Of Poverty, Tyler A. Way

International ResearchScape Journal

No abstract provided.


The Creation Of Traditional African Dance/Music Integrated Scores, Doris Green 2018 Pan African Performing Arts

The Creation Of Traditional African Dance/Music Integrated Scores, Doris Green

Journal of Movement Arts Literacy

African dances are among the oldest dance traditions in existence; their structure is uniquely different because the movement therein is inseparable from the music that governs the movements. The music is associated with the spoken language of the people, which makes it virtually impossible for outsiders to comprehend the music of different African countries. In Africa there is no dance that is not accompanied by some form of music from the voice to orchestras of different percussive instruments. For centuries the dance/music of African people has been passed between generations by a mouth to ear process. Any society that ...


‘I Am Rwandan’: Unity And Reconciliation In Post-Genocide Rwanda, Laura E. R. Blackie, Nicki Hitchcott 2018 University of Nottingham

‘I Am Rwandan’: Unity And Reconciliation In Post-Genocide Rwanda, Laura E. R. Blackie, Nicki Hitchcott

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Drawing on a corpus of ten oral interviews with survivors and perpetrators of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, we examine how the government’s policy of unity and reconciliation has shaped post-genocide identities and intergroup relations in local Rwandan communities. By focusing on the relationships between individuals and the national post-genocide narrative, we show how the socio-political context in Rwanda influences how people locate themselves and how they ascribe rights and duties to and in relation to others. Specifically, we use positioning theory as an interpretive lens to argue that individuals view adherence to the government’s ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Eritrea And The Migration Dilemma In The Horn Of Africa, Elizabeth Stark 2018 Bowling Green State University

Eritrea And The Migration Dilemma In The Horn Of Africa, Elizabeth Stark

International ResearchScape Journal

The state of Eritrea is gradually losing its population. A variety of human rights violations including mandatory indefinite conscription is contributing to many Eritrean citizen’s choice to flee. Those that do flee, tend to go to Sudan or Ethiopia as there is a long historical and cultural connection between the three countries. Additionally, Sudan and Ethiopia have a variety of laws and institutions in place to help the various refugees they take in. However, while there is this legislation, refugees are still vulnerable segments of the population that face many troubles. This shared history, culture and the legal protections ...


Collectively Remembering And Living An Emerging Nigerian National Identity, Golda Kosisochi Onyeneho 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Collectively Remembering And Living An Emerging Nigerian National Identity, Golda Kosisochi Onyeneho

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores Nigerian national identity through the lens of collective memory and national narrative studies, arguing that an emerging Nigerian national identity draws from a behavioral template I call the Nigerian National Narrative Template. Giving attention to emerging, grassroots nationalism is important because much scholarly work on Africa discusses either sub-national tribal conflict or failed states. This contrasts with other prominent anthropological work on the importance of globalization and national boundary transcendence. More work needs to be done on emerging forms of nation-state identity, particularly in Africa. The present work seeks to remedy this using by collective memory and ...


Correspondence: Letter Of Apology To Dr. Chikane, Desmond Tutu 2018 University of North Florida

Correspondence: Letter Of Apology To Dr. Chikane, Desmond Tutu

Archbishop Desmond Tutu Collection Textual

A letter of apology written by Archbishop Tutu to Dr. Chikane and copied to the ex TRC Commissioners. Undated and handwritten.


Documents: Up + Running, Desmond Tutu 2018 University of North Florida

Documents: Up + Running, Desmond Tutu

Archbishop Desmond Tutu Collection Textual

Handwritten notes. Four pages.


Honoring The South African Khoi-Khoi People, The Crew Of The S.S. Mendi And Xhosa Poet S.E.K Mqhayi Through Translation, Denise MacQuire 2018 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College

Honoring The South African Khoi-Khoi People, The Crew Of The S.S. Mendi And Xhosa Poet S.E.K Mqhayi Through Translation, Denise Macquire

Publications and Research

The overall purpose of this research was to show the origin and relationship of the Xhosa language between the Khoi-Khoi People, S.E.K. Mqhayi, and the crew on the S.S Mendi. They all had one thing they suffered from language discrimination. Most important the research also attempts to show how a language can die out when native speakers have no cultural capital.


Speech: The Handover. Presentation Of Archbishop Tutu's Gift To Unf President John Delaney, Oupa Seane 2018 University of North Florida

Speech: The Handover. Presentation Of Archbishop Tutu's Gift To Unf President John Delaney, Oupa Seane

Archbishop Desmond Tutu Collection Textual

Speech given by Oupa Seane before the presentation of the Archbishop Desmond Tutu’s gift to University of North Florida President John Delaney. May 2, 2018. Typewritten with handwritten notes.


Race And Community : Coloured Identity Formation Within Nineteenth And Twentieth Century Cape Town, South Africa., Cornelius L. Sanford 2018 University of Louisville

Race And Community : Coloured Identity Formation Within Nineteenth And Twentieth Century Cape Town, South Africa., Cornelius L. Sanford

College of Arts & Sciences Senior Honors Theses

Historically, the "Coloured" identity within Cape Town, South Africa was used as an umbrella term to include all the cultures residing within the city that were not either European, or of South Africa's native Bantu speaking groups. However, the identity seemingly has now shifted to primarily refer to multi-racial people. However, if the Coloured identity was initially created as a catch- all phrase, then what shifted the term to now address those who are of multi- racial descent? This essay examines the progression of the Coloured identity within Cape Town society by tracking the rise and fall of Cape ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress