"New Strategies In Using Watermarks To Date Sub-Saharan Islamic Manuscripts" In Arts And Crafts Of Literacy In Sub-Saharan Africa, Brigaglia, A. And Nobili, M., Eds., Michaelle L. Biddle
For more than a century watermarks have been used as an important component in cataloging, dating, and authenticating books, manuscripts, art work, musical scores, financial instruments and other paper items. The gains can be immense if watermarks and countermarks, not as singletons but in combination, are studied as only one aspect of a paper sheet and that examination is combined with study extending across many disciplines. The Andrea Galvani Pordenone paper mills provide a useful case study as to how we can deduce date ranges for their watermarks by using a holistic approach – combining paper sheet analysis with the information ...
Nonstandard Languages: The Outcasts Of The Language Revitalization Movement, 2015 Liberty University
Nonstandard Languages: The Outcasts Of The Language Revitalization Movement, Whitney Snowden
Senior Honors Theses
This thesis compares the failures of the creolization movement with the success of the language revitalization movement and seeks to determine which elements are missing from the former to make it as successful as the latter. Education policy, identity, and language ideology are all examined as contributors to the future success of creole inclusivity in education and society, as well as the potential benefits such a movement would include. Specifically examined are Siegel’s research on creole education and Armstrong’s work on language ideology.
Ethnographic Surrealism: Authorship And Initiation In The Works Of Alejo Carpentier And Lydia Cabrera, 2015 University of Alaska-Anchorage
Ethnographic Surrealism: Authorship And Initiation In The Works Of Alejo Carpentier And Lydia Cabrera, Jonathan Torres
Ethnographic Surrealism: Authorship and Initiation
This research examines the ways in which two writers, Alejo Carpentier and Lydia Cabrera, assume the roles of author and ethnographer to compose fictional works that also preserve elements of an oral tradition. That tradition is a literacy expressed by the Afro-Cuban drum. Both Carpentier and Cabrera incorporate percussive techniques within their prose to accomplish a mimesis that is just as important aesthetically as it is culturally. Relying mostly on primary sources—the works of Carpentier and Cabrera—and secondary criticism to expand and clarify their dual roles, this research explores how ...
George Washington Carver And The Ancient Egyptian Connection, 2015 Elements 4 Nature
George Washington Carver And The Ancient Egyptian Connection, Jon Adkins
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal
No abstract provided.
Arewa House Arabic Manuscript Conservation Laboratory, 2015 Wesleyan University
Arewa House Arabic Manuscript Conservation Laboratory, Michaelle L. Biddle
A brochure describing the services offered by the Arewa House (Ahmadu Bello University, Kaduna) Arabic Manuscript Conservation Laboratory
Report On The Establishment Of An Arabic Manuscripts Conservation Laboratory At Arewa House, 2015 Wesleyan University
Report On The Establishment Of An Arabic Manuscripts Conservation Laboratory At Arewa House, Michaelle L. Biddle
During August 2015 a laboratory for the conservation of Nigerian manuscripts in Arabic script was established at Arewa House, Ahmadu Bello University, Kaduna, Nigeria. In addition to a full range of hand tools, the lab is equiped with a variable speed control vacuum for cleaning manuscripts and a vacuum chamber pump machine for creating anoxic enclosures on bagged wet, moldy or insect infested manuscripts
Tacit Cultural Knowledge: An Instrumental Qualitative Case Study Of Mixed Methods Research In South Africa, 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Tacit Cultural Knowledge: An Instrumental Qualitative Case Study Of Mixed Methods Research In South Africa, Debra Rena Miller
Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences
Notwithstanding the dramatic expansion of mixed methods research, research methodologies, methods, and findings are culturally situated. Problematically, studies conducted outside the global north often embrace canonical methodologies aimed at understanding concepts more explicit than tacit. Learning about the needs of researchers and participants in South Africa may bring to light taken-for-granted assumptions in Anglo-American orientations of mixed methods. Hence, the purpose of this study is to explore aspects of tacit cultural knowledge that contextualize mixed methods research in South Africa.
In-person interviews among South African professors as well as a corpus of books, sections, journal articles, and theses informed the ...
App Newsletter 6, 2015 Nazarbayev University
App Newsletter 6, Riccardo Pelizzo
In the sixth of the newsletter of African Politics and Policy we discuss the costs of instability, the renovation of Togolese hotels, and the relationship between corruption, trust and legislatures.
De-Constructing Stereotypes In Undergraduate-Level African History And Geography Courses, 2015 Western University
De-Constructing Stereotypes In Undergraduate-Level African History And Geography Courses, Faith N. Mambulu
Teaching Innovation Projects
Teaching Sub-Saharan African history and geography courses in the Western parts of the world can be challenging since the media often equip students with the idea that the continent is broken and helpless (Mason, 2012). Course content has the potential to change stereotypical perceptions of Africa by portraying the continent’s achievements in culture, economy, health, and politics. If not well facilitated, students may complete courses without shifting perspectives; for that reason, this workshop will prepare potential instructors with strategies to support students in learning a balanced view of Africa. Using insights from Davis (2004) and Gugler (2010), potential instructors ...
The Costs Of Party System Change: The Case Of Tanzania, 2015 Nazarbayev University
The Costs Of Party System Change: The Case Of Tanzania, Riccardo Pelizzo, Abel Kinyondo, Zim Nwokora
Pelizzo, Kinyondo and Nwokora argue that party system changes and increases in party system changeability have generally been associated with a worsening democratic quality.
Sonic Stereotypes: Jazz And Racial Signification In American Film And Television Soundtracks, 2015 Western University
Sonic Stereotypes: Jazz And Racial Signification In American Film And Television Soundtracks, Kyle Jackson
Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology
This paper examines the use of jazz in contemporary American film and television soundtracks. Through processes of cultural signification, jazz music frequently maps racialized meaning onto the narrative. Often, a “black” jazz aesthetic signifies social and sexual deviance, while a “white” jazz aesthetic signifies elegance and high-culture. Such associations reinforce racial boundaries and essentialist stereotypes by perpetuating a dichotomy in which “blackness” figures as culturally dangerous (e.g. sexually deviant, unrestrained, threatening, and low-class) and “whiteness” as elite and culturally superior (e.g. civilized, educated, and high-class). To demonstrate this, the soundtracks of Anthony Minghella’s The Talented Mr. Ripley ...
The Independent Press After The "Moroccan Spring", 2015 Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Letters Dhar El Mehraz
The Independent Press After The "Moroccan Spring", Hamza Tayebi
The wave of Arab Spring that started in Tunisia and Egypt arrived to Morocco in 2011 paving the way to unprecedented organized mass-protests all over the country. Among the demands raised by the 20 February Movement protesters was the demand for free and independent media outlets, especially the press. King Mohammed VI, the Commander of the Faithful and the highest authority in Morocco, promised in a televised speech on March 9th to introduce "radical" and "genuine" constitutional reforms that would democratize the country. In fact, King Mohammed VI has so far succeeded in calming down and co-opting the demonstrations, but ...
'Listen To What You Say': Rwanda’S Postgenocide Language Policies, 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston
'Listen To What You Say': Rwanda’S Postgenocide Language Policies, Lynne Tirrell
New England Journal of Public Policy
Freedom of expression is considered a basic human right, and yet most countries have restrictions on speech they deem harmful. Following the genocide of the Tutsi, Rwanda passed a constitution (2003) and laws against hate speech and other forms of divisionist language (2008, 2013). Understanding how language shaped “recognition harms” that both constitute and fuel genocide also helps account for political decisions to limit “divisionist” discourse. When we speak, we make expressive commitments, which are commitments to the viability and value of ways of speaking. This article explores reasons a society would decide to say, “We don’t talk that ...
Suspected Of Having A Book: American Slavery As A Literacy Sponsor, 2015 St. John Fisher College
Suspected Of Having A Book: American Slavery As A Literacy Sponsor, Cody Schweickert
Undergraduate Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research
Applying concepts from Deborah Brandt’s “Sponsors of Literacy” to Frederick Douglass’ “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass” explains how American slavery functioned as an institutional literacy sponsor, and how Douglass achieved literacy against the opposing forces of his sponsor. During the antebellum period, the American slavery institution, fueled by pro-slavery Anglo Saxons, maintained a social structure that guaranteed political, economic, social, and legal advantages for whites over African Americans. Afraid that literacy acquisition for African Americans might lead to their self-empowerment and eventual freedom, pro-slavery whites dedicated themselves to anti-literacy legislation and other measures aimed at keeping African ...
The Role Of Landscape Architecture In Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
The Role Of Landscape Architecture In Sub-Saharan Africa, Nell Mary Patterson
Landscape Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses
Landscape architecture is an emerging practice in the developing world. It is not, however, an established and well known profession. Developing countries, such as those in Sub-Saharan Africa, could benefit from the services that landscape architects provide for society and the built environment. This research addresses where the profession of landscape architecture currently is in Sub-Saharan Africa and speculates where it could go in the future. The International Federation of Landscape Architects held the 2008 Africa Forum in Dubai in order to record the observations of several prominent landscape architecture professionals and students. This research expands on those observations and ...
Media And Mobilization: The Effects Of Western Media In Post-Conflict Uganda, 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Media And Mobilization: The Effects Of Western Media In Post-Conflict Uganda, Victoria Anne Delaney
University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects
No abstract provided.
The Grass That Grows On Top Of Bodies: Women, Marriage And The Construction Of Collective Narratives In Rural Rwanda, Sara Y. Saltman Ms
Anthropology Honors Projects
This study centers the voices, narratives and knowledge produced by Rwandan women. It draws upon ethnographic fieldwork conducted in 2014 with a rural women’s collective in the Southern Province of Rwanda. The women’s collective comprises women survivors and wives of perpetrators who came together to form an economic cooperative in the aftermath of the genocide. The cooperative is now regarded as one of the first reconciliation initiatives in the country. In this study, I argue that women in the collective draw upon an idealized idiom of marriage in order to provide social continuity in the wake of extreme ...
Qui A Connu Lolita: Who Killed Lolita? A Review, 2015 Battery Radio
Qui A Connu Lolita: Who Killed Lolita? A Review, Chris Brookes
The brilliant and disturbing work Qui a Connu Lolita? (Who Knew Lolita?), or as it is more provocatively titled in the authors' English translation Who Killed Lolita?, starts with a precis: voices tell us there have been three deaths, of a mother and her two children, the bodies found in their Marseilles apartment two months later.
This is a composition for radio, not a collection of easy evidence for a police dossier. Who did kill Lolita? Who is to blame? The program draws its power from suggestion, like footnotes plucked from a subterranean soundtrack. It poses uncomfortable questions and leaves ...
Political Islamism In Tunisia: A History Of Repression And A Complex Forum For Potential Change, 2015 University of Illinois at Chicago
Political Islamism In Tunisia: A History Of Repression And A Complex Forum For Potential Change, Sarah R. Louden
This paper argues that the growth and legalization of Political Islamism in Tunisia will naturally hinder the contemporary influence of violent extremism, leading to partnership and inclusion within a Democratic government. The basis for this claim rests on the idea that the condemnation and repression of Political Islamism in Tunisia historically backfired and led to the further underground radicalization of Tunisians, along with scores of human rights abuses by authorities. Specifically, this essay will focus on the moderate Islamist party Ennahda, the Salafist party Ansar al-Sharia, and their complex relationship to each other as well as to domestic and regional ...
Youth Narratives Of The Conflict In Northern Uganda, 2015 SIT Study Abroad
Youth Narratives Of The Conflict In Northern Uganda, Ellen Eichelberger
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
Narratives are an essential method of communication that create windows into human experiences. Narratives are also responsible for generating the societies in which they are told, or are shaped indelibly by the societies generated by more powerful narratives. In a post-conflict environment where society has been destroyed by decades of violence, the power of narratives to influence society is heightened. Such a postconflict environment is that of northern Uganda, as it emerges from the violence of the war between the LRA and the UPDF. Due to the heightened powers of narratives, it is necessary to give attention to what those ...