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Navigating Uncertainty: The Survival Strategies Of Religious Ngos In China, Jonathan Tam, Reza Hasmath 2015 University of Oxford

Navigating Uncertainty: The Survival Strategies Of Religious Ngos In China, Jonathan Tam, Reza Hasmath

Reza Hasmath

This article looks at the strategies religious NGOs (RNGOs) with strong transnational linkages use to maintain a continued presence in mainland China. It does so by utilizing neo-institutional theory as an instrument for analysis, with an emphasis on outlining the coercive, mimetic and normative pressures RNGOs face. One of the key findings of the study is that there is creative circumvention of isomorphic pressures by working with local agents, fostering trust with the local government, and keeping a low profile. Moreover, RNGOs dealt with the uncertain institutional environment in China through staff exchanges, denominational supervisions, tapping into global platforms, and ...


Approaching Maturity: The Role Of Knowledge And Professionalization In The Development Of Chinese Ngos, Jennifer YJ Hsu, Reza Hasmath 2015 University of Alberta

Approaching Maturity: The Role Of Knowledge And Professionalization In The Development Of Chinese Ngos, Jennifer Yj Hsu, Reza Hasmath

Reza Hasmath

This article suggests that Chinese NGOs do not believe they are part of an emerging or established epistemic community, that is, a community of experts. Drawing from fieldwork conducted in four large Chinese cities, Chongqing, Kunming, Nanjing and Shanghai, the study suggests that gathering information and developing a knowledge base is not the dominant tactic NGOs utilize to inform and influence state policy. Rather, establishing direct relations with relevant government authorities is the preferred tactic to influence policy deliberation and action. Having close ties with government authorities will serve to benefit individual NGOs, but is likely to undermine the development ...


Acknowledgements/Image Credits, Molly Lynde-Recchia 2014 Western Michigan University

Acknowledgements/Image Credits, Molly Lynde-Recchia

Transference

No abstract provided.


Commentary On Translating Tao Yuanming And Li Shangyin, Andrew Gudgel 2014 Independent Scholar

Commentary On Translating Tao Yuanming And Li Shangyin, Andrew Gudgel

Transference

Notes by Andrew Gudgel on the translation of three Chinese poems into English.


Frost Moon And Autumn Arrives By Li Shangyin, Andrew Gudgel 2014 Independent Scholar

Frost Moon And Autumn Arrives By Li Shangyin, Andrew Gudgel

Transference

Translated from the Chinese by Andrew Gudgel.


Cloudy Skies By Tao Yuanming, Andrew Gudgel 2014 Independent Scholar

Cloudy Skies By Tao Yuanming, Andrew Gudgel

Transference

Translated from the Chinese by Andrew Gudgel.


Ryōan Temple Rock Garden By Murō Saisei, Michael Tangeman 2014 Denison University

Ryōan Temple Rock Garden By Murō Saisei, Michael Tangeman

Transference

Translated from the Japanese with commentary by Michael Stone Tangeman.


Selections From Man’Yōshū By Various Authors, John G. Peters 2014 University of North Texas

Selections From Man’Yōshū By Various Authors, John G. Peters

Transference

Translated from the Japanese with commentary by John Peters.


Gray Toad And Color Of The Season By Ōte Takuji, Dean A. Brink 2014 Tamkang University, Taiwan (R.O.C.)

Gray Toad And Color Of The Season By Ōte Takuji, Dean A. Brink

Transference

Translated from the Japanese with commentary by Dean A. Brink.


Mona Lisa, A Deer, That Man, And The Night Of An Artificial Satellite By Murano Shirō, Goro Takano 2014 Saga University Faculty of Medicine

Mona Lisa, A Deer, That Man, And The Night Of An Artificial Satellite By Murano Shirō, Goro Takano

Transference

Translated from the Japanese with commentary by Goro Takano.


The Banyan Tree, Untitled, To --, A Dried Flower--For Someone, Palace-Cave Mountain, And Nanmu Forest By Cai Qijiao, Edward A. Morin 2014 College for Creative Studies

The Banyan Tree, Untitled, To --, A Dried Flower--For Someone, Palace-Cave Mountain, And Nanmu Forest By Cai Qijiao, Edward A. Morin

Transference

Translated from the Chinese with commentary by Edward Morin, Dennis Ding, and Fang Dai.


Ribbons Of May, Fading, Green, And Angels Of The Sea By Sagawa Chika, Rina Kikuchi, Carol Hayes 2014 Shiga University

Ribbons Of May, Fading, Green, And Angels Of The Sea By Sagawa Chika, Rina Kikuchi, Carol Hayes

Transference

Translated from the Japanese with commentary by Rina Kikuchi and Carol Hayes.


Foreword, David Kutzko, Molly Lynde-Recchia 2014 Western Michigan University

Foreword, David Kutzko, Molly Lynde-Recchia

Transference

Thoughts on the second volume by editors-in-chief David Kutzko and Molly Lynde-Recchia.


Transference Vol. 2, Fall 2014, Molly Lynde-Recchia 2014 Western Michigan University

Transference Vol. 2, Fall 2014, Molly Lynde-Recchia

Transference

Transference is published by the Department of World Languages and Literatures at Western Michigan University. Dedicated to the celebration of poetry in translation, the journal publishes translations from Arabic, Chinese, French and Old French, German, classical Greek, Latin, and Japanese, into English verse. Transference contains translations as well as commentaries on the art and process of translating.


K-Pop Or K-Death? The Mirrored Oppression From Hollywood In The 1930s, Molly Welsh 2014 Chapman University

K-Pop Or K-Death? The Mirrored Oppression From Hollywood In The 1930s, Molly Welsh

Undergraduate Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

In the 1930s, the film industry in Hollywood set the standard of “Hollywood filmmaking” with its development of star-contracts so oppressive, actors would be trapped for years within them. However, the implications of creating such a star-system have far surpassed what William Hays believed he was doing in the 1930s. In South Korea, a big star-system still exists and in many ways, mirrors what the United States did in the 1930s. What is informally known as “K-Pop” is a label for the music industry that seeks to emulate western ideals not only in looks, but in practice. This system allows ...


Manga History As A Manga Character: The Gekiga Movement's Role In Tatsumi Yoshihiro's A Drifting Life, Jon P. Holt 2014 Portland State University

Manga History As A Manga Character: The Gekiga Movement's Role In Tatsumi Yoshihiro's A Drifting Life, Jon P. Holt

World Languages and Literatures Faculty Publications and Presentations

Why is manga history so important in Tatsumi's manga biography? Is A Drifting Life an autobiography, or, is it a history of the Japanese comic books, particularly the "mature-audience" gekiga sub-genre? Both? Neither? How do the narratives of history and self intertwine? How should we read the gekiga (dramatic pictures) in this manga?


Names, Naming, And Nature In The Tale Of Genji, Elissa Kido 2014 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Names, Naming, And Nature In The Tale Of Genji, Elissa Kido

Literary Onomastics Studies

The Tale of Genji, written in the early eleventh century by a Japanese woman in the imperial court, is the undisputed masterpiece of classical Japanese literature. Some critics suggest that Japanese fiction owes its existence to The Tale of Genji since it is the earliest work in the history of Japanese literature to set the literary standards for the narrative (Rimer 200). In terms of world literature, the presence of psychological introspection in such an early work has prompted Western critics to acclaim Genji as the world's first psychological novel (Morris 265), if not indeed "the oldest true novel ...


The Art Of Naming In China And Translating Western Names Into Chinese, Hailun He 2014 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

The Art Of Naming In China And Translating Western Names Into Chinese, Hailun He

Literary Onomastics Studies

What follows is the introductory paragraph of the article.

A name in China is much more than a code of a certain person to distinguish him from another. It often associates the person with many interesting things, such as a line of a poem, a picture, a song, or a famous person. Judging from these clues, one can tell where a person was born, how old he is, what kind of cultural background he has, and even why he was named so. Based on this particular cultural background, many writers have made good use of the art of naming, giving ...


Occasional Paper : Reflections On Literature : East And West, Joseph Tse-Hei Lee, Roanld Frank, Ying Wang, Hongling Lyu, Li Po 2014 Pace University

Occasional Paper : Reflections On Literature : East And West, Joseph Tse-Hei Lee, Roanld Frank, Ying Wang, Hongling Lyu, Li Po

Global Asia Journal

No abstract provided.


Growing Educational Differentials In The Retreat From Marriage Among Korean Men, Hyunjoon Park, Jae Kyung Lee 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Growing Educational Differentials In The Retreat From Marriage Among Korean Men, Hyunjoon Park, Jae Kyung Lee

PSC Working Paper Series

Applying discrete-time hazard models to person-year data constructed from 1% microdata sample of 2010 Korean Census, we explore how men’s education affects their transition to first marriage, and how the relationship between education and marriage has changed across three 10-year birth cohorts of Korean men born from 1946 to 1975. Currently, there is only limited knowledge on how education is related to marriage formation and how the effect is contingent upon macro contexts of education, economy, and family among East Asian men. We find that the high educated delay marriage until later ages but catch up to the extent ...


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