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Topics Of The Sky: Ashbery's Involving Search For The Poem, Tom M. Carlson 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Topics Of The Sky: Ashbery's Involving Search For The Poem, Tom M. Carlson

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

An essay lived by John Ashbery's Three Poems with special attention to the possibility of cosmic relevance. This paper attempts to imagine priorities and needs proper to celestial bodies. Three Poems is the consciousness that gives possibility to the text, while Blanchot, Nietzsche, and other thinkers ground its exploration in philosophical analysis.


The World’S Greatest Hero: An Examination Of Superhero Tropes In My Hero Academia, Jerry Waller 2020 The University of San Francisco

The World’S Greatest Hero: An Examination Of Superhero Tropes In My Hero Academia, Jerry Waller

Master's Projects and Capstones

In this paper the author explores the cross-cultural transmission of genre archetypes in illustrated media. Specifically, the representation of the archetype of American superheroes as represented in the Japanese manga and anime series, My Hero Academia. Through examination of the extant corpus of manga chapters and anime episodes for the franchise, the author draws comparison between characters and situations in the manga series with examples from American comic books by Marvel Comics and DC Comics. By skillfully incorporating foundational themes of American superhero comics into the shonen manga genre, My Hero Academia joins a growing collection of media that draws ...


Augustinian Reading And The Fallen Corpus In Donne And Milton, Kashaf Shahid Qureshi 2020 Reed College

Augustinian Reading And The Fallen Corpus In Donne And Milton, Kashaf Shahid Qureshi

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

A corpus can mean both a human body and a body of writing, depending on how the reader encounters the word. The act of interpreting both kinds of corpora is, for many ancient and early modern thinkers, an active process that reveals, restricts, and reforms the reading and written self. In response to the question of the self’s legibility, this paper explores the metaphoricity of the self as a text, an idea rooted in the ancient hermeneutics of Augustine of Hippo, and prevalent in the early modern religious poetry of John Donne and John Milton. Surveying the multivalent interpretability ...


Cyclical Poverty In Native American Communities, Douglas-Ann Smith 2020 Baylor University

Cyclical Poverty In Native American Communities, Douglas-Ann Smith

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This piece was originally written for a rhetoric class my freshman year. In this paper, I bring the issue of cyclical poverty in Native American communities to reader's attention. Around 5.2 million Native Americans currently dwell on sovereign land within the boundary of the U.S. (Native American). Of these 5.2 million, they are said to have the lowest employment rate of any other ethnic or racial group. In fact, according to RUNNING STRONG for American Indian Youth, an organization designed to help the young generation of Native Americans, unemployment rates reach as high as 85% within ...


You Give Love A Bad Name: Romance, Capitalism, And Cruel Optimism From Pamela To Fifty Shades Of Grey, Caleigh Flegg 2020 Gettysburg College

You Give Love A Bad Name: Romance, Capitalism, And Cruel Optimism From Pamela To Fifty Shades Of Grey, Caleigh Flegg

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

"Romance novel" might bring to mind a novel being half-heartedly shielded by a woman on a train, its cover bearing a man with long hair caressing a half-dressed woman. They're vulgar, atrociously written, an emblem of everything that is going wrong with our culture and the great literature we have forgotten. Romance novels are far from new, however; the genre truly began with Samuel Richardson's Pamela. Pamela established the qualities every romance has to have, and its success began a fan culture that rivals anything we see today. All romance novels, from beloved classics like Jane Eyre to ...


The Short Story Cycle And What We Should Be Thinking, Julie Kramer 2020 Indiana University East

The Short Story Cycle And What We Should Be Thinking, Julie Kramer

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The short story is often misunderstood, with some even going so far as to state short stories are for those who don't have the talent or drive to complete longer works. However, I find the opposite is true. A good author can draw from their experiences to make even the shortest work feel like it is the only thing that a reader should be reading. Novelist and short-story writer Susan Minot was a strong influence on my cycle, called "The End of the Beginning". Like her, I chose to create a set of characters and move in sequential order ...


"The Flat Earth Made Round And Tolkien’S Failure To Finish The Silmarillion", John D. Rateliff 2020 independent scholar

"The Flat Earth Made Round And Tolkien’S Failure To Finish The Silmarillion", John D. Rateliff

Journal of Tolkien Research

Towards the end of his career, J. R. R. Tolkien faced many obstacles both internal and external that stood in the way of his finishing and publishing The Silmarillion. This paper explores the various elements that contributed to his dilemma and concludes that the key factors were twofold.

First came the traumatic breakdown of his efforts to publish the book through Collins, leading to a catastrophic interruption of his work on the book.

In addition, by this time Tolkien had concluded that many of the most iconic elements in his mythology could no longer command evoke secondary belief in modern-day ...


Bringing The Shadows Of Hegemony To Light: Social Insights From An Italian Philosopher And American Author, Antonio Cruz-Hernandez 2020 Greensboro College

Bringing The Shadows Of Hegemony To Light: Social Insights From An Italian Philosopher And American Author, Antonio Cruz-Hernandez

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

As a prisoner in fascist Italy, Antonio Gramsci delineated his concept of the "philosophy of praxis," which emphasized the power of individualism and promoted freedom from the obscure, hegemonic influences that may lead individuals to consider themselves as constituents of groups before anything else. This paper will apply Gramsci's social insights from the Prison Notebooks to Joseph Heller's 1953 modernist American war novel, Catch-22, to demonstrate their meaning in the context of WWII and bring deeper consideration to their value today. It will also argue that Heller's character Yossarian warrants praise as the quintessential "philosopher of praxis ...


Dum Conderet Urbem: Aeneas's Development And The Personal Cost Of War, Charlotte Skolasky 2020 Bryn Mawr College

Dum Conderet Urbem: Aeneas's Development And The Personal Cost Of War, Charlotte Skolasky

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Vergil begins and ends his epic poem, The Aeneid, using the verb "condere", meaning "to hide or bury". In the poem, "condere" refers to the act of establishing the long-lasting foundations of the city of Rome. In the final lines of the poem, it describes Aeneas killing the Italian Turnus, and thus destroying the last obstacle to his destiny of establishing a great city. My research examines the uses of "condere" throughout the poem, and explores the word's journey from a positive, generative meaning to describing an act of violence. Tracking the evolution of "condere" confronts such issues as ...


Structure In Instruction: Educational Institutions In Young Adult Chinese American Narratives, Chloe Low 2020 University of California, Irvine

Structure In Instruction: Educational Institutions In Young Adult Chinese American Narratives, Chloe Low

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Gene Luen Yang's American Born Chinese and Weike Wang's Chemistry are both contemporary young adult Chinese American stories that rely heavily on the schools the main characters' attend for plot progress and resolution. While the latter is about a middle school boy tackling his first romantic and platonic relationships and the former about a PhD dropout hesitant to accept her partner's marriage proposal, both narratives' emphasis on the importance and structure of school make the navigation of their coming-of-age journeys uniquely endearing in the face of the saturated young adult literature category. Chinese American authors, at least ...


Snowfall On Orhan Pamuk's Literary Canvas, Jane Eden Hartle 2020 Portland State University

Snowfall On Orhan Pamuk's Literary Canvas, Jane Eden Hartle

Anthós

In the novels Snow, My Name is Red, and The Black Book, and the memoir Istanbul: Memories and The City, Orhan Pamuk uses the symbolism of snowfall the way a visual artist would use paint. It is used to blur and define boarders on a micro and macro level, both covering and revealing historical, cultural, and political content. Snow simultaneously hides and announces, shelters and exposes. These equally powerful, often contradictory, and ultimately interdependent concepts, symbolized by the use of snow, are characteristic of the duality and identity conflict explored throughout these literary works. The readers’ interpretation of this ambiguity ...


Skin: Stories, Poems, And Essays, Amanda G. Hadlock 2020 Missouri State University

Skin: Stories, Poems, And Essays, Amanda G. Hadlock

MSU Graduate Theses

This thesis begins with a critical introduction which analyzes the use of objective correlative and varying points of view in creative writing in order to generate dialogue on cultural issues. I relate theories from Edward T. Hall, T.S. Eliot, Mikhail Bakhtin, and Lubomír Doležel to my own writing. Additionally, I situate my own multi-genre writing with work of contemporaries such as Maggie Nelson and Claudia Rankine. My hypothesis is that writers can use an objective correlative (Eliot) from the top of the cultural iceberg (Hall) as an entry point to representing deeper, more fraught cultural issues. Additionally ...


"Shade Of The Earth", Joseph Patrick Self 2020 Eastern Washington University

"Shade Of The Earth", Joseph Patrick Self

2020 Symposium Creative Works

“Shade of the Earth” is a collection of 5 narrative poems: “On The Mountaintop”, “The Burning Boy”, “May Live or Die”, “Must Burn to Feel”, and “Shade of the Earth." The story runs together as one narrative with each poem linking into the next, split up into parts, not to divide but to bring them together. Perhaps in the hope of showing that life is separated yet whole.

This series portrays the state of mind of someone (possibly) self-entitled, the Burning Boy, as they battle against the entity of Night who exists as the complexities of pain and sadness and ...


"Mister Sartre And Señora Beauvoir Are Old News": Queer Arab Resistance In Abdellah Taïa's "A Country For Dying", Emilie Hautemont 2020 Swarthmore College

"Mister Sartre And Señora Beauvoir Are Old News": Queer Arab Resistance In Abdellah Taïa's "A Country For Dying", Emilie Hautemont

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This paper examines how French-Moroccan writer Abdellah Taïa's 2015 novel "A Country for Dying" offers a queer, postcolonial critique of mainstream French discourse around gay rights. My objective is to understand how this critique represents a break from Taïa's earlier, more "mainstream" works. Through the use of queer critical theorists Jasbir Puar and Lisa Duggan's concepts of homonationalism and homonormativity as the appropriation of LGBT rights by an imperialist state, I highlight how Taïa's portrayal of two undocumented North African prostitutes challenges France's self-image as a haven for marginalized sexualities as well as its rigid ...


The Hope Of Salman Masalha: Re-Territorializing Hebrew, Yael Dekel, Eran Tzelgov 2020 Ben Gurion University

The Hope Of Salman Masalha: Re-Territorializing Hebrew, Yael Dekel, Eran Tzelgov

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Israeli poetry can be depicted as a triangle composed of three elements: territory (the State of Israel); language (Hebrew); and identity (Jewish). In his Hebrew collection of poetry Eḥad Mikan (in place, 2004), Salman Masalha—a bilingual author publishing in both Arabic and Hebrew—challenges this interrelation of territory, language and identity. The debate between the literary scholars Hannan Hever and Reuven Snir explore the central expressions of this challenge. For it points, on the one hand, to the subversive potential of such work towards the Israeli canon while, on the other hand, to its connection to Arabic literature. Writing ...


Queering Identity Politics In Shimon Adaf’S Aviva-No, Yael Segalovitz 2020 Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Queering Identity Politics In Shimon Adaf’S Aviva-No, Yael Segalovitz

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

This article offers a queer reading of Shimon Adaf’s volume of poetry, Aviva-No (2009), analyzing it in conjunction with his recent collection of essays on identity formation, Ani aherim (I am others) (2018). Adaf’s oeuvre has been primarily studied through the lens of ethnicity and race. This article demonstrates that gender plays a key role in his body of work. Aviva-No, which is a lamentation for the poet’s sister, destabilizes the boundaries between the mourning brother and the absent sister. This ontological deconstruction stimulates in Aviva-No a broader undoing of gender as an embodied identity. The volume ...


Arab Music And Mizraḥi Poetry, Yochai Oppenheimer 2020 Tel Aviv University

Arab Music And Mizraḥi Poetry, Yochai Oppenheimer

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

The concept of “Arab Jews,” which has appeared in Israeli Mizraḥi (Oriental) discourse over the last decade, resists the framework of Israeli national culture that demands the elimination of Arab identity. For this music suggests possibilities of remembering and “re-presenting” this partially-repressed element. Moreover, the experience of remembering Arab music represents, more than anything else, the diasporic attitude of the Mizraḥim (Oriental Jews). It demonstrates a common legacy that Israeli culture is unwilling to accept and understand. Extrication from the boundaries of Zionist culture (which has historically rejected the diasporic past and its cultures, especially the Arab-Jewish past) manifests itself ...


Poetry In Response To The “Disengagement Plan”: Identity, Poetics And Politics, Tamar Wolf-Monzon 2020 Bar-Ilan University, Israel

Poetry In Response To The “Disengagement Plan”: Identity, Poetics And Politics, Tamar Wolf-Monzon

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

This article will examine the corpus of poems written in the years 2004-2005, in response to the Israeli government’s Disengagement plan that unilaterally evacuated all Israeli communities from Gush Katif in the southern Gaza Strip. These poems are explored as a political speech act, whose purpose is to bring about an extra-linguistic outcome: to impact upon the feelings and thoughts of the addressees, as well as to influence them in relation to issues of identity and social affiliation. Indeed, these poems are part of a long and complex tradition of Hebrew political poetry, characterized not only by a response ...


Intertextuality, Aesthetics, And The Digital: Rediscovering Chekhov In The Early British Modernism, Sam Jacob 2020 Brigham Young University

Intertextuality, Aesthetics, And The Digital: Rediscovering Chekhov In The Early British Modernism, Sam Jacob

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Intertextuality between Anton Chekhov and early modernist writers such as Virginia Woolf, Katherine Mansfield, James Joyce, and DH Lawrence is a recurrent topic in comparativist scholarship. However, due to the breadth of methodological approaches, conclusions regarding Chekhov's influence continue to elude scholars. This presentation shifts the exploration of Chekhovian intertextuality in the early modernist period (circa 1900-1925) away from the rigid concept of influence alone. By applying current theory regarding postcritical hermeneutics, aesthetics, and digital textual analysis, I introduce new intertextual connections between Chekhov and modernist short stories, showing that transnational exchange between modernist authors and texts need not ...


Dissecting The Man Of Steel: The Evolution Of Superman As A Reflection Of American Society, Marie Gould 2020 Bellarmine University

Dissecting The Man Of Steel: The Evolution Of Superman As A Reflection Of American Society, Marie Gould

Undergraduate Theses

Since his debut during the Great Depression in 1938, Superman has become an American cultural icon. His symbol is not only known throughout the nation, but the world as well. Despite this, many consider Superman to be irrelevant and unrelatable to reality because he is written as an outrageously overpowered being with “boy scout” morals. However, he has not always been written this way. This research seeks to uncover the connections between Superman’s various narratives and the changing social and political ideas of American Society throughout history. Specifically, the objective of this study is to establish whether Superman has ...


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