Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Modern Languages Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1478 Full-Text Articles 659 Authors 331448 Downloads 104 Institutions

All Articles in Modern Languages

Faceted Search

1478 full-text articles. Page 1 of 40.

The Moroccan Jurist Al-Khamlīshī: Can A Woman Become A Legislator (Mujtahid)?, Nayel A. Badareen 2564414 2016 University of Arizona

The Moroccan Jurist Al-Khamlīshī: Can A Woman Become A Legislator (Mujtahid)?, Nayel A. Badareen 2564414

Mathal

The idea of deducing legal rulings in Islamic law, or ijtihād, as well as the qualifications of the person who practices ijtihād, known as the mujtahid, has been a complex issue among Muslim ʿulamāʾ for centuries. Many Muslim ʿulamāʾ and Western scholars have maintained that the gate of ijtihād was closed. The title of mujtahid was therefore impossible to attain. The Moroccan intellectual al-Khamlīshī maintains that the strenuous conditions put forth by some of the Sunni jurists to qualify an individual to become a mujtahid actually contributed to the demise of ijtihād. These qualifications, according to al-Khamlīshī, were proven to ...


La Visión Del Colombiano En La Hojarasca, El Coronel No Tiene Quien Le Escriba Y Crónica De Una Muerte Anunciada, De Gabriel García Márquez, Luz S. Valencia Galvis 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

La Visión Del Colombiano En La Hojarasca, El Coronel No Tiene Quien Le Escriba Y Crónica De Una Muerte Anunciada, De Gabriel García Márquez, Luz S. Valencia Galvis

Theses, Dissertations, Student Research: Modern Languages and Literatures

El presente trabajo tiene el propósito de analizar la construcción identitaria del colombiano en las obras La hojarasca, El coronel no tiene quien le escriba y Crónica de una muerte anunciada de Gabriel García Márquez. Bajo esta perspectiva, se indagará sobre algunos aspectos que intervienen en la configuración y expresión de la identidad cultural del colombiano representado en los personajes de cada obra, como el lenguaje, las costumbres sociales y culturales, los estereotipos en su lugar/época. Con lo antes indicado, intento esclarecer la visión del colombiano según García Márquez. Asimismo, se realizará una descripción de la evolución de los ...


La Poética De Bernardo De Balbuena: Breve Estudio De La Teoría Épico-Fantástica Tras "El Bernardo O Victoria De Roncesvalles" (1624), Miguel Magdaleno Santamaria 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

La Poética De Bernardo De Balbuena: Breve Estudio De La Teoría Épico-Fantástica Tras "El Bernardo O Victoria De Roncesvalles" (1624), Miguel Magdaleno Santamaria

Theses, Dissertations, Student Research: Modern Languages and Literatures

Siguiendo una metodología de análisis de tipo narratológico-estructuralista, en este ensayo se presenta una panorámica general de la teoría épico-fantástica sobre la que se asienta "El Bernardo o Victoria de Roncesvalles" (1624) de Bernardo de Balbuena, así como de la estructura funcional de la fantasía en la obra.


Critical Pedagogy And Language Acquisition: Benefiting From A Country’S Crisis To Improve Second Language Instruction, Jamile Forcelini 2016 Florida State University

Critical Pedagogy And Language Acquisition: Benefiting From A Country’S Crisis To Improve Second Language Instruction, Jamile Forcelini

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

Education has the power to influence learners to either accept reality or critically deliberate and change it. Critical thinking is vital to empower learners and society as a whole to move from a practice of inertia to Freire’s practice of freedom as well as humanization. Change, however is only attainable if pursued with one of the most powerful social tools: Language; the most perceptible manifestation of culture and culture is our connection to the world, what unites us in society, identifies us communally, and serves us as guidance for civic conduct (Larson and Smalley, 1972). The present article aims ...


Performance: An Approach To Strengthening Interdisciplinarity In Women's Studies And Gender Studies, Ann M. Shanahan, Prudence A. Moylan, Betsy Jones Hemenway, Bren Ortega Murphy, Jacqueline Long, Susan Grossman, Hector Garcia, Mary Dominiak 2016 Loyola University Chicago

Performance: An Approach To Strengthening Interdisciplinarity In Women's Studies And Gender Studies, Ann M. Shanahan, Prudence A. Moylan, Betsy Jones Hemenway, Bren Ortega Murphy, Jacqueline Long, Susan Grossman, Hector Garcia, Mary Dominiak

PARtake: The Journal of Performance as Research

Abstract

Issues of transition are always difficult and transforming founding assumptions to suit changing conditions can be a challenge for Women’s Studies and Gender Studies programs in the corporate university environment. This essay explains how performance of Fefu and Her Friends by Marie Irene Fornes in a mansion on campus led faculty participants in History, Classics, Modern Languages, Theatre, Communication, Social Work, and Nursing to re-vision their professional lives and the institutional status of the Women’s Studies and Gender Studies program through a new appreciation for interdisciplinarity, derived from using performance as research. Each of eight faculty reflect ...


Nature And The "Dark Pastoral" In Goethe's Werther, Heather I. Sullivan 2016 Trinity University

Nature And The "Dark Pastoral" In Goethe's Werther, Heather I. Sullivan

Heather I Sullivan

Celebrating the natural harmony of the stream, grasses, and the beautiful wellspring where the peasant girls come to fetch water in Die Leiden des jungen Werthers (The Sorrows of Young Werther, 1774), Goethe’s eponymous hero embraces pastoral nature with a passion. He partakes in a traditional pastoral setting of rustic, idyllic landscapes rife with “simple” peasant folk, happy children, and agricultural pursuits far from the complexities of urban or courtly life—at least in the first part of the novel. This idealized pastoral framework with its peaceful green hills and valleys appears isolated from—or, more precisely, abstracted from ...


Lengua Y Racismo-Motivación, Competencia Y Conciencia Lingüística En La Clase De Español Como Segunda Lengua: Integración De Contenidos Relacionados Con La Dimensión Socio-Política Del Lenguaje En Un Acercamiento Content-Based, Jose Magro 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Lengua Y Racismo-Motivación, Competencia Y Conciencia Lingüística En La Clase De Español Como Segunda Lengua: Integración De Contenidos Relacionados Con La Dimensión Socio-Política Del Lenguaje En Un Acercamiento Content-Based, Jose Magro

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Dentro de un modelo de instrucción lingüística basado en la transmisión de contenidos (content-based instruction), esta disertación trata de averiguar cómo influye en la conciencia lingüística, motivación y competencia lingüística de estudiantes de cursos avanzados de español como segunda lengua, la integración en el programa de contenidos relacionados con la dimensión socio-política del lenguaje (CSP). Desde la perspectiva epistemológica de la lingüística crítica aplicada, se hará un estudio cualitativo apoyado con componentes cuantitativos. Se desarrollarán e integrarán en el programa del grupo experimental materiales con CSP destinados a observar si influyen en el desarrollo de una conciencia lingüística explícitamente antirracista ...


Eugenia En Su Contexto: Utopía Y Proyecto Alterno De Nación, Miguel García 2016 University of California - Davis

Eugenia En Su Contexto: Utopía Y Proyecto Alterno De Nación, Miguel García

Alambique: Revista académica de ciencia ficción y fantasia / Jornal acadêmico de ficção científica e fantasía

En fechas recientes la novela Eugenia: esbozo novelesco de costumbres futuras (Mérida, 1919), escrita por el doctor, funcionario público y pedagogo Eduardo Urzaiz, se ha vuelto una pieza clave para entender la ciencia ficción mexicana y latinoamericana, al ser uno de los ejemplos tempranos de especulaciones futuristas y por integrar en su discurso a la eugenesia, una ciencia alrededor de la cual se desarrolló un movimiento global cuyos alcances se siguen mapeando hoy en día. Sin embargo, dos problemas principales han impedido el entendimiento cabal de la novela: 1) una insuficiente comprensión de la relevancia de las ideas eugenésicas no ...


Input Y Fonf En La Adquisición De La Doble Negación En Español Por Angloparlantes, Yolanda Pangtay Chang 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Input Y Fonf En La Adquisición De La Doble Negación En Español Por Angloparlantes, Yolanda Pangtay Chang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Dos factores importantes en la adquisición de una L2: estructura a adquirir y metodología de enseñanza, se estudian en esta tesis. En la negación en español L2, el cambio de la forma del inglés a una forma en principio más sencilla, puede necesitar reestructuración. El segundo factor, la metodología utilizada en su enseñanza, puede variar de manera importante de una clase a otra. Por lo tanto, surgen los siguientes cuestionamientos:

1) ¿Existe la reestructura de la L1 a la L2?

2) ¿Qué tipo de metodología ayuda a la reestructuración?

3) Si hay reestructuración, ¿es ésta permanente o no?

Para el ...


‘My Fellow Citizens’: Deaf Perspectives On Translating The Opening Line Of A Presidential Inaugural Address Into American Sign Language, Laurie Swabey, Brenda Nicodemus, Keith Cagle, Jimmy Beldon 2016 St. Catherine University

‘My Fellow Citizens’: Deaf Perspectives On Translating The Opening Line Of A Presidential Inaugural Address Into American Sign Language, Laurie Swabey, Brenda Nicodemus, Keith Cagle, Jimmy Beldon

Journal of Interpretation

Translating from English into American Sign Language holds a number of challenges, particularly when the English source text is a formal, high profile, scripted speech. This study examined perspectives of Deaf bilinguals on translating President Obama’s 2009 inaugural address into American Sign Language. We conducted a microanalysis of translations of the opening line – my fellow citizens’ – to investigate the product and processes employed by Deaf translators. Five Deaf ASL-English bilinguals who are ASL teachers or interpreters/translators were asked to translate the opening paragraph of the address and were interviewed about the processes they used to render their translations ...


Contextualized Recognition Of Fingerspelled Words, Campbell McDermid, Lynn Finton, Alexis Chasney 2016 National Technical Institute for the Deaf

Contextualized Recognition Of Fingerspelled Words, Campbell Mcdermid, Lynn Finton, Alexis Chasney

Journal of Interpretation

Fingerspelling, an aspect of American Sign Language, is difficult for second language English-speaking adults to learn (Bahleda, 1998), yet mastery is required by professional ASL-English interpreters. This study compared novice and expert interpreters’ interpretation of fingerspelled words under the assumption that exposure to priming material in their L1, English, would enable the interpreters to recognize those terms when fingerspelled in their L2, ASL. In this study, participants (15 novices, 15 experts) were asked to interpret an ASL text with 25 “carefully” fingerspelled words embedded. Ten subjects were not given priming materials, ten a list of words in printed English that ...


The Language Of Fashion: Communication, Conceptual Clothing, And The Runway Performance, Jarred Johnson 2016 Western Kentucky University

The Language Of Fashion: Communication, Conceptual Clothing, And The Runway Performance, Jarred Johnson

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Scholars have long neglected the study of fashion as anything other than a socioeconomic and cultural phenomena that reflects the more substantial political and historical zeitgeist of a time period. This study takes up Gilles Lipovetsky’s plea for a “theoretical facelift” of the study of fashion. Using an original theoretical framework that delineates the communicative structures of fashion as fabric, drape, and accessory, this work analyzes the conceptual meaning of runway performances by designers Alexander McQueen and Marc Jacobs. Though conceptual fashion shows are often described as spectacles intended to stir up a label’s recognition and ultimately bolster ...


Gdr Residue In Works By Julia Schoch And Antje Rávic Strubel, Beret L. Norman 2016 Boise State University

Gdr Residue In Works By Julia Schoch And Antje Rávic Strubel, Beret L. Norman

World Languages Faculty Publications and Presentations

Tell all the Truth but tell it slant –

Success in Circuit lies1

- Emily Dickinson

Even two decades after unification, current discussions of a lingering division between East and West Germans elicit doubts that Germany’s ongoing economic success provides an elixir against social alienation2. This article compares several works by two younger writers, Julia Schoch and Antje Strubel (both b. 1974), who transcribe elements of daily life as it is experienced from within this ongoing social alienation and who reference a feminist critique of power. Their works evidence what I label a residue from the former German Democratic ...


Threatening Animals?, Heather I. Sullivan 2016 Trinity University

Threatening Animals?, Heather I. Sullivan

Heather I Sullivan

Threatening predators and pernicious beasts continue to play significant roles in the human imaginary even as human threats to other species increase exponentially in the age of Anthropocene. While posthumanist animal studies and material ecocriticism sync human and other animals within the biosphere’s living interactions, our shared material reciprocity is currently skewing ever more towards the human threat to other species – and so to ourselves as co-dependents. This essay explores the meaning of “threatening” and “threatened”. Five German texts presenting human-animal interactions in the Anthropocene’s span by Goethe, Kafka, Stifter, Duve, and Trojanow unsettle expectations of threats. In ...


Dirty Traffic And The Dark Pastoral In The Anthropocene: Narrating Refugees, Deforestation, Radiation, And Melting Ice, Heather I. Sullivan 2016 Trinity University

Dirty Traffic And The Dark Pastoral In The Anthropocene: Narrating Refugees, Deforestation, Radiation, And Melting Ice, Heather I. Sullivan

Heather I Sullivan

“Dirt is essentially disorder [....] Dirt offends against order,” asserts Mary Douglas in her 1966 anthropological text on “purity and pollution.” Dirt disturbs order; hence dirt is that which is disorderly and “out of place.” Similarly, according to Greg Garrard’s Ecocriticism (2012) the term pollution describes a cultural norm denoting something out of place: pollution, he writes, “does not name a substance or class of substances, but rather represents an implicit normative claim that too much of something is present in the environment, usually in the wrong place.” This definition of pollution and dirt as “something out of place,” however ...


Agency In The Anthropocene: Goethe, Radical Reality, And The New Materialisms, Heather I. Sullivan 2016 Trinity University

Agency In The Anthropocene: Goethe, Radical Reality, And The New Materialisms, Heather I. Sullivan

Heather I Sullivan

Our current era has been termed the Age of the “Anthropocene,” or the human- inflected geological era. This essay addresses the implications of human impact on the Earth as a form of “radical reality” by addressing the broad spectrum of human and non-human agency. The analysis follows a three-step process: it begins with an introduction to the new materialisms and distributed agency in contrast to Howard Tuttle’s notion of “radical reality” based on human consciousness. It then explores the agency of nature’s “vibrancy” in the debate occurring early in the Anthropocene (during Goethe’s lifetime) between “vitalism” and ...


Argument Omission In Portuguese As A Second Language, Elizabeth Parkin, Madeline Walker 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Argument Omission In Portuguese As A Second Language, Elizabeth Parkin, Madeline Walker

Western Papers in Linguistics / Cahiers linguistiques de Western

Interlanguage grammars are complex and are shaped by a combination of general learnability issues such as transfer and generalization, and characteristics of the individual learner, such as motivation and degree of extroversion (Lightbown & Spada, 2013; Selinker, 1972). The individual factors may be particularly salient in classroom learning, where motivation plays an important role in language learning. The question is whether they also play a role in areas that are implicit, perhaps occasionally touched on by the instructor but not necessarily part of the curriculum. Furthermore, the relationship between the different factors may change according to the proficiency level of the learners. This ...


Moving Beyond Comprehension In French: Question Development For Reading, Brian G. Kennelly 2016 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Moving Beyond Comprehension In French: Question Development For Reading, Brian G. Kennelly

Brian G. Kennelly

No abstract provided.


Comparing Cultures Sans Stereotyping, Brian G. Kennelly 2016 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Comparing Cultures Sans Stereotyping, Brian G. Kennelly

Brian G. Kennelly

No abstract provided.


The Origin And Development Of Tigrinya Language Publications (1886 - 1991) Volume One, Abraham Negash 2016 Santa Clara University

The Origin And Development Of Tigrinya Language Publications (1886 - 1991) Volume One, Abraham Negash

Abraham Negash

Tigrinya is a Semitic language spoken in Eritrea and in the Tigray Region of Northern Ethiopia. Tigrinya is one of the nine languages in Eritrea. It was one of Eritrea's official languages (along with Arabic) during its short-lived (1941-1952) federation with Ethiopia. When Eritrea was annexed by Ethiopia in 1958, Amharic replaced Tigrinya and Arabic and was established as the official language by the imperial government. In 1991, when Eritrea became an independent country, Tigrinya regained its status as a working language.

Tigrinya has its own alphabet of 32 letters adopted from Ge'ez, a language which exists with ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress