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Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Peter And The Wolf, Cedarville University 2014 Cedarville University

Peter And The Wolf, Cedarville University

Bach’s Literacy Series Announcements and Programs

No abstract provided.


Hear After: Matters Of Life And Death In David Tudor’S Electronic Music, You Nakai 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Hear After: Matters Of Life And Death In David Tudor’S Electronic Music, You Nakai

communication +1

In David Tudor’s electronic music, home-brew modular devices were carefully connected together to form complex feedback networks wherein all components—including the composer/performer himself—could only partially ‘influence’ one another. Once activated, the very instability of mismatched connections between the components triggered a cascade of signals and signal modulations, so that the work “composed itself,” and took “a life of its own.” Due to this self-producing, perpetuating nature of his works, Tudor insisted on what he called “the view from inside,” focusing more on the internal observation of his devices and sound than in materials external to the ...


The Many Disguises Of Susanna: A Comparison Of The 1786 Premiere And The 1789 Revival Of Mozart’S "Le Nozze Di Figaro", Rosemary Heredos 2014 Kent State University

The Many Disguises Of Susanna: A Comparison Of The 1786 Premiere And The 1789 Revival Of Mozart’S "Le Nozze Di Figaro", Rosemary Heredos

Excellence in Performing Arts Research

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera buffa, Le nozze di Figaro features a strong, memorable female character named Susanna, who is the countess’ maid. Mozart reworked and even changed much of Susannah’s part, rewriting both of Susanna’s arias for the Vienna revival production in 1789. Through particular study of “Al desio di chi t'adora,” which replaced “Deh, vieni, non tardar,” we can gain a better understanding of the evolution of this progressive, innovative character. I propose that the development of Susanna’s character through this aria, as well as the opera as a whole, exemplifies the growing awareness ...


Student Assessment In The Ohio Teacher Evaluation System (Otes): Is It Improving Instructional Practices In The Music Classroom?, Rachael Fleischaker 2014 Kent State University

Student Assessment In The Ohio Teacher Evaluation System (Otes): Is It Improving Instructional Practices In The Music Classroom?, Rachael Fleischaker

Excellence in Performing Arts Research

This study investigated the impact of student growth measures required by the Ohio Teacher Evaluation System (OTES) on instructional practices of music teachers. The participants were music teachers employed in public school settings from seven counties in northeast Ohio. The participants specialized in a variety of content areas (instrumental, vocal, and general) with students ranging in age from kindergarten through high school. Participants taught in diverse geographic, ethnic, and economic situations. Data was collected via an online survey. The music teachers answered questions about their demographics, current situations, professional involvement in the development of student learning objectives for their school ...


Reviving Scottish Fiddling: An Ethnographic Study Of Scottish Fiddling Competitions In The United States, Deanna Nebel 2014 Kent State University

Reviving Scottish Fiddling: An Ethnographic Study Of Scottish Fiddling Competitions In The United States, Deanna Nebel

Excellence in Performing Arts Research

This paper examines the Scottish fiddling revival in America. Due to its rapid fusion into other fiddling styles, Scottish fiddling did not establish itself as a unique musical genre in the United States. One particular organization, titled “Scottish Fiddling Revival,” or “F.I.R.E.,” is largely responsible for the revival and has established all of the necessary elements within a revival framework to stimulate and maintain this style of fiddling. The organization sponsors official Scottish fiddling competitions, provides teachers to educate and maintain the style, and fosters a community to interact with the revival. This study examines the revival ...


Read/Listen/Watch, Eric Thomas 2014 Colby College

Read/Listen/Watch, Eric Thomas

Colby Magazine

Colby faculty members have rich lives that extend beyond the classroom. In this, the first installment of a regular feature, we asked musician and composer Eric Thomas what he's listening to- and why.


"The Notation Is Not The Music: Reflections On Early Music Practice And Performance" By Barthold Kuijken, Colin Lawson 2014 Claremont Colleges

"The Notation Is Not The Music: Reflections On Early Music Practice And Performance" By Barthold Kuijken, Colin Lawson

Performance Practice Review

Colin Lawson discusses and reviews Kuijken's 2013 work.

Kuijken, Barthold. The Notation Is Not the Music: Reflections on Early Music Practice and Performance. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2013.

ISBN: 978-0-253-01060-5


"Off The Record: Performing Practices In Romantic Piano Playing" By Neal Peres Da Costa, William Kinderman 2014 Claremont Colleges

"Off The Record: Performing Practices In Romantic Piano Playing" By Neal Peres Da Costa, William Kinderman

Performance Practice Review

William Kinderman discusses and reviews Peres Da Costa's 2012 work.

Peres Da Costa, Neal. Off the Record: Performing Practices in Romantic Piano Playing. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

ISBN: 978-0-19-538691-2


Music In The Monopolization Of Knowledge: Glenn Gould, The Cbc, And The Construction Of Canadian Intellectual Identity By Michael Mackenzie, 2014 Western University

Music In The Monopolization Of Knowledge: Glenn Gould, The Cbc, And The Construction Of Canadian Intellectual Identity By Michael Mackenzie

Chiasma: A Site For Thought

In this study, I begin with an interpretation of how Gould capitalized on Marshall McLuhan’s pervasive influence during the 1960s, and what effects this had on his position within the Canadian communications school. I then consider Gould’s own media theory, and finally, I analyze three case studies of Gould’s CBC television programmes as performances of Canadian identity and electronic utopianism.


Editor's Introduction, 2014 Western University

Editor's Introduction

Chiasma: A Site For Thought

Chiasma: A Site for Thought was established in September 2013 as an annual, double-blind, peer-reviewed journal to further the disruption, generation and dispersion of theory. Each year we will feature invited essays, peer-reviewed articles, and solicited reviews of books and of academic fields, from both established and emerging scholars. While housed in Western University’s Centre for the Study of Theory and Criticism, Chiasma’s editorial board and contributors are drawn together each year from disciplines within the arts, humanities and social sciences to a common site—theory—where we pursue the breakdown and reconfiguration of what, how and why ...


Effects Of Popular Music On Memorization Tasks, Kristin Sandberg, Sarah Harmon 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Effects Of Popular Music On Memorization Tasks, Kristin Sandberg, Sarah Harmon

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

This study investigated the effects that popular music has on memory performance. It was proposed that popular music would adversely affect both studying and memory recall. Forty introductory psychology students participated in the study. Subjects were given a list of fifty words to study in 6 ½ minutes, with music either being present or absent. This was termed the learning stage. In this study, four conditions were tested. In all 4 conditions, subjects were assigned to either a “music” pre-period or a “non-music” pre-period and a “music” post-period or a “non-music” post-period. After they had studied the words, subjects were ...


The Effects Of Minimalism/Indeterminacy On The Merce Cunningham And John Cage Collaboration, Janelle M. Morrison 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Effects Of Minimalism/Indeterminacy On The Merce Cunningham And John Cage Collaboration, Janelle M. Morrison

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Minimalism is movement in both the visual and performing arts that strive to focus attention on the subject as an object, reducing its historical and expressive content to a bare minimum or art without meaning. John Cage’s music stems from the idea of minimalism and expands itself into what he calls “indeterminacy.” Indeterminacy means that chance operations will produce the score and performer’s choices. Through Cage’s study of Zen he learned about The Book of Change, I Ching. Using his charts, based on this book and the toss of three coins, Cage could layout the format of ...


Syntagma Musicum Ii: De Organographia, Parts Iii – V With Index, Michael Praetorius, Quentin Faulkner 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Syntagma Musicum Ii: De Organographia, Parts Iii – V With Index, Michael Praetorius, Quentin Faulkner

Zea E-Books

Michael Praetorius (1571–1621) achieved distinction as a practicing musician: as organist and Kapellmeister at Wolfenbüttel, Dresden and Magdeburg, and (in his later years) by incessant travel to fulfill commissions at various central German courts. Amid his travels Praetorius found time to publish an impressive series of collections of musical compositions, in all more than a thousand works. Praetorius’s three-volume Syntagma musicum (Musical Encyclopedia) belongs to the last years of his life. Volume I, Musicae artis analecta (1614/15, in Latin), treats principles and practices of religious music, from a decidedly Lutheran perspective. Volume II, De organographia (1619, in ...


Sounds Of Australia: Aboriginal Popular Music, Identity, And Place, James Jun Wu 2014 Western University

Sounds Of Australia: Aboriginal Popular Music, Identity, And Place, James Jun Wu

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

During the late twentieth century, Australia started to recognize the rights of the Aboriginal people. Indigenous claims for self-determination revolved around struggles to maintain a distinct cultural identity in strategies to own and govern traditional lands within the wider political system. While these fundamental challenges pervaded indigenous affairs, contemporary popular music by Aboriginal artists became increasingly important as a means of mediating viewpoints and agendas of the Australian national consciousness. It provided an artistic platform for indigenous performers to express a concerted resistance to colonial influences and sovereignty. As such, this study aims to examine the meaning and significance of ...


Progressive Chromatic Processes In Rachmaninoff's Étude-Tableau Op. 33, No. 8, Tegan G. E. Niziol 2014 Western University

Progressive Chromatic Processes In Rachmaninoff's Étude-Tableau Op. 33, No. 8, Tegan G. E. Niziol

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

No abstract provided.


House Of Cards: Valuing Music In The Digital Age, Alexander Chan Huggins 2014 Western University

House Of Cards: Valuing Music In The Digital Age, Alexander Chan Huggins

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

No abstract provided.


Emmanuel Chabrier De Francis Poulenc, Michèle Duguay 2014 Western University

Emmanuel Chabrier De Francis Poulenc, Michèle Duguay

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

La correspondance de Francis Poulenc, ses entretiens avec Claude Rostand et tout particulièrement la biographie publiée en 1961, Emmanuel Chabrier, révèlent la grande admiration que Poulenc vouait à ce compositeur. Pour Nicholas Southon, cet unique ouvrage de Poulenc représente l'aboutissement d'un projet d'écriture planifié depuis longtemps. Il est vrai que le livre de Poulenc témoigne de l'appréciation profonde que son auteur portait à Chabrier, pourtant il est possible de considérer que d'autres motivations ont également animé l'écriture de cet ouvrage. Certains de ses aspects peuvent être vus comme un effort conscient de la part ...


Foreword And Front Matter, Editors-in -Chief 2014 Western University

Foreword And Front Matter, Editors-In -Chief

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

No abstract provided.


Wagner’S Philosophy, Music, & Siegfried-Idyll, Brandon Michael Smith 2014 University of North Georgia

Wagner’S Philosophy, Music, & Siegfried-Idyll, Brandon Michael Smith

Papers and Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research

The purpose of this research is to obtain a deeper understanding of Richard Wagner’s philosophies on opera, connect the application of his philosophies to his compositions, and explore one of his non-operatic works, Siegfried-Idyll, through an extensive historical and musical analysis. Wagner held radical views of opera in his time and spoke out against them in his essays in the late 1840s and early 1850s. During this time, Wagner also devised his own concepts of opera during this time and articulated them in his prose works. Wagner’s concepts of a perfect artwork, a gesamtkunstwerk, were highly innovative and ...


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