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Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Akron Law Publications

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Shadowgraphs Of Montreal, Béla Egyedi 2014 University of San Francisco

Shadowgraphs Of Montreal, Béla Egyedi

Ontario Review

BÉLA EGYEDI was born in Hungary and is now a Canadian citizen. His art work has appeared in The Antigonish Review, Fiddlehead, The West Coast Review, The Canadian Forum, and elsewhere. He is a former OR contributor.


Fire And Ice And Other Photographs, Brad Iverson 2014 University of San Francisco

Fire And Ice And Other Photographs, Brad Iverson

Ontario Review

BRAD IVERSON, a former OR contributor, is a full-time free-lance photographer in Detroit. His most recent one-man show was at Gallery 7 in Detroit, and work of his appeared last fall at the Sill Gallery at Eastern Michigan University.


Dutch Landscape Painting: Documenting Globalization And Environmental Imagination, Irene J. Klaver 2014 University of Akron

Dutch Landscape Painting: Documenting Globalization And Environmental Imagination, Irene J. Klaver

Proceedings from the Annual Meeting of the Document Academy

There is an old saying that God made the Earth, but the Dutch made the Netherlands; they did this by engineering relationships of the water and land.

The Dutch landscape is an authored landscape documenting human reaction to geological, economic, and cultural changes. As a consequence of Dutch globalization, landscape painting arose as a new form of painting, documenting these changes and reactions to them. In a period of newly created land, reclaimed and constructed by sheer human activity, the explicit construction of new environments apparently elicited an implicit desire to hold on to an older, familiar traditional landscape. The ...


Artful Reading, Spontaneous Design: Integrating Philosophy, English, And Art In A Creativity Cluster, Vera Albrecht, Barbara Comins 2014 Washington Center at The Evergreen State College

Artful Reading, Spontaneous Design: Integrating Philosophy, English, And Art In A Creativity Cluster, Vera Albrecht, Barbara Comins

Learning Communities Research and Practice

This article informs about a multidisciplinary learning community targeting first year students from diverse cultural backgrounds at an urban community college. The combination of English, art, and philosophy of art in a Creativity Cluster offers an excellent opportunity for great teaching and learning experiences. Yet, how can faculty address the multiple challenges faced by inexperienced student readers who have little time to reflect on difficult texts or make thoughtful connections across disciplines? The authors find that students’ reading comprehension can be deepened and reinforced by dovetailing such manifold sources as poetry, short stories, plays, film, music, artworks, and readings in ...


South End Nights, Bill Ravanesi 2014 University of San Francisco

South End Nights, Bill Ravanesi

Ontario Review

Bill Ravanesi, of Princeton, New Jersey, is a public interest artist, who has had over fifty photographic exhibitions in the U.S. and abroad. At present, he is president of the Center for Visual Arts in the Public Interest, Inc., a non-profit organization which he founded in 1990. The Center is unique in its efforts to merge the visual arts and public health concerns, both environmental and occupational. Breath Taken: The Landscape and Biography of Asbestos is the most recent in a series of long-term documentary projects.


Vernal Pool: A Participatory Art Project About Place + Precipitation, Karen Abel, Jessica Marion Barr 2014 Wilfrid Laurier University

Vernal Pool: A Participatory Art Project About Place + Precipitation, Karen Abel, Jessica Marion Barr

The Goose

Produced by Karen Abel with Jessica Marion Barr, Vernal Pool is an immersive, elemental water installation created as a participatory, contemplative inquiry into our transitory interrelationships with water and landscape. From November 2013 to April 2014, 114 individuals across Canada and abroad gathered snow samples as a form of extrinsic artistic practice about place and precipitation. With the arrival of spring, the reservoir of melted snow was convened for four days at Toronto’s historic Gladstone Hotel to create Vernal Pool.


Ancient Worship Wars: An Investigation Of Conflict In Church Music History, Michael J. Wood 2014 Cedarville University

Ancient Worship Wars: An Investigation Of Conflict In Church Music History, Michael J. Wood

Musical Offerings

The purpose of this research is to prove that conflict in church music is nothing new. Even in the time of the early church fathers, dissenting views on what were acceptable and unacceptable practices in church music were present. The music of the 2nd century through the 14th century is examined.

The method used to find specific conflicts in church music history involved reading early Christian literature on music. When possible, both sides of the conflicts included in the project are presented. However, oftentimes only one side of an argument can be found since there is not an abundant supply ...


Sing To The Lord A New Song: John Calvin And The Spiritual Discipline Of Metrical Psalmody, Brandon J. Bellanti 2014 Cedarville University

Sing To The Lord A New Song: John Calvin And The Spiritual Discipline Of Metrical Psalmody, Brandon J. Bellanti

Musical Offerings

The purpose of this essay is to evaluate the way that psalmody - specifically metrical psalmody - serves as a sort of spiritual discipline. In other words, this essay seeks to demonstrate how the singing of psalms can be a tool to aid in spiritual growth. Much of the research for this essay focuses on the theological writings of the Protestant reformer John Calvin, as well as the way in which he incorporated metrical psalmody into his liturgical framework. The research also comprises primary writings from Aristotle, Plato, Saint John Chrysostom, Saint Basil, and Saint Augustine - all of whom influenced Calvin’s ...


Portfolio, J. Seward Johnson 2014 University of San Francisco

Portfolio, J. Seward Johnson

Ontario Review

J. Seward Johnson is a world-famous sculptor, some of whose work can be seen at Grounds for Sculpture, which he converted from the old State Fair grounds in Hamilton, New Jersey.


Poly-Anthroponomical Technique In Buero Vallejo's Drama Las Meninas, Grace Alvarez-Altman 2014 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Poly-Anthroponomical Technique In Buero Vallejo's Drama Las Meninas, Grace Alvarez-Altman

Literary Onomastics Studies

In lieu of an abstract, the introductory paragraph is included here.

Twenty-five years after the Civil War (1936-1939), known as the "Little World War" in Spain, the United States brought Antonio Buero Vallejo to visit American colleges and universities as part of its cultural exchange program. He has been a special guest at the Modern Language Association meetings numerous times. His play Las Meninas, acclaimed to be his masterpiece out of his over 35 classical plays, is also the name of the masterpiece painting by the famous Vehizquez, who revolutionized art by introducing the technique of painting the atmosphere, light ...


Nicholas Galanin: Tsu Heidei Shugaxtutaan, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D. 2014 SelectedWorks

Nicholas Galanin: Tsu Heidei Shugaxtutaan, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Fiction Fix 16, April Gray Wilder, Jayshiro Tashiro, Christopher Stephen, Cathleen Calbert, Amanda Paulger, Van G. Garrett, Jane Zich, Di Jayawickrema, Josh Lamstein, Liz Dolan, Denise Mostacci Sklar, Holly Day, Erica W. Jamieson, Jack King, Meeah Williams, Glenn Erick Miller, Edward Hagelstein 2014 University of North Florida

Fiction Fix 16, April Gray Wilder, Jayshiro Tashiro, Christopher Stephen, Cathleen Calbert, Amanda Paulger, Van G. Garrett, Jane Zich, Di Jayawickrema, Josh Lamstein, Liz Dolan, Denise Mostacci Sklar, Holly Day, Erica W. Jamieson, Jack King, Meeah Williams, Glenn Erick Miller, Edward Hagelstein

Fiction Fix

No abstract provided.


A Tensão Para O Inanimado Ou A Emergência Da Morte Na Vida Nas Mulheres-Árvore De António Pedro, Michele Rocha 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

A Tensão Para O Inanimado Ou A Emergência Da Morte Na Vida Nas Mulheres-Árvore De António Pedro, Michele Rocha

Portuguese Cultural Studies

Abstract: António Pedro, considered a pioneer of the Portuguese surrealist movement, stands by the assertion of a plastic thinking where word and image converge. In the work of this author, the feminine, in its multiple meanings and relations, emerges as a main theme, taking on a diversity of representations and significances. In this article, an analysis of the connections between plastic and literary works confirms a series of constant images that converge towards a representation of the feminine as a privileged object of destructive impulses. The study of women-trees present in the pictorial work of António Pedro, when considered alongside ...


António Pedro Pintor, José-Augusto França 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

António Pedro Pintor, José-Augusto França

Portuguese Cultural Studies

Abstract: António Pedro became interested, from fairly early on, in visual and mixed media expression, alongside literature and theatre. From the mid 1930s onwards, he produced a significant number of works (sketches, dimensional poems, invented objects, paintings, sculptures, ceramics) that were to have a significant impact on the artistic context in Portugal throughout the 1930s and 1940s. This article provides an overview of some of his most emblematic paintings, influenced to varying degrees by Surrealism or some aspects of it, and often characterized by subversive and oniric compositions. As such, it sheds light on the extent to which the pictorial ...


The Division Of The Works Progression Administration (Wpa) And Their Various Influence On Various Art Forms, Kari Appel 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Division Of The Works Progression Administration (Wpa) And Their Various Influence On Various Art Forms, Kari Appel

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

This research covered the basic outline of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), as well as its origin and development. Specifically, the many areas of art were examined in greater detail. Major points discussed were architecture, visual art, writing, music, theatre productions, and a larger portion on dance. With these points, other aspects such as particular influences on these Arts areas were also described. Finally, the importance of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) on furthering the Arts was addressed.


Turning To See Otherwise, Jennifer L. Martin 2014 Western University

Turning To See Otherwise, Jennifer L. Martin

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis dossier, in combination with an exhibition at the McIntosh Gallery, considers whether an archival collection can generate an alternative narrative other than that which may already exist in the original film and photographic documents. Rather than represent a singular truth, I seek to articulate the transformative realities of collective memory by re-orienting the material for broader viewer identification. I have mined photographic and filmic materials from a personal family archive to focus fragments that specifically record the gesture of the turning face—the turning towards the observer. This “turn” then includes both the turn towards the initial film-maker ...


What Lies Behind: Speculations On The Real And The Willful, Barbara Hobot 2014 Western University

What Lies Behind: Speculations On The Real And The Willful, Barbara Hobot

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This integrated article thesis has three distinct chapters. Chapter One is an extended artist statement within which the following research questions are extrapolated: In what ways can an art practice question both the limitations of human-centered knowledge and issues of ‘the real’? What roles do both abstraction and representation play within this kind of artistic practice? Descriptions and analyses of my artwork are provided throughout this chapter. Chapter Two is comprised of visual documentation of the artwork I made during my MFA candidacy, accompanied by brief descriptions of each piece. Chapter Three is a case study on the work of ...


Landscapes From Coastal Carolina, A. G. Smith 2014 University of San Francisco

Landscapes From Coastal Carolina, A. G. Smith

Ontario Review

A. G. SMITH was born in New Mexico, grew up in North Carolina, and received formal art instruction at East Carolina University, where he earned a B.F.A. He has an M.A. and a M.F.A. from the University of Iowa. He was an instructor of printmaking and figure drawing at Morehead State University in Kentucky, and now lives in Detroit; he teaches intaglio printmakng at the University of Windsor. His work has been shown at numerous juried exhibitions, and he has had many one-man shows. The "landscapes" were done in the late 60's.


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