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Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 The University of Akron School of Law

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Music In The Monopolization Of Knowledge: Glenn Gould, The Cbc, And The Construction Of Canadian Intellectual Identity By Michael Mackenzie, 2014 Western University

Music In The Monopolization Of Knowledge: Glenn Gould, The Cbc, And The Construction Of Canadian Intellectual Identity By Michael Mackenzie

Chiasma: A Site For Thought

In this study, I begin with an interpretation of how Gould capitalized on Marshall McLuhan’s pervasive influence during the 1960s, and what effects this had on his position within the Canadian communications school. I then consider Gould’s own media theory, and finally, I analyze three case studies of Gould’s CBC television programmes as performances of Canadian identity and electronic utopianism.


Editor's Introduction, 2014 Western University

Editor's Introduction

Chiasma: A Site For Thought

Chiasma: A Site for Thought was established in September 2013 as an annual, double-blind, peer-reviewed journal to further the disruption, generation and dispersion of theory. Each year we will feature invited essays, peer-reviewed articles, and solicited reviews of books and of academic fields, from both established and emerging scholars. While housed in Western University’s Centre for the Study of Theory and Criticism, Chiasma’s editorial board and contributors are drawn together each year from disciplines within the arts, humanities and social sciences to a common site—theory—where we pursue the breakdown and reconfiguration of what, how and why ...


Effects Of Popular Music On Memorization Tasks, Kristin Sandberg, Sarah Harmon 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Effects Of Popular Music On Memorization Tasks, Kristin Sandberg, Sarah Harmon

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

This study investigated the effects that popular music has on memory performance. It was proposed that popular music would adversely affect both studying and memory recall. Forty introductory psychology students participated in the study. Subjects were given a list of fifty words to study in 6 ½ minutes, with music either being present or absent. This was termed the learning stage. In this study, four conditions were tested. In all 4 conditions, subjects were assigned to either a “music” pre-period or a “non-music” pre-period and a “music” post-period or a “non-music” post-period. After they had studied the words, subjects were ...


The Effects Of Minimalism/Indeterminacy On The Merce Cunningham And John Cage Collaboration, Janelle M. Morrison 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Effects Of Minimalism/Indeterminacy On The Merce Cunningham And John Cage Collaboration, Janelle M. Morrison

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Minimalism is movement in both the visual and performing arts that strive to focus attention on the subject as an object, reducing its historical and expressive content to a bare minimum or art without meaning. John Cage’s music stems from the idea of minimalism and expands itself into what he calls “indeterminacy.” Indeterminacy means that chance operations will produce the score and performer’s choices. Through Cage’s study of Zen he learned about The Book of Change, I Ching. Using his charts, based on this book and the toss of three coins, Cage could layout the format of ...


Syntagma Musicum Ii: De Organographia, Parts Iii – V With Index, Michael Praetorius, Quentin Faulkner 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Syntagma Musicum Ii: De Organographia, Parts Iii – V With Index, Michael Praetorius, Quentin Faulkner

Zea E-Books

Michael Praetorius (1571–1621) achieved distinction as a practicing musician: as organist and Kapellmeister at Wolfenbüttel, Dresden and Magdeburg, and (in his later years) by incessant travel to fulfill commissions at various central German courts. Amid his travels Praetorius found time to publish an impressive series of collections of musical compositions, in all more than a thousand works. Praetorius’s three-volume Syntagma musicum (Musical Encyclopedia) belongs to the last years of his life. Volume I, Musicae artis analecta (1614/15, in Latin), treats principles and practices of religious music, from a decidedly Lutheran perspective. Volume II, De organographia (1619, in ...


Improvisation In Vocal Contrapuntal Pedagogy: An Appraisal Of Italian Theoretical Treatises Of The Sixteenth And Early Seventeenth Century, Valerio Morucci 2014 Claremont Colleges

Improvisation In Vocal Contrapuntal Pedagogy: An Appraisal Of Italian Theoretical Treatises Of The Sixteenth And Early Seventeenth Century, Valerio Morucci

Performance Practice Review

The extemporaneous application of pre-assimilated compositional paradigms into musical performance retained a central position in the training of Medieval and Renaissance musicians, specifically within the context of Western polyphonic practice. Recent scholarship has shown the significance of memorization in the oral transmission of plainchant and early polyphony. Attention has been particularly directed to aspects of orality and literacy in relation to “composition” (the term here applies to both written and oral), and, at the same time, studies correlated to fifteenth and sixteenth century contrapuntal theory, have mainly focused on the works of single theorists. The information we possess regarding improvised ...


Thomas Young And Eighteenth-Century Tempi, Peter Pesic 2014 Claremont Colleges

Thomas Young And Eighteenth-Century Tempi, Peter Pesic

Performance Practice Review

The physician, natural philosopher, and linguist Thomas Young in 1800 provided a table of tempi gauged by a pendulum. Calibrated against Quantz’s pulse-based system (1752), Young’s observations quantitatively corroborate the generally faster contemporary tempi, while also indicating cases in which they should be moderated. His statement about the relative order of very slow and fast tempo markings contradict several contemporary English sources; as a natural philosopher, he brought special skill in observation to these controversies.


Sounds Of Australia: Aboriginal Popular Music, Identity, And Place, James Jun Wu 2014 Western University

Sounds Of Australia: Aboriginal Popular Music, Identity, And Place, James Jun Wu

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

During the late twentieth century, Australia started to recognize the rights of the Aboriginal people. Indigenous claims for self-determination revolved around struggles to maintain a distinct cultural identity in strategies to own and govern traditional lands within the wider political system. While these fundamental challenges pervaded indigenous affairs, contemporary popular music by Aboriginal artists became increasingly important as a means of mediating viewpoints and agendas of the Australian national consciousness. It provided an artistic platform for indigenous performers to express a concerted resistance to colonial influences and sovereignty. As such, this study aims to examine the meaning and significance of ...


Progressive Chromatic Processes In Rachmaninoff's Étude-Tableau Op. 33, No. 8, Tegan G. E. Niziol 2014 Western University

Progressive Chromatic Processes In Rachmaninoff's Étude-Tableau Op. 33, No. 8, Tegan G. E. Niziol

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

No abstract provided.


House Of Cards: Valuing Music In The Digital Age, Alexander Chan Huggins 2014 Western University

House Of Cards: Valuing Music In The Digital Age, Alexander Chan Huggins

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

No abstract provided.


Emmanuel Chabrier De Francis Poulenc, Michèle Duguay 2014 Western University

Emmanuel Chabrier De Francis Poulenc, Michèle Duguay

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

No abstract provided.


Foreword And Front Matter, Editors-in -Chief 2014 Western University

Foreword And Front Matter, Editors-In -Chief

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

No abstract provided.


Wagner’S Philosophy, Music, & Siegfried-Idyll, Brandon Michael Smith 2014 University of North Georgia

Wagner’S Philosophy, Music, & Siegfried-Idyll, Brandon Michael Smith

Papers and Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research

The purpose of this research is to obtain a deeper understanding of Richard Wagner’s philosophies on opera, connect the application of his philosophies to his compositions, and explore one of his non-operatic works, Siegfried-Idyll, through an extensive historical and musical analysis. Wagner held radical views of opera in his time and spoke out against them in his essays in the late 1840s and early 1850s. During this time, Wagner also devised his own concepts of opera during this time and articulated them in his prose works. Wagner’s concepts of a perfect artwork, a gesamtkunstwerk, were highly innovative and ...


Exploring Naxi Baisha Xiyue, Nicholas Kircher 2014 Liberty University

Exploring Naxi Baisha Xiyue, Nicholas Kircher

Masters Theses

"Exploring Naxi Baisha Xiyue" is a qualitative research descriptive paper delving into the origin of the Baisha Xiyue music style among the Naxi people based in northwest Yunnan province of the People's Republic of China. A brief historical background of Baisha Xiyue includes the Yuan dynasty (AD 1279-1368) invasion by Kublai Khan when he and his army entered Yunnan province in AD 1253. The topic of the remaining eight songs is a Naxi historical conflict with a neighboring tribe. As musical instruments are essential in the performance of this genre, each of the commonly used instruments are introduced and ...


On This Journey: Suite For Big Band And Five Voices, Kara L. Baxter 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

On This Journey: Suite For Big Band And Five Voices, Kara L. Baxter

Student Research, Creative Activity, and Performance - School of Music

On This Journey: Suite for Big Band and Five Voices is a four-movement, programmatic work that explores traditional big band instrumentation with the addition of five voices used as instruments. Violin and cello are added in the last two movements.

This is the story of a journey, with each movement representing a phase of that journey. The first movement, Charmed with Possibilities, is a musical representation of Chicago. During the improvisation solos, the time moves fluidly between a measure of six and five. The meter and key change often, evoking a sense of the ever-changing city.

The second movement, Stop ...


A Song Without Music Or Music Without Song: Noise Music And Lexington’S Modern Avant-Garde, Matthew H. Gibson 2014 University of Kentucky

A Song Without Music Or Music Without Song: Noise Music And Lexington’S Modern Avant-Garde, Matthew H. Gibson

Kaleidoscope

While Lexington KY appears to be a fairly unassuming college town, it is actually a regional hub for noise, experimental, and improvisational music. This work explores the directions, motivations, and origins of Lexington’s experimental music scene through interviews with its artists, promoters, and participants. What I uncovered was a loose collective of fiercely independent artists who write their own music, create their own visual artwork, and organize their own performances in some of the most unlikely locations. These musicians and artists represent a peculiar contemporary folk art that emerges more from the psyche than the classroom and challenges all ...


Deweese-Pierce Singers (Fa 775), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2014 Western Kentucky University

Deweese-Pierce Singers (Fa 775), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 775. Compact disc of gospel music by the DeWeese-Pierce Singers. Includes photocopy of song list from the original cassette recording.


Covers Uncovered: A History Of The "Cover Version," From Bing Crosby To The Flaming Lips, Sean Dineley 2014 Western University

Covers Uncovered: A History Of The "Cover Version," From Bing Crosby To The Flaming Lips, Sean Dineley

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis engages with the “cover version” as it has developed since the mid-1940s. This single term has survived across historical eras “so that it now indiscriminately designates any occasion of rerecording” (Coyle 2002, 134). This thesis views changing cover trends as aspects of broader cultural changes. In order to effectively illustrate the wide scope of practices to which this term has referred, the history of cover versions is separated into three broad periods: pre-rock, rock, and post-rock. This thesis explores the shifting attitudes toward, and motivations for, cover recording across these periods. It argues that it is more useful ...


Chamberlin '14 Earns National Recognition At Classical Singer Competition, Danielle Kamp 2014 Illinois Wesleyan University

Chamberlin '14 Earns National Recognition At Classical Singer Competition, Danielle Kamp

News and Events

No abstract provided.


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