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Handbook For The Deceased: Re-Evaluating Literature And Folklore In Icelandic Archaeology, Brenda Nicole Prehal 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Handbook For The Deceased: Re-Evaluating Literature And Folklore In Icelandic Archaeology, Brenda Nicole Prehal

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The rich medieval Icelandic literary record, comprised of mythology, sagas, poetry, law codes and post-medieval folklore, has provided invaluable source material for previous generations of scholars attempting to reconstruct a pagan Scandinavian Viking Age worldview. In modern Icelandic archaeology, however, the Icelandic literary record, apart from official documents such as censuses, has not been considered a viable source for interpretation since the early 20th century. Although the Icelandic corpus is problematic in several ways, it is a source that should be used in Icelandic archaeological interpretation, if used properly with source criticism.

This dissertation aims to advance Icelandic archaeological theory ...


Landscape Theology: Exploring The Outfields Of The Telemarkian Dream Song, Thomas Arentzen 2021 Uppsala University

Landscape Theology: Exploring The Outfields Of The Telemarkian Dream Song, Thomas Arentzen

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

The article explores the Norwegian ‘national ballad’ Draumkvæde (the Dream Song) in Maren Ramskeid’s version. This work has traditionally been interpreted as a folklore adaptation of medieval visionary literature such as the Vision of Tundale, related to Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy. The ballad, however, lacks demons and devils and infernal torture – it is even almost completely devoid of human beings. Instead it tells of a corporeal encounter with an imagined natural landscape. This dreamscape of the song is intimately intertwined with the local terrain of the singer. Maren Ramskeid engaged her own landscape in Telemark, the article argues ...


Gísli’S Súrsson’S Saga: A Conversion Case Study, Sarah S. Penney 2020 University of Maine

Gísli’S Súrsson’S Saga: A Conversion Case Study, Sarah S. Penney

The Macksey Journal

This paper examines an Icelandic Saga, Gísli Súrsson’s Saga, with the aid of key readings in liminal space theory, medieval Christian philosophy, and The King’s Two Bodies by Ernst Kantorowicz. Building on prior scholarship by William I. Miller and other scholars of medieval outlawry, the paper focuses on Gísli's symbolic status as a break from Iceland’s pagan background due to his liminal state, outlawry, apparent belief systems and values, and suggested relation to medieval Christian philosophy. Gísli is an outlier, but he is also a precursor to Iceland’s eventual conversion to Christianity because of his ...


“The Symmetrical Battle” Extended: Old Norse Fránn And Other Symmetry In Norse-Germanic Dragon Lore, Julian A. Emole 2020 University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire

“The Symmetrical Battle” Extended: Old Norse Fránn And Other Symmetry In Norse-Germanic Dragon Lore, Julian A. Emole

The Macksey Journal

Previous endeavors to identify a common origin of the dragon-slayer myth (and its many derivatives) in the Indo-European language family have produced mixed results, due in part to the ubiquity of dragon lore. Calvert Watkins’s ambitious project (How to Kill a Dragon, 1995) to reconstruct a poetic formula with PIE *gwhen- (‘to smite, slay’) has garnered both praise and criticism (see, e.g., Daniel Ogden 2013). Christine Rauer (Beowulf and the Dragon, 2000) has demonstrated that Beowulf was influenced by the Latin hagiographic tradition but finds that “the imagery which seems to be so typical for the ...


No Nazis In Valhalla: Understanding The Use (And Misuse) Of Nordic Cultural Markers In Third Reich Era Germany, Lena Nighswander 2020 Bowling Green State University

No Nazis In Valhalla: Understanding The Use (And Misuse) Of Nordic Cultural Markers In Third Reich Era Germany, Lena Nighswander

International ResearchScape Journal

While medieval concepts are frequently used as a means for the general public to understand emerging global political institutions around the world, they also have immense capability to be purposely misused by political groups due to the generally vague and misguided understanding of these concepts by the masses. At one core of these movements is the legacy of Vikings and the misrepresentation of their history by far-right political groups, especially in mid-20th century Europe, in order to push a fictitious agenda of a prosperous, all-white race of seafaring warriors. Through the appropriation of medieval Old Norse imagery and mythology ...


Tinderbox: Danish-Russian Relations, 1989-2019, Maddy Ghose 2020 The University of San Francisco

Tinderbox: Danish-Russian Relations, 1989-2019, Maddy Ghose

Master's Theses

This thesis documents and analyzes the major trends of the military, political, economic, and cultural relationships between Denmark and Russia from 1989 to 2019. I document the relationship from the Danish perspective, using primary sources, with the aim to conduct analysis of Danish politicians’ speeches and activities during this period. The outcome is a comprehensive image of the Danish-Russian bilateral relationship at the present time. This relationship has fluctuated widely during the time period under study. Shared economic development interests in the 1990s contributed to a positive relationship; controversy surrounding the war in Chechnya and an assertive Danish prime minister ...


The Aesthetics Of Storytelling And Literary Criticism As Mythological Ritual: The Myth Of The Human Tragic Hero, Intertextual Comparisons Between The Heroes And Monsters Of Beowulf And The Anglo-Saxon Exodus, Daniel Stoll 2020 East Tennessee State University

The Aesthetics Of Storytelling And Literary Criticism As Mythological Ritual: The Myth Of The Human Tragic Hero, Intertextual Comparisons Between The Heroes And Monsters Of Beowulf And The Anglo-Saxon Exodus, Daniel Stoll

Undergraduate Honors Theses

For thousands of years, people have been hearing, reading, and interpreting stories and myths in light of their own experience. To read a work by a different author living in a different era and setting, people tend to imagine works of literature to be something they are not. To avoid this fateful tendency, I hope to elucidate what it means to read a work of literature and interpret it: love it to the point of wanting to foremost discuss its excellence of being a piece of art. Rather than this being a defense, I would rather call it a musing ...


Terra Nullius And The Svalbard Question: Exploring An Anomaly In International Law, Luke H. Campopiano 2020 College of William and Mary

Terra Nullius And The Svalbard Question: Exploring An Anomaly In International Law, Luke H. Campopiano

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This honors thesis explores the usage of terra nullius in the context of the negotiations concerning sovereignty over the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard. Previous scholarship has emphasized the Svalbard Commission’s solution of Norwegian sovereignty, while largely ignoring the many intriguing suggestions at the time for divided or limited sovereignty in the archipelago. Intimately linked to these legal roads-not-taken is terra nullius, a Latin legal term that means “no man’s land.” This thesis will focus on the differing uses of terra nullius by legal scholars, diplomats, explorers, scientists, and corporate lobbyists with the aim of providing a comprehensive understanding ...


Passing Down The Rolling Pin: Lefse, Memory, And A Norwegian-American Identity, Rebecca Garbe 2020 Augustana College

Passing Down The Rolling Pin: Lefse, Memory, And A Norwegian-American Identity, Rebecca Garbe

Scandinavian Studies Student Award

This paper explores the intersections between memory and food-making and how they inform a Norwegian-American cultural identity. Based on fieldwork done in June and July of 2019 in Fosston, Minnesota, I use lefse, a Norwegian potato-based flatbread, as a focal point, for analysis. I argue that lefse-making in Fosston acts as a medium through which residents engage with a collective memory of an immigrant heritage. This traditional food-making, I assert, relies on knowledge passed down through and across family lines allowing food-makers and eaters to experience an embodied connection to their cultural past. Investigating my own Norwegian heritage, I draw ...


Marching Straight In Sweden: The Parade Of A Queer Swedish Utopia Or False Hope?, Ainslie Lounsbury 2020 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Marching Straight In Sweden: The Parade Of A Queer Swedish Utopia Or False Hope?, Ainslie Lounsbury

Scandinavian Studies Student Award

Sweden is considered to be one of the most open, welcoming countries in the world. Often, the country is viewed as a shining example of inclusion, especially in regards to their support of the LGBTQ+ community. When analyzing various media from the country, however, many questions arise. Are the groups creating these advertisements doing so for the benefit of the LGBTQ+ community? Or are they for boosting sales, tourism, and recruitment? What if these advertisements actually harm the LGBTQ+ community through stereotyping? Through the analysis of Swedish military and corporate images supporting the LGBTQ+ community, Lounsbury explores possible ideas about ...


The Dead Actually Tell Many Tales: How Archaeologists Have Used Scientific Analysis To Study Scandinavian Burials, Claire F. Benstead 2020 Gettysburg College

The Dead Actually Tell Many Tales: How Archaeologists Have Used Scientific Analysis To Study Scandinavian Burials, Claire F. Benstead

Student Publications

Archaeologists often employ techniques from scientific fields to better analyze historical and prehistorical sites. Here we explore how developments in scientific analysis have changed and improved our understanding of past societies. With a specific focus on the study of Scandinavian burials, we review the history of Scandinavian archaeology and how the field is constantly changing as a result of new and more nuanced analysis. From the Bronze Age to the Viking Age, we analyze how new information challenges previous assumptions about Scandinavian societies.


Paranormal Encounters In Iceland 1150-1400, Ármann Jakobsson, Miriam Mayburd 2020 University of Iceland

Paranormal Encounters In Iceland 1150-1400, Ármann Jakobsson, Miriam Mayburd

Northern Medieval World

This anthology of international scholarship offers new critical approaches to the study of the many manifestations of the paranormal in the Middle Ages. The guiding principle of the collection is to depart from symbolic or reductionist readings of the subject matter in favor of focusing on the paranormal as human experience and, essentially, on how these experiences are defined by the sources. The authors work with a variety of medieval Icelandic textual sources, including family sagas, legendary sagas, romances, poetry, hagiography and miracles, exploring the diversity of paranormal activity in the medieval North. This volume questions all previous definitions of ...


The Musical Poetics Of Witness: Two Anthropocene Journeys, Heidi Hart 2020 Yale University

The Musical Poetics Of Witness: Two Anthropocene Journeys, Heidi Hart

Yale Journal of Music & Religion

Kerstin Ekman’s The Forest of Hours (first published in Swedish in 1988) and Jenny Erpenbeck’s Visitation(published in German as Heimsuchung in 2008) span two decades and two countries, but both novels reach across far larger epochs, in their respective journeys from Europe’s glacial prehistory through the Dark Ages and the Thirty Years War, and through the twentieth century’s collective trauma. Though disagreement persists on when the Anthropocene began to leave its mark in stone, contemporary fiction often registers its traces through a marginally human witness who somehow survives generation after generation, recording in word or ...


Scandinavian Literature, Joseph Bosworth 2020 Livre de Lyon

Scandinavian Literature, Joseph Bosworth

Philology

This is a very brief sketch of the language and literature of Scandinavia, taken from the introduction to the author’s Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. From the old Danish (Danska tunga), Norraena or Icelandic tongue, sprung the modern Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, and those languages and dialects spoken from Greenland to Finland, from the Frozen Ocean to the Eider. While it must be acknowledged, that a class of languages thus extensive deserves attention, Scandinavian literature has a peculiar claim from its singular poetry and mythology, given in the Eddas. Those who wish to enter more deeply into the subject than the limited space ...


The Echo Of Odin: Norse Mythology And Human Consciousness By Edward W.L. Smith, Emily E. E. Auger 2019 Independent Scholar

The Echo Of Odin: Norse Mythology And Human Consciousness By Edward W.L. Smith, Emily E. E. Auger

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

This review briefly describes and assesses the chapter by chapter content of the book and the author's argument regarding the content of Norse mythology as representing a map of human consciousness.


Play It Again, Ole!, Amy M. Shaw 2019 St. Catherine University

Play It Again, Ole!, Amy M. Shaw

Amy M. Shaw

This compact disc recording, produced by Amy Shaw, features music from the rare 1890s tunebook compiled by Norwegian-born fiddler Ole Hendricks (1851-1935), performed by the New Ole Hendricks Orchestra. In Elbow Lake, Minnesota, Hendricks became well-known as a musician, band leader, and owner of a dance hall. Local townspeople and residents of neighboring townships, many of them Scandinavian immigrants, flocked to the hall on many a Saturday night. There, they danced quadrilles, polkas, reinlenders, and waltzes to the music of Ole’s fiddle and the original Hendricks Orchestra. The New Ole Hendricks Orchestra (Vidar Skrede, fiddle; Beth Hoven Rotto, piano ...


Children Of A One-Eyed God: Impairment In The Myth And Memory Of Medieval Scandinavia, Michael David Lawson 2019 East Tennessee State University

Children Of A One-Eyed God: Impairment In The Myth And Memory Of Medieval Scandinavia, Michael David Lawson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Using the lives of impaired individuals catalogued in the Íslendingasögur as a narrative framework, this study examines medieval Scandinavian social views regarding impairment from the ninth to the thirteenth century. Beginning with the myths and legends of the eddic poetry and prose of Iceland, it investigates impairment in Norse pre-Christian belief; demonstrating how myth and memory informed medieval conceptualizations of the body. This thesis counters scholarly assumptions that the impaired were universally marginalized across medieval Europe. It argues that bodily difference, in the Norse world, was only viewed as a limitation when it prevented an individual from fulfilling roles that ...


Gregerson, Uggla, And Wyllers' "Reformation Theology For A Post-Secular Age: Logstrup, Prenta, Wingren, And The Future Of Scandinavian Creation Theology" (Book Review), Samuel S. Richardson 2019 University of Tennessee at Martin

Gregerson, Uggla, And Wyllers' "Reformation Theology For A Post-Secular Age: Logstrup, Prenta, Wingren, And The Future Of Scandinavian Creation Theology" (Book Review), Samuel S. Richardson

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


The Home As An Object: Material Culture In The Age Of Ikea, Maxwell Harling Fertik 2019 Trinity College

The Home As An Object: Material Culture In The Age Of Ikea, Maxwell Harling Fertik

Senior Theses and Projects

The curiosity of everyday objects looms large in every human’s life. And naturally, these objects are almost as diverse in character as the person who bought them. This variation can be in style, period, shape, origin but also in the arrangement it is given in relation to other objects or persons in a space. On one level, the objects we surround ourselves with are meaningless, purely functional, utilitarian and banal. Especially on a budget, one may not consider aesthetic or design issues at all and purely buy a toaster because they want toast. Why would one buy a SMEG ...


Weaponizing Ordinary Objects: Women, Masculine Performance, And The Anxieties Of Men In Medieval Iceland, Steven T. Dunn 2019 University of South Florida

Weaponizing Ordinary Objects: Women, Masculine Performance, And The Anxieties Of Men In Medieval Iceland, Steven T. Dunn

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis unravels the deeper meanings attributed to ordinary objects, such as clothing and food, in thirteenth-century Icelandic literature and legal records. I argue that women weaponized these ordinary objects to circumvent their social and legal disadvantages by performing acts that medieval Icelandic society deemed masculine. By comparing various literary sources, however, I show that medieval Icelandic society gradually redefined and questioned the acceptability of that behavior, especially during the thirteenth-century. This is particularly evident in the late thirteenth-century Njal’s Saga, wherein a woman named Hallgerd has been villainized for stealing cheese from a troublesome neighbor. If Hallgerd were ...


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