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Revisiting Juchitán: Witnessing An Indigenous Mexico Within The Latin American Archive, Michelle G. de la Cruz 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Revisiting Juchitán: Witnessing An Indigenous Mexico Within The Latin American Archive, Michelle G. De La Cruz

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Throughout archives of photographic collections, as one discovers the focused, artistic selective process of images that become part of a photographer’s collection, one must venture further and ask: will these choices be decisively remembered by an individual or collective audience or actively be dismissed, misunderstood, and denied presence? For my master’s thesis, I will be analyzing Mexican photographer Graciela Iturbide’s photobook, Juchitán de las Mujeres, a photo-collection of the women-empowered indigenous society in Oaxaca, Mexico which erupted during Latin American photography’s prime in the 20th century, turning away from a deeply exoticized past and towards a ...


Anger, Genre Bending, And Space In Kincaid, Ferré, And Vilar, Suzanne M. Uzzilia 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Anger, Genre Bending, And Space In Kincaid, Ferré, And Vilar, Suzanne M. Uzzilia

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation examines how women’s anger sparks the bending of genre, which ultimately leads to the development of space in the work of three Caribbean-American authors: Jamaica Kincaid, Rosario Ferré, and Irene Vilar. Women often occupy subject positions that restrict them, and women writers harness the anger provoked by such limitations to test the traditional borders of genre and create new forms that better reflect their realities.

These three writers represent Anglophone and Hispanophone Caribbean literary traditions and are united by their interest in addressing feminist issues in their work. Accordingly, my research is guided by the feminist theoretical ...


Una Isla, Dos Literaturas: Contrapunteo De La Literatura De La Isla Y La Diáspora Dominicanas (1965–2018), Jose L. Peralta 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Una Isla, Dos Literaturas: Contrapunteo De La Literatura De La Isla Y La Diáspora Dominicanas (1965–2018), Jose L. Peralta

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Una isla, dos literaturas.

Contrapunteo de la literatura de la isla y la diáspora dominicanas (1965-2018)

by

Jose Luis Peralta Genao

Advisor: Carlos Riobó

The literary works written by Dominican Diaspora as well as the ones written in the island have been dealing with a very complicated phenomena grown as the result of Dominican massive emigration of twenty century, namely the definition of dominicaness (dominicanidad). In the search of a broader notion of this concept the idea of being Dominican gets build and transforms in different Dominican literary spaces. By searching national discursive elements that construct that Dominican identities in ...


Afro-Americano: The Transracialization Of The African-American Spanish Speaker, John M. Flanagan 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Afro-Americano: The Transracialization Of The African-American Spanish Speaker, John M. Flanagan

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Transracialization is not a biological term connoting the change of one’s skin tone to become a member of a different race. Its definition has its roots in racialization—the ideological process that describes how one assembles ideas about groups based on their race and decides, for example, what a ‘Black’ person is and how ‘Black’ people speak. Thus, transracialization is a linguistic term that describes the political and sociocultural act of recontextualizing one’s phenotype with the use of language, and in so doing, upending the observers’ stereotypical expectations of who one is (Alim 2016). This dissertation deals with ...


Letras 12, 2020 Valparaiso University

Letras 12

Letras

No abstract provided.


Communal Reciprocity In The Andes: An Ethnohistorical Approach To The Relationship Between Ayni And Food Production, Catherine Curran 2020 Ursinus College

Communal Reciprocity In The Andes: An Ethnohistorical Approach To The Relationship Between Ayni And Food Production, Catherine Curran

Spanish Honors Papers

Ayni, or reciprocity, historically characterizes Quechua culture as a fundamental aspect of ancient Andean societies. Furthermore, ayni represents a cosmovision that may come from pre-Hispanic times (as a political practice and ideology of the Inca Empire), that can be found in the texts of historians of the colonial period and endure to the present day. In this way, ayni is an ancient principle that has influenced Andean communities and continues to maintain today as a way to re-energize and maintain livelihood of the community through environmental conservation and complex household economies of sharing land, labor, and food. Due to the ...


Ascendance And Transformation: Humanizing Trio First Generation Students Of Color And Their Stem Empowerment Agents, Vanessa Nicole Torres 2020 University of California, Irvine

Ascendance And Transformation: Humanizing Trio First Generation Students Of Color And Their Stem Empowerment Agents, Vanessa Nicole Torres

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The TRiO program has the ability to mentor Black and Latinx students of color into pathways that can minimize the gap in educational attainment. Stanton-Salazar (2011) explains how mentorship in the form of empowerment agents among working-class students of color furthers their access to institutional support that is empowering for them in combination with their critical consciousness as they navigate STEM as a field and career choice (as cited in V. Pendakur, 2016). In other words, a mentor becomes a tool for action for this student population to transform themselves and their community. The TRiO STEM educators involved in California ...


Unaccompanied Minors: Marginalized In The Education System, Arlae Cecilia Gamez-Luna 2020 University of Texas at San Antonio

Unaccompanied Minors: Marginalized In The Education System, Arlae Cecilia Gamez-Luna

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

More than 213,000 unaccompanied children from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras have been apprehended at the U.S.-Mexico border by U.S. Customs and Border Protection from the start of fiscal year (FY) 2014 through January 31, 2019. The U.S. Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) is responsible for processing and sheltering the minors who are typically placed with a parent or other adult relative in the U.S., a family friend, or in foster care. Unaccompanied minors wait months, even years, for their cases to be decided in immigration court. Informal relief or no proper legal status ...


The Sociocultural Experiences Of Mexican-American Recent High School Graduates: Civic Education And Its Social Impact On The Success Of Bicultural Youth, Chelsea Amanda Rodriguez 2020 Trinity University

The Sociocultural Experiences Of Mexican-American Recent High School Graduates: Civic Education And Its Social Impact On The Success Of Bicultural Youth, Chelsea Amanda Rodriguez

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In the summer of 2019, I followed a qualitative research approach to understand the experiences of recent Mexican-American high school graduates. Literature supports the direct correlation of positive schooling experiences with bicultural youth's ability to participate in civic engagement. An increase in civic engagement then predicts a student's likelihood to pursue a higher education finally predicting an individual's increase in overall quality of life. In order to better chart specific experiences or circumstances which foster civic engagement for Mexican- American youth, this research begins with understanding how Mexican-American youth feel primarily as students in the U.S ...


A Library Without Books: The Importance Of Language Representation In Public Libraries, Caelyn Armshaw 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

A Library Without Books: The Importance Of Language Representation In Public Libraries, Caelyn Armshaw

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

The focus of this project is to assess the degree of access to Spanish-language books in the Omaha Public Library system. After constructing a map of all Omaha Public Libraries using Global Information System (GIS) and analyzing the population around those areas, I cross-referenced individual library catalogs to compare raw numbers of English-language books to non-English and specifically Spanish-language books. The ultimate finding of this project is that even though approximately 10% of Omaha citizens included in the census speak Spanish as their primary language, Spanish-language books make up only 2% of the total books across all Omaha Public Libraries ...


Bilingualism And Emotion: How Do Spanish-English Bilinguals Experience The Two Languages Differently?, Caitlyn Whitesell 2020 William & Mary

Bilingualism And Emotion: How Do Spanish-English Bilinguals Experience The Two Languages Differently?, Caitlyn Whitesell

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous literature has suggested that bilingual people react to emotional statements with varying degrees of intensity due to their personal experience with each language. Potential factors affecting emotional differences between languages included fluency, culture, age of acquisition, amount of exposure, language learning environment, and motivation. Isolating the impact of these factors on emotional experience challenges research because the factors cannot be easily controlled or separated. The current study investigated how the factors of age of acquisition, length of language exposure, and language-learning environment played a role in emotional reactions to similar stimuli by manipulating the language of the emotional stimuli ...


Effects Of Cognates On Codeswitches, Ellie Decker 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effects Of Cognates On Codeswitches, Ellie Decker

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Manuel Puig Y Los Espacios Queer : Una Tercera Lectura De La Realidad, Matthew Berg 2020 Montclair State University

Manuel Puig Y Los Espacios Queer : Una Tercera Lectura De La Realidad, Matthew Berg

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Manuel Puig es una de las figuras más importantes de la literatura latinoamericana. Si bien comparte la capacidad de capturar la realidad latinoamericana con sus contemporáneos, Puig es único en su interpretación del mundo a su alrededor desde la perspectiva queer, como corresponde a su estatus de hombre gay. Además, el tejido de referencias populares en sus novelas para representar la realidad, los personajes y sus vidas demuestra una práctica de la comunidad queer de tomar elementos populares y aplicarlas a la vida nuestra, haciendo una lectura queer de estas obras y haciéndolas aplicar a nuestra realidad. De esta manera ...


How Las Bodas De Sangre Can Help Bring Into A New Light Cases Like La Manada, Graceanne LaCombe 2020 Louisiana State University

How Las Bodas De Sangre Can Help Bring Into A New Light Cases Like La Manada, Graceanne Lacombe

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In this presentation, I will chronicle with my own register of the events and those of public media, a fairly new rape case, called La Manada, that ignited an uproar and eventually led to marches and protests across Spain and city capitals in Latin America. By analyzing the reaction of the public after the initial verdict, I expect to unveil possible collective motives found at the base of the perturbed public and detail the ways in which these become echoes of ideas and images found on very popular Spanish plays, such as Bodas de Sangre, a play written by Federico ...


Catastrophic Colonialism: An Examination Of Masculinity In Alejo Carpentier's The Kingdom Of This World, Fiona Evans 2020 Orange Coast College

Catastrophic Colonialism: An Examination Of Masculinity In Alejo Carpentier's The Kingdom Of This World, Fiona Evans

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The French colonization of Haiti is a subject birthed out of fierce tragedy and inexplicable greed, an open wound that has and continues to leave its devastating mark on Haiti and those who've lived under its influence. It is this tragedy that serves as the basis for Cuban author Alejo Carpentier's The Kingdom of This World (1949), a novel that explores the impacts of colonialism and the events surrounding/following the Haitian Revolution of 1804 through the varying gendered perspectives of both Haitian slaves, French aristocrats, and newly implemented members of the Haitian aristocracy. Carpentier's masterful use ...


Perceived Object-Gender In The Bilingual Acquisition Of Spanish And English, Kevin Edgell 2020 Oakland University

Perceived Object-Gender In The Bilingual Acquisition Of Spanish And English, Kevin Edgell

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Whether or not there is cross-linguistic interference with respect to gender-association in the bilingual acquisition of Spanish and English. I present data to support the existence of this type of cross-linguistic interference. This study gathered data from 10 children, four English monolinguals, four English-Spanish bilinguals, and two Spanish monolinguals. The children were all close in age ranging from 3;04 to 4;07. The study consisted of two separate tasks: name-to-picture matching and naming. Every child was asked to complete each task twice. Both tasks uncovered patters from all three groups that showing a preference toward using grammatical gender as ...


El Uso Y UbicacióN Del LeíSmo En La PeníNsula IbéRica Desde Siglo Xiii Hasta Siglo Xx, Anthony Scalise 2020 University at Albany, State University of New York

El Uso Y UbicacióN Del LeíSmo En La PeníNsula IbéRica Desde Siglo Xiii Hasta Siglo Xx, Anthony Scalise

Languages, Literatures & Cultures

El leísmo es un fenómeno lingüístico en el cual hay el reemplazamiento del pronombre del objeto acusativo, lo, con el pronombre del objeto dativo, le. Suele ocurrir con objetos masculinos, humanos, y animados, aunque puede ocurrir con objetos masculinos, animados, no humanos como los animales. En este estudio, se trata de contestar cuanto uso del leísmo había en la Península Ibérica, donde había tal uso del leísmo en la Península Ibérica, y cuál es el origen del leísmo en la Península Ibérica. Los clíticos vienen por el CORDE, un banco de datos por la Real Academia Española, en que se ...


Underestimated Erasures: Central American Undergraduate Student Public Invisibility At The University Of California, Irvine, Keanu Hawk Gallardo 2020 University of California, Irvine

Underestimated Erasures: Central American Undergraduate Student Public Invisibility At The University Of California, Irvine, Keanu Hawk Gallardo

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

My research presentation magnifies how contemporary Central American undergraduate students at the University of California, Irvine (UCI) are claiming the erasure of their ethnic and racial identities as an underestimate public invisibility at this campus. The public and normative erasure of UCI undergraduate students' ethnic identity is experienced as an emotionally stressful form of invisibility when interacting socially, completing courses, and engaging in other forms of everyday student life at UCI. Fleshing out the public and undocumented nuances and outcomes of this underestimated undergraduate student experience will demonstrate that Central American undergraduate students are among the most publicly marginalized students ...


Virtual Communities: A Discourse Analysis Of Facebook Groups For Expatriates In Jalisco, Liliana Brock 2020 Portland State University

Virtual Communities: A Discourse Analysis Of Facebook Groups For Expatriates In Jalisco, Liliana Brock

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

North American expatriates in Mexico often live in enclave communities at a fraction of what it would cost in the US or Canada. Despite living in Mexico for many years, some expatriates are poorly integrated into Mexican culture and society. This integration is made more difficult because many are unable to speak Spanish fluently. Instead, they rely on English language virtual communities on Facebook. The function of these virtual communities is to help expatriates navigate life in Mexico. While scholars have explored the intersections of communication and interculturalism in expatriate communities, comparatively few have explored how the internet and the ...


Immigrants: A Threat To The Economy Or Cultural Identity? A Case Study Of Haitian And Venezuelan Immigrants In Chile, Erin Geist 2020 University of Mississippi

Immigrants: A Threat To The Economy Or Cultural Identity? A Case Study Of Haitian And Venezuelan Immigrants In Chile, Erin Geist

Honors Theses

Historically, countries often faced the difficult task of favoring one immigrant group over another. Typically, this is in response to their inability to support those immigrants due to an unstable economy. However, some scholars argue that during times of economic prosperity, excluding immigrants may be the result of the group’s incapacity to assimilate to the nation’s “cultural identity”. Since Chile’s conception as a nation and as one of the most prosperous Latin American countries, they have received notably minuscule immigration rates. As a result, Chileans prides themselves as a relatively homogeneous country. Consequently, in 2018, President Sebastián ...


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