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Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Akron Law Publications

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Nicholas Galanin: Tsu Heidei Shugaxtutaan, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D. 2014 SelectedWorks

Nicholas Galanin: Tsu Heidei Shugaxtutaan, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Fiction Fix 16, April Gray Wilder, Jayshiro Tashiro, Christopher Stephen, Cathleen Calbert, Amanda Paulger, Van G. Garrett, Jane Zich, Di Jayawickrema, Josh Lamstein, Liz Dolan, Denise Mostacci Sklar, Holly Day, Erica W. Jamieson, Jack King, Meeah Williams, Glenn Erick Miller, Edward Hagelstein 2014 University of North Florida

Fiction Fix 16, April Gray Wilder, Jayshiro Tashiro, Christopher Stephen, Cathleen Calbert, Amanda Paulger, Van G. Garrett, Jane Zich, Di Jayawickrema, Josh Lamstein, Liz Dolan, Denise Mostacci Sklar, Holly Day, Erica W. Jamieson, Jack King, Meeah Williams, Glenn Erick Miller, Edward Hagelstein

Fiction Fix

No abstract provided.


A Tensão Para O Inanimado Ou A Emergência Da Morte Na Vida Nas Mulheres-Árvore De António Pedro, Michele Rocha 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

A Tensão Para O Inanimado Ou A Emergência Da Morte Na Vida Nas Mulheres-Árvore De António Pedro, Michele Rocha

Portuguese Cultural Studies

Abstract: António Pedro, considered a pioneer of the Portuguese surrealist movement, stands by the assertion of a plastic thinking where word and image converge. In the work of this author, the feminine, in its multiple meanings and relations, emerges as a main theme, taking on a diversity of representations and significances. In this article, an analysis of the connections between plastic and literary works confirms a series of constant images that converge towards a representation of the feminine as a privileged object of destructive impulses. The study of women-trees present in the pictorial work of António Pedro, when considered alongside ...


António Pedro Pintor, José-Augusto França 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

António Pedro Pintor, José-Augusto França

Portuguese Cultural Studies

Abstract: António Pedro became interested, from fairly early on, in visual and mixed media expression, alongside literature and theatre. From the mid 1930s onwards, he produced a significant number of works (sketches, dimensional poems, invented objects, paintings, sculptures, ceramics) that were to have a significant impact on the artistic context in Portugal throughout the 1930s and 1940s. This article provides an overview of some of his most emblematic paintings, influenced to varying degrees by Surrealism or some aspects of it, and often characterized by subversive and oniric compositions. As such, it sheds light on the extent to which the pictorial ...


The Division Of The Works Progression Administration (Wpa) And Their Various Influence On Various Art Forms, Kari Appel 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Division Of The Works Progression Administration (Wpa) And Their Various Influence On Various Art Forms, Kari Appel

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

This research covered the basic outline of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), as well as its origin and development. Specifically, the many areas of art were examined in greater detail. Major points discussed were architecture, visual art, writing, music, theatre productions, and a larger portion on dance. With these points, other aspects such as particular influences on these Arts areas were also described. Finally, the importance of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) on furthering the Arts was addressed.


Turning To See Otherwise, Jennifer L. Martin 2014 Western University

Turning To See Otherwise, Jennifer L. Martin

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis dossier, in combination with an exhibition at the McIntosh Gallery, considers whether an archival collection can generate an alternative narrative other than that which may already exist in the original film and photographic documents. Rather than represent a singular truth, I seek to articulate the transformative realities of collective memory by re-orienting the material for broader viewer identification. I have mined photographic and filmic materials from a personal family archive to focus fragments that specifically record the gesture of the turning face—the turning towards the observer. This “turn” then includes both the turn towards the initial film-maker ...


What Lies Behind: Speculations On The Real And The Willful, Barbara Hobot 2014 Western University

What Lies Behind: Speculations On The Real And The Willful, Barbara Hobot

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This integrated article thesis has three distinct chapters. Chapter One is an extended artist statement within which the following research questions are extrapolated: In what ways can an art practice question both the limitations of human-centered knowledge and issues of ‘the real’? What roles do both abstraction and representation play within this kind of artistic practice? Descriptions and analyses of my artwork are provided throughout this chapter. Chapter Two is comprised of visual documentation of the artwork I made during my MFA candidacy, accompanied by brief descriptions of each piece. Chapter Three is a case study on the work of ...


Landscapes From Coastal Carolina, A. G. Smith 2014 University of San Francisco

Landscapes From Coastal Carolina, A. G. Smith

Ontario Review

A. G. SMITH was born in New Mexico, grew up in North Carolina, and received formal art instruction at East Carolina University, where he earned a B.F.A. He has an M.A. and a M.F.A. from the University of Iowa. He was an instructor of printmaking and figure drawing at Morehead State University in Kentucky, and now lives in Detroit; he teaches intaglio printmakng at the University of Windsor. His work has been shown at numerous juried exhibitions, and he has had many one-man shows. The "landscapes" were done in the late 60's.


Benign Imperialists: Ethnographic (Mis)Representation By German Painter-Adventurers, 1840-1890, Sarah Hermes Griesbach 2014 Washington University in St. Louis

Benign Imperialists: Ethnographic (Mis)Representation By German Painter-Adventurers, 1840-1890, Sarah Hermes Griesbach

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Throughout the mid to late nineteenth century, a new group of academic painters trained in Germany emerged as self-appointed ethnographic experts who sketched and painted heroic visions of a wild American West, and a similarly wild North Africa and Middle East. This group of artists, like their literary analog, traveled to the places they depicted. Artists Adolf Hoeffler (1825-1898), Carl Wimar (1828-1862), Friedrich Frisch (1813-1886), Adolf Schreyer (1828-1899) and Eugen Bracht (1842-1921) fused their artistic personae with their subjects to present themselves as ethnographic experts depicting scenes that asserted their own empirical authority as observers. They not only exhibited their ...


Trans-Canada Art Tour, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D. 2014 SelectedWorks

Trans-Canada Art Tour, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Blackbirds And Growing Pains: A Conversation With Rutherford Chang, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D. 2014 SelectedWorks

Blackbirds And Growing Pains: A Conversation With Rutherford Chang, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Observance: A Record Of Experiments, Olivia L. Mosley 2014 Washington University in St. Louis

Observance: A Record Of Experiments, Olivia L. Mosley

Undergraduate Theses—Unrestricted

Thesis writing on the work of Olivia Mosley, Bachelor of Fine Arts candidate in Printmaking at Washington University in St. Louis. Engaging with a diverse history of photography and observation through the theoretical writings of Barthes, Berger, Didi-Huberman and others, Mosley conducts a series of visual experiments as part of her art practice in an attempt to expand her visual knowledge. Exploring the concepts of visualization, observation and the role technology plays in both of the aforementioned activities, Mosley’s work is discussed alongside the visual contributions of scientists, artists and hobbyists experimenting with the photographic medium throughout history, including ...


To Each His Own Reality: How The Analysis Of Artistic Exchanges In Cold War Europe Challenges Categories, Mathilde Arnoux 2014 Purdue University

To Each His Own Reality: How The Analysis Of Artistic Exchanges In Cold War Europe Challenges Categories, Mathilde Arnoux

Artl@s Bulletin

How to reconstruct artistic relationships among four European countries, situated on both sides of the Iron Curtain, during the period that commenced post-Stalin and lasted until the fall of the Berlin Wall? This is one of the questions that faces the research program To Each His Own Reality: The notion of the real in the art of France, West Germany, East Germany and Poland between 1960 and 1989, which was initiated in January 2011. The paper discusses syntheses of the questions that the research team is facing, descriptions of its methodology, an analysis of preliminary results and what they allow ...


Born To Conquer: The Fortepiano’S Revolution Of Keyboard Technique And Style, Rachel A. Lowrance 2014 Cedarville University

Born To Conquer: The Fortepiano’S Revolution Of Keyboard Technique And Style, Rachel A. Lowrance

Musical Offerings

The fortepiano had a rough beginning. In 1709 it entered a world that was not quite ready for it; a world that was very comfortable with the earlier keyboard instruments, especially the harpsichord. Pianists and composers were used to the harpsichord technique and style, which is drastically different from the piano. This is because the harpsichord was actually a very different instrument than the piano, as is explained in this paper. This paper traces the history of the piano's rise to dominance over the harpsichord, and how its unique hammer action began creating an idiomatic piano style. The piano ...


Learning To Play: Cognitive And Physical Development Of Children And The Requirements Of Playing The Piano, Amy Carmichael 2014 Cedarville University

Learning To Play: Cognitive And Physical Development Of Children And The Requirements Of Playing The Piano, Amy Carmichael

Musical Offerings

Musical learning and performance has traditionally been understood as the process of cognitive ability and physical action. If a musician lacks or is underdeveloped in one of these areas it will either be harder or almost impossible to create music. In this presentation I will focus on the connection between them. Cognitive ability and knowledge increases with age as we gain more facts and experiences. Likewise, a child’s physical abilities expand and become more advanced with age. There is an increasing amount of evidence that cognitive abilities and physical developments are linked in children’s development.


Using Augmented Reality As A Discovery Tool, Jolanda-Pieta van Arnhem, Jerry M. Spiller 2014 Purdue University

Using Augmented Reality As A Discovery Tool, Jolanda-Pieta Van Arnhem, Jerry M. Spiller

Charleston Library Conference

Layar is an augmented reality (AR) platform that enables creators to tie online resources to physical objects or locations via mobile technologies. The authors detail their exploration of Layar’s geolocation and interactive print abilities to aid the discovery of various resources in and around the College of Charleston campus pertaining to revered local artists William Halsey and Corrie McCallum. They explore opportunities for the added value of contextually situated information linking to vetted library and museum holdings. They detail some of the technical and technological requirements involved with coding and multimedia creation for AR, including the successes and pitfalls ...


Mapping Art To Systems Thinking, Paul Goodfellow 2014 McMaster University

Mapping Art To Systems Thinking, Paul Goodfellow

Journal of Professional Communication

This paper is about systems and their pervasiveness in society, and a possible role of artists to actively engage and reflect upon this increasingly dominant mode of thinking about, understanding and organizing the world. Systems thinking is now at the core of many areas of human endeavour, from climate science to economics and politics and much of this work has been made possible by the production of masses of spatially and temporally coordinated information about these subjects. The paper makes the argument that some contemporary artists have responded to society’s shift to systems and ‘big data’ analysis, and the ...


Art Into Science/Science Into Art, Steve Gibson 2014 McMaster University

Art Into Science/Science Into Art, Steve Gibson

Journal of Professional Communication

Hybrid artist-scientists are now fairly common. It wasn’t always thus. Certainly music has a relatively long history of cross-fertilization with science, not least because of its obvious mathematical qualities, but also because of the medium-term relationship between music and technology. In formal music studies though, the medium of music was generally considered indivisible from itself, even as mathematical models were used to justify certain theories. Film also has a similar, if somewhat less precisely formalized history, as evidenced by the long history of montage film and visual music. Other fine arts have had less clear relationships with science. This ...


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