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Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron School of Law

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Akron Law Publications

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron School of Law

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Algonquin Interdisciplinary Artist Nadia Myre, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D. 2015 Sessional Professor, OCAD University

Algonquin Interdisciplinary Artist Nadia Myre, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Examining The Role Of Active Student Engagement In High School Arts Courses, Athena Irene Nichols 2015 Walden University

Examining The Role Of Active Student Engagement In High School Arts Courses, Athena Irene Nichols

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

A primary challenge to educators is the design and implementation of effective student engagement processes. High school students cannot be successful if they are frequently absent from school, as active engagement opportunities reinforce knowledge and help to keep students enthused in their learning. To address the challenges of frequent school absences, this study examined a gap in the literature--namely, the relationship between active engagement and arts courses as a motivator for students to remain in high school. For this study, active engagement was defined as a process in which the student's interests, efforts, and knowledge culminated in an application ...


Clinical Art Therapy And Hebrew Calligraphy: An Integration Of Practices, Debra Linesch 2014 Loyola Marymount University

Clinical Art Therapy And Hebrew Calligraphy: An Integration Of Practices, Debra Linesch

Journal of Clinical Art Therapy

This paper explores the process of integrating two apparently disparate practices, clinical art therapy and the rendering of Hebrew calligraphy as religious ritual. A growing body of literature that supports this attempt at integration is briefly reviewed. Following this, an exploration of the potential integration is described, discussed and analyzed. The author’s own images are viewed as an example of an image making process that is developed from a faith tradition and informed by the understandings and values of clinical art therapy. The findings of the exploration suggest that art therapy understandings have the potential to illuminate and support ...


Repositioning Art Work From Patients Suffering From Anorexia Nervosa In A Gendered, Socio-Cultural Context: A Self-Reflective Study, Dafna Rehavia-Hanauer 2014 Psychological Art Therapy Services of Pittsburgh

Repositioning Art Work From Patients Suffering From Anorexia Nervosa In A Gendered, Socio-Cultural Context: A Self-Reflective Study, Dafna Rehavia-Hanauer

Journal of Clinical Art Therapy

This article, conceptualized within a post-structuralist, feminist approach to art therapy, addresses the role of visual images as a controlling constituting discourse significant to the formation of the eating disorder anorexia nervosa. As a core position this article argues for a change in the way art work created within the art therapy process by women who suffer from anorexia nervosa is interpreted and analyzed by art therapists. The article argues for an enhanced appreciation and critical analysis of gendered, social-cultural contextualization of visual images and recognition of how these forces have a role in directing women to enact behaviors of ...


The Use Of Creative Art As A Strategy For Case Formulation In Psychotherapy: A Case Study, Semra Karaca PhD, Nurhan Eren 2014 Marmara University Istanbul

The Use Of Creative Art As A Strategy For Case Formulation In Psychotherapy: A Case Study, Semra Karaca Phd, Nurhan Eren

Journal of Clinical Art Therapy

Case formulation refers to the appraisal of the individual data and the treatment plan in terms of certain principles. In psychotherapy, case formulation is relevant for the recognition of conceptual and clinical tools, as well as for the evaluation of the therapeutic endeavor. Art work (painting) provides an effective tool for case formulation because it allows the individual to express his/her thoughts and emotions, which are prone to the influences of subconscious drives, conflicts, fears, and desires in a symbolic fashion. In this study, case formulation of a 31-year-old woman, who could not overcome her verbal and physical aggressive ...


Editorial Poem, Einat Metzl 2014 Loyola Marymount University

Editorial Poem, Einat Metzl

Journal of Clinical Art Therapy

No abstract provided.


Journal Cover And Front Matter, 2014 Loyola Marymount University and Loyola Law School

Journal Cover And Front Matter

Journal of Clinical Art Therapy

No abstract provided.


Shadowgraphs Of Montreal, Béla Egyedi 2014 University of San Francisco

Shadowgraphs Of Montreal, Béla Egyedi

Ontario Review

BÉLA EGYEDI was born in Hungary and is now a Canadian citizen. His art work has appeared in The Antigonish Review, Fiddlehead, The West Coast Review, The Canadian Forum, and elsewhere. He is a former OR contributor.


Fire And Ice And Other Photographs, Brad Iverson 2014 University of San Francisco

Fire And Ice And Other Photographs, Brad Iverson

Ontario Review

BRAD IVERSON, a former OR contributor, is a full-time free-lance photographer in Detroit. His most recent one-man show was at Gallery 7 in Detroit, and work of his appeared last fall at the Sill Gallery at Eastern Michigan University.


Dutch Landscape Painting: Documenting Globalization And Environmental Imagination, Irene J. Klaver 2014 University of North Texas

Dutch Landscape Painting: Documenting Globalization And Environmental Imagination, Irene J. Klaver

Proceedings from the Annual Meeting of the Document Academy

There is an old saying that God made the Earth, but the Dutch made the Netherlands; they did this by engineering relationships of the water and land.

The Dutch landscape is an authored landscape documenting human reaction to geological, economic, and cultural changes. As a consequence of Dutch globalization, landscape painting arose as a new form of painting, documenting these changes and reactions to them. In a period of newly created land, reclaimed and constructed by sheer human activity, the explicit construction of new environments apparently elicited an implicit desire to hold on to an older, familiar traditional landscape. The ...


Artful Reading, Spontaneous Design: Integrating Philosophy, English, And Art In A Creativity Cluster, Vera Albrecht, Barbara Comins 2014 City University of New York

Artful Reading, Spontaneous Design: Integrating Philosophy, English, And Art In A Creativity Cluster, Vera Albrecht, Barbara Comins

Learning Communities Research and Practice

This article informs about a multidisciplinary learning community targeting first year students from diverse cultural backgrounds at an urban community college. The combination of English, art, and philosophy of art in a Creativity Cluster offers an excellent opportunity for great teaching and learning experiences. Yet, how can faculty address the multiple challenges faced by inexperienced student readers who have little time to reflect on difficult texts or make thoughtful connections across disciplines? The authors find that students’ reading comprehension can be deepened and reinforced by dovetailing such manifold sources as poetry, short stories, plays, film, music, artworks, and readings in ...


South End Nights, Bill Ravanesi 2014 University of San Francisco

South End Nights, Bill Ravanesi

Ontario Review

Bill Ravanesi, of Princeton, New Jersey, is a public interest artist, who has had over fifty photographic exhibitions in the U.S. and abroad. At present, he is president of the Center for Visual Arts in the Public Interest, Inc., a non-profit organization which he founded in 1990. The Center is unique in its efforts to merge the visual arts and public health concerns, both environmental and occupational. Breath Taken: The Landscape and Biography of Asbestos is the most recent in a series of long-term documentary projects.


Vernal Pool: A Participatory Art Project About Place + Precipitation, Karen Abel, Jessica Marion Barr 2014 Queen's University - Kingston, Ontario

Vernal Pool: A Participatory Art Project About Place + Precipitation, Karen Abel, Jessica Marion Barr

The Goose

Produced by Karen Abel with Jessica Marion Barr, Vernal Pool is an immersive, elemental water installation created as a participatory, contemplative inquiry into our transitory interrelationships with water and landscape. From November 2013 to April 2014, 114 individuals across Canada and abroad gathered snow samples as a form of extrinsic artistic practice about place and precipitation. With the arrival of spring, the reservoir of melted snow was convened for four days at Toronto’s historic Gladstone Hotel to create Vernal Pool.


Building And Firing A Ceramic Kiln With Alternative Fuels, Clay Sewell 2014 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Building And Firing A Ceramic Kiln With Alternative Fuels, Clay Sewell

Faculty Publications & Research

As high school budgets shrink and equipment becomes more expensive and as energy prices become less stable, why not build a kiln that is entirely off the grid? This session will investigate the logic for such systems, and the materials and technology that are required to build and run them.


Sing To The Lord A New Song: John Calvin And The Spiritual Discipline Of Metrical Psalmody, Brandon J. Bellanti 2014 Cedarville University

Sing To The Lord A New Song: John Calvin And The Spiritual Discipline Of Metrical Psalmody, Brandon J. Bellanti

Musical Offerings

The purpose of this essay is to evaluate the way that psalmody - specifically metrical psalmody - serves as a sort of spiritual discipline. In other words, this essay seeks to demonstrate how the singing of psalms can be a tool to aid in spiritual growth. Much of the research for this essay focuses on the theological writings of the Protestant reformer John Calvin, as well as the way in which he incorporated metrical psalmody into his liturgical framework. The research also comprises primary writings from Aristotle, Plato, Saint John Chrysostom, Saint Basil, and Saint Augustine - all of whom influenced Calvin’s ...


Ancient Worship Wars: An Investigation Of Conflict In Church Music History, Michael J. Wood 2014 Cedarville University

Ancient Worship Wars: An Investigation Of Conflict In Church Music History, Michael J. Wood

Musical Offerings

The purpose of this research is to prove that conflict in church music is nothing new. Even in the time of the early church fathers, dissenting views on what were acceptable and unacceptable practices in church music were present. The music of the 2nd century through the 14th century is examined.

The method used to find specific conflicts in church music history involved reading early Christian literature on music. When possible, both sides of the conflicts included in the project are presented. However, oftentimes only one side of an argument can be found since there is not an abundant supply ...


Portfolio, J. Seward Johnson 2014 University of San Francisco

Portfolio, J. Seward Johnson

Ontario Review

J. Seward Johnson is a world-famous sculptor, some of whose work can be seen at Grounds for Sculpture, which he converted from the old State Fair grounds in Hamilton, New Jersey.


Poly-Anthroponomical Technique In Buero Vallejo's Drama Las Meninas, Grace Alvarez-Altman 2014 The College at Brockport

Poly-Anthroponomical Technique In Buero Vallejo's Drama Las Meninas, Grace Alvarez-Altman

Literary Onomastics Studies

In lieu of an abstract, the introductory paragraph is included here.

Twenty-five years after the Civil War (1936-1939), known as the "Little World War" in Spain, the United States brought Antonio Buero Vallejo to visit American colleges and universities as part of its cultural exchange program. He has been a special guest at the Modern Language Association meetings numerous times. His play Las Meninas, acclaimed to be his masterpiece out of his over 35 classical plays, is also the name of the masterpiece painting by the famous Vehizquez, who revolutionized art by introducing the technique of painting the atmosphere, light ...


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